Coupe des Confédérations : la grande finale après la déception du Cameroun   
C’est la véritable répétition grandeur nature, à un an jour pour jour du début de la Coupe du Monde 2018. La Russie accueille, depuis la mi-juin, la Coupe des Confédérations 2017, un tournoi qui regroupe les champions continentaux et le vainqueur de la Coupe du Monde. Cette année, la Russie (le pays hôte) a donc […]

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          Carnet politique 4   
Samedi Ah, la miséricorde des sacrées nuits du Ramadhan ! Démonstration, à l’APN, Abdelmadjid Tebboune annonce en soirée que le président Abdelaziz Bouteflika a «donné instruction pour organiser une session spéciale du bac pour les élèves exclus de la dernière session du bac pour raison de retard». En plus de constituer un désaveu à la logique que voulait imposer la ministre de l’Education, Nouria Benghabrit, cette magnanimité présidentielle a provoqué une onde de choc : certains demandent même d’instaurer une session de rattrapage pour tout et pour rien. Comme le site satirique El Manchar qui annonce que «Bouteflika ordonne l’organisation d’une seconde session du Ramadhan pour les non-jeûneurs qui pour des raisons religieuses ou idéologiques ont refusé de jeûner pendant le le mois sacré, mais aussi les musulmans qui, distraits, ont mangé ou bu après al imsaak».   Tebboune toujours : le PM annonce aussi la prochaine installation d’une «commission nationale consultative» pour l’examen du dossier du soutien destiné aux catégories démunies de la société, chargée de l’élaboration des lois et mesures à même de permettre le ciblage des personnes ouvrant droit au soutien de l’Etat dans le cadre des efforts visant à consacrer le caractère social de l’Etat. Pour résumer, consulter certains pour savoir à qui on maintient les subventions. Parler à qui ? A ceux que le gouvernement choisira. Pas plus. Dimanche C’est l’Aïd, la fête, les bisous, les gâteaux et les gastros ! Débats éternels sur le taux de commerçants qui ont ouvert, avec, en toute honnêteté, un mieux par rapport aux années écoulées (à Alger cela dit). Mais il y avait autre chose à célébrer aussi en ce jour : la mémoire de Matoub Lounès ! Chez lui, à Taourirt Moussa, ils étaient des milliers, selon nos collègues de Kabylie, venus rendre hommage au Rebelle, assassiné le 25 juin 1998. Cette semaine a son cortège des hommages et des douleurs : Matoub le 25, Boudiaf le 29 ! Des assassinats qui, au-delà des enquêtes ou des commissions, des récits des uns et des autres, restent comme des points de fixation des tensions entre peuple et gouvernants. Au-delà de l’obsession légitime de la vérité, s’impose la volonté de juger un système volatile et impuni, incapable de s’autocritiquer, incapable de produire de l’avenir. Lundi Des youyous et d’inutiles feux d’artifice en préparation. Le taux de réussite à l’examen du Brevet d’enseignement moyen (BEM) (session juin 2017) a atteint 56,33% au niveau national. Mais pour le ministère de l’Education, ce taux est quand même jugé «relativement faible». A la Chaîne III de la radio étatique, Samia Mezaïb, directrice de l’évaluation et de la prospection au ministère de l’Education, a expliqué que la faiblesse relative des réussites résulte du cumul de plusieurs facteurs, dont celui des programmes élaborés «dans l’urgence», ainsi que la formation des enseignants qui n’a pas toujours été à la hauteur des dispositions de la nouvelle réforme de l’enseignement. La responsable pointe également les manquements en termes de formation en mathématiques chez les enseignants. Au moins, nous avons un secteur qui s’évalue et fait dans l’autocritique. C’est déjà ça, même sous le 4e mandat !   Mardi Il y a quelque chose de gênant chez Mme Saïda Benhabylès, présidente du Croissant-Rouge algérien. Quand elle se déplace pour visiter des migrants installés dans un campement à Alger-Est, elle tente de prononcer de grands discours («L’Algérie est en train de gérer avec courage les erreurs stratégiques des grandes puissances qui sont à l’origine de nombreux drames humanitaires»), et elle rentre dans le mur de la propagande infantile en disant que la campagne haineuse est orchestrée pour «salir l’image de l’Algérie» ! A part quelques groupuscules d’extrême droite en Europe et des débiles droitiers en France, qui vous cherche la petite bête ? Des Algériens, stupides et intolérants, il en existe : faudra leur parler à eux et non pas nous bassiner encore et encore avec «l’image de l’Algérie». Car, entre nous, qui fait le plus mal à l’image du pays ? N’est-ce pas le régime et ses petits voyous satellitaires ? L’occasion ici, par ailleurs, de rappeler l’engagement de Tebboune sur la régularisation des migrants (car c’est de cela qu’il s’agit, sauf erreur d’interprétation de sa déclaration vendredi soir à l’APN) : cela représenterait un symbole magnifique de notre solidarité obligatoire avec nos amis migrants, tous les migrants, tous les étrangers sur cette terre d’Algérie que nos martyrs ont rêvé fraternelle.   Mercredi Abdelmadjid Tebboune, nostalgique des années où le cinéma algérien twistait avec le succès mondial, a une belle idée : relancer l’industrie cinématographique algérienne. «Il y avait une industrie (cinématographique), nous allons la reprendre, l’Algérie était leader à l’échelle arabe et africaine dans le domaine du cinéma (…) Nous avons toutes les compétences et ressources humaines, il manque juste quelques moyens matériels qui seront remis aux mains de la famille du cinéma», a déclaré Tebboune. Alors quelques remarques, surtout concernant le dernier point en parlant des «quelques moyens matériels» : surtout ne donnez rien à personne alors que le secteur de la culture est miné par une effroyable corruption, où seuls les amis du ministère des hauteurs des Anassers sont les seuls bénéficiaires. Ceux, véritables héritiers du grand cinéma innovant et combatif algérien, ceux qui raflent des prix ailleurs et du mépris des bureaucrates ici, ceux-là sont hors radar des systèmes de rapine, heureusement, de la culture officielle qui bouffe des milliards pour de creux biopics ou de la propagande ! Si vous voulez relancer le cinéma, Monsieur Tebboune, faut s’occuper sérieusement des brutes et des truands. Jeudi «Ni la démagogie, ni les basses manœuvres n’ont pu empêcher la déconfiture d’un régime maintenu coûte que coûte, au mépris de toutes les aspirations et de tous les espoirs du peuple algérien. L’élimination de Ben Bella démontre en outre la justesse de nos positions. Mais le changement intervenu à Alger ne peut nous satisfaire. C’est tout le système qui était condamné et qui doit disparaître. Le mécontentement légitime des masses algériennes et leurs revendications constantes montrent que jamais elles n’accepteront comme solution à leurs problèmes la perpétuation du benbellisme même sans Ben Bella. La catastrophe économique exige une transformation totale des structures et des méthodes existantes. Nous irons tout droit à une dictature forcenée ou à une ‘‘congolisation’’ désastreuse si des solutions politiques ne sont pas dégagées dans les plus brefs délais ; il ne peut y avoir de demi-solutions, il faut que l’Algérie ait à sa tête un véritable pouvoir révolutionnaire et socialiste, issu des masses laborieuses, capable de promouvoir une politique hardie et réaliste et de parer aux urgences les plus flagrantes». Mohamed Boudiaf, déclaration après le coup d’Etat militaire du colonel Mohamed Boukharouba du 19 juin 1965.
          6/30/2017: Sport: “Acties maken is mijn ding”   

Alle aandacht ging de voorbije dagen naar nieuwe spits Babacar Gueye, maar als we Jordan Botaka mogen geloven heeft STVV er ook een nieuw type Edmilson-Dompé bij. “Acties maken, dat is mijn identiteit”, zegt de Congolese Nederlander. “En STVV gelooft...
          This is Congo's top environmental defender: Rodrigue Mugaruka Katembo   
He puts his life on the line to protect the Democratic Republic of Congo's national parks.
          A new uranyl phosphate sheet in the crystal structure of furongite (no replies)   
Reference:
▪ Dal Bo, F., Hatert, F., Philippo, S. (2017): A new uranyl phosphate sheet in the crystal structure of furongite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 517-527.

Abstract:
The crystal structure of furongite, Al4[(UO2)4(PO4)6](OH)2(H2O)19.5, from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, was solved for the first time. Furongite is triclinic, the space group P-1;, Z=2, a = 12.1685(8), b = 14.1579(6), c = 17.7884(6) , α = 79.822(3), β = 77.637(4), γ = 67.293(2)°, and V = 2746.2(2)3. The crystal structure was refined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data to R1 = 0.0733 for 7716 unique observed reflections, and to wR2 = 0.2081 for all 12,538 unique reflections. The structure of furongite contains infinite uranyl phosphate sheets of composition [(UO2)4(PO4)6]10- which are parallel to (1 0 1). The sheets are constituted by UrO5 pentagonal bipyramids and PO4 tetrahedra which share edges and vertices, and adjacent sheets are linked by a dense network of hydrogen bonds. Running through the sheets and connected mainly to the free apical oxygen atom of PO4 tetrahedra are Al octahedra connected together to form remarkable Al2O5(OH)(H2O)5 and Al4O8(OH)2(H2O)10 clusters. These Al clusters are only bonded to one sheet, and do not connect two adjacent sheets together. The topology of the uranyl phosphate sheets is related to the uranophane anion topology, and can be described as a new geometrical isomer of the uranophane group. Furongite is the first uranyl phosphate reported in nature with a U:P ratio of 2:3.
          The Stairs Expedition: Canadian Atrocities in the Congo   
Canada’s 150th anniversary offers a unique opportunity to shed light on some darker corners of Canadian history. One of the dustier chapters is our contribution to one of the most barbarous regimes of the last century and a half. In a bid to extract rubber and other commodities from his personal colony, Belgian King Léopold II More
          Flitcroft makes sixth signing of the summer   
SWINDON Town have made their sixth signing of the summer with Algerian-born Congo international Amine Linganzi joining the club on a free transfer from Portsmouth.
          MAX HAUS pré mobiliado e cozinha completa OPORTUNIDADE!!!   
750000
70 m2 com 2 DORMITÓRIOS + 1 VAGA NOVO completo com pisos e armários no CAMPO BELO.LAZER COMPLETO com salão de festas e café, playground, fitness, piscina e sauna.LOCALIZAÇÃO excelente próximo do shopping Ibirapuera e do Aeroporto de Congonhas,...
2 dormitórios 1 banheiros 70 m2 10.714 R$/m² mobiliado piscina sauna
Fri, 30 Jun 2017 23:29:05 +0200
          Aseguran que Omega “aceptó a Dios en su corazón”   

SANTO DOMINGO.- De acuerdo con un comunicado de prensa, Antonio Peter de la Rosa, mejor conocido como Omega, decidió aceptar a Dios en su corazón e hizo profesión de fe durante una visita que le girara el obispo, doctor Luis E. Paniagua, comandante de la Alianza Internacional de Capellanes con sede en Nueva York a quien le prometió la terminación de dos temas musicales alabando al Señor.

El privado de libertad luego de que el juez de la Ejecución de la Pena del Distrito Nacional, magistrado Elías Pereyra Santini dispusiera el reingreso en marzo pasado a la cárcel de La Victoria, irrumpió en llanto, cuando el obispo, Luis E. Paniagua, le predicara la palabra de Dios y visiblemente acongojado reconoció su necesidad de aceptar al Señor para recibir la fortaleza espiritual que esa decisión otorga.


          Kony 2012 Campaign Catches Eyes Of Justin Bieber, Lady Gaga   

Campaign aims to bring African militia leader Joseph Kony to justice for war crimes and for enlisting children as soldiers.
By Gil Kaufman

<P>A campaign to stop the nearly 30-year, brutal rule of African militia leader Joseph Kony became a viral sensation this week. <a href="http://kony2012.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com" target="_blank">"Kony 2012,"</a> started by the group Invisible Children, aims to make Kony's face so famous that authorities will finally be able to arrest him and try him for his crimes. </P><P> </P><P>A 30-minute <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y4MnpzG5Sqc" target="_blank">documentary</a> released on Monday is one of the keys to the campaign, and as of Thursday it had gotten more than 26 million views. The video details the atrocities carried out by Kony and his Lord's Resistance Army. The campaign appears to be working, as at one point on Wednesday, Invisible Children and #stopkony were trending higher on Twitter than Peyton Manning or the new iPad. </P><P> </P><P>Since 1987, human rights officials say Kony has forcefully abducted more than 60,000 children to be soldiers in his army and reportedly raped, mutilated and killed civilians in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan and displaced more than 2 million people. The leader is wanted for committing atrocities by the International Criminal Court and is being hunted down by 100 U.S. Special Forces advisers and local troops in four Central African nations, according to the <a href="http://bit.ly/AyrDyz"><I>Associated Press.</I></a> </P><P> </P><P>Kony 2012 is an effort to capture Kony and disarm the LRA before a reported window of opportunity closes. One way it plans to do that is by encouraging users to directly message a variety of stars to make use of their Twitter ubiquity to get the word out. Among those listed on the site are: Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber, Taylor Swift, Rihanna, Angelina Jolie, Oprah Winfrey, George Clooney, Jay-Z, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Ryan Seacrest and Ellen DeGeneres, along with a number of major policymakers. </P><P> </P><P>When users click on the celebs' photos, a tweet pops up that reads: Help us end #LRA violence. Visit kony2012.com to find out why and how. @timtebow Join us for #KONY2012. </P><P> </P><P><a href="http://act.mtv.com/posts/invisible-children-video-joseph-kony/">Get More on Invisible Children at ACT.MTV.com.</a></p>

Related Artists

Source:
http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1680708/kony-campaign-justin-bieber-lady-gaga.jhtml

Hilary Swank Isla Fisher Ivana Bozilovic Ivanka Trump


          Standard op punt concurrent voor grote transfer te halen: 'Op weg naar België'   

Heel veel nieuwe spelers haalde Standard nog niet voor het nieuwe seizoen. Tot nu toe was Sébastien Pocognoli de grote zomertransfer in Luik, maar mogelijk krijgt al snel een concurrent. Volgens Congolese bronnen is Joyce Lomalisa op weg naar Luik. 


          AIMS Rwanda Graduation 2017   
The African institute for mathematical Sciences Rwanda Centre graduated its first ever cohort of students at a graduation ceremony held at the AIMS center in Kigali, Rwanda on 22nd June  2017 Forty-four students from 10 African countries, namely; Cameroon, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Sudan, Burundi, Nigeria, Zambia, Kenya and Tanzania received their Master’s of Science in Mathematical Sciences ...
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          Louisa Dress pour Louise   

Enfin de la vraie couture !

Grâce au fameux patron Louisa Dress de Compagnie M, j'ai enfin fait de la vraie couture pour Louise. Une jolie robe en wax congolais et coton indien avec un petit passepoil. Je l'avais fermé avec un zip invisible dans le dos. Et puis l'essayage m'a prouvé qu'il n'y avait rien de mieux que les pressions. J'ai donc refait le dos pour transformer le zip en pressions, comme ce n'était pas prévu au départ, ça a été un peu galère, et malheureusement c'est un peu fragile.

 

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Dans la foulée, j'ai aussi cousu des bandeaux, des barrettes pour Louise et sa cousine. (que Louise ne garde pas dans les cheveux, comme de bien entendu). Par contre le petit fichu que j'ai fais est plutôt efficace, elle le garde plus longtemps qu'une casquette.

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          Urgent/Kinshasa : Une conférence citoyenne, à laquelle devrait prendre part le prof Mbata et le Dr Mukwege, empêchée par la police 1 173 Vues 0 par La rédaction   
Une conférence citoyenne des organisations de la société civile, à laquelle devrait prendre part le professeur de droit constitutionnel André Mbata et le célèbre gynécologue Denis Mukwege, prévue ce vendredi 30 juin avec comme thème : « Retour à l’ordre constitutionnelle », n’a pas eu lieu.




Les Forces de l’ordre ont procédé à l’arrestation des activistes de la société civile et d’autres participants qui étaient arrivés le matin à Congo Loisir cadre choisi pour la circonstance, afin de prendre part à cette réflexion coïncidant avec le 57 ème anniversaire de l’indépendance de la République Démocratique du Congo.

Selon les organisateurs, toutes les formalités ont été remplies pour la tenue de cette journée de réflexion.

Il est bon de signaler que l’exposé du professeur Mbata et celui du Docteur Mukwenge étaient très attendu.






Cependant, l’on signale quelques cas d’arrestation. Et des journalistes ont été brutalisés par les éléments de la Police.

Cette conférence était l’initiative du CASC, Collectif d’Actions de la Société Civile.
           Vuemba à la réunion des opposants à Londres : « Cette fois-ci nous n’accepterons pas l’arrogance des Kabilistes»   
La réunion de Londres entre les membres du G7 dont le candidat Moïse Katumbi, a connu, mardi, la participation des autres opposants. Si, sur la première photo diffusée après cette rencontre, on a pu seulement apercevoir l’ancien gouverneur du Katanga, son porte-parole Olivier Kamitatu, le président du PDC José Endundo et leur allié SindikaDokolo, le président du MPCR Jean Claude Vuemba était parmi les autres personnalités présentes.



« Quand les responsables politiques se retrouvent c’est pour parler de notre pays et prévenir le peuple congolais de la grosse arnaque et du chaos dans lequel Joseph Kabila et ses sbires veulent amener le pays », a confié le député de Kasangulu à C-News, avant d’ajouter : « malheureusement pour eux, cette fois-ci nous n’accepterons pas l’arrogance des Kabilistes ».






Membre de la Dynamique de l’opposition, Jean Claude Vuemba est l’un des opposants à avoir résisté à l’opération de débauchage déclenchée après la mort d’Étienne Tshisekedi.
          Bishop Elysée : Moise Katumbi n ' a jamais dénoncé l ' occupation Rwandaise et Congolais moko te ako Nzima to zala na première dame Rwandaise . Katumbi aza mutu ya PPRD , Congo elingi régime ekende ! (vidéo)   
Bishop Elysée  : Moise Katumbi n ' a jamais dénoncé l ' occupation Rwandaise et Congolais moko te ako Nzima to zala na première dame Rwandaise (vidéo)

          RDC: la famille Tshisekedi rapatriera le corps sans la participation du gouvernement   
La polémique reprend de plus belle autour des obsèques de l'opposant Etienne Tshisekedi, décédé à Bruxelles le 1er février 2017. L'UDPS dénonce ce qu'elle appelle la mauvaise foi du pouvoir en place qui, selon le secrétaire général Jean Marc Kabund, retarde à dessein le rapatriement de la dépouille au pays. Ce parti a annoncé jeudi que cela va être fait, sans la participation du gouvernement.

Jean-Marc Kabund l'a annoncé au cours d'une conférence de presse : le corps d'Etienne Tshisekedi va être rapatrié sans la participation de l'Etat congolais. C'est une décision qui, selon l'Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social (UDPS), a été prise après la rupture des contacts entre le gouvernement d'une part, et les familles politique et biologique, d'autre part.

Les représentants du gouvernement ne se font plus ni voir ni entendre, a dit Jean Marc Kabund : « L’UDPS et la famille biologique annoncent solennellement qu’elles prennent acte du désistement de l’Etat congolais dans l’organisation des dites obsèques. Par conséquent, elles décident de rapatrier, par leurs propres moyens, la dépouille mortelle du président à la date qui sera incessamment communiquée ».

Polémique à éviter

Au gouvernement, on parle d'une polémique à éviter. Selon le vice-Premier ministre et ministre de l'Intérieur Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, il y a la volonté, et des instructions ont été données par le président de la République : « Le chef de l’Etat Joseph Kabila nous a instruits nous, gouvernement, d’enterrer le président Tshisekedi en toute dignité. Nous le ferons et on va s’organiser, on va se voir, peut-être le 1er ou le 2 pour que nous puissions finalement déterminer une date consensuelle ».

Les dirigeants actuels de l'UDPS ont profité de la conférence de presse pour appeler la population à se préparer à des actions pacifiques, lesquelles seront destinées à rendre le pays ingouvernable.
          La Société civile/Forces vives s’oppose à l’apologie des questions identitaires au Kasaï Central    
Le vice-ministre des Finances, Jean François Mukuna a inauguré jeudi, le nouveau bâtiment qui abrite désormais le siège de l’Assemblée provinciale de Kinshasa (APK), situé sur l’avenue Colonel Ebeya, en présence notamment de l’ambassadeur de l’Union européenne en RDC, Ouvret Barthe.
François Mukuna, a indiqué que cette réalisation est le fruit d’un long processus qui a commencé en 2010 par la signature d’une convention entre l’exécutif national et le Fonds européen pour le développement (FED).


Selon lui, la décentralisation a l’avantage notamment de rapprocher la population pour une prise de décisions responsables. Pour cela, elle a besoin des ressources financières et humaines, a-t-il souligné, avant d’exhorter les Congolais à se l’approprier et à poursuivre sans relâche, à soutenir la bonne gouvernance et à poursuivre les reformes des finances.
L’ambassadeur de l’UE M. Ouvret Barthe a quant à lui salué le partenariat entre le gouvernement de la RDC et l’UE qui a financé les travaux de construction dudit bâtiment à hauteur d’un million cinq cent trente trois euros, et son équipement tant en outils informatiques qu’en mobiliers de bureau. Il a indiqué que la construction de ce bâtiment est une preuve que malgré de nombreux défis politiques auxquels la RDC fait face, le pays reste déterminé dans ses efforts de rendre la décentralisation effective.

Auparavant, le président de cet organe délibérant, Roger Nsingi Mbemba avait affirmé que l’acquisition de ce bâtiment marque un tournant décisif pour l’Assemblée provinciale qui cesse avec son identité de «sans domicile fixe». Il a situé cette acquisition dans le cadre du Programme d’appui aux parlements (PAP) financé en RDC par l’UE. L’immeuble abrite tous les services de l’Assemblée hier éparpillés sur plusieurs sites.




M. Nsingi n’a pas manqué de mettre un accent particulier sur le partenariat actif existant entre la ville de Kinshasa et l’UE dont l’accompagnement a été d’un apport important dans la concrétisation de ce projet, avant d’évaluer le cout du PAP à 15 millions d’euros en six ans.


          Grand Débat sur le projet budgétaire exercice 2017 , Bruno Tshibala face à la dépréciation Franc Congolais face aux dollars (vidéo)    
Grand Débat sur le projet budgétaire exercice 2017 , Bruno Tshibala face à la dépréciation Franc Congolais face aux dollars (vidéo)


          Le défilé militaire du 30 juin annulé pour des raisons sécuritaires   
La République démocratique du Congo ne tiendra pas son défilé militaire annuel de l’indépendance vendredi en raison des problèmes de sécurité, a annoncé jeudi un conseiller du président Joseph Kabila, cité par Reuters.




Le défilé du 30 juin, jour de l’indépendance en République démocratique du Congo, qui célèbre la fin de la domination coloniale belge, n’aura pas lieu cette année. Les autorités évoquent des raisons sécuritaires, mais aussi la situation politique tendue.






Le directeur de cabinet adjoint du président Joseph Kabila, Jean-Pierre Kambila, a déclaré à Reuters qu’il n’y aurait pas de défilé militaire le 30 juin « pour des raisons de sécurité« , sans donner plus de détails. « Il a dit que Kabila prononcerait probablement un discours télévisé« , renseigne l’agence de presse britannique.


Le défilé a également été annulé en 2012 et 2013 pendant la rébellion M23.


La situation sécuritaire au pays reste tendue, alors qu’un commissariat de la Police a été attaqué ce jeudi au coeur même de la capitale, en plein jour.
          Spéculation autour de l'état de santé du président Joseph Kabila   
Le communiqué du Président, diffusé vendredi soir à la télévision nationale, annonçant qu’il est malade, a laissé place à une véritable spéculation sur son état de santé.

C‘est une première en République démocratique du Congo. En 57 ans d’histoire post-indépendance, jamais un Chef de l’Etat n’a annulé son discours à la nation. Celui-ci, censé célébrer la fin de l’occupation belge, était spécifiquement attendu cette année, alors que le pays traverse une crise politique, une situation économique dégradante et une situation sécuritaire volatile.
« Je regrette que, pour des raisons de santé, je ne puis, cette année, vous adresser mon message de manière traditionnelle« , dit le message du Président diffusé à la RTNC. Joseph Kabila a également appelé la population à célébrer l’indépendance dans le calme et la méditation.
« C’est un manque de respect envers ce peuple et une preuve que Monsieur Kabila est arrivé à sa fin. Il n’est plus capable de diriger ce pays. Manquer du respect au peuple, dans un jour aussi spécial pour notre nation et prétendre continuer à diriger le pays est totalement inacceptable« , lance le député Jean-Claude Vuemba, membre du Rassemblement depuis Londres.


Le député congolais n’est pas le seul à s’offusquer de cette situation. Néanmoins, si le message du président surprend, c’est surtout son état de santé qui a laissé place à des questionnements. Car, durant ses 16 ans au pouvoir, Joseph Kabila s’est rarement absenté pour des telles raisons. « Ca doit alors être grave« , avance un analyste politique.
« Il y a deux situations à envisager: soit il est vraiment souffrant, ce qui est peu probable, soit il y a vraiment des problèmes sérieux au sein du pouvoir« , ajoute-t-il.
Sur Twitter, Jean-Pierre Kambila, directeur de cabinet adjoint du président, s’étonne que l’on en fasse un sujet à débat: « Étrange en quoi ? Un homme qui attrape la grippe après un long périple. Les présidents sont des humains, peut être un peu spéciaux« , dit-il.
« Le président a donc une grippe? où il est simplement fatigué de nous lire de mensonges? » interroge un autre internaute.
« Il manquait simplement quoi dire. 16 ans après, c’est quoi son bilan? Il nous a ramené en arrière, nous laissant des guerres et des attaques en plein jour dans la capitale. Le pays a régressé. Les gens souffrent. Le Franc congolais ne vaut plus grand-chose… qu’aurait-il pu nous dire face à cela?« , interroge le député Vuemba.
La situation reste tendue tant au pays que dans la capitale. La nouvelle attaque, hier après-midi, d’un commissariat en plein jour, a précipité le déploiement de l’armée et de la police dans les principales artères de Kinshasa. A Kintambo, l’Ouest de la capitale, une forte présence de la Garde Républicaine, fortement armée, est observée depuis le début de la soirée. Les éléments de l’armée sont également vus au centre-ville, sur l’avenue de la Justice, et au niveau de l’avenue de la Libération (ex-24 novembre).
Le défilé du 30 juin, jour de l’indépendance en République démocratique du Congo, qui célèbre la fin de la domination coloniale belge, a même été annulé. Les autorités évoquent des raisons sécuritaires, mais aussi la situation politique tendue.
politico.cd
          RDC : Les banques ont bloqué les comptes des personnalités sanctionnées par les USA   


Les comptes bancaires en dollars de toutes les personnes physiques et morales sanctionnées par les Etats-Unis d’Amérique ont été gelés par les banques de Kinshasa. Annonce faite au cours d’une conférence de presse tenue ce jeudi 29 juin 23017 par le président de l’Association Congolaise des Banques (ACB).

Selon Yves Cuypers, président de l’ACB et administrateur directeur général de la BCDC (Banque commerciale du Congo), les banques congolaises sont obligées de respecter les règles “Anti-Money Laundering and terrorism Financing” (AMLFT) pour les sauvegarder contre les risques qui peuvent découler de la non-observance des principes y afférents. D’après lui, cette mesure n’a rien avoir avec les rumeurs qui ont circulé sur les réseaux sociaux, selon lesquelles la Réserve Fédérale Américaine aurait appelé les banques européennes à l’arrêt des transactions en dollars américains avec les banques congolaises.

Il y a un mois, l’Union Européenne et les Etats-Unis ont sanctionné 9 officiels congolais et le général François Olenga, chef de la maison militaire du président Kabila, pour, entre autres, avoir été à la base de la restriction des libertés d’expression et leurs impacts négatifs dans le non-respect de l’accord du 31 décembre et des principes démocratiques.

Willy akonda Lomanga/ desk Eco

          Quand Moïse Ekanga sort 400.000 dollars à la FBN Bank pour Lusakweno, c’est sous le prête-nom de Justin Mbalaka   


Des informations commencent à filtrer les banques commerciales locales ciblées selon les instructions du Département du Trésor américain aux banques de l’Union européenne. Il y en a une cité avec certitude, la FBNBank, née sous les cendres de la Banque internationale du crédit -BIC- de l’homme d’affaires rd-congolais Pascal Kinduelo. La FBN Bank est connue comme une plaque tournante de blanchiment et des opérations maffieuses du régime.






Déjà à sa création, un nom très controversé dans les milieux de la finance internationale, celui de Dan Getler comme l’un des principaux actionnaires, si l’actionnaire majoritaire. Le rachat avait été parrainé par Augutstin Katumba Mwanke dont la sœur -sa cousine- avait joué un rôle important dans cette banque. Qui dit Katumba voit Moïse Ekanga que le premier a initié pendant des années à la gestion de toutes les combines financières. Ekanga, c’est l’héritier de Katumba qui a tout hérité de son mentor jusqu’à un penchant quasi maladif pour la discrétion qui fait que presque nul dans le grand public -et même dans les milieux avertis- ne sait que c’est lui le véritable fossoyeur de l’économie rd-congolaise depuis la disparition du grand manitou.






Avec la FBNBank où il loge des comptes en millions de dollars sous des prêtes-noms, Ekanga y fait pour tous les débits d’importants fonds destinés à l’achat des consciences chez les opposants et dans les milieux des députés européens et autres pour le lobbying. Quand il met à la disposition de Christian Lusakweno en compagnie de Madame Candide 400.000 dollars pour graisser à Bruxelles, il y a quelques temps, le chèque porte l’en-tête FBNBank mais la signature n’est la sienne. Elle plutôt celle de Justin Mbalaka, un proche d’Ekanga. De sorte que si vérification il y a, aucun auditeur ne penserait remonter à lui. Quelques semaines auparavant, ce sont 700.000 dollars qui ont été décaissés par la même banque, avec la même signature et pour le même objectif.

          SUD KIVU : Prises par surprise, les forces loyalistes auraient abandonné leurs positions durant l’attaque à à Lulimba   
L’état-major des forces armées de la RDC de Lulimba, une localité située à l’extrême sud du territoire de Fizi (Sud-Kivu), a été attaqué ce jeudi 29 juin dans la matinée par des hommes armés que le commandement de l’opération Sokola II au Sud-Kivu identifie comme étant des miliciens Mai-Mai.


 D’après des sources locales cependant, l’attaque a été menée par des éléments armés se réclamant de la coalition nationale du peuple pour la souveraineté du Congo (CNPSC), une nouvelle plate-forme regroupant plusieurs groupes armés opérant dans l’Est de la RDC. 


Prises par surprise, les forces loyalistes auraient abandonné leurs positions durant l’attaque. Les assaillants ont alors saccagé le dépôt d’armement de cette base avant d’emporter des munitions, rapportent les mêmes sources, ajoutant que les localités de Misisi et kilembwe voisines à Lulimba seraient assiégées par ces éléments armés. Des sources militaires du sous-secteur opérationnel Sokola II au Sud-Kivu parlent plutôt d’une attaque des positions de l’armée à Lulimba par des Mai-Mai avec l’objectif de s’emparer du dépôt d’armes et des munitions. Les combats se poursuivaient jusqu’à la mi-journée entre les assaillants et les FARDC, renseignent ces sources sans donner plus de précision. Les habitants de Lulimba et de Misisi se terraient chez eux, indique pour sa part la société civile locale à Radio Okapi. Cette attaque survient un mois après une autre attaque du même genre perpétrée par la même coalition des groupes armés à Tanganyika. 






 Il y a environ un mois, les combattants du CNPSC s’étaient emparés des armes et munitions de l’armée à Force Bendera (une localité du Tanganyika) après une attaque éclair menée contre les positions des FARDC dans cette localité. Ils avaient été repoussés quelques heures après par un renfort de l’armée.

          Propos ambigüs de Zuma sur la Rd-Congo : le PSN de Rudy Mandio saisit le Parlement sud-africain   


Les propos ambigus du Président controversé de l’Afrique du Sud, Jacob Zuma, un Président vomi et honni des Sud-Africains suite à sa megestion, démesures et feuilletons des corruptions depuis qu’il a été porté à la tête de la nation Arc-en-ciel, continuent à alimenter les débats dans la sphère politique Rd-Congolais, surtout dans le rang de l’opposition, dont certains ténors accusent Zuma, de soutenir le régime de l’illégal et illégitime Président Joseph Kabila qui ne cesse de multiplier les stratégies machiavéliques pour se maintenir à la tête de la Rd-Congo, bien que fin mandat depuis le 19 décembre 2016.



Plusieurs partis d’opposition, parmi lesquels le PSN-Peuple au service de la Nation du très dynamique Rudy Mandio, très bien implanté en Afrique du Sud tout comme en Rd-Congo, ont fustigé les propos déshonorants du kleptomane Président sud-africain, affirmant à l’issue de son entretien avec Joseph Kabila«Qu’en Rd-Congo tout va bien». Le PSN,via son secrétaire général, Basile Kanda, a au cours d’une entrevue avec des reporters de C-NEWS, qualifié d’indignes et déshonorants les propos de Jacob Zuma.



