Hội nghị thượng đỉnh AU chú trọng vấn đề thanh niên, hòa bình   

Hội nghị thượng đỉnh Liên minh châu Phi (AU) lần thứ 29 sẽ diễn ra trong hai ngày 3-4/7 ở thủ đô Addis-Ababa của Ethiopia, với chủ đề chính là “Vai trò của thanh niên trong tăng trưởng toàn diện và bền vững của châu lục."

Tại hội nghị lần này, ngoài chủ đề trọng tâm trên, các nguyên thủ và người đứng đầu chính phủ các nước thành viên AU cũng sẽ thảo luận về vấn đề “tự chủ tài chính”của AU trong thời gian tới.

Trước đó, các cuộc họp lần thứ 34 của Ủy ban đại diện thường trực AU (COREP) đã được tổ chức vào ngày 27-28/6 và cuộc họp Hội đồng chấp hành cấp Bộ trưởng Ngoại giao lần thứ 31 của AU cũng đã khai mạc ngày 30/6.

Ngoài mục đích phát huy những lợi thế to lớn trong việc đầu tư vào giới trẻ, Hội nghị thượng đỉnh AU lần thứ 29 cũng sẽ tập trung thảo luận và giải quyết những vấn đề liên quan hòa bình và an ninh ở châu lục. Đặc biệt là giải quyết khủng hoảng ở 2 quốc gia thành viên là Somalia và Libya, cũng như xem xét việc cải cách tổ chức lớn nhất châu lục này để phát huy hiệu quả hơn trong tương lai.


Hiện Tổng thống Rwanda Paul Kagame là Chủ tịch đương nhiệm của AU. Hội nghị thượng đỉnh AU lần thứ 29 diễn ra trong bối cảnh tỷ lệ thất nghiệp trong đội ngũ lao động trẻ ở châu Phi hiện rất cao, chiếm khoảng 30% tổng lực lượng lao động tại đây.

Đặc biệt, tình hình an ninh, trật tự tại châu lục này đang có chiều hướng phức tạp khi các tổ chức Hồi giáo cực đoan đang gia tăng các hoạt động khủng bố, nhất là Somalia, Niger, Mali, Nigeria …và nền hòa bình mong manh tại Libya, Nam Sudan.

Đặc biệt là cuộc khủng hoảng nhân đạo ở Nam Sudan được coi là tồi tệ nhất châu Phi và thế giới hiện nay với hàng trăm nghìn người có nguy cơ bị chết đói, trong đó có nhiều phụ nữ và trẻ em./.


          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/global-plastic-headgear-to-2017-size-growth-and-forecasts-in-nearly-70-countries-market

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/spirit-in-the-top-5-european-countries-to-2018-size-trends-and-forecasts-market

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Repatriation Intensified Despite End of Amnesty - Ministry   
[Ethiopian Herald] The repatriation effort of undocumented Ethiopians from Saudi has continued though the amnesty period ended last Tuesday, said Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
          Ethiopian Inaugurates Modern Cargo Terminal II   
[Ethiopian Herald] Ethiopian Airlines inaugurated yesterday a modern Cargo Terminal II constructed at a cost of 10 million Euro.
          European Investment Bank Confirms €247m for Private Enterprise Financing in Ethiopia   
[Addis Standard] The financing is the 'largest ever' by EIB and it will be managed by the state bank, Development Bank of Ethiopia (DBE)
          Combating Poverty - an Overview of the Africa-China Think-Tank Forum in Addis Ababa   
[Daily News] There was a very interesting and thought provoking meeting of intellectuals joined by media men and women from thirty countries in Africa held in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa last week.
          Modernizing Shipping, Logistics Sector   
[Ethiopian Herald] One critical bottleneck for the growth of external trade and manufacturing industry in Ethiopia had been the outmoded system of service provision in the Shipping and Logistic transport sector. As the sector is the lifeline to success the national aspirations, the government has attached increased attention to modernize it by taking various practical measures.
          The Two Faces of Migration in Ethiopia   
[Ethiopian Herald] I can't help wondering about the double face of migration in Ethiopia. On one side, Ethiopia is the biggest host of refugees in the African continent and the fifth in the world. On the other side, Ethiopia is a source of illegal migrants to the Middle East, Europe and Southern Africa. These facts seem to stand in opposition.
          Conference Discusses Disease Outbreak Addressing Mechanism   
[Ethiopian Herald] A conference aimed at eliminating malaria from Ethiopia through the investigation of disease outbreaks held here Tuesday.
          Ethical Civil Servant for Sustainable Economy   
[Ethiopian Herald] The 11th Ethiopian Civil Service Day is being marked nationwide with a theme: 'Ethical Civil Servant for Ethiopian Renaissance.' Indeed, the contribution of Civil Service sector as a staunch force in the advancement of development and transformation goals of the nation is beyond measure.
          Prime Minister to Attend Nepad, Arei Meetings in Ethiopia   
[New Era] Windhoek -Prime Minister Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila will lead a delegation of cabinet ministers and senior government officials to the 29th Ordinary Session of the African Union (AU) Assembly in Ethiopia, the presidential spokesperson Albertus Aochamub confirmed yesterday.
          As Drought Bites, Livestock Insurance Aids Pastoralists   
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Addis Ababa -Insurance is only part of the answer, but it is easing losses from drought for herders in southern Ethiopia
          Premier Meets Israeli, U.S. Pediatricians   
[Ethiopian Herald] Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn met Israel and US cardiac physicians last Wednesday in his office.
          Ethical Public Servant for Economic Transformation   
[Ethiopian Herald] The absence of ethical and industrious public service would create misunderstanding between the government and governed said Oromia State Administration as it marked 'International Public Service Day' for the 6th time on Tuesday at Adama town.
          The Map Maker Who Finds the Bodies in Land Battle   
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] It was late 2015 when Endalk Chala began documenting deaths in his home country of Ethiopia, scouring Facebook, Twitter, and blogs to piece together who had died and where.
          In Kenya’s drylands, education is an insurance policy, but only for some   

Livestock is so central to the economy, food, and status of pastoralists in Kenya’s northern drylands that formal education has traditionally taken second place to the role children play in tending to cows, goats, and sheep.

But with climate change increasingly seen as imperiling livelihoods, many pastoralists are now taking the longer view and regard education as a sort of insurance policy. And yet the severity of the current drought affecting much of east Africa, coupled with a long interruption in the provision of free meals, has led to a drop in school attendance.

“The drought has become too harsh,” said Atiir Lokwawi, a 42-year-old mother who lives in the village of Kalokutanyang, in Kenya’s Turkana County. “Animals are dying in huge numbers. We restock, but before we stabilise, drought comes and takes away our investment.”

Lokwawi’s husband travelled to Uganda to graze most of the family’s herd. Of the 40 goats he left behind, 35 have died because of the drought.

“It is good if at least one child goes to school,” said Lokwawi. “Educating our children is also another way to earn money – animals alone cannot help us survive,” she said, explaining that of her seven children, only one, a 15-year-old girl, is currently attending school.

“It will take time for our children to go to school and get jobs, but at least there is hope that, someday, someone will be there for us.”

To help make ends meet, Lokwawi makes charcoal and attends evening classes at a local mobile school.

“I burn charcoal to invest in my daughter’s education. The government pays for her fees, but I have to buy her books, pen, and uniforms. She is my hope, my only family hope,” said Lokwawi, adding that she would like her daughter to become a doctor.

Another of her daughters was married off, bringing the family a substantial dowry of livestock. But most of these animals also perished.

Teaching adaptation

Christine Tukei, a teacher at Kalokutanyang’s mobile primary school, said education for pastoralists “needs to go beyond the [national] curriculum.

“It needs to add value and incorporate their lifestyle. It is vital to help communities prepare for and respond to impacts of climate change while promoting a sustainable way of life.”

The mobile school has about 100 students: roughly two thirds youths aged between nine and 17, and one third adults aged between 35 and 42.

Classes take place between 8 and 10 pm, as during daytime the children are usually tending to livestock herds while the adults make and sell charcoal.

The ravages of the drought have led Tukei to add adaptation strategies to what she teaches.

“We discuss the importance of early destocking, minimising herds to manageable levels; the importance of investing in education; and alternative businesses. I also teach about preserving meat with salt as they slaughter some animals and store for food; and about good health and sanitation,” she explained.

Disastrous drought

The current drought, which started in 2016 and which the Kenyan government deems a national emergency, has dried up water resources in half of the country’s 47 counties, leaving an estimated three million people lacking access to clean water, according to OCHA, the UN’s emergency aid coordination body.

“Recurrent droughts have destroyed livelihoods, triggered local conflicts over scare resources and eroded the ability of communities to cope,” OCHA said, noting that prices of staple food had risen considerably.

The drought has sent rates of global acute malnutrition soaring: in Turkana North sub-county, the rate is 30.7 percent, more than double the emergency threshold.

Across Kenya, up to 3.5 million people are expected to need food assistance in August, up from 2.6 million in February, according to the UN’s World Food Programme.

Large numbers of livestock deaths have been reported in Turkana County, as well as in the counties of Marsabit, Samburu, and Mandera.

As well as Kenya, drought is ravaging Ethiopia and Kenya. In these three countries, the education of some six million children has been disrupted, according to OCHA.

A Turkana boy herds his family's cows in Kenya
Wendy Stone/IRIN
Many children in Turkana tend livestock rather than attend school

Low enrolment

Although the national introduction of free primary education in 2003 led to an increase in school attendance across Kenya, enrolment rates in dryland counties such as Turkana remain much lower than the rest of the country.

And of those who enroll in the first year of school, barely one in five stick it out through the eighth year, with dropouts attributed to early marriage and the need to look after livestock.

Even though going to school can lead to improved agriculture, better health, improved community relations, and better management of natural resources, “the culture [here] does not allow the community to attach much premium on education,” Muthengi Muvea, the director of education in the sub-county of Turkana Central, told IRIN.

“A high number of pastoralists are not willing to wait for over 20 years to see returns on their investment, while a child has immediate returns such as dowry for girls and herding for boys,” he explained.

According to Muvea, at any given time, at least 40 percent of children who are supposed to be in school in Turkana County are not.

This is attributed to: parents migrating during drought in search of pasture and water; inadequate infrastructure; understaffing in schools; and the parents’ general unwillingness to enroll their children in school.

“January 2017 saw enrollment [in Turkana] drop by over 9,200 from the 2016 third term,” said Jesse Nyongesa, of the Ministry of Education.

Matters were made worse in the first few months of 2017 by an interruption in the provision of free school meals across much of the country, although these meals – provided since 1980 by WFP and the Kenyan government and now benefiting 1.5 million children at an annual cost of four billion shillings ($39 million) – resumed in May.

“During drought, the meal the children get in school is the only meal they are likely to get for the day,” said Matthew Epetet, the head teacher of a primary school in the Turkana Central village of Lochwa.

“It’s critical to attaining food security in this part of the country. Unless it's assured, the rate of retention is low, especially for the junior classes.”

Since it launched a Home-Grown School Meals programme in 2009, the government of Kenya has gradually increased its role in feeding school children. HGSM now benefits twice as many children as WFP’s contribution and is set to feed all by 2019.

Under the programme, food is bought from nearby farmers, thereby stimulating the local economy while encouraging children to attend school.

The interruption of free school meals, combined with the migration of parents in search of water and pasture, led attendance at the school to fall by more than half, said Epetet.

“From a total of 585 students, only 257 students are attending class now,” he said. “Among the 103 girls enrolled in school, about 37 are no longer in school. The pre-primary pupils have already stopped coming to school.”

The head teacher explained that the recent start of oil exploration in Turkana’s Lokichar Basin had been another factor in falling attendance.

“Fifteen boys have dropped out of school to work as motorcycle riders within Lokichar,” he said. “Some are seeking manuals job from those employed in oil exploration companies such as fetching water.”

Muvea believes it will take time before education fully improves the welfare of the community and contributes to a meaningful, sustainable manner of resilience.

“It's about perception,” asserted Muvea. “School becomes necessary during drought emergencies because of food access. The way pastoralists perceive education has to change if it is to play a fundamental role in strengthening their resilience.”

sm/am/ag

(TOP PHOTO: Break time at Karoge Primary School. Sophie Mbugua/IRIN)

Turkana school Feature Solutions and Innovations Environment and Disasters Climate change In Kenya’s drylands, education is an insurance policy for some Sophie Mbugua IRIN Kalokutanyang Kenya Africa East Africa Kenya
          Defar Breaks 5000m Indoor Record   
Meseret Defar of Ethiopia ran 14:24.37 in Stockholm to break the women’s 5000 meter indoor mark, lowering it by over 3 seconds. It is worth noting that this formidable run was performed on a track well short of the 200 meter indoor “standard” found in many colleges and universities, and thus displays tighter corners. Details…
          Chris Matthews must be stupid too.   
------------
Tinker

Who does this insulting MSNBC media propagandist think he is talking to?

Because you and I have been hearing this left-wing political bull talk for a long time now. And is why the American people voted for Donald Trump in the first place.

Is Chris Matthews ever going to wake up out of his own political liberal fantasy world?
---------------
Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’s Hardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared the…
NEWSBUSTERS.ORG
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          Catching You Up   
Tonight is graduation, my first child ever. I've got four more down the pike! It's been interesting to figure out how we do all this and to sort of set a precedent for how we celebrate this milestone in our family. There's still such a flurry of activity in spite of tonight being the main event. So, here's a quick catch up! And here's to being caught up on my blog before summer begins!

Today we will give away our last little baby kitten. What joy they've brought us. I've decided to go out with a bang. I am taking that kitten to school on the last day. And I'm going to carry it around the entire day. This one sleeps all the time. She can sleep through the awards program and the talent show and the hallways and the yearbook signing. And at 12noon, I'll put her in the welcoming arms of the cutest little 6th grade Korean gal you've ever seen. 

We were invited to Ethiopia's Republic Day, as I have taught the Ambassador's son. He's a delight to teach, attended my Bible class, and is basically Michael Jackson junior. It was a fun event. And the Ambassador told us that he was honored that we respected his country enough to attend, even when school events are so full right now. He also told me his son is on Facebook too much! We were glad we went. 

Firstborn went on her five day senior trip to Marmaris, Turkey, (Aegean coast) and a short trip over to Rhodes, Greece. It was everything we prayed it would be. Good conversations, relationships deepened, and a fun way to end her years at Oasis. 

Apparently Jack Sparrow captained their ship. 

And the goodbyes have started. It's really hard to describe the last few days of school at Oasis. The depth of friendship these kids find is staggering. So many of them are in and out of countries and positions in the world. So, they all seem to bypass the surface and really offer themselves as friends. But then, those friends leave. It's the hardest part about being here. All my kids have experienced loss on this level, but it seems Miss Middler's class has had it the worst. All these kids were crying and hugging. I said, "Let me get one last picture of you." Aren't they beautiful? I count 12 countries represented from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. 

CC and I stay pretty busy during upcoming graduations, but this year we've got our own kiddo walking the stage and taking a hard-earned diploma. This is the first year in our theater, so we did a little to fix it up. He and I went up Sunday afternoon to turn an old salvaged (giant) curtain into a banner that stretched across the stage. 


And yesterday was the day the kids get yearbooks and sign them. Then we watched a fun video from the senior trip, and they read their Last Will and Testament. Miss V read a letter to them that she wrote, "If we had one more day..." 

By the end, she was in tears. The kids stormed the stage to hug her. 

And now you're caught up! And I'm going to go apply some waterproof mascara for the big day! 

          Meet the Ayllews: The Voice finalist says ‘Thank you’ to the Ethiopian community   

Meet the Ayllews: The Voice finalist says Thank you to the Ethiopian community



(Meet the Ayllews: The Voice finalist says Thank you to the Ethiopian community)
          World: Global Weather Hazards Summary, June 30 - July 6, 2017   
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Belize, Benin, Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, World

Heavy rainfall continues over Central America

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Below-average rainfall since mid-May has led to abnormal dryness across eastern Uganda and southwestern Kenya. Moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact cropping and Pastoral activities.

          Ethiopia: Resilience in Ethiopia and Somaliland: Impact evaluation of the reconstruction project ‘Development of Enabling Conditions for Pastoralist and Agro-Pastoralist Communities’   
Source: Oxfam
Country: Ethiopia, Somalia

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Oxfam GB’s Global Performance Framework is part of the organisation’s effort to better understand and communicate its effectiveness, as well as enhance learning across the organisation. Under this Framework, a small number of completed or mature projects are selected at random each year for an evaluation of their impact, known as an ‘Effectiveness Review’. One key focus is on the extent they have promoted change in relation to relevant Oxfam GB global outcome indicators.

During the 2015/16 financial year, one of the projects that was randomly selected for an Effectiveness Review was the Reconstruction Project: ‘Contributing to the Development of Enabling Conditions for Human Security for Vulnerable Pastoralist and Agro-Pastoralist Communities’. Oxfam carried out this project in partnership with several organisations, including Ogden Welfare and Development Association (OWDA), Community Development Service Association (CDSA), Somaliland Pastoral Forum (SOLPAF), Candlelight, Himilo Relief and Development Association (HIRDA), and The Horn of Africa Voluntary Youth Committee (HAVOYOCO). The project activities, which began in July 2012 and finished in June 2016, were focused in the Somali region of Ethiopia and the Galbeed and Togdheer regions of Somaliland (see Figure 1.1).

The project was designed to build the resilience of project participants to drought, conflict, and other shocks and stresses, through a series of activities working at different scales. The project worked directly to improve pastoralists’ and agro-pastoralists’ ability to thrive in spite of drought and conflict by rehabilitating sources of water and grazing land and by managing livestock disease. The project also aimed to support alternative income-generating activities among women and the youth by providing training and supporting savings/credit groups. Finally, the project tried to increase the voice and representation of marginalised groups in key decisionmaking forums.

EVALUATION APPROACH

This Effectiveness Review used a quasi-experimental evaluation design to assess the impact of the activities among the households whose members directly participated in women’s savings and credit groups that were formed by the project and through which many of the project activities were channelled. This involved comparing those households that participated in the project to a group of comparison households, which were similar to the project participants. The Effectiveness Review can only fully identify household-level effects of the project. Communitylevel effects are partially identified in the evaluation, but given the potential spillovers of the community-level activities into the comparison group, it is impossible to capture their full impacts. Activities operating at a higher level, including the project’s advocacy work in key decision-making forums, are not included in this evaluation.

This Effectiveness Review focused on 10 project villages, across two woredas (districts) of Ethiopia and one region of Somaliland. In these project communities, all households that participated in the women’s credit and savings groups that were formed and supported by the project were targeted for interview. The project participants were identified using beneficiary lists that were maintained by the project partner organisations. For the comparison, 14 villages were identified in woredas/regions that were similar to the project communities in our sample in terms of a number of key characteristics, including the dominant livelihood strategies employed by community members, the distance of the community from main roads, and the distance of the community from the Ethiopia-Somaliland border. Within the comparison communities, households were identified using exactly the same protocol that was used to establish the women’s savings and credit groups in the first place, namely through focus groups conducted with the village elders that sought out households that were poor, female-headed, and had demonstrated the potential to establish a non-farm household business.

At the analysis stage, the statistical tools of propensity-score matching and multivariate regression were used to control for apparent baseline differences between the households in the project and comparison communities, to increase confidence when making estimates of the project’s impact.
The primary aim of the Effectiveness Review was to investigate the project’s impact on building resilience to shocks and stresses. This was assessed by identifying 36 characteristics that were thought to be associated with resilience, for which data could be collected in the household survey. These characteristics were formulated under Oxfam GB’s multidimensional framework for measuring resilience, and developed through discussions with project staff and focus groups conducted in local communities. In general, these indicators were chosen to focus on the intermediate steps between project activities and final well-being outcomes, although some measures of project outputs were included. It should also be noted that we sought to generate a mix of indicators that were connected to the project’s Logic Model and those that were not. A full list of indicators and a summary of the results for each is shown in Table 1.


          Somalia: WFP VAM Food Security Analysis - East Africa: The 2017 Season - A Humanitarian Crisis Looms   
Source: World Food Programme
Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The Horn of Africa region is again under drier than average conditions after experiencing a severe drought during the last growing season of Oct-Dec 2016.

  • Severe rainfall deficits are observed across Somalia, Kenya and SE Ethiopia, leading to delayed starts to the growing season, poor vegetation cover and low water resources. Significant impacts on crop production and pasture development are now very likely.

  • The situation looks increasingly similar to the record droughts of 2010-2011 and potentially worse in coastal Kenya. Somalia, currently at risk of famine, will continue to experience further deterioration.

  • Drier than average conditions in place since mid-2016 are continuing to affect large areas across East Africa including NE Uganda (Karamoja), SW Ethiopia and eastern South Sudan.

  • The region as a whole badly needs widespread above average rains throughout May and beyond to avoid significant negative impacts at an even greater scale.


          Somalia: WFP VAM Food Security Analysis - East Africa: The 2017 Season - Crisis Rather Than Disaster   
Source: World Food Programme
Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Despite improved rains since late April, the delayed start of the season and severe early dryness will result in poor crop production, degraded pasture and low water availability for human and livestock consumption.

  • The food security situation of the extremely vulnerable households is expected to further deteriorate. Pastoralists in central Somalia, SE Ethiopia and western Kenya are of particular concern.

  • Somalia, Kenya and SE Ethiopia have now endured three consecutive droughts, including one of the most severe on record in Oct-Dec 2016.

  • Central South Sudan, Sudan, NW Ethiopia and Eritrea have experienced abundant rainfall resulting in robust early vegetation growth and early start of the growing season.


          World: Challenges and opportunities across NATO's South: Migration, trafficking, extremism, and instability, Volume 1 I Number 3 I Spring 2017   
Source: OPEN Perspectives Exchange Network (OPEN)
Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Lebanon, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

Executive Summary

NATO and its partners, as a part of discussions related to the Alliance’s efforts to promote peace and security in its broader neighbourhood, have increasingly focused on NATOs’ “Southern Flank.” In the following report, the authors argue that this primarily military term is likely to be off-putting to many current or would-be NATO partners, such as foreign ministries, international organisations, and civilian stakeholders, hindering the goals of “projecting stability” and risking a near-exclusive focus on threats and risks. Furthermore, this report demonstrates how the term “Southern Flank” does not fully capture NATO’s challenges. For example, issues like trafficking and migration originate in far-flung areas including West Africa, Latin America, and Central Asia, which may not be part of the Southern Flank as current conceived by NATO. In suggesting the use of a less heavily value-laden and military-centric term like the “Greater South”, the authors point out that challenges emanating from the Greater South also present opportunities to Alliance states that may bolster NATO’s strategic objectives.

The following observations and findings are based on a review of the pertinent literature from academics, research institutions, governments, and various international organisations (IOs) and international nongovernmental organisations (INGOs). They also emerge in part from the authors’ combined twenty years of research experience working on and researching issues ranging from civil-military interaction to post-crisis stabilisation and humanitarian action in contexts as diverse as Afghanistan, Bosnia - Herzegovina, Lebanon, Somalia Syria and Yemen for governments, UN agencies, the World Bank, INGOs, NATO’s former Civil-Military Fusion Centre and others.

Challenges and Opportunities in NATO’s Greater South

Some of the most immediately pressing challenges emanating from the Greater South include migration and trafficking in drugs, guns, persons as well as conflict and violent extremism. These inter-related issues thrive amidst corruption and low state capacity, prevent economic growth, and facilitate instability and extremism. This report explores these challenges and demonstrates (i) their intersecting nature; (ii) how typical approaches to addressing these issues, including increased border control and military responses, can displace the challenge and plant the seeds of future instability elsewhere; and (iii) that the various challenges facing NATO may be reconceptualised as opportunities rather than purely as threats.

With regard to migration, in 2015, 1.2 million people applied for asylum in Europe, 66.2% of whom were male according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). This may pose social stability challenges not only in assimilation and cultural differences relating to gender relations but also in the fact that most young, male migrants, many of whom are single, will be jobless for a year or two following arrival. However, with approximately 84% of incoming migrants under 34 years old, the host economy may ultimately benefit economically from migration. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), for instance, estimates annual output to increase by 0.1% in the EU and 0.3% in Germany by the end of 2017.


          24 African leaders expected to attend AU summit in Ethiopia   

Twenty-four African leaders are expected to attend the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union from July 3-4 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The information was given on Thursday by Meles Alem, spokesperson for Ethiopia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs during which he also revealed that Palestine President Mahmoud Abbas is expected to attend the conference.


          Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   

in_focus_gha_zeinab_badawi.jpg

© BBC World News

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.

 

Episodes

BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)

   

1) Mother Africa

In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

2) Cattle, crops and Iron

Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

3) Gift of the Nile

Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

4) The Kingdom of Kush

In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

5) The Rise of Aksum

Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

6) Kings and Emirs

In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

7) North Africa

In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

8) Pagans and God

In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

 


          Good Practices on Training Module Development and Cascading Module from UNESCO-CFIT project in Ethiopia   


          The Ethiopian Girl Who Hasn't Eaten For 9 Years On Seifu Show   

The Ethiopian Girl Who Hasn't Eaten For 9 Years On Seifu Show
          Leza Ethiopian film and music award 2008   

Leza Ethiopian film and music award 2008
          ገቢዎችና ንብ ባንክ ሲወዛገቡበት የነበረው ሕንፃ በሐራጅ ሊሸጥ ነው::   

                                          

የኢትዮጵያ ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣንና ንብ ኢንተርናሽናል ባንክ ሲወዛገቡበት የነበረው፣ በአራዳ ክፍለ ከተማ ቀበሌ 17 አራት ኪሎ ቱሪስት ሆቴል አጠገብ የሚገኘው ባለ ስምንት ፎቅ ሕንፃ በሐራጅ ሊሸጥ ነው፡፡

ራሳቸውን ያጠፉት የጌታነህ ትሬዲንግ ኃላፊነቱ የተወሰነ የግል ማኅበር ባለቤት አቶ ዮሐንስ ጌታነህ ወንድም አቶ አጥናፉ ጌታነህ፣ በሊዝ ዋጋ 3,649,800 ብር በተሸጠው 2,926 ካሬ ሜትር ላይ ያረፈው ሕንፃ የሐራጅ ጨረታ ዓርብ ሰኔ 23 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. ይከፈታል፡፡

አቶ አጥናፉ የተበደሩትን ብር መክፈል ባለመቻላቸው የሊዝ መብታቸውን የወሰዱትና ሕንፃውን የገነቡት፣ የመከታ ሪል ስቴት ኃላፊነቱ የተወነ የግል ማኅበር ዋና ሥራ አስኪያጅ የነበሩትና አራጣ በማበደር ወንጀል ክስ ተመሥርቶባቸው፣ ከሰባት ዓመታት በፊት 25 ዓመታት ጽኑ እስራት ተፈርዶባቸው በማረሚያ ቤት የሚገኙት አቶ ከበደ ተሠራ (ወርድል ባንክ) ናቸው፡፡

አቶ ከበደ ለሕንፃው ማስገንቢያ ከንብ ኢንተርናሽናል ባንክ 55 ሚሊዮን ብር ተበድረው በመገንባት ላይ እያሉ በመታሰራቸው፣ ሕንፃው የማጠናቀቂያ ሥራ የቀረው ቢሆንም ሳይጠናቀቅ ላለፉት አሥር ዓመታት ቆሞ ቆይቷል፡፡

የፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት የኢትዮጵያ ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣን ዓቃቤ ሕግ በአቶ ከበደ ላይ የመሠረተውን ክስ በ25 ዓመታት እስራት (የሥር ፍርድ ቤት በ22 ዓመታት እሥራት የቀጣቸው ቢሆንም፣ ዓቃቤ ሕግ ይግባኝ ብሎ ጠቅላይ ፍርድ ቤት ቅጣቱን ወደ 25 ዓመታት ጽኑ እስራት ከፍ አድርጎታል) የቅጣት ውሳኔ ሲያጠቃልል፣ ሕንፃውን ‹‹የወንጀል ውጤት ነው›› በማለት እንዲወረስ ትዕዛዝ ሰጥቶ ነበር፡፡

ፍርድ ቤት ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣን እንዲወርስ ትዕዛዝ የሰጠ ቢሆንም፣ ለሕንፃው ማሠሪያ 55 ሚሊዮን ብር ብድር የሰጠው ንብ ኢንተርናሽናል ባንክ የይገባኛል ጥያቄ በማቅረቡ፣ ጉዳዩ ወደ ክርክር አምርቶ ከርሟል፡፡ በመጨረሻ የፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት በድጋሚ በመዝገብ ቁጥር 82321 ሲያከራክር ከርሞ፣ ግንቦት 18 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. ውሳኔና ትዕዛዝ ሰጥቷል፡፡

ፍርድ ቤቱ በሰጠው ትዕዛዝ ሕንፃው በሐራጅ ተሸጦ ንብ ባንክ ያበደረው 55 ሚሊዮን ብር ከነወለዱ ተሰልቶ እንዲከፈለው ብሏል፡፡ የባንኩ ድርሻ 120 ሚሊዮን ብር መድረሱም ታውቋል፡፡ በመሆኑም የኢትዮጵያ ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣን ሕንፃውን በመነሻ ዋጋ 72,740,053 ብር ሰኔ 23 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. አጫርቶ ለመሸጥ ሐራጅ አውጥቷል፡፡

ምንጭ:- ሪፖርተር


          ምክር ቤቱ የኦሮሚያ ክልል በአዲስ አበባ ላይ ያለውን ህገ-መንግሥታዊ ልዩ ጥቅም አስመልክቶ በተዘጋጀው ረቂቅ ላይ ተወያየ::   

                       

በዳዊት መስፍን

የህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት የኦሮሚያ ክልል በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ ላይ ያለውን ህገ-መንግሥታዊ ልዩ ጥቅም አስመልክቶ በተዘጋጀው ረቂቅ አዋጅ ላይ ተወያየ።

ምክር ቤቱ የኢፌዴሪ የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ቤት በረቂቅ አዋጁ ላይ በመወያየት የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት መክሮበት ህግ ሆኖ እንዲወጣ ለምክር ቤቱ ማስተላለፉን ተከትሎ በዛሬው እለት ውይይት አድርጓል።

በውይይቱ ወቅት ረቂቅ አዋጁ መንግስት የህዝቡን ፍላጎትና ጥያቄዎች ለማሟላትና ለመመለስ ያለውን ፍላጎት የሚያሳይ መሆኑን የምክር ቤቱ አባላት ተናግረዋል።

ከዚህ ባለፈ ግን የምክር ቤቱ የዚህ አመት የስራ ዘመን ሊጠናቀቅ በተቃረበበት ወቅት ረቂቁ መቅረቡ አግባብ አለመሆኑንም ነው የተናገሩት።

በተጨማሪም አንድ ሳምንት በቀረው የምክር ቤቱ የስራ ዘመን ማብቂያ ላይ የቀረበው ረቂቅ፥ ከህዝብ ጋር ለመወያየት እንዴት ያስችላል ሲሉም ጠይቀዋል።

ከአባላቱ ለተነሱ ጥያቄዎች ምላሽና ማብራሪያ የሰጡት የኢፌዴሪ የህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አፈ ጉባኤ አባዱላ ገመዳ፥ በረቂቁ ላይ በፍጥነትና አጭር ጊዜ ውስጥ የመወሰን አካሄድ አይኖርም ብለዋል።

አንድ ሳምንት በቀረው የምክር ቤቱ የስራ ዘመን ረቂቅ አዋጁ ይፀድቃል ተብሎ እንደማይጠበቅም ገልጸዋል።

በ25 አንቀጾች እና በአራት ክፍሎች በቀረበው ረቂቅ ላይ በሚነሱ ጥያቄዎች ሰፊ ህዝባዊ ውይይቶች እንደሚካሄዱም አንስተዋል።

ከዚህ ባለፈ ዝርዝር ጉዳዮችና ጥያቄዎችም ጉዳዩ ለተመራለት የህግ ፍትህና አስተዳደር ጉዳዮች ቋሚ ኮሚቴ እና በተደራቢነት ለሚመለከተው የከተማ ልማትና ኮንስትራክሽን ጉዳዮች ቋሚ ኮሚቴ በዝርዝር ይታያልም ነው ያሉት።

በረቂቅ አዋጁ መሰረት የኦሮሚያ ክልል በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ ላይ የሚከተሉት ህገ መንግስታዊ ልዩ ጥቅሞች ይኖሩታል።

ከአገልግሎት አቅርቦት ልዩ ጥቅም አኳያ

በአዋጁ መሰረት ልጆቻቸውን በአፍ መፍቻ ቋንቋቸው ማስተማር ለሚፈልጉ የክልሉ ተወላጆች የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር በአፋን ኦሮሞ የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት እንዲያደራጅ ይደረጋል።

አዲስ አበባ ወይም ፊንፊኔ የኦሮሚያ ክልል ዋና ከተማ በመሆኗ በከተማዋ የሚሰጠው የጤና አገልግሎት በከተማዋ ዙሪያ ያሉ የክልሉ ተወላጆችን ታሳቢ ያደረገ ይሆናል፤ ከዚህ ባለፈም ከአማርኛ በተጓዳኝ አፋን ኦሮሞ በከተማ አስተዳደሩ የስራ ቋንቋ ሆኖ ያገለግላል።

የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ማንነት የሚያንጸባርቁ አሻራዎች በከተማዋ በቋሚነት እንዲኖሩ በከተማዋ፥ አደባባዮች፣ ጎዳናዎች፣ ሰፈሮች እና የመሳሰሉት ቦታዎች እንደ አስፈላጊነቱ በቀድሞ የኦሮሞ ስማቸው እንዲጠሩ ይደረጋል።

የከተማው አስተዳደርም የኦሮም ህዝብን ባህልና ታሪክ የሚያንፀባርቁ የባህልና ታሪክ ማዕከላት፣ ቲያትር፣ ኪነ ጥበባትና የመዝናኛ ማዕከላት የሚገነቡበትና የሚተዋወቁበትን ሁኔታ እንዲያመቻች በአዋጁ ተደንግጓል።

የከተማዋ መጠሪያዎች “ፊንፊኔ” እና “አዲስ አበባ” በህግ ፊት እኩል እንደሚያገለግሉም በአዋጁ ሰፍሯል።

ከመሬት አቅርቦት፣ ከውሃ አገልግሎት አቅርቦት፣ ከፍሳሽና ደረቅ ቆሻሻዎች የማስወገድ አገልግሎት፣ የትራንስፖርት አገልግሎት፣ የስራ እድል አቅርቦት፣ በመንግስት ወጪ ከሚገነቡ የጋራ መኖሪያ ቤቶች አቅርቦት እንዲሁም ከገበያ ማዕከላት አቅርቦትና አርሶ አደሩ ለልማት ተነሺ ሲሆን፥ በቂ ካሳ የማግኘትና በዘላቂነት የማቋቋም አገልግሎትን ያካተተ እንዲሆን ተደርጓል።

የመሬት አቅርቦትን በተመለከተም ተቋማት ለክልሉ የተለያዩ መንግስታዊ ስራዎች እና ህዝባዊ አገልግሎቶች የሚውሉ ህንጻዎች የሚሰሩበትን መሬት ከሊዝ ነጻ እንዲያገኙ ይደረጋል።

የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር በከተማዋ ዙሪያ የሚገኙ አርሶ አደሮች፥ ምርቶቻቸውን የሚሸጡባቸውን የገበያ ማዕከላት አቋቁሞ ለአርሶ አደሮች እና ማህበሮቻቸው እንዲያቀርብ ይደረጋል። 

በልማት ተነሺ ለሆኑና በከተማዋ ዙሪያ የሚኖሩ አርሶ አደሮች ከመኖሪያቸው ሲፈናቀሉ በቂ ካሳና በዘላቂነት የሚቋቋሙበት ሁኔታ እንዲመቻች፣ በዚህ ዙሪያ የተሰሩ የቀደሙ

ስራዎች ተፈትሸው ጉድለቶች እንዲስተካከሉና ስራዎችን የሚያስተባብር፣ የሚመራና የሚያስፈጽም ጽህፈት ቤትም ይደራጃል።

የኦሮሚያ ክልል በከተማው ስለሚኖረው የተፈጥሮ ሃብት አጠቃቀምና የአካባቢ ጥበቃ ልዩ ጥቅም አኳያ

አዋጁ በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ ዙሪያ ያሉ ከተሞችና ቀበሌዎች ደህንነቱ ሳይጠበቅና ቁጥጥር ሳይደረግበት ከተቀመጠው ደረጃ በላይ ወደ ክልሉ በተጣሉ ወይም በፈሰሱ ቆሻሻዎች ምክንያት በሰው፣ በእንስሳትና በተፈጥሮ አካባቢ ላይ ለደረሰው ጉዳት በህግ አግባብ ከአስተዳደሩ ካሳ የማግኘት መብት እንዳላቸውም አስቀምጧል።

ከዚህ ባለፈም የአዲስ አባበ ከተማ የደረቅና ፍሳሽ ቆሻሻ ማከሚያና ማስወገጃ ቦታዎች እንዲሁም መልሶ መጠቀሚያ ስፍራዎች፥ አስተዳደሩና ክልሉ በጋራ ባጠኗቸው ቦታዎችና ሳይንሳዊ መስፈርቶችን ባሟሉ ሁኔታዎች እንዲተዳደሩ እንደሚደረግም በአዋጁ ተጠቅሷል።

ተቋማትን ከማደራጀት አኳያ

በልማት ምክንያት የሚፈናቀሉ የክልሉን አርሶ አደሮች በተመለከተ ተጠሪነቱ ለፌደራል መንግስት የሆነና ከከተማ አስተዳደሩና ከኦሮሚያ ክልል ምክር ቤት የተውጣጣ የጋራ ምክር ቤት የሚቋቋምም ይሆናል።

ምክር ቤቱ ከኦሮሚያ ልዩ ጥቅም አንጻር የሚነሱና ሁለቱን የሚያስተሳስሩ አስተዳደራዊ ጉዳዮችን በተመለከተ፥ በአዋጁ የተዘረዘሩ ልዩ ጥቅሞች ተግባራዊ እንዲሆኑ በመከታተልና በመገምገም ድጋፍ ያደርጋል።

አባላቱም ከአስተዳደሩ እና ከክልሉ ምክር ቤት እኩል የሚወከሉ ሆነው፥ አጠቃላይ የምክር ቤቱ አወቃቀር፣ ተግባርና ዝርዝር ጉዳዮች የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት በሚያወጣው ደንብ እንደሚወሰን በአዋጁ ተጠቅሷል።

የኦሮሚያ ክልል ልዩ ጥቅምን ለማስጠበቅ የወጣውን ረቂቅ አዋጅ በማጸደቅ ሂደት ላይ በርካታ የህብረተሰብ ክፍሎች እንደሚሳተፉበት ይጠበቃል።

በዳዊት መስፍን


          በሽታ የመከላከል አቅምን ለማሳደግ የሚረዱ ቀላል ልማዶች - Simple Method Recommended to Increase The Immune System of The Body.   

                                            

ሰውነታችን ጠንካራ በሽታ የመከላከል አቅም እንዲላበስ ጤናማ
ምግብ መመገብ፣ በቂ እረፍት እና እንቅልፍ መውሰድ ተገቢ ነው።
ይሁን እንጂ አመጋገብን ከማስተካከል እና በቂ እንቅልፍ ከመውሰድ ባሻገር በሽታ የመከላከል አቅማችንን የሚያሳድጉ ሌሎች በርካታ ቀላል ልማዶች አሉ።
ከዚህ በታች የተዘረዘሩትን 10 ቀላል ልማዶች ዘወትር ተግባራዊ በማድረግ በበሽታ የመጠቃት እድላችንን መቀነስ እንችላለን።
1. የሰውነት ንፅህናን መጠበቅ፣ እጅን በተደጋጋሚ መታጠብ
2. በውሏችን በርከት ያለ ውሃ መጠጣት
3. ጮክ ብሎ መሳቅ
4. ፀሀይ መሞቅ
5. አዎንታዊ አስተሳሰብ መላበስ፤ ተስፈኛ መሆን
6. ቁርስ መመገብ
7. ለራስ ጊዜ መስጠት (ተመስጦ)
8. በየቀኑ የእግር ጉዞ ማድረግ
9. የሚያነቃቁ እና የሚያወዛውዙ ሙዚቃዎችን መስማት
10. የስኳር ፍጆታን መቀነስ
ተጨማሪ ምክሮችከ ጥቁር ሻይ እና ቡና ይልቅ የዝንጅብል እና አረንጓዴ ሻይን
ማዘውተር
በቂ እንቅልፍ መውሰድ እና ውጥረትን መቀነስ
ከማጨስ መቆጠብ 
የአልኮል ፍጆታችን መጠነኛ ማድረግ
በየቀኑ አንድ ወይም ሁለት ራስ ጥሬ ነጭ ሽንኩርት መመገብ
እንደ እርድ እና ሮዝመሪ ያሉ ቅመማ ቅመሞችን በምግባችን
ውስጥ ማካተት
ምንጭ፦Health for all Ethiopian


          Film: East Coast premiere of Hidden Legacy: Japanese Traditional Performing Arts in the World War II Internment Camps   

 

Hidden Legacy: Japanese Traditional Performing Arts in the World War II Internment Camps

Directed by Shirley Kazuyo Muramoto-Wong
2014 | 56 mins | Documentary

“Hidden Legacy: Japanese Traditional Performing Arts in the World War II Internment Camps” is the full title of this documentary, using historical footage and interviews from artists who were interned to tell the story of how traditional Japanese cultural arts were maintained at a time when the War Relocation Authority (WRA) emphasized the importance of assimilation and Americanization.  Various essays and studies concerning the camps have been published, but have focused on the political and legal aspects of the internment, while hardly mentioning cultural and recreational activities in the camps.  When cultural and recreational activities have been documented, they have focused on American culture, such as baseball and swing music.  This film will be the first major presentation of the existence of traditional music, dance and drama in the camps.  It is possible only because Shirley Kazuyo Muramoto-Wong has been searching, researching and collecting for over 20 years information on who these artists were.  She has collected interviews, oral and visual histories, as well as artifacts from the internees and relatives of internees, including teachers, students, the performers, and the incredible artists who made instruments, costumes, and the props needed for a full performance from scraps of wood, toothbrush handles, gunny sacks, paint, and whatever they could scrape up.  Her own family’s history with the camps led her to become a kotoist and teacher of the Japanese koto (13-stringed zither).
Very little is known of the existence of traditional Japanese performance arts in the camps.  The artists Muramoto-Wong has interviewed are all Americans, all born here, but practiced Japanese arts before the war, during, and after the war, because they loved the art.  This made them “social activists” in their own quiet way, continuing the music and dance they loved, helping others to learn and enjoy these arts, and to help draw their attention away from their surroundings, giving them pride and self-esteem.  Their efforts kept Japanese cultural arts alive in our communities today.
We have interviewed 30 artists in the fields of music (koto, nagauta shamisen, shakuhachi, shigin, biwa), dance (buyo, obon) and drama (kabuki) who were interned at Tule Lake, Manzanar, Amache/Granada, Rohwer, Gila River, and Topaz.  We have interviewed Prof. Minako Waseda of Geijutsu Daigaku University of Music and Arts, and Kunitachi College of Music, both universities in Tokyo, whose research thesis, Extraordinary Circumstances, Exceptional Practices: Music in Japanese American Concentration Camps, had written the only scholarly work that had been published on this subject.  We are also interviewing students of these arts in America, some who learned from these artists, and some who are carrying on the tradition in our communities today, and some who have taken this knowledge, and expanded creatively and artistically in various imaginative ways.
Film locations include camps at Manzanar, Tule Lake, Heart Mountain; locations in Japan, such as Osaka, Kyoto, 3 Tokyo music universities (Tokyo Ongaku Daigaku, Geijutsu Daigaku, Kunitachi College of Music); Cherry Blossom Festivals in San Francisco and Cupertino; San Jose Obon Festival; Chidori Band 59th Anniversary Concert; Japanese American Museum of San Jose; dance studio of Bando Misayasu (aka Mary Arii Mah), and koto studio of Shirley Kazuyo Muramoto-Wong.
Film sponsored, in part, by the National Park Service, Japanese American Confinement Sites grant.



