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          How to Monitor your CentOS 7 Server using Cacti   
Cacti is a free and open source network graphing solution. It uses RRDTool for data gathering and graphing. It provides many features such as remote and local data collectors, network discovery, device management automation, graph templating etc. In this tutorial, we will install Cacti on CentOS 7 server.
          Thomson Reuters: Down the Hall with Practical Law : Why Litigators Should Take EDiscovery Seriously   

To a lot of litigators, discovery and especially eDiscovery is a time-consuming and expensive process. In this episode of Thomson Reuters: Down the Hall with Practical Law, host Craig Vaughn talks to Kelly Griffith, Senior Legal Editor with Practical Law Litigation, about the relevance of eDiscovery and how it has changed since she entered the industry. Their discussion includes social media, the internet of things, and potential pushback from clients who are new or unfamiliar with eDiscovery.

Kelly Griffith, is a senior legal editor responsible for eDiscovery resources available through Thomson Reuters’ Practical Law service.

          Mengapa Yahudi?   

Mengapa Yahudi Terlalu Berkuasa?

Oleh : Dr Farrukh Saleem
Semakan Oleh : Mohd Taha Hassan

There are only 14 million Jews in the world; seven million in the Americas , five million in Asia, two million in Europe and 100,000 in Africa . For every single Jew in the world there are 100 Muslims. Yet, Jews are more than a hundred times more powerful than all the Muslims put together. Ever wondered why?

Hanya ada 14 juta Yahudi di muka bumi ini; tujuh juta di Amerika, lima juta di Asia, dua juta di Eropah dan 100,000 di Afrika. Bagi setiap orang Yahudi ada 100 orang Muslim (1:100). Namun, jika dicampuri semua sekali, Yahudi lebih 100 kali berkuasa daripada orang Islam. Mengapa ini berlaku?

Jesus of Nazareth was Jewish. Albert Einstein, the most influential scientist of all time and TIME magazine's 'Person of the Century', was a Jew. Sigmund Freud -- id, ego, superego -- the father of psychoanalysis was a Jew. So were Paul Samuelson and Milton Friedman.

Nabi Isa (Jesus of Nazareth) ialah Yahudi. Albert Einstein, saintis zaman moden paling terkemuka dan disebut oleh majalah Time sebagai 'Manusia Abad ini' ialah seorang Yahudi; Sigmund Freud - melalui teori id, ego dan super-ego ialah bapa psikoanalisis, juga seorang Yahudi; begitu juga Karl Marx, Paul Samuelson dan Milton Friedman.

Here are a few other Jews whose intellectual output has enriched the whole humanity: Benjamin Rubin gave humanity the vaccinating needle. Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine. Alert Sabin developed the improved live polio vaccine. Gertrude Elion gave us a leukaemia fighting drug. Baruch Blumberg developed the vaccination for Hepatitis B. Paul Ehrlich discovered a treatment for syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease). Elie Metchnikoff won a Nobel Prize in infectious diseases.

Selain mereka banyak lagi orang Yahudi yang hasil kebijaksanaan mereka berupaya menghasilkan keperluan untuk kita semua: Benjamin Rubin memperkenalkan jarum suntikan pelalian. Johas Salk mereka vaksin polio yang pertama. Gertrude Elion mencipta ubat melawan leukemia. Baruch Blumberg mencipta vaksin Hepatitis B. Paul Ehrlich menemukan rawatan untuk siflis. Elie Metchnikoff menang Hadiah Nobel untuk penyakit berjangkit.

Bernard Katz won a Nobel Prize in neuromuscular transmission. Andrew Schally won a Nobel in endocrinology (disorders of the endocrine system; diabetes, hyperthyroidism). Aaron Beck founded Cognitive Therapy (psychotherapy to treat mental disorders, depression and phobias). Gregory Pincus developed the first oral contraceptive pill. George Wald won a Nobel for furthering our understanding of the human eye. Stanley Cohen won a Nobel in embryology (study of embryos and their development). Willem Kolff came up with the kidney dialysis machine.

Bernard Katz menang Hadiah Nobel kerana kajian mengenai transmisi neuromuskular. Andrew Schally penerima Nobel dalam kajian endokrinologi (berkaitan sistem endokrin dan kencing manis). Aaron Beck menemui terapi kognitif (rawatan mental, kesugulan dan fobia). Gregory Pincus membangunkan pil perancang keluarga yang pertama. George Wald menang Nobel bagi kajian mata manusia, Standley Cohen dianugerahi Hadiah Nobel dalam kajian embriologi (kajian janin dan perkembangannya). Willem Kolff mencipta mesin dialisis (mencuci) buah pinggang.

Over the past 105 years, 14 million Jews have won 15-dozen Nobel Prizes while only three Nobel Prizes have been won by 1.4 billion Muslims (other than Peace Prizes).

Sejak 105 tahun, 14 juta Yahudi menang 15 dozen Hadiah Nobel, sementara tiga dimenangi oleh 1.4 bilion umat Islam.

Why are Jews so powerful? Stanley Mezor invented the first micro-processing chip. Leo Szilard developed the first nuclear chain reactor. Peter Schultz, optical fibre cable; Charles Adler, traffic lights; Benno Strauss, Stainless steel; Isador Kisee, sound movies; Emile Berliner, telephone microphone and Charles Ginsburg, videotape recorder.

Mengapa Yahudi Terlalu Berkuasa? Stanley Mezor mencipta mikrocip pertama. Leo Szilards membangunkan reaktor rangkaian nuklear pertama; Peter Schultz (kabel gentian optik); Charles Adler (lampu isyarat); Benno Strauss (besi tahan karat - stainless steel); Isador Kisee (sistem suara di pawagam); Emile Berliner (mikrofon untuk telefon) dan Charles Ginsburg (alat pita rakaman).

Famous financiers in the business world who belong to Jewish faith include Ralph Lauren (Polo), Levis Strauss (Levi's Jeans), Howard Schultz (Starbuck's), Sergey Brin (Google), Michael Dell (Dell Computers), Larry Ellison (Oracle), Donna Karan (DKNY), Irv Robbins (Baskins & Robbins) and Bill Rosenberg (Dunkin Donuts).

Saudagar jenama terkaya dunia juga dikuasai Yahudi iaitu Ralph Lauren (Polo), Levis Strauss (Levi's Jeans), Howard Schultz (Starbuck's), Sergey Brin (Google), Michael Dell (Dell Computers), Larry Ellison (Oracle), Donna Karan (DKNY), Irv Robbins (Baskin & Robbins) dan Bill Rossenberg (Dunkin Donuts).

Richard Levin, President of Yale University, is a Jew. So are Henry Kissinger (American secretary of state), Alan Greenspan (fed chairman under Reagan, Bush, Clinton and Bush), Joseph Lieberman, Maxim Litvinov (USSR foreign Minister), David Marshal (Singapore's first chief minister), Issac Isaacs (governor-general of Australia), Benjamin Disraeli (British statesman and author), Yevgeny Primakov (Russian PM), Barry Gold water, Jorge Sampaio (president of Portugal), John Deutsch (CIA director), Herb Gray (Canadian deputy PM), Pierre Mendes (French PM), Michael Howard (British home secretary) and Robert Rubin (American secretary of treasury).

Richard Levin, presiden universiti tersohor Yale Universiti ialah seorang Yahudi. Henry Kissinger, Joseph Lieberman dan Madeleine Albright (bekas-bekas Setiausaha Negara AS); Alan Greenspan (bekas pengerusi Rizab Persekutuan AS di bawah Reagan, Bush, Clinton dan Bush); Maxim Litvinov (bekas Menteri Luar Soviet Union); David Marshal (bekas Ketua Menteri pertama Singapura); Isaac Isaacs (bekas Gabenor Jeneral Australia); Benjamin Disraeli (negarawan dan penulis Britian); Yevgeny Primkov (bekas Perdana Menteri Rusia dan bekas jeneral KGB); Jorge Sampaio (bekas Presiden Portugal); Herb Gray (bekas Timbalan Perdana Menteri Kanada); Pierre Mendes (Perdana Menteri ke-143 Perancis); Michael Howard (bekas Setiausaha Negara British); Bruno Kreisky (bekas Canselor Austria) dan Robert Rubin (bekas Setiausaha Perbendaharaan AS).

In the media, famous Jews include Wolf Blitzer ( CNN ), Barbara Walters (ABC News), Eugene Meyer ( Washington Post ), Henry Grunwald (editor-in-chief Time), Katherine Graham (publisher of The Washington Post ), Joseph Lelyyeld (Executive editor, The New York Times), and Max Frankel (New York Times).

Dalam dunia media, orang Yahudi yang terkemuka ialah Wolf Blitzer (CNN); Barbara Walters (ABC News); Eugene Meyer (Washington Post); Henry Grunwald (Ketua Editor Time); Katherine Graham (penerbit The Washington Post); Joseph Lelyyeld (Editor Eksekutif, The New York Times) dan Max Frankel (The New York Times).

At the Olympics, Mark Spitz set a record of sorts by wining seven gold medals. Lenny Krayzelburg is a three-time Olympic gold medalist. Spitz, Krayzelburg and Boris Becker are all Jewish.

Di Olimpik, Mark Spitz membolot tujuh pingat emas. Lenny Krayzelburg ialah pemegang tiga kali pingat emas Olimpik. Spitz Krayzelburg dan Boris Becker adalah Yahudi.

Did you know that Harrison Ford, George Burns, Tony Curtis, Charles Bronson, Sandra Bullock, Billy Crystal, Paul Newman, Peter Sellers, Dustin Hoffman, Michael Douglas, Ben Kingsley, Kirk Douglas, Cary Grant, William Shatner, Jerry Lewis and Peter Falk are all Jewish? As a matter of fact, Hollywood itself was founded by a Jew. Among directors and producers, Steven Spielberg, Mel Brooks, Oliver Stone, Aaron Spelling (Beverly Hills 90210), Neil Simon (The Odd Couple), Andrew Vaina (Rambo 1/2/3), Michael Man (Starsky and Hutch), Milos Forman (One flew over the Cuckoo's Nest), Douglas Fairbanks (The thief of Baghdad) and Ivan Reitman (Ghostbusters) are all Jewish.

Tahukah anda bahawa pelakon pujaan Harrison Ford, George Burns, Tony Curtis, Charles Bronson, Sandra Bullock, Billy Cystal, Woody Allen, Paul Newman, Peter Sellers, Dustin Hoffman, Michael Douglas, Ben Kingsley, Kirk Douglas, Willian Shatner, Jerry Lewis dan Peter Falk semuanya Yahudi? Tambahan lagi, Hollywood sendiri diwujudkan oleh orang Yahudi. Antara pengarah dan penerbit, Steven Spielberg, Mel Brooks, Oliver Stone, Aaron Spelling (Beverly Hills 90210), Neil Simon (The Odd Couple), Andrew Vaina (Rambo 1- 2-3), Michael Man (Starsky and Hutch), Milos Forman (One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest), Douglas Fairbanks (The Thief Of Baghdad) and Ivan Reitman (Ghostbusters) - semuanya adalah Yahudi.

To be certain, Washington is the capital that matters and in Washington the lobby that matters is The American Israel Public Affairs Committee, or AIPAC. Washington knows that if PM Ehud Olmert were to discover that the earth is flat, AIPAC will make the 109th Congress pass a resolution congratulating Olmert on his discovery.

Washington yang merupakan ibu negara Amerika Syarikat, mempunyai satu pertubuhan lobi yang amat berkuasa. Ia dikenali sebagai Jawatankuasa Hal Ehwal Awam Amerika Israel (AIPAC) yang berupaya mempengaruhi Kongres meluluskan resolusi memuji dan 'membuat apa saja' demi Israel. Washington mengetahui bahawa jika PM Ehud Olmert sedar akan wujudnya bahawa bumi ini adalah rata, maka AIPAC akan mengadakan Kongres yang ke 109 untuk meluluskan resolusi bagi memberi ucapan tahniah pada satu pertemuan yang akan diadakan bersama Olmert.

William James Sidis, with an IQ of 250-300, is the brightest human who ever existed. Guess what faith did he belong to?

Tahukah lagi bahawa William James Sidis dengan IQ 250-300 ialah manusia tercerdik. Dia ialah Yahudi. Teka, apakah kepercayaan yang beliau miliki?

So, why are Jews so powerful? Answer: Education.

Oleh yang demikian, mengapa Yahudi terlalu berkuasa? Jawapannya: Pendidikan, pelajaran, ilmu.


Dermawan dan penyangak mata wang, George Soros ialah Yahudi. Dia menderma AS$4 bilion untuk membantu ahli sains dan universiti serata dunia.

Walter Annenberg menderma untuk membina ratusan perpustakaan berjumlah AS$2 bilion.

Jadi, mengapa mereka ini terlalu berkuasa? Mengapa umat Islam terlalu lemah?

Dianggarkan 1,476,233,470 Muslim di atas muka bumi Allah ini. Satu bilion di Asia, 400 juta di Afrika, 44 juta di Eropah dan enam juta di Amerika. Setiap lima insan manusia ialah Muslim. Setiap seorang Hindu ada dua orang Islam, setiap seorang Buddha ada dua orang Islam dan setiap seorang Yahudi ada beratus orang Islam. Mengapa orang Islam terlalu lemah?

Ini jawapannya: Terdapat 57 negara anggota OIC dan jika dicampur semua cuma ada kira-kira 500 buah universiti; atau sebuah universiti untuk setiap tiga juta orang Islam.

AS mempunyai 5,758 universiti dan India ada 8,407. Pada 2004, Shanghai Jiao Tong Universiti membuat kajian 'Kedudukan Akademik Universiti-universiti Dunia' - dan menakjubkan - tiada satu pun universiti-negara Islam yang berada di puncak 500.

Data yang dikumpul dari UNDP, tahap celik huruf di negara maju ialah hampir 90 peratus dan 15 negara itu mempunyai 100 peratus celik huruf. Negara majoriti penduduk Islam, purata kadar celik huruf ialah sekitar 40 peratus dan tiada negara yang mempunyai 100 peratus semuanya celik huruf.

Sekitar 98 peratus penduduk di negara maju menamatkan sekurang-kurang sekolah rendah, sementara hanya 50 peratus di negara majoriti Islam. Sekitar 40 peratus penduduk di negara maju memasuki universiti, sementara hanya 2 peratus di negara majoriti Islam.

Negara-negara majoriti Islam mempunyai 230 ahli sains bagi setiap (per) sejuta penduduk. Di AS 4,000 per sejuta, Jepun 5,000 per sejuta. Di seluruh negara Arab, penyelidik sepenuh masa ialah 35,000 dan hanya 50 juruteknik per sejuta (berbanding di negara maju 1,000 juruteknik per sejuta).

Negara Islam membelanjakan 0.2 peratus daripada KDNK untuk penyelidikan dan pembangunan (R&D) sebaliknya, di negara maju membelanjakan 5 peratus daripada KDNKnya.

Kesimpulan: Dunia Islam kurang keupayaan untuk menghasilkan ilmu pengetahuan.

Akhbar harian yang dibaca oleh setiap 1,000 orang dan jumlah judul buku yang dibaca oleh setiap sejuta orang adalah dua angka tunjuk bagi menentukan sama ada ilmu pengetahuan disalurkan ke dalam masyarakat.

Di Pakistan, hanya ada 23 akhbar harian per 1,000 rakyat Pakistan sementara nisbah di Singapura ialah 360. Di UK, jumlah judul buku per juta orang ialah 2,000 sementara di Mesir ialah 20.

Kesimpulan: Dunia Islam gagal menyalurkan ilmu pengetahuan.

Yang menariknya, jumlah terkumpul KDNK tahunan 57 buah negara ahli OIC ialah di bawah AS$2 trilion. Amerika sahaja, menghasilkan barangan dan perkhidmatan bernilai AS$12 trilion, China AS$8 trilion, Jepun AS$3.8 trilion dan Jerman AS$2.4 trilion.

Pengeluar minyak yang kaya, Arab Saudi, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar secara rangkuman menghasilkan barangan dan perkhidmatan (rata-rata minyak) bernilai AS$500 bilion; Sepanyol sahaja menghasilkan barangan dan perkhidmatan bernilai lebih AS$1 trilion, Poland AS$489 bilion dan Thailand AS$545 bilion.

Jadi, mengapa orang Islam tidak berkuasa dan orang Yahudi paling berkuasa?

Jawapannya ialah: Kurangnya ilmu. Kurangnya pendidikan dan kurangnya pelajaran.


Daripada lingkungan 12 juta orang Yahudi, hanya 0,2 % sahaja populasi dunia. ( 2 setiap dari 1000 orang)


1910 - Paul Heyse
1927 - Henri Bergson
1958 - Boris Pasternak
1966 - Shmuel Yosef Agnon
1966 - Nelly Sachs
1976 - Saul Bellow
1978 - Isaac Bashevis Singer
1981 - Elias Canetti
1987 - Joseph Brodsky
1991 - Nadine Gordimer
2002 - Imre Kertesz
2005 - Harold Pinter

World Peace

1911 - Alfred Fried
1911 - Tobias Asser
1968 - Rene Cassin
1973 - Henry Kissinger
1978 - Menachem Begin
1986 - Elie Wiesel
1994 - Shimon Peres
1994 - Yitzhak Rabin
1995 - Joseph Rotblat


1905 - Adolph Von Baeyer
1906 - Henri Moissan
1910 - Otto Wallach
1915 - Richard Willstaetter
1918 - Fritz Haber
1943 - George Charles de Hevesy
1961 - Melvin Calvin
1962 - Max Ferdinand Perutz
1972 - William Howard Stein
1972 - C.B. Anfinsen
1977 - Ilya Prigogine
1979 - Herbert Charles Brown
1980 - Paul Berg
1980 - Walter Gilbert
1981 - Ronald Hoffmann
1982 - Aaron Klug
1985 - Herbert A. Hauptman
1985 - Jerome Karle
1986 - Dudley R. Herschbach
1988 - Robert Huber
1989 - Sidney Altman
1992 - Rudolph Marcus
1998 - Walter Kohn
2000 - Alan J. Heeger
2004 - Irwin Rose
2004 - Avram Hershko
2004 - Aaron Ciechanover
2006 - Roger D. Kornberg
2008 - Martin Chalfie


1970 - Paul Anthony Samuelson
1971 - Simon Kuznets
1972 - Kenneth Joseph Arrow
1973 - Wassily Leontief
1975 - Leonid Kantorovich
1976 - Milton Friedman
1978 - Herbert A. Simon
1980 - Lawrence Robert Klein
1985 - Franco Modigliani
1987 - Robert M. Solow
1990 - Harry Markowitz
1990 - Merton Miller
1992 - Gary Becker
1993 Rober Fogel
1994 - John Harsanyi
1994 - Reinhard Selten
1997 - Robert Merton
1997 - Myron Scholes
2001 - George Akerlof
2001 - Joseph Stiglitz
2002 -
Daniel Kahneman
2004 - Richard Axel
2005 - Robert J. Aumann
2006 - Andrew Z. Fire
2007 - Leonid (Leo) Hurwicz
2007 - Eric Maskin
2007 - Roger Myerson
2008 - Paul Krugman

Physiology / Medicine

1908 - Elie Metchnikoff
1908 - Paul Erlich
1914 - Robert Barany
1922 - Otto Meyerhof
1930 - Karl Landsteiner
1931 - Otto Warburg
1936 - Otto Loewi
1944 - Joseph Erlanger
1944 - Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 - Ernst Boris Chain
1946 - Hermann Joseph Muller
1947 - Garty Cori
1950 - Tadeus Reichstein
1952 - Selman Abraham Waksman
1953 - Hans Krebs
1953 - Fritz Albert Lipmann
1958 - Joshua Lederberg
1959 - Arthur Kornberg
1964 - Konrad Bloch
1965 - Francois Jacob
1965 - Andre Lwoff
1967 - George Wald
1968 - Marshall W. Nirenberg
1969 - Salvador Luria
1970 - Julius Axelrod
1970 - Sir Bernard Katz
1972 - Gerald Maurice Edelman
1975 - David Baltimore
1975 - Howard Martin Temin
1976 - Baruch S. Blumberg
1977 - Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
1977 - Andrew V. Schally
1978 - Daniel Nathans
1980 - Baruj Benacerraf
1982 - [Sir] John Vane
1984 - Cesar Milstein
1985 - Michael Stuart Brown
1985 - Joseph L. Goldstein
1986 - Rita Levi-Montalcini
1986 - Stanley Cohen [& Rita Levi-Montalcini]
1988 - Gertrude Elion
1989 - Harold Varmus
1991 - Erwin Neher
1991 - Bert Sakmann
1992 - Edmond Fischer
1993 - Richard J. Roberts
1993 - Phillip Sharp
1994 - Alfred Gilman
1994 - Martin Rodbell
1995 - Edward B. Lewis
1997 - Stanley B. Prusiner
1998 - Robert F. Furchgott
2000 - Eric R. Kandel
2000 - Paul Greengard
2002 - Sydney Brenner
2002 - Robert H. Horvitz
2006 - Roger Kornberg
2006 - Andrew Z. Fire


1907 - Albert Abraham Michelson
1908 - Gabriel Lippmann
1921 - Albert Einstein
1922 - Niels Bohr
1925 - James Franck
1925 - Gustav Hertz
1943 - Gustav Stern
1944 - Isidor Issac Rabi
1945 - Wolfgang Pauli
1952 - Felix Bloch
1954 - Max Born
1958 - Igor Tamm
1958 - Il'ja Mikhailovich
1958 - Igor Yevgenyevich
1959 - Emilio Segre
1960 - Donald A. Glaser
1961 - Robert Hofstadter
1962 - Lev Davidovich Landau
1963 - Eugene P. Wigner
1965 - Richard Phillips Feynman
1965 - Julian Schwinger
1967 - Hans Albrecht Bethe
1969 - Murray Gell-Mann
1971 - Dennis Gabor
1972 - Leon N. Cooper
1973 - Brian David Josephson
1975 - Benjamin Mottleson
1976 - Burton Richter
1978 - Arno Allan Penzias
1978 - Peter L Kapitza
1979 - Stephen Weinberg
1979 - Sheldon Glashow
1988 - Leon Lederman
1988 - Melvin Schwartz
1988 - Jack Steinberger
1990 - Jerome Friedman
1992 - Georges Charpak
1995 - Martin Perl
1995 - Frederick Reines
1996 - David M. Lee
1996 - Douglas D. Osheroff
1997 - Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
2000 - Zhores I. Alferov
2003 - Vitaly Ginsburg
2003 - Alexei Abrikosov
2004 - David Gross
2004 - H. David Politzer
2005 - Roy Glauber


          GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR) | Re: Scientist: In testing whether a baby's babbling   
From my understanding of the argument,

Experimental setup : Researchers videotaped the mouths of babies as they babbled(in order to determine,
if the babbling was just random sounds/a linguistic task)
Interpretation 1 : Discovery that babies babbled with the sides of their mouths opened wider than the left.
Interpretation 2 : Non linguistic vocalizations people generally open the left side of the mouth wider.

Since the babies babbled with the right sides opened wider,
the scientist concludes

          Orphans Court papers pertaining to land in Oxford Twp. Adams County   
To the Orphans Court of the County of Adams and State of Pennsylvania

The petition of Annie E. BROWN, a resident of the Township of Oxford, County of Adams, Pennsylvania, respectfully represents.

That your petitioner is the owner in fee of a tract of land situate in Oxford Township, Adams County, adjoining lands of Jonas RINEHART, the New Chester Road, widow WOLF, Conewago Creek and Aaron BROWN containing twenty six (26) acres and one hundred and nineteen (119) Perches more or less, with improvements.

That your petitioner acquired the title to said premises by deed from Anna M. BROWN dated April 7th 1915, which said deed was duly recorded in the office for Recording Deeds in and for the County of Adams in Deed Book 75, page 276.

The the said Anna M. BROWN acquired the title to this premises by deed dated April 1, 1891 from Wm. Arch. McCLEAN, Assignee of Solomon BROWN and wife and said deed being made in pursuance of an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Adams County, which said deed was duly recorded in the office of Recording Deeds in and for the County of Adams in Deed Book YY page 331.

That the said Wm. Arch. McCLEAN, assignee of Solomon BROWN and wife acquired title to said premises by deed of assignment from Solomon BROWN and wife dated May 26, 1890, which said deed is recorded in the office for Recording Deeds in and for the County of Adams in deed Book QQ pages 287 and 288.

That the said Solomon BROWN acquired the title to said premises by deed dated April 2, 1874 from Josiah SHUTT and Lydia his wife, which said deed was duly recorded in the office for Recording Deeds in and for the County of Adams in Deed Book DD page 240.

That the said Josiah SHUTT acquired the title to said premises by deed dated April 2, 1874, from Solomon BROWN and Silas MILLER, agents for the Widow and heirs of Christian ZINN, which said deed was duly recorded in the office for Recording Deeds in and for the County of Adams in Deed Book DD page 85.

That said Solomon BROWN and Silas MILLER were given letters of attorney to convey real estate by the widow and all the heirs of Christian ZINN dated July 26, 1873 and recorded in the office for Recording Deeds in and for the County of Adams in Deed Book HH page 297. And said letter of attorney provides that "one third of the purchase money of said real estate after expenses of sale to remain in the tract of land in Oxford Township aforesaid, during the life of Lucy ZINN, the widow aforesaid, the interest of said one third to be paid to her annually and the principal sum at her death to the parties then legally entitled to receive the same."

That the said deed from Solomon BROWN and Silas MILLER to Josiah SHUTT and the said deed from Josiah SHUTT and wife to Solomon BROWN contained a dower charge in the following language "Subject however to the payment of forty four Dollars and fifty five cents ($44.55) yearly to Lucy ZINN widow said Christian ZINN deceased, during her natural life, the first payment to be made on the first day of April A. D. 1875. It being the interest on seven hundred and forty two Dollars and forty nine cents ($742.49) and at her death the principal sum of Seven Hundred and forty two Dollars and forty nine cents to be paid to the legal heirs and representatives of said Christian ZINN, deceased, the said sum of money to be and remain a lien on the herein granted premises until paid.

That Christian ZINN died in the month of Dec. 1872 or January 1873, letters in his estate being issued Jan. 3, 1873 and your petitioner is informed and believes that Lucy ZINN died nearly fifty years ago in and about 1879 or 1880, that the dower was $742.49 Solomon BROWN and wife borrowed on a mortgage from HOLTZ April 3, 1880 $275 which amount was sufficient to pay all the heirs except his wife and it is believed that the principal was paid as of about that date and dower was released in some way not of record. All the heirs were alive at that date except my mother Elizabeth MILLER and she left two children David MILLER and myself and I know that a guardian received the share of the dower of my brother and myself and upon arriving of age we received our shares from the guardian. At the time of the assignment of Solomon BROWN the mortgage of HOLTZ was called the first lien. That none of the deeds since that date contain any reference to said dower charge and no reference made to it in the assignment proceedings of any such indebtedness, none is presented or paid. Thus for fully forty years your petitioner believes that no demand has ever been made for the payment of interest on said dower charge by Lucy ZINN or for the principal thereof by the heirs entitle to some and no such demand has ever been made to your petitioner during her possession of the premises. That it was not until a recent proposition to buy was made to your petitioner that the discovery was made that there was no satisfaction of the said dower on record.

That the names of the heirs of Christian ZINN deceased entitled to the payment of the principal after the death of Lucy ZINN were Coletta ZINN BROWN, married to James BROWN, Elizabeth ZINN MILLER married to Silas MILLER, Maria ZINN MYERS, married to Conrad MYERS, Anna ZINN BROWN married to Solomon BROWN and Lucy ZINN HAWK, married to Edward HAWK and after dilligent search your petitioner is informed and believes that these heirs outlived their mother Lucy. ZINN and after her death were paid their shares of said dower charge and that all of them have been dead for a number of years.

That the period of twenty one years has elapsed and many more years since the principal of said dower charge became due and payable and that no payment of either principal or interest has been made within said period and no satisfaction of release of said dower charge appears of record.

Therefore your petitioner prays your Honorable Court to order and direct the Sheriff of Adams County to serve the petition on the known holders of the said dower charge, if to be found in the said county and whose residence or residences are known and in case the parties can not be found in said County then the said Sheriff shall give public notice in one newspaper published in said county once a week for four weeks successively prior to the next term after the petition as aforesaid shall have been presented, requiring said parties to appear at said Court and answer the petition to show cause why the court should not enter a decree to satisfy, extinguish and discharge the said dower charge.

And she will ever pray, etc.

Annie E. Brown.

NOTE...To satisfy the above legal requirement to publish this information, notice was published in the Gettysburg Times on Dec. 2, 9, 16, and 23. Since no one came forward the Court signed off on this matter on January 27th 1930.
          Observing Campaigns - new page   

[Note: if you are seeking confirmation of what you believe is a recent discovery, click on the link in the box at the right.  For general inquiries, please use our Contact form and select "General Observing" as the subject.]

AAVSO Observing Campaigns are special projects concentrating on one star or a number of stars for a given researcher and for a specific research program.  Campaigns are designed to obtain a specific set of data or fulfill a specific research objective, and should be (a) within the capabilities of a significant number of AAVSO observers, and (b) last for a finite length of time. When warrented, a campaign may be extended in order to obtain additional data.

The AAVSO will issue a call for observations at its discretion, but any well-justified program is eligible for AAVSO support.  If you have questions about establishing an AAVSO Observing Campaign, or if you believe your research program would benefit from the participation of the AAVSO observer community, please contact the AAVSO Campaign Coordinator.  The AAVSO can assist with campaigns beyond announcing them; if your project requires substantial assistance of AAVSO staff, we may request grant support for staff activities.  Also, please consider becoming a member if you are not one already!

An observing campaign is announced to our observers via an AAVSO Alert Notice. Please go to the Alert Notices page for more information and for the list of Alert Notices issued to date. Observers learn about campaign-related observing targets via the Alert Notices and the AAVSO Target Tool.

[Note: if you are inquiring about establishing your own personal observing program, about observations in general, or in learning more about the AAVSO and its data, please use our general Contact form.]

For Observers: Please read the requests for observations in full, and use your own best judgment as to whether your equipment and abilities are well-matched to the specific project.  When in doubt please contact AAVSO HQ for guidance and recommendations.  If you are an instrumental observer, we strongly recommend that you calibrate your data and transform all photometry to a standard system!  For some projects this will be required, but it is good practice in general.

Please visit our observer resources page to find our Visual, CCD, and DSLR observing manuals, guides to photometry, and other tools to help you assess whether a campaign is a good match for you!

For Researchers: Any research effort requires focused and enthusiastic leadership, and the leader of the observing campaign should be you, the researcher.  The more you interact with the observer community, the more likely it is that you will attract observers and obtain good data.  Ideally, the AAVSO's role is merely to issue a call for observations, establish communications between you and the observers, and coordinate the collection of data; your role should be to motivate and encourage observers who participate in your work, analyze the data, and publish the results. The AAVSO online forum on Campaigns is the most direct way to reach the most observers. Also, it is required that
the work of observers be properly recognized; if any individual observers contribute data that are critically important to the research, we strongly encourage you to offer coauthorship to the observers on any resulting papers.

Please visit our Research portal to find more information about how the AAVSO and its observers can aid you in your research.

          Apartment 11 heads off to boarding school   

jonathan finkelstein

The Montreal prodco is partnering with Discovery Networks Latin America, Cirque du Soleil and TVO to create a scripted series set in a boarding school for circus performers.

Read More

          Portfolio sells more Cat in the Hat   

Copied from Kidscreen - Cat-in-the-Hat

International broadcasters including Sony Pictures Television Networks and Discovery Kids have picked up the preschool series The Cat in the Hat Knows A Lot About That!.

Read More

FierceVaccines is the pharma industry's weekly monitor. Subscribe for must-know research breakthroughs, trends, and developments in the vaccines industry. Discovery, development, venture capital, FDA regulations, and more.

Request Free!

          Madoff Trustee Atty Blasts Discovery Concealment Accusation   
A Thursday court hearing intended to help establish ground rules for an upcoming deposition of securities fraudster Bernie Madoff took a turn for the nasty when counsel for the trustee liquidating Madoff's defunct firm blustered that he's sick...(read more)
          US Law Firms Face Discovery Of Foreign Clients' Records   
The law relating to the taking of discovery directly from U.S. law firms is evolving in favor of disclosure when documents have been provided to third parties. Law firms must be vigilant in handling their clients' documents or face being responsible...(read more)
          1/48 Dassault-Dornier Alpha Jet A/E   
1/48 Dassault-Dornier Alpha Jet A/EThis is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

- French Air Force
- UK defence technology organisation
- Discovery Air Defence Services, Canada

Buy Now
          1/550 RMS Titanic   
1/550 RMS TitanicThis is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

Model Dimension: Length: 482mm, Width: 48.5mm

The kit consists of 93 parts in plastic Stand & Nameplate included.

TITANIC lost in the depths for 73 years, its discovery in 1985 and subsequent exploration have made Titanic the best-known ship of all time. The many events relating to the Titanic have made it a legend. It was the subject of Watergate-type investigation in the U.S. The present safety standards applied to shipping are attributed to this event. Harland and Wolfe, builders of the Titanic and its sister ship, the Olympic, were unable to provide drawings, which were destroyed during WWII, or their model which disappeared during the Senate investigations in 1912. The model was, however, constructed from original drawings, photographs taken by survivors and other technical journals, many of which war provided by the Titanic Historical Society resulting in a model indistinguishable from the original ship

Buy Now
          Member Spotlight: Three Generations of Music Discovery   
- By Bobby Nicholas III -  We were making some calls to members here at WERS, and eventually began speaking to Annette Manasse from Waltham.... Read More
          This New Alzheimer's Discovery Could Be The Key To Developing Future Treatments   
A new Alzheimer's study has uncovered a finding that may prove indispensable to how the disease is treated.
          Mad Mats Presents – Diggin Beyond The Crates   
Image: 1610637 Mad Mats presents his new comp Digging Beyond the Crates out on BBE.

A1 Johnny Moore - Big Big Boss
A2 Gappy Ranks - Sherriff (Murlo Remix)
A3 Ensemble Entendu - Jah I See You
A4 Cuthead – Badly
B1 Intimate Disco – Animations
B2 Psalms - Take A Stand
B3 Yvonne Gray - Keep The Music Alive
B4 Bobby Hebb - Evil Woman
C1 U-N-I (You And I) - Don’t Hold Back The Feeling (Key Trip Dub)
C2 BSTC - Jazz In Outer Space
D1 Deft - The Traveller
D2 Mode-M - Space Based

DJ, record label impresario and former Swedish champion b-boy, Mad Mats knows a thing or two about finding good music. As well as iconic underground imprints Raw Fusion and GAMM, Mad Mats is a partner in the highly regarded Local Talk label, making it highly probable that most of the world’s influential DJs have at least one of his discoveries in their record bags.
For his first compilation on BBE, Mats has put together a diverse selection of cuts, from reggae, hip hop and soul to boogie, electronica and house, reflecting his open-minded approach to DJing. “The compilation is very mixed, just like how I like to DJ...all freestyle. Yes, I play a lot of house clubs nowadays because of Local Talk, but at heart I've always been a so called "eclectic" selector. Most of these tracks are tunes I’ve played all over the years, sprinkled with some brand new discoveries.” Coming from a strictly vinyl background, when Mats embraced Serato around 2005, he carried his crate digger’s mentality with him. Believing firmly that digging should always about the discovery of great music regardless of the format, the concept of ‘Digging Beyond The Crates’ was born. Ranging far and wide in terms of genre and tempo, the album is tied together by one common factor, this is feel-good music made for dancing. “I'm just as hungry (probably even more so) to find my personal gems as I was back in the day, I just look for them with more variation. This album is dedicated to those select few individuals, just like myself: highly driven music lovers, collectors and DJs that truly are DIGGING BEYOND THE CRATES!”

For Fans of:
Mr Thing, Southport Weekender, Gilles Peterson

Key Selling Points:
- Full press, radio campaign targeting France, Germany, UK with online campaign to include facebook ads.
- Mad Mats loves to DJ he continues to travel the world spreading his message Available from 11.08.2017
          4 Abandoned Projects Star Trek Should Revisit   

With Star Trek: Discovery premiering in the fall and a fourth movie in development, it’s a good time to be a Star Trek fan. But with so many good offerings in our immediate future, it’s easy to forget the discarded projects that could have been part of the franchise. With that in mind, let’s look at some […]

The post 4 Abandoned Projects Star Trek Should Revisit appeared first on Fandom powered by Wikia.

          Decent Launches Global Media Distribution Platform   
Decent Launch

Free and open communication has long been an essential component of a successful democracy. Unfortunately, money, power and influence over time have stifled today’s media environment adversely impacting both content producers and consumers alike.

In an effort to democratize creative content, DECENT has officially launched its blockchain-based, global media distribution platform. The name is an acronym for Decentralized Network; Encrypted & Secure; Content Distribution System; Elimination of 3rd Parties; New Way of Online Publishing; Timestamped Data Records.

Designed to bring more transparency and fairness to the media industry, DECENT allows artists to seamlessly distribute digital content for immediate payment and without hefty fees. Peer-to-peer in its orientation, consumers decide the merits of a certain piece of content posted through a Yelp-like community rating system. The content, however, cannot be censored or removed.

This blockchain initiative endeavors to disrupt the legacy world of media distribution by allowing artists more freedom and control over the ownership and distribution of their content, all without compromising on security. It represents a potential gamechanger for the massive global media and content distribution industry — one that’s estimated to grow from $1.7 trillion in 2016 to over $2 trillion in 2019.

DECENT was founded in 2016 by two friends, Matej Michalko and Matej Boda, from Slovakia. It sprouted from a shared vision that blockchain technology could fuel a coordinated system of digital content publishing and sharing throughout the world.

Funding for DECENT was fueled by an ICO campaign last summer, which raised more than 5,881 BTC, at that time valued at $4.2 million USD. There were 4,300 ICO participants in total and no other key funding partners.

Michalko recounted the journey leading up to his own personal discovery of blockchain technology and its potential uses for the content distribution space. “I’ve been extensively involved in Bitcoin since 2011, even mining it from my own laptop at the beginning. I quickly realized that the innovative technology behind Bitcoin had the potential to change the modern world.”

When Michalko started to delve further into blockchain technology, he found a seemingly endless list of use cases the new technology could support. “I became determined to use blockchain technology to create something revolutionary that would be beneficial for people on a global scale. A short time later ongoing discussions between myself and our future co-founder Matej Boda quickly led to DECENT being born.”

He says that DECENT Network is a reaction to the issues that the majority of content producers face nowadays in the entertainment and media industry. “There is too much artificial complexity and too many barriers in the industry affecting both the access to market and income of the content owners.”

DECENT’S digital model allows artists to distribute any form of content, including written, music, videos, ebooks and pictures. These distribution channels are free of third-party influence, meaning that artists can also manage their intellectual property rights and set their own pricing.

One of the innovative adaptations that distinguishes DECENT from other blockchain platforms is the network’s reputation management system. This allows content creators who share their digital work on the platform to build a lifetime reputation, based on ratings from those who purchase content on the platform. DECENT Network also allows content creators to instantly receive payment when someone downloads their content, without any middleman interference.

Michalko believes that DECENT can break the trajectory in which a majority of power is concentrated in the hands of a few players controlling the industry. “Artists, filmmakers and writers lose control over their work and depend on the mercy of the ‘big guys.’ We designed DECENT Network to do away with all that and bring more transparency and fairness to the digital content industry.”

DECENT estimates that writers, for example, lose a healthy 30–75 percent chunk of their earnings when publishing with Amazon. Similarly, musicians, through licensing agreements, lose around 30 percent when selling a track on iTunes. Blockchain technology therefore serves as a mechanism that helps writers and musicians keep more money, while connecting with their audiences directly.

Michalko says that artists will be paid for their downloaded content through DECENT’s own cryptocurrency called “DCT,” which will be launched together with DECENT Network. Other payment options, he says, will be available in the future. “Artists will no longer have to wait months before seeing a penny from their work. And at the time of launch, DECENT Network will be a completely free-of-charge service for artists.”

Michalko hopes that by  2020, DECENT Network will have become the number one worldwide media sharing platform. “We hope to bring more transparency and fairness to the digital content industry for both creators and consumers. I hope that with our launch people will realize the advantage of DECENT Network over other content distribution platforms.”

The post Decent Launches Global Media Distribution Platform appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

          The Month in Review - The Most Popular Posts   
It's the end of the month and as I always do, I've put together a list of the most popular posts of the last 30 days. Take a look at the list and see if there is anything neat that you missed this month.

The Practical Ed Tech Chromebook Camp starts in three weeks. There is still time to register. If you're a Mainer, email me for a special discount only available to schools in Maine.

Here are the most popular posts of the month:
1. New Grading Options in Google Forms
2. Six Types of Video Creation Projects - And 18 Video Creation Tools
3. 4 Good Formative Assessment Tools for Classrooms That Aren't 1:1
4. Be Internet Awesome - Google's New Internet Safety Curriculum
5. Track Progress Toward Goals With This Google Sheets Template
6. Make Stop Motion Videos On Your Chromebook
7. Grade Items in G Suite Side-by-Side With Otus
8. How to Create a Word Cloud in Google Docs
9. How to Move from Google Drive to One Drive
10. 12 Sites and Apps for Learning to Code

Individual and group registration is still open for the Practical Ed Tech Chromebook Camp and the BYOD Camp. Register with a group and get a great discount!

Four online courses starting in July:
Please visit the official advertisers that help keep this blog going.
Practical Ed Tech is the brand through which I offer PD webinars.
Storyboard That is my go-to tool for creating storyboards.
QuickKey saves teachers tons of time when scoring formative assessments.
University of Maryland Baltimore County offers a great program on instructional design.
Discovery Education & Wilkes University offer online courses for earning Master's degrees in Instructional Media.
PrepFactory offers a great place for students to prepare for SAT and ACT tests.
Boise State University offers a 100% online program in educational technology.
My Simpleshow provides a great way to create explanatory videos.

Related Stories


          Mass Effect – Discovery #2 (2017) ~

Year : 2017 | Size : 99 MB

As his investigation into the Andromeda Initiative deepens, Tiran Kandros encounters a terrifying and deadly adversarya salarian mercenary named Agent Zeta. Tying in to Mass Effect: Andromeda, writers Jeremy Barlow and John Dombrow and artist Gabriel Guzman team up to create the next exciting chapter of the Mass Effect comics series!

The post Mass Effect – Discovery #2 (2017) appeared first on GetComics by The Comic Guy

          Structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite (no replies)   
▪ Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Vlasenko, N.S., Filatov, S.K., Turner, R., Karpov, G.A. (2017): Copper oxosulphates from fumaroles of Tolbachik Vulcano: puninite, Na2Cu3O(SO4)3 - a new mineral species and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 499-510.

Typical characteristics of many anhydrous sulphates of exhalative origin at fumaroles at the Second scoria cone of the Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia, are the presence of additional oxygen atoms (Oa) in the composition. Recent field works on the fumaroles of the Second scoria cone in 2014 and 2015 resulted in discovery of a new mineral species, puninite, and collection of fresh alumoklyuchevskite and kamchatkite samples which allowed the re-refinement of crystal structures. The crystal structure of kamchatkite, KCu3O(SO4)2Cl, was solved and refined in Pnma space group (a = 9.755(2), b = 7.0152(15), c = 12.886(3) Å, V = 881.8(3)Å3, R1 = 0.021), whereas alumoklyuchevskite, K3Cu3AlO2(SO4)4, is triclinic, P-1; (a = 4.952(3), b = 11.978(6), c = 14.626(12) Å, α = 87.119(9), β = 80.251(9), γ = 78.070(9)°, V = 836.3 (9)Å3, R1 = 0.049) in contrast to previously reported data.
The new mineral puninite, ideally Na2Cu3O(SO4)3, was found in sublimates of Glavnaya Tenoritovaya fumarole. The mineral is named in honor of the Russian crystallographer Yurii Olegovich Punin (1941–2014). Puninite is closely associated with lammerite-β, tenorite, hematite and anhydrite. Puninite is emerald-green in colour. It is biaxial, optically positive, α = 1.587(2), β = 1.611(2), γ = 1.649(2), 2Vcalc=60°. The mineral is soluble in water. The empirical formula of puninite based on 13 O atoms is (Na1.76K0.08)Σ1.84(Cu2.97Zn0.04)Σ3.01(SO4)3.02O0.92. Puninite is the first Na-dominant copper oxosulfate mineral observed on Second scoria cone. It is monoclinic, C2/c, a = 17.41(1), b = 9.39(1), c = 14.40(1) Å, β = 112.04(7)°, V = 2183(2)Å3, Z = 8. The eight strongest lines of the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are (I-d-hkl): 100-8.058-200, 18.88-6.675- 00&2macr;, 28.47-6.466- 20&2macr;, 14.1-4.398-202, 17.37-4.247- 11&3macr;, 33.89-3.839- 02&2macr;, 29.15-2.854- 22&4macr;, 14.95-2.724- 02&4macr;. Puninite is structurally related to euchlorine, NaKCu3O(SO4)3 and to fedotovite, K2Cu3O(SO4)3. The unit-cell a parameter value is very sensitive to the K-Na ratio in “euchlorine group” minerals. The crystal structure of puninite (R1 = 0.035) is based on oxocentred [O2Cu6]8+ dimers. Four sulphate tetrahedra are ‘face-to-face’ attached to the dimers, whereas the other sulphate tetrahedral groups provide their linkage in two dimensions. The structural architecture of all the copper-oxosulphate exhalative minerals described in this paper can be described as being organized via a “host–guest” principle.
          IMA 2015-012 = puninite and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite (no replies)   
▪ Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Vlasenko, N.S., Filatov, S.K., Turner, R., Karpov, G.A. (2017): Copper oxosulphates from fumaroles of Tolbachik Vulcano: puninite, Na2Cu3O(SO4)3 - a new mineral species and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 499-510.

Typical characteristics of many anhydrous sulphates of exhalative origin at fumaroles at the Second scoria cone of the Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia, are the presence of additional oxygen atoms (Oa) in the composition. Recent field works on the fumaroles of the Second scoria cone in 2014 and 2015 resulted in discovery of a new mineral species, puninite, and collection of fresh alumoklyuchevskite and kamchatkite samples which allowed the re-refinement of crystal structures. The crystal structure of kamchatkite, KCu3O(SO4)2Cl, was solved and refined in Pnma space group (a = 9.755(2), b = 7.0152(15), c = 12.886(3) Å, V = 881.8(3)Å3, R1 = 0.021), whereas alumoklyuchevskite, K3Cu3AlO2(SO4)4, is triclinic, P-1; (a = 4.952(3), b = 11.978(6), c = 14.626(12) Å, α = 87.119(9), β = 80.251(9), γ = 78.070(9)°, V = 836.3 (9)Å3, R1 = 0.049) in contrast to previously reported data.
The new mineral puninite, ideally Na2Cu3O(SO4)3, was found in sublimates of Glavnaya Tenoritovaya fumarole. The mineral is named in honor of the Russian crystallographer Yurii Olegovich Punin (1941–2014). Puninite is closely associated with lammerite-β, tenorite, hematite and anhydrite. Puninite is emerald-green in colour. It is biaxial, optically positive, α = 1.587(2), β = 1.611(2), γ = 1.649(2), 2Vcalc=60°. The mineral is soluble in water. The empirical formula of puninite based on 13 O atoms is (Na1.76K0.08)Σ1.84(Cu2.97Zn0.04)Σ3.01(SO4)3.02O0.92. Puninite is the first Na-dominant copper oxosulfate mineral observed on Second scoria cone. It is monoclinic, C2/c, a = 17.41(1), b = 9.39(1), c = 14.40(1) Å, β = 112.04(7)°, V = 2183(2)Å3, Z = 8. The eight strongest lines of the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are (I-d-hkl): 100-8.058-200, 18.88-6.675- 00&2macr;, 28.47-6.466- 20&2macr;, 14.1-4.398-202, 17.37-4.247- 11&3macr;, 33.89-3.839- 02&2macr;, 29.15-2.854- 22&4macr;, 14.95-2.724- 02&4macr;. Puninite is structurally related to euchlorine, NaKCu3O(SO4)3 and to fedotovite, K2Cu3O(SO4)3. The unit-cell a parameter value is very sensitive to the K-Na ratio in “euchlorine group” minerals. The crystal structure of puninite (R1 = 0.035) is based on oxocentred [O2Cu6]8+ dimers. Four sulphate tetrahedra are ‘face-to-face’ attached to the dimers, whereas the other sulphate tetrahedral groups provide their linkage in two dimensions. The structural architecture of all the copper-oxosulphate exhalative minerals described in this paper can be described as being organized via a “host–guest” principle.
          A Separate Thread for Gary Gaulin   
Post by GaryGaulin
Barry seems to have posted an example of how they consult neuroscientists, quote mining someone and something that does not necessarily agree with the teachings of UD and the Discovery Institute:

What Thomas Aquinas Can Teach Modern Neuroscientists
June 29, 2017_Posted by Barry Arrington under Intelligent Design

I emailed Michael Egnor to let him know what's going on. In this case it's like Barry is off to set neuroscientists straight with a statement that can easily be taken out of context, to make it appear that the author supports the tactics of the Discovery Institute and UD.
          OHSU researchers: New discovery on obesity-high blood pressure relationship   
Obesity contributes to high blood pressure, but why and how this happens remains unclear. One of the major causes of high blood pressure — or hypertension — is the inappropriate activation of the fight-or-flight sympathetic nervous system response, and most obesity researchers have focused on factors that increase sympathetic activity. Virginia Brooks, Ph.D., however, has been investigating mechanisms that inhibit this activity. A team led by Brooks, professor of physiology and pharmacology at OHSU, identified a neuromodulator, neuropeptide Y (NPY), that inhibits sympathetic activity in a specific area of … Read More
          Best Practices For SEO And CRO In Ecommerce [Upcoming Webinar]   

Implementing commerce functionality on your website is a great idea for making digital and tangible goods more accessible globally. But to actually be found on the web is another story. Online discovery very much relies on SEO (search engine optimization) and CRO (conversion rate optimization) to influence those once they find you. In an upcoming webinar [Read More]

The post Best Practices For SEO And CRO In Ecommerce [Upcoming Webinar] appeared first on WP Engine.

          MJFF Scientist Highlights Alpha-synuclein Research Progress in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery   
          Formulation Researcher   
CA-Milpitas, Bayside Solutions is seeking a Formulations Researcher to be a part of our partner's team in the San Francisco South Bay Area. This is an opportunity to work with a startup Biotechnology company focused on providing therapeutics for gastrointestinal diseases. Our partner's culture is fast paced and passionate about innovative drug discovery and development. Our Company Bio: Bayside Solutions was f
          Musket Ball Uncovered at Revolutionary War Site   
CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA—The discovery of a lead musket ball suggests that archaeologists in Charleston, South Carolina, may have located a Revolutionary War–era trench, The Post and Courier reports. Excavations are ongoing behind the city's historic Aiken-Rhett house, where a team from the College of Charleston hopes to uncover British military earthworks used in the 1780 Siege of Charleston. The ball and trench constitute the first physical evidence of British lines from the battle, which have eluded researchers for years. To read more about archaeology in the Low Country, go to “Off the Grid: Colonial Dorchester, South Carolina.”
          Iron Age Textiles Unearthed in Israel   
TEL AVIV, ISRAEL—A team led by Tel Aviv University archaeologist Erez Ben-Yosef has discovered colorful Iron Age textiles at the site of the Timna copper mines in Israel's Negev Desert. Haaretz reports that the textiles, which include more than 100 fragments of both wool and linen, date to the tenth century B.C. and would likely have been worn by copper workers. It had been previously believed that workers at the mines, which were associated with the Kingdom of Edom, were relatively low-status or even slaves. But the the discovery of richly decorated fabrics suggests they belonged to the upper reaches of Edomite society. “If a person had the exceptional knowledge to ‘create copper,’ he was considered well-versed in an extremely sophisticated technology,” says Ben-Yosef. “He would have been considered magical or supernatural, and his social status would have reflected this.” To read in-depth about early textiles, go to “Dressing for the Ages.”
          Devon Site Shows Signs of Pre-Roman Occupation   
  DEVON, ENGLAND—New radiocarbon dating at a site in southwest England suggests it was in use for 1,200 years longer than had been thought, according to a report from BBC News. Evidence at the rural site, called Ippleden, indicates it was occupied from the fourth century B.C. Sherds of pottery uncovered by archaeologists from the University of Exeter show that the site’s residents traded with people from afar and enjoyed delicacies such as wine and olive oil. According to archaeologist Stephen Rippon, the researchers initially believed the site was only used during the Roman period, but now recognize that it was occupied during the pre-Roman Iron Age as well. They believe it was a farming community, based on the discovery of remains of a granary. In addition, debris from iron working was unearthed near the settlement’s edge, suggesting it may have hosted industrial activity. For more, go to “Letter from Wales: Hillforts of the Iron Age.”
          Comment on The Discovery Institute’s Best Arguments by Alan Conwell   
Oh piffle, must have screwed up the tags. Curmie, help me oh great one... [*<strong>Voice from above</strong>*] I stretched forth my mighty arm, and behold -- it is done!
          Comment on The Discovery Institute’s Best Arguments by Alan Conwell   
@ TomS & Holding et al Reminds me of the <a href="" rel="nofollow">Intelligent Falling movement</a>.
          Comment on The Discovery Institute’s Best Arguments by Michael Fugate
          Comment on The Discovery Institute’s Best Arguments by Holding The Line In Florida   
@TomS. Good one. Micro Gravity! I guess Macro Gravity doesn't exist, the Sun just sucks on the Earth and the Earth just sucks on the Moon. The whole Cosmos just sucks!!!
          Comment on The Discovery Institute’s Best Arguments by TomS   
If there were some emotional need to deny the reality of gravity, one could easily imagine creationist-style attacks against it - * there is "micro"gravity, apples fall from trees - but that does not prove that there is macro"gravity among the stars - how do you know, were you there?
          Gay marriage on principle   

Eighty-two years ago this month, Jesuit scientist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin spoke at the marriage of Hervé de la Goublaye de Ménorval and a fellow palaeontologist, Éliane Basse. Let’s revisit that sermon to see why Archbishop Charles Scicluna is right to speak up against the principle of gay marriage – but also why Catholic politicians would be mistaken to follow him. In English, it’s difficult to capture the special quality of Teilhard’s French. It has a surface tranquillity and an underlying passion. He speaks, as perhaps only the French can, with the ardour of reason and the cool objectivity of non-possessive love. The fire and ice of his prose are trying to capture something essential about his vision of marriage: a rational harnessing of the energies of love that would be, in human history, the second discovery of fire. As both a scientist and a priest, he was interested in human origins. He understood marriage in both biblical and evolutionary terms. In particular, he saw marriage as an integral part of the future of humanity, as an increasingly organised single nervous system with God as its mysterious centre. If you think this is all a bit too intense and poetic for a...
          Donuts and bows   
My friends keep texting me pictures of their awesome hair trends and sadly, I can't take part because of my membership in the "bob for life" club.  I can look from afar though:) First up, my friend Lauren surprised me with her latest Pinterest discovery, the hair bow. Looks pretty awesome and so perfect for the holidays:

Next, is the hair donut that seems to be super popular. I think it's pretty funny but lots of ladies seem to be sporting it.

          Building A Linux Media Extender for your Media Center with GeeXbox   

I recently took up a challenge to build a media center PC for a friend. Having scoured Ebay I found what I thought looked like a really nice case for not too much money. It was also a Barebones system coming with DVD, Floppy and Motherboard. The motherboard only supported a Pentium III up to 800mhz but I decided that I could always upgrade this.

When I received it the case lived up to expectations and was pretty small. So small that on opening it up I found my upgrade options were limited. The case comes with a BookPC BKI810 3.3 motherboard (really tiny and would make a great basis for a Car PC) This is a custom BabyATX design based on the Intel 810 chipset and supports Pentium III processors up to 800mhz with a 100mhz front side bus. There are no PCI expansion ports but it does have on-board video (with TV-out), Audio (with SP-Dif out), Ethernet, Modem, COm, Game Port, Printer and USB (1.0) ports.

