Trung Quốc xác nhận đã ký lộ trình về hợp tác quân sự với Nga   

Theo trang Thediplomat.com, Bộ Quốc phòng Trung Quốc ngày 29/6 xác nhận Trung Quốc và Nga đã ký một lộ trình về hợp tác quân sự trong giai đoạn 2017-2020.

Theo hãng thông tấn TASS, Bộ trưởng Quốc phòng Trung Quốc Thường Vạn Toàn đã gặp người đồng cấp Nga Sergei Shoigu tại thủ đô Astana của Kazakhstan hôm 7/6 bên lề hội nghị thượng đỉnh Tổ chức Hợp tác Thượng Hải (SCO).

Phát biểu họp báo, người phát ngôn Bộ Quốc phòng Trung Quốc Ngô Khiêm khẳng định ông Thường đã ký lộ trình trên trong cuộc gặp với ông Shoigu.



Theo người phát ngôn này, lộ trình trên đưa ra kế hoạch tổng thế cho hợp tác quân sự giữa hai nước trong giai đoạn 2017-2020. Lộ trình thể hiện sự tin cậy lẫn nhau ở cấp cao và quan hệ hợp tác chiến lược giữa hai nước. Ngoài ra, bản lộ trình cũng có lợi cho hai nước trong việc đối mặt với những mối đe dọa và thách thức mới trong lĩnh vực an ninh và trong việc cùng nhau bảo vệ hòa bình, an ninh khu vực. Trong bước tiếp theo, hai bên sẽ xây dựng kế hoạch cụ thể nhằm thúc đẩy hợp tác quân sự.

Trên thực tế, Trung Quốc và Nga đang tăng cường hợp tác toàn diện. Chủ tịch Trung Quốc Tập Cận Bình sẽ thăm Nga trong 2 ngày 3-4/7 và gặp Tổng thống nước chủ nhà Vladimir Putin. Theo Điện Kremlin, cuộc hội đàm này sẽ tập trung vào quan hệ đối tác toàn diện, hợp tác chiến lược và "một số văn kiện song phương sẽ được ký kết trong cuộc gặp thượng đỉnh này./.

          11:06 Astana life expectancy grows to 75 years: Mayor   

Amid world Expo going on in Astana, President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev met with the city's mayor Asset Issekeshev to discuss how the implementation of tasks associated with the development of the capital was going. Issekeshev delivered a report on execution of orders given at the meeting on Astana development in April this year and on activities in the field of law enforcement and improvement of the city's infrastructure.


          Al Muraikhi visits Expo Astana 2017   

Minister of State for Foreign Affairs H E Sultan bin Saad Al Muraikhi visited Qatar's pavilion at Astana Expo 2017, yesterday. Al Muraikhi attended the function along with Kazakhstan's Vice-Minister of National Economy, Bakenov Ernar Bakytzhanovich; Qatar's Ambassador to Kazakhstan, Ahmed bin Ali Al Tamimi; Astana Expo President Akhmetzhan Yessimov; staff of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce's committee on preparation for participation in the exhibition; official delegations from participating countries; and media personalities.


          'Prisoner of Caucasus' staged in Kazakhstan   

Premiere of the operetta 'Prisoner of the Caucasus' by Rauf Hajiyev, the prominent Azerbaijani composer, was held in Karaganda, Kazakhstan. The operetta, staged in various theaters of Russia starting from late 1960s, was demonstrated in Karaganda for the first time.


          세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008   

세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008

세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008(UCI Road World Championships 2008)은, 2008년 9월 23일부터 9월 28일까지, 이탈리아바레이제로 개최되었다.

 ←  세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008  → 
이탈리아의 기 이타리바레이제
레이스 상세
개최일 2008년 9월 22일~9월 28일
레이스 결과
우승 이탈리아의 기 알렉산드로・밧란(남자 로드)
독일의 기 벨트・그라프슈(남자 ITT)
영국의 기 니콜・쿡(여자 로드)
아메리카 합중국의 기 엠버・네 벤(여자 ITT)
콜롬비아의 기 파비오・두아르테(남자 U23 로드)
이탈리아의 기 아드리아노・마로리(남자 U23ITT)




목차

전결과

남자 엘리트 개인 로드 레이스

9월 28일(일)260.25 km
선수명 국적 시간
  알렉산드로・밧란   이탈리아 6시간 37분 30초
2 타미아노・쿠네고   이탈리아 +03초
3 마티・치우침 쉘   덴마크
4 다비데・레벳린   이탈리아
5 앤드 리・그리후코   우크라이나
6 호아킨・로드리게스   스페인
7 화비언・베크만   독일
8 크리스티앙・환 베르거   오스트리아
9 닉・뉴이엔스   벨기에
10 로베르토・헤이신크   네델란드
11 유르헨・팬호-렌   벨기에
12 토마스・르브크비스트   스웨덴
13 크리스안켈・세렌센   덴마크 +06초
14 앗산・바자이에후   카자흐스탄 +58초
15 필립・질 베일   벨기에
16 크리스티 얀・파이트   슬로베니아 +1분 01초
17 후레후・판아베르마트   벨기에
18 고라즈드・슈탄게리   슬로베니아
19 제로므・피노   프랑스 +1분 13초
20 블라디미르・카르페트   러시아
77 신성행야   일본 +22분 50초
도중 기권 이노우에 남자 아이   일본
도중 기권 노데라 히데노리   일본

남자 엘리트 타임 트라이얼

9월 25일(목)43.70 km
선수명 국적 시간
  벨트・그라프슈   독일 52분 01초 60
2 스베인・타후트   캐나다 +42초 79
3 데이비드・자브린스키   아메리카 합중국 +52초 27
4 리바이・라이프하이마   아메리카 합중국 +1분 05초 42
5 그스타브・랄슨   스웨덴 +1분 05초 84
6 스테인・데보르델   벨기에 +1분 15초 41
7 토니・말틴   독일 +1분 16초 26
8 야네스・브라이코비치   슬로베니아 +1분 25초 16
9 데이비드・미러   영국 +1분 25초 26
10 실반・샤바넬   프랑스 +1분 25초 82
11 블라디미르・그세후   러시아 +1분 27초 13
12 마이클・로쟈스   오스트레일리아 +1분 33초 32
13 마르코・피놋티   이탈리아 +1분 34초 12
14 마누엘・쿠인트아트   이탈리아 +1분 36초 79
15 셀게이・곤챠르   우크라이나 +1분 38초 00
16 호세・이반・구티에레스   스페인 +1분 54초 63
17 마테이・유르코   슬로바키아 +1분 58초 00
18 바시리・키리엔카  

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/global-plastic-headgear-to-2017-size-growth-and-forecasts-in-nearly-70-countries-market

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/spirit-in-the-top-5-european-countries-to-2018-size-trends-and-forecasts-market

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Gold Project, E-Waste Database Support SCP   
EBRD will loan US$140 million to Bakyrchik Mining Venture LLP for development of the Kyzyl gold deposit, enhancing the use of modern technology in Kazakhstan’s mining sector and bringing the sector in line with the highest international standards. The IGF has developed a guidance document to help governments develop, implement and monitor effective management strategies for artisanal and small-scale mining. UNU's Sustainable Cycles programme, the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and the ITU formed a Global e-Waste Statistics Partnership to build country capacity to produce comparable, reliable e-waste statistics and track developments over time.
          Ainur   
photo Ainur, 31 y.o. , Kazakhstan

          Ирина   
photo Ирина, 33 y.o. , Kazakhstan

          WADA revokes accreditation of two drug-testing laboratories   
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has revoked the accreditation of the drug-testing laboratories in Kazakhstan's Almaty and Bloemfontein in South Africa.
          €10 Spin & Go vinnare på finalbordet i EPT Main Event   

Ibland blir drömmar sanna. Den kazakstanska hobbyspelaren har idag chansen att vinna nästan €1M för sina satsade €10 när finalbordet av EPT Main Event ska avgöras.

I förrgår åkte den sista svensken ut ur Main Event. Hon hade lyckats kvalificera sig genom en Spin & Go på Pokerstars för bara €10. Den insatsen förvandlade hon till €19,760.

En annan som också har kvalificerat sig genom en Spin & Go är den kazakstanska spelaren Asan Umarov. Han har inte bara lyckats förvandla sina €10 till en förmögenhet, han har också chansen att plocka hem en av de mest prestigefyllda titlarna inom pokern.

Shortstackad men med i racet

Umarov har för tillfället en ganska stor uppförsbacke att springa i, då chipleadern sitter på drygt fem gånger mer marker än honom själv, men han är fortfarande med i racet när bara sex spelare återstår. För sin prestation kommer han belönas med minst €170,950.

Skulle han gå och vinna allting kommer han resa hem med titeln och €961,800. Nedan hittar du utbetalningsstrukturen för spelarna som är kvar.

€961,800 €577,800 €406,850 €305,660 €233,800 €170,950

Adrien Allain och Jimmy Guerrero storfavoriter

adrien allain ept grand final main event
Chipleadern Allain

Grand Final har handlat mycket om de tyska highstakes-proffsen.

I Main Event är det dock Frankrike som dominerar. Hälften av de återstående spelarna är från Frankrike och de två överlägset största stackarna är franska.

I ledning hittar vi veteranen Adrien Allain som med ett stabilt spel lyckats bygga en stor stack på 11,815,000 marker. Strax efter följer landsmannen Jimmy Guerrero som sitter med 11,480,000 marker. De har en stor fördel mot det resterande fältet då ingen annan har mer än 2,6M i stacken.

Vi har också med oss rutinerade Jan Bendik, som har tre finalbord i EPT Main Event på meritlistan. Han har den tredje största stacken med 2,625,000 marker.

Leaderbord finalbordet EPT Grand Final Main Event 2016

Adrien Allain (Frankrike) – 11,815,000 Jimmy Guerrero (Frankrike) – 11,480,000 Jan Bendik (Slovakien) – 2,625,000 Oren Rosen (Israel) – 2,315,000 Asan Umarov (Kazakhstan) – 2,235,000 Pierre Calamusa (Frankrike) – 2,235,000

Dagens spel börjar klockan 14.00 lokal tid och fortsätter tills en vinnare utsetts. Se all action från finalbordet av Main Event genom Pokerstars live-stream.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Kazakhstan: Six jailed for sharing faith   
Publisher: Forum 18 - Document type: Country News
          Websites offering pirated papers are shaking up science   

RECORD companies and film studios have had to learn to live with internet piracy. Despite their best attempts to close sites or co-opt them, pirated copies of their wares are easily available. Increasingly, the same is true of scientific papers. On June 21st a court in New York awarded Elsevier, a big scientific publisher, $15m in damages for copyright infringement by Sci-Hub and the Library of Genesis, two websites that offer tens of millions of scientific papers and books for anyone to download.

Both sites are increasingly popular with scientists, who use them to dodge pricey paywalls and subscriptions. Alexandra Elbakyan, who founded Sci-Hub in 2011, did not turn up for the trial (nor did the people behind LibGen). But she did send a letter outlining her reasons for starting the site. While at university in Kazakhstan she needed access to hundreds of papers for her studies. But the only way to get them, she said, was to pay $32 per paper, which she described as “just...


          Excellent Quality Copier Paper A4 80gsm   
Item Copy Paper Material Recycled pulp/Mix pulp/100% virgin wood pulp Size A4, A3, Letter size(8.5X11), Legal size(8.5X13,8.5X14) Base Weight 80gsm, 75gsm, 70gsm Whiteness 98-100%, 102-104%,108-110% Packing 500 sheets per ream, 5 or 10 reams per carton(box) • Extra smooth surface copy paper, excellent for full colour printouts • Ideal whiteness for true color reproduction • Environmentally friendly production copier papers • Color Copy Paper is CO2 neutral and carries the EU Ecolabel • Wide range - to meet all your printing demands • The elegent, natural white colour laser printer paper • For exquisite stationery with elegant natural colour copier papers • Optimum results for full colour laser prints and copies • Environmentally friendly production A4 Paper, Kazakhstan
          World: Global Weather Hazards Summary, June 30 - July 6, 2017   
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Belize, Benin, Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, World

Heavy rainfall continues over Central America

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Below-average rainfall since mid-May has led to abnormal dryness across eastern Uganda and southwestern Kenya. Moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact cropping and Pastoral activities.

          Russian satellite to be one of the brightest objects in the night sky   
The future is incredibly bright for a Russian satellite that is expected to outshine everything but the moon, starting next month. The tiny Mayak satellite will be be launched on a Soyuz 2.1v vehicle July 14 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, IFLScience reported. Once in orbit, about 370 miles high, the satellite will unfurl...
           Russia set to launch 'brightest star' in the night sky    
The controversial satellite, which is set to be the brightest 'star' in the night sky (pictured), is due to be launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Friday 14 July.
          India Responding in Reserved Manner to China’s Provocations Along Border   

india-china

Despite Beijing’s provocative act of trying to build a motorable road in the Doklam area of Bhutan, close to the India-China-Bhutan tri-junction, New Delhi is handling the issue in a reserved manner so that the Himalayan kingdom does not come under any sort of pressure, it is reliably learnt.

Bhutan has officially protested to China following this act but Beijing has claimed that the Doklam region is Chinese territory and Indian soldiers entering there is a violation of China’s territorial integrity and called for their pullout.

On June 16, a fairly large People’s Liberation Army (PLA) construction party entered the Doklam area accompanied by earth movers and construction equipment and came all the way to a place called Turning Point. While Chinese incursions in the tri-junction area are not out of the ordinary, what was different this time was the rolling in of the earth movers and construction equipment.

Seeing this, personnel of a Bhutan Army camp posted on a ridge at a place called Zompelri rushed down and confronted the Chinese and told them that they cannot unilaterally change the existing status quo in the tri-junction.

Indian Army personnel, who were present in the general area Doka La in Sikkim on the other side, too rushed to the spot to help the Bhutanese soldiers. However, by that time the PLA had pushed back the Bhutanese and then came to a face-to-face situation with the Indian Army personnel.

The Indian soldiers too made it clear to the Chinese soldiers that they had no business changing the existing unilateral status quo in the tri-junction. There is no Chinese territory between India’s border in the Sikkim sector with Bhutan.

India and China had in 2012 reached an agreement that the tri-junction boundary points between India, China and third countries will be finalised in consultation with the concerned countries. Both the countries share three international tri-junctions – with Bhutan, Myanmar and Afghanistan.

Bhutan too has written agreements with China of 1988 and 1998 stating that the two sides agreed to maintain peace and tranquility in their border areas pending a final settlement on the boundary question, and to maintain status quo as before March 1959.