D’après Basile Kanda,Zuma a raté l’occasion de se taire en soutenant l’inconstitutionnel président Joseph Kabila et son régime. Les propos flatteurs de Zuma est une insulte grave aux millions de Rd-Congolais qui croupissent dans la misère. Misère et crise politique, nées de la mauvaise foi et volonté de l’imposteur Joseph Kabila de n’avoir pas organisé les élections. Pour ce faire, le PSN a introduit une lettre d’indignation au Parlement sud-africain afin que celui-ci s’imprègne de la situation chaotique qui sévit en Rd-Congo, orchestrée par l’imposteur Joseph Kabila. La lettre du PSN au Parlement sud-africain, à en croire Basile Kanda, est déjà sur la table de la présidente du Parlement sud-africain, avant qu’elle ne soit transférée à qui de droit.
          Onafhankelijkheid   
LOMMEL - Op deze dag in 1960 werd Congo onafhankelijk. Om tijdens de voorafgaande onderhandelingen in Brussel de delegaties te entertainen werd de populaire band Grand Kallé et l’African Jazz (...)
          Cameroun : les conséquences du retour du FMI sur l’investissement public et les programmes sociaux   
En difficulté, le Cameroun bénéficie d'une aide du FMI de 666,2 millions de dollars assortie d'un
ajustement peu douloureux. Le Fonds lui demande de moins emprunter et de mieux choisir ses investissements.
Avec un budget et des réserves mis à mal par la chute des cours du pétrole et par ses efforts militaires contre Boko Haram, le Cameroun s’est vu accorder, lundi 26 juin, par le Conseil d’administration du Fonds monétaire internationale (FMI) un prêt de 666,2 millions de dollars, dont 171,3 millions immédiatement disponibles, au titre de la « Facilité élargie de crédit ». Il est le deuxième pays de la CEMAC après le Gabon a bénéficié d’une telle aide.
En contrepartie, il s’est engagé à mener à bien un programme d’ajustement sur trois ans pour stopper le doublement de sa dette publique depuis 2012 et reconstituer des réserves tombées de 6 mois d’importations en 2015 à 3,7 mois fin 2016.
La médication ne sera pas trop sévère, car le Cameroun se trouve dans une situation moins critique que ses partenaires de la CEMAC (Centrafrique, Gabon, Guinée équatoriale, République du Congo, Tchad). En effet, sa gestion a été plus prudente et son économie est la plus diversifiée de la région.
Du côté des recettes supplémentaires souhaitables pour réduire le déficit budgétaire, on notera que le gouvernement a décidé déjà en 2017 la création d’une taxe sur les séjours hôteliers, le rétablissement de la taxe spéciale sur les produits pétroliers et l’élargissement du champ d’application de la taxe sur les jeux de hasard.

La CAN, les fonctionnaires et les dépenses sociales épargnés

Du côté des réductions de dépenses, les Camerounais apprécieront que la Coupe africaine des Nations (CAN) de 2019 organisée chez eux ne soit pas concernée, ces projets ayant déjà trouvé un financement et étant pour la plupart déjà très avancés. Les effectifs et les salaires de la fonction publique ne seront pas touchés, car ceux-ci demeurent raisonnables. En effet, la masse salariale représente 5,4 % du produit intérieur brut (PIB), alors qu’elle atteint 10 % du PIB en moyenne en Afrique subsaharienne.
Le FMI encourage même un accroissement des dépenses sociales prioritaires, ainsi que l’élaboration d’une stratégie de protection sociale. Un projet de filets sociaux soutenu par la Banque mondiale donne déjà de bons résultats et pourrait être mis à l’échelle : le projet couvre déjà 25 000 familles parmi les plus pauvres, y compris dans l’extrême nord du pays.

De gros efforts sur les investissements publics

Le gros de l’effort portera sur les investissements publics que le FMI souhaite mieux ciblés. Le problème du Cameroun est qu’il emprunte plus vite qu’il n’exécute ses projets. Conséquence, ses emprunts inutilisés qui attendent une réalisation représentent 20 % du PIB, soit environ 6 milliards de dollars !
Pas question de stopper les différents barrages en construction ou le port de Kribi par exemple, mais le Cameroun va ralentir ses emprunts et se consacrer à la dépense des prêts déjà réalisés. La liste des infrastructures prioritaires sera arrêtée dans les lois de finances annuelles.
Le 30 juin, ce sera au tour du Tchad, qui est le pays le plus malade de la CEMAC et déjà sous programme d’assistance, de se voir attribuer un prêt par le Fonds pour surmonter la crise qui a asséché toutes ses réserves.
Source: Jeune Afrique



          RDC : le dialogue se poursuit entre Macron et Kabila    
Emmanuel Macron n’a pas perdu de temps pour prendre contact avec Joseph Kabila.

Comme Jeune Afrique l’avait révélé, le président français Emmanuel Macron a téléphoné à son homologue congolais Joseph Kabila, le 28 mai, afin de remercier les autorités de Kinshasa d’être intervenues dans la libération d’un otage français. Le dialogue s’est poursuivi depuis : le 20 juin, à Lubumbashi, Kabila a reçu une délégation française, composée de Franck Paris, le conseiller Afrique de l’Élysée, et de Rémi Maréchaux, le directeur Afrique du Quai d’Orsay. Accompagnés d’Alain Rémy, l’ambassadeur de France en RD Congo, de Néhémie Mwilanya Wilondja, directeur de cabinet du président congolais, et de Léonard She Okitundu, vice-Premier ministre et ministre des Affaires étrangères, ils ont fait l’aller-retour dans la journée depuis la capitale, à bord d’un avion spécialement affrété par le gouvernement. Selon une source diplomatique congolaise, l’entretien, « très cordial », a duré près de deux heures.
Source: Jeune Afrique



          En RDCongo, village traditionnel cherche touristes   
Les mains souillées de cet argile qui donne à leur sol son ocre si caractéristique, les femmes du village congolais de Makwacha peignent leurs cases de fleurs et papillons aux tracés enfantins. Une tradition locale qui a engendré presque par accident une petite industrie touristique."Pour la couleur, on utilise seulement la terre. On creuse pour trouver le rose", raconte Prospérine Mwelma, 60 ans, pinceau à la main, drapée d'un pagne bleu et...
          Un commissariat de police attaqué à Kinshasa: Un mort et quatre policiers blessés   
Un commissariat de police a été attaqué jeudi après-midi dans le centre de Kinshasa, selon des habitants qui font état depuis d'une forte présence de forces de sécurité congolaises dans le quartier Matonge, alors qu'un média congolais faisait état ...
          Grand Duchess Supports Survivors of Wartime Sexual Assault   
All photos: Mukwege Foundation / Jeppe Schilder
Grand Duchess Maria Teresa visited Geneva, Switzerland, yesterday where she was among the guests for an exhibition by women who survived wartime sexual assault. The exhibition is organised together by Foundation of Dr. Denis Mukwege, a Congolese gynecologist who specialises in the treatment of women who have been gang-raped or suffered other wartime sexual assault during the ongoing violent conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Fondation du Grand-Duc et de la Grand-Duchesse
The Grand Duchess used the occasion to announce the holding of an international symposium in Luxembourg for survivors of wartime sexuael violence on March 8, 2019. Wartime sexual violence is rape or other forms of sexual violence committed by combatants during armed conflict or war or military occupation often as spoils of war; not only but oftentimes in ethnic conflict. 
Dr. Denis Mukwege has dedicated his life to defending, supporting and assisting female survivors of rape. He spends 18 hours a day doing operations to repair the horrific physical damage caused by gang-rape. 
Each month the Panzi Hospital founded by Dr. Mukwege admits more than 400 patients and he is one of only a few doctors qualified to preform the delicate and complex surgeries required to repair vaginal tears and vaginal fistulas that result from these violent assaults. His hospital has provided over 4,000 free surgeries just to treat fistula. These circumstances have led to Dr. Mukwege becoming the world's leading expert on repairing the internal trauma caused by gang-rape and sexual assaults.
The Geneva exhibition is the result of a reflection process initiated by about twenty women who suffered sexual violence from 15 different countries. They met for the first time in Switzerland to initiate a movement in order to work for the fighting and long-term prevention of rape committed during armed conflicts. 
"It is through initiatives like this that women can strengthen their influence and visibility in the prevention of of violence. Together these women are a formidable force that will not be stopped", the Grand Duchess said.
The Grand Duchess has been a supporter of the cause and Dr. Denis Mukwege for a few years no having met him in both 2016 and earlier this year, among others.

          Even in Barcelona one can see the peripheries, Cardinal Omella says   

Barcelona, Spain, Jun 30, 2017 / 11:50 am (CNA/EWTN News).- “Enough with the jokes,” then-Archbishop Juan José Omella Omella of Barcelona said when he got the call.

But it wasn’t a joke: A friend was calling him from St. Peter’s Square to tell him that Pope Francis had just announced his name among the five men who were to become cardinals at a consistory which was held June 28.

After receiving the announcement, Omella continued with his plans for the day, including visiting prisoners. He met with journalists the next morning.

“Barcelona is a cosmopolitan city where people from all over the world go,” he told journalists in Rome this week when asked what it means to serve from the peripheries in his city. “You only have to be at the plaza where the door of the cathedral of Barcelona is for a moment to see that there they speak all the languages, and all races and all cultures pass. Or go to the Sagrada Familia to see the amount of people who come everyday.”

“(T)he Church, after the Council, wants to be the Samaritan Church that accompanies the people of this world and picking up those who suffer, those who don’t have a sense of life, who are in complicated situations such as war,” he said. “I think that the Church must be present in these worlds, and to make them understand that the Pope, [in] drawing and creating cardinals from these areas, [says it’s important that] the Church is present in these areas.”

Cardinal Omella was born in the small town of Cretas in a Catalan-speaking region of Aragon in 1946. In his priestly formation, he studied in Belgium as well as Jerusalem. He was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Zaragoza in 1970, at the age of 24. He served for a year as a missionary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

In 1996, he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Zaragoza, and in 1999 made Bishop of Barbastro-Monzón. He was appointed Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño in 2004. In 2015, Pope Francis appointed him Archbishop of Barcelona.

Since his episcopal consecration, Cardinal Omella has been a member of the Spanish bishops' social-pastoral commission.

Among the five men elevated at Wednesday’s consistory, Cardinal Omella, 71, stands out in that his selection for the College of Cardinals is in no way unprecedented, whereas Francis’ other choices had at least one unique aspect about their appointment. Cardinal Omella comes from a traditional cardinalate see – his three predecessors were also cardinals. His immediate predecessor, Cardinal Lluís Martínez Sistach, aged out of the electorate when he turned 80 in April.

“This isn’t about attaining great honors,” Omella told Vatican Radio May 22. “I’m not about making a career, but service.”

The Church has to “unite institutions for the common good, so that no one feels cast aside,” he said. “I believe that it is a job we must do at all levels.”

 


          Congo-Kinshasa: Ituri - Quatre officiers de l'armée condamnés à un an de prison pour trafic des minerais   
[Radio Okapi] Quatre officiers des forces armées de la RDC (FADC) ont été condamnés ce jeudi 29 juin par la cour militaire de Bunia à une année de servitude pénale principale assortie d'un sursis de 12 mois pour trafic illégal des minerais.
          Congo-Kinshasa: Beni - Les voitures à vitres teintées interdites de circulation   
[Radio Okapi] Le conseil urbain de sécurité de Beni a interdit de circulation dans la ville toutes les voitures ayant des vitres teintées. D'après le maire de Beni, Nyoni Bwanakawa, qui l'a annoncé jeudi 29 juin à la presse, cette mesure vise à lutter contre des cas de kidnapping des enfants et de viol enregistrés récemment dans la ville.
          World: General Assembly Approves Appropriation of $6.8 Billion for 14 Peacekeeping Operations in 2017/18   
Source: UN General Assembly
Country: Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Western Sahara, World

GENERAL ASSEMBLY PLENARY
SEVENTY-FIRST, 89TH MEETING (AM)
GA/11927 30 JUNE 2017

Approving the appropriation of $6.80 billion for 14 peacekeeping operations for the 2017/18 fiscal period, the General Assembly today adopted 21 resolutions and one decision contained in reports from its Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary). (See Press Release GA/AB/4239.)

Appropriating funds for peacekeeping operations from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, the Assembly adopted resolutions on missions in Abyei, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Cyprus, Darfur, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Golan, Haiti, Kosovo, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, South Sudan and Western Sahara.

All texts were adopted without a vote, with the exception of the resolution setting out budgetary arrangements for the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), which it adopted by a recorded vote of 137 in favour to 3 against (Canada, Israel, United States) with no abstentions.

The Assembly also adopted related drafts on the support account for peacekeeping operations, and financing for the account; on the triennial review of the rates and standards for reimbursement to Member States for contingent-owned equipment; and on the United Nations Logistics Base at Brindisi, Italy, and Regional Service Centre in Entebbe, Uganda.

As well, it adopted a resolution on special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse, by which it requested the Secretary-General to immediately inform Member States concerned of allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse, and called upon Member States — including those deploying non-United Nations forces authorized by a Security Council mandate — to investigate such cases, hold perpetrators accountable and repatriate units where there was credible evidence of widespread or systemic sexual exploitation and abuse.

Also adopted was a text on the United Nations financial reports and audited financial statements on peacekeeping missions, as well as the Board of Auditors’ reports on them.

Finally, the Assembly adopted a draft decision by which it deferred, until the second part of its resumed seventy-second session, consideration of reports from the Secretary-General, and related reports from the Advisory Committee, regarding closed peacekeeping missions.

Action on Draft Resolutions

The Assembly took action on the draft resolutions contained in reports from its Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary), which were introduced by Committee Rapporteur Diana Lee (Singapore).

First, it adopted a resolution contained in the budget Committee’s report on financial reports and audited financial statements, and reports of the Board of Auditors (document A/71/702/Add.1), accepting the financial report and audited financial statements of United Nations peacekeeping operations for the period ending 30 June 2016. It endorsed the recommendations in the corresponding reports of the Board and the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ), and asked the Secretary-General to ensure their full implementation. It went on to ask the Secretary-General to indicate an expected time frame for implementation, and to give, in his next report, a full explanation for delays in implementation of the Board’s outstanding recommendations, the root causes of recurring issues and measures to be taken.

It then turned to the report on administrative and budgetary aspects of financing peacekeeping operations (document A/71/708/Add.1), adopting five resolutions contained therein.

First, it adopted resolution I on the financing of the Regional Service Centre in Entebbe, Uganda, by which it approved the amount of $33 million for the maintenance of the Centre for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018.

Then it adopted resolution II on the financing of the United Nations Logistics Base at Brindisi, Italy, by which the Assembly would approve the cost estimates for the Base in the amount of $81 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018.

Next, it adopted resolution III on the support account for peacekeeping operations. By its terms, the Assembly decided to approve the support account requirements of $325.80 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $25.04 million for the enterprise resource planning project, $821,500 for information and systems security and $868,500 for the global service delivery model. It also approved the requirement of 1,357 continuing and 3 new temporary posts, as well as the abolishment, redeployment, reassignment and reclassification of posts, as set out in annex I of the text; and 77 continuing and 3 new general temporary assistance positions and 59 person-months, as set out in annex II, as well as related post and non-post requirements.

The Assembly went on to adopt resolution IV on the triennial review of the rates and standards for reimbursement to Member States for contingent-owned equipment. By doing so, it took note of the report of the 2017 Working Group on Contingent-Owned Equipment and the report of the Secretary-General. It also endorsed the conclusions and recommendations contained in the report of the ACABQ.

Finally, it adopted resolution V on special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. By its terms, the Assembly welcomed the Secretary-General’s determination to fully implement the United Nations policy of zero tolerance for sexual exploitation and abuse, as well as his determination to fully enforce the newly promulgated policy of whistle-blower protection. It requested that he immediately inform Member States concerned of allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse, and called upon Member States — including those deploying non-United Nations forces authorized by a Security Council mandate — to investigate such cases, hold perpetrators accountable and repatriate units where there was credible evidence of widespread or systemic sexual exploitation and abuse.

Turning to reports on peacekeeping missions, the Assembly first adopted a text on financing of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) (document A/71/945), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNISFA the amount of $285.12 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $266.70 million for the maintenance of the Force, $13.49 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $3.38 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $1.56 million for the Regional Service Centre.

Turning to a report on financing of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (document A/71/946), the Assembly decided to appropriate to the Special Account for the Mission $943.77 million from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $882.80 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $44.65 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $11.16 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $5.16 million for the Regional Service Centre.

The Assembly then adopted a text on financing of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) (document A/71/715/Add.1). By its terms, the Assembly, recalling Security Council resolution 2284 (2016) extending the mission mandate for a final period until 30 June 2017, decided that, for Member States that had fulfilled their financial obligations to the Operation, shall be credited with their respective share of $65.22 million, comprising the unencumbered balance of $48.68 million and $16.54 million of other revenue in respect of the financial period ending 30 June 2016.

It then adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) (document A/71/947). By its terms, it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNFICYP $57.41 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, inclusive of $54.00 million for the maintenance of the Force, $2.73 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $682,900 for the United Nations Logistics Base.

Next, it adopted a report on financing of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (document A/71/948), appropriating to the Special Account for MONUSCO $1.22 billion for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, inclusive of $1.14 billion for the maintenance of the Mission, $57.74 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $14.44 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $6.67 million for the Regional Service Centre.

The Assembly then adopted a resolution contained in the Committee’s report on financing of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) (document A/71/933) by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for that Mission $5.69 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2017, including $4.55 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $1.14 million for the United Nations Logistics Base.

Next, the Assembly adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) (document A/71/950), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNMIK $40.29 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $37.90 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $1.92 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $479,200 for the United Nations Logistics Base.

It then adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) (document A/71/951). By its terms, it appropriated to the Special Account for UNMIL $116.95 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $110.00 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $5.56 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $1.91 million for the United Nations Logistics Base.

The Assembly also adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) (document A/71/952), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for MINUSMA $1.12 billion for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $1.05 billion for the maintenance of the Mission, $53.00 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $13.25 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $6.12 million for the Regional Service Centre.

Under its agenda item on financing of the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East, the Assembly took action on resolutions contained in two reports.

It first adopted a draft on the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) (document A/71/953), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for the Force the amount of $61.30 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $57.65 million for the maintenance of UNDOF, $2.92 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $729,100 for the United Nations Logistics Base.

The representative of Syria said his delegation had joined consensus on the resolutions on United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East. However, it believed that it was Israel’s responsibility to pay for those Missions.

The Assembly then turned to a resolution contained in the report on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) (document A/71/954).

By a recorded vote of 85 in favour to 3 against (Canada, Israel, United States) with 53 abstentions, the Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 4 and operative paragraphs 4, 5 and 13.

Taking action on the draft resolution as a whole, the Assembly adopted it by a recorded vote of 137 in favour to 3 against (Canada, Israel, United States) with no abstentions.

By its terms, the Assembly decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNIFIL the amount of $513.53 million, for the period from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, inclusive of $483.00 million for the maintenance of the Force, $24.43 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $6.11 million for the United Nations Logistics Base.

Also by the draft, the Assembly expressed deep concern that Israel had not complied with previous resolutions on UNIFIL, and requested that the Secretary-General take the measures necessary to ensure the full implementation of their relevant paragraphs.

The Assembly then adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) (document A/71/955), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNMISS $1.14 billion for the period from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $1.07 billion for the maintenance of the Mission, $54.16 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $13.54 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $6.26 million for the Regional Service Centre.

The Assembly then adopted the resolution in the report on financing of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) (document A/71/956), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for MINURSO $55.59 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $52.00 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $2.63 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $657,600 for the United Nations Logistics Base and $303,800 for the Regional Service Centre.

It then adopted a resolution on financing of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) (document A/71/957), by which it appropriated to the Special Account for UNAMID $33.56 million for the period of 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $24.58 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $6.15 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $2.84 million for the Regional Service Centre.

Taking up the report on financing of the activities arising from Security Council resolution 1863 (2009) (document A/71/958), the Assembly decided to appropriate to the Special Account for the United Nations Support Office for the African Union Mission in Somalia (UNSOA) $622.19 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $582.00 million for the maintenance of the Office, $29.43 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $7.36 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $3.40 million for the Regional Service Centre.

Finally, acting on the Committee’s report on review of the efficiency of the administration and financial functioning of the United Nations (document A/71/717/Add.2), the Assembly deferred until the second part of its resumed seventy-second session consideration of the reports of the Secretary-General and the ACABQ on closed peacekeeping missions.


          Un stage international riche en expériences à l'Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie   
Depuis janvier 2013, Dominique S. Montpetit effectue son stage de fin de maitrise en études internationales au sein de l’Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie (APF) à Paris. Dans ce cadre, elle a récemment été amenée à se rendre à Rabat, au Maroc, afin d’assister à la réunion de la Commission politique de l’APF.Cette réunion portait principalement sur la situation des pays membres de la Francophonie où se déroulent actuellement des conflits : la République centrafricaine, le Mali, Madagascar, la Guinée, et la République démocratique du Congo.Le rôle de Dominique consistait initialement à préparer les documents nécessaires aux discussions qui se sont tenues lors cette réunion, mais elle a aussi eu la chance d’y participer activement. Tout au long des débats, elle a ainsi siégé aux côtés de Denise Mekam’Ne, la rapporteure sur les situations politiques dans l’espace francophone. Avec l’appui et la supervision du Conseiller à la Commission politique, Dominique a guidé la rapporteure lors de son intervention et durant les débats sur les projets de déclaration.La participation de Dominique à cette réunion lui a permis d’assister aux discussions des parlementaires au sujet des documents qu’elle avait préparés au sein du Secrétariat général de l’APF et de voir ainsi son travail prendre forme sous ses yeux. Ceci représente pour elle la partie la plus enrichissante de l’expérience.Dominique tient d’ailleurs à remercier M. Maxime Carrier-Légaré et M. Jean-Luc Lala, ses deux superviseurs immédiats à l’APF, pour la confiance qu’ils ont démontré envers son travail ainsi que pour l’opportunité qu’ils lui ont offert de s’impliquer dans le déroulement de la réunion. 
          Les HEI contribuent à la promotion du français dans les organisations internationales   
Le 12 octobre 2012 sera organisée la deuxième journée du français dans les organisations internationales. À titre d'institution qui propose des diplômes de pointe en études internationales pluridisciplinaires en français, les HEI ont le plaisir de relayer cette information:Cette manifestation organisée à l’initiative de l’Assemblée des fonctionnaires francophones des organisations internationales (AFFOI) vise à célébrer la langue française et le rôle de la diversité linguistique dans les organisations internationales. La date du 12 octobre coïncide cette année avec le premier jour du XIVe Sommet de la Francophonie, qui réunira les chefs d'État de la Francophonie à Kinshasa, en République démocratique du Congo.À l’occasion de cette journée du français dans les organisations internationales, les fonctionnaires internationaux (francophones et autres) s’évertueront, autant que faire se peut, à parler français et à initier des activités relatives aux valeurs communes de la Francophonie.Plusieurs organisations internationales de premier plan participent à l'évènement, en particulier l'UNESCO, et divers appareils diplomatiques (les Ministères des Affaires Étrangères français et luxembourgeois, par exemple).Précisons tout de même que cette journée n’est pas un évènement isolé pour la promotion de la langue française sur la scène internationale. L’AFFOI s’efforce quotidiennement de défendre l’emploi du français de même que la diversité linguistique et culturelle dans le fonctionnement des organisations internationales. Elle souhaite également renforcer les liens entre les différents organes de la Francophonie.Pour en savoir plus, rendez-vous sur cette page de l'OIF pour visionner une vidéo réalisée lors du colloque sur Le français dans les Organisations internationalesEt téléchargez le Vade-mecum relatif à l’usage de la langue française dans les organisations internationales, adopté à Bucarest en 2006 au Sommet de la Francophonie, qui vise également à renforcer l’emploi du français dans les organisations internationales.
          Une diplômée des HEI qui rayonne à l'ENAP : Jacinthe Gagnon   
«J’ai appris à penser comme une juriste, comme une économiste, comme une politicienne; cela me reste aujourd’hui», confie Jacinthe Gagnon, qui a terminé sa maîtrise des HEI en 2004. Aujourd’hui, elle est professionnelle de recherche pour le Laboratoire d’étude sur les politiques publiques et la mondialisation, à l’École nationale d’administration publique (ENAP), en plus de poursuivre un doctorat aux HEI. Alors qu’elle voulait «travailler partout dans le monde pour représenter le Québec», elle a fait un détour par les communications avant de plonger dans l’international. Son stage de maîtrise à l’UNESCO, où elle a examiné la situation des femmes dans le cadre du conflit en République démocratique du Congo, l’a menée à écrire son essai sur les femmes et les conflits armés. Ensuite, Jacinthe a eu un éventail de postes assez diversifié en marketing et en recherche. Sa carte de visite de la MRI (maîtrise en relations internationales) lui ouvre un vaste réseau, grâce à celui des anciens, «tissé serré». Se tournant vers l’avenir, elle glisse qu’elle n’a «pas renoncé aux organisations internationales».
          RDC: au moins 7 militants de la société civile arrêtés    

Des policiers à Kinshasa le 28 novembre 2006 AFP/Archives LIONEL HEALING

Au moins sept militants de la société civile congolaise ont été arrêtés vendredi à Kinshasa alors qu'ils se préparaient à participer à une conférence interdite sur le "retour à l'ordre constitutionnel" en République démocratique du Congo, a-t-on appri

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          Est de la RDC: 2 soldats congolais et 6 miliciens tués dans des combats   

Des soldats congolais en position, le 16 juillet 2013 dans le Nord-Kivu, en RDC AFP/Archives PHIL MOORE

Deux militaires congolais et six miliciens ont été tués dans des combats les opposant dans la province troublée du Nord-Kivu, dans l'est de la République démocratique du Congo, a-t-on appris vendredi auprès de l'armée.

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          Africa: Building On Local Skills   
[Africa In Fact] In a wood-panelled room on the Jinhua campus of Zhejiang Normal University, by the picture-perfect Xinyue Lake, is a wonderful and surprising secret: one of the most valuable collections of African artefacts in the People's Republic of China. The collection includes fetish objects from the Congo River basin circa 1000 AD, ceremonial masks from the Sahel desert circa 1600 and a fertility doll from the 1950s in Cameroon, among other items.
          Petition - Gorilla habitat to be felled with Norwegian money? Stop it!   
The Norwegian government is considering whether to finance industrial logging in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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          De París a Barcelona: cadàvers, memòria, veneració i espectacle   
Visitants a la Morgue de París, el 1816
Wellcome Library (6158i), Londres


El rebuig i l’atracció cap els cadàvers són les dues cares d’una mateixa moneda, la mort. Els enterrem en un intent de tornar-los al fang primordial, però insistim a retenir el seu alè vital, la seva ànima. Se’ls fotografia –com les imatges postmortem que es feien antigament quan el cos del mort era encara calent– o se’ls transforma embalsamant-los, petrificant-los, congelant-los, cremant-los, deixant-los a l’aire lliure perquè les bèsties recullin el seu esperit, o convertint-los en imatges de cera. Se’ls plany de cos present –el de ploramorts havia estat un ofici fins no fa gaires anys–, es fan altars, criptes sumptuoses, catacumbes o reliquiaris que exposen restes humanes santes o cossos incorruptes. D’una manera o una altra, hi ha un intent de perpetuar la vida donant una nova oportunitat al cadàver, i ens la donem a nosaltres mateixos perpetuant la seva presència i el seu record.

El dia de Tots Sants es visiten cementiris, es renoven les flors (naturals i de plàstic) i s’encenen llànties; es fan misses de difunts i processons, o actes festius per encarar-se a la mort, com fan a Mèxic. Pot semblar estranya aquesta necessitat de mirar cara a cara la mort, però fer-ho ha estat, també, una atracció morbosa, fins al punt que a París es va convertir en un espectacle, i visitar el dipòsit on s’exposaven els cadàvers va formar part, durant el segle XIX, dels costums dels parisencs.


Gravat de la Morgue de París
Harper's Weekly, 1874


Al voltant del segle XVI es va començar a exposar els cossos dels morts sense identificar al Chatelet de París perquè els parisencs els identifiquessin els ofegats al Sena, els suïcides i les víctimes de crim i infanticidi a través d'una finestra. L’any 1804, es va construir la Morgue a Île de la Cité, però l’espectacle com a tal no arribarà fins la segona meitat del segle XIX, el 1868, quan s’obre un nou dipòsit la plaça de Île-de-France, darrere de Notre-Dame, amb un espai públic d’exhibició amb grans finestrals, on els cadàvers nus apareixen sobre taules inclinades de marbre, refrescats amb un fil d’aigua.


Gravat de la Morgue de París


L’apogeu d’aquesta morbosa atracció arribarà a finals del XIX quan es converteix en un fenomen turístic. Als parisencs curiosos, amb nens inclosos, s’hi afegien turistes britànics, que se n’havien fet ressò a través de les lectures de Dickens. I camuflats entre els visitants, s’hi van amagar uns personatges curiosos, els assassins, que allargaven el plaer sàdic contemplant la seva obra en públic, com els artistes. En parla Émile Zola a la novel·la Thérèse Raquin: "El marit de la Teresa era mort, però l'assassí volia que el cadàver fos trobat en un acte formal".

Per raons morals i d’higienisme, la Morgue va tancar les seves portes al públic el març de 1907, i va ser substituït des de 1914 per l’Institut médico-légal. Però fins aleshores, 40.000 visitants al dia passaven per la Morgue amb el mateix esperit morbós amb què visitaven els zoològics humans –en deien “jardins d’aclimatació”, com si parlessin de plantes–, que van arribar amb les exposicions universals i s’hi van quedar fins el primer terç del segle XX –a Bèlgica, que encara mantenia la colònia del Congo, el darrer es va exhibir durant la dècada de 1960.


Tribu aixanti (actualment Ghana), exhibida a Barcelona, 1897
Frederic Bordas i Altarriba (AFCEC)


Com ja hem explicat d’altres vegades, Barcelona no va ser aliena als espectacles de zoos humans. A la ciutat es van exhibir la tribu dels aixanti, prop de la plaça de Catalunya; la tribu àrab dels benj-zoug-zoug i els nans bengalís, al Circ Eqüestre; una tribu mahometana i el seu harem, el village lil·liputenc i la tribu del himàlaies, al Turó Park; i un village senegalès, al Tibidabo.


Capella del Corralet de l'antic
Hospital de la Santa Creu
W. Weber (1923-1928)


Es van exhibir cadàvers? Com es va fer a París, no n’hi ha cap dada. Però mentre es van fer disseccions a l’Acadèmia de Cirurgia (actual Reial Acadèmia de Medecina), els cadàvers s’acumulaven al Corralet (després substituït per l’amfiteatre anatòmic) i el cementiri situats en el recinte de l’antic Hospital de la Santa Creu, al barri del Raval. Aquell espectacle, sense ser una atracció, era visible des dels carrerons que aleshores l’envoltaven, i era habitual deixar-s’hi caure per veure-hi els morts. Ho explica Joan Sales a la novel·la Incerta Glòria:

“[…] Quan érem petits, travessàvem quatre vegades cada dia el pati de l’hospital de la Santa Creu per anar i tornar del nostre carrer al del Carme, on hi havia l’escola laica d’on els papàs eren mestres. Ell es deturava de vegades davant del “corralet”, que així anomenàvem el dipòsit de cadàvers; donava a un carreró transversal i només una reixa el separa dels transeünts. Jo m’havia d’arrapar a la reixa i posar-me de puntetes per veure els morts; n’hi solia haver tres o quatre cada dia, de vegades més. Com que estaven dipositats de cara a la reixa, el que se’n veia millor eren els peus descalços: uns peus grocs... i bruts. ¡Quina tristesa, la d’aquells peus! ‘Vet aquí la fi que ens espera’, deia invariablement en Llibert, ‘si no ens espavilem’”.

Ossari de l'antic Hospital de la Santa Creu
Alexandre Marletti Quaglia (1925)
Arxiu Fotogràfic de Barcelona


Al voltant del cementiri de l'Antic Hospital de la Santa s'han explicat històries de fantasmes i ànimes, propiciades per l’obscurantisme i la devoció popular, i es va generar el culte religiós al Sant Crist del Corralet que presidia l’arc d’entrada: tres confraries (la del Sant Crist del Corralet, la Confraria de les Ànimes del Purgatori i la Pia Unió del Santíssim Rosari) es tornaven tots els diumenges i festes de guardar per passar un rosari cantat.

En aquell indret hi havia un impressionant ossari, que va aparèixer entre 1925 i 1931 quan es van fer les obres per instal·lar-hi la Biblioteca de Catalunya. Ara, l’antic espai del corralet és la plaça del Doctor Fleming, aliena als humors en descomposició que van impregnar el sòl, o al tràfic de cadàvers que segons Joan Amades servien per fer encanteris: podies comprar un mort per un duro.

