Botswana's economy grows sluggishly in first quarter of 2017   

          L'Afrique fera face à un déficit de 50 millions d'emplois d'ici 2040 (Institut Tony Blair)    
L'Afrique fera face à un déficit de 50 millions d'emplois d'ici 2040 (Institut Tony Blair) 
Selon une analyse de l'Institut Tony Blair qui s’est appuyé sur le rapport de la Banque mondiale sur les
dividendes démographiques en Afrique, d’ici 2040, le continent pourrait faire face à une crise de chômage massif. 50 sur 773 millions des personnes qui seront sur le marché de l’emploi, risquent de se retrouver au chômage.
« A moins d'agir, l'Afrique fera face à un déficit de 50 millions d'emplois, d'ici à 2040. Cela devrait sonner comme une alerte. Ce chiffre aura non seulement des conséquences profondes pour l'ensemble du continent et de ses populations, mais l'impact sur l'économie mondiale pourrait être catastrophique.», a expliqué Jim Murphy, ancien chef du parti travailliste écossais et actuellement conseiller au sein de l’institut.
Le rapport intitulé «Market-based sector development is essential to inclusive growth in Africa », pointe du doigt les politiques désastreuses de certains pays. Il suspecte également une mauvaise coordination des aides au développement qui ne cadrent pas avec les réalités du continent, en particulier des pays bénéficiaires.
« Les donateurs internationaux doivent adopter une approche plus coordonnée, en tenant compte des besoins spécifiques à chaque pays, en les aidant à développer leur économie et à créer des emplois.», ajoute le conseiller.
Enfin, l’institut appelle les pays africains à emboiter le pas au Botswana, à l'Ethiopie et l'île Maurice qui ont réalisé d'importants progrès au cours des dernières décennies, en raison de la présence des autorités politiques aux côtés du secteur privé et des partenaires au développement.
Fiacre E. Kakpo
Agence Ecofin



          7/6/2017: Kolskoot Kollig: ‘BIG DAWG’?   

Thato Sikwane, ook bekend as DJ Fresh, is in 1972 gebore en het Maru-a-pula, ’n top- private losiesskool in Botswana, bygewoon. Sedert 1995 woon hy in Johannesburg. Fresh is al 15 jaar getroud en het vier kinders: ’n 23-jarige dogter uit ’n vorige...
          A25NPD Botswana. From DXNews.com   
Neven, LZ1COM inform dxnews.com that he will be active from Botswana 14 - 16 July 2017 as A25NPD.
          Bizarre driving fines from around the world… just don’t pick up the hitch-hiking buffalo   
Hiring a car on you holidays? Then taking a look at these animations from Comparethemarket.com could save you some strife with the local constabulary. Here’s what to look out for. Botswana Picking up a hitch-hiking buffalo in Botswana could land…
          Are foreign companies conducting business in Botswana required to establish a presence in there?   
Dentons would like to thank Tatenda Dumba, from Armstrongs Attorneys in Botswana, for this month’s contribution to the Africa section of the Dentons South Africa Newsletter. In this article, Tatenda discusses the requirement to establish a presence...
By: Dentons
          THREE-HORNED RHINOCEROSES AND ALBRECHT DÜRER'S SHOULDER-HORNED SURPRISE   

Digital creation of a three-horned white rhinoceros (digital manipulation © Dr Karl Shuker using a public domain photograph)


There was the forest three-horned dark rhino that would be in small herds that would occasionally run into the snares of man. These forest rhinos were deemed by many as a prized possession.

   Douglas S. Taylor – Sword of Souls: Chronicles of Caledon


The three-horned rhinoceroses referred to in the above quotation are fictitious, but factual records do indeed exist of rhino specimens possessing extra (supernumerary) horns. Of the five species of rhinoceros alive today, two of them (the great Indian Rhinoceros unicornisand the Javan R. sondaicus) each typically sports one horn, whereas the other three (the Sumatran Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, African white Ceratotherium simum, and African black Diceros bicornis) each typically sports two. Very rarely, however, exceptions to this standard rule arise, and as reported widely in the media during late December 2015 one such exception has lately been encountered and photographed in Namibia's Etosha National Park by 73-year-old Jim Gibson.

Eschewing its species' normal two-horn condition (and its taxonomic name too), the adult black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis(translating as 'two-horned two-horned') in question also bears a slender but distinctive, forward-curving third horn, sprouting forth from the centre of its brow (click hereto see photos of this singular beast, and hereto view a short video clip of it). Its extra horn would not cause this rhino any discomfort; and if resulting from a non-genetic developmental abnormality occurring when the rhino was a foetus, it would not be inherited by any of its offspring. If caused by a mutant gene, however, it could be inherited - this latter situation probably explaining why triple-horned black rhinoceroses were once quite common around Zambia’s Lake Young.

On 10 February 1906, big game hunter Abel Chapman shot a three-horned black rhinoceros at Elmenteita in British East Africa (now Kenya), and a photograph of Chapman posing alongside its head subsequently appeared in his book Retrospect: 1851-1928 (1928). That same book also included a drawing of this animal. And a similar specimen was exhibited alive at Lisbon Zoo, Portugal, as documented in two International Zoo Yearbook reports of 1978.

Digital creation of a three-horned black rhinoceros (digital manipulation © Dr Karl Shuker using a public domain photograph)

Three-horned examples of unspecified two-horned rhinoceros species in southern Africa were alluded to by Swedish explorer-naturalist Charles J. Andersson in his book Lake Ngami (1861), which documented his four years spent exploring southwestern Africa, including time spent during 1854 at this nowadays very famous but then newly-discovered lake in Botswana:

I have met persons who told me that they have killed rhinoceroses with three horns; but in all such cases (and they have been but few), the third, or posterior horn is so small as to be scarcely perceptible.

Even Linnaeus mentioned three-horned rhinoceroses - to his description of the black rhinoceros in Gmelin’s edition (1788) of Systema Naturae was added: “Rarior est Rhinoceros tricornis, tertia cum cornu ex alterato priorem excrescente”. In the past, moreover, Sumatran native hunters asserted that three-horned specimens of the Sumatran rhinoceros were occasionally met with too.

In most cases, the extra horn is usually nothing more than a small, rounded knob - a rudimentary third horn positioned behind the two normal ones. Similarly, towards the end of the 19th Century, London Zoo exhibited a female great Indian rhinoceros that bore a rudimentary second horn upon her forehead. Alternatively, a pseudo-third horn can develop via the splitting into two of one of the normal, pre-existing horns, as seen in the following photograph of one such zoo specimen:

Captive rhinoceros with pseudo-third horn (© Owen Burnham)

Occasionally, even more extreme cases are recorded. One such individual was the abnormal female black rhinoceros shot during August 1904 in a dense covert west of Kenya’s Jambeni Mountains, at an elevation of 4150 ft above sea-level, and reported by Colonel W.H. Broun in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London on 14 November 1905. In addition to the two normal horns, this rhino had a third, rudimentary horn between its ears, plus a fourth, equally diminutive example located about 4 in further back.

During his extensive black rhinoceros researches, renowned German zoologist Dr Bernard Grzimek encountered reports of a five-horned specimen, and even of rhinos with horns growing out of their bodies. He also suggested that the famous woodcut of a great Indian rhinoceros bearing an incongruously-sited horn on its shoulder produced by Albrecht Dürer in 1515 (and later copied by Conrad Gesner in his Historiae Animalium, Liber I, 1551) may have been truly based upon an abnormally horned specimen.

Albrecht Dürer’s famous shoulder-horned rhinoceros woodcut (public domain)

At one time, this idea was discounted in favour of the theory that the horn was either an error on the part of Dürer, or, if genuine, merely an excrescence developed by the rhinoceros in question during its long confinement in the ship bringing it from India to Portugal’s King Manuel the Great, at Lisbon (the king then offering it up as a gift to Pope Leo X). Moreover, as discussed in 1961 via an entire paper on the subject written by Dr K.C.A. Schulz and published in African Wild Life, rough sores of a horny nature have been observed for some time among black rhinos too.

However, Grzimek’s view was reinforced in spring 1968, when Prof. Heini Hediger photographed a white rhinoceros living in San Francisco Zoo that bore a bona fide, unequivocal shoulder horn, measuring some 4 in high. Prof. Hediger subsequently documented this distinctive creature via an illustrated Zoologische Garten article published in 1970.

At present, the precise reasons for the development of extra horns by rhinoceroses remain relatively unclear. In some cases, a genetic origin is indicated, especially when they involve several multi-horned specimens inhabiting one specific locality, as with the Lake Young individuals. Injury-induced development (echoing the ‘excrescence theory’ for Dürer’s specimen) may also occur - as documented from various antelopes and deer possessing supernumerary (and often oddly located) horns, sometimes emerging from the forehead, face, or even sites on the body.

Digital creation of a three-horned southern white rhinoceros (photograph and digital manipulation © Dr Karl Shuker)

NB – As noted in their respective credits above, all of the photographs of three-horned rhinoceroses included here have been created by me via digital manipulation of existing photographs of normal two-horned specimens, because although, as this present article of mine unequivocally demonstrates, rhinos with supernumerary horns are a reality, I am not aware of any existing photos of such specimens other than those of the above-documented Namibian individual and the photo in Abel Chapman's book depicting him alongside his three-horned rhino head (unfortunately, however, I have so far been unable to obtain sight of this latter picture). Consequently, if anyone knows of any photographs depicting supernumerary-horned rhinos, or drawings based upon documented specimens of such creatures, I would greatly welcome details.

Finally: if three-horned rhinoceroses are not exotic enough for you, how about three-humped camels and a bull African elephant with two trunks? If you think that I'm joking, be sure to click here on ShukerNature and discover that I'm not!

This ShukerNature blog article is excerpted and greatly expanded from my book Extraordinary Animals Revisited.






          Remembering President Quett Masire – one of the greatest post-colonial African leaders   
Elliott Green examines the life and legacy of Botswana’s second President Quett Ketumile Joni Masire. Masire, a key figure in Botswana’s independence movement, represented the Botswana Democratic Party and was the longest serving president in the country’s history. Quett Ketumile Joni Masire, President of Botswana from 1980 to 1998, died late on 22 June 2017 at the age of 91.  Masire is by […]
          Censura 2009   

Come ogni anno, Censura raccoglie le notizie che avrebbero dovuto occupare le prime pagine di tutti i giornali e telegiornali del mondo e che, invece, sono letteralmente e scrupolosamente “scomparse”.

Ecco qualche esempio:

• L’industria dell’energia e delle armi nucleari e gli enti governativi che sovrintendono alle attività nucleari stanno operando affinché grandi quantità di terreni e materiali contaminati dalla radioattività vengano riclassificati come “non radioattivi”. Non vogliono infatti pagare per isolare le scorie – che comprendono metallo, cemento, asfalto, plastica, terreni, attrezzature ed edifici – e hanno deciso di inviarle nei siti di stoccaggio ordinari o persino di riciclarle a scopo commerciale, col rischio che finiscano in oggetti di uso quotidiano.