Following the June 16 incident, Bhutan officially lodged a protest at the Chinese Embassy in New Delhi on June 20. Beijing and Thimphu do not share diplomatic ties. The matter also came up for discussion at a border personnel meeting (BPM) between India and China at Nathu La in Sikkim on June 20.

On Thursday, the Bhutanese Foreign Ministry issued a press release which stated Bhutan has conveyed to the Chinese side, both on the ground and through the diplomatic channel, that the construction of the road inside Bhutanese territory was in direct violation of the agreements and affects the process of demarcating the boundary between the two countries.

“Bhutan hopes that the status quo in the Doklam area will be maintained as before June 16,” the statement said. Though the June 16 incident is being seen as forcing India’s hand to change the status quo in the tri-junction, it is understood that New Delhi has been approaching the matter in a reserved manner so that Bhutan does not come under pressure despite the fact that the road being constructed near Indian defence lines posed serious security implications.

The External Affairs Ministry in a statement on Friday said that India has taken up the matter with China at the diplomatic level both in New Delhi and Beijing. China too on Friday indicated that it was open for talks with India, saying a “meaningful dialogue” over the border stand-off is the “pressing issue”.

This is a climbdown for Beijing which earlier ruled out any talks until India withdrew its troops from “Chinese territory”. This should come as some relief for the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra pilgrims as China had stopped Indians from taking the Nathu La route of the annual pilgrimage following the June 16 incident.

What has come as a surprise is that the June 16 incident happened just over a week after a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.

It is understood to have been a warm meeting regarding the future of the bilateral relationship with Xi accepting that it was in the interest of both India and China to have stable ties. But whether the border standoff was Beijing’s attempt at regional muscle-flexing 10 days ahead of what turned out to be Modi’s extremely successful meeting with US President Donald Trump in Washington is anybody’s guess.

-IANS

The post India Responding in Reserved Manner to China’s Provocations Along Border appeared first on Northeast Today.


          Wood Group: Senior Planning Engineer   
Competitive: Wood Group: Job Description: Brief Posting Description We are currently sourcing a Senior Planning Engineer to join our team in Tengiz, Kazakhstan At this time, we will only consider applications from Kazakhstan citizens Detailed Description Degree or equival Tengiz, KZ
          Commenti su Le sanzioni spingono Mosca verso Pechino di Ubimauri   
Niente affatto: sono previste due linee ferroviarie ad alta velocita' (i progetti sono gia' pronti e finanziati): una a sud corrispondente piu' o meno a quella che era la vecchia via della seta passante per l'Iran e che dovrebbe arrivare a Baku. L' altra piu' a nord attraverso il Kazakhstan e che dovrebbe arrivare niente meno che a Mosca. Studi anche le materie che non le piacciono, Carlo...
          1st Eurasia Educational Forum   

These days, 28-29 April, in Astana, Kazakhstan takes place the 1st Eurasia Educational Forum with the theme “Non-formal education of young people”.


          Q&A: Things to know about me   
Hello, guys! I had another busy week and finally found time to answer on all of your questions. Thanks to my Instagram followers who left so many cool questions that I don't even know how to reply. I hope these answers will let you know me better. Actually, while collecting all these questions, I noticed that I got too many, and decided that should split them into two different blog posts. Most of the questions you asked were about blogging, travels, a few private, and photography tips. In this one, I decided to answer personal question first.

Where is your home? Where do you dream to live?
I actually get asked this question very often, and my answer is simple. I find my home where I feel comfortable and happy, which is with my husband. I know many of you wondered how I got to live in different places, but it is mostly part of my husband's job. Originally, I am from Kazakhstan. I dream to live in Singapore or Australia.

What is your favorite book?
Hmm, I believe Crime and Punishment, I have probably read this book a dozen times.

How old are you? Do you have any kids? 
I am almost 30, and no, we don't have kids yet.

What products do you use to curl your hair? How do you maintain your hair.
I have been using the hair curler Infiniti Pro Conair and flat iron Remington. You can buy at any Walgreen's or CVS store. Most of the time, I will use hair mask, but sometimes I use olive oil for my scalp. Also, I love hair products from Davine's.

Who takes your photos? 
Most of the time my husband, but when he has no time, I take myself or ask my friends. 

What is your favorite city to visit?
I have traveled to quite a few cities and countries. My favorites are New York (of course), Seoul and Konstanz.

What is your favorite skincare brand? 
Most of the time, I have been using Shiseido skin products, and a few other Korean products.

White chocolate, milk chocolate or dark chocolate?
Definitely white and milk chocolate. Both are equally yummy.

How did you and your hubby meet? 
We have quite an interesting story. We met in Germany. He was partying with his friends and I was having a good time with my bestie.  It happened that we were at the same club on the same night. I guess it was fate.

Do you prefer your hair long or short?
I love seeing short hair, and I did try short hair at one point. Sadly, my head is too small compared to my body (lol). Long hair looks better on me.

Your favorite guilty food.
It is a good question. Because I love ice cream, chocolate and cookies. My husband tries to not buy these items because they will disappear very quickly.

Who is your favorite actor? 
Don't have one, but I do like few actors that I enjoy watching on the silver screen: Robert De Niro,  Jude Law,  Tom Hanks, Morgan Freeman, Joe Pesci, and Johnny Depp (of course!). 











          Xénophobie et antisémitisme   
par Zack Lieberberg - (traduit de l’anglais par Marcoroz)
 

Mon camarade de classe ouzbek Akmal Ousmanov m’avait donné un jour une précieuse leçon d’ethnographie. J’avais passé l’été précédent au Kazakhstan, qui était alors une république soviétique frontalière de son Ouzbékistan natal. Alors que j’avais commencé à lui parler d’une spécialité locale à laquelle j’avais eu l’occasion de goûter, Akmal m’avait gentiment interrompu. Visiblement mal à l’aise, presque malheureux, comme un parent qui, dans des circonstances imprévues, se serait vu obligé de révéler à son enfant, deux ans plus tôt que souhaitable, la terrible vérité sur les choux et les roses, il m’avait alors informé solennellement que les Kazakhs n’étaient pas vraiment humains.
 

Il ne faut pas confondre les Kazakhs avec les Cosaques, qui sont les descendants de serfs russes et ukrainiens enfuis. Les premiers se distinguent difficilement des Ouzbeks. Pour un Européen (au sens archaïque du terme), il n’est pas impossible d’apercevoir la différence mais c’est un peu difficile : c’est comme distinguer un Coréen d’un Japonais. Il faut savoir quels détails on doit rechercher. Je n’en savais rien, ce qui explique sans doute que j’aie accueilli cette bribe d’information avec scepticisme :
 

– Pourquoi donc ?
 

Akmal n’était pas rompu à expliquer des évidences. Il avait dû réfléchir quelques secondes avant de me répondre :
 

– Ils préparent leur thé avec de la graisse d’agneau.
– Alors, je ne suis pas humain non plus.
– Pourquoi ?
– Je mange du porc.
– Tu ne comprends pas.
– Non, en effet.
– Ce sont tous des menteurs.
– Et tout ce que peut dire un Ouzbek est toujours vrai ?
– Bien sûr que non. Mais ce n’est pas pareil.
– Comment ça ?
– Ils n’ont pas d’honneur.
– Et les Ouzbeks sont tous des gens honorables, sans exception ?
– Ce n’est pas la question.
– Alors, dis-moi.
– Ils sont dégoûtants.
– Comment ça ?
– Ils préparent leur thé avec de la graisse d’agneau. Ils ne sont pas vraiment humains.
– Est-ce que tu te rends compte que si tu mettais un Ouzbek et un Kazakh l’un à côté de l’autre, la plupart des gens seraient incapables de dire qui est qui ?
– Tu ne comprends pas. Ils sont pires que des animaux.
– Et les Estoniens ?
– Quoi, les Estoniens ?
– Sont-ils humains ?
– Comment je peux savoir ? Je n’en ai jamais vus. Je suppose que oui.

Logique. Le vaste Kazakhstan borde tout le Nord de l’Ouzbékistan, mais la toute petite Estonie se trouve à des milliers de kilomètres au nord-ouest. Sachant que les Ouzbeks ont assigné à leurs voisins les Kazakhs une position inférieure sur l’arbre de l’évolution, alors les Estoniens, compte tenu de leur culture complètement différente, devraient se situer sur une tout autre branche, plus proche des invertébrés ou, du moins, des amphibiens. Mais apparemment, ce n’est pas ainsi que la xénophobie fonctionne. Les Russes raillent les Ukrainiens, lesquels les méprisent en retour ; pourtant, expliquer à un Anglais que les Russes sont différents des Ukrainiens serait une tâche aussi désespérée qu’expliquer la différence entre un Anglais et un Irlandais à un Tadjik (à ne pas confondre avec un Turkmène). Tous, nous considérons ce qui est distant et étranger avec une curiosité modérée teintée d’indifférence. Nous ne pouvons haïr vraiment que ce que nous rencontrons quotidiennement et ce à quoi nous sommes habitués.

On pourrait penser que c’est ce qui peut expliquer l’omniprésence de l’antisémitisme. Il y a des Juifs partout. Les Juifs qui changent de pays se reconnaissent facilement à leur façon de prononcer les R, à leur accent amusant et à leurs expressions maladroites, mais leurs enfants se mêlent magnifiquement bien à la population et parlent et écrivent la langue vernaculaire souvent mieux que les natifs du pays (de même excellent-ils dans un certain nombre d’autres choses importantes). Aux yeux d’un étranger, la différence entre un Juif russe et un « Russe russe » est probablement moindre encore qu’entre un Ouzbek et un Kazakh. N’est-ce pas une raison suffisante pour que les Russes haïssent les Juifs ?
 
Ce n’est pas aussi simple. J’aimerais vous parler d’un autre camarade d’école, Anatoly (Tolik) Potapov. Il est né dans un village appelé Maslovka, non loin de la ville de Voronezh. Ne vous laissez pas abuser par le mot village. Dans ce bienheureux pays qui est le nôtre, un village est un quartier de banlieue où le laborieux père de famille rentre à la fin d’une dure journée de travail en ville, pour passer la nuit dans une maison confortable qu’il pourrait facilement revendre le lendemain pour un prix à sept chiffres. Sa femme prend une de leurs trois voitures pour aller le chercher à la gare. Son chien bien dressé l’accueille en remuant la queue joyeusement, invisible derrière l’épaisse clôture qui entoure une pelouse impeccablement entretenue. Ses enfants ne le dérangeront pas dans son repos bien mérité : ils sont en train de passer du bon temps avec des amis dans un des nombreux restaurants relativement bon marché situés à proximité immédiate. Pendant que sa femme lui prépare un dîner sain et équilibré, il court 30 mn sur son tapis roulant tout en regardant la CNN. Il évacue ainsi le stress accumulé au bureau au cours de la journée.
 
En réalité, le village de Maslovka ne ressemblait pas du tout à cela. C’était sans doute bien pire que l’idée que vous vous faites du Goulag. Le père et la mère de Tolik étaient tous deux analphabètes, au sens le plus littéral, tout comme la plupart des autres villageois de leur génération. Tolik était le plus jeune des 14 enfants auxquels sa mère avait donné naissance. Trois seulement avaient dépassé l’âge de 3 ans : Tolik lui-même, son frère aîné et une sœur beaucoup plus âgée. Aucun des trois n’était resté analphabète. Sa sœur savait plus ou moins lire et pouvait même signer de son nom. Son frère avait décroché un doctorat en électronique. Tolik, après une maîtrise de l’université de Moscou, avait obtenu un doctorat de mathématiques. À l’époque où il réfutait mes théories sur l’antisémitisme, nous venions de commencer nos études et nous étions des amis très proches. Voici ce qui se produisit : un camarade de cours, Youri D., fit un jour quelque chose de répugnant. Je dis à Tolik que j’étais étonné de voir que Youri pouvait se montrer aussi malpropre. Tolik me répondit alors de la façon la plus détachée :
 
« Qu’est-ce que tu peux espérer d’autre d’un Juif ? »
 
Il m’avait pris au dépourvu. Je ne m’étais pas du tout attendu à ce que quelqu’un avec qui je partageais ma chambre, la plus grande partie de mes cours, la plupart de mes repas et de nombreux verres de vodka puisse détester les Juifs de cette manière. Ne sachant pas trop comment réagir, j’avais alors hasardé :
 
– Je pense qu’il est polonais.

(En réalité, comme je l’appris par la suite, il était ukrainien.)
 
– Juif, Polonais, c’est pareil. La même racaille, tout ça.
 
Pendant qu’il me gratifiait de cette incroyable révélation, je trouvai le temps de me demander s’il avait déjà rencontré un Juif véritable avant d’entrer à l’université. Plutôt que de réagir avec colère, je lui demandai l’air de rien, comme l’aurait fait tout Juif qui se respecte, ce qu’il pensait de M. Feldman, notre professeur de mathématiques, lequel était très apprécié des étudiants.
 
– Il est super ! Pourquoi ?
– Il est juif.
– Vraiment ? Eh bien, comme on dit, même parmi les Juifs, on peut trouver quelqu’un de bien.
 

Heureusement pour moi, à cette époque, les Juifs étaient largement sur-représentés parmi la population étudiante (deux ans plus tard, cette anomalie allait être corrigée de façon impitoyable). Le pauvre Tolik faisait partie des trois malheureux Russes de souche de notre groupe. J’entrepris donc de passer en revue la liste de nos camarades. À mesure que Tolik découvrait qu’ils étaient juifs, sa vision de l’univers se transforma sous mes yeux. Au moment où je lui appris que la fille dont il était éperdument amoureux était juive également, il finit par se montrer méfiant et me demanda comment je pouvais le savoir. Je lui expliquai alors que les patronymes russes se terminaient généralement par -ov, -yev ou -ine, tandis que les noms de famille des Juifs avaient souvent une consonance étrangère et se terminaient plutôt par -er, par –man ou par une autre forme tout aussi rare chez un Russe pur porc, comme par exemple -berg. Il me contempla, horrifié.
 

– Oui, fis-je avec une satisfaction sadique. Moi aussi.
 

Il quitta la pièce sans dire un mot. J’évitai de lui rappeler cette conversation, jusqu’à ce qu’il m’en reparle lui-même deux mois plus tard :
 

– Tu te rappelles notre conversation à propos de Youri D. ?
– Vaguement.
– J’ai honte.
– N’y pense plus.
 