Event Information
Film screening followed by Q&A with creative director Shirley Kazuyo Muramoto-Wong and actress Takayo Fischer with koto performance by Shirley Kazuyo Muramoto-Wong.



Date & Time
Monday, October 24, 2016
3:00 - 6:00pm

Location
UMass Boston
McCormack Hall, Ryan Lounge, Room M-3-721 (3rd floor)
Dorchester, MA 02125

Directions/Parking
Directions
Campus Map
Parking Map 
Detailed parking information
Recommended lots:

  • UMass Boston Bayside Lot (200 Mt. Vernon Street)
  • Morrissey Satellite Lot (75 Morrissey Boulevard) Herb Chambers property next to the Boston Globe building
  • St. Christopher’s Church across from the Bayside Lot

Admission
Free




Date & Time
Wednesday, October 26, 2016
7:00 - 9:00pm

Location
Wellesley College
Acorns House (building not on map - head toward the lake, pass Clapp Library and Acorns House is to the right of Harambee House)
106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02481

Directions/Parking
Visitors may park at the Davis Parking Facility.

Admission
Free



Date & Time
Thursday, October 27, 2016
6:30 - 8:30pm

Location
Brandeis University
Mandel Center for the Humanities, Room G12
415 South Street
Waltham, MA 02453

Directions/Parking
After 5pm visitors may park anywhere. Tower Lot is closest to the Mandel Center.

Admission
Free

Special thanks to Kimi Maeda for making the introductions that allowed us to get Hidden Legacy screened at Brandeis!




About the Creative Director

Shirley Kazuyo Muramoto-Wong was raised in a musical family whose roots lie in the Chikushi Kai School of kotoists in Japan.   Her mother is a respected head of the Chikushi Kai in the Bay Area, with close ties to her teachers in Japan. Shirley was taught within that tradition, learning and constantly performing the core of traditional pieces shared by all koto groups and also the repertoire particular to the Chikushi Kai.  Importantly, it is a group which is also open to contemporary music for the koto, so that her repertoire encompasses such works as the compositions of Tadao Sawai, Katsutoshi Nagasawa and Shinichi Yuize.  From that spirit of open-mindedness (within tradition), Shirley also pursued her interest in jazz and as it extends to the koto, and improvisation. 

In 1976, Shirley received her “Shihan” degree (instructor’s license) with “Yushusho” (highest) honors from the Chikushi School in Fukuoka, Japan, and her "Dai Shihan" Master’s degree from the same school in 2000 for her mastery of the koto.

A dedicated musician for over 50 years, Shirley strives to involve diverse genres of art and music in her performances.  She teaches private students, and has offered classes in koto music at public schools and at universities, most notably classes at UC Berkeley. Shirley has incorporated storytelling, poetry, hip-hop, gospel, bluegrass, jazz, European classical, and has arranged world songs from countries such as China, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Philippines and so on, for koto, as well as performing and arranging traditional and contemporary Japanese songs, and composing her own koto pieces.   She also is the leader of the world jazz fusion group, the Murasaki Ensemble.

“The koto is an extremely versatile instrument,” says Shirley.  “Though it seems limited and simple in its nature, it’s possible to extract a myriad of textures and sounds through various techniques and even percussive rhythms by incorporating the body of the instrument itself.  The koto is initially easy to play, but it really takes years of practice to be able to produce a good sound.”

Shirley’s koto influences include koto masters Katsuko Chikushi, Kimio Eto, Kazue Sawai, and June Kuramoto. Her jazz influences come from the members of the her jazz group, the Murasaki Ensemble, who are Vince Delgado on percussion, Jeff Massanari on guitar, Matt Eakle on flute, and Alex Baum on bass. 

Because of Shirley’s versatility on the koto, she has performed for many notable people and celebrities, such as: Senator Diane Feinstein, George Lucas/Lucas Films, former Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, Walter Shorenstein, Larry Ellison and Mikael Gorbachev.  She has also performed at many eclectic events from the Fillmore and Union Street Jazz Festivals to the AT&T Golf Tournament hosted by Clint Eastwood, Christina Aguilera, and the Sacramento, Marin, and Fremont symphony orchestras. Shirley has performed at numerous community events, and given of her time to many of them, including annual Cherry Blossom Festivals in San Francisco and Cupertino, many Obon festivals in Oakland, Palo Alto, Mountain View and San Jose, just to name a few.  In 2012, Shirley was honored by the Hokka Nichibei Kai Bunka Japanese American Cultural Association of America by being inducted into their Hall of Fame.

Shirley has been most interested in researching Japanese traditional performance arts in the World War II concentration camps, after finding out that her mother learned to play the koto from koto teachers at Topaz and Tule Lake camps during WWII.  In 2012, she was awarded a National Parks Service, Japanese American Confinement Sites grant to turn her decades-long research into a documentary film.  The film, “Japanese Traditional Performance Arts in the World War II Internment Camps” completed in 2014, includes interviews and stories from 21 people who experienced Japanese performing arts in the camps, or were taught by teachers from the camps, archival photos as well as actual film footage of performances in the camps.  Hidden Legacy has been screened publicly at numerous community showings, at universities including UC Berkeley, UCLA, Stanford, Tokyo Arts, Waseda, Musashino and Doshisha Universities, and aired on public TV across the United States since its premiere.


Takayo Fischer
Actress Takayo Fischer learned kabuki, buyō, and shamisen while she was interned at the Rohwer War Relocation Center in Arkansas during WWII. She is best known for her roles as Mistress Chang in Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End and as Suzanne, the secretary to Brad Pitt's character, Billy, in the film Moneyball. Takayo is active with the renowned Asian American theater organization East West Players in Los Angeles and has acted on Broadway.


Kinko Hatakeda Tsubouchi (Takayo's mother)
making crepe paper tsumami as Takayo looks on.
Rohwer War Relocation Center, Arkansas
Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the
Japanese in our War Relocation Camps

by Allen H. Eaton
Photo credit: Paul Faris
Related links

          Israel’s Future and the Rabbinic Civil War   

Zionism has always been a revolt against rabbinic authority. Messianic Zionism is a movement essentially outside the purview of any one group of rabbis or any one theological interpretation. In order to accomplish Messianic unity, the Ethiopian Jewish community will play a crucial role in challenging the central tenet of Orthodox oral law belief. That […]

The post Israel’s Future and the Rabbinic Civil War appeared first on The Blogs | The Times of Israel.


          How You Can Stand For Refugees   

How_to_stand_for_refugees.jpgBy Annie Riley

Today we’re marking the United Nations’ 17th World Refugee Day and sharing ways you can make a difference. At difficult times like this, one of the most important things we can do is help create a warm and welcoming community for immigrants and refugees. In the case of refugees, part of creating that welcoming environment is learning about the scope of the problem, and then acting on it to become an advocate for refugee admissions.

  1. Get the facts about the worldwide refugee crisis. 
  2. Learn more about the detrimental impact of President Donald Trump’s immigration policies in contrast to the real benefits refugees bring to our nation. 
  3. Find out about the rights guaranteed to all those within the United States regardless of their immigration status.
  4. Express support for welcoming communities and “sanctuary” policies.
  5. Reach out to elected officials to share your support for sanctuary or welcoming policies. 
  6. Sign AAI’s “Commitment to Combat Bigotry” and encourage your local officials to do the same.
  7. Pass a “No Bigotry” resolution in your community, school or local board.

Last, but not least: get involved. The following organizations help refugees resettled in the United States by offering services they may find useful. Whether you can speak another language, provide pro bono legal services, offer your time, or donate funds, remember that any and all assistance helps.


American Red Cross http://www.redcross.org

American Refugee Committee http://arcrelief.org/

American Relief Agency for the Horn of Africa http://araha.org/

Catholic Charities https://www.catholiccharitiesdc.org/immigrants-and-refugees    https://catholiccharitiesusa.org/

Center for Applied Linguistics http://www.cal.org

Center for Migration Studies http://cmsny.org/

Church World Service https://cwsglobal.org

Episcopal Migration Ministries http://www.episcopalmigrationministries.org

Ethiopian Community Development Council http://www.ecdcus.org/

Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society https://www.hias.org/

Immigrant Legal Resource Center  https://www.ilrc.org/

Immigration Defense Project https://www.immigrantdefenseproject.org/

International Catholic Migration Commission https://www.icmc.net/

International Refugee Assistance Project https://refugeerights.org

International Rescue Committee https://www.rescue.org

Islamic Relief USA http://irusa.org/

Jesuit Refugee Service http://jrsusa.org/

Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service http://lirs.orgn

Lutheran Social Services National Capital Area http://lssnca.org/programs/refugees_immigrant/resettlement.html

Refugee Center Online https://therefugeecenter.org/

Refugee Council USA http://www.rcusa.org

Refugees International https://www.refugeesinternational.org/

Syria Relief & Development http://syriareliefanddevelopment.org

Tent Foundation http://www.tent.org/

Tent Partnership for Refugees https://tentpartnership.org/ 

The Linking Communities Project http://www.tlcrefugees.org/

The U.S. Department of Justice List of Pro Bono Immigration Legal Service Providers https://www.justice.gov/eoir/file/probonofulllist/download

The United Nations Refugee Agency http://www.unhcr.org/en-us/

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops http://www.usccb.org/about/migration-and-refugee-services/index.cfm

United We Dream https://unitedwedream.org

U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants http://refugees.org/

USA for UNHCR http://www.unrefugees.org/

World Relief https://www.worldrelief.org


Annie Riley is a 2017 summer intern at the Arab American Institute. 


          Why These Vegetarian Monkeys Have Sharp Predator Teeth   

In the Ethiopian highlands, native Geladas have impressive canines despite being grass eaters. The reason is simple: The males need to defend themselves and their group against potential challengers.
          Mausi Segun Appointed Africa Division Executive Director   

(New York) – Human Rights Watch announced today the appointment of Mausi Segun as executive director of the Africa division, effective July 1, 2017.

Segun has worked at Human Rights Watch since 2013 as the senior researcher for Nigeria. During that time, she conducted many field investigations and wrote numerous reports and articles. The topics include violence in north-central Nigeria, killings by state security forces, muzzling of the news media, Boko Haram's abduction of girls and women, and abuses by both sides in the Boko Haram conflict.

Segun has also been a global representative for Human Rights Watch, presenting, analyzing, and advocating for compliance with international human rights and humanitarian law. She has written opinion articles for the New York Times, CNN, Al Jazeera, and other media outlets on conflict-related abuses, religious freedom, women’s and children’s rights, and freedom of expression, among other topics. Prior to Human Rights Watch, Segun worked with the Nigerian government in several capacities, most recently as assistant director and zonal coordinator at the National Human Rights Commission.

“Mausi Segun brings a rich and varied background to the position of Africa division executive director,” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. “Mausi’s expertise and understanding of the complexity of human rights issues in Africa comes at a time of considerable turmoil on the continent.”

The Africa division at Human Rights Watch works to advance human rights throughout the African sub-region and carries out work that includes investigations, reporting, advocacy, and media outreach. The division’s 18 staff members cover over 30 countries on a wide range of human rights abuses, most recently conflict related-abuses in the Sahel, the recruitment and use of child soldiers in South Sudan, police killings and enforced disappearances in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the impact of climate change on the livelihoods of indigenous people in Ethiopia and Kenya.

Human Rights Watch is a nongovernmental organization, established in 1978, that monitors, reports, and advocates on human rights issues in more than 90 countries around the world.


          WFP new initiative to build drought resilience in Ethiopia    
The World Food Programme (WFP) on Thursday announced that preparatory works have finalized to launch a new initiative to create drought resilience in drought-prone areas of Ethiopia.
          He Preached Jesus   
A look at the conversion of the Ethiopian eunuch in Acts 8. Preached by Shawn Jeffries.
          ICE Abuses Solitary Confinement, Lawyers Say   

When Jose Mendez was held at Stewart Detention Center in Georgia, he met another young undocumented immigrant who over time became his boyfriend. They would hold hands and occasionally steal a kiss, he said. Mostly, they shared love letters.

Early last year, as Mendez’s boyfriend was telling him how afraid he was of deportation, Mendez reached over to rest a hand on his. Just then a female guard passed. Fifteen minutes later, Mendez was isolated and accused of having oral sex in the recreation room, said his attorney, Bryan Johnson.

An official told Mendez that there was visual evidence, which he demanded to see it, confident of his innocence. But his request was denied and he was sentenced to 30 days in disciplinary segregation — the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement equivalent of solitary confinement.

“Segregation is the worst thing that could exist,” he said.

Mendez, who does not have a criminal record and sought asylum in the United States after fleeing El Salvador when he was 19, averaged two hours outside of his cell each day as punishment for something he said he did not do. Even if he had, lawyers said, as a civil detainee he should not have faced the same punishment as a felon.

“These are civil detainees,” said R. Andrew Free, an immigration attorney based in Nashville, “Solitary confinement is a tool of a criminal detention system that is geared toward punishment, and in some cases rehabilitation.”

But undocumented immigrants across the country are being held in private prisons and government centers that lawyers say follow rules intended for criminals. They have “grafted all of the rules and all of the infrastructure” from the prison industry onto immigrant detention, according to Free.

The facilities operate with little oversight even as the detainees have no right to lawyers or other protections. Undocumented immigrants who can't find pro bono representation are particularly at a disadvantage, lawyers say. And as President Donald Trump promises to ramp up enforcement of immigration laws, advocates fear even more detainees will get caught up in unreasonable and dangerous situations.

Solitary confinement can be abused easily, lawyers said. Their clients are punished for indefinite periods and arbitrary reasons, they say.

Mendez’s confinement record, for example, doesn’t mention oral sex. The reporting officer wrote that Mendez admitted to “kissing and holding hands in the rec. yard,” enough to find him guilty of committing a “sexual act.”

After about a month in segregation, he was released from Stewart, a private prison run by Corrections Corporation of America, and he boarded a plane to New York thanks to Johnson’s efforts.

His boyfriend was deported.

ALLEGATIONS OF WEAK OVERSIGHT
Both Republican and Democratic presidents have used solitary confinement for undocumented immigrants. It was practiced during Barack Obama’s administration, and George W. Bush’s before that. ICE has arrested more than 41,000 undocumented people since Trump took office, so more people could be at risk of solitary confinement at detention centers around the country.

According to the Los Angeles Times, a White House memo that circulated among top Department of Homeland Security officials in late January said that DHS would bump up the number of immigrants in detention to 80,000 people a day, nearly double the figure under Obama. Over 5,000 immigrants without criminal records were arrested between January and March, more than double Obama’s figure from the same period in 2016.

On top of disciplinary actions, ICE facilities also use segregation as a means to isolate vulnerable people, those who are LGBTQ or mentally unstable, for their own safety, according to the agency.

“ICE’s policy governing the use of special management units protects detainees, staff, contractors, volunteers, and the community from harm by segregating certain detainees from the general population for both administrative and disciplinary reasons,” an ICE official wrote in a statement. “ICE provides several levels of oversight in order to ensure that detainees in ICE custody reside in safe, secure and humane environments and under appropriate conditions of confinement."


The duration of segregation for some immigrants exceeds international regulations, even for humane criminal practices. In 2015, the United Nations ruled that “prolonged solitary confinement” should be prohibited, and equated the practice to torture. The UN defined “prolonged solitary confinement” as more than 15 days in unwanted isolation.

When a guard recommends an immigrant for segregation, there’s almost no oversight, lawyers say. A judge has to rule that the detainee deserves punitive solitary, but in the meantime, he or she can be placed in administrative segregation, as Mendez was for two days before he was found guilty.

ICE had an average daily population of 1.1 percent of detainees in segregation during 2012 and 2013, and more recent estimates show similar numbers. In a system that holds tens of thousands of immigrants and is expanding, that means hundreds are being kept in solitary cells. In 2015, 13 percent of those in segregation were part of ICE's non-criminal population.

ICE sent out a directive about protocols for solitary confinement in September 2013. The memo said that “placement of detainees in segregated housing is a serious step that requires careful consideration of alternatives.” It also mandated regular review of long-term segregation cases to ensure that a detainee is not held in solitary confinement for longer than necessary.

When asked how long segregation could last for an undocumented immigrant, an ICE spokesperson did not respond directly. She instead referenced the 2013 directive that "requires agency reporting, review, and oversight of every facility decision to place detainees in segregated housing for over 14 days, and requires immediate reporting and review of segregation placements when heightened concerns exist based on the detainee’s health or other factors."

But from Free’s vantage point, the standards aren’t followed.

“Oversight is really weak and lax, and there are no real consequences to these facilities if they engage in serial violations,” Free said. “In my experience [with clients], the solitary confinement went on for months -- literally months -- without any indication of an official sign-off.”

He said that ICE never actually used the phrase, “solitary confinement,” substituting euphemisms such as “medical isolation,” “administrative segregation,” and “disciplinary segregation.”

“They use everything but ‘solitary confinement,’ and one has to ask why,” he said.

OUTSIDE IN A CAGE
Mulugeta, an Ethiopian immigrant who came to the United States as a child, asked to only use his first name because he intends to re-apply for U.S. residency after being deported. He was in immigrant detention between 2010 and 2014 while he fought his case and says he spent more than a year in segregation.

“It was a very long time, and a very tough experience,” he said. “Through those four years, I went through a lot of ups and downs.”

Mulugeta had a green card as a child. When he was 18, he and his friends were playing with a BB gun at one of their homes and someone called the police. Officers searched Mulugeta and found a Ziploc bag of marijuana, more than half an ounce but no more than five pounds, according to his 2009 court indictment. Though he said he had bought the drugs for personal use, he was convicted of intent to distribute. When he was released from prison, ICE was waiting to deport him. But first he was detained for another four years.


While in immigrant detention, Mulugeta was placed in a special housing unit after a fight broke out at the Oakdale Federal Detention Center in Louisiana, which then held immigrant detainees alongside convicts. He said he was defending himself from attackers when he accidentally fell onto a guard, whose leg broke in several places. As a result, Mulugeta was put in solitary confinement.

“There was no charge,” he said. “They just kept me there for no reason.”

While in segregation, Mulugeta received maybe one phone call a week, but he spent most of his time reading, he said. Sometimes, he went outside for sunlight; even then, they put him in an enclosed "cage" so he did not feel free, he said.

ICE does not comment on specific cases and did not confirm his account. Nor would an ICE spokesperson comment on whether detainees in special housing units are confined during recreation time.

Guards let Mulugeta shower sporadically, but they didn’t follow a regular schedule. When the cafeteria served pork, Mulugeta, an Ethiopian orthodox Christian, didn’t get to eat.

“What they did to that kid, I’ll never get over it,” said Paul Scott, his attorney.

Because ICE detainees are often mixed in with prisoners at county jails and private prisons, Mulugeta said that he and other immigrants were treated like serious offenders.

“Immigration detainees and a criminal are not the same,” he said. But, to the guards at the detention centers where he was held, he continued, “Everybody is the same.”

SEGREGATION FOR SAFETY
Many undocumented immigrants in the United States are seeking refuge from violence against them in their homes countries because of their gender or sexuality. Members of the LGBTQ community are especially at risk of being put into solitary cells because they are targets for sexual assault and bullying by other prisoners.

“I know that they’re also scared to remain in some cases in the housing unit with their biological sex, so it’s kind of a no-win situation when the only answer is to put people in a box,” Free said.

But solitary confinement does not always make people safe. Guards also have been accused of taunting transgender or gay prisoners about their lifestyles and other harassment.

In 2005, ICE detained trans woman Bamby Salcedo after she filed a request to change her legal name. According to her online bio, during her early life, “she fell into a deep cycle of drugs, crime, juvenile institutions and later, after immigrating to the US, prisons.” She told NBC that in California she survived by dealing illegal substances. After Salcedo got to San Pedro Detention Center, which lost its accreditation in 2007 and has since been shuttered, the guards placed her in a dorm with her biological sex, where men put their genitals in her face, grabbed her breasts and buttocks, and made sexually suggestive comments to her, she said.

“It was constant, and it was too much,” Salcedo added.

After she told officials that she had been assaulted, she said she was placed in segregation for a week.

“They said they were trying to protect me, but I was actually being punished further for just being me,” she said.

In 2015, ICE outlined a Transgender Care Memo, and an agency official wrote that its “ultimate goal with regard to this population is to find facility partners willing to adopt the best practices.”

But immigrant detainees are often put in solitary after accusing staff members or other residents of sexual assault, according to NBC News. Victims often believe they are being punished by ICE for reporting abuse.

Salcedo, who founded TransLatin@ Coalition, said that when she visits detention centers as an advocate, she hears similar stories to her own. She said that “really, things have not changed.”

ICE detainees can also be placed in solitary for protesting or for expressing mental health problems, advocates say.

Azadeh Shahshahani, legal and advocacy director at the Atlanta-based non-profit Project South, said that other immigrants at the Stewart Detention Center have been segregated “in retaliation” because they’ve gone on hunger strikes to spark administrative interest.

“They have filed complaints,” Shahshahani said. “Nobody has paid attention to them. And so basically their last option is to put their bodies on the line.”

And a mother at Karnes County Residential Center in Texas alleged that she and her 11-year-old son were put in medical isolation there as punishment after going on a fast. The account came from a congressional employee who had visited the center, Rep. Hank Johnson (D-Ga.) told NBC.

“I believe they were putting women and children -- young babies, infants even -- into solitary confinement for punishment measures,” he said.

During a hearing of the House Committee on the Judiciary in April 2015, Johnson asked former ICE Director Sarah R. Saldaña about the charge.

“I am not aware of that incident,” Saldaña said. “... If that is a fact, that disturbs me greatly.”

In its directive, ICE says that detainees on hunger strikes can be placed in segregation for their medical safety.

An ICE spokesperson wrote that, “The ICE family residential centers do not have segregation areas. Special monitoring or cohorting may be done in cases where it is deemed medically necessary.”

Advocates respond that while family detention facilities do not have cells explicitly used for solitary confinement, rooms in the medical wing can be used as segregation chambers.

If detainees admit to considering harming themselves, they are often subjected to segregation, which can exacerbate their issues. In its 2013 memo, ICE says that immigrants can be placed in solitary for “mental illness” or “suicide risk.”

“It has been my experience that detainees are reluctant to express anxiety or depression out of fear that that would lead to them being put into segregation,” Free said.

Attorneys sometimes try to use their clients’ segregation as a reason for release or transfer. Scott, for example, cited Mulugeta’s long-term stay in the special housing unit in a letter to the New Orleans field office director advocating for his discharge. He wrote that Mulugeta had been maced in his cell, and that he had been denied the opportunity to meet with his attorney on multiple occasions, which he called a “serious constitutional violation.”

But when asked, immigrant attorneys could not think of any lawsuits that specifically targeted the use of solitary confinement at ICE facilities. They also couldn’t cite any larger movement fighting against the systemic employment of segregation by ICE officials.

“As immigration lawyers, we do have unified efforts on a lot of things, but it’s usually not that,” Scott said.

Free echoed him, saying, “I don’t think that that exists.”

A little over a year after his release, Mendez recalled how many of those in segregation hadn’t done anything wrong, and how unreasoned discipline was. While he and other detainees were shut in for months, actual bullies and troublemakers faced no consequences for their actions, he said.

“There were some people they punished for no reason, and others who were guilty but were allowed to live freely,” Mendez said.

Even after leaving detention, he insists that he never had sexual relations with his then-boyfriend while they were at Stewart.

“We only sent each other letters,” he said. “What they accused us of never happened.”


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          Pool Boy From Ethiopia Seduced By Bosses Spoiled Teen Daughter   
Watch Pool Boy From Ethiopia Seduced By Bosses Spoiled Teen Daughter at free fuck and porn video site
          Welafen Drama Season 4 Part 17 - Ethiopian Drama   

The Latest from Welafen Drama Season 3 Part 17 - Ethiopian Drama
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Ethiopian Amharic weekly tv drama series Yemaebel Wanategnoch (የማዕበል ዋናተኞች)  Yemeabel Wanategnoch - Season 01Episode 11


          Tibebe Terffa at Addis Fine Art, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia   
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          Líneas aéreas chilenas toman protagonismo en la “revolución de los aviones” de Argentina    
Por Ricardo J. Delpiano

AEP sunset despegue avión (G. Doval)
Foto: Gastón Doval
Aprovechando el ambiente político más favorable que brinda mayores garantías a las inversiones y un escenario de una competencia más libre y sana, sin la intervención directa e intencional del Estado, las líneas aéreas chilenas toman posición en el mercado de Argentina, haciéndose parte de la llamada “revolución de los aviones”.

Después de años de cielos cerrados, el cambio de Gobierno y la apertura aérea impulsada por la administración de Mauricio Macri, está permitiendo que por primera vez Chile y Argentina puedan contar con una mayor conectividad, la mayor en la historia de ambos países y la primera que se da significativamente más allá de Buenos Aires. Si bien las compañías aéreas chilenas toman la delantera, básicamente por contar con una capacidad y voluntad que las hace estar más preparadas, se espera que en los próximos años las líneas aéreas argentinas también tengan un papel relevante en las operaciones hacia Chile.

Desde Chile, Sky fue la primera en tomar ventaja de la nueva Argentina. En 2016, comenzó sus servicios hacia Córdoba y Mendoza, los que junto a las frecuencias que mantiene a Buenos Aires (EZE), hacen que el país trasandino sea su mayor y principal mercado internacional. Por su tamaño de población, tráfico de pasajeros y cercanías, funcional para optimizar operacionalmente su modelo de bajo costo y tarifas bajas (LCC), Argentina debiera continuar en el objetivo de Sky al menos en el corto plazo incluyendo para ello nuevas ciudades, como Rosario por ejemplo.

Bloqueada por años por los intereses políticos de la administración de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, LATAM puede finalmente avanzar en una postergada expansión en Argentina. Si bien este proceso se inició desde el norte con los anuncios de los vuelos desde Lima hacia Salta, Rosario, Mendoza y Tucumán, este año se manifiesta con fuerza desde Chile. Para este 1º de julio, está previsto la recuperación de la conectividad Santiago – Rosario después de ocho años, mientras que para octubre, están los primeros vuelos hacia Tucumán, San Juan y Neuquén, además de los vuelos temporales hacia Bariloche para el verano 2018.

Se espera que para fines de 2017, LATAM conecte de manera eficiente a Argentina, con una red significativa de vuelos domésticos e internacionales que incluyen tanto a Buenos Aires como a las principales ciudades del país. En el caso de las ciudades de Provincia, serán siete las que tendrán vuelos internacionales sin escalas hacia los hubs de Santiago, Lima y Sao Paulo (GRU), que amplían la conectividad del más país más allá.

El nuevo ambiente en Argentina, abre oportunidades a los operadores más pequeños. Para la magallánica Aerovías DAP, la apertura del mercado trasandino es fundamental para avanzar en la necesaria conectividad patagónica. A los vuelos a Ushuaia y Jujuy (temporal de verano) inaugurados en 2016, este año se sumarán los vuelos Punta Arenas – Puerto Natales – El Calafate y Punta Arenas – Balmaceda – Comodoro Rivadavia. Desde Santiago, la compañía también está incursionando con algunos vuelos chárter para septiembre (Fiestas Patrias) hacia Iguazú y Bariloche.

Latin American Wings (LAW) es un operador emergente que busca abrirse camino en el mercado aéreo nacional con una propuesta en transición – y aún en definición- que van desde los vuelos chárter hacia los regulares. Recientemente, también ha incluido a Argentina en su expansión al inaugurar la ruta Santiago – Mendoza, inicialmente con un esquema temporal. Al igual que para Aerovías DAP y Sky, el mercado transandino puede ser una fuente importante de crecimiento para LAW a pesar de que la compañía no ha manifestado intenciones de abrir nuevas rutas en ese país.

La “revolución de los aviones” es el concepto que se ha dado en Argentina a la valoración que ha hecho el Presidente Macri del transporte aéreo como un instrumento de desarrollo económico y social del país. En su programa de gobierno, el nuevo Presidente se ha comprometido con duplicar el número de pasajeros transportados, abrir nuevas rutas aéreas, ampliar el número de operadores nacionales y mantener a Aerolíneas Argentinas como empresa pública bajo un negocio sostenible. Hasta la fecha, estos objetivos ya los está consiguiendo con una política de cielos más abiertos, un respeto por la institucionalidad, el respeto por la sana competencia y la recuperación de las confianzas, todas las cuales contrastan con el periodo anterior.

Bajo este ambiente, además de la expansión de las compañías aéreas chilenas, Argentina está capturando el interés de operadores importantes a nivel regional y mundial como Air Europa, Amazonas (desde Paraguay y Uruguay), Azul Linhas Aereas (desde Brasil y Uruguay), Avianca, BoA Boliviana de Aviación, Copa Airlines, Ethiopian, GOL, IAG (Level), Norwegian y posiblemente, Viva Air.

Para los operadores argentinos, la “revolución de los aviones” se manifiesta en los crecimientos y resultados operacionales positivos de Aerolíneas Argentinas, la renovación de la flota de Andes y principalmente en el establecimiento de las compañías LCC como Flybondi y Norwegian para vuelos domésticos e internacionales.

Actualmente, Argentina tiene la oportunidad para recuperar parte del camino perdido teniendo al transporte aéreo como aliado y catalizador. Una mayor liberalización aérea (sea parcial o total, con cielos abiertos) y de los precios, permitiría potenciar aún más los crecimientos que se proyectan, asegurando que los impactos positivos que la aviación genera sean aún mayores. 

En su última visita oficial a Chile, el Presidente Mauricio Macri hizo un llamado al empresariado chileno a invertir en los “futuros mejores años de Argentina” y a recuperar la confianza en ese país para dejar atrás las fracturas del pasado. Sostuvo que de a poco se ha podido recuperar las buenas relaciones. 

          CARM Podcast 6_28   
CARM Radio 6_28

Open calls, questions and discussion with Matt Slick LIVE topics include "Enoch, Ethiopian Bible."

          Trump’s ‘No Fly Zone’ Escalates U.S. War    

Trump’s ‘No Fly Zone’ Escalates U.S. War Against Syria

Photo by Expert Infantry | CC BY 2.0
The lie that the U.S. is fighting Islamic State (ISIS) terrorism in Syria was publicly exploded on June 18 when a U.S. F/A-18 “Super Hornet” fighter jet launched from the George H. W. Bush aircraft carrier shot down a Syrian government aircraft that had attacked ISIS and the Al-Qaida-affiliated Nusra Front forces in Raqqa. The last major “rebel”-held stronghold in Northern Syria and Syria’s sixth largest city, Raqqa is the capital of ISIS’s proclaimed caliphate.
State Department officials asserted that the downing of the Syrian jet was in accord with U.S. policy to operate under its unilaterally established “rules of engagement” that include the “collective self-defense” of its “Syrian partners.” Translated, the quoted phrases amount to a declaration that the U.S. and its imperial allies in Syria will attack any and all forces that seek to interfere with U.S. imperialist objectives.
In addition to its virtual “no fly zone” over the Raqqa region, U.S. generals have set up a similarly “protected” garrison at al-Tanf in southeastern Syria, where its “Syrian partners” and U.S., British and Norwegian advisers are based. Here too, U.S. military tops have warned pro-Assad forces to stay out, having tagged this region with the newly coined euphemism, “zone of deconfliction.”
After the June 18 downing of the Syrian jet fighter, U.S. officials cynically asserted that “The coalition does not seek to fight the Syrian regime, Russian, or pro-regime forces partnered with them, but will not hesitate to defend coalition or partner forces from any threat.”
In the same mid-June timeframe and with the same rationale, U.S. warplanes shot down several Iranian midrange missiles that were targeting the ISIS-controlled oil-rich Deir Al-Zour province in Eastern Syria where ISIS forces surround some 200,000 civilians. These Syrians, according to U.S. policy, are not to be freed from ISIS’s grip by anyone working with the Syrian government. Effectively, ISIS in the area surrounding Deir Al-Zour is protected by the U.S. and its “partners.”
U.S. Contemplates “Stabilization Lite”
This is now the public policy of the U.S., presented in bold outline by several U.S. officials and top imperialist planners and reported in the June 23 NYT under the headline, “U.S. Sends Civilians to Stabilize Recaptured Syrian Areas.” The referenced “civilians” include representatives from the CIA-directed Agency for International Development and representatives from the array of countries that are supporting the U.S. war in Syria. Billions of dollars are to be expended in this effort, not to rebuild Syria, but to insure the stability of the occupying force in the regions the U.S. seeks to establish under its control. A minimum of 1,000 U.S. troops would remain in these “recaptured” regions, according to The Times report, undoubtedly qualitatively more if the U.S. warmakers believe they can further leverage their intervention.
In the same article, Linda Robinson, a senior international policy analyst at the RAND Corporation expressed a note of caution:
“Syria is not a country that we control. This is stabilization light. We do not have, nor do we intend to get, control of the place, which would enable us to move and do these state-building activities.” [My emphasis.]
She added, “What is also very important to understand is what is the tolerance of the Syrian government for the U.S. to go in and do these activities. There have been increasing tensions with the regime, with the Iranians and with the Russians and the possibility that we are backing into a war with the Assad government and its backers.” Needless to say, such a war has been underway for years despite the U.S lie that its illegal, uninvited presence in Syria is to fight ISIS.
On June 8, ten days before the attack on the Syrian jet, U.S. warplanes obliterated an Iranian, pro-Syrian government convoy headed for Raqqa to attack ISIS, Al Qaida and other U.S.-backed forces.
The June 18 attack on the Syrian aircraft was not the first such overt assault since 2011 when the short-lived Syrian Arab Spring was quickly hijacked by covert U.S.–backed terrorist forces aimed at the same “regime change” operation in Syria that the U.S. had previously orchestrated in Iraq, Libya, and Egypt. Since the April 7 U.S. Tomahawk missile attack on the Syrian Shayrat air base – under the pretext of retaliation for the unproven claim that the Assad government used sarin gas U.S. threats and overt attacks on Syrian government forces and its supporters have become routine. [Note: As we go to press a June 25 detailed article refuting President Trump’s accusation that the Syrian government used sarin gas in the town of Khan Sheikhoun in April 2017 has been published on the German online website Welt N24 Politik. Its author, Pulitzer Prize journalist Seymour Hersh, cites several top U.S. military advisers to President Trump as insisting that “This was not a chemical weapons strike.” With full knowledge of the facts that demonstrated that sarin gas was not used by the Assad government, or anyone else, the advisers, note that Trump proceeded to bomb Syria anyway. JM]
The longstanding covert U.S./NATO/Gulf State monarchy regime change war against Syria, wherein billions of dollars have been secretly extended to train and arm virtually all forces that aim to remove the Syrian government, has now become open. The notion that a civil war between competing Syrian factions prevails in Syria is a terrible fraud – one that is employed by both the U.S. government and its bi-partisan propagandists, but also, tragically, by sections of the U.S. left. Syria, as with all poor and oppressed nations is the undeniable victim of a U.S.-orchestrated imperialist attack, little different from the imperialist conflagrations that plague oppressed people and nations around the world – from the Middle East to Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Hillary Clinton’s election time advocacy of a “no fly zone” in Syria – aimed at preventing Syrian and allied forces, including Russia, Iran and the Lebanese-based Hezbollah, from ridding Syria of U.S.-backed forces – has now become President Donald Trump’s official policy.
“Deconfliction” is the new U.S.-invented term to designate the ever-expanding and always changing U.S. “No-Fly zones,” that is, portions of Syria that the U.S. hopes to occupy now to maximize its leverage in a contemplated postwar Syrian negotiated settlement wherein Syria’s future is to be determined not by the Syria people or government but rather by the U.S.-established military relationship of forces on the ground.
As U.S. air war Middle East chief Lt. General Jeffrey Harrington stated, “Every war must come to an end and when it does there will be a negotiated settlement.” In this context, Harrington bragged to the NYT that his success in Syria resided in his efforts to increase the “space” controlled by U.S.-backed forces.
Establishing U.S.  “No Fly Zones”
CBS News reported that on June 6 and again on June 8 when “27 [Syrian] regime vehicles drove within 18 miles of al-Tanf, which breached the [U.S.-declared] 34-mile radius of the army convoy’s operations, U.S. aircraft first attempted to buzz the regime, but when the convoy didn’t turn around, they [the U.S. forces] conducted a strike against some of the vehicles.”
“The rebels being trained at al-Tanf are from a number of Arab rebel groups, referred to by the U.S. as Vetted Syrian Opposition, or VSO, who oppose both the Assad regime and ISIS,” according to the liberal BuzzFeed News. They noted that, “U.S. Special Forces have been increasingly fighting alongside these rebel groups in Southern Syria.”
The Wall Street Journal’s Yaroslav Trofimov reported that, “The U.S. attack at al Tanf is significant not because the U.S. has once again struck Assad’s forces, but because it did so in defense of Syrian rebels.” The same report observed, “Once skeptical about U.S.-backed anti-Assad ‘rebels,’ Trump stated in a 2015 election debate that ‘we have no idea who they are.’” Trump had suggested that they may be ISIS and added that “We can’t be fighting ISIS and fighting Assad.” Today, the U.S. is indeed fighting Assad, directly and indirectly, but its focus on ISIS is more complicated.
A March 31, 2017 NYT article, for example, noted that U.S. forces in Raqqa were attacking ISIS from the North, East and West, but not the South – the implication being that ISIS forces driven in this direction might be useful in assisting the blockade of Syrian forces in the South, that is, in the Deir Al-Zour region. Indeed they were. ISIS forces were allowed to evacuate Raqqa, weapons and military gear in tow, heading south toward Deir Al Zour, near the Iraqi and Jordanian border.
Defense Secretary James “Mad Dog” Mattis noted that “We should not take this U.S. strike [against Assad’s armed forces] as a sign that the U.S. is getting more involved in Syria,” an example of Orwellian doublespeak if ever there was one.
Syria’s Right to Self-Determination
With the Syrian government’s September 2015 request to the Russian and Iranian governments and Hezbollah forces in Lebanon to intervene on its behalf, Syria has retaken large parts of the country that were previously occupied by ISIS and other U.S.-backed forces. Some estimates put that previously occupied figure at two-thirds of the country. Syria, a sovereign nation, has every right to self-determination, that is, to defend itself from imperial attack and seek the support of allies to challenge U.S.-led war and regime change efforts.
Al Udeid is the U.S. Central Command headquarters in the Middle East – the nerve center of its air campaigns in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. It is from Al Udeid that the U.S. conducts its now 16-year war in Afghanistan and its current wars in Iraq and Syria. Al Udeid supplied the air and ground forces in the U.S./NATO “humanitarian war” that destroyed Libya’s infrastructure. U.S.-backed mercenaries from Qatar then proceeded to “liberate” Libya’s capital of Tripoli using the pretext that the Gadhafi government was about to exterminate 50,000 unarmed civilians in Benghazi. British authorities now admit that there was no such threat. Neither did the Sadaam Hussein government have the “weapons of mass destruction” that the U.S. war makers insisted were about to be unleashed on the world.
U.S. General Espouses Policy Objectives
“If the Syrians were going to make a run at our guys, we were going to be in a position to defend them ourselves,” said Lt. General Harrington in a May 23 NYT interview. “Our intent was to be in position to support our guys and get back into fighting ISIS.” The reference to “our guys,” of course, includes NATO and U.S.-financed and abetted terrorist forces aimed at Assad’s removal. There are no other forces in Syria today that operate independently of U.S. imperialism and its coalition partners.
This May 23 article entitled, “Inside the Air War Over Syria: A High Altitude ‘Poker Game,’” offers what The Times calls “a rare glimpse into how the [U.S.] military plans and orchestrates the complex ballet of strike, surveillance and refueling aircraft that keeps the war going around the clock.”
This seemingly endless war has taken a terrible toll on the Syrian people. A respected polling organization – ORB International, which does polling for western nations, including the U.S. government – nevertheless demonstrated that support for the Bashar Assad government and its Iranian allies far exceeds support for the U.S. and its “coalition partners,” including the Free Syrian Army, Al-Qaeda and similar groups. Support for ISIS was miniscule.
Regardless, recognition and defense of Syria’s right to self-determination – an inalienable right of all poor and oppressed nations under imperialist attack or threatened by colonial occupation – is the critical dividing line in the U.S. antiwar movement today. While not taking any position on the Assad government itself, U.S. antiwar organizations like the United National Antiwar Coalition (UNAC) are staunch defenders of Syria’s right to self-determination. UNAC unanimously re-affirmed this stance at its recent June 16-18 national conference in Richmond, VA where over 300 activists from 31 states drew up plans for future coordinated, independent, mass mobilizations against U.S. imperialist wars. (See UNAC’s adopted Action Plan at UNACpeace.org.)
The principle of the right of self-determination of oppressed nations has its origins in the worldwide struggles of oppressed people to win their freedom from the world’s chief colonizing and imperialist great powers that had previously divided and re-divided the world and subjected poor and conquered peoples to their rule. The history of the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and Asia is in great part a history of the just struggles of the conquered and occupied nations for freedom and self-determination. Socialists and other democratically minded organizations have traditionally supported all such struggles against imperialist intervention, whether their leadership was socialist, bourgeois nationalist or even downright reactionary. This was the case, for example, when fascist Italy invaded feudal Ethiopia at the beginning of WWII, or more recently when the U.S. invaded Iraq and deposed the Sadaam Hussein government.  (Hussein had previously been a U.S. ally and surrogate when he invaded Iran in 1980 in a six-year war that took the lives of one million Iranians and 800,000 Iraqis.) In all cases, the key criteria for opposition to imperialist war has been the understanding that, freed from direct colonial control, the working masses of these oppressed nations have the best opportunity to deal with their own indigenous oppressors. The resultant weakening and defeat of the imperialist occupier upon its forced withdrawal is an added bonus that factors into any world balance sheet that measures the relationship of forces between imperialist subjugators and their victims.
The right of self-determination includes Syria’s right to call for help from Russia, Iran and others as they see fit. Such support – however equivocal and for whatever opportunist reasons it may be given – can have a significant impact on thwarting U.S. imperialist objectives. As compared to late 2015, much of Syria today is free from the direct control of the forces let loose by U.S. imperialism. It is these forces that are overwhelmingly responsible for the estimated 500,000 Syrians killed, including 100,000 Syrian Army soldiers as well as the 1.5 million Syrian refugees that are today scattered across the Middle East and elsewhere.
This is not to say that the Russia’s or Iran’s primary objective is the liberation of Syria from imperialist control, and certainly not the establishment of a socialist or even democratic Syria. Vladimir Putin’s objectives are simply to use Russian influence in Syria as a bargaining chip to negotiate with the U.S./NATO cabal and win some concessions with regard to NATO’s threatening encirclement of Russia and its imposition of stinging sanctions arising out of Russia’s opposition to the neo-fascist, US/EU-backed coup in Ukraine.
The recent widely televised two-part “Putin Interviews” with filmmaker Oliver Stone revealed Russian perspectives and politics in bold relief when Stone felt compelled to correct Putin’s repeated assertions of friendship with his “U.S. partners.” Stone asked, “How can you repeatedly call the U.S. your partner when it is ever surrounding you with NATO troops and imposing hurtful sanctions?” Putin could only smile and repeat his solidarity and claimed “partnership” with the U.S. while holding out his hopes that peaceful negotiated solutions of their differences would be forthcoming.
Putin, a spokesperson par excellence for a weak and isolated Russian capitalism, basked with Stone in the splendor of his ornate state-owned Russian dacha home, while praising the Russian Orthodox Church, expressing his solidarity with U.S. imperialism’s “fight against terrorism,” and ridiculing the great 1917 Russian Revolution. Putin, who supported the U.S./NATO war that reduced Libya to rubble, lacked the good sense to hide his reactionary social views as he disparaged women and LGBTQI people. No liberating friend of the Syrian masses, Putin seeks a negotiated accommodation with U.S. imperialism. This is similar to other lesser capitalist nations that are increasingly compelled to bend to the dictates of the world’s sole superpower.
Yet Russia’s role in forcing the U.S.-backed armed forces in Syria to retreat cannot be dismissed, if for the sole reason that, absent an overt imperialist conquest, opportunities for future struggle of Syria’s working masses to advance their own interests will be that much greater. Tragically, history does not always offer a clear and straight path to liberation. Absent Russian and Iranian intervention in the Syrian conflict, the likelihood of US/NATO imperial victory would be virtually assured. The alternative to Russian and Iranian support for Syria can only be Syria’s return to imperialist-imposed great power domination or perhaps formal division or incorporation into neighboring states.
Today, Syria’s future rests less on the intentions of Russian or Iranian capitalists than it does on the future emergence of an independent anti-imperialist and socialist force inside Syria that champions the interests of the Syrian working masses and on capacity of antiwar forces in the U.S. and around the world to mobilize millions in the streets demanding “U.S. Out Now!,”  “Self-determination for Syria!” and “Money for Jobs, Not War!” These are the starting points for the mass antiwar movement that can best serve the interests of the Syrian people. In addition to marches, rallies and teach-ins, the economic might of the U.S. working class must be brought to bear. Indeed, the struggles against all U.S. wars abroad and the fight against the ever-intensifying wars against working people at home cannot be separated; in many ways it is the same fight. We must say no to the wars of the one percent both at home and abroad. Not one more dollar, not one more bullet for Washington’s wars! 
More articles by:
Jeff Mackler is a staffwriter for Socialist Action. He can be reached at jmackler@lmi.net  socialist action.org

          Matthews Suggests Trump Channel Mussolini, Murder Kushner; Compares Him to Ethiopian Dictator   

Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’s Hardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared the President to not only communist Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam and a modern-day Romanov but also channel Benito Mussolini having son-in-law Jared Kushner murdered.