Que el robatori i la venda de cadàvers era habitual ho confirma la documentació sobre el cementiri de l'Hospital. La Junta del Cementiri General de Barcelona denuncia, entre 1837 i 1841 (AHSCSP Govern de l'antic Hospital. Vol. III. Inv. 1. Carpeta 5/3. Número: 25495), la insalubritat de les condicions de trasllat de cadàvers al cementiri del Poblenou i l'enterrament deficient dels morts, a cura dels dements de l'Hospital. Fins el segle XIX, en el Bethlem Royal Hospital de Londres, que acollia malalts mentals, per un penic es podia visitar els bojos, el comportament dels quals s'havia convertit en un espectacle. Durant el 1814, el Bethlem va rebre 96.000 visites; probablement l'espectacle més gran de Londres.

Ernest Benach i el Miquel Pueyo expliquen a Mort certa, hora incerta. De l’edat mitjana a la societat digital (2013) com l’augment de l’interès per l’anatomia i per la dissecció que es va produir durant el període de la Il·lustració va ser un gran potenciador de l’ofici dels lladres de cadàvers:

"[…L]’anatomia es va convertir en un una part del bagatge cultural dels il·lustrats, i no únicament dels professionals de la medicina, de tal manera que aficionats rics com el príncep napolità Raimondo di Sangro tenien a casa el seu gabinet de dissecció i un públic selecte assistia a sessions de dissecció en els teatres anatòmics, amb un entusiasme no menor que el desplegat per anar al teatre o assistir a la lectura d’una tesi. […] Com era d’esperar, aquesta passió per la dissecció i el nombre limitat de cossos disponibles per ésser manipulats van propiciar un intens tràfic de cadàvers, que eren sostrets dels cementiris. […] En una sola nit, la del 12 al 13 de gener de 1786, el cementiri de Saint Eustache, a París, va denunciar la substracció de 10 cossos i, com a reacció, els nous cementiris […] es van dotar de murs elevats i torres de vigilància, per intentar posar fre a l’activitat dels lladregots de cossos."


Amfiteatre anatòmic de la Reial Acadèmia de Medicina


Tornant al Corralet i a l'amfiteatre anatòmic de la Reial Acadèmia de Medicina, salvat el tabú religiós que no permetia les disseccions humanes, els cadàvers procedien de condemnats a mort. Ho podem veure en una de les anotacions del Manual de novells ardits (Dietari de l'Antic Consell Barceloní), on explica el cas de l’alcavot valencià Guillem Lobech, que el 15 de març de 1442, va ser penjat i el seu cadàver entregat als metges i barbers (que exercien de cirurgians) perquè poguessin estudiar-ne l’anatomia:

“Lo dit XV die del mes de Març fou penjat en aquesta ciutat un hom valencià appellat G. Lobech, lo qual fou perpetualment bandeiat per alcavot que si tornava dins la ciutat o sos
termens que fos escobat. E après si hi era trobat que fos penjat per lo coll en tal forma que naturalment morís. E dins lo primer bandejament fou atrobat dins la ciutat e per çò fou pres e escobat. E despuys dins lo segon bandejament çò és digmenja propassat dins la vila de Sant Boy e en alou de mossèn Joan Torrelles, senyor de la casa del Puig, qui és dins los dits termens, lo dit home fou trobat e pres per lo honorable mossenyor Bernat Margarit, cavaller, veguer de Barchinona e lo die de vuy fou penjat sens que noy calgue altre juy de prohomens car ja eren estats fets per ells los dits bandejaments segons lo dit privilegi e us de aquell. E fort poch après que lo dit home fou penjat e fou liurat als metges e barbes a instància lur per çò que de aquell en fahessen nothomia.”

A més de les butaques reservades a metges i estudiants, al voltant de l'amfiteatre hi ha un corredor amb uns forats que permetien, previ pagament, observar les disseccions. De la mateixa manera, unes llotges amb gelosies situades en el galliner de l'amfiteatre permetien als membres de la burgesia assistir a l'espectacle sense ser identificats.

En un altre sentit, l'espectacle de la mort i les malalties va permetre que entre 1848 i 1938 a Barcelona s'hi exhibissin una trentena de museus anatòmics, com el de Francesc Roca. Eren col·leccions de figures anatòmiques pensades inicialment per a la didàctica de la medicina però que van trobar una segona vida com a atracció, primer burgesa i després popular, en un escenari que jugava amb la ciència i l'atracció morbosa, i que van compartir espai durant molts anys amb els museus de cera tradicionals, que complien el paper de la transmissió de fets i personatges històrics i esdeveniments d'actualitat. En cap cas eren cadàvers (tot i que la literatura ha jugat amb l'equívoc) però sí que tenien la representació del cos com a substitut de la realitat.


Cartell d'un museu anatòmic usat per a l'espectacle
de Francesc Roca a Barcelona


Si en voleu saber més del Corralet, els morts, les ànimes i els museus anatòmics, hi trobareu capítols en el meu llibre Barcelona, ciutat de vestigis, que serà presentat el proper dijous 16 de març a la Sala Ciutat. Hi esteu tots convidats!




Més enllà de la mort

El dissabte 4 de març de 2017, la historiadora Érica Couto-Ferreira va presentar a la llibreria Chronos de Barcelona el llibre Cuerpos. Las otras vidas del cadàver (GasMask Editores, Màlaga, 2017).

Doctora amb la tesi Etnoanatomía y partonomía del cuerpo humano en sumerio y acadio. El léxico ugu-mu, Érica Couto-Ferreira ha estat investigadora de l’Institut d’Assiriologia de la Universitat de Heidelberg, i les seves línies d’investigació són sobre lexicografia sumeroacàdia, història del cos, transmissió dels sabers mèdics i salut de les dones a la Mesopotàmia antiga. A més de publicar diversos articles i col·laborar en revistes especialitzades, gestiona el blog En la lista negra de rareses bibliogràfiques sobre literatura i assaig de ciència-ficció, terror i fantasia.

A Cuerpos, l’autora ens guia per un inquietant, divertit i filosòfic retaule de mòmies, esquelets, "petrificats" i altres despulles terribles -i belles-, i en el procés ens regala una reflexió sobre tots nosaltres. L’obra ens mostra l'art de petrificadors rivals que competien per descobrir la millor tècnica de conservació de cadàvers, l'exposició artística dels difunts, les execucions públiques (amb famosos botxins que van escriure les seves memòries), el consum de parts del cos humà amb fins mèdics, la circulació de relíquies, vampirisme, etc. Tot això esquitxat de reflexions filosòfiques i referències literàries que defensen la idea que la vida del cadàver pot ser més duradora que la del cos animat.




          Senna Miangue : Le Belgo-Congolais rejoint définitivement Cagliari   

Senna Miangue quitte officiellement l’Inter pour rejoindre Cagliari où il avait été prêté la saison dernière. Le jeune défenseur belge d’origine congolaise de 20 ans a signé un contrat qui […]

Lire l'article Senna Miangue : Le Belgo-Congolais rejoint définitivement Cagliari sur Africa Top Sports.


          Geoffrey Mujangi-Bia : Le Belgo-Congolais file en Turquie!   

Geoffrey Mujangi-Bia quitte le championnat suisse pour la Turquie. L’ancien joueur du Standard de Liège, qui était actif à Sion la saison dernière, rejoint donc Kayserispor. A 27 ans, le […]

Lire l'article Geoffrey Mujangi-Bia : Le Belgo-Congolais file en Turquie! sur Africa Top Sports.


          Mausi Segun Appointed Africa Division Executive Director   

(New York) – Human Rights Watch announced today the appointment of Mausi Segun as executive director of the Africa division, effective July 1, 2017.

Segun has worked at Human Rights Watch since 2013 as the senior researcher for Nigeria. During that time, she conducted many field investigations and wrote numerous reports and articles. The topics include violence in north-central Nigeria, killings by state security forces, muzzling of the news media, Boko Haram's abduction of girls and women, and abuses by both sides in the Boko Haram conflict.

Segun has also been a global representative for Human Rights Watch, presenting, analyzing, and advocating for compliance with international human rights and humanitarian law. She has written opinion articles for the New York Times, CNN, Al Jazeera, and other media outlets on conflict-related abuses, religious freedom, women’s and children’s rights, and freedom of expression, among other topics. Prior to Human Rights Watch, Segun worked with the Nigerian government in several capacities, most recently as assistant director and zonal coordinator at the National Human Rights Commission.

“Mausi Segun brings a rich and varied background to the position of Africa division executive director,” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. “Mausi’s expertise and understanding of the complexity of human rights issues in Africa comes at a time of considerable turmoil on the continent.”

The Africa division at Human Rights Watch works to advance human rights throughout the African sub-region and carries out work that includes investigations, reporting, advocacy, and media outreach. The division’s 18 staff members cover over 30 countries on a wide range of human rights abuses, most recently conflict related-abuses in the Sahel, the recruitment and use of child soldiers in South Sudan, police killings and enforced disappearances in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the impact of climate change on the livelihoods of indigenous people in Ethiopia and Kenya.

Human Rights Watch is a nongovernmental organization, established in 1978, that monitors, reports, and advocates on human rights issues in more than 90 countries around the world.


          The Canadian who helped conquer 150,000 sq. km for King Léopold II   
Sub-Title: 
Reflections on Canada’s 150th anniversary are incomplete without this dark chapter of their history

Canada’s 150th anniversary offers a unique opportunity to shed light on some darker corners of the country’s history. One of the dustier chapters is our contribution to one of the most barbarous regimes of the last century and half.

In a bid to extract rubber and other commodities from his personal colony, Belgian King Léopold II instituted a brutal system of forced labour in the late 1800s. Individuals and communities were given rubber collection quotas that were both hard to fulfill and punishable by death. To prove they killed someone who failed to fulfill a quota soldiers from the Force Publique, the colonial police, were required to provide a severed hand. With Force Publique officers paid partly based on the number collected, severed hands became a sort of currency in the colony and baskets of hands the symbol of the Congo Free State.

Between 1891 and 1908 millions died from direct violence, as well as the starvation and disease, caused by Leopold II’s terror. A quarter of the population may have died during Leopold’s reign, which sparked a significant international solidarity movement that forced the Belgian government to intervene and buy the colony.

Halifax’s William Grant Stairs played an important part in two expeditions that expanded Leopold II’s immensely profitable Congolese venture. The Royal Military College of Canada trained soldier was one of 10 white officers in the first-ever European expedition to cross the interior of the continent and subsequently Stairs led an expedition that added 150,000 square kilometres to Leopold’s colony.

In 1887 Stairs joined the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, which was ostensibly designed to “rescue” the British-backed governor of Equatoria, the southern part of today’s South Sudan. Scottish merchant William MacKinnon asked famed American ‘explorer’ Henry Morton Stanley to lead a relief effort. At the time of the expedition Léopold II employed Stanley, who had been helping the king carve out the ‘Congo Free State’. Seeing an opportunity to add to his colony, Leopold wanted Stanley to take a circuitous route all the way around South Africa, up the Congo River and across the interior of the continent.

One of ten whites, Stairs quickly became second-in-command of the three-year expedition. Read from a humanistic or internationalist perspective, the RMC graduate’s diary of the disastrous expedition is incredibly damning. Or, as Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate George Elliott Clarke put it, “Stairs’ account of his atrocities establishes that even Canadians, blinded by racism, can become swashbuckling mass murderers.”

Stairs’ extensive diary, which he asked to be published upon his and Stanley’s death, makes it clear that locals regularly opposed the mission. One passage notes, “the natives made a tremendous noise all night and canoes came close to us, the natives yelling frantically for us to go away” while another entry explains, “the natives destroyed their food rather than let it fall into the hands of the invaders.”

Stairs repeatedly admits to “ransacking the place”. A December 11, 1887 diary entry notes: “Out again at the natives, burned more houses and cut down more bananas; this time we went further up the valley and devastated the country there. In the afternoon [white officer, A. J. Mounteney] Jephson and I went up to some high hills at the back of the camp and burnt all we could see, driving off a lot of natives like so much game. I managed to capture some six goats and yesterday I also got six, which we gave to the men. The natives now must be pretty sick of having their property destroyed in the way we are doing, but it serves them right as they were the aggressors and after taking our cloth, fired on us.”

On a number of occasions the expedition displayed mutilated bodies or severed heads as a “warning” to the locals. Stairs notes, “I often wonder what English people would say if they knew of the way in which we go for these natives; friendship we don’t want as then we should get very little meat and probably have to pay for the bananas. Every male native capable of using the bow is shot. This, of course, we must do. All the children and women are taken as slaves by our men to do work in the camps.”

Stairs led numerous raiding parties to gather “carriers”, which were slaves in all but name. According to The Last Expedition, “[the mission] routinely captured natives, either to be ransomed for food, to get information, or simply to be used as guides for a few days.”

To cross the continent the expedition relied on its superior firepower, which included the newly created 600-bullet-per-minute Maxim gun. Stairs describes one battle, stating that his men were “ready to land and my Maxim ready to murder them if they should dare to attack us.” On another day the firearm aficionado explained, “I cleaned the Maxim gun up thoroughly and fired some 20 or 30 rounds at some howling natives on the opposite bank.” Twenty months into the mission Stairs coyly admits “by what means have we traveled over 730 miles of country from the Congo to the lake? Why by rifle alone, by shooting and pillaging.”

Beyond the immediate death and destruction, the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition opened new areas of the African interior to Arab slave traders and it is thought to be the source of a sleeping sickness epidemic that ravaged the region. The expedition was also devastating for its participants. With little food and much abuse from the white officers, only 253 of the 695 African porters and soldiers who started the mission survived. Additionally, hundreds of other Africans who became part of the expedition at later stages died as well.

There are disturbing claims that some white officers took sex slaves and in one alarming instance even paid to have an 11-year-old girl cooked and eaten. This story scandalized the British public.

For his part, Stairs became almost pathologically inhumane. His September 28, 1887 diary entry notes: “It was most interesting, lying in the bush and watching the natives quietly at their days work; some women were pounding the bark of trees preparatory to making the coarse native cloth used all along this part of the river, others were making banana flower by pounding up dried bananas, men we could see building huts and engaged at other such work, boys and girls running about, singing, crying, others playing on a small instrument common all over Africa, a series of wooden strips, bent over a bridge and twanged with the thumb and forefinger. All was as it was every day until our discharge of bullets, when the usual uproar of screaming of women took place.”

Even with some criticizing the expedition in Britain, Stairs’ efforts were celebrated in Canada. An honouring committee established by the mayor of Halifax decided to give him a sword made in London of Nova Scotia steel and the city organized a reception attended by the Lieutenant-Governor with a military band playing “Here the Conquering Hero Comes.”

Within two years of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition Stairs helped King Leopold II conquer the resource-rich Katanga region of the Congo. Suggested to Leopold by British investors and having already impressed Stanley with his brutality, Stairs headed up a heavily armed mission that swelled to 2,000.

The goal of the expedition was to extend Leopold’s authority over the Katanga region and to get a piece of the copper, ivory and gold trade. Stairs’ specific objective was to get Msiri, the ruler of the region, “to submit to the authorities of the Congo Free State, either by persuasion or by force.” In his diary Stairs says more or less as much, writing that his goals were “above all, to be successful with regard to Msiri ... to discover mines in Katanga that can be exploited ... to make some useful geographic discoveries.” Investigating the area’s suitability for European settlement and for raising domestic animals were other aims of the mission.

As leader of the mission Stairs prepared a daily journal for the Compagnie du Katanga. It details the terrain, resources and inhabitants along the way as well as other information that could assist in exploiting the region. It also explains his personal motivations for taking on the task despite spotty health. “I wasn’t happy [garrisoned with the Royal Engineers in England] in the real sense of the word. I felt my life passing without my doing anything worthwhile. Now I am freely making my way over the coastal plain with more than 300 men under my orders. My least word is law and I am truly the master.” Later, he describes his growing force and power. “I have thus, under my orders, 1350 men — quite a little army.”

Stairs admitted to using slaves even though Leopold’s mission to the Congo was justified as a humanistic endeavour to stop the Arab slave trade. He wrote about how “the anti-slavery society will try and jump upon me for employing slaves as they seem to think I am doing… however, I don’t fancy these will disturb me to a great extent.” The RMC graduate also regularly severed hands and reportedly collected the head of an enemy.

The expedition accomplished its principal objective. Stairs had Msiri killed and threatened Msiri’s brothers with the same fate unless they accepted Leopold as sovereign. After securing their submission Stairs divided the kingdom between Msiri’s adopted son and brothers.

Stairs used a series of racist rationalizations to justify conquering Katanga. He describes the population as “unfortunate blacks who, very often, are incapable of managing their own affairs” and asked in the introduction of his diary: “Have we the right to take possession of this vast country, take it out of the hands of its local chiefs and to make it serve the realization of our goals? … To this question, I shall reply positively, yes. What value would it have [the land he was trying to conquer] in the hands of blacks, who, in their natural state, are far more cruel to one another than the worst Arabs or the wickedest whites.”

At another point Stairs cites another standard colonial justification: “Only rarely do the natives think of improving their lot — that’s the great weakness among the Africans. Their fathers’ ways are theirs and their own customs will be those of their sons and grandsons.”

While Stairs died in the Congo his exploits were lauded in Ottawa when Senator W.J. Macdonald sought to move “a parliamentary resolution expressing satisfaction for Stairs’ manly conduct.” There’s a Stairs Street in Halifax and two brass plaques honour him at the RMC (one for Stairs alone and another dedicated to him and two others). The main plaque reads: “William Grant Stairs, Captain the Welsh Regiment. Born at Halifax Nova Scotia 1 July 1863. Lieutenant Royal Engineers 1885-91. Served on the staff of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition 1887 under the leadership of H.M. Stanley and exhibited great courage and devotion to duty. Died of fever on the 9 June 1892 at Chinde on the Zambesi whilst in command of the Katanga Expedition sent out by the King of the Belgians.” Another plaque was erected for Stairs (and two others) at St. George Cathedral in Kingston, Ontario. And a few hundred kilometers to the southwest “Stair’s Island” was named in his honour in Parry Sound.

Stairs was one of hundreds of Canadians who helped conquer different parts of Africa in the late 1800s. Accounts of Canada’s first 150 years are incomplete without this chapter in our history.

* YVES ENGLER author of, Canada in Africa: 300 years of aid and exploitation.

* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM

* BROUGHT TO YOU BY PAMBAZUKA NEWS

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* Please send comments to [email=editor@pambazuka.org]editor[at]pambazuka[dot]org[/email] or comment online at Pambazuka News.

Issue Number: 
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Wiki

          Inga 3 Dam risks plunging DRC deeper into debt   
Sub-Title: 
New report finds that DRC likely to suffer financial losses, continuing energy poverty if hydropower project advances

Tuesday, June 27, 2017: Today, International Rivers is releasing the first in-depth economic study of the proposed Inga 3 hydropower project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Authored by noted British economist Tim Jones, “In Debt and In The Dark” exposes glaring flaws in the assumptions about the dam’s likely performance. The report finds that Inga 3 will likely plunge DRC deeper into debt, exporting needed power and delivering little, if any, to Congolese citizens while allowing international investors to reap the benefits.

“Claims about the benefits of Inga 3 are wildly overstated,” says Jones. “In fact, the dam would be a huge financial burden for the government and the Congolese people and provide little if any electricity.”

From the outset, Inga 3 has been plagued by dangerously optimistic assumptions about the dam’s performance, including power output well above the world’s most efficient plants, zero cost overruns, and unrealistically low transmission losses.

Using empirical evidence from the performance of similar hydropower projects in Africa and globally, Jones tested proponents’ claims regarding Inga 3’s socioeconomic benefits. He then forecasted the dam’s potential performance across a range of scenarios.

His findings highlight the serious financial risks associated with the Inga 3 hydropower project, and should be deeply concerning to the DRC government, potential investors, and the Congolese people.

“The DRC is one of the most resource-rich countries in the world, but suffers from massive energy poverty,” says Freddy Kasongo of Observatoire d’Etudes et d’Appui à la Responsabilité Sociale et Environnementale (OEARSE).

Emmanuel Musuyu of Coalition des Organisations de la Société Civile pour le Suivi des Réformes et de l’Action Publique (CORAP), adds, Unfortunately, this study shows that the Inga 3 Dam will further impoverish the DRC without delivering the energy that we need.”

The analysis shows that in the most likely scenarios, the DRC government will lose money on Inga 3. Even with fairly conservative estimates of cost overruns and generous assumptions of power generated, electricity prices, and low interest rates, DRC would stand to lose $618 million per year on the project, or nearly $22 billion over the project’s 35-year lifespan.

These financial losses could run as high as $1.5 billion to $2 billion per year under unfavorable conditions – up to $70 billion over the project’s lifespan – ballooning DRC’s debt levels and harming its long-term economic health.

“Not only will Inga 3 bring in no revenue, it will likely increase DRC’s debt burden,” says Rudo Sanyanga, International Rivers’ Africa Program Director. “And it won’t bring much-needed electricity access to the Congolese people. This would be a disastrous investment for the DRC.”

The project will sell most of its electricity to South Africa and to mines in eastern DRC. The report finds that losses along what would be the world’s longest transmission line to South Africa could leave very little power available to the mines, and the Congolese people would receive little benefit in increased electricity. Under the most likely scenario, 88% of the power would be sold to South Africa, leaving just 90 MW for Kinshasa, rather than the 1000 MW claimed. Under the worst-case scenario, no power at all would be available for sale to consumers in Kinshasha.

International Rivers’ study shows that the DRC could achieve greater energy access for its population if it used the funds intended for Inga 3 on micro-hydropower and solar energy. Such investment would support the DRC to generate enough electricity to increase access by an estimated 2.7 million people throughout the country.

Kate Horner, Executive Director of International Rivers, says, “If the DRC wants to become a true economic leader that sets a model for energy access in Africa, it should press the pause button on the Inga 3 Dam and instead explore energy solutions that can make a lasting difference for the Congolese people.”

International Rivers is a global NGO with offices on four continents. It protects rivers and defends the rights of communities that depend on them.

MEDIA CONTACTS

Rudo Sanyanga, Africa Program Director, International Rivers | rudo@internationalrivers.org | +27 76 842 3874

Josh Klemm, Policy Director, International Rivers | jklemm@internationalrivers.org | +1 202 492 8904

Emmanuel Musuyu, Technical Secretary, CORAP | emmamus42@gmail.com | +00 24 38 1169 7699

Issue Number: 
Article Image Caption | Source: 
Voice of Renewables

          Canadian PM Trudeau is not a friend of all God’s children   

Trudeau’s first cabinet was Africanless. Africans in Canada, from the continent and here questioned this move.  Many felt that the younger Trudeau took us for granted because his father Pierre Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000) “opened” the doors for immigrants from the Caribbean and Africa. Eventually he did appoint Somali Toronto MP Ahmed Hussen to the federal cabinet as immigration minister.

Trudeau did appoint Indian-born Sikh Harjit Sajjan, MP for Vancouver South, minister of defence. Sikhs have a significantly different history in Canada than Africans.  The Sikh community is represented in all professional fields: medical, legal, technological, academic. Africans came kicking and screaming to the Western Hemisphere. Recently he has been questioned about “fibbing” about being the leader of a battle in Afghanistan. Sajjan said yearly defence spending will swell by more than 70 per cent, from $18.9 billion in 2016-17 to $32.7 billion in 2026-27. He promised $62.3 billion in new spending over 20 years.

Bardish Chagger is another India- born Canadian politician who is the current Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister of Small Business and Tourism.  Chagger was elected as a Liberal member of the House of Commons of Canada in 2015.  She is the first female Leader of the Government in the House of Commons by Trudeau.

Amarjeet Sohi is an Indian-Canadian politician, currently the Member of Parliament for Edmonton and the Minister of Infrastructure and Communities in the federal cabinet. He narrowly beat out strong community advocate Nigerian-born Chinwe Okelu.

Maryam Monsef is an Afghan Canadian politician, a Liberal member the House of Commons in 2015. She was previously the Minister of Democratic Institutions and president of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada until January 10, 2017.

Monsef has not had an easy ride. According to Wikipedia: “Monsef has been criticized for stating that she was born in Afghanistan, when in fact she was born in Iran. When this was revealed in September 2016, some commentators pointed out that this could lead to revocation of her Canadian citizenship and potential deportation, while others have criticized the absurdity of the present law or decried the importation of birtherism into Canadian politics. In an interview at that time, former MP Dean Del Mastro said that political workers in the 2014 municipal and 2015 federal campaigns knew she was not born in Afghanistan, but chose not to make an issue of it.”

Navdeep Singh Bains, the new minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development is a Canadian born Indian.

Canada’s role in Haiti should never be forgotten. Back in the day I discussed Haiti on the Black Commentator in an article: “Canada's Crimes Against Haiti” in   the October 27, 2005 issue. After reading Yves Engler and Anthony Fenton’s  volumeCanada in Haiti’, I pointed out: “The chapter ‘Responsibility to Protect or A Made in Ottawa Coup?’ points out the coup against Aristide was actually planned on Canadian soil. From January 31-February 1, 2003, Canada’s Secretary of State for Latin America and La Francophonie, Denis Paradis, played host to a high-level roundtable meeting dubbed, The Ottawa Initiative on Haiti. Surprise, surprise, no representative of Haiti’s elected government was invited. However, Otto Reich, then President George W. Bush’s appointee as Assistant Secretary State for the Western Hemisphere, was in attendance. Paradis leaked the fact that this meeting took place to journalist Michael Vastel, who reported the meeting in the March 15, 2003 edition of L’Actualite magazine. Another chapter, ‘Using NGOs to Destroy Democracy and the Canadian Military Connection’ exposes the shameful role played by many Canadian NGOs.”

Trudeau is a self-proclaimed “feminist”. The court is still out on this matter. A recent article in the British based Guardian newspaper questioned the Canadian Prime Minister: “A slight note of exasperation crept into Justin Trudeau’s voice, suggesting that this was a topic he had broached many times before. ‘I’m going to keep saying loud and clearly that I am a feminist until it is met with a shrug,’ he declared to an audience at the United Nations in New York.”

His words sparked delight around the world. But one year on, Trudeau’s heady promises have run into the realities of government, prompting the question: has electing a self-described feminist to helm of the country translated into real change for Canadian women?

Canada’s prime minister is moving the Great White North further to the right on foreign affairs. Trudeau’s father Pierre Elliot Trudeau opened the doors to draft resisters including myself who refused to fight against the Vietnamese people. I saw Africans in America and the Vietnamese as colonial subjects. Africans in the United States were colonized by Uncle Sam and the Vietnamese by the French. Wiki pointed out: “While Canada had previously participated in military action against Iraq  in the Gulf War of 1991, it refused to declare war against Iraq without United Nations approval.

The Iraq War began with the United States-led 2003 invasion. The Government of Canada did not at any time formally declare war against Iraq, and the level and nature of this participation, which changed over time, was controversial.

Prime Minister Jean Chrétien said on 10 October 2002 that Canada would, in fact, be part of a military coalition to invade Iraq if it were sanctioned by the United Nations. However, when the United States and the United Kingdom subsequently withdrew their diplomatic efforts to gain that UN sanction, Jean Chrétien announced in Parliament on 17 March 2003 that Canada would not participate in the pending invasion.”

However, this is not the full story. The “Big White Folks” as Paul Robeson called them speak with forked tongues. “Nevertheless, he offered the US and its soldiers his moral support. However, according to classified U.S. documents released by Wikileaks, a high-ranking Canadian official may have secretly promised to clandestinely support the invasion. Two days earlier, a quarter million people in Montreal had marched against the impending war. Major anti-war demonstrations had taken place in several other Canadian cities.” Chrétien’s moves had more to do with the growing opposition to the invasion than his political morality.  

The not so great white north has a checkered history in the African continent. Canada joined the imperialists and played with the white checkers. They played a significant role in the assassinations of Patrice Lumumba, Maurice Mpolo, and Joseph Okito on January 21, 1961. Ottawa came up on the wrong side of history on the question of the Congo. Yves Engler author of the illuminating volume, Canada in Africa: 300 years of aid and exploitation, pointed out: “Siding with Washington, Ottawa promoted ONUC) and UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold’s controversial anti-Lumumba position. ONUC was established in July 1960 to ensure the withdrawal of Belgian forces. 1,900 Canadian troops participated in the UN mission between 1960 and 1964, making this country’s military one of its more active members. There were almost always more Canadian officers at ONUC headquarters than those of any other nationality and the Canadians were concentrated in militarily important logistical positions including chief operations officer and chief signals officer.”

Canada opposed anticolonial struggles in Africa, supported apartheid South Africa and Idi Amin’s coup against Milton Obote (December 28 1925- October 10, 2005) who had led Uganda to independence in 1962 from British colonialism. He was overthrown by Amin in 1971. Canada played a role in the ousting of Lumumba in the Congo by the CIA, Belgium and Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga aka Joseph Mobutu and Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah.

The Great White North pressed African states to follow neoliberal policies, which have benefitted Canadian corporations. The Canadian International Development Perform points out: “Canada is a global mining giant and a leading player in Africa’s mining sector. 70% of the equity capital raised globally by the mining industry was raised on the Toronto (TSX) and Venture (TSXV) exchanges. Of the $10.3 billion in equity raised for mining on the TSX and TSXV in 2012 $1.9 billion or 18.5% was for projects in Latin America while another $1.7 billion or 16.5% was for projects in Africa.”   Canada played a role in the violence the Congo, Rwanda and Somali.  

Canada does have a Black Radical Tradition. However, we cannot expect Corporate Canada or the Black Misleadership Class to tell the story. That is on us on the Black Left.

* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM

* BROUGHT TO YOU BY PAMBAZUKA NEWS

* Please do not take Pambazuka for granted! Become a Friend of Pambazuka and make a donation NOW to help keep Pambazuka FREE and INDEPENDENT!

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Issue Number: 
Article Image Caption | Source: 
File

          Congo violence fuels fears of return to 90s bloodbath   

Reports of a militia cutting off toddlers’ limbs and stabbing pregnant women have raised the spectre of another horrific civil war

Thousands of people have been killed and more than a million displaced in the most severe outbreak of violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo in recent years, raising fears of a return to the bloody civil wars of the 1990s and increasing pressure on President Joseph Kabila to step down or hold elections.

The violence in the vast, resource-rich central African country has been concentrated in the central Kasai region, where local communities formed a militia in support of a local leader who opposed the government and was killed by the police last summer.

Continue reading...
          La notte dei lunghi coltelli, Paolo VI, Congo, al-Bašīr: gli anniversari geopolitici del 30 giugno   
1934 – Adolf Hitler ordina l’epurazione dei vertici della Sturmabteilung (SA) diretti da Ernst Röhm, le squadre d’assalto paramilitari del Partito Nazista, da parte della Schutzstaffel (SS), il reparto di protezione capeggiato Heinrich Himmler. L’operazione è conosciuta come la “notte dei lunghi coltelli in Germania”. Nelle prime ore del 30 giugno, presso Bad Wiessee sul lago Tegernsee, è lo stesso Adolf […]
          Єпископи Конго засуджують насильство і закликають владу провести вибори   

Єпископи Демократичної Республіки Конго звернулись до президента Джозефа Кабіли із закликом поважати Грудневу угоду з опозиційними лідерами, щоб провести вибори в 2017 році.

Політики намагаються укинути умови договору і таким чином уникнути вільних, демократичних та мирних виборів – зазначають єпископи.


          Congolese musicians rarely provide a critique, but continue to provide solace   
The “Indépendance Cha-Cha” is one of the best-known songs in the Congolese cannon. It was composed and first performed by the father of modern popular Congolese music, Joseph Kabasele, and his band African Jazz in Brussels in January 1960 during the negotiations for Congolese independence. It proved a huge hit all over Africa in the years […]
          DR Congo skips independence parade amid security fears   
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          Police officer killed in Congo jail raid, Kabila misses TV speech   
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          Congo skips independence day parade for security reasons   
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          FLAT EM MOEMA   
1780
Localizado no bairro vibrante de Moema, a 3,5 km do aeroporto deCongonhas, o InterCity Premium oferece buffet de café da manhã e internet gratuita. O estabelecimento possui quartos com ar-condicionado, academia e piscina. O estacionamento...
1 dormitórios 1 banheiros 26 m2 68 R$/m² piscina internet piso de parquet sala de ginástica garagem
Thu, 29 Jun 2017 19:13:35 -0400
          FLAT EM MOEMA   
1780
Localizado no bairro vibrante de Moema, a 3,5 km do aeroporto deCongonhas, o InterCity Premium oferece buffet de café da manhã e internet gratuita. O estabelecimento possui quartos com ar-condicionado, academia e piscina. O estacionamento...
1 dormitórios 1 banheiros 26 m2 68 R$/m² piscina internet piso de parquet sala de ginástica garagem
Thu, 29 Jun 2017 19:12:51 -0400
          Protestas y paros en Brasil contra las reformas del acorralado Temer   

La Prensa

Sao Paulo, Brasil.