• Oggi nel mondo esistono 27 milioni di schiavi, una cifra senza precedenti. Il commercio di esseri umani contende al traffico di droga e al contrabbando d’armi il triste primato di principale attività criminale del pianeta.

• L’addestramento segreto degli eserciti e della polizia latinoamericana, che un tempo avveniva nelle famigerate Scuole delle Americhe, è stato decentrato e sono nate le ILEA (International Law Enforcement Academy). Ci sono ILEA a Budapest, a Bangkok, a Gaborone, in Botswana; e a Roswell, in New Mexico. E ovviamente ci sono ILEA sparse in tutta l’America Latina. Qui, protetti dall’immunità alle accuse di crimini contro l’umanità, ogni anno 1.500 ufficiali apprendono presunti metodi “anti-terrorismo”, tra cui la tortura e le tecniche di esecuzione.

• L’indipendenza del Kosovo dalla Serbia non porterà né indipendenza né qualsivoglia forma di autogoverno. L’Unione Europea ha inviato nella regione 1.800 figure specializzate per contribuire alla nascita delle istituzioni del nuovo Kosovo. Al contempo la KFOR, la forza NATO di stanza nella regione, dispone di 16.000 soldati con completa sovranità. L’unica grande costruzione finora realizzata è stata Camp Bondsteel, la più grande base militare americana d’Europa.


          South Africa records trade surplus of R9.5bn for May – Sars   
South Africa registered a trade balance surplus of R9.5-billion for May this year, according to trade statistics released by the South African Revenue Service (Sars) on Friday. The stats, which include trade information with Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland, shows a year-to-date improvement in the trade balance.
          Animals Saving Animals & NFC Group Team Up to Protect the Rhino of Botswana   
none
           How-to-join the great illuminati-family-today- call +27739762659 in SOUTH AFRICA lusaka kampala - Amritsar, India   
How-to-join the great illuminati-family-today- call +27739762659 in SOUTH AFRICA lusaka kampala nairobi johannesburg rastenburg mafiheng durban cape town gaburoni francis town botswana zambia USA MALAYSIA UK LONDON AUSTRALIA hello everybody i am very...
          Botswana Under-19s v Uganda Under-19s   
Botswana Under-19s v Uganda Under-19s
          Re: Gay Botswana   
Hey, add some links to gay friendly ventures in Botswana... I'll make appropriate category and move stuff there later on.

gay411.org × Africa × Botswana
          Lovely Victoria Falls...   
I have had an opportunity to work in Kasana in Botswana with a regional office in Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) and I travelled between the 2 towns regulalrly.

I found Victoria Falls to more outgoing and the guys were more switched-on in-terms of Gay sex. They understood the language of gay and never made a big fuss about being asked out for sex. Kasane on the other hand was a very different and reserved town with everybody pretenting they had no clue what happens when 2 men get into bed.

It did however take a few dollars to get a guy to bed and few did manage to run-off before they gave me their ass. I ended up with a guy who was not gay but always knew who I should talk to and I paid him a small fee if the sex went well and a bit more it the sex was GOOD!!! Very few of these guys were really gay so they really just wanted the money and I really just wanted the sex. A few did show some affection and joy in the act and it's those where I always came back to.
          Looking for Men in Gaborone, Botswana   
Missing some real man2man action here in Botswana. Where are you? I'm in Gaborone aND ALL THE GOOD MEN ARE HIDING BEHIND SKIRTS BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT TO BE SEEN AS gAY. I'm doing the same but the starvation is so bad, I'm going to do it with a dog or donkey one of these days.

Lepakor
          Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe 3dicks in 1 day   
"You've always wanted to travel to Africa where nature has remained unchanged for your sake. The Okavango delta, Victoria falls, Katima Mulilo, The Savuti channel, Chobe Park with over 100,000 elephants. Now there's more: I'm dedicated to giving you authentic man2man pleasure to spice your trip. I'm as dark as Africa made me, 1.7m tall, 56kg, hung (10""), uncut and waiting to please you. I do NO BAREBACK, NO DRUGS! E-mail me at thabang69er@yahoo.co.uk or check my profile at http://uk.profiles.yahoo.com/thabang69er I also offer 3-4some with fellow kinky black friends, equally well hung and versatile."
          Gay Experince in Botswana   
Was travelling to the north (from south, Mahalapye) when I had to overnight in Palapye. Booked into a Cresta Hotel there (can't remember the name) This guy came over saying he had been asked to repair a wall socket. He moved the table... and ended up bendingover, revealing his torn trousers and his hairy balls hanging through the torn holes. I knew I'd have to call him back after he fixes the socket to come and fix me... Other than that the country is devoid of m2m experiences. It's all chance, hit&miss. Who wants to miss and end up with his dick up in a policeman's ass. Anyway - There's more ass at prisons in Botswana than at night clubs
          Daftar Mata Uang Negara-negara Di Seluruh Dunia (A-Z)   

Daftar Mata Uang Negara-negara Di Seluruh Dunia (A-Z)

Country / Negara
Currency / Mata Uang
ISO-4217
Symbol
A
Afghanistan
AFN
Albania
ALL
Algeria
DZD
American Samoa
see United States
Andorra
see Spain and France
Angola
AOA
Anguilla
XCD
EC$
Antigua and Barbuda
XCD
EC$
Argentina
ARS
Armenia
AMD
Aruba
AWG
ƒ
Australia
AUD
$
Austria
EUR
Azerbaijan
AZN
B
Bahamas
BSD
B$
Bahrain
BHD
Bangladesh
BDT
Barbados
BBD
Bds$
Belarus
BYR
Br
Belgium
EUR
Belize
BZD
BZ$
Benin
XOF
CFA
Bermuda
BMD
BD$
Bhutan
BTN
Nu.
Bolivia
BOB
Bs.
Bosnia-Herzegovina
BAM
KM
Botswana
BWP
P
Brazil
BRL
R$
British Indian Ocean Territory
see United Kingdom
Brunei
BND
B$
Bulgaria
BGN
Burkina Faso
XOF
CFA
Burma
see Myanmar
Burundi
BIF
FBu



Mata Uang Dunia
Although I have lived in this awesome country, Canada, for some years, it was through observation yesterday that I again came to an interesting, indisputable conclusion about Canadians. I have interacted with people of different cultures in many countries where I have worked. When I was teaching at the University of Botswana, I thought the people in Gaborone were the nicest, most laid back people it had been my good fortune to meet (and they are). That was until wanderlust(travel bug) had its way and I got moving again. This time, I became a developmental English instructor on  a beautiful South Pacific island. To my happy surprise, on that picturesque island lived the most friendly and laid back people I had met - besides, of course, the people of Botswana. Before I relocated to Canada, I already knew what to expect: Canadians are universally known for being friendly and polite. However, it is a notch better than you would think. The quality of patience in Canadians transcends the usual meaning of the word. I would like to think of it as long suffering, a virtue.


How did I arrive at this conclusion? It is by personal experience and observation. Generally speaking, it is absolutely true that in Canada people are really friendly and polite. The way the public reacts to challenges or difficulties is admirable. Yesterday, I was taking the Greyhound bus from Nanaimo to Victoria. It was my first time at the Nanaimo Ferry Terminal. It was a bit challenging finding my way around; so, I had to take a cab. I got there with sufficient time on my hands. I spent it standing by the rail, enjoying the ocean breeze, and watching speed boats go by. A few minutes before the bus was to leave, I reluctantly walked to the bus stop. There were many people waiting to take the greyhound bus and many of them either just got off the ferry from Vancouver or off another greyhound bus from Kelowna, Prince George, Kamloops, and Hope. They were exhausted. To cut to the chase: bus arrived nearly an hour behind schedule. Standing in the blistering heat and sun, no one complained. Some people sat on the floor. The few comments I heard were good natured. And because no one was complaining, the wait didn't seem so bad. When the bus finally arrived, no one complained or said anything disparaging to the driver. You would think he arrived on schedule. The driver apologized before the journey to Victoria began.

Time and time again, I have noticed how patient people are at bus stops, malls, clinics, etc. Yesterday was an eye opener as to how patient and polite Canadians really are. I could say the same of the people of Botswana, and the Marshalese; even though I never had these experiences in those places.

So, I have been privileged to live among beautiful, friendly, loving, and patient people in different continents: from Africa to the South Pacific to North America. It's indeed a blessing! I am still an island girl and happily so! :)



















What nice discoveries have you made through observing people, the environment, etc?




          DJ Ace SA – Flames Ft. Chrispin The Drummer   

DJ Ace SA – Flames Ft. Chrispin The Drummer mp3 Download  DJ Ace SA team up with Botswanan producer and artiste Chrispin The Drummer on his new record dubbed Flames. Download And Enjoy   DOWNLOAD

The post DJ Ace SA – Flames Ft. Chrispin The Drummer appeared first on Wadupafrica.com | Download Music, Video, Instrumental, FreeBeat, Nollywood Porn Movie(MP3 & MP4).


          Zimbabwe/Madagascar: COSAFA - Referee Expelled   
[The Herald] Blundering Botswana referee Joshua Bondo has paid a huge price for his diabolical officiating in the COSAFA Castle Cup clash between Zimbabwe and Madagascar, with the match official being expelled from the regional tournament for poor performance.
          Tremor felt in studio at ECR   
East Coast Radio — Bongani Mtolo was on-air live during the tremor which was felt around the country following a strong earthquake in Botswana! Listen here!
          Rhino-Skulptur auf der ITB Berlin 2017 (8.-12. März) + Social-Media-Kampagne   

ITB Berlin 2017
8.-12. März 2017
Messe Berlin GmbH
Messedamm 22
14055 Berlin


Die britische Designagentur Walker/Jansseune Marketing Communications wurde von der Botswana Tourism Organisation mit der Durchführung einer Skulpturenshow auf der ITB Berlin 2017 beauftragt, wo Botswana als offizielles Partnerland vertreten sein wird.

Philip Jansseune, der Geschäftsführer der Agentur, regte eine Show im großen Stil unter Verwendung von Nashörnern an, um Botswanas Reichtum an bedrohten Tierarten hervorzuheben und für die nachhaltige Umweltpolitik des Landes zu werben.

Da Rhino für den Entwurf der Skulptur verwendet wurde, war Philip so freundlich, uns in dieses Projekt mit einzubeziehen.

"Bei der Zusammenarbeit mit dem von uns beauftragten Holzfachmann erregte ein witziger Zufall meine Aufmerksamkeit, nämlich dass die Software für das Design des aus einer 18 mm dicken Sperrholzplatte zu fräsenden Nashorns ausgerechnet Rhino hieß. Nach dem Fräsen werden die Platten mit größtenteils von botswanischen Künstlern und Designern entworfenen Vinyl-Graphiken beschichtet, nach Berlin transportiert und auf der Südseite des Messegeländes ausgestellt, wo dieses Jahr 400000 Besucher erwartet werden".

Auch eine Social-Media-Kampagne unter den Hashtags #botswanarhinos und #ilovebotswana findet statt.