Whilst this would have run MCE 2005 it wasn't going to cut the mustard for my friends Hi-def vista media center so I went to plan B for that (more on that in a later post). I guess I could have gone with upgrading the BookPC a Pico-ITX Motherboard buy they are a bit too pricey.

All was not lost with this case however, I had been meaning to look into the prospect of building a Media Extender to work with the uPNP capabilities of Windows Media Player 11 in vista.

Note I say Media Extender - not Media center Extender - I wasn't intending to stream Live TV or even watch Recorded TV in native DVRMS format but I already transcode my Recorded TV to WMV files and Media Player 11 can share them via its built in uPNP media server.

uPNP stands for Universal Plug and Play a set of standards for Network devices to talk to each other. Windows Media Player 11 implements what used to be called Windows Media Connect and is a uPNP AV server. Basically this can be contacted by any uPNP AV client to access any Music, Pictures or Video in your Media Player Library.

I added a 800Mhz processor, hetsink, fan, 512mb Ram and a 20Gb hards drive to the motherboard. Checked it all out and it booted to BIOS fine. Got as bit of a shock when my 800mhz procssor was shown as 600mhz but then realised that the processor was 133mhz FSB so on a 100Mhz FSB board it scaled down to 600mhz. Not a problem it should be plenty fast enough for what I wanted.

So all I needed was a uPNP client. I also wanted something that could use the inbuilt DVD player to play audio/dvds.

I decided to keep costs down and experiment with using Linux. I heard of Myth so tried that first. To cut things short I'm not a Linux guru and I struggled with Myth. I first tried KnopMyth which I just couldn't get to play CD's or DVD's. I then found MythDora which was a much more straightforward install and did play CD and DVD but I couldn't work out how to configure it for uPNP - if even that was possible.

I was about to give up on the Linux route when I made a great discovery GeeXBox. This is a Live CD(basically Linux which boots from a CD and doen't need a hard disk) designed for playing Media and it has a uPNP client.

I downloaded the CD image (it comes in .iso format) and burnt it to CD. Put it in the HTPC Dvd Drive booted and, after a few seconds of Linux boot messages) up popped the menu including an open option. Selecting this gave me a uPNP option and selecting this gave me my media center as a uPNP server. I was stuck here for a few seconds as it wouldn't display a list of contents form my Media Center, until I realised, stupidly, that I hadn't gome to my media center pc and allowed the new device to access. (In Vista this is really easy as a toolbox popup appears on the PC as soon as a new device is detected)

Hey presto I had access to all the Music, Photos and Videos on my media center. I choose a Video (which happened to be a divx avi) and it played instantly and smoothly. This was great but alas my next choice a WMV file failed to play.

Codecs! I thought as one does (quick aside in the Media Center world I wonder if the word Codecs should now be added to swear word filters)

Scouring the excellent GeeXBox web site I found I was right the WMV codecs were not included by default and I would have to build my own custom ISO distribution. That sounded horrible - I really didn't want to get into Linux toolchains. Fortunately GeeXBox had that covered and supply a very user friendly ISO builder. It even went as far as downloading the codecs for me. Excellent. One more button press and it built me a new Iso and a quick burn later I had a functioning GeexBox streaming video from my Media Center. It even managed a WMV HD file albeit a bit broken up.

Streaming Audio was just as easy and my new custom build also gave me shoutcast radio. To top things off DVD's play well as do CD audio (although I do have a problem with a couple stuttering on the first track)

So in summary for around 100 pounds you can pick up all the components for a decent media streaming extender and if you do not fancy building it yourself the kit I used here, with the configure GeeXbox disk, will be up on eBay shortly. I'll post the link here.

EDIT: Its up on ebay CLICK HERE
          Update, Matt Hughes   
Brief update here, we've intercepted approximately 22 tornadoes since my last blog post. Here's one of the pictures (I have probably 500 more that I'll show at some point). Check out another one here on Discovery's website.

Below is a picture west of Aberdeen, SD on May 22. Click here for larger version.
South Dakota Rope Tornado

Matt Hughes, of The Storm Report, passed away on Wednesday. Matt was a great friend, an amazing father and a great storm chaser. His funeral will be held on Tuesday in Valley Center, KS. I'll write more about this later when I get time. My thoughts and prayers are with his family and friends.
          Photo of the Day   
Aurora, Nebraska Tornado + Reed Timmer

June 17, 2009 - Chris Whiteneck, cameraman for Discovery Channel, Reed Timmer, The Dominator (SRV) and Radiance Technologies.
          Eksperto patarimai, kaip važiuoti per balas pliaupiant lietui   
Automobilio pravažumas vandeniu priklauso nuo trijų dalykų Vilnius, birželio 30 d. Ketvirtadienio popietę „Inchcape Motors“ komanda kartu su prabangiu penktos kartos aukščiausios klasės sportiniu visureigiu „Land Rover Discovery“ Vilniaus gatvėse ieškojo po liūčių susikaupusio vandens. Anot „Inchcape Motors“ marketingo vadovės Justės Šataitės, pasivažinėjimas šlapiomis miesto gatvėmis komandai buvo puiki proga dar kartą prisiminti kaip teisingai […]
          Nee, deze walvis knuffelde geen zeehond, al zouden we heel graag geloven van wel   
Het hart van elke dierenvriend smolt toen Discovery Channel deze foto de wereld in stuurde. Een beloega in een innige omhelzing met een zeehond,
          What If My Ex Doesn’t Disclose All Bank Accounts During Discovery?   

Question: During discovery, what happens if my ex doesn’t disclose all bank accounts? I know she is still on an account with her parents and I feel she may be hiding some money. Answer: I do not practice law in your state, therefore, I cannot inform you as to the ...

The post What If My Ex Doesn’t Disclose All Bank Accounts During Discovery? appeared first on Dads Divorce.

          Christmas Gift Giveaway #8   
Cuddling up before bed with a book is part of the evening routine for many children and this giveaway is a great way to extend your home library. 

Poptropica, the self-discovery app for kids, allows them to learn as they play! It has become a global sensation that reaches more than 100 countries across the world and the brand has since branched out into books which accompany the game, and take kids on an adventure beyond the incredibly popular online role-playing world. 

Filled with beautiful illustrations and gripping storylines, these are perfect for young girls and boys who love reading and amazing adventures. The first book, Mystery of the Map, even made it on to the New York Times bestseller list. 

For your chance to WIN a signed Poptropica: Book 2: The Lost Expedition or 1 of 2 copies of the book, you can enter via the Gleam entry form below.

Leaving a comment is mandatory but there are additional entry methods available for bonus points.

The giveaway ends at 11.59pm GMT on 12th December 2016.

Good luck!
Image Map

          Предупреждение о задействовании UPnP/SSDP в качестве усилителя DDoS-атак   
Компания Cloudflare предупредила об увеличении интенсивности применения протокола SSDP (Simple Service Discovery Protocol), используемого в системах с поддержкой UPnP, в качестве усилителя трафика при проведении DDoS-атак. Cloudflare обращает внимание на практику оставления доступа к 1900 UDP-порту, который позволяет при обработке некоторых запросов, формировать ответы, по размеру многократно превышающие запрос, чем пользуются организаторы DDoS-атак.
          Overnight Front Office Supervisor - Coralville Marriott Hotel & Conference Center (170017CJ)   
IA-Coralville, Here’s To Your Journey with Marriott Hotels Resorts Suites Marriott Hotels Resorts Suites is one of Marriott International’s 30 renowned hotel brands. As the world’s leading hospitality company, we offer unmatched opportunities for associates to grow and succeed. We believe a great career is a journey of discovery and exploration. The Coralville Marriott Hotel & Conference Center, located at 300 E
          Cook - Coralville Marriott Hotel & Conference Center (170017QF)   
IA-Iowa City, Here’s To Your Journey with Marriott Hotels Resorts Suites Marriott Hotels Resorts Suites is one of Marriott International’s 30 renowned hotel brands. As the world’s leading hospitality company, we offer unmatched opportunities for associates to grow and succeed. We believe a great career is a journey of discovery and exploration. The Coralville Marriott Hotel & Conference Center, located at 300 E
          Dining Room Attendant - The Dearborn Inn, A Marriott Hotel (170016YZ)   
MI-Dearborn, Here’s To Your Journey with Marriott Hotels Resorts Suites Marriott Hotels Resorts Suites is one of Marriott International’s 30 renowned hotel brands. As the world’s leading hospitality company, we offer unmatched opportunities for associates to grow and succeed. We believe a great career is a journey of discovery and exploration. The The Dearborn Inn, A Marriott Hotel, located at 20301 Oakwood Bl
          Mānoa: 50 years of discovery for UH Mānoa Institute for Astronomy   
UH Mānoa's Institute for Astronomy is celebrating its 50th anniversary.
          So you want to go Causal Neo4j in Azure? Sure we can do that   

Originally posted on:

So you might have noticed in the Azure market place you can install an HA instance of Neo4j – Awesomeballs! But what about if you want a Causal cluster?


Hello Manual Operation!

Let’s start with a clean slate, typically in Azure you’ve probably got a dashboard stuffed full of other things, which can be distracting, so let’s create a new dashboard:


Give it a natty name:


Save and you now have an empty dashboard. Onwards!

To create our cluster, we’re gonna need 3 (count ‘em) 3 machines, the bare minimum for a cluster. So let’s fire up one, I’m creating a new Windows Server 2016 Datacenter machine. NB. I could be using Linux, but today I’ve gone Windows, and I’ll probably have a play with docker on them in a subsequent post…I digress.


At the bottom of the ‘new’ window, you’ll see a ‘deployment model’ option – choose ‘Resource Manager’


Then press ‘Create’ and start to fill in the basics!


  • Name: Important to remember what it is, I’ve optimistically gone with 01, allowing me to expand all the way up to 99 before I rue the day I didn’t choose 001.
  • User name: Important to remember how to login!
  • Resource group: I’m creating a new resource group, if you have an existing one you want to use, then go for it, but this gives me a good way to ensure all my Neo4j cluster resources are in one place.

Next, we’ve got to pick our size – I’m going with DS1_V2 (catchy) as it’s pretty much the cheapest, and well – I’m all about being cheap.


You should choose something appropriate for your needs, obvs. On to settings… which is the bulk of our workload.


I’m creating a new Virtual Network (VNet) and I’ve set the CIDR to the lowest I’m allowed to on Azure ( which gives me 8 internal IP addresses – I only need 3, so… waste.


I’m leaving the public IP as it is, no need to change that, but I am changing the Network Security Group (NSG) as I intend on using the same one for each of my machines, and so having ‘01’ on the end (as is default) offends me Smile


Feel free to rename your diagnostics storage stuff if you want. The choice as they say – is yours.

Once you get the ‘ticks’ you are good to go:


It even adds it to the dashboard… awesomeballs!


Whilst we wait, lets add a couple of things to the dashboard, well, one thing, the Resource group, so view the resource groups (menu down the side) and press the ellipsis on the correct Resource group and Pin to the Dashboard:


So now I have:


After what seems like a lifetime – you’ll have a machine all setup and ready to go – well done you!


Now, as it takes a little while for these machines to be provisioned, I would recommend you provision another 2 now, the important bits to remember are:

  • Use the existing resource group:
  • Use the same disk storage
  • Use the same virtual network
  • Use the same Network Security Group

BTW, if you don’t you’re only giving yourself more work, as you’ll have to move them all to the right place eventually, may as well do it in one!

Whilst they are doing their thing, let’s setup Neo4j on the first machine, so let’s connect to it, firstly click on the VM and then the ‘connect’ button


We need two things on the machine

  1. Neo4j Enterprise
  2. Java

The simplest way I’ve found (provided your interwebs is up to it) is to Copy the file on your local machine, and Right-Click Paste onto the VM desktop – and yes – I’ve found it works way better using the mouse – sorry CLI-Guy

Once there, let’s install Java:


Then extract Neo4j to a comfy location, let’s say, the ‘C’ drive, (whilst we’re here… !Whaaaaat!!??? image 

an ‘A’ drive? I haven’t seen one of those for at least 10 years, if not longer).

Anyways - extracted and ready to roll:




Did you get ‘failed’ deployments on those two new VMs? I did – so I went into each one and pressed ‘Start’ and that seemed to get them back up and running.


(That’s right – I just hashtagged in a blog post)

Anyways, we’ve now got the 3 machines up and I’m guessing you can rinse and repeat the setting up of Java and Neo4j on the other 2 machines. Now.

To configure the cluster!

We need the internal IPs of the machines, we can run ‘IpConfig’ on each machine, or just look at the V-Net on the portal and get it all in one go:


So, machine number 1… open up ‘neo4j.conf’ which you’ll find in the ‘conf’ folder of Neo4j. Ugh. Notepad – seriously – it’s 2017, couldn’t there be at least a slight  improvement in notepad by now???

I’m not messing with any of the other settings, purely the clustering stuff – in real life you would probably configure it a little bit more. So I’m setting:

  • dbms.mode
    • CORE
  • causal_clustering.initial_discovery_members

I’m also uncommenting all the defaults in the ‘Causal Clustering Configuration’ section – I rarely trust defaults. I also uncomment

  • dbms.connectors.default_listen_address

So it’s contactable externally. Once the other two are setup as well we’re done right?

HA No chance! Firewalls – that’s right in plural. Each machine has one – which needs to be set to accept the ports:



Obviously, you can choose not to do the last 3 ports and be uncontactable, or indeed choose any combo of them.

Aaaand, we need to configure the NSG:


I have 3 new ‘inbound’ rules – 7474 (browser), 7687 (bolt), 7000 – Raft.

Right. Let’s get this cluster up and contactable.

Log on to one of your VMs and fire up PowerShell (in admin mode)


First we navigate to the place we installed Neo4j (in my case c:\neo4j\neo4j-enterprise-3.1.3\bin) and then we import the Neo4j-Management module. To do this you need to have your ExecutionPolicy set appropriately. Being Lazy, I have it set to ‘Bypass’ (Set-ExecutionPolicy bypass).

Next we fire up the server in ‘console’ mode – this allows us to see what’s happening, for real situations – you’re going to install it as a service.

You’ll see the below initially:


and it will sit like that until the other servers are booted up. So I’ll leave you to go do that now…


Good – now, we need to wait a little while for them to negotiate amongst themselves, but after a short while (let’s say 30 secs or less) you should see:


Congratulations! You have a cluster!

Logon to that machine via the IP it says, and you’ll see the Neo4j Browser, login and then run

:play sysinfo


You could now run something like:

Create (:User {Name:'Your Name'})

And then browse to the other machines to see it all nicely replicated.

          Exoplanets: The Next Phase Of Project Discovery   
          CUE 2011 Conference Notes   
Stealth Learning: Motivate and EngageStudents Using Games by Nancy Gibson
  • National Park Service WebRanger Program: Games leading children through activities introducing them to the National Parks.
  • Motivate and Engage Student Using Games by Nancy Gibson: She presented on myriad game types available online. Some examples include:
  • Content Generator: Teachers add content and the app creates several games.
  • Word Duck: This ap allows you to enter content and games, like Hangman, are created.
  • Rice: this site includes pre-established quizzes. For each answer students get correct, they donate rice to a needy country.
  • Quizlet: Recommended by a session attendee, this site is a very powerful quizzing tool for vocabulary study and Flashcards.
DodgePodge 5.5:
  • SepiaTown: Allows users to upload historical photos in the exact location where they occurred. This allows a visual of change over time.
  • Evernote: It is available on all platforms and allows you to keep all your notes, including audio. It also includes OCR technology so you can scan business cards and keep track of the information.
  • Poll Code: allows you to create polls to build into a blog or course site.
  • StatPlanet: Shows graphs such as drugs and crime, employment, education, cell phones by location.
  • Mikogo: Creates a quick and easy desktop sharing resource. It's a great way to help others with tech support. It also allows for web conferencing.
  • Visuwords: this is an alternative to Visual Thesaurus that shows the parts of speech.
  • Aviary: This site includes myriad productivity tools including an image editor, music creator, screen capture, audio editor, etc. It can serve as an alternative to programs like Audacity or GarageBand.
  • Aniboom: This site allows advance children to create intense animations.
  • Public Profiler: This allows you to see the frequency of names around the world. For instance, you can look up names like Jesus and Mohammed.
  • Do Ink: allows you to create quick flash-based animations using pre-existing tools
  • Tripline: Enables to to plan a trip given specific plans. Students can illustrate planned travels with text, music, and pictures. Consider having students plan a trip through Asia stopping at main locations of the Silk Road.
  • Qwiki: Gives and overview of whatever you type using audio, text, and video focussing on general in for information. It's a great alternative to have children gain an introduction without Wikipedia.
  • Crowdmap: Enables you to see where people are clustering (focusing on dealing with natural disaster aftermath) and the issues of concern are occurring in that location.
DEN Stars and Other DEN
  • Animoto: A great way to create a quick videos with cool audio and video. All they have to do is add the photos.
  • Some great Discovery Resources
  • Head Rush
  • Teacher and the Rockbots and other songs

          ISTE 2010: Davidson, "Mash Media: New Web, Old Media, and Your Own Stuff"   
Mash Media: New Web, Old Media, and Your Own Stuff
Presented by Hall Davidson

Wall Wishers: A creative way to share information on a single virtual wall.

Tagul: Like Wordle, but it allows you to make links to individual words in the resulting image.

Jing: Creates websites from screen captures created online. CamStudio is a good free alternative for regional screen captures on the PC.

Gizmoz: Allows you to create avatars.

Email to get a full license code for Google Pro for educators.

Web 2.0 owners almost universally allow educators to take and use screenshots from their sites. Just email the site manager to make sure it's okay to post your screen captures.

Permission to use Discovery videos in Google Lit Trips.
          Steve Dembo and Lindsay Hopins: "Top 10 Web 2.0 Tools"   
Web 2.0: Entirely web based, interactive, plays well with others

Crappy Graphs
: This allows quick and easy basic graphs. You can download or embed these graphs.
Wall Wisher: Allows you to put sticky notes on things. This works well for quick, collaborative note taking. You can drag notes around to use like a concept map.
Delicious: Social bookmarking.
Let Me Google That For You: Shows people how to Google. It shows a screencast of typing in terms and pulling up the search terms.
ipadio: Allows quick easy mobile podcasts. You must register to use the site, but there is no charge. The resulting audios have embed codes and automatically makes an iTunes podcast.
Blabberize: Allows you to use any photo and "Blabberize" (make the person/animal) speak. This would work well for having famous people tell autobiographies. The result is an embed code.
Animoto: This is free for one year for educators. It allows you to make music videos using your own videos. You can upload yur own images, rearrange them, add text, highlight images (so they'll stay up longer). You can use your own audio or use the audio they've provided for free. It adds in all the transitions and visual effects so allows students to quickly make the videos. This would work well for a photo collage for a year-end festival.
Wordle: Allows you to create word clouds. If you want to take it to the next level, use Word Sift. In Word Sift, you paste in text. It creates a word cloud that is not as visually appealing as Wordle, but it allows you to interact with the words (e.g., highlight language arts words or social studies). You can choose a single word to bring up a visual thesaurus and the application will also bring in related images from Google images.
Glogster: There are two versions: public and educational. Glogster allows you to create visual e-boards with embedded media (inc., sounds, videos, and pictures).

Notes on this session are available here.
          NECC 2009: Session Notes   
A Ripple Effect: 21st Century Innovations that Matter
Cheryl Lemke

Adolescent learning: peers, school, home, distributed resources, work, networked publics (a networked space where the public meets). —B. Barron, 2006

We need to create environments where we can work and learn peer-to-peer with our students because that is where they go to learn what interests them. Students need to see the value-added that the teacher offers.

94% of adolescents are involved in online gaming. —Pew

Multi-tasking is a myth. Our brains have an executive function that allows us to only think about things serially. Students, though, are faster than adults because they are younger (our brain processing speed peaks at between 20 and 30. When you move from one task to another, there is a slight delay and loss of time. There is, however, background tasking (e.g., listening to music). When students are engaged in difficult to cognitively process content, we should decrease the need for background tasking and multi-tasking. Drill and practice builds automaticity that leads to a greater ability to do background tasking while engaged in processing new content. Our students are giving us their “continuous partial attention” (Linda Stark). : This is a game that allows users to try and keep a country alive. It considers elections, economics, etc.

If you grant students choice, on average, their grades will increase by a full grade.

On average there’s less than 10 seconds of sustained discussion in the average classroom. Instead, there is teach-talk followed by student-talk, followed by teacher-talk. This is a nice tool for working with video, stills, audio, and text/drawings. This is a tool that assists in visualizing data (e.g., Twitter posts about Obama during the Inaugeration, growth of Wal-Mart). is a similar program that allows you to track demographic features over time. This tool is good for teaching students about gaming and gaming environments from a design perspective.

Tammy Worcester
Tammy’s Favorite Technology Tips, Tricks, and Tools

  • Users type in text and the application reads it aloud.
  • Allows you to record your voice. It results in an embed code.
  • Allows users to very easily create music loops.
  • Allows you to shorten multiple URLs into one. This creates a website that would be great for creating webquests or smaller Delicious sites.
  • This is a free online basic version of KidPix. More than one individual can work on the whiteboard at a time and you can email the project to others. The email includes the real-time drawing, not just the finished product.
  • or Allows you to do screen captures and make edits (e.g., adding arrows and text). You can also record voice and screen changes (like with Snapz Pro X).
  • Allows you to download YouTube videos for later use. Just add “kick” in the YouTube URL and choose (from the bar on the top) the format in which you want to download. Then, click the green “Download” button. Next, right-click over the “Down” button to download the video to your hard drive.
  • (Random Name Picker): Picks a name from a list you provide. The application includes an embed code so you can have the program run whenever you wish to use it (e.g., from the class blog).
  • Looks in Flickr to find any images relating to the tag you select. You could create your own tag and hen look at the image (a globe) with just your pictures.
  • Firefox Shortcuts: Use Apple-L to move to the URL bar. To create a shortcut, go to the search box for the website (e.g., Amazon) and right click and create a shortcut (e.g., type az twilight and it will look for
  • “Twlight” in Amazon).

Dr. Christopher Moersch
Teaching 2.0: Challenging the Interactive Generation

  • H-E-A-T (high-order thinking, engaged learning, authenticity, technology use
  • There are three parts to every learning activity: content, process, and product
  • Allows schools to take the LoTi digital-age survey
  • “What gets measured gets improved.”
  • Allows analysis of textual passages.

Tom March
WebQuests 2.0: A Richer Web Improves a Good Idea

  • Allows you to copy/paste from multiple webpages therefore creating a pool of resources related to a personally-selected topic.
  • Allows you to highlight, ask questions, and comment on individual websites.
  • This is an alternative to iGoogle. It provides you with an assigned web address instead of having it just be available after logging in. The site allows you to subscribe to multiple RSS feeds in the form of tabs at the top of the page. This would be good to allow students to take turns reviewing individual webquests.
  • This is an online version of Inspiration.
  • CEQ•ALL ("Seek All")—Choice, Effort, Quality, Attitude, Labor of Love (A taxonomy for this century); Set-up educational opportunities that allow students to make choices, requires hard work/effort, the teacher makes him/herself available for ensuring quality of student work/learning, allows students to feel good about themselves by having a good attitude, and teachers and students must put a labor of love into their work.
Vendor Notes

Global Fever (a vendor that provides curriculum relating to the environment) created a collection of rich resources using ComicLife. Their sample pages all use ComicLife and can serve as excellent examples. Like Thinkfinity, this is a central location for accessing several website. Its function is to bring together government sites intended for use by children.

From Banned to Planned: Cell Phones in Schools
Hall Davidson

Poll Everywhere
: Allows you to have students take a quick poll using their phones.

Suggestions for ways teachers are using cell phones in the classroom are avilable at another resource is

: A tool for creating projects like HyperStudio, but it allows you to add audio recorded directly from your cell phone.

Davidson suggests we rename "cell phones." In some countries they call it a hand phone and keitai ("a snug, intimate technosocial tethering"). Cell phones are different from other technologies because they are both input and output devices.

"Classroom management is less of an issues when engaged learning is taking place."

Qik: This site allows you to broadcast live from a cell phone. It will also allows you to embed code into blogs or Google Earth.

: It allows you to hold-up your cell phone to a song and the phone can decode the name of the song.

Cell phones can read bar codes (bar code readers are freely available online) and they can create bar codes from text/pictures (QR code generators).

Amazon bought a company that does object recognition (e.g., you can take a picture of someone's shoes, send it to Amazon, and Amazon with offer it for purchase).

Davidson has placed Fatherlee's paperwork for using cell phones in the classroom on his website (see above). It includes a letter home to parents, instructions for designing cell-phone educational activities, and a tech-survey for parents to ensure students aren't being charged for their in-class work.
          CUE 2009: "50 Ways to Use Video Streaming" and "Walk with the STARs"   
Check out songs in Discovery Streaming.

Have students listen for certain words during a video and clap or stomp when they hear those words. This helps keep students listening and engaged with the video.

Celebrate students’ birthdays by having everyone look at what happened on their birthdays using the calendar feature. One teacher starts the day fifteen minutes early and shows the videos from the day. The door is closed until school is to start and you cannot view the videos if you weren’t there early.

For the slidesteaching specifics about discovery streaming, visit and go to “The Bird Cage.”

Use gCast to immediately post podcasts from the phone. It uses a 1-888- number. has books you can read online and see the pages.

Use to play Nasa-related games.

Go to suggests where you might want to meet between two people and what type of meals might be available.

X Timeline is a good timeliner creator.

Comics are available for the making from Comiqs, Blabberize, Pixton, …

Brain Blaze, iFlash, Trace, EduBlaster are great games in the Apps Store in iTunes. watch iPod is a mega-VCR is a great way to learn how to use iPods.
is a great place to find live stop watches. allows you to find Flickr images that are sorted and searchable by color.
is a means of creating digital stories quickly using pre-designed characters and backgrounds. allows you to make posters online that are clickable. allows you to put in one or two graphics and have the characters look like they are talking and you can record audio. allows you to make rock videos. You can access it for free as a DEN Star.
          Checking a lot of littler    
Since its giving off Wii accessibility is a solemn dilemma for more gamers. The diversion console has turn a publicity even back the first units were shipped to the stores. As to be hoped-for they sold out in account and since afterwards whenever a new merchandise arrives in a collection nearby is a long-lasting line of ready buyers.Only the front of them will evacuate the shop near a Wii under their arm. The leftovers will have to keep on for the side by side case hoping to be more happy afterwards.The accessibility of the Nintendo Wii is outstandingly depending of the occupation the stores are sited.Post ads:Handcraft Boys 2-7 Scooby Toddler Brief / OshKosh "Gallatin" Insulated Parka (Sizes 4 - 7) / Boys Pulse Snowboard Ski Jacket Coat Set, Snowsuit, Blue / Eddie Bauer Boys' Classic Down Jacket / Dockers Girls 7-16 Uniform Blouse With Rounded Point / Thinkbaby BPA Free Starter Set, Orange/Natural, 0-12 / Carter's Hosiery Baby-Girls Newborn 6 Pack Terry Roll / Kitestrings Boys 2-7 Micro Check Button Front Shirt / N'ice Caps Girls Ski Glove with Gauntlet / Oilily Girls 2-6X Two Dress / 3 Piece Sock Monkey Baby Outfit by Baby Starters / Harvard Crimson Youth Maroon Perennial Ii T-Shirt / Kids Headquarters Sleepwear Girls 7-16 Frog Stripe Pajama / Ulubulu Silicone Bib, Hoot the Owl / adidas Boys 8-20 Youth Raise Up Sleeveless / Fila Boys 2-7 Fleece Track Set / Rothschild Girls 2-6X Toddler Dress Coat With Rosettes / Estella Green Brown Pink Navy Baby Boys Girls Infant / Capezio Girls 7-16 Short Sleeve Leotard With X-CrossWhile within are regions where on earth you can discovery decent consoles in the stores in plentiful areas it is nigh impractical to find one. Only in rare cases a accumulation will accept pre-orders and even a righteous association to the backup doesn't facilitate impressively markedly because they simply don't cognize when the close lading will arrive.
          You are describing populace what    
I learned how to utter complete 27 geezerhood ago. The unprofessed to delivering a robust address is a riddle to a lot of people, on the other hand I will cut it near you nowadays.While a secondary in college I contracted to enter in the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) programme because I looked-for to get an military man in the territorial army. During the discovery spell I learned one essential realize activity and one of the most grievous skills a ruler essential have possession of is great act skills.The front day I wide my communication skills photo album it stated, "In directive to speak a tremendous speech, you must update the addressees what you are going to give an account them, speak about them, and convey them what you told them." I ne'er forgot that talking stealthy and I do not deprivation you to forget it either.Post ads:HALO SleepSack Big Kids Comfort Mesh Wearable Blanket, / Princess Faith "Harmonia" Dress with Diaper Cover (Sizes / Blueberi Boulevard Baby-girls Infant Embroidered Ballerina / AME Sleepwear Boys It's A Bird's World Pajama Set / HALO SleepSack Micro-Fleece Early Walker Wearable Blanket, / Sweet Sassy - Girls Microfiber Robe (Various Solid Colors, / London Fog Boys 2-7 Bubble Jacket / Levi's Boys 8-20 527 Loose Fit Bootcut Jean / Capezio Girls 2-6x Long Sleeve Leotard / Calvin Klein Boys Ck Big Plaid Sleep Pant / Melondipity Boy or Girl Christmas Holiday Crochet Baby Hat / Nannette Girls 2-6x Corduroy Dog Jumper DressLet us study all region of this talking trinity:
          Discovery Channel Hypes Michael Phelps Vs Great White For 'Shark Week'    
          Feeling Blue for the Blue Covered Book   

So, again - this one time at the library...there was that book you saw on a shelf, with a blue cover, that caught your eye. But, once again, you had to pass it by. Well, if you find yourself in need of that long lost spark of interest, I maybe, perhaps, might have the book for you! I've found it important to the readers and long-lost book interests to create a second list of books that have, or have had, blue covers - whether or not their most recent editions have blue covers now, they did at some point! Plus, this list is welcome to all kinds of blue covers...

Whether it be a deep blue of the world-wide sensation Outlander, a sky-blue, with clouds included, of the book A Long Way Down, or perhaps a blue-grey of the best-seller turned film All the Light We Cannot See, all blues are welcome on this compilation list. But this list isn't just for the adults on the interwebs! There's also a wide age range available for the younger reader feeling blue...

Be it from the Teen section like Stargirl, King's Cage, or maybe Stormbreaker this list has many blue bindings that you might have left on the shelf for a later date. Even the youth may have left an enchanting book resting on it's display, such as The Warden's Daughter or Ready, Set, Build!. This list also provides you with options from every genre in the library...

Maybe you were passing by the express shelf and snuck a peek at A Great Reckoning or Here's To Us? Maybe browsing through the fantasy section to find A Discovery of Witches? Could have been possibly perusing Mystery and seen The Big Overnight on the shelf? What about the non-fiction readers, who may have strolled through the stacks seeing covers that advertised self improvement or a conservation crisis!

This list has ALL THE THINGS (or would like to have) and is growing each day!!! Please feel free to take a look, and make comments of other blue-covered books you think others may be searching for, so the list can continue to grow! Just think: someone out there could be looking for a blue book jacket that you've read before - maybe you have the answer they've been looking for as the search the numerous volumes of AADL. Or perhaps you yourself have been searching, and the book is in this list already!!! Only one way to find out!

          SlashData Logo [Discovery Stage]   
SlashData Logo [Discovery Stage]

Initial stage of a new and promising branding project.

          Worshipping Waterfalls: The Evolution of Belief   
Do chimpanzees have spiritual experiences? A remarkable discovery in West Africa suggests they might. Do Chimpanzees Have Spiritual Experiences?; How “Big Gods” Transformed Human History; An Evolutionary Biologist Searches for God; What Bliss Looks Like In Your Brain.
          DVD Review: Frankenstein Vs. The Mummy (2015, Dir, Damien Leone)   

WARNING! SPOILERS ARE ALIVE & KICKING WITHIN! WARNING! “Tuesday, January 14th 2013. My name is Victor Frankenstein and I’m about to embark on a journey of discovery that will change the world forever…” Outside of Creature From The Black Lagoon … Continue reading

The post DVD Review: Frankenstein Vs. The Mummy (2015, Dir, Damien Leone) appeared first on You Won Cannes.

          The Best of the First Half of 2017   
As I write every year around this point, time just flies, doesn’t it? We’re now about to hit July and officially enter into the second half of the year. That of course means one thing…it’s time for my mid year look at the best of the first half! As of the writing of this piece, I’ve seen about 130 movies so far in 2017, which is slightly less than normal for me. Still, it’s plenty and doesn’t really omit any huge early year releases. There are some upcoming July releases I’ve been unable to see so far, like A Ghost Story and Landline, but by and large, I’ve hit everything that needed to be hit in order to put together a decent list like the one you’re about to see. Below you’ll see my rankings for everything that I’ve seen since the year began. Take special note, as I’ve thrown out my rules governing what to include and what not to. If I’ve seen it so far, it’s included, plain and simple. Mainly, I did that due to enthusiasm for a still unreleased title from the Tribeca Film Festival, as well as having just seen Spider-Man: Homecoming, as well as Ingrid Goes West and War for the Planet of the Apes. Some might call it cheating, but it’s my list, so I did as I pleased. Honestly, I think it helps round out things a bit more, but that’s just me. You’ll see what I mean momentarily… Starting now, you’ll find my top ten of the year so far, along with a handful of my picks for the best in certain individual categories, as well as my awards for the first six months of 2017. Here you go, and as always, enjoy these handful of lists: 10. Flower 9. The Lego Batman Movie 8. Between Us 7. Wonder Woman 6. Dean 5. The Beguiled 4. Spider-Man: Homecoming 3. The Big Sick 2. Logan 1. The Hero Honorable Mention: Baby Driver, The Discovery, Free Fire, Get Out, Gifted, I Don’t Feel At Home in This World Anymore, It Comes At Night, The Last Laugh, The Lost City of Z, Megan Leavey, Okja, and War for the Planet of the Apes Next, the ten best performances of the first half of 2017: 10. Tom Holland in Spider-Man: Homecoming 9. Laura Prepon in The Hero 8. Hugh Jackman in Logan 7. Kate Mara in Megan Leavey 6. Zoe Kazan in The Big Sick 5. Patrick Stewart in Logan 4. Aubrey Plaza in Ingrid [...]
          Legoland Discovery Center and Sea Life Aquarium Flash Sale thru the 7/4!   
I took my kids to Legoland Discover Center and Sea Life Aquarium yesterday. We had a BLAST! They loved all the bubbles at Sea Life that you can put your head in and it’s like your in the aquarium. Legoland Discovery Center and Sea Life Aquarium have just announced a Flash Sale thru the holiday! […]
          Excavations unearth a new narrative to Megalithic era    
The recent discoveries by the Department of Archaeology and Museums after the Megalithic excavations in Jangaon and Siddipet districts in Telangana will provide a unique and new dimension to the narrative of that period in the state.
Two simultaneous excavations started in March this year - Narmetta in Jangaon and Palamakula in Siddipet - are not just rare but also have several ‘firsts’ to the department’s credit. The excavation from the Megalithic period - 1500 BC to 500 AD - throw light on the artistic and aesthetic sense of that era. The excavation in Narmetta, that is widely popular for the Kolanupaka temple, a religious destination of the Jains, led to the finding of what is being considered as the biggest capstone ever discovered in South India, according to the Department officials. “It is the biggest and also unique as it was arranged in an anthropomorphic manner where only the body weighs 42 tonnes. Another piece of the capstone is in the form of a human head. This is the first time in the Department’s history that we have unearthed something like this,” informed NR Visalatchy, director.
This apart, over 22 stone pieces, the highest till date, which are predicted to have been dismantled from a neck piece, were also excavated. The consistency of these diamond-shaped pieces in their precise and uniform cutting points to the artistic sense of people of that era, said the director. Fire stands, uniquely heavy bottomed and with holes to let out smoke, were also discovered at Narmetta.
Meanwhile, the discovery of a cist grave, made out of four stone slabs, with another cist within, at Palamakula village reiterates the belief of life after death of the Megalithic people.
Bones and a human skull were found buried in it.  “The careful arrangement of a cist within a cist and bone remnants is also a first time discovery and it signifies that extra care was taken in case of the burial,” pointed the director.
Pre-mended pottery, where broken pots stuck together with some kind of adhesive and buried back again, were also excavated. While all of these belong to the Megalithic period, the Department has sent samples for scientific dating to the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology.

          Report: "Violence and Terror: Findings on Clandestine Graves in Mexico”   
 Translated by Yaqui for Borderland Beat from La Jornada 

        More Than 1000 Clandestine Graves Found in Mexico, 
                Report Confirms and NGO's Denounce

BY: Fernando Camacho Silva
June 22, 2012

Extra Material from TeleSurTV

Mexico City. Throughout the country there are more than a thousand clandestine graves, in which 2,114 human skulls have been found, according to the report Violence and Terror: Findings on Clandestine Graves in Mexico , carried out jointly by various academic and human rights organizations.
During the presentation of the study, Jorge Ruiz and Mónica Meltis, two of the authors of the paper, explained that the methodology of the analysis consisted of gathering hemerographic notes on the subject and data sent by the prosecutors of several states of the Republic , via transparency requests.
Ruiz said that only 12 state procuratorial offices provided information on the clandestine graves found in their territories (Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Sinaloa, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Campeche and Quintana Roo), meanwhile the others stated that they had no data on them or were not obliged to provide them.

Another point that draws attention is that prosecutors of some of the entities with the highest levels of violence in the country, such as Guerrero, Jalisco and Chihuahua, are among those who denied having information on the matter.

Likewise, the vast majority of state prosecutors did not give figures on how many bodies were identified, while federal agencies such as the Office of the Attorney General and the Ministry of National Defense provided incomplete numbers.
According to the study, the states with the largest number of clandestine graves are Guerrero (59), Jalisco (53), Chihuahua (47), Coahuila (45), Tamaulipas (40), Nuevo Leon (33) and Michoacán .
Also, the municipalities that concentrated the largest percentage of graves were Durango, Durango (21 percent); San Fernando, Tamaulipas (12 percent); Acapulco, Guerrero (6 percent); La Barca, Jalisco (5 percent); Juárez, Nuevo Leon (5 percent), and Taxco, Guerrero (4 percent).

The country’s decades-long, military-led crackdown on drug cartels has resulted in hundreds of “disappeared” people, with many that are missing or who have been murdered, having no known links to criminal gangs. 

Over 250 human skulls were discovered at the Colinas de Santa Fe area, near the Veracruz harbor. Earliest traces of the mass grave were found in August by the Colectivo Solecito, a grassroots organization of relatives of Mexico’s disappeared.

Ortiz, who is in charge of investigating the discovery, believes the skulls belong to victims of drug cartels. He is currently waiting for US $1.8 million dollars promised by the Mexican government to buy sample materials to identify the remains.

In March, Veracruz Attorney General Jorge Winckler Ortiz accused the Mexican Government of knowing about the mass grave of at least 242 bodies that were discovered in his state earlier that month.

“It is impossible for anyone to have realized what happened here, with the vehicles that were coming in and out, if not with the complicity of government authority,” Ortiz said and added: "I do not understand  how else." HispanTV reports.

Despite having to depend on federal authorities who are believed to be “complicit” in the case, Ortiz continues to work independently with families to find answers.

"They give us just the bones but at least I have them. I can keep (them) somewhere ... I can put a flower on (them)," Colectivo Solecito member Martha Gonzalez told CNN en Español. "And I can know that they are really there and resting."

Veracruz, one of Mexico’s most violent states, is home to armed conflict between drug cartels Los Zetas and Jalisco Nueva Generacion. Within the last year, over 120 graves of suspected drug war victims have been discovered, Mexico’s Secretariat of the Interior .

Many believe Mexico’s federal government is involved in both recruiting members for these cartels and hiding the bodies of victims.

One day for example, policemen in Culiacan were filmed arresting eight young men before handing them over to what was believed to be an organized crime group. The incident echoed the circumstances that led to the disappearance of 43 students at the Ayotzinapa teachers' college, which sparked international outcry more than two years ago.

In 2016, more than 20,000 homicides were reported across Mexico, the highest level registered since Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto took office in 2012.

                               Disappearances Still Rising in Mexico 2 Years After Ayotzinapa

“Despite this alarming estimate, Mexico has still not realized how serious was the situation of disappearances,” said CNDH state official Ismael Eslava, adding that over 80 percent of the cases were concentrated in 11 out of the 31 states in the country: Guerrero, Nuevo Leon, Veracruz, Zacatecas, Coahuila, Colima, San Luis Potosi, Durango, Jalisco and Sonora.

Most of them are related to confrontations between rival drug cartels, sometimes with the support of authorities, said the report, which based its conclusions on over 500 requests before state and federal courts to find their relatives.

Relatives welcomed the report as an improvement on the usual work of the CNDH, often criticized for reluctantly investigating the cases of disappearances or human rights abuses, especially when they involve local or federal authorities.

The relatives of the victims complained that they have to carry out the search themselves for their loved ones, as the state fails to guarantee justice. However, running such investigations usually exposes them to death threats and other risks.

Between 2007 and September 2016, a total of 855 illegal mass graves were found across Mexico according to the official estimate, while a staggering 30,000 people were reported disappeared, according to a report by the National Commission of Human Rights. 

          New Oakland Police Sexual Misconduct Case Leads to Discovery of Drugs Stashed in Locker   
Lieutenant allegedly being investigated for losing cocaine, heroin more than decade ago. According to multiple sources close to the Oakland Police Department, another investigation has been opened into sexual misconduct involving officers. This time, a young officer assigned to a crime-reduction team has been accused of using a room in the downtown Police Administration Building’s basement to have sex with an outside civilian.…
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          Second body found on Vale of Glamorgan beach   
SOUTH Wales Police have confirmed the discovery of a body on a Vale of Glamorgan beach on Tuesday, June 27.
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          Android Developers x2, Edinburgh / The People Network / Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom   
The People Network/Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom

Android Developers x2, Edinburgh

Due to a phenomenal rate of growth one of Scotland's biggest and most successful technology companies are looking for Mobile Developers with strong skills in Android.

As an Android engineer, you will be working with other engineers, designers and product owners, to shape the future of their award-winning apps. You get to contribute at every stage of the of the product life cycle, from research and discovery to iterative development, rollout and long-term maintenance.

During peak periods, hundreds of thousands of concurrent app users make transactions at a rate which would sell out Wembley Stadium in minutes.

Their Mobile engineers all have a solid grounding in software engineering, strong communication skills, and a commitment to continuous improvement. You won't join them to rest on your laurels, though. They will help you develop and learn more in your career, and there are opportunities for development via both management and technical leadership paths.

The successful Android engineers will have the following skills and experience:

A passion for and understanding of mobile development.

Solid experience in Android mobile development.

Enjoy solving challenging problems.

Ability to work in a highly-collaborative, agile team.

Flexibility to learn, and work with new technologies. In return you will be rewarded with an exceptional package including generous basic, time to dedicate to personal projects, personal development budget, generous pension, stock options, private medical insurance, dental, optical, death in service, flexible working hours, refreshments (fruit, soft drinks, beer!), the best technology and equipment (upgraded every 2 years), social gatherings and a fantastic working environment.

This really is a great opportunity for a superb company that is going through some exciting times. If you are interested in the above role please email your CV ASAP.

If you are interested please apply ASAP. The People Network is an employment agency and will respond to all applicants within three - five working days. If you do not hear within these timescales please feel free to get in touch.

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          Barlates: Cardio Interval Tone 45/30   
Barlates and Linda Wooldridge are a new discovery for me. I made the discovery about a month ago. I came across her Barlates DVDs on Amazon. She has a lot […]
          Weekend project: Ghetto RPC with redis, ruby and clojure   

There’s a fair amount of things that are pretty much set on current architectures. Configuration management is handled by chef, puppet (or pallet, for the brave). Monitoring and graphing is getter better by the day thanks to products such as collectd, graphite and riemann. But one area which - at least to me - still has no obvious go-to solution is command and control.

There are a few choices which fall in two categories: ssh for-loops and pubsub based solutions. As far as ssh for loops are concerned, capistrano (ruby), fabric (python), rundeck (java) and pallet (clojure) will do the trick, while the obvious candidate in the pubsub based space is mcollective.

Mcollective has a single transport system, namely STOMP, preferably set-up over RabbitMQ. It’s a great product and I recommend checking it out, but two aspects of the solution prompted me to write a simple - albeit less featured - alternative:

  • There’s currently no other transport method than STOMP and I was reluctant to bring RabbitMQ into the already well blended technology mix in front of me.
  • The client implementation is ruby only.

So let me here engage in a bit of NIHilism and describe a redis based approach to command and control.

The scope of the tool would be rather limited and only handle these tasks:

  • Node discovery and filtering
  • Request / response mechanism
  • Asynchronous communication (out of order replies)

Enter redis

To allow out of order replies, the protocol will need to broadcast requests and listen for replies separately. We will thus need both a pub-sub mechanism for requests and a queue for replies.

While redis is initially an in-memory key value store with optional persistence, it offers a wide range of data structures (see the full list at and pub-sub support. No explicit queue function exist, but two operations on lists provide the same functionality.

Let’s see how this works in practice, with the standard redis-client redis-cli and assuming you know how to run and connect to a redis server:

  1. Queue Example

    Here is how to push items on a queue named my_queue:

    redis> LPUSH my_queue first
    (integer) 1
    redis> LPUSH my_queue second
    (integer) 2
    redis> LPUSH my_queue third
    (integer) 3

    You can now subsequently issue the following command to pop items:

    redis> BRPOP my_queue 0
    1) "my_queue"
    2) "first"
    redis> BRPOP my_queue 0
    1) "my_queue"
    2) "second"
    redis> BRPOP my_queue 0
    1) "my_queue"
    2) "third"

    LPUSH as its name implies pushes items on the left (head) of a list, while BRPOP pops items from the right (tail) of a list, in a blocking manner, with a timeout argument which we set to 0, meaning that the action will block forever if no items are available for popping.

    This basic queue mechanism is the main mechanism used in several open source projecs such as logstash, resque, sidekick, and many others.

  2. Pub-Sub Example

    Queues can be subscribed to through the SUBSCRIBE command, you’ll need to open two clients, start by issuing this in the first:

    redis> SUBSCRIBE my_exchange
    Reading messages... (press Ctrl-C to quit)
    1) "subscribe"
    2) "my_hub"
    3) (integer) 1

    You are now listening on the my_exchange exchange, issue the following in the second terminal:

    redis> PUBLISH my_exchange hey
    (integer) 1

    You’ll now see this in the first terminal:

    1) "message"
    2) "my_hub"
    3) "hey"
  3. Differences between queues and pub-sub

    The pub-sub mechanism in redis, broadcasts to all subscribers and will not queue up data for disconnect subscribers, where-as queues will deliver to the first available consumer, but will queue up (in RAM, so make sure of your consuming ability)

Designing the protocol

With the following building blocks in place, a simple layered protocol can be designed offering the following functionality, offering the following workflow:

  • A control box broadcasts a requests with a unique ID (UUID), with a command and node specification
  • All nodes matching the specification reply immediately with a START status, indicating that the requests has been acknowledged
  • All nodes refusing to go ahead reply with a NOOP status
  • Once execution is finished, nodes reply with a COMPLETE status

Acknowledgments and replies will be implemented over queues, solely to demonstrate working with queues, using pub-sub for replies would lead to cleaner code.

If we model this around JSON, we can thus work with the following payloads, starting with requests:

request = {
  reply_to: "51665ac9-bab5-4995-aa80-09bc79cfb2bd",
  match: {
    all: false, /* setting to true matches all nodes */
    node_facts: {
      hostname: "www*" /* allowing simple glob(3) type matches */
  command: {
    provider: "uptime",
    args: { 
     averages: {
       shortterm: true,
       midterm: true,
       longterm: true

START responses would then use the following format:

response = {
  in_reply_to: "51665ac9-bab5-4995-aa80-09bc79cfb2bd",
  uuid: "5b4197bd-a537-4cc7-972f-d08ea5760feb",
  hostname: "",
  status: "start"

NOOP responses would drop the sequence UUID not needed:

response = {
  in_reply_to: "51665ac9-bab5-4995-aa80-09bc79cfb2bd",
  hostname: "",
  status: "noop"

Finally, COMPLETE responses would include the result of command execution:

response = {
  in_reply_to: "51665ac9-bab5-4995-aa80-09bc79cfb2bd",
  uuid: "5b4197bd-a537-4cc7-972f-d08ea5760feb",
  hostname: "",
  status: "complete",
  output: {
    exit: 0,
    time: "23:17:20",
    up: "4 days, 1:45",
    users: 6,
    load_averages: [ 0.06, 0.10, 0.13 ]

We essentially end up with an architecture where each node is a daemon while the command and control interface acts as a client.

Securing the protocol

Since this is a proof of concept protocol and we want implementation to be as simple as possible, a somewhat acceptable compromise would be to share an SSH private key specific to command and control messages amongst nodes and sign requests and responses with it.

SSL keys would also be appropriate, but using ssh keys allows the use of the simple ssh-keygen(1) command.

Here is a stock ruby snippet, gem which performs signing with an SSH key, given a passphrase-less key.

require 'openssl'

signature = '/path/to/private-key' do |file|
  digest = OpenSSL::Digest::SHA1.digest("some text")

To verify a signature here is the relevant snippet:

require 'openssl'

valid? = '/path/to/private-key' do |file|"some text", sig)

This implements the common scheme of signing a SHA1 digest with a DSA key (we could just as well sign with an RSA key by using OpenSSL::PKey::RSA)

A better way of doing this would be to sign every request with the host’s private key, and let the controller look up known host keys to validate the signature.

The clojure side of things

My drive for implementing a clojure controller is integration in the command and control tool I am using to interact with a number of things.

This means I only did the work to implement the controller side of things. Reading SSH keys meant pulling in the bouncycastle libs and the apache commons-codec lib for base64:

(import '[                   Signature Security KeyPair]
        '[org.bouncycastle.jce.provider   BouncyCastleProvider]
        '[org.bouncycastle.openssl        PEMReader]
        '[org.apache.commons.codec.binary Base64])
(require '[ :as io])

(def algorithms {:dss "SHA1withDSA"
                 :rsa "SHA1withRSA"})

;; getting a public and private key from a path
(def keypair (let [pem (-> (PEMReader. (io/reader "/path/to/key")) .readObject)]
               {:public (.getPublic pem)
                :private (.getPrivate pem)}))

(def keytype :dss)

(defn sign
  (-> (doto (Signature/getInstance (get algorithms keytype))
        (.initSign (:private keypair))
        (.update (.getBytes str)))

(defn verify
  [content signature]
  (-> (doto (Signature/getInstance (get algorithms keytype))
        (.initVerify (:public keypair))
        (.update (.getBytes str)))
      (.verify (-> signature Base64/decodeBase64))))

Redis support has several options, I used the jedis Java library which has support for everything we’re interested in.

Wrapping up

I have early - read: with lots of room for improvements, and a few corners cut - implementations of the protocol, both the agent and controller code in ruby, and the controller code in clojure, wrapped in my IRC bot in clojure, which might warrant another article.

The code can be found here: (name alternatives welcome!)

If you just want to try out, you can fetch the amiral gem in ruby, and start an agent like so:

$ amiral.rb -k /path/to/privkey agent

You can then test querying the agent through a controller:

$ amiral.rb -k /path/to/privkey controller uptime
accepting acknowledgements for 2 seconds
got 1/1 positive acknowledgements
got 1/1 responses 09:06:15 up 5 days, 10:48, 10 users,  load average: 0.08, 0.06, 0.05

If you’re feeling adventurous you can now start the clojure controller, it’s configuration is relatively straightforward, but a bit more involved since it’s part of an IRC + HTTP bot framework:

{:transports {amiral.transport.HTTPTransport {:port 8080}
              amiral.transport.irc/create    {:host ""
                                              :channel "#mychan"}}
 :executors {amiral.executor.fleet/create    {:keytype :dss
                                              :keypath "/path/to/key"}}}

In that config we defined two ways of listening for incoming controller requests: IRC and HTTP, and we added an “executor” i.e: a way of doing something.

You can now query your hosts through HTTP:

$ curl -XPOST -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"args":["uptime"]}' http://localhost:8080/amiral/fleet
 "message":" 09:40:57 up 5 days, 11:23, 10 users,  load average: 0.15, 0.19, 0.16",
                     "since":"5 days, 11:23",
                     "short":"09:40:57 up 5 days, 11:23, 10 users,  load average: 0.15, 0.19, 0.16"},

Or on IRC:

09:42 < pyr> amiral: fleet uptime
09:42 < amiral> pyr: waiting 2 seconds for acks
09:43 < amiral> pyr: got 1/1 positive acknowledgement
09:43 < amiral> pyr: got 1 responses
09:43 < amiral> pyr: 09:42:57 up 5 days, 11:25, 10 users,  load average: 0.16, 0.20, 0.17

Next Steps

This was a fun experiment, but there are two outstanding problems which will need to be addressed quickly

  • Tests test tests. This was a PoC project to start with, I should have known better and wrote tests along the way.
  • The queue based reply handling makes controller logic complex, and timeout handling approximate, it should be switched to pub-sub
  • The signing should be done based on known hosts’ public keys instead of the shared key used now.
  • The agent should expose more common actions: service interaction, puppet runs, etc.

          Some more thoughts on monitoring   

Lately, monitoring has been a trending topic from the devops crowd. ripienaar and Jason Dixon amongst other have voiced what many are thinking. They’ve done a good job describing what’s wrong and what sort of tool the industry needs. They also express clearly the need to part from a monolithic supervision solution and monolithic graphing solution.

I’ll take my shot at expressing what I feel is wrong in the current tools:

Why won’t you cover 90% of use cases?

Supervision is hard, each production is different, and complex business logic must be tested, so indeed, a monitoring tool must be able to be extended easily, that’s a given and every supervision tool got this right. But why on earth should tests that every production will need be implemented as extensions ? Let’s take a look at the expected value which is the less intrusive way to check for a machine’s load average:

  • The nagios core engine determines that an snmp check must be run for a machine
  • Fork, execute a shell which execs the check_snmp command
  • Feed the right arguments to snmpget

You think I am kidding ? I am not. Of course each machine needing a check will need to go through this steps. So for as few as 20 machines requiring supervision at each check interval 60 processes would be spawned. 60 processes spawned for what ? Sending 20 udp packets, waiting for a packet in return. Same goes for TCP, ICMP, and many more.

But it gets better ! Want to check more than one SNMP OIDs on the same machine ? The same process happens for every OID, which means that if you have

Now consider the common use case, what does a supervision and graphing engine do most of its time:

  • Poll ICMP
  • Poll TCP - sometimes sending or expecting a payload, say for HTTP or SMTP checks
  • Poll SNMP

So for a simple setup of 20 machines, checking these simple services, you could be well into the thousands of process spawning every check interval per machine. If you have a reasonable interval, say 30 seconds or a minute.

Add to that some custom hand written scripts in perl, python, ruby - or worse, bash - to check for business logic and you end up having to sacrifice a large machine (or cloud instance) for simple checks.

That would be my number one requirement for a clean monitoring system: Cover the simple use cases ! Better yet, do it asynchronously ! Because for the common use case, all monitoring needs to do is wait on I/O. Every language has nice interfaces for handling evented I/O the core of a poller should be evented.

There are of course a few edge cases which make it hard to use that technique, ICMP coming to mind since it requires root access on UNIX boxes, but either privilege separation or a root process for ICMP checks can mitigate that difficulty.

Why is alerting supposed to be different than graphing ?

Except from some less than ideal solutions – looking at you Zabbix - Supervision and Graphing are most of the time two separate tool suites, which means that in many cases, the same metrics are polled several times. The typical web shop now has a cacti and nagios installation, standard metrics such as available disk space will be polled by cacti and then by nagios (in many cases through an horrible private mechanism such as nrpe).

Functionally speaking the tasks to be completed are rather simple:

  • Polling a list of data-points
  • Ability to create compound data-points based on polled values
  • Alerting on data-point thresholds or conditions – Storing time-series of data-points

These four tasks are all that is needed for a complete monitoring and graphing solution. Of course this is only the core of the solution and other features are needed, but as far as data is concerned these four tasks are sufficient.