Barricadas y paros sectoriales marcaban este viernes la jornada de movilización sindical contra las medidas de austeridad del presidente brasileño Michel Temer, que seguía pendiente del avance de una denuncia por corrupción en su contra en la Cámara de Diputados.

Las centrales gremiales habían convocado inicialmente una huelga general, que hubiera sido la segunda del año después de la del pasado 28 de abril, pero la transformaron en una jornada de protestas más modesta, principalmente por la negativa a adherirse al paro del vital sector de los transportes en Sao Paulo.

La presión sobre el gobierno se redujo, además, por el anuncio de que el índice de desempleo había caído tres décimas en mayo, a 13,3%, después de haber retrocedido en abril por primera vez desde 2014.

Decenas de manifestantes bloquearon por la mañana el acceso al aeropuerto paulista de Congonhas y al aeropuerto internacional de Rio, generando varios kilómetros de colas de automóviles.

Desde glaciar que se derrite en Ecuador, UE alerta sobre el cambio climático En el centro de Sao Paulo, la capital económica del país, la policía dispersó con bombas de estruendo a manifestantes que habían cerrado varias calles, mientras en Brasilia la paralización de los transportes públicos era total.

Gremios bancarios, de petroleros y de la salud anunciaron su adhesión al paro y las centrales convocaron marchas por la tarde.

"Los paros y manifestaciones son los instrumentos que estamos usando para presionar y tener una negociación más seria con Brasilia, que no perjudique a los trabajadores", afirmó Carlos Gonçalves, secretario general de Força Sindical.

La movilización apunta contra la flexibilización de la legislación laboral -que debe ser votada próximamente en el Senado- y contra la reforma del régimen de jubilaciones.

Esas medidas, según el presidente de la Central Única de Trabajadores (CUT) Vagner Freitas, amenazan "el empleo formal, que garantiza derechos adquiridos como vacaciones y aguinaldo".

Un aliento en la tormentaEntretanto, el instituto de estadísticas IBGE señaló que el desempleo había caído en mayo y que el número total de parados había pasado de 14 millones a 13,8 millones.

Aunque los analistas afirman que aún es pronto para hablar de "tendencia", el dato dará argumentos al gobierno para proseguir con su agenda de reformas con la que pretende sacar al país de la peor recesión de su historia, con una caída del PIB de 3,8% en 2015 y de 3,6% en 2016.

El PIB del primer trimestre de este año creció un 1% respecto al trimestre anterior, pero el gobierno y los mercados rebajaron últimamente sus proyecciones para 2017 a menos de 0,5%, en gran parte debido a las incertidumbres políticas.

El conservador Temer, que asumió el cargo en 2016 tras la destitución de la izquierdista Dilma Rousseff, tiene una popularidad de apenas 7% y su acción está en gran medida enfocada a sobrevivir a los escándalos que amenazan su mandato y salpican a buena parte de sus ministros y sus aliados.

La denuncia avanzaLa Cámara de Diputados recibió el jueves la denuncia por corrupción pasiva que la Fiscalía General presentó contra el presidente, y a partir de este viernes empiezan a correr las 10 sesiones para que la defensa de Temer presente sus alegatos.

La Cámara debe determinar si el Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF) puede abrir un proceso contra el mandatario, el primero de la historia de Brasil en ser inculpado durante el ejercicio de su mandato.

El oficialismo cuenta con una holgada mayoría en la Cámara baja, donde decenas de legisladores están siendo investigados por corrupción, y Temer confía en evitar que 342 diputados (dos tercios de los 513 escaños) voten a favor de la apertura del proceso.

"Es un momento delicado, grave, que exige responsabilidad, distancia e independencia", dijo Rodrigo Pacheco, presidente de la Comisión de Constitución y Justicia de la Cámara (CCJ), que analizará la denuncia antes de someterla al plenario.

China anima a censurar vídeos de actos "anormales" como la homosexualidad El fiscal general, Rodrigo Janot, acusó a Temer de recibir un soborno de 500.

000 reales (150.

000 dólares) de la empresa JBS, la mayor procesadora de carne del mundo.

La policía fotografió a Rodrigo Rocha Loures, exdiputado y uno de sus asesores más cercanos, recibiendo una maleta con ese dinero y lo arrestó a finales de mayo.

Janot afirma que ese dinero estaba destinado a Temer, aunque el presidente lo niega categóricamente.

Una eventual delación premiada de Loures, que empieza a ser rumoreada en medios locales, complicaría mucho las cosas para el debilitado mandatario.

AFP


           Cine va conduce Vodafone Romania, de la 1 septembrie 2017: Murielle Lorilloux, care anterior a condus Vodacom din Republica Democrata Congo   
Murielle Lorilloux, CEO al Vodacom din Republica Democrata Congo (RDC), a fost desemnata CEO al Vodafone Romania, incepand cu 1 septembrie 2017, pozitie din care ii va raporta lui Ahmed Essam, CEO Europe Cluster, a anuntat vineri al doilea mare operator local de comunicatii mobile. Ea il va inlocui pe Ravinder Takkar, care va prelua functia de Presedinte al Vodafone Group Services, Regional Business Development, rol in care va fi responsabil de reprezentarea intereselor Vodafone in India si de dezvoltarea business-ului in regiunea Africa, Orientul Mijlociu si Asia Pacific (AMAP).
          Murielle Lorilloux, noul CEO al Vodafone România   
Murielle Lorilloux, CEO al Vodacom din Republica Democrată Congo (RDC), a fost desemnată CEO al Vodafone România, începând cu 1 septembrie 2017, poziție din care îi va raporta lui Ahmed Essam, CEO Europe Cluster. Ea îl va înlocui pe Ravinder Takkar, care va prelua funcția de Președinte al Vodafone Group Services, Regional Business Development, rol în care va fi responsabil de reprezentarea intereselor Vodafone în India și de dezvoltarea business-ului în regiunea Africa, Orientul Mijlociu și Asia Pacific (AMAP).
          Flitcroft makes sixth signing of the summer   
SWINDON Town have made their sixth signing of the summer with Algerian-born Congo international Amine Linganzi joining the club on a free transfer from Portsmouth.
          Painted huts offer DR Congo village a tourism lifeline    
There's no electricity and only 500 residents in the Congolese village of Makwatsha, but a longstanding tradition by its womenfolk has turned it almost by accident into a star attraction for Chinese tourists. The outside walls of the huts are decorated with paintings of local life, flowers and butterflies, making "the village of the women painters" a draw also for tourists from France and Belgium. "For the colour, we use only the earth," says Prosperine Mwelma, 60, dressed in a bright blue and yellow wrap and holding a paint brush. "We dig to find the pink colour," she says, her hands covered with the village's ochre clay soil. The murals of daily village life, painted by the women during the dry season and using only natural pigments, caught the eye of the director of the local French cultural institute when he passed through on holiday -- and he decided to let the world know.
          Joy and pain in Africa   
Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda and Sudan are among the teams through to the final round of CAF qualifying, but Senegal and Congo DR are out.
          Big guns sign off in style   
Congo DR, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Egypt and Mali all picked up important wins to help their bids to reach South Africa 2010.
          Congo DR level with Egypt   

An easy 6-0 win over Djibouti on Friday left Congo DR level with Egypt at the top of Group 12 in the African Zone qualifiers for South Africa 2010.


          Egypt back on song   

Five days after scraping a 2-1 win over Congo DR, Egypt beat Djibouti 4-0 to signal their South Africa 2010 qualification intentions.


          Digital evolution spearheads DRC mining growth   
From JEAN KASSONGO in Kinshasa, DRC,KINSHASA, (CAJ News) – DIGITAL innovation is driving transformation within the mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the mineral-rich Central African country whose development has nonetheless been scuttled by eternal conflict. With over 25 international mining groups active in the region, the mining sector has become significant […]
          French concern at Congolese massacres   
From JEAN KASSONGO in Kinshasa, DRC KINSHASA, (CAJ News) – FORMER colonial master France is concerned about political assassinations and detentions of opposition figures in the Congo Brazzaville. The central African country is in crisis since 2016 when the government of President Denis Sassou Nguesso embarked on a crackdown on rebels. There have been violations […]
          Republic of Congo (Kinshasa)   
1960 ~ gained independence from Belgium
          In DR Congo: Painted huts offer village a tourism lifeline   
There's no electricity and only 500 residents in the Congolese village of Makwatsha, but a longstanding tradition by its womenfolk has turned it almost by accident into a star attraction for Chinese tourists.
          Pelegos invadem Congonhas   
Pelegos invadem Congonhas:

Os pelegos invadiram Congonhas, de novo, para impedir os passageiros de viajarem.

Que bacana.



uploads%2F1498830042626-cong.png



          Greve Geral começa com paralisação, protestos e bloqueios em diversas cidades do país   
Greve Geral começa com paralisação, protestos e bloqueios em diversas cidades do país:

Jorge Ferreira/Mídia Ninja
Manifestantes protestam pelo fim das reformas de Temer, por Diretas Já e pela saída do presidente do cargo
 


Centrais sindicais convocaram para está sexta-feira (30) uma nova greve geral em protesto contra as reformas da Previdência e trabalhista do governo Michel Temer (PMDB). O movimento, convocado pelas centrais sindicais e também pelas as Frentes Brasil Popular e Povo Sem Medo, promete ser menor que o último ato realizado no dia 28 de abril. No entanto, em diversas cidades do país, o dia promete ser de paralisação e protestos.

Além das reformas, os manifestantes também protestam pelo “Fora Temer” e pelas “Diretas Já”. Na última quarta-feira (28), a reforma trabalhista avançou no Senado, com aprovação do parecer favorável na Comissão de Constituição e Justiça (CCJ) da Casa.

Em São Paulo, os rodoviários voltaram atrás e decidiram não aderir à paralisação. O metrô deve funcionar parcialmente. Uma liminar do Tribunal Regional do Trabalho da 2ª Região (TRT-2) determinou que 80% dos metroviários trabalhem em horário de pico (das 6h às 9h e das 16h às 19h). Nos demais períodos, o efetivo deverá ser de 60%. Em caso de descumprimento, será aplicada multa no valor de R$ 100 mil. Segundo a CUT, haverá a adesão de bancários, professores, petroleiros e profissionais da saúde no estado. O Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem-Teto (MTST) ocupa, agora pela manhã, o Aeroporto de Congonhas e Guarulhos.

No Rio de Janeiro, o movimento começou na madrugada. Na Ponte da Barra, em Macaé, no Norte Fluminense, manifestantes atearam fogo em pneus e fizeram um bloqueio para interditar a ponte. A cidade é conhecida como a capital nacional do petróleo, por produzir quase 80% do petróleo do país. Bancários, professores, metalúrgicos, vigilantes e petroleiros aderiram aos protestos. Os manifestantes fazem bloqueios em diversas vias e bairros do estado, bem como nos aeroportos do Galeão e Santos Dumont.

Em Curitiba, professores, bancários, vigilantes, metalúrgicos e petroleiros também paralisaram, mas os metroviários mantiveram a rotina de trabalho.

Já em Brasília,  metroviários, rodoviários, bancários, professores e trabalhadores do Judiciário decidiram cruzar os braços e farão movimentos pontuais na capital. Para evitar tumultos e depredações de prédios públicos, a Polícia Militar escalou mais de 2,6 mil policiais para atuar “em dois turnos ininterruptos de forma a garantir o direito de manifestação e ao mesmo tempo proteger a população e o patrimônio”.

O acesso à Esplanada dos Ministérios já amanheceu limitado. Já os acessos por avenidas paralelas (S1 e N1) foram fechados a partir da meia-noite desta sexta-feira, na altura da Rodoviária do Plano Piloto. Somente veículos oficiais serão autorizados a transitar na região. Equipes também farão revistas pessoais.

A Secretaria de Segurança Pública e Paz Social do Distrito Federal autorizou a entrada de dois carros na Esplanada dos Ministérios. Os veículos serão colocados na área da manifestação antes do evento e não irão transitar entre os manifestantes, como em atos anteriores.

A polícia informou que para evitar danos ao patrimônio público, os ministérios serão cercados e será implantada uma barricada em frente ao Congresso Nacional, também será reforçado os acessos aos prédios anexos dos ministérios. O Batalhão de Policiamento Rodoviário irá fiscalizar os ônibus que chegarem ao Distrito Federal para manifestação. Também serão realizadas abordagens nas BRs 020, 040, 060 e 070.

Durante todo o dia, estão previstos atos em Fortaleza (CE), Belo Horizonte (BH), Mossoró (RN), Porto Velho (RO), São Paulo (SP), Osasco (SP), Ribeirão Preto (SP), Aracaju (SE), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Macaé (RJ), Curitiba (PR), Foz do Iguaçu (PR), Londrina (PR), Maringá (PR).

Na última greve realizada no dia 28 de abril, segundo a CUT, mais de 35 milhões de brasileiros deixaram de trabalhar. A paralisação afetou significativamente a mobilidade em São Paulo, no Rio de Janeiro, em Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Curitiba e em quase todas as grandes cidades do país.

Com informações da Agência Brasil e da Mídia Ninja

Leia também:

CUT estima que mais de 35 milhões de brasileiros deixaram de trabalhar hoje


          Studio de 1 dormitório em Campo Belo, São Paulo SP   
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          Congo Tribal Public Fuck Real African Amateurs   
Watch Congo Tribal Public Fuck Real African Amateurs at free fuck and porn video site
          FERRE GOLA ALIVYOKONGA MASHABIKI WA MUZIKI WA DANSI JIJINI DAR   
 WAZIRI wa Mambo ya Nchi za Nje na Ushirikiano wa Kimataifa na Afrika Mashariki, Balozi Dkt. Augustine Mahiga, akicheza sebene na muongoza shughuli 'Mc' Mussa , wakati wa onesho maalumu la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam,usiku wa kuamkia leo Juni 30, 2017. Fedha zilizopatikana kutokana na mauzo ya meza za onyesho hilo zinasaidia kuchangia Wanafunzi wenye mahitaji maalumu katika shule za Uhuru Mchanganyiko na Wama.
RAPA Mwanamke Ruth Nzele, wa mwanamuziki wa Kimataifa kutoka Congo, Ferre Gola, akirap wakati bendi yake ikitoa burudani katika onesho maalumu la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam,usiku wa kuamkia leo Juni 30, 2017. 
WAZIRI wa Mambo ya Nchi za Nje na Ushirikiano wa Kimataifa na Afrika Mashariki, Balozi Dkt. Augustine Mahiga, akipiga makofi kumshangilia mnenguaji wa Ferre Gola, Ilunga Mulumba, wakati wa onesho maalumu la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam, usiku wa kuamkia leo Juni 30, 2017.
Mnenguaji wa Mwanamuziki Ferre Gola wa Congo, Ilunga Mulumba, akipagawisha mashabiki wakati wa onesho maalumu la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam,usiku wa kuamkia leo Juni 30, 2017.
Mnenguaji wa Mwanamuziki Ferre Gola wa Congo, Biffalo Yamado, akipagawisha mashabiki wakati wa onesho maalumu la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam,usiku wa kuamkia leo Juni 30, 2017.
Mwanamuziki Ferre Gola wa Congo, Djany Pacha, akiwa hewani baada ya kubinjuka sarakasi wakati wa onesho maalumu la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam,usiku wa kuamkia jana Juni 30, 2017.
WAZIRI wa Mambo ya Nchi za Nje na Ushirikiano wa Kimataifa na Afrika Mashariki, Balozi Dkt. Augustine Mahiga, akimkabidhi cheti Mkurugenzi wa Clouds Media Group, Joseph Kusaga, kwa kutambua mchango kufanikisha onyesho la mwanamuziki Ferre Gola, la kusherehekea Uhuru wa miaka 57 ya Nchi ya Congo lililofanyika kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam,usiku wa kuamkia jana Juni 30, 2017. Fedha zilizopatikana kutokana na mauzo ya meza za onyesho hilo zinasaidia kuchangia Wanafunzi wenye mahitaji maalumu katika shule za Uhuru Mchanganyiko na Wama. Kulia ni Balozi wa Congo nchini Tanzania, Jean-Pierre Mutamba (kushoto) ni Mkurugenzi wa Kampuni ya Montage Ltd, na mratibu wa onyesho hilo, Teddy Mapunda.

          ZIARA YA MWANAMUZIKI FERRE GOLA, CHRISTIAN BELLA SHULE YA UHURU MCHANGANYIKO   
Mwanamuziki wa Kimataifa kutoka nchini Congo, Ferre Gola, (wa pili kulia) Mkurugenzi wa Kampuni ya Montage Ltd, Teddy Mapunda (kulia) na Mwalimu Mkuu wa Shule ya Msingi Uhuru mchanganyiko, Anna Mshana, kwa pamoja wakipaka rangi katika ukuta wa chumba cha darasa la Shule ya Msingi Uhuru Mchanganyiko, wakati walipofika shuleni hapo kwa ajili ya kujionea mazingira ya shule hiyo, baada ya kuomba kusaidiwa mahitaji hayo, ambapo msaada huo umetokana na mauzo ya meza za Onyesho maalumu la mwanamuziki huyo linalofanyika leo Alhamisi kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam. Picha Zote na Muhidin Sufiani (MAFOTO)
Mwanamuziki wa Kimataifa kutoka nchini Congo, Ferre Gola, (kushoto) na Christian Bella, kwa pamoja wakipaka rangi katika ukuta wa chumba cha darasa la Shule ya Msingi Uhuru Mchanganyiko, wakati walipofika shuleni hapo kwa ajili ya kujionea mazingira ya shule hiyo, baada ya kuomba kusaidiwa mahitaji hayo, ambapo msaada huo umetokana na mauzo ya meza za Onyesho maalumu la mwanamuziki huyo linalofanyika leo Alhamisi kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam. 
Mwanamuzki wa Kimataifa kutoka nchini Congo, Ferre Gola (kulia) akisaini katika moja ya picha ya kujifunzia iliyobandikwa kwenye Chumba ca darasa katika Shule ya Uhuru Mchanganyiko, baada ya kumaliza kupaka rangi katika chumba hicho, walipofika kukabidhi ndoo za rangi ikiwa ni msaada uliotokana na mauzo ya Meza za onyesho maalumu la mwanamuzki huyo. Kushoto ni Mwanamuziki Christiani Bella. 
Mkurugenzi wa Kampuni ya Montage Ltd, Teddy Mapunda, akizungumza na waandishi wa habari wakati wa ziara ya mwanamuziki wa kimataifa kutoka Congo, Ferre Gola (wa pili kulia) na Christian Bella (kulia) walipofika SHule ya Uhuru Mchanganyiko kwa ajili ya kukabidhi na kupaka rangi katika baadhi ya vyumba vya madarasa ya shule hiyo. msaada huo umetokana na mauzo ya meza za Onyesho maalumu la mwanamuziki huyo linalofanyika leo Alhamisi kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam.
Mwalimu Mkuu wa Shule ya Msingi Uhuru Mchanganyiko, Anna Mshana, akizungumza na waandishi wa habari wakati wa ziara ya mwanamuziki wa kimataifa kutoka Congo, Ferre Gola (wa pili kulia) na Christian Bella (kulia) walipofika Shule ya Uhuru Mchanganyiko kwa ajili ya kukabidhi na kupaka rangi katika baadhi ya vyumba vya madarasa ya shule hiyo. msaada huo umetokana na mauzo ya meza za Onyesho maalumu la mwanamuziki huyo linalofanyika leo Alhamisi kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam.
Mwanamuziki Christian Bella, akizungumza na waandishi wa habari wakati wa ziara ya mwanamuziki wa kimataifa kutoka Congo, Ferre Gola (wa pili kulia) na Christian Bella (kulia) walipofika Shule ya Uhuru Mchanganyiko kwa ajili ya kukabidhi na kupaka rangi katika baadhi ya vyumba vya madarasa ya shule hiyo. msaada huo umetokana na mauzo ya meza za Onyesho maalumu la mwanamuziki huyo linalofanyika leo Alhamisi kwenye Hoteli ya Serena jijini Dar es Salaam.
Wakitembelea maeneo ya shule hiyo.....
Ferre Gola, akisaini katika kitabu cha wageni
Christiani Bella, akisaini katika kitabu cha wageni....

          CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin, Kabila absent, Sindika et Katumbi ba pupoli ye sans pitié!   

CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin, Kabila absent, Sindika et Katumbi ba pupoli ye sans pitié!

The post CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin, Kabila absent, Sindika et Katumbi ba pupoli ye sans pitié! appeared first on Nouvelles videos et articles de la RD Congo et sa diaspora à la seconde.


          CONGOMIKILI: Affaire faux enterrement de Tshisekedi, la famille en colère   

CONGOMIKILI: Affaire faux enterrement de Tshisekedi, la famille en colère.

The post CONGOMIKILI: Affaire faux enterrement de Tshisekedi, la famille en colère appeared first on Nouvelles videos et articles de la RD Congo et sa diaspora à la seconde.


          CONGOMIKILI: Affaire faux trophée, Robinio Mundibu meilleur générique 2017   

CONGOMIKILI: Affaire faux trophée, Robinio Mundibu meilleur générique 2017. Soki o lingi ko koma lokola congomikili, eko zua yo temps!

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          CONGOMIKILI: Enterrement de Tshisekedi, est-ce que Roger Lumbala avait raison?   

CONGOMIKILI: Enterrement de Tshisekedi, est-ce que Roger Lumbala avait raison?

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          CONGOMIKILI: Kabila malade, Nini eko leka na RDC kala mingi te?   

CONGOMIKILI: Kabila malade, Nini eko leka na RDC kala mingi te?

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          CONGOMIKILI: KABILA a lingi présidence à vie, election eko salama te!   

CONGOMIKILI: KABILA a lingi présidence à vie, election eko salama te!

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          CONGOMIKILI: Incroyable Mariage d’ANNIE et PITSHOU MANGASA, Partie 1   

CONGOMIKILI: Incroyable Mariage d’ANNIE et PITSHOU MANGAS, Partie 1.

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          CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin, mboka ezo tambola te, TSHIBALA ne sert à rien   

CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin, mboka ezo tambola te, TSHIBALA ne sert à rien.

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          CONGOMIKILI: Le 2 juillet, Mignon Abraham REMONTADA, Est-il temps pour la relève?   

CONGOMIKILI: Le 2 juillet, Mignon Abraham REMONTADA, Est-il temps pour la relève?

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          CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin Document spécial, Après moi c’est le déluge, MOBUTU avait t-il raison?   

CONGOMIKILI: Document spécial, Après moi c’est le déluge, MOBUTU avait t-il raison?

The post CONGOMIKILI: 30 juin Document spécial, Après moi c’est le déluge, MOBUTU avait t-il raison? appeared first on Nouvelles videos et articles de la RD Congo et sa diaspora à la seconde.


          Fri Jun 30th Todays News   
Some things should not happen, but they do. Good news about unemployment should be oxygen for the federal government. Unemployment is down around 5.5%. That should mean that the government will have good returns from income tax and production. There are lots of good things the federal government is doing, but the oxygen thief that is Malcolm Turnbull and his crony mates of Julie Bishop and Christopher Pyne are robbing the government of oxygen. Mr Abbott can help and does. Take an example of a few words Mr Abbott said at a recent IPA event 

"We have an abundance of energy - but the world's highest power prices; an abundance of land - and property prices to rival Hong Kong's; some of the world's smartest people - yet with school rankings behind Kazakhstan.

We need to make Australia work again - because our country, plainly, is not working as it should. We are letting ourselves down. We are not what we should be; and we know it."


Mr Abbott generously gave his time to talk to IPA members, and not just speak his thoughts and run. And Mr Abbott gives oxygen which the government needs. 

In 350, Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, was defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius. Neither reigned long as Constantius II dealt with Magnentius three years later. 763, the Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeated the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus.1520, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés fought their way out of Tenochtitlan. 1559, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. 1688, the Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution

In 1934, the Night of the Long KnivesAdolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place. 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appealed for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country. 1937, the world's first emergency telephone number999, was introduced in London. 1963, Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo

In 1971, the crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve. It is difficult to overstate the tragedy. The mission to dock with a space station and stay there for weeks was successful. They kept fit on a treadmill twice a day. But on re entry, a pressure valve no one could access was left open in space. They died in seconds on re entry. 

I am very good and don't deserve the abuse given me. I created a video raising awareness of anti police feeling among western communities. I chose the senseless killing of Nicola Cotton, a Louisiana policewoman who joined post Katrina, to highlight the issue. I did this in order to get an income after having been illegally blacklisted from work in NSW for being a whistleblower. I have not done anything wrong. Local council appointees refused to endorse my work, so I did it for free. Youtube's Adsence refused to allow me to profit from their marketing it. Meanwhile, I am hostage to abysmal political leadership and hopeless journalists. My shopfront has opened on Facebook.

















Here is a video I made Up Hill

Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 -- 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems. She is best known for her long poem Goblin Market, her love poem Remember, and for the words of the Christmas carol In the Bleak Midwinter.

Up-Hill

Related Poem Content Details

Does the road wind up-hill all the way? 
   Yes, to the very end. 
Will the day’s journey take the whole long day? 
   From morn to night, my friend. 

But is there for the night a resting-place? 
   A roof for when the slow dark hours begin. 
May not the darkness hide it from my face? 
   You cannot miss that inn. 

Shall I meet other wayfarers at night? 
   Those who have gone before. 
Then must I knock, or call when just in sight? 
   They will not keep you standing at that door. 

Shall I find comfort, travel-sore and weak? 
   Of labour you shall find the sum. 
Will there be beds for me and all who seek? 
   Yea, beds for all who come.



=== from 2016 ===
 It is possible that the ALP will win the election on Saturday and that should scare people. Because the DelCon movement have advocated splitting the senate vote and sending a message to those remaining idiots who installed Turnbull over Abbott, the senate is likely to be ALP friendly too. Turnbull's foolish decision to go for a double dissolution means that all of Abbott's gains get wiped out. So as a service to the community, The Conservative Voice will list reasons to not vote for the ALP or their proxies who call themselves independents. 
  • The AWU corruption scandal which brought on the double dissolution. Shorten is heavily involved in his time as union leader. Also Fair Work has been set up badly and is not an effective guard. To give the ALP the reigns of power again is to give in to another term of ineffective workplace relations. That will damage Australia badly, crippling her businesses who employ people.
  • Bad for the economy, promising to spend over $120 billion dollars on two policies alone, neither of which are effective. But then promising to balance the budget too. And yet admitting to lying outrageously about Medicare because they feel that is clever politics. 
  • Border Security. ALP have killed people with expensive bad policy.
  • Too close to extremist Muslims, too distant from people who are good.
  • Hostile to church interests, but not a friend to gays either. 
  • NSW Corruption with ICAC still not taking on the majority of corrupt ALP members from their 16 years in power. 
  • Victorian corruption, with jobs for the union mates and the destruction of CFA volunteer firefighters. ALP have killed people with incompetence in recent years. 
  • Queensland corruption and South Australian too, all related to entrenched ALP that are supported by independents. 
For some, at the moment, the Sex Party has more credibility.  
=== from 2015 ===
Greece will default on her repayments today. The left wing Greek Government has promised her people that they can default and stay in the European Union. As if people can work but not be paid, so long as they aren't Greek. And that is wrong. The cost of the lie of the Greek government is a nervous world market which devalues because the stakes are so high. Europe should boot Greece. The campaign against austerity is dangerous and should not be accepted. There will be market pain if Greece leaves the union, but it is nothing to the pain if others feel that austerity can be rejected with impunity.  

Joe Hockey's defamation win is only a slap on the wrist for the partisan media who would willingly cut their own throats to secure a win against conservatives. There was no need for the personal attack of the defamatory headline, but it was made for no other purpose but to attack the treasurer. And if the Fairfax press had any credibility they would pay the money and issue an apology. Instead they are un-penitent and are examining the possibility of appealing. One hopes they appeal and lose badly.
From 2014
The 1876 election had seen the election of GOP Hayes based on a compromise. The military was pulled out of the South, ending reconstruction efforts and toppling state GOP governments. White Democrats would make the south one party and would isolate and prey upon African Americans. But in terms of populism, that was ok. Then James was elected and what followed was to James' credit in 1881, and a tragedy too. James was a GOP man too, but he had better control and discipline than Hayes. James Garfield would reform the US public service and purge corruption from the post office. He appointed african americans to prominent federal positions, promoted civil rights and education as a means to a free and fair electorate. And then, two hundred days into office, he was assassinated by a nut job. 

The nut job was like any other extreme right wing idiot that ever lived. Born in illinois, to an ethnically French family of Huguenot, Guiteau had been given $1000 and instructed to study in New York by his father. He had listening issues, and struggled as a student. He dropped out and joined a religious cult, but struggled to find his place. He went to Boston and got an easily achieved legal license, but was a failure as a barrister, managing to enrage most of his clients. Next, Guiteau turned to theology and stole material from the cult from which he had been booted. Then he decided to support GOP people. He begged Hayes for political favours, and then Garfield. Garfield had opposed corruption. So Guiteau decided to shoot him. 

Guiteau chose a pearl handled revolver for reasons of posterity. He picked his moment, approached Garfield from behind and shot him twice. Garfield would probably have survived but for the medical treatment he received by doctors that had not sterilised their surgery equipment or hands, as would be routine ten years later. It took eleven weeks for Garfield to die. In defence, Guiteau would claim that he was not guilty because "The doctors killed him, I just shot him." The defence failed, and so on this day in 1882, nine months after the shooting, Guiteau was hung. On the morning of his hanging, Guiteau wrote a poem. 

I am going to the Lordy, I am so glad,

I am going to the Lordy, I am so glad,

I am going to the Lordy,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lordy.

I love the Lordy with all my soul,

Glory hallelujah!

And that is the reason I am going to the Lord,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lord.


I saved my party and my land,



Glory hallelujah!

But they have murdered me for it,

And that is the reason I am going to the Lordy,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lordy!

I wonder what I will do when I get to the Lordy,

I guess that I will weep no more

When I get to the Lordy!

Glory hallelujah!

I wonder what I will see when I get to the Lordy,

I expect to see most glorious things,

Beyond all earthly conception

When I am with the Lordy!

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am with the Lord.

He was the only right wing extremist to assassinate a President of the US. He seemed incapable of rational thought, his application of poetry on a par with another right wing terrorist (McVey) who claimed he was the captain of his soul. Guiteau's case was one of the first attempts at an insanity defence in the US for a high profile case. At nine months he was the longest survivor of an assassination of a US President. 
Historical perspective on this day
In 350, Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, was defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius. 763, the Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeated the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus. 1422, Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons. 1520, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortésfought their way out of Tenochtitlan. 1521, Spanish forces defeated a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre. 1559, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. 1651, The DelugeKhmelnytsky Uprising – the Battle of Beresteczko ended with a Polish victory. 1688, the Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution. 1758, Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl took place. 1794, Native American forces under Blue Jacket attack Fort Recovery.

In 1805, the U.S. Congress organised the Michigan Territory. 1860, the 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place. 1864, U.S. PresidentAbraham Lincoln granted Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation". 1882, Charles J. Guiteau was hanged in Washington, D.C. for the assassination of U.S. President James Garfield. 1886, the first transcontinental train trip across Canada departed from Montreal. It arrived in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4. 1892, the Homestead Strike began near PittsburghPennsylvania.

In 1905, Albert Einstein published the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, in which he introduced special relativity. 1906, the United States Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act. 1908, the Tunguska event occurred in remote Siberia. 1912, the Regina Cyclone hit Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event. 1917, World War IGreece declared war on the Central Powers. 1921, U.S. President Warren G. Harding appointed former President William Howard Taft Chief Justice of the United States. 1922, in Washington D.C., U.S. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes and Dominican Ambassador Francisco J. Peynado signed the Hughes-Peynado agreement, which ended the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic.

In 1934, the Night of the Long KnivesAdolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place. 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appealed for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country. 1937, the world's first emergency telephone number999, was introduced in London 1944, World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ended with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces. 1953, the first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan. 1956, a TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 collided above the Grand Canyon in Arizona and crashed, killing all 128 on board both airliners. 1960, Congo gained independence from Belgium. 1963, Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo. 1966, the National Organization for Women, the United States' largest feminist organisation, was founded. 1968, Pope Paul VIissued the Credo of the People of God.

In 1971, the crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve. Also 1971, Ohio ratified the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, reducing the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect. 1972, the first leap second was added to the UTC time system. 1977, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organizationdisbanded. 1985, thirty-nine American hostages from the hijacked TWA Flight 847 were freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days. 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Bowers v. Hardwick that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults. 1990, East Germany and West Germany merged their economies. 1997, the United Kingdom transferssovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
=== Publishing News ===
This column welcomes feedback and criticism. The column is not made up but based on the days events and articles which are then placed in the feed. So they may not have an apparent cohesion they would have had were they made up.
===
I am publishing a book called Bread of Life: January. 

Bread of Life is a daily bible quote with a layman's understanding of the meaning. I give one quote for each day, and also a series of personal stories illustrating key concepts eg Who is God? What is a miracle? Why is there tragedy?