Cependant, c’est alors que ma curiosité fut la plus forte. Je lui demandai pourquoi il avait été si sûr de lui en disant du mal des Juifs, alors qu’il n’en avait jamais vus et qu’il ne savait pas distinguer un Juif d’un Russe. Il m’expliqua qu’à sa connaissance, même si aucun Juif n’avait jamais vécu à Maslovka et n’y avait jamais mis les pieds, il était de notoriété publique dans le village que les Juifs étaient des gens peu recommandables : malhonnêtes, haineux, toujours en train de comploter et de chercher à trahir la mère-patrie ou à déposséder un Russe honnête. D’ailleurs, même ceux qui n’avaient jamais mis les pieds dans une église (celle de Maslovka avait fermé plusieurs dizaines d’années auparavant) savaient que les Juifs étaient les assassins du Christ. Apparemment, il était facile de haïr les Juifs même sans avoir jamais eu le moindre contact avec un seul d’entre eux.

En réalité, ce phénomène est bien connu. La pièce de Shakespeare  Le Marchand de Venise date de 1597, soit 307 ans après l’expulsion des Juifs d’Angleterre. La plupart des spectateurs anglais de l’époque, à l’instar de plusieurs générations de leurs prédécesseurs, n’ont donc jamais eu la moindre chance de rencontrer un seul Juif. Cela ne les empêchait pas de pouvoir reconnaître sans aucun effort les traits typiquement juifs du personnage éponyme. Faire de Shylock un Gentil aurait vidé la pièce de sa substance, bien plus que de faire d’Othello un Norvégien par exemple. Je suis sûr qu’il est déjà arrivé qu’un Norvégien tue par jalousie, même si un tel crime était sans doute plus courant chez les Maures. Il est bien plus difficile d’imaginer une situation dans laquelle un Norvégien se verrait obligé d’essayer de convaincre les gens qui l’entourent qu’il est tout aussi humain qu’eux.

De l’éternité apparente de la Diaspora, Israël comme les Goyim auront su tirer une leçon. Les Goyim ne nous voient pas, ni en tant qu’individus ni en tant que nation, comme égaux ni comme méritant ces mêmes droits qui sont accordés à tous les autres. Il suffit de voir, par exemple, comment le monde entier, sans la moindre exception, y compris une majorité des Juifs en Israël comme ailleurs, a accepté le grossier mensonge du « peuple palestinien » (le jour où Yashiko Sagamori a publié un article dans lequel elle remettait en question l’histoire imaginaire de la Palestine, la plupart de ceux qui l’ont lu ont cru qu’il s’agissait d’un habile boniment, plutôt que d’une pure vérité). Par ailleurs, les Juifs eux-mêmes n’ont pas la mentalité qui leur permettrait d’affirmer leur droit d’exister sous la forme de leur choix. C’est pourquoi ils ne peuvent ni avoir leur propre pays, ni jouir de tous les droits au milieu des Gentils.
 
La restauration d’Israël a changé la face de l’antisémitisme, mais n’a pas permis de le faire régresser. C’était prévisible. Même sans avoir connu un seul jour de paix dans toute son histoire moderne, Israël, par ses réalisations économiques, scientifiques et techniques, a de quoi stupéfier tout observateur impartial. La guerre incessante des Arabes contre Israël est de loin le principal facteur empêchant une aliya en masse à partir de tous les pays. Sans cette guerre, Israël deviendrait une superpuissance tout à fait pacifique en l’espace d’une ou deux générations. Au bout de quelques décennies, la majorité absolue des Juifs du monde entier vivrait en Israël. Comment pourrions-nous penser que quelqu’un sur Terre aimerait voir cela arriver ? Même si je ne crois pas que la prospérité des États-Unis ni celle d’aucun pays du monde en dehors d’Israël soit due principalement aux Juifs, notre contribution a toujours été bien plus importante que notre proportion dans la population. (Autrement, comment pourrions-nous être accusés de contrôler le monde ? Il suffit de nous comparer à un autre peuple sans patrie, les Tziganes.) C’est vrai même de pays antisémites comme la Russie. C’est encore plus vrai des rares pays qui traitent encore bien leurs Juifs. Pourquoi les nations du monde voudraient-elles perdre ceux qu’elles peuvent exploiter de façon si productive quand elles en ont besoin et congédier si facilement quand elles n’en ont plus besoin ? Chaque pays agit ainsi, à sa propre manière. L’Union Soviétique empêchait ses Juifs de partir par des moyens qui nous semblaient illégaux. Les États-Unis, pour empêcher tous les Juifs de Diaspora de rentrer chez eux, empêchent Israël de se défendre.
 
La survie d’Israël est absolument nécessaire à la survie physique du peuple juif. L’abandon de Gaza aura été une des étapes de la nouvelle solution finale. Et cependant, je suis sûr qu’Israël peut encore trouver un moyen d’assurer sa survie. Je pense toutefois que ce sera impossible tant que les Juifs n’auront pas réalisé que l’antisémitisme est une réalité de l’existence et tant qu’ils ne l’auront pas intégré. Je crois que ses manifestations sont nombreuses et que l’anti-sionisme n’en est qu’une parmi d’autres ; et que nous devons accepter ce fait et apprendre à vivre avec, au lieu d’espérer qu’un jour, l’antisémitisme finira par disparaître. À en juger par notre histoire, il y a de bonnes chances pour que ce soit l’antisémitisme qui survive aux Juifs, et non l’inverse. L’antisémitisme polonais, par exemple, a survécu sans difficulté à la communauté juive.
 
Vivre avec l’antisémitisme suppose, parmi les choses les plus vitales, d’adopter avec détermination le principe « Israël aux Juifs ». Le monde entier, tout en n’ayant jamais trouvé d’objection à faire au principe « l’Arabie aux Arabes », réagira en nous traitant de racistes dans toutes les langues, y compris même en hébreu. Si nous voulons survivre, il nous faudra apprendre à vivre avec cette forme de calomnie également.


Version en anglais publiée par Yashiko Sagamori en 2005 sous le titre Xenophobic dialogues - http://middleeastfacts.com/yashiko/ 
 

 Zack Lieberberg est mathématicien et informaticien et habite New York.

© 2005 - Zack Lieberberg & Yashiko Sagamori
© 2009 - Marcoroz pour la traduction

          Sejarah Gemilang Malaysia   

SEJARAH NEGARA: Kapal angkasa Soyuz TMA-11 berlepas dari pangkalan Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, malam tadi.


Impian jadi realiti apabila Soyuz 15-S bawa angkasawan pertama negara dilancar malam tadiIMPIAN Malaysia untuk meneroka angkasa lepas yang dicetuskan sejak 2003, menjadi realiti apabila kapal angkasa Soyuz 15-S yang membawa angkasawan pertama negara, Dr Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor Sheikh Mustapha, selamat dilancarkan dari Baikonur Cosmodrome di sini, malam tadi. Pelancaran roket Soyuz TMA-11 yang membawa kapal angkasa itu ke Stesen Angkasa Antarabangsa (ISS) tepat jam 7.21 malam (9.21 malam waktu Malaysia), mencatat satu lagi kegemilangan dalam lipatan sejarah negara di peringkat antarabangsa.


Dr Sheikh Muszaphar, 35, juga mencatat sejarah sebagai angkasawan Islam pertama yang berpuasa dan menyambut Aidilfitri di angkasa lepas. Selain Dr Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, misi kapal angkasa seberat 7,170 kilogram itu juga disertai Komander Peggy Whitson dari Amerika Syarikat dan jurutera penerbangan, Yuri Malenchenko dari Russia. Di Malaysia, seluruh rakyat menyaksikan detik bersejarah itu menerusi siaran langsung di semua saluran televisyen utama serta beberapa skrin yang ditempatkan di lokasi strategik di ibu negara dan beberapa bandar besar.


Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi turut menyaksikan kejayaan yang dicapai anak muda dari Seremban itu pada majlis khas di Pusat Konvensyen Kuala Lumpur (KLCC) bersama Timbalannya, Datuk Seri Najib Razak, menteri Kabinet dan 280 pelajar. Hadir sama ialah bekas angkasawan Amerika Syarikat, Kapten Robert Gibson, yang turut menjelaskan kepada Perdana Menteri mengenai pelbagai aspek teknikal pelancaran kapal angkasa itu. Sebelum itu, majlis berbuka puasa, solat tarawih serta solat hajat diadakan bagi mendoakan keselamatan dan kejayaan misi berkenaan. Pelancaran bermula dengan pelepasan empat pelonjak utama roket yang dipadankan dengan bendera Malaysia dan 29 saat kemudian SoyuzTMA-11 membelah langit cerah Baikonur dan mempesonakan mereka yang menyaksikannya.


Sembilan minit selepas pelancaran, roket berkenaan mencapai ketinggian 200 kilometer dari bumi dan pegawai di pusat kawalan utama berhampiran Moscow berkata: Kapal angkasa TMA-11 berada di orbit. Kakitangan di pusat kawalan itu berjabat tangan, manakala visual Dr Sheikh Muszaphar dengan Jalur Gemilang di lengannya mula dipancarkan dari kapal angkasa yang bergerak pada kelajuan lapan kilometer sesaat. Ketiga-tiga angkasawan itu duduk dengan tenang sambil meneliti manual penerbangan. Visual dari kapsul kapal angkasa itu juga ditonton seluruh rakyat Malaysia dengan penuh bangga. Kapal angkasa itu akan berlegar di orbit selama dua hari sebelum bercantum dengan ISS pada ketinggian 360 kilometer.


Tiga angkasawan itu akan berada di ISS selama 10 hari dengan Dr Sheikh Muszaphar mengadakan tiga uji kaji membabitkan tiga komponen penting iaitu sel di angkasa, mikrob di angkasa serta pengkristalan protein sebelum pulang ke bumi pada 21 Oktober ini. Pelepasan angkasawan negara itu di tapak pelancaran di sini disaksikan Menteri Sains, Teknologi dan Inovasi, Datuk Seri Jamaluddin Jarjis dan ibu bapa Dr Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, Datuk Sheikh Mustapha Sheikh Shukor dan Datin Zuraida Sheikh Ahmad. Terdahulu, persediaan akhir untuk pelancaran kapal angkasa itu bermula sejak tujuh jam lebih awal di Baikonur Cosmodrome dengan Dr Sheikh Muszaphar bersama Whitson dan Malenchenko dibawa dari Kosmonaut Hotel menaiki bas ke Tapak Pelancaran 1 pada jam 2 petang. Selepas melalui proses persediaan terakhir, empat jam sebelum pelancaran, Agensi Angkasa Lepas Russia (Roscosmos) mula memasang baju angkasa lepas 'Sukol' kepada angkasawan atau Kosmonaut dalam istilah Russia, diikuti upacara tabik hormat sebagai tanda penghargaan terhadap keberanian angkasawan menempuh cabaran dalam misi itu.


Program angkasawan negara bermula pada 2003 apabila Russia bersetuju menghantar seorang rakyat Malaysia ke ISS sebagai sebahagian perjanjian pembelian 18 jet pejuang Sukhoi 30-MKM bernilai RM3.42 bilion. Dr Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor dipilih untuk misi ini walaupun Roscosmos juga mengiktiraf seorang lagi angkasawan negara, Kapten Dr Faiz Khaleed, 26, yang menjadi angkasawan sokongan bagi misi ini.

          Edenia: a lost Yiddish utopia for Ukraine and its afterlife in modern-day Kharkiv   

Kalman Zingman’s 1918 Yiddish-language novella In Edenia, a City of the Future imagines a new world of tolerance and culture in eastern Ukraine. Now the region is war-torn and the Jewish population decimated. A new exhibition in Kharkiv — the site of Zingman’s utopia — aims to bring his vision to bear on a divided modern nation

Edenia: a lost Yiddish utopia for Ukraine and its afterlife in modern-day Kharkiv

A design by Jewish avant-garde artist El Lissitsky from his 1922 version of the Yiddish folk tale Four Billy Goats

At one point in Kalman Zingman’s 1918 Yiddish novella In Edenia, a City of the Future, the protagonist Zalman Kindishman stands admiring a monument on the titular city’s Freedom Square:

A young girl with an ardent glance, her hair in loose curls, stepping with her feet on a snake, which is completely wrapped around her. In one hand she holds a blood-red flag and in the other — a black one. On the bottom of the red side is a bas-relief depicting high barricades, flattened faces — a war is going on. There is also a bas-relief on the other side, under the black flag, of the victims after the war, of those who were shot: a Russian, a Ukrainian, a Pole, a Jew, a Georgian, et cetera — all dead. The inscription reads: “They fought together, they died together.”

Edenia is a utopian future version of Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine, projected forward from the 1910s into the 40s. Now there’s another war going on nearby, this time between Russia and Ukraine; that, and the sickening disjunction between Zingman’s Yiddish fantasia and what actually befell the region’s Jews in the Second World War, might seem to discredit the author’s vision of cooperation and reconciliation.

For Russian-American artist Yevgeniy Fiks and American-Ukrainian curator Larissa Babij, however, the peculiar world of Zingman’s Edenia is worth remembering. Together, they have created a new exhibition named after his novella, currently on display in Kharkiv’s Yermilov Centre. In the novella, Kindishman visits Edenia’s art museum; Fiks and Babij have invited an international group of artists — the participants include Babi Badalov (Azerbaijan), Ruth Jenrbekova and Maria Vilkovisky (Kazakhstan), Aikaterini Gegisian (Greece/Armenia), Haim Sokol (Russia/Israel) and Nikita Kadan (Ukraine) — to contribute artworks towards a reconstruction of this imaginary space. In the process, they are posing many of the same questions of multiculturalism and futurism that occupied Zingman almost a century ago. What might a better future for Ukraine look like? And what position might religious and ethnic minorities hold within it?

edenia 1

Kharkiv in the 1900s

edenia 1

A demonstration in support of the February Revolution of 1917 in central Kharkiv

edenia 1

Kharkiv synagogue. Image: Vladimir Lisitsin under a CC licence

“Utopian or futuristic Yiddish literature is not common,” Fiks tells me. “Most often Yiddish literature either talks about the present or remembers the past.” In Zingman’s text, Zalman Kindishman comes to Edenia to visit his old friend Yugendboym. Here, there is no money — every citizen has their material needs provided for. National communities — Jews, Ukrainians and others — live in complete harmony and are free to set their own laws. There are flying “aerotrains”, an artificially regulated climate, abundant gardens with children celebrating Jewish holidays by their thousands. Edenia is not a Jewish-only city, but one where questions of anti-Semitism have been superseded. 