How many times will we have to reinvent SNMP

I’ll give you that, SNMP sucks, the S in the name - simple - is a blatant lie. In fact, for people running in the cloud, a collector such as Collectd might be a better option. But the fact that every monitoring application “vendor” has a private non inter-operable collecting agent is distressing to say the least.

SNMP can rarely be totally avoided and when possible should be relied upon. Well thought out, easily extensible collectors are nice additions but most solutions are clearly inferior to SNMP and added stress on machines through sequential, process spawning solutions.

A broken thermometer does not mean your healthy

(LLDP, CDP, SNMP) are very useful to make sure assumptions you make on a production environment match the reality, they should never be the basis of decisions or considered exhaustive.

A simple analogy, using discovery based monitoring solutions is equivalent to saying you store your machine list in a DNS zone file. It should be true, there should be mechanisms to ensure it is true, but might get out of sync over time: it cannot be treated as a source of truth.

Does everyone need a horizontally scalable solution ?

I appreciate the fact that every one wants the next big tool to be horizontally scalable, to distribute checks geographically. The thing is, most people need this because a single machine or instance’s limits are very easily reached with today’s solutions. A single process evented check engine, with an embedded interpretor allowing simple business logic checks should be small enough to allow matching most peoples needs.

This is not to say, once the single machine limit is reached, a distributed mode should not be available for larger installations. But the current trend seems to recommend using AMQP type transports (e.g: which while still being more economic than nagios’ approach will put an unnecessary strain on singe machine setups and also raise the bar of prerequisites for a working installation.

Now as far as storage is concerned, there are enough options out there to choose from which make it easy to scale storage. Time-series and data-points are perfect candidates for non relational databases and should be leveraged in this case. For single machine setups, RRD type databases should also be usable.

Keep it decoupled

The above points can be addressed by using decoupled software. Cacti for instance is a great visualization interface but has a strongly coupled poller and storage engine, making it very cumbersome to change parts of its functionality (for instance replacing the RRD storage part).

Even though I believe in making it easy to use single machine setups, each part should be easily exported elsewhere or replaced. Production setups are complex and demanding, each having their specific prerequisites and preferences.

Some essential parts stand out as easily decoupled:

  • Data-point pollers
  • Data-point storage engine
  • Visualization Interface
  • Alerting

Current options

There are plenty of tools which even though they need a lot of work to be made to work together still provide a “good enough” feeling, amongst those I have been happy to work with:

  • Nagios: The lesser of many evils
  • Collectd: Nice poller which can be used from nagios for alerting
  • Graphite Nice grapher which is inter-operable with collectd
  • OpenTSDB Seems like a step in the right direction but requires a complex stack to be setup.

Final Words

Now of course if all that time spent writing articles was spent coding, we might get closer to a good solution. I will do my best to unslack(); and get busy coding.

          Star Trek: Discovery inspired by Game of Thrones to kill off characters   

It seems that not every member of the crew of the new Star Trek series will make it out alive.

In an interview with Entertainment Weekly, Star Trek: Discovery showrunners Aaron Harberts and Gretchen J. Berg revealed that they are ready, willing and able to kill off major characters on the show, with at least one demise already in the works.

          Who Won the Week Episode 82: Star Trek: Discovery, Inhumans, Jumanji, and more!   

Welcome to the latest episode of Who Won the Week, a weekly podcast in which Syfy Wire staffers Adam Swiderski, Aaron Sagers and Dany Roth look back at the week that was and the stories that are blowing up the geek-o-sphere.

          Discovery-Chefin Aigner-Drews zu Sportrechten: "Die Refinanzierung ist ein Marathon"   
Susanne Aigner-Drews
Bild: dfv
Discovery zeigt in Zukunft Olympische Spiele und Bundesliga-Spiele. Für DACH-Chefin Susanne Aigner-Drews ist die Refinanzierung solcher großen Sportrechte "ein Marathon und kein Sprint", sagt sie im Interview mit HORIZONT Online.
          Director, Strategy - Fertility & Endocrinology - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 21:12:31 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Manager, Oncology Field Analytics - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 21:09:40 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Associate Director, Sales Analytics - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 21:09:38 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Vice President, US Medical Affairs, Neurology & Immunology - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 15:08:35 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Senior Application Developer - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Fri, 23 Jun 2017 21:06:18 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Fertility Strategic Alliances, Associate Director - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Tue, 20 Jun 2017 21:01:40 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          National Account Manager - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with EMD Serono is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Fri, 16 Jun 2017 20:58:49 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Customer Operations Specialist - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt Germany. A career with us is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Mon, 12 Jun 2017 20:56:30 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Senior Manager, Research & Development Recruiting - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt Germany. A career with us is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Fri, 09 Jun 2017 17:51:36 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Director Global Market Access & Pricing Immuno-Oncology - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt Germany. A career with us is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Mon, 05 Jun 2017 17:49:07 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Senior Vice President, Market Access & Customer Solutions - EMD - Rockland, MA   
EMD Serono is a division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt Germany. A career with us is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From EMD - Wed, 31 May 2017 17:52:05 GMT - View all Rockland, MA jobs
          Hacking group Anonymous claims NASA is about to announce ‘evidence of alien life’   
– Hacking group Anonymous claims NASA is about to announce ‘evidence of alien life’: NASA is “on the verge” of announcing the discovery of alien life, according to a new video by hacking group Anonymous. NASA is “on the verge” of announcing the discovery of alien life, according to the latest video from hacktivist group ... Read more
          Alien Life In Orion Constellation? Discovery Hints At How Life Began On Earth   
Scientists could be watching alien life form in Orion — using one of the most powerful telescopes on Earth, they’ve detected the building blocks of a habitable planet swarming with life in orbit around a star forming in that constellation.
          Discovery. Защитники океана / Ocean Warriors [01-05 из 06] (2016) HDTVRip 720р от GeneralFilm | P1   
Discovery. Защитники океана / Ocean Warriors [01-05 из 06] (2016) HDTVRip 720р от GeneralFilm | P1

          Robust Timing Calibration for PET Using L1-Norm Minimization   
Positron emission tomography (PET) relies on accurate timing information to pair two 511-keV photons into a coincidence event. Calibration of time delays between detectors becomes increasingly important as the timing resolution of detector technology improves, as a calibration error can quickly become a dominant source of error. Previous work has shown that the maximum likelihood estimate of these delays can be calculated by least squares estimation, but an approach is not tractable for complex systems and degrades in the presence of randoms. We demonstrate the original problem to be solvable iteratively using the LSMR algorithm. Using the LSMR, we solve for 60 030 delay parameters, including energy-dependent delays, in 4.5 s, using 1 000 000 coincidence events for a two-panel system dedicated to clinical locoregional imaging. We then extend the original least squares problem to be robust to random coincidences and low statistics by implementing $\ell _{1}$ -norm minimization using the alternating direction method of the multipliers (ADMM) algorithm. The ADMM algorithm converges after six iterations, or 20.6 s, and improves the timing resolution from 64.7 ± 0.1s full width at half maximum (FWHM) uncalibrated to 15.63 ± 0.02ns FWHM. We also demonstrate this algorithm’s applicability to commercial systems using a GE Discovery 690 PET/CT. We scan a rotating transmission source, and after subtracting the 511-keV photon time-of-flight due to the source position, we calculate 13 824 per-crystal delays using 5 000 000 coincidence events in 3.78 s with three iterations, while showing a timing resolution improvement that is significantly better than previous calibration methods in the literature.
          Algorithms vs Serendipitous Discovery   
Stores won’t go away. People love to find and discover on our own. Obviously curation and convenience are incredible valuable, but our brains release dopamine when we shop and find and feel inspired. Stores are becoming THE new kind of media and are the most powerful, adaptable and influential form of media we have to … Continue reading Algorithms vs Serendipitous Discovery
          Women Fighting the Good Fight... the Bolshevik-Tards, Here They Come   
Late night big ole yowls,dearest and summer-dancing KitKats ... so, most of the news-info below is from a week or so past ... time flies way too fast, and this Big Cat just can't keep up at all.






June 27, 2017

Stunning 1967 Dissertation Warns Infiltration of Rothschild Luciferians in US Government 2

Between 1967 and 1968 Myron Fagan recorded three LP records: The Illuminati and the Council on Foreign Relations.  The dissertations document the activities of the house of Rothschild were  produced byAnthony J. Hilder – an American activist, author, film maker, talk show host, broadcaster and former actor.
This stunning recording from 1967 speaks to the very problems we face today, including Fake News, government corruption, the Corrupt United Nations and infiltration of a Luciferian Rothschild cult who may have gained irreversible control of the US government.





"Stop liberal violence!" Journalist screams

A conservative journalist interrupted the Trump assassination play in Central Park, N.Y., on Friday, only two days after the politically-motivated shooting of Republican lawmakers.
Laura Loomer of Rebel Media was arrested after rushing the stage, yelling that the production promoted violence against President Trump and his supporters.
The play, which is sponsored by Time Warner and the New York Times, features a Trump-lookalike who is violently assassinated in the same manner as Julius Caesar.



Breaking: Whistleblower Says Deep State in Control of State Department : Ongoing Child-Trafficking Cover-Up at St. Dept.

Did you know that at the State Department they have an exorbitantly paid employee, of Middle East background, who is in charge of the sex-trafficking brochures for the State Department? Did you know that same person refuses to cover this issue as domestic issue? This plays right into the hands of the Deep State cover-up of their child-sex-trafficking practices at the highest levels of government? This is tantamount to overtly supporting and covering up child-sex-trafficking and the State Department is the willing accomplice. Did you also know that the State Department has 3 men, led by Deep State minion and close Obama ally, Larry Palmer, who controls all information coming in and out of the State Department and they control the FOIA’s for the State Department as well.
State Department employee, Monika Wesolowski, has been unduly harassed and has had her life threatened for trying to expose traitors and overt practices of treason and sedition by State Department employees who are aligned with the Deep State motives and objectives. The following is an interview I conducted with Monika followed by objective, hard proof of the claims made by this whistleblower.
Unlike a lot of sources,this interview names the names of the guilty.

Monika “Begs” for Protection and Nobody From the State Department Will Help

Monika has begged for protection from the death threats, violent attacks and constant harassment. As recently as last Tuesday, June 13, 2017, Monika took the issue to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s aides. As of the date of this publication, she has not heard back on this critical issue. I want to put the State Department on notice, you do not wait 5 days to investigate these kinds of allegations when someone’s life is in danger. This is an example of intentional/unintentional depraved indifference to the safety of of State Department employee, Monika Wesolowski (see the email communications at the bottom of the page).
Previously, on The Common Sense Show,  I documented, with pictures, government vehicles that have stalked and harassed Monika. The Fairfax, VA. police have told Monika that it is not safer to go home and they cannot protect her.
More recently, Monika has had animals poisoned to death. She, herself, has had to be treated for poisoning, some of which was uranium related. When I recently tried to interview Monika by Skype, ourcommunications were blocked for hours. Simultaneously, our cell phone communications were blocked as well. Here home has been invaded when she is not home. She was boxed in by two Muslim men, at the carwash, and stayed near until she called the police. This woman is the Deep State posterchild for political and personal harassment. In the following emails, please note the reference to CHILD-SEX-TRAFFICKING. I further want it to be known that Liz Crokin discovered a connection between the Virginia Shooter baseball practice shooter and child-sex-trafficking and that the primary shooting victim, Rep. Scalise had just sponsored a child-sex-trafficking bill eight days prior to being shot. This is no coincidence, the Deep State strikes again.
Monika has backed out of previous interviews because she is in fear of her life. I have convinced her that if you are going to be on the list, you better be on top of the list. Because I know the fate of Breitbart and Hastings, I have shared this information with other journalistic outlets who are going to cover this case and we are going to turn up the heat significantly.
I want to remind everyone, that in several earlier publications, I have tapped into two unnamed sources, one from the FBI and one from the State Department and was told that there is a Deep State purge underway. Monika confirms the assertion as her office is “like a morgue, people have either left or people have cleared out their desks and are awaiting their departure”.

Crickets Chirping

After numerous instances of being harassed and attacked, she reached out to Secretary Tillerson’s office, but to no avail. Here are the unanswered communications:
From: Wesolowski, Monika
Sent: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 1:39 PM
To: Peterlin, Margaret JA
Cc: Kenna, Lisa D
Subject: RE: Personal and Confidential
Ms. Peterlin and Ms. Kenna,
The issue goes back deeper into 2013 and child trafficking. I have not seen my eight year old son in a year . I worry for his safety and mine. It is imperative I speak to you in person, I will not speak to anyone outside of Mr. Tillerson’s close administration for fear for my life and that of my son’s. Thank you for speaking to me on the phone. I have been wanting to send this email for several months but afraid to.
Monika A. Wesolowski
Visual Information Specialist
United States Department of State
Global Publishing Solutions (A/GIS/GPS)
Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx voicemail
Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx direct

From: Wesolowski, Monika
Sent: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 12:50 PM
To: Peterlin, Margaret JA
Cc: Kenna, Lisa D
Subject: Personal and Confidential
Importance: High
Dear Ms. Peterlin,
I proudly attended Secretary of State Tillerson’s swearing in ceremony and have faith that he will be successful at the State Department. I would like to arrange a meeting with your office with the Secretary of State Mr. Rex Tillerson. It is imperative I speak to Mr. Tillerson. I do not feel safe at my office or at home, I have been under constant attack. I have had things happen to my family, myself, and in the office that I cannot talk about in email. I feel my life and health, as well as that of my family and those close to me, is in danger because of where I work and the people I work with, and their connections. I do not know who to trust and cannot trust Diplomatic Security here at DOS, my coworkers or upper management, especially not Ambassador Palmer, who is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Global Information Services. I was informed by my HR that Ambassador Palmer pushed for the Hatch Act for my having a photograph and items of President Trump in my cubicle after the election. The situation at work has been hostile and I have been harassed. Please let me know if you could speak with me or arrange a meeting with the Secretary. Please expect a call regarding this email just to verify.
Thank you kindly,
Monika A. Wesolowski
Visual Information Specialist
United States Department of State
Global Publishing Solutions (A/GIS/GPS)
Phone: xxx-xxx-xxxx voicemail
Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx direct


 I believe Monika’s best protection is the light of day. On that note, I would ask that all forward this article to your contact list. Secondly, if Tillerson’s office will not respond to this grave situation, then I would ask that everyone send this article to President Trump AND Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Finally, we need to keep the heat on this issue.




Neil deGrasse Tyson now pushing Monsanto propaganda alongside wife abuser and convicted felon
Mike Adams
Why am I not surprised? Neil deGrasse Tyson, who has become a mouthpiece for the GMO and chemical agricultural industries that poison the global food supply, is narrating a new documentary called "Food Evolution."
The film pushes the same pro-GMO propaganda as a violent wife abuser who used to write for Forbes. Another fake science front group -- the ACSH -- appears in the film and is run by a convincted medical fraud FELON who spent years in prison (and now runs biotech propaganda campaigns for a living).
Neil deGrasse Tyson has become a shameful betrayor of humanity and nature and an insult to real science.





          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Project Manager w/ PMP - Kalamazoo, MI   
IT Project Manager w/ PMP – Kalamazoo, MI For a quicker response, please free to email all inquiries directly to: PLEASE NOTE: Must be legally authorized to work in the U.S. for any employer without sponsorship! Maximum Pay Rate = Hourly W2 Length of Contract: 8 months Shift Days/Hours: Standard Kelly Services is currently seeking an IT Project Manager w/ PMP for one of our top clients in Kalamazoo, MI. As an IT Project Manager w/ PMP placed with Kelly Services, you will be responsible for driving deployment of several requirements across multiple sites/regions simultaneously! Role and Responsibilities: Liaison for all global sites and responsible for discovery, planning and implementation of project deliverables. Responsible for driving deployment of several requirements across multiple sites/regions simultaneously. Responsible for control over coordination, communication, escalation and follow up for issues. Work with cross-functional IT organizations and business clients. Create project schedules, milestones and delivery dates. Communicate regularly to project stakeholders with regard to project status. Requirements: Minimum 5 years’ experience managing IT projects, at least 2 years’ experience managing IT projects. Solid knowledge of networking concepts a plus. PMP certification required. Familiarity with pharmaceutical plant manufacturing environment a plus. Experience overseeing multi-function project teams, globally. Excellent written and verbal communication skills. In-depth knowledge of Microsoft Project, Excel, Word and Outlook. Able to clearly communicate technical concepts to both technical and non-technical audiences. Why Kelly As a Kelly Services employee, you will have access to numerous perks, including: Exposure to a variety of career opportunities as a result of our expansive network of client companies Career guides, information and tools to help you successfully position yourself throughout every stage of your career Access to more than 3,000 online training courses through our Kelly Learning Center, including accredited courses to obtain IT certifications, as well as PDU-approved courses Weekly pay Group-rate insurance options available immediately upon hire* Apply today! Refer a friend! *Available for purchase and administered by a designated third-party vendor. Why Kelly®? With Kelly, you’ll have direct connections to leading IT organizations in the best companies around the globe—offering you the chance to work on some of today’s most intriguing, innovative and high-visibility projects. In a field where change is the only constant, our connections and opportunities will help you take your career exactly where you want to go. We work with 95 of the Fortune 100™ companies, and more than 9,000 IT hiring managers turn to us each year to access the best talent: people like you. Last year we found 10,000 opportunities for IT professionals. Let us help advance your career today. About Kelly Services® As a workforce advocate for over 70 years, we are proud to have a role in managing employment opportunities for more than one million workers around the globe. We employ 550,000 of these individuals directly with the remaining workers engaged through our talent supply chain network of supplier partners. Revenue in 2015 was $5.5 billion. Visit and connect with us on Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter. Kelly Services is an equal opportunity employer including, but not limited to, Minorities, Females, Individuals with Disabilities, Protected Veterans, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and is committed to employing a diverse workforce. Equal Employment Opportunity is The Law.]] Category: IT/Software Development
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Project Manager   
Project Manager Location:Kalamazoo, MichiganUS Posted On:6/29/2017 Job Code:7947-1 Category:ITcode:newHBR Job Description IT Project Manager Role and Responsibilities: • Liaison for all global sites and responsible for discovery, planning and implementation of project deliverables • Responsible for driving deployment of several requirements across multiple sites/regions simultaneously • Responsible for control over coordination, communication, escalation and follow up for issues • Work with cross-functional IT organizations and business clients • Create project schedules, milestones and delivery dates • Communicate regularly to project stakeholders with regard to project status IT Project Manager Requirements: • Minimum 5 years’ experience managing IT projects, at least 2 years’ experience managing IT projects • Solid knowledge of networking concepts a plus • PMP certification required • Familiarity with pharmaceutical plant manufacturing environment a plus • Experience overseeing multi-function project teams, globally • Excellent written and verbal communication skills • In-depth knowledge of MS Project, Excel, Word and Outlook • Able to clearly communicate technical concepts to both technical and non-technical audiences Category:IT code:new Area Code 49007 Job Requirements Education MS Project, MS Excel, MS Outlook, Ms Word, Networking Preferred Skills:
          Man found dead at apartment complex   
Officers say Edward Morrison's death is suspicious. Neighbors at the scene said they also find his death suspicious, adding: the discovery o…
          I was white until I came to Canada: Paradkar   

They were innovators, scientists and mathematicians.

They held a monopoly over knowledge, land ownership, intellectual professions, social institutions and political authority.

They dominated society by setting the rules for the default standards of language, of behaviour, of customs and traditions.

Sound familiar?

They are my ancestors, from where I come as a middle-class, upper-caste Indian, the creators of a system so resilient it survived centuries after centuries of invasions and colonization by the Greeks, the Mughals, the Europeans, the British.

Born in post-colonial India, I grew up with strong female role models — Hindu goddesses, warrior queens, feisty politicians, professional aunts and a mother determined not to allow my sister and me to be treated differently from our brother.

Like many women seeking to shape a modern India that was equitable, I grew up challenging traditions about our place in society, questioning norms about viewing marriage as an achievement or the deep value placed on chastity.

When I supported our domestic worker against her drunken husband, when I lectured women from nearby villages about HIV/AIDS or exhorted them to have fewer children, I based my efforts on the premise that all people needed was a little leg up to get on a level-playing field.

You could say I was a well-meaning white feminist.

Invisible to me were the barriers and mental prisons formed by the matrices of caste, skin colour, and centuries of dependency piled on top of the misogyny the women experienced.

Sometimes you notice the rug only when it is pulled from under your feet.

I moved to beautiful Canada.

Moving here had the effect of literally flying to the top of the Earth and looking at the world from a new vantage point. It gave me perspective.

Canada felt like my calm partner, and India a tempestuous ex. Life there was vibrant, full-throated, no holds barred. You shouted, you cried, you laughed out loud. Here, for a new immigrant with a job, life appeared tranquil, pleasant and for the most part predictable.

Read more: Wonder Woman must save the world, but first she has to fight it: Paradkar

I had never not belonged where I lived, and here, too, I felt included in inclusive Canada. I didn’t see the difference between the mostly white Canadians around me and myself — I thought I was essentially like them, with darker skin and a few religious rituals.

The first strike against that notion, or at least one that registered, came at a car dealership where the salesman shut me down saying he did not negotiate with Indians when I asked if that was the best price he could offer. I didn’t recognize it then but it was when my racialization began.

Over the years, came other instances of individual racism. The shoe salesman who told my visiting father every single shoe he wanted was not in stock, the woman who invited me over but whose husband didn’t show up in his own house because he didn’t like immigrants, the people who didn’t take me seriously because I sound different.

I believe everybody, no matter of what background, has experienced being put down for something in that background, some with more far-reaching repercussions than others. My exposure to colourism/shadeism in India and the systemic racism I saw here quickly made it obvious that what I faced was nothing compared to what even darker-skinned people experienced or what Black people faced. This society is centred around whiteness — proximity to whiteness brings privilege, and anti-Black racism is not a historical shame. It is a vile and vicious present-day malaise.

Then came the discovery that blindsided me. The unpeeling of layers hidden underneath Canada’s calm revealed the anguish of the Indigenous peoples of this land. I knew an ancient civilization existed here, but I had thought Canada was a benign rearranging of the cultures; adventurers came, treaties were signed and hello, 150 years.

I had thought of Indigenous people as a scattered group of what are called “tribals” in India or the orang asli in Malaysia — people of a bygone era, living on their own remote lands, untouched by modernity.

What I have learned is they have more in common with us, the millions from colonized lands who have known and felt the tragedies that the colonizers wrought on our people, reading stories and hearing them from the mouths of our parents and grandparents.

This revelation of contemporary colonialism feels like the pages from my history books have come alive, challenging me to participate now, giving me a chance to take sides this time, connecting me to the people who were once mistaken for my forefathers. This brought about a seismic shift in my understanding of where I, now a “non-white,” was situated in the social and racial landscape; if I was once white, by attitude, I was once native, too, in fact.

The pain of Indigenous and Black people doesn’t exist for my learning or betterment; only mine does. I cannot burden others to educate me. So I try to listen with an open heart and do my job, to make uncomfortable those liberal-minded Canadians whom I know to otherwise nurture a deep sense of fairness and civic duty, but whose privilege shields them from facing this morally unsustainable treatment of people.

Read more: You don't have to hate police to agree with BLM: Paradkar

When I celebrate Canada 150 it will be not for what has been accomplished but for the promise of its potential to lead the world to equity.

Here I am then, once again, poking holes in deeply rooted ideas, questioning traditions about people’s place in society, this time in Canada.

I have found my feet.

I am home.

Shree Paradkar tackles issues of race and gender. You can follow her @shreeparadkar

          Setapp At 5 Months: 10,000 Users And Better App Discovery, by Adam C. Engst, TidBITS   

I polled a few developers who are participating in Setapp, and although all of them remain optimistic about Setapp’s potential, Setapp hasn’t contributed significantly to the bottom line for any of them. Joe Japes of Econ Technologies estimated that the inclusion of Chronosync Express in Setapp had increased revenues by less than 1 percent. Jesse Grosjean of Hog Bay Software told me that putting TaskPaper in Setapp had been a “nice but relatively minor boost” that generated about 5 percent of his monthly revenue.

On the plus side, Grosjean said the income from Setapp was increasing, and Japes noted that “the key for us is Setapp’s potential.” David Sinclair of Dejal Systems said he was quite pleased with Setapp and that Setapp “accounts for a significant chunk of new Dejal Simon customers.” He also pointed out that “Simon is a premium app, at $99, so offering an inexpensive subscription option for it alone makes a lot of sense for Simon users, and they get all those other apps as a bonus.”

          Barley breakthrough: Canadian researcher finds protein to lower β-glucan levels   

Canada’s malting and brewing industry is extensive and is worth $2.9 billion annually, but McGill researcher Jaswinder Singh has made a discovery that could make it bigger and better. “Our ... Read More

The post Barley breakthrough: Canadian researcher finds protein to lower β-glucan levels appeared first on Craft Brewing Business.

          The Making of an Ambition

The seven year old pursed her lips, eyebrows creased in deep thought. An Apsara pencil was held tight in her right hand. Craning her little neck, she tried to peek into her partner's notebook but found nothing useful. So once again she returned to her train of thought, tapping the freshly sharpened pencil on her chin. Their class teacher was moving from bench to bench, planting smiles in each of their faces.

Something stirred in her mind. "Teacher!", the little one thought suddenly, "I want to become a teacher!" Tightening her grip on the pencil, she neatly filled in the space in her notebook under the column titled 'My ambition'.

Four years later, she was seated on her comfy bed, the last page of 'Harry Potter and the Philosopher's stone' lying open in her lap. Her mind was still reminiscing in the potterworld after finishing the book.

She would've told people that she'd grow up to be a legendary witch, but her Hogwarts letter hadn't arrived yet. So she decided to become a writer, like Rowling. And thus, she went on to write her first fantasy novella that went up to 40 pages in MS Word. Pleased and proud, her tale was keenly (as she'd like to believe) read by all her family. Indeed, she was to become a writer.

Past another four years, one peaceful evening, there she lay gazing at the night sky from the terrace in silent introspection. This was her room of requirement. Be it to clear the cluttered mind, enjoy some solitude, have a mood boost, or even daydream, it served any purpose of hers. For the umpteenth time she beheld the twinkling beauties of the sky.
    But today, she noticed a sudden movement up there. She sat there transfixed. Was that a shooting star?! A meteor maybe? Rushing downstairs to announce her discovery, she instantly started googling for images of shooting stars. This was followed by browsing of articles on heavenly bodies, studying constellations, and daily sky watching. She knew then, that she wanted to be an astronomer.

But that was before she actually started learning physics. She realized that the pretty and romantic part of astronomy was limited to sky watching, and didn't apply to the truckload of science that came with it. She simply felt there were better things to do than spend a lifetime searching for stars (No offence to astronomers). With all the happenings around her, the adrenaline in her made her want to get out there and be a part of it. She wanted to help out in her own way, step out and make the change happen.

To her, media was the solution, and an interest in journalism sprouted in her. Thus began her series of emails to the National daily's mailbox and a few columnists. The encouragement she received was profound, and her mind was set.

Until elderly advices poured in to help her become more perplexed. She was told not to shun the other options just because of an interest here. To them, she was but looking through the keyhole rather than the door. So she dug deeper still, scrounging for possibilities that she seemed to have overlooked.

And so, in the final years of schooling, she discovered a newborn love for computer science. But could that be because what little of it she learnt in school was plain easy? Maybe she'd better move back to her older choices. When the crossroads of choices finally showed up, she found herself in a fix . The pressure of choosing weighed her down, and the time was running short. Added to that were the constant nagging question from the grown ups, the all too common - "Beta, what are you gonna do?"

Standing at the fork with different worlds ahead, she wondered where she belonged. And then it dawned to her that she'd belong wherever she chose to be. Life was an experiment of experiences. (Did that make any sense?) So it didn't matter where she went; it mattered more how she chose to live her life, and who she'd be as a person. Goodbye to the inner turmoil of making wrong choices! She was gonna hop on to the last roller coaster before her - her latest choice- and let life unwind its adventure.

Until then, when the next time she's asked what she wants to be, she'll just have to say, "I want to be me".
Or wait, did that sound too cheesy? Maybe she should just stick to saying "Wait and watch".

Writing on the quote : 

" Ambition is believing in yourself even when no one else in the world does. "

Linking with #QuotedStories 

Life through my Bioscope
Published in ChaaiPedia @nitc

          Top 10 discoveries about waves    

Gravitational radiation reminds science of its debts to the physics of waves

surfer on a wave

CATCH A WAVE Physicists are the surfers of science, with a long history of fascination with waves.

Physics fans are a lot like surfers. Both think waves are really fun.

For surfers, it’s all about having a good time. For physicists, it’s about understanding some of nature’s most important physical phenomena. Yet another detection of gravitational waves, announced June 1, further reinvigorates the world’s science fans’ excitement over waves.

Waves have naturally always been a topic of scientific and mathematical interest. They play a part in an enormous range of physical processes, from heat and light to radio and TV, sonograms and music, earthquakes and holograms. (Waves used to even be a common sight in baseball stadiums, but fans got tired of standing up and down and it was really annoying anyway.)

Many of science’s greatest achievements have been discoveries of new kinds of waves or new insights into wave motion. Identifying just the Top 10 such discoveries (or ideas) is therefore difficult and bound to elicit critical comments from cult members of particular secret wave societies. So remember, if your favorite wave isn’t on this list, it would have been No. 11.

10.  Thomas Young: Light is a wave.

In the opening years of the 19th century, the English physician Young tackled a long-running controversy about the nature of light. A century earlier, Isaac Newton had argued forcibly for the view that light consisted of (very small) particles. Newton’s contemporary Christiaan Huygens strongly disagreed, insisting that light traveled through space as a wave.

Through a series of clever experiments, Young demonstrated strong evidence for waves. Poking two tiny holes in a thick sheet of paper, Young saw that light passing through created alternating bands of light and darkness on a surface placed on the other side of the paper. That was just as expected if light passing through the two holes interfered just as water waves do, canceling out when crest met trough or enhancing when crests met “in phase.” Young did not work out his wave theory with mathematical rigor and so Newton’s defenders resisted, attempting to explain away Young’s results.

But soon Augustin Jean Fresnel in France worked out the math of light waves in detail. And in 1850, when Jean-Bernard-Léon Foucault showed that light travels faster in air than water, the staunchest Newton fans had to capitulate. Newton himself would have acknowledged that light must therefore consist of waves. (Much later, though, Einstein found a way that light could in fact consist of particles, which came to be called photons.)

9. Michelson and Morley: Light waves don’t vibrate anything.

Waves are vibrations, implying the need for something to vibrate. Sound vibrated molecules in the air, for instance, and ocean waves vibrated molecules of water. Light, supposedly, vibrated an invisible substance called the ether.

In 1887, Albert A. Michelson and his collaborator Edward Morley devised an experiment to detect that ether. Earth’s motion through the ether should have meant that light’s velocity would depend on its direction. (Traveling with the Earth’s motion, light’s speed wouldn’t be the same as traveling at right angles to the direction of motion.) Michelson and Morley figured they could detect that difference by exploiting the interference phenomena discovered by Young. But their apparatus failed to find any ether effect. They thought their experiment was flawed. But later Einstein figured out there actually wasn’t any ether.

8. James Clerk Maxwell: Light is an electromagnetic wave.

Maxwell died in 1879, the year Einstein was born, and so did not know there wasn’t an ether. He did figure out, though, that both electricity and magnetism could be explained by stresses in some such medium.

Electric and magnetic charges in the ether ought to generate disturbances in the form of waves, Maxwell realized. Based on the strengths of those forces he calculated that the waves would travel at the fantastic speed of 310 million meters per second, suspiciously close to the best recent measurements of the speed of light (those measurements ranged from 298 million to 315 million meters per second). So Maxwell, without the benefit of ever having watched NCIS on TV, then invoked Gibbs’ Rule 39 (there’s no such thing as a coincidence) and concluded that light was an example of an electromagnetic wave.

“It seems we have strong reason to conclude that light itself (including radiant heat, and other radiations if any) is an electromagnetic disturbance in the form of waves propagated through the electromagnetic field,” he wrote in 1864. His “other radiations, if any” turned out to be an entire spectrum of all sorts of cool waves, from gamma radiation to radio signals.

7. Heinrich Hertz: Radio waves.

Not very many people took Maxwell seriously at first. A few, though, known as the Maxwellians, promoted his ideas. One physicist who had faith in Maxwell, or at least in his equations, was Hertz, who performed experiments in his lab in Karlsruhe, Germany, that successfully produced and detected radio waves, eventually to be exploited by propagandists to spread a lot of illogical nonsense on talk radio.

His success inspired much more respect for the equations in Maxwell’s theory, which Hertz found almost magical: “It is impossible to study this wonderful theory without feeling as if the mathematical equations had an independent life and an intelligence of their own, as if they were wiser than ourselves,” Hertz said. His prime experimental success came in 1887, the same year that Michelson and Morley failed to detect the ether. Hertz died in 1894, long before his discovery was put to widespread use.

6. John Michell: Seismic waves.

Michell, an English geologist and astronomer, was motivated by the great Lisbon earthquake of 1755 to investigate the cause of earthquakes. In 1760 he concluded that “subterraneous fires” should be blamed, noting that volcanoes — “burning mountains” — commonly occur in the same neighborhood as frequent earthquakes.

Michell noted that “the motion of the earth in earthquakes is … partly propagated by waves, which succeed one another sometimes at larger and sometimes at smaller distances.” He cited witness accounts of quakes in which the ground rose “like the sea in a wave.” Much later seismologists developed a more precise understanding of the seismic waves that shake the Earth, using them as probes to infer the planet’s inner structure.

5. Wilhelm Röntgen: X-rays.

Roentgen's first x-ray of his wife's handWhen Hertz discovered radio waves, he knew he was looking for the long-wavelength radiation foreshadowed in Maxwell’s equations. But a few years later, in 1895, Röntgen found the radio wave counterpart of the opposite end of the electromagnetic spectrum — by accident.

Mysterious short-wavelength rays of an unknown type (therefore designated X) emerged when Röntgen shot cathode rays (beams of electrons) through a glass tube. Röntgen suspected that his creation might be a new kind of wave among the many Maxwell had anticipated: “There seems to exist some kind of relationship between the new rays and light rays; at least this is indicated by the formation of shadows,” Röntgen wrote. Those shadows, of course, became the basis for a revolutionary medical technology.

Besides providing a major new tool for observing shattered bones and other structures inside the body, X-rays eventually became essential tools for scientific investigation in astronomy, biology and other fields. And they shattered the late 19th century complacency of physicists who thought they’d basically figured everything out about nature. Weirdly, though, X-rays later turned out to be particles sometimes, validating Einstein’s ideas that light had an alter ego particle identity. (By the way, it turned out that X-rays aren’t the electromagnetic waves with the shortest wavelengths — gamma rays can be even shorter. Maybe they would be No. 11.)

4. Epicurus: The swerve.

Not exactly a wave in the ordinary sense, the swerve was a deviation from straight line motion postulated by the Greek philosopher Epicurus around 300 B.C. Unlike Aristotle, Epicurus believed in atoms, and argued that reality was built entirely from the random collisions of an infinite number of those tiny particles. Supposedly, he thought, atoms would all just fall straight down to the center of the universe unless some unpredictable “swerve” occasionally caused them to deviate from their paths so they would bounce off each other and congregate into complex structures.

It has not escaped the attention of modern philosophers that the Epicurean unpredictable swerve is a bit like the uncertainty in particle motions introduced by quantum mechanics. Which has its own waves. 

3. Louis de Broglie: Matter waves.

In the early 1920s, de Broglie noticed a peculiar connection between relativity and quantum physics. Max Planck’s famous quantum formula related energy to frequency of a wave motion. Einstein’s special relativity related energy to the mass of a particle. De Broglie thought it would make a fine doctoral dissertation to work out the implications of two seemingly separate things both related to energy. If energy equals mass (times the speed of light squared) and energy equals frequency (time Planck’s constant), then voilà, mass equals frequency (times some combination of the constants). Therefore, de Broglie reasoned, particles (of mass) ought to also exist as waves (with a frequency).

That might have seemed wacky, but Einstein read de Broglie’s thesis and thought it made sense. Soon Walter Elsasser in Germany reported experiments that supported de Broglie, and in America Clinton Davisson and coworkers demonstrated conclusively that electrons did in fact exhibit wave properties.

De Broglie won the physics Nobel Prize in 1929; Davisson shared the 1937 Nobel with George Thomson, who had conducted similar experiments showing electrons are waves. Which was ironic, because George’s father, J.J. Thomson, won the 1906 Nobel for the work that revealed the existence of the electron as a particle. Eight decades later Ernst Ruska won a Nobel for his design of a powerful microscope that exploited the electron’s wave behavior.

2. Max Born: Probability waves.

De Broglie’s idea ignited a flurry of activity among physicists trying to figure out how waves fit into quantum theory. Niels Bohr, for instance, spent considerable effort attempting to reconcile the dual wave-particle nature of both electrons and light. Erwin Schrödinger, meanwhile, developed a full-fledged “wave mechanics” to describe the behavior of electrons in atoms solely from the wave perspective. Schrödinger’s math incorporated a “wave function” that was great for calculating the expected results of experiments, even though some experiments clearly showed electrons to be particles.

Born, a German physicist and good friend of Einstein’s, deduced the key to clarifying the wave function: It was an indicator of the probability of finding the particle in a given location. Combined with Werner Heisenberg’s brand-new uncertainty principle, Born’s realization led to the modern view that an electron is wavelike in the sense that it does not possess a definite location until it is observed. That approach works fine for all practical purposes, but physicists and philosophers still engage in vigorous debates today about the true physical status of the wave function.

1. LIGO: Gravitational waves.

graph of gravitational wave detectionSoon after he completed his general theory of relativity, Einstein realized that it implied the possibility of gravitational radiation — vibrations of spacetime itself.  He had no idea, though, that by spending a billion dollars, physicists a century later could actually detect those spacetime ripples. But thanks to lasers (which maybe would have been No. 11), the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory — two huge labs in Louisiana and Washington state — captured the spacetime shudders emitted from a pair of colliding black holes in September 2015.

That detection is certainly one of the most phenomenal experimental achievements in the history of science. It signaled a new era in astronomy, providing astronomers a tool for probing the depths of the universe that are obscured from view with Maxwell’s “other radiations, if any.” For astronomy, gravitational radiation is the wave of the future. 

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried

          Top 10 science anniversaries of 2017    

It’s time to celebrate pulsars, planets, Einstein, more Einstein and the laws of robotics

Jocelyn Bell Burnell

This year marks the semicentennial of the discovery of pulsars, first observed by Jocelyn Bell Burnell, shown here in 1968 at the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Cambridge, England.

Second of two parts

Every year science offers a diverse menu of anniversaries to celebrate. Births (or deaths) of famous scientists, landmark discoveries or scientific papers — significant events of all sorts qualify for celebratory consideration, as long as the number of years gone by is some worthy number, like 25, 50, 75 or 100. Or simple multiples thereof with polysyllabic names.

2017 has more than enough such anniversaries for a Top 10 list, so some worthwhile events don’t even make the cut, such as the births of Stephen Hawking (1942) and Arthur C. Clarke (1917). The sesquicentennial of Michael Faraday’s death (1867) almost made the list, but was bumped at the last minute by a book. Namely:

10. On Growth and Form, centennial (1917)

A true magnum opus, by the Scottish biologist D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson, On Growth and Form has inspired many biologists with its mathematical analysis of physical and structural forces underlying the diversity of shapes and forms in the biological world. Nobel laureate biologist Sir Peter Medawar praised Thompson’s book as “beyond comparison the finest work of literature in all the annals of science that have been recorded in the English tongue.”

9. Birth of Abraham de Moivre, semiseptcentennial (1667).

Born in France on May 26, 1667, de Moivre moved as a young man to London where he did his best work, earning election to the Royal Society. Despite exceptional mathematical skill, though, he attained no academic position and earned a meager living as a tutor. He is most famous for his book The Doctrine of Chances, which was in essence an 18th century version of Gambling for Dummies. It contained major advances in probability theory and in later editions introduced the concept of the famous bell curve. Isaac Newton was impressed; the legend goes that when anyone asked him about probability, Newton said to go talk to de Moivre.

8. Exoplanets, quadranscentennial (1992)

It seems like exoplanets have been around almost forever (and probably actually were), but the first confirmed by Earthbound astronomers were reported just a quarter century ago. Three planets showed up orbiting not an ordinary star, but a pulsar, a rapidly spinning neutron star left behind by a supernova.

Astrophysicists Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail found a sign of the planets, first detected with the Arecibo radio telescope, in irregularities in the radio pulses from the millisecond pulsar PSR1257+12. Some luck was involved. In 1990, the Arecibo telescope was being repaired and couldn’t pivot to point at a specific target; instead it constantly watched just one region of the sky. PSR1257+12 just happened to float by.

7. Birth of Marie Curie, sesquicentennial (1867)

No doubt the most famous Polish-born scientist since Copernicus, Curie was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867, as Maria Sklodowska. Challenged by poverty, family tragedies and poor health, she nevertheless excelled as a high school student. But she then worked as a governess, while continuing as much science education as possible, until her married sister invited her to Paris. There she completed her physics education with honors and met and married another young physicist, Pierre Curie.

Together they tackled the mystery of the newly discovered radioactivity, winning the physics Nobel in 1903 along with radioactivity’s discoverer, Henri Becquerel. Marie continued the work after her husband’s tragic death in 1906; she became the first person to win a second Nobel, awarded in chemistry in 1911 for her discovery of the new radioactive elements polonium and radium.

6. Laws of Robotics, semisesquicentennial (1942)

One of science fiction’s greatest contributions to modern technological philosophy was Isaac Asimov’s Laws of Robotics, which first appeared in a short story in the March 1942 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. Later, those laws formed the motif of his many robot novels and appeared in his famous Foundation Trilogy (and subsequent sequels and prequels). They were:

  1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
  2. A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

Much later Asimov added a “zeroth law,” requiring robots to protect all of humankind even if that meant violating the other three laws. Artificial intelligence researchers all know about Asimov’s laws, but somehow have not managed to enforce them on social media. Incidentally, this year is also the quadranscentennial of Asimov’s death in 1992.

5. First sustained nuclear fission chain reaction, semisesquicentennial (1942)

Enrico Fermi, the Italian Nobel laureate, escaped fascist Italy to come to the United States shortly after nuclear fission’s discovery in Germany. Fermi directed construction of the “atomic pile,” or nuclear reactor, on a squash court under the stands of the University of Chicago’s football stadium. Fermi and his collaborators showed that neutrons emitted from fissioning uranium nuclei could induce more fission, creating a chain reaction capable of releasing enormous amounts of energy. Which it later did.

4. Discovery of pulsars, semicentennial (1967)

Science’s awareness of the existence of pulsars turns 50 this year, thanks to the diligence of Irish astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell. She spent many late-night hours examining the data recordings from the radio telescope she helped to build that first spotted a signal from a pulsar. She recognized that the signal was something special even though others thought it was just a glitch in the apparatus. But she was a graduate student so her supervisor got the Nobel Prize instead of her

3. Einstein’s theory of lasers, centennial (1917)

Albert Einstein did not actually invent the laser, but he developed the mathematical understanding that made lasers possible. By 1917, physicists knew that quantum physics played a part in the working of atoms, but the details were fuzzy. Niels Bohr had shown in 1913 that an atom’s electrons occupy different energy levels, and that falling from a high energy level to a lower one emits radiation.

Einstein worked out the math describing this process when many atoms have electrons in high-energy states and emit radiation. His analysis of matter-radiation interaction indicated that it would be possible to prepare many atoms in the same high-energy state and then stimulate them to emit radiation all at once. Properly done, all the atoms would emit radiation of identical wavelength with the waves in phase. A few decades later other physicists figured out how to build such a device for use as a powerful weapon or to read bar codes at grocery stores.

2. Qubits, quadranscentennial (1992)

An even better quantum anniversary than lasers is the presentation to the world of the concept of quantum bits of information. Physicist Ben Schumacher of Kenyon College in Ohio unveiled the idea at a conference in Dallas in 1992 (I was there). A “quantum bit” of information, or qubit, represents the information contained in a quantum particle, which can exist in multiple states at once. A photon, for instance, might simultaneously be in a state of horizontal or vertical polarization. Or an electron’s spin could be up and down at the same time.

Such states differ from classical bits of information in a computer, recorded as either a 0 or 1; a quantum bit is both 0 and 1 at the same time. It becomes one or the other only when observed, much like a flipped coin is nether heads nor tails until somebody catches it, or it lands on the 50 yard line. Schumacher’s idea did not get a lot of attention at first, but it eventually became the foundational idea for quantum information theory, a field now booming with efforts to construct a quantum computer based on the manipulation of qubits.

1. Birth of modern cosmology, centennial (1917)

It might seem unfair that Einstein gets two Top 10 anniversaries in 2017, but 1917 was a good year for him. Before publishing his laser paper, Einstein tweaked the equations of his brand-new general theory of relativity in order to better explain the universe (details in Part 1). Weirdly, Einstein didn’t understand the universe, and he later thought the term he added to his equations was a mistake. But it turns out that today’s understanding of the universe’s behavior — expanding at an accelerating rate — seems to require the term that Einstein thought he had added erroneously. But you can’t expect Einstein to have foreseen everything. He probably had no idea that lasers would revolutionize grocery shopping either.

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried

          Einstein’s latest anniversary marks the birth of modern cosmology    

1917 paper introduced infamous cosmological constant in equation describing gravity

Andromeda galaxy

Edwin Hubble’s observations of stars in the Andromeda galaxy (shown) demonstrated that the universe was vastly bigger than Albert Einstein realized. Nevertheless, Einstein’s paper applying his general theory of relativity, published a century ago, became the foundation for the modern science of cosmology.

First of two parts

Sometimes it seems like every year offers an occasion to celebrate some sort of Einstein anniversary.

In 2015, everybody lauded the 100th anniversary of his general theory of relativity. Last year, scientists celebrated the centennial of his prediction of gravitational waves — by reporting the discovery of gravitational waves. And this year marks the centennial of Einstein’s paper establishing the birth of modern cosmology.

Before Einstein, cosmology was not very modern at all. Most scientists shunned it. It was regarded as a matter for philosophers or possibly theologians. You could do cosmology without even knowing any math.

But Einstein showed how the math of general relativity could be applied to the task of describing the cosmos. His theory offered a way to study cosmology precisely, with a firm physical and mathematical basis. Einstein provided the recipe for transforming cosmology from speculation to a field of scientific study.

“There is little doubt that Einstein’s 1917 paper … set the foundations of modern theoretical cosmology,” Irish physicist Cormac O’Raifeartaigh and colleagues write in a new analysis of that paper. 

Einstein had pondered the implications of his new theory for cosmology even before he had finished it. General relativity was, after all, a theory of space and time — all of it. Einstein’s showed that gravity — the driving force sculpting the cosmic architecture — was simply the distortion of spacetime geometry generated by the presence of mass and energy. (He constructed an equation to show how spacetime geometry, on the left side of the equation, was determined by the density of mass-energy, the right side.) Since spacetime and mass-energy account for basically everything, the entire cosmos ought to behave as general relativity’s equation required.

Newton’s law of gravity had posed problems in that regard. If every mass attracted every other mass, as Newton had proclaimed, then all the matter in the universe ought to have just collapsed itself into one big blob. Newton suggested that the universe was infinite, filled with matter, so that attraction inward was balanced by the attraction of matter farther out. Nobody really bought that explanation, though. For one thing, it required a really precise arrangement: One star out of place, and the balance of attractions disappears and the universe collapses. It also required an infinity of stars, making it impossible to explain why it’s dark at night. (There would be a star out there along every line of sight at all times.)

Einstein hoped his theory of gravity would resolve the cosmic paradoxes of Newtonian gravity. So in early 1917, less than a year after his complete paper on the general theory was published, he delivered a short paper to the Prussian Academy of Sciences outlining the implications of his theory for cosmology.

In that paper, titled “Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of Relativity,” he started by noting the problems posed by using Newton’s gravity to describe the universe. Einstein showed that Newton’s gravity would require a finite island of stars sitting in an infinite space. But over time such a collection of stars would evaporate. That problem could be avoided, though, if the universe turned out not to be infinite. Instead, Einstein said, everything would be fine if the universe is finite. Big, sure, but curved in such a way that it closed on itself, like a sphere.

Einstein’s mathematical challenge was to show that such a finite cosmic spacetime would be static and stable. (In those days nobody knew that the universe was expanding.) He assumed that on a large enough scale, the distribution of matter in this universe could be considered uniform. (Einstein said it was like viewing the Earth as a smooth sphere for most purposes, even though its terrain is full of complexities on smaller distance scales.) Matter’s effect on spacetime curvature would therefore be pretty much constant, and the universe’s overall condition would be unchanging.

All this made sense to Einstein because he had a limited view of what was actually going on in the cosmos. Like many scientists in those days, he believed the universe was basically just the Milky Way galaxy. All the known stars moved fairly slowly, consistent with his belief in a spherical cosmos with uniformly distributed mass. Unfortunately, general relativity’s math didn’t work if that was the case — it suggested the universe would not be stable. Einstein realized, though, that his view of the static spherical universe would succeed if he added a term to his original equation.

In fact, there were good reasons to include the term anyway. O’Raifeartaigh and colleagues point out that in his earlier work on general relativity, Einstein remarked in a footnote that his equation technically permitted the inclusion of an additional term. That didn’t seem to matter at the time. But in his cosmology paper, Einstein found that it was just the thing his equation needed to describe the universe properly (as Einstein then supposed the universe to be). So he added that factor, designated by the Greek letter lambda, to the left-hand side of his basic general relativity equation.

“That term is necessary only for the purpose of making possible a quasi-static distribution of matter, as required by the fact of the small velocities of the stars,” Einstein wrote in his 1917 paper. As long as the magnitude of this new term on the geometry side of the equation was small enough, it would not alter the theory’s predictions for planetary motions in the solar system.

Einstein’s 1917 paper demonstrated the mathematical effectiveness of lambda (also called the “cosmological constant”) but did not say much about its physical interpretation. In another paper, published in 1918, he commented that lambda represented a negative mass density — it played “the role of gravitating negative masses which are distributed all over the interstellar space.” Negative mass would counter the attractive gravity and prevent all the matter in Einstein’s spherical finite universe from collapsing.

As everybody now knows, though, there is no danger of collapse, because the universe is not static to begin with, but rather is rapidly expanding. After Edwin Hubble had established such expansion, Einstein abandoned lambda as unnecessary (or at least, set it equal to zero in his equation). Others built on Einstein’s foundation to derive the math needed to make sense of Hubble’s discovery, eventually leading to the modern view of an expanding universe initiated by a Big Bang explosion.

But in the 1990s, astronomers discovered that the universe is not only expanding, it is expanding at an accelerating rate. Such acceleration requires a mysterious driving force, nicknamed “dark energy,” exerting negative pressure in space. Many experts believe Einstein’s cosmological constant, now interpreted as a constant amount of energy with negative pressure infusing all of space, is the dark energy’s true identity.

Einstein might not have been surprised by all of this. He realized that only time would tell whether his lambda would vanish to zero or play a role in the motions of the heavens. As he wrote in 1917 to the Dutch physicist-astronomer Willem de Sitter: “One day, our actual knowledge of the composition of the fixed-star sky, the apparent motions of fixed stars, and the position of spectral lines as a function of distance, will probably have come far enough for us to be able to decide empirically the question of whether or not lambda vanishes.”

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried

          In 20th century, astronomers opened their minds to gazillions of galaxies    

Telescopes in U.S. West revealed vastly larger, expanding universe

Andromeda galaxy

In 1923, Edwin Hubble found variable stars in the Andromeda nebula enabling him to gauge its distance. It turned out to be far from the Milky Way, demonstrating that it and many other nebulae were actually galaxies in their own right.

WASHINGTON — Before astronomers could discover the expansion of the universe, they had to expand their minds.

When the 20th century began, astronomers not only didn’t know the universe was expanding, they didn’t even care.

“Astronomers in the late 19th century and the very start of the 20th century were very little interested in what we would call the broader universe or its history,” says historian of science Robert Smith of the University of Alberta in Canada.

Some astronomers were interested in the structure of the Milky Way galaxy, the vast collection of stars in which the sun, Earth and known planets reside. “But astronomers played next to no part in the debates at the end of the 19th century about the wider nature of the cosmos,” Smith said in a talk January 28 at a meeting of the American Physical Society. In fact, many scientists believed there was no wider cosmos. Majority opinion held that the Milky Way galaxy, more or less, constituted the entire universe. 

“As far as almost all astronomers were concerned, the universe beyond our own limited system of stars was the realm of metaphysics, and working astronomers did not engage in metaphysics,” Smith said.

Astronomers left others to do the wondering.

“The infinite universe beyond our stellar system was territory that professional astronomers really were very happy to leave to mathematicians, physicists, philosophers and some popularizers,” Smith said.

Even among those groups, pre-20th century consensus limited the universe to the Milky Way and its immediate environs. Clues to the contrary were mostly dismissed. Most prominent among those clues was the existence of “spiral nebulae,” fuzzy patches of light clearly distinct from the pointlike stars. Photos of the spiral-shaped blobs suggested that they were solar systems in the making within or around the Milky Way; many people believed the galaxy was home to countless populated planets. Very few people believed that the nebulae were distant replicas of the Milky Way, galaxies in their own right.

In a book published in 1890, for instance, astronomer and respected science popularizer Agnes Clerke wrote that “no competent thinker” believed that nebulae could be galaxies. She retained that view in a later edition published in 1905, Smith said.  

But after around 1905, he said, the modern conception of the cosmos began to emerge. Philanthropic contributions in support of new, large telescopes, particularly in the American West, led to observations that slowly transformed the restricted view of a one-galaxy universe into the current commodious cosmos, with billions and billions (technically, gazillions) of galaxies.

Cepheid surprise

Edwin Hubble's observations of the Andromeda nebula turned up what he thought were exploding stars, which he labeled "N" for "nova." He later realized that the star in the upper right was a Cepheid variable, allowing him to calculate the distance from Earth. Science News-Letter reported Hubble's findings and calculations in 1924.

At Lick Observatory in California, for instance, James Keeler undertook the task of counting the spiral nebulae. At the time, astronomers knew of a few dozen. Keeler found hundreds of thousands.

“So the spiral nebulae are elevated in importance by Keeler,” Smith said.

By 1912, Vesto Slipher, at Lowell Observatory in Arizona, began reporting measurements of the light emanating from the nebulae, determining how far colors were shifted to the red end of the spectrum, a way to measure how fast the nebulae were flying away from the Earth.

“He would actually start arguing that the spiral nebulae were distant galaxies,” Smith said.

By the 1920s, more and more astronomers took the idea of distant galaxies seriously. Finally Edwin Hubble, at the Mount Wilson Observatory in Southern California, provided the deathblow to the one-galaxy universe. In 1923, his observations of the Andromeda nebula turned up a couple of Cepheid variable stars. Because Cepheids varied in brightness on a regular schedule that depended on their intrinsic brightness, they provided surefire clues to Andromeda’s distance from Earth. Andromeda resided 900,000 light-years away, vastly farther than even the most exaggerated estimates of the Milky Way’s diameter.

Hubble’s use of Cepheids depended on the earlier pioneering work of Henrietta Swan Leavitt at the Harvard observatory. “Her discovery of the period-luminosity relationship in Cepheid variable stars is absolutely fundamental in transforming people’s ideas about first, our own galactic system and second, providing the means to demonstrate that galaxies do in fact exist,” Smith said.

By the end of the 1920s Hubble, combining his distance measurements with velocity measurement made by astronomer Milton Humason, had demonstrated that the farther a nebula was from Earth, the faster it appeared to fly away. That relationship formed the observational basis for the expanding universe. Hubble suggested as much in 1929. Others also realized that the new view of the cosmos implied an expanding universe; one, Georges Lemaître, proposed something very much like today’s Big Bang theory of the universe’s origin.