January is the first of the anticipated year-long work of thirteen books. One for each month and the whole year. It costs to publish. It (Kindle version) should retail at about $2US online, but the paperback version would cost more, according to production cost.
If you have a heart for giving, I fundraise at gofund.me/27tkwuc
===
Editorials will appear in the "History in a Year by the Conservative Voice" series, starting with AugustSeptemberOctober, or at Amazon http://www.amazon.com/dp/1482020262/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_dVHPub0MQKDZ4  The kindle version is cheaper, but the soft back version allows a free kindle version.

List of available items at Create Space

    Tribute to Fannie Lou Hamer,civil rights activist, who often told the story of Joe Pullen

    If we must die, let it not be like hogs: hunted and penned in an accursed spot! If we must die; oh let us nobly die…fighting back. – Claude McKay (1889-1948).

    Historians now define the period from 1954 (the year of the Brown v. Board of Education decision) to 1965 as the Modern Civil Rights Movement. The African-American struggle for freedom and civil rights began long before Brown, however, and is a central part of U.S. history.

    IN THE SMALL COTTON TOWN OF DREW, Mississippi the heart of the Mississippi Delta and birthplace of Archie Manning, some black elders still talk about a story passed down by their parents and relatives focusing on a 1923 gunfight raging into the early morning hours of December 15 between Joe Pullen, a tenant farmer and WWI veteran, and plantation manager W.T. Saunders.

    The fight would turn out to be a watershed event in U.S. history.

    Pullen shot and killed Saunders during an argument over money and then Pullen’s own life ended in a ditch at the edge of Drew when he was shot after an all-night gun battle.

    The small town had buzzed with rumors that several dozen posse members were killed and possibly hundreds wounded before Pullen was taken down by machine gunners brought in from Clarksdale; some older Drew residents maintain that for years after the gunfight, a good number of people were using canes and displaying other signs of injuries received during the gun battle.

    There are several versions of the Joe Pullen story, both written and spoken. In one account, nearly one thousand white men searched the swamps around Drew to find Pullen. The tenant farmer is said to have killed 4, 17 or 19 whites and wounded 8, 38 or 40 before he was machine gunned down. He either died immediately or was dragged through the streets and then killed.

    Local news accounts of this event were few. The weekly Indianola newspaper carried one small paragraph on December 20, 1923 reporting that: “J. L. Doggett of Clarksdale and Kenneth Blackwood of Drew, posse men wounded Friday by negro, Joe Pullen, are reported as improving rapidly as could be expected.”

    Associated Press reports offered more

    Four men lost their lives in a spectacular gun battle which raged until 1 o’clock this morning between Joe Pullen, Negro tenant farmer, and a posse of several hundred men in the swamps of the Mississippi delta near Drew. Nine other wounded three probably fatally. Pullen was finally captured when four members of the posse stormed the drainage ditch in which he was entrenched. The Negro died an hour later from bullet wounds. The trouble started when Pullen’s employer came to his house to collect a debt.

    Fannie Lou Hamer, well-known civil rights activist from Ruleville, often talked about the shoot-out that occurred when she was a child. Hamer said that Pullen’s body was dragged into town and that people cut off body parts to keep as souvenirs. “Mississippi was a quiet place for a long time [afterwards].”

    While local press claimed that four white men had died “in defense of law and order,” Mrs. Hamer was told that Pullen had killed thirteen white men and wounded twenty-six others before dying.

    L. C. Dorsey, a Ph.D. sociologist, remembered how as a young child living on a Sunflower
    County plantation between Ruleville and Drew she heard from her father and relatives the story of Pullen. Dorsey said that her own father often did not receive the money due him as a sharecropper, and Dorsey believed the Pullen incident had much to do with his fear of questioning “the man” over money he was owed.

    Pullen’s family protested to the President [Calvin Coolidge] who sent an investigative team “because the man had been in the service, and that was what his family talked about, that this man had served his country and this is how he was treated. He had done nothing wrong and had been killed for trying to defend himself against the crew,” Dorsey said.

    Alabama historian, Nan Woodruff, author of American Congo, adds to the story that Sanders may have offered Pullen $150 to recruit families to work on the plantation, and when Pullen kept the money without providing the service, the fight began.

    Woodruff terms Pullen’s gunfight another “watershed event” “much like the Elaine Massacre [Arkansas, 1919] as blacks challenged the structure of white supremacy throughout the 1920s.

    “Black people with guns had always threatened planter authority, particularly when disputes
    arose over crop contracts or merchant bills. Despite the threat of terror, black sharecroppers and laborers fought back when their lives were on the line, even if such actions resulted in their deaths.”

    Woodruff and other black history researchers write that many Southern black people had always carried guns for hunting and self-protection, but the frequency of armed confrontations between planters and croppers, based on the frequency of reporting, may have increased in the decade following World War I.

    THE RULING WHITE Delta families would keep their immense social, economic and political power; the planters’ bloc maintaining its supremacy or hegemony through an efficient capitalist economy rooted in black labor manipulation. Schooling and marriage built strong family alliances, and these white coalitions, much like Mafioso, expanded into local economies, from ownership and operation of cotton gins, to real estate, and banking.

    Mississippi white planters simply ran all of Mississippi.
          Murielle Lorilloux a fost desemnata CEO al Vodafone Romania   
Murielle Lorilloux, CEO al Vodacom din Republica Democrata Congo (RDC), a fost desemnata CEO al Vodafone Romania, incepand cu 1 septembrie 2017, pozitie din care ii va raporta lui Ahmed Essam, CEO Europe Cluster. Ea il va inlocui pe Ravinder Takkar, care va prelua functia de Presedinte al Vodafone Group Services, Regional Business Development, rol [...]
          WATER CIVET VS AQUATIC GENET, OR MORPHOLOGY VS MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - A TALE OF TANGLED TAXONOMY   

Painting from 1924 of water civets/aquatic genets in their native habitat (public domain/reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Originally a civet, nowadays a genet, unrecorded by science until 1913, never studied alive by scientists, and virtually unknown even to the local native people (a rare event indeed!), Genetta (=Osbornictis) piscivora is surely one of the world's most mystifying mammals.

Yet it is an exceedingly handsome, strikingly-coloured creature, with a densely-furred chestnut head and body, a black bushy tail (constituting almost half of the animal's total length of 3 ft), and white facial markings. The type specimen of this secretive viverrid was obtained on 1 December 1913 in a forest stream at Niapu, in what is now the northeastern portion of the Democratic Congo, by Drs James P. Chapin and Herbert Lang during the American Museum of Natural History's Congo Expedition. Six years later, its species was formally described by Dr Joel A. Allen from the museum, who named it Osbornictis piscivora, in honour of Prof. Henry Fairfield Osborn (who was greatly interested in the Congo Expedition), and recording its fish-eating proclivity.

Dr Joel A. Allen (left) and Prof. Henry Fairfield Osborn (right) (public domain)

Although its anatomy suggests that it is most closely related to the genets, this anomalous species was long referred to as the water civet because it exhibits several features markedly at variance with typical genet morphology. Most obvious of these is its vulpine colouration, totally different from the black-and-white coat patterning of spots and bands synonymous with genets. In addition, the soles of its paws are unfurred, its teeth are much weaker and narrower than those of correspondingly-sized genets, its nose is somewhat smaller, its muzzle is shorter, and its overall size rivals that of the giant genet Genettavictoriae, the largest of the typical spotted Genetta species. Consequently, when formally describing and naming it, Allen assigned this novel viverrid to its very own genus, Osbornictis, in which it remained for many decades.

In 2004, however, a team of researchers who had been conducting a molecular-based comparison of several different viverrid genera, including Osbornictis and Genetta, published their findings in a Zoologica Scripta paper, in which they concluded that these two genera were sufficiently closely related for the water civet to be housed within Genetta, as Genetta piscivora. Since then, it has been known colloquially as the aquatic genet.

My model of this enigmatic species (© Dr Karl Shuker)

Most books state that the water civet (or aquatic genet) was totally unknown to the natives prior to its scientific discovery in 1913; this is not true. Along with the holotype, Lang and Chapin also obtained an incomplete specimen (lacking skull, tail, and feet) from a native; and in the local Kibila and Kipakombe languages, it has its own specific name - the esele.

Nevertheless, for the most part it is truly as much a mystery to them as it is to science, with virtually no information available concerning its natural history, and very few museum specimens.

The type locality of this species (i.e. where its type specimen was obtained), a large forest brook at Niapu, photographed here at the height of the rainy season (public domain)

In 1996, however, a major new chapter was written in this species' sparse history, when veteran wildlife film-maker Alan Root announced that he had succeeded in filming a living specimen in its native Congolese habitat, hunting for fishes by gently tapping the water with its paws and then trailing its long white whiskers on the surface to detect any movements. This unique footage formed part of a special one-hour film of Congolese wildlife by Root entitled A Space in the Heart of Africa, which was first screened on British television within the long-running ITV Survival series in July 1996.

This ShukerNature blog article is adapted and updated from my book The Encyclopaedia of New and Rediscovered Animals, the most comprehensive book on this subject ever published.







          Un commissariat de police attaqué à Kinshasa: Un mort et quatre policiers blessés   
Un commissariat de police a été attaqué jeudi après-midi dans le centre de Kinshasa, selon des habitants qui font état depuis d'une forte présence de forces de sécurité congolaises dans le quartier Matonge, alors qu'un média congolais faisait état ...
             
Pan-African Journal: Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast for Sun. June 25, 2017--Hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe
Listen to the Sun. June 25, 2017 edition of the Pan-African Journal: Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire.

To hear the podcast of this episode just click on the following URL:
http://www.blogtalkradio.com/panafricanjournal/2017/06/25/pan-african-journal-special-worldwide-radio-broadcast

The program features our regular PANW report with dispatches on the United Arab Emirates (UAE) government which stated that Qatar must comply with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) demands or a permanent severing of relations will occur; Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi says he has ratified the transfer of two islands to Saudi Arabia; Kenyan military forces have detained several United States soldiers for attempting to enter South Sudan illegally; and the Republic of Namibia has been assessed as a success on the African continent.

In the second hour we look back at the 57th anniversary of the independence of the former Belgian Congo which resulted a coup against Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba and his subsequent assassination. Finally we continue our monthlong tribute to Black Music Month with a focus on the life, times and contributions of Etta James.

             
DRC, Migration, Jihadis - Flashpoints at African Union Addis Summit
By Matthew Kay
30-06-2017 to 11:41

Photo: Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairman of the African Union Commission

Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and mass migration are likely to dominate discussions as foreign ministers from the 55 African nations gather in Addis Ababa on Friday for two days of talks, ahead of the 29th summit of African leaders next week.

The official theme of this African Union (AU) summit is ‘investment in youth’, but other pressing matters on the continent from the DRC to mass migration are also likely to dominate discussions.

When commission chairman Moussa Faki Mahmat from Chad opens discussions on Friday morning, he was expected to congratulate members of the Union who are sticking to commitments of Agenda 2063, a continental development plan set out by the AU four years ago.

On paper the trends are encouraging – more children in full time education, fewer deaths from preventable diseases and accelerating economic growth.

Conflict in several countries

But flashpoints that often dog discussions at AU summits are likely to do so once again.

They include the ongoing fight against the jihadist group Boko Haram in the lake Chad region, an uptick in violence in South Sudan, Libya, Mali and Darfur.

The alarming numbers of Africans making the perilous trip across the Mediterranean is also of immediate concern.

On top of that, major reforms of the Union itself are on the table – including changes to how the AU is funded that are being pushed by several leaders, including current chairman and Guinean president Alpha Condé.

He wants all nations to implement a 0.2 percent levy on imports to fund the club that has for years been overly reliant on Western handouts.

             
US Pressure: UN Agrees on Deep Cuts to Peacekeeping
AFP, United Nations

A deal on cutting nearly $600 million from the UN peacekeeping budget was reached Wednesday following weeks of negotiations over US demands for sharp cost reductions, UN diplomats said.

Under the deal reached by a General Assembly budget committee, the United Nations will spend $7.3 billion on peacekeeping in the coming year, down from the current $7.87 billion -- roughly a seven percent cut -- according to diplomats familiar with the negotiations.

The United States, the biggest financial contributor to peacekeeping, had sought a nearly $1 billion cut to the bill and the European Union had also pushed for savings to bring costs down to $7.3 billion.

US Ambassador Nikki Haley claimed victory in a statement, saying "just five months into our time here, we've already been able to cut over half a billion dollars from the UN peacekeeping budget and we're only getting started."

Hardest hit by the cuts will be the UN missions in Sudan's troubled region of Darfur and in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the two costliest operations with budgets that run over $1 billion.

A Security Council diplomat who spoke on condition of anonymity said however there will be "cuts across the board" in the 13 peacekeeping missions as a result of US pressure.

Washington pays 28.5 percent of the peacekeeping budget and 22 percent of the UN's core budget of $5.4 billion.

French Ambassador Francois Delattre said the deal will allow UN missions to "fully implement their mandate while being more efficient."

"The savings proposed in this budget have been carefully targeted," said Delattre.

The deal falls short of the request from UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who had asked for $7.97 billion for the annual budget which runs from July 1 to June 30 of next year.

It also is less than what African countries had proposed: they wanted $7.7 billion for the UN missions.

The deal is expected to be approved by the UN General Assembly on Friday.

The Security Council is expected to vote as early as today on significant cuts to the 17,000-strong joint African Union-UN mission in Darfur known as UNAMID.

Britain on Wednesday circulated a draft resolution that provides for a two-stage drawdown over the next 12 months, in line with the recommendations of a joint AU-UN report released last month.

The measure would cut UNAMID force levels to reach 8,735 troops and 2,500 police by June 2018, a 44 percent cut in military personnel and nearly 30 percent in police, according to the draft text obtained by AFP.

The drawdown could be reviewed if the Sudanese government fails to ensure protection in those areas from where the peacekeepers will withdraw.

Under the proposed measure, Guterres will report to the council after six months on whether "conditions on the ground remain conducive to further reductions."

The draft resolution welcomes a "reduction in military confrontations between government forces and rebel groups," but rights groups maintain that the conflict in Darfur is far from over.

Human Rights Watch has criticized the proposed cuts as "misguided," saying civilians in Darfur still need protection.

Darfur has been engulfed in conflict since 2003, when ethnic minority insurgents mounted a rebellion against President Omar al-Bashir, complaining that his Arab-dominated government was marginalizing the region.

The United Nations has shut down its mission in Ivory Coast and is planning to pull its peacekeepers out of Haiti in the coming months.

France late Wednesday circulated a draft resolution on renewing the UN mission in Mali, known as MINUSMA, but no cuts are planned.

The mission would continue to operate with 13,289 troops and 1,920 police, according to the draft resolution seen by AFP.

A vote on renewing the Mali mission could take place today.

          Canada’s Dark History in Africa: Killing Natives and Seizing Their Land for Leopold II in Congo   

Canada’s Dark History in Africa: Killing Natives and Seizing Their Land for Leopold II in Congo

A Brutal Part of Canada's Dark History in Africa. The Role of Canada's William Grant Stairs

Global Research, June 30, 2017
Dissident Voice 28 June 2017

Featured image: Aged and Women had to die of starvation under the rule of King Leopold II in Congo. (Source: Annoyz View)

Canada’s 150th anniversary offers a unique opportunity to shed light on some darker corners of Canadian history. One of the dustier chapters is our contribution to one of the most barbarous regimes of the last century and a half.

In a bid to extract rubber and other commodities from his personal colony, Belgian King Léopold II instituted a brutal system of forced labour in the late 1800s. Individuals and communities were given rubber collection quotas that were both hard to fulfill and punishable by death. To prove they killed someone who failed to fulfill a quota soldiers from the Force Publique, the colonial police, were required to provide a severed hand. With Force Publique officers paid partly based on the number collected, severed hands became a sort of currency in the colony and baskets of hands the symbol of the Congo Free State.

King Leopold II (Source: Annoyz View)

Between 1891 and 1908 millions died from direct violence, as well as the starvation and disease, caused by Leopold II’s terror. A quarter of the population may have died during Leopold’s reign, which sparked a significant international solidarity movement that forced the Belgian government to intervene and buy the colony.

Halifax’s William Grant Stairs played an important part in two expeditions that expanded Leopold II’s immensely profitable Congolese venture. The Royal Military College of Canada trained soldier was one of 10 white officers in the first-ever European expedition to cross the interior of the continent and subsequently Stairs led an expedition that added 150,000 square kilometres to Leopold’s colony.

In 1887 Stairs joined the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, which was ostensibly designed to “rescue” the British-backed governor of Equatoria, the southern part of today’s South Sudan. Scottish merchant William MacKinnon asked famed American ‘explorer’ Henry Morton Stanley to lead a relief effort. At the time of the expedition Léopold II employed Stanley, who had been helping the king carve out the ‘Congo Free State’. Seeing an opportunity to add to his colony, Leopold wanted Stanley to take a circuitous route all the way around South Africa, up the Congo River and across the interior of the continent.

One of ten whites, Stairs quickly became second-in-command of the three-year expedition. Read from a humanistic or internationalist perspective, the RMC graduate’s diary of the disastrous expedition is incredibly damning. Or, as Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate George Elliott Clarke put it,

“Stairs’ account of his atrocities establishes that even Canadians, blinded by racism, can become swashbuckling mass murderers.”

Stairs’ extensive diary, which he asked to be published upon his and Stanley’s death, makes it clear that locals regularly opposed the mission. One passage notes,

“the natives made a tremendous noise all night and canoes came close to us, the natives yelling frantically for us to go away” while another entry explains,

“the natives destroyed their food rather than let it fall into the hands of the invaders.”

read more:

http://www.globalresearch.ca/canadas-dark-history-in-africa-killing-natives-and-seizing-their-land-for-leopold-ii-in-congo/5596825




          BIOGRAFIA DE ALBERT SCHWEITZER- UM HOMEM QUE VALORIZOU A HUMILDE HUMANIDADE COMUM   
 
 

 

  

 

Albert Schweitzer possuía um fantástico sentimento de solidariedade que lhe permitiu sentir a aflição dos outros. Chegando ao apogeu de sua carreira, parecia-lhe inconcebível a idéía de aceitar uma vida feliz e amena enquanto em volta de si muitos gemiam e sofriam. Foi numa manhã de verão de 1896, em Günsbach, que a alma de Schweitzer decidiu colocar-se a serviço dos outros. Perseguia-o as Palavras de Jesus: “Quem quer possuir a vida, perdê-la-á; quem por amor de Mim a perder, este a possuirá”.
 
Albert Schweitzer, por volta dos trinta anos, já tinha publicado um opúsculo sobre Eugen Münch, uma tese sobre a vida de Jesus, um estudo sobre a filosofia de Emanuel Kant, duas obras de vulto, uma em francês e outra em alemão, sobre J.S.Bach, e finalmente um livro sobre “A arte de construir órgãos e a arte de tocá-los”. Mas apesar de todos os seus altos estudos, Albert Schweitzer, sentia que, como homem civilizado, filho da região que bem podia ser apontada como centro de gravidade da cultura européia, ele sabia melhor do que ninguém que um livro bem feito é uma bênção para todos; sabia que a Teologia deve ser ensinada com competência; que a música de Bach deve ser bem compreendida e que os órgãos devem ser esmeradamente construídos. Alguma coisa dentro dele lhe dizia agora, na esquina dos trinta anos, que todos aqueles primores são vãos se o mundo não é fraterno. A impaciência de seu coração pedia obra mais direta.
 
Não distinguia bem qual seria a obra para a sua vida. Pensou primeiro em alguma atividade realizada na própria Europa; acolher crianças abandonadas com o objetivo de elas serem educadas com o mesmo ideal e ele procuraria obter delas o compromisso de mais tarde ajudarem outras crianças. Quando em 1903, passou a ocupar a direção do Instituto Teológico, ofereceu seus serviços, baseados nesta proposta e não obteve êxito. As organizações existentes de socorro à infância abandonada desconfiavam da perseverança do voluntário que se oferecia. Por incrível que pareça, mesmo após o incêndio do Orfanato de Estrasburgo, sua oferta de acolher provisoriamente algumas crianças não foi atendida.
 
Depois do insucesso da primeira atividade assistencial, ingressou num movimento organizado pelo pároco August Ernest, de Santo Tomás, que consistia em ajudar moradores de rua e ex-condenados, a fim de levá-los para o convívio, para a comunhão dos homens. Algumas vezes conseguiu prestar auxílio merecido e real, mas convenceu-se de que não era ainda esse o seu caminho.
 
Em 1904, Albert Schweitzer, encontrou um fascículo da Sociedade Missionária de Paris, folheando-o, seus olhos depararam com um título de um artigo: “As Necessidades da Missão do Congo” . E de repente, como se um relâmpago iluminasse a alma, Schweitzer tomou para si o chamado “A Igreja precisa de homens que respondam logo ao chamado do Senhor com estas palavras: Eis-me aqui, Senhor”. A partir deste momento Schweitzer tomou a resolução; ser médico na Missão africana.
 
“No dia 13 de outubro de 1905, uma sexta-feira, em Paris, coloqueis várias cartas numa caixa postal da Avenue de La Grande Armée, comunicando a meus pais, e alguns amigos mais próximos, a resolução de iniciar os estudos de medicina no princípio do semestre de inverno, para trabalhar como médico na África Equatorial. Numa das cartas, alegando a necessidade de me dedicar aos novos estudos, pedia demissão do meu cargo de diretor do Instituto Teológico de São Tomás”. Assim nos conta o próprio Albert Schweitzer em sua autobiografia.
 
Foi uma surpresa para todos, a decisão tomada por Albert. Seus amigos levantaram uma onda de protestos e recriminações, e o reitor e demais professores da Universidade de Estrasburgo balançavam a cabeça quando aludia ao caso. Uma das suas dificuldades foi a volta aos bancos escolares aos trinta e tantos anos, entre rapazes de dezoito. É fácil imaginar o isolamento em que viveu e certamente não faltaram gracejos, ironias, dirigidos pelos rapazes àquele homenzarrão taciturno e obstinado.
 
Seis anos! Durante esse período ele continuava realizando concertos e conferências em Paris. A sua relação de amizade com Helena Bresslau era mais freqüente e cada vez mais descobria a apatia que sentiam um pelo outro. Nesse tempo ela estudava enfermagem.
 
Formado em Medicina, Schweitzer achou ainda indispensável seguir em Paris um curso intensivo sobre doenças tropicais; e nesse meio tempo começou a angariar fundos para um hospital que sonhava construir em Lambarene, nas margens do rio Ogooue. Não procurou nenhum subsídio proveniente de qualquer instituição, nem quis nenhum auxílio do Estado. Queria realizar seu trabalho com absoluta independência, livre de compromissos e principalmente livre de qualquer ligação com a burocracia estatal. Recorreu a amigos, bateu em todas as portas, e antes de iniciar a aquisição do material necessário, tratou de obter o apoio e a permissão da Sociedade Missionária de Paris.
 
Antes de deixar a Europa, o Dr. Schweitzer apresentou sua tese, em que a Medicina e a Teologia se entrelaçavam: “Estudo psiquiátrico de Jesus. Exposição e crítica”
 

Em 1913 o Dr. Schweitzer casou-se com Helèné. E logo após, num domingo de Páscoa, os recém-casados embarcam no vapor “Europa”, em Bordéus, com destino à África Equatorial
(Gabão), onde construiu, nas margens do rio Ogoué, um hospital para doenças tropicais e a clínica para leprosos Lambaréné, que desenvolvia uma intensa atividade médica e missionária.

 

 

 

 

 Durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial, foi encarcerado pelas tropas francesas e, em 1924, regressou a Lambaréné. Recorrendo a conferências, a concertos de órgão (era um especialista em Bach) e aos dividendos obtidos com seus livros, conseguiu financiar as instalações. Schweitzer tornou-se uma figura lendária devido a sua atividade solitária. No campo teológico, dedicou-se à investigação sobre a vida de Jesus. Em 1951, recebeu o Prêmio da Paz outorgado pelos livreiros alemães e, em 1952, o Prêmio Nobel da Paz.

Em 1958 ele fez apelos na Rádio de Oslo para o abandono de testes nucleares. Durante toda sua vida, Schweitzer escreveu vários livros, dentre eles The Philosophy of Civilization, The Mystery of the Kingdom of God e Out of My Life and Thought, que consiste na sua autobiografia. Seu estudo Reverence for Life apresenta os fundamentos para o pensamento bioético.

 

 

 

Schweitzer morreu em quatro de setembro de 1965, em Lambarené.

 

 

 

Fonte: Schoolmaster- Enciclopédia de Pesquisas-Grandes vocações.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


          BIOGRAFIA DE ALBERT SCHWEITZER- UM HOMEM QUE VALORIZOU A HUMILDE HUMANIDADE COMUM   

 

 

 

Graças a Deus que, ainda, existem pessoas inseridas na linhagem do bem – os chamados homens célebres – que se destacam no fundo obscuras da humanidade comum. Eles deixam atrás de si uma obra, um feito, que parece tornar luminosamente explicados a razão de ser de sua vida. O homem, o qual nos referimos, veio ao mundo para nos ensinar o valor do homem comum, menos favorecido pela sociedade. Há homens célebres que se destacaram por façanhas guerreiras, e estão nas estátuas, ou nos quadros, nos livros de Histórias, pelas batalhas que ganharam; há outros, mais pacíficos, que ficaram famosos por alguma descoberta ou alguma invenção. ALBERT SCHWEITZER, depois de longos anos de vida ignorada, tornou-se conhecido no mundo inteiro pelos serviços prestados diretamente à parte mais humilde e mais escura daquela tal humanidade obscura e comum. Foi na África, como médico, enfermeiro, amigo e pai dos negros do Congo, que nosso homem ganhou o merecido renome.
 
Os leitores de hoje talvez não façam idéia exata do que era, há décadas atrás, um europeu em relação ao resto do mundo. Hoje, com a globalização, as nações menores e classificadas como emergentes, ganham dia a dia maior importância, e enviam seus representantes, e até mesmo seus governantes comparecem aos congressos, às assembléias em que se discutem problemas mundiais. Naquele tempo, porém, a situação era diferente. Os europeus tiravam grande orgulho do grau de civilização que haviam conquistado, e viam do alto e de forma arrogante o resto do mundo. Era bem verdade que estava na Europa, concentrada de um modo extraordinário, a cultura científica e técnica do mundo, e que, em conseqüência disso, estava concentrado o poder. Os europeus eram donos do mundo. Levaram aos outros países os imensos benefícios da civilização, mas também às vezes levavam à soberba e a avidez do lucro.
E dentro desta civilizada Europa, falaremos de um centro mais civilizado do que todo o resto do mundo europeu. Esse centro, esse foco de civilização, havia pelas margens do Reno, numa região que fosse francesa sendo também alemã, que estivesse a igual distância da clara Itália e da brumosa Inglaterra. Ora, era nessa região – na Alsácia, na vila chamada Günsbach, no vale de Münster – que vivia ALBERT SCHWEITZER . Apesar de ser um homem civilizado, prendado, não era dado a viagens, expedições, aventuras geográficas, ALBERT SCHWEITZER vivia atividades puramente espirituais e artísticas. Numa vida de requinte de cultura, passava as horas estudando Teologia, tocando no órgão música de Bach (que foi um dos mais fantásticos músicos que o mundo já teve) e explorando a fundo a obra de Goethe (um dos maiores escritores do seu tempo).
 
Foi nessa vida amena e requintada que em 1904, ALBERT SCHWEITZER resolveu deixar para ir cuidar dos pobres indígenas doentes da África equatorial. A sua decisão foi por um sentimento moral de obrigação e de dívida. Alguns homens da civilizada Europa teriam de pagar a dívida contraída pelo orgulho dos outros. ALBERT SCHWEITZER sentiu o chamado de Deus deduzindo que lhe cabia tal papel. O amor de Deus e do próximo tinha de se traduzir daquela forma. E é por isso que o homem, que era teólogo, músico e escritor, e que vivia na mais civilizada região do mundo, resolver se tornar servidor dos mais humildes homens da terra. As mãos do organista de Günsbach, fazia partos, operava hérnias, acariciavam crianças leprosas nas margens do rio Ogoouê.

 

 

 

ALBERT SCHWEITZER nasceu em 14 de janeiro de 1875 em Kaysersberg, pequenina e aprazível vida da Alta Alsácia, que desde a guerra franco-prussiana se achava sob domínio alemão, e mais tarde, depois da primeira guerra mundial (1914-1918), voltara a ser Província Francesa. Seu pai, Luís Schweitzer, era pastor protestante, e seu avô paterno fora mestre-escola e organista em Pfaffenhonfen, na Alsácia Inferior, e tivera três irmãos com o mesmo duplo ofício. Pelo lado de sua mãe Adélia, o avô Schillinger também fora organista e pastor protestante de Mühlbach, no vale do Münster.
 
Nascia assim Albert Schweitzer num ambiente em que se respirava teologia e música, e não de estranhar o interesse que o menino demonstrou, desde a tenra infância, pelo estudo da religião e pelo exercício no velho piano de cauda herdade do avô Schillinger.
 
Poucos anos depois do nascimento de Albert, a família muda-se para a cidade de Günsbach. No Vale do Münster, onde até hoje residem filhos e netos. E foi aí em Günsbach, na companhia de três irmãs e um irmão, que viveu uma infância muito rica em experiências profundas e muito modestas de recursos financeiros. Ele próprio, em sua autobiografia, diz que sua infância foi maravilhosamente feliz.
Desde os cinco anos iniciou-se Albert no estudo do piano com o rigor e a aplicação que as famílias daquele tempo davam aos trabalhos de educação. Aos sete já provocava a admiração da mestra ao tocar no harmônio, melodias com acompanhamento de sua invenção. Um ano mais tarde, quando ainda mal alcançava a pedaleira, começou a tocar órgão, e essa forma de música, que viera de tantas gerações sucessivas como uma espécie de gosto hereditária, foi uma das grandes paixões de Albert.
Contava apenas com nove anos de idade quando, primeira vez, com imensa emoção, substituiu o organista na hora do culto. Mas só por volta dos quinze anos é que encontrou um professor à altura dos seus dons. Foi em Mulhouse que Albert conheceu Eugen Münch, que acabava de cursar a Universidade Berlinense de Música. Com esse competente e entusiasta professor, Albert progride rapidamente e descobre maravilhado, a obra musical de JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, que se tornou uma grande e permanente paixão de sua vida (mais tarde veremos como Bach, apesar de ter vivido e morrido mais de 150 anos antes, ajudou o Dr. Albert Schweitzer a adquirir remédios para os seus pobres doentes africanos).
Continua...

 

 

 

 

 


          Países que já foram governados por ditadores   

® Alemanha (1933-1945)

® Argélia (1965-1994)

® Argentina (1976-1983)

® Áustria (1933-1938), (1938-1945)

® Bangladesh (1975-1979) , (1982-1990) e (1997)

® Bolívia (1971-1985)

® Brasil (1937-1945) e (1964-1985)

® Burkina Faso (1966-1991)

® Burundi (1966-1993)

® República Centro-Africana (1966-1993) e (2003-2005)

® Chile (1973-1989)

® China (1916-1927 ou 1920-1922)

® Colômbia (1953-1957)

® Cuba (1933-1959) e (1959-presente)

® República do Congo (1968-1992)

® República Democrática do Congo (1965-1997)

® República Dominicana (1889-1899) e (1930-1961)

® El Salvador (1931-1979)

® Equador (1972-1979)

® Espanha (1923-1930) e (1939-1975)

® Etiópia (1974-1991)

® Filipinas (1972-1981)

® França (1799-1814) e (1814-1815)

® Guatemala (1970-1985)

® Guiné (1984-1991)

® Guiné Equatorial (1968-1982)

® Haiti (1957-1990)

® Honduras (1963-1974)

® Indonésia (1967-1998)

® Iraque (1958-1968)

® Itália (1922-1943)

® Japão (1932-1945)

® Libéria (1980-1990)

® Madagáscar (1972-1975)

® Mauritânia (1978-1992) e (2005-2007)

® México (1853-1855) e (1876-1910)

® Nicarágua (1967-1979)

®

          CONGO SQUARES   
Do you have a few treats that you consider holiday must-haves?! Congo Squares and Fruit Punch are 2 staples at my Grandma's Christmas Eve Dinner. And I'll just say I have no idea why they are called Congo Squares.
They are square, so that part makes sense. Anyhoo, here is the recipe.
It says the yield is 48. I ended up with 16, so they must be cutting bite-size pieces! I also used butterscotch chips in my batch because that's what I had on hand...that's a variation my momma started, and it's so good!

There is a word of caution, though...Be so careful not to overcook! They harden a little after taking them out of the oven, and I have had to gnaw my way through some brick-like squares before. (Because I really wanted one, that's why.) Usually I get the cooking time right by my 3rd batch of the season at the latest. 