Zingman’s vision of a peaceful existence for Ukraine’s Jews clashes horribly with the country’s history. The post-revolutionary, short-lived Ukrainian People’s Republic (1917-1921) was the first modern state to have a Ministry for Jewish Affairs, and Yiddish was made a state language. But pogroms continued unabated, and between 1918, when Zingman’s book was written, and 1920, at least 31,000 Jews were killed in Ukraine — the real number may be as high as 100,000. The great majority died at the hands of nationalists and anti-Communists, many of whom saw Bolshevism as a sinister Semitic plot. Even greater horrors were to come in the Second World War, when the country was occupied by the Nazis and Ukrainian collaborators. An estimated one million Jews were murdered in Ukraine during the Holocaust; 70 per cent of the country’s Jewish population was killed or displaced.

The Drobitskiy Menorah, a memorial at Drobitskiy Yar, a ravine outside Kharkiv where over 16,000 Jews were murdered during the Holocaust

“Personally, I feel that the Yiddish question is precisely the question that should be raised when we talk about the present and future relationship between Ukraine and Russia,” Fiks says. “Perhaps the silence of Yiddish in the streets of both Ukraine and Russia, if acknowledged and contemplated, cries the need, the hope for a better world, a word of multiculturalism and autonomy.” For Babij, this is a question of both national and personal significance. “While working on this exhibition I could not help but notice how the site of multi-ethnic or inter-national coexistence has shifted to the scale of the individual,” she says. Hence the exhibition acts “not only as a reminder of Ukraine’s rich multicultural landscape of the past, but also as an attempt to present and enact a more complex understanding of cultural identity.”

What might a better future for Ukraine look like? And what position might religious and ethnic minorities hold within it?

The question of Ukraine’s past and its impact on the future is a live one; in Fiks’s words, the country is reinventing itself “with forces of multiculturalism on the one side and extreme nationalism on the other in a state of constant flux.” In its attempts to wrench itself free from Russian influence and plant its feet firmly in the western European community, post-Maidan Ukraine has not always trod delicately: from the controversial programme of “decommunisation” to the nationalist historical retrofitting promoted by Volodymyr Viatrovych’s Institute of National Memory and the uncritical public lionisation of wartime figures like nationalist militia leader Stepan Bandera. The reappraisal of Zingman’s novella and an attention to Ukraine’s historical hybridity is timely, even if, as Babij admits, the Kharkiv exhibition represents a “relatively small, bounded space”.

One of the most intriguing aspects of Zingman’s work is its combination of futuristic technologies with a lingering, “old world” devotion to eastern European Yiddish cultural tradition. Edenia is dotted with memorials exalting Jewish artists and writers: Yitskhok Peretz, Roza Fayngold, Sholem Aleichem, El Lissitsky. Its citizens are avid readers to the extent that the literary scholar Professor Shvartsvald is treated like a rock star, his lectures on Peretz overflowing onto the street.

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El Lissitsky

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Yitskhok Peretz (second left), a great of early twentieth-century Yiddish literature

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A page from El Lissitsky’s illustrated version of the Yiddish folk tale Had Gadya

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A page from El Lissitsky’s illustrated version of the Yiddish folk tale Had Gadya

For Babij, Zingman “maintains a separation between the realms of everyday activity, where technological advancements have increased the comfort and ease of residents’ lives, and the sphere of culture. It’s interesting to contrast this vision with that of the early Soviet avant-garde, which envisioned art and its formal possibilities as a means to transform out-dated ways of living, to shape and prepare society for new forms of organisation, often through a violent break with and obliteration of past cultural traditions.”

The exhibition itself jumps across time and space, its contributing artists turning their hands to themes of migration, religion and repression. Curandi Katz embroiders textiles with the borders of territories unrecognised by international law — including Russia-annexed Crimea, an open wound in the Ukrainian national psyche. Ruth Jenrbekova and Maria Vilkovisky have created a video guide to their own utopian projection: a world in which the Central Asian states have formed into a federation of autonomous tribes. Perhaps the most pointed commentary on the erasure and resurfacing of history is provided by Nikita Kadan’s Viewers (2016). The great Constructivist designer Alexander Rodchenko produced a series of portraits of Soviet leaders in Uzbekistan in 1934; when these figures were repressed a few years later, Rodchenko blacked out their faces in his copy of the album. Kadan reproduces these disfigured portraits, labelling them “the faces of the spirits of history… History (in other words, the accumulation of ruins) happens under their watchful gaze.”

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Nikita Kadan, Viewers (2016) (left); Repetition of Forgetting (2016) (right). Image: Sergey Solonskij

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Photo-collage of exhibition view (with Nikita Kadan’s Viewers) and Yiddish text from In Edenia, a City of the Future. Image: Sergey Solonskij

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Yuri Leiderman, Self-portrait in Ukrainian Costume (2013). Image: Sergey Solonskij

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Haim Sokol, Testimony (2015). Image: Sergey Solonskij

Zingman’s novella ends abruptly with Zalman Kindishman’s mysterious disappearance and death. The Jewish culture Zingman so cherished was brutally cut down a few decades later. Many Ukrainians are now no clearer as to the future they are headed towards than their predecessors of the early twentieth century. What place does utopian thinking occupy in the modern nation state? “I think the term utopia, especially after the events of the twentieth century, is loaded and politicised,” Fiks concludes. “I think hoping and seeking happiness is a very basic, very human thing. But we must be very wary and very conscious about our methods.” For Babij, Ukraine today is “carried away by visions of a better future, whether in the shape of an idealised image of the European Union or the soothing promises of a strong, authoritarian neighbouring ruler or the hope that current Ukrainian politicians will miraculously change the way this country has been run for the past 25 years.” Hence the importance of history: “the past is really the only thing we can look at and talk about concretely.”

Edenia is governed by two sects. The Heavenly Ones “renounce all earthly pleasures, all the enjoyments that life can bring. They maintain that there is an even higher world, a more beautiful one.” The second sect are the “Earthly Ones, who say: enrich and improve life, so that heaven can be on earth.” This practical, materialist message is what is picked up and translated for modern Ukraine in Fiks’s and Babij’s exhibition. Our best bet might be to follow the advice given by Yitskhok Peretz, one of the Yiddish writers celebrated in Edenia, in one of his poems: “Don’t think the world is a wasteland — created/For wolves and for foxes, for spoils and for booty… Oh, don’t think the world is a wasteland.”

In Edenia, a City of the Future is on display at the Yermilov Centre in Kharkiv until 9 July.


          Fri Jun 30th Todays News   
Some things should not happen, but they do. Good news about unemployment should be oxygen for the federal government. Unemployment is down around 5.5%. That should mean that the government will have good returns from income tax and production. There are lots of good things the federal government is doing, but the oxygen thief that is Malcolm Turnbull and his crony mates of Julie Bishop and Christopher Pyne are robbing the government of oxygen. Mr Abbott can help and does. Take an example of a few words Mr Abbott said at a recent IPA event 

"We have an abundance of energy - but the world's highest power prices; an abundance of land - and property prices to rival Hong Kong's; some of the world's smartest people - yet with school rankings behind Kazakhstan.

We need to make Australia work again - because our country, plainly, is not working as it should. We are letting ourselves down. We are not what we should be; and we know it."


Mr Abbott generously gave his time to talk to IPA members, and not just speak his thoughts and run. And Mr Abbott gives oxygen which the government needs. 

In 350, Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, was defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius. Neither reigned long as Constantius II dealt with Magnentius three years later. 763, the Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeated the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus.1520, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés fought their way out of Tenochtitlan. 1559, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. 1688, the Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution

In 1934, the Night of the Long KnivesAdolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place. 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appealed for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country. 1937, the world's first emergency telephone number999, was introduced in London. 1963, Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo

In 1971, the crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve. It is difficult to overstate the tragedy. The mission to dock with a space station and stay there for weeks was successful. They kept fit on a treadmill twice a day. But on re entry, a pressure valve no one could access was left open in space. They died in seconds on re entry. 

I am very good and don't deserve the abuse given me. I created a video raising awareness of anti police feeling among western communities. I chose the senseless killing of Nicola Cotton, a Louisiana policewoman who joined post Katrina, to highlight the issue. I did this in order to get an income after having been illegally blacklisted from work in NSW for being a whistleblower. I have not done anything wrong. Local council appointees refused to endorse my work, so I did it for free. Youtube's Adsence refused to allow me to profit from their marketing it. Meanwhile, I am hostage to abysmal political leadership and hopeless journalists. My shopfront has opened on Facebook.

















Here is a video I made Up Hill

Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 -- 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems. She is best known for her long poem Goblin Market, her love poem Remember, and for the words of the Christmas carol In the Bleak Midwinter.

Up-Hill

Related Poem Content Details

Does the road wind up-hill all the way? 
   Yes, to the very end. 
Will the day’s journey take the whole long day? 
   From morn to night, my friend. 

But is there for the night a resting-place? 
   A roof for when the slow dark hours begin. 
May not the darkness hide it from my face? 
   You cannot miss that inn. 

Shall I meet other wayfarers at night? 
   Those who have gone before. 
Then must I knock, or call when just in sight? 
   They will not keep you standing at that door. 

Shall I find comfort, travel-sore and weak? 
   Of labour you shall find the sum. 
Will there be beds for me and all who seek? 
   Yea, beds for all who come.



=== from 2016 ===
 It is possible that the ALP will win the election on Saturday and that should scare people. Because the DelCon movement have advocated splitting the senate vote and sending a message to those remaining idiots who installed Turnbull over Abbott, the senate is likely to be ALP friendly too. Turnbull's foolish decision to go for a double dissolution means that all of Abbott's gains get wiped out. So as a service to the community, The Conservative Voice will list reasons to not vote for the ALP or their proxies who call themselves independents. 
  • The AWU corruption scandal which brought on the double dissolution. Shorten is heavily involved in his time as union leader. Also Fair Work has been set up badly and is not an effective guard. To give the ALP the reigns of power again is to give in to another term of ineffective workplace relations. That will damage Australia badly, crippling her businesses who employ people.
  • Bad for the economy, promising to spend over $120 billion dollars on two policies alone, neither of which are effective. But then promising to balance the budget too. And yet admitting to lying outrageously about Medicare because they feel that is clever politics. 
  • Border Security. ALP have killed people with expensive bad policy.
  • Too close to extremist Muslims, too distant from people who are good.
  • Hostile to church interests, but not a friend to gays either. 
  • NSW Corruption with ICAC still not taking on the majority of corrupt ALP members from their 16 years in power. 
  • Victorian corruption, with jobs for the union mates and the destruction of CFA volunteer firefighters. ALP have killed people with incompetence in recent years. 
  • Queensland corruption and South Australian too, all related to entrenched ALP that are supported by independents. 
For some, at the moment, the Sex Party has more credibility.  
=== from 2015 ===
Greece will default on her repayments today. The left wing Greek Government has promised her people that they can default and stay in the European Union. As if people can work but not be paid, so long as they aren't Greek. And that is wrong. The cost of the lie of the Greek government is a nervous world market which devalues because the stakes are so high. Europe should boot Greece. The campaign against austerity is dangerous and should not be accepted. There will be market pain if Greece leaves the union, but it is nothing to the pain if others feel that austerity can be rejected with impunity.  

Joe Hockey's defamation win is only a slap on the wrist for the partisan media who would willingly cut their own throats to secure a win against conservatives. There was no need for the personal attack of the defamatory headline, but it was made for no other purpose but to attack the treasurer. And if the Fairfax press had any credibility they would pay the money and issue an apology. Instead they are un-penitent and are examining the possibility of appealing. One hopes they appeal and lose badly.
From 2014
The 1876 election had seen the election of GOP Hayes based on a compromise. The military was pulled out of the South, ending reconstruction efforts and toppling state GOP governments. White Democrats would make the south one party and would isolate and prey upon African Americans. But in terms of populism, that was ok. Then James was elected and what followed was to James' credit in 1881, and a tragedy too. James was a GOP man too, but he had better control and discipline than Hayes. James Garfield would reform the US public service and purge corruption from the post office. He appointed african americans to prominent federal positions, promoted civil rights and education as a means to a free and fair electorate. And then, two hundred days into office, he was assassinated by a nut job. 

The nut job was like any other extreme right wing idiot that ever lived. Born in illinois, to an ethnically French family of Huguenot, Guiteau had been given $1000 and instructed to study in New York by his father. He had listening issues, and struggled as a student. He dropped out and joined a religious cult, but struggled to find his place. He went to Boston and got an easily achieved legal license, but was a failure as a barrister, managing to enrage most of his clients. Next, Guiteau turned to theology and stole material from the cult from which he had been booted. Then he decided to support GOP people. He begged Hayes for political favours, and then Garfield. Garfield had opposed corruption. So Guiteau decided to shoot him. 

Guiteau chose a pearl handled revolver for reasons of posterity. He picked his moment, approached Garfield from behind and shot him twice. Garfield would probably have survived but for the medical treatment he received by doctors that had not sterilised their surgery equipment or hands, as would be routine ten years later. It took eleven weeks for Garfield to die. In defence, Guiteau would claim that he was not guilty because "The doctors killed him, I just shot him." The defence failed, and so on this day in 1882, nine months after the shooting, Guiteau was hung. On the morning of his hanging, Guiteau wrote a poem. 

I am going to the Lordy, I am so glad,

I am going to the Lordy, I am so glad,

I am going to the Lordy,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lordy.

I love the Lordy with all my soul,

Glory hallelujah!

And that is the reason I am going to the Lord,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lord.


I saved my party and my land,



Glory hallelujah!

But they have murdered me for it,

And that is the reason I am going to the Lordy,

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am going to the Lordy!

I wonder what I will do when I get to the Lordy,

I guess that I will weep no more

When I get to the Lordy!

Glory hallelujah!

I wonder what I will see when I get to the Lordy,

I expect to see most glorious things,

Beyond all earthly conception

When I am with the Lordy!

Glory hallelujah! Glory hallelujah!

I am with the Lord.

He was the only right wing extremist to assassinate a President of the US. He seemed incapable of rational thought, his application of poetry on a par with another right wing terrorist (McVey) who claimed he was the captain of his soul. Guiteau's case was one of the first attempts at an insanity defence in the US for a high profile case. At nine months he was the longest survivor of an assassination of a US President. 
Historical perspective on this day
In 350, Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, was defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius. 763, the Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeated the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus. 1422, Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons. 1520, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortésfought their way out of Tenochtitlan. 1521, Spanish forces defeated a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre. 1559, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery. 1651, The DelugeKhmelnytsky Uprising – the Battle of Beresteczko ended with a Polish victory. 1688, the Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution. 1758, Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl took place. 1794, Native American forces under Blue Jacket attack Fort Recovery.