Für diese Kampagne werden Miniatur-Nashörner aus 3 mm dickem Sperrholz gefertigt und während der Show unter die Leute verteilt, die sie wiederum bemalen und in die Social Media hochladen und so zu einer möglichst weiten Verbreitung unserer Botschaft beitragen können. Auch Sie sind zur Teilnahme eingeladen!






          A25NPD, Botswana   


Del 14 al 16 de julio 2017, Neven LZ1COM va a estar activo como A25NPD desde Botswana. QRV en 20 y 40mts en Ssb.

Qsl vía LZ1COM.

73s, Luis EA1CS

          20 photos satellites de la Terre comme vous ne l’avez jamais vue   

Vu sur 20 photos satellites de la Terre comme vous ne l’avez jamais vue

Le photographe Benjamin Grant a récemment publié le livre Overview Effect donnant aux lecteurs un aperçu de la Terre vue d'en haut. 

L'une des questions les plus importantes M. Grant est de montrer sous une nouvelle lumière l'impact que les hommes ont sur l'environnement.

« Je pense que le défi que nous rencontrons avec la crise environnementale est que nous sommes souvent confrontés à un ennemi invisible difficile à voir, à saisir ou à comprendre », a déclaré le photographe.

La mine d'uranium d'Arlit au Niger. Plus de 3400 tonnes d'uranium sont extraites chaque année de cette mine, vitale pour la production d'énergie et l'armement nucléaire français.

Le puits ouvert de la mine de diamants désaffectée à Mirny, en Sibérie. La mine est profonde de 525 m et a un diamètre de 1200 m, en faisant le second plus gros trou excavé au monde.

La surface d'irrigation géante dans le bassin de Wadi As-Sirhan en Arabie Saoudite. De l'eau fraîche est pompée à la surface jusqu'à une profondeur de 1 km, et est ensuite répandue par des arroseurs à 360°.

Le grand lac de la mine de Neves-corvo dans la province de Castro Verde, Portugal. Il s'agit de l'une des plus plus grandes mine de cuivre et de zinc au monde.

Une photo prise au-dessus de la zone traitant le charbon du port de Qinhuangdao dans la province du Hebei, Chine. Près de 210 millions de tonnes de charbon sont envoyées vers des centrales du Sud de la Chine chaque année.

Des arbres fruitiers sur les collines de Huelva, en Espagne. Les conditions climatiques locales sont favorables à la plantation.

Le port de Hambourg en Allemagne est connu comme la « porte vers le monde ». Chaque jour le port reçoit 28 navires, 200 trains et 5000 wagons. Le port fait passer 132 millions de tonnes de fret par an.

Les rues en rayons autour de la Plaza Del Ejecutivo à Mexico. La ville abrite près de 9 millions d'habitants.

Panorama de la zone industrielle Jeongwang-dong à Ansan, en Corée du Sud. Les toits des bâtiments sont en aluminium et peints en bleu.

Les bassins d'évaporation de différentes couleurs de la mine de potasse à Moab, dans l'Utah.

La voie de chemin de fer Selkirk Yark pour le transport du fret à Albany, New York. Elle reçoit près de 3200 trains par jour. 

La mine Jwaneng au Botswana est la mine de diamants la plus riche au monde, avec une production annuelle de près de 15,6 millions de carats.

L'aéroport international Princess Juliana de l'île Saint Martin des Caraïbes. Sa piste est considérée comme l'une des plus difficiles à aborder au monde.

Le barrage de la Grande-Dixence dans le canton du Valais en Suisse est le plus haut barrage au monde avec une hauteur de 285 m. Il a pris 14 ans à réaliser et fait près de 6 millions de m3 de béton.

La base aérienne Davis Monthan de L'Air Force à Tucson dans l'Arizona est la plus grande réserve d'avions au monde. Près de 4400 avions retirés du service y sont stockés.

Une usine construite au bord de mer dans la ville de Tokai, Japon. L'économie de la ville dépend de l'aciérie géante, dont la compagnie propriétaire produit 47 millions de tonnes d'acier par an.

L'aéroport de Francfort est l'aéroport le plus fréquenté d'Allemagne avec 1365 vols quotidiens et 65 millions de passagers par an. Avec 70 000 employés, l'aéroport est également le plus important lieu de travail en Allemagne.

Construite dans les années 1960, la communauté de Tahoe Keys comprend 1500 maisons le long de canaux reliés au lac Tahoe à El Dorado, en Californie.

Un échangeur routier en forme de trèfle à l'extérieur de Doha, Qatar.

Des bassins d'évaporation produisant des cristaux de sel à San Francisco, États-Unis.

Version originale

Cet article est apparu en premier sur Epoch Times.


          Classic Botswana Flag Charm   
Classic Botswana Flag Charm

Classic Botswana Flag Charm


          Terrorism in southern Africa    

THE preoccupation with terror and hostages in the Middle East has overshadowed the serious long-term repercussions of South Africa's terrorist raid June 14 into neighboring Botswana. The casualty report lists 16 dead, including a six-year-old Botswana girl. But the dead are not the only casualties of this latest in a pattern of South African military actions that extend even to US-managed oil installations in northern Angola. Also gravely damaged in the latest attack is South Africa's claim to respect as a member of the community of nations and any pretentions that its military operations are defensive in nature. The assault dispels doubts about South African willingness to use deceit in carrying out its strategy of regional domination, a strategy that seems reduced to a blind and futile lashing out at anyone who might be blamed for the internal violence generated by its own policies.

In striking at Botswana, however, South Africa has violated elementary standards of decency and trust. Since achieving independence 19 years ago, Botswana has established its credentials as a democracy founded on free and open parliamentary elections and the rule of law. Its leaders are pragmatists who repudiate apartheid but recognize the imperative of cooperation with their powerful neighbor. Their pragmatism is dictated by economic necessity, with some 90 percent of the country's imports and exports passing through South Africa, and by the geographic reality of sharing the longest common border each country has -- nearly 1,600 miles, including South Africa-administered Namibia.

Consistent with this dependence, Botswana has worked to minimize tensions with the Goliath to the south and to resolve mutual security concerns through a wide range of mechanisms involving government ministers as well as police and military officials. Despite criticisms of such contacts from within and outside Africa, Botswana has quietly pursued this delicate accommodation in a manner that has earned unanimous respect.

By now resorting to armed aggression rather than using available channels of consultation, South Africa invites the conclusion that it lacked solid grounds for tracing terrorist acts to refugees under Botswana's jurisdiction. This would surprise no one familiar with Botswana's scrupulous efforts to control all refugees who seek sanctuary in that country. Even the Department of State spokesman noted ``progress'' had been made in controlling cross-border violence.

Simply stated, in terrorizing Botswana, South Africa has done grave damage to itself. It has undermined its credibility and weakened its pleas for world understanding and for time to work out its problems. Most important, it has inflicted irreparable harm on a model attempt at peaceful coexistence in southern Africa. Donald R. Norland was the US Ambassador to Botswana from 1976-1979.

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          Ramadan in Botswana   
Ramadan in Botswana

If this is the first time you've heard of Botswana, I don't blame you. While it's a fairly large country geographically, it is a small nation with a population of only 3 million people. Shaped like Texas, and just as hot in the summer.

 A landlocked country with the world's only inland delta, the Okavango Delta, Botswana is located in Southern Africa next to South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia . The Okavango Delta is a popular tourist attraction with wildlife and game, and where you will find the only lions in the world who frolic in the water. Cats usually hate getting their paws wet.

This year, Ramadan falls in the winter months.
Freezing cold nights, but fairly mild sunny winter days, make for relatively easy fasting compared to the seventeen hour days of Northern Europe in the summertime. Not too hot, nor too cold, this year we feel truly blessed to be fasting in July.

Muslims are a significant minority from various cultural and ethnic backgrounds, with a dominant Indian-Malay cultural norms and traditions.

My own family has mixed cultural backgrounds and food being the flavour of a nation, iftaar at my folks' place is a cultural table spread.


Samoosas, dates and chiken tikka for an Indian-Malay flavour. Crab and butternut cooked in coconut milk, siopao (pronounced Shoo-pow) and chicken noodle soup Filipino style.

Samoosas sizzle on the stove

Crab, butternut cooked in coconut milk

Dates to break one's fast the Sunnah way.

Siopao, a chinese influence in Filipino food is a small round steamed bun with a filling  of choice.
These had a sweet red bean paste.


Chicken noodle soup

From left to right (clockwise): Chicken tikka, vegetable soup, samoosas and Siopao
My sister (right) and I, having iftaar at my parent's home.
Winter days are mild, sunny weather prevails. But the temperature drops quickly at night to single digits.

The Ramadan timetable showing sehri and iftaar times in different regions of the country.








          See how far things travel on the internet   
Three years ago I got involved in the PINK HIJAB DAY campaign and started the first campaign of its kind in Botswana.

There was an article written in the local paper at that time. Little did I know it was picked up in United Kingdom and published in The Muslim Weekly, a newspaper for Muslims in that area. Due to other obligations (such as this sportswear brand *guilty face*) I could no longer give enough time to PHD and tried to hand it over to more capable individuals. Surprise, surprise, no one wanted the job.. It's no longer held in Botswana. But that year we raised and donated over P22000 to the Cancer Association of Botswana.

I hope to do similar things with Muslim Women Sports Development insha Allah.
See it on their site: http://www.themuslimweekly.com/DetailView.aspx?NEWSID=TW00013880
I like how good news spreads around the world. I just wish good news would be reported more on the prime time news too.

The link to the article, click here.



          Mbeki thanks Masire for support during apartheid - Mmegi Online   

Mmegi Online

Mbeki thanks Masire for support during apartheid
Mmegi Online
Former president of South Africa Thabo Mbeki has thanked former president of Botswana, the late Sir Ketumile Masire for his contribution to the end of apartheid regime in his native country. By, Staff Writer, Fri 30 Jun 2017, 18:35 pm (GMT +2). 0 Comments.
The passing of an African democrat, Ketumile Masire of BotswanaMinneapolis Star Tribune
Tsvangirai, Mugabe outNewsDay
Zimbabwe: Masire Statesman Par Excellence - PresidentAllAfrica.com
News24 -Bulawayo24 News (press release) (blog) -Independent -Guardian (blog)
all 28 news articles »

          Botswana v Zambia   
Fixture
          DJ Ace SA – Flames Ft. Chrispin The Drummer   

DJ Ace SA team up with Botswanan producer and artiste Chrispin The Drummer on his new record dubbed Flames. Listen Up DOWNLOAD: DJ Ace SA – Flames ft. Chrispin The Drummer

The Post DJ Ace SA – Flames Ft. Chrispin The Drummer Appeared First On NaijaExtra.Com


          Re: Gay Botswana   
Hey, add some links to gay friendly ventures in Botswana... I'll make appropriate category and move stuff there later on.

gay411.org × Africa × Botswana
          Lovely Victoria Falls...   
I have had an opportunity to work in Kasana in Botswana with a regional office in Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) and I travelled between the 2 towns regulalrly.