As he’s previously done(documented here, here, and here), Matthews reiterated his belief that Kushner and wife Ivanka Trump are akin to the murderous sons of Saddam Hussein, Uday and Qusay.

Let’s first start with Matthews invoking Mengistu. During a tease about reported disarray in the Trump administration with Secretary of State Rex Tillerson being stonewalled from doing his job, Matthews gloated about the “meltdown.”

“It’s a far cry from that love feast we watched a few weeks ago, which is right out of Mengistu’s government in Ethiopia with all the people bowing to the president. Apparently all is not well in paradise,” Matthews quipped.

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Later, Matthews told The Washington Post’s Ashley Parker that he’s “allowed to have opinions” (unlike print reporters, supposedly) “and one of my opinions was that nepotism is a bad thing in government” as evidenced by the supposed American incarnations of the Husseins: 

You put Uday and Qusay in your government and you’re going to have a problem with everybody else in the government because nobody can fight with them. Nobody can challenge them and, in the end, the son-in-law is always right because he can always to go his father-in-law or his wife and say they were mean to me.

Instead of Tillerson overseeing foreign policy, Matthews observed how “[t]he power seems to have gone to the son-in-law” and thus the Trump’s are “the Romanovs.” He then nudged Parker to agree (which she didn’t): “Is it a royal family instead of a Democratic or a Republican form of government? Or is it a family running the government? Is it Ivanka and Jared and the President sitting around in the White House upstairs ruling the world?”

Once Parker finished her thoughts on how the Trump’s perceive what they’re doing as simply running government like a business, Matthews told New York Times columnist Frank Bruni that it might behoove Trump to take a page out of Mussolini’s playbook, which was murder your son-in-law.

“So the son-in-law — you know, one good thing Mussolini did was execute his son-in-law. I mean, I’m talking about Ciano,” he clownishly argued.

Bruni awkwardly stepped in to play the role that Keith Olbermann did when Matthews had a thrill up his leg, telling him that he should “be careful here.”

“That was an extreme measure. But this was — this is a strange situation,” Matthews concluded before giving way to Bruni.

Matthews's joke about Trump murdering his son-in-law was brought to you by Cascade, Johnson's baby lotion, and Lincoln Financial.

Here’s the relevant portions of the transcript from June 29's MSNBC’s Hardball:

MSNBC’s Hardball
June 29, 2017
7:16 p.m. Eastern [TEASE]

[ON-SCREEN HEADLINE: Cabinet Chaos]

CHRIS MATTHEWS: Coming up, a meltdown in the Trump camp. Catch this. This is wilder. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson explodes at a White House meaning for undermining him. They say the people around the President — the personnel people are screwing him. It’s a far cry from that love feast we watched a few weeks ago, which is right out of Mengistu’s government in Ethiopia with all the people bowing to the president. Apparently all is not well in paradise.

(....)

7:25 p.m. Eastern

MATTHEWS: Well, according to The American Conservative magazine, Secretary Tillerson believes he's been contradicted and undermined by the White House. A close associate of Secretary Tillerson explained: “Rex is just exhausted. He can't get any of his appointments approved and is running around the world cleaning up after a president whose primary foreign policy adviser is a 36-year-old amateur.” Now, Ashley, I’m allowed to have opinions and one of my opinions was that nepotism is a bad thing in government. It just is. You put Uday and Qusay in your government and you’re going to have a problem with everybody else in the government because nobody can fight with them. Nobody can challenge them and, in the end, the son-in-law is always right because he can always to go his father-in-law or his wife and say they were mean to me. Do something about it. It is a disastrous decision from day one and now we find Kushner in the Middle East, brokering the Middle East peace process, whatever it is, among the Arabs and Israelis and Likud and everybody else and meanwhile, Tillerson is sitting around doing what? He can’t even appoint his own deputies. The power seems to have gone to the son-in-law. This is the Romanovs. Just a thought. The Romanovs. Is it? 

ASHLEY PARKER: Well, I mean, that’s certainly — 

MATTHEWS: Is it a royal family instead of a Democratic or a Republican form of government? Or is it a family running the government? Is it Ivanka and Jared and the President sitting around in the White House upstairs ruling the world? 

PARKER: I don't think it’s quite that but I think it is run like a family business. The president and his aides see it publicly and privately and the President’s family, his children, especially his daughter Ivanka and, you know, Jared Kushner, they operate with a degree of impunity that does not exist for these other aides. So, if you look at just Jared and Tillerson, Jared basically emerged as a shadow Secretary of State. You mentioned peace in the Middle East. His portfolio includes not only that, it includes China, it includes Mexico, it includes Canada and that's just on the foreign policy front. So, if you're the secretary of state, ambassadors and leaders of foreign nations know that they can directly go to the President’s son-in-law and have his ear that deeply undermines you and makes it really difficult for you to do your job.

MATTHEWS: And then you find out in all these investigations that Jared was opening up a tunnel to Moscow so he wouldn’t have to deal with the State Department. So the son-in-law — you know, one good thing Mussolini did was execute his son-in-law. I mean, I’m talking about Ciano

FRANK BRUNI: Let’s be careful here, yeah.

MATTHEWS: That was an extreme measure. But this was — this is a strange situation. 

BRUNI: No but this story is a lot bigger than Tillerson. We've — I mean, we’ve had sessions have to volunteer to resign. We know there have been extraordinary tensions between him and President Trumps. We know other cabinet members, Mattis, have been questioned, countermanded, demoralized. I don’t think you can have a cabinet of people who can work to their full abilities because they’re constantly being questioned by the boss. They don't feel like their job are secure. There’s this culture of people leaking to protect themselves, to safeguard their reputations. I shudder to think when there is turnover in this cabinet, which I think there will be sooner than in most, who are we going to get to replace these people? Who would want to work in the Trump administration? Usually, a President has an infinite pool of talent to choose from because everybody wants to step forward and serve. I don’t think this President is going to be left with a puddle.

MATTHEWS: So, what's worse? This or the tweeting? 

BRUNI: I mean, we have to make a choice? 

MATTHEWS: Yeah, well, the country is watch.


          How a new group is trying to counter negative perceptions about Somali-American day cares in Minnesota   

The preschoolers at the St. Paul-based Kids Garden Day Care rose from their seats and rushed to embrace Mohamed Gelle when he stepped into their classroom on Thursday. 

They jumped up and down, laughed and shouted, “We miss you!”

Then Gelle looked each one of them in the eye and asked how their day was. 

“Good,” they replied as they rushed back to their seats.

Gelle founded Kids Garden in 2010, and today it has more than 300 children ages six months to 12 years old — kids whose parents immigrated from Somalia, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Cameroon.

Child care has become a popular business among Somali-Americans in Minnesota. A little over a decade ago, there were barely any such facilities owned by Somalis. Today, there are nearly 90 Somali-owned registered day care centers operate across the state. 

In recent years, however, many of those centers have come under intense scrutiny. Several places in the Twin Cities metro area have closed after federal agencies raided them as part of a criminal fraud investigations. And many Somali day care owners now say their businesses have suffered from a negative image — even among the state's Somali-American community.

In response, a group of 76 Somali-American day care owners recently banded together to form The Minnesota Minority Childcare Association (MMCA), which is aimed at fighting misconceptions about their businesses, improving child care centers and educating owners about regulatory and compliance issues. 

“A lot of the Somali centers haven’t learned about all the rules and regulations that all the centers are supposed to have,” said Gelle, who’s also a vice-chair of the association. “This is one of the ways that they can get together and share what needs to happen at the centers.”

The formation of the association came after state and federal authorities accused several Somali-owned day care businesses of overbilling the state and its Child Care Assistance Program, which helps low-income families pay for child care.

In 2016, for example, Abdirizak Ahmed Gayre of Minneapolis and Ibrahim Awgab Osman of New Hope were charged with billing the state more than $1 million for work their day care centers didn’t actually do, according a Hennepin County complaint.

Several similar cases were also reported in 2015, 2016 and 2017 — incidents that members of MMCA say cast a shadow over all Somali-owned centers. “Not all owners are corrupt,” said Isaak Geedi, chairman of the association and owner of the Bloomington-based We Care Child Care. “The majority of them are actually hard-working individuals that are making ends meet.”

Mustafa Jumale
MinnPost photo by Ibrahim Hirsi
Mustafa Jumale

To address the problem, Geedi, Gelle and other owners realized they had to come together, organize and engage with the state’s Department of Human Services, which administers the Child Care Assistance Program. “The DHS has had a negative perception about Somali childcare centers,” said Geedi. 

In the group’s discussions with DHS, Geedi said, the department has expressed concerns about the fraud cases, but also with some of the ways Somali-run day care businesses recruited and retained their clients: hiring parents to work at the same day cares their children attend.  

The MMCA has worked to address DHS' concerns, but the main reason it was created was to educate day care owners about regulatory compliance to improve the educational program offered at the centers. “We don’t tolerate fraud,” Geedi said. “If we hear somebody is doing something wrong, we want to reach out to them and make sure they get educated. If they continue, we’ll expel them from the association and take a legal stand against them.” 

In the last legislative session, MMCA also started a new effort to collaborate with DHS to help Somali-owned day care centers, and the association even hired a lobbyist, Mustafa Jumale, who has been serving as a liaison between the centers and the Legislature. “Members of the association are recognized by the legislators,” said Jumale. “They call us; they text us. We have a seat at the table, which we didn’t have before. And I think that’s the brilliance of the Minnesota Minority Childcare Association.”


          MSNBC's Chris Matthews Jokes About Wanting Trump To Kill Jared Kushner: "One Good Thing Mussolini Did Was Execute His Son-in-Law"    
In just a few minutes on Thursday's edition of 'Hardball' on MSNBC, host Chris Matthews compared President Trump and his family to Saddam Hussein and his sons, the Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, Italian fascist Benito Mussolini, and the deposed Russian royal family, the Romanovs. Matthews wondered about the Trumps: "Is it a royal family instead of a Democratic or a Republican form of government? Or is it a family running the government? Is it Ivanka and Jared and the President sitting around in the White House upstairs ruling the world?" &quot;So the son-in-law — you know, one good thing Mussolini did was execute his son-in-law. I mean, I'm talking about Ciano,” he happily remembered. CHRIS MATTHEWS: Coming up, a meltdown in the Trump camp. Catch this. This is wilder. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson explodes at a White House meaning for undermining him. They say the people around the President — the personnel people are screwing him. It's a far cry from that love feast we watched a few weeks ago, which is right out of Mengistu's government in Ethiopia with all the people bowing to the president. Apparently all is not well in paradise. ... Well, according to The American Conservative magazine, Secretary Tillerson believes he's been contradicted and undermined by the White House. A close associate of Secretary Tillerson explained: &quot;Rex is just exhausted. He can't get any of his appointments approved and is running around the world cleaning up after a president whose primary foreign policy adviser is a 36-year-old amateur.” Now, Ashley, I'm allowed to have opinions and one of my opinions was that nepotism is a bad thing in government. It just is. You put Uday and Qusay in your government and you're going to have a problem with everybody else in the government because nobody can fight with them. Nobody can challenge them and, in the end, the son-in-law is always right because he can always to go his father-in-law or his wife and say they were mean to me. Do something about it. It is a disastrous decision from day one and now we find Kushner in the Middle East, brokering the Middle East peace process, whatever it is, among the Arabs and Israelis and Likud and everybody else and meanwhile, Tillerson is sitting around doing what? He can't even appoint his own deputies. The power seems to have gone to the son-in-law. This is the Romanovs. Just a thought. The Romanovs. Is it? ... MATTHEWS: Is it a royal family instead of a Democratic or a Republican form of government? Or is it a family running the government? Is it Ivanka and Jared and the President sitting around in the White House upstairs ruling the world? ASHLEY PARKER: I don't think it's quite that but I think it is run like a family business. The president and his aides see it publicly and privately and the President's family, his children, especially his daughter Ivanka and, you know, Jared Kushner, they operate with a degree of impunity that does not exist for these other aides. So, if you look at just Jared and Tillerson, Jared basically emerged as a shadow Secretary of State. You mentioned peace in the Middle East. His portfolio includes not only that, it includes China, it includes Mexico, it includes Canada and that's just on the foreign policy front. So, if you're the secretary of state, ambassadors and leaders of foreign nations know that they can directly go to the President's son-in-law and have his ear that deeply undermines you and makes it really difficult for you to do your job. MATTHEWS: And then you find out in all these investigations that Jared was opening up a tunnel to Moscow so he wouldn't have to deal with the State Department. So the son-in-law — you know, one good thing Mussolini did was execute his son-in-law. I mean, I'm talking about Ciano FRANK BRUNI: Let's be careful here, yeah. MATTHEWS: That was an extreme measure. But this was — this is a strange situation.
          Women leather Tote, brown shoulder bag, leather purse, large tote, brown pull up leather, women tote, lady’s leather bag by RootinStyle   

189.00 USD

Free Shipping by DHL.

This Brown Large Women tote is made of Genuine pull up leather and can be used for laptop, overnight trip and book holdings.

A Unique Design with hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet named “queen of Sheba” gives the bag a unique amazing look beside its brown pull up leather.

Handcrafted by women artisans who have love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the environment.

Root in Style take great pride of its products. Each of our products are one of a kind and we are very proud by make all our customers to be amazing unique in a crowd.

All of our bags are Designed uniquely with Ethnic touch Traditional Tilet and handcrafted by an experienced and passionate women artisans in our small workshop.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 37cm
Width: 27cm
Depth: 12cm

Materials

- Made from 100% genuine pull up leather from one of the largest livestock population country in Africa , Ethiopia.

- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet ” named “queen of Sheba” ethnic look” that makes it unique

Pockets
- Have two open pocket for mobile and other small objects inside
- Have a 18cm zipper pocket inside
- Have one 18cm zipper pocket at the back

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

RootinStyle ships worldwide to nearly every country across the global, we employ the services of major, trusted international carrier to ensure your package arrives to your destination safely and securely.

RootinStyle uses DHL as a Shipment Method for all orders.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?

After we receive your order and receive a confirmation of your payment, your product will be processed from scratch for you because every product made to customer on order. The precise processing time is variable and dependent on many factors (e.g. item design, material and complexity). The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) however more complicated items and/or larger orders can require up to 3 weeks (approx.) and, occasionally, 20 days to fully process before shipping out. Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?

After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

It can take a few days following order shipment before the Tracking number becomes active on the courier's system. If the information has not appeared on the courier's website, please try again later.

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:

“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:

Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Our Warranty process:-

1.You can return items within 14 days after delivery. We have a friendly customer service; we are always here to serve you.
2.You will be responsible for paying for your own shipping costs for returning your item
3.To be eligible for a return, your item must be in their original condition and packaging unused, unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.
4.If you wish to cancel an order after it has been shipped out, please wait until it arrives. Contact us first so we can provide you with a return address. Sign for the parcel when you receive it and then return it unopened to the address we have provided. We will arrange partial refund in that case.
5.You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

6.Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

Refunds (if applicable)

Once your return is received and inspected, we will send you an email to notify you that we have received your returned item. We will also notify you of the approval or rejection of your refund.

If you are approved, then your refund will be processed, and a credit will automatically be applied to your paypal account.

Late or missing refunds (if applicable)

If you haven’t received a refund yet, first check your bank account again.

Then contact your credit card company, it may take some time before your refund is officially posted.

Next contact your bank. There is often some processing time before a refund is posted.

If you’ve done all of this and you still have not received your refund yet, please contact us at rootinstyle1@gmail.com.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Each product has been handmade making each piece unique and exclusive

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

Be Amazing Unique in the Crowd!

Thank you for visiting our store


          Red Leather bag, women red leather, women leather bag, women leather tote, leather purse, black and red leather, black leather bag, gift by RootinStyle   

169.00 USD

Red Leather bag, women red leather, women leather bag, women leather tote, leather purse, black and red leather, black leather bag, gift

Each of our products are one of a kind and we are very proud by make all our customers to be amazing unique in a crowd with a Unique Design with hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet.

Our products are handcrafted by women artisans who have love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the Environment in our small workshop.

Product description:

Dimensions Size:
Height: 31cm
Width: 35cm
Depth : 11cm

Materials

- Made from 100% genuine leather.

- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet (ethnic look) that makes it unique

Pockets
- have two open pocket inside for mobile and other important objects
- Have 21cm width inside zipper pocket for all your important things

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

RootinStyle gives Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

- The average processing time is approximately 1-2 weeks.

- After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:
Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government.

Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

The Item returned should be in its original condition and packaging, unused unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

Buyer is responsible for the shipping cost of returned items.

You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

If you have any question please don't hesitate to contact us at rootinstyle1 [!at] gmail.com.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Be Amazing Unique in the Crowd!


          blue women tote, distressed leather, pull up leather tote, women shoulder bag, leather shoulder tote, distressed leather bag, blue handbag by RootinStyle   

169.00 USD

This blue women tote, distressed leather, pull up leather tote, women shoulder bag, leather shoulder tote, distressed leather bag, blue handbag has an Elegant look.

Each of our products are one of a kind and we are very proud by make all our customers to be amazing unique in a crowd with a Unique Design with hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet.

Our products are handcrafted by women artisans who have love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the Environment in our small workshop.

Product description:

Dimensions Size:
Height: 35cm
Width: 31cm
Depth : 10cm

Materials

- Made from 100% genuine pull up distressed leather.

- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet (ethnic look) that makes it unique

Pockets
- have two open pocket inside for mobile and other important objects
- Have 21cm width inside zipper pocket for all your important things

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

RootinStyle gives Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

- The average processing time is approximately 1-2 weeks.

- After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:
Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government.

Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

The Item returned should be in its original condition and packaging, unused unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

Buyer is responsible for the shipping cost of returned items.

You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

If you have any question please don't hesitate to contact us at rootinstyle1@gmail.com.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Be Amazing Unique in the Crowd!


          Green leather tote, large green bag, women leather bag, women tote, green suede bag, women shoulder bag, leather women purse, large by RootinStyle   

189.00 USD

Green leather tote, large green bag, women leather bag, women leather tote, green suede bag, women shoulder bag, leather women purse, large

This dark Green suede and Black tote bag is handcrafted by women artisans who have vast love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the Environment.

This casual bag is a Unique Design with a hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet in front that gives the bag a unique amazing look beside its Genuine cow suede leather.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 32cm
Width: 37cm
Depth: 9cm


Materials

- Made from 100% genuine suede Cow leather.
- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet
- have one long removable strap with Golden hook
- Have shoulder strap

Pockets
- have Two inside open pockets for your mobile phone, and other small objects
- Have 19cm inside zipper pocket for all your important things
- have one 19cm zipper pocket at the back

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?
The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?
After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:

Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Buyer will be responsible for paying for your own shipping costs for returning your item

To be eligible for a return, your item must be in their original condition and packaging unused, unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

if you have any questions, please contact us at rootinstyle1 [!at] gmail.com.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Each product has been handmade making each piece unique and exclusive

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

Be amazing unique in a crowd!

Thank you for visiting our store


          purple leather tote, large shoulder bag, leather large tote, women large tote, women handbag, women leather bag, suede leather tote by RootinStyle   

189.00 USD

This Purple suede and Black tote bag is handcrafted by women artisans who have vast love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the Environment.

This casual bag is a Unique Design with a hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet in front that gives the bag a unique amazing look beside its Genuine cow suede leather.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 32cm
Width: 37cm
Depth: 9cm


Materials

- Made from 100% genuine suede Cow leather.
- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet
- have one long removable strap with Golden hook
- Have shoulder strap

Pockets
- have Two inside open pockets for your mobile phone, and other small objects
- Have 19cm inside zipper pocket for all your important things
- have one 19cm zipper pocket at the back

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?
The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?
After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:

Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Buyer will be responsible for paying for your own shipping costs for returning your item

To be eligible for a return, your item must be in their original condition and packaging unused, unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

if you have any questions, please contact us at rootinstyle1 [!at] gmail.com.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Each product has been handmade making each piece unique and exclusive

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

Be amazing unique in a crowd!

Thank you for visiting our store


          Brawn suede tote, women leather tote, dark brown women tote, large women tote, large leather tote, women shoulder bag, women tote bag, suede by RootinStyle   

189.00 USD

Brawn suede tote, women leather tote, dark brown women tote, large women tote, large leather tote, women shoulder bag, women tote bag, suede

This dark brown suede and Black tote bag is handcrafted by women artisans who have vast love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the Environment.

This casual bag is a Unique Design with a hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet in front that gives the bag a unique amazing look beside its Genuine cow suede leather.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 32cm
Width: 37cm
Depth: 9cm


Materials

- Made from 100% genuine suede Cow leather.
- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet
- have one long removable strap with Golden hook
- Have shoulder strap

Pockets
- have Two inside open pockets for your mobile phone, and other small objects
- Have 19cm inside zipper pocket for all your important things
- have one 19cm zipper pocket at the back

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?
The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?
After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:

Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Buyer will be responsible for paying for your own shipping costs for returning your item

To be eligible for a return, your item must be in their original condition and packaging unused, unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

if you have any questions, please contact us at rootinstyle1 [!at] gmail.com.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Each product has been handmade making each piece unique and exclusive

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

Be amazing unique in a crowd!

Thank you for visiting our store


          Red women clutch, red evening bag, leather evening bag, red leather bag, red crossbody, women red bag, black and red bag, colorful bag by RootinStyle   

98.90 USD

Red women clutch, red evening bag, leather evening bag, red leather bag, red crossbody, women red bag, black and red bag, colorful bag

A Unique Design made with soft cow leather with hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet named “queen of Sheba” with long removable strap.

Handcrafted by women artisans who have love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the environment.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 20cm
Width: 29cm
Depth: 2cm

Materials

- Made from 100% genuine cow leather from one of the largest livestock population country in Africa , Ethiopia
- cotton lining

Pockets

- have two open pockets for mobile and small objects inside
- have one zipper pocket for important things inside

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Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

RootinStyle ships worldwide to nearly every country across the global, we employ the services of major, trusted international carrier to ensure your package arrives to your destination safely and securely.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?

After we receive your order and receive a confirmation of your payment, your product will be processed from scratch for you because every product made to customer on order. The precise processing time is variable and dependent on many factors (e.g. item design, material and complexity).

The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) however more complicated items and/or larger orders can require up to 3 weeks (approx.) and, occasionally, 20 days to fully process before shipping out. Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?

After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

It can take a few days following order shipment before the Tracking number becomes active on the courier's system. If the information has not appeared on the courier's website, please try again later.

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:

“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:

Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Our Warranty process:-

1.You can return items within 14 days after delivery. We have a friendly customer service; we are always here to serve you.

2.You will be responsible for paying for your own shipping costs for returning your item

3.To be eligible for a return, your item must be in their original condition and packaging unused, unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

4.If you wish to cancel an order after it has been shipped out, please wait until it arrives. Contact us first so we can provide you with a return address. Sign for the parcel when you receive it and then return it unopened to the address we have provided. We will arrange partial refund in that case.

5.You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

6.Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

Refunds (if applicable)

Once your return is received and inspected, we will send you an email to notify you that we have received your returned item. We will also notify you of the approval or rejection of your refund.

If you are approved, then your refund will be processed, and a credit will automatically be applied to your paypal account.

Late or missing refunds (if applicable)

If you haven’t received a refund yet, first check your bank account again.

Then contact your credit card company, it may take some time before your refund is officially posted.

Next contact your bank. There is often some processing time before a refund is posted.

If you’ve done all of this and you still have not received your refund yet, please contact us at rootinstyle1@gmail.com.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Each product has been handmade making each piece unique and exclusive

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

Be Amazing Unique in the Crowd!

Thank you for visiting our store


          Black Evening clutch, Purple suede clutch, Leather evening clutch, leather side bag, soft leather clutch, women's Evening bag, black clutch by RootinStyle   

98.90 USD

Black Evening clutch, Purple suede clutch, Leather evening clutch, leather side bag, soft leather clutch, women's Evening bag, black clutch

A Unique Design made with soft cow leather with hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet named “queen of Sheba” with long removable strap.

Handcrafted by women artisans who have love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the environment.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 20cm
Width: 29cm
Depth: 2cm

Materials

- Made from 100% genuine cow leather from one of the largest livestock population country in Africa , Ethiopia
- cotton lining

Pockets

- have two open pockets for mobile and small objects inside
- have one zipper pocket for important things inside

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

RootinStyle ships worldwide to nearly every country across the global, we employ the services of major, trusted international carrier to ensure your package arrives to your destination safely and securely.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?

After we receive your order and receive a confirmation of your payment, your product will be processed from scratch for you because every product made to customer on order. The precise processing time is variable and dependent on many factors (e.g. item design, material and complexity).

The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) however more complicated items and/or larger orders can require up to 3 weeks (approx.) and, occasionally, 20 days to fully process before shipping out. Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?

After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

It can take a few days following order shipment before the Tracking number becomes active on the courier's system. If the information has not appeared on the courier's website, please try again later.

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:

“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.

INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS:

Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

WARRANTY AND RETURNS

At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Our Warranty process:-

1.You can return items within 14 days after delivery. We have a friendly customer service; we are always here to serve you.

2.You will be responsible for paying for your own shipping costs for returning your item

3.To be eligible for a return, your item must be in their original condition and packaging unused, unwashed with all tags clearly attached with any related accessories that were included.

4.If you wish to cancel an order after it has been shipped out, please wait until it arrives. Contact us first so we can provide you with a return address. Sign for the parcel when you receive it and then return it unopened to the address we have provided. We will arrange partial refund in that case.

5.You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle)
P.O.box 192 Code 1034
Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia
Tel: +251911692063

6.Please fill out any customs documents with the following description and declaration: "Product Return to seller - $0 value".

Refunds (if applicable)

Once your return is received and inspected, we will send you an email to notify you that we have received your returned item. We will also notify you of the approval or rejection of your refund.

If you are approved, then your refund will be processed, and a credit will automatically be applied to your paypal account.

Late or missing refunds (if applicable)

If you haven’t received a refund yet, first check your bank account again.

Then contact your credit card company, it may take some time before your refund is officially posted.

Next contact your bank. There is often some processing time before a refund is posted.

If you’ve done all of this and you still have not received your refund yet, please contact us at rootinstyle1@gmail.com.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Each product has been handmade making each piece unique and exclusive

PLEASE NOTE WE CANNOT GUARANTEE EXACT COLOURS REPRESENTED.

Be Amazing Unique in the Crowd!

Thank you for visiting our store


          Lipid Peroxidation and Altered Antioxidant Profiles with Pediatric HIV Infection and Antiretroviral Therapy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia   
Abstract
HIV- and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-associated elevations in oxidative stress likely play a role in incomplete immune reconstitution, opportunistic infections and non-AIDS co-morbidities. We aimed to test the hypothesis that children living with HIV exhibit elevated markers of oxidative stress and reduced antioxidant profiles and that HAART-therapy will exacerbate these differences. HIV-positive HAART-naïve (n = 50) and HAART-treated (n = 50) and HIV-negative control (n = 50) participants, 3–15 years of age, were recruited from Black Lion Hospital in Ethiopia. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) and bilirubin were higher and vitamin C and zinc were lower in HAART-naïve and HAART-treated compared with HIV-negative subjects and higher in HAART-treated compared with HAART-naïve subjects. Uric acid was higher in HAART-naïve compared with HAART-treated and HIV-negative subjects. Differences in MDA and several antioxidants were also observed across treatment regimens. Thus, children living with HIV exhibited systemic elevations in oxidative stress and reduction in antioxidants, which are exacerbated with HAART therapy.

          Christina Beardsley   
It's been a while since I considered religion as a topic, but it's been in my mind a lot lately. I was raised in a strongly Christian family, but have been increasingly critical and questioning of much of that for many years now. I have nonetheless experienced quite a considerable amount of existential guilt about exploring my gender identity. Not all of that relates, of course, to religion, but it all fitted together: religious views of sex as dirty, impure and shameful featured large in my upbringing, and there was no tolerance whatever of any idea of homosexuality or transgenderism.

The Old Testament contains stern and forbidding passages like this one:
He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD. --Deuteronomy 23:1.
Ouch! Make sure you look after your stones! Some people view transgender behaviour as inherently sinful. As you know, I don't agree. I believe that this is the way I was created: a man with a generous spoonful of woman in the mixture. In addition, I think that Jesus went out of his way to befriend the marginalised people in his society: lepers and prostitutes and tax collectors and whatnot. These days, if Jesus were among us, I think he would (among others) be befriending transgender people--and no doubt attracting the same scorn and criticism for doing so, as he did back then.

Christina Beardsley
We seem to be in the midst of a landslide in transgender acceptance, where transgender people seem to be everywhere: in the media, in sports, in politics, in the military, in entertainment, in the arts, and so on. So what of deeply religious people, those in ministry? Are there any transgender clerics out there? The answer turns out to be yes, although they are not easy to track down. I wanted to talk to them: to ask them about their own journeys; how their gender conflicted (or perhaps not) with their faith; about how they face up to those disapproving biblical passages. And I was delighted when I was able to make contact with the Rev. Dr. Christina "Tina" Beardsley, an ordained woman priest in the Church of England, who happened to be born a boy. Tina has been in ministry for nearly four decades, and worked as a hospital chaplain in the UK for the last 15 years, and has recently retired. She is the author of several books, and a blog (see the end of this article for details).

Not only did she kindly agree to submit to my battery of interview questions, she provided detailed answers. I hope you will find those answers as interesting and enlightening as I did. She taught me that priest can be used as a verb, and she can spell mediaeval, and I learned a whole new (and somewhat wonderful) word: transcestors.

Can you tell us a bit about your trans journey? (A potted life story, if you will).

It’s tempting to compartmentalise our lives, and when communicating to others one might have to focus on the trans aspects of the journey, but I see my life as a whole, and am glad that you reframe this question by asking for a potted life story.

I’m 65 years old now so that’s a fairly long life history. I was born in West Yorkshire, in the north of England, near an industrial town, but grew up in a small town on the edge of the Peak District. I am the eldest of two, and my brother was born when I was 6. My family was working class – I come from a long line of miners on my father’s side (though my dad did not work down the pit) and country house (the home of industrialists) gardeners on my mother’s side. I was the first person from my family to go to university.

My childhood was relatively happy but my gender presentation was problematic to my father in particular. I once overheard him complaining to my maternal grandmother how unhappy he was that I was ‘so effeminate’ which came as something of a shock, though it shouldn’t have, as I can recall many occasions from my earliest childhood when he expressed disapproval with my gendered behaviour. My grandmother’s response was that he should not worry and that it was something that I would ‘grow out of’. Through therapy I have learnt to appreciate that I was feminine rather than effeminate and that my femininity is something that I have ‘grown into’, though not without a struggle because there were many years of denial and suppression before I was able to accept myself.

You said that you were "feminine rather than effeminate". Can you unpack what that means exactly?

Effeminate is a pejorative term arising from the hierarchy in which the male is considered superior to the female and feminine boys/men whether or not they turn out to be trans are taunted with all sorts of unpleasant names. To see oneself instead as feminine reclaims and owns one's behaviours or gender expression as fitting, appropriate and nothing to be ashamed of.

Like many people who are not understood within their family I found escape in study, and when it was time to go to university I went to Sussex University in Brighton, a city that has always had a liberal, even naughty reputation. That was 1970-73 and while at university I met the man who would become my husband. In my mid-teens I had begun to realise that I was attracted to males, but there was also ‘something else’ going on--cross dressing--which I was not able to talk about, and which I also associated with the childhood shame of being ‘effeminate’. I was very fortunate in my partner because he preferred feminine men and told me that was one reason that he found me attractive. We certainly talked about drag, and one of my fantasies while preparing for university, had been to join a drag entertainment collective (like Bloolips) and maybe not change back into male clothes, but I knew it was a fantasy.

Courtesy of the State I was receiving a wonderful education in the study of religion, mediaeval philosophy and church history, and when I graduated I had the opportunity to go to Cambridge to do doctoral research. That kept me occupied for the next three years, and even though I was vaguely aware of another student who was in transition in Cambridge, and was intrigued, I didn’t see that as being for me at that time. Despite being in a loving relationship I think my self-awareness about being transgender (though that wouldn’t have been the term used then) was poor and my emotional intelligence still fairly limited.

I had experienced a call to ordained ministry when I was about twelve years old (in a small wood near the church) though I also had a strong sense that I should teach, and it wasn’t clear which of the two would have priority – today I realise that one could do both! I was accepted for ordination training and went to theological college, which meant another two years of study, followed by three years as an assistant curate (assistant minister) in a city parish in Portsmouth. My college principal, the bishop who ordained me, my training incumbent and the parish leadership were all aware that Rob was my partner and very affirming of us both. Sexuality was the dominating issue in my life at that point, rather than gender identity, though of course that had not gone away but, hey, there were plenty of other things to think about and to do.

When it was time to move on my training incumbent asked me to stay on in the parish to look after one of the daughter churches, which I did for another four years before leaving the city to become the vicar of two rural/suburban parishes, where I was even busier, but it was here that the Holy Spirit broke in and ministered the divine love to my heart.

By the late 1980s I had been vicar of the two parishes for four years. It was just as the AIDS epidemic struck the UK and was a very bad time for gay people in the Church, especially gay clergy. Remember that gay and trans were still blurred in the 1970s and 80s; this was 1989. I woke in the night knowing I must include these words in my sermon the next day: ‘God loves me, including the fact that I’m gay.’ It wasn’t a good career move, but I felt an imperative and as if this was ‘meant to be’.

A few days later the Sunday School leader came to see me about something else. ‘It’s wonderful that you came out’ she said as she left, ‘It’s such a good role model to see a gay man in a caring profession.’ And I thought to myself, ‘But I never said that I was a man!’ That was when I knew, definitely, who I was, and that, however I might have appeared on the outside--and by this time testosterone had begun to masculinise my features--I was, as I began to express it at the time, ‘90% to 100% female on the inside’, though I can appreciate that may sound strange to some people; nor was I clear what it would mean for me at that stage. I’m aware that this is becoming a long answer, so let me say more about this episode and about what happened next as I try to answer the next question.

How did that overlap with your spiritual life? I know that you were ordained before you transitioned. Did you think that ordination would somehow prevent you transitioning? Or did you consider that you might pursue transition at some point post-ordination?


photo by Christa Holka
In terms of gender awareness I had always been intellectually committed to the ordination of women, and after ordination became a member of Priests for the Ordination of Women. It was apparent to those around me that I was a feminist. The ordination of women as priests in the Church of England proved a much longer struggle than any of us had anticipated, but when it eventually happened (the successful vote was in 1992) I was not as elated as I had expected to be.


When I was ordained in 1978 Church of England priests had all been male, and later, in therapy, by which time women were being priested, one of my dreams suggested that this dynamic had been going on in my mind: ‘priests are male; I am a priest; therefore I am male.’ Once women were ordained though, this stasis was undermined and I was forced to reframe it: ‘priests are male and female, I am a priest, therefore I am … female’. So, although it occasionally occurred to me that I might transition post-ordination, especially after seeing the landmark BBC programme about Julia Grant in 1980, I always found reasons why this was not appropriate – some of them to do with natural law and living with one’s given body – and just hoped this was something that would ‘go away’. The green light for women’s ordination made me face up to my gender identity.
 
Did you pray to God not to be transgender? (I know I have, many times).

Once I began to recognise that I had ‘a problem’, yes, I did pray that God would take it away permanently – on one memorable occasion I was driving along a dual carriage making this my earnest prayer… and one of the tyres punctured! It was a dramatic sign, but what did it mean?

It took time to sink in, but it looked as if God was not going to magically remove this aspect of my personality, and that, just as with my sexual attraction, my gender identity was also loved by God, and I would need to learn to love it too. You see, those words about God’s love that had formed during the night in 1989 had come out of considerable pain, following the death of my training incumbent, and had set in motion a train of events during which, as a friend remarked, I appeared to have faced my demons. I had certainly felt as if I was experiencing death and resurrection and I knew, just knew, that Paul’s words were true, that nothing, nothing in all creation can separate us from the love of God. This was to give greater depth to my work as a priest and prepared me for the intensely pastoral role I would begin a few years later as a hospital chaplain.

A new spiritual practice that developed from that ‘coming out’ in 1989 was that I immediately began to dance – circle dance with friends, then movement classes in Skinner Releasing Technique, and later still contemporary dance classes at the Brighton Natural Health Centre on my days off. This practice helped me to relate to my body – I seemed to have spent so much of my life in my head avoiding the body – and alongside other women. Occasionally there would be men in the class but more often the other participants were women and I felt wholly at ease. Eventually my dance CV was extensive enough to gain me an interview as a part-time research supervisor at the Laban Centre of Contemporary Dance, but I was not appointed. This was in the late 1990s, by which time I knew that I needed to transition and that I might not be able to work for the Church, but I am a priest and it seems I was not meant to be anything else.

How did knowledge of your transition go down with your parishioners? And what about fellow priests and bishops? Did you meet any hostility or rejection? Is that still going on sometimes?

In 1997, roughly seven years after the ‘coming out’, I was planning a long overdue sabbatical from the parishes, and given my interest in dance, I assumed that I would be attending a dance academy, but when I applied not one was able to take me during the months I was available. Again, it was in the night that it came to me that I must use the sabbatical to address various ‘unfinished business’, one of which was my gender identity. Just prior to the sabbatical I took part in Diane Torr’s five day workshop ‘Gender in Performance’ at the Chisenhale Dance Space in London’s East End, and I knew after that that I did not want to be sometimes male and sometimes female – like Diane who is a Drag King – but that I needed to integrate my gender identity, though how I would do that as a parish priest was not at all clear.

photo by Christa Holka
I was not aware of any transgender role models for clergy: the one clergy person who transitioned at this time did so on retirement, nor did I think it was fair to the parishes where I worked to land them with another coming out! They had been affirming in 1989 but I did not want to impose ‘my stuff’ on them again; and in any case, after fifteen years in post, I was ready for a move. In my annual ministerial reviews it emerged that I ought to work part-time (in my mind to deal with the rigours of transition), that I should work in a non-parochial role (to establish better boundaries between work and home) and that, ideally, I should live in our own home. This would happen in 2000 when I was appointed to a very part-time post as a chaplain at a hospital ten minutes’ drive from our house.

By this time I’d been on hormones about six months, was living as a female, and working as an androgynous male. Five months later, in November 2000, I met with my manager to raise the possibility of transition at work, and was on the point of discussing this with the acting bishop when the press began to track me down – I had been outed to a journalist by another trans person who was also a Christian. (This seemed a catastrophe at the time, but in retrospect it was a blessing as it would open up many opportunities for me, but I was unaware of this then and it was all rather terrifying.)

Although I was not named in the press at that stage it made my discussions with the bishop extremely strained as there were huge anxieties surrounding possible press exposure. I’d like to think that the bishop might have been more understanding had we not been meeting in this fraught context, but his opinion was that he could not support me and that I should surrender my licence, which I needed to continue as a chaplain in that particular hospital. This was one of the most painful episodes of my life, but transgender people were not well understood at that date, and with the support of the human rights organisation Liberty, I held my ground.