Oh my... the truth comes out about my baking skills...or lack thereof, as my siblings may say. :)  
Let me know how you like these if you try them! 
          DailyTimes | Painted huts offer DR Congo village a tourism lifeline   
MAKWATSHA: There's no electricity and only 500 residents in the Congolese village of Makwatsha, but a longstanding tradition by it .
          DailyTimes | Painted huts offer DR Congo village a tourism lifeline   
CONGO: There's no electricity and only 500 residents in the Congolese village of Makwatsha, but a longstanding tradition by its wo .
          A Testa in Su - Investire in Felicità per non Essere Sudditi   

“Oggi indignarsi non basta più. Occorre un’ondata di partecipazione alla vita politica, uno tsunami di interesse per tutto quel che è comune. Occorre cospirare. Non solo votare, ma partecipare.

Alessandro Di Battista, uno dei più noti e attivi esponenti del Movimento 5 Stelle, ha le idee chiare quando si parla di partecipazione: bisogna mettersi in viaggio e andare a scoprire il Paese reale, piazza dopo piazza, come ha fatto nella lunga estate del 2016.

Ma questa è stata solo l’ultima di molte partenze – verso l’America Latina, il Guatemala, il Congo – che Di Battista ha intrapreso nella sua vita, anche prima di entrare nel Movimento.

A testa in su invita a riappropriarsi della propria vita sociale.

È un appello a mettersi in gioco per sostituire il politico di professione con il cittadino responsabile.Attraverso molti incontri – con Gianroberto Casaleggio, Beppe Grillo e migliaia di persone – e altrettanti scontri – con i partiti e la stampa – Di Battista spiega le ragioni della sua scelta, le posizioni del Movimento e le regole che si è dato per non farsi travolgere dalla spirale del potere e agire nell’interesse della collettività.

La Rete e la crisi della democrazia rappresentativa, l’ambiguità dei media e le lotte del Movimento sono raccontate senza filtri o ipocrisie.

È una chiamata a mettersi in viaggio per scardinare le regole sporche del sistema, riprendendosi, da cittadini, la sovranità del Paese.Perché la battaglia del presente, e del futuro, non sarà tra destra e sinistra ma tra chi si china e chi cammina a testa in su.


          Un Mondo quasi Perfetto   

In questo libro d’inchieste, Luigi Pelazza traccia il percorsoaccidentato dei mali universali di questo Mondo quasi perfetto.

Diamanti insanguinati, Clandestini, Zingari, Racket delle Bare ePedofilia sono solo alcuni temi che ricompongono l’eterna tensione trail bene e il male che l’autore propone attraverso l’esperienza del suolavoro in prima linea.

Dietro ogni indagine ci sono vite in pericolo, c’è un disagio atavico osolo un modo di affrontare la quotidianità che continuairrimediabilmente a gravitare intorno al denaro.Come si può raccontare la storia di quei bambini del Congo ripudiati etroppo spesso uccisi dai genitori perché una superstizione locale o unostregone corrotto ha visto in loro il demonio?

L’autore non si ferma alla fotografia del male, il suo istinto e la suacoscienza gli impongono di scavare nella vita e nelle motivazioni diogni stato del mondo o di ogni regione italiana. Certo, quando ci sispinge troppo alla ricerca di un racconto obiettivo, a volte si rischiala vita.

E capita anche che il cronista possa entrare nel mirino della camorrache lo ha già condannato.In questo Mondo quasi perfetto si segue però l’esempio del coraggio e,a volte, dell’incoscienza.


          Un Gioco Vecchio Come il Mondo   
Introduzione di John Perkins autore di "Confessioni di un sicario dell'economia"

In inglese sono gli Economic Hit Man, in italiano i Sicari dell’Economia, secondo la definizione coniata da John Perkins. Si tratta di consulenti lautamente retribuiti che hanno il compito di trasformare la modernizzazione dei paesi in via di sviluppo in un processo di indebitamento e di asservimento agli interessi delle grandi corporation internazionali.

Nella pratica, i sicari vengono inviati nei paesi del Terzo Mondo per convincere il governante di turno a servirsi di prestiti e fondi di istituzioni come Banca Mondiale e Fondo Monetario Internazionale. Fondi che vengono garantiti grazie a straordinarie (quanto false) previsioni di crescita economica stilate dagli stessi sicari.

I fondi verranno poi utilizzati per pagare servizi e infrastrutture per la maggior parte commissionati (e questo fa parte del contratto) a imprese americane. Il governo di quel paese non sa o non si cura dell’impossibilità di ripagare, quindi diventerà un eterno debitore degli Usa. In parole povere, una colonia dell'Impero.

I metodi con cui operano sono tra i più diversi e comprendono il falso in bilancio, il riciclaggio di denaro sporco, il pagamento di tangenti, le estorsioni. Qualora la “strategia economica” non risultasse sufficientemente persuasiva o il governante di turno si dimostrasse più ostico del previsto (come accaduto con Allende o Torrijos o Roldos), ecco entrare in scena un altro tipo di sicari: gli sciacalli della CIA.

Nel suo bestseller Perkins rivelava solo la punta dell’iceberg del mondo degli “agenti oscuri” dell’economia. Rispetto alla sua testimonianza diretta, la rete di corruzione è assai più profonda, fosca e ramificata. Si tratta di un network spietato che viene riassunto nella sua tragica interezza in Un gioco vecchio come il mondo dove ogni capitolo fornisce esempi concreti dell’azione dei sicari dell’economia: funzionari di banche offshore che nascondono centinaia di milioni di dollari di denaro rubato, consiglieri del FMI che operano per distruggere i programmi scolastici e sanitari in Ghana, mercenari che difendono le compagnie petrolifere europee in Nigeria, consulenti americani che riscrivono la legge irachena sulle esportazioni petrolifere, manager che finanziano i signori della guerra congolesi affinché assicurino loro la gestione del coltan necessario per i nostri computer, cellulari e playstation...


          President Kabila annuleert toespraak om "gezondheidsredenen"   
De Congolese president Joseph Kabila heeft zijn traditionele toespraak voor de Onafhankelijkheidsdag in de Democratische Republiek Congo afgezegd "om gezondheidsredenen", melden lokale media.
          Antwerpse rapster Coely trapt tweede festivaldag af   
Coely, de Antwerpse met Congolese roots, die algemeen beschouwd wordt als 'de leading lady van de Belgische rapscene', heeft zonet op het hoofdpodium op een swingende manier de tweede festivaldag van Rock Werchter afgetrapt. Het festival verliep tot dusver zonder noemenswaardige incidenten, zonder regen en onder aangename temperaturen.
          Flitcroft makes sixth signing of the summer   
SWINDON Town have made their sixth signing of the summer with Algerian-born Congo international Amine Linganzi joining the club on a free transfer from Portsmouth.
          Was de Congolese onafhankelijkheid een goed idee?   
Matthias De Groof is postdoctoraal onderzoeker (FWO) aan de Universiteit Antwerpen, waar hij Wereldfilm en –esthetica doceert, Belgische film onderzoekt en een postkoloniale filmtheorie ontwikkelt
          Even in Barcelona one can see the peripheries, Cardinal Omella says   

Barcelona, Spain, Jun 30, 2017 / 11:50 am (CNA/EWTN News).- “Enough with the jokes,” then-Archbishop Juan José Omella Omella of Barcelona said when he got the call.

But it wasn’t a joke: A friend was calling him from St. Peter’s Square to tell him that Pope Francis had just announced his name among the five men who were to become cardinals at a consistory which was held June 28.

After receiving the announcement, Omella continued with his plans for the day, including visiting prisoners. He met with journalists the next morning.

“Barcelona is a cosmopolitan city where people from all over the world go,” he told journalists in Rome this week when asked what it means to serve from the peripheries in his city. “You only have to be at the plaza where the door of the cathedral of Barcelona is for a moment to see that there they speak all the languages, and all races and all cultures pass. Or go to the Sagrada Familia to see the amount of people who come everyday.”

“(T)he Church, after the Council, wants to be the Samaritan Church that accompanies the people of this world and picking up those who suffer, those who don’t have a sense of life, who are in complicated situations such as war,” he said. “I think that the Church must be present in these worlds, and to make them understand that the Pope, [in] drawing and creating cardinals from these areas, [says it’s important that] the Church is present in these areas.”

Cardinal Omella was born in the small town of Cretas in a Catalan-speaking region of Aragon in 1946. In his priestly formation, he studied in Belgium as well as Jerusalem. He was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Zaragoza in 1970, at the age of 24. He served for a year as a missionary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

In 1996, he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Zaragoza, and in 1999 made Bishop of Barbastro-Monzón. He was appointed Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño in 2004. In 2015, Pope Francis appointed him Archbishop of Barcelona.

Since his episcopal consecration, Cardinal Omella has been a member of the Spanish bishops' social-pastoral commission.

Among the five men elevated at Wednesday’s consistory, Cardinal Omella, 71, stands out in that his selection for the College of Cardinals is in no way unprecedented, whereas Francis’ other choices had at least one unique aspect about their appointment. Cardinal Omella comes from a traditional cardinalate see – his three predecessors were also cardinals. His immediate predecessor, Cardinal Lluís Martínez Sistach, aged out of the electorate when he turned 80 in April.

“This isn’t about attaining great honors,” Omella told Vatican Radio May 22. “I’m not about making a career, but service.”

The Church has to “unite institutions for the common good, so that no one feels cast aside,” he said. “I believe that it is a job we must do at all levels.”

 


          Congo’s Curse – Part 1 and 2   
Part 1 Part 2 In 1998 war broke out in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Since then, ountless millions of people have been displaced, denied an education or access to health care. As many as four million people have lost their lives. Podcasts courtesy of OneWorldTV.
          Congo Brazza : Bharti Airtel condamné à verser 5,4 milliards F.CFA à Daniel Mbere   

(TIC Mag) – C’est une information rapportée par le confidentiel La lettre du continent. Après deux années de procédures, la Cour d’appel de Brazzaville a confirmé, le 21 juin, un jugement du 26 juin 2015 condamnant Warid Congo et Bharti Airtel Congo, les filiales respectives d’Abu Dhabi Group et de Bharti Airtel, à verser 5,4 milliards F CFA […]

L’article Congo Brazza : Bharti Airtel condamné à verser 5,4 milliards F.CFA à Daniel Mbere est apparu en premier sur TIC Mag.


          "Le ministre des poubelles" : Emmanuel Botalatala, grand maître congolais du récup’art   
"Je n’ai pas choisi l’art, c’est l’art qui habite en moi." L’histoire d’Emmanuel Botalatala est celle d’un passionné. Chaque jour que Dieu fait, il s’installe dans sa parcelle, à même le sol et coupe, assemble, peint, colle. Il crée des ...
          Congo jail raid leaves police officer dead   
A jail raid in Democratic Republic of Congo’s capital on Thursday killed a police officer, police and diplomatic sources said, and President Joseph Kabila failed to appear on television for a customary address, heightening fears over security. Kabila was due to address the nation on Thursday on the eve of Independence Day. Instead, scrolling text […]
          December 2015 Highlights   
Editor-in-chief Shawn Kennedy and Clinical Editor Betsy Todd present the highlights of the December issue of the American Journal of Nursing. This month’s cover features nurse Elie Kasindi Kabululu caring for a patient at Centre Médical Evangélique in Nyankunde, Beni, Democratic Republic of Congo. Our first CE, “Inside an Ebola Treatment Unit: A Nurse’s Report,” describes the author’s experiences working with MSF at an Ebola treatment unit in Liberia for five weeks, outlines the practices and teams involved, and aims to convey a sense of what it’s like to work during an Ebola outbreak and to put a human face on this devastating epidemic. Our second CE, “Incorporating Acupressure into Nursing Practice,” discusses potential clinical indications for the use of acupressure, describes the technique, explains how to evaluate patient outcomes, and suggests how future research into this integrative intervention might be improved. In “Cultivating Quality: Original Research: Implementation of an Early Mobility Program in an ICU,” the authors recount how an early mobilization program at a community hospital contributed to fewer delirium days and improvements in patient outcomes, sedation levels, and functional status. Finally, “iNurse: Nurses and the Migration to Electronic Health Records” presents the challenges and benefits of using electronic health records and provides tips for adapting to EHR systems. In addition, there’s News, Reflections, Drug Watch, Art of Nursing, and more.
          Flitcroft makes sixth signing of the summer   
SWINDON Town have made their sixth signing of the summer with Algerian-born Congo international Amine Linganzi joining the club on a free transfer from Portsmouth.
          Current Affairs Update – 28-29 June, 2017   

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here are the Important Current Affairs of 28 & 29 June, 2017. These are important for the upcoming IBPS RRB OS-I, Office Assistant, IBPS PO, Dena Bank PGDBF, NABARD Grade A Recruitment Exam 2017.


Banking & Financial News

Maharashtra Government issued government resolution on loan waiver


  • The Maharashtra government issued the Government Resolution (GR) on 28 June 2017 for the farm loan waiver of Rs 34022 crore announced by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis last week.
  • The resolution said, loans of all indebted farmers whose accounts went into default until 30 June 2016, will be waived off with a cap of Rs 1.5 lakh per farmer.
  • It said, the farmers who have paid off their outstanding loans after 30 June 2016, will get a blanket help of Rs 25000 from the state government. The GR said, the farmers are entitled to get the benefit only once.
  • Persons with an annual turnover of over Rs 10 lakh and those who are registered under VAT or Service Tax will be ineligible for loan waiver. Retired persons excluding ex-servicemen whose monthly pension is Rs 15000 or more are also not eligible.
  • The GR says that the farmers, who have more than Rs 1.5 lakh debt, will get the benefit of loan waiver after they pay their remaining amount of debt along with interest. It also says that woman farmer would be given priority in this scheme.

India makes voluntary contribution of USD 100000 to United Nations Tax Fund


  • India on 27 June 2017 made voluntary contribution of USD 100000 to the United Nations Trust Fund for International Cooperation in Tax Matters (UN Tax Fund).
  • This voluntary contribution will be dedicated towards ensuring greater support for developing country participation in the subcommittee meetings of the UN Tax Committee which are currently unfunded.
  • By handing over the cheque to the UN Tax Trust Fund, Indian Government is hopeful that more developing countries will contribute towards the fund. This move is also expected to ensure that global tax cooperation norms and rules will work more effectively and efficiently for all countries and all stakeholders.
  • Voluntary contributions for the Trust Fund have been called for by the UN Tax Committee since its establishment in 2006. The call for contributions was also emphasized in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development in 2015.

Union Government launched new bidding mechanism for mega oil and gas auctions


  • The Union Government on 28 June 2017 simultaneously launched two key interventions: a revamped oil and gas bidding mechanism named Open Acreage Licensing Process (OALP) and the National Data Repository (NDR) for the first major oil field auctions to be held from 1 July 2017.
  • The auctions will be held under a new Hydrocarbon Exploration Licensing Policy (HELP).
  • Arun Jaitely, Union Finance Minister, and Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Petroleum Minister, launched both the initiatives in a mega event in New Delhi.
  • The new bidding mechanism will allow interested firms to bid for blocks of their choice at any time of the year with the help of National Data Repository.
  • The NDR is a comprehensive database of India’s key sedimentary basins that will provide the bidders data on contract areas that will be available for auctioning.
  • Under the mechanism, an investor will be allowed to put forth an Expression of Interest for undertaking contracts under Petroleum Operations Contract (POC) or Reconnaissance Contract (RC).
  • The investor will have the liberty to apply for such contracts bi-annually. They may also participate in rounds of auctions conducted by the regulator DGH over and above the applications made under OALP.

India, World Bank sign USD 35 million agreement to enhance efficiency in tax administration in Assam


  • India on 27 June 2017 signed a loan agreement of USD 35 million with the World Bank for Assam State Public Financial Institutional Reforms Project.
  • The loan will be provided by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), an international financial institution under World Bank that offers loans to middle-income developing countries.
  • The agreement was signed by Raj Kumar, Joint Secretary under Department of Economic Affairs and John Blomquist, Acting Country Director of World Bank (India). The Implementing Entity Agreement was signed by Additional Chief Secretary (Finance) of Assam's Department of Finance and John Blomquist.
  • The objective of the project is to improve predictability and transparency in budget execution and efficiency in tax administration in Assam.
  • The project will benefit the citizens of Assam through efficient processes, enhanced transparency and better service delivery such as electronic payments and collections for services.
  • It will also lead to better public procurement and enhanced taxpayer services provided by public institutions.
  • The total project cost is USD 44 million, out of which USD 35 million will be financed by the World Bank. The remaining amount will be funded out of the State Budget.
  • The project duration is of 5 years.

6th Joint Trade Committee was convened between India and Myanmar


  • The 6th India-Myanmar Joint Trade Committee (JTC) Meeting was held on 27 June 2017 at New Delhi. The meeting was co-chaired by Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of Commerce & Industry from India and Dr. Than Myint, Union Commerce Minister from Myanmar. The Joint Trade Committee plays a key role in facilitating issues related to the enhancement of the bilateral economic partnership between the two countries.
Speaking on the occasion, Sitharaman stated that both the countries have a long history of shared religious, linguistic and ethnic ties:
  • - Myanmar is India’s gateway to South East Asia and ASEAN with which India is seeking greater economic integration through ‘Act East’ Policy.
  • - Myanmar shares a long land border of over 1600 Kms with India as well as a maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal.
  • - The bilateral relationship between the two countries has been further strengthened by the high-level exchanges.
  • - Prime Minister of India visited Myanmar in November 2014 for the Twelfth India-ASEAN Summit while the state counsellor of Myanmar visited India in October 2016.



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India's policy panel proposes to break up of Coal India into 7 firms


  • A new draft of a New Energy Policy (NEP) prepared by Union Government's policy think-tank, NITI Aayog, says that India should split the seven units of state-controlled Coal India Limited (CIL) into independent companies. This action will help the firm to be more competitive.
  • About 70 percent of India's power generation is fired by coal. The country is the world's third-largest producer and third-biggest importer of coal, which the government wants to change by boosting local coal production.
  • Fresh coal production should come from private sector mines, the government think-tank NITI Aayog said, adding that the move called for reforms in allocating coal blocks to independent companies specialised in coal mining.
  • The previous report of December 2016 by Reuters said that senior Indian government officials, tasked by Prime Minister Narendra Modi with reviewing energy security, were recommending the breakup of the world's largest coal miner within a year.
  • Attempts to break up the world's biggest coal miner could expect resistance from powerful unions representing the firm's more than 350000 employees. The government backed down from a similar proposal in the face of union protests in 2014.
  • One of the unions, which is close to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's party, is against the move and says it, has the support of about half of Coal India's workers.
  • According to reports, Baij Nath Rai, president of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh in its conversation with Reuters said, “We are opposing the recommendations made by NITI Aayog".

News related to India and states

Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Israel on National Campaign for Water Conservation


  • The Union Cabinet, presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 28 June 2017 approved signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Israel on National Campaign for Water Conservation in India.
  • The MoU will help India in conserving water for future generations.
  • As per the agreement, the two nations will work to enhance cooperation at the national, regional and international level to design, implement and monitor a professionally-designed National Water Conservation campaign in India.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates Centenary Celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 29 June 2017 inaugurated the centenary celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
  • In addition, PM Modi also released the coin and postal stamp in the honour of Jain saint and philosopher Shrimad Rajchandra on his 150th birth anniversary at Abhay Ghat.
  • Shrimad Rajchandra was a Jain poet, philosopher, scholar and reformer.

Election Commission to launch nationwide Voter Registration Reminder on Facebook


  • The Election Commission of India (ECI) on 28 June 2017 announced that it will launch a special drive to enrol left out electors, with a special focus on first time electors.
  • The step is taken in the direction of Commission’s motto that 'No Voter to be Left Behind’.
  • It is the first time that Facebook's voter registration reminder has been rolled out across India. The drive will be launched on 1 July 2017.
  •  In order to reach out to maximum eligible voters, the ECI is collaborating with Facebook to launch first nationwide Voter Registration Reminder. 
  • With over 180 million people in India on Facebook, the Register Now button is designed to encourage Indian citizens to register themselves with the Election Commission of India.
  • On 1 July 2017, a notification of the Voter Registration Reminder will be sent to people on Facebook in India who are eligible to vote.

India's communication satellite GSAT-17 successfully launched


  • India's latest communication satellite GSAT-17 was successfully launched from Kourou in French Guiana on 29 June 2017. The satellite was launched by French rocket Ariane-5. The European launcher Arianespace Flight VA238 blasted off from Ariane Launch Complex No 3 (ELA 3) at Kourou, a French territory located in the northeastern coast of South America, a couple of minutes delayed than the scheduled time of 2:29 hrs India time.
  • After its lift-off at 2:45 am (IST) and a flight lasting about 39 minutes, GSAT-17 separated from the Ariane 5 upper stage in an elliptical Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) with a perigee (nearest point to Earth) of 249 km and an apogee (farthest point to Earth) of 35920 km, inclined at an angle of 3 degrees to the equator.
  • GSAT-17 with a lift-off mass of about 3477 kg carries payloads in Normal C-band, Extended C-band and S-band to provide various communication services. GSAT-17 has a life expectancy of 15 years.
  • The Satellite also carries equipment for meteorological data relay and satellite-based search and rescue services being provided by earlier INSAT satellites.

India-Netherlands Joint Communique issued during PM Modi’s visit


  • India and the Netherlands on 27 June 2017 released a Joint Communiqué at The Hague. The Joint Communique was released after bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Dutch counterpart, Prime Minister Mark Rutte.
  • The communiqué was released during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s working visit to the Netherlands on 27 June 2017. Modi was on a visit to the Netherlands at the invitation of his Dutch counterpart. His visit to the nation also marked 70 years of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and the Netherlands.
  • During this visit, Modi met with his counterpart Mark Rutte, His Majesty King Willem-Alexander and Her Majesty Queen Maxima. In addition, Prime Minister Modi also met with representatives of Dutch companies operating in the Indian market and those who are keen to invest there.
  • Earlier on his arrival, the Prime Minister was welcomed at Schiphol Airport by Minister of Foreign Affairs Bert Koenders.

Indian Army gets first batch of modern bullet-proof helmets


  • The Indian Army reportedly received its first batch of bullet-proof helmets from Kanpur-based MKU Industries.
  • The MKU Industries, which supplies military equipment to the United Nations and NATO, was awarded a contract to manufacture 1.58 lakh helmets at the cost of Rs 180 crore.
  • Indian Army has ordered the bolted version of bolt-free ballistic helmets. Bolt-free is a higher and expensive version of bullet-proof helmets, which gives all-round protection from head injuries.
  • The MKU Industries claims that the bullet-proof helmets go through rigorous quality tests and ballistic lab test conducted at its testing facilities in India as well as in Germany.
  • The helmets are reportedly designed to bear the impact of 9 mm ammunition fired from a short range.
  • They match global standards of equipment for armed forces.
  • The bullet-proof helmet has the main protective layer of Kevlar, which has high tensile strength-to-weight ratio; by this measure it is 5 times stronger than steel.

JNPT, India's largest container port, hit by cyber attack


  • Operations at one of three terminals at India's largest container port Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) in Mumbai were disrupted by the global ransomware attack. The attack was confirmed by the port authorities on 28 June 2017.
  • The impacted terminal is operated by Danish shipping giant AP Moller-Maersk. The Maersk group confirmed individually on 27 June that its operations were hit by a cyber attack named Petya that affected its multiple sites and select business units.
  • The group’s statement read, “We are responding to the situation to contain and limit the impact and uphold operations."
  • Anil Diggikar, JNPT chairman also stated that the port has been trying to clear containers manually but its operating capacity has dropped to a third at the terminal.
  • “This is a fallout of global cyber attack. Containers are piling up outside the port due to delay in loading and unloading at Gateway Terminals India,” Diggikar said and added that they are hopeful that the operations would normalise in a day.
  • AP Moller-Maersk operates the Gateway Terminals India (GTI) at JNPT, which has a capacity to handle 1.8 million standard container units.


Appointments

Rajiv Kumar appointed as Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh


  • Rajiv Kumar was on 29 June 2017 appointed as the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh. His appointment was approved by the Uttar Pradesh Government.
  • Prior to this appointment, Kumar was a Secretary in the Union Shipping ministry. He is a 1981 batch IAS Officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre.
  • Kumar succeeds Rahul Prasad Bhatnagar, who was appointed by the previous Samajwadi Party (SP) government and continued to serve in the office for three months under the Yogi Adityanath government.
  • Rahul Prasad Bhatnagar, the outgoing Chief Secretary, will now serve as the Chairman of the Greater Noida Authority and also as the Investment Commissioner of Uttar Pradesh in New Delhi.

Former Vice Chancellor of Ambedkar University takes oath as UPSC Member


  • Dr. Manoj Soni, former Vice Chancellor of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, took the Oath of Office and Secrecy as Member of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on 28 June 2017 at Delhi.
  • The Oath was administered by the UPSC Chairman David R Syiemlieh. UPSC conducts recruitment exams to select country’s top bureaucrats.

Indian-American Krishna R Urs appointed as US Ambassador to Peru


  • Indian-American Krishna R Urs was on 28 June 2017 appointed as the United States (US) Ambassador to Peru by the President Donald Trump administration.
  • Krishna is currently serving as the Charge d' Affaires of the US Embassy in Madrid, Spain, where he was also the Deputy Chief of Mission. He has been a career service American diplomat since 1986.
  • During three decades of State Department service, Urs has specialised in economic issues and developed extensive policy experience in the Andean region of South America.

Narinder Nath Vohra appointed as President of India International Centre


  • Jammu and Kashmir Governor Narinder Nath Vohra in the last week of June 2017 was appointed the President of the India International Centre (IIC).
  • Vohra was appointed as the president at the Annual General Meeting, which was held on 23 June 2017.
  • The appointment was made after eminent jurist Soli Sorabjee quit the presidential post.
He is the first civilian Governor of Jammu and Kashmir in 18 years after Jagmohan.

Loknath Behra appointed as DGP of Kerala


  • Loknath Behra was on 28 June 2017 appointed as the Director General of Police (DGP) of Kerala as incumbent TP Senkumar will retire as the state DGP on 30 June 2017.
  • Behra's appointment as state police chief was confirmed by the Pinarayi Vijayan-led Kerala government after the cabinet meeting.
  • Behra is currently serving as the Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau. He is a 1985 batch Kerala cadre IPS officer.

Kaushik Basu takes over as President of International Economic Association


  • Former Chief Economic Advisor Kaushik Basu on 27 June 2017 took over as the President of the International Economic Association (IEA) with effect from 23 June 2017. He will serve the office for three years.
  • The IEA is a leading organisation for professional economists that seeks to shape global economic policy and research. Among IEA's past presidents are Nobel laureates Kenneth Arrow, Robert Solow, Amartya Sen and Joseph Stiglitz.

Days

International Day of the Tropics 2017 observed globally


  • The International Day of the Tropics 2017 was observed across the world on 29 June 2017 with an aim to raise awareness to the specific challenges faced by tropical areas and the far-reaching implications of the issues affecting the world’s tropical zone.
  • The International Day of the Tropics celebrates the diversity of the tropics and provides an opportunity to share tropical stories and expertise and to acknowledge the diversity and potential of the region.
  • The day was proclaimed on 14 June 2016 by the resolution of United Nations General Assembly to mark the anniversary of the 'State of the Tropics Report' that was launched by Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi on 29 June 2014.

Sharjah named World Book Capital 2019 by UNESCO


  • Sharjah, a city in the United Arab Emirates has been named as 'the World Book Capital' for 2019 by the Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova for the quality of its literary and cultural activities and for its efforts to make books accessible to the entire population of the nation.
  • Bokova took the decision on the recommendation of the Advisory Committee that met at the Headquarters of the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) at La Haye.
  • The programme runs with a slogan ‘Read - you are in Sharjah’.
  • It focuses on six themes: inclusivity, reading, heritage, outreach, publishing and children.
  • It would include a conference on freedom of speech, a contest for young poets, workshops for creating Braille books and tactile books as well as many other events for Sharjah's multi-ethnic population.

World News

Trump’s travel ban: Visa applicants from these 6 Muslim nations require close family ties in US


  • The Trump administration has set new criteria for visa applicants from six Muslim nations and all refugees that require a close family or business tie to the United States.
  • According to the new guidelines sent to all the US embassies and consulates on 28 June 2017, visa applicants from six countries- Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen-must prove a relationship with a parent, spouse, child, adult son or daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law or sibling in the United States in order to get a go ahead.
  • The new guideless have been set by the State Department, according to which extended family members including grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins, brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law and fiancées are not considered to be close relationships.
  • These new measures are expected to be implemented from 29 June 2017.
  • The court’s opinion exempts applicants from the ban if they can prove a “bona fide relationship” with a US person or entity. However, it is up to the government lawyers to determine how to define such a relationship. The court offered only broad guidelines suggesting it would include a relative, job offer or invitation to lecture in the US.
  • The move comes after the Supreme Court partially restored President Donald Trump's executive order that was widely criticised as a ban on Muslims.

World's first ATM celebrates its 50th birthday


  • The Automated Teller Machine (ATM) marked its 50th anniversary on 27 June 2017.
  • The first ATM was opened on 27 June 1967 at a branch of Barclays bank in Enfield, north London, the first of six cash dispensers commissioned by the bank.
  • To celebrate the occasion, the British bank decorated the site of the world's first cashpoint in gold. A black-and-white picture of Varney using the ATM hangs above it, while a commemorative gold plaque has been placed on the bank wall.
  • The original cash machine was the brainchild of Scottish inventor John Shepherd-Barron, who was commissioned by the bank to create six cash dispensers, which based on vending machines.
  • The first person to use the inaugural ATM was actor Reg Varney, the star of a popular British TV comedy called "On The Buses."
  • Transactions were initiated by inserting paper cheques issued by a teller or cashier, marked with carbon-14 for machine readability and security.


Chinese Navy launches biggest new generation destroyer


  • China’s Navy on 28 June 2017 launched its biggest new generation destroyer that weighs around 10,000 tonnes at the Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) in Shanghai. The launch is a part of the country’s massive expansion effort to become a global naval power.
  • The new destroyer, which is a domestically designed and produced vessel, is the first of China’s new generation of destroyers.
  • The destroyer is equipped with new air defence, anti-missile, anti-ship and anti-submarine weapons.
  • The ship is believed to be the first Type 055 destroyer, which is considered to be a successor class to the country’s smaller Type 052D guided missile destroyers.
  • The vessel will have to undergo planned testing including equipment operation, berthing and sailing before it is commissioned into use.

Chana and Chana Dal words added to Oxford English Dictionary


  • The words Chana and Chana Dal were on 27 June 2017 added to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). 'Chana' means Chickpeas and 'Chana Dal' stands for split chickpea lentils.
  • With this, these Indian food essentials Chickpeas (chana) and the split chickpea lentils (chana dal) join the vast list of more than 600 other words and phrases that have been included in its quarterly update of the Oxford English Dictionary.
  • The other prominent new entries in the OED include a batch of tennis-related words like "Forced Error".
  • A slang 'Bagel' has also been added which refers to a score in a set of six games to love, as there is similarity of the numeral zero to the shape of a bagel.
  • A new sense of 'woke', which was shortlisted for 'Word of the Year', has also been added. It means alert to racial or social discrimination and injustice.

US adds China to the list of Worst Human Trafficking Offenders


  • The United States State Department in the last week of June 2017 issued highly public criticism of China in its latest annual report on the global state of human trafficking.
  • As per the Trafficking in Persons report, China is among the worst offenders of human trafficking.
  • China is now grouped with Tier 3 offenders such as Syria, Iran, Russia and North Korea.
  • China was downgraded to Tier 3 status in 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) in part because it has not taken serious steps to end its own complicity in trafficking, including forced labours from North Korea that are located in China.
  • Several other countries like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea and Mali were downgraded to Tier 3 status.

Sports News

Kidambi Srikanth re-enters top 10 of BWF men’s rankings


  • Indian badminton player Kidambi Srikanth has re-entered the top ten of the Badminton World Federation (BWF) men's singles rankings for the first time in ten months.
  • The rankings, which were released on 29 June 2017, saw Srikanth placed at the 8th position with 58,583 points. The development comes less than a week after the ace shuttler beat Olympic champion Chen Long in straight games 22-20, 21-6 to claim the Australian Open Super Series and before that Japan's Kazumasa Sakai to clinch the Indonesian Open.
  • Srikanth is the lone Indian shuttler to figure in the top-10 of men's singles ranking after climbing up three places.
  • The 24-year-old had last reached the top ten in October 2016, few months after he reached the quarter-finals at the Rio Olympics 2016.

Lasith Malinga gets one-year ban, fined for media remarks


  • Sri Lankan fast bowler, Lasith Malinga has been handed over a suspension ban of six months after a disciplinary inquiry found him guilty of breaching his contract by speaking to the media without permission.
  • Malinga will also be fined 50 percent of the match fee from his next one-day international. He will be facing a disciplinary inquiry over his comments about Sri Lanka's Sports Minister Dayasiri Jayasekara. 