I found Victoria Falls to more outgoing and the guys were more switched-on in-terms of Gay sex. They understood the language of gay and never made a big fuss about being asked out for sex. Kasane on the other hand was a very different and reserved town with everybody pretenting they had no clue what happens when 2 men get into bed.

It did however take a few dollars to get a guy to bed and few did manage to run-off before they gave me their ass. I ended up with a guy who was not gay but always knew who I should talk to and I paid him a small fee if the sex went well and a bit more it the sex was GOOD!!! Very few of these guys were really gay so they really just wanted the money and I really just wanted the sex. A few did show some affection and joy in the act and it's those where I always came back to.
          Looking for Men in Gaborone, Botswana   
Missing some real man2man action here in Botswana. Where are you? I'm in Gaborone aND ALL THE GOOD MEN ARE HIDING BEHIND SKIRTS BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT TO BE SEEN AS gAY. I'm doing the same but the starvation is so bad, I'm going to do it with a dog or donkey one of these days.

Lepakor
          Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe 3dicks in 1 day   
"You've always wanted to travel to Africa where nature has remained unchanged for your sake. The Okavango delta, Victoria falls, Katima Mulilo, The Savuti channel, Chobe Park with over 100,000 elephants. Now there's more: I'm dedicated to giving you authentic man2man pleasure to spice your trip. I'm as dark as Africa made me, 1.7m tall, 56kg, hung (10""), uncut and waiting to please you. I do NO BAREBACK, NO DRUGS! E-mail me at thabang69er@yahoo.co.uk or check my profile at http://uk.profiles.yahoo.com/thabang69er I also offer 3-4some with fellow kinky black friends, equally well hung and versatile."
          Gay Experince in Botswana   
Was travelling to the north (from south, Mahalapye) when I had to overnight in Palapye. Booked into a Cresta Hotel there (can't remember the name) This guy came over saying he had been asked to repair a wall socket. He moved the table... and ended up bendingover, revealing his torn trousers and his hairy balls hanging through the torn holes. I knew I'd have to call him back after he fixes the socket to come and fix me... Other than that the country is devoid of m2m experiences. It's all chance, hit&miss. Who wants to miss and end up with his dick up in a policeman's ass. Anyway - There's more ass at prisons in Botswana than at night clubs
          Mugabe resting his eye at funeral-picture goes viral   
A photograph of 93-year-old Zimbabwe president, Robert Mugabe, resting his eye during former Botswana president Sir Ketumile Masire’s funeral service has gone viral on social media. In the picture the nonagenarian is seen curled up in a chair with both hands under his left leg and his left foot a few inches off the ground. […]
          Re: Gay Botswana   
Hey, add some links to gay friendly ventures in Botswana... I'll make appropriate category and move stuff there later on.

gay411.org × Africa × Botswana
          Lovely Victoria Falls...   
I have had an opportunity to work in Kasana in Botswana with a regional office in Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) and I travelled between the 2 towns regulalrly.

I found Victoria Falls to more outgoing and the guys were more switched-on in-terms of Gay sex. They understood the language of gay and never made a big fuss about being asked out for sex. Kasane on the other hand was a very different and reserved town with everybody pretenting they had no clue what happens when 2 men get into bed.

It did however take a few dollars to get a guy to bed and few did manage to run-off before they gave me their ass. I ended up with a guy who was not gay but always knew who I should talk to and I paid him a small fee if the sex went well and a bit more it the sex was GOOD!!! Very few of these guys were really gay so they really just wanted the money and I really just wanted the sex. A few did show some affection and joy in the act and it's those where I always came back to.
          Looking for Men in Gaborone, Botswana   
Missing some real man2man action here in Botswana. Where are you? I'm in Gaborone aND ALL THE GOOD MEN ARE HIDING BEHIND SKIRTS BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT TO BE SEEN AS gAY. I'm doing the same but the starvation is so bad, I'm going to do it with a dog or donkey one of these days.

Lepakor
          Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe 3dicks in 1 day   
"You've always wanted to travel to Africa where nature has remained unchanged for your sake. The Okavango delta, Victoria falls, Katima Mulilo, The Savuti channel, Chobe Park with over 100,000 elephants. Now there's more: I'm dedicated to giving you authentic man2man pleasure to spice your trip. I'm as dark as Africa made me, 1.7m tall, 56kg, hung (10""), uncut and waiting to please you. I do NO BAREBACK, NO DRUGS! E-mail me at thabang69er@yahoo.co.uk or check my profile at http://uk.profiles.yahoo.com/thabang69er I also offer 3-4some with fellow kinky black friends, equally well hung and versatile."
          Gay Experince in Botswana   
Was travelling to the north (from south, Mahalapye) when I had to overnight in Palapye. Booked into a Cresta Hotel there (can't remember the name) This guy came over saying he had been asked to repair a wall socket. He moved the table... and ended up bendingover, revealing his torn trousers and his hairy balls hanging through the torn holes. I knew I'd have to call him back after he fixes the socket to come and fix me... Other than that the country is devoid of m2m experiences. It's all chance, hit&miss. Who wants to miss and end up with his dick up in a policeman's ass. Anyway - There's more ass at prisons in Botswana than at night clubs
          Botswana, la route de l’eden   
none
          Tour Guide - AMANDLA FAMILY EXPRESS TOURS - Marble Hall, North West 0458   
please be able to travel the following countries if you apply for this job,Namibia,zimbabwe,mozambique,botswana,zambia,south africa,kenya,malawi and tanzania R20 000 a month
From Indeed - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 10:23:46 GMT - View all Marble Hall, North West 0458 jobs
          Botswana v Zambia   
Football Matches - COSAFA Cup - 2017-07-01 14:00
          Zambia/Botswana: Chipolopolo, Zebras Clash in COSAFA Quarterfinals   
[Zambia Reports] The Zambia national team will open its 2017 Cosafa Castle Cup with a match against Botswana in the quarterfinals of the regional championship.
          Botswana’s govt rejects reports that it’s planning to close embassy & introduce visa for Zimbos   

In a statement yesterday, Botswana’s Foreign minister Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi rejected a report that it is planning on closing its embassy in Zimbabwe and considering introducing a visa regime for Zimbabweans. Said Venson-Moitoi: The Ministry of International Affairs and Co-operation wishes to respond to the recent text message doing the rounds on social media alleging that […]

The post Botswana’s govt rejects reports that it’s planning to close embassy & introduce visa for Zimbos appeared first on Pindula News.


          Classement des pays africains selon leur indice de gouvernance des ressources minières (rapport)   

(Agence Ecofin) – Le Top 3 des pays gérant le mieux leurs ressources minières en Afrique, est constitué du Botswana, du Burkina Faso et de l’Afrique du Sud. C’est ce qu’indique le nouveau rapport du «National Resource Governance Institute» (NRGI), qui a mesuré l’indice de gouvernance des ressources naturelles (pétrole,...

The post Classement des pays africains selon leur indice de gouvernance des ressources minières (rapport) appeared first on Bamada.net.


          Re: [wanabidii] MJADALA KUHUSU RASLIMALI ZETU: UMAKINI MAKINI UNAHITAJIKA KATIKA MIJADALA IJAYO   
Ahsante sana Elisa. Ingawa kuna usemi wa kiswahili usemao kuwa ukitaka kula na kipofu sahani moja usimkamate mkono, watu wengi tulisha liona hilo! Baadhi tulikaa kimya si kwa kuwa ni vipofu au wapumbavu ila ni mazingira yaliyokuwepo! Sasa mzungu katukamata mkono, na kati yetu mmojawapo kafunguka macho kwa miujiza miujiza hivi na akamuona jamaa anakula chakula sehemu yetu pamoja kuwa kamaliza kula sehemu yake. Hili suala si ndoto za jinamizi ni ukweli mtupu. Katika nchi za SADC, au zamani zikiitwa Nchi za Msitari wa Mbele (The Front Line State), kuna nchi ambazo zina madini ya almasi, dhahabu, shaba, nikel n.k. nchi hizi zimenufaika na neema hizi zilizopewa na Muumba wa Mbigu na Dunia, na hizi nchi zina mikataba ya madini na hao wawekezaji!   Nchi hizi zina uzoefu wa muda mrefu na jinsi ya ku-negotiate na 'waheshimiwa wawekezaji' na mikataba hiyo haina wasi. Nchi hizi zipo humu humu SADC na zinafaidi tunu hizi walizopewa na M'nyezi Mungu. Sasa nchi yetu ambayo ni kati ya nchi za kwanza zilizoanzisha The Front Line States kupambana na Mkaburu wa Afrika ya Kusini wakati wa ubaguzi wa rangi, na Wareno kule Msumbiji na Ian Smith na kundi lake kule Zimbabwe, na kuikomboa Namibia pamoja na Angola, tunashindwa nini kuwauliza wenzetu kua hiyo mikataba ya madini mnatengenezaje na hao wawekezaji na ikafaidisha nchi zenu na wananchi wenu? Kweli hili linatushinda? 

Jamani nchi haitajengwa na watu kutoka nje itajengwa na sisi wenyewe hakuna cha njomba wala shangazi, hao hao ndio sasa wamerudi katika koti zuri la rangi ya UWEKEZAJI! Hao hao waliotutawala, na wanaendelea kututawala kwa sababu ya akili zetu na sio unyonge wetu. Tanzania sasa hivi ina wasomi wengi tu, sio zile enzi za miaka ya 60 au 70, wakati huo baba wa taifa Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere alikataa kuchimba madini, hatukuwa na wataalam, kwa hiyo alijua tutaibiwa tu. Sasa tunaibiwa na wataalamu wapo!. Ushauri, tuwaulize wenzetu humu humu SADC kuhusu mikataba yao ya madini na hao 'waheshimiwa wawekezajia'. Nchi hizo ni Botswana na Namibia. Tusione aibu, kosa si kosa, kosa ni kurudia kosa!