I also began to look for work elsewhere because it was apparent that, whatever the outcome, I was not being supported and I didn’t feel safe. I was now presenting as female all the time and had three job interviews in a row, and it was after the last one that I was appointed to the hospital where I have worked for the past fifteen years and from which I’ve just retired. My new bishop was cautious about my status to begin with and I was under his direct supervision, but after three or four years it was obvious to him that there had been no ‘issues’ and that I was in my element as a chaplain – well of course, because I was now at last able to be myself.

Prior to taking up my new post the press did try to ‘expose’ me but my former hospital’s press officer was ready for that, and my story in my own words was sent off to the Press Association to prevent the newspaper concerned claiming an exclusive. Prior to transition at work I wrote to friends, former parishioners, and the priest who had succeeded me in the parishes, explaining what I was about to do. Most people were supportive.

Do you know other transgender clerics? Perhaps even those of other faiths? How do they get along?

In 2000, while I was working towards transition, my clinician informed me that another priest was transitioning. He could not tell me who it was of course. When the news broke in the media it turned out to be Carol Stone with whom I had been at theological college. Carol was supported by her bishop and her parishioners, remaining as parish priest until her untimely death last year. Later I would meet the priest who transitioned on retirement. I was next in line to transition after Carol.

Some of those who followed me were less fortunate. One was given an ultimatum – give this up or resign: she chose to resign and is no longer in public ministry. Another was told to withdraw from her parish until her transition was complete: it would be a decade before she returned to ministry. Those who were ordained after transition – I am aware of two such clergy and of others currently in training – seem to have a better time. Another friend lost her public ministry because of transition.

My impression is that trans clergy and ordinands are better supported now than when I transitioned although the Church of England still lacks a policy for clergy who transition – something that I and other Changing Attitude, England trustees have urged the Church to do.

I have networked with trans clergy and laity in the US and attended the Episcopal Church’s General Convention in Indianapolis in 2012 when three trans inclusive resolutions were passed. Yes, I do know of trans clergy from other faith traditions – one of my friends is a rabbi – not least through Twilight People: Stories of Faith and Gender Beyond the Binary.

I am sorry to nail you down to this, but I am curious about your interpretation of some Biblical passages, which are sometimes used to justify trans-exclusionary views. The first is obviously Deuteronomy 22:5. Can you let us know what your thoughts are about that passage? (You might say that you are now a woman, and I would agree with you, but other people, as you know, might disagree, and say that you were born a male and therefore remain one).
The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abomination unto the Lord thy God.
The Deuteronomy verse troubled me a little as a child but even then I realised that the New Covenant was more gracious than the Old, and studying biblical criticism soon clarified that this verse was not about twentieth century cross dressing. Indeed, the text begins with a prohibition on women wearing men’s clothes, in particular armour, so it appears to be about prescribing gender roles and avoiding a mixing of categories that is completely broken down by the ministry of Jesus and the work of Christ.

And my second passage is Matthew 19:12. What do you suppose Matthew was talking about here when he was talking about "eunuchs"? Do you think he meant intersex people when he talked about "people born eunuchs"? Can you give us your interpretation of that passage? (As you know, some people interpret scripture very literally, so I am trying hard to get a scholarly viewpoint).
For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of [by] men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it.
It’s a fascinating passage. Just as St Paul thinks that it is better not to marry, because the end times have begun (1Corinthians 7:25-31), here Jesus seems to be saying that the arrival of the kingdom means that some people (his apostles) are to be entirely focussed on its concerns rather than procreation, marriage and family, which were strongly emphasised under the Old Covenant, and, one could add, are once more in modern Christianity.  The early Christian tradition too favoured virginity over marriage.

In this passage it seems likely that Jesus was referring to those we would describe as intersex people, and also to the eunuchs who played such an important mediating role in ancient societies, and who do appear to have represented a third gender. I can relate to a theological essay like Lewis Reay’s chapter ‘Towards a Transgender Theology: Que(e)rying the Eunuchs’ in Trans/formations (SCM 2009) which regards the biblical eunuchs as our ‘transcestors’, but can also appreciate the criticism that this could imply undue focus on surgery, and that other biblical frameworks might be more appropriate – my current collaborator Chris Dowd is working on this.

Like the virgins and infertile women of the Old Testament, the eunuchs were ‘barren’ but God seems to choose these unlikely people to demonstrate that God alone is the arbiter of fruitfulness, as Isaiah prophesied (Isaiah 56) and as the baptism of the Ethiopian eunuch in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 8:26-end) illustrates.
    
 Are there any Biblical passages which you consider supportive to trans people? I guess I am asking which are your personal favourites?

I have learned of many such passages from my friend Peterson Toscano, especially his show Transfigurations –Transgressing Gender in the Bible and by reading some of the scholarship that lies behind it. The gender variant people in the Bible he performs or refers to in this show are the Judge Deborah (Judges 4 & 5), Joseph in the Genesis (Chapters 37 onward) narrative (whose supposedly colourful coat is probably ‘a princess dress’), the eunuchs in the Book of Esther, the ‘man’ (though the Greek word used is for human being rather than for a male) carrying the jar of water, a woman’s role, (Mark 14:13, Luke 22:10), and a female disciple interpreted in the light of verses from the Gospel of Thomas.

In the Old Testament my favourite passage is the Joseph narrative in Genesis, not least because there God turns disaster into blessing, as God seemed to do for me following the attempted outing during my transition. My New Testament favourite is Galatians3:28:
There is not Jew nor Greek, there is not slave nor free, there is not male and female, for all of you are one in Christ Jesus
...and my favourite New Testament book is the Gospel of John which is astonishing, powerful, utterly beautiful, and yet profoundly earthed in first century culture, the Word made flesh indeed. In this gospel Jesus sits at the well with the Samaritan woman, and we observe his affection for the family at Bethany: Martha, Mary and their brother Lazarus.

What do you think about the Biblical role of women? It certainly seems to me that the Bible seems to regard women as being subservient to men, and many female figures (I am thinking about, say Eve, or Delilah, or Salome, or Jezebel, or the Whore of Babylon) are depicted as temptresses, adulteresses, and moral corruptors of men; while all the heroic figures (Moses, Abraham, David, Solomon, Jesus, the Apostles) are all men. (Of course there are exceptions on both sides).

The Bible could be read as highly misogynist were we to focus on the women mentioned here, although feminist and queer readings are questioning such interpretations by examining the way editors and redactors have shaped the material. These readings highlight the strength of biblical women, and let’s be clear, there are plenty of examples of men – even those chosen by God – behaving badly!

I love the way it is now common to name the matriarchs as well as the patriarchs: Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel and Leah are constrained by patriarchal conventions but also subvert them. When my chaplaincy role was based mainly in the women and children’s division, including maternity, I thoroughly enjoyed reading Anita Diamant’s take on Jacob’s wives and midwifery in her novel The Red Tent. The early church’s emphasis on virginity has affected traditional interpretations of Mother Mary and Mary Magdalen but there are plenty of feminist readings of both, and I loved Carlo Caretto’s Blessed are you who believed (Burns & Oates 1982) which locates Mother Mary in her middle eastern setting, and the deconstructive reflections and  poetry of Nicola Slee’s The Book of Mary (SPCK 2007).

Can you talk more about the Sibyls? Are they an international organisation? What other organisations exist which are supportive of transgender Christians?

Sibyls, Christian Spirituality for transgender people, is a UK organisation, but it has had members from further afield, including as far away as Hong Kong.

It was founded as a support network by Jay Walmsley in 1996, at a time when trans people were being turned away from their churches if they came out or transitioned. Churches are much more inclusive today, but in those days Holy Communion was celebrated at every meeting as people were being denied this sacrament in their own churches then.  Sibyls has always held meetings in both the north and the south of England (and in Wales) and the pattern has been two retreat weekends a year, plus social gatherings. People talk to one another on the retreats – conversations with other transgender Christians being vitally important – and there are prayer times morning and evening, free time, and a film or home-made entertainment (the latter was usual in the past, and intended to help people gain self-confidence). There is now a London meeting every two months, which begins with Evening Prayer at St Anne’s, Soho, and then members go out dinner together. Sibyls’ members are involved in educating the churches about transgender people through workshops, research, speaking engagements and writing.

photo by Christa Holka
The Sibyls is the main organisation for transgender Christians, but LGBTI Christian organisations like Changing Attitude, England (which had three trans trustees at one point) and the Lesbian & Gay Christian Movement (LGCM), whose former CEO identified as genderqueer, (these two organisations are about to merge) are supportive of gender variant people and campaign on their behalf, as does the LGBTI Anglican Mission, Inclusive Church, Accepting Evangelicals, Diverse Church (aimed at younger people) and others beside.

What is your relationship status currently?

I was married in 2006, following Gender Recognition and the issue of an amended birth certificate thanks to the passing of the UK Gender Recognition Act 2004.

Your husband presumably fell in love with you when he thought you were a gay man. How did he handle you becoming a woman?

Well, as I've said in the narrative I never fully saw myself as a gay man - gay yes but not really male and on reflection Rob has said that he can see now that I always was a woman looking back, for example, at the times that we were n holiday, sitting each side of a table, and irrespective of how we may have been perceived by others.

Which famous person would you most like to meet, and why?

A fun question and one I rarely get chance to think about. Recently, though, I was sad to discover that my dance heroine, Gabrielle Roth, had died five years ago and that I had left it too late to try to visit her in New York. The Five Rhythms practice she developed has been important for me and I would have loved to have heard about it directly from her rather than from her books and videos though her ‘voice’ is strong in both. I’m a big fan of the BBC television programme Call the Midwife, and as a chaplain have tended to see my better self as the rather wonderful sister superior, Sister Julienne, while knowing deep down that I am probably more like the ancient Sister Monica Joan, who is sadly teetering on the brink of dementia, but remains profound and wise, and is always raiding the biscuit tin. Tea with the two actresses who play these characters – Jenny Agutter and Judy Parfitt – would be lovely!

May I ask one last question? What advice would you personally give to people who feel a powerful conflict between what they feel their gender to be, and what their religion teaches them?

That's a big question in that it could cover so many varied experiences and, as I said in another interview, I'm not supposed to give advice, but since you ask ... I think it's wonderful that we have the internet which we didn't when I was exploring these things, so, researching via the internet, reading books on the subject and networking with other gender variant people of faith would be my initial advice.

===

With all my interviews, I like to reflect on a few points. Clearly there is a lot to talk about, and since this article is already very long, I might save some of it for the next time.

First, this interview only reinforces my idea that transgender people are everywhere: in every walk of life. You need only look, and there they are; and in fact, as has often happened before when I talk to someone, I realise that not only are there transgender Christians (including some in ministry and the religious life), there are a lot more of them, being a lot more active, than I had previously thought!

It doesn't surprise me that transgender clerics exist: Jesus chose only male apostles (which has long been used as justification for keeping women out of ministry). But a lot of Jesus' behaviour is what we might associate with femininity: nurturing, avoiding conflict, kindness to the sick, the elderly and children. Therefore men who (like me) relate strongly to that aspect of Jesus' work might easily possess a strong feminine side.

I had hoped that Tina might provide some resources to those of you who might be struggling with a conflict between what your own heart tells you is your gender, and what your religion tells you is your gender. And I am delighted that she has provided several resources to consider. As someone who has been a priest for many years, she clearly has reliable credentials to draw upon. If you are questioning, or worried, or ashamed, or guilty, it's clear that you are not alone; others have walked the same path, and there is plenty out there to inform, support and guide you.

In terms of what Deuteronomy forbids and permits, I must say I don't put much store in any of that. The same chapter describes that you must build a parapet on your roof in case someone falls off it; that you must not plough your field with a donkey and an ox together; that you must not wear a garment woven of two different fibres (such as wool and linen); and that you must make tassels for the four corners of the cloak you cover yourself with.

Many of the old Testament books contain prohibitions against all kinds of things. It makes sense (to me) to advise people to build a parapet on the roof to stop somebody falling off. It makes sense if you see one of your brother's sheep straying, for you to bring it back if he is not around. It doesn't make sense (to me, at least), to prohibit wearing of garments made of two or more fibres (this practice is in any case nearly ubiquitous these days). Deuteronomy 21:15 warns of the scenario where a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved: a man must treat his first-born son with honour, even if he is born to the unloved wife. Bigamy is illegal in the Western world, though Deuteronomy talks about it as if it's not unusual. So Deuteronomy discusses activities which are now illegal on the one hand, and near-ubiquitous on the other (for a humorous and powerful discussion along these lines, take a look here). Therefore I cannot use it, in isolation, as any sort of useful rulebook to live by.

The wonderful BBC programme The Why Factor has an episode devoted to cross-dressing. The presenter, Mike Williams, talks to consultant psychiatrist Dr. James Barrett, from London. Barrett points out that this is evidence that cross-dressing probably happened even in Old Testament times: why bother to prohibit something if nobody is doing it anyway?

To those who would argue that being transgender is inherently wrong or sinful, I would point to Tina, who has shown that one can be transgender and live a life in Christian ministry at the same time.

I hope that this article provokes more conversation on the topic of transgenderism and religion. Comments from other faiths apart from Christianity are especially welcome (though I propose to talk further about other faiths in a future article).

My thanks to Tina, for taking time to answer my questions so fully, and for providing the photos which I have used to illustrate this article.

===

Tina is co-editor, with her long-time collaborator, Michelle O’Brien, of ‘the Sibyls’ book’ This is My Body: hearing the theology of transgender Christians. She also wrote, The Transsexual Person is My Neighbour: Pastoral Guidelines for Clergy, Ministers and Congregations, to which Michelle contributed an Appendix on Intersex people. Published by the Gender Trust, it is now out of print but is available online here or here or here. Tina is now working with Chris Dowd on a transgender pastoral care manual, which is due for publication in 2018 by Darton, Longman & Todd, and is based on Chris’s research into transpeople’s spirituality.

Tina is sole author of a biography of a notable Victorian preacher, Unutterable Love: the Passionate Life and Preaching of FW Robertson (Lutterworth 2009). Robertson was preoccupied, both personally and theologically, with the relations between the sexes, or as we would describe it today, ‘gender’. Follow this link for the book’s contents and free access to its Preface, Introduction and the 2nd Chapter.

Tina has also blogged for some time about transgender people and faith here. You can also read her interview with the Cambridge Festival of Ideas here.

          Fri Jun 30th Todays News   
Some things should not happen, but they do. Good news about unemployment should be oxygen for the federal government. Unemployment is down around 5.5%. That should mean that the government will have good returns from income tax and production. There are lots of good things the federal government is doing, but the oxygen thief that is Malcolm Turnbull and his crony mates of Julie Bishop and Christopher Pyne are robbing the government of oxygen. Mr Abbott can help and does. Take an example of a few words Mr Abbott said at a recent IPA event 

"We have an abundance of energy - but the world's highest power prices; an abundance of land - and property prices to rival Hong Kong's; some of the world's smartest people - yet with school rankings behind Kazakhstan.

We need to make Australia work again - because our country, plainly, is not working as it should. We are letting ourselves down. We are not what we should be; and we know it."


Mr Abbott generously gave his time to talk to IPA members, and not just speak his thoughts and run. And Mr Abbott gives oxygen which the government needs. 

In 350, Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, was defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius. Neither reigned long as Constantius II dealt with Magnentius three years later. 763, the Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeated the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus.1520, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés fought their way out of Tenochtitlan. 1559, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. 1688, the Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution

In 1934, the Night of the Long KnivesAdolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place. 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appealed for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country. 1937, the world's first emergency telephone number999, was introduced in London. 1963, Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo

In 1971, the crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve. It is difficult to overstate the tragedy. The mission to dock with a space station and stay there for weeks was successful. They kept fit on a treadmill twice a day. But on re entry, a pressure valve no one could access was left open in space. They died in seconds on re entry. 

I am very good and don't deserve the abuse given me. I created a video raising awareness of anti police feeling among western communities. I chose the senseless killing of Nicola Cotton, a Louisiana policewoman who joined post Katrina, to highlight the issue. I did this in order to get an income after having been illegally blacklisted from work in NSW for being a whistleblower. I have not done anything wrong. Local council appointees refused to endorse my work, so I did it for free. Youtube's Adsence refused to allow me to profit from their marketing it. Meanwhile, I am hostage to abysmal political leadership and hopeless journalists. My shopfront has opened on Facebook.

















Here is a video I made Up Hill

Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 -- 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems. She is best known for her long poem Goblin Market, her love poem Remember, and for the words of the Christmas carol In the Bleak Midwinter.

Up-Hill

Related Poem Content Details

Does the road wind up-hill all the way? 
   Yes, to the very end. 
Will the day’s journey take the whole long day? 
   From morn to night, my friend. 

But is there for the night a resting-place? 
   A roof for when the slow dark hours begin. 
May not the darkness hide it from my face? 
   You cannot miss that inn. 

Shall I meet other wayfarers at night? 
   Those who have gone before. 
Then must I knock, or call when just in sight? 
   They will not keep you standing at that door. 

Shall I find comfort, travel-sore and weak? 
   Of labour you shall find the sum. 
Will there be beds for me and all who seek? 
   Yea, beds for all who come.



=== from 2016 ===
 It is possible that the ALP will win the election on Saturday and that should scare people. Because the DelCon movement have advocated splitting the senate vote and sending a message to those remaining idiots who installed Turnbull over Abbott, the senate is likely to be ALP friendly too. Turnbull's foolish decision to go for a double dissolution means that all of Abbott's gains get wiped out. So as a service to the community, The Conservative Voice will list reasons to not vote for the ALP or their proxies who call themselves independents. 
  • The AWU corruption scandal which brought on the double dissolution. Shorten is heavily involved in his time as union leader. Also Fair Work has been set up badly and is not an effective guard. To give the ALP the reigns of power again is to give in to another term of ineffective workplace relations. That will damage Australia badly, crippling her businesses who employ people.
  • Bad for the economy, promising to spend over $120 billion dollars on two policies alone, neither of which are effective. But then promising to balance the budget too. And yet admitting to lying outrageously about Medicare because they feel that is clever politics. 
  • Border Security. ALP have killed people with expensive bad policy.
  • Too close to extremist Muslims, too distant from people who are good.
  • Hostile to church interests, but not a friend to gays either. 
  • NSW Corruption with ICAC still not taking on the majority of corrupt ALP members from their 16 years in power. 
  • Victorian corruption, with jobs for the union mates and the destruction of CFA volunteer firefighters. ALP have killed people with incompetence in recent years. 
  • Queensland corruption and South Australian too, all related to entrenched ALP that are supported by independents. 
For some, at the moment, the Sex Party has more credibility.  
=== from 2015 ===
Greece will default on her repayments today. The left wing Greek Government has promised her people that they can default and stay in the European Union. As if people can work but not be paid, so long as they aren't Greek. And that is wrong. The cost of the lie of the Greek government is a nervous world market which devalues because the stakes are so high. Europe should boot Greece. The campaign against austerity is dangerous and should not be accepted. There will be market pain if Greece leaves the union, but it is nothing to the pain if others feel that austerity can be rejected with impunity.  

Joe Hockey's defamation win is only a slap on the wrist for the partisan media who would willingly cut their own throats to secure a win against conservatives. There was no need for the personal attack of the defamatory headline, but it was made for no other purpose but to attack the treasurer. And if the Fairfax press had any credibility they would pay the money and issue an apology. Instead they are un-penitent and are examining the possibility of appealing. One hopes they appeal and lose badly.
From 2014
The 1876 election had seen the election of GOP Hayes based on a compromise. The military was pulled out of the South, ending reconstruction efforts and toppling state GOP governments. White Democrats would make the south one party and would isolate and prey upon African Americans. But in terms of populism, that was ok. Then James was elected and what followed was to James' credit in 1881, and a tragedy too. James was a GOP man too, but he had better control and discipline than Hayes. James Garfield would reform the US public service and purge corruption from the post office. He appointed african americans to prominent federal positions, promoted civil rights and education as a means to a free and fair electorate. And then, two hundred days into office, he was assassinated by a nut job. 

The nut job was like any other extreme right wing idiot that ever lived. Born in illinois, to an ethnically French family of Huguenot, Guiteau had been given $1000 and instructed to study in New York by his father. He had listening issues, and struggled as a student. He dropped out and joined a religious cult, but struggled to find his place. He went to Boston and got an easily achieved legal license, but was a failure as a barrister, managing to enrage most of his clients. Next, Guiteau turned to theology and stole material from the cult from which he had been booted. Then he decided to support GOP people. He begged Hayes for political favours, and then Garfield. Garfield had opposed corruption. So Guiteau decided to shoot him. 

Guiteau chose a pearl handled revolver for reasons of posterity. He picked his moment, approached Garfield from behind and shot him twice. Garfield would probably have survived but for the medical treatment he received by doctors that had not sterilised their surgery equipment or hands, as would be routine ten years later. It took eleven weeks for Garfield to die. In defence, Guiteau would claim that he was not guilty because "The doctors killed him, I just shot him." The defence failed, and so on this day in 1882, nine months after the shooting, Guiteau was hung. On the morning of his hanging, Guiteau wrote a poem. 

I am going to the Lordy, I am so glad,

I am going to the Lordy, I am so glad,

I am going to the Lordy,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lordy.

I love the Lordy with all my soul,

Glory hallelujah!

And that is the reason I am going to the Lord,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lord.


I saved my party and my land,



Glory hallelujah!

But they have murdered me for it,

And that is the reason I am going to the Lordy,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lordy!

I wonder what I will do when I get to the Lordy,

I guess that I will weep no more

When I get to the Lordy!

Glory hallelujah!

I wonder what I will see when I get to the Lordy,

I expect to see most glorious things,

Beyond all earthly conception

When I am with the Lordy!

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am with the Lord.

He was the only right wing extremist to assassinate a President of the US. He seemed incapable of rational thought, his application of poetry on a par with another right wing terrorist (McVey) who claimed he was the captain of his soul. Guiteau's case was one of the first attempts at an insanity defence in the US for a high profile case. At nine months he was the longest survivor of an assassination of a US President. 
Historical perspective on this day
In 350, Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, was defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius. 763, the Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeated the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus. 1422, Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons. 1520, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortésfought their way out of Tenochtitlan. 1521, Spanish forces defeated a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre. 1559, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. 1651, The DelugeKhmelnytsky Uprising – the Battle of Beresteczko ended with a Polish victory. 1688, the Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution. 1758, Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl took place. 1794, Native American forces under Blue Jacket attack Fort Recovery.

In 1805, the U.S. Congress organised the Michigan Territory. 1860, the 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place. 1864, U.S. PresidentAbraham Lincoln granted Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation". 1882, Charles J. Guiteau was hanged in Washington, D.C. for the assassination of U.S. President James Garfield. 1886, the first transcontinental train trip across Canada departed from Montreal. It arrived in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4. 1892, the Homestead Strike began near PittsburghPennsylvania.

In 1905, Albert Einstein published the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, in which he introduced special relativity. 1906, the United States Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act. 1908, the Tunguska event occurred in remote Siberia. 1912, the Regina Cyclone hit Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event. 1917, World War IGreece declared war on the Central Powers. 1921, U.S. President Warren G. Harding appointed former President William Howard Taft Chief Justice of the United States. 1922, in Washington D.C., U.S. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes and Dominican Ambassador Francisco J. Peynado signed the Hughes-Peynado agreement, which ended the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic.

In 1934, the Night of the Long KnivesAdolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place. 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appealed for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country. 1937, the world's first emergency telephone number999, was introduced in London 1944, World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ended with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces. 1953, the first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan. 1956, a TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 collided above the Grand Canyon in Arizona and crashed, killing all 128 on board both airliners. 1960, Congo gained independence from Belgium. 1963, Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo. 1966, the National Organization for Women, the United States' largest feminist organisation, was founded. 1968, Pope Paul VIissued the Credo of the People of God.

In 1971, the crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve. Also 1971, Ohio ratified the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, reducing the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect. 1972, the first leap second was added to the UTC time system. 1977, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organizationdisbanded. 1985, thirty-nine American hostages from the hijacked TWA Flight 847 were freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days. 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Bowers v. Hardwick that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults. 1990, East Germany and West Germany merged their economies. 1997, the United Kingdom transferssovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
=== Publishing News ===
This column welcomes feedback and criticism. The column is not made up but based on the days events and articles which are then placed in the feed. So they may not have an apparent cohesion they would have had were they made up.
===
I am publishing a book called Bread of Life: January. 

Bread of Life is a daily bible quote with a layman's understanding of the meaning. I give one quote for each day, and also a series of personal stories illustrating key concepts eg Who is God? What is a miracle? Why is there tragedy?

January is the first of the anticipated year-long work of thirteen books. One for each month and the whole year. It costs to publish. It (Kindle version) should retail at about $2US online, but the paperback version would cost more, according to production cost.
If you have a heart for giving, I fundraise at gofund.me/27tkwuc
===
Editorials will appear in the "History in a Year by the Conservative Voice" series, starting with AugustSeptemberOctober, or at Amazon http://www.amazon.com/dp/1482020262/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_dVHPub0MQKDZ4  The kindle version is cheaper, but the soft back version allows a free kindle version.

List of available items at Create Space
    Divisions Among Gulf Arab States Increases Instability in the Horn of Africa
    Gulf Cooperation Council isolation of Qatar impacts Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia and Sudan

    By Abayomi Azikiwe
    Editor, Pan-African News Wire
    Thursday June 29, 2017

    A dispute over territory involving the Horn of Africa states of Djibouti and Eritrea was reignited in the aftermath of the withdrawal of Qatari military forces stationed on the border of the countries on June 13.

    Doha had served as a mediator in competing claims over Ras Doumeira Mountain and Island on the Red Sea coast near Bab al-Mandab Strait, a strategic shipping lane. Qatari troops were stationed in the area to prevent the potential of a resumption of armed clashes which erupted between Djibouti and Eritrea during June 10-13, 2008.

    Qatari military forces serving as peacekeepers pulled out their personnel without any stated reasons. Speculation surrounding the Qatari moves suggests that the burgeoning split among the Gulf monarchies with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain making demands on Doha amid the imposition of an economic embargo, prompted the withdrawal from Ras Doumeira.

    Djibouti and the self-declared independent Somaliland are supporting the position of Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain against Qatar. Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia which are also supporting the claims against Qatar have as well called for talks to resolve the differences within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

    Eritrea, which allows the UAE and Saudi Arabia to utilize its port at Assab for military purposes partly related to the ongoing war in Yemen, has taken a cautious line diplomatically on the confrontation despite being affected by the split in the GCC. Nevertheless, most media accounts indicate that Asmara is siding with Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain in their differences with Doha.

    Seaport facilities and airports in Eritrea have been upgraded to accommodate the continuous bombardments of Yemen by Saudi and UAE warplanes aimed at defeating the Ansurallah movement which the GCC says is supported by the Islamic Republic of Iran. Yemen has been subjected to daily airstrikes and ground operations since March 2015 aimed at driving the Ansurallah (Houthis) from large swaths of territory inside the most impoverished nation in the Middle East.

    Qatar has been accused by other GCC states of funding international terrorism, maintaining a Turkish military base on its territory and assisting the foreign policy aims of Tehran. Doha has categorically rejected the allegations and refuses to agree to the conditions called for by Riyadh, the UAE and Bahrain.

    Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain with the support of Egypt on June 23 presented thirteen demands for Qatar to adhere to within ten days. These issues include the closing of Al Jazeera television network, the downgrading of relations with Iran, halting the funding of 59 targeted individuals and 12 entities labelled as terrorists such as the Muslim Brotherhood, Hezbollah and ISIS, and the removal of the Turkish military base in Doha.

    Origins of the Present Territorial Dispute and its International Implications

    The disagreements involving Eritrea and Djibouti over Ras Doumeira are directly a by-product of the demarcation of African colonized territories during the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries where the European imperialist states of Italy and France carved up the area. Later in 1935, Rome and Paris decided to apportion significant areas in Djibouti (then French Somaliland) to Eritrea then under Italian control.

    After the defeat of Italian imperialism led at the time by Benito Mussolini during World War II, Eritrea became a British Protectorate and was eventually federated to Ethiopia in 1952. Later in 1962, Eritrea was incorporated into Ethiopia over the objection of the people in the former Italian controlled outpost.

    Djibouti did not win its independence from France until 1977 which was relatively late in comparison to other previously colonized East African states. Eritrea proclaimed independence in 1991 after the three decades-long armed struggle and the collapse of the Ethiopian government of Mengistu Haile Mariam that same year. Two years later, in 1993, an internationally-supervised election in Eritrea garnered the state recognition by the-then Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the United Nations.

    In April 1996, just five years after Eritrea had gained independence, the new government nearly went to war with Djibouti after Asmara was accused of shelling the disputed territory of Ras Doumeira. The crisis deepened by April 16, 2008 when Djibouti reported that Eritrean troops had established military fortifications digging trenches on the border near Ras Doumeira.

    The Djibouti government sent a letter to the United Nations requesting intervention saying a revised map published by Asmara claimed Ras Doumeira as Eritrean land. Conversely, Eritrea claimed it had no territorial problems with Djibouti denying that troops had been deployed to the border areas.

    Former Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi responding to the escalating tensions on May 15, 2008 asserted that the disagreement was a "threat to the peace and security of the whole Horn of Africa" noting Addis Ababa had no choice other than securing its trading route through Djibouti if war erupted. Ethiopia, a landlocked state, has been dependent upon Djibouti for access to the Red Sea since Eritrea declared independence in 1991.

    On June 10 of the same year, the Djibouti government reported that 21 Eritrean troops in the area defected to their side of the border. Eritrea demanded the repatriation of the soldiers opening fire on the Djibouti forces.

    Clashes continued for three days claiming the lives of an estimated 140 soldiers on both sides of the conflict. Djibouti called up retired military and police units to engage in the battle.

    France, which has a large military base along with the United States at Camp Lemonnier, provided logistical and technical support to Djibouti. The fighting ended after three days. Later in 2010, Qatar agreed to station 450 troops in the Ras Doumeira border area to prevent further fighting. The UN said in 2009, that Eritrea had failed to withdraw its forces from the Ras Doumeira areas under dispute.

    The withdrawal of Qatari soldiers has raised the specter of renewed clashes between the two nations. Djibouti’s UN Ambassador Mohammed Idriss Farah claims that Eritrea has moved into the areas previously held by Qatari troops.

    Djibouti has filed a formal complaint with the African Union (AU) over the alleged activity of Eritrean troops. Farah stated that: "Eritrean troops occupied the Dumeira Mountain immediately after Qatar's peacekeepers left. Sometimes the Eritrean troops go to the top of the mountain and return on the other side. What makes this one different is that they moved in right after the peacekeepers left."

    Eritrean envoy to the AU, Araya Desta, said of the current situation:“We don’t want to take any of Djibouti’s land. The last time we had some skirmishes. It was unnecessary.”

    AU Must Take Decisive Action to Avoid Border War

    The AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) issued a statement after the complaint filed by Djibouti over differences with Eritrea. The continental organization convenes its bi-annual summit in Ethiopia on July 3-4.

    According to the PSC: “The Chairperson of the Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, is following the recent developments between the Republic of Djibouti and the State of Eritrea in the aftermath of Qatar’s decision to withdraw its peacekeeping troops at the Djibouti- Eritrea border. The Chairperson of the Commission appeals for calm, restraint and stresses that the AU is fully seized with the matter. He highlighted that the AU Commission, in close consultations with the authorities in Djibouti and Eritrea, is in the process of deploying a fact-finding mission to the Djibouti-Eritrea border. The Chairperson of the Commission stands ready to assist Djibouti and Eritrea to normalize their relations and promote good neighborliness within the framework of relevant AU instruments.” (http://www.peaceau.org/en/article/press-release-au-commission-calls-for-restraint-on-the-djibouti-eritrea-border)

    These developments in the Horn of Africa are a continuation of the conflicts emanating from unresolved European colonial-era border demarcations. Also the current split within the western-allied Gulf Arab governments and the dependence of these African states for economic revenue generated through usage of their territory and waterways, which has compelled AU member-states such as Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Egypt to side with the anti-Qatari forces does not bode well for continental security in the long term.

    Moreover, the political and security interests of various states in the Middle East which routinely work in conjunction with U.S. foreign policy interests are inevitability the concern of the AU. Consequently, Africa has to pay close attention to events unfolding within the GCC countries and their allies and seek the resolution of these conflicts in a manner which curtails the potential for a destabilizing impact on continental states. 

             
Egypt Foreign Minister Meets With African Counterparts on Sidelines of AU Preparatory Meetings
Ahram Online
Friday 30 Jun 2017

Egypt's foreign minister Sameh Shoukry met on Friday with his counterparts from Morocco, Nigeria, and Algeriaon the sidelines of the preparatory meetings for the annual African Union summit set to be held in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on 3-4 July.

Shoukry congratulated Moroccan FM Nasser Bourita for his country's renewed membership in the African Union, stressing that Egypt is keen on coordinating with Morocco on regional issues of common interest, according to Egyptian foreign ministry spokesperson Ahmed Abo Zeid.

Bourita expressed his country's interest in consolidating bilateral relations with Egypt on all levels, as well as arranging a visit by the Moroccan king to Egypt to discuss cooperation in fields including agriculture and renewable energy, as well as cooperation in accordance with the Aghadir agreement.

The Aghadir agreement, a free trade deal between Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia, was signed in the Moroccan city of Rabat in 2004 andwent into force in 2007.

Shoukry and Bourita also discussed the Libyan civil conflict as well as ways to develop multilateral African relations.

Shoukry also met with Algerian foreign minister Adel-Kader Mesahel, where they discussed the outcomes of the latest Nile Basin summit held earlier this month in Uganda.

The Algerian and the Egyptian ministers also discussed cooperation within the framework of the African Union, such as the initiative for the structural reform of the AU, as well as the Libyan civil conflict and the cutting of ties between Qatar and several Arab countries.

Shoukry also met with Nigerian foreign minister Geoffrey Onyeama, saying he looks forward to his visit to Nigeria in August to develop bilateral relations, especially in combating terrorism.

The Egyptian and Nigerian ministers also discussed the topics on the African Union's meeting agenda, such as supporting peacekeeping forces on the African continent, with Oneama stressing the importance of having mechanisms of consultation among African countries.

The 29th African Union Heads of State Summit will be held under the slogan “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through Investments in Youth,” with member nations sharing their experiences in empowering young people and preparing them for the future, according to the Egyptian foreign ministry.

The headquarters of the African Union is located in Addis Ababa.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/271803.aspx

             
Ethiopia Ready to Host 29th African Union Heads of States Summit
Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban   26/06 - 06:00
AfricaNews.com

The Ethiopian government says it is ready to host the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU).

Leaders from across the presidents are expected to fly into the country for the two-day summit as Addis Ababa hosts the highest decision making organ of the AU.

A joint press conference by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Addis Ababa city authorities disclosed that all the necessary facilities needed for the summit and also security preparations have been completed.

Under the theme “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through Investments in Youth,” the Summit is expected to take place between 3rd – 4th July 2017 at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa.

It will be the first Summit to be chaired by new AU president, Alpha Conde, the Guinean leader was elected earlier this year to replace Idriss Deby Itno of Chad.

At the 28th AU Summit held in January this year, A new Chairperson for the African Union Commission (AUC) in the person of Chadian, Moussa Faki Mahamat was elected, the other major highlight was the readmission of Morocco to the continental bloc after over three decades out.

          Menguak Misteri Burung Ababil   
Pekanbaru, Riau24.com- Suatu ketika, Abdul Muthalib ‘pasrah’ dan lebih memilih menyingkir ketika mendapatkan informasi pasukan Raja Abrahah dari Habsyi (Ethiopia) yang perkasa hendak meng-agresi Makkah dan menghancurkan Ka’bah. Dia yakin, Allah sendiri yang akan menjaga rumahNya, Baitullah…
          Países que já foram governados por ditadores   

® Alemanha (1933-1945)

® Argélia (1965-1994)

® Argentina (1976-1983)

® Áustria (1933-1938), (1938-1945)

® Bangladesh (1975-1979) , (1982-1990) e (1997)

® Bolívia (1971-1985)

® Brasil (1937-1945) e (1964-1985)

® Burkina Faso (1966-1991)

® Burundi (1966-1993)

® República Centro-Africana (1966-1993) e (2003-2005)

® Chile (1973-1989)

® China (1916-1927 ou 1920-1922)

® Colômbia (1953-1957)

® Cuba (1933-1959) e (1959-presente)

® República do Congo (1968-1992)

® República Democrática do Congo (1965-1997)

® República Dominicana (1889-1899) e (1930-1961)

® El Salvador (1931-1979)

® Equador (1972-1979)

® Espanha (1923-1930) e (1939-1975)

® Etiópia (1974-1991)

® Filipinas (1972-1981)

® França (1799-1814) e (1814-1815)

® Guatemala (1970-1985)

® Guiné (1984-1991)

® Guiné Equatorial (1968-1982)

® Haiti (1957-1990)

® Honduras (1963-1974)

® Indonésia (1967-1998)

® Iraque (1958-1968)

® Itália (1922-1943)

® Japão (1932-1945)

® Libéria (1980-1990)

® Madagáscar (1972-1975)

® Mauritânia (1978-1992) e (2005-2007)

® México (1853-1855) e (1876-1910)

® Nicarágua (1967-1979)

®

          Exploring North Carolina: African American History   

Exploring North Carolina:  African American History

This page gathers resources in NCpedia that cover the history and heritage of African Americans in North Carolina from the colonial era to the present day.  It does not include all resources in NCpedia but rather a selection that covers important topics and events, including: biographies; the art and cultural heritage of African Americans in the state; slavery and the ante-bellum era; the struggle for citizenship and civil rights; business and educational leadership; politics; and historic sites and monuments.

All NCpedia articles related to African American History
African American Biographies
Background
Selected Historic Places
History of African American Education
African American Business History
Organizations: Civic, Business, Political & Religious
Culture and the Arts
Law, Segregation and Politics
Civil Rights
Ante-Bellum to Mid-19th Century Era History

All NCpedia articles related to African American History


African American Biographies in NCpedia (link to all entries)

Background

African Americans -- multi-part entry by historical period

Selected Historic Places

African American Dance Ensemble
Bennett College
Charlotte Hawkins Brown Museum
Coleman Manufacturing Company
Durham’s Black Wall Street
First Light of Freedom Monument
Greensboro Four Monument
Historically Black Colleges & Universities
James City
Leonard Medical School
Nina Simone Sculpture
Palmer Memorial Institute
Princeville
Richard Etheridge Statue
Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony
Schools for Freed Peoples
Shaw University
Young Men’s Institute

Back to top

History of African American Education

A History of Medical Teaching in North Carolina
Era of Progress and Promise
Freedmen’s Bureau
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
Public Education
Rosenwald Fund
School Desegregation
Schools for Freed Peoples

Back to top

African American Business History (selected entries)

African Americans: Emerging Roles
Black Freemasonry
Black Wall Street
Coleman Manufacturing Company
Colored Merchants Association
Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company
Inventors
Mechanics and Farmers Bank
National Negro Business League
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company
Spaulding, Charles Clinton
Wheeler Airlines
Willie Otey Kay

Back to top

Organizations: Civic, Business, Political and Religious

4-H and Home Demostration
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
American Missionary Association
Black Freemasonry
Black Panther Party
Commission on Interracial Cooperation
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
North Carolina Industrial Association
North Carolina Teachers Association
Pentecostal Holiness Church
Royal Knights of King David

Back to top

Culture and the Arts (selected entries)

African American Dance Ensemble
African and African American Storytelling
Angelou, Maya
Arts and Art Organizations
Bearden, Romare
Blues
Buck Dancing
Coltrane, John
Gospel Music
History of Food
Jazz
Monk, Thelonious
Music History
Performing Arts
Simone, Nina
Step Dancing
Stories and Storytellers

Back to top

Law, Segregation and Politics

Constitutional Convention, 1868: Black Caucus
Disfranchisement
Emancipation
Equal Rights League
Exodusters
Fourteenth Amendment
Fusion of Republicans and Populists
Great Migration
Newspapers (multi-part article)
School Desegregation
Segregation
Slater Fund
State Parks
Wilmington Race Riot

Back to top

Civil Rights

All NCpedia entries related to Civil Rights
Civil Rights in North Carolina
Civil Rights Movement – multi-part entry    
Golden Frinks
Greensboro Four
Sit-Ins
Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee
Wilmington Ten

Back to top

Ante-bellum to Mid-19th Century Era History

African Americans -- multi-part entry by historical period    
African Americans and the Revolution
African Americans in Union-Occupied North Carolina During the Civil War
African Americans: Life Under Slavery
Anti-slavery Movement in North Carolina
Colonization Societies
Contrabands
Dunmore's Ethiopian Regiment
Forced Migration of African Americans
Free African American Population in the U.S.: 1790-1860
Freedmen's Conventions
General Demographics – Part 5: African American
Great Migration
Slave Clandestine Economy
Slave Codes
Slave Names
Slave Rebellions
Slavery (all NCpedia entries related to Slavery)
Two Black Classes of Antebellum NC

Back to top 


          Ethiopian Electric Power   
Order Instituting Cease-and-Desist Proceedings Pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act of 1933, Making Findings, and Imposing a Cease-and-Desist Order
          Tibebe Terffa at Addis Fine Art, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia   
Pictures at an Exhibition presents images of one notable show every weekday. Read More
          Outgoing Mellon Professor Kevin Daly Leaves His Mark   
Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Classical Studies Kevin F. Daly is completing his three-year appointment, during which he headed the School’s Regular Program, highlighted by his trips to Northern and Central Greece in the fall and the Athens/Attica seminar in the winter. He advised Associate Members on their research projects and led members to new destinations for optional trips in the spring including Israel, Jordan, and Ethiopia. Daly returns to Bucknell University, where is he is Associate Professor of Classics & Ancient Mediterranean Studies.
          Ep 186 – On a Brighter Note…   

Recorded Sunday, March 12th Tim and Ande break into an unorthodox podcast episode with chatter about Ethiopian landslides and Miami bikinis before getting into Russian hacking and the dark web. The duo rounds off the show with a chat about the February jobs report. Paris Dream Bikini 46 killed, dozens missing in Ethiopia garbage dump […]

The post Ep 186 – On a Brighter Note… appeared first on The Tim Preuss Podcast.