In 1805, the U.S. Congress organised the Michigan Territory. 1860, the 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place. 1864, U.S. PresidentAbraham Lincoln granted Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation". 1882, Charles J. Guiteau was hanged in Washington, D.C. for the assassination of U.S. President James Garfield. 1886, the first transcontinental train trip across Canada departed from Montreal. It arrived in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4. 1892, the Homestead Strike began near PittsburghPennsylvania.

In 1905, Albert Einstein published the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, in which he introduced special relativity. 1906, the United States Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act. 1908, the Tunguska event occurred in remote Siberia. 1912, the Regina Cyclone hit Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event. 1917, World War IGreece declared war on the Central Powers. 1921, U.S. President Warren G. Harding appointed former President William Howard Taft Chief Justice of the United States. 1922, in Washington D.C., U.S. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes and Dominican Ambassador Francisco J. Peynado signed the Hughes-Peynado agreement, which ended the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic.

In 1934, the Night of the Long KnivesAdolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place. 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appealed for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country. 1937, the world's first emergency telephone number999, was introduced in London 1944, World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ended with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces. 1953, the first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan. 1956, a TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 collided above the Grand Canyon in Arizona and crashed, killing all 128 on board both airliners. 1960, Congo gained independence from Belgium. 1963, Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo. 1966, the National Organization for Women, the United States' largest feminist organisation, was founded. 1968, Pope Paul VIissued the Credo of the People of God.

In 1971, the crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve. Also 1971, Ohio ratified the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, reducing the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect. 1972, the first leap second was added to the UTC time system. 1977, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organizationdisbanded. 1985, thirty-nine American hostages from the hijacked TWA Flight 847 were freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days. 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Bowers v. Hardwick that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults. 1990, East Germany and West Germany merged their economies. 1997, the United Kingdom transferssovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
=== Publishing News ===
This column welcomes feedback and criticism. The column is not made up but based on the days events and articles which are then placed in the feed. So they may not have an apparent cohesion they would have had were they made up.
===
I am publishing a book called Bread of Life: January. 

Bread of Life is a daily bible quote with a layman's understanding of the meaning. I give one quote for each day, and also a series of personal stories illustrating key concepts eg Who is God? What is a miracle? Why is there tragedy?

January is the first of the anticipated year-long work of thirteen books. One for each month and the whole year. It costs to publish. It (Kindle version) should retail at about $2US online, but the paperback version would cost more, according to production cost.
If you have a heart for giving, I fundraise at gofund.me/27tkwuc
===
Editorials will appear in the "History in a Year by the Conservative Voice" series, starting with AugustSeptemberOctober, or at Amazon http://www.amazon.com/dp/1482020262/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_dVHPub0MQKDZ4  The kindle version is cheaper, but the soft back version allows a free kindle version.

List of available items at Create Space
    asbestos-related cancers became better recognized in the second half of the 20th century, measures were taken to reduce exposure, including establishing exposure standards and laws that banned the use of asbestos in construction materials. There has been a dramatic decrease in importing and using asbestos since the mid-1970s, and alternative insulating materials have been developed. As a result, asbestos exposure has dropped dramatically in the United States. It is still used in some products, and it is still possible to be exposed to asbestos in older buildings, water pipes, and other settings. Asbestos has been banned in the European Union for several years, although the ban did not require removal of asbestos that was already in place. Still, heavy asbestos use continues in certain countries.
    How are people exposed to asbestos?

    People are exposed to asbestos mainly by inhaling fibers in the air they breathe. In any of these situations, asbestos fibers tend to create a dust composed of tiny particles that can float in the air.

    In addition, asbestos fibers can be swallowed. This may happen when people consume contaminated food or liquids (such as water that flows through asbestos cement pipes). It may also occur when people cough up asbestos they have inhaled, and then swallow their saliva.

    Many people are exposed to very low levels of naturally occurring asbestos in outdoor air as a result of erosion of asbestos-bearing rocks. The potential for such exposure is higher in areas where rocks have higher asbestos content. In some areas, asbestos may be detected in the water supply as well as in the air. It may be released into the water through several sources, such as erosion or natural deposits, corrosion from asbestos cement pipes, and the breakdown of roofing materials containing asbestos that are then transported into sewers.

    However, the people with the heaviest exposure are those who worked in asbestos industries, such as shipbuilding and insulation. Many of these people recall working in thick clouds of asbestos dust, day after day.

    Family members of asbestos workers can also be exposed to higher levels of asbestos because the fibers can be carried home on the workers' clothing, and can then be inhaled by others in the household.

    Asbestos exposure is also a concern in older buildings. If building materials like insulation and ceiling and floor tiles begin to decompose over time, asbestos fibers can be found in indoor air and may pose a health threat. There is no health risk if the asbestos is bonded into intact finished products, such as walls and tiles. As long as the material is not damaged or disturbed (for example, by drilling or remodeling), the fibers are not released into the air. Maintenance workers who sweep up and dispose of the asbestos dust or handle damaged asbestos-containing materials are often exposed to higher levels than other occupants of these buildings. Removing asbestos from homes and other buildings can also cause some exposure, although modern asbestos abatement workers are trained to use appropriate protective equipment to minimize exposure.

    Although use of asbestos has declined in the United States, people are still exposed to asbestos in the workplace. In 2008, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration estimated that over a million employees in construction and general industries face significant asbestos exposure on the job.

    The mining and use of asbestos is also still a health hazard in some other parts of the world. Mining in the Russian Federation, China, Kazakhstan, Brazil, Canada, and Zimbabwe accounted for almost all of the world production of asbestos in 2006. Much of what is produced is used in the Russian Federation (and other countries in the former Soviet Union) and Asia, and its use is on the rise in some areas. In 2005, the World Health Organization estimated that 125 million people worldwide were exposed to asbestos at work, despite the known links to cancer and other lung diseases for more than 60 years.
    For more information on asbestos :
          Natalya Mandritsa, Ilya Orlov win 2017 Kazakhstan Cup   
Natalya Mandritsa and Ilya Orlov captured the women’s and men’s titles in the 2017 Kazakhstan Cup which was held Read more...
          Formula One discovers Baku. Washington discovers the Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor. @elinsuleymanov   
06-28-2017 (Photo: https://www.formula1.com/en/latest/features/2017/6/f1-video-best-onboard-azerbaijan-baku-gp.html) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow Formula One discovers Baku. Washington discovers the Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor. @ElinSuleymanov https://www.formula1.com/en/latest/features/2017/6/f1-video-best-onboard-azerbaijan-baku-gp.html ______________ The Trans-Caspian East-West Trade and Transit Corridor brings together the Central Asia, Caspian and Black Sea strategic regions to form a viable trade and transit corridor between Europe and East & South-East Asia. Connecting trade, people and economies, the modern trans-Caspian corridor has extensive and integrated network of infrastructure, special economic zones, harmonized customs, cross-border procedures and more along this route. The United States played an important role in the development of this corridor and its cooperation with our countries has evolved into resilient strategic partnerships. Joint initiatives and projects such as the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and Southern Gas Corridor have greatly contributed to the increased business between the region and the United States. Moreover, currently underway regional infrastructure projects such as С5+1 Transport Corridor Development, Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway and the multiple Port developments valued over $50 billion have been providing additional business opportunities including increased trade, investments and development of strategic infrastructure for facilitating commercially viable transit that the United States and its companies can benefit from. Today, ambitious regional infrastructure projects will ensure swift and efficient shipments of all types of goods. These projects will connect Asian and European transport networks, significantly shorten delivery time and save transportation costs for delivering goods from Asian to European markets. Expanding regional transport grids along the Trans-Caspian corridor opens new opportunities for transcontinental shipments, and innovative services. Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Turkmenistan form a market of around 150 million consumers. These countries are willing to offer customized and integrated solutions to companies with highly sophisticated supply chains. Project Description: Forum is a practical manifestation of joint willingness of the Trans-Caspian countries to make this corridor a viable option for East-West trade and transit shipments. Regional governments will introduce infrastructure, business, investment, trade and transit opportunities to business leaders, policy-makers and expert community across a variety of multinational industries. The Forum presents a suitable platform for public and private senior executives from regional countries and businesses. The diplomatic missions of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Turkmenistan will hold the “2nd Trans-Caspian East-West Trade and Transit Corridor” forum in Washington D.C on June 26-27, 2017. The Forum initiated in partnership with Central Asia and Caucasus Institute under American Foreign Policy Council will take place at the George Washington University followed up by a policy discussion at the US Congress and round-table at the World Bank. June 26, the first day of the Forum co-hosted by Central Asia Program at the George Washington University and Caspian Policy Center will be open to wider public including academic, think tank, policy, business community, government officials and policy-makers from six organizing countries along with the United States. Caspian Policy Center also provides informational and analytical support to the Forum. On June 27, the morning session will be held at the United States Congress and will be open to public, specifically to Congress staff along with academic, think tank, policy, business community, government offi...
          Okzhetpes Kokshetau v FK Atyrau   
Football Matches - Kazakhstan Premier League - 2017-07-01 13:00
          Taraz v FC Astana   
Football Matches - Kazakhstan Premier League - 2017-07-01 14:00
          Shakhtyor Karagandy v FK Aktobe   
Football Matches - Kazakhstan Premier League - 2017-07-02 14:00
          Coupe du monde Junior en escrime – à la rencontre des grands figures de sabre!   
Ça y est ! Après ces 11 jours de sensation et d’émotion passés à Almaty, Kazakhstan, durant la 28è Universiade d’hiver, les yeux du monde tournent en ce moment vers la France.
          Irina   
photo Irina, 28 y.o. , Kazakhstan

             
Bulgaria
Primo giorno della visita in Bulgaria del Prefetto della Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali
Cong. Chiese Orientali
Il Cardinale Leonardo Sandri, Prefetto della Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali, dopo la Santa Messa presso la Cappella della Rappresentanza Pontificia a Sofia, si è recato presso il Palazzo del Consiglio dei Ministri, accompagnato dal Nunzio Apostolico S.E. Mons. Anselmo Pecorari, dove sono stati ricevuti, in rappresentanza del Primo Ministro, dal Vice-Primo Ministro e incaricato della Sicurezza e della Difesa, Dr. Krasimir Karakachanov, con il quale si sono intrattenuti in un colloquio inteso a ringraziare per l'importante ruolo internazionale della Santa Sede, ed insieme dell'importanza del contributo che le religioni possono offrire alla pace e alla riconciliaizione tra i popoli e le nazioni. Nel colloquio si è parimenti auspicato che anche la Chiesa Cattolica possa presto ricevere il pieno riconoscimento da parte delle Autorità dello Stato.
Sua Eminenza si è poi spostato nella residenza patriarcale, ove è stato accolto da Sua Santità Neofit, Patriarca ortodosso di Bulgaria, con il quale c'è stata la possibilità di un lungo colloquio. Il Patriarca ha ricordato la visita di Sua Santità Giovanni Paolo II, durante la quale era egli incaricato dal Santo Sinodo di far parte del comitato di preparazione e accoglienza. E' stata espressa la grande riconoscenza della Chiesa Ortodossa di Bulgaria alla Chiesa Cattolica, per le possibilità offerte ai loro sacerdoti e fedeli in molte nazioni dell'Occidente, in modo da garantire l'assistenza spirituale a più di un milione di bulgari ortodossi fuoriusciti dal Paese in cerca di lavoro. Si sono ricordate in particolare le Chiese di San Paolo alla Regola, a Roma - ove l'apostolo fu tenuto prigioniero prima del martirio - quelle di Barcellona, Segovia, Berlino e molte altre. In questo modo i fedeli non solo possono ricevere il nutrimento spirituale dell'Eucarestia, ma avendo momenti di comunità possono preservare la loro fede messa a rischio dalle sfide sempre più imponenti della secolarizzazione. Il Cardinale Sandri ha espresso la propria condivisione, ricordando il fenomeno di massa dell'emigrazione cui sono sottoposti tanti cristiani del Medio Oriente seguiti dalla Congregazione, per i quali sempre si cerca di organizzare la necessaria assistenza pastorale secondo la tradizione ecclesiale loro propria. Il Prefetto ha confermato la piena disponibilità a collaborare in tutti i campi si rendessero necessari "siamo disposti a darvi il nostro stesso cuore", pur di continuare a intraprendere passi verso la piena unità visibile. Sono stati ricordati i tanti incontri del Santo Padre Francesco con i Patriarchi Ortodossi ed Ortodossi Orientali: Bartolomeo di Costantinopoli, Kirill di Mosca, Ilia di Georgia, Teodoro II di Alessandria, Youhanna X di Antiochia, Tawadros di Alessandria dei copti.. alla lista manca Neofit di Bulgaria, e si spera che possa giungere presto il giorno di questo abbraccio, con la venerazione profonda che il Papa di Roma conserva per i suoi fratelli patriarchi delle antiche e nuove sedi. Tutti questi incontri esprimono la certezza che se ancora facciamo fatica a riconoscerci parte di un'unica Chiesa, tuttavia non possiamo negare di essere già fratelli in Cristo. Il Patriarca ha ricordato la sua presenza alla consacrazione della concattedrale latina di San Giuseppe a Sofia, presieduta dal Cardinale Angelo Sodano. Grande sorpresa e commozione si è ripetuta poi al termine della giornata, quando Sua Santità si è recato al ricevimento organizzato dalla Nunziatura in occasione della tradizionale "Festa del Papa", intrattenendosi con il Cardinale Prefetto e col Nunzio in un altro grande ed intenso colloquio, molto cordiale e fraterno.
Riprendendo il racconto della mattinata, il Cardinale Prefetto si è trasferito nella sede del Grande Muftì di Bulgaria, Dr. Mustafa Hazdid, leader spirituale dei musulmani locali, che sono circa il 14% della popolazione bulgara. Egli ha ringraziato per l'importante visita, e ha sottolineato più volte come siano necessari incontri come quelli odierni, perchè intendono ribadire pubblicamente che le religioni concorrono al bene della società e alla costruzione di ponti di pace e riconciliazione, e non possono essere strumentalizzate per usare violenza, o indottrinare i giovani in visioni ideologiche che li spingano al terrorismo. Il Muftì ha ricordato il rapporto di stima e collaborazione con il Nunzio Apostolico, che in più di una occasione ha partecipato agli Iftar di fine Ramadan.
Il Prefetto ha ringraziato per le parole di accoglienza, ha spiegato le aree di competenza della Congregazione, con una particolare sottolineatura per la realtà del Medio Oriente, rendendo omaggio ai tanti martiri cristiani contemporanei vittime della violenza cieca e del terrorismo, ma anche le migliaia di civili musulmani pure vittime degli scontri, con tanti innocenti, donne e bambini, che pure soffrono. Sua Eminenza ha ricordato le analoghe visite vissute alle comunità musulmane in Siria, prima dello scoppio della Guerra, in Libano, in Iraq, in Kazakhstan, e Azerbajan, e riprendendo i contenuti emersi nel viaggio apostolico in Egitto di Papa Francesco ha evidenziato come i cristiani vogliano essere considerati come cittadini nativi dell'area del Medio Oriente, e come tali rispettati e accolti per costruire insieme il bene comune delle Nazioni ove abitano da secoli.
Sia il Muftì come il Cardinale Sandri hanno sottolineato l'importanza di una educazione autentica delle giovani generazioni, che offra loro le coordinate per interpretare il presente, e un profondo radicamento nei valori umani e religiosi che troppo spesso vengono banalizzati o cancellati per scelte ideologiche dai mezzi di comunicazione o dal pensiero comune da essi condizionato. La religione deve essere accolta come motore di sviluppo della società e non emarginata o fraintesa. Il Cardinale ha ricordato l'espressione "una società senza Dio e che ha paura di Dio è il suicidio dell'uomo", e lo si vede in tanti dibattiti contemporanei sulla vita, la famiglia, la sofferenza e il morire, anche purtroppo in questi giorni in Europa. Sia al Muftì come al Patriarca, tra le altre cose, il Cardinale ha fatto omaggio in anteprima del volume edito dalla Libreria Editrice Vaticana per celebrare i venticinque anni della ripresa delle relazioni diplomatiche tra la Santa Sede e la Bulgaria, caratterizzato dalla visita in Bulgaria nel 2016 del Cardinale Segretario di Stato, Pietro Parolin.
Per pranzo, il Prefetto si è recato presso la Sede dell'Esarcato per i fedeli bizantini, accolto da S.E. Mons. Proykov, Esarca e Presidente della Conferenza Episcopale Interrituale; dalla Macedonia è giunto il Vescovo ed Esarca S.E. Mons. Kiro Stojanov, e dopo una preghiera c'è stato il pranzo insieme ad alcuni sacerdoti, religiosi e laiche consacrate che lavorano a Sofia. Un gruppo più numeroso di loro, con i Padri Cappuccini, gli Assunzionisti, i Resurrezionisti, i Carmelitani, le Religiose di diversi Istituti - tra le quali le Suore della Carità fondate da Santa Teresa di Calcutta - è venuto nel pomeriggio nella Concattedrale Latina di San Giuseppe, ove il Cardinale Prefetto ha iniziato rivolgendo loro un discorso di saluto e incoraggiamento, e fermandosi a riflettere con loro entro un dialogo che ne è seguito, con particolare riferimento alle attività "in uscita" della Chiesa di Bulgaria, l'attenzione a preservare l'unità nella diversità delle espressioni rituali, e infine la grande importanza da dare alle attività ordinarie e straordinarie di pastorale giovanile.
In serata, il ricevimento per la tradizionale "Festa del Papa", al quale, oltre al Patriarca Neofit già citato, hanno preso parte rappresentanti della Chiesa Russo-Ortodossa, Armeno Apostolica, Rappresentanti della Chiesa e della Società Civile Bulgara, oltre ad un nutrito gruppo di Ambasciatori e Diplomatici delle Ambasciate a Sofia.