It took a while, though, for the idea of the universe as the expanding aftermath of a big explosion to open everybody’s mind. In 1935, for instance, the astronomer J.S. Plaskett called Lemaître’s ideas “speculation run wild without a shred of evidence.” Even Hubble was not entirely sure of his own discovery. In 1938, Smith pointed out, Hubble assessed the evidence as consistent with a static universe, while acknowledging that expansion could not be ruled out.

Today’s claims that other big bangs may have happened many times, creating a multitude of cosmic spacetime bubbles known as the multiverse, face similar objections. It’s true that the evidence for a multiverse is not conclusive, just as evidence in the 19th century was not conclusive that spiral nebulae were distant galaxies or “island universes” of their own. But given the historical precedent, it would be silly to say that “no competent thinker” would believe in the possibility of multiple universes today.

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried

          We still stay free #PeriodPride   

"What's that?" Asked the curious little one, watching her sister sneak a plastic packet into the bathroom.
"What's what?" She replied, doing a bad job in hiding the stuff.

The little one only knew too well that she wasn't going to get an answer. She'd tried enough times already. So she wisely put away her question.

She'd asked her mom about those strange 'whisper' commercials for girls, and had only gotten vague replies. At other times, she'd been told about how girls were different from boys, of biological processes and other things which she had found insignificant to register. But it never occurred to the little mind that these were all connected and more or less pointing to the same thing. Periods.

It was the strangest thing when she first found that red stain in he clothing. She spent a good deal of time wondering when she'd spilt red ink on her top before narrating her mysterious discovery to her mother. Then came 'the talk', and just like that, all the pieces fit in together to an "Ooh!" moment.

She enjoyed a slight sense of pride to be the only one among her friends to be 'mature', as they called it. Life went on more or less the same way. It didn't cause much of a  hindrance to her usual routine. Frustrated, that she have to check regularly for stains in school uniforms. But there were those girly giggles in school when they had a code language to pass on a napkin, meet up in the bathroom or check for stains. And also the 'special' meetings for girls in school, when the boys would wonder what it's all about and the girls'd make up their own tales of what fun things they did together at the meeting.

To her, periods was nothing more than a small, negligible monthly irritation. But then she came to know that everyone didn't have such a smooth story. She heard about people crying the first time, the shock of not knowing, the excruciating pain, and being subjected to restrictions that made no sense. She was nothing short of amazed to know what a big deal it was made of. It was only then that she realised that she was lucky enough to have had no problems with its monthly visit.

Periods was a natural process after all, a mere part of life. Why hadn't she questioned all the hush-hush part of it? Why were the napkins always kept hidden ? Why did men hesitate to purchase them for ladies? Why was it a taboo in the society?

Like they say... education is not a crime, but ignorance is. So here's to all those amazing ladies of age, this isn't something to be ashamed of and you know it. Yes, it's tough. Yes, it's a trouble. But not something we can't deal with. And no, it isn't a shame, it isn't a disgrace. It is simply a part of who we are.

Let's hope for more of these girls with effortless transitions into a life with period pride.
You read it right. Period pride. Trust me, it isn't a big deal unless you choose it to be. Now it's left to us to convince the world the same.

Linking with Write Tribe and #Naari, an organisation to spread awareness on menstrual hygiene among ladies. 

          Health official calls on neuroscience to fight mental illness    

New clues to autism, schizophrenia emerge from studies of synapses

dendritic spines

Branches called dendrites extending from a nerve cell (green) receive messages from other neurons at tiny protrusions called dendritic spines. A faulty protein in the spines may be related to a wide range of mental disorders.

SAN DIEGO — Society’s record for protecting public health has been pretty good in the developed world, not so much in developing countries. That disparity has long been recognized.

But there’s another disparity in society’s approach to public health — the divide between attention to traditional diseases and the resources devoted to mental disorders.

“When it comes to mental health, all countries are developing countries,” says Shekhar Saxena, director of the World Health Organization’s department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. Despite a breadth of scope and depth of impact exceeding that of many more highly publicized diseases, mental illness has long been regarded as a second-class medical concern. And modern medicine’s success at diagnosing, treating and curing many other diseases has not been duplicated for major mental disorders.

Saxena thinks that neuroscience research can help. He sees an opportunity for progress through increased interdisciplinary collaboration between neuroscience and mental health researchers.

“The collaboration seems to be improving, but much more is needed and not only in a few countries, but all countries,” he said November 12 at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

By almost any measure, mental health disorders impose an enormous societal burden. Worldwide, direct and indirect costs of mental disorders exceed $2.5 trillion yearly, Saxena said — projected to reach $6 trillion by 2030. Mental illnesses also disable and kill in large numbers: Global suicides per year total over 800,000. “Indeed, it is a hidden epidemic,” Saxena said. That’s more deaths than from breast cancer and probably more from malaria, according to a new comprehensive analysis of global mortality.

Mental illnesses encompass a wide range of disorders, from autism and Alzheimer’s disease to substance abuse and schizophrenia. Saxena acknowledged that there have been advances in the scientific understanding of these diseases, but not nearly enough. No easily used diagnostic test is available for most of them. And no new class of drugs for treating major mental disorders has appeared in the last 20 years, with the possible exception of dementia.

“We need increased investment in research, increased public, private and philanthropic investments,” Saxena said. “We need increased connection of research with public health gains.”

He called on the community of neuroscientists to establish a “grand challenge” to researchers to address these concerns.

“There have been many grand challenges in neurosciences — perhaps we need one for finding out mental health interventions,” he said.

Many neuroscientists are, of course, aware of the important link between their research and mental health. Some progress is being made. One promising avenue of work focuses on synapses, the junctures through which nerve cells in the brain communicate. Typically synapses form where axons, the long neuronal extensions that transmit signals, connect with dendrites, the neurons’ message-receiving branches. Most of the axon-dendrite connections occur at small growths called dendritic spines that protrude from the dendrite surface.

Several sessions at the neuroscience meeting described new work showing ways in which dendritic spines may be involved in mental disorders. One session focused on the protein actin, a prime structural component of the spines.

Actin activity depends on a complicated chain of chemical reactions inside a cell. In mice, blocking a key link in that chain reduces the number of spines in the front part of the brain, Scott Soderling of Duke University School of Medicine reported. Those mice then exhibited symptoms reminiscent of schizophrenia in people.

It seems that losing spines in the frontal cortex alters nerve cell connections there; with spine shortages, some axons link directly to the dendrite shaft. Bypassing spines, which play a filtering role, can intensify signals sent to the ventral tegmental area, which in turn may send signals that increase production of the chemical messenger dopamine in another brain region, the striatum. “We think that this is actually what is driving the elevated dopamine levels” in disorders such as schizophrenia, Soderling said.

Some antipsychotic drugs (known as neuroleptics) for treating schizophrenia work by blocking sites of dopamine action in the striatum. But such drugs do nothing about the loss of spines that initiated the problem.

“These neuroleptics largely treat these symptoms, but they’re not a cure,” Soderling said. “We think that this is good evidence … for the idea that these drugs are treating a downstream consequence of a primary insult that’s occurring elsewhere in the brain.”

This insight from neuroscience — that antipsychotics treat downstream symptoms, not the problem at its source — may help the search for better treatments.

Soderling suggests that many other mental disorders may have their roots in problems with actin in dendritic spines. Another speaker at the neuroscience meeting, Haruo Kasai of the University of Tokyo, emphasized how fluctuations in the numbers of spines, related to actin activity, could play a role in autism.

Such results from neuroscience should be of great value to fighting mental disorders. But science alone won’t enable the discovery of effective treatments without a broader scope of scientific investigation of mental illness as a global problem. Too much of research to date focuses on too small a portion of the worldwide population. As Saxena noted, more than 90 percent of scientific studies on mental illness are from — and about — high-income countries.

“We are ignoring a very large number of people living in this world,” he said. “And this can be, and is, a real impediment to science. If we don’t know what is happening in the brains of the majority of the people living in this world, can we really advance science in the best possible manner? Can we still say that we know the human brain? And at least my answer would be: No.”

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried

          Visits to Proxima Centauri’s planet are probably millennia away    

Even alpha particle propulsion is too slow for trip to new world

illustration of the distance to Proxima Centauri

Proxima Centauri, the nearest member of the Alpha Centauri triple star system, is just a little more than 4 light-years away from the sun. With a proposed propulsion scheme using alpha particle decay, travel time to the star's newly discovered planet would be no shorter than 4,000 years.

If you’d like to vacation at the newly found planet orbiting Proxima Centauri, you might want to reconsider. It’s nearby astronomically — a mere 4.2 light-years away — but still too far away for any plausible transportation technology to reach within the current millennium.

In fact, it’s a pretty safe bet the Chicago Cubs will win the World Series before any human steps foot on Earth’s nearest exoplanetary neighbor (known as Proxima b). Unless P. Centaurian aliens arrive soon with a “To Serve Man” cookbook, your chances of visiting Proxima b before you die are about the same as sainthood for Ted Bundy. By the time anybody from here goes there, years will have five digits.   

It took NASA’s New Horizons probe — the fastest spacecraft humans have ever launched — over nine years just to get to Pluto. At its top speed of 16 kilometers per second, New Horizons would need almost 80,000 years to get to Proxima Centauri.

Solar sail propulsion — in which lightweight craft could be accelerated by pressure from sunlight — would be a little be faster, but not by much, taking (by one estimate) 66,000 years to make the Proxima Centauri run.

Novel propulsion schemes have been proposed that could reduce that time substantially. A sail driven by alpha particle recoil, for instance, provides some serious advantages over solar sails, as Wenwu Zhang and colleagues point out in the August issue of Applied Radiation and Isotopes.

Ordinary rocket speed is limited by how fast the combusted fuel can eject exhaust; NASA has investigated a plasma engine design that can attain exhaust speeds of 50 km/s. But that approach requires huge energy input and high voltage, Zhang and colleagues point out (and so would be prohibitively expensive). Alpha particles emitted by radioactive substances, on the other hand, can speed away about 300 times faster. Therefore, Zhang and coauthors assert, “alpha decay particles … may be a potential solution for long-time acceleration in space.”

Usually, of course, a chunk of radioactive matter would emit alpha particles in all directions. So your craft would need a shield on one side to absorb the particles before they got very far. The rest would stream away in the opposite direction, pushing the craft forward (by virtue of the law of conservation of momentum). True, alpha particles are tiny and the effect of their recoil would be small. But it would add up. Shot into space with standard technology (thereby achieving a 16 km/s start-up speed), an alpha recoil spacecraft could eventually reach a speed in the range of 200–300 km/s or so.

It helps to choose the right alpha-emitting material. Uranium-232 would be ideal. It has a long enough half-life (almost 70 years) to last for an extended voyage, but it also decays into daughter nuclei that emit alpha particles more frequently, boosting the recoil effect. (You won’t find any U-232 in uranium mines, though — it would need to be produced in nuclear transmutation factories.)

Assuming a suitably light and thin absorption material, Zhang and colleagues envision an alpha-powered interstellar sail about 24 meters across. They calculate a travel time to Proxima Centauri between about 4,000 and 9,000 years (depending on the ratio of fuel mass to total spacecraft mass). That would easily win the race against a solar sail, but would far exceed most people’s available vacation time. “Interstellar travel definitely asks for even better propulsion technologies,” Zhang and colleagues understate. And surely within 4,000 years somebody will invent a faster technology that could pass the alpha-decay craft and get to Proxima b first.  

Other people already have ideas, as Science News astronomy writer Christopher Crockett noted in his story on the discovery of Proxima b. Philanthropist Yuri Milner recently announced a research project to explore the prospects of sending numerous nanocraft to Proxima Centauri’s neighborhood — the Alpha Centauri triple star system. (Proxima is the third star, presumably in orbit around Alpha Centauri A and B.) That plan envisions wafers weighing about a gram or so carried along by similar-mass light sails propelled by a powerful laser beam. If current technological dreams come true, tiny cameras and lasers on the wafer could capture and transmit information about Proxima b back to Earth.

Supposedly such nanocraft could reach 20 percent of the speed of light, allowing them to reach Proxima Centauri by maybe 20 years after launch. So there’s an outside chance of getting a message back from Proxima b before the Cubs win a World Series. But there’s no hope of hitching a ride on such a wafer, unless, perhaps, you’re a tardigrade.

Even if some futuristic technology permitted building a real ship, say the size of the space shuttle, that could fly 20 percent of the speed of light, it might not be a good idea. Such a ship could, in the wrong hands, become the most devastating weapon ever imagined. Flying 20 percent of light speed, a space shuttle would possess a kinetic energy roughly the equivalent of 1,000 hydrogen bombs (or millions of Hiroshima-sized bombs). Of course, it would be an expensive ship and probably nobody would want to crash it. Unless the people who took it to Proxima Centauri got really mad at the people back on Earth.

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried

          Sky wird einen Bundesliga-Deal mit Discovery schließen, orakelt Hans-Jürgen Jakobs.   
Sky und Discovery nutzen die Bundesliga, um sich gegeneinander zu profilieren, analysiert "Handelsblatt"-Autor Hans-Jürgen Jakobs. Er vermutet, dass die Konkurrenten im Laufe der Saison einen Deal schließen werden, der den Sky-Abonnenten gegen Aufpreis die Discovery-Spiele bringt. Wer sofort alle Spiele sehen will, muss zunächst bei beiden Anbietern zahlen. "Handelsblatt", S. 21 (Paid)

Sky und Discovery nutzen die Bundesliga, um sich gegeneinander zu profilieren, analysiert "Handelsblatt"-Autor Hans-Jürgen Jakobs. Er vermutet, dass die Konkurrenten im Laufe der Saison einen Deal schließen werden, der den Sky-Abonnenten gegen Aufpreis die Discovery-Spiele bringt. Wer sofort alle Spiele sehen will, muss zunächst bei beiden Anbietern zahlen.
"Handelsblatt", S. 21 (Paid)

          7/1/2017: COVER STORY: Variety is the spice   

Land Rover Discovery From $65,960 No less than 25 variants of the new Disco go on sale Monday with a price range from $65,960 for the base model TD4 S to $132,160 for the limited First Edition TD6. Buyers will have a choice of three turbo diesels: a...
          2017 Best Places to Work: Ruggiero, Martinez & Norton PA   
Ruggiero, Martinez & Norton PA is a full-service accounting firm based in Winter Park that services clients throughout Central Florida.

          Senior Software Development Engineer C/C++ - Ground Labs Pte Ltd - Central Business District   
Familiarity of information security domain preferred. We are a security software company dedicated to making sensitive data discovery products that help...
From Ground Labs Pte Ltd - Wed, 29 Mar 2017 11:11:30 GMT - View all Central Business District jobs
          Analysis of Neanderthal teeth marks uncovers evidence of prehistoric dentistry   
A discovery of multiple toothpick grooves on teeth and signs of other manipulations by a Neanderthal of 130,000 years ago are evidence of a kind of prehistoric dentistry, according to a new study led by a University of Kansas researcher. Three views of the four articulated teeth making up KDP 20. a. occlusal view showing lingually placedmesial  interproximal wear facet on P4 (arrow) and buccal wear on M3; b. lingual view showing...

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          Groundbreaking discovery confirms existence of orbiting supermassive black holes   
For the first time ever, astronomers at The University of New Mexico say they've been able to observe and measure the orbital motion between two supermassive black holes hundreds of millions of light years from Earth - a discovery more than a decade in the making. Artist's conception shows two supermassive black holes, similar to those observed by UNM researchers,  orbiting one another more than 750 million light years from...

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          Sr Enterprise Architect, R and D IT - (cambridge, massachusetts)   
External Posting TitleSr Enterprise Architect, R and D ITJob DescriptionThe Enterprise Architecture (EA) group at Biogen has been focused on building out a global R and D roadmap focused on delivering key programs to establish the proper foundation upon which to enable world:class R and D operations in partnership with R and D IT (RDIT). These include clinical trial transparency, data governance, R and D data management, analytics and reporting, high:throughput screening, next:generation sequencing, laboratory information management systems, patient and payer engagement systems, lab automation, etc.The convergence of EA and RDIT is at a critical point and there is a large opportunity to enable critical new capabilities across the R and D organization in support of Digital Health, Global Data Initiatives, Business Intelligence / MDM, internal/external Collaboration, and a wide array of innovative Worldwide Medical needs. The role operates in a complex Research and Development environment with high levels of accountability where ease of access and analysis of vital data is paramount to the discovery of new drugs within the regulated pharmaceutical industry.
          Grizzly Man, de Werner Herzog (2005)   

AÑO: 2005
DURACIÓN: 104 min.
PAÍS: Estados Unidos

DIRECTOR: Werner Herzog
GUIÓN: Werner Herzog
MÚSICA: Richard Thompson
FOTOGRAFÍA: Peter Zeitlinger
REPARTO: Documentary, Timothy Treadwell, Amie Huguenard, Warren Queeney, Willy Fulton
PRODUCTORA: Lions Gate Films / Discovery Docs


Valoración: 8.


Grizzly man es un documental del alemán Werner Herzog, que cuenta  los últimos años de Timothy Treadwell, más conocido como Grizzly man, un neoyorquino que un buen día decidió, tras un historial de problemas mentales, alcoholismo y drogadicción, que su misión era la de proteger a los enormes osos grises de Alaska, hasta que uno de estos animales lo devoró a él y a su novia, el cinco de octubre de 2003. Con material de archivo grabado por el propio Treadwell durante sus ininterrumpidas trece campañas veraniegas en el parque nacional de Katmai y las entrevistas posteriores con familiares, amigos y personal de la reserva que conocieron a Treadwell, Werner Herzog firma un documental en el que disecciona la fascinante, grotesca pero ante todo, hipnótica personalidad de este individuo rematadamente perturbado, reflexionando de paso sobre la relación entre el hombre y la naturaleza.


Cuando uno ve a Treadwell aproximarse tanto a estos animales (incluso vemos como se baña junto a ellos), maravilla que no hubiera encontrado su triste final mucho antes, si tenemos en cuenta que los osos Grizzly son la tercera especie de osos más grande del planeta, con ejemplares que de media miden más de dos metros en posición bipeda y pesan alrededor de trescientos ochenta kilos, capaces de matar a un caballo.


En las filmaciones, Treadwell se revela como una persona profundamente bipolar, que una mañana ama a todas las cosas vivas que le rodean y otra se pierde en monólogos en los que podemos entrever un alma rota para siempre, que se ha refugiado en páramos remotos, incapaz ya de volver a una sociedad que le ha vencido. Resulta imposible permanecer impasibles ante este pobre hombre que, aun siendo capaz de posar la mano en esas peligrosas y salvajes moles peludas, es débil y cobarde ante su propia existencia.


Finalmente, la familia y los amigos de Timothy, así como el personal del parque nacional que tuvo que lidiar con las repetidas violaciones del reglamento del parque que Treadwell cometía (tuvieron que crear normas exclusivamente para él), terminan otorgando a la película un tono de comedia y dislate, quizás no buscado, pero que está presente de manera intrínseca a la rocambolesca odisea del personaje.


Grizzly man, por tanto, es en mi opinión una muy interesante película, con momentos realmente fascinantes y un protagonista, Timothy Treadwell, de una mediocridad simplemente irrepetible.

          Edited live vaccine could stop harmful polio outbreaks   
We’re on the brink of wiping out polio, but the virus used in vaccines keeps evolving to become harmful again. The discovery of how the virus mutates to do this could lead to a safer vaccine.  Polio once killed hundreds of thousands of children every year. The disease has largely been...
          Newly characterized protein has potential to save US farmers millions annually   
Instead of turning carbon into food, many plants accidentally make a plant-toxic compound during photosynthesis that is recycled through a process called photorespiration.  University of Illinois and USDA/ARS researchers report in Plant Cell the discovery of a key protein in this...
          Helium star evolutionary channel to super-Chandrasekhar mass type Ia supernovae   
Дата и время публикации : 2010-07-27T15:28:57Z Авторы публикации и институты : W. -M. Liu W. -C. Chen B. Wang Z. W. Han Ссылка на журнал-издание: A&A (2010) 523, A3Коментарии к cтатье: 6 pages, 7 figures, accepted for publication in Astronomy and AstrophysicsПервичная категория: astro-ph.HE Все категории : astro-ph.HE Краткий обзор статьи: Recent discovery of several [...]
          Ami Brown of a oeAlaskan Bush Peoplea diagnosed with lung cancer   

Brown and her family live deep in the Alaskan wilderness. Their reality show, now in its 7th season, airs on the Discovery Channel.

          SPY INDIA, SPYINDIA, 09650321315, www discoveryworld in   
          One Answer to Failing Advertising is Customized Product Discovery   

Everyone hates bad advertising, which is why the industry is in a freefall. But what does it mean to be bad advertising? Is there such a thing as good advertising? I think there is, and I think the way to tell the difference is to simply ask yourself if you consider the thing you’re being shown to be:...


I do a weekly show called Unsupervised Learning, where I curate the most interesting stories in infosec, technology, and humans, and talk about why they matter. You can subscribe here.

          (USA-TN-Chattanooga) Internist opportunity with well-establsied busy group   
Primary Care Practice – Internal Medicine Opportunity + Internal Medicine physician practice group of 6 + Partner transitioning to Hospitalist position only + Full practice and have patients from the start + Board Certified (or within one year of employment) + Hospital Employed + Adult based practice based on campus + Competitive base salary with wRVU tiered schedule + Quality Bonus + Full Benefits, CME, Professional Dues, Malpractice, Retirement and Relocation + Signing/Commencement Bonus + NO State Income Taxes CHI Memorial employed multi-specialty group + Largest medical group in Chattanooga + 183 providers – 126 physicians + 22 Primary Care locations and 10 Specialty practices + 2 Memorial Convenient Care locations – Primary Care/Urgent Care + Physician specialties are: Primary Care (Family Medicine, Internal Medicine and Geriatrics), Infectious Medicine, Integrative Medicine, Breast Surgery, General Surgery, GYN, Pediatrics, Pulmonology, Interventional Pulmonology, Critical Care and Urology + Hospital Base Medicine – Hospitalists, Neuro & Psych Hospitalists, Intensivists, and Palliative Care + CHI Memorial does not deliver babies + ED typically does not see Peds or Trauma + Adult based patient population Chattanooga's ONLY 4 STAR Hospital. CHI Memorial tops CMS rating list in the region. CHI Memorial is ranked the 4th BEST HOSPITAL in Tennessee by U.S. News. Tennessee has about 150 hospitals, with Vanderbilt Medical Center being ranked first. CHI Memorial is recognized as one of the nation's 100 Top Hospitals® by Thomson Reuters, the health care industry's leading source of information on hospital quality. Recently named as "100 Great Community Hospitals" by Becker's Hospital Review. A U.S. government survey, by, intended to help consumers purchase the best health care insurance ranks CHI Memorial Healthcare System as tops in the Chattanooga area for patient satisfaction. To see the story:Times Free Press _ CHI Memorial Our Center of Excellence core service lines include Oncology, Cardiac, and Orthopedics. With the completion of our 320 million dollar renovation, there is a 50 bed, State of the Art, ICU; State of the Art Cardiac Short Stay and CCU; CHI Memorial is a not-for-profit, faith-based 405-bed healthcare organization with 2 campuses. Memorial is a regional referral center of choice having over 700 Physicians on staff and over 4,000 associates, and 550 very active volunteers providing healthcare throughout Southeast Tennessee and North Georgia. #1 OUTSIDE CITY by Outside Magazine! Chattanooga, Tennessee, a progressive city and noted as "The Scenic City"; it is nestled in the heart of the mountains where the states of Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee meet. Two hours to Atlanta and Nashville. "America's Top-Rated Cities" and "Top 10 City" in which to live and play by; "Top 10 Southern Mid-Markets with Highly Diversified Economies and as one of the "Smartest Cities in the World" in which to live. This vibrant city blends "Big City" amenities with an ease of a smaller city offering: a family friendly and safe atmosphere in which to live, easily commutable, moderate cost of living, $120 million revitalized riverfront, very active Arts Council, Museums and an extensive green way system. Outdoor activities are abundant ranging from hang-gliding off Lookout Mountain, to floating down the Sequatchie River, to biking and horseback riding through the scenic countryside. If you are a water sport enthusiast, you will want to visit nearby Nickajack and Chickamauga Lakes or kayak/raft down the Great Ocoee River (host to the Summer Olympics). Chattanooga also has numerous challenging golf courses (Chattanooga plays host to the PGA Event - Provident Classic).The public school system in the area is very good and offers excellent local private schools providing unsurpassed educational opportunities from Signal Mountain to Lookout Mountain. The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga offers a wide range of majors in undergraduate, graduate courses as well as medical education – Family Medicine and Internal Medicine residency programsTennessee has no Personal Income Tax and East TN boasts a moderate climate with four distinctive seasons. City InformationNO State Income Tax, Very Low Property taxes, MSA Population: 550,922, Median Age: 39.7, Average Temp: 60.5 degrees F, Great Public Schools and Academic Excellence Private Schools! Area AttractionsTennessee Aquarium, Creative Discovery Museum, IMAX 3D Theater, Chattanooga Choo Choo, Chattanooga Zoo, Rock City, Ruby Falls, Chattanooga Symphony Orchestra, 98 Parks & 23 Golf Courses, White Water Rafting, Mountain Climbing, 5 Regional Shopping Malls (Hamilton Place Mall is one of TN's largest malls) and Chattanooga Lookouts AA Baseball Team (LA Dodgers affiliate) Catholic Health Initiatives, a nonprofit, faith-based health system formed in 1996 through the consolidation of four Catholic health systems, expresses its mission each day by creating and nurturing healthy communities in the hundreds of sites across the nation where we provide care. The nation’s third-largest nonprofit health system, Englewood, Colorado-based CHI operates in 18 states and comprises 104 hospitals, including four academic health centers and major teaching hospitals as well as 30 critical-access facilities; community health-services organizations; accredited nursing colleges; home-health agencies; living communities; and other facilities and services that span the inpatient and outpatient continuum of care. In fiscal year 2016, CHI provided more than $1.1 billion in financial assistance and community benefit – a 13% increase over the previous year -- for programs and services for the poor, free clinics, education and research. Financial assistance and community benefit totaled more than $2 billion with the inclusion of the unpaid costs of Medicare. The health system, which generated operating revenues of $15.9 billion in fiscal year 2016, has total assets of approximately $22.7 billion. Learn more at Catholic Health Initiatives and its organizations are Equal Opportunity Employers and support a drug-free work environment.
          Analysis: U.S. fund managers seek consumer stocks that Amazon can't conquer   

By David Randall

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Inc's game-changing move to upend the grocery business with a surprise deal to buy Whole Foods Market Inc compounds a problem already vexing fund managers: how to play U.S. consumer spending when the Seattle-based e-commerce giant is threatening to take over retail.

Amazon's relentless growth and destruction of value among traditional retail rivals is forcing active fund managers to look for bets in areas they think Amazon can't or won't reach.

Emerging options include theme restaurant chains, recreational vehicle makers and sellers of stuff that's just too heavy to ship via Amazon's network. Meanwhile, some fund managers are increasingly convinced the only way to play consumer spending is to move away from brands and retailers and into logistics and supply chain companies, essentially betting e-commerce will render most consumer companies obsolete.

The challenge of investing in consumer companies comes a time when the category would typically shine.

Low unemployment and a solid housing market boost consumer stocks, yet companies in the category - excluding Amazon - are up just 5.2 percent for the year, or about 3 percentage points below the broad S&P 500 as a whole, according to Thomson Reuters data.

Amazon shares, by comparison, are up about 30 percent.


Amazon now accounts for about 34 percent of all U.S. online sales and should see that number grow to about 50 percent by 2021, according to a Needham research note.

Amazon's growing dominance is in some ways akin to the rise of Wal-Mart Stores Inc in the early 2000s, when its rapid growth and move to branch out into groceries raised concerns it would put other retailers out of business. Yet Amazon's greater online reach and purchase of a top-shelf grocery store chain makes it far more formidable, said Barbara Miller, a portfolio manager at Federated Kaufmann funds.

"I've been in this industry for twenty-five years and this is the biggest transformation we've seen in the consumer space," she said.

While Wal-Mart put many small mom-and-pop stores out of business, Amazon is dragging down national competitors like Target and Macy's with its combination of low prices, broad range of inventory, and speed, she said.

At the same time, Amazon is expanding its e-commerce dominance when more shoppers are online, suggesting more pain ahead for competitors. E-commerce sales grew 14.7 percent in 2016, nearly triple the 5.1-percent growth rate of traditional retailers, according to U.S. Census Bureau data.


Fund managers say Amazon's growing dominance is forcing them to shift long-held strategies, by either putting less money into consumer stocks overall or by focusing on companies that can compete alongside Amazon or may be attractive buyout targets.

The company's outsized 15.4-percent weighting, more than double the next-largest stock in the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary index, is problematic for fund managers who typically will not hold any positions greater than 5 percent of their portfolio in order to manage risk.

Josh Cummings, a portfolio manager at Janus Henderson funds, is avoiding shares of direct competitors of Amazon, such as Target Corp, Kroger Co, and Wal-Mart, and instead focusing on companies with "idiosyncratic" attributes, he said.

Starbucks Corp, for instance, offers an experience that Amazon would find hard to match, he said, while Servicemaster Global Holdings, parent company of pest control company Terminix, is largely immune from e-commerce competition.

"Could Amazon decide they want to be in the business of spraying for bugs? It doesn't seem likely," he said.

Miller, the portfolio manager at the Federated Kaufmann funds, said she is moving away from stores that could be found in a mall, focusing instead on companies like Dave & Busters Entertainment Inc and Wingstop Inc that offer food-based experiences. She also owns shares of Camping World Holdings Inc, which sells a mix of goods and services ranging from roadside assistance to accessories to the growing recreational vehicle market.

"This is a company with a strong membership base that has the sort of scale in its niche to rival Amazon," she said.

Jeff Rottinghaus, portfolio manager of the T. Rowe Price U.S. Large-Cap Core Equity fund, said he owns Home Depot Inc shares because its stores essentially function as warehouses and much of its merchandise is too heavy or bulky to profitably ship quickly online.

Gary Bradshaw, a portfolio manager at Hodges Capital in Dallas, said he expects that portfolio holding Wal-Mart will become more aggressive in acquiring small, private companies to broaden its online reach.

The company announced a deal to buy men's wear company Bonobos for $310 million in mid-June, following purchases of outdoor gear retailer Moosejaw and online shoe store ShoeBuy. Wal-Mart acquired online retailer in a $3.3 billion deal last August.

"They're going to do whatever it takes to compete with Amazon. They may be losing the battle at the moment but that doesn't mean that they will back down," he said.

Other investors are getting their consumer exposure by focusing on behind-the-scenes companies that power the growth of e-commerce.

Laird Bieger, a portfolio manager of the Baron Discovery Fund - the top-performing small-cap growth fund year-to-date - said he is focusing on companies like CommerceHub Inc, which works with companies such as J C Penney Co and Best Buy Inc to allow them to sell more products online and ship directly from manufacturers.

Craig Richard, a co-portfolio manager of the Buffalo Emerging Opportunities fund, said he has been buying Kornit Digital Ltd, which makes textile printers that can produce t-shirt and other apparel designs on demand, helping save inventory costs.

Amazon is Kornit's largest customer and has warrants to buy up to 2.9 million Kornit shares, about 8 percent of the company, at $13.03 a share over the next five years. Shares of Kornit, up 57 percent this year, traded at $19.95 on Friday.

(Reporting by David Randall; Editing by Dan Burns and Nick Zieminski)

          BP Enters Zohr "Super Giant" Gas Field As Eni Cuts Stake   
After leading the discovery of the Zohr field, Italy's Eni has signaled its intention to reduce its stake in the field to about 50%, starting with the sale of a 10% stake to BP for $375 million.
          Cyprus Finds Ample Interest In Offshore Licensing Round   
After moving to open up three offshore blocks for natural gas exploration, Cyprus has reported receiving interest from a number of international firms for areas near the recent discovery of a reported "super giant".
          New in Office 365 security and compliance—June update   
Recent updates for security and compliance include enhancements to Advanced Threat Protection, eDiscovery, Advanced Data Governance, Advanced Security Management and expanded support for Windows Information Protection.
          Majestic Insights Radio with Karey Keith - Success for Life's Transitions: The Dreams of Mattie Fitch with Bonnie Mashack   
Episode"Your Dreams are Your Reality Asleep, Wake Them Up.” Come join us for this extraordinary journey in discovering your dreams. Let Mattie, Bonnie and Karey help you choose the path of discovery and divine purpose.
          Discovery could influence methods to control bacteria on medical and other surfaces   
New research has revealed how bacteria thin the liquid they are swimming through in order to free themselves when trapped by walls or other obstacles. This finding could influence methods to control bacterial growth on medical, industrial, and agricultural surfaces.
          Spinning electrons open the door to future hybrid electronics   
A discovery of how to control and transfer spinning electrons paves the way for novel hybrid devices that could outperform existing semiconductor electronics. Researchers have demonstrated how to combine a commonly used semiconductor with a topological insulator, a recently discovered state of matter with unique electrical properties.
          Ancient Swiss reptile shows its bizarre scale armor for the first time   
Grisons, 241 million years ago -- Instead of amidst high mountains, a small reptile suns itself on an island beach in a warm shallow sea, where many fish and marine reptiles frolic. This is the story told by an excellently preserved new discovery of the reptile Eusaurosphargis dalsassoi.
          Incremental discovery may one day lead to photosynthetic breakthrough   
Photosynthesis is one of the most complicated and important processes -- responsible for kick-starting Earth's food chain. While we have modeled its more-than-100 major steps, scientists are still discovering the purpose of proteins that can be engineered to increase yield. Now researchers have uncovered secrets about another protein, CP12 -- the full understanding of which may provide an additional route to boost yields in the future.

Breakthrough WA Study Shines A Light On Global Water Contamination

The article below is very long-winded in a typical Leftist style but the essence of it is in the opening paragraphs that I have excerpted below.

I believe the article does address a real problem.  The only surprising thing is its discovery that bore water is a last resort for drinking purposes.  It often has metallic and other unpleasant tastes that should warn that it use for human consumption is risky.

Depending on the contamination it can be purified at some cost but that is rare.  People, black and white,  just take their chances, usually. So it is not surprising that the W.A. government has not funded purification for Aborigines.  Government has many calls on its funds.

Asking the government to go into a large number of black settlements with purification machinery is a big ask when it is always possible for the inhabitants to move into areas where reticulated river water is available. The W.A. government encourages that.

But the Aborigines resist that.  They have a religious attachment to their traditional locations.  So in a sense they have made their choices about what they are exposed to and have to bear the consequences.  Is it fair for them to ask those who pay taxes (they rarely do themselves) to prop up their religious beliefs? As former Prime Minister Tony Abbott declared in March 2015, “what we can’t do is endlessly subsidize lifestyle choices.”

When deep-well bore water arrived in Australian bush communities people thought the big thirst was over. Jeff McMullen reports that a decade long study shows unsafe water is now cutting lives short.

If a baby is fed unsafe water contaminated with chemical nitrates, the child turns blue.

The striking colouring occurs particularly around the eyes and mouth. Blue Baby Syndrome is the decrease of the oxygen carrying capacity of the haemoglobin. It is potentially fatal.

And yet, in scores of communities across Australia many people are still not aware of the growing evidence that nitrates – found naturally in the environment and compounded by mining – are a crucial factor in a devastating epidemic of chronic illness, particularly renal problems afflicting children and adults.

“I never dreamed that our water has such high levels of nitrate contamination,” says Dr Christine Jeffries-Stokes, paediatrician to the Goldfields region in Western Australia.

“Water flows from the Pilbara all the way south to the Great Australian Bight. The critical threat is the nitrates, combined with uranium and arsenic, to create a perfect storm.”

It is this discovery – that not only is there an immediate threat of nitrate poisoning from high levels in the water but also a long-term danger caused by prolonged exposure – that will bring Dr Jeffries-Stokes and her medical team from the Western Desert Kidney Project face to face with the WA Government this week, to present their findings and lobby the government to finally take action.

Co-Chief Investigator of the decade long research project, Annette Stokes says “people are very, very sick”.

“Some already had diabetes and did not know it. Others are progressing to end state renal illness without ever being aware of this water poison.”

“Previously unexplained levels of chronic illness, especially kidney disease afflicting black and white people in remote regions, can now be understood,” adds Dr Jeffries-Stokes. “Governments must take action urgently and it is no good talking about closing hundreds of remote communities and towns. This affects so many people Governments must clean up the water.”

One of Australia’s most respected epidemiologists, Professor Fiona Stanley, has added her voice to the call for urgent action.

“This is a really important public health and human rights issue, particularly for the Aboriginal populations of the eastern Goldfields. The neglect that we have shown these populations over the years is being added to by our reluctance to clean up the water supply,” Professor Stanley says.


          June Newsletter   

"The Team", was awarded the honor of Outstanding Acrylic in the April Bold Brush Competition. The judge for the April competition was Fongwei Liu.
Click on his name to see his beautiful works.
The Team

"Pensive" was juried into the Discovery 2017 Show at the Milan Gallery in Fort Worth, Texas. The show runs through July 9. If you are in the area, please come by! 

The past several months have been very busy and very exciting. Along with teaching and maintaining my own art studio, I have the great honor of serving as the Portrait Society of America's Texas Ambassador.

We had a great turnout in Dallas where Texas members participated in a Face-Off. There three more planned for 2017, one is Houston, one in Alpine and one in Bastrop.

I am currently working on a big event for Texas members, which will be announced in the next few months. If you would like more information about the Portrait Society of America, please contact me at


The next class sessions begin August 7, 2017.

Beginner to IntermediateMonday9:00am to Noon. Cost: A six-week class is $153, plus studio fee.

Portrait and Figurative, Intermediate to AdvancedMonday1:00 pm to 4pm Cost: A six-week class is $153, plus model and studio fees.
All classes are limited to 10 students
For more information please send an email to

          Comment on Grab the 31 Day Declutter Checklist & Join the Challenge! by Katherine Harms   
I started my own decluttering challenge in late May. I thought I would do it long ago, but for various reasons, the mental roadblocks dissolved the last week of May. I live on a boat, which puts the problem in a fairly unusual setting. You would think that in our limited space, we would have made a commitment to clutterfree living long ago. NOT! We both have our biggest challenges with books. Especially, when we can get free books from cruiser bookshelves. Those bookshelves are theoretically, "Take one, leave one," but in actuality, some bring loads and take none, while others bring none and take loads. We became the latter. It has led to piles and boxes and bags of books. The other big problem is unique to me. I write. I keep everything in little notebooks. I had piles and bags of notebooks and journals and little scraps of paper going back years. Where did I put so much "stuff" on a boat? I put it in the way. No matter where we went, we were always navigating around piles and bags and boxes. The inspiration that finally drove me to fix this problem (to start, I should say. I have only begun.) was the discovery of OneNote. Microsoft OneNote is part of the Office 365 package. I have known about it for years, but the first time I tried using it, I didn't really get the message. I tried experimenting with OneNote and Evernote side by side and still got nowhere until I acquired and became skilled in the use of an 8" Android tablet. My little Android tablet became my constant companion, and this spring I finally figured out how to install OneNote on my tablet, my laptop and my phone. That meant that if I used OneNote and saved everything to OneDrive, all my notes entered anywhere were available everywhere. I installed Kindle on all those devices, too, and the light began to dawn. I could have all my little notebooks and all my scraps of paper and all my shopping lists, daily task lists, notes from reading books, lesson plans for teaching, recipes, and any scrapbook diaries of trips in OneNote and the notes function of Kindle. Everything was available to me even if I had no space to carry anything but my phone. In the last week of May I started getting rid of paper and adding sections or new notebooks as needed. I began to carry my tablet to church, where I would read the Bible and take notes in Sunday School using only my tablet. After I had scrapped piles of paper and notebooks, I started on the books. My next step is to acquire the new Surface Pro, a purchase planned for August. In addition to replacing my kludgy, intermittently crashing, elderly laptop, the new Surface Pro include THE PEN. Handwriting with THE PEN in One Note or Word can be converted to digital text. THE PEN can be used like a pencil to draw sharp lines or to shade sketched objects. It will be my final disconnect with physical writing. I am delighted to read all your comments about decluttering, because I certainly still have clutter and messes that cannot be cleaned up with ink to text handwriting. :) I am a faithful reader and thankful subscriber. I just had to share where I am in my journey. I hope my story, like yours, will bless someone who needs just a little more push to get going. I cannot describe the peace and joy I experience as I declutter. I began to enjoy life more the first day. I look around at the space and light that have opened up for me and smile. Every time I head out somewhere with only my purse, containing my tablet and phone, instead of a big bag of books, notebooks and pens, I give thanks to the Lord above for the people who invented computer technology. I advise everyone to find that big solution waiting somewhere behind or among the paper pileup in their own lives.


Pada September 2010 lalu, perhatian masyarakat dunia tertuju pada 33 penambang di Chili yang terkubur di kedalaman lebih dari 700 meter di bawah permukaan bumi. Namun akhirnya satu demi satu penambang berhasil diselamatkan dengan menggunakan kapsul ‘Phoenix’.
Kejadian itu berawal sejak tanggal 5 Agustus 2010 dan akhirnya dapat diselamatkan pada tanggal 14 Oktober 2010. Baru kali ini publik melihat 33 orang mampu bertahan hidup dalam kegelapan di bawah tanah selama lebih dari dua bulan, setelah jalur keluar-masuk tempat mereka bekerja tertimbun bebatuan. Determinasi dan daya juang para pekerja untuk tetap bertahan hidup menunggu pertolongan, diliput langsung oleh lebih dari dua ribu jurnalis dari mancanegara, langsung dari area pertambangan San Jose, di padang gurun Atacama. Pemimpin penambang Luis Urzua menjadi penambang terakhir yang diangkat dengan selamat. Proses evakuasi memakan waktu hingga 22 jam 37 menit.
Bahkan Aktor kondang Brad Pitt sangat terkesan dengan kisah 33 penambang Chili yang berhasil selamat setelah terkubur hidup-hidup selama 69 hari di dalam perut bumi. Pitt pun berniat untuk mengangkat kisah mereka menjadi sebuah film nyata di tahun depan.
Namun tahukah publik dunia…dibalik kejadian itu ada keterlibatan Invisible hand yang sangat berperan di dalamnya. Allah berkehendak lain, Dia mengirimkan Aulia-aulia pilihannya untuk membuka mata dunia tentang sebuah spiritualitas sejati. Kisah nyata inilah yang dialami oleh 33 penambang itu. Di kedalaman perut bumi, ditengah keputus asaan mereka tentang upaya penyelamatan manusia modern, tiba-tiba saja muncul ditengah-tengah mereka seorang Aulia Allah zaman ini. Seorang Sultan Aulia, mursyid sejati thoriqoh Naqshabandi Haqqani dari sanad mata rantai emas ke 40, Maulana Syaikh Muhammad Nazim Adil Haqqani yang datang menghibur hati mereka. Syaikh Nazim memberikan siraman ruhani dan akhirnya di kedalaman perut bumi itu mereka ber syahadat dan serta merta ber bay’at di tangan beliau. Selanjutnya ke 33 orang penambang itu diberikan sebuah kalung tawuz, azimmah yang digantungkan di leher mereka masing-masing. Sampai akhirnya mereka terselamatkan oleh tim relawan, tawuz/azimmah itu tetap melekat di leher mereka.
Kenyataannya selanjutnya, stasiun tivi dunia yang dikuasai oleh sebagian besar Yahudi dan Nasrani yang ikut meliput peristiwa bersejarah itu menutup-nutupi peran spiritual ini. Sampai pada akhirnya dunia dibuat takjub ketika para penambang itu mengakui bahwa hanya kekuatan Ilahillah mereka terselamatkan dari bencana ini. Para penambang itu tidak mengunjungi Dalai Lama, Paus Paulus atau orang suci lainnya, tapi mereka mengunjungi seorang tua renta di pulau terpencil yang jauh dari keramaian kota besar. Mereka bersimpuh di kaki syaikh Nazim. ke 33 penambang itu mengutus 2 orang temannya untuk berkunjung, menemui sultanul Aulia Syaikh Muhammad Nazim Adil Haqqani di pulau kecil Ciprus (Turki) untuk mengucapkan terimakasih atas peran spiritual beliau ketika berada di dalam perut bumi itu. Mereka disambut hangat oleh syaikh nazim di kediamannya lefke Ciprus dalam beberapa hari dan akhirnya terjadillah dialog antara beliau dengan para penambang dan 2 stasiun TV swasta FOX TV…..
KETIKA ITU Maulana Syaikh Nazim menyambut dengan hangat dua penambang Chili – Brother Omar Raygaldo, pemimpin dari kelompok penambang yang terperangkap didalam lubang berkedalaman 700 m, dan kawannya Dario.  “Duduklah,” kata Maulana sambil tertawa, saat menyambut mereka dengan penuh cinta.
* Maulana memulai percakapan dengan memuji Nama Allah, dan berterima kasih kepada-Nya untuk keajaiban yang indah ini. Para penambang telah bertahan selama 70 hari, terkubur 700 meter di bawah bumi, tanpa udara segar, dan hanya minum air tercemar untuk bertahan hidup. Dengan nyaris tanpa makanan, dengan udara yang menyesakkan gerah dan panas, didalam lubang yang gelap gulita dan udara yang mencekik, semua 33 penambang berhasil keluar hidup-hidup, masing-masing muncul dengan memakai kalung tradisional Naqsybandi tawiz segitiga di leher mereka, karena sebelumnya Maulana telah mengirim kepada 33 buah Tawiz ini ketika mereka masih terjebak didalam tanah.
Maulana berdoa bahwa setiap orang yang melihat akan mengakui keberadaan Spiritualitas dan mukjizat Allah, setelah menyaksikan acara ini yang telah diliput luas oleh semua media dunia,
* Maulana mengungkapkan bahwa ia telah diberitahu tentang kecelakaan ditambang itu dan kejadian yang mengerikan yang menimpa penambang dimnalam hari. Mawlana segera berdoa untuk mereka, dan dia mengirim salah satu Wali utamanya sebagai salah satu dari 313 Wali Besar (313 Rijallallah) di seluruh dunia, dan memintanya untuk menemani para penambang. Akhirnya, tidak hanya satu Rijallallah yang datang, tetapi ada tujuh dari makhluk tak kasat mata dikirim ke lokasi tambang itu. Maulana menyuruh salah satu dari Rijalallah untuk menginformasikan agar para penambang membaca La ila ha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah, dan meminta mereka untuk memakai Naqshbandi Taweez, agar dapat dengan cepat diselamatkan. Inilah pesan penting dan hadiah tawiz kepada mereka di Chile yang bertugas untuk mengirimkan makanan kepada para penambang yang terjebak.
* Alhamdulillah, kata Maulana, pertolongan Allah telah mencapai para penambang, dan membuat penyelamatan mereka tampaknya tidak mungkin, menjadi mungkin. Semua teknologi di bumi tidak akan bisa menyelamatkan tanpa bantuan  Ilahi itu. Bantuan telah mencapai penambang dari tempat tak terduga, melalui tujuh makhluk gaib yang telah dikirimkan kepada mereka.
Ketika kita membaca Ringkasan dari apa yang para penambang ungkapkan, Anda akan melihat begitu banyak mukjizat yang sulit diterima logika manusia. Dan hanya untuk menggambarkan bahwa bertahan hidup seperti suatu cobaan bukan hanya tentang memiliki teknologi
Pada tgl 19 November terjadi  ledakan di sebuah tambang batubara Selandia Baru 29 penambang terperangkap, dan tidak ada yang berhasil keluar hidup-hidup, bahkan tubuh mereka belum ditemukan, meskipun teknologi yang lebih mutakhir tersedia bagi mereka. Jadi ke 33 penambang yang berhasil  keluar hidup-hidup dan sehat dan utuh memang merupakan sebuah keajaiban. Keajaiban ini merupakan sebuah rekor dimana mereka terjebak dibawah bumi untuk waktu cukup  lama,dan dapat bertahan hidup.
* Tujuh mahluk gaib yang tak terlihat di antara para penambang ditunjukkan tanggal yang siksaan mereka akan berakhir, sebagaimana tercantum pada lauh Mahfudz, dan mereka terus memberikan dukungan yang diperlukan untuk kelangsungan hidup ke 33 penambang ini, secara bertahap, sampai tanggal tersebut yang telah ditentukan mereka berhasil keluar dengan selamat. Meskipun penambang melihat banyak kejadian ajaib, Maulana mengatakan bahwa ‘Keajaiban kecil’ telah ditampilkan, karena manusia saat ini memiliki keyakinan yang sangat rendah dalam Spiritualitas, dan mereka tidak akan mampu menanggung mukjizat yang benar-benar besar.
Hanya yang diperlukan untuk dapat bertahan hidup, yang diberikan kepada para penambang. Bahkan saat itu, dunia menjadi saksi bagaimana, atas kehendak Allah, 33 orang selamat dalam kondisi yang sebenarnya dapat merenggut nyawa merekai semua dalam sehari, di bawah kondisi  yang normal. Namun mereka dapat bertahan 17 hari awalnya, tanpa udara segar dan air minum yang bersih dan tanpa makanan yang cukup  dan mereka menghabiskan total 70 hari berada dibawah tanah dan muncul dalam keadaan hidup!
* Maulana mengatakan bahwa ia sangat senang bertemu dua penambang yang datang dari Chili ini. Tanpa bantuan Spiritual dan dukungan dari mahluk yang saleh dan tulus yang dikirim untuk membantu mereka, maka mereka tidak akan pernah bisa berhasil keluar hidup-hidup. Bagi Allah tidak ada yang mustahil, dan doa orang-orang saleh adalah merupakan perantarai (waseelah) sehingga kejadian ini dapat terjadi!
* Dengan mereka (para penambang datang ke sini) maka itu adalah sebuah pembukaan bagi rakyat Chile, dimana banyak dari mereka akan memeluk Islam dan mendalami Spiritualitas setelah ini. Sementara Amerika Utara mereka dikuasai kehidupan yang materialis. Amerika Selatan akan berkembang menjadi sebuah negara yang sangat spiritual. Maulana berdoa bagi mereka, untuk mencapai era Imam Mahdi (as) dan Sayyidina Isa (as), dan insyaallah, pada saat itu, banyak penduduk di Chili akan masuk Islam.
* Maulana memberi mereka masing-masing hadiah sebesar USD $ 500, dan memberi mereka USD tambahan $ 15.500 untuk diberikan kepadai 31 penambang lainnya yang tidak datang dan masih di Chile. Maulana mengatakan bahwa ia berharap untuk memberikan kontribusi kepada mereka setiap bulan, sehingga dapat membantu mereka untuk bekerja yang lain, karena ia tidak ingin mereka kembali bekerja di tambang itu lagi. Dia berharap akan memberikan biaya bulanan bagi mereka untuk membantu mereka memulai beberapa usaha kecil yang dapat mereka tekuni. Dia minta salah satu dari dua penambang itu bahwa ia harus mulai pemeliharaan kambing, dan Maulana akan mengirimkan uang untuk memulai peternakan kambing, dimulai dari 5.00 sampai 1.000 kambing, dan dalam satu tahun, dia akan memiliki 10.000 kambing.
Seorang penambang kemudian mengungkapkan bahwa ia memang telah menjadi petani kambing di masa mudanya! Maulana menyarankan penambang lain untuk memulai usaha kecil, membeli dan menjual kayu dari Argentina. Maulana meyakinkan mereka bahwa ia akan terus mengumpulkan amal untuk mereka, dan bahwa ia tidak akan pernah meninggalkan mereka, ia akan membantu mereka sebanyak mungkin, karena mereka seperti anak-anaknya sendiri di matanya.
* Para penambang memberikan Maulana beberapa hadiah simbolis – sebuah Bendera Chili dengan tanda tangan semua 33 penambang ‘, tanda tangan itu dibuat saat mereka masih terjebak didalam tambang, sebuah bordiran melambangakan bendera Chili, kota Lapaz yang dibuat oleh keluarga mereka pada hari penyelamatan mereka sebagai hadiah bagi Mawlana dan sepotong batu dari atacamita dari tambang San Jose, yang merupakan batu  emas dan tembaga. Mereka berkata kepada Maulana, “Ini hadiah untuk Anda bukan apa-apa dibandingkan dengan semua yang telah Anda lakukan untuk kita, kita tidak pernah bisa membalas kebaikan Anda atas bantuan Anda kepada kami, “Maulana yang rendah hati menjawab, “Pahala kami dikirmkan dari langit, kita adalah hamba yang lemah, semoga Anda bahagia di dunia dan akhirat”.
* Pada akhir pertemuan itu, Maulana menyebut mereka sebagai para  ‘singa’ untuk keberanian mereka dalam  menghadapi seperti siksaan menakutkan didalam tambang. Mawlana mengirim salam untuk semua para penambang, dan menyuruh mereka untuk menggunakanl hatinya, karena seratus ribu penduduk Chili suatu saat akan pergi ke Damaskus dengan perahunya Maulana. Mawlana mengingatkan mereka untuk mencari pekerjaan yang lain yang sederhana, dan jangan  pernah kembali bekerja ditambang lagi, karena, jika mereka terjebak sekali lagi, Maulana berkata, “Kali ini, kami tidak bertanggung jawab.” Maulana berjanji untuk mengirim uang bagi mereka untuk membangun sebuah dergah (tempat dzikir) di Chile juga. Salah satu wanita Chili yang telah menemani para penambang, memohon doa terakhir. “Anak saya hilang dilaut di bulan Mei tahun ini, apakah akau akan melihatnya lagi? ” katanya dengan wajah yang sedih. Maulana berkata, “Ia akan datang, ketika Sayyidina Isa (as) datang, jangan khawatir, “Mawlana menghibur ibu yang berduka. Dia kemudian memberikan Bay’at dan memeluk dua penambang itu.
* Segera setelah pertemuan Maulana, tim TV berbicara kepada dua penambang, meminta mereka mengungkapkan bagaimana perasaan mereka tentang pertemuan dengan Maulana Syaikh Nazim, dan apa yang mereka alami ketika mereka mengambil Bay’at dengan dia. Brother Omar mengatakan bahwa selama Bay’at, dia merasa seolah-olah ia mabuk, dan setelah Bay’at, ia merasa seolah-olah suatu beban besar telah terangkat dari dadanya. Penambang lainnya mengalami sensasi yang sama. Meskipun ia sebelumnya mengalami kesulitan tidur setelah penderitaannya tersekap didalam, ia kagum bahwa di Lefke di tempat Mawlana, ia tidur seperti bayi, sejak tiba di Lefke. Dia menemukan bahwa tinggal di Lefke sangat damai, dan sangat tersentuh oleh begitu banyak waktu mereka bisa bersama Maulana Syaikh Nazim mereka. Dia telah melihat begitu banyak murid menunggu, hanya untuk bisa menghabiskan beberapa menit dengan Maulana, namun mereka diberi kesempatan ulang untuk berrama Maulana, makan malam dengan dia, dan bahkan bepergian dengan dia di mobil dua kali. Ia berterima kasih atas nasihat bijak Maulana yang telah memberinya uang dan ia ingin berbagi dengan keluarganya, terutama untuk meninggalkan sektor pertambangan, untuk mencari rezeki di tempat lain.
* Ketika ditanya bagaimana ia memandang kecelakaan itu sekarang, dia mengatakan bahwa itu tes dan berkah bagi mereka, membawa mereka kembali ke realitas, itu menunjukkan mereka arti hidup dan membawa mereka ke dalam Islam dan kepada Maulana. Dario, penambang lain, bersyukur telah datang, karena baginya ini merupakan perjalanan yang tidak direncanakan, ia menggantikan kedua penambang lainnya, yang telah membatalkan untuk datang ke Lefke, dimenit terakhir!    Al-Fatihah
Maulana’s Meeting with Chilean Miners  19th December 2010
WAWANCARA KEDUA, oleh FOX TV tentang Penambang Chile yang Selamat dan Datang Menemuinya di Siprus PADA HARI Kamis, 23 Des 2010
Syaikh Nazim mengatakan kepada publik demikian “A’udzubillahi minasy syaithanir rajiim Bismillah-hir Rahman-nir Rahiim. Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Saya menyaksikan siaran penyelamatan Penambang Chile malam terakhir di Discovery Channel. Dalam film Dokumenter itu mereka berusaha keras untuk menyingkirkan setiap peran Spiritual atau pesan Ilahi di balik insiden ini. Mereka menekankan tentang teknologi dan kecerdikan para insinyur karena mereka berhasil memecahkan masalah-masalah di lapangan dan kesulitan menerjang untuk menyelamatkan para penambang. Tak ada satu kata pun yang disebutkan tentang keajaiban apa yang ditemui oleh para penambang, apa yang mereka alami atau mereka lihat, bahkan adegan setiap penambang yang muncul dari kapsul dengan mengenakan ta’wiiz yang diberikan oleh Mawlana Syekh Nazim (q), dengan licik telah diedit oleh mereka, sehingga tidak satu frame gambar pun dari setiap penambang yang memakai sebuah ta’wiiz ditampilkan selama film Dokumenter yang panjang itu ditayangkan.
Mawlana menegaskan tentang hal ini dalam wawancara berikut ini, menjelaskan bahwa teknologi itu bukanlah alasan yang utama untuk kelangsungan hidup para penambang. Semua itu adalah Kehendak Sang Pencipta, dan setiap orang yang skeptis, mata mereka buta oleh kekuatan spiritual dan mereka harus mengakui bahwa banyak hal yang terjadi sepanjang seluruh kejadian ini yang, berada di luar pemahaman manusia.
Mawlana Syekh Nazim (q) memulai wawancara ini dengan melampiaskan kekecewaan bagaimana kru CNN sehari sebelumnya datang mewawancarai beliau dan memperlakukannya dengan kasar. Beliau mengatakan bahwa, jika stasiun TV ingin mewawancarai Kepala Dokter di Rumah Sakit tentang hal-hal medis, maka mereka paling tidak harus mengirimkan pewawancara yang memiliki beberapa pengetahuan Kedokteran, sehingga ia bisa mengajukan pertanyaan yang relevan dan akan mengetahui jargon medis. Dalam setiap bidang keahlian, yang mewawancarai harus  akrab dengan subjek dan terminologi orang yang diwawancarai.
Ambil contoh untuk operasi misalnya, atau tentang olahraga karate, fisika, nuklir, dan memasak ala Jepang – maka seorang pewawancara yang tidak memiliki pengetahuan sebelumnya dari bidang-bidang tertentu akan membuat bodoh dirinya sendiri, dan membiarkan pemirsa berubah menjadi kesal, ini persis apa yang dilakukan pewawancara dari CNN itu. Ia tidak mengetahui apa-apa tentang Spiritualitas dan agama, dan meminta informasi apapun bagi pemirsa untuk  belajar.
Mawlana berkata, bahkan jika seseorang tidak tahu apa-apa tentang topik tersebut, setidaknya, orang itu harus bersikap sopan dan hormat, bahkan dalam aspek ini, reporter CNN gagal total untuk melakukannya. Malulah ia pada dirinya.
Pewawancara FOX TV:
Mengapa para penambang Chile datang ke sini untuk bertemu  dengan Anda?
Mawlana Syekh Nazim (q):
Memang tidak mudah menjelaskan hal-hal rohani karena salah satu kebutuhan untuk memiliki iman atau untuk memahami hal-hal tersebut. Mungkin beberapa dari mereka telah melihat saya berada di dalam tambang itu, sementara yang lain mungkin  bermimpi bertemu dengan saya. Bahkan jika saya harus memberitahu Anda, bahwa saya memang telah berada di tambang sejak hari pertama kecelakaan itu terjadi, apakah Anda percaya? Apakah pendengar percaya pada saya? Ini adalah Kehendak Allah, jadi bagaimana bisa orang yang mengatakan, “Itu tidak mungkin!”  Orang-orang abad ke-21, mereka kebanyakan tidak beriman, mereka menolak  Spiritualitas, namun mereka tidak bisa menjelaskan bagaimana saya datang dan melakukan kontak dengan para penambang di bawah permukaan bumi. Dari sudut pandang filsafat material, tidak dapat dijelaskan atau dipahami.
Dunia memiliki mata yang terlatih untuk melihat bencana ini. Di mana-mana, orang melihat dan menunggu. Di sebuah lubang yang sempit sekitar 25 meter persegi, di sebuah lubang terpencil di perut bumi yang tidak layak untuk menunjang kehidupan manusia, mereka bertahan selama 70 hari. Bagaimana bisa?
Mereka tidak punya udara segar, dan tidak ada saluran untuk udara, namun mereka merasakan ada hembusan udara yang mencapai mereka, setiap kali mereka merasa bahwa mereka tercekik pernapasannya selalu ada hembusan udara segar. Bagaimana dan apa yang terjadi? Mereka seharusnya mati kelaparan dan kehausan? Mereka telah terkontaminasi air industri, air dan udara yang tidak layak bahkan untuk mencuci kulit mereka, untuk minum. Dan mereka minum selama 17 hari tanpa ada yang jatuh sakit. Mereka memiliki sedikit makanan, hanya dua sendok tuna setiap 24 jam, namun semua orang merasa disegarkan dan merasa kenyang dengan jumlah makanan yang sedikit. Bagaimana itu bisa terjadi, jika tidak ada Bantuan Ilahiah turun kepada mereka?
Para penambang itu menceritakan sebuah cerita, bahwa ada tiga pendaki gunung yang mendaki gunung, dan kemudian terperangkap di puncak gunung.Mereka kelaparan dan kehausan, mereka memakan mayat seorang pendaki untuk bertahan hidup. Ini adalah pendaki di medan terbuka, terjebak untuk waktu yang singkat, namun mereka melakukan tindakan seperti untuk bertahan hidup. Jadi bagaimana 33 orang kelaparan – pada satu titik dan hanya makan dua sendok makan ikan tuna setiap 72 jam? Mengapa mereka tidak merenungkan untuk saling membunuh untuk bertahan hidup, sementara mereka berada di sebuah ruang yang menyesakkan napas mereka dan tertutup selama 70 hari? Apa yang membuat mereka bahagia, merasa puas, kenyang dan damai? Apakah Teknologi? Saya pikir tidak.
Tanpa Bantuan sesuatu kekuatan yang tak terlihat yang telah Dia kirim, maka para penambang akan lama menyerang satu sama lain dan mereka akan makan satu sama lain dalam rasa lapar yang tak tertahankan oleh mereka, sampai bahkan tulang-tulang yang mati, tidak akan dapat kalian temukan!
Dalam panas ruang sempit yang mengerikan dan juga bau busuk, orang-orang itu dapat tidur nyenyak, dan kemudian mengatakan bahwa mereka bangun setiap hari, anehnya mereka penuh energi dan tetap bersemangat, segar dan termotivasi. Bagaimana hal itu bisa terjadi? Apakah Teknologi?
Para penambang telah mengalami begitu banyak kejadian aneh dan insiden yang tidak dapat mereka jelaskan. Namun, dunia ini penuh dengan orang-orang yang akan menutup mata, dan menyisihkan semua keajaiban sebagai kebetulan.
Orang-orang tidak memiliki iman dalam Spiritualitas, mereka tidak memiliki iman dengan Tuhan. Ini adalah Dia, Sang Maha Pencipta orang-orang ini, yang ingin mereka terus hidup, dan itu dengan kehendak dan IzinNya, bahwa mereka berhasil keluar dengan selamat. Inilah sebuah keajaiban, ini adalah pesan dari Tuhan, untuk semua Manusia, untuk membuat mereka percaya atau jika mareka tidak percaya Tuhan maka mereka termasuk orang-orang kafir. Siapapun yang menolak Spiritualitas, maka level mereka berada di bawah tingkat hewan.
Hari ini, Alhamdulillah, para penambang ini percaya Spiritualitas, mereka percaya pada Allah SWT. Mereka yang datang kepada saya, mereka datang karena mereka telah melihat saya berada di dalam tambang itu. Mereka melihat. Mereka ingin bertemu dengan Guru Spiritual yang telah menemani mereka melalui segala penderitaan mereka selama terjebak di dalam tambang, mereka ingin melihat Spiritual Power yang telah mereka lihat.
Tak satu pun dari penambang itu yang pergi ke Tibet (untuk memenuhi DalaiLama). Tidak ada juga yang pergi ke Paus. Tidak ada pergi ke pendeta Kristen atau Rabbi Yahudi. Atau ke pusat Spiritual lainnya untuk masalah ini. Mereka datang ke sini, ke pulau Siprus yang terpencil dan dilupakan banyak orang, di mana seorang pria tua yang lemah, dan tidak dikenal, tinggal. Hanya karena Keinginan-Nya, bahwa apa yang terjadi di tambang itu terjadi. Dan Dialah yang ingin mereka hidup, Dialah yang membiarkan mereka hidup! Orang bebas untuk menerima hal ini atau menolaknya. Allah telah mengirim mereka para penambang ini untuk ke sini kepada seseorang yang diberi kewenangan, yang diberi kekuatan Ilahi untuk pergi ke mana pun di muka bumi ini, menurut kehendak-Nya.
Orang tersebut diberi Kekuatan material dan Kekuatan Spiritual, ia bisa  menyelesaikan misi apapun. Mereka adalah sahabat Allah, orang-orang Suci, dan jika seseorang adalah orang suci, para Wali, seseorang yang memiliki koneksi dengan dunia Spiritual. Seperti seseorang diberkati dengan material dan kekuatan spiritual, maka dalam sekejap mata, ia bisa mencapai Chile, Australia, atau Kutub Selatan. Dengan Izin-Nya, seseorang hamba yang lemah dapat pergi ke mana saja, ia bahkan dapat berjalan di atas air seperti Sayyidina Isa (Yesus Kristus as).
Dewasa ini orang yang menolak-Nya, menolak Tuhannya sendiri yang menciptakan dia, orang seperti itu tidak pernah bisa mengerti apa-apa tentang hal-hal seperti itu! Orang-orang seperti berada di tingkat binatang, dan mereka selalu berpikir bahwa mereka adalah sesuatu. Orang-orang hari ini menolak gagasan bahwa mereka lemah. Jika memang Anda kuat, mengapa Anda harus mati, mengapa Anda tidak hidup selamanya?
Dengar! Mereka, semua penambang itu akan meninggal pada hari pertama, jika tidak ada dukungan surgawi bagi mereka. Ada keajaiban terjadi di sana. Para penambang itu dikirimkan Ta’wiiz oleh saya dan mereka diperintahkan untuk membaca La ilaha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah (kalimat syahadat) sehingga mereka bisa diselamatkan. Mereka mengambil salib mereka dan kemudian menggantungkan sebuah ta’wiiz Naqsybandi di leher mereka sebagai gantinya. Setiap penambang ke luar dari tambang, mengenakan Ta’wiiz itu!
Jadi pesan untuk manusia yang sinis hari ini, dan mereka yang skeptis – jika Anda tidak dapat menjelaskan suatu kejadian aneh, jangan hanya melihat kesamping. Berpikirlah tentang hal ini, itu yang dapat membuka mata Anda kepada sesuatu yang sangat istimewa. Hal ini sudah cukup dibuktikan bahwa dua dari para penambang ini datang dari negeri yang jauh, datang ke sini. Mereka telah memeluk Islam, dan mereka telah diberi nama Muslim saat ini.
Pewawancara FOX:
Kami mendengar ada kejadian serupa di Cina. Ada orang Turki dari Turkmenistan, yang selalu disiksa oleh pemerintah Cina. Setiap kali mereka disetrum maka tiba-tiba listrik padam di tempat itu, dan orang ini akan melihat Anda (Syekh Nazim). Kami mendengar ia datang ke sini untuk bertemu Anda juga setelah ia berhasil melarikan diri dari penjara Cina itu.
Ya, dia datang ke sini dan dia masih di sini (di Zawiyah bawah). Anda mungkin dapat juga mewawancarainya jika itu yang Anda inginkan.
Jadi banyak yang datang menemui Anda, Syekh Nazim Effendi?
Mereka yang bisa datang, akan datang. Dan bagi mereka yang tidak bisa datang (karena kemiskinan, kesehatan, atau dalam penganiayaan) maka saya yangakan menjangkau mereka di manapun mereka berada.
Ketika para penambang datang untuk mengunjungi Anda, apa yang mereka lakukan, apa yang terjadi?
Mereka mencium tangan saya, mereka duduk di depan saya, dan mereka menangis. Dan saya berkata, “Ya Ghaaliban maghluub ghaira! Wahai Dia yang tidak bisa dikalahkan! Engkau telah mengirimkan dua penambang di sini, untuk mengajarkan seluruh dunia, tentang Spiritualitas dan keimanan serta takdir-MU,
“Wahai orang yang tak memilki iman, kalian harus datang untuk percaya.” Seluruh kejadian ini dirancang untuk menghancurkan orang-orang kafir dan ateis. Ketergantungan mereka pada dunia materialistik, dunia teknologi, untuk semua hal yang terjadi yang tidak dapat mereka jelaskan, kecuali dengan Spiritualitas.
Semua orang yang berdiri di atas ketidakpercayaan, tidak memiliki dasar dalam kehidupan, mereka adalah manusia yang bodoh. Ketika manusia dihadapkan dengan peristiwa ajaib seperti ini. Peristiwa di Chile ini untuk menunjukkan danmenghancurkan benteng pertahanan mereka yang kafir yang tidak memilki kepercayaan dan keimanan. Para penambang menjadi saksi hidup terhadap peristiwa bersejarah ini.
Aku tahu apa yang terjadi di tambang itu. Dalam keadaan biasa, tidak akan adayang selamat, bahkan untuk satu hari. Tetapi Kekuatan Spiritual mencapai mereka, dan membuat mereka hidup dalam tambang itu. Allah telah mengajarkan  seluruh dunia, sebuah pelajaran dalam iman, dalam keyakinan dalam hal yang gaib.
Pada akhir hikayat ini, para penambang di sini di Siprus. Mereka datang ke sini dan tidak datang kepada tokoh-tokoh lain yang terkenal seperti Paus, paraRabbi, para imam, atau Dalai Lama. Mereka berada di sini, di pulau kecil inijauh-jauh, untuk bertemu seorang lelaki tua yang lemah yang mereka tidak pernah mengenal sebelum kecelakaan itu terjadi. Mengapa? Pikirkan tentang hal ini. Bi hurmati Fatihah.