          Crpl flagship feeds-may2017   

Poster prepared for the 7th Multi-Stakeholder Partnership Meeting of the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 8–12 May 2017
          Livestock feeds and forages flagship   

Poster prepared for the 7th Multi-Stakeholder Partnership Meeting of the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 8–12 May 2017
          Feeds and Forage Development: Africa RISING science, innovations and technologies with scaling potential from the Ethiopian Highlands   

Poster prepared by Jane Wamatu, Ashraf Alkhtib, Tena Alemu, Asemahegn Mersha, Teklu Wegi, Seid Kemal and Barbara Rischkowsky for the Africa RISING Science for Impact Workshop, Dar es Salaam, 17-19 January 2017
          Zemen - Part 33 (Ethiopian Drama)   

Ethiopian drama - full length

Produced by Balcha Entertainment

Cast: Abebe Balcha, Solomon Bogale, Seyoum Tefera, Hana Yohannes, Samson Tadesse, Solomon Alemu Feleke, Ruta Mengistab, Elias Shafi, Frehiwot Arega, Hana Terefe, Frehiwot Seyoum, Mahlet Zewdie, Zewdu Abegaz, Mulunesh Tessema, Kaleb Aryasilassie, Biruktawit Samuel, Eskinder Tamiru, Frehiwot Tamrat, Hiwot Yohannes, Tsedey Fantahun, Ayu Girma, Tinsae Birhan, Natay Getachew

Producer: Dereje Araya

Writer: Mesfin Getachew

Directors: Solomon Alemu Feleke, Mesfin Getachew

Assistant Directors: Tariku Desalegn, Zekariyas Amerga

Editors: Elias Kebede, Daniel Tewodros

Graphics: Tekle Getachew, Awoke Tasew

Cinematography: Tariku Desalen

Camera: Yonas Yismaw

Audio: Thomas Nigussie


          Welafen - Part 17 (Ethiopian Drama)   

Welafen - Season 4 Part 17 (Ethiopian Drama)


          Ethiopian Sigd Celebrations Beginning This Week   
News
          Mulatu of Ethiopia / [Mulatu Astatke].   
cover image
          Cheap direct flights from Dublin to Los Angeles from €361!   

Tweet Ethiopian Airlines are offering great solution to fly non-stop between Ireland and California. Cheap direct flights from Dublin to Los Angeles are now available already for €373! This is for a round trip flight including all taxes as well as checked luggage. If you are looking for straight solution between Europe and US West …

Continue reading »

The post Cheap direct flights from Dublin to Los Angeles from €361! appeared first on Tips for cheap flights and air tickets.


          CAF CL / CAF Confed Cup: Selected Fixtures Preview   
CAF Champions League and CAF Confederations Cup

Our football writer previews the South African PSL teams' respective CAF Champions League and CAF Confederations Cup clashes taking place this weekend. 

Platinum Stars, SuperSport United and African champions Mamelodi Sundowns will look to make South Africa proud as they battle it out in CAF competitions this weekend.

Friday 30 June

CAF Confederation Cup

MC Alger 7/20 | Draw 31/10 | Platinum Stars 7/1
Platinum Stars will face a stern test when they travel to Algeria to take on Group B leaders MC Alger. The odds are stacked heavily against Stars as they lie bottom of the group on two points, six behind MC Alger. 

This is a must-win game for Dikwena if they want to keep their slim hopes of reaching the quarter-finals alive. A win for MC Alger will be enough to progress. The Group B leaders have won seven of their last eight matches on home soil. I’m backing a comfortable win for the Algerian giants.



Saturday 1 July

CAF Champions League

Kedus Giorgis 34/10 | Draw 49/20 | Mamelodi Sundowns 8/10 
African champions Mamelodi Sundowns will be looking to leapfrog Ethiopia's Kedus Giorgis in the Group table. Both teams are level on five points from their four matches – three behind leaders ES Tunis – with Kedus Giorgis ahead on goal difference. The Brazilians are winless in their last three matches, while the Ethiopian giants have won three of their last four. 

Kedus Giorgis are unbeaten at home in 45 matches – stretching all the way back to December 2014. It’s going to take something special from Pitso Mosimane’s side, but they have enough quality in their team and will fancy their chances. A win for the Brazilians will increase their chances of ending off the group stages in the top two. I’m going for the African champions to come out on top.



CAF Confederation Cup

Horoya 14/10 | Draw 21/10 | SuperSport United 17/10 
Eric Tinkler will begin his reign as SuperSport United boss against Group D leaders Horoya in Guinea. Horoya are unbeaten in eight matches with six wins, including four on the spin. On home soil, the Guinea side have won 30 of their last 32 games – Tinkler faces a tough test in his first match. 

SuperSport come into this clash high on confidence after thrashing Orlando Pirates 4-1 to win the Nedbank Cup for a second successive year. Matsatsantsa are second in the Group D standings, two points behind Horoya. A win for SuperSport will not only give Tinkler a dream start, but also leapfrog Horoya into top spot. As much as I like SuperSport here, I think the teams will cancel each other out. 

TREBLE  TIPPED @ 13/2
MC Alger Win 7/20
Sundowns Win 8/10
Horoya vs SuperSport Draw 21/10

Written by Chadley Nagel for @Hollywoodbets

Bet on these matches now at Hollywoodbets.net! Haven’t got an account? Open one here!

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          Angola Computer dealer - Wholesale Computer Dealers - Computers in Africa - Zambia IT and computer s   
Computron is the leading Distributor and Wholesaler of all I.T / Computer products in Africa , looking for dealers and resellers in Ethiopia, Angola and Zambia ( Computers, Printers, Peripherals, Accessories and Cables, Consumer Electronics and Office Equipment and Supplies).
          Stuff I Ate: Restaurant Edition   
More stuff I ate. This time, it's all from local restaurants. I've been eating out quite a bit lately, especially from Imagine Vegan Cafe. But while we're on the subject of restaurants, check this out! I wrote a piece on Memphis vegan restaurants for the VegTravel feature in the July/August issue of VegNews Magazine. It's out on stands now. Here's the cover!


And here's the feature! I shouted out to Imagine Vegan Cafe, Raw Girls, Zaka Bowl, Mama Gaia, Juice Bar, Fuel Cafe, Blue Nile Ethiopian Kitchen, City Silo Table + Pantry, and Dejavu Restaurant. And for non-food-related travel fun, I mentioned the National Civil Rights Museum, Big River Crossing, and Crosstown Concourse (shameless plug, I know). Sadly, I had to leave out a number of awesome vegan-friendly places because I could only fit so many into the word count.


As for stuff I ate, let's start with Imagine. Owner Kristie is updating the menu, and she's removing a few of my favorite items. Sadness. So I dined there THREE TIMES last week in an effort to have those items one last time. One of those is the Meatball Sub, enjoyed here with sauteed spinach.


Also going off the menu is the Quesadilla. This one is stuffed with vegan steak and cheese, topped with guac, Tofutti, and salsa. The quesadilla is usually served in a larger tortilla, but they were already out when I got this, so they used two smaller ones. Still delicious.


The BBQ Salad is going off-menu too. Chunky, saucy bbq seitan served atop greens, broccoli, tomato, and carrots. Best with Imagine's housemade vegan ranch.


I also squeezed in a work day lunch with my neighbor Karen at Mama Gaia in Crosstown Concourse last week. I got the Copia Pita with roasted zucchini, bell pepper, eggplant, leeks, and onion, hummus, and olive-basil sauce. This may be my new Mama Gaia fave. That olive sauce is FIRE!


Speaking of Crosstown Concourse (where I work), the MemPopS truck dropped by on Monday with handcrafted frozen treats. I had the Roasted Peach, made with locally grown Jones Orchard peaches. MemPopS will be opening a brick-and-mortar location in Concourse soon, and you know what that means? POPSICLES ERRYDAY!


And finally, here's a quick smoothie from City Silo, enjoyed while running errands a couple Saturdays ago. It's the Jammin' Smoothie with banana, strawberry, almond butter, flax oil, and cold-pressed Granny Smith apple juice. Tasted like a PB&J sandwich! So good!



          Gluten-Free Dining in Orlando   

Gluten free blog cover
Special diets can make traveling difficult. Luckily, there are plenty of gluten-free options in Orlando. From exotic flavors and comfort food to fresh and healthy eats, Orlando has a wide variety of gluten-free bites. Check out a few of our favorite gluten-free options below. 

    

Taverna Opa

Go Greek at Taverna Opa, a gluten-conscious restaurant on International Drive. Popular menu items include lamb chops with lemon potatoes, and seasonal vegetables with octopus grilled over a wood fire. The food is so good, you may even want to celebrate and shimmy with the belly-dancers!

gluten Taverna
  

Toasted

Toss out your idea of a typical sandwich: Winter Park's Toasted takes gluten-free seriously, with delicious sandwiches on gluten-free toast. The restaurant has a strict separation rule ensuring there is no cross-contamination between their gluten-free items and nongluten items. This means you can dig into their pesto chicken sandwich filled with pulled chicken, mozzarella and pesto, totally worry-free.

gluten Toasted

 

Artisan's Table

Located in downtown Orlando, Artisan's Table is a breakfast lover's dream. Their creative American cuisine gives you the morning boost you need to enjoy a day full of Orlando adventures. For gluten-free, check out their Japanese breakfast bowl, with sticky rice, eggs, bacon, sweet chili sauce and togarashi (a Japanese spice mix), or stay simple with the Greek yogurt bowl.

   

New Moon Market

If you're craving fresh juice blends and desserts, then College Park's New Moon Market is the spot for you. This family-owned business creates recipes with organic, locally sourced ingredients, many of which are gluten-free. Stay healthy with their beet happy juice, made with pineapple, ginger and, of course, beets, or treat yourself to their gluten-free and vegan strawberry cheesecake.

gluten new moon

   

 

Big Fin Seafood Kitchen

Voted best seafood restaurant in Orlando by the Orlando Sentinel, Big Fin Seafood Kitchen's menu is 80% gluten-free by nature. Treat yourself with some of the freshest seafood around, like their delicious steamed Maine lobster, served with corn and potatoes.

bigfin gluten

 

Outpost College Park

Outpost College Park is a casual neighborhood hotspot with seasonal fare, featuring more than 10 gluten-free entrees. From shrimp and grits to braised short ribs, there always are delicious options on the menu. But if you're craving something special, the chef can even prepare a meal just for you.

  

Raglan Road Irish Pub & Restaurant

Get a taste of Ireland at Raglan Road Irish Pub & Restaurant, voted one of OpenTable's top 100 Hot Spot Restaurants in America for 2017! Kevin Dundon, head chef, is gluten-conscious himself, so you can dine without worry. Located in Disney Springs, their gluten-free meals include fish and chips and braised beef, complete with horseradish mashed potatoes and roasted carrots.

gluten raglan


Tapa Toro

Tucked away on International drive, Tapa Toro seamlessly blends classic and contemporary Spanish cuisine, including many gluten-free options. Check out the menu for their gluten-free symbol, located next to dishes like their mouth-watering lamb chops and beef-stuffed peppers.

 

Hot Krust Panini Kitchen

The team at Hot Krust Panini Kitchen is dedicated to their gluten-free patrons, separating bread to prevent cross-contamination and who will even change gloves whenever notified of an allergy. Thanks to the restaurant going the extra mile, you can safely dig into their paninis, like the Razzle Dazzle, with slow-cooked steak, strawberry jam, Sriracha barbeque sauce and provolone cheese, or the Gobble Gobble Turkey, featuring bacon, red onions, cheddar cheese and cranberry sauce.

gluten hot krust

 

Nile

Finally, don't forget to take your taste buds on an adventure to Nile on International drive. This Ethiopian restaurant offers authentic dishes, like the popular East-African sourdough-risen flatbread, injera. If you call ahead of your visit, they'll make sure to bake you your own gluten-free version!

 


Everyone loves good food, and Orlando boasts lots of restaurant options for the health-conscious or for those on personalized diets. To read more recommendations and insider tips, visit our blog.

 


          Why Dangote Cement is considering shutting down its Ethiopian factory   
One of Africa’s largest cement producers, Dangote Cement Plc may shut down its cement factory in Ethiopia if the company is unable to resolve its issues, in the state of Oromia where it operates. The state had ordered it to surrender parts off its operations to indigenes, in order to reduce unemployment among youths. The […]
          Eritrea FM visits Astana in first ever government-level visit of Eritrea representative to Kazakhstan   
Kazakhstan Foreign Minister, H.E. Kairat Abdrakhmanov meeting with his Eritrean counterpart, H.E. Osman Saleh in Astana

By AKIpress

Eritrea's Minister of Foreign Affairs Osman Saleh Mohammed arrived in Astana in a first ever government-level visit of Eritrea representative to Kazakhstan.

FM Mohammed was received by his Kazakh counterpart Kairat Abdrakhmanov. Kazakhstan and Eritrea established diplomatic ties in December 2016.

The Eritrea's FM said he opes this visit will become the beginning of fruitful partnership between the two nations. He also handed over the letter from President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki addressed to President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, in which the Eritrean side expressed interest in boosting ties with Kazakhstan.

The parties discussed a wide range of issues of development of bilateral political cooperation, as well as prospects for cooperation in the trade and economic fields.

During the talks, special attention was paid to the issues of cooperation between Kazakhstan and Eritrea within the framework of the United Nations, including in the framework of Kazakhstan's presidency in the UN Security Council's Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group.

The Monitoring Group on Somalia was first established by the Council on 16 December 2003 to focus on ongoing arms embargo violations. Subsequently, the Council extended and expanded the mandate of the Monitoring Group on several occasions. After the imposition of the sanctions regime on Eritrea on 23 December 2009, the name of the Monitoring Group was changed to Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. The Group was preceded by a Panel of Experts, which was established by the Council on 22 July 2002 to generate information on violations of the arms embargo on Somalia with a view toward strengthening it.

Eritrea is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti. The capital city, Asmara, is known for its Italian colonial buildings, like St. Joseph's Cathedral, as well as art deco structures. Italian, Egyptian and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflect the port city's colorful history. Notable buildings here include St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.

------

Senior delegation on working visit to Kazakhstan

By Shabait

Asmara, 29 June 2017- A senior Eritrean delegation comprising Foreign Minister Osman Saleh, Presidential Advisor Mr. Yemane Gebreab and Ambassador Petros Tsegai are on a working visit to Kazakhstan.

At the meeting the senior Eritrean delegation held with Mr. Kairat Abdrakhnanov, Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan, on 28 June in Astana the two sided reached an agreement to strengthen cooperation in political, diplomatic and economic sectors.

They also reached to understanding on the priority areas of cooperation in the sectors of trade, investment mining as well as agriculture and transportation.

The Eritrean delegation also visited the Astana International Expo 2017.

          The Numbers Say the Ethiopian Economy Is Doing Very Well. Reality Says Many Ethiopian Citizens Are Not   
Ethiopians in Addis Ababa waiting in line for food




For some, the emergence of Ethiopia as Africa’s third-largest economy is cause for celebration. The ancient nation skirting the continent’s horn recently surpassed its southern neighbor Kenya as the largest economy in East Africa with a projected Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $78 billion. The first country to open an electric cross-border railway line in Africa, Ethiopia’s rapid economic expansion is due to major innovations in industry, irrigation and energy alongside its successful attraction of foreign investment. In 2015, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn was named “Man of the Year” by Africa World News for sustaining the country’s substantial economic growth.

But for many Ethiopians, there is little to celebrate. The country remains desperately poor with the World Bank reporting Ethiopia’s per-capita income to be $619, well lower than the regional average. With food aid expected to run out next month, the United Nations estimates close to eight million Ethiopians are in danger of starvation. Human trafficking continues to be a major problem for the country’s poverty-stricken migrants. And human rights abuses have been rampant given ongoing land grabs by the Desalegn regime and its violent crackdown on associated protests, press and media freedoms.

Accordingly, some believe Ethiopia’s recent economic growth was not forged for its masses of struggling citizens but upon their backs.

“In the name of modernization, people have been forcibly removed from their land to clear those lands for sugarcane and cotton plantations,” says Anuradha Mittal, founder and executive director of the Oakland Institute, an independent think tank for international policy matters. The California-based institute’s recent report on Ethiopia notes its government’s plan to become one of the world’s largest sugar producers and exporters by 2023. Because of the associated displacement, explains Mittal, you had “widespread protests last year that led to more than 36,000 people being arrested. So, you have every political opposition leader behind bars, you have no freedom of press, you have people being arrested for challenging the government’s plan to take over their land with no compensation” while the country’s “newspaper editors and indigenous leaders have all been locked up” and charged as “terrorists.”

For the past eight years, the institute has shed light on how Ethiopia’s economic expansion has masked human rights abuses and how its government has displaced millions of small farmers while moving forward with plans to earmark over 15 million hectares of land for large-scale agricultural investors. It has further exposed the torture, oppression and silencing of those who have attempted to resist forced removal in indigenous and pastoralist communities within the Afar, Oromia and Amhara regions.

“Last year, we brought in a team of lawyers from very respectable law firms in Europe and the United States,” says Mittal, noting they reviewed how the Ethiopian government employed its ‘terrorism’ designation. “It was obvious that it does not meet any international standards and is a misuse of law to basically cause the complete elimination of human rights in the country.”

Some see things differently. In December 2015, upon a deadly crackdown on protests triggered by a scheme to expand administrative control in the Oromia region — and six months after the ruling party won a highly questionable 100 percent of the seats in the Ethiopian parliament — the government accused protesters of links with terror groups without any significant evidence. “Destructive forces are masterminding the violence from the front and from behind,” offered Desalegn on state television, adding the authorities “will take merciless legitimate action against any force bent on destabilizing the area.”

Such inflammatory rhetoric continues to accompany the Desalegn regime’s relentless economic agenda. Legitimate or not, part of the reason why a country like Ethiopia can ‘succeed’ economically while its citizens do not lies in the ongoing use of gross domestic product as the primary measure of a country’s economic performance. GDP is the total monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country in a year. As such, it does little to account for the health and well-being of citizens since a nation’s elite class, which commonly controls major industry, can substantially increase profits and raise GDP without any significant change in the plight of the masses. Because of this, the Social Progress Index (SPI) is considered a more effective measure of national well-being as it accounts for such basic human needs and indicators as water, nutrition, sanitation, shelter, safety, access to information, personal rights, freedom, environmental quality, education, opportunity, tolerance and inclusion. When compared to countries with similar economies, Ethiopia performs poorly in a number of key SPI categories including access to water, nourishment, education, information and basic freedoms of expression and movement.

Despite these poor indicators, strategic investment allies like the U.S. can still point to GDP, positive economic growth and counterterrorism efforts as an ironic justification for its alignment with such repressive regimes. A bill promoting democracy and human rights accountability in Ethiopia has sat before the U.S. Congress for over a decade.

“The unfortunate reality is the United States has chosen to turn a blind eye to these widespread human rights abuses despite the evidence Congress has seen,” says Mittal, lamenting how America continues to “provide aid for very problematic programs which lead to the displacement of people. But also, because Ethiopia is an ally in the ‘War on Terrorism,’ the United States has not pushed for democracy.”

Still, Mittal believes change in Ethiopia can happen. “It is very important that its international allies here in the United States and the World Bank start putting pressure on the country to allow basic freedoms,” she says, citing an urgent need for independent media and fair elections.

Mittal takes it one step further. “I think we have to question the whole development paradigm.” Displacement of communities and the destruction of land, homes and families, she continues, should not be regarded as “development. It is important that international institutions such as the World Bank stop promoting very harmful development strategies which deliberately profit a few corporations” while a nation’s people are “starving.”

“So, I think we have to challenge the whole development model itself.”



          Elephant Sounds Reggae Radioshow 16 oct 2013   
U-town calling again with 2 hours of jamaican music for www.reggaespace.com.
download here: http://www.mediafire.com/?9q44or6dddjqogi



Soul bros - Ringo rock (Studio one) lp
Denise Darlington - War no right (Studio one) lp
Jackie Mittoo - Something Else (Studio one) lp
Joe Gibbs - Angola Chant (Joe Gibbs) lp
Gregory Isaacs - John Public (African Museum) 7"
Gregory Isaacs - Smile version (Errol T) 7"
Chantells - Eva (Treble C) 7"
Jah Mike - Eva version (Treble C) 7"
Leroy Smart - How Long (Jackpot) lp
Glen Brown - Request Granted King Tubbystyle (South East Music) 7"
King Tubby - enter the gates version (Jackpot) 7"
Tony Tuff - Gimme weh me want (Soul Syndicate) 7"
Lone Ranger - Jamaican Collie (Buster Dynamite) lp
Linval Thompson - Danger in your eyes (Burning Sounds) lp
Barry Brown - Politician (Jackpot) lp
Dennis Brown - Revolution (Taxi) 7"
Dennis Brown - Hooligan (Blue Moon) 12"
Freddie McGregor - Rastaman (Vista) lp
Well Pleased and Satidfied - Freedom (Burning Sounds) lp
Barrington Levi - Teach the Youth (Music Master) 7"
Tristan Palmer - Cuss Cuss (Massive B) 7"
King Kong - Rumble jungle life (Massive B) 7"
COllie Buddz - Let me know (MAssive B) 7"
Burro Banton - Garrison (Massive B) 7"
Gentleman - Rumours (Pow Pow) 7"
Lutan Fyah - I Bun Police (Irie Ites) 7"
Ras Shiloh - Momma Warning (Massive B) 7"
King Kong - Ethiopia (Massive B) 7"
Prince Malachi - Come Along (Peckings) 7"
Chronixx - Here comes trouble (cd)
Sizzla - Crucial Time (Jam Style) 7"
Stephen McGregor - Me alone (Di Genius) cd
Capleton - Hidden Secrets (Fat Eyes) lp
Micah Shemiah - Dread at the control (Dread at the control) cd
Macka B - Innocent Life (Necesarry Mayhem) 12"
Romain Virgo - Beat you down (21st Hapilos) cd
Earl Sixteen - Fittest of the Fittest (JahSolidRock) 7 "
Wildlife - Ganja Yard  (JahSolidRock) 7 "
Richie Spice & Chuck Fenda - Freedom () 7"


          Elephant Sounds Reggae Radioshow 10 July 2013   
back again with another 2 hours of ska, rocksteady, roots, dancehall and rubadub. for www.reggaespace.com.
at the end of the show a likkle bit of mono but thats how we roll ...



download here:
http://www.mediafire.com/download/4l9r3k3meu159f5/ele_10_juli.mp3

Johnny Moore - Red is Danger (Top Deck) 7"
The Wailers - Sinner Man (Studio One) LP
Clifton Gibbs - Brimstone and Fire (Studio One) LP
Robby Spengler & Black Emeralds - Hell to pay (Jandisc) 7"
Jah Faith - Bun a One (Jandisc) 7"
Bobby Kalphat - Terminal Rock (Sunshot) LP
Augustus Pablo - Tribalist (Pressure Sounds) LP
Rod Taylor - Ethiopian King (Freedom Sounds) 7"
Yabby You - Antichrist (Greensleeves) lp
Gladiators - Mix up (Virgin) lp
Royals - Come along (Ballistic) LP
Bob & Marcia - Really Together (Studio One) LP
Gregory Isaacs - A gi me (Charisma) lp
Jah Warriors - Western civilation (Vista Sounds) lp
In Crowd - His majesty is coming (Cactus) lp
Dennis Brown - Run Too Late (Vista Sounds) LP
Dennis Brown - Promised land (Simba) 12"
Wailing Souls - Waterpumpie (Greensleeves) 12"
Jah Thomas - Sister Dawn (Greensleeves) LP
Freddy McGregor - Jogging (Island) LP
Kymani Marley & Alborosie - Natural Mystic (DownSound) cd
Ini Kamoze - Trouble you (Island) LP
Frankie Paul - Call the brigade (Ujama) lp
Lady G - Nuff Respect (VP) 7"
Cutty Ranks - Out of hand (Techniques) lp
Cane Juice - Joker bad boy (Leggo) 7"
Papa san - Rapid mi rapid (Black Scorpio) lp
Dixie Peaks & Offbeat Posse - Slaughter (Jah Tubby's) 12"
Danny Dread & Courntey Melody - Call Me (Rockers International) 7"
Beres Hammond - She Loves me now (Greensleeves) 12"
Beres Hammond - I Feel Good (VP) 7"
Oli - La Mente (One Blood & Neblina) 7"
Punaman - No Apagaras (One Blood & Neblina) 7"
Chronixx - Here comes trouble  cd
Yami Bolo & Capleton - Put down your weapon (Fat Eyes) 7"
Romain Virgo - Beat you down  cd
Turbulence ft Lutan Fyah - Bun dem down (Minor7flat5) LP
Natural Black - Conquer dem (5th Element) 7"
Lutan Fyah - Bits and pieces (Pow Pow) 7"
Ginjah - Don't violate (Chiney K) cd
          HEAVY HEAVY LOAD   

COLDSWEAT was in a foundation mood this friday. So he pressed 'record', rinsed his newly arrived Ethiopians tune and went from there.

Enjoy!


Friday Afternoon mix > Heavy Heavy Load - Early reggae & deep roots mood by Coldsweat on Mixcloud

Tracklist

Ethiopians - Starvation (GG's Records)
Max Romeo - Press along Joshua (Succes)
Royals - Promise Land (Wambesi)
Heptones - Love without feeling (Jungle)
Chantells - Black Pearl (Tropical Records)
Chantells - Children of jah jah (Hammer Productions)
Gregory Isaacs - The end of the world (Reflections)
The Rebels - It's all in the game (Trojan)
Donna Dwason - Money can't buy love (Joe Gibbs)
Joy White - It dread out deh (Hot Shot)
Mickey Simpson - See dem a come (Naa-Na)
Bim Sherman - Trying (Red Sea)
Larry Marshall - Heavy heavy load (Superbad)
Leroy Smart - So strong (Roots from Yard)
Chantells - True born African (Phase One)
Leroy King - Mash down Babylon (Phase One)
Dave Robinson - Chaga Chaga Warrior (Leo)
Rod Taylor - Ethiopian king (Freedom Sounds)







          Did MSNBC’s Chris Matthews Suggest Trump Son-In-Law Should Be Murdered?   
Did MSNBC’s Chris Matthews Suggest Trump Son-In-Law Should Be Murdered?
Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’s Hardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared the President to not only communist Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam and a modern-day Romanov but also... Read More
          How Do I Tell My Story? - "GLife" Series: 10/12/2008   
No matter how real our faith stories ares to us, being able to communicate those stories to others is a challenge.  What is the right way to tell someone about who Jesus is and what He can do for him?  Is there a right way?  Today, we’ll look at an old story to gain new insights into telling our stories.Scriptures and Keywords:  Acts 8:26-39, Philip, Ethiopian Eunuch, Witness, Testify, Testimony, EvangelismTo leave or view comments about this post please click on "Comments" to your right:
          "I am very happy for the sweep. I wanted my teammates to run well, too. I am proud of Ethiopia and Africa," - Ejegayehu Dibaba   
"I am very happy for the sweep. I wanted my teammates to run well, too. I am proud of Ethiopia and Africa," - Ejegayehu Dibaba
          Ethiopian Airlines Orders Ten Additional A350-900 Aircraft   
Ethiopian Airlines, the largest airline in Africa, has placed an order for 10 additional Airbus A350-900 aircraft, enabling further development of its fast expanding long-haul route network. Last June, Ethiopian Airlines became the first African carrier to operate the A350 when it took delivery of the first of 12 aircraft in order. Today the carrier operates a fleet of four A350s, two of which are on lease. Today’s order tops-up the Addis Ababa-based carrier’s fleet, enabling it to pursue its growth strategy and objectives over the coming years.
          Full stop    

Lancée le 2 juin dernier, la ligne Lomé Johannesburg assurée par Ethiopian Airlines a été suspendue faute d’un taux de remplissage suffisant, annonce Jeune Afrique.


          Roxbury heist target handles cash for African immigrants   

The Roxbury money exchange business targeted in Tuesday’s gunpoint robbery of $420,000 in cash has outlets across the country and caters to African immigrants, according to its website and state records.

As the Herald reported yesterday, employees heading home from the Tremont Street branch of Dahabshil Inc. were held up on Cedar Street at 5:40 p.m. The stacks of bills they were carrying — stuffed into a silver suitcase — were stolen, police reported.

See the first story here...

Police reported they tracked down three suspects and recovered all the money less than five hours later.

A man answering the phone at Dahabshil Inc.’s headquarters in Dublin, Ohio, told the Herald last night it’s “not normal” for employees to drive around with that much money.

As for the heist, he added Boston police told him the case is “still under investigation.” The man, who declined to give his name, said the company has “taken the necessary steps” to alert employees to what happened.

“We’re like Western Union, we’re a money transmitter,” the man added. “We don’t have any more information about what happened.”

Dahabshil Inc. is listed as a foreign corporation that registered with the state in July 1998, according to the Secretary of State’s Office.

The company’s website says it “facilitates the transfer of money for immigrant communities and Non-Governmental Aid Agencies ... in alliance with Dahabshil PVT Somalia.”

The company offers services in cities in Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti, the website states.

The local office is located next to Roxbury Crossing. There was a sign on the door yesterday telling customers the business was closed because of technical issues. A man answering the phone number listed on the sign declined comment.

The three arrested in connection with Tuesday’s case are: Adnan Tahlil, 23, of Roxbury, charged with armed robbery, receiving stolen property, and drug possession. His bail was set at $75,000; Lee Harvey, 24, of Dorchester, charged with receiving stolen property and held on $50,000 bail; and Merih Tekleghiorghis, 25, of Brookline, charged with receiving stolen property. His bail was set at $5,000.

Joe Dwinell contributed to this report.

Author(s): 

Antonio Planas

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          Ghana midfielder Mubarak Wakaso makes peace with coach Kwesi Appiah   
There seems to be finally peace between Ghana midfielder Mubarak Wakaso and Coach Kwesi Appiah after series of phone talks and an interview by the player. Wakaso was omitted from the Ghana team that played against Ethiopia and also the games against the United States and Mexico. But in an interview with GHone the midfielder clams he ho ...
          Welafen Drama Season 4 Part 17 - Ethiopian Drama   

The Latest from Welafen Drama Season 3 Part 17 - Ethiopian Drama
          Associate, Global M&E, Family Planning - The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Indiana   
CHAI is supporting the governments of Nigeria and Ethiopia, countries with low LARC use, to expand services by integrating family planning services, especially...
From The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 18:39:20 GMT - View all Indiana jobs
          Strategic Discernment, Not Strategic Planning   

I have participated in four separate strategic planning processes in various churches.  They each followed a different methodology, and each had similar results: 
  • A group of dedicated people got together and worked very hard over several long meetings to create a plan.
  • A facilitator led us through a well-organized set of exercises to encourage everyone to contribute her or his ideas for the future.
  • With the facilitator’s help, we took a world of information and reshaped it into a set of goals and priorities, with timelines and responsibility assignments.
  • A beautifully packaged plan was created, summarized, presented, and affirmed by vestry vote.
  • In each case, we looked at the final product and felt in some unidentifiable way that something vital was missing.
  • The plan went onto the shelf and, after some initial attempts to follow up on identified action steps, was never seen again.

I know that the “shelf” is a common destination point for strategic plans in all kinds of organizations, not just the church.  But after the last time I experienced this life-draining process, I started thinking: maybe the church, of all places, is not the place to be doing strategic planning.  

This is not to say that the church should just drift along and let happen whatever may.  That’s how we fall into bad habits and start believing that the church exists for the benefit of its members, and everyone who should be a member already is a member.  Our natural human tendency is to serve ourselves before we serve others; it takes vision and planning to remember that we have a broader mission to accomplish. 

But the church is uniquely a Spirit-led organization, or should be.  And the Spirit is full of surprises we can’t anticipate or plan for.  It would be difficult to imagine the apostles in Acts 7 sitting down for a strategic planning session and determining that the next logical step would be to go out to the Gaza Road and wait for an Ethiopian eunuch to come along.  Who would ever think to do that?  Who would imagine that that young man holding the coats while Stephen was stoned in Acts 7 would turn into the greatest evangelist in world history in Acts 9?  Who would have suggested that Peter go to sleep and arrange for a dream involving unclean animals on a sheet descending from heaven in Acts 10? 

In my church experience, most of the great steps forward I have seen weren’t planned.  They happened: the right person came along, the right location became available, someone heard a call from God they couldn’t ignore.  Yes, we channeled those outpourings of the Spirit in organized and planned directions, but they came to us as gifts from God. 

This is why, as the church plant I lead is entering into a vitally important new phase (a move to our first permanent building), we are not doing strategic planning.  We are doing strategic discernment.  Where is God leading us? is the question we are asking.  We are not asking for a list of ideas, or a list of problems to solve, or a list of good stories that highlight the strengths we want to build on.  We are praying and discerning. 

The process that we have designed starts with an extended period of meditative prayer (as opposed to what I have often experienced before – a perfunctory one-paragraph petition for God’s guidance before we get down to the real business of the meeting).  It continues with an extended “African” Bible study of Luke 10:1-12 (one of the classic passages on evangelism).  It then proceeds with some creative exercises to encourage people to use right-brain powers to envision God’s plan for the future.  Only after all those exercises do we start working on goals, priorities, and problems. 

In other words, this process is our attempt to let our own thoughts and plans take a step back, and ask God to open our minds to God’s thoughts and plans.  It is a process of strategic discernment, not strategic planning.   

Here are the details of how we have done this process:

1.  Open the team meeting with prayer.  This is not a prayer where you read words while everyone bows their head, then move on to the real business of the meeting.  This is prayer for discernment.  Tell the group that you are going to take some time for silence.  Ask them to make themselves comfortable, flatten feet on the floor, close eyes, etc.  If they wish to sit or lie on the floor, that’s fine.  Take a few minutes to help them silence themselves.  Ask them to breathe deeply and lead them through a relaxation exercise, head to toes.  Then, after some silence, invite the Holy Spirit to speak into our hearts, saying something like, “Holy Spirit, we are gathered in your presence today to hear your words … Please speak your words into our hearts … Help us to hear what you want to say … Help us to see your vision for each one of us, and for your church.”  Pause for more silence, then invite people when they are ready to open their eyes and join the group.

2.  Continue with team Bible study of Luke 10:1-12.

          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Horizon   
Dear Hayat Adem, Not for a second do i believe that the Nitriccs, the Simmons, the. K. Snakes, the worshipers of gedli, and some others are the true representatives of what the real eritreans are. These are the spoiled elites who see eritrea through a power prism and their fantasy world of superiority complex. They are the detached group, who think that what they believe and dream is what the ordinary eritrean wants. Ordinary people want ordinary things, like peace so that they can farm their land and they can trade to feed their families, bring up their children healthier and more educated than themselves, water and electricity so that they do not feel that they are the people God has forsaken, they can travel within their country freely and even beyond, they do not have to think of wars and destructions, because they are the immediate victims, etc, etc. Look at the priorities of the elites and how they have put eritrea surrounded by an iron curtain of badme, the continuing leverage of gedli over the daily life of eritreans, the quintessential eritrean nationalism, new history, new identity, etc, etc, which shows that the elites are completely absorbed with things that do not improve in the least the life of the ordinary people, and they are completely detached and uninterested for the economic cooperation taking place between the countries of the region, which could improve the lives of the ordinary people, and can open a new horizon for eritrea. They are dreaming of making eritrea an arab nation (can you believe it?), just or the sake of ephemeral economic advantages, while at the same time they are turning their backs on the big market that is forming in the region. The fact that eritrean elites have not reached any level of rapprochement and cooperation after so long, shows how much they are detached from the problems of the eritrean people, because what we hear to the contrary are mainly words that by themselves mean nothing. It seems that by living in the west, we the elites have completely forgotten life in rural eritrea and ethiopia, and may be we have to travel through rural ethiopia and eritrea at least in our minds, before we start talking about politics, as Gandhi did by traveling throughout India first before he started to tackle indian politics. “Shared world and fate”. Thank you H. A. for your great courage for saying this truth in their face, for this is their true nightmare, ethiopians and eritreans shaping together their shared future and fate in peace, harmony and cooperation. Sometimes one feels that eritrea has been saved from one tormentor, only to be tormented by those who have the audacity to take away eritrean nationality from others and call themselves her true sons and daughters. You are an asset for eritrea of the future, of peace, normality and hope. When the light starts to shine through the thick fog of today, try to be there, at the forefront. That day will truly come. Look at those who are scared of the future reality of ethiopia and eritrea.When they read about industrial parks, electric railways, highways, high rising dams, etc, they do not ask themselves, why not in eritrea too, but on the contrary, they start spewing their poison, such as egypt will destroy them, or what are you talking about when you are still suffering from famine, your women are these and that, you are at the verge of imploding, etc. which shows that they have nothing to show after twenty five years of stay in power. In conclusion, ethiopians and eritreans are condemned to live in harmony and cooperation, no matter what, and however the elites on both sides may wish to the opposite, and let them eat their hearts out.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Abraham H.   
Dear blink, don't blame Nitricc, he has just copied and pasted here what was written in the Ethiopian opposition website ecadforum by someone Shiferaw Abebe. These are the Ginbot 7 sympathisers, aka the Abi-constituents, who are sleeping with the Eritrean dictator, at least, until they get rid of the tplf, if they ever could. The poor Isayas foot soldiers like Nitricc have no idea that once and if ( a very big if) the G7 are done with the Weyanes, they would immediately turn their guns towards Eritrea.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Hayat Adem   
Dear Horizon, Don't even believe them for a second. You have better heart and concerns about Eritrea and Eritreans than Some Eritreans here. It is the same, some Eritreans have good care and genuine concerns for Ethiopia than many Ethiopians. This is because 1) goodness doesn't stop at a border, in same way evilness doesn't. 2) Both countries and peoples have a shared world and fate. Any truly good Ethiopian can never speak of wishing bad on Eritreans. Any Eritrean who wishes of social implosion inside Ethiopia is not good for Eritrea as well. You might have read some Eritreans claiming peace and love will rain of the sky the very afternoon if Ethiopia leaves Badime in the morning. You have proved that that would never be the case in your own way. They talk like they will turn saints mindful of only Eritrean business the moment Horizon pulls off participation. Talk of of wishing Ethiopia to implode increased. Leave Badime, badmouthing and animosity will double.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by blink   
Dear Thomas There are some hideous people who think that Ethiopia has a god given right to Assab and if god doesn't remember their right ,they hope all the Tigrinya people in Eritrea chooses to be united under the pretext of cultural heritage. But I was shocked Nitricc repeated their braying rituals. Thomas in your conservative assumption, how and when do you think the Sadistic guy will removed from power ? I hope you stay honest on your reply.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Thomas   
Hi Blink, You can try but I don't think Nitricc's mind holds new information. I remember the time when we had to worry about a few damn Ethiopians questioning the ownership of Assab and that was before our referendum. Right after the referendum results was announced, we celebrated our countries independence and her rebirth with her entire land, sea, mountains and all. How in the world is Assab a border dispute with Ethiopia. How in the world can Blue Nile of Ethiopia near Bahir Dar to become the Egyptians river? My only suggestion is for Nitricc to buy a hard copy of the map of Eritrea. He may need to post this map on the wall near his bed so that he gets study it and be good for the day. From observing him here for a while, he tend to keep new info. for a day.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Berhe Y   
Hi Tommy, The respect is mutual,trust me. The joke would have made sense if it was the reverse. That Ethiopian solidiers are afraid of Eritreans working with "Wenbede". There has never been a story of betrayal of an ERITREAN working with Derg against the Tegadelti, at least not that warrants a joke. Sure, Tegadalay / Ghebar division come to surface, mostly after independence because primary the pfdj created policy of division. Berhe
          South Sudan Council of Churches heads send message of hope, plea for peace   
The heads of churches in the South Sudan Council of Churches (SSCC) in Addis Ababa have expressed gratitude to Ethiopia’s government, churches and its people for sheltering their South Sudanese neighbours fleeing conflict in their homeland. “In a world where migrants are becoming increasingly unwelcome almost everywhere, Ethiopia shines out as a beacon of hope […]
          We Discovered 1.8 Million Square Miles of Forest in the Desert   

We Discovered 1.8 Million Square Miles of Forest in the Desert

This article was originally published in The Mark News.


I recently joined a group of scientists in announcing a surprising discovery in Science magazine: There are vast forests in the world's deserts and drylands—about 1.8 million square miles of them (467 million hectares), an area larger than the size of India!

Researchers at the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, WRI and several other organizations worked with local experts to examine hundreds of thousands of high-resolution satellite images on Google Earth, painstakingly counting individual trees and shrubs. In the end, we found the equivalent of another Amazon rainforest that we never knew existed.

Forest extent in drylands. Reprinted with permission from Bastin et al., Science 356:635 (2017)

A Closer Look at the World's Deserts and Drylands

You might be surprised to learn that the world's deserts and drylands are full of trees. Many of us think of these landscapes as an endless expanse of rolling sand dunes or open bushlands. In fact, drylands are a diverse set of landscapes that cover more than 40 percent of the world's surface, from the plains south of the Sahara to the steppes of Central Asia and the savannahs of Latin America.

Dryland forests can be sparse and difficult to monitor, which is likely why the trees weren't previously discovered. We simply didn't have the right techniques or adequate satellite power needed to zoom in on small patches of trees. These areas typically don't receive a lot of attention in global discussions about the environment, but the discovery of these new forests could be hugely important for the people who call them home.

Desert Trees Are Crucial for Addressing Poverty

Around the world, drylands are home to about 2 billion people; 90 percent of them live in developing countries. These are some of the world's poorest people, many of them small-scale farmers and herders who depend on the natural environment for their food security, livelihoods and sole source of income. For these communities, our “discovery” of these “new” trees using space-age technology just confirms what local people already knew – that trees exist across the drylands and are a vital resource for the people who make their homes there. A single tree in the desert can be a farmer's source of energy, food and respite – shade from the hot desert sun.

Unfortunately, much of the world's dryland forests have already been lost to deforestation, overgrazing and desertification likely accelerated by climate change. When these trees are lost, their benefits disappear, too. People can no longer harvest them for firewood, livestock no longer have a shady resting place, and soil loses its vitality and blows away in the wind. As the land degrades, people are forced to move, creating refugees and fueling the already serious global migration crisis.

However, there are clear opportunities to increase the protection and restoration of dryland forests. This can include planting new trees, protecting existing ones under threat, and allowing seeds and root systems to regenerate naturally by guarding them until they're hardy enough to survive the teeth of foraging goats and cattle.

There is already evidence of how forest restoration and improved land and water management has improved the livelihoods of communities around the world. In Niger, a farmer-managed natural regeneration movement—where farmers protected and managed naturally occurring trees and shrubs alongside agriculture—helped increase crop yields, produce food for livestock, improve household energy supply and increase incomes. In the mid-1980s, these farmers collectively restored roughly 5 million hectares—more than 19,000 square miles—of land with more than 200 million new trees. In Northern Ethiopia, now greener than at any point in the last 145 years, local communities organized to control livestock grazing and wood cutting on degraded plateaus and mountain slopes, allowing vegetation to regenerate. The landscape has been completely transformed, helping farmers increase crop production, secure water supplies and build resilience to drought. Similar success stories are emerging all around the world. New initiatives like the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100) have started accelerating restoration by sharing best practices and providing access to restoration finance.

Protecting Our New Amazon

Now that we know where the trees in the world's deserts and drylands are, we can better monitor and manage them. And by measuring the benefits that trees in drylands generate, we can encourage others to invest more in these overlooked, rural places. Governments should remove barriers to restoration, for example by making sure farmers have clear legal rights to their land and trees. Businesses can look for opportunities to invest in restoration projects. And we can all do more to support restoration efforts like the Greenbelt Movement, founded by Nobel Prize Winner Wangari Maathai. These efforts could unlock the ability of local communities in drylands to manage their own restoration, pulling themselves out of poverty and fighting climate change along the way.