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Indirizzo di saluto del Cardinale Leonardo Sandri, Prefetto della Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali, nell’incontro con i Consacrati e le Consacrate operanti nella città di Sofia - Concattedrale latina di San Giuseppe, venerdì 30 giugno 2017 A.D.
Eccellenza Reverendissima, Mons. Anselmo Pecorari, Nunzio Apostolico,
Eccellenza Reverendissima, Mons. ,, Vescovo di Sofia-Plovdiv,
Eccellenza Reverendissima, Mons. Hristo Proychov, Esarca e Presidente della Conferenza Episcopale Interrituale di Bulgaria,
Sorelle e fratelli nel Signore!
1. Sono lieto di compiere la mia seconda visita, dopo quella del 2010, come Prefetto della Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali in Bulgaria, incontrando tutti voi, che spendete la vostra vita nel servizio pastorale nella capitale di questa grande e antica Nazione. La visitai in qualità di Sostituto della Segreteria di Stato per preparare il viaggio di San Giovanni Paolo II, e accompagnai il Pontefice nella sua visita di quindici anni fa. Affido alla sua intercessione il nostro radunarci qui oggi, insieme a quella di San Giovanni XXIII che iniziò il suo servizio episcopale proprio qui in Bulgaria, nel 1925, in qualità di Delegato Apostolico. Sono due figure grandi nella storia contemporanea, ed entrambi possono illuminare la particolare vocazione ecclesiale della Chiesa di Bulgaria. Essa infatti respira realmente “a due polmoni”, anzitutto perchè la stessa Conferenza Episcopale è interrituale, composta dalle due diocesi latine, Sofia-Plovdiv e Nicopoli, e dall’Esarcato per i fedeli bizantini, e quindi ciascuno di voi deve poter attingere alle risorse del patrimonio spirituale, liturgico e teologico di entrambe le comunità. Non potrebbe essere così del resto, anche perchè in Bulgaria i cattolici sono un piccolo gregge, che vive fianco a fianco ai fratelli e le sorelle della Chiesa Ortodossa, e siamo pertanto chiamati a conoscere la ricchezza e la profondità della tradizione orientale, per continuare ad amare chi vive accanto a noi e insieme a noi testimonia l'unico nome di Cristo.
2. Le radici della fede in questa Nazione sono antiche, ed è giusto che tutti i Bulgari ne siano fieri; in particolare voglio ricordare la presenza e l’opera dei santi fratelli di Tessalonica, Cirillo e Metodio. Erano i tempi della Chiesa che sapeva vivere le differenze nell’armonia dell’unità, e si cercava di avere a cuore sempre l’annuncio del nome di Gesù. Venendo più vicino a noi, il secolo scorso ha visto l’affermarsi di forme di potere politico che hanno imposto una visione materialista ed atea della vita, mentre oggi la mentalità secolarizzata non è meno insidiosa, segnata dalla crisi del rispetto della dignità umana, il decadimento della famiglia, la mancanza di speranza in tanti delle giovani generazioni, la fatica ad accogliere ed integrare l’altro bisognoso. I campi in cui essere missionari sono dunque molteplici: desidero ringraziarvi per le opere che sostenete come sacerdoti diocesani, religiosi e religiose. Vi chiedo di non chiudervi ciascuno nella propria dimensione, ma a sentirvi sempre Chiesa: la mia comunità, il mio ordine religioso, la mia attività di apostolato non sono soltanto mie o della mia congregazione di appartenenza, ma rendono presente il volto di Cristo e della Chiesa che è madre. Questo respiro ecclesiale, cattolico, cioè universale, non può che aiutarci e aiutare le nostre comunità.
3. Dobbiamo interrogarci sul bene che stiamo compiendo, che è tanto, ed è una testimonianza e una provocazione per la società, ma anche su quello che possiamo compiere ancora di più. Le sfide sono tante, ma dobbiamo sempre partire dall’annuncio del Vangelo ai poveri, come criterio prioritario. Mi riferisco anzitutto alla grande povertà interiore, a cui possiamo accostarci con la tenerezza stessa di Gesù: sono le diverse forme di solitudine esistenziale, che può attraversare la vita dei giovani come degli adulti, quando sono privi della luce della speranza. Questo sarà tanto più urgente in un grande città come è la capitale in cui ci troviamo, con alcune presenze cosmopolite, alle quali dovremmo sempre garantire almeno una celebrazione nella loro lingua, o far sì che le realtà educative ed assistenziali, come le scuole, le Università o gli Ospedali possano sempre vedere una presenza ed una testimonianza cristiana.
4. Il Medio Oriente, che vive pagine di storia drammatica per la violenza del terrorismo e la guerra - penso in particolare alla Siria e all’Iraq, ma anche all’Egitto - sta vivendo pagine di martirio che Papa Francesco ha più volte definito come ecumenismo del sangue. Ad esso hanno fatto spesso riferimento il Patriarca Copto-Ortodosso, Sua Santità Tawadros II, come di recente anche Sua Santità Bartolomeo di Costantinopoli nel suo messaggio per la festa dei Santi Pietro e Paolo. La Chiesa Ortodossa di Mosca, con il Patriarca Sua Santità Kirill, è pure impegnata per la difesa dei nostri fratelli cristiani del Medio Oriente. La Bulgaria ha avuto pure i suoi martiri, nel secolo scorso, e penso al Beato Eugenio Bossilkov, Vescovo, e ai tre sacerdoti assunzionisti, ma anche tra i fratelli della Chiesa Ortodossa ci sono stati autentici testimoni che hanno effuso il loro sangue. Sulla comune testimonianza offerta dai martiri di ieri e di oggi, vi chiedo di continuare a sperare nei cammini verso l’unità visibile di tutti i fratelli in Cristo, e vi esorto a valorizzare i tanti gesti piccoli, quotidiani e nascosti che possono consolidare questi passi anche qui in Bulgaria: ogni contesto è particolare, può avere sensibilità più vicine o più lontane, ma non dobbiamo temere che la strada rimanga quella segnata dalla preghiera di Gesù nell’Ultima Cena: Ut unum sint! Che siano una cosa sola, come tu Padre, ed io, siamo una cosa sola!.
5. Altra realtà particolare che ci deve stare a cuore è quella dei giovani, anche in sintonia con quanto il Santo Padre ha chiesto alla Chiesa in preparazione al Sinodo dei Vescovi dedicato proprio a questo tema. Sentano la nostra sollecitudine nei loro confronti, la nostra disponibilità ad ascoltarli, ma anche doniamo loro delle parole coraggiose che li sappiano spronare a mete alte per il loro cammino. Camminiamo al loro fianco, nelle scuole, nelle Università, in altri contesti culturali e sociali, ed educhiamoli a sentirsi pellegrini dell’Assoluto. In modo speciale curiamo ed accompagniamo la preparazione al matrimonio e stiamo vicini alle giovani famiglie, vere piccole chiese domestiche.
6. Per sostenere la presenza e la testimonianza in tutti questi ambiti però, abbiate anzitutto cura di custodire la vostra vocazione e consacrazione: anche ciascuno di noi è tentato dal rischio dell’abitudine, a volte della desolazione rispetto ai risultati della propria opera, o può attraversare un momento di debolezza o stanchezza. Il profeta Isaia invita Israele a “ricordarsi della roccia da cui sei stato tagliato”. Rinnoviamo anche qui, questa sera, la memoria grata per la nostra chiamata, per quel SI che abbiamo pronunciato in risposta al SI di Dio alla nostra vita che ci donava di metterci alla sua sequela. Ogni tempo della vita e della vocazione ha una sua grazia particolare, che si manifesta a volte nella luce e nella gioia profonda interiore, a volte traspare attraverso qualche prova o fatica. Non dimentichiamoci del Signore che ha detto anzitutto ai discepoli: “Io sono con voi, tutti i giorni, sino alla fine del mondo”.
7.E per far questo, al di là dei differenti carismi a cui siamo legati per l’appartenenza a diverse Congregazioni o Istituti Religiosi, oppure nel servizio diocesano, invochiamo la presenza di Maria, che è Madre di Dio e Madre nostra. Ella ci aiuti ad essere padri e madri nello Spirito, a non sentirci sterili ma a custodire la fecondità della nostra scelta di vita. Così, anche attraverso i nostri volti e il nostro servizio, il popolo santo di Dio potrà rallegrarsi della maternità della Chiesa che non cessa di prendersi cura di lui e di introdurlo ai pascoli della vita eterna. Grazie

 


          7/1/2017: Murray’s Wimbledon injury battle   

Andy Murray grimaced and limped at times during practice at Wimbledon yesterday but afterwards said he felt ‘good’ and will play Kazakhstan’s Alexander Bublik on Monday. Sport pages 12-13
          WADA revokes Almaty's anti-doping lab accreditation   

ASTANA. KAZINFORM The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has revoked the accreditation of the Athletes' Anti-Doping Laboratory in Almaty, Kazakhstan and of the South African Doping Control Laboratory in Bloemfontein, South Africa due to non-compliance with the International Standard for Laboratories (ISL) and the related Technical Documents, the WADA official website reports.


          Heat, rain expected in Kazakhstan on Saturday   

ASTANA. KAZINFORM Unstable weather of rains, thundestorms and strengthening winds persists in the northern and eastern parts of the country. In addition, a dust storm in the south, patchy fog in the north and hail in the east are expected. However, the west and south of Kazakhstan will see dry the weather.


          Four More Surveys Join the MICS4 Programme   
Iraq, Sudan, Morocco, and Kazakhstan are now confirmed to conduct surveys as part of the MICS4 programme. All of these surveys are at present scheduled to start data collection in 2010.

The addition of these surveys brings the total number to 24.
          Kazakhstan Builds Futuristic City For World Expo, But Forgets To Invite Guests   
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: Right now a world fair is going on in Kazakhstan, in the capital city of Astana. It has a grandiose architecture booth for more than a hundred countries, music, food. One thing it does not have is crowds. JAMES PALMER: I arrived in Astana and found this, you know, huge, somewhat beautiful, almost entirely empty site. SHAPIRO: Foreign Policy's James Palmer wrote about the expo and its lack of crowds in an article that made waves in the country. Nearly half the people in Kazakhstan live on $70 a month, and the government spent well over a billion dollars on the expo. I asked James Palmer what he thought the event meant to the Kazakh people. PALMER: The mood I saw from ordinary Kazakhs was twofold. There were a lot of people who were genuinely proud about hosting the event, who were happy that the world was paying attention to Kazakhstan. But then there was an enormous amount of bitterness, too - lots of people who were angry about
          Eritrea FM visits Astana in first ever government-level visit of Eritrea representative to Kazakhstan   
Kazakhstan Foreign Minister, H.E. Kairat Abdrakhmanov meeting with his Eritrean counterpart, H.E. Osman Saleh in Astana

By AKIpress

Eritrea's Minister of Foreign Affairs Osman Saleh Mohammed arrived in Astana in a first ever government-level visit of Eritrea representative to Kazakhstan.

FM Mohammed was received by his Kazakh counterpart Kairat Abdrakhmanov. Kazakhstan and Eritrea established diplomatic ties in December 2016.