Foto ketika Syaikh Nazim menerima cenderamata dari 2 orang perwakilan penambang Chili yang terkubur. fhoto bendera negara Chili itu telah ditandatangani oleh ke 33 penambang sebagai ungkapan trimakasih atas peran spiritual beliau ketika musibah yang menimpa mereka terjadi dalam hidup mereka

Foto ketika 2 orang penambang itu mencium tangan suci syaikh nazim sebagai tanda takzim kepada kemuliaan yang diberikan Allah kepada syaikh Nazim Adil Haqqani

Syaikh Nazim dan kedua Khalifah utamanya. syaikh Muhammad Hisyam Kabbani dan syaikh Muhammad Adnan Al-Rabbani. kedua Qutb ini adalah 2 saudara kandung yang diangkat beliau menjadi khalifah utama. sejak umur kurang lebih 10 tahun sudah didalam tarbiyyah syaikh Nazim Al-Haqqani.
“Setiap saat kalian kehilangan kontrol akan diri kalian, atau kalian berada dalam situasi sulit, kalian bisa menghubungi hatiku dan hati GrandSyaikh Abdullah dengan segera. Walaupun kalian hanya membayangkan diriku dan dirinya, maka itu cukup untuk membuka hubungan denganku, aku dan Grand Syaikh Abdullah akan melihat dirimu dengan pandangan kasyafku. Koneksi ini akan menimbulkan sebuah kekuatan yang mengalir dengan cepat di antara kita, dan kalian akan terlindungi, ini seperti memasang steker pada tempatnya, agar teraliri arus listrik.” Kalian bisa memanggil, MADAD YA SAYYID MADADUL HAQQ ”Oh, Syekhku! Oh Grandsyekhku! mendekatlah padaku, aku sedang dalam kesulitan, aku membutuhkan pertolonganmu dengan ijin Allah!” Grandsyekh kalian adalah Sultanul Aulia Naqib Al-ummah Syaikh Maulana`Abdullah Fa’iz Daghestani QS. Ini adalah kalimat yang cukup untuk memanggil beliau dan meminta barakah dan pertolongan tuhan untuk mengalir ke hatimu

Hope. .... Spring is on its way

Pride. .. when she does a discovery. .. meeting her shadow

Love. .. is always on the air

Magic. .. it's in every little moment

Peace. .. in its most purest state

Hi there, how has your week started so far?
Mine has been quite emotional, feeling everything in a very intense way which more than once, it has made me cry
but positive, trying to be aware all the time and not to lose track on my path, knowing that everything it's ok, even those tears that for a bit made me feel in the most deepest sadness are at the same time the most big relief.

And this early week we have had walks, and games around the sunshine, and magic moments. ... and gratitude for all those little things :)

Are you feeling the beginnings of the Spring too?

Let me know if you want, with a comment below.

See you all very soon!

Be very happy!


Lluisa xoxo 

          Future-proofing 'big data' biological research depends on good digital identifiers   
(PLOS) 'Big data' research runs the risk of being undermined by the poor design of the digital identifiers that tag data. A group of worldwide researchers, led by Julie McMurry, at Oregon Health & Science University, has assembled a set of pragmatic guidelines to create, reference and maintain web-based identifiers to improve reproducibility, attribution, and scientific discovery. The guidance, publishing June 29 in the open access journal PLOS Biology helps address the frequent problems associated with persistent identifiers linked to scientific data.
          eHealth Project Manager, Canada (Field-Based Position) - Merck KGaA - Ontario   
EMD Serono, Inc., is the Canadian division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. A career with us is an ongoing journey of discovery:....
From Merck KGaA - Sun, 25 Jun 2017 05:46:24 GMT - View all Ontario jobs
          Our own relationship story (part seven)   
Here is the next installment of our story. For those of you who are new to this website, please note that the story begins with the earliest posts on this blog. So, you might want to read from oldest to newest. The installments are numbered in the title line.

----(Julia's story)

Today (as I write this, it's November 7, 2005) is the 8-year anniversary of a major turning point in Rick's and my early relationship (see the last installment to see what happened), so it seems fitting that I’d finally get around to adding a chapter to the “soulmate saga” today. This time of year, I’m inclined to go back into my files of “Rick mail” and enjoy that magical time again through our writings. He and I both kept every email that passed between us—and, in fact, we keep all the emails we exchange to this day!

As I read the ones from November 7th, 1997, (there are 13 from that day in my files—we were prolific!), it brings back the memories of how my willingness to sacrifice our relationship in order to be in integrity brought such immense energy and clarity and power. At first, even though he’d admitted he’d rather be with me, I was encouraging him to deal with his relationship so that if it was meant to continue, they could continue with integrity. Here are some snippets of our exchange that day:

Yes, OF COURSE you would rather be with me—for now I am the part of you you like the best about yourself. But sooner or later the "uutsy" parts of our relationship—the stuff which reflects what you like least about yourself—is bound to show up. Maybe this is the beginning of that period as I seem to have "lit up" a space in you which you did not want to look at--the part that is afraid of honesty's power to affect others.

It does not change what I know. That is the piece of my being afraid that I did not say on the phone last night. You are doing your best to help us get to a more stable, more buddy-based place to be, and I'm swallowing my tongue because I don't want to spoil the plan. Don't worry, I will do everything I can to be your buddy. I needed, this morning as I read your note, to say this, though. You are everything I never knew I always wanted.

I say this without fear you will think me conceited: I know that I am that to you. It is one reason why it has been frustrating for me that you had not, until last night, expressed any real doubts about your relationship with (girlfriend’s name). It is too big a piece of reality to keep pretending about. It must be a factor in how you proceed with her, not that it needs to split you apart, but it is something which you need to look at about yourself and for yourself so that you can bring the truth of yourself into your relationship with her. And with me.

It was good to hear you admit that you feel scared about (girlfriend’s) insecurities—I want you to be real with me—which is tantamount to being real with yourself. I am hoping that you will always remain honest with yourself and true to yourself when it comes to (girlfriend). It is the only way to help her. Loving her, but not giving up who you are to cater to her insecurities is the only way in the long run. You don't want to spend your life trying to convince someone of something that has to come from within her—that she is worthy. If she is not up to being really, really honest, then she is not--your relationship is not—what either of you need.

I know. And, more than anything, I'm scared of the hurt. Not for me... somehow, pain and I became so well-acquainted in my late teens and early twenties that I know I can handle it. I see too much hurt... too much pain, and my name right out front on the marquee: Pain, starring Rick Hamrick. This has always been the hardest thing for me to do: do what is right for me, knowing that it will hurt someone else. Instead, I try to avoid the infliction and take it on, myself.

Wow. He tries to be a super-hero. "I can withstand the pain! I will protect all from their feelings and their growth opportunities so that I won't have to bear the pain of seeing their pain!" I know you see the bogus-ness in that. The ironic part is their pain is going to be their pain in the end, just all saved up for them in a huge wallop instead of in manageable doses they can deal with as it comes...

If your relationship is really going to work past the first blush of discovery and fascination and infatuation, you had better--both of you--be ready to give it all up at any minute in order to let the Truth have its way. That, in my opinion, is the only way your (or any other) relationship has any chance at all of being a Big-Love caliber relationship—which I know you are VERY capable of and ready for—at least that is my projection in the matter.

Indeed, he was ready. I will share how we got from the “Julia as buddy/relationship coach” phase, to the “We have GOT to be together” phase in the next installment.

How true the old saying is, “If you love something, let it go free. If it is yours, it will return to you...” I certainly found that out on Nov. 7, 1997. It’s one of the most powerful lessons I ever learned. That, and that taking a stand for the truth—for integrity—is a gigantic frequency booster! I was one joyful woman that day! While I was coaching him about his relationship from a very clear space, I knew deep in my heart that he was my soulmate and that ours was "Big Love."

----(Rick's story)

While Julia goes for the higher vision of what we were up to at this time in our relationship—and I was right there with her much of the time—there was still one little problem to be dealt with: I was in a relationship, even if by this point in the evolution of our (Julia’s and mine) relationship, I absolutely knew where I belonged. It wasn’t with the person I was with at the time.

I’ll admit right here in front of anyone who wanders by that the prospect of ending a relationship simply frightened me no end. Let’s face it, I was in my 40’s by the time Julia and I met, so it’s not like I had not already had a good many years of being in relationships with women. Here’s the key, though: not once in those 30 years of relationships had I been the one who decided it was over. Never.

There was a moment in my life when I was in my 20’s and talking with my best friend, when the realization hit me that I had not been in a relationship with a woman that I had instigated! I did manage to figure out that side of the relationship cycle—after all, that’s the fun part, when you first meet someone and decide you want to get to know each other better—and become active participant instead of leaf carried wherever the current goes. At some point we all have to reach a level of maturity where we are, at least at the human level, driving our lives some of the time (please note that this entire soliloquy is not coming from my Higher Self for the most part, but from my small, human, duality-living self, and that’s okay. I’m talking about a time in my life when I was much less able to stay with something higher for very long).

So, as Julia quoted in her description of that time, we had reached a point where I was professing my love for her, and she was steering me to complete what I was doing with integrity, whether that meant finding a way to remain with the person I was in relationship with, or finding a way to come out of it ethically and responsibly.

Not so coincidentally I have come to know, my then-girlfriend had been sick for a few days and had insisted that I not drive down to see her and help her (I’m a pretty good nurse, able to heat a can of soup or fix some dry toast without hurting myself or wrecking the kitchen, and able to comfort those in need without losing patients [sorry…it came out of the keyboard that way so it must be God making a joke]). While I was certainly willing to drive down (she lived 60 miles from me) and take care of her, she was quite insistent that I not do so.

Here we were at this pause in everyone’s life who was intimately involved with this little drama: my girlfriend sick and not wanting to see me, my soulmate (Julia) declining yet to accept the love I was fully committed to offering her until she did, and me wondering what the heck I was doing in the driver’s seat! At that moment, I knew why I had let events take their own course so many times in the past: it beat the heck out of steering when the road was unfamiliar and had no guardrails to keep things headed in the right direction. Scary? You bet!

No doubt, regardless of how much I knew of it at the time, there was Higher Wisdom at work in this case. There always is, if we are willing to be quiet and hear the soft persistent voice speaking from our hearts.

All was in readiness finally. Julia was coaching me to act in integrity, my girlfriend was finally willing to have me come down and have dinner with her, and I was preparing for an experience I had never had in my many years on the planet.

I’ll pick up from here when Julia is next inspired to continue the story!
          Romanian sex workers to be deported following immigration offences   
THREE Romanian women are to be deported following the discovery of two brothels at separate locations in Swindon.
          Cronyism is Killing America   
Cronyism Kills

The growth of America’s government may soon be outpaced by growth of the average waistline new indicators reveal. Rates of obesity have been increasing over the past several decades, but are now reaching some incredible levels. Currently it's estimated that well over one-third of adults are classified as obese and nearly two-thirds are classified as overweight. Perhaps more distressing is the recent discovery that one in six children are suffering from obesity.

Voices in Congress are now calling for action to take on the growing epidemic, but as usual the government’s so called solution fails to address the root of the problem.

The Treat and Reduce Obesity Act is the latest reincarnation of a bipartisan effort to alter how the federal government handles obesity. Advocates claim that by expanding funding for weight reduction focused medication that obesity can finally be defeated.

In actuality the bill is little more than a cash grab by pharmaceutical companies who have been lobbying Democratic leadership for years for another expansion of the deeply flawed Medicare Part D. Even if the bill is passed it will have only a marginal impact on national health and actually increase healthcare spending according to the government’s own estimates.

So if increasing corporate welfare to politically connected pharmaceutical companies won’t defeat obesity, what will? Reducing corporate welfare to politically connected agricultural companies.

Congress is in a committed love affairs with major agriculture corporations and has been for years. Every year, billions of dollars are funneled to major firms that produce select crops, notably corn and soy. Subsidies to corn, as it turns out, incentivize over production of the crop, which in turns leads the industry to attempt and find a use for the excess product.

More often than not, large quantities of corn, or its byproducts, are turned into junk food with little to no nutritional value. Agricultural subsidies, in their current form, are in effect creating and fueling the obesity epidemic in America.

The unsavory consequences of these policies have been widely studied and been made readily available to lawmakers. Leaders in other industrialized nations have taken note and are not facing the same magnitude of issues surrounding weight in their nations.

By interfering in the market process and providing artificial incentives to create unhealthy products lawmakers are directly culpable in the rising rates of obesity and related health problems. Creating an artificial demand for low nutritional food has flooded the market with low quality products that are a major contributor to the current public health crisis. In effect Congress is choosing to prioritize corporate profits over the nation’s health.

If Congressional leaders are serious about reducing the burgeoning rates of obesity facing the country they will abandon crony projects like the Treat And Reduce Obesity Act and go after the root of the problem. Corporate welfare and crony capitalism are literally killing Americans in mass by artificially inflating the market with unhealthy food, expanding the handouts to more industries will not solve the problem.

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          Integrating Structured Data Into the E-Discovery Process   
Exterro, Inc.
          Mandatory Initial Discovery Pilot: A Game-Changer That Screams Out For Early Case Assessment   
Valorem Law Group LLC
          BP drops interest in Katambi discovery offshore Angola   
E&P News
BP drops interest in Katambi discovery offshore Angola OGJ Exploration News

BP PLC has relinquished its 50% interest in Block 24/11 offshore southern Angola after determining the 2014 Katambi gas discovery to be uncommercial.

Read more more ... Statistics : 1 Post || 4 Views Post by NewsPoster
          Setapp At 5 Months: 10,000 Users and Better App Discovery comment by Ian Turnbull   
I appreciate your kindness and time in replying. I understand the sensitivities involved. You also make a valid point about comments from users.
          Setapp At 5 Months: 10,000 Users and Better App Discovery comment by Adam Engst   
Thanks for the support!

We try to be sensitive about international issues, but there's a limit to what we can know. Forecast Bar, for instance, seems perfectly happy to provide forecasts for London in both the UK and Ontario. If its forecasts do exist but aren't great, that's nearly impossible for us to discover in advance (but easy for users to note in comments to help other readers).

MacPaw is based in Ukraine, so I'm sure they're aware of app that are too U.S.-centric as well.
          Setapp At 5 Months: 10,000 Users and Better App Discovery comment by Ian Turnbull   
I am proud to subscribe to, and receive tidbits. With no offence intended, may I just point out that your audience is potentially world-wide and that many of the apps - forecast bar is a prime example - are of minimal use in the UK. Sure I can buy it here from the UK App Store, but its coverage of the UK verges on the hopeless. And this is even more obvious if you live outside a major city. A caveat about coverage would be helpful.
          Diaries may solve 'Young Mona Lisa' mystery   

A package of diaries could contain clues to the controversial portrait, but the diaries themselves have a questionable provenance.A package of diaries could contain clues to the controversial portrait, but the diaries themselves have a questionable provenance.

          Taking Stock   
Phil and I recently cleared out and defrosted our deep freezer in anticipation of our annual quarter-cow purchase from a local farmer. In the midst of organizing, using up, or throwing out Parmesan rinds that I saved in 2008 and was sure I would use to flavor soups, five bags of edamame, a large stock of beef from last year's cow, and various other treasures, I made a gruesome discovery. The chicken carcasses I'd been saving for making stock "some day" created a veritable graveyard of Ziploc-enclosed body bags stacked at the back corner of the freezer. This macabre collection needed to be used up or thrown out, and some Depression-era gene couldn't let me just toss what I felt held potential for putting up stock.

Up to this point, I'd made stock once. Using the soup bones that had amassed with our cow delivery, I followed Julia's recipe in The Way to Cook. The recipe took our biggest pot, two years of soup bones, lots of vegetables, and six precious weekend hours. For my effort, I got two quarts of stock. Lovely stock, but the thought of devoting the next eight weekends to chicken stock wore me out.

Then I found the slow cooker recipe on NourishingDays, and I've since become a stock junkie, using up the chicken bones, as well as a turkey carcass from a turkey breast also found in the freezer. The stock is now frozen (in our newly defrosted and recently restocked freezer), lined up in quart canning jars, and waiting for winter soup making. It's crazy-easy, and because it uses kitchen leftovers, virtually free. I'm tickled pink every time I make stock. Tickled. Pink.

I now keep a gallon Ziploc bag in my main freezer in our kitchen, and all the stock-appropriate scraps from vegetables and herbs go in there: onion skins, half a rosemary stalk, carrot peelings, celery that's gone limp.

Here's how to make it:

Easy-Peasy Slow Cooker Stock

Two chicken carcasses, or whatever will fit in your slow cooker
1 to 2 Tbsp. apple cider vinegar
A couple handfuls of frozen vegetable leavin's

Put the chicken carcasses in the slow cooker, and add enough water to cover. Pour in the vinegar, cover, and let it sit, without turning on the slow cooker, for about an hour. This tip from lets you extract some of the nutrients from the bones. After an hour, add a couple handfuls of the vegetable droppings you've saved for stock, cover, and turn to low. Leave it alone for 24 hours. After 24 hours, strain through a coffee filter, paper towel, or cheesecloth, and either use the stock in a couple days, or freeze for later.

Used to be I'd buy organic stock at Costco. Six four-cup (e.g.,one quart) boxes are around $10. This recipe in my cooker usually gives me about two quarts. FOR FREE, as I keep reiterating to my long-suffering husband. Just kitchen scraps. And water. I so love this.
          West Virginia: Giant Hellbender Salamander Discovery from Brave Wilderness   
Coyote Peterson and Tim Brust capture and examine a Hellbender salamander and then release back to a West Virginia river at an undisclosed location. The hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) is also known as the hellbender salamander — a species of aquatic giant salamander endemic to West Virginia and eastern North America. Coyote Peterson and Field Herpetologist […]
          NASA Responds to InfoWars Claim: We Don’t Have Child Sex Slaves on Mars   

For the second time this week, NASA has had to shut down ridiculous claims about the organization.

“There are no humans on Mars. There are active rovers on Mars. There was a rumor going around last week that there weren’t. There are. But there are no humans,” spokesperson for Mars exploration at NASA Guy Webster told The Daily Beast after claims were made on Alex Jones’ “The Alex Jones Show” that there was a colony of kidnapped children on Mars.

On Thursday, Jones hosted Robert David Steele on his radio program. “We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20-year ride,” Steel said. “So that once they get to Mars they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.”

If you find the idea of children slaves on Mars to be outlandish and bizarre, remember who the messenger is: Jones, a known conspiracy theorist. In the past, he propagated the Pizzagate scandal — another debunked conspiracy having to do with a made-up child sex ring. He has also denied that the Sandy Hook massacre was real.

Apparently Jones was comfortable supporting Steele’s theory because “Look, I know that 90 percent of the NASA missions are secret and I’ve been told by high level NASA engineers that you have no idea. There is so much stuff going on,” he said on his show.

NASA’s reassurance that, no, there are no humans on Mars, comes just days after the organization had to shut down rumors of alien activity as well. After a YouTuber posted a video saying that NASA was on the verge of announcing the discovery of alien life, a NASA spokesperson told The Washington Post: “While we’re excited about the latest findings from NASA’s Kepler space observatory, there’s no pending announcement regarding Extra-Terrestrial life.”

You can watch the “Info Wars” video with Jones and Steele below. (The space conspiracy is mentioned around the three-minute mark):

Related stories from TheWrap:

Ratings: Megyn Kelly's Alex Jones Interview Struggles Against US Open Golf

Megyn Kelly Needles Alex Jones on Sandy Hook: 'You're Trying to Have It All Ways'

Alex Jones Sends Condolences to Sandy Hook Families Before Megan Kelly Interview

Connecticut NBC Station Won't Air Megyn Kelly Interview With Alex Jones

          ‘Hawaii Five-0’ Cast Shakeup: Daniel Dae Kim and Grace Park to Exit   

“Hawaii Five-0” is losing two core members of its force.

Daniel Dae Kim and Grace Park are leaving the CBS procedural ahead of Season 8. Viewers will get an update on characters Chin Ho Kelly (Kim) and Kono Kalakaua (Park) during the premiere on Sept. 29.

Showrunner Peter Lenkov said he will miss working with the two cast members.

“I will never forget meeting Daniel while still writing the pilot and being certain there was no other actor who I’d want to play Chin Ho Kelly,” Lenkov said in a statement. “Needless to say, Daniel has been an instrumental part of the success of ‘Hawaii Five-0’ over the past seven seasons, and it has personally been a privilege to know him.”

Lenkov continued, “Grace’s presence gave ‘Hawaii Five-0’ a beauty and serenity to each episode. She was the consummate collaborator, helping build her character from day one. They will always be ohana [Hawaiian for ‘family’] to us, we will miss them and we wish them both all the best.”

CBS said in a statement that the network is “so appreciative of Daniel and Grace’s enormous talents, professional excellence and the aloha spirit they brought to each and every one of our 168 episodes. They’ve helped us build an exciting new ‘Hawaii Five-0,’ and we wish them all the best and much success in their next chapters.  Mahalo and a hui hou …”

“Hawaii Five-0” launched in September 2010 and is a reboot of the original series that signed off in 1980 after 12 seasons. It stars Alex O’Loughlin (Steve McGarrett), Scott Caan (Danno Williams), Chi McBride (Lou Grover) and Jorge Garcia (Jerry Ortega).

Masi Oka (Max Bergman) left the show during Season 7.

“Hawaii Five-0” returns for Season 8 on Friday, Sept. 29, on CBS.

Related stories from TheWrap:

CBS Renews Entire Daytime Lineup: 'Y&R' Gets 3 More Seasons, 2 for 'Price Is Right'

CBS Sets Fall Premiere Dates for 2017-18 Schedule

Watch Trailers for 'Star Trek: Discovery,' 'Young Sheldon,' More New Shows Hitting CBS (Videos)

CBS CEO Thinks Network is Doing 'A Good Job' on Women's Diversity

          6/30/2017: SHORT CUT: Go easy on options   

The Discovery Sport shares its platform with the Evoque and rolls out of the same UK factory (the new Discovery is based on the bigger Range Rover architecture). The Disco Sport’s versatility — it has five and seven-seat versions with diesel or petrol...
          Answering discovery you first object to   
A pet peeve of mine is attorneys who begin discovery responses with a list of boilerplate objections. Recently I received interrogatory answers from two separate attorneys who I actually respect with such lists. One response began: This response is submitted by Plaintiff subject to and without in any way waiving or intending to waive, but […]
           A Quote from Nikola Tesla and a Meeting Announcement   
I am currently reading "A Rabble of Dead Money" which is a depiction of the financial, military and political threads which ultimately led to the Great Depression in the United States. Excellent read, but a striking quote which comes out of the second chapter is that of Nikola Tesla in reference to Thomas Edison's persistence in discovery - recall that he tested some 3000 variations of the light bulb before finally arriving at the incandescent bulb. Tesla's quote is "a little theory and...

          Care Partner - Vanderbilt University Medical Center - Nashville, TN   
Located in Nashville, Tennessee, and operating at a global crossroads of teaching, discovery and patient care, VUMC is a community of individuals who come to...
From Vanderbilt University Medical Center - Mon, 05 Jun 2017 22:27:15 GMT - View all Nashville, TN jobs
          Native Instruments – Discovery Series India (KONTAKT)   
  DISCOVERY SERIES: INDIA delivers every nuance of traditional Indian music with supreme authenticity and advanced playability. EVERYTHING INDIA Explore a vast library of rhythmic patterns and historic scales, designed for ultimate realism and adaptability. DISCOVERY SERIES: INDIA is a unique collection of superbly sampled percussion and melodic instruments, playable individually or in a finely balanced ensemble. Whether… Read More »
2017-06-30 - more details
          Blog Post: US Law Firms Face Discovery Of Foreign Clients' Records   
The law relating to the taking of discovery directly from U.S. law firms is evolving in favor of disclosure when documents have been provided to third parties. Law firms must be vigilant in handling their clients' documents or face being responsible for producing them to third parties, say Steven Kobre and John Han of Kobre & Kim LLP.
          2017 3.11 Events in Boston   
If you are aware of a 3.11 event that I have not listed, please post a comment with a link to the event or details if the info isn't on a public webpage. I will update this post if I learn of any other events.

This year is the sixth anniversary of the tsunami, earthquake, and nuclear disaster that happened in Japan on March 11, 2011. Fukushima continues to face challenges in the massive clean up at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant which "the Japanese government estimates will take four decades and cost 8 trillion yen ($70.6 billion)". Some people in Tohoku are still living in "temporary housing". Communities have shrunk due to people moving away for jobs and housing and the likelihood of being able to repopulate grows smaller with every passing year.

Although the world's attention has moved on to other disasters, some groups in Boston continue to be involved in educating the public and supporting Japan through this crisis. If you are interested in learning more, please consider attending one of these events. Events are listed in chronological order.

I'm sorry I didn't get this post up soon enough to help publicize The Japan Society of Boston's event, Research and Reflections on Fukushima Today: Recovery Progress Since the Triple Disaster of 03.11.11, which was held on February 21, 2017.

Update 3/1/17: I just learned that MIT Japanese Tea Ceremony will not hold their annual 3.11 Japan Memorial Charity remembrance and fundraising event this year.

3.11 Memorial Event

Tewassa, a Cambridge-based volunteer group that produces "message quilts" for schools and organizations in the Tōhoku region, will be holding a memorial event.

Date & Time
Saturday, March 4, 2017
4:00 - 6:00pm

GrayMist Studio & Shop
364 Huron Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138

Public Transit & Parking
GrayMist is accessible by the 72 and 75 buses from Harvard Square. There is free on-street parking along Huron Ave. and neighboring streets.

Children of the Tsunami Screening & Fundraiser for Ashinaga

Children of the Tsunami (watch for free on vimeo)
Directed & written by Dan Reed
2012 | Japan | 59 mins | Documentary  
On March 11th 2011 Japan was hit by the greatest tsunami in a thousand years. Through compelling testimony from 7-10 year-old survivors, this film reveals how the deadly wave and the Fukushima nuclear accident have changed children's lives forever. The story unfolds at two key locations: a primary school where 74 children were killed by the tsunami; and a school close to the Fukushima nuclear plant, attended by children evacuated from the nuclear exclusion zone.

The Tufts Japanese Culture Club's event is a fundraiser to benefit Ashinaga, a Japan-based non-profit that provides financial, educational, and emotional support to children worldwide "who have lost one or both parents as a result of illness, accident/disaster, or suicide, as well as children who have a parent with a disability that prevents them from working". Since 2011, the Tufts JCC* has been very active in fundraising and educating the Tufts community on the ongoing post-3.11 challenges.

Snack Sale & Crane Folding

Stop by the Mayer Campus Center to purchase mochi, cookies and rice crackers! JCC* students will also be folding origami cranes for a senbazuru (one thousand origami cranes) which will be installed later in the Tisch Library.

Date & Time
Thursday, March 9, 2017
noon - 3:00pm

Tufts University
Mayer Campus Center
44 Professors Row, Medford, MA 02155

Children of the Tsunami Film Screening

Date & Time
Thursday, March 9, 2017

Tufts University
Aidekman Arts Center
Alumnae Lounge
40 Talbot Ave., Medford, MA 02155
Directions & Parking

Free, but donations for Ashinaga gratefully accepted.

Voices from the Waves (Nami no Koe) | Shinchimachi

Screening will be followed by Q&A with Ryusuke Hamaguchi, Film Director and Reischauer Institute Resident Fellow.

Moderator: Alexander Zahlten, Associate Professor of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University

Voices from the Waves (Nami no Koe) | Shinchimachi
Directed by Ryusuke Hamaguchi & Ko Sakai
2013 | Japan | 103 mins | Documentary

From 2011 to 2013, RYUSUKE HAMAGUCHI and Ko Sakai conducted a series of interviews with residents in the Tohoku region of northern Japan, an area heavily hit by both the earthquake and tsunami of March 2011. Their research resulted in three films which have since come to be known as the Tohoku Trilogy: The Sound of the Waves (Nami no oto 2011), Voices from the Waves (Nami no koe 2013), and Storytellers (Utau hito, 2013). In Voices from the Waves, residents from the region face the camera in close-up view to deliver recollections of the earthquake and tsunami. Centering on the rich regional folk tradition of storytelling, the film explores the experience of discovery in the encounter between speaker and listener. Through Hamaguchi’s lens, Voices from the Waves poignantly showcases how a single event may live a thousand lives through the act of telling and how different voices can render that one event into similar yet unique pieces of storytelling. This interaction between speaker and listener becomes an empowering and transformative process, an affirmation of human resilience, and provides hope for recovery and a return to normalcy in the region. (Screening time: 103 minutes, Japanese with English subtitles)

Reischauer Institute Japan Forum special film presentation

Date & Time
Friday, March 10, 2017
4:00 - 6:15pm

Harvard University
Kang Room (S050), Japan Friends of Harvard Concourse, CGIS South Bldg., 1730 Cambridge St., Cambridge, MA 02138

トレイン トレイン 


Students from Tohoku University of Art and Design are coming to Boston Children's Museum for the fifth year to mark the anniversary of 3.11. For the third year the students will have an art and friendship exhibit. The public is invited to attend the exhibit opening. The exhibit is open through Monday, September 30, 2017. Children can meet the artists from Japan and engage in a hands-on activity. See photos from 2014 (here and here) when they had fun making monsters. The exhibit is brought to the museum by artist Minatsu Ariga and her “ART THINKING” project team at the university.

Exploring trains as a symbol of determination and kindness carrying HOPE to our Future!
This art exhibition “トレイン トレイン TRAIN TRAIN” invites visitors on an imaginary adventure to our future.

Trains are not quitters. They just keep moving forward every day whether in the rain, in the wind, against the summer heat, or against the winter snow. Trains often remind us of the importance of hard work, patience, tenacity, and willpower.

Trains carry many things and people, and trains help them reach to their destinations. Trains remind us of the importance of kindness, generosity, and compassion for all humanities and the earth we live in.

In this art exhibition, artists use “trains” as their storytellers and welcome us to reflect our lives through exploring those stories. Where is your train going? Between a station and a station, trains connect us together and lead us to our tomorrow with hopes and dreams.... Please also tell us your train stories. What is your train story like? Is it romantic, dynamic, soulful, gentle...?

The artworks in this exhibition are created by the members of the “ART THINKING” project team at Tohoku University of Art & Design in Japan. After the devastating earthquake and tsunami in their hometown in March 2011, they decided to use the special power of ART to make the world a better place and connect with many friends like you! So they bought this exhibition to Boston as their fourth annual international friendship making project.

Our hope is that this exhibition also brings opportunities for the visitors to peek into today’s youth culture and children’s experience in Japan. Visitors are encouraged to make connections and share their own stories. Through this cross-cultural experience in this art exhibition “トレイン トレイン TRAIN TRAIN”, we hope to engage visitors in joyful discovery of learning and foster their appreciation of the world.

Date & Time
Friday, March 10, 2017
6:00 - 8:00pm

Saturday, March 11, 2017
12:00 - 3:00pm

Boston Children's Museum, Japanese House Gallery 
308 Congress St., Boston, MA 02210

Please see the museum's website for admission details.
Please note that "Adults unaccompanied by children must leave proper photo identification at the Admissions Desk. Examples: State Driver’s License or Passport."

Cranes on the Square

Cranes on the Square 2016
This year is the fifth annual Cranes on the Square event organized by local Japanese language teacher Timothy Nagaoka. Volunteers will teach people how to fold origami cranes which will form a temporary public art piece in Copley Square then be collected and delivered to people in the disaster area. See photos from last year's event here.

Date & Time
Sunday, March 12, 2017
11:30am - 4:30pm

Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116

          Exhibit: Twisted Again: The New Kumihimo @ Wedeman Gallery in The Yamawaki Art Center   
Obi braided by Makiko Tada, Japan
Original obi tie method by Matsuko Levin, US
Kimono on loan from the collection of Matsuko Levin

After attending the MFA panel on Kimono Wednesdays on Sunday I dashed off to Newton to the opening reception of Twisted Again: The New Kumihimo, an exhibit of kumihimo art. Kumihimo is a Japanese textile art that traditionally involves the braiding of silk strands to make a cord. The exhibit showcases the work of six female artists from Japan, the US, the UK, and Australia who work with a variety of materials from the more traditional silk to modern materials such as monofilament. The pieces were really diverse and beautiful. It's a little out of the way for those who live in the city, but well worth the trip.

Twisted Again: The New Kumihimo

Follow the tracks of the ancient caravans and nomadic peoples throughout the world and you will find braids – fiber interlaced on the bias to make strong bands, belts, and cords needed to make everyday life possible. Using natural fibers of different shades, wonderful patterns emerged.  When traders came to a natural stopping point, like the Island of Japan, various stands to make the braids were invented and perfected making possible more and more complex braids using dozens of bobbins of many colors in multiple layers. The Japanese word for making these complex braids is “Kumihimo”.
While there is no census, and there are many braiders and ways to braid, maybe only 100 or so people in the world work at the advanced levels of Kumihimo.  In the making, there is a great sense of connection with the past and pleasure in rediscovering and perfecting the traditional patterns and working with the silk made in Japan only for work in Kumihimo.   But for some, Kumihimo is also a path for innovation and personal expression.  It becomes not just a technique but an art medium.  We celebrate this group in this show.
Our show brings together the work of six artists using the Kumihimo braiding techniques, all of whom are innovators with a unique voice. This first in the US show combines work from four continents: Australia, Japan, the UK, and the US.  When you come to the show, you will have a unique opportunity to listen in on the conversation between individuals and cultures as seen through these works.  Some follow an engineering approach – inventing new braid structures to create never-before-seen patterns and effects. Others follow a more evolutionary approach, experimenting with the process to see what will emerge as a piece grows.  While the traditional silk is still much in evidence, all of the artists experiment with different materials and fibers including paper, monofilament, and wire. Some want some functionality in their work and so have gone in the direction of fashion applications, true wearable art.  Others have left functionality and focus on art expression. But no matter the direction of exploration, these works all exude the joy and delight of discovery.

Date & Time
Open through Saturday, February 20, 2016
(Note: Some sites and materials mistakenly show the exhibit as being open through the 22nd.)
Informal conversation with curator and artist, Lyn Christiansen, on Friday, February 12, 2016, 4:00 - 6:00pm.
Please see the exhibit website for hours.

Wedeman Gallery at the Yamawaki Art and Cultural Center at Lasell College
47 Myrtle Ave., Newton, MA 02466


Flowers, Flowers, Flowers
Hiroko Ojima, Japan

Pieces by Jacqui Carey, UK

Wheel of Fortune
Lyn Christiansen, US

A nice feature of the exhibit is that there's a "Touch Table" with examples of most of the work in the exhibit. As a fiber artist I always want to touch textile arts, but it's a rarity to be able to do so. This was a great idea.

This was a completely unexpected find. Apparently Lasell College has owned this Japanese temple bell from Myokoku (outside Kyoto) since the 1800s when it was bought by Milton S. Vail, a friend of Lasell's principal, Dr. Charles C. Bragdon. This is not the only Japanese temple bell in the area. There is another Edo era Japanese temple bell in the Back Bay Fens. The Emerald Necklace Conservancy offers docent-led tours to see it.

Japanese Temple Bell
early 1800s, Edo period

Additional photos here.
          Exhibit: Made in the Americas @ MFA   
I had intended to write something much longer about this exhibit but I've run out of time. This is the last week of the MFA's Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia. Made in the Americas showcases the work of artists from North and South America, including indigenous artists, who were influenced by goods coming in from Asia. Some of the objects in this exhibit come from the MFA's own collection and some were loaned from The Hispanic Society of America in New York and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In some cases they copied motifs (shown with a Peruvian tapestry that included Chinese mythological creatures and was clearly copied from imported Chinese textiles) and in others, came up with new techniques to replicate the look of Asian art (as with japanning). These days many of these artists would likely be accused cultural appropriation. It was incredible to see the way Asian art had inspired them to create art that was similar but uniquely their own. If you have time to see it before it closes on Monday, February 15th, I highly recommend it.

Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia

Within decades of the “discovery” of America by Spain in 1492, goods from Asia traversed the globe via Spanish and Portuguese traders. The Americas became a major destination for Asian objects and Mexico became an international hub of commerce. The impact of the importation of these goods was immediate and widespread, both among the European colonizers and the indigenous populations, who readily adapted their own artistic traditions to the new fashion for Asian imports.

“Made in the Americas” is the first large-scale, Pan-American exhibition to examine the profound influence of Asia on the arts of the colonial Americas. Featuring nearly 100 of the most extraordinary objects produced in the colonies, this exhibition explores the rich, complex story of how craftsmen throughout the hemisphere adapted Asian styles in a range of materials—from furniture to silverwork, textiles, ceramics, and painting. Exquisite objects from Mexico City, Lima, Quito, Quebec City, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, dating from the 17th to the early 19th centuries, include blue-and-white talavera ceramics copied from imported Chinese porcelains, elaborately decorated furniture inspired by imported Japanese lacquer, and luxuriously woven textiles made to replicate fine silks and cottons imported from China and India.

The timing of the exhibition marks the 450th anniversary of the beginning of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade between the Philippines and Mexico, which was inaugurated in 1565 and ended in 1815, two and a half centuries later.

Date & Time
Through Monday, February 15, 2016
See MFA's website for hours.

Related talk: The Role of Religious Orders and the Introduction of Asian Arts to the Americas, Saturday, February 13, 2:00 - 3:00pm

Museum of Fine Arts, Lois B. and Michael K. Torf Gallery (Gallery 184)
465 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115

The Southern Barbarians Come to Trader
Kanō Naizen

A Peruvian Cover is on display alongside a Chinese embroidered tapestry (on loan from the Metropolitan Museum of Art) that was made for export. Such tapestries have never been found in South America but were known to have been exported to Europe and the Americas. The MFA notes in the label that the Peruvian artisans "closely cop[ied] their format, style, and iconography." You can see how similar the motifs are, in particular, the mythical xieshi. The Chinese embroidery is believed to be from the Guangzhou region and was probably exported to Japan in the 17th century. It has been heavily re-embroidered, most likely in Japan in the 19th century. (Additional information provided by Pamela Parmal, Curator of Textiles and Fashion Arts.)

Left: Peruvian Cover, late 17th to early 18th century
Right: Panel with flowers, birds, and animals, 17th century

Description of Chinese motifs that were copied in Peruvian Cover

High chest of drawers, about 1730-40
Japanned butternut, maple, white pine

They also showed that the influence was not one-way, with this interesting panel by an unknown Japanese artist.

European King and Members of His Court
泰西王候図屏風 (Taisei ôkô zu byôbu)
Momoyama period 1601-14

  • 2/11/15: Added information about Panel with flowers, birds, and animals.

          Badly Decomposed Body Found In Wooded Area Of Brentwood   
Allegheny County Police and the Medical Examiner are investigating the discovery of human remains in a wooded area in Munhall.
          Sarepta Therapeutics Announces Inducement Grants Under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(c)(4)   
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., June 30, 2017-- Sarepta Therapeutics, Inc., a U.S. commercial-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery and development of unique RNA-targeted therapeutics for the treatment of rare neuromuscular diseases, granted equity awards on June 26, 2017, that were approved by the Compensation Committee and the independent members of...
          Together We Came: Hisham Matar   

Hisham_Matar_2_.jpgBy Haley Arata

Ten hours writing, three coffees, and two hours on the Internet: the magic writing formula for award-winning Arab American writer Hisham Matar. 

Matar was born in New York, grew up in Tripoli and Cairo, and now lives in England. Hisham’s father, Jaballa Matar, opposed the Gaddafi regime and when Hisham was young his entire family fled to Cairo to avoid political persecution. It was during one of early days in Cairo that Matar remembers hearing the words of the one of the most influential books to his life and writing career. He was at his home in Cairo, which was filled with Libyan political dissidents as it often was, when someone read aloud passages from a book. The words relayed the thoughts of a man, and Matar recalls the writing as honest and the words as illustrating. He does not remember the name, nor the author, of the book, yet the memory of that afternoon remains strong. “Every word I have written has been propelled by an enthusiasm rooted in that afternoon so long ago, when I was a boy and didn’t yet know that I needed books at all,” Matar said. “Perhaps the book has been more useful to me lost than found.”

Matar’s first two novels, In the Country of Men and Anatomy of a Disappearance, were met with great acclaim.  Matar’s third and most recent novel, The Return: Fathers, Sons and the Land in Between, won a Pulitzer Prize and the Rathbones Folio prize this year. A narrative that tows the line between fiction and nonfiction, The Return tells the story of a man’s journey to Libya to find his father, mirroring Matar’s own journey to the country in search of his missing father, Jamalla, after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime.  

5884487010_5e0727960d_z_2_.jpgIn 1990, when Matar was nineteen years old, his father was kidnapped from his home in Cairo. For two years, Egyptian secret service agents led the Matar family to believe he was being held in Egypt. But in 1992, the Matars received a smuggled letter from Jamalla with the truth: the Egyptian secret service had abducted him in Cairo and imprisoned him in Libya. Twenty years later, Matar found out that his father might still be alive. Someone had reported seeing Jamalla as a political prisoner in Tripoli. This discovery occurred around the same time that Matar had happened upon inspiration for a new novel.

Lounging by the poolside while on vacation, Matar glanced up to see a young boy and his father walking and holding hands. According to Matar, at this moment he was overcome with a sense of inspiration: “Inspiration…in the sense that an event happens, it’s very precise…but it seems mysterious, infinite…it contains within it so many other possibilities…it appears to be out of this world.” Encouraged by the mystery and possibility of this moment, Matar began writing the manuscript for what would later become The Return. And almost at the same time, Matar received word that someone in Libya reported having seen his father, Jamalla.

Was this fate? Maybe. Nonetheless, imagination and reality seemed to converge as Matar embarked, with pen in hand, on his journey back to Libya. Not only does the story reflect Matar’s search for his father, but it also delves into the complex history of Libya. The story tries to bring to the surface the reality of the Revolution, from the depravity, to the struggle, the violence, and the hope; but it also seeks to reveal the effects of politics on the intimate life by highlighting the small moments in life that are affected by political events such as a regime, a revolution, a coup. These moments are often overlooked and Matar felt that, as an artist, he was able to bring to light this narrative that further reflects what he believes is the authenticity of the revolution.