Let's work together to make the world's deserts and drylands just a little bit greener.


          Welafen Drama Season 4 Part 17 - Ethiopian Drama   

The Latest from Welafen Drama Season 3 Part 17 - Ethiopian Drama
          ICE Abuses Solitary Confinement, Lawyers Say   

When Jose Mendez was held at Stewart Detention Center in Georgia, he met another young undocumented immigrant who over time became his boyfriend. They would hold hands and occasionally steal a kiss, he said. Mostly, they shared love letters.

Early last year, as Mendez’s boyfriend was telling him how afraid he was of deportation, Mendez reached over to rest a hand on his. Just then a female guard passed. Fifteen minutes later, Mendez was isolated and accused of having oral sex in the recreation room, said his attorney, Bryan Johnson.

An official told Mendez that there was visual evidence, which he demanded to see it, confident of his innocence. But his request was denied and he was sentenced to 30 days in disciplinary segregation — the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement equivalent of solitary confinement.

“Segregation is the worst thing that could exist,” he said.

Mendez, who does not have a criminal record and sought asylum in the United States after fleeing El Salvador when he was 19, averaged two hours outside of his cell each day as punishment for something he said he did not do. Even if he had, lawyers said, as a civil detainee he should not have faced the same punishment as a felon.

“These are civil detainees,” said R. Andrew Free, an immigration attorney based in Nashville, “Solitary confinement is a tool of a criminal detention system that is geared toward punishment, and in some cases rehabilitation.”

But undocumented immigrants across the country are being held in private prisons and government centers that lawyers say follow rules intended for criminals. They have “grafted all of the rules and all of the infrastructure” from the prison industry onto immigrant detention, according to Free.

The facilities operate with little oversight even as the detainees have no right to lawyers or other protections. Undocumented immigrants who can't find pro bono representation are particularly at a disadvantage, lawyers say. And as President Donald Trump promises to ramp up enforcement of immigration laws, advocates fear even more detainees will get caught up in unreasonable and dangerous situations.

Solitary confinement can be abused easily, lawyers said. Their clients are punished for indefinite periods and arbitrary reasons, they say.

Mendez’s confinement record, for example, doesn’t mention oral sex. The reporting officer wrote that Mendez admitted to “kissing and holding hands in the rec. yard,” enough to find him guilty of committing a “sexual act.”

After about a month in segregation, he was released from Stewart, a private prison run by Corrections Corporation of America, and he boarded a plane to New York thanks to Johnson’s efforts.

His boyfriend was deported.

ALLEGATIONS OF WEAK OVERSIGHT
Both Republican and Democratic presidents have used solitary confinement for undocumented immigrants. It was practiced during Barack Obama’s administration, and George W. Bush’s before that. ICE has arrested more than 41,000 undocumented people since Trump took office, so more people could be at risk of solitary confinement at detention centers around the country.

According to the Los Angeles Times, a White House memo that circulated among top Department of Homeland Security officials in late January said that DHS would bump up the number of immigrants in detention to 80,000 people a day, nearly double the figure under Obama. Over 5,000 immigrants without criminal records were arrested between January and March, more than double Obama’s figure from the same period in 2016.

On top of disciplinary actions, ICE facilities also use segregation as a means to isolate vulnerable people, those who are LGBTQ or mentally unstable, for their own safety, according to the agency.

“ICE’s policy governing the use of special management units protects detainees, staff, contractors, volunteers, and the community from harm by segregating certain detainees from the general population for both administrative and disciplinary reasons,” an ICE official wrote in a statement. “ICE provides several levels of oversight in order to ensure that detainees in ICE custody reside in safe, secure and humane environments and under appropriate conditions of confinement."


The duration of segregation for some immigrants exceeds international regulations, even for humane criminal practices. In 2015, the United Nations ruled that “prolonged solitary confinement” should be prohibited, and equated the practice to torture. The UN defined “prolonged solitary confinement” as more than 15 days in unwanted isolation.

When a guard recommends an immigrant for segregation, there’s almost no oversight, lawyers say. A judge has to rule that the detainee deserves punitive solitary, but in the meantime, he or she can be placed in administrative segregation, as Mendez was for two days before he was found guilty.

ICE had an average daily population of 1.1 percent of detainees in segregation during 2012 and 2013, and more recent estimates show similar numbers. In a system that holds tens of thousands of immigrants and is expanding, that means hundreds are being kept in solitary cells. In 2015, 13 percent of those in segregation were part of ICE's non-criminal population.

ICE sent out a directive about protocols for solitary confinement in September 2013. The memo said that “placement of detainees in segregated housing is a serious step that requires careful consideration of alternatives.” It also mandated regular review of long-term segregation cases to ensure that a detainee is not held in solitary confinement for longer than necessary.

When asked how long segregation could last for an undocumented immigrant, an ICE spokesperson did not respond directly. She instead referenced the 2013 directive that "requires agency reporting, review, and oversight of every facility decision to place detainees in segregated housing for over 14 days, and requires immediate reporting and review of segregation placements when heightened concerns exist based on the detainee’s health or other factors."

But from Free’s vantage point, the standards aren’t followed.

“Oversight is really weak and lax, and there are no real consequences to these facilities if they engage in serial violations,” Free said. “In my experience [with clients], the solitary confinement went on for months -- literally months -- without any indication of an official sign-off.”

He said that ICE never actually used the phrase, “solitary confinement,” substituting euphemisms such as “medical isolation,” “administrative segregation,” and “disciplinary segregation.”

“They use everything but ‘solitary confinement,’ and one has to ask why,” he said.

OUTSIDE IN A CAGE
Mulugeta, an Ethiopian immigrant who came to the United States as a child, asked to only use his first name because he intends to re-apply for U.S. residency after being deported. He was in immigrant detention between 2010 and 2014 while he fought his case and says he spent more than a year in segregation.

“It was a very long time, and a very tough experience,” he said. “Through those four years, I went through a lot of ups and downs.”

Mulugeta had a green card as a child. When he was 18, he and his friends were playing with a BB gun at one of their homes and someone called the police. Officers searched Mulugeta and found a Ziploc bag of marijuana, more than half an ounce but no more than five pounds, according to his 2009 court indictment. Though he said he had bought the drugs for personal use, he was convicted of intent to distribute. When he was released from prison, ICE was waiting to deport him. But first he was detained for another four years.


While in immigrant detention, Mulugeta was placed in a special housing unit after a fight broke out at the Oakdale Federal Detention Center in Louisiana, which then held immigrant detainees alongside convicts. He said he was defending himself from attackers when he accidentally fell onto a guard, whose leg broke in several places. As a result, Mulugeta was put in solitary confinement.

“There was no charge,” he said. “They just kept me there for no reason.”

While in segregation, Mulugeta received maybe one phone call a week, but he spent most of his time reading, he said. Sometimes, he went outside for sunlight; even then, they put him in an enclosed "cage" so he did not feel free, he said.

ICE does not comment on specific cases and did not confirm his account. Nor would an ICE spokesperson comment on whether detainees in special housing units are confined during recreation time.

Guards let Mulugeta shower sporadically, but they didn’t follow a regular schedule. When the cafeteria served pork, Mulugeta, an Ethiopian orthodox Christian, didn’t get to eat.

“What they did to that kid, I’ll never get over it,” said Paul Scott, his attorney.

Because ICE detainees are often mixed in with prisoners at county jails and private prisons, Mulugeta said that he and other immigrants were treated like serious offenders.

“Immigration detainees and a criminal are not the same,” he said. But, to the guards at the detention centers where he was held, he continued, “Everybody is the same.”

SEGREGATION FOR SAFETY
Many undocumented immigrants in the United States are seeking refuge from violence against them in their homes countries because of their gender or sexuality. Members of the LGBTQ community are especially at risk of being put into solitary cells because they are targets for sexual assault and bullying by other prisoners.

“I know that they’re also scared to remain in some cases in the housing unit with their biological sex, so it’s kind of a no-win situation when the only answer is to put people in a box,” Free said.

But solitary confinement does not always make people safe. Guards also have been accused of taunting transgender or gay prisoners about their lifestyles and other harassment.

In 2005, ICE detained trans woman Bamby Salcedo after she filed a request to change her legal name. According to her online bio, during her early life, “she fell into a deep cycle of drugs, crime, juvenile institutions and later, after immigrating to the US, prisons.” She told NBC that in California she survived by dealing illegal substances. After Salcedo got to San Pedro Detention Center, which lost its accreditation in 2007 and has since been shuttered, the guards placed her in a dorm with her biological sex, where men put their genitals in her face, grabbed her breasts and buttocks, and made sexually suggestive comments to her, she said.

“It was constant, and it was too much,” Salcedo added.

After she told officials that she had been assaulted, she said she was placed in segregation for a week.

“They said they were trying to protect me, but I was actually being punished further for just being me,” she said.

In 2015, ICE outlined a Transgender Care Memo, and an agency official wrote that its “ultimate goal with regard to this population is to find facility partners willing to adopt the best practices.”

But immigrant detainees are often put in solitary after accusing staff members or other residents of sexual assault, according to NBC News. Victims often believe they are being punished by ICE for reporting abuse.

Salcedo, who founded TransLatin@ Coalition, said that when she visits detention centers as an advocate, she hears similar stories to her own. She said that “really, things have not changed.”

ICE detainees can also be placed in solitary for protesting or for expressing mental health problems, advocates say.

Azadeh Shahshahani, legal and advocacy director at the Atlanta-based non-profit Project South, said that other immigrants at the Stewart Detention Center have been segregated “in retaliation” because they’ve gone on hunger strikes to spark administrative interest.

“They have filed complaints,” Shahshahani said. “Nobody has paid attention to them. And so basically their last option is to put their bodies on the line.”

And a mother at Karnes County Residential Center in Texas alleged that she and her 11-year-old son were put in medical isolation there as punishment after going on a fast. The account came from a congressional employee who had visited the center, Rep. Hank Johnson (D-Ga.) told NBC.

“I believe they were putting women and children -- young babies, infants even -- into solitary confinement for punishment measures,” he said.

During a hearing of the House Committee on the Judiciary in April 2015, Johnson asked former ICE Director Sarah R. Saldaña about the charge.

“I am not aware of that incident,” Saldaña said. “... If that is a fact, that disturbs me greatly.”

In its directive, ICE says that detainees on hunger strikes can be placed in segregation for their medical safety.

An ICE spokesperson wrote that, “The ICE family residential centers do not have segregation areas. Special monitoring or cohorting may be done in cases where it is deemed medically necessary.”

Advocates respond that while family detention facilities do not have cells explicitly used for solitary confinement, rooms in the medical wing can be used as segregation chambers.

If detainees admit to considering harming themselves, they are often subjected to segregation, which can exacerbate their issues. In its 2013 memo, ICE says that immigrants can be placed in solitary for “mental illness” or “suicide risk.”

“It has been my experience that detainees are reluctant to express anxiety or depression out of fear that that would lead to them being put into segregation,” Free said.

Attorneys sometimes try to use their clients’ segregation as a reason for release or transfer. Scott, for example, cited Mulugeta’s long-term stay in the special housing unit in a letter to the New Orleans field office director advocating for his discharge. He wrote that Mulugeta had been maced in his cell, and that he had been denied the opportunity to meet with his attorney on multiple occasions, which he called a “serious constitutional violation.”

But when asked, immigrant attorneys could not think of any lawsuits that specifically targeted the use of solitary confinement at ICE facilities. They also couldn’t cite any larger movement fighting against the systemic employment of segregation by ICE officials.

“As immigration lawyers, we do have unified efforts on a lot of things, but it’s usually not that,” Scott said.

Free echoed him, saying, “I don’t think that that exists.”

A little over a year after his release, Mendez recalled how many of those in segregation hadn’t done anything wrong, and how unreasoned discipline was. While he and other detainees were shut in for months, actual bullies and troublemakers faced no consequences for their actions, he said.

“There were some people they punished for no reason, and others who were guilty but were allowed to live freely,” Mendez said.

Even after leaving detention, he insists that he never had sexual relations with his then-boyfriend while they were at Stewart.

“We only sent each other letters,” he said. “What they accused us of never happened.”


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          Pool Boy From Ethiopia Seduced By Bosses Spoiled Teen Daughter   
Watch Pool Boy From Ethiopia Seduced By Bosses Spoiled Teen Daughter at DirtyPriest.com - old school free sex video tube.
          Tanzania: Ethiopian Experts Jet in for Magufuli's Stiegler's Gorge Project   

A promise by the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, to bring a team of dam experts to help in the implementation of Stiegler's Gorge hydroelectric project envisaged to pump into the national grid 2,100 megawatts, officially materialises today when the team jets into the country. A statement from the Directorate of Presidential Communications quoted President John Magufuli as saying, the Ethiopian dam experts are expected to arrive in the country and later meet and hold talks with local experts ahead of the kicking off of the country's project.


          Patriarch Abune Mathias Message to Ethiopian living in Saudi Arabia   

Patriarch Abune Mathias Message to Ethiopian living in Saudi Arabia
          Multiple Cradles of Humanity   

Story of human evolution needs tweaking: http://www.history.com/news/how-homo-sapiens-fossils-found-in-morocco-may-rewrite-the-human-story

Paleoanthropologists announced this week that fossils discovered in a cave in Morocco are the oldest known specimens of Homo sapiens, predating fossils found in Ethiopia by more than 100,000 years. The new findings challenge the idea of a single “cradle of humankind” in East Africa, and suggest the traditionally accepted story of human evolution may have to be revised.

Really fascinating. Anthropological discoveries this big haven’t happened in a long time, afaik.


          Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   

in_focus_gha_zeinab_badawi.jpg

© BBC World News

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.

 

Episodes

BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)

   

1) Mother Africa

In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

2) Cattle, crops and Iron

Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

3) Gift of the Nile

Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

4) The Kingdom of Kush

In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

5) The Rise of Aksum

Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

6) Kings and Emirs

In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

7) North Africa

In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

8) Pagans and God

In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

 


          Good Practices on Training Module Development and Cascading Module from UNESCO-CFIT project in Ethiopia   


          Divisions Among Gulf Arab States Increases Instability in the Horn of Africa   
Gulf Cooperation Council isolation of Qatar impacts Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia and Sudan A dispute over territory involving the Horn of Africa states of Djibouti and Eritrea was reignited in the aftermath of the withdrawal of Qatari military forces stationed on the border of the countries on June 13. Doha had served as a […]
          Associate, Global M&E, Family Planning - The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Indiana   
CHAI is supporting the governments of Nigeria and Ethiopia, countries with low LARC use, to expand services by integrating family planning services, especially...
From The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 18:39:20 GMT - View all Indiana jobs
          How to make your charity's newsletters a compelling read - part one   
Here is a selection of insights and ideas to help you re-evaluate your charity's newsletters and make them a compelling read:


1. ‘Donor-centric’ newsletters
Think about what you want to achieve with your newsletters. The rule of thumb is to use newsletters to inform donors about your latest accomplishments; to share the vision for the future; to inspire donors so they continue to stay involved; to say Thank You and to invite renewed support.


2. Show how your charity is fulfilling the mission
Use one aspect of your charity’s mission as a key theme. Position your impact stories, statistics, case studies, etc to help donors understand how you are fulfilling the mission they have invested in.

For example, if an aspect of the mission is to educate illiterate women in Africa, a newsletter theme can be: ‘Breaking the cycle of poverty through education’. Use statistics to show how illiteracy causes poverty. Use impact stories to show how literate women are now earning a living. Include a donor interview about what motivates her to help illiterate women. Tell donors you couldn’t have done this good work without them. Share your vision for helping more women and invite financial support.


3. Offer news that interests donors
The word ‘Newsletter’ means ‘bearer of news’. News is something the reader doesn’t know about and something that makes them feel better connected with your cause.

Learn how to spot newsworthy stories that might interest your donors. Ask yourself: why am I telling this story? How will this make donors feel? What action steps do I want them to take after reading this?

Discover new angles on existing stories. Here is an example: ‘Life 1, Death 0 – We saved a life today.’ Highlight new challenges that can be addressed with donor’s future support: ‘We want to say ‘Yes’ to donkey work! – You heard it right. We are looking to purchase 1,000 donkeys in Ethiopia. The can be a great asset to poor families.’
          CD4 Cell Levels during Treatment for Tuberculosis (TB) in Ethiopian Adults and Clinical Markers Associated with CD4 Lymphocytopenia   
Background The clinical correlations and significance of subnormal CD4 levels in HIV-negative patients with TB are unclear. We have determined CD4 cell levels longitudinally during anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) in patients, with and without HIV co-infection, and their associations with clinical variables. Method Adults diagnosed with TB (maximum duration of ATT for 2 weeks, and with no history of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV-positive subjects) were included consecutively in eight out-patient clinics in Ethiopia. Healthy individuals were recruited for comparison at one of the study health centers. Data on patient characteristics and physical findings were collected by trained nurses following a structured questionnaire at inclusion and on follow-up visits at 2 and 6 months. In parallel, peripheral blood CD4 cell levels were determined. The evolution of CD4 cell levels during ATT was assessed, and the association between clinical characteristics and low CD4 cell levels at baseline was investigated using regression analysis. Results In total, 1116 TB patients were included (307 HIV-infected). Among 809 HIV-negative patients, 200 (25%) had subnormal CD4 cell counts (<500 cells/mm3), with <350 cells/mm3 in 82 (10%) individuals. CD4 cell levels increased significantly during the course of ATT in both HIV+ and HIV- TB-patients, but did not reach the levels in healthy subjects (median 896 cells/mm3). Sputum smear status, signs of wasting (low mid upper arm circumference (MUAC)), and bedridden state were significantly associated with low CD4 cell counts. Conclusion A high proportion of Ethiopian TB patients have subnormal CD4 cell counts before starting treatment. Low CD4 cell levels are associated with smear positive disease and signs of wasting. The continuous increase of CD4 cell counts during the course of ATT suggest a reversible impact of active TB on CD4 cell homeostasis, which may be considered in interpretation of CD4 cell counts in HIV/TB co-infected subjects.
          Intensified Tuberculosis Case-Finding in HIV-Positive Adults Managed at Ethiopian Health Centers: Diagnostic Yield of Xpert MTB/RIF Compared with Smear Microscopy and Liquid Culture   
Background Detection of active tuberculosis (TB) before antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is important, but optimal diagnostic methods for use in resource-limited settings are lacking. We assessed the prevalence of TB, evaluated the diagnostic yield of Xpert MTB/RIF in comparison with smear microscopy and culture, and the impact of Xpert results on clinical management in HIV-positive adults eligible for ART at health centers in a region of Ethiopia. Methods Participants were prospectively recruited and followed up at 5 health centers. Trained nurses collected data on socio-demographic characteristics, medical history and symptoms, and performed physical examination. Two paired morning sputum samples were obtained, and lymph node aspirates in case of lymphadenopathy. Diagnostic yield of Xpert MTB/RIF in sputum was compared with smear microscopy and liquid culture. Results TB was diagnosed in 145/812 participants (17.9%), with bacteriological confirmation in 137 (16.9%). Among bacteriologically confirmed cases, 31 were smear-positive (22.6%), 96 were Xpert-positive (70.1%), and 123 were culture-positive (89.8%). Xpert MTB/RIF increased the TB detection rate by 64 cases (47.4%) compared with smear microscopy. The overall sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF was 66.4%, and was not significantly lower when testing one compared with two samples. While Xpert MTB/RIF was 46.7% sensitive among patients with CD4 cell counts >200 cells/mm3, this increased to 82.9% in those with CD4 cell counts ≤100 cells/mm3. Compared with Xpert-positive TB patients, Xpert-negative cases had less advanced HIV and TB disease characteristics. Conclusions Previously undiagnosed TB is common among HIV-positive individuals managed in Ethiopian health centers. Xpert MTB/RIF increased TB case detection, especially in patients with advanced immunosuppression. An algorithm based on the use of a single morning sputum sample for individuals with negative sputum smear microscopy could be considered for intensified case finding in patients eligible for ART. However, technical and cost-effectiveness issues relevant for low-income countries warrant further study.
          Time Series Analysis of Trends in Malaria Cases and Deaths at Hospitals and the Effect of Antimalarial Interventions, 2001–2011, Ethiopia   
Background The Government of Ethiopia and its partners have deployed artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT) since 2004 and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) since 2005. Malaria interventions and trends in malaria cases and deaths were assessed at hospitals in malaria transmission areas during 2001–2011. Methods Regional LLINs distribution records were used to estimate the proportion of the population-at-risk protected by LLINs. Hospital records were reviewed to estimate ACT availability. Time-series analysis was applied to data from 41 hospitals in malaria risk areas to assess trends of malaria cases and deaths during pre-intervention (2001–2005) and post-interventions (2006–2011) periods. Findings The proportion of the population-at-risk potentially protected by LLINs increased to 51% in 2011. The proportion of facilities with ACTs in stock exceeded 87% during 2006–2011. Among all ages, confirmed malaria cases in 2011 declined by 66% (95% confidence interval [CI], 44–79%) and SPR by 37% (CI, 20%–51%) compared to the level predicted by pre-intervention trends. In children under 5 years of age, malaria admissions and deaths fell by 81% (CI, 47%–94%) and 73% (CI, 48%–86%) respectively. Optimal breakpoint of the trendlines occurred between January and June 2006, consistent with the timing of malaria interventions. Over the same period, non-malaria cases and deaths either increased or remained unchanged, the number of malaria diagnostic tests performed reflected the decline in malaria cases, and rainfall remained at levels supportive of malaria transmission. Conclusions Malaria cases and deaths in Ethiopian hospitals decreased substantially during 2006–2011 in conjunction with scale-up of malaria interventions. The decrease could not be accounted for by changes in hospital visits, malaria diagnostic testing or rainfall. However, given the history of variable malaria transmission in Ethiopia, more data would be required to exclude the possibility that the decrease is due to other factors.
          How Can the Health System Retain Women in HIV Treatment for a Lifetime? A Discrete Choice Experiment in Ethiopia and Mozambique   
Introduction: Option B+, an approach that involves provision of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to all HIV-infected pregnant women for life, is the preferred strategy for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. Lifelong retention in care is essential to its success. We conducted a discrete choice experiment in Ethiopia and Mozambique to identify health system characteristics preferred by HIV-infected women to promote continuity of care. Methods: Women living with HIV and receiving care at hospitals in Oromia Region, Ethiopia and Zambézia Province, Mozambique were shown nine choice cards and asked to select one of two hypothetical health facilities, each with six varying characteristics related to the delivery of HIV services for long term treatment. Mixed logit models were used to estimate the influence of six health service attributes on choice of clinics. Results: 2,033 women participated in the study (response rate 97.8% in Ethiopia and 94.7% in Mozambique). Among the various attributes of structure and content of lifelong ART services, the most important attributes identified in both countries were respectful provider attitude and ability to obtain non-HIV health services during HIV-related visits. Availability of counseling support services was also a driver of choice. Facility type, i.e., hospital versus health center, was substantially less important. Conclusions: Efforts to enhance retention in HIV care and treatment for pregnant women should focus on promoting respectful care by providers and integrating access to non-HIV health services in the same visit, as well as continuing to strengthen counseling.
          Where Does Intersectionality Stop and Anti-Semitism Start?   

By Nancy K. Kaufman

 

Where to begin? The uproar over the actions at the Chicago Dyke Collective March is hardly the first time that bottom line principles of allies haven’t meshed. And it is not only allies in this case, but different identities merged in the same person. I am a Zionist — one who supports the existence of Israel, albeit one who sometimes criticizes its government, just as I consider myself an American patriot and often criticize our government. I am also an ardent feminist. I advocate personally and professionally (on behalf of NCJW) for women in both Israel and the United States. I believe in a two-state solution to the conflict in the Middle East where Israelis and Palestinians can live side-by-side in peace and security. And I refuse to yield my support for Israel as the homeland of the Jewish people in order to be an active feminist anywhere.

As Jews we believe we are commanded to seek justice anywhere and everywhere — in the US, in Israel, in the West Bank and Gaza or in the streets of Chicago. As progressive Jewish feminists, we must seek justice and acceptance and indeed love for those who identify as lesbian, bisexual, gay, transgender or queer, white or black, Mizrachi or Ethiopian, Palestinian or Israeli. But we expect to do it with our values of B’tzelem Elohim (we’re all made in the image of God) and K’vod Habriot (we all deserve respect and dignity) clearly intact. And we have to acknowledge that it will messier than we’d like.

In practice, we aren’t going to agree, for example, with those who oppose same sex marriage, or are anti-abortion, or those who support the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions platform, but we welcome them in to fight with us against hunger, inequality and lack of affordable healthcare. What about the nuns who march in anti-abortion rallies and then board the bus to raise awareness about budget cuts that endanger mothers and children? We can and will agree to disagree, but we still treat each other with dignity and respect because we are all made in the image of God.

Reproductive justice is about as bedrock an issue as most feminists can think of, but as part of a broader movement for social justice, we have learned to make coalitions with others of different views, maintaining unity on an immediate goal even when we disagree fundamentally on a different issue. We can do this because we are able to respect the deep-held beliefs of people on both sides of the argument as long as we all engage in a civil discourse.

What does all this have to do with Chicago? Whatever the backstory of this particular march may be, the reality is that what the world saw was someone evicted from the march because she was holding a rainbow flag with a Jewish star at its center. The long painful history of anti-Semitism in Europe led to the death of six million Jews. It is hardly surprising that we, as Jews, have hyper-sensitive antennae when Zionism and Israel are bandied about. We also know that symbols matter, be it a Jewish star or a rainbow flag. Not all anti-Zionism is anti-Semitic; but not all pro-Zionism is anti-Palestinian. The ascription of individual characteristics or beliefs to an entire group of people is the essence of anti-Semitism and racism. What we expect from our allies is no conflation of being Jewish with any particular position on the solution to Middle East quagmire.

Today’s generation did not grow up in the era of polite postwar anti-Semitism or develop a nose for the whiff of it. We need more discussion and education on that odious smell, just as we join to achieve shared goals of justice. We, as Jewish feminists, are going to continue to assert our right to be the conveners of respectful discussions, opportunities for learning and teaching, and the constant pursuit of the common good.


          Ethiopia's Farmers, Pastoralists Livelihood Threatened by Recurring Droughts - WFP - Ezega   

Ethiopia's Farmers, Pastoralists Livelihood Threatened by Recurring Droughts - WFP
Ezega
WFP July 1, 2017 - Pastoral regions of Ethiopia are affected by severe droughts every three to five years, which results in the loss of large numbers of livestock due to starvation, lack of drinking water and associated diseases, according to the world ...

and more »

          Ethiopia gets a month's extension to repatriate stranded nationals in Saudi Arabia - africanews   

africanews

Ethiopia gets a month's extension to repatriate stranded nationals in Saudi Arabia
africanews
The Ethiopian government has been granted one month extension to remove its undocumented citizens who are stranded in Saudi Arabia after the elapse of the 90-day deadline. Ethiopian Ambassador to the UK, Hailemichael Aberra confirmed the extension ...
Illegal Bangladeshis in Saudi get another 30 daysDhaka Tribune
Relief for illegal Indian workers in Saudi as amnesty extendedTelangana Today
'A Nation without Violators' Campaign Extended in Saudi ArabiaAsharq Al-awsat English

all 19 news articles »

          ETHIOPIA - Bolt loses Olympic gold   

ETHIOPIA - Bolt loses Olympic gold | ቦልት የኦሎምፒክ ሜዳሊያውን ተነጠቀ


          Funny interview with Ethiopian athletes   

Funny interview with Ethiopian athletes
          Running legend Haile wants more Ethiopian athletes to compete on the track   

The Ethiopia Athletics Federation is hoping to increase the number of people who participate in 5,000M and 10,000M races amid concerns many young athletes are rushing for marathons, which discounts them out of shorter races at an early age. Coletta Wanjohi with more.


          Ethiopia's Almaz Ayana ends brilliant 2016 with top female award   

Jamaica's Usain Bolt and Ethiopian distance runner Almaz Ayana were crowned as the IAAF's athletes of the year in Monaco on Friday. Bolt won three Olympic gold medals at the Rio Games despite missing much of the season through injury. He took the award for the sixth time. Ayana produced a stunning run on the first day of athletics in Rio, when she shattered the 10,000-metres world record that had stood for 23 years. She followed this with a 5,000m bronze medal in a year she had already clinched the diamond league in the 12 and a half lap race. She becomes the third Ethiopian woman to win the IAAF award, after the exploits of Genzebe Dibaba and Meseret Defar.


          Ethiopian world record holders Almaz Ayana, Genzebe Dibaba on their plans for 2017   

Ethiopian world record holders Almaz Ayana, Genzebe Dibaba on their plans for 2017
          Ethiopia's Gebrselassie advises African athletes to invest their money wisely   

The new president of the Ethiopia Athletics Federation, Haile Gebrselassie, has advised African athletes to be disciplined, so that they can invest in ventures that will provide them with income long after their careers on the track are over. Over the years, Gebrselassie has used his winnings to grow a business empire - something he believes is possible for all athletes.


          #EBCMEET EBC Interview with-Haile Gebreselassie President ,Ethiopian Athletics Federation   

#EBCMEET EBC Interview with-Haile Gebreselassie President ,Ethiopian Athletics Federation
          Reply by Anonymous Coward (UID 34760435)   
The reality is that blacks are cursed. The United States is cursed because we have a black president. Blacks have always been cursed. Just look at Sub-Sahara African or where ever the blacks have settled. Ethiopia and Somalia are thrid world countries. Even wealthy blacks in the U.S. refuse...
          Why These Vegetarian Monkeys Have Sharp Predator Teeth   

In the Ethiopian highlands, native Geladas have impressive canines despite being grass eaters. The reason is simple: The males need to defend themselves and their group against potential challengers.
          Coffee to be lost to global heating   

Half the coffee-producing land in Ethiopia will become unsuitable as a result of global heating.

Worst of all, the wild strains will die out. Their genetic resources will be forever lost.

          Surmi Girl   

Rod Waddington posted a photo:

Surmi Girl

Ethiopia


          δωρεάν δείγματα προϊόντων   
Από τις παρακάτω σελίδες μπορείτε να προμηθευτείτε ΔΩΡΕΑΝ δείγματα προϊόντων, χωρίς καμιά υποχρέωση αγοράς. Κάθε σελίδα έχει τη δικιά της διαδικασία και κανόνες, γενικά όμως το μόνο που απαιτείται από τους επιθυμούντες είναι η συμπλήρωση των στοιχείων τους στη σχετική κάθε φορά φόρμα.   variouspackaging.com – πλαστική διάφανη τσάντα.  δείγματα καφέ από το ethiopianspecialtycoffee.com Tena: για άντρες | για γυναίκες (πάνες ακράτειας) […]
          What's New: ICT Expo/29th AU Summit/ Ethiopian shoes/ Chef Union   

What's New: ICT Expo/29th AU Summit/ Ethiopian shoes/ Chef Union
          Comment on Walmart Invades Ethiopia to set up Sweatshops by Bea   
Ethiopia has been suffering for years, and Walmart is only going to add to the problem. They do not need chain stores, they need to stand up on their own. This corporations is going to bring down a whole new hell in this world, for sure.
          USAID hands over dairy equipment in Ethiopia   

USAID's Livestock Market Development is a five-year activity intended to improve smallholder incomes and nutritional status in four regions of Ethiopia. Pic: ©Robert Sauers The US Agency for International Development , through its Livestock Market Development activity, has handed over approximately $800,000 worth of dairy processing equipment to 24 grantees operating in the Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Tigray regions of Ethiopia.


          Ethiopia asks for extension of Saudi amnesty deadline   

Thousands of Ethiopians are still stuck in Saudi Arabia after a 90-day amnesty for undocumented migrants to leave expired on Tuesday, the Ethiopian government has told the BBC.


          UNICEF Ethiopia and Somalia join forces to reach severely malnourished children with life-saving treatment   
DOOLOW, Somalia, 30 June 2017 – Faisal Bule sits with his daughter, 18-month-old Dahran Faisal, at the nutrition centre in Doolow, a town in southern Somalia on the border with Ethiopia. Dahran is one of the newly admitted patients at the centre’s Outpatient Therapeutic Programme.
          Andromeda for Genesis 3 Female   

Introducing Andromeda

Andromeda was born and raised in the North African Kingdom of Aethiopia and is the daughter of the Aethiopian king Cepheus and his wife Queen Cassiopeia. It was Cassiopeia's hubris that leads her to boast that Andromeda is more beautiful than the nymph daughters of the sea god Nereus. Poseidon as punishment sends the sea monster Cetus to destroy Aethiopia. Poor Andromeda would be stripped and chained to a rock as a sacrifice to the gods, but beautiful Andromeda is saved from her fate by the legendary hero Perseus.

Price: $17.95 Special Price: $12.57


          Ethiopia - EthioTime News - Ethiopian Daily News June 28, 2017   

Ethiopia - EthioTime News - Ethiopian Daily News June 28, 2017
          Wendi Mak - Tagebignalesh Wey ታገቢግኛለሽ ወይ (Amharic)   

Wendi Mak - Tagebignalesh Wey ታገቢግኛለሽ ወይ (Amharic)
          ENN: የተሸከርካሪዎችን ፍጥነት መገደብ የሚያስችል መሳሪያ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ የሚያስችል መመሪያ - ENN News   

Ethiopia: የተሸከርካሪዎችን ፍጥነት መገደብ የሚያስችል መሳሪያ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ የሚያስችል መመሪያ - ENN News


          Yeras Mirkogna - Part 107 (የራስ ምርኮኛ) Kana TV Drama   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas


          Kitat - Part 171 (ቅጣት) Kana TV Drama   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas


          Yeteqema Hiwot - Part 106 (የተቀማ ሕይወት) Kana TV Drama   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas


          "ቅጣት" ድራማ ሊፈጸም 4 ክልፍሎች ቀሩት! የመጨረሻው ክፍል 174 ይሆናል!   

"ቅጣት" ድራማ ሊፈጸም 4 ክልፍሎች ቀሩት! የመጨረሻው ክፍል 174 ይሆናል!
          በመሃል ፒያሳ በተበላሸ ሊፍት ህይወቷን ያጣችው ወጣት አስደናጋጭ ክስተት   

በመሃል ፒያሳ በተበላሸ ሊፍት ህይወቷን ያጣችው ወጣት አስደናጋጭ ክስተት
          ENN Sport: ከኢትዮጵያ ቡና ተጫዋቾች ጋር የተደረገ አዝናኝ ቆይታ   

ENN Sport: ከኢትዮጵያ ቡና ተጫዋቾች ጋር የተደረገ አዝናኝ ቆይታ
          Narration ትረካ (ሸገር ሼልፍ) : የጀሚላ መዳፎች በመሐመድ ሰልማን   

Narration ትረካ (ሸገር ሼልፍ) : የጀሚላ መዳፎች በመሐመድ ሰልማን
          የፊት ቆዳ ቀለምን ወደ ተፈጥሮአዊ ውበቱ የሚመልስ ውህድ አዘገጃጀት   

የፊት ቆዳ ቀለምን ወደ ተፈጥሮአዊ ውበቱ የሚመልስ ውህድ አዘገጃጀት
          Reyot Kin ርዕዮት ኪን: ሽርሽር የኋሊት በህሊና ብሽክሊሊት በኑረዲን ዒሳ   

Reyot Kin ርዕዮት ኪን: ሽርሽር የኋሊት በህሊና ብሽክሊሊት በኑረዲን ዒሳ
          Reyot Kin ርዕዮት ኪን: "የኔ ጅማ" ትረካ በሙሉቀን ተሾመ    

Reyot Kin ርዕዮት ኪን: "የኔ ጅማ" ትረካ በሙሉቀን ተሾመ
          Comedy Poem: Abrham Asmelash   

Comedy Poem: Abrham Asmelash
          Henok Berhanu - Yibel Bered ይበል በረድ (Amharic)   

Henok Berhanu - Yibel Bered ይበል በረድ (Amharic)
          Eyerusalem Suzi - Na Belut ና በሉት (Amharic)    

Eyerusalem Suzi - Na Belut ና በሉት (Amharic)
          Mahmud Ahmed - Selam ሰላም (Amharic With Lyrics)   

Mahmud Ahmed - Selam ሰላም (Amharic With Lyrics)
          Ethiopian Food: የምስር ወጥ አሰራር - Lentils Sauce Reciepe   

የምስር ወጥ አሰራር


           ከጤና ጋር በተያያዘ የምንሰራቸው አራት ስህተቶች   

ከጤና ጋር በተያያዘ የምንሰራቸው አራት ስህተቶች
          የጠፋችው ሳያት ደምሴ ጂም ውስጥ የሚችላት ጠፍቷል   

የጠፋችው ሳያት ደምሴ ጂም ውስጥ የሚችላት ጠፍቷል
          የእናታችን ገዳይ የሆነው አባታችን አሁን ደግሞ በልጆቹ ላይ ተነስቷል ይላሉ የእርቅ ማዕድ ባለታሪኮች   

የእናታችን ገዳይ የሆነው አባታችን አሁን ደግሞ በልጆቹ ላይ ተነስቷል ጎዳና ላይ ልንወጣ ነውና ድረሱልን ይላሉ የእርቅ ማዕድ ባለታሪኮች


          Wondesen Mekuria – Adotna New Ethiopian Music Video 2017   

Wondesen Mekuria – Adotna New Ethiopian Music Video 2017


          Amazing Ethiopian Dancing   

Amazing Ethiopian Dancing, very funny and nice to watch. 

It is a modern dance by Ethiopians.


          Artist Sertse Firesibhat: Music commentator to a Musician   

Artist Sertse Firesibhat from Music commentator to a Musician, a young Ethiopian with many talents.


          Ethiopian actress Meseret Mebrate   

Photo collection of the beautiful Ethiopian actress and model Meseret Mebrate.

And there also have been a new yesterday that this beautiful woman is engaged to the son of the Jazz King Mulate Astatqe


          Two Ethiopians Who came back from the dead   

The story of two Ethiopians who claimed to have returned from the dead.

This is an interview with them. Enjoy


          8 Schools Chosen To Be a Temporary Shelter For Ethiopian Returnees   

8 Schools In Addis Ababa To Be a Temporary Shelter For Ethiopian Returnees


          Ethiopia : List Of Ethiopian National Team Players That Qualify For Chan Were Made Public   

 List Of Ethiopian National Team Players That Qualify For  Chan Were Made Public


          Ethiopia- 10 Things Girls Do That Guys HATE   

Guys love women, but there are just some things that guys can't stand about them. Girls often do not even notice these things until they are pointed out to them.


           Using an area-wide analysis of contextual data to prioritize NMT infrastructure projects: case-study Cape Town, South Africa    
Beukes, E.A. and Vanderschuren, M.J.W.A. and Zuidgeest, M.H.P. (2013) Using an area-wide analysis of contextual data to prioritize NMT infrastructure projects: case-study Cape Town, South Africa. In: CODATU XV, 22-25 October 2012, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
           New WHO director from Ethiopia begins work    
The new director general of the World Health Organisation, Tedros Adhanom, took over managing the UN health agency on Saturday, the WHO said.A specialist in...
          Mothers in African Study Undereducated on Diarrhea   
Ethiopian mothers' beliefs about diarrhea can lead to inappropriate treatment for their children's life-threatening cond
          Ethiopians Fear Deportation From Saudi Arabia   
[Deutsche Welle] Saudi Arabia is threatening to expel undocumented workers who don't leave during an amnesty. But many would rather risk arrest than face an uncertain future in Ethiopia.
          Photo Series: We Are Seattle Neighbors   
Seattleites tell their housing stories and what makes them love this city. | Find Seattle Neighbors on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. A woman moves into a van to be able to help pay her daughter’s college tuition. A man converts a convenience store to an Ethiopian-style coffee shop and community hub in Rainier Vista. A single mom makes a new home out of her parents’ garage. And a family of five finds friends and support in a subsidized First Hill apartment complex. These...
          Ethiopia – Organic – Natural – Kayon Mountain Farm   
The Kayon Mountain Coffee Farm is owned by multiple families that have been born and raised around the experience of coffee. These shareholding members had mainly been supplying coffee to auction for the past 30 years until they started their farm in 2012. This farm boasts a 500 hecatare spread, of which half is planted […]
          Ethiopia – Washed Yirgacheffee – Adado – Shara   
This coffee comes from our washing-station partners at Adado, which is in the kebele, or village, of Shara, in the woreda, or district, of Guanga, in the Yirgacheffe region. This coffee is named after the local tribe, “Adado.” In these coffees, typically apricots and peaches with supportive citrus and floral higher tones come together in […]
          Ethiopia – Washed Yirgacheffee – Konga – Sede   
This coffee comes from our washing-station partner in Konga, which is in the kebele or village, of Sede, in the Yirgacheffe district. Konga is about 4 kilometers south of the town of Yirgacheffe. We’ve always liked the Konga microregion of Yirgacheffe for both its strong citrus and supportive stone-fruit flavors of peach and apricot, and […]
          Study: Climate Change To Wipe Out Half Of Ethiopia’s Coffee-Growing Area   

The birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia, is likely to lose up to half of its total coffee-growing area by the end of the century as a result of anthropogenic climate change and its effects, according to a new study

Study: Climate Change To Wipe Out Half Of Ethiopia’s Coffee-Growing Area was originally published on CleanTechnica.

To read more from CleanTechnica, join over 50,000 other subscribers: Google+ | Email | Facebook | RSS | Twitter.


          Saware Girl   

Rod Waddington posted a photo:

Saware Girl

Ethiopia


          Ethiopian new movie 2017 9 mot   

Ethiopian new movie 2017 9 mot
          The CBC Actors Conservatory Sets the Stage for Onscreen Success   

From the moment you say 'action,' this is the fun part - things should happen that surprise you, excite you, scare you, turn you on, make you laugh. If things aren't surprising you, when you say 'cut,' whisper things to the actors that will make them do things that do surprise you.
Jill Soloway

As Canada celebrates 150 years, CBC and CFC celebrate talent that reflects our country’s values and opportunities. CFC is proud to announce that the CBC Actors Conservatory will begin on Monday, July 17 alongside our Cineplex Entertainment Film Program and Slaight Music Residents. For the first time all of these three programs’ start dates align, which will enhance collaboration and further build our creative community.

“CFC is thrilled to be welcoming eight talented performers/actors from across the country to the CBC Actors Conservatory,” said Larissa Giroux, CFC’s Executive in Charge of Music & Acting Programs. “Their diverse backgrounds represent the best that Canada has to offer and their commitment to the craft of acting and storytelling is unmatched."

The CBC Actors Conservatory offers actors a transformative artistic experience that strengthens their instrument for the screen and expands their onscreen portfolio. This full-time, six-month program balances artistic expression and creative collaboration with the demands of the international screen entertainment industry.