    Mungu Ibariki Tanzania



Sent from Samsung tablet



-------- Original message --------
From 'ELISA MUHINGO' via Wanabidii <wanabidii@googlegroups.com>
Date: 28/06/2017 22:16 (GMT+02:00)
To wanabidii@googlegroups.com,prudence karugendo <prudencekarugendo@yahoo.com>
Cc stanley.nshange@nsn.com,innokahwa@yahoo.com,akiobya@yahoo.com,tkiobya@yahoo.com,hkahyoza@yahoo.com,emmanuelelias2005@yahoo.com,repeatitagency@yahoo.com,stanley.nshange@nokia.com,uhalisi@yahoo.co.uk,tundu.lissu@gmail.com,pkarugendo@yahoo.com,mbowe2008@gmail.com,bilhuda2006@yahoo.co.uk,davidkafulila@yahoo.com,muddy.kiobya@gmail.com,emmanuelelisa46@yahoo.com,wilfredlwakatare@gmail.com
Subject [wanabidii] MJADALA KUHUSU RASLIMALI ZETU: UMAKINI MAKINI UNAHITAJIKA KATIKA MIJADALA IJAYO


Baada ya ripoti za rais kuhusiana na madini kutolewa na mambo yaliyofuata sasa watanzania tumerudi katika busara kubwa. Busara kubwa kwamba madini ni yetu. Busara kubwa sana kuwa haiwezekani tukaendelea kuibiwa. Busara kubwa kwamba hata waliojaribu kumpinga rais sasa wako kimya au wana lugha tofauti.
Haiepukiki kuamini kuwa huko nyuma tuliibiwa. Haiepukiki kuwa watanzania wenzetu katika ngazi mbalimbali za dhamana walizokabidhiwa, walitusaliti. Hata kama tutasema au tutanyamaza lakini kila tunapowaona na wao wanajua kuwa tunajua, kuwa walilisaliti taifa. Wapo tutakaowachukulia hatua. Wapo tutakaowaacha au kwa kuwaheshimu au kwa kuwahurumia na wengine kwa kinga tulizojiwekea bila kujua kuwa zitatuumiza. Lakini hatuamini kuwa hawajui kuwa tunajua walichokifanya. Mijadala ipo. Mfano Tutamshitaki waziri mstaafu na kumuacha aliyekuwa anamwagiza. Tunafanya hivyo huku tukijua kuwa tuliyemkamata alifanya makosa kwa sababu kuagizwa na tuliyemuacha. Lakini ukweli uko palepale. Wahaya wanasema "Empisi ekanyampila eibale. Eti olayesiza kyonka wakaulila". Yaani chui alilijambia jiwe. Akaliambia japo umenyamaza lakini umekasikia.
 
Wakati hilo likifanyiwa kazi, jingine linalosubiriwa ni mjadawa na hao "wawekezaji".
Huku nyuma walitwambia uwekezaji ni garama kubwa kiasi kwamba  inabidi watugawie kitu kidogo baada ya kuchimba madini kwa sababu kuchimba madini ni aghali sana. Tukakubali. Au niseme viongozi wetu wakakubali. Sasa hiyo haitarajiwi.
Nimekuwa nikifikiri. Ngoja niandike hicho ninachokifikiri. Kama ningechangia msingi wa kujadiliana katika marekebisho ya mikataba ya madini ningesema hivi: Kuna pande mbili:
Upande mmoja ni Tanzania yenye madini. Ni mali yake. Kwa haki nchi inaweza kuendelea kubaki nayo au kuyachimba inavyotaka.
Upande wa pili ni wa wawekezaji. Wana mitambo, Ujuzi wana wajuzi nk.
 
Pande hizi mbili zinahitaji kuungana na kufaidiana. Ilikuwa aibu kujiambia kuwa thamani ya mitambo, utaalamu na wataalamu vina thamani kuliko dhahabu dhahabu yetu. Haiwezekani kwa mfano kutumia ng'ombe kupata mbuzi. Kwa nini usikae na ng'ombe wako. Kwa nini wazungu watwambie wana mbuzi mwenye thamani kuliko ng'ombe wetu. Kama ni hivyo si wakae na mbuzi wao?!
 
Wawekezaji waje na kila walicho nacho. Nasi tukutwe na tulicho nacho. Tutumie vya kwao kuyafukua na kuyaleta juu ya ardhi madini yetu na tuambizane: Mmetumia kiasi gani? Kiasi watakachotumia wawekezaji ndicho kiasi tunachotaka kwanza. Yaani wakitumia dola milioni moja kuyachimbua tunatoa milioni mbili. Moja yetu, moja yao. Ile thamani ikibaki tunagawana kati kwa kati.
Nchi hii imedanganywa sana. Kuna wakati sheria ilikuwa inasema kila mradi wa madini asilimia ishirini na tano (25%) imilikiwe na watanzania. Wajamaa wakawa wanakuja wanamdanganya mtanzania kuwa ana hiyo asilimia lakini hawampi kiasi hicho. Tulipoanza kuandika kuwa basi hao watanzania waulizwe hiyo 25% wameiweka wapi, sheria ikabadilishwa.
Niliwahi kuona picha ya hazina ya dhahabu ya uingereza. Hazina ambayo ndiyo inasaidia kusema Uingereza ni tajili. Hazina inayosaidia kuituliza hela ya Uingereza. Zamani za Nyerere benki kuu ilikuwa inanunua dhahabu kutoka kwa watanzania wanaochimba dhahabu kwa kutumia vijiti. Sehemu ya dhahabu hiyo ilikuwa inawekwa akiba. Nina mashaka kama manyang'au waliopita waliibakiza. Umefika wakati sehemu ya dhaahabu ya Tanzania ikawekwa hakiba. Kama hapa si salama watuwekee hao wanaoweza kuitunza. Lakini iwe yetu. Jamani, tunajua kuwaiga. Tumeiga matamshi, tumeiga kuvaa, tumeiga miondioko. Tumetelekeza lugha yetu ili tusionekane washamba kuongea vizuri lugha yetu. Kwa nini tusiige ujanja wao!? Kwa nini tusiige uzalendo wao kwa nchi zao nasi tukathamini yetu?!
 
Elisa Muhingo
0767 187 507

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          Chipolopolo take on Zebras in COSAFA tie   
The Zambia national team will open its 2017 Cosafa Castle Cup with a match against Botswana in the quarterfinals of the regional championship. Both sides were excluded from the group matches and will be thrown at the deep end of the pool with victory sending them to the semi finals while the loser will drop […]
          Zambia: Chipolopolo Begins Cosafa Chase   
[Times of Zambia] Zambia today kick-start the chase for the record fifth COSAFA Castle Cup title with an intriguing quarterfinal tie against neighbours Botswana with coach Wedson Nyirenda eager to avoid the jinx that has seen the Chipolopolo tumble at this stage in the past two editions.
          Zimbabwe: Mugabe Exposes Trusted Friend Mbeki - AllAfrica.com   

Independent

Zimbabwe: Mugabe Exposes Trusted Friend Mbeki
AllAfrica.com
President Robert Mugabe Friday gave away Thabo Mbeki whom he said had offered himself to ensuring liberation war movements like Zanu PF remained alive and true to their founding values. Mugabe said at his youth interface rally in Masvingo that Mbeki ...
Mbeki, Mugabe to tackle 'liberation movements'South African Broadcasting Corporation
The passing of an African democrat, Ketumile Masire of BotswanaMinneapolis Star Tribune
Tsvangirai, Mugabe outNewsDay
The Herald -Independent -Guardian (blog) -Bulawayo24 News (press release) (blog)
all 34 news articles »

          Tour Guide - AMANDLA FAMILY EXPRESS TOURS - Marble Hall, North West 0458   
please be able to travel the following countries if you apply for this job,Namibia,zimbabwe,mozambique,botswana,zambia,south africa,kenya,malawi and tanzania R20 000 a month
From Indeed - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 10:23:46 GMT - View all Marble Hall, North West 0458 jobs
          BOTSWANA Kettenanhänger mit Brillant am Wunschort aus 585 Gelbgold   
258,90 EUR
Kettenanh?nger aus der Form der Botswana Landkarte aus massiv 585 Gelbgold mit einem?Brillant an Ihrem Wunschort!Noch pers?nlicher durch den Brillant an IHREM Wunschort!Der Anh?nger ist mit einer gro?en ?se versehen, sodass dieser auch mit einer etwas dickeren Halskette getragen werden kann.Die Anh?nger werden in einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede aus massivem Material hergestellt und selbstverst?ndlich 585 gestempelt!Landkarte: BotswanaMaterial: massiv 585 GelbgoldGr??e: ca. 17mm und 1mm dickOberfl?che: Vorderseite handpoliert und R?ckseite matt geb?rstetGewicht: ca. 2,5 gBrillant: 0,015ct? W?SIBitte teilen Sie uns unbedingt nach Ihrer Bestellung den Wunschort f?r den Brillant aus der Kaufabwicklung unter Bemerkungen oder per Email mit!Sonderanfertigungen, wie z.B. ein anderes Land, gr??er oder aus einem anderen Material k?nnen auf Wunsch f?r Sie hergestellt werden. Fragen Sie uns einfach danach! Wir werden Ihnen sicherlich weiter helfen k?nnen!Alle Kettenanh?nger werden direkt nach Ihrer Bestellung von einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede extra f?r Sie angefertigt.Da es sich hierbei um eine Sonderanfertigung handelt, ist dieser Artikel ausdr?cklich vom R?ckgaberecht ausgeschlossen!Die Abbildungen sind nicht in Originalgr??e - Bitte entnehmen Sie die Gr??e der jeweiligen Produktbeschreibung!

          Military Defense Attachés of Botswana and Turkey Accredited   
[ANGOP] Luanda -Colonel Boiteko Peter Maselesele from Republic of Botswana and captain of Sea and War Mustafa Temur of the Armed Forces of Turkey were accredited Thursday in Luanda, as military attachés of their Embassies in Angola.
              
#botswana #agate #agatpendant #silverjewelry #silver #etsyshop
          Are Black Fraternity & Sorority Calls And Stomp & Shake Cheerleading Yelps Remnants Of Plantation Field Hollers And/Or African Ululation?   
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post points out the very close similarities between certain historically Black sorority calls and certain stomp & shake cheerleading yelps.

This post also asks interested persons to consider whether historically Black fraternity & sorority calls, and stomp & shake cheerleading yelps might be remnants of 29th century and earlier African American field hollers (arhoolie) and/or remnants of or examples of the African (and elsewhere) vocalization custom of ululation.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, historical, and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to all those who are featured in the YouTube videos that are embedded in this post and thanks to the publishers of those videos.

*****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE TYPES OF VOCALIZATIONS THAT ARE REFERRED TO IN THIS POST
FIELD HOLLERS (ARHOOLIES)
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_holler
"The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by southern labourers to accompany their work, to communicate usefully or to vent feelings.[1] It differs from the collective work song in that it was sung solo, though early observers noted that a holler, or ‘cry’, might be echoed by other workers. Though commonly associated with cotton cultivation, the field holler was also sung by levee workers, and field hands in rice and sugar plantations. Field hollers are also known as corn-field hollers, water calls, and whoops. An early description is from 1853 and the first recordings are from the 1930s. The holler is closely related to the call and response of work songs, and arhoolies, to Afro-American and ultimately influenced strands of African American music, such as the blues, rhythm and blues, and spirituals.[2]

It had prevalence among whites in the southern United States too."...

****
From http://mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=99525
Subject: Etymology: ARHOOLIE
From: Vixen
Date: 02 Mar 07

"I did a search of the Forum, and all the references to "arhoolie" refer to the record label or the non-profit organization. I'm looking for an etymology and a definition.

What follows is the only definition I found, by googling "arhoolies", at
The Bluehighway Website

Field Hollers And Arhoolies

I'll tell you where the blues began. Back there working on them cotton farms, working hard and the man won't pay 'em, so the started singin', "Ohhh, I'm leavin' he one of these days and it won't be long." See, what's happenin' is givin' them the blues. "You gonna look for me one of these mornings and I'll be gone, ohhh yeah!" -- Sonny Terry (3, p. 18)

Field hollers and arhoolies began in the fields as musical exclamations that expressed the mood of the singer, and they eventually grew into longer phrases and verse. Few recordings of these exist, so we have to accept the testimony of the old bluesmen, such as Sonny Terry and Son House, as to their nature:

All I can say is that when I was boy we was always singing in the fields. Not real singing, you know, just hollering. But we made up our songs about things that were happening to us at the time, and I think that's where the blues started. -- Son House (3, p. 18)

The vocal techniques of these were very unique and they formed the basis for early blues vocals."...