Matar grew up in a home filled with people engaged with political work. Although he claims he is not a man of action, he explores politics and identity, struggle and intimacy through his writing. He acts through the power of storytelling.

Read more stories about Arab immigrants and their descendants on the "Together We Came" main page.

Haley Arata is a 2017 intern at the Arab American Institute. 

          Zoology, the final frontier   
So this new critter, the Symbion pandora, has such a bizarre life cycle and is just so bloody weird -unlike anything we had come across before- that its discovery in 1995 lead to the creation of a whole new phylum in the Animal Kingdom. Meet the little monsters.

If your weird-o-meter is humming, keep reading Zoologger, a new column in NewScientist magazine that writes about about weird animals from around the globe. Selective abortion in pipefish, single-cell giants that enslave bacteria, amphibious cats, you name it.
          Blog Post: US Law Firms Face Discovery Of Foreign Clients' Records   
The law relating to the taking of discovery directly from U.S. law firms is evolving in favor of disclosure when documents have been provided to third parties. Law firms must be vigilant in handling their clients' documents or face being responsible for producing them to third parties, say Steven Kobre and John Han of Kobre & Kim LLP.
          Morgan Freeman: Mysterien des Weltalls - Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod? | So 16.07 14:45 | Discovery Channel   
Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod? - Es ist vielleicht die bedeutendste aber zugleich umstrittenste Frage der Menschheit: Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod?...
          Morgan Freeman: Mysterien des Weltalls - Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod? | Mo 17.07 00:05 | Discovery Channel   
Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod? - Es ist vielleicht die bedeutendste aber zugleich umstrittenste Frage der Menschheit: Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod?...
          Morgan Freeman: Mysterien des Weltalls - Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod? | Mo 17.07 04:40 | Discovery Channel   
Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod? - Es ist vielleicht die bedeutendste aber zugleich umstrittenste Frage der Menschheit: Gibt es ein Leben nach dem Tod?...
          Research Technologist - NOVA Chemicals - Calgary, AB   
Discovery &amp; Development Catalyst Research:. Present work activities and progress to project team and leadership....
From NOVA Chemicals - Wed, 21 Jun 2017 20:14:04 GMT - View all Calgary, AB jobs
          Rare Pieces, Reinvigorated Classics, New Works and More Set for Arcola Theatre's 2017 Grimeborn Opera Festival   

See opera differently at Grimeborn. 'East London's ... irreverent and influential festival of new opera' (Time Out) is back for its 11th year with 14 exciting productions at the Arcola Theatre.

Rarely-performed pieces. Reinvigorated classics. Brand new works from some of the UK's most exciting up-and-coming artists and companies.

Tickets range from £7 to £22. Whether it's your first or your latest opera experience, you'll be right at home at Grimeborn 2017.

Artistic Director Mehmet Ergen said: "I'm thrilled to announce Arcola's new season, which features the eleventh edition of our Grimeborn Opera Festival.

"Later in the year, Olivier Award-winning OperaUpClose comes to Arcola for the first time with a major new English version of Tchaikovsky's EUGENE ONEGIN."

"This is an exciting time at Arcola. Having just retained our place in Arts Council England's National Portfolio, we are able to produce more new works from raw talent, reimagined classics and ambitious plays from thrilling contemporary voices. I look forward to welcoming you to Arcola again soon."


Studio 1

25 July - 29 July 2017
Leoe&Hyde present
The Marriage of Kim K

Music: Stephen Hyde
Words: Leo Mercer
Direction: Stephen Hyde

The Kim Kardashian musical
The Mozart opera
At the same time

In 2011, Kim Kardashian televised her fairytale wedding to NBA basketball star Kris Humphries. 72 days later she filed for divorce.

In this brisk, clever and ambitious take on Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro, the iconic Kardashian flop takes centre stage with another marriage on the brink: Mozart's explosive Count and Countess.

Three squabbling couples. Three styles of music. One big problem. Combining pop, electronic and classical music, this bitingly satirical romp is a heartfelt reminder of the power of love in tense times.

Cast: Yasemin Gulumser, James Edge, Nathan Bellis, Emily Burnett, Stephen Hyde, Amelia Gabriel
Lighting Design: Alexander Newton

Tuesday-Saturday at 7.30pm
Tickets £12-£22
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

31 July - 4 August 2017
The Opera Company and The Asyla Ensemble present
The Cunning Little Vixen

Music & Words: Leos Janacek
Direction: Guido Martin-Brandis

Once upon a time, deep in the woods, a man caught a vixen...

When a forester brings home a baby fox, he doesn't quite realise what he's let himself in for. Discover The Cunning Little Vixen, the story of a young Vixen growing up in the parallel worlds of the animals and the humans.

One of the twentieth century's most beautiful operas, Janá?ek's masterpiece is a humorous, profound, and life-affirming meditation on the wonder of nature, and a celebration of its eternal renewal.

This innovative production brings the animal world to life with dance, masks and puppetry. Sung in English with a brand new chamber arrangement, the superb cast features some of the UK's most talented young artists.

Cast: Alison Rose, Beth Margaret-Taylor, Camilla Farrant, Tim Langston, Oliver Gibbs, Ashley Mercer
Design: Alexander McPherson

Monday - Friday at 7.30pm
Tickets £12-£22
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

2 August 2017
Pop Up Opera presents
Une Education Manquée

Music: Emmanuel Chabrier
Words: Eugène Leterrier and Albert Vanloo
Direction: Isabelle Kettle
Musical Direction: William Cole

After a sold-out performance at Wilderness Festival 2016, Pop Up Opera present Emmanuel Chabrier's rarely-performed Une Éducation Manquée for one night only.

Set in the time of Louis XVI, Une Éducation Manquée is a deliciously madcap and witty 45-minute French operetta. It is the tale of two teenaged newly-wed aristocrats, flummoxed by the expectations of their wedding night and by what it means to be husband and wife. Follow the would-be "lovers" through useless adult advice and discover the only combination that can truly bring them together: thunder, hormones, and a loose nightgown.

Cast: Susanna Fairbairn, Christine Buras, Oskar McCarthy

Wednesday 2 August at 7.30pm
Tickets £14-£17
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

5 August - 6 August 2017
Basement Orchestra presents
Porgy & Bess

Music: George Gershwin
Words: DuBose Heyward and Ira Gershwin
Arrangements: Knut Olv Ryngestad, Guy Jones and Tom Mawby
Musical Director: Guy Jones

Singers: Talia Cohen, Masimba Ushe

'Summertime / And the livin' is easy.....'

Porgy and Bess contains some of the most iconic music of the twentieth century, but there is much more to this work than easy livin' and cotton growing high.

The composer George Gershwin sought to do justice to African American music in this maverick creation, but over the years, controversy and accusations of racial stereotyping have dogged his 'folk opera'.

For their latest outing to Grimeborn, Basement Orchestra contront Gershwin's masterpiece, telling the story with key details and extracts, performed with live singers and dazzling musicianship.

Saturday - Sunday at 7.30pm
Tickets £12-£17
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

8 August - 12 August 2017
Ensemble OrQuesta presents

Music: Jean-Baptiste Lully
Words: Philippe Quinault
Direction: Marcio da Silva

All's unfair in love and war

Armide is the original warrior princess: a powerful sorceress who can have her pick of any man. But when she falls for her nemesis, the throes of battle become the throes of passion. Will she pick love, or vengeance?

Armide is a thrilling tale of desire, betrayal and magic. Ensemble OrQuesta brings this 1686 classic from the crusades into the present, with artistic director Márcio da Silva and an ensemble of talented young soloists.

Tuesday - Saturday 7.30pm
Tickets £12-£22
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

13 August 2017
Arcola Theatre Creative Engagement presents

Music: Jen Waghorn
Words: Bec Martin-Williams and Jen Waghorn
Direction: Bec Martin-Williams

Performed by young people aged 14-25

'I am all the daughters of my father's house, and all the brothers too.'

V wants to escape. Their past, their grief, their life. Everyone else wants to label them. If you don't belong in a box, where do you belong?

Inspired by Shakespeare's Twelfth Night , V is a devised musical by young people aged 14-25 from Arcola's award-winning Creative Engagement department.

Sunday 13 August at 4pm & 8pm
Tickets £9 (£7 concessions)
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

16 - 26 August 2017
Arcola Theatre presents
Samson and Delilah

Music: Camille Saint-Saëns
Words: Ferdinand Lemaire
Direction: Aylin Bozok

Samson, leader of the Israelites, is a man of superhuman strength. Against the Philistines he seems invincible. With Delilah, his Philistine lover, he is openly infatuated.

The source of Samson's power is a secret - but when Delilah decides to root it out, her discovery threatens to change the course of history forever.

Director Aylin Bozok won the WhatsOnStage Award for Most Promising Newcomer for her production of Pelléas et Mélisande at Grimeborn 2013. Now, following hit shows at Bury Court and Opera Holland Park, she returns to Arcola with a bold new take on Camille Saint-Saëns' extraordinary biblical epic.

Tuesday - Saturday 7.30pm
Tickets £12-£22
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

29 August - 2 September 2017
Richard Williamson and CliMar Productions present
Thrill Me: The Leopold & Loeb Story

Music & Words: Stephen Dolginoff
Direction: Guy Retallack
Design: James Turner
Lighting Design: Richard Williamson
Sound Design: Peter Russell

Cast: Harry Downes , Alex Spinney

The Lindbergh Kidnapping. O.J. Simpson. The Great Train Robbery. Many events have been dubbed the crime of the twentieth century, but few surpass the menace of the 'Thrill Killers', Leopold and Loeb.

In Chicago, 1924, two college kids sign a contract in blood. Nietzsche-obsessed Loeb has a serious superiority complex - he's a 'Superman', above the constraints of good and evil. Leopold is a loner and a willing accomplice, craving his partner's time, attention and conditional love. Can they perpetrate the perfect crime?

This multi-award-winning, five-star production returns to London for five performances at Grimeborn, complete with the original UK creative team.

Tuesday - Saturday 7.30pm
Tickets £12-£22
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

Studio 2

1 August - 3 August 2017
Opera Alegria presents
The Silken Ladder & The Husband at the Door

Music: Offenbach and Rossini
Words: Lindsay Bramley
Direction: Benjamin Newhouse-Smith

Cast (The Silken Ladder): Jodie Kearns, Alicia Gurney, Robert Jenkins, Alistair Sutherland
Cast (The Husband at the Door): Naomi Kilby, Jodie Kearns, Christopher Killerby, Ian Massa-Harris, Alistair Sutherland, Christopher Faulkner

Mistaken identities, mismatched lovers, narrow escapes and unexpected undergarments.... Opera Alegria bring them all to Grimeborn for their new double bill of Rossini's The Silken Ladder and Offenbach's A Husband at the Door.

Director Benjamin Newhouse-Smith sets both works in the same room, but eighty years apart, with new contemporary translations from Lindsay Bramley.

Tuesday - Thursday 8pm
Tickets £14-£17
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

4 August - 5 August 2017
Shadwell Opera present
Diary Of One Who Disappeared

Music: Leos Janacek
Words: Ozef Kalda
Direction: Jack Furness
Design: Jack Furness

Cast: Angharad Lyddon, Sam Furness
Pianist: Matthew Fletcher

Herald Angel award-winners Shadwell Opera come to Grimeborn for the first time with a staging of Janacek's dramatic song-cycle, Diary of One Who Disappeared.

Internationally-recognised rising star Sam Furness stars in this tale of a young farmer who falls in love with a 'gypsy girl', and faces an ensuing crisis of identity and indecision.

Updated in Jack Furness' staging as the video-diary of an asylum centre worker, this enigmatic tale of cross-cultural love is rendered more fascinating and pertinent than ever.

Shadwell Opera have a growing reputation as one of the country's leading opera voices, offering performances of dramatic intensity and musical excellence at venues expected and unexpected across the capital. This production marks Sam and Jack Furness's first collaboration in six years, alongside pianist Matthew Fletcher and mezzo-soprano Angharad Lyddon.

Friday - Saturday 8pm
Tickets £12-£15
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

6 August 2017
Melanie Gall Presents, in association with Arcola Creative Engagement present
Opera Mouse

Music: Mozart, Bizet, Puccini
Words: Melanie Gall
Direction: Erik deWaal

Tilly Mouse lives under an opera house, and she just loves to sing! But whenever anyone sees her, they scream and run away. With determination, imagination and help from her friends, Tilly proves that even a mouse can be a star.

Opera Mouse has been performed in venues all around the world, ranging from a theatre in Canada, an orphanage in Morocco, a school in Sudan and a shopping mall in Algeria.

Now it comes to Grimeborn for one day only. Don't miss this Sunday morning spectacular for children and adults alike.

Sunday 11 am
Tickets £8.50
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

17 August - 19 August 2017
Spectra Ensemble presents

Music: Lewis Coenen-Rowe
Words: Kurt Schwitters
Direction: Cecilia Stinton
Design: Holly Muir
Lighting Design: John Pham

Cast: Barnaby Beer, Olivia Sjöberg, Henry George Page, Juliet Wallace, Bathany Horak-Hallett

A strange Green Globe is on course to collide with Earth, and panic is rife on the streets of Berlin. Citizens flee from the TV station to the church - until finally, at the airport, they await the final curtain...

Part absurdist science-fiction, part sultry cabaret, Collision is the first and only opera work from avant-garde artist Kurt Schwitters. Conceived in 1928 as a Dada-esque piece combining hyperactive farce and nihilistic satire, it was never produced in his lifetime.

Now, 90 years on, Spectra Ensemble recreates Collision as a fully-staged comic opera, set to new cabaret and jazz influenced music by Lewis Coenen-Rowe, and with a design inspired by Schwitters' own brand of collage art.

Thursday - Saturday 8pm
Tickets £14-£17
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

21 - 22 August 2017
Helios Collective presents
Il Letto (The Bed)

Music: Giacomo Puccini
Words: Christopher Hogg
Direction: Ella Marchment
Design: Jefferson Miranda

Cast: Emma Walsh, Raphaela Papadakis, Noah Mosley

For Puccini, the creation of an opera was a love affair. Many of his heroines had strong links to the women in his life: from Corinna, the young prostitute whom he loved while writing Madama Butterfly, to Doria, the maid who committed suicide in his house while he was developing La Fanciulla del West.

In this revealing new 'plaria' (play with music), Helios Collective explore Puccini's real and imagined worlds, his extraordinary music and his tumultuous infidelities.

Told by Puccini's wife Elvira Bonturi, it is a tale about the destructive tensions between real life and opera, heroines and muses.

Monday - Tuesday 8pm
Tickets £17 (£14 concessions)
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

24 August - 26 August 2017
irrational theatre presents
Fun at the Festival
A fusion of comic opera and fresh new writing

Music: Arthur Sullivan, Gian-Carlo Menotti
Words: F C Burnand, G.C Menotti, J Norland
Direction: Paula Chitty

Following Leoncavallo's Pagliacci at last year's Grimeborn, irrational theatre return with an innovative and quirky fusion of comic opera and new writing.

A wedding proposal seems to be getting hindered by the constant interruption of phonecalls in The Telephone (L'amour a Trois) by Gian Carlo Menotti. In Sullivan's Cox and Box, two men unknowingly share the same room until they discover their landlord's trick. The two operas are matched with a new comic play, Cycle, about a neighbourly dispute over a bicycle.

A real treat for opera and new writing lovers, these three little gems make for a playful and fun-filled evening at the festival.

The Telephone
Music & Libretto by Gian Carlo Menotti
Arrangement with Chester Music trading as G. Schirmer on behalf of G. Schirmer Inc
Cast: Samantha Green, Ben Sebastian Charlesworth, Katy Bingham Best

Cox and Box
Libretto by F. C Burnand
Music by Arthur Sullivan
Cast: Sebastian Charlesworth, Joseph O'Gorman, Roger Mullis

By Joanna Norland
Cast: Joseph O'Gorman, Samantha Green, Katy Bingham Best, Kieran Cummins

Thursday - Saturday 8pm
Tickets £17-£20
Public booking opens Thursday 6 July, 12.30pm at

Arcola Theatre is one of London's leading off-West End theatres. Locally engaged and internationally minded, Arcola stages a diverse programme of plays, operas and musicals. World-class productions from major artists appear alongside cutting-edge work from the most exciting emerging companies. Arcola delivers one of London's most extensive community engagement programmes, creating over 5000 opportunities every year. By providing research and development space to diverse artists, Arcola champions theatre that's more engaging and representative. Its pioneering environmental initiatives are internationally renowned, and aim to make Arcola the world's first carbon-neutral theatre.

Tickets go on sale to the public on Thursday 6 July. Priority Booking is now open to all Arcola Theatre Supporters. Memberships start from £50. For more information about memberships or to join at any level, call the Individual Giving & Development Team on 0207 503 1645 or email Contact the Box Office at 0207 503 1646 (12.30pm - 6pm) or go online at

          Côte d’Ivoire: UN Peacekeeping Mission Ends    

A convoy of United Nation peacekeepers are seen outside Bouake during an army mutiny in which disgruntled Ivorian soldiers seized control of the city. January 6, 2017.

© 2017 Reuters
(Abidjan) – As the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOCI) comes to an end on June 30, 2017, the Ivorian government should redouble its efforts to address the serious rights issues at the root of past political violence, Human Rights Watch, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), the Ivorian Movement for Human Rights (MIDH) and the Ivorian League for Human Rights (LIDHO) said today.

Côte d’Ivoire has enjoyed more than six years of relative peace and security since a devastating post-election crisis in 2010-2011. But the government’s inadequate progress in addressing a longstanding culture of impunity, reforming the security forces, and strengthening rule of law institutions threaten the country’s long-term prospects for peace and development.

“Côte d’Ivoire has distanced itself from the violence and conflict that blighted so many lives and tore communities apart, but it’s too early to say whether the recovery is sustainable,” said Drissa Traore, Vice-President of FIDH. “The peace dividends that the United Nations has contributed to could be reversed unless the Ivorian government addresses pervasive immunity and the army’s lack of discipline.”

Beginning with the deadly clashes that followed the 2000 presidential election and later the 2002-2003 armed conflict, international and Ivorian human rights groups have documented abuses committed during the political and inter-ethnic violence that haunted Côte d’Ivoire until the conclusion of the 2010-2011 post-election crisis. A decade of conflict and instability was punctuated by horrendous human rights violations, including widespread extrajudicial killings, torture, and targeted sexual violence by government forces, government-linked militia, student groups, and rebel forces alike.

The UN mission was established in April 2004 to monitor a cease-fire agreement after the 2002-2003 armed conflict, with peacekeepers monitoring a “zone of confidence” that separated the government-controlled south from the rebel-held north. This stalemate continued until the 2007 Ouagadougou peace accords, which set the stage for presidential elections in 2010 and, in the aftermath, the 2010-2011 post-election crisis.

Aïchatou Mindaoudou, the UN secretary-general’s special representative and head of the peacekeeping mission, said in June that “demonstrable progress has been made on all fronts.” The UN rightly cites peaceful 2015 presidential elections and 2016 legislative elections as evidence of improved security. And a 2016 constitutional referendum removed a divisive nationality clause that had fueled decades of ethnic and political tensions, although the vote was criticized for its lack of transparency.

Despite this progress, the government of President Alassane Ouattara has not fully addressed key human rights issues that have contributed to past political violence and conflict.

During the decade of unrest that culminated in the 2010-2011 post-election crisis, the culture of impunity that allowed those responsible for atrocities to escape justice was a key factor in perpetuating abuses. Former President Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé, a former militia leader, are on trial before the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes against humanity. And yet, the vast majority of the commanders and leaders implicated in a decade of serious human rights violations – on both sides of the military-political divide – have not been held to account.

The Ivorian government has made some progress in strengthening the justice system following years of neglect. But the deeply flawed trial for crimes against humanity and war crimes of former first lady Simone Gbagbo raises doubts about the Ivorian justice system’s ability to fairly and effectively try serious human rights cases. And the promotion in January of several army commanders suspected of involvement in abuses during the post-election crisis raises concerns about potential political interference in investigations.

The lack of accountability for human rights abuses is indicative of a wider failure to address a longstanding culture of impunity within the army. Mutinies in January and May, in which soldiers seized control of the country’s second largest city and neighborhoods in several other towns, reflect a wider perception that the army is “above the law.”

The peacekeeping mission has conducted extensive training for the security forces, including on compliance with human rights, and the army has reduced human rights abuses by soldiers against civilians. But the government has repeatedly failed to hold soldiers accountable for criminality, from the atrocities of the post-election crisis, to the illicit exploitation of natural resources by army commanders, to checkpoint extortion by rank-and-file soldiers. A March 2016 United Nations Group of Experts report found that former rebel commanders “who occupy key roles in the Ivorian security apparatus, continue to have access to private assets, financial resources and weapons.”

“It’s a vicious cycle,” said Yacouba Doumbia, President of MIDH. “The government’s failure to reduce soldiers’ illicit economic activities, and their commanders’ access to private wealth and weapons, makes it more difficult to hold them accountable for other abuses.”

The discovery by mutinying soldiers in May of an arms cache in Bouake underscored the failure of Côte d’Ivoire’s disarmament process to secure weapons hidden in private arsenals. The government has opened a judicial investigation and said it will seek to locate arms hidden in other locations.

Many of the underlying tensions that drove past ethnic violence also remain unresolved, notably an incomplete national reconciliation process and continued competition over land. Although land conflicts may have gradually become less prevalent, they remain a key driver of local violence, as illustrated by intercommunal clashes in March 2016 in Bouna that killed dozens of people and displaced thousands more. At the same time, as it moves forward with implementation of a 1998 land law, the government should strengthen local government capacity to find fair and durable rights-based solutions to tensions over land.

The peacekeepers’ departure, and the recent mutinies, underscore the need to intensify efforts to address longstanding impunity and professionalize the security forces. This should include a strengthened military justice system and improved internal military disciplinary mechanisms.

The authorities should also follow through on the promise to prosecute individuals – including members of the security forces – implicated in atrocities during the 2010-2011 post-election crisis. This requires the government to provide the judiciary with adequate support to complete their investigations, as well as to finish the exhumation of victims in western Côte d’Ivoire. Holding accountable high-level perpetrators, including those who fought for Ouattara during the crisis, would send the message that those who resort to violence and human rights abuses in moments of political tension will face the consequences.

“With the UN peacekeeping mission’s departure, Côte d’Ivoire’s government now bears the sole responsibility for addressing the human rights challenges that threaten long-term stability,” said Jim Wormington, West Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. “This means tackling impunity and addressing the root causes of political and ethnic tensions.”

          Oregon State University President Ed Ray statement regarding dismissal of charges brought against the NCAA by the Paterno family   
Promote to OSU home page: 
Not Promote to the OSU home page

“I am pleased that this litigation surrounding findings of sexual abuse at Penn State University is now closed. I remain strongly in support of the actions taken by the NCAA and its executive committee in July 2012 to address this matter and protect children and others from sexual predators.”


Oregon State Univesity President Ed Ray statement regarding dismissal of charges brought against the NCAA by the Paterno family

“I am pleased that this litigation surrounding findings of sexual abuse at Penn State University is now closed. I remain strongly in support of the actions taken by the NCAA and its executive committee in July 2012 to address this matter and protect children and others from sexual predators.”

President Ray served as chair of the NCAA Executive Committee at the time the NCAA sanctioned Penn State University in July 2012.


Paterno Family Abandons All Claims Against NCAA

The estate of the late Penn State football coach Joe Paterno, his son Jay Paterno, and Bill Kenney today voluntarily dismissed their lawsuit against the NCAA.  The NCAA did not settle the case and provided plaintiffs with no consideration—financial or otherwise.

“The Paterno family characterized this case as a ‘search for the truth,’” said Donald Remy, NCAA chief legal officer. “Its decision today, after years of investigation and discovery, to abandon its lawsuit rather than subject those facts to courtroom examination is telling.  We believe that the powerful record developed during discovery overwhelmingly confirmed what the NCAA has believed all along: the NCAA acted reasonably in adopting the conclusions of an eight-month investigation by Louis Freeh.”

Remy noted the timing of today’s decision by the Paterno family to voluntarily abandon its lawsuit was only hours before the NCAA was due to file a roughly 100-page summary judgment brief detailing the results of years of exhaustive discovery regarding plaintiffs’ claims. He added the decision “represents a total victory for the NCAA.”

“It is disappointing that so much time, effort, and financial resources have been wasted on efforts by the Paterno family in this litigation,” said Remy. “We must not lose sight of the fact that the real victims are the dozens of innocent children abused by Jerry Sandusky. ”

Media Contact: 

By Sean Nealon, 541-737-0787,


Contacts: Steve Clark, OSU spokesperson, 541-737-3808,

          Freebies & Deals for Homeschoolers   

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          File: Ibyron: Island of Discovery:: Ibyron: Island - Advanced rules - solo variant included   

by ropearoni4

New File: Ibyron: Island - Advanced rules - solo variant included for Board Game: Ibyron: Island of Discovery
          The Child by Fiona Barton   

◊ by Fiona Barton
◊ Berkley Hardcover
◊ On-Sale: June 27, 2017
◊ ISBN: 9781101990483
◊ $26.00

You can bury the story . . . but you can’t hide the truth

This summer FIONA BARTON is back with a second novel that proves lightning can strike twice.

Here’s what others are saying about it:
          *One of Publishers Weeklyand Bustle’s Most Anticipated Books of 2017*
*A TIME “Top 10” Summer Thriller*
*Pre-publication exclusives featured by Entertainment Weekly and theSkimm*
*Praise from Lee Child, Shari Lapena, and Clare Mackintosh *
*Starred Reviews from Publishers Weekly and Library Journal*
*A June 2017 Library Reads Selection*

Barton’s 2016 debut, The Widow, was an instant global bestseller, captivating readers around the world and setting the publishing industry abuzz.

The highly-anticipated release of THE CHILD (Berkley Hardcover; June 27, 2017) reaffirms Barton’s growing reputation as a writer of rich, character-driven suspense novels. Like Tana French, Louise Penny, and Megan Abbott, Barton’s stories do more than thrill: they explore the complexities of a changing world.

The Widow delved into the secrets that exist within a marriage and the reporter’s role as voyeur. Here Barton continues to mine those themes. THE CHILD tackles the 24/7 news cycle, and lays bare the intricacies of a different but equally fascinating relationship — mother and child.

Says Barton: “The emotions, responsibilities—and the pain—of motherhood are unique to each of us with children. Ask any woman and she will have her own story to tell.”

In a working-class neighborhood of London, construction workers make a grisly discovery: the long-buried remains of a baby. When a newspaper mention reveals the find, most readers barely give it a glance. But for two women, its threat to unearth hidden stories is impossible to ignore. For veteran reporter, Kate Waters (introduced in The Widow), it sparks the question “Who would bury a baby?” and starts a hunt for the truth about the nameless child. The story unfolds via the women’s alternating perspectives to eventually reveal: Who is Building Site Baby?

In fact, it was the allure of a hidden story that propelled Barton to her long-time career in news. A journalist and British Press Awards “Reporter of the Year,” she has worked at the Daily Mail and Daily Telegraph, and brings that experience to bear in her novels.

In THE CHILD she details how Kate’s lengthy investigation into Building Site Baby’s death represents a perilous breach of the newsroom’s new culture of 24/7 online news.

Says Barton: “The danger for Kate is that she risks becoming one of the dinosaurs—sidelined because she is unable and unwilling to be part of the revolution. And I feel for her.”

Author Fiona Barton credit Jenny Lewis
Though THE CHILD delivers an evocative look at the changing face of journalism, and a delicious plot twist, it is the characters’ haunting and rich emotional lives that set Barton apart and confirm her stature as a crime novelist of the first order.

Visit Fiona Barton online at and on Twitter @figbarton. Join the conversation using #TheChild

Thanks for stopping by today. What are your thoughts on this subject? Would you be curious as to who could bury a baby?

          File: Ibyron: Island of Discovery:: Ibyron Building Reference Sheet 6-24-2017   

by ropearoni4

New File: Ibyron Building Reference Sheet 6-24-2017 for Board Game: Ibyron: Island of Discovery
          Goodbye Dental Implants, Grow Your Own Teeth In Just 9 Weeks   
Everyone knows that there are dental implants that were invented to benefit our lives in many ways, they are extremely useful and a great solution to fill the gap. But, trust me, once you read this you will be amazed.
A group of experts in the dental field has made some amazing discoveries and there has been a really incredible development in the technology of dental implants that goes far beyond the classic implant or denture. They say that these discoveries will give us the chance to grow new and genuine teeth in the oral cavity.
The famous Dr. Jeremy Mao of Columbia University was the lead investigator of this research and what he found was absolutely incredible. Dr. Mao built a scaffold for teeth, containing stem cells in the body. Using DNA, he succeeded in regenerating new teeth. This discovery of the modern technology promises a bright future when it comes to dental care.
So, you would not have to go through the horrible and painful process of extracting teeth. This technology would give you the opportunity to grow your teeth back in only nine weeks.
“Your missing tooth is being replaced with stem cells, from your own body. And the tooth merges with the surrounding tissue. Yes, it’s simple as that! This will increase the regeneration process and it will result in fast recovery.”
This is news is excellent, promising and provides new hope especially for those who are missing a tooth.
The procedure itself is still being studied and it is not yet available to the masses, however as the story develops we will update the article.

          For sale - 1995 Land rover discovery petrol / lpg 3.9 v8 auto... - £ 1900   
Wisbech NFK, United Kingdom
Hi this auction is for my faithful and very reliable land rover discovery. To start off I am only selling this to make space as I have gone back to an american pickup truck as a daily runner! other wise I wouldn't even consider it! The model is a discovery 1 but it is a changeover model with ...

          For sale - 2003 Caravan bailey discovery 5 berth with awning... - Auction   

Wisbech PE13, United Kingdom
Hi Im selling caravan Bailey Discovery Year: 20035 berth The caravan comes with lots of free extras:Porch awninggas bottlestepleg winder2 tableshook up cablespare wheelwater pump Collection/full payment have to be made with in 3 days after auction end - if you cant, contact me first please Please arrange the collection straight after the auction Cash on colletion or ...

          Comment on Reliably compromising Ubuntu desktops by attacking the crash reporter by Martin Pitt   
Many thanks for this discovery and your exemplary and responsible reporting! It has been a pleasure to work with you, thanks for uncovering my embarrassing sins from a decade ago :-)
          7/1/2017: INQUIRER: Getting their Bard on   
The Agriculture Department has continued pushing the linguistic envelope, announcing: “Shrewth! A shrewd discovery.” Pun done, they flipped the switch to Shakespearean: “A stowaway shrew caught trying to eschew Australia’s biosecurity laws was tamed by...
Your remarks are predictable and a little pedantic.
This supports to the non-believer what has been clearly stated in the Bible that the whole of Canaan from the Euphrates to the Nile and from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean was given by the Creator of Heaven and Earth to the descendants of Jacob (Israel ) as an everlasting possession.
I will immediately grab your rss as I can't to find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me recognise so that I could subscribe. Thanks.
A launguage origin study shows that Ancient palio hebrew is virtualy identical to Phonecian. Both originate from Egyptian. It is likely common between the two languages
They are one in the same
I believe to be Hebrew is to be Jewish
Do some launguage origin study. Ancient palio hebrew is virtualy identical to Phonecian. Both originate from Egyptian.
Do some launguage origin study. Ancient palio hebrew is virtualy identical to Phonecian. Both originate from Egyptian.
On Jan 15th 70 nations will gather in Paris at the UN to establish a peace treaty that will divide the land of Israel into two states. If this is finalized it is prophecy fulfilled according to scripture
You can agree, disagree and insult, but one thing remains, there is a Sovereign Creator of the Universe. He conceals matters and reveals it FOR A PURPOSE!!
          Striking Gemini images point Juno spacecraft toward discovery   
Very detailed Gemini Observatory images peel back Jupiter's atmospheric layers to support the NASA/JPL Juno spacecraft in its quest to understand the giant planet's atmosphere.
          How a speck of light becomes an asteroid   
On the first day of the year 1801, Italian astronomer Gioacchino Giuseppe Maria Ubaldo Nicolò Piazzi found a previously uncharted "tiny star" near the constellation of Taurus. The following night Piazzi again observed this newfound celestial object, discovering that the speck had changed its position relative to the nearby stars. Piazzi knew that real stars were so far away that they never wandered—that they always appeared in the sky as fixed in location relative to each other. Due to the movement of this new object, the astronomer to the king of the two Sicilies suspected he had discovered something much closer—something within our solar system. Piazzi made history's first asteroid discovery. He named it after the Roman goddess for agriculture: Ceres.
          Prebiotic atmosphere discovered on accretion disk of baby star   
An international research team, led by Chin-Fei Lee of the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA, Taiwan), has used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to detect complex organic molecules for the first time in the atmosphere of an accretion disk around a very young protostar. These molecules play a crucial role in producing the rich organic chemistry needed for life. The discovery suggests that the building blocks of life are produced in such disks at the very beginning of star formation and that they are available to be incorporated into planets that form in the disk subsequently. It could help us understand how life came to be on Earth.
          Hack Attack: Biopharma Cyber Chiefs Fight Back   
News that Merck & Co was affected by the recent global ransomware attack hits home the increasing importance of cybersecurity...

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          Heptares' GPCR Discovery Pact With PeptiDream Focused On Inflammation   
An undisclosed G-protein coupled receptor playing a role in inflammatory disease will be the focus of a drug pact between...

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          Spinning electrons open the door to future hybrid electronics   
(Linköping University) A discovery of how to control and transfer spinning electrons paves the way for novel hybrid devices that could outperform existing semiconductor electronics. In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Linkoping University in Sweden demonstrate how to combine a commonly used semiconductor with a topological insulator, a recently discovered state of matter with unique electrical properties.
          Cannibalism At Jamestown   
Experts at Preservation Virginia, the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation and the Smithsonian Institution have produced the first scientifically-verified case of survival cannibalism in colonial America. On Tuesday, forensic analysis of the 17 th Century human remains of a 14-year old girl labeled “Jane” were unveiled. The discovery sheds new light on the deadly colonial winter of 1609 to 1610 referred to as the "starving time.” William Kelso, chief archeologist from Jamestown Rediscovery Project at Preservation Virginia provides us with some context about the discovery.
          Sky Germany + italia + Russian m3u8 vlc iptv   

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#EXTINF:-1, 9_ВолнаВолна
#EXTINF:-1, БоецБоец
#EXTINF:-1, SONY_Turbo
#EXTINF:-1, CBS_Drama
#EXTINF:-1, Gulli
#EXTINF:-1, Viasat_History
#EXTINF:-1, Матч_Игра_HDМатч_Игра_HD
#EXTINF:-1, Amedia_1_HD
#EXTINF:-1, Travel_Channel_HD
#EXTINF:-1, КиносемьяКиносемья
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#EXTINF:-1, Euronews
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#EXTINF:-1, Теледом_HDТеледом_HD
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#EXTINF:-1, H1
#EXTINF:-1, Крым_24Крым_24
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#EXTINF:-1, Noise
#EXTINF:-1, TV1000_Action
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#EXTINF:-1, ПоехалиПоехали
#EXTINF:-1, GameShow_TV
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#EXTINF:-1, ЕврокиноЕврокино
#EXTINF:-1, Наш_футбол_HDНаш_футбол_HD
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#EXTINF:-1, Top_Shop
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#EXTINF:-1, Кинопремьера_HDКинопремьера_HD
#EXTINF:-1, Shopping_Live
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#EXTINF:-1, МультМульт
#EXTINF:-1, France_24
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#EXTINF:-1, ЧеЧе
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#EXTINF:-1, TV1000_Comedy_HD
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#EXTINF:-1, TV1000
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#EXTINF:-1, ID_Xtra
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#EXTINF:-1, Красная_линияКрасная_линия
#EXTINF:-1, NHK_World_TV
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#EXTINF:-1, Passion_XXX
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#EXTINF:-1, 365_ДнейДней
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#EXTINF:-1, Авто_ПлюсАвто_Плюс
#EXTINF:-1, Наука_2.0Наука_2,0
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#EXTINF:-1, Disney_Channel
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#EXTINF:-1, Brazzers
#EXTINF:-1, УспехУспех
#EXTINF:-1, MTV_Dance
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#EXTINF:-1, Nat_Geo_Wild_HD
#EXTINF:-1, Glazella_TV_HD
#EXTINF:-1, Deutsche_Welle_nem
#EXTINF:-1, ИллюзионИллюзион
#EXTINF:-1, Сарафан_ТВСарафан_ТВ
#EXTINF:-1, Живая_ПланетаЖивая_Планета
#EXTINF:-1, National_Geographic_HD
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#EXTINF:-1, Private
#EXTINF:-1, Охотник_и_Рыболов_HDОхотник_и_Рыболов_HD

          Spanish + French Arabic beIN max sport vlc   

#EXTINF:-1,SP: Viajar
#EXTINF:-1,SP: TV International Europa
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Teledeporte
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Telecino
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Tcm
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Syfy
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Real Madrid TV
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Nova
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Neox
#EXTINF:-1,SP: National Geographic Wild HD
#EXTINF:-1,SP: National Geographic
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Mtv Espana
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Moto GP
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Mezzo
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Ltc
#EXTINF:-1,SP: La Sexta
#EXTINF:-1,SP: La 2
#EXTINF:-1,SP: La 1
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Hollywood
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Historia
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Fox News
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Euro Sport 2
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Euro Sport 1
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Energy
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Divinity
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Disney XD
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Disney Channel
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Discovery
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Cuatro
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Comedy Central
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Classica
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Caza Y Pesca
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Canal Sur
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Canal Panda
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Canal Odisea
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Canal Decasa
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Canal Cocina
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Canal 24 Horas
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Calle 13
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Xtra
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Toros
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Series Xtra
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Series
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Liga
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Golf
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Futbol HD
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Estrenos
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Deportes 2
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Deportes
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Dcine HD
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Accion HD
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C   Futbol
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Boing
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Bein Sports
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Barca TV
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Baby TV
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Antena 3
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Amc
#EXTINF:-1,SP: 24 Horas
#EXTINF:-1,SP:  C  Comedia HD
#EXTINF:-1,FR: Sfr Sport 3
#EXTINF:-1,Serie Club
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs Max
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs Geant
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs City
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs Choc
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Primer
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Polar
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Fx
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Frission
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Famiz
#EXTINF:-1,Cine emotion
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Classic
#EXTINF:-1,Canal Series
#EXTINF:-1,Canal plus
#EXTINF:-1,Canal family
#EXTINF:-1,Canal Decale
#EXTINF:-1,Canal Cinema
#EXTINF:-1,ON sport
#EXTINF:-1,ON Live news
#EXTINF:-1,ON Live
#EXTINF:-1,Nick JR
#EXTINF:-1,National Geographic HD
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | 2M Maroc
#EXTINF:-1,Foot  24
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#EXTINF:-1,Discovery Turbo
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#EXTINF:-1,Discovery Channel
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#EXTINF:-1,Bein Movies 4 HD
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#EXTINF:-1,balad HD
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#EXTINF:-1,AR: Rotana Cinema Egypt
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#EXTINF:-1,AlHayah 2
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#EXTINF:-1,Al Kahera Wal Nas
#EXTINF:-1,al hayat
#EXTINF:-1,Abu Dhabi
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 7
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 6
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 5
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 4
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 3
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 2
#EXTINF:-1,A La Carte 1

          Southwest Airlines Releases Shark Week-Themed Aircraft For Takeoff This Summer   

DALLAS, June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Southwest Airlines Co. (NYSE: LUV) and Discovery Channel are teaming up once again to bring television's most anticipated summer event, Shark Week, to new heights. Today, Southwest revealed a Shark Week- themed 737-700 aircraft with an all new,...

          Phillips Computer Forensics Proves Image-File Was 100% Valid to an...   

Pinpoint Labs, an industry leader in providing defensible e-Discovery software to law firms, service bureaus, and corporate entities, has released a case study discussing how Phillips Computer...

(PRWeb June 29, 2017)

Read the full story at

          EnGold Drills 43.45 Metres of 1.31% Copper, 0.20 Grams Per Tonne Gold, 4.06 gpt Silver & 31.14% Iron at Lac La Hache   

David H. Brett, President & CEO, EnGold Mines Ltd., (TSX-V: EGM, “EnGold” or the “Company”) reports assays results from three drill holes located near the copper-gold-silver-iron mineralization discovered earlier in 2017 at the Company’s 100% owned Lac La Hache property in the Cariboo region of British Columbia. Hole G17-16, located 142 metres (m) northeast of discovery hole G16-01

The post EnGold Drills 43.45 Metres of 1.31% Copper, 0.20 Grams Per Tonne Gold, 4.06 gpt Silver & 31.14% Iron at Lac La Hache appeared first on Investing News Network.


Macr1 posted a photo:


I've wanted to photograph this building for over 18 months. I had planned to photograph it when I moved to WA, but didn't get the opportunity. I think that in some ways it was meant to be, as I have my new 19mm Tilt/Shift lens and it was perfect for this building.

About the building


The SAHMRI building is a flexible, adaptable, healthy and sustainable facility. It responds to its surrounding environmental conditions to ensure a comfortable internal working environment and to minimise the use of energy. As a result, our facility has earned a gold rating for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED).

ESD highlights of the facility include:

an energy efficient Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system providing a comfortable indoor environment to each work zone, with high levels of outdoor air supply
a water efficient design, including rainwater harvesting and the reuse of processed water
an intelligent integrated building system to provide real time measurement of energy and water consumption of the building
minimised car parking due to excellent links with public transport and close proximity to Adelaide’s city centre
landscaping and public plaza space designed to minimise the heat island effect
a site specific Environmental Management Plan – with a construction waste recycling target of at least 80%


Project architects Woods Bagot say the key to the success of SAHMRI is its central proposition: a new and liberating lab typology that promotes collaboration and medical discovery, attracting the best researchers from around the world. The built form of the SAHMRI acknowledges its sense of place within the green belt of the Adelaide parklands, seamlessly interacting with its surroundings, including Adelaide’s public transport, cycling and walking networks.

The architecture is lifted, creating an open ground plane in an integrated landscape, opening the building to the public as well as users, allowing for greater activation and porosity through the site. Its forecourt, adjacent to the new hospital, encourages interaction and exchange by staff, visitors and the general public. Derived from its unique site geometry and the need to create a forecourt entry adjacent to the new hospital to the west, the SAHMRI’s sculptural, iconic form is characterised by a striking transparent facade that unifies the organic diamond-shaped plan while showcasing the two atria inside the building. Inspired by the skin of a pine cone, the building’s unique triangulated dia-grid facade responds to its environment like a living organism, acting as an articulated sunshade that deals with sunlight, heat load, glare, and wind deflection, while maintaining views and daylight.

          This chair is weaponized ugly   

Looking for a gift for your crab or crustacean enthusiast best friend? Amazon has you covered.

Even then, this chair is probably too ugly to be anywhere outside a children's discovery museum or aquarium.

The folks at Design Toscano must really have interesting homes!

Design Toscano Giant Red King Crab Sculptural Chair via Amazon

          Lab Manager - Ranomics - Toronto, ON   
Ranomics is looking for talented young scientists interested in a career in the biotechnology startup space to join our growing team in Toronto’s Discovery...
From Ranomics - Mon, 05 Jun 2017 20:54:49 GMT - View all Toronto, ON jobs
          HBO Releases Official ‘Insecure’ Season 2 Trailer   
The full trailer for season 2 of Issa Rae‘s Insecure has arrived, and it is so good! Issa and her girls are back for another season of figuring out their lives. This round of shenanigans will see Issa trying to navigate single life and considering having a “hoe-phase.” Meanwhile, Molly has made an infuriating discovery […]
          There's nothing as beautiful as a urine dump at sunset.   
How space toilets work. They've come a long way. They sure don't look like the one in my house. What happens when they break? NPR explains the logistics of the repair process. Oh thank heavens, it's working again.
Click here to buy! (NO INTERNATIONAL SALES unless using E-bay Global and the item comes exactly as seen in the photos, also please bid carefully as there are no returns, payment expected within 48 hours of the end of the auction, if not received an automatic “NON-PAYING BIDDER” claim will be filed) As shown in [...]
          Marketing & Sales Manager   
NJ-Mahwah, Position Summary: The Marketing Manager at Freshline is the direct liason between our Sales team and our Creative Marketing Company. The Marketing Manager is responsible for the overall advertising, marketing and branding of the company. Responsibilities: Advertising & Marketing Mange the relationship with Creating Marketing Rebranding Company. Overseeing all aspects of the rebranding discovery ph
          Legal Staff Paralegal in Dallas, TX   
Senior Litigation Paralegal
The candidate will provide assistance in all phases of discovery, including assistance with the filing of briefs and motions, document productions, deposition and trial preparation as well as file maintenance and monitoring the docket. Will prepare discovery responses, c
          Legal Staff Paralegal in Dallas, TX   
Senior Level Paralegal (Litigation)
Responsibilities: Provide assistance in all phases of discovery, including assistance with the filing of briefs and motions, document productions, deposition and trial preparation as well as file maintenance and monitoring the docket. Prepare discovery responses,
          Windows 10 now supports interdimensional travel   
Several Reddit users have begun to notice a rather amusing Easter egg hidden in the latest Windows 10 Insider build for those on the Fast Ring. The quirky little discovery involves the text used in a popup error box that states after the usual “[program] has stopped working” text that “Windows is opening a portal […]
          Nmap 7 Released!   
Nmap project released Nmap 7 after three years and half development. The new version of Nmap had more 100 contributors and 3,200 code commits since Nmap 6. The new version has 171 Nmap Scripting Engine (NSE) and supports fully IPv6 from host discovery to port scanning to OS detection. Nmap 7 detailed improvements is available […]
          Pidato Bung Karno Menemukan Jiwa Revolusi Kita   

Saja berdiri dihadapan saudara-saudara, dan berbitjara kepada saudara-saudara diseluruh tanah-air, bahkan djuga kepada saudara-saudara bangsa Indonesia jang berada diluar tanah-air, untuk bersama-sama dengan saudara-saudara memperingati, merajakan, mengagungkan, mengtjamkan Proklamasi kita jang keramat itu.

Dengan tegas saja katakan "mengtjamkan". Sebab, hari ulang-tahun ke-empatbelas daripada Proklamasi kita itu harus benar-benar membuka halaman baru dalam sedjarah Revolusi kita, halaman baru dalam sedjarah Perdjoangan Nasional kita.

1959 menduduki tempat jang istimewa dalam sedjarah Revolusi kita itu. Tempat jang unik! Ada tahun jang saya namakan "tahun ketentuan", - a year of decision. Ada tahun jang saja sebut "tahun tantangan", - a year of challenge. Istimewa tahun jang lalu saja namakan "tahun tantangan. Tetapi buat tahun 1959 saja akan beri sebutan lain. Tahun 1959 adalah tahun dalam mana kita, - sesudah pengalaman pahit hampir sepuluh tahun- , kembali kepada Undang-Undang-Dasar 1945, - Undang-Undang-Dasar Revolusi. Tahun 1959 adalah tahun dalam mana kita kembali kepada djiwa Revolusi. Tahun 1959 adalah tahun penemuan kembali Revolusi. Tahun 1959 adalah tahun "Rediscovery of our Revolution".

Oleh karena itulah maka tahun 1959 menduduki tempat jang istimewa dalam sedjarah Perdjoangan Nasional kita, satu tempat jang unik!

Seringkali telah saja djelaskan tentang tingkatan-tingkatan Revolusi kita ini.

1945 - 1950. Tingkatan physical Revolution. Dalam tingkatan ini kita merebut dan mempertahankan apa jang kita rebut itu, jaitu kekuasaan, dari tangannja fihak imperialis, kedalam tangan kita sendiri. Kita merebut dan mempertahankan kekuasaan itu dengan segenap tenaga rochaniah dan djasmaniah jang ada pada kita, - dengan apinja kitapunja djiwa dan dengan apinja kitapunya bedil dan meriam. Angkasa Indonesia pada waktu itu adalah laksana angkasa kobong, bumi Indonesia laksana bumi tersiram api. Oleh karena itu maka pada periode 1945 - 1950 adalah periode Revolusi phisik. Periode ini, periode merebut dan mempertahankan kekuasaan, adalah periode Revolusi politik.

1950 - 1955. Tingkatan ini saja namakan tingkatan "survival". Survival artinja tetap hidup, tidak mati. Lima tahun physical revolution tidak membuat kita rebah, lima tahun bertempur, menderita, berkorban-badaniah, lapar, kedjar-kedjaran dengan maut, tidak membuat kita binasa. Badan penuh dengan luka-luka, tetapi kita tetap berdiri. Dan antara 1950 - 1955 kita sembuhkanlah luka-luka itu, kita sulami mana jang bolong, kita tutup mana jang djebol. Dan dalam tahun 1955 kita dapat berkata, bahwa tertebuslah segala penderitaan jang kita alami dalam periode Revolusi phisik.

1956. Mulai dengan tahun ini kita ingin memasuki satu periode baru. Kita ingin memasuki periodenja Revolusi sosial-ekonomis, untuk mentjapai tudjuan terachir daripada Revolusi kita, jaitu satu masjarakat adil dan makmur, "tata-tentrem-kerta-rahard
Tidakkah demikian saudara-saudara? Kita berevolusi, kita berdjoang, kita berkorban, kita berdansa dengan maut, toh bukan hanja untuk menaikkan bendera Sang Merah Putih, bukan hanja untuk melepaskan Sang Garuda Indonesia terbang diangkasa? "Kita bergerak", demikian saja tuliskan dalam risalah "Mentjapai Indonesia Merdeka" hampir tigapuluh tahun jang lalu - : "Kita bergerak karena kesengsaraan kita, kita bergerak karena kita ingin hidup lebih lajak dan sempurna. Kita bergerak tidak karena "ideaal" sadja, kita bergerak karena ingin tjukup makanan, ingin tjukup pakaian, ingin tjukup tanah, ingin tjukup perumahan, ingin tjukup pendidikan, ingin tjukup minimum seni dan cultuur, - pendek kata kita bergerak kerena ingin perbaikan nasib didalam segala bagian-bagiannja dan tjabang-tjabangnja. Perbaikan nasib ini hanjalah bisa datang seratus procent, bilamana masjarakat sudah tidak ada kapitalisme dan imperialisme. Sebab stelsel inilah jang sebagai kemladean tumbuh diatas tubuh kita, hidup dan subur daripada tenaga kita, rezeki kita, zat-zatnja masjarakat kita. - Oleh karena itu, maka pergerakan kita itu haruslah suatu pergerakan jang ketjil-ketjilan. - Pergerakan kita itu haruslah suatu pergerakan jang ingin merobah samasekali sifatnya masjarakat"....

Pendek-kata, dari dulu-mula tudjuan kita ialah satu masjarakat jang adil dan makmur.

Masjarakat jang demikian itu tidak djatuh begitu-sadja dari langit, laksana embun diwaktu malam. Masjarakat jang demikian itu harus kita perdjoangkan, masjarakat jang demikian itu harus kita bangun. Sedjak tahun 1956 kita ingin memasuki alam pembangunan. Alam pembangunan Semesta. Dan saudara-saudara telah sering mendengar dari mulut saja, bahwa untuk pembangunan Semesta itu kita harus mengadakan perbekalan-perbekalan dan peralatan-peralatan lebih dahulu, - dalam bahasa asingnya: mengadakan "invesment-invesment" lebih dahulu. Sedjak tahun 1956 mulailah periode invesment. Dan sesudah periode invesment itu selesai, mulailah periode pembangunan besar-besaran. Dan sesudah pembangunan besar-besaran itu, mengalamilah kita Inja-Allah subhanahu wa ta ála alamnja masjarakat adil dan makmur, alamnja masjarakat "murah sandang murah pangan", "subur kang sarwa tinadur, murah kang sarwa tinuku".

Saudara-Saudara! Djika kita menengok kebelakang, maka tampaklah dengan djelas, bahwa dalam tingkatan Revolusi Phisik, segala perbuatan kita dan segala tekad kita mempunjai dasar dan tudjuan jang tegas-djelas buat kita semua: melenjapkan kekuasaan Belanda dari bumi Indonesia, mengenjahkan bendera tiga warna dari bumi Indonesia. Pada satu detik, djam sepuluh pagi, tanggal 17 Agustus, tahun 1945, Proklamasi diutjapkan, - tetapi lima tahun lamanja Djiwa Proklamasi itu tetap berkobar-kobar, tetap berapi-api, tetap murni mendjiwai segenap fikiran dan rasa kita, tetap murni menghikmati segenap tindak-tanduk kita, tetap murni mewahjui segenap keichlasan dan kerelaan kita untuk menderita dan berkorban. Undang-Undang-Dasar 1945, - Undang-Undang-Dasar Proklamasi - , benar-benar ternjata Undang-Undang-Dasar Perdjoangan, benar-benar ternjata satu pelopor daripada alat-Perdjoangan! Dengan Djiwa Proklamasi dan dengan Undang-Undang-Dasar Proklamasi itu, perdjoangan berdjalan pesat, malah perdjoangan berdjalan laksana lawine jang makin lama makin gemuruh dan tá tertahan, menjapu bersih segala penghalang!

Padahal lihat! alat-alat jang berupa perbendaan (materiil) pada waktu itu serba kurang, serba sederhana, serba dibawah minimum! Keuangan tambal-sulam, Angkatan Perang tjompang-tjamping, kekuasaan politik djatuh-bangun, daerah de facto Republik Indonesia kadang-kadang hanja seperti selebar pajung. Tetapi Djiwa Proklamasi dan Undang-Undang-Dasar Proklamasi mengikat dan membakar semangat seluruh bangsa Indonesia dari Sabang sampai Marauke! Itulah sebabnja kita pada waktu itu achirnja menang. Itulah sebabnja kita pada waktu itu achirnja berhasil pengakuan kedaulatan, - bukan souvereiniteits-overdracht tetapi souvereiniteits-erkenning - , pada tanggal 27 Desember 1949.

Demikianlah gilang-gemilangnja periode Revolusi phisik.

Dalam periode jang kemudian, jaitu dalam periode survival, sedjak tahun 1950, maka modal perdjoangan dalam arti perbendaan (materiil) agak lebih besar daripada sebelumnja. Keuangan kita lebih longgar, Angkatan Perang kita tidak tjompang-tjamping lagi; kekuasaan politik kita diakui oleh sebagian besar dunia Internasional; kekuasaan de facto kita melebar sampai daerah dimuka pintu gerbang Irian Barat. Tetapi dalam arti modal-mental, maka modal-perdjoangan kita itu mengalami satu kemunduran. Apa sebab?

Pertama oleh karena djiwa, sesudah berachirnja sesuatu perdjoangan phisik, selalu mengalami satu kekendoran; kedua oleh karena pengakuan kedaulatan itu kita beli dengan berbagai matjam kompromis.

Kompromis, tidak hanja dalam arti penebusan dengan kekajaan materiil, tetapi lebih djahat daripada itu: kompromis dalam arti mengorbankan Djiwa Revolusi, dengan segala akibat daripada itu:

Dengan Belanda, melalui K.M.B., kita mesti mentjairkan Djiwa-revolusi kita; di Indonesia sendiri, kita harus berkompromis dengan golongan-golongan jang non-revolusioner: golongan-golongan blandis, golongan-golongan reformis, golongan-golongan konservatif, golongan-golongan kontra-revolusioner, golongan-golongan bunglon dan tjetjunguk-tjetjunguk. Sampai-sampai kita, dalam mengorbankan djiwa revolusi ini, meninggalkan Undang-Undang-Dasar 1945 sebagai alat perdjoangan.

Saja tidak mentjela K.M.B., sebagai taktik perdjoangan. Saja sendiri dulu mengguratkan apa jang saja "tracée baru" untuk memperoleh pengakuan kedaulatan. Tetapi saja tidak menjetudjui orang jang tidak menjadari adanja bahaja-bahaja penghalang Revolusi jang timbul sebagai akibat daripada kompromis K.M.B. itu. Apalagi orang jang tidak menjadari bahwa K.M.B. adalah satu kompromis! Orang-orang jang demikian itu adalah orang-orang jang pernah saja namakan orang-orang possibilis, orang-orang jang pada hakekatnya tidak dinamis-revolusioner, bahkan maungkin kontra-revolusioner. Orang-orang jang demikian itu sedikitnja adalah orang-orang jang beku, orang-orang jang tidak mengerti maknanja "taktik", orang-orang jang mentjampur-bawurkan taktik dan tudjuan, orang-orang jang djiwanja "mandek".