Roger Federer defeats Alexander Zverev to lift ninth Halle Open title

  • Swiss legend Roger Federer on 25 June 2017 defeated Alexander Zverev 6-1, 6-3 in the final to clinch the 2017 Halle Open Men’s Singles title.
  • The final took place at the Gerry Weber Stadion in Halle, Germany.
  • He also won the Olympic gold medal in doubles with his compatriot Stan Wawrinka at the 2008 Summer Olympic Games and the Olympic silver medal in singles at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.
  • He is currently ranked world No. 5 by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).












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          DR Congo opposition piles pressure on Kabila with strike over election delays   
Congolese police deployed heavily across the capital Kinshasa on Monday as opposition calls for a general strike after a breakdown in talks with President Joseph Kabila's allies last week raised fears of renewed violence.
           Cine va conduce Vodafone Romania, de la 1 septembrie 2017: Murielle Lorilloux, care anterior a condus Vodacom din Republica Democrata Congo   
Murielle Lorilloux, CEO al Vodacom din Republica Democrata Congo (RDC), a fost desemnata CEO al Vodafone Romania, incepand cu 1 septembrie 2017, pozitie din care ii va raporta lui Ahmed Essam, CEO Europe Cluster, a anuntat vineri al doilea mare operator local de comunicatii mobile. Ea il va inlocui pe Ravinder Takkar, care va prelua functia de Presedinte al Vodafone Group Services, Regional Business Development, rol in care va fi responsabil de reprezentarea intereselor Vodafone in India si de dezvoltarea business-ului in regiunea Africa, Orientul Mijlociu si Asia Pacific (AMAP).
          Geweld in Centraal-Afrikaanse Republiek: 3.500 ontheemden aan grens met Congo   
Bij zware gevechten in Zemio, in het zuidoosten van de Centraal-Afrikaanse Republiek vlakbij Congo, zijn sinds dinsdag twee doden gevallen. Zowat
          Prefeitura de Congo constrói passagem molhada no sítio Tatu   



O governo Municipal de Congo através da Secretaria de Infraestrutura, concluiu a obra de construção da passagem molhada de pedras sobre o Rio Paraíba no sítio Tatu, que liga o Congo ao município de Coxixola.

Os serviços foram executados em virtude da passagem das águas do Rio São Francisco, que impossibilitou o trafego de veículos na estrada.

A obra foi executada com recursos próprios.


ASCOM

          De catalanes, vascos y "castellanos recios"...
o de como querer ofender y no saber.   
Carta de J .Vaderribas publicada a "EL MUNDO":
"Vaya por delante que mi simpatía por vascos y catalanes es la misma, es decir, ninguna.
Pero al menos sé distinguir entre un adversario válido y otro que no lo es. Dicha distinción es muy importante para todo español que se precie, cuyo objetivo en la vida debe ser dar por periclitados los nacionalismos periféricos. Aunque el nacionalismo vasco está emponzoñado por los crímenes abyectos de la banda etarra, son un rival de mucha más enjundia para la nación española que los siempre timoratos catalanes. Y voy a tratar de explicar el por qué."
Mientras los vascos han sido siempre un elemento incómodo en todas lasinvasiones que ha padecido la península, (romanos, godos, arabes), loscatalanes se han dejado siempre conquistar por el primero que ha pasado por allí. A un lado la resistencia al invasor, al otro, los fenicios que por un plato de lentejas dejan que se mancille su honor. De hecho, un castellano recio siempre se sentirá más identificado con el carácter rudo y batallador del vasco, dejando momentáneamente a un lado el episodio repugnante que lleva a cabo una banda de asesinos desalmados, que con la falta de carácter, el "acongojamiento", el rechazo al enfrentamiento y el amor por el dinero y no por lo propio que caracteriza a nuestros particulares judíos.
Por todo esto no me extraña que al primer ataque serio que se le plantea al nuevo gobierno de la Generalidad, sean los propios catalanes los que sacrifiquen a Carod. Mientras los vascos recibieron una presión incomparablemente superior durante el periodo previo a las últimas elecciones autonómicas, y por desgracia para la nación española con resultado nefasto para nuestros intereses, en Cataluña no han sabido resistir ni el primer achuchón. Era de esperar, no tienen sangre. Ellos mismos destruyen a sus líderes. No tengamos ninguna duda de que con un par de escaramuzas más, el gobierno de la Generalidad caerá, se convocarán elecciones anticipadas y volverán a gobernar CiU y el PP. Todo debe estar bajo control. Dicen mis contactos en Cataluña que ERC, de hecho el único intento mínimamente serio de ponernos un poco nerviosos, va a quedar electoralmente diezmada el 14-M, mientras que los siempre dóciles chicos de Pujol van a salir ganando de este embrollo. Y ya sabemos que a esta gente con un par de contactos económicos se les tiene más que domesticados. De hecho, encarnan al auténtico fenicio. En definitiva, y para apagar los temores de un buen amigo mío, nuestra autentica preocupación debe estar centrada en el norte. Los catalanes se anulan ellos mismos, y si se ponen un poco nerviosos, sacamos la tontería del fútbol (el Barsa, ese gran narcótico) y ya están entretenidos para unas cuantas semanas."

Jordi Net responde a Vaderribas

Apreciado Sr. Vaderribas,
Vaya por delante que mi simpatía por los ignorantes prepotentes y los chulos castizos es la misma, es decir, ninguna. Puestos a buscar "adversarios", usted, con su prepotencia, incultura y defachatez me va como anillo al dedo.
La gente como usted y los de ETA son dos caras de la misma moneda. El nacionalismo español ha sido siempre ofensivo e imperialista, es decir, criminal, como el de ETA. Ustedes, adversarios nacionalistas españoles, se
piensan que España es el centro del mundo y que los que no son castellanos recios y vascos fornidos, son unos cagados y unos comemierda. Lo más grave es que se lo dejen escribir en un medio de comunicación público.
Veamos, si usted tuviera dos dedos de frente, debería ser más riguroso con la historia y no trepanar las mentes blandas de sus compatriotas con falsedades.
Los catalanes no existíamos en la época de los fenicios, ni en la romana, ni prácticamente en la visigoda. Tampoco existían los castellanos, ni mucho menos los españoles. En cuanto a los vascos, no lo tengo claro (¿podríamos decir que eran los íberos?).
De hecho, los catalanes existimos, como nación, desde el año 865 aprox. Llegamos a ser una gran nación hasta el 1412, cuando desgraciadamente se extinguió la dinastía
catalana con el último rey Catalanoaragonés, Martí L'Humà. En el Compromiso de Caspe, las Cortes Catalanas decidieron (equivocadamente) pasar a una
dinastía castellana con la condición de que ésta respetara las leyes instituciones de Catalunya, representadas por la Generalitat. Está claro que la mente castellana no estaba preparada para respetar acuerdos, y por lo que
veo, no lo estará nunca. Desde entonces han tratado sistemáticamente de violarlos. Si esto se lo hiciéramos nosotros a ustedes, nos llamarían traidores, innobles y nazis, pero como son ustedes quienes lo hacen, se quedan más tranquilos si piensan que nos dejamos prostituir por dinero.
Esto me lleva a pensar en su obsesión por que nosotros sólo pensamos en el dinero. Tienen ustedes además la virtud de vomitar lo primero que les viene a la cabeza, y como uno de sus principales defectos es la envidia, nos
achacan constantemente que sólo pensamos en el dinero (lo mismo que les pasa a los judíos en otras partes). Esto viene de la época en que, después de haber expoliado las Américas, su declive les llevó a morirse de hambre y se
dieron cuenta de que tenían unas "provincias" periféricas donde curiosamente, por no haberlas dejado ir a saquear las Américas (esa es su mentalidad), se lo habían tenido que currar en su país, creando riqueza de la nada con su industria floreciente. Pues bien, a pesar de lo que les
asqueaban los industriales catalanes "por su afán por el dinero", no les asqueaba emigrar a su país para ganárselo y mucho menos recibirlo de los impuestos que con habilidad fenicia gestionaban (para sus batallitas
dispendios en la Villa). Otros países como Holanda, Inglaterra, Italia, etc., hacían (y hacen) lo que hacíamos (y hacemos) los catalanes. Parece que ellos tienen todo el derecho del mundo de hacerlo, no así los catalanes ni
los judíos.
Hablando de batallas, decirle, adversario inculto, que la que perdimos en 1714, o mejor dicho, la que ganaron ustedes, gracias a su gran "bravura y arrojo", se debió a que Inglaterra nos traicionó. Resulta que el Archiduque
Carlos, nuestro candidato a heredar el trono de Carlos II, heredó durante la contienda la corona de Austria, y por tanto, al equilibrarse las fuerzas en Europa, Inglaterra decidió abandonar a su suerte a los Catalanes - Tratado de Utrecht 1713 -, con quienes habían pactado una alianza (aunque se quedaron Menorca y Gibraltar). El ejercito castellano-francés tardó dos años en entrar en Barcelona, después de sitiarla por mar y tierra. Si los
catalanes, como usted insinúa, eran una panda de cobardicas, el ejercito castellano-francés, con unos medios y efectivos infinitamente superiores, debía ser un enjambre de mariquitas. Gracias a esto, el castellano, que a partir de entonces pasó a denominarse español, se impuso en Cataluña.
Han pasado casi 300 años, y los catalanes seguimos pesados, erre que erre, con nuestro idioma y ganas de autogobierno. Somos un caso único de supervivencia en Europa (y tal vez en el mundo). Otros imperios
colonizadores como Inglaterra o Francia, no tienen casos parecidos en sus dominios. A ustedes les gustaría ser como ellos, pero nunca lo podrán ser.
Simplemente por que son una panda de chapuzas como Trillo, prepotentes como Aznar y creídos como Piqué que nunca podrán convencer a un nacionalista
catalán. Seremos siempre su grano en el culo, incluso cuando hayan acabado con los Etarras.
!A ver si hay "güebos" de tomar Gibraltar como El Perejil, machotes! Y es en el fondo sois unos cobardes que sólo os atrevéis cuando lo tenéis claro.
Som i Serem!
Jordi Net


          Il mâl dal cjampanili   


     Pauline e leve a durmî adore, si po dî, come lis gjalinis. E si sveave a buinorone cul prin chichirichi de albe. Si jere sposade zovine. Restade gravide, Manli, il so om, al partì pes minieris dal Congo, lassantle te dolce spiete compagnade dai missêrs.

     Ogni tant Pauline e riceveve une cartuline cun panoramis tropicâi e cun int nereose e dispueade di viestis. Cundiplui no si dave reson sul fat che in chei paisaçs no si viodeve nissun cjampanili tal orizont, come chel che jê e viodeve cjalant dal barcon de sô cusine.

     Lis cartulinis in curt a disevin: “Speri ben di te, domenie o rivi”, riferintsi ae domenie di Pasche. Jê e coparès un cjapon, e brusarès un ramut di ulîf benedet e e fasarès la plee te bionde cjavelade. Chescj preparatîfs a jerin segnâi che Manli al tornave. Cuant che in paîs le viodevin, ducj i domandavin: - Rivial chel om, Pauline? – Si, si, - ma un rossôr di vergogne i scuindeve i smursiei fasintle tornâ di presse a cjase.

     Tes primis tornadis, Manli i diseve: - Ven cun me, tu saràs une siore là ju -. Ma jê e veve ogni volte un dinei diferent: che la cjase, che i missêrs, che la scuele dal frut e vie vie. L’om cul timp al lassà di insisti e lis sôs tornadis si sraririn.

     Intant il timp in forme sutîl al urdive. I missêrs a partirin. Il fi tirât sù dret come une cjane gargane si laureà di inzegnîr, partint a sô volte ancje lui pal Congo. A chest pont Manli nol tornà plui, ancje se tor Pasche e rivave la solite cartuline, però cumò a jerin panoramis di mâr, cun bielis sioris neris fasint il bagn. Pauline no si avilive par chest. Ancje se dutis lis sôs zornadis si someavin, no rivavin mai a sei noiosis. Ogni dì e cjapave messe, ogni dì si confessave, si po dî che e jere une tabaiade cul vicjari, che i assolveve simpri lis stessis mancjancis che jê e considerave pecjâts.

     Finidis chestis ativitâts eclesiastichis Pauline si sintive lizere come une pavee daspò di vê supât il netar de flôr. Ogni an e rinovave i rituâi de Pasche: copâ un cjapon, brusâ un ramut di ulîf e lâ a fâsi la plee te cjavelade bielzà cjanore.

     La int no domandave plui. Purpûr, la elocuence di chei cidinôrs a valevin cetantis domandis. Cuant che e tornave a cjase, Pauline si sentave a cjalâ il “sô” cjampanili, lu viodeve come simpri, l’unic e tangjibil pont di riferiment te sô vite.

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Autôr: Galliano R. De Agostini
Cheste conte le à publicade "Contecurte"
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-----------------

El campanario


     Pauline se iba a dormir temprano, podemos decir que como las gallinas. Y se despertaba con el primer quiquiriquí del alba. Se había casado joven. Estando embarazada, Manli, su marido, se fue a trabajar a las minas del Congo, dejándola en la dulce espera acompañada por los suegros.

     Cada tanto Pauline recibía una postal con panoramas tropicales y con gente de piel muy oscura y poca ropa. Lo que no entendía era que en esos paisajes no se viese ningún campanario en el horizonte, como el que ella veía mirando desde la ventana de su cocina.

     Las postales decían brevemente: “Espero que estés bien, el domingo llego”, refiriéndose al Domingo de Pascua. Ella mataría un capón, quemaría un ramo de olivo bendito y se haría la permanente en su rubia cabellera. Estos preparativos eran la señal de que Manli volvía. Cuando en el pueblo la veían, todos le preguntaban: - ¿Llega tu marido, Pauline? - - Si, si, – mientras un rubor avergonzado le cubría las mejillas haciéndola volver de prisa a su casa.  

     En los primeros tiempos, Manli le decía: - Vení conmigo, allá serás una señora. – Pero ella siempre encontraba una excusa diferente: que la casa, que los suegros, que la escuela del hijo, que... Con el tiempo Manli dejó se insistir y sus retornos se fueron espaciando.

     Mientras tanto el tiempo, en forma sutil, tejía su trama. Los suegros partieron. El hijo, criado recto como una caña, se recibió de ingeniero y también él partió para el Congo. Desde ese momento Manli no regresó más, sin embargo para Pascua llegaba la acostumbrada postal, pero ahora eran panoramas de mar, con hermosas señoras negras bañándose. Pauline no se mortificaba por eso. Si bien todas sus jornadas se parecían, nunca llegaban a serle aburridas. Todos los días iba a misa, todos los días se confesaba, se puede decir que en realidad era una charla con el vicario, que le absolvía siempre las mismas faltas que ella consideraba pecados.

     Terminadas estas actividades eclesiásticas Pauline se sentía ligera como una mariposa después de haber libado el néctar de una flor. Todos los años renovaba el ritual de la Pascua: matar un capón, quemar un ramito de olivo e ir a hacerse la permanente en su canosa cabellera.
  
     La gente ya no le preguntaba más. No obstante, la elocuencia de esos silencios valía como tantas preguntas. Cuando volvía a casa, Pauline se sentaba a mirar “su” campanario, lo veía como siempre, el único y tangible punto de referencia de su vida.

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Traducción al español: Oscar B. Montoya

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          Un commissariat attaqué à Kinshasa   
A Kinshasa, la capitale de la République démocratique du Congo, un commissariat du district de la Funa a été attaqué par des hommes armés jeudi.
          Will Afghanistan manage to find peace?   
Ex-Afghan spy chief on why he blames Pakistan for violence, and we debate democracy in DR Congo.
          MICHEL MAGNE - TROPICAL FANTASY (1962)   
Un disque super fun qui rappelle la musique exotico-lounge de Les Baxter.

01 -
Amapola
02 - Congo
03 - Baïa
04 - Tabou
05 - The Peanut Vendor
06 - Acertate Mas
07 - Copacabana
08 - Brazil
09 - Two Silhouettes
10 - Sahara
11 - Solamente una Vez
12 - Quizas Quizas
13 - Besame Mucho
14 - Perfidia
15 - El Cumbachero
16 - Tropical

Lien : Michel Magne - Tropical Fantasy (1962)
          Des affrontements dont deux morts et 3 500 déplacés dans le Sud-est de la Centrafrique   
A Zemio, ville frontalière de la République démocratique du Congo, des hommes ont également pillé et brûlé les habitations et les boutiques.
          NBA Draft Recap   
By: Mike Wagenman

After last night's head spinning NBA Draft, the dust has finally settled and the fans and teams can now try to see where their new potential stars will fit in. As is the case with every draft, many trades were made, some teams had a great player fall right into their laps, and other teams made a bit of a stretch to draft a player. Although this draft was widely considered one of the weakest classes in recent memory, many teams came out winners and significantly improved their teams and addressed key needs. However, some teams left everybody wondering why they did what they did. Only time will tell how the newest members of the NBA family will pan out, and who really ended up winners and losers. As for now, here's my three biggest winners and losers from last night's 2011 NBA Draft

WINNERS:

  1. Denver Nuggets: Last year, in the “post-Melo” era, the Nuggets were given a few new nicknames, such as the “Knuggets” or the “Baby Knicks” alluding to the fact that a good sized portion of their roster is made up of former Knicks. The Nuggets surprised many people last year when they had much success after trading superstar Carmelo Anthony. They improved and addressed key needs better than any team. With the 22nd pick, the Nuggets landed one of the best rebounding talents in the past few years, Kenneth Faried from Morehead State. He, along with Chris “Birdman” Andersen, make up one of the best rebounding duos in the league coming off the bench. Also, the Nuggets had Texas star Jordan Hamilton fall right into their laps at pick number 26. Hamilton is an incredible athlete with a great shot. His versatility makes him an even better asset to the Nuggets. Finally, the Nuggets cleared the way for young point guard speedster Ty Lawson to shine full time. He has shown flashes of excellence in his split time with Chauncey Billups/Raymond Felton. The Nuggets swapped Felton for Blazers point guard Andre Miller. Miller is a veteran and can back up Lawson while teaching him the ins and outs of being a true NBA point guard. Grade: A

  1. Golden State Warriors: Many experts are questioning the Warriors pick at number 11, when they drafted Washington State Guard Klay Thompson. However, I love this pick. Thompson can create his own shot, and knock it down. He was a bigtime scorer at WSU, and he will help stretch the floor, creating opportunities for 3-point assassins such as Monta Ellis, Stephen Curry, and Dorrell Wright. The Warriors also snagged Charles Jenkins, a guard from Hofstra, at pick 44. This is another player who can stretch the floor and even take the ball to the rim. He had one of the best NBA-ready bodies at of any draft-eligible player, according to many scouts and sources. Finally, an underrated acquisition was their obtaining the 39th pick from the Charlotte Bobcats. With this pick, the Warriors grabbed a hard-nosed rebounder Jeremy Tyler. He will surely help out David Lee and be able to pull down boards by the bunch. Grade: A

  1. Charlotte Bobcats: At first, being a Bobcats supporter, I was livid at the fact that Stephen Jackson was shipped off to Milwaukee. First Gerald Wallace, and now Stephen Jackson? Really? But the Bobcats did a great job and are widely considered the biggest draft winner. They took big man Bismack Biyombo from the Congo with the 7th pick, which they got from the Bucks. Biyombo is a defensive force who can block shots and pull down rebounds for 48 straight minutes. His 7'7” wingspan will surely keep opponents wary as they try to attack the basket. At pick number nine, the Bobcats took Kemba Walker out of UConn. Walker is a Stephen Jackson type player, a lot of shots, but he is a great scorer. However, Walker is a proven winner; five wins in five days to claim the Big East title, not to mention a National Championship and a First Team All-America selection. Walker brings the “it” factor down to Charlotte. The Bobcats are young and seem to be on the rise. Grade: A-

LOSERS:

  1. Toronto Raptors: The Raptors are the best of the three losers. At pick number five, Toronto snagged Lithuanian big Jonas Valanciunas. This is not to say that Valanciunas is not a good enough player to be a top-5 pick, because his is. The Raptors get a low grade because they took a center when they already have one, and a good one at that, former number one pick Andrea Bargnani. I guess they wanted a replacement for Chris Bosh? They could have taken Brandon Knight, Kemba Walker, etc. and that would have given them a legitimate player who can create for his teammates. Also, the Raptors did not make any trades to improve their last place finish from a year ago. Grade: C

  1. Phoenix Suns: I'm not sure if the Suns accidentally mixed up the Morris twins, or if they really meant to take Markieff Morris over his more talented brother Marcus (who was taken with the very next pick by Houston). Marcus has clearly distinguished himself as the more talented player on both ends of the floor, and shows a higher basketball IQ. On top of that, there have been questions and Markieff's poor attitude. Nevertheless, the Suns stretched for Markieff Morris, heck it would have even been a stretch to take Marcus at pick number 13, which is when Phoenix pulled the trigger on Markieff. The only reason the Suns aren't the biggest loser is because they actually filled a big hole at power forward. The Suns made no other moves last night either, landing them with this... Grade: C- (P.S. Did anyone else see how shocked Marcus was that Markieff was selected first?)

  1. New York Knicks: As much as it makes me cringe to put my favorite team as the biggest loser, I have to. I have no idea what was going on in the draft room when they took Georgia Tech combo guard Iman Shumpert at number 17. This is not to say Shumpert is not a good player, because he is (especially on the defensive end), but this was a huge stretch. What makes it worse was the fact that the Knicks needed rebounding help and a presence inside to help out Amare Stoudemire on defense. What makes it even worse is that Florida State's Chris Singleton, the best perimeter defender in the draft, was still on the board. The only reason the Knicks won't get a big, fat F in this draft is that they did address the league's worse defense per 48 minutes by taking Shumpert. It was just a bit too soon. Also, they selected Josh Harrellson from Kentucky. This big man is too short to play center, but too overweight to be a legitimate power forward. It really doesn't matter thought, because Harrellson doesn't have a prayer in making an NBA roster. Grade: D+

To leave my readers with something to look forward to, here are three players, drafted in the last 15 picks of the draft, who I think are great picks and will have more of an impact on their teams than some might think:

  1. Andrew Goudelock (College of Charleston): The Lakers snagged on of the best scorers in college basketball with pick 46. This scrappy guard averaged 23.7 ppg last year, good for fourth in the country.
  2. Josh Selby (Kansas): This wing player did not play much as Kansas this season because of suspension, but his high school tapes and limited play with the Jayhawks prove that he can score. Selby is a great find at pick 49 by Memphis, and the Grizzlies offense is one to look out for next year.
  3. Isaiah Thomas (Washington): Mr. Irrelevant of the NBA Draft is a sleeper. Thomas is a proven winner, proven scorer, and proven teammate. He has the will, desire, and hunger to power his team on through tough situations, and will fill a nice role coming off the Sacramento Kings bench.



          2011 NBA Mock Draft   
By: Corey Donetz


The 2011 Draft Class is said to be weak, but there are certainly players in the draft that can make impacts in the league. Since there are a lack of "superstar" potential players, I believe there will be fair amount of trades in this year's draft. Teams who may be likely to trade their pick are marked with two asterisks (**). Possible Targets are listed because of possible trades/alternate picks that might shake up a few picks.



Cleveland Cavaliers - Possible Targets: Kyrie Irving, Derrick Williams, Enes Kanter.
1st Overall Pick: Guard Kyrie Irving (Duke) 
**Minnesota Timberwolves - Possible Targets: Derrick Williams, Enes Kanter.
2nd Overall Pick: Forward Derrick Williams (Arizona)
Utah Jazz - Possible Targets: Derrick Williams, Enes Kanter, Brandon Knight, Jonas Valanciunas.
3rd Overall Pick: Center Enes Kanter (Kentucky)
Cleveland Cavaliers - Possible Targets: Derrick Williams, Enes Kanter, Jonas Valanciunas, Brandon Knight, Tristan Thompson, Jan Vesely.
**4th Overall Pick: Center Jonas Valanciunas (Lithuania)
Toronto Raptors - Possible Targets: Brandon Knight, Jonas Valanciunas, Kemba Walker, Jan Vesely.
5th Overall Pick: Guard Brandon Knight (Kentucky)
Washington Wizards - Possible Targets: Brandon Knight, Jan Vesely, Tristan Thompson, Kawhi Leonard.
6th Overall Pick: Forward Jan Vesely (Czech Republic)
Charlotte Bobcats - Possible Targets: Brandon Knight, Kemba Walker, Jan Vesely, Tristan Thompson, Kawhi Leonard.
7th Overall Pick: Forward  Tristan Thompson (Texas) 
**Detroit Pistons - Possible Targets: Brandon Knight, Kemba Walker, Jan Vesely, Tristan Thompson, Kawhi Leonard.
8th Overall Pick: Forward Bismack Miyombo (Congo)
Charlotte Bobcats - Possible Targets: Brandon Knight, Jan Vesely, Kemba Walker Marcus Morris, Klay Thompson, Alec Burks, Jimmer Fredette.
9th Overall Pick: Guard Kemba Walker (UConn)
Sacramento Kings - Possible Targets: Kemba Walker, Marcus Morris, Klay Thompson, Alec Burks.
10th Overall Pick: Forward Kawhi Leonard (San Diego State)
Golden State Warriors - Possible Targets: Klay Thompson, Marcus Morris, Alec Burks, Chris Singleton.
11th Overall Pick: Guard Klay Thompson (Washington State)
**Utah Jazz - Possible Targets: Kemba Walker, Klay Thompson, Marcus Morris, Alec Burks, Jimmer Fredette.
12th Overall Pick: Guard Jimmer Fredette (BYU)
Phoenix Suns - Possible Targets: Alec Burks, Marcus Morris, Markieff Morris, Chris Singleton, Bismack Biyombo.
13th Overall Pick: Guard Alec Burks (Colorado)
**Houston Rockets - Possible Targets: Jimmer Fredette, Markieff Morris, Chris Singleton.
14th Overall Pick: Forward Chris Singleton (Florida State)
Indiana Pacers - Possible Targets: Iman Shumpert, Markieff Morris, Chris Singleton, Bismack Biyombo, Nikola Vucevic, Donatas Motiejunas.
15th Overall Pick: Forward Markieff Morris (Kansas)
Philadelphia 76ers - Possible Targets: Bismack Biyombo, Nikola Vucevic, Donatas Motiejunas.
16th Overall Pick: Forward Marcus Morris (Kansas)
**New York Knicks - Possible Targets: Jimmer Fredette, Iman Shumpert, Nikola Vucevic, Donatas Motiejunas.
17th Overall Pick: Forward Kenneth Faried (Moorehead State)
Washington Wizards - Possible Targets: Jordan Hamilton, Donatas Motiejunas.
18th Overall Pick: Forward Donatas Motiejunas (Lithuania)
Milwaukee Bucks - Possible Targets: Jordan Hamilton, Iman Shumpert, Marshon Brooks, Tobias Harris, Kenneth Faried.
19th Overall Pick: Forward Jordan Hamilton (Texas)
**Minnesota Timberwolves - Possible Targets: Jordan Hamilton, Tobias Harris, Kenneth Faried.
20th Overall Pick: Center Nikola Vucevic (USC)
Portland Trail Blazers - Possible Targets: Kenneth Faried, Tobias Harris, Marshon Brooks, Iman Shumpert.
21st Overall Pick: Guard Iman Shumpert (Georgia Tech)
Denver Nuggets: - Possible Targets: Tobias Harris, Kenneth Faried, Trey Thompkins.
22nd Overall Pick: Forward Tobias Harris (Tennessee)
Houston Rockets - Possible Targets: Charles Jenkins, Tobias Harris, Trey Thompkins, Marshon Brooks, Nikola Mirotic.
23rd Overall Pick: Guard Marshon Brooks (Providence)
**Oklahoma City Thunder - Possible Targets: Trey Thompkins, Kyle Singler, Jeremy Tyler, Nikola Mirotic, Davis Bertans.
24th Overall Pick: Forward Davis Bertans (Latvia)
Boston Celtics - Possible Targets: Reggie Jackson, Jeremy Tyler, Charles Jenkins, Darius Morris, Nolan Smith.
25th Overall Pick: Guard Reggie Jackson (Boston College)
Dallas Mavericks - Possible Targets: Nikola Mirotic, Kyle Singler, Nolan Smith, Reggie Jackson, Justin Harper, Tyler Honeycutt, Charles Jenkins.
26th Overall Pick: Guard Nolan Smith (Duke)
New Jersey Nets - Possible Targets: Trey Thompkins, Nikola Mirotic, Jeremy Tyler, Reggie Jackson, Tyler Honeycutt, Justin Harper.
27th Overall Pick: Forward Trey Thompkins (Georgia)
**Chicago Bulls - Possible Targets: Tyler Honeycutt, Kyle Singler, Nolan Smith, Norris Cole, Charles Jenkins, Davis Bertans.
28th Overall Pick: Guard Charles Jenkins (Hoftsra)
San Antonio Spurs - Possible Targets: Nikola Mirotic, Tyler Honeycutt, Davis Bertans, Jeremy Tyler.
29th Overall Pick: Center Nikola Mirotic (Montenegro)
**Chicago Bulls - Possible Targets: Jeremy Tyler, Tyler Honeycutt, Kyle Singler, Nolan Smith, Norris Cole, Davis Bertans.
30th Overall Pick: Forward Tyler Honeycutt (UCLA)


*Check back on Friday for the draft recap as well as draft steals, reaches, snubs, analysis, and much more.


          60 in 1 arcade trade for a nice drone or fishing kayak (Oodle) $915   
I am looking to trade a 60 in 1 arcade for a nice drone or a fishing kayak. This arcade is high quality and not some cheap unit. It has a 24 inch Dell LCD monitor in it. The games include Ms. Pacman, Galaga, Frogger, Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Junior, Donkey Kong 3, Galaxian, Dig Dug, Crush Roller, Mr. Do, Space Invaders, Pacman, Galaga 3, Gyruss, Tank Battalion, 1942, Ladybug, Burger Time, Mappy, Centipede, Millipede, Junior Pacman, Pengo, Phoenix, Time Pilot, Super Cobra, Hustler, Space Panic, Super Breakout, New Rally X, Arkanid, Qix, Juno First, Xevious, Mr. Do’s Castle, Moon Cresta, Pinball Action, Scramble, Super Pacman, Bomb Jack, Shao-Lin’s Road, King Balloon, 1943, Van-Van Car, Pacman Plus, Dig Dug 2, Amidar, Zaxxion, Pooyan, Pleiads, Gun Smoke, The End, 1943 Kai, Congo Bongo, Jumping Jack, Ms. Pacman 2, Galaga 2, Pacman 2, Junior Pacman 2, Pacman Plus 2. I will show you that it works before any transaction is done. Please call or text with any questions and offers. Thank you.

          Celebration in Syracuse for the Congo's Historic Independence Day, Congolese Community Day   
Members of the Congolese Community of C.N.Y. gathered at Syracuse City Hall as part of a flag raising ceremony. Former Congolese Community President Cyprien Mahigo is concerned about people in the Congo and the partially reinstated U.S. Travel Ban.
          Congothe Tintin   

Bengali Translations of Tintin by Herge


          Why Nikki Haley Is Gloating Over Cuts to Peacekeeping Funding   

Nikki Haley looks awfully pleased with herself here:

The ambassador is referring to a deal reached Wednesday, after weeks of negotiation between the U.N. and the Trump administration, to cut the U.N. Peacekeeping budget from $7.87 billion to $7.3 billion for the coming year. U.N. Blue Helmets are currently deployed in 16 operations around the world, though the missions in Haiti and the Ivory Coast are expected to wrap up soon. Under U.S. pressure, the U.N. voted to scale down the peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo in March and is expected to do the same for the program in Sudan’s Darfur region later his week.

The U.S. provides more than 28 percent of the funding for the program, and the Trump administration had originally sought a $1 billion overall cut to the program and to cap U.S. contributions at 25 percent.

These may sound like big numbers, but the amount of savings being passed on the U.S. taxpayer here—it will shake out to about $125 million per year assuming the U.S. continues to pick up a quarter of the budget—are minuscule compared with our defense programs. A single B-2 stealth bomber, most of which are currently not operational, cost $2 billion when the Pentagon requisitioned the warplanes in the 1980s.

And as economist Charles Kenny wrote in January when these cuts were first discussed, peacekeeping is pretty cost-effective, as seen in places from Kosovo to Sierra Leone, to Guatemala. One study found that a deployment of peacekeepers to a country reduces the likelihood of a civil war reigniting there by almost 70 percent. Fewer civil wars around the world means fewer refugees and less ungoverned territory for groups like al-Qaida and ISIS to operate in. Compared with the ongoing U.S. military engagements in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria, the peacekeeping program is a bargain.

To be sure, the U.N.’s program is harder to defend after recent appalling incidents. Nepalese peacekeepers introduced a cholera epidemic to Haiti that has killed more than 10,000 people and continues to sicken Haitians today. There have been hundreds of allegations of sexual abuse by peacekeepers in a number of countries, most notably in Haiti and the Central African Republic. The U.N., under former Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, was shamefully slow to acknowledge responsibility for these problems, and the U.N. still hasn’t done enough to compensate the victims or punish the wrongdoers. More fundamentally, foreign peacekeepers, usually living in fortified compounds and traveling in 4x4s, are often disliked and distrusted in the countries where they are deployed. Haitians disdainfully refer to the local U.N. mission, known by the French acronym MINUSTAH, as “TURISTAH.”