****
ULULATION
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ululation
Ululation... is a long, wavering, high-pitched vocal sound resembling a howl with a trilling quality. It is produced by emitting a high pitched loud voice accompanied with a rapid back and forth movement of the tongue and the uvula.

Around the world

Ululation is practiced either alone or as part of certain styles of singing, on various occasions of communal ritual events (like for example weddings) used to express strong emotion.

Ululation is commonly practised in most of Africa, the Middle East and Central-to-South Asia. It occurs a few places in Europe, like Serbia, Cyprus, Malta and parts of Spain. It likewise takes place among the diaspora community originating from these areas....

In Ethiopia and Eritrea, ululation (called ililta) is part of a religious ritual performed by worshippers as a feature of Sunday or other services in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church[11] and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. And it is also randomly (spontaneously) uttered during secular celebrations such as parties or concerts. Elsewhere in Africa ululation is used as a cheer, mourn or attention seeking sound by women. In Hausa ululation is called guda, , sigalagala and in Zulu lilizela in Tsonga nkulungwani and in Shona kupururudza. Ululation is incorporated into African musical styles such as Shona music, where it is a form of audience participation, along with clapping and call-and-response.

In Tanzania ululation is a celebratory cheer sound when good news has been shared or during weddings, welcoming of a newborn home, graduations and other festivals even in church when sermons are going on. In Swahili it is known as vigelele and in Luo dialect it is known as udhalili. Generally women exuberantly yell lililili in a high-pitched voices. Female children are usually proud of being able to ululate like their mothers and aunts...

Ululation is rooted in the culture of Eastern Africa as well as Southern Africa and is widely practiced in Tanzania, Kenya, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is used by women to give praises at weddings and all other celebrations. It is a general sound of good cheer and celebration, when good news has been delivered in a place of gathering, even in church. It is also an integral part of most African weddings where women gather around the bride and groom, dancing and ululating exuberantly. During graduation ceremonies ululation shows pride and joy in scholastic achievement. The women ululating usually stand and make their way to the front to dance and ululate around the graduate."...
-snip-
Italics were added by me to highlight these sentences.

****
HISTORICALLY BLACK FRATERNITY AND SORORITY CALLS
From https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/black-fraternity-sorority-calls.html
Fraternity & sorority calls are signature vocalizations that members of a specific organization make to greet another member of that specific organization and/or to "represent" (promote, "big up") their organization during their own chanting and/or celebratory gatherings and during public events. A fraternity and sorority might have more than one signature call. These calls are usually informal (i.e. not recognized as an official part of that organization by that organization's governing body.) Non-members of a specific organization are strictly prohibited from verbally or in writing using that organization's call in public or in private.

Fraternity & Sorority "Roll calls"

When used by historically Black [university based] Fraternity & sororities (BGLOs) - and particularly by those BGLOs that are known as "The Divine Nine"*, "roll calls" refer to the consecutive vocalization of their signature call/s by multiple BGLOs during a public event. A host or moderator of that event formally announces each organization, usually in the order of their founding, beginning with the earliest founded fraternity and then, after the fraternities are recognized, beginning with the earliest founded sorority. Representatives of "sister" or "brother" organizations may respond to a call with their own call. Also, as an expression of admiration and/or unity, a member of a Divine Nine organization might combine their own signature call with part of the signature call of another member "Divine Nine" organization (either fraternity or sorority).* That said, I've read that some BGLO members disagree with that practice.

*Here's an example of combining two sorority calls:
t goodwill, 2011, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5n4A1mf_fr0
"Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

ZZZZZZ-Yip!!"
-snip-
Refer to the list of calls given below.

****
A STATEMENT ABOUT CALLS & HAND SIGNS BY NATIONAL PAN-HELLENIC COUNCIL
From http://www.afa1976.org/Portals/0/Membership_Intake_Guide_NPHC.pdf NPHC National Membership Intake Guide
Hand Signs & Calls
"Hand signs and calls have evolved into another historical facet of Black fraternal organization life. According to Kimbrough (2003), the concept of calls is embedded in both African and African-American tradition. These sounds were a form of yodeling known as whooping in the Congo and Angola tribes. Additionally, these audible sounds, also known as cries and arhoolies, could he heard being sung by slaves. It is not clear when calls were first used, however, it seems possible that calls used by NPHC organizations became prevalent during the mid-1970’s.

Much like calls, the exact origin of hand signs cannot be pinpointed. According to Kimbrough (2003), pictures from college campuses of Black fraternities and sororities indicate that hand signs became a part of the Black fraternal experience during the 1970’s. Although it is not clear how calls and hand signs evolved, these traditions are long standing.

These universal symbols can be seen as exclusive outward expressions of pride and of strong organizational identification."

****
LIST OF NINE HISTORICALLY BLACK GREEK LETTER ORGANIZATION CALLS THAT ARE REFERRED TO AS "THE DIVINE NINE"
These organizations are given in categories (Fraternities/Sororities) and in chronological order with the earliest founded organizations in that category listed first.

Letters [or numbers] in these calls are often repeated to show enthusiasm and/or to stretch out the call.

Additions and corrections are welcome.
Fraternities:
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (1906)
call: "O6"

Response [from a member or members of Alpha Phi Alpha] - "You know"

****
Kappa Alpha Psi, Fraternity Inc. (1911)
Yo Yo

****
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. (1911)
Roo or Roo Roo

****
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. (1914)
Blue Phi

****
Iota Phi Theta, Fraternity, Inc. (1963)
Ow Ow

****
Sororities
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. (1908)
Skee Wee

****
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.
Oo-Oop

****
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc. (1920)
Z-Phi

****
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. (1922)
Eee-Yip

****
Examples of these calls are given in the videos that are showcased in Part II of this series http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/seven-videos-of-black-greek-fraternity.html

****
STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADER YELPS
"Stomp & Shake" cheerleading is a referent for a relatively new form of African American originated style of cheerleading.

Stomp & shake cheerleading focuses on the group performance of choreographed percussive, rhythmic foot stomping, (individual) hand clapping, leg lifts, and African American/Caribbean originated dance moves. These body movements are often but not always accompanied by the cheer squad's performance of self-bragging and/or competitor insulting unison chanting. Although most stomp & shake cheerleaders are female, a few males also are members of certain (usually university) stomp & shake squads. This particularly appears to be the case among university cheerleading squads that perform stomp & shake cheerleading and mainstream ("traditional") cheerleading.

Like mainstream cheerleading, the purpose of the cheer squad is to increase the enthusiasm of event attendees. However, the focus of stomp and shake cheer squads' performances and their textual (word) cheers are on the cheer squad itself, and not nearly as much as mainstream cheerleading on the football (or basketball) athletic team. Stomp & Shake is a relatively new form of cheerleading.

The earliest documentation that I've found for stomp & shake cheerleading is the early to mid 1970s at Virginia State University's cheerleading squad (the "Woo Woos) and in the late 1970s at Winston-Salem State University cheerleading squads (known as "Cheer Phi" and later as "the Red Team" and the "White Team").

Some, but not all university based stomp & shake cheerleaders include vocalizations of yelps (also informally referred to as "calls", "cries", and yells as part of their cheers. The vocalization of yelps (cries, yells) while cheering particularly appears to be a characteristic of Winston-Salem State University's (WSSU's) cheerleading style. WSSU's yelp is usually written as "Eeee-yiiip!" or similar spellings. Rightly or wrongly, fans of WSSU indicate that other cheerleading squads from other Historically Black Colleges and Universities' cheerleading squads that use this yelp "stole it" from WSSU.

because Winston-Salem State University's cheerleading squad continues to greatly influence American high school and younger stomp & shake cheerleading squads, their "yelp" vocalization is also found among those squads.

****
VIDEO OF BLACK FRATERNITY AND SORORITY CALLS
Greek Speak Roll Call



UABStudentLife, Published on Sep 19, 2008

Check out the eight organizations of UAB's NPHC.
-snip-
Selected comments:
1. ninjapoodle22, 2009
"I see my soRHOrs! EEEEE-YIP!"
-snip-
soRHOrs = Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.

**
2. t goodwill, 2011
Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

ZZZZZZ-Yip!!
-snip-
"Zeta" - a member of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc.

Notice that "ZZZZZZ-Yip"!! is a combination of the Zeta's signature call and Sigma Gamma Rho's signature call.

**
3. BUTLERU, 2011
"EEEEEEEEEEEEEE-YIP SIGMA SORORS!"

**
4. MonaJalisa90, 2013
"I agree 100%! Luckily, Sigma Gamma Rho doesn't have to deal with such drama lol
EEE-YIP!"
-snip-
That video and three other videos of historically Black fraternity and sorority calls are embedded in the pancocojams post whose link is given above as http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/seven-videos-of-black-greek-fraternity.html.

****
EXAMPLE OF A WSSU STOMP & SHAKE CHEER THAT INCLUDES A YELP (CALL)
SAY IT IN OUR FACE
Eeeyep!
Fight fight the power,
Hey go head go head.
Hey fight fight he power.
Go head go head.
Hey fight the power.
We are the Rams
And we stay on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it to our face. Haw!
Hey fight the power
Hey fight the power,
Say what
Say what
We are the Rams
And we get on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it in our face.
Say it in our face.
Say it
in
our
face.
HAWHHHHH!
-Winston-Salem State University WSSU Cheer Phi Cheerleaders,
transcription posted by SAC010 in that video's discussion thread by secalong, February 2011 (along with some transcription by Azizi Powell)

*This is the second cheer in that video. I previously (erroneously?) gave the title for that cheer as "Fight The Power".

Here's that video:

WSSU CHEERLEADERS GETTIN' CRUNK



ORIGINALCHEERPHI, Published on Feb 22, 2008

WSSU CHEERLEADERS SHOWING U HOW IT SHOULD BE DONE AT THE ULTIMATE CHEER & DANCE EXPERIENCE TRIAD HIGH SCHOOL CHEERLEADING COMPETITION 2007

****
TWO ADDITIONAL VIDEOS AND SELECTED COMMENTS FROM TWO ADDITIONAL YOUTUBE DISCUSSION THREADS ABOUT STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADER YELPS
WSSU CHEERLEADERS FOR MTV



Flow Child Entertainment Published on Sep 24, 2008

WSSU Cheerleaders tryout for MTV Show
-snip-
Selected comments:
1. Tez Parker, 2011
"Ayyyy dey betta do it!! Eeeoooppp!"

**
3.Asha Broo, 2012
"is that that guy going '' yyyyeepp'' lmaoo"

**
3. AORaines, 2013
"Love the originality, the loudness, and the enthusiasm but cheerleaders don't woo nor eyyyupp....not sorority cheerleaders
-snip-
This comment indicates that stomp & shake cheerleading isn't really cheerleading because of the way that they perform. The commenter is also disparages WSSU's squad by referring to them as "sorority cheerleaders".