The Eritrea's FM said he opes this visit will become the beginning of fruitful partnership between the two nations. He also handed over the letter from President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki addressed to President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, in which the Eritrean side expressed interest in boosting ties with Kazakhstan.

The parties discussed a wide range of issues of development of bilateral political cooperation, as well as prospects for cooperation in the trade and economic fields.

During the talks, special attention was paid to the issues of cooperation between Kazakhstan and Eritrea within the framework of the United Nations, including in the framework of Kazakhstan's presidency in the UN Security Council's Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group.

The Monitoring Group on Somalia was first established by the Council on 16 December 2003 to focus on ongoing arms embargo violations. Subsequently, the Council extended and expanded the mandate of the Monitoring Group on several occasions. After the imposition of the sanctions regime on Eritrea on 23 December 2009, the name of the Monitoring Group was changed to Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. The Group was preceded by a Panel of Experts, which was established by the Council on 22 July 2002 to generate information on violations of the arms embargo on Somalia with a view toward strengthening it.

Eritrea is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti. The capital city, Asmara, is known for its Italian colonial buildings, like St. Joseph's Cathedral, as well as art deco structures. Italian, Egyptian and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflect the port city's colorful history. Notable buildings here include St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.

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Senior delegation on working visit to Kazakhstan

By Shabait

Asmara, 29 June 2017- A senior Eritrean delegation comprising Foreign Minister Osman Saleh, Presidential Advisor Mr. Yemane Gebreab and Ambassador Petros Tsegai are on a working visit to Kazakhstan.

At the meeting the senior Eritrean delegation held with Mr. Kairat Abdrakhnanov, Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan, on 28 June in Astana the two sided reached an agreement to strengthen cooperation in political, diplomatic and economic sectors.

They also reached to understanding on the priority areas of cooperation in the sectors of trade, investment mining as well as agriculture and transportation.

The Eritrean delegation also visited the Astana International Expo 2017.

          Okzhetpes Kokshetau - Atyrau   
Kazakhstan Premier league match coming up on this 1st day of July 2017. the home team are 10th they have won four drawn three lost nine times while the away team are 8th they have won five drawn five lost six times in the games played so far this season....
          Okzhetpes Kokshetau - Atyrau   
Over 2 , 5 goals in the match @ 1 , 68 This is a match from Kazakhstan Premier League . In this match we have Okzhetpes Kokshetau playing against Atyrau . Okzhetpes Kokshetau has just 1 win at home in last 5 matches and 4 out of 5 matches went over...
          Kaisar Kyzylorda - Akzhaiyk Uralsk   
Kaisar Kyzylorda will win the match @ 1 , 85 This is a match from Kazakhstan Premier League . In this match we have Kaisar Kyzylorda playing against Akzhaiyk Uralsk . Kaisar Kyzylorda has 5 wins , 4 draws and 8 losses so far in Premier League and...
          Taraz - FC Astana   
I think that we can see a draw first half and FC Astana win for the match @ 4 , 35 This is a match from Kazakhstan Premier League . In this match we have Taraz playing against FC Astana . Taraz has 4 wins , 5 draws and 8 losses so far this season...
          The Islamic Renaissance Of Kazakhstan   
Islam is the largest religion in Kazakhstan, but it’s only been in the last few decades that Kazaks Muslims have been able to openly practice Islam.

          Tall Blacks to face Kazakhstan in opening game at Fiba Asia Cup 2017   
In their first appearance at the Fiba Asia Cup, the New Zealand Tall Blacks will play the tournament's opening game in August.
          Iran tries to sit between two chairs to spite Israel   
The countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) plan to conclude an agreement about the creation of a free trade zone with Iran. Russia, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus and Kazakhstan will in fact be able to create a joint economic field on vast geopolitical space stretching from the Black Sea to the Persian Gulf
          Provia Laboratories Partners to Make Store-A-Tooth, its Dental Stem Cell Banking Service, Available in Russian Market   

Provia Labs, a leader in stem cell technology, signs a licensing agreement with a consortium in Kazakhstan to bring its dental stem cell banking service, Store-A-Tooth, to Russia. Partnership extends Provia's gobal reach.

(PRWeb September 30, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/10/prweb12992440.htm


          For sale - grape motif ceramic heavy vase--- inspirado... - $9   

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          L'Ange Blessé   


L'Ange Blessé

(Ranenyy Angel)

by Emir Baigazin

2016

Kazakhstan





De l'art de constituer son œuvre

 

Quatre adolescents, à l'orée de leur passage à l'âge adulte, animés par le désir de s'extraire du milieu social au sein duquel ils évoluent, vont chacun à leur façon exercer leurs forces contre le monde hostile qui les entoure afin d'atteindre leur but. Mais au Kazakhstan, comme ailleurs dans le monde, il n'est pas si facile d'échapper à sa condition. L'Ange Blessé est le deuxième long métrage de Emir Baigazin, qui avait acquis en 2013 le respect de la profession (17 récompenses glanées à travers les différents festivals où il était en sélection) et ébloui le spectateur avec son sublime Leçons d'Harmonie, aussi glaçant de précision chirurgicale dans la trame fatale qui conduit son jeune héros sur la voie mortifère de son anéantissement moral, que bouleversant d'une mélancolie à laquelle contribue pour beaucoup le jeu fascinant du jeune Timur Aidarbekov qui tient le rôle de Aslan, le protagoniste du film. Ce dernier, qui tient ici un second rôle, ne fait d'ailleurs pas que renvoyer de manière factice au film qui précède, puisque le réalisateur kazakh témoigne dans L'Ange Blessé du même intérêt qu'il portait dans Leçons d'Harmonie au thème de l'innocence corrompue au contact de la réalité sociale. Le cinéma d'Emir Baigazin correspond donc, du moins en partie, aux conceptions d'un réalisme romantique où la description minutieuse du milieu social qui agit de façon déterminante sur ses personnages s'associe à une sensibilité pour la révolte à laquelle ils se livrent contre un environnement hostile à leur volonté d'émancipation, à une nostalgie de l'enfance/adolescence heureuse et pure des souillures indissociables du monde adulte et de ses compromissions. Cependant que l'esthétique particulièrement soignée et le sens de la composition dans le cadre dont il fait preuve renforcent par contraste l'intensité du drame mis en scène et en font un des réalisateurs les plus talentueux de sa génération. 

Un corps soumis à rude épreuve


Le corps est l'instrument de cette libération comme la séquence d'ouverture du film nous en fait la suggestion, où Poussin (Madiyar Aripbay) s'essaie face à un miroir aux techniques du combat de boxe, image d'une lutte pour la vie aux accents primitifs à laquelle il privilégie cependant la sublimation par le chant. Doté d'une voix cristalline qui subjugue ses auditeurs (au nombre desquels le spectateur doit être compté), il s'entraîne sans relâche pour passer un concours où il semble avoir toutes les chances de réussir. C'est en effet d'abord contre lui-même, comme l'image du miroir le souligne, que Poussin doit se battre afin de refréner les pulsions violentes qui animent ses camarades. Leur bande incite en effet l'adolescent à faire usage de ses poings comme en un rite d'initiation indispensable à son admission en son sein. Cependant que d'un tempérament pacifique et de son propre aveu, Poussin n'y "arrive" pas. C'est donc au détriment de son intégration à leur fratrie que le jeune garçon persévère dans la voie artistique qu'il s'est choisie, faisant ainsi preuve d'indépendance d'esprit en  refusant de céder à la tentation qui s'offre à lui d'affirmer sa personnalité par la force brute et de régner par la terreur sur les autres. Le corps de Jaras (Nurlybek Saktaganov) est lui aussi soumis aux rigueurs et à la discipline du travail. Par voie de nécessité certes puisque, son père sortant tout juste de prison, le jeune garçon est seul à même de subvenir aux besoins du foyer. Le surnommé "Crapaud" (Madiyar Nazarov), au père lui aussi absent, agit de façon analogue en errant au travers des ruines de son village pour récupérer tout ce qu'il peut de métaux afin de les revendre (activité qu'il pratique en commun avec le jeune et remuant Arbor dont le rôle est tenu par Conner Chapman dans le Le Géant égoïste [2013] de Clio Barnard). 

Cachez cette enfance que je ne saurais voir


Symbole d'une transmutation alchimique dont l'accomplissement illusoire contenu dans le caractère magique de l'opération elle-même est signifié par le repaire à l'allure de caverne où Crapaud entrepose le fruit de ses transactions: bocaux remplis de pièces de monnaie, cassettes débordant de billets à la lumière artificielle de bougies concourant à une surdétermination féerique du cadre de l'action. Le monde imaginaire de l'enfance enfouit ses trésors au plus profond des entrailles de la terre afin d'échapper au risque de disparition anticipée qui le menace comme il choisit de se terrer au sein des replis les plus inaccessibles de la conscience. La fragilité du corps nu et imberbe, immaculé, encore préservé des ravages du temps, offert sans protection aux agressions du monde extérieur, frissonnant, de l'adolescent à qui sa mère donne le bain, sublimé par un clair-obscur qui en souligne le relief uni et les contours  harmonieux, offre un contraste saisissant avec le sentiment de honte et de tristesse que manifeste le visage du jeune garçon submergé par le sentiment de culpabilité. Pour avoir touché au fruit de la connaissance du bien et du mal, il semble désormais interdit à Crapaud de jouir en toute innocence du bonheur réservé à l'enfance pure des souillures du péché. Allégorie religieuse que justifie le découpage en quatre tableaux du film dont l'intitulé renvoie à quatre concepts fondamentaux essentiellement issus de la religion judéo-chrétienne: le Destin, la Chute, l'Avidité (ou la Cupidité), le Péché, exposés en ouverture de chacune des quatre parties séparées du film sous forme d'un détail extrait de l’œuvre picturale du peintre symboliste finlandais Hugo Simberg (1873 - 1917), La Guirlande de vie, représentant treize enfants comme autant d'apôtres qui transportent un arbre de vie. 

Dualisme familial


Le lien affectif entretenu par l'adolescent et sa mère contraste ainsi avec la réalité brutale incarnée par le personnage du père: deux mondes que tout oppose où si l'un renvoie à celui protégé de l'enfance et d’un Éros tourné vers l'autre (la société sous ses différentes "espèces", un public d'auditeurs, par exemple), l'autre s'illustre par un conflit permanent de l'individu avec son environnement. Scène récurrente fonctionnant comme un leitmotiv de la mère inquiète pour son enfant, attentive à ses troubles du comportement (désinvestissement des affects et solitude extrême de Crapaud,  application excessive aux études de Aslan [Omar Adilov qui apparaissait lui aussi déjà dans Leçons d'Harmonie]), munie d'une lampe à pétrole pour tout éclairage (circonstance justifiée narrativement par une coupure générale d'électricité) dont le clair-obscur très doux (à l'instar du foyer de lumière représenté par une bougie dans les tableaux nocturnes de Georges de la Tour [1593 - 1652]) renforce l'atmosphère d'intimité,  qui s'immisce précautionneusement dans la chambre au décor dépouillé de son fils. Là où le lien maternel avec l'enfance prédomine encore (cf. supra: "la scène du bain").


Et de retrouver la forme rudimentaire de sublimation des instincts que représente l'art de la boxe: malgré tout le mépris apparent qu'il semble éprouver pour son géniteur de père, Jaras échange complaisamment quelques coups "pour de faux" avec lui dans un des rares moments de complicité que les deux personnages partagent au cours du film. Signe révélateur d'un atavisme et/ou d'une solidarité des gènes auxquels il ne manque qu'une occasion propice pour se manifester. Incapables d'échapper au déterminisme social et biologique qui les accable (conception naturaliste qui nous renvoie à l'Histoire naturelle et sociale d'une famille sous le Second Empire, l'épopée des Rougon-Macquart d'Émile Zola), les quatre adolescents du film figurent chacun à leur façon le pendant négatif des quatre évangélistes du Nouveau Testament, annonciateurs du royaume de ténèbres qui finissent par les envelopper dans leur linceul.  

La mélodie grinçante du bonheur


"Je parvins à faire s'évanouir dans mon esprit toute l'espérance humaine. Sur toute joie pour l'étrangler j'ai fait le bond sourd de la bête féroce" (Une Saison en Enfer, 1873. Arthur Rimbaud [1854 - 1891]): on ne saurait mieux exprimer l'état de rage désespérée qui hante l'âme désolée de ces anges déchus de leur trône de lumière. Nul avenir radieux ne semble en effet promis à ces adolescents en perdition à l'orée de leur âge d'homme qu'atteignent indifféremment la délinquance, la folie, la prison et qu'attend au mieux une vie de misère, à moins qu'il ne s'agisse de tout cela à la fois, brisant leurs jouets comme on tourne volontairement le dos à son enfance, remisant leurs rêves au fond d'un grenier ou d'une cave humide et froide qu'on ne visite plus, dressant leurs poings contre eux-même face au reflet terni d'un miroir piqueté de rouille. Constat amer d'une réalité sociale qui pour se situer d'un point de vue diégétique dans le passé difficile des années 1990 qui succède immédiatement à l'indépendance du Kazakhstan (16 décembre 1991) n'en souligne qu'avec encore plus d'ironie grinçante l'état d'abandon et de ruine auquel sont réduits les êtres et les choses. La lumière, au lieu d'être portée en même temps que la Bonne Nouvelle au monde comme elle le fut par les apôtres du temps de Jésus, s'éteint brusquement dès le début du film et pour toute sa durée: l’ordre chronologique des Évangiles s'inverse; le drame est joué avant que d'être commencé. Nul esprit de perversion manichéen n'anime les personnages d'Emir Baigazin comme il peut parfois se révéler être à l'origine des actes violents ou monstrueux commis par ceux du film Funny Games (1997) du réalisateur autrichien Michael Haneke auquel il a été abusivement comparé, et ses personnages d'adolescents, s'ils sont tout aussi désespérés, n'en sont pas pour autant aussi désespérant que le jeune et troublant Benny (Arno Frisch) de Benny's Video (1992). Et l'indifférence ou la honte ressenties par ce dernier contrastent violemment avec le sentiment de tristesse mélancolique du surnommé Crapaud ou la colère sourde de Poussin.  C'est qu'ils gardent le souvenir nostalgique du paradis d'où ils sont tombés au milieu des vicissitudes terrestres. 