Orang-orang jang demikian itulah, disamping sebab-sebab lain, meratjuni djiwa bangsa Indonesia sedjak tahun 1950 dengan ratjunnja reformisme. Merekalah jang mendjadi salah satu sebab kemunduran modal mental daripada Revolusi kita sedjak 1950, meskipun dilapangan peralatan materiil kita mengalami sedikit kemadjuan. Kalau tergantung daripada mereka, kita sekarang masih hidup dalam alam K.M.B.! Masih hidup dalam alam Uni Indonesia-Belanda! masih hidup dalam alam suprimasi modal belanda!

Mereka berkata, bahwa kita harus selalu tunduk kepada perdjandjian internasional, sampai lebur-kiamat kita tidak boleh menjimpang daripadanja! Mereka berkata, bahwa kita tidak boleh merobah negara federal ála van Mook, tidak boleh menghapuskan Uni, oleh karena kita telah menandatangani perdjandjian K.M.B. "Setia kepada aksara, setia kepada aksara!, demikianlah wijsheid jang mereka keramatkan. Njatalah mereka sama sekali tdak mengerti apa jang dinamakan Revolusi. Njatalah mereka tidak mengerti bahwa Revolusi djustru mengingkari aksara! Dan, njatalah mereka tidak mengerti , - oleh karena mereka memang tidak ahli revolusi -, bahwa modal pokok bagi tiap-tiap revolusi nasional menentang imperialisme-kolonialisme ialah Kosentrasi Kekuatan Nasional, dan bukan perpetjahan kekuatan nasional. Meskipun kita menjetudjui pemberian autonomi-daerah seluas-luasnja sesuai dengan motto kita Bhineka Tunggal Ika, maka federasi á la van Mook harus kita tidak setiai, harus kita kikis-habis selekas-lekasnja, oleh karena federalisme á la van Mook itu adalah pada hakekatnja alat pemetjah-belah kekuatan nasional. Djahatnja politik pemetjah-belahan ini ternjata sekali sedjak tahun 1950 itu, dan mentjapai klimaksnja dalam pemberontakan P.R.R.I.-Permesta dua tahun jang lalu, dan oleh karenanja harus kita gempur-hantjur habis-habisan, sampai hilang lenjap P.R.R.I.-Permesta itu sama sekali!

Ja, sekali lagi: Persetudjuan internasional tidak berarti satu barang jang langgeng dan abadi. Ia harus memberi kemungkinan untuk setiap waktu menghadapi revisi. Apalagi, djika persetudjuan itu mengandung unsur-unsur jang bertentangan dengan keadilan manusia, - dilapangan politikkah, dilapangan ekonomikah, dilapangan militerkah -, maka wadjib persetudjuan tersebut direvisi pada waktu perimbangan kekuatan berobah. Misalnja pendjadjahan terhadap bangsa lain, meski tadinja ia disetudjui dalam sesuatu perdjandjian internasional sekalipun, ta' dapat diterima sebagai suatu hukum jang mutlak dan abadi, jang harus dibenarkan terus menerus sampai keachir zaman.Tidak!, ia harus ditjela setadjam-tadjamnja, ditentang mati-matian, ditiadakan selekas mungkin. Tidak boleh kita membiarkan langgeng dan abadi sesuatu hukum jang berdasarkan penguasaan silemah oleh sikuat.

Saudara-saudara, saja masih dalam membitjarakan periode survival. Selama kita masih dalam periode survival ini, maka segala kompromis dan reformisme jang saja sebutkan tadi tidak begitu disedari akan akibatnja. Ja, mungkin terasa kadang-kadang, bahwa djalannja pertumbuhan agak serat, tetapi keseratan ini makin lama makin diartikan sebagai satu kekurangan atau tjatjat jang memang melekat pada bangsa Indonesia sendiri, satu kekurangan atau tjatjat jang memang "inhaerent" kepada bangsa Indonesia sendiri, - bukan sebagai akibat daripda sesuatu kompromis, atau akibat sesuatu reformisme, atau akibat sesuatu possibilisme, pendek kata bukan sebagai akibat pengorbanan djiwa Revolusi. Segala kematjetan dan keseratan di "verklaar" dengan kata "memang kita ini belum tjukup matang, memang kita ini masih sedikit Inlander", Sinisme lantas timbul! Kepertjajaan kepada kemampuan bangsa sendiri gojang. Djiwa Inlander jang memandang rendah kepada bangsa sendiri dan memandang agung kepada bangsa asing muntjul disana-sini terutama sekali dikalangan kaum intelektuil. Padahal semuanja sebenarnja adalah abibat daripada kompromis!

Masuk kita kedalam periode invesment. Didalam periode inilah, - periode voorbeidingnja revolusi sosial-ekonomi - , makin tampaklah akibat-akibat djelek daripada kompromis 1949 itu. Terasalah oleh seluruh masjarakat - ketjuali masjarakatnja orang-orang pemakan nangka tanpa terkena getahnja nangka, masjarakatnja orang-orang jang "arrivés" , masjarakatnja sipemimpin mobil sedan dan sipemimpin penggaruk lisensi -, terasalah oleh seluruh rakjat bahwa djiwa, dasar, dan tudjuan Revolusi jang kita mulai dalam tahun 1945 itu kini dihinggapi oleh penjakit -penjakit dan dualisme-dualisme jang berbahaja sekali.

Dimana djiwa Revolusi itu sekarang? Djiwa Revolusi sudah mendjadi hampir padam, sudah mendjadi dingin ta'ada apinja. Dimana Dasar Revolusi itu sekarang? Dasar Revolusi itu sekarang tidak karuan mana letaknja, oleh karena masing-masing partai menaruhkan dasarnja sendiri, sehingga dasar Pantja Sila pun sudah ada jang meninggalkannja. Diaman tdjuan revolusi itu sekarang? Tudjuan Revolusi, - jaitu masyarakat jang adil dan makmur -, kini oleh orang-orang jang bukan putra-revolusi diganti dengan politik liberal dan ekonomi liberal. Diganti dengan politik liberal, dimana suara rakjat banyak dieksploitir, ditjatut, dikorup oleh berbagai golongan. Diganti dengan ekonomi liberal, dimana berbagai golongan menggaruk kekajaan hantam-kromo, dengan mengorbankan kepentingan rakjat.

Segala penjakit dan dualisme itu tampak menondjol terang djelas dalam periode invesment itu! Terutama sekali penjakit dan dualisme empat rupa jang sudah saja sinjalir beberapa kali: dualisme antara pemerintah dan pimpinan Revolusi; dualisme dalam outlook kemasjarakatan: masjarakat adil dan makmurkah, atau masjarakat kapitaliskah? dualisme "Revolusi sudah selesaikah" atau "Revolusi belum selesaikah"? dualisme dalam demokrasi, - demokrasi untuk rakjatkah, atau Rakjat untuk demokrasikah?

Dan sebagai saja katakan, segala kegagalan-kegagalan, segala keseratan-keseratan, segala kematjetan-kematjetan dalam usaha-usaha kita jang kita alami dalam periode survival dan invesment itu, tidak semata-mata desebabkan oleh kekurangan-kekurangan atau ketololan-ketololan jang inhaerent melekat kepada bangsa Indonesia sendiri, tidak disebabkan oleh karena bangsa Indonesia memang bangsa jang tolol, atau bangsa jang bodoh, atau bangsa jang tidak mampu apa-apa, - tidak! - , segala kegagalan, keseratan, kematjetan itu pada pokoknja adalah disebabkan oleh karena kita, sengadja atau tidak sengadja, sedar atau tidak sedar, telah menjeléwéng dari Djiwa, dari Dasar, dan dari Tudjuan Revolusi!

Kita telah mendjalankan kompromis, dan kompromis itu telah menggerogoti kitapunja Djiwa sendiri!

Insjafilah hal ini, sebab, itulah langkah pertama untuk menjehatkan perdjoangan kita ini.

Dan kalau kita sudah insjaf, marilah kita, sebagai sudah saja andjurkan, memikirkan mentjari djalan-keluar, memikirkan mentjari way-out, - think and re-think, make and re-make, , shape and re-shape. Buanglah apa jang salah, bentuklah apa jang harus dibentuk! Beranilah membongkar segala alat-alat jang tá tepat, - alat-alat maretiil dan alat-alat mental -. beranilah membangun alat-alat jang baru untuk meneruskan perdjoangan diatas rel Revolusi. Beranilah mengadakan "retooling for the future". Pendek kata, beranilah meninggalkan alam perdjoangan setjara sekarang, dan beranilah kembali samasekali kepada Djiwa Revolusi 1945

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          Annotations to Morga's 1609   
To the Filipinos: In Noli Me Tangere ("The Social Cancer") I started to sketch the present state of our native land. But the effect which my effort produced made me realize that, before attempting to unroll before your eyes the other pictures which were to follow, it was necessary first to post you on the past. So only can you fairly judge the present and estimate how much progress has been made during the three centuries (of Spanish rule).

Like almost all of you, I was born and brought up in ignorance of our country's past and so, without knowledge or authority to speak of what I neither saw nor have studied, I deem it necessary to quote the testimony of an illustrious Spaniard who in the beginning of the new era controlled the destinies of the Philippines and had personal knowledge of our ancient nationality in its last days.

It is then the shade of our ancestor's civilization which the author will call before you. . . If the work serves to awaken in you a consciousness of our past, and to blot from your memory or to rectify what has been falsified or is calumny, then I shall not have labored in vain. With this preparation, slight though it may be, we can all pass to the study of the future.

José Rizal

Europe, 1889

Governor Morga was not only the first to write but also the first to publish a Philippine history. This statement has regard to the concise and concrete form in which our author has treated the matter. Father Chirino's work, printed in Rome in 1604, is rather a chronicle of the Missions than a history of the Philippines; still it contains a great deal of valuable material on usages and customs. The worthy Jesuit in fact admits that he abandoned writing a political history because Morga had already done so, so one must infer that he had seen the work in manuscript before leaving the Islands.

By the Christian religion, Dr. Morga appears to mean the Roman Catholic which by fire and sword he would preserve in its purity in the Philippines. Nevertheless in other lands, notably in Flanders, these means were ineffective to keep the church unchanged, or to maintain its supremacy, or even to hold its subjects.

Great kingdoms were indeed discovered and conquered in the remote and unknown parts of the world by Spanish ships but to the Spaniards who sailed in them we may add Portuguese, Italians, French, Greeks, and even Africans and Polynesians. The expeditions captained by Columbus and Magellan, one a Genoese Italian and the other a Portuguese, as well as those that came after them, although Spanish fleets, still were manned by many nationalities and in them were negroes, Moluccans, and even men from the Philippines and the Marianes Islands.

These centuries ago it was the custom to write as intolerantly as Morga does, but nowadays it would be called a bit presumptuous. No one has a monopoly of the true God nor is there any nation or religion that can claim, or at any rate prove, that to it has ben given the exclusive right to the Creator of all things or sole knowledge of His real being.

The conversions by the Spaniards were not as general as their historians claim. The missionaries only succeeded in converting a part of the people of the Philippines. Still there are Mohammedans, the Moros, in the southern islands, and Negritos, Igorots and other heathens yet occupy the greater part territorially of the archipelago. Then the islands which the Spaniards early held but soon lost are non-Christian -- Formosa, Borneo, and the Moluccas. And if thre are Christians in the Carolines, that is due to Protestants, whom neither the Roman Catholics of Morga's day nor many Catholics in our own day consider Christians.

It is not the fact that the Filipinos were unprotected before the coming of the Spaniards. Morga himself says, further on in telling of the pirate raids from the islands had arms and defended themselves. But after the natives were disarmed the pirates pillaged them with impunity, coming at times when they were unprotected by the government, which was the reason for many of the insurrections.

The civilization of the Pre-Spanish Filipinos in regard to the duties of life for that age was well advanced, as the Morga history shows in its eighth chapter.

The islands came under Spanish sovereignty and control through compacts, treaties of friendship and alliances for reciprocity. By virtue of the last arrangement, according to some historians, Magellan lost his life on Mactan and the soldiers of Legaspi fought under the banner of King Tupas of Cebu.

The term "conquest" is admissible but for a part of the islands and then only in its broadest sense. Cebu, Panay, Luzon, Mindoro, and some others cannot be said to have been conquered.

The discovery, conquest and conversion cost Spanish blood but still m ore Filipino blood. It will be seen later on in Morga that with the Spaniards and on behalf of Spain there were always more Filipinos fighting than Spaniards.

Morga shows that the ancient Filipinos had army and navy with artillery and other implements of warfare. Their prized krises and kampilans for their magnificent temper are worthy of admiration and some of them are richly damascened. Their coats of mail and helmets, of which there are specimens in various European museums, attest their great advancement in this industry.

Morga's expression that the Spaniards "brought war to the gates of the Filipinos" is in marked contrast with the word used by subsequent historians whenever recording Spain's possessing herself of a province, that she pacified it. Perhaps "to make peace" then meant the same as "to stir up war." (This is a veiled allusion to the old Latin saying of Romans, often quoted by Spaniard's that they make a desert, calling it making peace. -- Austin Craig)

Megellan's transferring from the service of his own king (i.e. the Portuguese) to employment under the King of Spain, according to historic documents, was because the Portuguese King had refused to grant him the raise in salary which he asked.

Now it is known that Magellan was mistaken when he represented to the King of Spain that the Molucca Islands were within the limits assigned by the Pope to the Spaniards. But through this error and the inaccuracy of the nautical instruments of that time, the Philippines did not fall into the hands of the Portuguese.

Cebu, which Morga calls "The City of the Most Holy Name of Jesus," was at first called "The village of San Miguel."

The image of the Holy Child of Cebu, which many religious writers believed was brought to Cebu by the angels, was in fact given by the worthy Italian chronicler of Magellan's expedition, the Chevalier Pigafetta, to the Cebuan queen.

The expedition of Villalobos, intermediate between Magallan's and Legaspi's gave the name "Philipina" to one of the southern islands, Tendaya, now perhaps Leyte, and this name later was extended to the whole archipelago.

Of the native Manila rulers at the coming of the Spaniards, Raja Soliman was called "Rahang mura", or young king, in distinction from the old king, "Rahang matanda". Historians have confused these personages.

The native fort at the mouth of the Pasig river, which Morga speaks of as equipped with brass lantkas and artillery of larger caliber, had its ramparts reinforced with thick hardwood posts such as the Tagalogs used for their houses and called "harigues", or "haligui".

Morga has evidently confused the pacific coming of Legaspi with the attack of Goiti and Salcedo, as to date. According to other historians it was in 1570 that Manila was burned, and with it a great plant for manufacturing artillery. Goiti did not take possession of the city but withdrew to Cavite and afterwards to to Panay, which makes one suspicious of his alleged victory. As to the day of the date, the Spaniards then, having come following the course of the sun, were some sixteen hours later than Europe. This condition continued until the end of the year 1844, when the 31st of December was by special arrangement among the authorities dropped from the calendar for that year. Accordingly Legaspi did not arrive in Manila on the 19th but on the 20th of May and consequently it was not on the festival of Santa Potenciana but on San Baudelio's day. The same mistake was made with reference to the other earlyl events still wrongly commemorated, like San Andres's day for the repulse of the Chinese corsair Li Ma-hong.

Though not mentioned by Morga, the Cebuans aided the Spaniards in their expedition against Manila, for which reason they were long exempted from tribute.

The southern islands, the Bisayas, were also called "The land of the Painted People (or Pintados, in Spanish)" because the natives had their bodies decorated with tracings made with fire, somewhat like tattooing.

The Spaniards retained the native name for the new capital of the archipelago, a little changed, however, for the Tagalogs had called their city "Maynila."

When Morga says that the lands were "entrusted (given as encomiendas) to those who had "pacified" them, he means "divided up among." The word "entrust," like "pacify," later came to have a sort of ironical signification. To entrust a province was then as if it wre said that it was turned over to sack, abandoned to the cruelty and covetousness of the encomendero, to judge from the way these gentry misbehaved.

Legaspi's grandson, Salcedo, called the Hernando Cortez of the Philippines, was the "conqueror's" intelligent right arm and the hero of the "conquest." His honesty and fine qualities, talent and personal bravery, all won the admiration of the Filipinos. Because of him they yielded to their enemies, making peace and friendship with the Spaniards. He it was who saved Manila from Li Ma-hong. He died at the early age of twenty-seven and is the only encomendero recorded to have left the great part of his possessions to the Indians of his encomienda. Vigan was his encomienda and the Illokanos there were his heirs.

The expedition which followed the Chinese corsair Li Ma-hong, after his unsuccessful attack upon Manila, to Pangasinan province, with the Spaniards of whom Morga tells, had in it 1,500 friendly Indians from Cebu, Bohol, Leyte and Panay, besides the many others serving as laborers and crews of the ships. Former Raja Lakandola, of Tondo, with his sons and his kinsmen went too, with 200 more Bisayans and they wre joined by other Filipinos in Pangasinan.

If discovery and occupation justify annexation, then Borneo ought to belong to Spain. In the Spanish expedition to replace on its throne a Sirela or Malacla, as he is variously called, who had been driven out by his brother, more than fifteen hundred Filipino bowmen from the provinces of Pangasinan, Kagayan and the Bisayas participated.

It is notable how strictly the early Spanish governors were held to account. Some stayed in Manila as prisoners, one, Governor Corcuera, passed five years with Fort Santiago as his prison.

In the fruitless expedition against the Portuguese in the island of Ternate, in the Molucca group, which was abandoned because of the prevalence of beriberi among the troops, there went 1,500 Filipino soldiers from the more warlike provinces, principally Kagayans and Pampangans.

The "pacification" of Kagayan was accomplished by taking advantage of the jealousies among its people, particularly the rivalry between two brothers who were chiefs. An early historian asserts that without this fortunate circumstance, for the Spaniards, it would have been impossible to subjugate them.

Captain Gabriel de Rivera, a Spanish commander who had gained fame in a raid on Borneo and the Malacca coast, was the first envoy from the Philippines to take up with the King of Spain the needs of the archipelago.

The early conspiracy of the Manila and Pampangan former chiefs was revealed to the Spaniards by a Filipina, the wife of a soldier, and many concerned lost their lives.

The artillery cast for the new stone fort in Manila, says Morga, was by the hand of an ancient Filipino. That is, he knew how to cast cannon even before the coming of the Spaniards, hence he was distinguished as "ancient." In this difficult art of ironworking, as in so many others, the modern or present-day Filipinos are not so far advanced as were their ancestors.

When the English freebooter Cavandish captured the Mexican galleon Santa Ana, with 122,000 gold pesos, a great quantity of rich textiles -- silks, satins and damask, musk perfume, and stores of provisions, he took 150 prisoners. All these because of their brave defense were put ashore with ample supplies, except two Japanese lads, three Filipinos, a Portuguese and a skilled Spanish pilot whom he kept as guides in his further voyaging.

From the earliest Spanish days ships were built in the islands, which might be considered evidence of native culture. Nowadays this industry is reduced to small craft, scows and coasters.

The Jesuit, Father Alonso Sanchez, who visited the papal court at Rome and the Spanish King at Madrid, had a mission much like that of deputies now, but of even greater importance since he came to be a sort of counselor or representative to the absolute monarch of that epoch. One wonders why the Philippines could have a representative then but may not have one now.

In the time of Governor Gomez Perez Dasmariñas, Manila was guarded against further damage sch as was suffered from Li Ma-hong by the construction of a massive stone wall around it. This was accomplished "without expense to the royal treasury." The same governor, in like manner, also fortified the point at the entrance to the river where had been the ancient native fort of wood, and he gave it the name Fort Santiago.

The early cathedral of wood which was burned which was burned through carelessness at the time of the funeral of Governor Dasmariñas' predecessor, Governor Ronquillo, was made, according to the Jesuit historian Chirino, with hardwood pillars around which two men could not reach, and in harmony with this massiveness was all the woodwork above and below. It may be surmised from this how hard workers were the Filipinos of that time.

A stone house for the bishop was built before starting on the governor-general's residence. This precedence is interesting for those who uphold the civil power.

Morga's mention of the scant output the scant output of large artillery from the Manila cannon works because of lack of master foundry workers shows that after the death of the Filipino Panday Pira there were not Spaniards skilled enough to take his place, nor were his sons as expert as he.

It is worthy of note that China, Japan and Cambodia at this time maintained relations with the Philippines. But in our day it has been more than a century since the natives of the latter two countries have come here. The causes which ended the relationship may be found in the interference by the religious orders with the institutions of those lands.

For Governor Dasmariñas' expedition to conquer Ternate, in the Moluccan group, two Jesuits there gave secret information. In his 200 ships, besides 900 Spaniards, there must have been Filipinos for one chronicler speaks of Indians, as the Spaniards called the natives of the Philippines, who lost their lives and others who were made captives when the Chinese rowers mutinied. It was the custom then always to have a thousand or more native bowmen and besides the crew were almost all Filipinos, for the most part Bisayans.

The historian Argensola, in telling of four special galleys for Dasmariñas' expedition, says that they were manned by an expedient which was generally considered rather harsh. It was ordered that there be bought enough of the Indians who were slaves of the former Indian chiefs, or principals, to form these crews, and the price, that which had been customary in pre-Spanish times, was to be advanced by the ecomenderos who later would be reimbursed from the royal treasury. In spite of this promised compensation, the measures still seem severe since those Filipinos were not correct in calling their dependents slaves. The masters treated these, and loved them, like sons rather, for they seated them at their own tables and gve them their own daughters in marriage.

Morga says that the 250 Chinese oarsmen who manned Governor Dasmariñas' swift galley were under pay and had the special favor of not being chained to their benches. According to him it was covetousness of the wealth aboard that led them to revolt and kill the governor. But the historian Gaspar de San Agustin states that the reason for the revolt was the governor's abusive language and his threatening the rowers. Both these authors' allegations may have contributed, but more important was the fact that there was no law to compel these Chinamen to row in the galleys. They had come to Manila to engage in commerce or to work in trades or to follow professions. Still the incident contradicts the reputation for enduring everything which they have had. The Filipinos have been much more long-suffering than the Chinese since, in spite of having been obliged to row on more than one occasion, they never mutinied.

It is difficult to excuse the missionaries' disregard of the laws of nations and the usages of honorable politics in their interference in Cambodia on the ground that it was to spread the Faith. Religion had a broad field awaiting them in the Philippines where more than nine-tenths of the natives were infidels. That even now there are to be found here so many tribes and settlements of non-Christians takes away much of the prestige of that religious zeal which in the easy life in towns of wealth, liberal and fond of display, grows lethargic. Truth is that the ancient activity was scarcely for the Faith alone, because the missionaries had to go to islands rich in spices and gold though there were at hand Mohammedans and Jews in Spain and Africa, Indians by the million in the Americas, and more millions of protestants, schismatics and heretics peopled, and still people, over six-sevenths of Europe. All of these doubtless would have accepted the Light and the true religion if the friars, under pretext of preaching to them, had not abused their hospitality and if behind the name Religion had not lurked the unnamed Domination.

In the attempt made by Rodriguez de Figueroa to conquer Mindanao according to his contract with the King of Spain, there was fighting along the Rio Grande with the people called the Buhahayenes. Their general, according to Argensola, was the celebrated Silonga, later distinguished for many deeds in raids on the Bisayas and adjacent islands. Chirino relates an anecdote of his coolness under fire once during a truce for a marriage among Mindanao "principalia." Young Spaniards out of bravado fired at his feet but he passed on as if unconscious of the bullets.

Argensola has preserved the name of the Filipino who killed Rodriguez de Figueroa. It was Ubal. Two days previously he had given a banquet, slaying for it a beef animal of his own, and then made the promise which he kept, to do away with the leader of the Spanish invaders. A Jesuit writer calls him a traitor though the justification for that term of reproach is not apparent. The Buhahayen people were in their own country, and had neither offended nor declared war upon the Spaniards. They had to defend their homes against a powerful invader, with superior forces, many of whom were, by reason of their armor, invulnerable so far as rude Indians were concerned. Yet these same Indians were defenseless against the balls from their muskets. By the Jesuit's line of reasoning, the heroic Spanish peasantry in their war for independence would have been a people even more treacherous. It was not Ubal's fault that he was not seen and, as it was wartime, it would have been the height of folly, in view of the immense disparity of arms, to have first called out to this preoccupied opponent, and then been killed himself.

The muskets used by the Buhayens were probably some that had belonged to Figueroa's soldiers who had died in battle. Though the Philippines had latakas and other artillery, muskets were unknown until the Spaniards came.

That the Spaniards used the word "discover" very carelessly may be seen from an admiral's turning in a report of his "discovery" of the Solomon islands though he noted that the islands had been discovered before.

Death has always been the first sign of European civilization on its introduction in the Pacific Ocean. God grant that it may not be the last, though to judge by statistics the civilized islands are losing their populations at a terrible rate. Magellan himself inaugurated his arrival in the Marianes islands by burning more than forty houses, many small craft and seven people because one of his ships had been stolen. Yet to the simple savages the act had nothing wrong in it but was done with the same naturalness that civilized people hunt, fish, and subjugate people that are weak or ill-armed.

The Spanish historians of the Philippines never overlook any opportunity, be it suspicion or accident, that may be twisted into something unfavorable to the Filipinos. They seem to forget that in almost every case the reason for the rupture has been some act of those who were pretending to civilize helpless peoples by force of arms and at the cost of their native land. What would these same writers have said if the crimes committed by the Spaniards, the Portuguese and the Dutch in their colonies had been committed by the islanders?

The Japanese were not in error when they suspected the Spanish and Portuguese religious propaganda to have political motives back of the missionary activities. Witness the Moluccas where Spanish missionaries served as spies; Cambodia, which it was sought to conquer under cloak of converting; and many other nations, among them the Filipinos, where the sacrament of baptism made of the inhabitants not only subjects of the King of Spain but also slaves of the encomenderos, and as well slaves of the churches and converts. What would Japan have been now had not its emperors uprooted Catholicism? A missionary record of 1625 sets forth that the King of Spain had arranged with certain members of Philippine religious orders that, under guise of preaching the faith and making Christians, they should win over the Japanese and oblige them to make themselves of the Spanish party, and finally it told of a plan whereby the King of Spain should become also King of Japan. In corroboration of this may be cited the claims that Japan fell within the Pope's demarcation lines for Spanish expansion and so there was complaint of missionaries other than Spanish there. Therefore it was not for religion that they were converting the infidels!

The raid by Datus Sali and Silonga of Mindanao, in 1599 with 50 sailing vessels and 3,000 warriors, against the capital of Panay, is the first act of piracy by the inhabitants of the South which is recorded in Philippine history. I say "by the inhabitants of the South" because earlier there had been other acts of piracy, the earliest being that of Magellan's expedition when it seized the shipping of friendly islands and even of those whom they did not know, extorting for them heavy ransoms. It will be remembered that these Moro piracies continued for more than two centuries, during which the indomitable sons of the South made captives and carried fire and sword not only in neighboring islands but into Manila Bay to Malate, to the very gates of the capital, and not once a year merely but at times repeating their raids five and six times in a single season. Yet the government was unable to repel them or to defend the people whom it had disarmed and left without protection. Estimating that the cost to the islands was but 800 victims a year, still the total would be more than 200,000 persons sold into slavery or killed, all sacrificed together with so many other things to the prestige of that empty title, Spanish sovereignty.

Still the Spaniards say that the Filipinos have contributed nothing to Mother Spain, and that it is the islands which owe everything. It may be so, but what about the enormous sum of gold which was taken from the islands in the early years of Spanish rule, of the tributes collected by the encomenderos, of the nine million dollars yearly collected to pay the military, expenses of the employees, diplomatic agents, corporations and the like, charged to the Philippines, with salaries paid out of the Philippine treasury not only for those who come to the Philippines but also for those who leave, to some who never have been and never will be in the islands, as well as to others who have nothing to do with them. Yet allof this is as nothing in comparison with so many captives gone, such a great number of soldiers killed in expeditions, islands depopulated, their inhabitants sold as slaves by the Spaniards themselves, the death of industry, the demoralization of the Filipinos, and so forth, and so forth. Enormous indeed would the benefits which that sacred civilization brought to the archipelago have to be in order to counterbalance so heavy a cost.

While Japan was preparing to invade the Philippines, these islands were sending expeditions to Tonquin and Cambodia, leaving the homeland helpless, even against the undisciplined hordes from the South, so obsessed were the Spaniards with the idea of making conquests.

In the alleged victory of Morga over the Dutch ships, the latter found upon the bodies of five Spaniards, who lost their lives in that combat, little silver boxes filled with prayers and invocations to the saints. Here would seem to be the origin of the anting-anting of the modern tulisanes, which are also of a religious character.

In Morga's time, the Philippines exported silk to Japan whence now comes the best quality of that merchandise.

Morga's views upon the failure of Governor Pedro de Acuña's ambitious expedition against the Moros unhappily still apply for the same conditions yet exist. For fear of uprisings and loss of Spain's sovereignty over the islands, the inhabitants were disarmed, leaving them exposed to the harassing of a powerful and dreaded enemy. Even now, though the use of steam vessels has put an end to piracy from outside, the same fatal system still is followed. The peaceful country folk are deprived of arms and thus made unable to defend themselves against the bandits, or tulisanes, which the government cannot restrain. It is an encouragement to banditry thus to make easy its getting booty.

Hernando de los Rios blames these Moluccan wars for the fact that at first the Philippines were a source of expense to Spain instead of profitable in spite of the tremendous sacrifices of the Filipinos, their practically gratuitous labor in building and equipping the galleons, and despite, too, the tribute, tariffs and other imposts and monopolies. These wars to gain the Moluccas, which soon were lost forever with the little that had been so laboriously obtained, were a heavy drain upon the Philippines. They depopulated the country and bankrupted the treasury, with not the slightest compensating benefit. True also is it that it was to gain the Moluccas that Spain kept the Philippines, the desire for the rich spice islands being one of the most powerful arguments when, because of their expense to him, the King thought of withdrawing and abandoning them.

Among the Filipinos who aided the government when the Manila Chinese revolted, Argensola says there were 4,000 Pampangans "armed after the way of their land, with bows and arrows, short lances, shields, and broad and long daggers." Some Spanish writers say that the Japanese volunteers and the Filipinos showed themselves cruel in slaughtering the Chinese refugees. This may very well have been so, considering the hatred and rancor then existing, but those in command set the example.

The loss of two Mexican galleons in 1603 called forth no comment from the religious chroniclers who were accustomed to see the avenging hand of God in the misfortunes and accidents of their enemies. Yet there were repeated shipwrecks of the vessels that carried from the Philippines wealth which encomenderos had extorted from the Filipinos, using force, or making their own laws, and when not using these open means, cheating by the weights and measures.

The Filipino chiefs who at their own expense went with the Spanish expedition against Ternate, in the Moluccas, in 1605, were Don Guillermo Palaot, Maestro de Campo, and Captains Francisco Palaot, Juan Lit, Luis Lont, and Agustin Lont. They had with them 400 Tagalogs and Pampangans. The leaders bore themselves bravely for Argensola writes that in the assault on Ternate, "No officer, Spaniard or Indian, went unscathed!"

The Cebuans drew a pattern on the skin before starting in to tatoo. The Bisayan usage then was the same procedure that the Japanese today follow.

Ancient traditions ascribe the origin of the Malay Filipinos to the island of Samatra. These traditions were almost completely lost as well as the mythology and the genealogies of which the early historians tell, thanks to the zeal of the missionaries in eradicating all national remembrances as heathen or idolatrous. The study of ethnology is restring this somewhat.

The chiefs used to wear upper garments, usually of Indian fine gauze according to Colin, of red color, a shade for which they had the same fondness that the Romans had. The barbarous tribes in Mindanao still have the same taste.

The "easy virtue" of the native women that historians note is not solely to the simplicity with which they obeyed their natural instincts but much more due to a religious belief of which Father Chirino tells. It was that in the journey after death to "Kalualhatiran," the abode of the spirit, there was a dangerous river to cross that had no bridge other than a very narrow strip of wood over which a woman could not pass unless she had a husband or lover to extend a hand to assist her. Furthermore, the religious annals of the early missions are filled with countless instances where native maidens chose death rather than sacrifice their chastity to the threats and violence of encomenderos and Spanish soldiers. As to the mercenary social evil, that is worldwide and there is no nation that can "throw the first stone" at the other. For the rest, today the Philippines has no reason to blush in comparing its womankind with the women of the most chaste nation in the world.

Morga's remark that the Filipinos like fish better when it is commencing to turn bad is another of those prejudices which Spaniards like all other nations, have. In matters of food, each is nauseated with what he is unaccustomed to or doesn't know is eatable. The English, for example, find their gorge rising when they see a Spaniard eating snails, while in turn the Spanish find roast beef English-style repugnant and can't understand the relish of other Europeans for beef steak a la Tartar which to them is simply raw meat. The Chinamen, who likes shark's meat, cannot bear Roquefort cheese, and these examples might be indefinitely extended. The Filipinos favorite fish dish is the bagong and whoever has tried to eat it knows that it is not considered improved when tainted. It neither is, nor ought to be, decayed.

Colin says the ancient Filipinos had had minstrels who had memorized songs telling their genealogies and of the deeds ascribed to their deities. These were chanted on voyages in cadence with the rowing, or at festivals, or funerals, or wherever there happened to be any considerable gatherings. It is regrettable that these chants have not been preserved as from them it would have been possible to learn much of the Filipinos' past and possibly of the history of neighboring islands.

The cannon foundry mentioned by Morga as in the walled city was probably on the site of the Tagalog one which was destroyed by fire on the first coming of the Spaniards. That established in 1584 was in Lamayan, that is, Santa Ana now, and was transferred to the old site in 1590. It continued to work until 1805. According to Gaspar San Augustin, the cannon which the pre-Spanish Filipinos cast were "as great as those of Malaga," Spain's foundry. The Filipino plant was burned with all that was in it save a dozen large cannons and some smaller pieces which the Spanish invaders took back with them to Panay. The rest of their artillery equipment had been thrown by the Manilans, then Moros, into the sea when they recognized their defeat.

Malate, better Maalat, was where the Tagalog aristocracy lived after they were dispossessed by the Spaniards of their old homes in what is now the walled city of Manila. Among the Malate residents were the families of Raja Matanda and Raja Soliman. The men had various positions in Manila and some were employed in government work nearby. "They were very courteous and well-mannered," says San Agustin. "The women were very expert in lace-making, so much so that they were not at all behind the women of Flanders."

Morga's statement that there was not a province or town of the Filipinos that resisted conversion or did not want it may have been true of the civilized natives. But the contrary was the fact among the mountain tribes. We have the testimony of several Dominican and Augustinian missionaries that it was impossible to go anywhere to make conversions without other Filipinos along and a guard of soldiers. "Otherwise, says Gaspan de San Agustin, there would have been no fruit of the Evangelic Doctrine gathered, for the infidels wanted to kill the Friars who came to preach to them." An example of this method of conversion given by the same writer was a trip to the mountains by two Friars who had a numerous escort of Pampangans. The escort's leader was Don Agustin Sonson who had a reputation for daring and carried fire and sword into the country, killing many, including the chief, Kabadi.

"The Spaniards," says Morga, "were accustomed to hold as slaves such natives as they bought and others that they took in the forays in the conquest or pacification of the islands." Consequently in this respect the "pacifiers" introduced no moral improvement. We even do not know if in their wars the Filipinos used to make slaves of each other, though that would not have been strange, for the chroniclers tell of captives returned to their own people. The practice of the Southern pirates, almost proves this, although in these piratical wars the Spaniards were the first aggressors and gave them their character.
          The Indolence of the Filipinos   
English translation by Charles Derbyshire. The article by José Rizal, originally written in Spanish, was published in La Solidaridad in five installments,from July 15 to September 15, 1890.

PART ONE: Doctor Sanciano, in his Progreso de Filipinas, has taken up this question, agitated, as he calls it, and relying upon facts and reports furnished by the very same Spanish authorities that ruled the Philippines has demonstrated that such indolence does not exist, and that all said about it does not deserve a reply or even passing choice.

Nevertheless as discussion of it has been continued, not only by government employees who make it responsible for their own shortcomings, not only by the friars who regard it as necessary in order that they may continue to represent themselves as indispensable, but also by serious and disinterested persons: and as evidence of greater or less weight may be adduced in opposition to that which Dr. Sanciano cites, it seems expedient to us to study this question thoroughly, without superciliousness or sensitiveness, without prejudice, without pessimism. As as we can only serve our country by telling the truth, however, bitter it be, just as flagrant and skillful negation cannot refute a real and positive fact, in spite of the brilliance of the arguments; as mere affirmation is not sufficient to create something possible, let us calmly examine the facts, using on our part all the impartiality of which a man is capable who is convinced that there is no redemption except upon solid bases of virtue.

The word indolence has been greatly misused in the sense of little love for work and lack of energy, while ridicule has concealed the misuse. This much-discussed question has met with the same fate as certain panaceas and specifics of the quacks who by ascribing to them impossible virtues have discredited them. In the Middle Ages, and even in some Catholic countries now, the devil is blamed for everything that superstitious folk cannot understand or the perversity of mankind is loath to confess. In the Philippines one's and another's faults, the shortcomings of one, the misdeeds of another, are attributed to indolence. And just as in the Middle Ages he who sought the explanation of phenomena outside of infernal influences was persecuted, so in the Philippines worse happens to him who seeks the origin of the trouble outside of accepted beliefs.

The consequence of this misuse is that there are some who are interested in stating it as a dogma and others in combating it as a ridiculous superstition, if not a punishable delusion. Yet it is not to be inferred from the misuse of a thing that it does not exist.

We think that there must be something behind all this outcry, for it is incredible that so many should err, among whom we have said there are a lot of serious and disinterested persons. Some act in bad faith, though levity, through levity, through want of sound judgment, through limitation in reasoning power, ignorance of the past, or other cause. Some repeat what they have heard, without examination or reflection; others speak through pessimism or are impelled by that human characteristic which paints as perfect everything that belongs to oneself and defective whatever belongs to another. But it cannot be denied that there are some who worship truth, or if not truth itself at least the semblance thereof which is truth in the mind of the crowd.

Examining well, then, all scenes and all the men that we have known from childhood; and the life of our country, we believe that indolence does exist there. The Filipinos, who can measure up with the most active peoples in the world, will doubtless not repudiate his admission, for it is true there one works and struggles against the climate, against nature and against men. But we must not take the exception for the general rule, and should rather seek the good of our country by stating what we believe to be true. We must confess that indolence does actually and positively exist there, only that, instead of holding it to be the cause of the backwardness and the trouble, we regard it as the effect of the trouble and the backwardness, by fostering the development of a lamentable predisposition.

Those who have as yet treated of indolence, with the exception of Dr. Sancianco, have been content to deny or affirm it. We know of no one who has studied its causes. Nevertheless, those who admit its existence and exaggerate it more or less have not therefore failed to advise remedies taken from here and there, from Java, from India, from other English or Dutch colonies, like the quack who saw a fever cured with a dozen sardines and afterwards always prescribed these fish at every rise in temperature that he discovered in his patient.

We shall proceed otherwise. Before proposing a remedy we shall examine the causes, and even though strictly speaking a predisposition is not a cause, let us, however, study at its true value this predisposition due to nature.

The predisposition exists? Why shouldn't it?

A hot climate requires of the individual quiet and rest, just as cold incites to labor and action. For this reason the Spaniard is more indolent than the Frenchman; the Frenchman more so than the German. The Europeans themselves who reproach the residents of the colonies so much (and I am not now speaking of the Spaniards but of the Germans and English themselves), how do they live in tropical countries? Surrounded by a numerous train of servants, never-going afoot but riding in a carriage, needing servants not only to take off their shoes for them but even to them! And yet they live and eat better, they work for themselves to get rich, with the hope of a future, free and respected, while the poor colonist, the indolent colonist, is badly nourished, has no hope, toils for others, and works under force and compulsion! Perhaps the reply to this will be that white men are not made to stand the severity of the climate. A mistake! A man can live in any climate, if he will only adapt himself to its requirements and conditions. What kills the European in hot countries is the abuse of liquors, the attempt to live according to the nature of his own country under another sky and another sun. We inhabitants of hot countries live will in northern Europe whenever we take the precautions of the people there do. Europeans can also stand the torrid zone, if only they would get rid of their prejudices.

The fact is that in tropical countries violent work is not a good thing as it is in cold countries, there it is death, destruction, annihilation. Nature knows this and like a just mother has therefore made the earth more fertile, more productive, as a compensation. An hour's work under that burning sun, in the midst of pernicious influences springing from nature in activity, is equal to a day's work in a temperate climate; it is, then, just that the earth yields a hundred fold! Moreover, do we not see the active European, who feels the fresh blood of spring boil in his veins, do we not see him abandon his labors, during the few days of his variable summer, close his office -- where the work is not violent and amounts for many to talking and gesticulating in the shade beside a lunch stand -- flee to watering places, sit in the cafes or stroll about. What wonder then that the inhabitant of tropical countries, worn out and with his blood thinned by the continuous and excessive heat is reduced to inaction? Who is the indolent one in the Manila offices? Is it the poor clerk who comes in at eight in the morning and leaves at one in the afternoon with only his parasol, who copies and writes and works for himself and for his chief, or is it the chief, who comes in a carriage at ten o'clock, leaves before twelve, reads his newspaper while smoking and with his feet cocked up on a chair or a table, or gossiping about all his friends? What is indolent, the native coadjutor, poorly paid and badly treated, who has to visit all the indigent sick living in the country, or the friar curate who gets fabulously rich, goes about in a carriage, eats and drinks well, and does not put himself to any trouble without collecting an excessive fee?

Without speaking further of the Europeans in what violent labor does the Chinaman engage in tropical countries, the industrious Chinaman, who flees from his own country driven by hunger and whose whole ambition is to amass a small fortune? With the exception of some porters, an occupation that the natives also follow, he nearly always engages in the trade, in commerce; so rarely does he take up agriculture that we do not know of a single case. The Chinaman who in other colonies cultivates the soil does so only for a certain number of years and then retires.

We find, then, the tendency to indolence very natural, and have to admit and bless it, for we cannot alter natural laws, and without it the race would have disappeared. l Man is not a brute, he is not a machine, his object is not merely to produce, in spite of the pretensions of some Christian whites who would make of the colored Christian a kind of motive power somewhat more intelligent and less costly than steam. Man's object is not to satisfy the passions of another man, his object is to seek happiness for himself and his kind by traveling along the road of progress and perfection.

The evil is not that indolence exists more or less latently but that it is fostered and magnified. Among men, as well as among nations, there exist no only, aptitudes but also tendencies good and evil. To foster the good ones and aid them, as well as correct the evil and repress them, would be the duty of society and government, if less noble thoughts did not occupy their attention. The evil is that the indolence in the Philippines is a magnified indolence, an indolence of the snowball type, if we may be permitted the expression, an evil that increases in direct proportion to the periods of time, and effect of misgovernment and of backwardness, as we have said, and not a cause thereof. Others will hold the contrary opinion, especially those who have a hand in the misgovernment, but we do not care; we have made an assertion and are going to prove it.

PART TWO: When in consequence of a long chronic illness the condition of the patient is examined, the question may arise whether the weakening of the fibers and the debility of the organs are the cause of the malady's continuing or the effect of the bad treatment that prolongs its action. The attending physician attributes the entire failure of his skill to the poor constitution of the patient, to the climate, to the surroundings, and so on. On the other hand, the patient attributes the aggravation of the evil to the system of treatment followed. Only the common crowd, the inquisitive populace, shakes its head and cannot reach a decision.

Something like this happens in the case of the Philippines. Instead of a physician, read government, that is friars, employees, etc. Instead of patient, Philippines; instead of malady, indolence.

And just as happens in similar cases when the patient gets worse, everybody loses his head, each one dodges the responsibility to place it upon somebody else, and instead of seeking the causes in order to combat the evil in them, devotes himself at best to attacking the symptoms; here a blood-letting, a tax; there a plaster, forced labor, further on a sedative, a trifling reform. Every new arrival proposes a new remedy; one, seasons of prayer, the relics of a saint, the viaticum, the friars; another shower-bath; still another, with pretensions to modern ideas, a transfusion of blood. "It's nothing, only the patient has eight million indolent red corpuscles; some few white corpuscles in the form of an agricultural colony will get us out of the trouble."

So, on all sides there are groans, gnawing of lips, clenching of fists, many hollow words, great ignorance, a deal of talk, a lot of fear. The patient is near his finish!

Yes, transfusion of blood, transfusion of blood! New life, new vitality! Yes, new white corpuscles that you are going to inject into its veins, the new white corpuscles that were a cancer in another organism will withstand all the depravity of the system, will have more stamina than all the degeneration, all the trouble in the principal organs. Be thankful if they do not become coagulations and produce gangrene, be thankful if they do not reproduce the cancer!

While the patient breathes, we must not lose hope, and however late we may be, a judicious examination is never superfluous; at least the cause of death may be known. We are not trying to put all the blame on the physician, and still less on the patient, for we have already spoken of a predisposition, in the absence of which the race would disappear, sacrificed to excessive labor in a tropical country.

Indolence in the Philippines is a chronic malady, but not a heredity one. The Filipinos have not always been what they are, witnesses whereto are all the historians of the first years after the discovery of the Islands.

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Malayan Filipinos carried on an active trade, no only among themselves but also with all the neighboring countries. A Chinese manuscript of the 13th century, translated by Dr. Hirth (Globus, September, 1889), which we will take up at another time, speaks of China's relations with the islands, relations purely commercial, which mention is made of the activity and honesty of the traders of Luzon, who took the Chinese products and distributed them throughout all the islands, for the merchandise that the Chinaman did not remember to have given them. The products which they in exchange exported from the islands were crude wax, cotton, pearls, tortoise shell, betel-nuts, dry goods, etc.

The first thing noticed by Pigafetta who came with Magellan in 1521, on arriving at the first island of the Philippines, Samar, was the courtesy and kindness of the inhabitants and their commerce. "To honor our captain," he says, "they conducted him to their boats where they had their merchandise, which consisted of cloves, cinnamon, pepper, nutmegs, mace, gold and other things; and they made us understand by gestures that such articles were to be found in the islands to which we were going."

Further on he speaks of the vessels and utensils of solid gold that he found in Butuan where the people worked in mines. He describes the silk dresses, the daggers with long gold hilts and scabbards of carved wood, the gold sets of teeth, etc. Among cereals and fruits he mentions rice, millet, oranges, lemons, panicum, etc.

That the islands maintained relations with neighboring countries and even with distant ones is proven by the ships from Siam, laden with gold and slaves, that Magellan found in Cebu. These ships paid certain duties to the king of the island. In the same year, 1521, the survivors of Magellan's expedition met the son of the Rajah of Luzon, who, as captain-general of the Sultan of Borneo and admiral of his fleet, had conquered for him the great city of Lave (Sarawak ?). Might this captain, who was greatly feared by all his foes, have been the Rajah Matanda whom the Spaniards afterwards encountered in Tondo in 1570?

In 1539 the warriors of Luzon took part in the formidable contests of Sumatra, and under the orders of Angi Sity Timor, Rajah of Batta, conquered and overthrew the terrible Alzadin, Sultan of Atchin, renowned in the historical annals of the Far East. (Marseen, History of Sumatra, chapter 20)

At that time, that sea where float the islands like a set of emeralds on a paten of bright glass, that sea was everywhere traversed by junks, paraus, barangays, vintas, vessels swift as shuttles so large that they could maintain a hundred rowers on a side (Morga); that sea bore everywhere commerce, industry, agriculture, by the force of the oars moved to the sound of warlike songs of the genealogies and achievements of the Philippine divinities. (Colin, Chapter 15)

Wealth abounded in the islands. Pigafetta tells us of the abundance of foodstuffs in Pragua and of its inhabitants, who nearly all tilled their own fields. At this island the survivors of Magellan's expedition were well received and provisioned. A little later, these same survivors captured a vessel, plundered and sacked it and took prisoner in it the chief of the Island of Paragua with his son and brother.

In this same vessel they captured bronze lombards, and this is the first mention of artillery of the Filipino, for these lombards were useful to the chief of Paragua against the savages of the interior.

They let him ransom himself within seven days, demanding 400 measures (cavanes ?) of rice, 20 pigs, 20 goats, and 450 chickens. This is the first act of piracy recorded in Philippine history. The chief of Paragua paid everything, and moreover, voluntarily added coconuts, bananas, and sugar-cane jars filled with palm wine. When Caesar was taken prisoner by the corsairs and required to pay twenty-five talents ransom, he replied, "I'll give you fifty, but later I'll have you crucified!" The chief of Paragua was more generous: he forgot. His conduct, while it may reveal weakness, also demonstrates that the islands ere abundantly provisioned. This chief was named Tuan Mahamud; his brother, Guantil, and his son, Tuan Mahamud. (Martin Mendez, Purser of the ship Victoria: Archivo de Indias.)

A very extraordinary thing, and one that shows the facility with which the natives learned Spanish, is that fifty years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Luzon, in that very year 1521, when they first came to the islands, there were already natives of Luzon who understood Castilian. In the treaties of peace that the survivors of Magellan's expedition made with the chief of Paragua, when the servant-interpreter died they communicated with one another through a Moro who had been captured in the island of the King of Luzon and who understood some Spanish (Martin Mendez; op cit.) Where did this extemporaneous interpreter learn Castilian? In the Moluccas? In Malacca, with the Portuguese? Spaniards did not reach Luzon until 1571.

Legazpi's expedition met in Butuan various traders of Luzon with their boats laden with iron, cloths, porcelain, etc. (Gaspar de San Agustin) plenty of provisions, activity, trade, movement in all the southern islands.

They arrived at the Island of Cebu, "abounding in provisions, with mines and washings of gold, and peopled with natives, "as Morga says: "very populous, and at a port frequented by many ships that came from the islands and kingdoms near India," as Colin says: and even though they were peacefully received discord soon arose. The city was taken by force and burned. The first destroyed the food supplies and naturally famine broke out in that town of a hundred thousand people, as the historians say, and among the members of the expedition, but the neighboring islands quickly relieved the need, thanks to the abundance they enjoyed.

All the histories of those first years, in short, abound in long accounts about the industry and agriculture of the natives; mines, gold-washings, looms, farms, barter, naval construction, raising of poultry and stock, weaving of silk and cotton, distilleries, manufactures of arms, pearl fisheries, the civet industry, the horn and hide industry, etc., are things encountered at every step, and considering the time and the conditions in the islands, prove that there was life, there was activity, there was movement.

And if this, which is deduction, does not convince any minds imbued with unfair prejudices perhaps, of some avail may be the testimony of the oft-quoted Dr. Morga, who was Lieutenant-Governor of Manila for seven years and after rendering great service in the Archipelago was appointed criminal judge of the Audiencia of Mexico and Counselor of the Inquisition. His testimony, we say, is highly credible, not only because all his contemporaries have spoken of him in terms that border on veneration but also because his work, from which we take these citations, is written with great circumspection and care, as well with reference to the authorities in the Philippines as to the errors they committed. "The natives," says Morga, in Chapter Seven, speaking of the occupations of the Chinese, "are very far from exercising those trade and have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton, and weaving cloth. As they used to do in their Paganism and for a long time after the country was conquered."

The whole Chapter 8 of his work deals with this moribund activity, this much forgotten industry, and yet in spite of that, how long is his eighth chapter!

And not only Morga, not also Chirinco, Colin, Argensola, Gaspar de San Agustin and others agree to this matter, but modern travelers, after two hundred and fifty years, examining the decadence and misery, assert the same thing. Dr. Hans Meyer, when he saw the tribes not subdued cultivating beautiful fields and working energetically, asked if they would not become indolent when they in turn should accept Christianity and a paternal government.

Accordingly, the Filipinos in spite of the climate, in spite of their few needs (they were less then than now), were not the indolent creatures of our time, and, as we shall see later on, their ethics and their mode of life were not what is not complacently attributed to them.

How then, and in what way, was that active and enterprising infidel native of ancient times converted into the lazy and indolent Christian, as our contemporary writers say?

We have already spoken of the more or less latent predisposition which exists in the Philippines toward indolence, and which must exist everywhere, in the whole world, in all men, because we all hate work more or less, as it may be more or less hard, more ore less unproductive. The dolce far niente of the Italian, the rascarse la barriga of the Spaniard, the supreme aspiration of the bourgeois to live on his income in peace and tranquility, attest this.

What causes operated to awake this terrible predisposition from its lethargy? How is it that the Filipino people, so fond of its customs as to border on routine, has given up its ancient habits of work, of trade, of navigation, etc., even to the extent of completely forgetting its past?

PART THREE: A fatal combination of circumstances, some independent of the will in spite of men's efforts, others in offspring of stupidity and ignorance, others the inevitable corollaries of false principles, and still others the result of more or less base passions, has induced the decline of labor, an evil which instead of being remedies by prudence, mature reflection and recognition of the mistakes made, through a deplorable policy, through regrettable blindness and obstinacy, has gone from bad to worse until it has reached the condition in which we now see it.

First came the wars, the internal disorders which the new change of affairs naturally brought with it. It was necessary to subject the people either by cajolery or force; there were fights, there was slaughter; those who had submitted peacefully seemed to repent of it; insurrections were suspected, and some occurred; naturally there were executions, and many capable laborers perished. Add to this condition of disorder the invasion of Li-Mahong; add continual wars into which the inhabitants of the Philippines were pledged to maintain the honor of Spain, to extend the sway of her flag in Borneo, in the Moluccas and in Indo-China; to repel the Dutch foe; costly wars, fruitless expeditions, in which each time thousands and thousands of native archers and rowers were recorded to have embarked, but whether they returned to their homes was never stated. Like the tribute that once upon a time Greece sent to the Minotaur of Crete, the Philippine youth embarked for the expedition, saying goodbye to their country forever; on their horizon were the stormy sea, the interminable wars, the rash expeditions. Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad . . . When the Spaniards reached this island (Panay) it is said that there were on it more than fifty thousand families; but these diminished greatly . . . and at present they may amount to some fourteen thousand tributaries." From fifty thousand families to fourteen thousand tributaries in little over half a century!

We would never get through, had we to quote all the evidence of the authors regarding the frightful diminution of the inhabitants of the Philippines in the first years after the discovery. In the time of their first bishop, that is, ten years after Legazpi. Philip II said that they had been reduced to less than two-thirds.

Add to these fatal expeditions that wasted all the moral and material energies of the country, the frightful inroads of the terrible pirates from the south, instigated and encouraged by the government, first in order to get a complaint and afterwards disarm the islands subjected to it, inroads that reached the very shores of Manila, even Malate itself, and during which were sen to set out for captivity and slavery, in the baleful glow of burning villages, strings of wretches who had been unable to defend themselves, leaving behind them the ashes of their homes and the corpses of their parents and children. Morga, who recounts the first piratical invasion, says: "The boldness of these people of Mindanao did great damage to the Visayan Island, as much by what they did in them as by the fear and fright which the native acquired, because the latter were in the power of the Spaniards who held them subject and tributary and unarmed, in such manner that they did not protect them from their enemies or leave the means with which to defend themselves, AS THEY DID WHEN THERE WERE NO SPANIARDS IN THE COUNTRY." These piratical attacks continually reduce the number of the inhabitants of the Philippines, since the independent Malays were especially notorious for their atrocities and murders, sometimes because they believed that to preserve their independence it was necessary to weaken the Spaniard by reducing the number of his subjects, sometimes because a greater hatred and a deeper resentment inspired them against the Christian Filipino who, being of their own race, served the stranger in order to deprive them of their precious liberty. These expeditions lasted about three centuries, being repeated five and ten times a year, and each expedition cost the island over eight hundred prisoners.