"Woo" here probably refers to Virginia State University's cheerleading squad that is known as "the Woo Woos". Unlike WSSU, it doesn't appear that the squad vocalizes "woo woo". Instead, "woo woo" is a vocalization of admiration and support is vocalized by that squad's fans. Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blDqcHBu-Cs for a 2008 video of VSU's Woo Woos peforming their popular and often imitated cheer "Work It". At the end of that video, a male fan yells "Woo! Woo!".

**
4. pdga9205,2013
"Y'all remind me of FSU (Fayetteville state) cheerleaders especially with the eeeyyyooppp thing!"
**
Reply
5. RJRDEMONS, 2013
"WSSU its there original song they made in 2002"

**
6. dstgirl9of9, 2014
"FSU got thier eeyyooppp from WSSU! "
-snip-
"FSU" here refers to Fayette State University (North Carolina)

****
NC A&T Cheerleaders (Aggie Cheer) / Powerhouse National Competition (Stomp and Shake)



Kevin Crawford Published on Mar 17, 2017
-SNIP-
Selected comments:
1. Midget Catfish, 2017
"Why are they making the sghro call?"

**
2. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"They killed it! How come the make the same noise that WSSU cheerleaders make? (Eee-yup) or it just sounds similar?"

**
Reply
3. nevano, 2017
"Ashley Monique Styles If I'm not mistaken, I believe that's the call for Cheerleaders that are apart of the cheer world. I won't say too much cause I don't wanna stomp on any toes."

**
Reply
4. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"nevano hmm I wonder if it's certain Colleges. When I cheered, we had our own call."

**
5. Lilly, 2017
"They sound like cheering AKA's"
-snip-
"AKA's" = members of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.
The signature AKA call is a high pitched, usually extended "Skeeeee- weeee!"

**
6. Takiya Eiland, 2017
"I know they are not eee-yip in"
-snip-
This comment probably is a put-down of North Carolina's A&T cheerleaders for doing the yelp (call, cry) that is associated with WSSU's cheerleaders.

**
7. OrbiT BabE, 2017
"The squeak gave me life"

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.
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          Re: Gay Botswana   
Hey, add some links to gay friendly ventures in Botswana... I'll make appropriate category and move stuff there later on.

gay411.org × Africa × Botswana
          Lovely Victoria Falls...   
I have had an opportunity to work in Kasana in Botswana with a regional office in Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) and I travelled between the 2 towns regulalrly.

I found Victoria Falls to more outgoing and the guys were more switched-on in-terms of Gay sex. They understood the language of gay and never made a big fuss about being asked out for sex. Kasane on the other hand was a very different and reserved town with everybody pretenting they had no clue what happens when 2 men get into bed.

It did however take a few dollars to get a guy to bed and few did manage to run-off before they gave me their ass. I ended up with a guy who was not gay but always knew who I should talk to and I paid him a small fee if the sex went well and a bit more it the sex was GOOD!!! Very few of these guys were really gay so they really just wanted the money and I really just wanted the sex. A few did show some affection and joy in the act and it's those where I always came back to.
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Let's Write welcomes NYTIMES best selling author of the Rizzoli and Isles series Tess Gerristen. Her new title: Die Again is the next in this series. When Boston homicide detective Jane Rizzoli and medical examiner Maura Isles are summoned to a crime scene, they find a killing worthy of the most ferocious beast—right down to the claw marks on the corpse. But only the most sinister human hands could have left renowned big-game hunter and taxidermist Leon Gott gruesomely displayed like the once-proud animals whose heads adorn his walls. Did Gott unwittingly awaken a predator more dangerous than any he’s ever hunted?   Maura fears that this isn’t the killer’s first slaughter, and that it won’t be the last. After linking the crime to a series of unsolved homicides in wilderness areas across the country, she wonders if the answers might actually be found in a remote corner of Africa Six years earlier, a group of tourists on safari fell prey to a killer in their midst. Marooned deep in the bush of Botswana, with no means of communication and nothing but a rifle-toting guide for protection, the terrified tourists desperately hoped for rescue before their worst instincts—or the wild animals prowling in the shadows—could tear them apart. But the deadliest predator was already among them, and within a week, he walked away with the blood of all but one of them on his hands.   Now this killer has chosen Boston as his new hunting ground, and Rizzoli and Isles must find a way to lure him out of the shadows and into a cage. Even if it means dangling the bait no hunter can resist: the one victim who got away. We will talk about how she created this novel, the storyline, keeping reader interest and what's next for her two main characters. Join me at four eastern for this exciting show and ask your questions in the chat room. I am your host Fran Lewis  
          Comment on Four Sugar Mummies Nearby Are Online Now – Begin Live Chat Now by Joseph   
My name is Joseph form Botswana +26775407236
          Yodi pills and botcho cream +27734818506 for hips and bums enlargement in south Africa botswana (Nipawin)   
Yodi pills and botcho cream +27734818506 for hips and bums enlargement in south Africa botswana 1. Yodi pills and Botcho crème for hips and bums enlargement call or what’s app +27734818506 Yodi pills and Botcho crème for hips and bums enlargement +...
          Botswana vs Zambia, Namibia vs Lesotho Score: COSAFA Cup Quarterfinals   
ST LOUIS (LALATE) – Botswana vs Zambia, and Namibia vs Lesotho 2017 (live score results below) are igniting the COSAFA Cup Quarterfinals today. Earlier the first game was held. And final score of Botswana vs Zambia was 1-2. Meantime, Namibia vs Lesotho are now on the field. Two more quarterfinals will be held tomorrow. Namibia […]
           Lisa Maxwell tours Victoria Falls and Botswana     
Former Loose Women panelist Lisa Maxwell took her family first to Africa's Victoria Falls, then drove to the Chobe National Park in Botswana, where they stayed at the Ngoma safari lodge.
          .com | EXCLUSIVE: 'Armed men now occupy my farm' - evicted white Zim farmer   

Scores of Zimbabweans living in SA have stormed the Zimbabwean embassy in Pretoria, and Several African dignitaries are in Botswana for the memorial and funeral service of former president Sir Ketumile Masire. Riot police fired teargas to disperse street vendors as clashes erupted on the streets of the capital Harare, Zimbabwe, eyewitnesses say.


          Maternal and perinatal mortality   

A brief overview on Maternal and Perinatal Mortality with focus on Botswana status.
          Zambia qualifies for COSAFA Cup Semis   
The Chipolopolo of Zambia has qualified for the semi-finals of this year’s COSAFA Cup after beating Botswana 2-1 in Saturday’s quarter-final in Rustenburg, South Africa. Both Zambia and Botswana did not take part in the group stage as they kicked off their campaign from the quarter-finals. Brian Mwila put Zambia 1-0 ahead in the 10th minute and […]
          Zambia, Lesotho reach COSAFA Castle Cup semis   
Four-time champions Zambia survived a late scare to book a COSAFA Castle Cup semifinal place with victory over Botswana on Saturday, and are joined in the last four by Lesotho, who squeezed through on penalties ahead of 2013 winners Namibia. The two quarterfinal ties at the Royal Bafokeng Sports Palace in the South Africa's North West Province produced just three goals and the expected tight tussles as Zambia won 2-1. The Basotho then launched into joyous celebration after goalkeeper Likano Mphuthi...
          Kenya beat Ghana by 82 runs as Uganda see off Botswana   
Kenya beat Ghana by 82 runs as Uganda see off Botswana
          Botswana Under-19s v Kenya Under-19s   
Botswana Under-19s v Kenya Under-19s
          Zambia defeat Botswana to reach Cosafa semi-final   

Zambia’s Chipolopolo Boys have qualified to the semi-finals of the COSAFA Castle Cup tournament taking place in South Africa after beating Botswana 2-1. Zambia’s first goal came from Green Buffaloes striker Brian Mwila in the 10th minute, handing Chipolopolo an advantage into the second half. Justine Shonga added a winner in the 69th minute when […]

The post Zambia defeat Botswana to reach Cosafa semi-final appeared first on Soccer24.


          phonetish: With five distinct kinds of clicks, multiple tones...   


phonetish:

With five distinct kinds of clicks, multiple tones and strident vowels — vocalized with a quick choking sound — the Taa language, spoken by a few thousand people in Botswana and Namibia, is believed by most linguists to have the largest sound inventory of any tongue in the world.

The exact count differs among scholars. Studies commonly cite more than 100 consonants, and some say there are as many as 164 consonants and 44 vowels. English, by comparison, has about 45 sounds at its disposal, total.

Taa, also known as !Xoon, is part of the Khoisan language group, spoken in the Kalahari Desert and hardly anywhere else. All Khoisan languages use click consonants, which were featured in the hit 1980 film “The Gods Must Be Crazy.”

Source: Which Language Uses the Most Sounds? Click 5 Times for the Answer

It’s very interesting article.


          For sale - Finest Quality Older Botswana Basket - Auction   
Seattle 98101, WA, United States
A really great village made 1980's Botswana Basket showing a fine animal design. The elegant design produces a dramatic visual display. In truly excellent condition. D= 13 1/8" H= 4 1/2"
ebay.com

           The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana    
Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007 )
          Botswana v Zambia   
Botswana: 1 - Zambia: 2 FT
          Re: Gay Botswana   
Hey, add some links to gay friendly ventures in Botswana... I'll make appropriate category and move stuff there later on.

gay411.org × Africa × Botswana
          Lovely Victoria Falls...   
I have had an opportunity to work in Kasana in Botswana with a regional office in Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) and I travelled between the 2 towns regulalrly.

I found Victoria Falls to more outgoing and the guys were more switched-on in-terms of Gay sex. They understood the language of gay and never made a big fuss about being asked out for sex. Kasane on the other hand was a very different and reserved town with everybody pretenting they had no clue what happens when 2 men get into bed.

It did however take a few dollars to get a guy to bed and few did manage to run-off before they gave me their ass. I ended up with a guy who was not gay but always knew who I should talk to and I paid him a small fee if the sex went well and a bit more it the sex was GOOD!!! Very few of these guys were really gay so they really just wanted the money and I really just wanted the sex. A few did show some affection and joy in the act and it's those where I always came back to.
          Looking for Men in Gaborone, Botswana   
Missing some real man2man action here in Botswana. Where are you? I'm in Gaborone aND ALL THE GOOD MEN ARE HIDING BEHIND SKIRTS BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT TO BE SEEN AS gAY. I'm doing the same but the starvation is so bad, I'm going to do it with a dog or donkey one of these days.