Haley has raised these issues as part of her overall critique of the peacekeeping program. Given Trump’s general view of the U.N. as a waste of money, it seems likely that the administration would be pushing for these cuts even if every operation were conducted flawlessly and peacekeepers were a paragon of virtue and professionalism. But the U.N. itself deserves some blame for the fact that such a vital program has become such an easy target.


          90-year-old releases first memoir chronicling mission work in African Congo   
Her tales of missionary work and carving out a life in the African Congo for 15 years during the 50’s and 60’s thrilled her friends. 
          Huelga en Brasil con gritos de ‘Fuera Temer’, piquetes y choques   

Con gritos de ‘Fuera Temer’, bloqueos de calles y represión policial ha comenzado en Brasil la segunda huelga general contra el presidente Michel Temer.

Centenares de personas han bloqueado este viernes las principales carreteras de Brasil y el acceso a las mayores ciudades del país en la segunda huelga general en apenas dos meses, convocada por las centrales sindicales que rechazan las medidas de austeridad impulsadas por Temer; en concreto, la reforma laboral y la modificación del sistema de pensiones y jubilaciones.

Según han informado las respectivas policías militarizadas, ha habido protestas desde primera hora de este viernes en ciudades como la capital, Brasilia, São Paulo, Río de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Natal y Goiania, entre otras.

Uno de los blancos de la protesta ha sido el aeropuerto internacional de Congonhas, en São Paulo (la mayor ciudad del país), cuya vía de acceso ha sido bloqueada por los manifestantes, que ingresaron en la estación aérea al grito de 'Fuera Temer'. Hay bloqueados además varios puntos de acceso a São Paulo.

Según los reportes, la protesta se ha hecho violenta en el centro de la ciudad, mientras la policía disparaba bombas de ruido y gases a un grupo de manifestantes que cerraban una calle en esa zona.

Mientras tanto, en Brasilia y otras ciudades se ha producido una paralización total del transporte; en Río de Janeiro, barricadas en diversos puntos de la ciudad han provocado decenas de kilómetros de embotellamientos y han bloqueado el acceso a su aeropuerto internacional. También en Río, se ha bloqueado la autopista Linha Vermelha, donde la policía ha intervenido brutalmente, hiriendo gravemente a dos manifestantes.

En otras capitales, como Vitória (del estado suroriental de Espirito Santo), Florianópolis (Santa Catarina, en el sur) se han registrado también enfrentamientos entre manifestantes y las fuerzas policiales, que en ambas ciudades han usado bombas de gases lacrimógenos para deshacer los bloqueos en importantes vías de acceso.

El Gobierno alega que la polémica reforma laboral propuesta por Temer abre la puerta a una flexibilización del mercado de trabajo, pero las centrales sindicales consideran el proyecto de ley una precarización del mercado laboral que daña a los trabajadores.

Algunos sindicatos reclaman por todo ello la renuncia del presidente brasileño, que esta semana ha sido denunciado por la Fiscalía del país por un delito de corrupción pasiva, después de que lo acusaran de recibir millones de dólares en sobornos, poniendo así al presidente al borde de un juicio político. Esa denuncia ya está en manos de los diputados.

Fuente: HispanTV/TeleSUR


          BIAFRA-NIGERIA WAR: 'How can I authorize an invasion of my own people'? - US Secret Documents reveal how GOWON initially refused to be pushed into WAR by Northern Emirs   
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Secret American diplomatic dispatches, spread over 21,000 pages, provide previously unknown information about the Nigerian Civil War
Early in the morning of 1 July 1967, Nigeria’s young head of state, Colonel Yakubu Gowon, was feeling uneasy in his office at the Supreme Headquarters, Dodan Barracks in Lagos. The unease was a result of his being ceaselessly pressured to authorize a military invasion of the breakaway Republic of Biafra.
Thirty officers had been recalled from courses abroad. Trains and truck convoys, bearing fuel, supplies and men, were still leaving Kano and Kaduna for the south of River Benue.
Colonel Mohammed Shuwa of the First Area Command had moved his command headquarters southwards and set it up in Makurdi. The 2nd Battalion was already headquartered in Adikpo. Schools and private homes had been commandeered for the use of Major Sule Apollo and his 4th Battalion in Oturkpo. They were itching for action. The same day, Major B.M. Usman “a member of the intimate northern group around Gowon” told the American defense attaché: “I do not know what in hell he is waiting for; the boys are all ready to go. They are only waiting on his word.”
Members of the Supreme Military Council, who had been meeting twice daily, were waiting for his word. The whole nation was waiting. Biafra, which was on high alert, was also waiting.
On 27 June 1967, Cyprian Ekwensi, famous writer and Biafra’s Director of Information Service, through the Voice of Biafra (formerly Enugu Radio), urged Biafrans to be prepared for an invasion on June 29 since “Northerners have often struck on 29th day of the month.” He was alluding to the day northern officers, led by Major T.Y. Danjuma, seized Gowon’s predecessor, Major- General Aguiyi-Ironsi, and killed him in a forest outside Ibadan.
Gowon, then 31, had been running the affairs of 57million Nigerians for 10 months. It had not been easy. Chief Obafemi Awolowo, his 58-year old trusted deputy and adviser, was with Okoi Arikpo and Philip Asiodu, permanent secretaries of the ministries of External Affairs and Trade and Industries respectively.
They were preparing to put the noose on the neck of the Anglo-Dutch oil giant, Shell-BP, which had frozen royalty payments due to the Federation Account on 1 June 1967 and had offered to pay the Biafran government £250,000.
Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu, Biafran leader, had ordered all oil companies to start paying all royalties to Enugu because they were operating in a new country or risk heavy penalties.
Specifically, he demanded a minimum of £2million from Shell-BP. The Federal Government had imposed an economic blockade on Biafra. It entailed barring all merchant vessels and sea tankers from sailing to and from Koko, Warri, Sapele, Escravos, Bonny, Port Harcourt, Calabar ports, which Ojukwu had declared part and parcel of Biafra.
Biafra controlled the land on which the oil installations sat; the Nigerian government controlled the coastal entrance and exit to those lands. Shell-BP was confused as to whose order should be obeyed. Sir David Hunt, the British High Commissioner to Nigeria, told his American counterpart after the meeting with the Nigerian delegation: “Awolowo is very firmly in control of Ministry of Finance and he is giving Stanley Gray, Shell’s General Manager and other experts from London a very difficult time for the past three days.” They persuaded Awolowo to accept a deal that would favour the Nigerian government and, at the same time, would predispose oil workers and the £150million investment to danger in the hands of Biafran military forces. Awolowo refused, arguing that anything short of the status quo was recognition of Biafra and concession to the rebels. As for security of investments and personnel, he argued that once royalties were paid, the Nigerian government would have the capacity to fund whatever action it would take on the rebels and Shell-BP’s investments would be safe.
Gowon paced to the large outdated map of the country by the door to his office. When he asked Awolowo to come and join his government, Awolowo said he would accept only if Gowon did something about the dominance of North over the rest of the nation. A month before, Gowon had broken up the North into six states, but the map by the door still showed the old Nigeria, with an imposing North at the top. He ran his finger around the boundaries of Biafra and asked himself: “How can I authorize an invasion of my own people?” He knew what it meant to be resented. He was not the most senior officer in the army. He was not a Muslim Hausa or Fulani from Kano, Kaduna or Sokoto. He was a Christian from one of the small minorities that dot the North and yet, events had promoted him to the position of the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief–to the chagrin of many northern officers, politicians, and emirs.
He knew the Igbo were resented in the North for succeeding where indigenes had failed. His Igbo lover, Edith Ike, told him her life was threatened twice in Lagos since she returned from the North in March.
According to the secret US document of 1 July 1967, Edith’s parents, having lived in the North for 30 years, where she too was born, had fled back to the East in October 1966 because of that year’s massacre of the Igbo. Not 30,000 but around 7,000 were killed, according to the American documents. Donald Patterson of the Political Section and Tom Smith of the Economic Section travelled from the US Embassy in Lagos to the North after the pogrom. “The Sabon-Garis were ghost towns, deserted, with the detritus of people, who had fled rapidly, left behind. Most Northerners we talked to had no apologies for what had happened to the Ibos, for the pogrom that had killed so many. There were exceptions, but in general, there was no remorse and the feeling was one of good riddance.
“One day, our Hausa gardener attacked and tried to beat up our Ibo cook. We fired the gardener, but not long afterwards, the cook left for the East,” said Patterson.
Earlier that week, Gowon called the West German Ambassador in Lagos. The Germans were eager to be in the good graces of the Gowon administration. A war loomed. And in wars, buildings, roads, bridges, and other infrastructure are destroyed. These would need rebuilding. The contract for the 2nd Mainland Bridge (later called Eko Bridge) was signed two years earlier by the Ambassador, CEO of Julius Berger Tiefbau AG and Shehu Shagari, Federal Commissioner for Works and Survey. That was Julius Berger’s first contract in Nigeria. It was due for completion in less than two years and they wanted more bilateral cooperation. The ambassador assured Gowon over the phone that he had taken care of all the details and guaranteed the safety of Edith, the nation’s “First Girlfriend”.
On the evening of 30 June, just before her departure on a commercial airline, Edith told the American Defense Attaché Standish Brooks, and his wife, Gail, that she actually wanted to go to the UK or USA, but Jack, as she affectionately called Gowon, insisted that she could be exposed to danger in either of the two countries. Germany, he reasoned, would be safer.
To Major B.M. Usman and other northern officers around Gowon, who had attributed his slow response to the secession to the fact that his girlfriend was Igbo and that her parents were resettled in the East, it was such a huge relief that at the Supreme Military Council meeting of 3 July 1967, Gowon authorized the long awaited military campaign.
Edith had safely landed in West Germany. Gowon told the gathering: “Gentlemen, we are going to crush the rebellion, but note that we are going after the rebels, not the Ibos.” The military action, which was to become the Nigerian Civil War or the Biafran War or Operation Unicord, as it was coded in military circles, officially started on 6 July 1967 at 5 a.m.
The North was minded to use the war as a tool to reassert its dominance of national affairs. Mallam Kagu, Damboa, Regional Editor of the Morning Post, told the American consul in Kaduna: “No one should kid himself that this is a fight between the East and the rest of Nigeria. It is a fight between the North and the Ibo.” He added that the rebels would be flushed out of Enugu within six weeks. Lt. Colonel Hassan Katsina went further to say with the level of enthusiasm among the soldiers; it would be a matter of “only hours before Ojukwu and his men were rounded up”.
The northern section of the Nigerian military was the best equipped in the country. To ensure the region’s continued dominance, the British assigned most of the army and air force resources to the North. It was only the Navy’s they could not transfer. All the elite military schools were there. The headquarters of the infantry and artillery corps were there. Kaduna alone was home to the headquarters of the 1st Division of the Nigerian Army, Defense Industries Corporation of Nigeria (Army Depot), Air Force Training School and, Nigerian Defence Academy.
Maitama Sule, Minister of Mines and Power in 1966, once told the story of how Muhammadu Ribadu, his counterpart in Defence Ministry, went to the Nigerian Military School, Zaria, and the British Commandant of the school told him many of the students could not continue because they failed woefully. When Ribadu thumbed through the list, Sule said, it was a Mohammed, an Ibrahim, a Yusuf or an Abdullahi. “You don’t know what you are doing and because of this you cannot continue to head the school,” an irate Ribadu was said to have told the commandant.
Shehu Musa Yar’Adua was one of the students for whom the commandant was sacked. “You can see what Yar’Adua later became in life. He became the vice president. This is the power of forward planning,” Sule declared.
Unknown to the forward planners, according to the US documents, Ojukwu had been meticulously preparing for war as early as October 1966, after the second round of massacre in the North. He had stopped the Eastern share of revenues that were supposed to accrue to the Federation Account. By 30 April 1967, he had recalled all Igbos serving in Nigeria embassies and foreign missions and those that heeded his call were placed on the payroll of the government of Eastern Region. The 77,000 square kilometres of the Republic of Biafra–a mere 8 per cent of the size of Nigeria–was already divided into 20 provinces, with leaders selected for each. They had their own judiciary, legislative councils, ministries and ambassadors. Alouette helicopters and a B26 bomber were procured from the French Air Force through a Luxemburg trading company. Hank Warton, the German-American arms dealer, had been flying in Czech and Israeli arms via Spain and Portugal since October 1966. The military hardware, they could not get, they seized. A DC3 and a Fokker F27 were seized from the Nigerian Air Force in April. NNS Ibadan, a Nigerian Navy Seaward Defence Boat (SDB) that docked in Calabar Port, was quickly made Biafran.
Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu, who was supposed to be in Enugu in prison for his role in 1966 coup, joined in training recruits in Abakaliki. Foreign mercenaries were training indoctrinated old people, young men and teenagers recruited as NCOs [Non-commissioned Officers] in jungle warfare, bomb making, mortar and other artillery firing. Ojukwu, through speeches, town hall meetings, market square performances and radio broadcasts, succeeded in convincing his people that their destiny was death or a separate state. All his performances in Ghana that culminated in the Aburi Accord of January 1967, or discussions with the Awolowo-led National Conciliation Committee five months later, turned out to be ruse.
The underground war preparations, the secret arms stockpiles openly manifested themselves as Ojukwu’s stubborn refusal to accept offers or concessions during these peace meetings.
But the Biafrans knew that their vulnerable line was along Ogoja, Ikom, Calabar, Port Harcourt, and Yenogoa. Support from the six million people making up the Eastern minorities was very much unsure. The minorities viewed their leaders in Biafra high command as traitors. And without the minorities, Biafra would be landlocked and most likely, unviable as a state. More so, their vast oil and gas resources were the reason they contemplated secession in the first place. The Biafra high command believed that if there was going to be any troop incursion from there, they are going to be transported through ship. They already had a B26 bomber to deal fire to Nigeria’s only transport ship, NNS Lokoja, anytime it approached the Biafran coastline.
The Biafrans also knew that Gowon wanted to respect the neutrality of Midwest and not invade through Niger Bridge, which would have driven the people of the Midwest into waiting Biafran hands. But if Gowon changed his mind and there was a general mobilization of the two battalions of the federal troops there, they had trustworthy men there that would alert Enugu. And if that failed, according to the US documents, the Niger Bridge had been mined using “explosives with metal covering across the roadbed at second pier out from the eastern side”.
The Biafrans also knew that the Yoruba, who were sworn enemies of the Northern hegemony, would never join the North militarily or politically against the Biafrans. When Gowon vouched to “crush the rebellion,” progressive Yoruba intellectuals deplored the language. Professor Hezekiah Oluwasanmi, Vice Chancellor of University of Ife, described the use of the word as unfortunate. Justice Kayode Eso of the Western Court of Appeal said: “Crushing the East was not the way to make Nigeria one.”
Mr. Strong, the American consul in Ibadan, whom they had been speaking to, confidentially wrote: “As intellectuals and modernizers, they see the conflict in terms of continuing determination of conservative North to dominate the more advanced South and they expressed fear that once North subdues East, it will seek to assert outright dominance over the West. The centre of trouble might then swing back to the West, where it all started.”
The Biafrans understood, therefore, that their strongest defence perimeter would be along Nsukka, Obudu, Gakem and Nyonya in Ogoja province, where they share border with the North. That was where they concentrated. On 8 July after three days of fighting, only four Biafran troops were dead and nine wounded in Obudu, while up to 100 Nigerian troops were dead, according to the Irish Embassy official, Eamon O’tuathail, who visited the Catholic Mission Hospital in Obudu. He said: “Forty five (45) of the dead had already been buried and the villagers were seen carrying the heads of the remaining around town.” In June before fighting started, Ojukwu charged on Biafra Radio: “Each Biafran soldier should bring back ten or twenty Hausa heads.”
At Nyanya, Nigerian troops attempted to seize the bridge linking Obudu and Ogoja, but were beaten back by the Biafran troops on 7 July at 1400hrs. According to the New York Times’ Lloyd Garrison’s dispatch of 8 July: “The Biafran Air Force–a lone B-26 fighter bomber–flew sorties from Enugu today, bombing and strafing enemy columns. Asked what damage it had inflicted, its European pilot replied: “Frankly, I don’t know. But we made a lot of smoke. Hundreds of Enugu pedestrians waved and cheered each time the plane returned from a mission and swooped low over the city buzzing Ogui Avenue.”
Tunde Akingbade of the Daily Times, who was returning from the frontlines, said the first Nigerian battalion in Ogoja area was “almost completely wiped out by a combination of mines and electrical devices (Ogbunigwe)”.
In the first few weeks of the war, the Biafrans were clearly on top. “Enugu is very calm,” the confidential cable of 13 July 1967 noted. “Ojukwu is dining with Field Commanders in State House tonight.”
On the federal side, confusion reigned. They had grossly underestimated Biafran capabilities. “Gowon and his immediate military advisers believe they can carry out a successful operation putting their trust in the superiority of the Hausa soldier,” the British High Commissioner, Sir David Hunt, told his American counterpart on 31 May 1967. He said further: “A northern incursion would be hastily mounted, ill-conceived and more in the nature of a foray.”
Even the Nigerian infantry, which advanced as far as Obolo on Oturkpo-Nsukka Road, was easily repelled. It ran out of ammunition. At the Supreme Headquarters in Lagos, they were accusing Shuwa, the commander, of not sending enough information about what was going on. Shuwa counter-accused that he was not getting enough and timely orders. Requests for ammunition and hardware procurement were chaotically coming to the Federal Armament Board from different units, not collectively from the central command.
Major S.A. Alao, acting commander of Nigerian Air Force (after George Kurubo defected to Biafran High Command) together with the German adviser, Lieutenant Colonel Karl Shipp, had travelled to many European cities to buy jets. They were unsuccessful. Gowon had written to the American president for arms. The State Department declined military assistance to either side. Gowon replied that he was not requesting for assistance, but a right to buy arms from the American market. That too was rejected.
The CIA had predicted a victory for Ojukwu, but American diplomatic and consular corps in Nigeria predicted victory for the Federal side and concluded that a united Nigeria served American interests better than the one without the Eastern Region. Two conflicting conclusions from an important department and a useful agency. The American government chose to be neutral. Dean Rusk, America’s Secretary of State said: “America is not in a position to take action as Nigeria is an area under British influence.”
The British on the other hand were foot-dragging. At the insistence of Awolowo, “the acting prime minister” as he was called in diplomatic circles, Gowon approached the Soviet Union.
According to a secret cable (dated 24/08/67) sent by Dr. Martin Hillenbrand, American Ambassador in East Germany, to his counterpart in Lagos, MCK Ajuluchukwu, Ojukwu’s special envoy, met Soviet Ambassador to Nigeria, Alexandr Romanov, in Moscow in June 1967. Romanov said that for USSR to recognize Biafra and supply it arms, the latter had to nationalize the oil industry. Ojukwu refused, saying that he had no money to reimburse the oil companies and that Biafrans did not have the expertise to run the oil installations.
A month later, Anthony Enahoro, the Federal Commissioner for Information and Labour, went to Moscow, signed a cultural agreement with Moscow and promised to nationalize the oil industry, including its allied industries once they got arms to recapture them from the Biafrans. Within days, 15 MiGs arrived in sections in Ikeja and Kano airports, awaiting assemblage. There was no nationalization.

Meanwhile, buoyed by the confidence from early success, the Biafrans went on the offensive. Their B26 (one of the six originally intended for use against the Nigerian Navy) was fitted with multiple canon and 50mm calibre machine gun mounts. It conducted bombing raids on Makurdi airfield, Kano and Kaduna. Luckily for Nigeria, the two transport DC3s had gone to Lagos to get more reserve mortar and 106-artillery ammo. In Kano, there were no fatalities, only a slight damage to the wing of a commercial plane.
Kaduna, however, was not that lucky. On 10 August 1967, the B26 dropped bombs on Kaduna airbase, damaging many buildings and the main hangar. The German consulate in Kaduna confirmed that a German citizen, a Dornier technician tasked with maintaining Nigerian military planes, was killed and two others injured.
A week later, the senior traffic control officer, A.O. Amaku, was arrested for sabotage. He was accused of failing to shut off the airport’s homing device, thus giving the Biafran plane navigational assistance. His British assistant, Mr. Palfrey, was similarly suspected. He resigned and immediately returned to the UK. However, Major Obada, the airbase commanding officer and an Urhobo from the Midwest, strongly defended the accused.
The daring bomb raid provoked many more Northern civilians to run to the nearest army base and enlist to fight.
According to a report by US Ambassador Elbert Matthews, cabled to Washington on 3 July 1967, unidentified men tried to bomb the police headquarters in Lagos on the night of 2 July. They attempted to drive an automobile into the compound, but the guards did not open the gate. They packed the car across the street near a small house opposite a petrol station. Leaving the car, the men fled and within seconds, an explosion took place. The house was demolished and all its occupants killed, but the petrol station was unaffected. Eleven people, including some of the guards at the police headquarters, were injured.
Two hours later, a second explosion, from explosives in a car parked by a petrol station, rocked Yaba. This time, the station caught fire. The ambassador remarked: “It is possible this is a start of campaign of terrorism…public reactions could further jeopardize safety of Ibos in Lagos.” And sure it did.
A Lagos resident, who visited the police headquarters after the attack, told the Australian ambassador “Ibos must be killed.”
There was panic all over Lagos. Anti-Igbo riots broke out. Northern soldiers at the 2nd Battalion Barracks in Ikeja used the opportunity to launch a mini-version of the previous year’s torture and massacre of the Igbo in the North. On 7 July 1967, Lagos State governor, Lieutenant Colonel Mobolaji Johnson, condemned the bombing in a radio broadcast. “A good number of Igbos in Lagos is innocent and loyal to the federal government. It is only fair that they be allowed to go about their business unmolested so long as they abide by the law and are not agents and evildoers,” Johnson said.
He called for Lagosians to join civil defence units and for Easterners to come and register with the police.
Meanwhile, the corpses of troops and soldiers wounded in Yahe, Wakande, Obudu and Gakem that arrived Kaduna by train on 11 July 1967 sparked enormous interest in enlistment and volunteering. Recruitment centres were established in Ibadan, Enugu, Lagos and Kano. But it was at the Kano centre, headquarters of the 4th Battalion of the Nigerian Regiment that generated the biggest number of recruits. According to the US confidential cable of 17 July 1967, 20,000 of these were veterans, who had been recruited to fight on the British side in Burma. The Burma veterans marched angrily to the recruitment offices to replace those that had been killed or injured. Around 7,000 were accepted. Of these, 5,000 were immediately sent to the frontline. They said they needed no training; only guns.
As they advanced, towards the outskirts of Ikem, 4km southeast of Nsukka, when mortal fires from the Biafran artillery landed close by, inexperienced recruits ducked for cover behind their transport columns out of fear and incompetence in bush warfare. Not these Burma veterans. Damboa, the Regional Editor of the Morning Post, was embedded with some of these veterans under the command of Major Shande, formerly of the 5th Battalion, Kano, which Ojukwu commanded in 1963.
One day, at about 2a.m, Biafran forces began firing from the jungle in the hope of drawing a return fire if the enemy was ahead. “But the veterans were too smart and began to creep towards the source of firing. After some time, the Biafran troops began to advance thinking that there were no federal troops ahead since there was no return of fire. They walked straight into the pointing guns of these veterans, their fingers squeezed the triggers,” said Damboa to a US Consulate officer named Arp.
These veterans were shooting at innocent Igbo civilians, too. Damboa further told Arp, when he came back from the frontlines on 17 September 1967, that “federal troops were shooting most Ibo civilians on sight, including women and children except for women with babies in their arms. Initially they observed the rules laid down by Gowon on the treatment of civilians. Then, after the takeover of the Midwest, they heard stories that Ibo soldiers had killed all the northerners they found residing in the Midwest. Since that time, Federal troops have been shooting Ibo civilians on sight,” added Damboa.
The Midwest Invasion
Something was happening to Biafran soldiers, which the Federal troops observed but could not explain. Indeed, the fortunes of the Federal troops were improving. Colonel Benjamin Adekunle’s 3rd Marine Commando had landed on 25 July 1967 at Bonny Island, establishing a heavy presence of federal forces in the creeks. Two L29 Delfins fighter jets from Czechoslovakia (NAF 401 and NAF 402) were at the Ikeja Airport and battle ready.
Five more, on board Polish vessel Krakow, were a week away from the Apapa Ports. Major Lal, an ammunition ordnance officer seconded from the Indian Army to Nigeria, had arrived from Eastern Europe, where he had gone to acquire information necessary to utilize Czech aerial ordnance. Sections of 15 Soviet MiG bombers hidden in NAF hangars were being assembled by 40 Russian technicians lodging in Central Hotel, Kano. Bruce Brent of Mobil Oil was flying jet oil to Kano to fuel these bombers. Captain N.O. Sandburg of Nigerian Airlines had flown in seven pilots, who had previously done mercenary work in South Africa and Congo, to fly the MiGs. Names, birthdates and passport numbers of 26 Russians, who were to serve as military advisors had been passed to Edwin Ogbu, Permanent Secretary, External Affairs Ministry. They were in Western Europe awaiting a direct flight to Lagos.
But George Kurubo, the Federal Air Force Chief of Staff, who had earlier joined the Biafran high command, had defected back to the fold and had been sent to Moscow as ambassador to facilitate the flow of more arms from the Soviets.
Lt. Colonel Oluwole Rotimi, Quartermaster-General of the Nigerian Army, went to western Europe with a fat chequebook.
What followed was the arrival of Norwegian ship, Hoegh Bell, bearing 2,000 cases of ammunition; and British ship, Perang, which discharged its own 2000 cases of ammunition. A German ship Suderholm also arrived. Those in charge of it claimed she was in Apapa to offload gypsum. But the US defense attaché reported that it was carrying “300 tonnes of 60mm and 90mm ammo.” The Ghanaian vessel, Sakumo Lagoon, was already in Lome, heading to Apapa to discharge its own ammo. A cache of 1,000 automatic fabriquenationale rifles had arrived Lagos by air on 8 August 1967 from the UK.
Speaking secretly to UK Defence Attaché, Lt. Colonel Ikwue said he too had gone to the German Defence Firm, Merex, to buy ammunition: 106mm US recoilless rifles at $86 per round; 84mm ammo for the Carl Gustav recoilless rifles at $72 per round; 105mm HEAT- High Explosive Anti-Tank warheads at $47 per round. Ikwue also bought three English Electra Canberra, eight Mark II Bombers at $105,000 each, 15 Sabre MK VI-T33 Jets at $100,000 each.
With all of these, Awolowo, rejected Hassan Katsina’s request for funding of 55, 000 more rifles for new recruits. However, he agreed once Gowon intervened and assured him it was not a request inspired by fraudulent intentions.
Federal troops had captured Nsukka, 56km from Enugu. Over 200 non-Igbo Biafran policemen had fled across the Mamfe border into Cameroun. In Ogoja, the Ishibori, Mbube and other non-Igbo Biafrans welcomed the federal troops after driving out the Biafran troops in a fierce battle.
The Biafrans blew up the bridge over the Ayim River at Mfume as they retreated.
The momentum was with the Federal side, but they knew their victories were not only because of their military superiority. At critical stages of battle, even when the Biafrans were clearly winning, they suddenly withdrew. An instance was on 15 July 1967, to the west of Nsukka on the route to Obolo. According to a conversation Colonel J.R. Akahan, Nigeria’s Chief of Army Staff, had with British Defence Advisor, the Nigerian infantry companies of the 4th Battalion, totally unaware of the presence of the 8th Battalion of the Biafran army, were buried under a hail of bullets and mortar.
Yet, the Biafran forces began to retreat. This enabled the remnants of the federal infantry company to regroup and successfully counter-attack. Even more senior Biafran commanders that should have been aware that the area had come under federal control were driving into the arms of the federal side. Nzeogwu and Tome Bigger (Ojukwu’s half-brother) were victims of the mysterious happening. Ojukwu initially put this down to breakdown of communication in the chain of command. During a special announcement over Biafran radio on 15 July 1967, Ojukwu said: “Yesterday, a special attack, which would have completely sealed the doom of enemy troops in the Nsukka sector of the northern front, was ruthlessly sabotaged by a mysterious order from the army high command…Our valiant troops were treacherously exposed to enemy flanks.”
At 9.30p.m on 8 August 1967, Biafran forces invaded the Midwest. In the recollection of Major (Dr.) Albert Nwazu Okonkwo, military administrator of Midwest, made available in confidence through an American teacher living in Asaba to Clinton Olson, Deputy Chief of Mission in Lagos on 1 November 1967, it was known by 4 August 1967 in Asaba that the Midwest, West and Lagos would soon be invaded.
On 5 August, Ojukwu had warned the Midwest government, headed by Colonel David Ejoor, that if northern troops were allowed to stay in the Midwest, the region would become a battleground. Many Midwestern officers knew of the plans; some of them had gone to Biafra earlier to help in the preparations. Lt Col. Nwawo, Commander of the Fourth Area Command at Benin, was probably aware. Lt Col. Okwechime, according to the document, certainly knew of it. Lt Col. Nwajei did not know and was never trusted by the anti-Lagos elements in the Midwest. “After the Biafran takeover, Nwajei was sent back to his village of Ibusa, where he was said to be engaged in repainting his home until just the arrival of Nigerian troops in the area,” disclosed the document.
Major Albert Okonkwo, later appointed military administrator, did not know in advance. Lieutenant (later Major) Joseph Isichei and Lieutenant Colonel Chukwurah were not informed in advance. “Major Samuel Ogbemudia participated in the invasion, properly by prior agreement,” the document stated.
That night of 8 August, Biafran army units blazed across the Onitsha Bridge and disarmed the Asaba garrison that was then stationed at St Peter’s Teachers’ Training College. Then they went on to the Catering Rest House, where Midwest officers were living, and disarmed the officers. The only exception was Major Asama, the local commander, who escaped and drove to Agbor at about 22.30hrs.
There were no casualties except for one officer with a gunshot wound in the leg. The invading force drove to Agbor, where it split into three columns. One column drove northwards towards Auchi and Aghenebode. A second column went to Warri and Sapele.
“The main force led by Victor Banjo was supposed to drive on to Benin and capture Ijebu-Ode, reach Ibadan on 9 August, reach Ikeja near Lagos by 10 August, setting up a blockade there to seal off the capital city,” the document quoted Okonkwo as saying.
However, this main column stopped in Agbor for six hours, reaching Benin at dawn. There was no real resistance in Benin, where no civilian was killed. The main column left Benin for Ijebu-Ode early in the afternoon. It stopped at Ore, just at the Western Region’s border.
According to US Defense Attaché report, three weeks before, Ejoor informed the Supreme Headquarters that he had information that Ojukwu was planning to send soldiers in mufti to conquer the Midwest. So, the 3rd Battalion, which was heading towards the Okene – Idah route to join the 1st Division on the Nsukka frontline, was ordered to stop at Owo. The first Recce Squadron from Ibadan, which had already reached Okene, was reassigned to take care of any surprise in the Midwest. By the time Lagos heard of the invasion, this squadron was quickly upgraded from company strength to a battalion, with troops of Shuwa’s 1st Division across the river, and another battalion was stationed at Idah to hold a defensive alignment against any Biafran surprise from Auchi.
Upon receiving the telephone call from Major Asama about the Biafran invasion at Asaba, Ejoor hurriedly left his wife and children at the State House, went to his friend, Dr Albert Okonkwo at Benin Hospital to borrow his car. He then sought asylum in the home of Catholic Bishop of Benin, Patrick Kelly.
In his first radio address to the people of Midwest on 9 August 1967, Banjo said Ejoor was safe and “efforts were being made to enlist his continued service in Midwest and in Nigeria.” Ejoor stayed in the seminary next door to the bishop’s house for almost two weeks, receiving visitors including Banjo, Colonels Nwawo and Nwajei, Major (Dr.) Okonkwo, who were trying to persuade him to make a speech supporting the new administration.
Ejoor refused. He was told that he was free to go wherever he wished without molestation. Not trusting what they might do, he went back to Isoko his native area, where he remained till federal forces captured it on 22 September 1967.
Before Banjo knew the full score, he met with Mr. Bell, UK Deputy High Commissioner, the evening of Benin invasion. Bell summarized his and Banjo’s words as:
a. There were no fatal casualties though some were wounded.
b. Ejoor and two senior officers were not in Benin when Eastern troops arrived. Bell had firm impression that they had been warned about the day’s event.
c. All the Midwest is now under the control of combined East/Midwest forces.
d. East was asked to cooperate by certain Midwest officers because an invasion of the Midwest by the North was imminent.
e. That he does not agree with Ojukwu on the separate existence of Biafra. He is convinced that a united Nigeria is essential.
f. Bell said he saw only three officers at the army headquarters: one was a Midwestern medical officer (Major Okoko). All others were Easterners.