Meet this year’s versatile group here!


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Getenesh Berhe is a Canadian actress and performance artist of Eritrean and Ethiopian descent. Her recent television credits include Kim’s Convenience, Private Eyes and Man Seeking Woman. Upon completion of her training at the Stella Adler Studio of Acting and Hemispheric Institute at New York University, Berhe began working as a theatre artist in various new works and off-off Broadway productions. As a solo performer, her original piece, Cookies and Cream, was included in La MaMa ETC's 2013 "A Series of One – Solo Festival." As a volunteer in Brooklyn and the Bronx, she has helped introduce classical text to youth in underserved communities.


Tim Dowler-Coltman graduated from The National Theatre School of Canada in 2016. Here, he took part in productions with directors such as Total Liquidation (Jordan Tannahill), The Listening Room (Tanya Rintol), Orlando (Eda Holmes), Richard III (David Latham), and as the eponymous lead in Hamlet (Alisa Palmer). Since graduating, he has performed in Orphans (Coal Mine Theatre) and Skylight (Berkeley Street Theatre/Larry Moss). Currently, Dowler-Coltman is in SoulPepper Theatre’s production of Vimy. Prior to his move to Toronto, Dowler-Coltman performed at The Citadel Theatre in Edmonton in productions as varied as Macbeth (Peter Hinton), Sister Marry Ignatius, The Pillowman, A Christmas Carol and Oliver! (Bob Baker). Dowler-Coltman has numerous short film acting credits as well, with films such as The Depths 3D (Skyward Motion Pictures), Ashram 69 (Triple 7 Films), Dead End Drive (Loose Change Films/AMA) and Stitches (Joe Media Group). Most recently, Dowler-Coltman received a Dora nomination for outstanding performance at the 2017 Annual Dora Mavor Moore Awards.


Humberly Gonzalez was born and raised in the city of Punto Fijo, Venezuela. Her film and television credits include Saving Hope, Shadowhunters, Orphan Black and Kodachrome. Gonzalez also collaborated with Ubisoft as a motion capture performer in an upcoming video game directed by Zeke Norton. She recently played the lead in the CFC production, STARFIGHTERS, Laura Good’s Bell Media Prime Time TV Showcase piece. Gonzalez’s passion for television and film started when she took part in Don McKellar’s short film, It’s Not You, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival Shorts Program in 2015 and then went to the Sundance Film Festival. She holds a Visual and Performing Arts Diploma from Keyano College, and is a 2015 graduate of The National Theatre School of Canada.


Kawennáhere Devery Jacobs is a film and television actress, born and raised on the Mohawk reservation of Kahnawake, QC. Her leading role as Aila in the award-winning feature film, Rhymes for Young Ghouls (2013), resulted in Jacobs being nominated for Best Performance By An Actress In A Leading Role at the 2014 Canadian Screen Awards. Since then, she has also been featured as the voice of Sam in Telltale Games' The Walking Dead: Michonne (2016), as well as the television series, Mohawk Girls (2013-2015).Jacobs recently portrayed the supporting role of Andrea in The Land of Rock and Gold (2016), as well as series regular Tina in the go90 web series, Cold. She also won Best Performance in a Canadian Film at the 2016 Whistler Film Festival for her work in the feature film, The Sun at Midnight (2016). Recently, Jacobs has explored the other side of the camera, with her directorial debut of the short film, Stolen (2016). The film discusses the national issue of missing and murdered Indigenous women in Canada, and won Best Aboriginal Film at the 2017 Yorkton Film Festival. Jacobs was also awarded the BravoFact grant for her short film script, Rae (2017), which is currently in post-production.


Kaelen Ohm is a Toronto-based actor, filmmaker and musician. Her transition from behind the camera as an award-winning director to actor has led to credits in a variety of independent feature and short films, including the American television productions, Hell on Wheels and Taken. Ohm appeared in Alexander Carson’s debut feature, O’ Brazen Age, which premiered at the Vancouver International Film Festival in 2015 and then made its theatrical release across Canada with Canada Screens. In 2016, she starred in the Alberta based short, Guns of Purgatory, portraying the historical figure, Martha Jane Canary. Her music video, Black Moon, which she starred in and directed for her music project, AMAARA, was nominated for Best Music Video at the 43rd Annual Alberta Film and Television Awards. Ohm will appear in the upcoming Sony Pictures TV movie of the week, Flint, directed by Bruce Beresford, as well as the Toronto-based short film, Viaticum, with Peter Outerbridge and Lara Daans.


Thomas Olajide is a Dora Mavor Moore Award-nominated, Toronto-based actor from Vancouver, British Columbia, and a graduate of the National Theatre School of Canada. His film credits include Inhuman Condition (nominated for Best Original Program or Series Produced for Digital Media – Fiction in the 2017 Canadian Screen Awards) and Mariner (Part of the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival’s Canada’s Top Ten). Olajide’s theatre credits include: Black Boys (Saga Collectif and Buddies in Bad Times Theatre); Love's Labour's Lost, Hamlet, The Taming of the Shrew, King Lear, A Midsummer Night's Dream and The Beaux Stratagem (Stratford Festival); Macbeth, Taming of the Shrew and The Winter's Tale (Canadian Stage); The Whipping Man and Ruined (Obsidian Theatre); Binti's Journey (Theatre Direct); This Must Be The Place (Architect Theatre and Theatre Passe Muraille); Sia (Cahoots Theatre Company and Pyretic Theatre Company); Oliver! (National Arts Centre) and And Slowly Beauty (Belfry Theatre and National Arts Centre). In 2014, he received the Stratford Festival’s Peter Donaldson Award for Great Promise in Shakespeare and the Classics.


Libby Osler grew up on a small island in Howe Sound, British Columbia. She discovered her love of acting at age seven while playing the devil in a dramatized sermon at her local church. Osler’s television credits include Proof, Supernatural, Fairly Legal, When Calls the Heart and Stargate Atlantis. She has appeared in the feature films, Seventh Son, No Men Beyond This Point and The Driftless Area. In 2014 she played the eponymous role in Kailey and Sam Spears’ sold-out production of Hamlet at the Renegade Theatre in Vancouver. One of the founding members of Blood Pact Theatre, Osler starred in their 2016 show, Kill Your Parents In Viking, Alberta, a co-production with Storefront Theatre. Osler is a graduate of the Neighbourhood Playhouse in New York City.









Originally from Asmara, Eritrea, Toronto-based actor Nabil Rajo made his television debut in 2014 in the medical drama, Remedy. His subsequent television credits include roles on the series, Rookie Blue and Man Seeking Woman, as well as one of the most-viewed television movies of 2014, Aaliyah: The Princess of R&B. Rajo also played the lead role of Hakeem Nour in his feature film debut, Boost, directed by Darren Curtis. Most recently, he starred as Franco Wicks in the Canadian premiere of Tracy Letts’ hit play, Superior Donuts, at The Coalmine Theatre in Toronto, for which he received a Dora nomination for outstanding performance.


          Matthews Suggests Trump Channel Mussolini, Murder Kushner; Compares Him to Ethiopian Dictator   


By NewsBusters, June 29, 2017

Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’s Hardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared the President to not only communist Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam and a modern-day Romanov but also channel Benito Mussolini having son-in-law Jared Kushner murdered.

As he’s previously done(documented here, here, and here), Matthews reiterated his belief that Kushner and wife Ivanka Trump are akin to the murderous sons of Saddam Hussein, Uday and Qusay.


Read More: http://www.newsbusters.org

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          President Mugabe off to Ethiopia   

President Robert Mugabe has left the country for Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to attend the 29th ordinary session of the African Union (AU). The summit kicked off on the 27th of June and will run up to the 4th of July, under the theme “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend Through Investments in Youth.” According to reports, the […]

The post President Mugabe off to Ethiopia appeared first on Pindula News.


          Comment on 2017 Fastest Growing Economies by NATNAEL   
Ethiopia is developed i hate pakistan
          Hunger To Hit Emergency Levels in Ethiopia Despite Rains    
The number of Ethiopians in need of food aid will rise beyond the current 7.7 million, experts say.
          Millions of Ethiopians Face Hunger Crisis   
Millions of Ethiopians face a hunger crisis for a second consecutive year after drought hit sub-Saharan Africa's second most populous nation
          Tedros Adhanom: New WHO director from Ethiopia begins work   
The new director general of the World Health Organisation, Tedros Adhanom, took over managing the UN health agency on Saturday, the WHO said.
          Study: Climate Change To Wipe Out Half Of Ethiopia’s Coffee-Growing Area   

The birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia, is likely to lose up to half of its total coffee-growing area by the end of the century as a result of anthropogenic climate change and its effects, according to a new study

Study: Climate Change To Wipe Out Half Of Ethiopia’s Coffee-Growing Area was originally published on CleanTechnica.

To read more from CleanTechnica, join over 50,000 other subscribers: Google+ | Email | Facebook | RSS | Twitter.


          Episode 139: Bucket of UUGHUH   
  Tea Party Senators Introduce ‘You’re Not Married Anymore’ Bill To Nullify Same-Sex Marriages Tom Delay, former House Majority Leader, says God wrote the Constitution Robertson: 'Idiocy' To Believe In Climate Change Since It Is Cold In The Winter Denmark outlaws Jewish and Muslim ritual slaughter as of next week Sudan court convicts Ethiopian woman over 'gang-rape' Syrian Girl Stoned To Death For Opening A Facebook Account Muslim leaders issue a fatwa against anyone living on MARS as there is 'no righteous reason' to be there   Reality show snake-handling preacher dies -- of snakebite Catholic school speakers tape pupils together to teach chastity Contribute at patreon: http://patreon.com/dissonancepod Esme guested on this show:   http://www.meatmutant.com/2014/02/17/evidence-4-enchiladas-with-hotttpocket/  
          Episode 47: The Atheist Experience   
Thanks to Matt Dillahunty from the Atheist Experience [Non-Prophets, Godless Bitches] for joining us. A challenge to atheists part 2 The “Biggest Mistake” America Ever Made Was Letting Women Vote North Carolina passes same-sex marriage ban, CNN projects Travesty in Tennessee: Death by faith healing gets a misdemeanor Family Battle Offers Look Inside Lavish TV Ministry Is the tide turning against the killing of 'cursed' infants in Ethiopia? Archbishop Antonio Mennini, Pope's Representative, Calls For Christians, Jews, Muslims To Unite Against Gay Marriage Ultra-Orthodox Shun Their Own for Reporting Child Sexual Abuse Beginning clip: Atheist Experience Clips: Michelle Bachmann, Reverend Jesse Lee Peterson, Jesus Camp, Grocery Money Evangelist, Jesus Camp / Blue Suede Visit our Website at http://dissonancepod.com for all the links.
          Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Children and Adolescents with Leprosy Admitted Over 16 Years at a Rural Hospital in Ethiopia: A Retrospective Analysis   
Abstract
Aim: To analyse differences in children and adolescents aged ≤18 years admitted to the leprosy ward in a rural Ethiopian hospital >16 years.Methods: We retrospectively collected data from leprosy admission registry books on patients with leprosy who were admitted to a referral hospital from September 2000 to September 2016.Results: There were 2129 admissions for leprosy during the study period: 180 (8.4%) patients were s ≤ 18 years old. Of these, 98 (54.4%) were male and 82 (45.6%) were female. The proportion of new diagnoses in children and adolescents was 31.7%, significantly higher than in adults (11.7%; p < 0.001). There were also significant differences in the prevalence of lepromatous ulcers (46.9 vs. 61.7%), leprosy reaction (29.4 vs. 13.0%) and neuritis (16.9 vs.5.3%) between these age groups.Conclusions: There were more new diagnoses, leprosy reactions and neuritis, and fewer lepromatous ulcers, in children and adolescents compared with adults, with younger patients being referred more frequently to reference centres.

          Tuzo za ZIFF zabeba dola za Marekani elfu 14:mwaka wa mabadiliko   
KWA mara ya kwanza katika historia ya Tamasha la filamu la kimataifa la Zanzibar, maarufu kama tamasha la nchi za jahazi, (ZIFF) litatoa tuzo pamoja na fedha kiasi cha dola 14,000 kwa ujumla wake.
Aidha kumekuwepo na tuzo zaidi na tamasha la mwaka huu ambalo ni la 20 litafunguliwa na sinema kutoka  nchini, T junction.
Aidha soko Filam litajumuisha na  watu wa Discop na hivyo tamasha la mwaka huu kuonesha mabadiliko makubwa katika uendeshaji na fursa zinazotokana na kuwapo kwake.
Tamasha hilo litakaloanza Julai 8 hadi 16 pia litakuwa na  mbio za ngalawa mara mbili zitakazofanyika Nungwi na Mji Mkongwe kwa siku tofauti.

Akizungumza na waandishi wa habari na wadau katika mkutano wa mwisho wa utambuzi wa kitakachojiri katika tamasha hilo kubwa Afrika Mashariki na Kati, Mtendaji mkuu Fabrizio Colombo alisema kwamba fedha hizo zitasaidia kupunguza gharama za watengenezaji na pia kutoa nafasi ya kutengenezwa kwa filamu nyingine.
Katika tuzo hizo, tuzo ya Sembene itakuwa na  jumla ya dola za Marekani 6,000 wakati mtawanyiko mwingine ni kati ya dola 1000 na 2,000 huku tuzo ya jahazi la dhahabu, tuzo kuu ya ZIFF itaambatana na dola 3,000 zitakazotolewa na Showmax. Aidha  mwanamke atakayetengeneza dokumentari bora ataondoka na dola za Marekani 2,000.
 Katika mkutano huo wa uzinduzi wa tamasha  la ZIFF, juzi ambapo ratiba ya mwisho ilitamngazwa rasmi na wadhamini, ilielezwa kuwa sinema  zipatazo 20 za Tanzania ziliingia katika tamasha mwaka huu lakini tano tu ndio zina ubora wa kimataifa.
 Miongoni mwa sinema hizo ni Kiumeni, Stolen Soul, Hofu, Usiku wa Kiza na Seed  of Momeries.
 Ikisherehea miaka 20 na uongozi mpya wa fabrizo Colombo aliyeanza kazi Novemba mwaka jana baada ya Profesa Martin Mhando kumaliza muda wake na kuomba asiendelee, itaonesha filamu zaidi ya 150 katika kipindi cha takribani siku 7, kuendesha makongamano na kufanya maonesho mbalimbali ya sanaa.
 Wakidhaminiwa na  ZanLink, ComNet , Azam Marine, GIZ, Double Tree Hilton na Ethiopian Airlines, tamasha litakuwa na wageni zaidi ya 100 kwa ajili ya soko Filam pekee litakalofanyika Park Hyatt Julai 12-14.Washiriki hao pia watakuwa katika majadiliano ya biashara na madaraja maalumu ya elimu kuhusu utengenezaji wa sinema.
 Patna wengine katika tamasha la mwaka huu ni Ubalozi wa Marekani, Milele Zanzibar Foundation, taasisi isiyokuwa ya kiserikali ya Italia ijulikanayo kama The Foundation ACRA.

Wapo pia Trace Mziki, ambao wanadhamini  tuzo ya muziki ya ZIFF inayotolewa kwa mara ya kwanza(ZIFF East African Music Video), CloudsTV, African Film Channel, Omenka magazine, DarLife, na Zanzibar24 ..

          Matthews Suggests Trump Channel Mussolini, Murder Kushner; Compares Him to Ethiopian Dictator   
none
          Regional Security Advisor at German Agro Action - Welthungerhilfe   
Welthungerhilfe is one of the biggest private aid organisations in Germany. It provides aid from a single source: from fast disaster relief and reconstruction to long-term development cooperation projects with local partner organisations, according to the principle of help for self-help. Since its foundation in 1962, more than 8,120 projects in 70 countries have been supported with 3.033 billion Euro, 5,746 of which were self-help projects - for a world without hunger and poverty. The position is to be filled as soon as possible, with an initial contract duration until August 31, 2018. There are good prospects for an extension. The place of work will be Nairobi, in Kenya (KE) with frequent business trips to Sudan and Ethiopia. Specific Responsibilities Direct security plan and documents revisions when there is significant change in the security environment Inform RD, CDs and the Senior Advisor Safety and Security of any areas of concern, non-compliance, or potential or suspected violations Create and deliver, in collaboration with the Senior Advisor Safety and Security, a security training program that reaches a maximum number of national and international staff. Keep useful records on staff training and report at least annually on training performed at all levels Assist country program offices in arranging ad hoc security training workshops appropriate to security environments Generate monthly activity reports on security, including database analyses, new threats, responses, vulnerabilities and any relevant lessons learned from security and safety incidents Generate a daily report on security incidents, analysis, and possible cause and effect on Welthungerhilfe staff, assets and programs Maintain the network of Welthungerhilfe´s Security Focal Points at each country program office and conduct bi-weekly update calls with country DDOs and security focal points Monitor and provide support and reporting on NGO field security initiatives as required Identify, create and maintain a network with NGO/UN and other security specialists suitable for the region Provide credible information and contextual analysis of localized and regional security situations and incidents along with appropriate advice to Welthungerhilfe managers As part of a regional early warning system, understand the salient issues for country programs and update the Regional Director and relevant Country Director(s) as operating contexts and security circumstances dictate Conduct field security assessments examining security management issues related to Welthungerhilfe staff, assets, offices, residences, field sites, projects and partnerships, and compile reports with findings and recommendations Assist with the security component (situation analysis and background information, security assessments) of the Emergency Response Team deployments in the region Your Profile University degree in a field relevant to security management in a humanitarian assistance context Minimum 4-6 years of non-profit or NGO work experience in international safety and security, preferably in the region, humanitarian assistance programs, with demonstrated capabilities in planning, organizing and executing security management operations A high level of mental and physical resilience and readiness to travel to areas with volatile local conditions Experience in security/crisis management Thorough familiarity with principles and current approaches to permissive/acceptance models of security management Advanced knowledge of communications technology, including VHF, HF radio systems, satellite communications, cell phone mediums, etc. Substantial and demonstrated prior experience as a trainer, with an effective adult learner training style and the ability to develop, implement, facilitate and impart learning to a wide range of audiences Ability to quickly gain a comprehensive understanding of various local, regional, country and international factors that contribute to changes in security environments and risk levels
          http://www.kyoueidoo.com/ 神田神保町の「…   

http://www.kyoueidoo.com/

神田神保町の「共栄堂」のスマトラカレー

http://www.ethiopia-curry.com/

神田小川町の「エチオピア」


          Amazing Ethiopian woman making aerobics exercise   

Amazing Ethiopian woman making aerobics exercise


          Ethiopia > Fashion : Aynaw YITYISH TITI   
Extract : Yityish Titi Aynaw (born 1992) is an Israeli of Ethiopian origin beauty queen who became the first from the Ethiopian Israeli immigrant minority to be crowned Miss Israel 2013.Aynaw is also the first black Miss Israel winner....
          CHRIS MATTHEWS PROVES DEMOCRATS ARE THE PARTY OF ASSASSINATION AND TERRORISM   



Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’s Hardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared…

newsbusters.org

          L'art du café, Alamata, Ethiopia   

Jean-Luc Gérardy posted a photo:

L'art du café, Alamata, Ethiopia


          Comment on Ethiopia – the “in-country” orphanage by Alyssa Santos   
Hi Karen, I realize that your trip to Ethiopia took place one year ago, but I certainly enjoyed reading about your experience there. I am involved with New Covenant Foundation, one of the partners in developing the Wolaitta Village in Soddo, Ethiopa. My husband and I travelled to Ethiopia in November 2009 with NCF, where we met the Bowers and visited the orphanages and the Aerie home. I would love to link up to your posts on the NCF facebook site and blog if that would be alright with you. I love your perspective and related well with your responses. We have a team there right, now, falling in love with the beautiful country and people of Ethiopia. With your permission, I'd like to reference your blog posts and link to them. I can be contacted at alyssa@newcovenantfoundation.org. Thank you. Blessings, Alyssa
          Gize Mizan full Ethiopian movie 2017   

Gize Mizan full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Mendenew full Ethiopian movie 2017   

Mendenew full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Ethiopian full movie 2017 YeTikur Fert   

Ethiopian full movie 2017 YeTikur Fert
          ethiopian film 2017 new   

ethiopian film 2017 new
          fida full ethiopian movie   

fida full ethiopian movie
          Fiker Ker full Ethiopian movie 2017   

Fiker Ker full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Lene Kalesh Ethiopian Movie Full Movie 2017   

Lene Kalesh Ethiopian Movie Full Movie 2017
          nurlegn full mulu amharic film 2017   

nurlegn full mulu amharic film 2017
          Yabedikulet - ethiopian movie | ethiopian movie new 2017 full movies | ethiopian drama movie   

Yabedikulet - ethiopian movie | ethiopian movie new 2017 full movies | ethiopian drama movie
          Ye Lib Quanqua full Ethiopian movie 2017   

Ye Lib Quanqua full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Ethiopian movie 2017 (ye lib kanka)   

Ethiopian movie 2017 (ye lib kanka)
          Yesfera Lij full Ethiopian movie 2017   

Yesfera Lij full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Felashaw 2 (Ethiopian movie 2017)   

Felashaw 2 (Ethiopian movie 2017)
          Bezemeta full Ethiopian movie 2017   

Bezemeta full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Enafatalen Ethiopian movie 2017   

Enafatalen Ethiopian movie 2017
          Ethiopian amharic romantic movie   

Ethiopian amharic romantic movie
          BeGize full Ethiopian movie 2017   

BeGize full Ethiopian movie 2017
          Maya new Ethiopian movie   

Maya new Ethiopian movie
          Beza bekeremet ethiopian movie 2017   

Beza bekeremet ethiopian movie 2017
          Ethiopians ready to have a ball in Renton: ‘Soccer is the vehicle of bringing everybody together’   

Starting Sunday, more than 30,000 people with Ethiopian ties will be in Renton for a weeklong soccer tournament that also offers a cherished celebration of Ethiopian culture through music, food and dance.
          Matthews Suggests Trump Channel Mussolini, Murder Kushner; Compares Him to Ethiopian Dictator   
Matthews Suggests Trump Channel Mussolini, Murder Kushner; Compares Him to Ethiopian DictatorNews Busters ^ | June 29, 2017 | By Curtis Houck Source: Matthews Suggests Trump Channel Mussolini, Murder Kushner; Compares Him to Ethiopian Dictator
          7/1/2017: FOOD: TAKE YOUR COFFEE THE ‘ FAIRCHAIN’ WAY   

Roasting Arabica beans at source in Ethiopia, where value is added and jobs created, attracted UCD Innovation Academy graduates Killian Stokes and Shane Reilly to the Moyee coffee company. They’ve now set up an Irish arm of the Dutch enterprise, making...
          Ethiopian Tourist Visa Service   
Ethiopian Tourist Visa Availability
          Visitethiopia.holiday e-Tourism   
Cutting edge e-Tourism digital portal to be released soon
          The best business gift solution   
Ethiopian Royal Coffee, Tea and honey are the best business gift solution
          Ethiopians ready to have a ball in Renton: ‘Soccer is the vehicle of bringing everybody together’   

Starting Sunday, more than 30,000 people with Ethiopian ties will be in Renton for a weeklong soccer tournament that also offers a cherished celebration of Ethiopian culture through music, food and dance.
          Egypt would suffer most if Ethiopian Dam concerns are not met, Shoukry tells Gebeyehu - Ahram Online   

Ahram Online

Egypt would suffer most if Ethiopian Dam concerns are not met, Shoukry tells Gebeyehu
Ahram Online
Cairo is the main party that could be affected by the construction of Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD) if Egypt's concerns are not taken into consideration, Egypt's foreign minister Sameh Shoukry told his Ethiopian counterpart, Workneh Gebeyehu, ...

and more »

          African Union official urges US to rejoin Paris climate deal - Xinhua   

Lusaka Times

African Union official urges US to rejoin Paris climate deal
Xinhua
ADDIS ABABA, July 1 (Xinhua) -- The African Union (AU) is calling upon the United States to rejoin the Paris climate agreement, saying the recent U.S. exit decision negatively affects Africa's vulnerable agriculture sector, said Josefa Sacko, AU ...
Office urges Addis dwellers to cooperate for successful accomplishment of AU SummitWalta Information Center (blog)
African leaders' summit to focus on investment in youthNew Business Ethiopia
FM takes part in 31st AU Council of MinistersSahara Press Service
TheCable -Global Times -Coastweek -RFI
all 21 news articles »

          Ethiopia's Farmers, Pastoralists Livelihood Threatened by Recurring Droughts - WFP - Ezega   

Ethiopia's Farmers, Pastoralists Livelihood Threatened by Recurring Droughts - WFP
Ezega
WFP July 1, 2017 - Pastoral regions of Ethiopia are affected by severe droughts every three to five years, which results in the loss of large numbers of livestock due to starvation, lack of drinking water and associated diseases, according to the world ...

and more »

          New Director-General Begins Work at WHO   
The World Health Organization's new director-general, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, began his five-year term Saturday. The former Ethiopian health and foreign minister is the first African chosen to head the organization.    Tedros, who goes by his first name, won the office by a clear majority, defeating British and Pakistani candidates in May in the first WHO election decided by member countries. He is facing a slew of challenges as he takes the helm of the sprawling organization with a funding shortfall of approximately $2.2 billion that is responsible for improving health care around the world. After his election, he said the concept of health as a human right would be at the heart of whatever he does at WHO. "Half of our population does not have access to health care." He said that could and should be remedied through universal health care coverage, which would address the issue of health as a human right and act as a spur to development. "All roads should lead to universal health coverage and it should be the center of gravity of our movement," he said. Tedros has said one of his first orders of business would be to strengthen WHO's ability to respond swiftly and effectively to emergencies because "epidemics can strike at any time" and the WHO must be prepared. Tedros is taking over the reins of the organization from Margaret Chan of China who led WHO for nearly ten years.
          Vechtpartij met 100-tal migranten in Calais   

In de industriezone van de Noord-Franse stad Calais zijn zaterdag ruim honderd migranten slaags geraakt. Volgens de lokale autoriteiten gaat het om een conflict tussen Eritreeërs en Ethiopiërs. Minstens zestien mensen zijn gewond geraakt.


          Are Black Fraternity & Sorority Calls And Stomp & Shake Cheerleading Yelps Remnants Of Plantation Field Hollers And/Or African Ululation?   
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post points out the very close similarities between certain historically Black sorority calls and certain stomp & shake cheerleading yelps.

This post also asks interested persons to consider whether historically Black fraternity & sorority calls, and stomp & shake cheerleading yelps might be remnants of 29th century and earlier African American field hollers (arhoolie) and/or remnants of or examples of the African (and elsewhere) vocalization custom of ululation.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, historical, and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to all those who are featured in the YouTube videos that are embedded in this post and thanks to the publishers of those videos.

*****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE TYPES OF VOCALIZATIONS THAT ARE REFERRED TO IN THIS POST
FIELD HOLLERS (ARHOOLIES)
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_holler
"The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by southern labourers to accompany their work, to communicate usefully or to vent feelings.[1] It differs from the collective work song in that it was sung solo, though early observers noted that a holler, or ‘cry’, might be echoed by other workers. Though commonly associated with cotton cultivation, the field holler was also sung by levee workers, and field hands in rice and sugar plantations. Field hollers are also known as corn-field hollers, water calls, and whoops. An early description is from 1853 and the first recordings are from the 1930s. The holler is closely related to the call and response of work songs, and arhoolies, to Afro-American and ultimately influenced strands of African American music, such as the blues, rhythm and blues, and spirituals.[2]

It had prevalence among whites in the southern United States too."...

****
From http://mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=99525
Subject: Etymology: ARHOOLIE
From: Vixen
Date: 02 Mar 07

"I did a search of the Forum, and all the references to "arhoolie" refer to the record label or the non-profit organization. I'm looking for an etymology and a definition.

What follows is the only definition I found, by googling "arhoolies", at
The Bluehighway Website

Field Hollers And Arhoolies

I'll tell you where the blues began. Back there working on them cotton farms, working hard and the man won't pay 'em, so the started singin', "Ohhh, I'm leavin' he one of these days and it won't be long." See, what's happenin' is givin' them the blues. "You gonna look for me one of these mornings and I'll be gone, ohhh yeah!" -- Sonny Terry (3, p. 18)

Field hollers and arhoolies began in the fields as musical exclamations that expressed the mood of the singer, and they eventually grew into longer phrases and verse. Few recordings of these exist, so we have to accept the testimony of the old bluesmen, such as Sonny Terry and Son House, as to their nature:

All I can say is that when I was boy we was always singing in the fields. Not real singing, you know, just hollering. But we made up our songs about things that were happening to us at the time, and I think that's where the blues started. -- Son House (3, p. 18)

The vocal techniques of these were very unique and they formed the basis for early blues vocals."...

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ULULATION
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ululation
Ululation... is a long, wavering, high-pitched vocal sound resembling a howl with a trilling quality. It is produced by emitting a high pitched loud voice accompanied with a rapid back and forth movement of the tongue and the uvula.

Around the world

Ululation is practiced either alone or as part of certain styles of singing, on various occasions of communal ritual events (like for example weddings) used to express strong emotion.

Ululation is commonly practised in most of Africa, the Middle East and Central-to-South Asia. It occurs a few places in Europe, like Serbia, Cyprus, Malta and parts of Spain. It likewise takes place among the diaspora community originating from these areas....

In Ethiopia and Eritrea, ululation (called ililta) is part of a religious ritual performed by worshippers as a feature of Sunday or other services in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church[11] and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. And it is also randomly (spontaneously) uttered during secular celebrations such as parties or concerts. Elsewhere in Africa ululation is used as a cheer, mourn or attention seeking sound by women. In Hausa ululation is called guda, , sigalagala and in Zulu lilizela in Tsonga nkulungwani and in Shona kupururudza. Ululation is incorporated into African musical styles such as Shona music, where it is a form of audience participation, along with clapping and call-and-response.

In Tanzania ululation is a celebratory cheer sound when good news has been shared or during weddings, welcoming of a newborn home, graduations and other festivals even in church when sermons are going on. In Swahili it is known as vigelele and in Luo dialect it is known as udhalili. Generally women exuberantly yell lililili in a high-pitched voices. Female children are usually proud of being able to ululate like their mothers and aunts...

Ululation is rooted in the culture of Eastern Africa as well as Southern Africa and is widely practiced in Tanzania, Kenya, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is used by women to give praises at weddings and all other celebrations. It is a general sound of good cheer and celebration, when good news has been delivered in a place of gathering, even in church. It is also an integral part of most African weddings where women gather around the bride and groom, dancing and ululating exuberantly. During graduation ceremonies ululation shows pride and joy in scholastic achievement. The women ululating usually stand and make their way to the front to dance and ululate around the graduate."...
-snip-
Italics were added by me to highlight these sentences.

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HISTORICALLY BLACK FRATERNITY AND SORORITY CALLS
From https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/black-fraternity-sorority-calls.html
Fraternity & sorority calls are signature vocalizations that members of a specific organization make to greet another member of that specific organization and/or to "represent" (promote, "big up") their organization during their own chanting and/or celebratory gatherings and during public events. A fraternity and sorority might have more than one signature call. These calls are usually informal (i.e. not recognized as an official part of that organization by that organization's governing body.) Non-members of a specific organization are strictly prohibited from verbally or in writing using that organization's call in public or in private.

Fraternity & Sorority "Roll calls"

When used by historically Black [university based] Fraternity & sororities (BGLOs) - and particularly by those BGLOs that are known as "The Divine Nine"*, "roll calls" refer to the consecutive vocalization of their signature call/s by multiple BGLOs during a public event. A host or moderator of that event formally announces each organization, usually in the order of their founding, beginning with the earliest founded fraternity and then, after the fraternities are recognized, beginning with the earliest founded sorority. Representatives of "sister" or "brother" organizations may respond to a call with their own call. Also, as an expression of admiration and/or unity, a member of a Divine Nine organization might combine their own signature call with part of the signature call of another member "Divine Nine" organization (either fraternity or sorority).* That said, I've read that some BGLO members disagree with that practice.

*Here's an example of combining two sorority calls:
t goodwill, 2011, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5n4A1mf_fr0
"Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

ZZZZZZ-Yip!!"
-snip-
Refer to the list of calls given below.

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A STATEMENT ABOUT CALLS & HAND SIGNS BY NATIONAL PAN-HELLENIC COUNCIL
From http://www.afa1976.org/Portals/0/Membership_Intake_Guide_NPHC.pdf NPHC National Membership Intake Guide
Hand Signs & Calls
"Hand signs and calls have evolved into another historical facet of Black fraternal organization life. According to Kimbrough (2003), the concept of calls is embedded in both African and African-American tradition. These sounds were a form of yodeling known as whooping in the Congo and Angola tribes. Additionally, these audible sounds, also known as cries and arhoolies, could he heard being sung by slaves. It is not clear when calls were first used, however, it seems possible that calls used by NPHC organizations became prevalent during the mid-1970’s.

Much like calls, the exact origin of hand signs cannot be pinpointed. According to Kimbrough (2003), pictures from college campuses of Black fraternities and sororities indicate that hand signs became a part of the Black fraternal experience during the 1970’s. Although it is not clear how calls and hand signs evolved, these traditions are long standing.

These universal symbols can be seen as exclusive outward expressions of pride and of strong organizational identification."

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LIST OF NINE HISTORICALLY BLACK GREEK LETTER ORGANIZATION CALLS THAT ARE REFERRED TO AS "THE DIVINE NINE"
These organizations are given in categories (Fraternities/Sororities) and in chronological order with the earliest founded organizations in that category listed first.

Letters [or numbers] in these calls are often repeated to show enthusiasm and/or to stretch out the call.

Additions and corrections are welcome.
Fraternities:
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (1906)
call: "O6"

Response [from a member or members of Alpha Phi Alpha] - "You know"

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Kappa Alpha Psi, Fraternity Inc. (1911)
Yo Yo

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Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. (1911)
Roo or Roo Roo

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Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. (1914)
Blue Phi

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Iota Phi Theta, Fraternity, Inc. (1963)
Ow Ow

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Sororities
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. (1908)
Skee Wee

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Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.
Oo-Oop

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Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc. (1920)
Z-Phi

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Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. (1922)
Eee-Yip

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Examples of these calls are given in the videos that are showcased in Part II of this series http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/seven-videos-of-black-greek-fraternity.html

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STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADER YELPS
"Stomp & Shake" cheerleading is a referent for a relatively new form of African American originated style of cheerleading.

Stomp & shake cheerleading focuses on the group performance of choreographed percussive, rhythmic foot stomping, (individual) hand clapping, leg lifts, and African American/Caribbean originated dance moves. These body movements are often but not always accompanied by the cheer squad's performance of self-bragging and/or competitor insulting unison chanting. Although most stomp & shake cheerleaders are female, a few males also are members of certain (usually university) stomp & shake squads. This particularly appears to be the case among university cheerleading squads that perform stomp & shake cheerleading and mainstream ("traditional") cheerleading.

Like mainstream cheerleading, the purpose of the cheer squad is to increase the enthusiasm of event attendees. However, the focus of stomp and shake cheer squads' performances and their textual (word) cheers are on the cheer squad itself, and not nearly as much as mainstream cheerleading on the football (or basketball) athletic team. Stomp & Shake is a relatively new form of cheerleading.

The earliest documentation that I've found for stomp & shake cheerleading is the early to mid 1970s at Virginia State University's cheerleading squad (the "Woo Woos) and in the late 1970s at Winston-Salem State University cheerleading squads (known as "Cheer Phi" and later as "the Red Team" and the "White Team").

Some, but not all university based stomp & shake cheerleaders include vocalizations of yelps (also informally referred to as "calls", "cries", and yells as part of their cheers. The vocalization of yelps (cries, yells) while cheering particularly appears to be a characteristic of Winston-Salem State University's (WSSU's) cheerleading style. WSSU's yelp is usually written as "Eeee-yiiip!" or similar spellings. Rightly or wrongly, fans of WSSU indicate that other cheerleading squads from other Historically Black Colleges and Universities' cheerleading squads that use this yelp "stole it" from WSSU.

because Winston-Salem State University's cheerleading squad continues to greatly influence American high school and younger stomp & shake cheerleading squads, their "yelp" vocalization is also found among those squads.

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VIDEO OF BLACK FRATERNITY AND SORORITY CALLS
Greek Speak Roll Call



UABStudentLife, Published on Sep 19, 2008

Check out the eight organizations of UAB's NPHC.
-snip-
Selected comments:
1. ninjapoodle22, 2009
"I see my soRHOrs! EEEEE-YIP!"
-snip-
soRHOrs = Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.

**
2. t goodwill, 2011
Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

ZZZZZZ-Yip!!
-snip-
"Zeta" - a member of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc.

Notice that "ZZZZZZ-Yip"!! is a combination of the Zeta's signature call and Sigma Gamma Rho's signature call.

**
3. BUTLERU, 2011
"EEEEEEEEEEEEEE-YIP SIGMA SORORS!"

**
4. MonaJalisa90, 2013
"I agree 100%! Luckily, Sigma Gamma Rho doesn't have to deal with such drama lol
EEE-YIP!"
-snip-
That video and three other videos of historically Black fraternity and sorority calls are embedded in the pancocojams post whose link is given above as http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/seven-videos-of-black-greek-fraternity.html.

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EXAMPLE OF A WSSU STOMP & SHAKE CHEER THAT INCLUDES A YELP (CALL)
SAY IT IN OUR FACE
Eeeyep!
Fight fight the power,
Hey go head go head.
Hey fight fight he power.
Go head go head.
Hey fight the power.
We are the Rams
And we stay on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it to our face. Haw!
Hey fight the power
Hey fight the power,
Say what
Say what
We are the Rams
And we get on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it in our face.
Say it in our face.
Say it
in
our
face.
HAWHHHHH!
-Winston-Salem State University WSSU Cheer Phi Cheerleaders,
transcription posted by SAC010 in that video's discussion thread by secalong, February 2011 (along with some transcription by Azizi Powell)

*This is the second cheer in that video. I previously (erroneously?) gave the title for that cheer as "Fight The Power".

Here's that video:

WSSU CHEERLEADERS GETTIN' CRUNK



ORIGINALCHEERPHI, Published on Feb 22, 2008

WSSU CHEERLEADERS SHOWING U HOW IT SHOULD BE DONE AT THE ULTIMATE CHEER & DANCE EXPERIENCE TRIAD HIGH SCHOOL CHEERLEADING COMPETITION 2007

****
TWO ADDITIONAL VIDEOS AND SELECTED COMMENTS FROM TWO ADDITIONAL YOUTUBE DISCUSSION THREADS ABOUT STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADER YELPS
WSSU CHEERLEADERS FOR MTV



Flow Child Entertainment Published on Sep 24, 2008

WSSU Cheerleaders tryout for MTV Show
-snip-
Selected comments:
1. Tez Parker, 2011
"Ayyyy dey betta do it!! Eeeoooppp!"

**
3.Asha Broo, 2012
"is that that guy going '' yyyyeepp'' lmaoo"

**
3. AORaines, 2013
"Love the originality, the loudness, and the enthusiasm but cheerleaders don't woo nor eyyyupp....not sorority cheerleaders
-snip-
This comment indicates that stomp & shake cheerleading isn't really cheerleading because of the way that they perform. The commenter is also disparages WSSU's squad by referring to them as "sorority cheerleaders".

"Woo" here probably refers to Virginia State University's cheerleading squad that is known as "the Woo Woos". Unlike WSSU, it doesn't appear that the squad vocalizes "woo woo". Instead, "woo woo" is a vocalization of admiration and support is vocalized by that squad's fans. Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blDqcHBu-Cs for a 2008 video of VSU's Woo Woos peforming their popular and often imitated cheer "Work It". At the end of that video, a male fan yells "Woo! Woo!".

**
4. pdga9205,2013
"Y'all remind me of FSU (Fayetteville state) cheerleaders especially with the eeeyyyooppp thing!"
**
Reply
5. RJRDEMONS, 2013
"WSSU its there original song they made in 2002"

**
6. dstgirl9of9, 2014
"FSU got thier eeyyooppp from WSSU! "
-snip-
"FSU" here refers to Fayette State University (North Carolina)

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NC A&T Cheerleaders (Aggie Cheer) / Powerhouse National Competition (Stomp and Shake)



Kevin Crawford Published on Mar 17, 2017
-SNIP-
Selected comments:
1. Midget Catfish, 2017
"Why are they making the sghro call?"

**
2. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"They killed it! How come the make the same noise that WSSU cheerleaders make? (Eee-yup) or it just sounds similar?"

**
Reply
3. nevano, 2017
"Ashley Monique Styles If I'm not mistaken, I believe that's the call for Cheerleaders that are apart of the cheer world. I won't say too much cause I don't wanna stomp on any toes."

**
Reply
4. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"nevano hmm I wonder if it's certain Colleges. When I cheered, we had our own call."

**
5. Lilly, 2017
"They sound like cheering AKA's"
-snip-
"AKA's" = members of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.
The signature AKA call is a high pitched, usually extended "Skeeeee- weeee!"

**
6. Takiya Eiland, 2017
"I know they are not eee-yip in"
-snip-
This comment probably is a put-down of North Carolina's A&T cheerleaders for doing the yelp (call, cry) that is associated with WSSU's cheerleaders.

**
7. OrbiT BabE, 2017
"The squeak gave me life"

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Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.
          Life Behind The National Palace (Jubilee Palace) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.   

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          ETHIOPIAN REPORTER TV | Amharic News 07/1/2017   

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          Ethiopia: The Challenges of re-developing Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa   

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          Ethiopia: American embassy about DV   

US embassy in Ethiopia debriefing about the DV lottery.


          Associate, Global M&E, Family Planning - The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Indiana   
CHAI is supporting the governments of Nigeria and Ethiopia, countries with low LARC use, to expand services by integrating family planning services, especially...
From The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 18:39:20 GMT - View all Indiana jobs
          Vechtpartij met honderdtal migranten in Calais   
In de industriezone van de Noord-Franse stad Calais zijn zaterdag een honderdtal migranten slaags geraakt. Volgens de lokale autoriteiten gaat het om een conflict tussen Eritreeërs en Ethiopiërs. Minstens zestien mensen zijn gewond geraakt.
          Tanzania arrests 45 illegal Ethiopian migrants   

Crispin Ngonyani, Head of Immigration Department in Tanga Region, said they were arrested for entering the East African nation illegally. The official said that they were found the northeastern district of Mkinga while hiding in the farms located close to Tanzania-Kenya border of Horohoro.


          African migrants are reaching Europe with tales of kidnap and torture in Libya   

Awa had traveled more than 2,000 miles from her home in Sierra Leone by the time she reached the Libyan desert.

She knew she was heading into danger, but it was too late to turn back. She got into a smuggler’s car with her two young children and teenage niece, and headed out into the imposing emptiness.

They had driven less than an hour when a group of armed men stopped their car.