Lepakor
          Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe 3dicks in 1 day   
"You've always wanted to travel to Africa where nature has remained unchanged for your sake. The Okavango delta, Victoria falls, Katima Mulilo, The Savuti channel, Chobe Park with over 100,000 elephants. Now there's more: I'm dedicated to giving you authentic man2man pleasure to spice your trip. I'm as dark as Africa made me, 1.7m tall, 56kg, hung (10""), uncut and waiting to please you. I do NO BAREBACK, NO DRUGS! E-mail me at thabang69er@yahoo.co.uk or check my profile at http://uk.profiles.yahoo.com/thabang69er I also offer 3-4some with fellow kinky black friends, equally well hung and versatile."
          Gay Experince in Botswana   
Was travelling to the north (from south, Mahalapye) when I had to overnight in Palapye. Booked into a Cresta Hotel there (can't remember the name) This guy came over saying he had been asked to repair a wall socket. He moved the table... and ended up bendingover, revealing his torn trousers and his hairy balls hanging through the torn holes. I knew I'd have to call him back after he fixes the socket to come and fix me... Other than that the country is devoid of m2m experiences. It's all chance, hit&miss. Who wants to miss and end up with his dick up in a policeman's ass. Anyway - There's more ass at prisons in Botswana than at night clubs
          Chipolopolo through to COSAFA semis   
The Zambia national team breezed into the semi finals of the Cosafa Castle Cup after beating Botswana 2-1 in the quarterfinals clash at the Royal Bafokeng Stadium. Green Buffaloes striker Brian Mwila put Zambia ahead in the 10th minute with Justin Shonga doubling the advantage in the 70th minute. The Zebras pulled one back in […]
          Mbeki, Mugabe to tackle 'liberation movements' - South African Broadcasting Corporation   

South African Broadcasting Corporation

Mbeki, Mugabe to tackle 'liberation movements'
South African Broadcasting Corporation
Robert Mugabe and Thabo Mbeki both attended the funeral of former Botswana president Sir Masire in Gaborone.(REUTERS). Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe says he will soon meet with former president Thabo Mbeki to discuss challenges liberation ...

and more »

          Mbeki, Mugabe to tackle 'liberation movements' - South African Broadcasting Corporation   

South African Broadcasting Corporation

Mbeki, Mugabe to tackle 'liberation movements'
South African Broadcasting Corporation
Robert Mugabe and Thabo Mbeki both attended the funeral of former Botswana president Sir Masire in Gaborone.(REUTERS). Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe says he will soon meet with former president Thabo Mbeki to discuss challenges liberation ...

and more »

          Les paysages extraordinaires de Zack Seckler    
Zack Seckler est né à Boston en1980 et vit actuellement dans la banlieue de New York.  L‘artiste commence à produire des œuvres d’art à partir de 2008 et poursuit aujourd‘hui sa pratique artistique. Cette série «Aerial Iceland» a donc été réalisée en Islande puis retravaillée de sorte que ces paysages, initialement étonnants, s’apparentent à des images fantastiques et abstraites.  Pour capturer ces vues, l‘artiste voyage sur un avion, il a ainsi sillonné les airs au dessus de l’Afrique du Sud, le Botswana en Afrique australe et l’Islande. Zack Seckler souhaite transformer l‘odinaire en extraordinaire, pari gagné !Découvrez les différentes séries de photographies sur le site de l’artiste. Photographies /Tous droits réservés © Zack Seckler
          Tour Guide - AMANDLA FAMILY EXPRESS TOURS - Marble Hall, North West 0458   
please be able to travel the following countries if you apply for this job,Namibia,zimbabwe,mozambique,botswana,zambia,south africa,kenya,malawi and tanzania R20 000 a month
From Indeed - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 10:23:46 GMT - View all Marble Hall, North West 0458 jobs
          Shining Diamond producer opts for Osborn Crushers   

A R6-million order awarded to Osborn for new crushers, including a modular jaw crusher plant, reflects the continued success of Botswana’s Karowe diamond mine, where a number of exceptional diamond recoveries have made headlines, as well as the outstanding quality and reputation of Osborn machines.

Karowe is the flagship of Lucara Diamond Corporation, which reported the recovery this month (August) of “a spectacular Type IIa 336 carat diamond”, as well as a further three exceptional diamonds: a 184 carat stone, a 94 carat and a 86 carat stone. A 12 carat pale pink diamond was also recovered. The new Osborn machines form part of an expansion project at Karowe, reports East Africa Area Manager Chris Slade.

read more


          Cessna O-2A Skymaster   
Autor: Aubi

Datum: 01.07.2017 22:03:07



 
Název:
Name:
Cessna O-2A Skymaster Cessna O-2A Skymaster
Originální název:
Original Name:
Cessna O-2A Skymaster
Kategorie:
Category:
průzkumný/pozorovací letoun reconnaissance/scout aeroplane
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1967-DD.06.1970 Cessna Aircraft Co., Wichita, Kansas
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1967-DD.06.1970
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
501 (67-21295/21439, 68-6857/6903, 68-10828/10872, 68-10962/11070, 68-11122/11173, 69-7601/7669, 70-1409/1442)
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
DD.01.1967
Osádka:
Crew:
2
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
 
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL - konvenční vzlet a přistání CTOL - conventional take-off and landing
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník monoplane
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické conventional
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
zatahovací retractable
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola wheels
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
? kg ? lb
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
2223 kg 4900 lb
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
? kg ? lb
Rozpětí:
Wingspan:
11.58 m 38ft
Délka:
Length:
8.89 m 29ft 2in
Výška:
Height:
2.87 m 9ft 5in
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
18.67 m2 201 ft2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
? kg/m2 ? lb/ft2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Kategorie:
Category:
žádný piston
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
2
Typ:
Type:
Continental IO-360C o výkonu 157 kW
dvoulistá vrtule s konstantní rychlostí otáček McCauley
Continental IO-360C, power 210 hp
McCauley two-bladed constant-speed propeller
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
348 l 92 US gal
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
320.3 km/h v ? m 199 mph in ? ft
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
231.7 km/h v ? m 144 mph in ? ft
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
? m/s ? ft/min
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
? min do ? m ? min to ? ft
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
5883 m 19300 ft
Dolet:
Range:
1705.9 km 1060 mi
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
? km ? mi
Výzbroj:
Armament:
2x pouzdro SUU-11/A Minigun
4x muniční kontejner SUU-14/A
4x raketnice MA-2/A
4x raketnice LAU-32/A, LAU-59/A nebo LAU-68/A
2x SUU-11/A Minigun Pod
4x SUU-14/A Bomblet Dispenser
4x MA-2/A Rocket Launcher
4x LAU-32/A, LAU-59/A or LAU-68/A Rocket Launcher
Uživatelské státy:
User States:
























Poznámka:
Note:
- -
Zdroje:
Sources:
www.nationalmuseum.af.mil
web.archive.org
www.skymaster337.org.uk/military.asp
web.archive.org

          Chipolopolo Qualify To Cosafa Semis   
The Zambia national team breezed into the semi finals of the Cosafa Castle Cup after beating Botswana 2-1 in the quarterfinals clash at the Royal Bafokeng Stadium. Green Buffaloes striker Brian Mwila put Zambia ahead in the 10th minute with Justin Shonga doubling the advantage in the 70th minute.
          Wada smiles   
By GRACE CHAILE LESOETSA UNINSPIRING Zambia yesterday booked their Council of Southern Africa Football Associations (COSAFA) Castle Cup semi-final slot after edging Botswana 2-1. Coach Wedson Nyirenda was a happy man as the team managed to achieve his semi-final target at the on-going COSAFA tournament in South Africa. The quarter-final game played at Moruleng Stadium,...
          Nigeria assumes chairmanship, AU Peace and Security Council   



Nigeria has officially assumed the one-month rotational chairmanship of the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC).


Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the AU, Bankole Adeoye, took over from Susan Sikaneta, the Permanent Representative of Zambia, who held the Presidency for the month of June.

Adeyemo, in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Addis Asaba said under Nigeria’s leadership, the council would focus on the implementation of AU’s Master Road Map of Practical Steps to Silence the Guns in Africa by 2020.

“Equally, the Council will build on the substantial progress being recorded by the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) in the fight against terrorism and seek to gain better understanding of the root causes of the conflict.

“Also to be considered by the Council during this period are the political and security situations in Guinea Bissau, Somalia, South Sudan, Mali/Sahel and Libya.

“Essentially, Nigeria as chairperson of the Council will prioritise the open debate by the AU Member States on Child soldiers / out of school children in armed conflict situations.”

He said with the support of other members of the Council, Nigeria would use its month-long presidency to actively promote sub-regional and continental peace and security in line with the principles of the AU Peace and Security Council Protocol and the mandate of the Council.

NAN reports that in view of Nigeria’s leadership role at the sub-regional and continental levels, the country has sustained its membership of this most vital mechanism since its founding in 2002.


The Peace and Security Council is the primary organ of the African Union, which is patterned along the UN Security Council to enforce Union decisions, particularly in matters relating to maintenance of peace and security.

Members of the Council are elected by the Assembly of the AU so as to reflect regional balance within Africa, as well as a variety of other criteria, including capacity to contribute militarily and financially to the Union.

The Council is composed of 15 countries, of which five are elected to three-year term, and 10 to two-year term.

The current members of the PSC are Nigeria, Algeria, Botswana, Burundi, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, Uganda and Zambia.


          Food news: Matariki eats, breakfast at Botswana and SkyCity's newest opening   
DINE IN • Poppy seed and pistachio honey cake This poppy seed cake is the perfect daytime dessert. Add a little extra flash and splendour with some poached pears or for a burst of winter colour add some chopped guava...
          Botswana bans export of donkey products   
Gaborone, Botswana (AFP) June 29, 2017
Botswana's government has moved to crack down on the multi-billion dollar trade in donkey skins following a spate of killings of the animals across the country fuelled by soaring demand from China. Export licences for donkeys and their products have been suspended indefinitely, the Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food Security said in a statement late on Wednesday. Many thousand
          Things I Wish I Had Known Before Going On Safari, Part 1   
Before I went on safari to Zambia, Botswana and South Africa, I scoured the web and photo guide books for tips on how to prepare. I found quite a bit of good advice, but, once I got to my destination, I realized there were many things that I wish I had known. In the hopes that these ideas will be useful to others who might be in a similar situation, I'll post some of those 'things I wish I knew.' Here's the first: You don't have much control over your position or angle when you are out on game drive in an open jeep. Most of the time, you must stay in the safari vehicle for safety reasons. You are NEVER allowed to stand up, or even move around too much. This means that you don't have much say in your position relative to your photo subject. For people who are used to being able to walk around, consider a subject from many angles, and generally compose a photo, this is quite frustrating. My biggest tip here: Sit in the back of the vehicle when you can. This lets you shoot side to side, from the rear, and, if you have less tall people in front of you, straight ahead. ...
          Mountains and Mountains . . .   
OK, I think that I am finally starting to gain some momentum in editing the thousands (literally) of images I took on safari. I have been home for a few weeks now, and somehow the very large collection of safari shots became overwhelming. Where to start? How to decide what I like, what to delete, what to submit to Dt? Well, I guess that all journeys begin with, and proceed in, single steps. That in mind, I am going through the images day by day, trying to find my favorites from each. This isn't always easy, as the differences between one photo and the next can be minute. But I am not complaining at all. I am hoping this process takes months, as it's very enjoyable, and takes me back to Botswana, Zambia, South Africa . . . ...