"With the invasions of the pirates from Sulu and Mindanao," says Padre Gaspar de San Agustin, (the island of Bantayan, near Cebu) "has greatly reduced, because they easily captured the people there, since the latter had no place to fortify themselves and were far from help from Cebu. The hostile Sulus did great damage in this island in 1608, leaving it almost depopulated." (Page 380)

These rough attacks, coming from without, produced a counter effect in the interior, which, carried out medical comparisons was like a purge or diet in an individual who has just lost a great deal of blood. In order to make headway against so many calamities, to secure their sovereignty and take the offensive in these disastrous contests, to isolate the warlike Sulus from their neighbors in the south, to care for the needs of the empire of the Indies (for one of the reasons why the Philippines were kept, as contemporary documents prove, ws their strategic position between New Spain and the Indies), to wrest from the Dutch their growing colonies of the Molluccas and get red of some troublesome neighbors, to maintain, in short, the trade of China and New Spain, it was necessary to construct new and large ships which, as we have seen, costly as they were to the country for their equipment and the rowers they required, were not less so because of the manner in which they were constructed. Padre Fernando de lost Rios Coronel, who fought in these wards and later turned priest, speaking of these King's ships, said, "As they were so large, the timber needed was scarcely to be found in the forests (of the Philippines?), and thus it was necessary to seek it with great difficulty in the most remote of them, where, once found, in order to haul and convey it to the shipyard the towns of the surrounding country had to be depopulated of natives, who get it out with immense labor, damage, and cost to them. The natives furnished the masts for a galleon, according to the assertion of the Franciscans, and I heard the governor of the province where they were cut, which is Laguna de Bay, say that to haul them seven leagues over very broken mountains 6,000 natives were engaged three months, without furnishing them food, which the wretched native had to seek for himself!"

And Gaspar de San Agustin says: "In these times (1690), Bacolor has not the people that it had in the past because of the uprising in that province when Don Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was Governor of these islands and because of the continual labor of cutting timber for his Majesty's shipyards, which hinders them from cultivating the very fertile plain they have.

If this is not sufficient to explain the depopulation of the islands and the abandonment of industry, agriculture and commerce, then add "the natives who were executed, those who left their wives and children and fled in disgust to the mountains, those who were sold into slavery to pay the taxes levied upon them," as Fernando de los Rios Coronel says; add to all this what Philip II said in reprimanding Bishop Salazar about "natives sold to some encomenderos to others, those flogged to death, the women who are crushed to death by their heavy burdens, those who sleep in the fields and bear and nurse their children and die bitten by poisonous vermin, the many who are executed and left to die of hunger and those who eat poisonous herbs . . . and the mothers who kill their children in bearing them," and you will understand how in less than thirty years the population of the Philippines was reduced one-third. We are not saying this: it was said by Gaspar de San Agustin, the preeminently anti-Filipino Augustinian, and he confirms it throughout the rest of his work by speaking every moment of the state of neglect in which lay the farms and field once so flourishing and so well cultivated, the town thinned that had formerly been inhabited by many leading families!

How is it strange, then, that discouragement may have been infused into the spirit of the inhabitants of the Philippines, when in the midst of so many calamities they did not know whether they would see sprout the seed they were planting, whether their field was going to be their grave or their crop would go to feed their executioner? What is there strange in it, when we see the pious but impotent friars of that time trying to free their poor parishioners from the tyranny of the encomenderos by advising them to stop work in the mines, to abandon their commerce, to break up their looms, pointing out to them heaven for their whole hope, preparing them for death as their only consolation?

Man works for an object. Remove the object and you reduce him to inaction. The most active man in the world will fold his arms from the instant he understands that it is madness to bestir himself, that this work will be the cause of his trouble, that for him it will be the cause of vexations at home and of the pirate's greed abroad. It seems that these thoughts have never entered the minds of those who cry out against the indolence of the Filipinos.

Even were the Filipino not a man like the rest, even were we to suppose that zeal in him for work was as essential as the movement of a wheel caught in the gearing of others in motion; even were we to deny him foresight and the judgment that the past and present form, there would still be left us another reason to explain the attack of the evil. The abandonment of the fields by their cultivators, whom the wars and piratical attacks dragged from their homes was sufficient to reduce to nothing the hard labor of so many generations. In the Philippines abandon for a year the land most beautifully tended and you will see how you will have to begin all over again: the rain will wipe out the furrows, the floods will drown the seeds, pants and bushes will grow up everywhere, and on seeing so much useless labor the hand will drop the hoe, the laborer will desert his plow. Isn't there left the fine life of the pirate?

Thus is understood that sad discouragement which we find in the friar writers of the 17th century, speaking of once very fertile plains submerged, of provinces and towns depopulate, of leading families exterminated. These pages resemble a sad and monotonous scene in the night after a lively day. Of Cagayan, Padre Agustin speaks with mournful brevity: "A great deal of cotton, of which they made good cloth that the Chinese and Japanese every year bought and carried away." In the historian's time, the industry and the trade had come to an end.

It seems that there are causes more than sufficient to breed indolence in the midst of a beehive. Thus is explained why, after thirty-two years of the system, the circumspect and prudent Morga said that the natives have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton and weaving cloth, as they used to do in their paganism and for a long time after the country had been conquered!"

Still they struggled a long time against indolence, yes: but their enemies were so numerous that at last they gave up!

PART FOUR: We recognize the causes that awoke the predisposition and provoked the evil: now let us see what foster and sustain it. In this connection government and governed have to bow our heads and say: "We deserve our fate."

We have already truly said that when a house becomes disturbed and disordered, we should not accuse the youngest child or the servants, but the head of it, especially if his authority is unlimited. He who does not act freely is not responsible for his actions; and the Filipino people, not being master of its liberty, is not responsible for either its misfortunes or its woes. We say this, it is true, but, as well as seen later on, we also have a large part in the continuation of such a disorder.

The following other causes contributed to foster the evil and aggravate it; the constantly lessening encouragement that labor has met with in the Philippines. Fearing to have the Filipinos deal frequently with other individuals of their own race, who were free and independent, as the Borneans, the Siamese, the Cambodians, and the Japanese, people who in their customs and feeling differ greatly from the Chinese, the government acted toward these others with great mistrust and great severity, as Morga testifies in the last pages of his work, until they finally ceased to come to the country. In fact, it seems that once an uprising planned by he Borneans was suspected: we say; suspected, for there was not even an attempt, although there were many executions. And as thse nations wee the very ones that consumed Philippine products, when all communication with them had been cut off, consumption of these products also ceased. The only two countries with which the Philippines continued to have relations were China and Mexico, or New Spain, and from this trade only China and a few private individuals in Manila got any benefit. In fact, the Celestial Empire sent her junks laden with merchandise, that merchandise which shut down the factories of Seville and ruined the Spanish industry, and returned laden in exchange with the silver that was every year sent from Mexico. Nothing from the Philippines at that time went to China, not even gold, for in those years the Chinese trades would accept no payment but silver coin. To Mexico went a little more: some cloth and dry goods which the encomenderos took by force or bought from the natives at a paltry; price, wax, amber, gold, civet, etc; but nothing more, and not even in great quantity, as is stated by Admiral Don Jeronimo de Benelos y Carrilo, when he begged the King that "the inhabitants of the Manilas be permitted (1) to load as many ships as they could with native products, such as wax, gold, perfumes, ivory, cotton cloths, which they would have to buy from the natives of the country. . . Thus friendship of these peoples would be gained, they would furnish New Spain with their merchandise and the money that is brought to Manila would not leave this place."

The coastwise trade, so active in other times, had to die out, thanks to the piratical attacks of the Malays of the south; and trade in the interior of the islands almost entirely disappeared, owing to restrictions, passports and other administrative requirements.

Of no little importance were the hindrance and obstacles that from the beginning were thrown in the farmer's way by the rules, who were influenced by childish fear and saw everywhere signs of conspiracies and uprisings. The natives were not allowed to go to their labors, that is, their farms, without permission of the governor, or of his agents and officers, and even of the priests as Morga says. Those who know the administrative slackness and confusion in a country where the officials work scarcely two hours a day; those who know the cost of going to and returning form the capital to the little tyrants will well understand how with this crude arrangement it is possible to have the most absurd agriculture. True it is that for sometime this absurdity which would be ludicrous had it not been so serious, had disappeared; but even if the words have gone out of use other facts and other provisions have replaced them. The Moro pirate has disappeared but there remains the outlaw who infests the fields and waylays the farmer to hold him for ransom. Now then, the government, which has a constant fear of the people, denies to the farmers even the use of a shotgun, or if it does allow it does so very grudgingly and withdraws it at pleasure; whence it results with the laborer, who, thanks to his means of defense, plants his crops and invests his meager fortune in the furrows that he has so laboriously opened, that when his crop matures it occurs to the government, which is impotent to suppress brigandage, to deprive him of his weapon; and then, without defense and without security, he is reduced to inaction and abandons his field, his work, and takes to gambling as the best means of securing a livelihood. The green cloth is under the protection of the government, it is safer! A mournful counselor is fear, for it not only causes weakness but also in casting aside the weapons, strengthens the very persecutor!

The sordid return the native gets from his work has the effect of discouraging him. We know from history that the encomenderos, after reducing many to slavery and forcing them to work for their benefit, made others give up their merchandise for a trife or nothing at all, or cheated them with the measures.

Speaking of Ipion, in Panay, Padre Gaspar de San Agustin says: "It was in ancient times very rich in gold . . . but provoked by he annoyances they suffered from some governors they have ceased to get it out, preferring to live in poverty than to suffer such hardships." (page 378) Further on, speaking of other towns, he says: "Boaded by ill treatment of the encomenderos who in administering justice have treated the natives as thier slaves and not as their children, and have only looked after their own interests at the expense of the wretched fortunes and lives of their charges. . . (Page 422) Further on, "In Leyte, they tried to kill an encomendero of the town of Dagami on account of the great hardships he made them suffer by exacting tribute of wax from them with a steelyard which he had made twice as long as others. . ."

This state of affairs lasted a long time and still lasts, in spite of the fact that the breed of encomenderos has become extinct. A term passes away but the evil and the passions engendered do not pass away so long as reforms are devoted solely to changing the names.

The wars with the Dutch, the inroads and piratical attacks of the people of Sulu land Mindanao disappeared; the people have been transformed; new towns have grown up while others have become impoverished; but the frauds subsisted as much as or worse than they did in those early years. We will not cite our own experiences for aside from the fact that we do not know which to select, critical persons may reproach us with partiality; neither will we cite those of other Filipinos who write in the newspapers, but we shall confine ourselves to translating the words of a modern French traveler who as in the Philippines for a long time.

"The good curate," he says with reference to the rosy picture a friar had given him of the Philippines, "had not told me about the governor, the foremost official of the district, who was too much taken up with the ideal of getting rich to have time to tyrannize over his docile subjects; the governor, charged with ruling the country and collecting the various taxes in the government's name, devoted himself almost wholly to trade; in his hands the high and noble functions he performs are nothing more than instruments of gain. He monopolizes all the business and instead of developing on his part the love of work, instead of stimulating the too natural indolence of the natives, he with abuse of his powers thinks only of destroying all competition that may trouble him or attempts to participate in his profits. It maters little to him that the country is impoverished, without cultivation, without commerce, without industry, just so the governor is quickly enriched."

Yet the traveler has been unfair in picking out the governor especially. Why only the governor?

We do not cite passages from other authors, because we have not their works at hand and do not wish to quote from memory.

The great difficulty that every enterprise encountered with the administration contributed not a little to kill off all commercial and industrial movement. All the Filipinos, as well as all those who have tried to engage in business in the Philippines, know how many documents, what comings, how many stamped papers, how much patience is needed to secure from the government a permit for an enterprise. One must count upon the good will of this one, on the influence of that one, on a good bribe to another in order that the application be not pigeon-holed, a present to the one further on so that it may pass it on to his chief; one must pray to God to give him good humor and time to see and examine it; to another, talent to recognize its expediency; to one further on sufficient stupidity not to scent behind the enterprise an insurrectionary purpose land that they may not all spend the time taking baths, hunting or playing cards with the reverend friars in their convents or country houses. And above all, great patience, great knowledge of how to get along, plenty of money, a great deal of politics, many salutations, great influence, plenty of presents and complete resignation! How is it strange that the Philippines remain poor in spite of the fertile soil, when history tells us that the countries now the most flourishing date their development from the day of their liberty and civil rights? The most commercial and most industrious countries have been the freest countries. France, England and the United States prove this. Hong Kong, which is not worth the most insignificant of the Philippines, has more commercial movement than all the islands together, because it is free and is well governed.

The trade with China, which was the whole occupation of the colonizers of the Philippines, was not only prejudicial to Spain but also the life of her colonies; in fact, when the officials and private persons in Manila found an easy method of getting rich they neglected everything. They paid no attention either to cultivating the soil or to fostering industry; and wherefore? China furnished the trade, and they had only to take advantage of it and pick up the gold that dropped out on its way from Mexico toward the interior of China, the gulf whence it never returned. The pernicious example of the dominators in surrounding themselves with servants and despising manual or corporal labor as a thing unbecoming the nobility and chivalrous pride of the heroes of so many centuries; those lordly airs, which the natives have translated into tila ka castila, and the desire of the dominated to be the equal of the dominators, if not essentially, at least in their manners; all this had naturally to produce aversion to activity and fear or hatred of work.

Moreover, "Why work?" asked the natives. The curate says that the rich man will not go to heaven. The rich man on earth is liable to all kinds of trouble, to be appointed a cabeza de barangay, to be deported if an uprising occurs, to be forced banker of the military chief of the town, who to reward him for favors received seizes his laborers and his stock in order to force him to beg money and thus easily pays up. Why be rich? So that all the officers of justice may have a lynx eye on your actions, so that at the least slip enemies may be raised up against you, you may be indicted, a whole complicated and labyrinthine story may be concocted against you, for which you can only get away, not by the tread of Ariadme but by Dane's shower of gold, and still give thanks that you are not kept in reserve for some needy occasion. The native, whom they pretend to regard as an imbecile, is not so much so that he does not understand that it is ridiculous to work himself to death to become worse off. A proverb of his says the pig is cooked in its own lard, and as among his bad qualities he has the good one of applying to himself all the criticisms and censures he refers to live miserable and indolent rather than play the part of the wretched beast of burden.

Add to this the introduction of gambling. We do not mean to say that before the coming of the Spaniards the natives did not gamble: the passion for gambling is innate in adventuresome and excitable races, and such is the Malay, Pigafetta tells us of cockfights and of bets in the Island of Paragua. Cock-fighting must also have existed in Luzon and in all the islands, for in the terminology of the game are two Tagalog words: sabong and tari (cockpit and gaff). But there is not the least doubt that the fostering of this game is due to the government, as well as the perfecting of it. Although Pigafetta tells us of it, he mentions it only in Paragua, and ot in Cebu nor in any other island of the south, where he stayed a long time. Morga does not speak of it, in spite of his having spent seven years in Manila, and yet he does describe the kinds of fowl, the jungle hens and cocks. Neither does Morga speak of gambling, when he talks about vices and other defects, more or lest concealed, more or less insignificant. Moreover excepting the two Tagalog words sabong and tari, the others are of Spanish origan as soltada (setting the cocks to fight, then the fight itself), pusta (apusta, bet), logro (winning), pago (payment), etc. We say the same about gamblilng; the word sugal (jugar, to gamble), like kumpistal (confesar, to confess to a priest), indicates that gambling was unknown in the Philippines before the Spaniards. The word laro (Tagalog: to play) is not the equivalent of the word sugal. The word play (baraja, playing card) proves that the introduction of playing cards was not due to the Chinese, who have a kind of playing cards also, because in that case they would have taken the Chinese name. l Is nto this enough? The word taya (tallar, to bet), paris-paris (Spanish, pares, pairs of cards), politana (napolitana a winning sequence of cards), sapote (to stack the cards), kapote (to slam), monte, and so on, all prove the foreign origin of this terrible plant, which only produces vice and which has found in the character of the native a fit soil, cultivated circumstances.

Along with gambling, which breeds dislike for steady and difficult toil by its promise of sudden wealth and its appeal to the emotions, with the lotteries, with the prodigality and hospitality of the Filipinos, went also, to swell the train of misfortunes, the religious functions, the great number of fiestas, the long masses for the women to spend their mornings and the novenaries to spend their afternoons, and the nights for the processions and rosaries. Remember, that lack of capital and absence of means paralyze all movement, and you will see how the native was perforce to be indolent for if any money might remain to him from the trials, imposts and exactions, he would have to give it to the curate for bulls, scapularies, candles, novenaries, etc. And if this does not suffice to form an indolent character, if the climate and nature are not enough in themselves to daze him and deprive him of all energy, recall then that the doctrine of his religion teach him to irrigate his fields in the dry season, not by means of canals but with amasses and prayers; to preserve his stock during an epidemic with holy water, exorcisms and benedictions that cost five dollars an animal, to drive away the locusts by a procession with the image of St. Augustine, etc. It is well, undoubtedly, to trust greatly in God; but it is better to do what one can not trouble the Creator every moment, even when these appeals redound to the benefit of His ministers. We have noticed that the countries which believe most in miracles are the laziest, just as spoiled children are the most ill-mannered. Whether they believe in miracles to palliate their laziness or they are lazy because they believe in miracles, we cannot say; but he fact is the Filipinos were much less lazy before the word miracle was introduced into their language.

The facility with which individual liberty is curtailed, that continual alarm of all from the knowledge that they are liable to a secret report, a governmental ukase, and to the accusation of rebel or suspect, an accusation which, to be effective, does not need proof or the production of the accuser. With the lack of confidence in the future, that uncertainty of reaping the reward of labor, as in a city stricken with plague, everybody yields to fate, shuts himself in his house or goes about amusing himself in an attempt to spend the few days that remain to him in the least disagreeable way possible.

The apathy of the government itself toward everything in commerce and agriculture contributes not a little to foster indolence. Three is no encouragement at all for the manufacturer or for the farmer, the government furnishes no aid either when a poor crop comers, when the locusts sweep over the fields, or when cyclone destroys in its passage the wealth of the soil; nor does it take any trouble to seek a market for the products of its colonies. Why should it do so when these same products are burdened with taxes and imposts and have no free entry into the ports of the mother country, nor is their consumption there encouraged? While we see all the walls of London covered with advertisements of the products of its colonies, while the English make heroic efforts to substitute Ceylon for Chinese tea, beginning with the sacrifice of their taste and their stomach, in Spain, with the exception of tobacco, nothing from the Philippines is known; neither its sugar, coffee, hemp, fine cloths, nor its Ilocano blankets. The name of Manila is known only from those cloths of China or Indo-China which at one time reached Spain by way of Manila, heavy silk shawls, fantastically but coarsely embroidered, which no one has thought of imitating in Manila since they are so easily made; but the government has other cares, and the Filipinos do not know that such objects are more highly esteemed in the Peninsula than their delicate piña embroideries and their vey fine jusi fabrics. Thus disappeared our trade in indigo, thanks to the trickery of the Chinese, which the government could not guard against, occupied as it was with other thoughts; thus die now the other industries, the fine manufacturers of the Visayas are gradually disappearing from trade and even from use; the people, continually getting poorer, cannot afford the costly cloths, and have to be contented with calico or the imitations of the Germans, who produce imitations even of the work of our silversmiths.

The fact that the best plantations, the best tracts of land in some provinces, those that from their easy access are more profitable than others, are in the hands of the religious corporations, whose desideratum is ignorance and condition of semi-starvation of the native, so that they may, continue to govern him and make themselves necessary to his wretched existence, is one of the reasons why many tows do not progress in spite of the efforts of their inhabitants. We will be met with the objection, as an argument on the other side, that the towns which belong to the friars are comparatively richer than those which do not belong to them. They surely are! just as their brethren in Europe, in founding their convents, knew how to select the best valleys, the best uplands for the cultivation of the vine or the production of beer, so also the Philippine monks have known how to selecte the best towns, the beautiful plains, the well-watered fields, to make of them rich plantations. For some time the friars have deceived many by making them believe that if these plantations were prospering, it was because they were under their care, and the indolence of the natives was thus emphasized; but they forget that in some provinces where they have not been able for some reason to get possession of the best tracts of land, their plantations, like Bauan and Liang, are inferior to Taal, Balayan, and Lipa, regions cultivated entirely by the natives without any monkish interference whatsoever.

Add to this lack of material inducement the absence of moral stimulus and you will see how he who is not indolent in that country must needs be a madman or at least a fool. What future awaits him who distinguishes himself, him who studies, who rise above the crowd? At the cost of study and sacrifice a young man becomes a great chemist, and after a long course of training, wherein neither the government nor anybody has given him the least help, he concludes his long stay in the University. A competitive examination is held to fill a certain position. The young man wins this through knowledge and perseverance, and after he has won it, it is abolished, because. . . we do not care to give the reason, but when a municipal laboratory is closed in order to abolish the position of director, who got his place by competitive examination, while other officers, such as the press censor, are preserved, it is because the belief exists that the light of progress may injure the people more than all the adulterated foods. In the same way, another young man won a a prize in a literary competition, and as long as his origin was unknown his work was discussed, the newspapers praised it and it was regarded as a masterpiece but the sealed envelopes were opened, the winner proved to be a native, while among the losers there are Peninsulars; then all the newspapers hasten to extol the losers! Not one word from the government, nor from anybody, to encourage the native who with so much affection has cultivated the language and letters of the mother country!

Finally passing over many other more or less insignificant reasons, the enumeration of which would be interminable, let us close this dreary list with the principal and most terrible of all: the education of the native.

From his birth until he sinks into his grave, the training of the native is brutalizing, depressive and anti-human (the word "inhuman" is not sufficiently explanatory; whether or not the Academy admits it, let it go). There is no doubt that the government, some priests like the Jesuits and some Dominicans like Padre Benavides, have done a great deal by founding colleges, schools of primary instruction, and the like. But this is not enough; their efforts is neutralized. They amount ot five or ten years (years of a hundred and fifty days at most) during which the youth comes in contact with books selected by those very priests who boldly proclaim that it is evil for the natives to know Castilian, that the native should not be separated from his carabao, that he should not value any further aspirations, and so on; five to ten years during which the majority of the students have grasped nothing more than that no one understands what the books say, nor even the professors themselves perhaps; and these five to ten years have no offset the daily preachment which lowers the dignity of man, which by degrees brutally deprives him of the sentiment of self-esteem, that eternal, stubborn, constant labor to bow the native's neck, to make him accept the yoke, to place him on a level with the beast -- a labor aided by some persons, with or without the ability to write, which if it does not produce in some individuals the desired effect in others it has the opposite effect, like that of breaking of a cord that is stretched too tightly. Thus while they attempt to make of the native a kind of animal, yet in exchange they demand of him divine actions. And we say divine actions, because he must be a god who does not become indolent in that climate, surrounded by the circumstances mentioned. Deprive a man, then, of his dignity, and you not only deprive him of his moral strength but you also make useless for those who wish to make use of him. Every creature has its stimulus, its mainspring; man's is his self-esteem. Take it away from him and he is a corpse, and he who seeks activity in a corpse will encounter only worms.

Thus is explained how the natives of the present time are no longer the same as those of the time of the discovery, neither morally nor physically.

The ancient writers, like Chirino, Morga, and Colin, take pleasure in describing them a well-featured, with good aptitudes for any thing they take up, keen and susceptible and of resolute will, very clean and neat in their persons and clothing, and of good mien and bearing (Morga). Others delight in minute accounts of their intelligence and pleasant manners, of their aptitude for music, the drama, dancing and singing, of the faculty with which they learned, not only Spanish but also Latin, which they acquired almost by themselves (Colin); others of their exquisite politeness in their dealings and in their social life, others, like the first Augustinians, whose accounts Gaspar de San Agustin copies, found them more gallant and better mannered than the inhabitants of the Moluccas. "All live off their husbandry," adds Morga, "their farms, fisheries and enterprises, for they travel from island to island by sea and from province to province by land."

In exchange, the writers of the present time, without being more gallant than Herman Cortez and Salcedo, nor more prudent than Legazpi, nor more manly than Morga, nor more prudent than Colin and Gaspar de San Agustin, our contemporary writers we say find that the native is a creature something more than a monkey but much less than a man, an anthropoid, dull-witted, stupid, timid, dirty, cringing, ill-clothed, indolent, lazy brainless, immoral, etc. etc.

To what is this retrogression due? Is it the delectable civilization, the religion of salvation of the friars, called of Jesus Christ by euphemism, that has produced this miracle that has atrophied his brain, paralyzed his heart and made of the man this sort of vicious animal that the writers depict?

Alas! The whole misfortune of the present Filipinos consists in that they have become only half-way brutes. The Filipino is convinced that to get happiness it is necessary for him to lay aside his dignity as a rational creature, to attend mass, to believe what is told him, to pay what is demanded of him, to pay and forever to pay; to work, suffer, and be silent, without aspiring any thing, without aspiring to know or even to understand Spanish, without separating himself from his carabao, as the priests shamelessly say, without protesting against any injustice, against any arbitrary action, against an assault, against an insult; that is, not to have heart, brain, or spirit; a creature with arms and a purse of gold. . . there's the ideal native! unfortunately, or because of the brutalization is not yet complete and because the nature of man is inherent in his being in spite of his condition, the native protests; he still has aspirations, he thinks and strives to rise, and there's the trouble!

PART FIVE: In the preceding chapter we set forth the causes that proceed from the government in fostering and maintaining the evil we are discussing. Now it falls to us to analyze those that emanate from the people. Peoples and governments are correlated and complementary: a stupid government would be an anomaly among righteous people, just as a corrupt people cannot exist under just rulers and wise laws. Like people, like government, we will say in paraphrase of a popular adage.

We can reduce all these causes to two classes: to defects of training and lack of national sentiment.

Of the influence of climate we spoke at the beginning, so we will now treat of the effects arising from it.

The very limited training in the home, the tyrannical and sterile education of the rare centers of learning that blind subordination of the youth to one of greater age, influence the mind so that a man may not aspire to excel those who preceded him but must merely be content to go along with a march behind them. Stagnation forcibly results from this, and as he who devotes himself merely to copying divests himself of other qualities suited to his own nature, he naturally becomes sterile; hence decadence. Indolence is a corollary derived from the lack of stimulus and of vitality.

That modesty infused into the convictions of everyone, or, to speak more clearly, that insinuated inferiority, a sort of daily and constant depreciation of the mind so that it may not be raised to the regions of life, deadens the energies, paralyzes all tendencies toward advancement, and of the least struggle a man gives up without fighting. If by one of those rare incidents, some wild spirit, that is some active one, excels, instead of his example stimulating, it only causes others to persist in their inaction. "There's one who will work for us; let's sleep on!" say his relatives and friends. True it is that the spirit of rivalry is sometimes awakened, only that then it awakens with bad humor in the guise of envy, and instead of being a lever for helping, it is an obstacle that produces discouragement.

Nurtured by the example of anchorites of a contemplative and lazy life, the natives spend theirs in giving their gold to the Church in the hope of miracles and other wonderful things. Their will is hypnotized: from childhood they learned to act mechanically, without knowledge of the object, thanks to the exercise imposed upon them from the most tender years of praying for whole hours in an unknown tongue, of venerating things that they do not understand, of accepting beliefs that are not explained to them, to having absurdities imposed upon them, while the protests of reason are repressed. Is it any wonder that with this vicious dressage of intelligence and will the native, of old logical and consistent -- as the analysis of his past and of his language demonstrates -- should now be a mass of dismal contradictions? That continual struggle between reason and duty, between his organism and his new ideals, that civil war which disturbs the peace of his conscience
          Second Circuit holds that allegations of "systematic" underweighing plead injury in fact for specific individual   
John v. Whole Foods Market Gp., Inc., 858 F.3d 732 (2d. Cir. 2017)

John filed a putative class action under GBL §§ 349-350 alleging that New York City Whole Foods grocery stores systematically overstated the weights of pre-packaged food products and overcharged customers as a result. The court of appeals reversed the district court’s holding of lack of Article III standing on the pleadings.

John alleged that he “routinely shopped” for two years at two Whole Foods stores in Manhattan and made “regular[ ] purchase[s]” of pre-packaged products, including “pre-packaged cheese and cupcakes approximately one or two times per month.” The complaint didn’t identify a specific food purchase as to which Whole Foods overcharged John, but described pervasive overcharging of pre-packaged food throughout Whole Foods’ stores in New York City. The complaint a June 2015 press release of the New York City Department of Consumer Affairs announcing preliminary findings that Whole Foods’ New York City stores “routinely overstated the weights of its pre-packaged products—including meats, dairy and baked goods”:

DCA tested packages of 80 different types of pre-packaged products and found all of the products had packages with mislabeled weights. Additionally, 89 percent of the packages tested did not meet the federal standard for the maximum amount that an individual package can deviate from the actual weight, which is set by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The overcharges ranged from $0.80 for a package of pecan panko to $14.84 for a package of coconut shrimp.

The DCA’s findings, the press release continued, “point to a systematic problem with how products ... are weighed and labeled” and “suggest[ ] that individual packages are routinely not weighed or are inaccurately weighed, resulting in overcharges for consumers.” The investigation took place during the same period as John’s purchases and focused on the eight Whole Foods stores in NYC, including the two stores he patronized.  Whole Foods confirmed that cheese and cupcakes were among the pre-packaged products that the DCA alleged were mislabeled.

Because Whole Foods brought only a facial challenge to John’s allegations of standing, John had no evidentiary burden at the pleading stage. The district court thought that John didn’t plead injury in fact, which consists of “an invasion of a legally protected interest that is concrete and particularized and actual or imminent, not conjectural or hypothetical.”

The court of appeals disagreed. It was undisputed that overpaying for a product results in a financial loss constituting a particularized and concrete injury in fact. But the critical basis for John’s claim that he was overcharged was the DCA’s press release announcement that 89 percent of Whole Foods’ pre-packaged products tested by the DCA were mislabeled, and the press release’s conclusion that the mislabeling was “systematic” and “routine[ ].”  The district court didn’t think that was enough, but it failed to draw all reasonable inferences in John’s favor.  It wanted “an investigative finding of ubiquitous, systematic over-weighting at Whole Foods’ New York City stores,” “invariable incidents of this deceptive labeling practice,” and “across-the-board overcharging so as to embrace, other than by conjecture, the cheese and cupcakes ... that John ... occasionally bought in 2014 and 2015.” It also wanted a description of the DCA’s methodology.

But the DCA’s press release asserted that the mislabeling was “systematic” and “routine[ ],” and a facial attack on the pleadings wasn’t the right place to test the DCA’s sampling methods.  His alleged facts made his alleged injury plausible.  The district court was concerned over evidentiary obstacles on the merits, but targeted discovery might be able to address those. 

          Discovery Health Partners Sustains Momentum in Q1 with MSP Validation...   

Strong business case and quick ROI keep demand strong with health plans of all sizes.

(PRWeb June 29, 2017)

Read the full story at

          Quantum computing initiative advances drug discovery   
Quantum computing holds the answer for treating several serious neurological diseases, as well as offering solutions to the personalized medicine initiative. New research from Accenture, 1QBit and Biogen has delivered promising results.
          Hydrograd - STONE SOUR   
STONE SOUR has long outgrown the dismissive and overgeneralized tag “supergroup," stemming of course from its obvious associations and history with mainstream metal juggernaut SLIPKNOT. Like SLIPKNOT, STONE SOUR has cracked Billboard's charts too many times to count, yet its reached far beyond that band's demographic and deeper into the pockets of hard rock, radio rock and alternative fans with its inclination toward those styles as well as toward the histrionics of various eras of heavy metal. With "Hydrograd", the group's sixth full-length album, and first since the departure of longtime member and SLIPKNOT mainstay Jim Root, the Des Moines, Iowa-based band has perhaps taken its most noticeable stylistic leap(s). This/these act(s) of discovery can be attributed in many ways to the contributions of Root's replacement, Christian Martucci, as well as those of similarly newish bassist Johny Chow. The metallic hard rock band—rounded out by long-running, core members Corey Taylor, Josh Rand and Roy Mayorga—has unquestionably tightened its focal point upon all that is rock this go around and decidedly so. While the previous back-to-back "House of Gold & Bones" full-lengths in 2012 and 2013 were creatively rewarding for Taylor, they were significantly taxing and cumbersome for the iconic frontman to the point where he says the process robbed him of some of the pleasure involved in the creative process. With "Hydrograd", freedom from the constraints of elaborate, mapped out narratives allowed for unmistakably upbeat, highly charged anthemic rock songs like the adrenaline fueled "Fabuless" and the dramatic, riff-centric "Taipei Person / Allah Tea", the latter of which boasts an unforgettable chorus reminiscent of modern-day ANTHRAX. The over-the-top garb worn by SLIPKNOT's members is obviously an element of showmanship, but considering the style of music, it conveys that the members are not just dark, they're of a baleful or malevolent ilk. Ironically enough, for all of SLIPKNOT's theatrics and brutish energy and Taylor's role with them, his zest for life betrays the dark image of who he is in that band with this STONE SOUR release. One concludes this by considering the positive disposition and tendencies during Taylor's many interviews, let alone the “half cup full" and hopeful vibe of many of his melodies throughout the years and especially, more than ever, on "Hydrograd". This is more evident on cuts like "Fabuless", and tracks like "The Witness Trees" and "Mercy", which certainly emanate a sense of struggle and hope, in terms of lyrics, vocals and overall musical energy. "Hydrograd" isn't without blemishes, however. While the title track starts off strong enough, the chorus is nothing short of cringe-worthy. Elsewhere, formulaic radio rock infects "Song #3" from start to finish. Offsetting those shortcomings are tracks like the ALICE IN CHAINS-esque beautiful, melodious darkness of "Friday Knights", the barn burning rage of the metallic "Whiplash Pants", and the Southern-flavored stylings of "St. Marie"—a song replete with slide guitars. It's hard to believe that STONE SOUR first reared its ugly head 25 years ago. With the band's longevity in mind, STONE SOUR's ongoing musical curiosity is that much more impressive. "Hydrograd" isn't likely to be revered as a classic like "Appetite for Destruction", but that isn't to say that it isn't a solid metallic hard rock album worth revisiting.
          'Star Trek: Discovery' Wants to Murder Characters Like 'Game of Thrones'   
There’s a reason the “redshirt” trope is named for Star Trek, in that main characters are very rarely in real mortal danger. On the other end, Game of Thrones manages to kill pretty indiscriminately, and Star Trek: Discovery bosses now claim to be borrowing one of George R.R. Martin’s pages for the new series. Continue reading…
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          Is the World Ready for New Italian Wine?   
When Jon Bonné penned his groundbreaking book, The New California Wine, he caused a lot of us to look at wine in a different light. It wasn’t so much that all of a sudden winemakers in California were doing something different than they had done before, for in California, experimentation is always part of the gambit. No, it was that he caused us to perceive, from a different perspective, how some winemakers in California were going about the art and craft of winemaking in a totally unfettered way. In fact, these revolutionaries, some of them, have also become part of the mainstream for wine in the Golden State.

There will always be a large commercial aspect to wine in California and other places in the world where wine is part of the commerce of the country. France, Spain and Italy come to mind. Italy has had, for some time, a robust commercial side of wine. A recent visit to the 51st edition of Vinitaly showed just how vigorous that business still is.

But there are also those souls who look not to quantity of production as their barometer. There are those who look to provide wholesome and tasty wines that are not necessarily in the commercial mainstream of Italian wine. As in California, where people are often looking to break out of the expected mold of expression, so in Italy, it is almost expected that a percentage of winemaking will deter from the conventional. Is this what Bonné might call the New Italian Wine?

I’m a bit torn about this, for I see people and winemakers who would not want themselves to be pigeonholed as either a mainstream commercialist or as a rogue inventionist. There will always be those who reject any kind of classification of their work. That’s almost de rigueur in Italian culture, from where I perch. But it is interesting to note that there is a good deal of energy being generated in the Italian counterculture of winemaking that are achieving some interesting and compelling expressions of wine. It’s an eddy along the river of this Golden Age of wine we find ourselves in Italy. But by no means is it a minor adjunct.

Look, there will always be huge production of commercial wines from the Chianti, Prosecco, Pinot Grigio and Moscato categories. As well, there are also people producing wine from those areas that would fit into the New Italian Wine cast. Christian Zago from Cà dei Zago makes a Prosecco like no uber-industrial producer. And it is a lovely, compelling wine. One can comb the hills of Tuscany or Friuli and find people who lend their interpretation to Sangiovese or Pinot Grigio with respect, not just for large production results.

But there are people all over Italy who are ready for this revolution. I say ready, when in fact, the revolution is in full swing. Spend a week in North Eastern Sicily, Etna and Vittoria, and see that these folks are not waiting for the starting pistol.

In fact, all of southern Italy is in this mode. Aside large cantine sociale co-ops, there are these small upstarts in Calabria, in Puglia, in Campania, in Lazio, in Abruzzo. The New Italian wine might not be as “new” as the New California wine of Bonné’s tome, but it is no less exciting.

In reality it might be harder to make the case for New Italian wine, because there are so many grape varieties. While California winemaking had been dominated for so many years by Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir, Italy has lumbered over a profusion of grapes and wine types. It might be harder to “differentiate” oneself from the typical as the mainstream was so diffuse in Italian wine culture. Someone making Gaglioppo in Italy, as they had done for many generations, might not seem as edgy as someone who finds a long-forgotten parcel of Verdelho in Eldorado County. Nonetheless, the thrill of discovery, on the wine trail in Italy, is part of what makes everything seem so new and old at the same time. But to talk to winemakers in those forgotten zones, like Arianna Occhipinti or Cataldo Calabretta is to see the old as new. Maybe that is the lesson of the New Italian wine; that what was once old is new again. From my recent travels across Italy, I am here to tell you that the revolution is alive and well.

Filippo Rizzo of Lamoresca

wine blog +  Italian wine blog + Italy W

           Knowledge Discovery für den Kundenservice: Nachbearbeitungszeiten (ACW) dauerhaft reduzieren und optimal festlegen    

Dieses Webinar findet am 07.07.2017 um 10:00 Uhr statt.

Knowledge Discovery für den Kundenservice: Nachbearbeitungszeiten (ACW) dauerhaft reduzieren und optimal festlegen

Präsentiert werden die Vorgehensweise und Ergebnisse zu der Themenstellung Knowledge Discovery für den Kundenservice: Nachbearbeitungszeiten (ACW) dauerhaft reduzieren und optimal festlegen

          Divididos em trios, cozinheiros encaram mais um desafio no “MasterChef”   

Na próxima terça-feira (4), o MasterChef  colocará os nove cozinheiros que continuam na competição diante de três cestas, cada uma de uma cor. Divididos em trios, Ana Luiza, Deborah, Fabrizio, Leonardo, Michele, Mirian, Valter, Victor V. e Vitor B. deverão escolher uma das cestas e utilizar apenas os ingredientes que estão dentro delas para preparar duas entradas e um prato principal em apenas 60 minutos.

Na prova de eliminação, o desafio será replicar uma receita de difícil execução assinada pela chef Paola Carosella: Nero di seppia com lagostins frescos. Após uma aula da própria chef sobre como preparar o prato, os participantes terão apenas uma hora para realizar a prova e tentar continuar na cozinha mais famosa do Brasil.

MasterChef Brasil, formato da Endemol Shine Group, é uma co-produção da Band com o Discovery Home & Health. O programa vai ao ar todas as terças-feiras, às 22h30, na tela da Band (com transmissão simultânea no aplicativo da emissora para smartphones). A atração também é exibida às sextas-feiras, às 19h20, no Discovery Home & Health, com reapresentação aos domingos às 21h45.
          As Aventuras do Gato de Botas estreia no Discovery Kids   
AVENTURAS DO GATO DE BOTAS (The Adventures of Puss in Boots) - Divulgação

A partir da segunda-feira, 3 de julho, às 13h40, o Discovery Kids estreia AS AVENTURAS DO GATO DE BOTAS (The Adventures of Puss in Boots), série de animação repleta de ação e humor protagonizada pelo felino fora-da-lei que conquistou o mundo com temperamento marcante e coração enorme.
Em episódios construídos em torno de situações cômicas, o Gato de Botas usa todo seu charme, esperteza e honradez para combater vilões e proteger os habitantes de San Lorenzo, uma  cidade secreta. A história começa quando o intrépido bichano, enquanto procurava pela bela Dulcinea, descobre por acaso um portal que o leva a essa cidade encantada e longínqua, onde todos convivem em harmonia.
San Lorenzo guarda um tesouro dotado de poderes mágicos; por isso, a cidade se manteve invisível para o restante do mundo e livre de criminosos por muitos séculos. Mas, quando o Gato de Botas pega uma das moedas de ouro, o encanto que protegia a cidade é quebrado e San Lorenzo se torna alvo de vilões que querem roubar o tesouro a qualquer custo.
Com malfeitores por toda parte, o felino abandona a vida errante e fica de vez em San Lorenzo para se redimir, protegendo os habitantes da cidade e o tesouro até que encontre uma maneira de reativar a magia. A família inteira vai curtir histórias repletas de emoção, enquanto o Gato de Botas coloca em prática suas habilidades de espadachim.
Ação, humor e efeitos visuais transformam AS AVENTURAS DO GATO DE BOTAS em uma narrativa cativante que valoriza a importância da amizade. Os personagens divertidos são  outra marca registrada da série: humanos, animais, criaturas mitológicas e personagens de contos de fadas acompanham o gato nas situações engraçadas que formam o enredo. Entre os habitantes da cidade e as criaturas mágicas que interagem na trama estão o Prefeito Temoroso, um grandalhão que se esconde dentro de barris; um porquinho amigável e desajeitado que vive no orfanato, e uma esfinge com o corpo de gato coberto por tatuagens.
AS AVENTURAS DO GATO DE BOTAS (The Adventures of Puss in Boots)
Estreia: segunda-feira, 3 de julho, às 13h40
Classificação indicativa: livre

          Предупреждение о задействовании UPnP/SSDP в качестве усилителя DDoS-атак   
Компания Cloudflare предупредила об увеличении интенсивности применения протокола SSDP (Simple Service Discovery Protocol), используемого в системах с поддержкой UPnP, в качестве усилителя трафика при проведении DDoS-атак. Cloudflare обращает внимание на практику оставления доступа к 1900 UDP-порту, который позволяет при обработке некоторых запросов, формировать ответы, по размеру многократно превышающие запрос, чем пользуются организаторы DDoS-атак.
          Major Black Hole Discovery Shines New Light on How the Universe Formed   
For the first time, astronomers have confirmed the discovery of orbiting supermassive black holes in a galaxy 750 million light-years from Earth.
          Authentic Models Compass Display English   

The Authentic Models Compass Display allows you to store your collection of Authentic Models' compasses together, for everyone to see.

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover entirely new continents. Through centuries of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the entire world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early navigators and explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £48.75 Special Price: £36.56

          Authentic Models Discovery Glass   

Vintage Relics

The Authentic Models Discovery Glass is a beautiful pocket magnifying glass. Magnifiers are vintage relics from the days before 'zoom-in', satnavs and Google Earth, when thumbnail-sized road maps and fine, small print was almost impossible to read. This pocket magnifier is easy to carry around, as well as to present as an small ornament on a sophisticated coffee table, perhaps placed next to a stack of magazines or newspapers. 

A Closer Look

Whether its the signature on the painting you just purcased at the out-of-the-way estate sale, the small print in a marriage contract or the disclaimer on the business endeavour - it always pays to have a closer look! Magnifiers are wonderfully old-fashioned tools for inspecting those hard-to-see tiny points of interest. This magnifer is ideal for examining maps, coins and other wonders.


Price: £20.83 Special Price: £15.63

          Authentic Models Executive Compass   

French Finish

The Executive Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in admirality and vintage-style aged brass. The perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history, it is presented in a luxurious, French finished box. 'French finish' means several layers of varnish are added to the wood, in between sanding, rubbing and waxing, which creates an authentic and aged, yet still glossy and rich, finishing look. 

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover entirely new continents. Through centuries of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the entire world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early navigators and explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £26.67 Special Price: £20.00

          Research Associate III   
CA-Emeryville, This position will support the Grifols Diagnostics Research team efforts on developing immunoassays, mAb characterization, and biomarker research/discovery. This includes supporting lab activities, day-to-day bench work, participating in evaluation of new technologies, and providing clearly communicated analysis of these activities. The associate will work with a diverse team of scientists and wil
          Authentic Models Lodestone Compass   

Vintage Brass

The Lodestone Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass. It is a reproduction of an 18th century compass with a brass lid to protect its glass cover. An early travellers' compass, Lodestones were used by seafarers to keep magnets in good shape. This is the perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the renowned Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or even the elusive South Lands with the instrument of exploration and navigation that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover new continents. Through hundreds or years of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the globe. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross the seven seas. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange and commerce. Early explorers setting out didn't know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars at night and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £20.83 Special Price: £15.63

          Authentic Models North Star Compass   

Vintage Brass

The North Star Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in admirality and vintage-style aged brass. The perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early navigators and explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages  of discovery. Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover entirely new continents.

Exploration and Innovation

Through centuries of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the entire world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...


Price: £20.83 Special Price: £15.63

          Authentic Models Polaris Compass   

The Polaris Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass. An exact replica of an early travellers' compass, it is the perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the celebrated Spice Islands, renowned Cathay, or even the elusive South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast seas, and explorers to discover entirely new continents. Through centuries of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the entire globe. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration and navigation to become possible; opening up the world for trade and cultural exchange. Early explorers setting out didn't know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars at night and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £17.50 Special Price: £13.13

          Authentic Models Small Brass Pocket Compass   

Antique Science and History

The Authentic Models Small Brass Pocket Compass is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass. It is a replica of a small pocket compass and would be the perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Exploration and Innovation

Through centuries of technological innovation and investigation, sailers managed to chart the entire world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross oceans. 

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early navigators and explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery. Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or perhaps even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover entirely new continents. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...


Price: £12.08 Special Price: £9.06

          Authentic Models Small Bronze Pocket Compass   

Antique Science and History

The Authentic Models Small Bronze Pocket Compass is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged bronze. It is a replica of a small pocket compass and would be the perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or perhaps even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast seas, and explorers to discover new continents. Through centuries of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the entire globe. By inventing a magnetised needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could now cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world.

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration and commerce to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early navigators and explorers setting out didn't know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £12.08 Special Price: £9.06

          Authentic Models Sunny Hours   

Sunny Hours by Authentic Models.  Shadow clocks, later named sundials, were invented by Greeks and Romans and used by explorers during our age of discovery.  The sundial played a fundamental role in finding local time.  Watches were notoriously unreliable and often needed to be reset by using sun-time. And up till the 20th C. each locality had its own miniature time zone, often differing in minutes only. By pointing the triangular style (gnomon) with the number 12 due North, the shadow of the style will point at the sunny hour.

Price: £26.25 Special Price: £19.69

          Authentic Models Tobacco Jar, St. Vincent   

Following columbus's discovery of the new world tobacco was introduced to Europe. Tobacco was quickly widely distributed across the world and was claimed to mitigate a multitude of health issues such as heart disease and depression. Tobacco connoisseur were deeply knowledgeable about tobacco lore. They stored tobacco leaves in these beautifully decorated pots. Painted with allegorical scenes and the name and place where it was grown. The tobacco was imported from Caribbean Islands and from the American colonies of the British Empire. Antique original pots are extremely rare and highly valuable. Our reproductions are hand painted by skilled artisans in the style of the 18th C. Produced in porcelain.

Price: £145.00 Special Price: £108.75

          Authentic Models Tradewinds Compass   

The Authentic Models Tradewinds Compass is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass. It is a replica of a small Georgian-era combination sundial and compass, with a brass lid to protect the convex glass cover. This is the perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Exploration and Innovation

Through centuries of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the entire globe. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross vast oceans. Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross the seven seas, and explorers to discover entirely new continents. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early navigators and explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £20.83 Special Price: £15.63

          Authentic Models Victorian Pocket Compass   

Antique Science and History

The Victorian Pocket Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass. Enjoy a pocket-sized item transitioning centuries that works perfectly and comes with its own fascinating story.  

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands or the legendary Cathay with the instrument of navigation that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover new continents. Through hundreds of years of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could now cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange and commerce. Early explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery and adventure.

Price: £16.67 Special Price: £12.50

          Authentic Models Victorian Pocket Compass   

Antique Science and History

The Victorian Pocket Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass. Enjoy a pocket-sized item transitioning centuries that works perfectly and comes with its own fascinating story.  

Exploration and Innovation

Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands or the legendary Cathay with the instrument of navigation that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover new continents. Through hundreds of years of technological innovation, sailers managed to chart the world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could now cross oceans. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange and commerce. Early explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery and adventure.

Price: £23.75 Special Price: £17.81

          Authentic Models Victorian Trails Compass   

Vintage Brass

The Victorian Trails Compass by Authentic Models is antique science and history captured in vintage-style aged brass with a silver-plated etched compass dial. This is the perfect gift for lovers of nautical, scientific or technological history.

Exploration and Innovation

Through centuries of technological innovation and investigation, sailers managed to chart the entire world. By inventing a magnetized needle rotating on a vertical pin, pointing at the Earth's magnetic North, 16th century sailors accustomed to following coastlines, could suddenly cross oceans. Set sail for the fabled Spice Islands, legendary Cathay, or even the rumoured South Lands with the instrument of exploration that allowed sailers to cross vast oceans, and explorers to discover entirely new continents. The compass truly was the implement that changed the Renaissance world, forever...

Brand New World

The Age of Sail allowed exploration and commerce to become possible; opening up the world for trade, travel and cultural exchange. Early explorers setting out didn't necessarily know where they were headed. Guided only by the stars of the night sky and a simple compass, they set out on their voyages of discovery.

Price: £23.75 Special Price: £17.81

          Semi-Finalists Announced for Fifth Annual Wilson Center Guitar Festival   

The greatest guitar players of today and tomorrow will be featured at the 2017 Wilson Center Guitar Festival on August 17-19, as 77 semi-finalists from 63 cities around the world travel to the Sharon Lynne Wilson Center for the Arts (Wilson Center) in Brookfield, Wis., to compete for their share of $32,000 in prize money.

Now in its fifth year, the Wilson Center Guitar Festival is the only guitar festival in the world to feature four different genres of Classical, Fingerstyle, Jazz, and Rock & Blues. In addition to the semi-final and final competition rounds in all genres, the 2017 Festival will include master classes led by some of today's best guitarists, a vendor hall filled with the latest and greatest in guitar gear, live music from local artists, an exhibit of rare guitars from The Eisner Collection, and ticketed headliner concerts, which this year will feature renowned classical ensemble Beijing Guitar Duo (Aug. 17); fingerstyle legends Antoine Dufour, Gareth Pearson, and Mike Dawes (Aug. 18); and modern-day jazz prophet and former band leader of The Tonight Show Kevin Eubanks (Aug. 19).

"The three-day festival is an incredible stepping stone for our competitors," said Guitar Festival Manager Don Sipe. "From career connections to the chance to exchange ideas with fellow guitarists to the master classes and concerts featuring world-renowned performers, it is our goal to provide them with a life-changing experience."

The initial preliminary round of judging took place via YouTube video. From the pool of YouTube and DVD applications, jurors selected the semi-finalists who have been invited to compete in the live semi-final rounds at the Wilson Center.

The 2017 Classical semi-finalists are: Ian Baker (Brentwood, Tenn.), Gabriel Balogh (Denver, Colo.), Chase Bernard (Bloomington, Minn.), Jack Cimo (Arlington Heights, Ill.), Silviu Ciulei (Greenville, S.C.), Kacey Ellis (Naples, Fla.), Jakob Giles (University City, Mo.), Sergio Hernandez (Milwaukee, Wis.), Samuel Hines (Milwaukee, Wis.), Kyo-Hyuk Lee (Queens, N.Y.), Alvaro Miranda Leitón (Mercedes Norte, Costa Rica), Diego Miranda (Scottsdale, Ariz.), Edison Pereyra (Hillside, N.J.), Leonardo Quintero (Tallahassee, Fla.), Alejandro Rodriguez (Milwaukee, Wis.), Jesus Serrano (Mexico City, Mexico), Jonathan Smith (Winchester, Va.), Evan Taucher (Milwaukee, Wis.), Hector Alfonso Torres-Gonzalez (Denton, Texas), An Tran (Evanston, Ill.), Austin Wahl (Minneapolis, Minn.), Brandon Walker (Greensboro, N.C.), and Fang Yuan (Baltimore, Md.).

The 2017 Fingerstyle semi-finalists are: Adam Bjoraker (Milwaukee, Wis.), William Boulé (El Dorado Hills, Calif.), Ben Davis (Shorewood, Wis.), Kevin Horrigan (Milwaukee, Wis.), Niya Keranova (Varna, Bulgaria), Josh Kim (Milwaukee, Wis.), Michael McKinnon (Brussels, Wis.), Elias Pinet (Salt Lake City, Utah), Nermanja Rebic (Woodhaven, N.Y.), Donovan Raitt (Irvine, Calif.), Casey Smithley (Minneapolis, Minn.), Jack Tell (Milwaukee, Wis.), Anthony Troy (Litchfield, Conn.), Nathan Varga (Berwick, Australia), Justin Wang (Potomac, Md.), and Wonjoo Yang (Liverpool, England).

The 2017 Jazz semi-finalists are: Cecil Alexander (Muskegon, Mich.), Aaron Bissoondial (Wayne, N.J.), Jonah Brooks (Highland Park, Ill.), Olin Clark (Lansing, Mich.), David Colon (Whittier, Calif.), Jocelyn Gould (Winnipeg, Canada), Ivan Gygi (Logan, Utah), Yuto Kanazawa (Shirakawa, Japan), Jacob Kelberman (Ambler, Pa.), William Kidera (Algonquin, Ill.), Leo Kim (Sunnyside, N.Y.), Matt Landon (Greeley, Colo.), Geunsu Lee (Beverly Hills, Calif.), Jeff McLaughlin (New York, N.Y.), Diego Melgar (Miama, Fla.), Yoshie Nakagawa (Kitakyushu-shi, Japan), Hector Quintana (Oak Park, Ill.), Cole Runge (De Pere, Wis.), Ravi Sharma (Seattle, Wash.), and Dante Turkow (Brookfield, Wis.).

The 2017 Rock & Blues semi-finalists are: Aaron Bissoondial (Wayne, N.J.), Nicholas Dicklin (Galena, Ill.), Dawid Dobrzynski (Santa Clara, Calif.), Aram Feriants (Brookfield, Wis.), Ramon Luis Galang (Quezon City, Phillipines), Millisa Henderson (Muskogee, Okla.), Doug Justice (Milwaukee, Wis.), David Kleczka (New Berlin, Wis.), Joe Latona (Milwaukee, Wis.), Khoren Mikayelyan (Yerevan, Armenia), Austin Morgan (Roseville, Calif.), Jackson Potter (Roseville, Minn.), Keegan Rhynas (Howards, Wis.), Christopher Schuck (Brookfield, Wis.), Jonathan Smith (Winchester, Va.), Yeril Lozano Torrez (Simpsonville, S.C.), Christopher Wolf (Wauwatosa, Wis.), and Ben Youngblood (Raleigh, N.C.).

First-place winners in each genre will receive $5,000, as well as the opportunity to open for Eubanks on August 19; second-place winners in each genre will receive $2,000; and third-place winners in each genre will receive $1,000. The number of competitors advancing to the final rounds will be determined by the semi-final round adjudicators; the semi-final and final rounds will be judged by a panel of renowned artists from each genre, including 2017 Festival headliner performers and music industry experts. All semi-final and final competition rounds are free and open to the public to attend, with winners announced on the Saturday afternoon of the Festival.

The 2017 Wilson Center Guitar Festival is made possible by the support of Festival Sponsors Jackie and Michael Barber, Krause Funeral Homes & Cremation Services, The Les Paul Foundation, Marcus Corporation Foundation, John Shiely, Vince Shiely, and Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity Beta Alpha Boule; Competition Prize Money Sponsor Mark and Sharon Cameli in memory of John Cameli; and Festival Partners CandyRat Records, Cascio Interstate Music, Discovery World, Girl Guitar Austin, Girls Rock, Urban Milwaukee, and Wisconsin Public Radio.

For more information on the 2017 Wilson Center Guitar Festival, visit