“Our vehicle was attacked,” she says. “They ask you to pay money. If you don’t have it, they will not release you. They will punish you.”

Awa, 35, was taken to a migrant detention center in the capital Tripoli, where she says she was held for five months and subject to regular beatings until she was able to escape.

Now she is safe on the deck of a ship whose crew of humanitarian workers rescued her, along with hundreds of others, from the waters off the Libyan coast just 24 hours earlier. Everyone on board has a similar story of hell from their time passing through the country.

A torture archipelago

Over the past few years, Libya has become a “torture archipelago,” according to the International Organization for Migration. It is a place where migrants trying to reach Europe face the real prospect of being sold into slave markets, abuse, rape and detention.

Since the ouster of despot Col. Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya has existed in a state of chaos and lawlessness. A fragile United Nations-backed government holds sway in Tripoli, but rival militias control the rest of the North African country’s coastline.

Abuse is rampant both in government-run facilities and in the secret dungeons of unaccountable militia groups. Smugglers have thrived in the absence of a central authority, packing increasingly unsafe boats with greater numbers of people.

The European Union has responded to the crisis by pouring money into the country, to boost its capacity for keeping migrants from reaching Europe. In February, EU leaders agreed to provide Libya’s UN-backed government with $215 million to disrupt smuggler networks and improve conditions at detention centers.

But rights groups have criticized the EU response, arguing that its actions will only create a bottleneck of migrants in a country in which they are likely to endure rights abuses.

Arjan Hehenkamp, the general director of Doctors Without Borders, has accused the EU of “misrepresenting the reality on the ground” with its plan.

“Libya is not a safe place and blocking people in the country or returning them to Libya makes a mockery of the EU’s so-called fundamental values of human dignity and rule of law,” he said.

Hundreds of people rescued in the Mediterranean Sea are wrapped in blankets and resting in all corners of Save the Children's ship.

Hundreds of people rescued in the Mediterranean Sea are wrapped in blankets and resting in all corners of Save the Children's ship.

Credit:

Richard Hall

On the Vos Hestia, a rescue ship run by Save the Children, hundreds of exhausted migrants are sprawled and huddled in whatever space they can find. The charity workers pulled them from unsafe and overloaded dinghies heading across the Mediterranean toward Europe. Some of the migrants had to be plucked from the water after their boats capsized.

The sea journey is deadly — more than 2,000 have died or gone missing in Mediterranean crossings so far this year. But even after their dramatic rescue from the water, the passengers of the Vos Hestia are consumed by what they endured in Libya.

Libya does not distinguish between migrants and asylum-seekers. A Gaddafi-era law stipulates that anyone arriving without a valid permit is detained and treated as a criminal.

Awa, the mother from Sierra Leone, only escaped after her captors let down their guard.

“They just forgot,” she says, sitting in the clinic on board the ship as it heads toward port in Italy.

“They left the door open, so I was able to escape. I ran into the streets and I don’t know anyone. So I began to run and run and run and came into an empty building with these kids. I don’t have anything with me.”

She was found by a local man, who brought her food and later took her to where the migrant boats left from.

“When we reached the seaside, he left me there. I see this boat, I see people enter, so I begged one man to take my baby. He took it and I climbed in. So this is how I find myself here.”

Awa’s husband fled Sierra Leone a year earlier for Germany, where he still lives. He took with him their two sons to avoid forced conscription into the powerful Sierra Leonean Poros Society. She followed him with her daughters, ages 1 and 4, fearing they would be subjected to female genital mutilation, which is part of the initiation for women.

“For us, we already went through it. We already know the effects. So I will not allow that for [the girls].”

“Libya is not safe for us blacks.”

Testimony from people on board the Vos Hestia and others who have survived the journey suggests that black Africans — both migrants and long-term residents — are being targeted on a massive scale in Libya.

An estimated 2.5 million sub-Saharan Africans came to Libya to work and study during Gaddafi’s reign. Some observers say racism toward black people in Libya grew under the leader’s 41-year rule.

When the Libyan revolution broke out in 2011, black Africans were targeted en masse. Rebel fighters accused them of being mercenaries hired by Gaddafi to quash the uprising, and they have faced discrimination and attacks ever since.

Migrants detained after trying to get to Europe wait in a detention camp in Gheryan, outside Tripoli, Libya

Migrants detained after trying to get to Europe wait in a detention camp in Gheryan, outside Tripoli, Libya, on Dec. 1, 2016.

Credit:

Hani Amara/Reuters

Jackson, 42, came from Liberia in June 2016 with the intention of traveling to Europe and was detained upon arrival. He lost two sisters in the country’s 2014 Ebola crisis, and his family never recovered. But what he found on the road was worse than he ever imagined.

“You don’t know what you have done or when you will come out,” he says. “Libya is not safe for us blacks. We don’t have any peace. It is like you are in a hole. You cannot communicate with your families. Our families don’t know where we are today.”

It is a story repeated from the deck to the bow of the boat.

Many who took the dangerous sea voyage had not arrived in Libya intending to travel on to Europe, but did so to escape from the conditions they faced in the country.

Prince, a 42-year-old man from Nigeria, had been in Libya for 10 years when clashes between rival militias broke out in the town where he lived. He was at the shop where he worked when he was abducted in the chaos of the clashes.

“They started shooting up and down. They were just picking up black people. They came into houses, pick you out, slash you, take your money, your phone, everything. They shot two people in front of me,” he says.

“They put a mask on my face and took me to the desert. They took everything and left me in the desert. They came again another time and put me in the boot [trunk of the car], and dropped me off at the deportation center.”

He faced horrific treatment at the hands of his captors.

“They use a hosepipe to beat you anyway they like, and if you die they drop you inside the desert,” he says.

The UN has described these centers as “inhumane” and called for the internationally recognized government in Tripoli to close them down.

Some officials in Libya have acknowledged problems with holding immigrants in the country. Hussein Thwardi, mayor of the busy departure city of Sabratha, Libya, told The New York Times that keeping migrants in the country is “dangerous” because Libya lacks the resources to deal with them. A spokesman of the UN-backed government, Jalal Othman, said to British newspaper the Independent that the country takes abuse accusations very seriously. "We condemn all mistreatment of migrants without reservation. While we have to be realistic about the state's current law-enforcement capacity, action will be taken wherever possible against those who break the law," Othman said.

Push or pull?

The well-documented danger migrants face in Libya is central to the debate over how critics say the EU should address the current crisis.

Rights groups accuse the EU of putting lives at risk in an effort to stem immigration — from cutting its search and rescue missions in 2014, to its policy of pushing responsibility for rescues over to the Libyan coast guard, and therefore putting migrants into the hands of the Libyan authorities.

Critics argue that these policies are rooted in trying to address the “pull factors” — the things that might attract someone to take a boat to Europe. The idea that they will be rescued and taken to Europe if they just manage to get on a boat is one example.

Migrants on a boat after being detained at a Libyan navy base in Tripoli.

Migrants on a boat after being detained at a Libyan navy base in Tripoli.

Credit:

Hani Amara/Reuters

But the evidence suggests that rising deaths in the Mediterranean hasn’t stopped people from coming. There was a 33 percent increase in people taking the Libya-Italy route from January through April, compared to the same period in 2016 — a year of record fatalities.

Rights groups say it is in fact the “push factors” that are forcing people to take the deadly journey — war, poverty, famine and disease in their own countries, and the horrific conditions inside Libya.

Rob MacGillivray, Save the Children’s search and rescue director, said European states should focus on supporting Italy’s migrant relief efforts and address the problems across Africa that are causing migration.

“Saving lives — not border control — should be the overriding priority. Until the EU provides safe and legal routes to Europe, both for those in need of international protection and for other migrants, which ensure human rights and respect dignity, people will continue to risk their lives to reach Europe,” MacGillivray says.

“A long-term plan to tackle the root causes of unsafe and forced migration must also be established by increasing development aid for poor countries and working to end violence and persecution in their countries of origin.”

The EU says part of its plan aims to make the home countries of people trying to reach Europe safer. A $2.1 billion Africa Trust Fund agreed by the EU in 2015 was supposed to target countries from or through which migrants are departing: among them Nigeria, Niger, Mali, Ethiopia and Senegal.

That is a long-term plan. Aid workers on board the ships that patrol a frequent rescue zone off Libya’s coast say that without their presence, the Mediterranean Sea would be a graveyard.

The vast majority of those on board the Vos Hestia say were being pushed toward Europe. Many had no concept of how far or dangerous the journey would be. They knew only where they would depart, before they were pointed in the direction of Italy and told to steer straight.

Asked what he would tell his fellow Nigerians who were thinking of making the same trip he did, Prince replied: “They should not try it. It is hell.”

Full names and other details of interviewees and their journeys have been withheld at their request.


          In increasingly diverse Charlotte, God goes by many names    

Two newsy items I came across recently got me wondering: In how many languages do people in Charlotte worship God these days?

I counted at least 20 – not a surprise when you consider how diverse our faith community has become. And I bet some of you could add to my list. (And hopefully will – see below.)

Those two newsy items:


  • At 7 p.m. on Thursday (Dec. 11),  thousands of Spanish-speaking Catholics are expected to converge on Bojangles Coliseum, 2700 E. Independence Blvd., for the annual celebration of the feast day of Our Lady of Guadalupe – or “Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe.”


  • A Polish-language Mass will be celebrated at 3 p.m. on Dec. 21 at St. Matthew Catholic Church, 8015 Ballantyne Commons Parkway.


To be sure, most local houses of worship still send their prayers up to “God.”

But, all over town, the Supreme Being is increasingly invoked by other names: “Dios” (in Spanish); “Gott” (German); “Elohim” and “Adonai” (Hebrew); “Allah” (Arabic); “Deus” (Latin); “Bóg” (Polish); “Theos” (Greek); “Dieu” (French); and many others.

I consulted a few folks in town who chart Charlotte’s growing diversity – including historian Tom Hanchett of the Levine Museum of the New South – and came up with a list of the languages of worship in the Charlotte area:


  • The Catholic Diocese has parishes where some or all of the Masses are in Spanish, Vietnamese, Korean and Latin. A few parishes periodically host Masses in other languages, including Polish and Tagalog (from the Philippines).


  • Orthodox Christian churches have services that are partly or totally said in Greek, Russian, Serbian, Armenian and Arabic.


  • The Jewish synagogues include prayers in Hebrew.


  • Muslims attending masjids, or mosques, are led in prayer in Arabic.


  • Various Protestant denominations – Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist – have immigrant congregations that worship in German, Khmer (the language of Cambodia), Korean, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and Tagalog.


  • Buddhist temples are the spiritual homes to immigrant communities that speak Chinese, Lao (from Laos), Vietnamese and Khmer.


  • The sacred language at the Hindu temples is Sanskrit.


  • Haitian churches have services in French.


  • Immigrant churches with congregations from African countries worship in such indigenous language groups as Akan (from Ghana) and Amharic (from Ethiopia).



OK, that’s our list. What languages have we left out? Email them (and any related houses of worship) to: tfunk@charlotteobserver.com

-- Tim Funk
          Etoile through as Sundowns edge closer   
Etoile through as Sundowns edge closer Tunisia's Etoile du Sahel qualify for Champions League quarter-finals as holders Mamelodi Sundowns grab vital win at Ethiopia's Saint George. Reported by BBC News 2 hours ago.
          What's New: ICT Expo/29th AU Summit/ Ethiopian shoes/ Chef Union   

What's New: ICT Expo/29th AU Summit/ Ethiopian shoes/ Chef Union
           World AIDS Day Programming   
Today, on World AIDS Day, GLAAD’s Entertainment Team takes time to celebrate the future and hope for a better tomorrow while raising awareness about the very real disease that is HIV and AIDS. Sundance Channel features four cinematic salutes to this cause, beginning with the television premiere of the amazing documentary, Where the Water Meets the Sky. Morgan Freeman narrates this clever film about 23 women from the small East African nation of Zambia who, with the help of two teachers, use filmmaking as a tool to speak about their lives, the effect AIDS has had on each of them and their communities and ultimately, to challenge the silence of the local traditions. Where the Water Meets the Sky touches upon the human and courageous nature of these young women who took the risk to share the truth about AIDS in their community and share their stories with the world.
 Where the Water Meets the Sky

Where the Water Meets the Sky

From writer-producer Madonna comes the premiere of I Am Because We Are, a call to action about Africa’s Malawi orphans. Also on Sundance, French filmmaker Andre Techine's drama The Witness followed by writer-director Thom Fitzgerald’s The Event, starring Parker Posey as an assistant D.A. investigating the deaths of AIDS patients in NY. Showtime’s programming starts with the Emily Abt documentary, All of Us, about the Ethiopian-American HIV/AIDS activist Dr. Mehret Mandefro and his work educating at-risk patients in the Bronx about health, relationships, and the human spirit. Love in a Time of HIV depicts HIV positive people in all walks of life, from a 27 year old in Cape Town, South Africa to a mother and daughter in New York City to a young straight couple in London. BET has joined with Alicia Keys to present a special episode of their signature show, 106 & Park. Keys and special guests will encourage teens to get tested and discuss why knowing your status is so important.  Keys’ organization Keep a Child Alive is dedicated to giving treatment, care and financial support to children and families affected by HIV/AIDS in Africa and India. Her live sold out Nokia show will be available on You Tube at 8pm, for free, also in support of World Aids Day. In an interesting local news story, Cambridge Community Television will darken its Channel 10 and display a continuous scroll of the names of Cambridge, MA community members lost to HIV/AIDS. The names have been collected over the years and community members are urged to call or email names of loved ones and friends lost to the disease. A few times every hour commemorative pieces performed by local artists will be shown as well. Held every year on December 1, World AIDS Day reminds our global community that this epidemic is real, still relevant, and people need to aware of it. For more information on how to get involved with this event check out www.worldaidsday.org.
December 1, 2009

          Ohio students raise money for famine victims   
A group of Ohio college students from Somalia has raised more than $17,000 from door-to-door donations to help Somali victims of the East African famine. The students planned to present $17,460 to three charity groups Thursday night after breaking the Ramadan fast in Columbus. Ohio State student Rowda Olad says students felt they had to do something as they saw how many children are dying. Olad says the students, from Ohio State and Columbus State Community College, plan to continue fundraising. Money for famine victims also has been raised in other parts of the country, including Minnesota, with the largest population of Somalis in the U.S. Across the Horn of Africa, more than 12 million people need food aid, including residents of Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti.
           Characteristics of oils and nutrient contents of nigella sativa linn. and trigonella foenum-graecum seeds    
Ali, (2012) Characteristics of oils and nutrient contents of nigella sativa linn. and trigonella foenum-graecum seeds. Bulletin Of The Chemical Society Of Ethiopia, 26 (1). pp. 55-64. ISSN 1011-3924
          ragnar johnson - ethiopian urban and tribal music: mindanoo mistiru/gold from wax (2cd)   
]]>Sub Rosa present a reissue of volume one (Mindanoo Mistiru) and two (Gold From Wax) of Ethiopian Urban And Tribal Music, both originally released as two distinct LPs on Lyrichord in 1972. Mindanoo Mistiru and Gold From Wax were recorded by Ragnar Johnson. Ethiopia contains many diverse peoples and many styles of music. It was still an empire in July and August of 1971 when these recordings were made. Over 70 languages and 200 dialects are spoken in Ethiopia. In much of the music, lyrics are more important than instrumentation, and the transmission is oral. The urban musicians, the bagana, and Mary Armeede, were recorded in Addis Ababa. Ethiopian urban musicians come from many parts of the country and are familiar with, and adapt to, styles of regions other than their own. The Afar divination chants and flutes were recorded in the Danakil desert. The Anuak toum and Nuer harp, lament and dance were recorded near the Sudan border. The Konso dance and the Gidole Fila flute dance were recorded near the Kenya border. Mindanoo Mistiru means "What is the Unknown?". Gold From Wax refers to the two layers of meaning in Amharic poetry. File under: Le Coeur du Monde. Double CD version comes in a six-panel digipack; Includes booklet. ]]>
          5 Reason why You should Get Aristo Coffee Machine   
A premium Coffee is just a good day for coffee lover.  And Aristo could be your one! Aristo Coffee is one of the brands in the market that brings you Signature Flavours where the coffee are sourced from the highest quality from the mountains of 2,000 Metres in Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Togo, Kenya, Ethiopia […]
          16 injured as African migrants clash in France   
Riot police stepped in to break up clashes among some 100 African migrants armed with sticks and rocks in the northern French city of Calais on Saturday, local police said, following similar brawls the night before. The fighting pitting Eritreans against Ethiopians left 16 migrants injured and around 10 have been arrested, police official Etienne Desplanques […]
          Egypt to Face Negative Consequences If Concerns Over GERD Are Not Met: Shoukry   
Egypt is the main party that could be negatively affected by the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) if its concerns are not taken into consideration, Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry told his Ethiopian counterpart Workneh Gebeyehu on Saturday. The two ministers met on the sidelines of the African Union Summit in Adis Ababa. […]
          Kata - kata Bijak   

kata kata bijak dan hiburan

Terkadang, seseorang lebih memilih tuk tersenyum, hanya karena tak ingin menjelaskan mengapa dia bersedih.
Peluh yang menetes ketika kau mencari nafkah, akan terbayar dengan nikmat dan berkah yang kau makan.
Jangan remehkan hal-hal sepele. Sebab, dari sinilah hal-hal besar biasanya terwujud.
Menjadi sabar dan ikhlas memang tak mudah, tapi itu harus. Belajarlah untuk menerima arti kehilangan dan penantian.
Jangan iri atas kesuksesan orang lain, ketahuilah bahwa mereka berada di sana karena tekad dan kerja keras.
Jika kita mencoba melakukan yang lebih baik daripada yang kita pikir bisa kita lakukan, kita akan terkejut bahwa sebenarnya kita bisa melakukan hal itu.
Jenius adalah 1 % inspirasi dan 99 % keringat. Tidak ada yang dapat menggantikan kerja keras. Keberuntungan adalah sesuatu yang terjadi ketika kesempatan bertemu dengan kesiapan.






Hidup itu seperti musik, yang harus di komposisi oleh telinga, perasaan dan instink, bukan oleh peraturan






Tentang Cinta

Untuk yang hatinya letih: Tuhanku Yang Maha Lembut, Aku letih dengan tidak baiknya sikap orang yang seharusnya mengerti niat baikku. Mengapakah Engkau mengijinkan orang yang kubaiki tidak berlaku baik kepadaku? Aku tahu, ini pasti untuk kebaikanku. Maka aku mohon, kuatkanlah keikhlasanku untuk memperbaiki sikapku terhadap orang dan keadaan yang tak bisa kuperbaiki. Tuhan, kosongkanlah dadaku dari beban. Aamiin
Adikku yang kukasihi, Sesungguhnya kemarahanmu itu karena engkau mengira bahwa dia merendahkanmu, yang tak mungkin mampu dilakukannya, selama engkau dalam perlindungan Tuhan. Maka, maafkanlah. Memaafkan adalah penyejuk hati yang marah, penenang pikiran yang mendendam, dan pelembut tutur kata yang mendidih dengan niat membalas.
To the Lover in you, “Hati yang penuh cinta berbakat bagi hubungan yang indah dan memuliakan.” MTSC IT Super Team telah berhasil merampungkan satu lagi pelayanan bagi kebahagiaan Anda, SMS Motivasi Cinta dan Keberhasilan Hubungan Dikirimkan setiap hari ke HP Anda. Mohon buka www.MTSuperSMS.com “Apa pun yang ingin Anda miliki, capailah dengan cinta.”
 Rasa sedih telah lama menjadi ruang tunggu, untuk diselamatkan tanpa mengupayakan kepantasan untuk diselamatkan. Kebahagiaan tidak datang dari luar, tapi tumbuh di dalam hati Anda, yang membibit dari kesyukuran dan berkembang karena ketegasan untuk memilih kebaikan sebagai jalan hidup. Lakukanlah sesuatu dari hati Anda yang bersyukur, lalu perhatikan apa yang terjadi.
mm … what a beautiful day! Terima kasih Tuhan, telah Kau ijinkan kami untuk hidup dalam lindungan kasih sayang-Mu. Tuhan kami Yang Maha Sejahtera, Jagalah dan tenagailah aku hari ini, dalam upayaku untuk membeningkan hatiku, membersihkan pikiranku, dan mengindahkan perilaku-ku kepada sesama. Sampaikanlah aku di depan pintu rezeki yang besar, dan bahagiakanlah aku dengan kemudahan untuk membukanya. Aamiin
 Gading yang retak adalah gading yang sempurna. Gading yang TAK retak, biasanya terbuat dari akrilik. Kekurangan Anda adalah sesungguhnya rahmat yang menuntun menuju kelebihan Anda. Jadilah jiwa yang sempurna, yang ikhlas menerima kekurangan sebagai perintah untuk menumbuhkan kelebihan, dan menjadikan kekurangan sebagai hiasan pengindah pribadi Anda.
 For the weary heart: My Lord the Most Gentle, I'm tired of not good attitude of people who should understand my good intentions. Why are you allowing people who kubaiki not apply either to me? I know, this is definitely for my kindness. So I beg of you, strengthen keikhlasanku to improve my attitude against people and circumstances I could not fix. God, my chest kosongkanlah of the load. Aamiin
 My brother beloved, Surely it's anger because you think that he is humble, which could not be capable of doing, as long as you are in God's protection. So, forgive. Forgiveness is an angry heart conditioning, calming the mind hold grudges, and softeners are boiling speech with the intention to retaliate.
 To the lover in you, "The heart full of love talent for a wonderful relationship and honor. " MTSC IT Super Team have successfully completed one more service for your happiness, Motivation Love SMS Relationships and Success Delivered daily to your cell phone. Please open www.MTSuperSMS.com "Whatever you want to have, attain with love. "








Girlly Hadirkan Nuansa Musik Reggae Yang Berbeda

 
Dunia musik Reggae dilengkapi dengan kehadiran empat wanita cantik yang tergabung dalam girlband Girlly. Mereka sudah merilis single pertama, 'Angkat Telponku' dan menjadi single andalan mereka.

Personel girlband yang terdiri dari Lana, Tyara, Sarah, dan Lani ini sebelumnya berprofesi sebagai penyanyi dan pemain sinetron. Jenis musik yang diusung pada tiap lagu-lagunya yakni pop reggae.

Tidak hanya itu, ada yang unik di tiap lagu dan penampilan mereka. Mereka menampilkan drama disetiap pertunjukkannya, sehingga hal ini yang membuat Girlly menjadi berbeda jika dibandingkan dengan
girlband lainnya.

Girlband yang dibawah naungan label Star Musikindo ini awal dibentuknya pada tanggal 27 Desember 2011. Namun mereka sudah mulai performance di berbagai acara.





Sisi Lain di Balik Judul Lagu No Woman, No Cry

Siapa penikmat Reggae yang tidak tahu Lagu Legendaris dari Bob Marley ini ?. Bahkan yang bukan penikmat Reggae pun banyak yang tahu. tapi apa Brada N Sista tau sisi lain dari lirik lagu ini ?.

Refrain utama lagu ini yang juga sekaligus menjadi judulnya berbunyi: “No, Woman, No Cry” yang kalau dilafalkan dalam logat jamaica dituliskan seperti “Nuh, woman, nuh cry”. kata “nuh” adalah sebutan praktis/singkat untuk kata “no” (tidak), yang disana juga dapat diartikan sebagai “don’t” (jangan).

Di dalam lagu tersebut banyak sekali bahasa prokem dalam syair lagu ini dan
dari sisi judul pun banyak yang salah kaprah, banyak yang mengartikan bahwa judulnya itu kurang lebih berarti “Tidak punya wanita tidak usah menangis” atau “Tidak ada wanita maka berarti tidak ada tangisan”. Kurang lebih begitu arti nya dalam bahasa gaul kita sehari – hari. Namun, arti sebenarnya lagu tersebut bermakna yang mungkin tidak pernah terlintas dalam pikiran kita. Dalam dialek jamaika, judul ini dibaca “No Woman! No Cry!” yang kalau didefinisikan dalam dialek Inggris atau Amerika menjadi “Don’t Woman! Don’t Cry!” yang berarti “Jangan wanita(ku), jangan menangis” atau “Tidak wanita(ku), tidak dengan tangisan”. Inti dari lagu ini ada lah untuk menghibur wanita – wanita di Jamaica, karena banyaknya kekerasan, pemerkosaan, di perjual belikan, sampai menjadi budak. Tapi kebanyakan dari kita malah mengolok – olok wanita dengan lagu ini. Coba bayangkan jadi apa kita kalau tidak ada wanita Brada, dan Bob Marley mengetahui bahwa wanita memegang peranan penting dalam kehidupan. Salut untuk Bob Marley & Lagu No Woman, No Cry.

Kalau kurang jelas silahkan dengarkan kembali lagu Bob Marley, No Woman, No Cry, dengarkan dan resapi setiap ba’it liriknya.




Duta Reggae Indonesia Hipnontis Norwegia

London - Penampilan Duta Reggae Indonesia Ras Muhamad di panggung kehormatan berhasil menghipnotis warga Norwegia yang tengah rangka merayakan Hari Kostitusi Norwegia di Taman Kuba atau Kuba Parken di Oslo, Norwegia.

Di panggung berukuran 5x4 meter berhiaskan backdrop bertuliskan SOS-Rasisme, Ras Muhamad menggebrak panggung dengan beberepa lagu seperti A Letter to Mama, Crisis dan lagu-lagu lain dari Album Reggae Ambassador, Next Chapter dan Album Berjaya.

Menejer internasional Ras Muhammad, Iyunk mengatakan Ras tampil bersama musisi reggae dari Norwegia Kasimba yang berkemeja batik dan menghipnotis panggung.

Konser ini berlangsung meriah dan dihadiri ratusan pengunjung yang duduk di
hamparan rumput sembali bergoyang mengikuti alunan irama musik reggae di depan panggung di tengah siraman cahaya mentari sore yang menyenangkan.

Warga Norwegia memperingati Hari Konstitusi dengan bangga dan percaya diri.

Perayaan Hari Konstitusi 17 Mei dirasakan lebih berarti dan memiliki nilai khusus bagi warga Norwegia setelah mengalami serangan teroris dan pembunuhan massal tanggal 22 Juli tahun lalu.  Sang teroris tidak setuju dengan kebijakan imigrasi pemerintah yang dianggap terlalu terbuka bagi warga asing.

Selain menggarap musik kolaborasi Indonesia-Norwegia, Ras Muhamad sangat senang saat diajak Kasimba, musisi reggae Norwegia asal Kenya untuk ikut memeriahkan panggung gembira tersebut, demikian Iyunk.

Penampilan tersebut diyakini akan lebih memperkenakan Indonesia kepada warga Norwegia.

Ras Muhamad dilahirkan di Jakarta dari seorang ibu diplomat yang mendapat tugas ke Amerika Serikat pada tahun 1990-an dan menetap di Amerika Serikat sampai 2005.

Pengagum Bob Marley dan Peter Tosh ini banyak bersentuhan dengan musisi reggae asal Jamaika di Brooklyn, New York.

Ras menyebut jenis reggae-nya dancehal, perpaduan reggae dan hip-hop. Ras Muhamad tidak sekadar belajar reggae, tetapi juga menyentuh filosofi reggae.

Ras banyak mempelajari pemikiran pemimpin dan pejuang Ethiopia, Haile Selassie yang mempromosikan multilateralisme, kolektifisme, dan menentang feodalisme.



Film Bob Marley diputar perdana di Jamaika

Walaupun musisi reggae Bob Marley telah meninggal lebih dari 30 tahun silam, tapi lagu-lagunya seperti Get Up, Stand Up dan Is This Love masih digemari dan terus didengarkan oleh penggemarnya di seluruh di dunia.

Segala sesuatu yang terkait sang legenda, seperti buku atau dokumentasi
lainnya, yang jumlahnya tidak terhitung, terus mengalir sampai sekarang.
Berita terkait

Dan pada pekan-pekan ini, para penggemarnya kembali dimanjakan oleh 'kehadiran' Bob Marley, yang kali ini dalam bentuk film dokumenter.

Dihadiri ratusan penggemarnya yang memadati sebuah taman di ibukota Jamaika, Kingston, film dokumenter karya sutradara Kevin Macdonald itu diputar secara perdana, Kamis (19/04) kemarin.

Ini adalah filem dokumenter tentang Bob Marley yang pembuatannya melibatkan keluarga musisi reggae itu.

Di tengah kerumunan penggemarnya, termasuk para pedagang kali lima, sosok Bob Marley -- yang dianggap sebagai pahlawan di tanah kelahirannya, Jamaika -- terasa hidup kembali, pada malam itu.

"Aku adalah sang petualang jiwa," teriak Bob Marley, yang terdengar dari potongan-potongan filemnya, menggetarkan para penonton yang seperti tersihir.

Sebagai hadiah untuk memperingati 50 tahun kemerdekaan Jamaika, panitia pemutaran filem tidak memungut biaya bagi warga kota Kingston untuk menonton langsung filem ini.

Dengan layar tancap, penggemar Bob Marley dari kalangan miskin dapat menikmati sosok sang idola sekaligus tokoh kesayangan warga negara itu di udara terbuka.

Sebuah karpet merah, hijau dan dipadu emas yang semula dihampar untuk penonton VIP, kemudian digulung kembali, karena dianggap melanggar kesucian warna Rastafari -- merah, hijau dan emas yang dilekatkan pada sosok Bob Marley.

Potret otentik

Meskipun film dokumenter ini menggambarkan perjalanan singkat Marley, yang meninggal akibat kanker pada usia 36 tahun (1981), film ini disebut-sebut lebih 'lengkap' ketimbang film-film tentang Marley sebelumnya.

"Anda belajar tentang pria yang musiknya didengar di mana-mana, Anda belajar bagaimana dia memulai hidupnya yang semula sulit, dan bagaimana dia memperlakukan orang lain secara murah hati, serta bagaimana dia seperti pria pada umumnya," kata Chris Blackwell, pemilik Island Records, yang ikut terlibat dalam membuat film ini.


"Filem ini sangat menguras emosi dan begitu dalam... Bagaimana dia jatuh sakit, bagaimana dia kemudian bangkit dengan tekad dan kuatnya..."

Bagaimanapun, sosok Marley membentang dan melampaui dunia musik yang didalaminya.

Hal ini terbukti sosoknya sekarang menjadi ikon global, di mana namanya dijual dalam bentuk beraneka, mulai topi, pakaian, sampai hiasan telepon seluler.

Jadi, apakah film dokumenter Marley ini akan mempertebal legenda dirinya serta menjadi komoditas ekonomi?

"Film Marley ini bukan untuk komoditas," kata Kevin Macdonald.

Menurut Kevin, filem ini sangat bertentangan dengan sosok Marley yang selama ini dikenal melalui gambar poster atau kaos.

"Ini film yang sangat pribadi dan intim. Kita mencoba untuk menjadikannya seperti potret yang otentik..."

Pahlawan nasional

Di Jamaika, tanah kelahiran Marley, telah ada permintaan agar Marley dijadikan pahlawan nasional, agar posisinya mirip dengan tokoh Jamaika lainnya yang berjuang melawan perbudakan dan kolonialisme.

"Bob Marley adalah salah satu manusia terbesar yang pernah hidup di bumi," kata Lisa Hanna, Menteri pemuda dan budaya Jamaika, di sela-sela pemutaran film itu.

Penggemarnya menuntut agar Marley dinobatkan menjadi pahlawan nasional.

Bukan rahasia lagi bahwa musisi reggae ini begitu dihormati.

"Dia adalah pahlawan bagi Jamaika", kata salah seorang penggemar, yang menghadiri acara itu. "Dan film ini membuktikannya."


"Film ini menunjukkan citra positif Marley di hadapan negara," kata yang lain.

Bob Marley dilahirkan di Saint Ann, Jamaika 6 Februari 1945. Dia meninggal dunia di Miami Florida pada 11 Mei 1981 dalam usia 36 tahun.

 
 
Hingga saat ini Bob Marley masih dianggap satu-satunya musisi papan atas dunia yang berasal dari negeri berkembang.









          Pan-African Journal: Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast   
Listen to the Fri. June 30, 2017 special edition of the Pan-African Journal: Worldwide Radio Broadcast hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire. The program features our regular PANW report with dispatches on the upcoming 29th Summit of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; the United States has reduced its contributions to the United Nations Peacekeeping missions affecting the situation in the Darfur region of Sudan; Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe has rejected a bill related to diplomatic privileges for officials in the region; and South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa recently spoke at the South African Communist Party Gala Dinner on the state of the tripartite alliance. In the second hour we conclude our monthlong focus on Black Music Month examining the history of the Blues. Finally we look at the life, times and contributions of Jazz vocalist Billie Holiday.
          ➤➤➤ Кофе свежей обжарки. Сорта с лучших кофейных плантаций. Попробуй экзотику на вкус и угости другого. [195]   
Вы можете заказать дегустационный набор по 100 грамм. (5 сортов по 100 грамм за 230 грн.) *При заказе 1кг скидка 10% или Бесплатная Доставка!* *Новый невероятно вкусный сорт кофе в нашем ассортименте.* . Встречайте Ethiopia Sidsmo 3 Ambela . . Вкус в чашке: ананас, маракуйя, вишня -...
          Mali: No Crazy Glue in Sight   
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There is a massive, historic upheaval gong on—one chaotic Islamic country after another--spanning more than 7000 miles of the globe—a huge tectonic shift—from Western Africa to the Western frontiers of China.

And, despite a military budget larger than most of the rest of the world combined, the Pentagon and Barack Obama, are basically consigned the roll of on-lookers, cautiously kibitzing from the side, occasionally trying to influence things. Often, not even leading from behind.

Mali, at the Western end of that volatile crescent, is a case in point.
As Colin Powell famously warnedGeorge H.W. Bush on the eve of the invasion of Iraq, “if you break it, you own it.” 

France is not responsible for “breaking” Mali. The country was already a West African basket case long before the French intervention.

But, as things now stand, France “owns” the shattered country. And there’s no crazy glue in sight.

In other words, France, which enraged many Americans by refusing to participate in the invasion of Iraq, now finds itself stuck with the results of their own intervention.
French President Francois Hollande’s dilemma is how to finesse that predicament—without making it look like France has cut and run, leaving an unseemly chaos in his wake.

Hollande made his conundrum clearduring his visit this past Saturday to Mali when he announced that France “will stay as long as necessary, but its purpose is not to stay.”  

Not that different a straddle from the problem the U.S. faced in Iraq and Afghanistan.
In fact, France’s sputtering economy can ill-afford this military adventure. More than 10% of the population is unemployed, factories continue to shut down, automobile sales slumped 15% in January, public employees are out on strike, etc. etc.

But to whom does France hand-off the ominous situation it confronts in Mali?
What passes for leadership in that country is a “transitional regime” the product of a military coup against the previous regime, which was corrupt, ineffectual, totally unable to deal with the growing crisis.

Which was why it was overthrown. Somehow, elections are going to have to be organized, which also means negotiating some kind of settlement with the Tuaregs of Northern Mali, who have been demanding attention from the central government for decades. It was their rebellion that was hijacked by the jihadis-some of whom were linked with Al Qaeda. 

But what to do about those jihadis? In fact, the big question now, is where they hell are they? As far as is known, they took very few casualties. In most cases, without a shot being fired from the ground, they evaporated back into the desert or from wherever they came--often long before the French troops arrived.

But they’ve still got their arms, their jihadist ideals, and their income flowing in from traditional smuggling activities.

So, do they just disappear or launch hit-and-run attacks against troops sent to hunt them down? Or wait until most of the French pull out?

Up till now, the majority of French still back Hollande’s Mali expedition. But what happens if the French army—which lost just one soldier in the entire three week campaign--what happens if they start taking casualties, or more French civilians get taken hostage by jihadi groups?  Or French targets elsewhere are attacked?

What happens if the French-backed Malien army commits more outrages on the civilian population? What happens if the French feel obliged to overstay their visit, and—like the U.S. in Iraq or Afghanistan--become viewed as occupiers rather than liberators.

The French have been talkingabout turning over frontline duties to African troops. But the Malien army is woefully trained, and equipped, its officers are said to be up to their helmets in cigarette and drug smuggling, often in cahoots with the radical Islamic groups they were supposed to be keeping at bay.  

There are also thousands of other African troops from West Africa, who have been arriving in dribs and drabs in various states of readiness and training. They also lack weapons, logistics support, skill in desert fighting, and, above all, money to pay for their operations.

[Indeed some countries volunteer for such operations because it’s a great way to have someone else pick up the tab for their own over bloated armies.]

So, apart from training those troops, who’s going to pick up the tab? Again, France finds itself scanning the horizon for help.

Earlier this week, the President of the Ivory Coast announced at a donors’ conference in Ethiopia that the price tag for the “African-led International Support Mission to Mali” would be $950 million. That’s to cover not just military deployment and logistics, but humanitarian assistance, and at least the down payment on future development.

But despite the supposed crisis that threatens not just Africa, but Europe as well, the assembled delegates came up with only $450 million, less than half the amount requested.

Among the donors, Japan, which pledged $120 million, the United States, $96 million, Germany, 20 million.

But the most outrageous pledges came from the governments of India and China --$1 million dollars—each!

This is China, mind you, that, with hugeinvestments throughout West Africa, has an enormous amount at risk if political instability spreads.

The last thing the Chinese want, however, is for their projects--and thousands of their citizens--throughout the region to also become targets of Islamic radicals.

Let the French handle this one.

That same caution, fueled by the bitter lessons of Afghanistan and Iraq, has kept France’s allies on the sidelines, supplying aircraft to transport French troops and refuel French fighter jets, as is the U.S., but staying clear of any front-line roles themselves.   

Washington has wanted to keep an arms length from the conflict in order not to offer the jihadis a rallying point to inflame recruits.

But the U.S. is providing pilotless drones to track the rebels. And the problem is that to be effective, those drones will also have to be armed with missiles to take out the rebels they track down.

What happens as the inevitable cases of collateral damage start rolling in?  
As a nod to the French, the British finally decided to send 350 soldiers, but only to serve as instructors for the African troops. There is no way they’re going to be involved in ground combat.

Indeed Prime Minister David Cameron, deliveredone of the most pessimistic verdicts on the situation, when, during a recent visit to Algeria, he declared Britain’s determination to deal with “the terrorism threat” in Mali. “It will require a response that is about years, even decades, rather than months, and it requires a response that…has an absolutely iron resolve…” 

Or, as one retired French colonel blogged, “war against non-state organizations is a war of Sisyphus. We’re in the Sahel for a long time.”


          11th Kilimanjaro Challenge launched   
The 11th Kilimanjaro Challenge which will see 20 people going up the mountain at the end of this year in a bid to raise money to help an Ethiopian community was launched today. Over the past 10 years, more than €700,000 were collected through the challenge for nine projects in Kenya and Ethiopia,....
          Tanzania arrests 45 illegal Ethiopian migrants   
ARUSHA, Tanzania, June 1, (Xinhua) -- Tanzanian authorities said Saturday they had arrested 45 illegal Ethiopian migrants hiding in maize fields. Crispin Ngonyani, Head of Immigration Department in Tanga Region, said they were arrested for entering the East African nation illegally.
          Mega project financing in Africa still a major challenge, report   
South Africa and Nigeria, who have a more developed infrastructure financing framework, are the leading in SSA along with Mauritius, Rwanda, Tanzania, Ghana, Botswana and Ethiopia. In many African countries government policies and financial markets challenges are hindering potential investors from....
          Somalia: East Africa Price Bulletin, June 2017   
Staple Food Markets in East Africa: White maize is the main staple grain consumed in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. In Uganda, white maize is grown mainly as a commercial crop for export in the region. Imported rice is a major staple for Djibouti and Somalia, which mainly consume belem—the imported red rice.
          Youth Employment—A Fundamental Challenge for African Economies    
In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s sprawling capital, Mulu Warsa has found a formal-sector job as a factory worker thanks to her high school education. In Niamey, a city at the heart of the Sahel region, Mohamed Boubacar is a young apprentice training to be a carpenter. And in Sagrosa, a village in Kenya’s remote Tana Delta district, Felix Roa, who works on a family farm and runs a small shop, dreams of a better life if he can find the money to expand the business and move to a more urban area. His family is too poor to support him through secondary school.
 

          Media distortions: Is the West's interest too good to divulge Ethiopia's track record of instability?   
Deadly stampede in Bishoftu, Ethiopia on October 2, 2016 after police fired tear gas at protesters during a religious festival (ZACHARIAS ABUBEKER/AFP/GETTY IMAGES)




Media distortions: Is the West’s interest too good to divulge Ethiopia’s track record of instability?

By Simon Hagos and Ruth Tesfamariam
EPLF HGDEF VISION NET

The vain attempt by western powers and their soft power tools to portray Ethiopia as a stable and regional superpower to recon is slowly abrading. It is worth noting that, Ethiopia is a product of western powers strategy in which a meticulously crafted policy of “creating chaos and manage them” can benefit handsomely. Particularly, the US’s deep-rooted zeal to world domination and hegemonic supremacy resulted in a country that is more divided and socioeconomically obliterated. But this is not only limited to Ethiopia. To quench this hegemonic and imperial ambitions throughout the world, the US pioneered Machiavellian dogmas like democracy, globalization, human rights issues, freedom of speech, civil liberties and countless of shenanigans that comes with it. Audaciously, they called it a pledge which deceptively elucidated “the developing countries would benefit tremendously and prosper through the free exercise of economic and political activity.”

As Africans, we should find it necessary to ask, is this golden route towards economic progression and democratization merely a chimera? Because western powers are very effectual in using their soft power tools to augment their geo-political interest. East African politics is a prime example of how the west operate and employ their creating “chaos and manage them” strategy. It is absolutely spellbinding to observe their ability to portray a kleptocratic governments like TPLF in Ethiopia, Ismaïl Omar Guelleh of Djibouti, Yoweri Museveni of Uganda etc. as democratically elected governments even though they keep wangling votes. Ethiopia is an epitome of this strategy, because for the past 25 years they absolutely persuaded the world that Ethiopia, a country known for its brutal crackdown of protestors, imprisonment of journalists, attacking fundamental human rights, invading neighboring countries, and a country with calamitous natural disasters like famine as a shining star in a volatile region. Historically flimsy, the west’s interest is too good to expose this kleptocratic government, so they refrained from divulging Ethiopia’s track record of instability.

What is their interest in Ethiopia?

The conclusion of second world had two important outcomes. The resurgence of the US and USSR as world super powers and the subsequent beginning of cold war era. These two important historical events had its own geo-political implications in our region. Starting from 1950’s up until 1991, the US and USSR fought nail and tooth to solidify their presence in the Eastern part of Africa and the Red Sea region. Because, dominating these two important geo-political locations of the world means having the ability to project power and dominate the Middle East. A recipe for more complication, at the center of this political and diplomatic battle was, a little known Italian colony in the Horn part of Africa called, Eritrea. A country located at a vital geo-political location that, controlling it would allow these two giant power