Prisonniers d'un monde livré au péché où les forces créatrices de la Vie, qu'elles s'expriment au travers de l'art, du travail ou de la génération, sont refoulées en leur sein, comme étouffées dans l’œuf (en témoigne l'avortement projeté du personnage de Rosa [Anzara Barlykova]), où le mal reproduit le mal (comme Jaras met ses pas dans ceux de son père), où le suicide apparaît comme seule échappatoire à son cercle vicieux, la folie représente un entre-deux des limbes où trouve refuge Aslan: prenant à la lettre le symbole biblique de l'arbre de vie auquel fait référence le réalisateur par le truchement du tableau de Simberg (cf. supra), et à l'instar des grands poètes symbolistes (tels que Gérard de Nerval [1808 - 1855]), le jeune garçon confond sa croyance avec la réalité visible qui n'est supposé en être que le référent matériel, le support terrestre, pour s'identifier à son essence spirituelle d'ordre végétative où les fonctions vitales sont désormais réduites à leur strict minimum. Avertissement aussi peut être du réalisateur adressé à son spectateur sous forme de clin d’œil malicieux: si le film adopte une esthétique symboliste manifeste, son propos porte bien sur la réalité du sacrifice d'étendue universelle auquel nous assistons impuissants et/ou sans réagir d'une jeunesse livrée aux impératifs meurtriers d'un modèle de société vidée de sa substance humaine, dévoré par l'ambition, la soif du pouvoir et de l'argent. 

La Folie ne vient pas seule


A moins que l'ange blessé ne soit représenté par cet enfant rencontré au hasard des pérégrinations de Crapaud, autre fou et idiot magnifique, porté dans une caisse en bois par ses compagnons d'infortune tel un roi confortablement installé dans sa chaise à porteurs, investi du pouvoir dérisoire de régner sur un champ dévasté de ruines, vestiges d'une civilisation perdue, pendant pathétique (et ironique) du royaume invisible à venir (on pense au dispositif scénique d'une pièce de Berthold Brecht) des clés duquel Jésus-Christ se croyait lui aussi en possession, maître fou parmi les fous, Seigneur autoproclamé d'une réalité qui échappe à notre regard, mise en scène détournée du tableau éponyme (voir ci-contre) du peintre Hugo Simberg (cf. supra): L'Ange Blessé (1903). Car après tout, la folie ne partage-t-elle pas avec l'enfance cette caractéristique commune de percevoir avec un regard toujours neuf, parce que vierge ou lavé de préjugés, l'environnement au sein duquel nous évoluons quotidiennement sans nous en rendre compte. La folie, c'est l'adolescence éternellement écorchée et vice-versa. 


Emir Baigazin confirme avec L'Ange Blessé toute l'étendue de son talent, fait d'une maîtrise technique exceptionnelle associée à un sens du récit allégorique qui attribue à son propos une dimension universelle soutenue par un lyrisme abstrait diffus _ souligné par le jeu minimaliste des acteurs d'une part, et dû à l'effet d'empathie provoqué par l'utilisation presque exclusive d'un cadre fixe prenant le temps de s'attarder sur ses personnages d'autre part_ qui tout en paraissant tenir le spectateur à distance de ses émotions, par les notations réalistes qui donnent corps à son histoire et le contraste saisissant lié à l'écart ainsi créé entre le drame qui se joue et un traitement tout en sobriété de son sujet, touche au cœur de notre humanité la plus profonde. Et comme l'univers d'un créateur se définit aussi et d'abord par ses obsessions, il en est une que synthétise à lui seul un plan récurrent, reparaissant tel un leitmotiv presque à l'identique d'un film à l'autre du réalisateur kazakh: le dos appuyé contre le mur encore debout d'une maison en ruines, dans la position d'un condamné en attente de son châtiment, tourné à l'ouverture nue d'une fenêtre donnant sur l'horizon au travers de laquelle on voit s'éloigner d'autres personnages, un jeune adolescent fume sa cigarette en cachette. Ou comment résumer en un seul plan la situation de péril imminent qui pèse sur la jeune âme de son protagoniste, menacée d'effondrement, livrée aux quatre vents du monde extra-utérin particulièrement impitoyable qu'on appelle la vie, et refusant de considérer un avenir dont il a tout à craindre. Doit-on donner raison au poète qui affirme que "la mélancolie est le plus légitime de tous les tons poétiques" (Edgar Allan Poe; 1809 - 1849): l’œuvre d'Emir Baigazin nous inviterait plutôt à hocher silencieusement la tête en signe d'acquiescement.





 

          Kazakhstan Builds Futuristic City For World Expo, But Forgets To Invite Guests   
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: Right now a world fair is going on in Kazakhstan, in the capital city of Astana. It has a grandiose architecture booth for more than a hundred countries, music, food. One thing it does not have is crowds. JAMES PALMER: I arrived in Astana and found this, you know, huge, somewhat beautiful, almost entirely empty site. SHAPIRO: Foreign Policy's James Palmer wrote about the expo and its lack of crowds in an article that made waves in the country. Nearly half the people in Kazakhstan live on $70 a month, and the government spent well over a billion dollars on the expo. I asked James Palmer what he thought the event meant to the Kazakh people. PALMER: The mood I saw from ordinary Kazakhs was twofold. There were a lot of people who were genuinely proud about hosting the event, who were happy that the world was paying attention to Kazakhstan. But then there was an enormous amount of bitterness, too - lots of people who were angry about
          Kazakhstan Builds Futuristic City For World Expo, But Forgets To Invite Guests   
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: Right now a world fair is going on in Kazakhstan, in the capital city of Astana. It has a grandiose architecture booth for more than a hundred countries, music, food. One thing it does not have is crowds. JAMES PALMER: I arrived in Astana and found this, you know, huge, somewhat beautiful, almost entirely empty site. SHAPIRO: Foreign Policy's James Palmer wrote about the expo and its lack of crowds in an article that made waves in the country. Nearly half the people in Kazakhstan live on $70 a month, and the government spent well over a billion dollars on the expo. I asked James Palmer what he thought the event meant to the Kazakh people. PALMER: The mood I saw from ordinary Kazakhs was twofold. There were a lot of people who were genuinely proud about hosting the event, who were happy that the world was paying attention to Kazakhstan. But then there was an enormous amount of bitterness, too - lots of people who were angry about
          "Хилтон" отелінің салдарынан Назарбаев пен Шаронның келіссөздері өтпей қала жаздаған   

Қазақстанның Үндістандағы елшісі Болат Сәрсенбаев Нұрсұлтан Назарбаевтың 2000 жылы қалай Израильге барып қайтқанын есіне алды. Ол кезде "Хилтон" отелінің салдарынан Назарбаев пен Шаронның келіссөздері өтпей қала жаздаған екен деп хабарлайды NUR.KZ.

"Хилтон" отелінің салдарынан Назарбаев пен Шаронның келіссөздері өтпей қала жаздаған

Болат Сәрсенбаев. Фото: Diplomacytoday.in

Бұл оқиға туралы жазба Сыртқы істер министрлігінің Facebook желісіндегі ресми парақшасында жарияланған.

"2000 жылдың сәуірінде Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев екінші рет Израильге ресми сапармен жол тартты. Мемлекет басшысын елде жаңадан ашылған "Хилтон" отеліне жайғастыру шешімі қабылданған... Аталмыш отельде Израильдің премьер-министрі Ариэл Шаронмен екі жақты кездесу өту керек болатын. Бұл іс-шараны ұйымдастыруды елшілік кеңесшісі ретінде маған жүктеді", - дейді Сәрсенбаев.

Ол дайындықты тексеру үшін арнайы отельге ертерек келген.

Тағы оқыңыздар: Роза Рымбаева ұлының әнші қызға "үйленгеніне" қатысты күтпеген жайттың басын ашты

"Менің таңданысыма орай, отель мүлде дайын болмай шықты. Үйілген кір ыдыс-аяқ (өткен іс-шарадан қалған болуы керек) пен ұйқылы-ояу қызметкерлерді көріп, таң болдым. Жаңадан ашылған отель болғасын, қызметкерлері айтарлықтай білікті емес еді... Ал келіссөздер өтуі тиіс екінші бөлме, тіпті бос болмай шықты. Тығырықтан шығудың жалғыз амалы іс-шараны мемлекет басшысы апартаментінде өткізу еді. Өзіме бар жауапкершілікті алып, кездесу өткізу үшін президенттік нөмірді берулерін өтіндім. 30-ақ минут қалған еді. Мен сол сәтте бірінші санаттағы ұшақпен Қазақстанға қайтып бара жатқанымды елестетіп кеттім", - дейді елші.

Елші отель қызметкерлерін өз бақылауына алып, шұғыл әрекет етуге кіріскен.

"Бақытыма орай, президент отельге келгенде, холда оны журналистер бірнеше минутқа кідіртіп, сұхбат алды. Сол сәтте "менің" қызметкерлерім соңғы кір ыдыстарды шығарып, залды әзірлеп үлгерді", - дейді Сәрсенбаев.

Шаронмен жоспарланған келіссөздер де сәтті өтіп, барлық жағдай тез арада өз шешімін тапқан. Президент Сәрсенбаевқа жоғары баға берсе, отельдің бас менеджері оның отель басқару қабілеті жоғары екенін алға тартқан.


          Певец Турал Эверест неожиданно вернулся на сцену   

Не прошло и месяца с тех пор, как популярный певец Турал Эверест заявил, что устал от непонимания, испытывает большую усталость и стресс от работы, а потому уходит со сцены и вообще из шоу-бизнеса. Но недавно стало известно, что он неожиданно вернулся на сцену, пишет газета "Время".

Певец Турал Эверест неожиданно вернулся на сцену

Турал Эверест. фото со страницы в instagram

Теперь певец анонсирует свои новые концерты и пишет в соцсетях о том, что из памяти надо стереть прошлое.

"Стресс прошел, и я решил вернуться! Понял, что не могу без своего творчества, и уже работаю над новым альбомом. И помогли мне это понять в первую очередь моя любимая девушка и родная тетя, которая позвонила в слезах и сказала, что не представляет, как будет жить без моих новых песен", - объяснил газете Турал свою позицию.

Что касается поклонников певца, то они после его демарша разделились на два непримиримых лагеря: если одни стали просить Турала вернуться, то другие обвинили его в самопиаре.

"Многие посчитали, что таким образом я решил привлечь к себе внимание, но это не так. Ведь своим уходом я, наоборот, оттолкнул от себя часть публики, и мои душевные метания плохо повлияли на репутацию, дальнейшую карьеру. Но я был искренен тогда: на душе боль, в голове туман. И я не мог поступить иначе - мне нужен был отдых", - сказал он.

Читайте также: Что изменится в жизни казахстанцев после 1 июля>>

Кстати, для того чтобы окончательно восстановить душевные силы, Эверест отправился в Анталью, где сейчас и отдыхает вместе со своей любимой девушкой Тамарой Почекутовой, чемпионкой Азии по фехтованию.

"Все знают, какой Тамара сильный человек - и физически, и морально. Этому ее научил спорт, и она мне каждый день с высоты своих почти двух метров роста говорит: “Ты что? Соберись! Давай быстро с новыми силами на концерты и в студию!” И как тут не вдохновиться?!" - рассказал артист.

Напомним, что в начале июня певец заявил, что намерен покинуть сцену и бросить певческую деятельность.

Копирование и использование данной информации возможно только с разрешения ТОО "Издательство "Время".


          Celtic ace James Forrest insists Windsor Park will be a stroll after witnessing fans sacrifice animals in the Karagandy cauldron   
Forrest insists the hostile reception certain to face Celtic in Belfast should they face Linfield won't compare to what he remembers from a trip to Kazakhstan four years ago.
              
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          Comment on A new format for the Olympics? by .   
<a href="http://www.economist.com/news/business/21718938-budapest-latest-city-withdraw-its-bid-host-them-business-model-olympic" title="" rel="nofollow">The business model for the Olympic Games is running out of puff</a> Budapest is the latest city to withdraw its bid to host them ... After lots of cities bowed out of the competition for the 2022 winter games it was again left with two options: Almaty, Kazakhstan and Beijing, China. The prospect of having no bidders for future events—or of having a bidding contest between autocrats eager to host a vanity project—seems likelier than it once did. ... The really radical answer would be to designate one or a few permanent host cities so that the Olympics sports infrastructure has a life beyond the extinguishing of the Olympic flame. Christine Lagarde, managing director of the International Monetary Fund, has spoken favourably of this idea. The proposal is not new. In 1896 Greece’s King George pleaded with de Coubertin to make the country the permanent host. The Frenchman would not have it. “I decided to act as if I were stupid, pretending not to understand,” he wrote. Thomas Bach, the IOC’s president, may not have the luxury of ignoring reality for much longer.
          Kazakhstan: the crossroads of the new Silk Road   

WHEN an authoritarian ruler builds a gigantic dark globe, he should not be surprised that people call it the “Death Star”. But whereas the Death Star from “Star Wars” was a tool for wiping places off the map, the Kazakh pavilion at Expo 2017, which opened in June in Astana, Kazakhstan’s capital, is supposed to put the Central Asian country of 18m on the map, especially for investors. The Death Star celebrates traditional forms of Kazakh hospitality, such as giving guests a warm coat, or a sheep’s head for supper. A shopping mall named after the old Silk Road offers fancy souvenirs.

Kazakhstan is at a crossroads, both literally and figuratively. Geographically, it is sandwiched between Russia, China and the Middle East, astride once and future trade routes. The president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, is eager to turn this location to Kazakhstan’s advantage, by joining China’s “Belt and Road” programme of new transport links between Asia, Europe and Africa. Over the past two years Chinese...


          It Is In America's Interest To Keep Kazakhstan Engaged – And On Its Side   
This month, Kazakhstan kicked off Astana Expo 2017, the first international exposition to be held in the former Soviet Union
          On This Day   
30th June

1860 – The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place.

1908 – The Tunguska event occured in Siberia.

1936 - Gone with the Wind was published.

1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place.

1953 – The first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan, USA. (I wonder if it was a little red one.)

1960 – Congo gained independence from Belgium.

1963 – A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police and military officers near Palermo.

1969 – Nigeria banned Red Cross aid to Biafra, leaving over 4 million people to face starvation.

1971 - Three Russian cosmonauts were found dead in their Soyuz 11 space capsule after it made what looked like a perfect landing in Kazakhstan.

1985 - 39 Americans being held captive by the Shia Muslim Amal militia in Lebanon were released, after almost three weeks in captivity.

1990 – East Germany and West Germany merged their economies.

1992 – Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joined the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.

1997 – The United Kingdom transfered sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.

2007 – Ingmar Bergman died.

2007 – A terrorist attack was attempted when a car crashed into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland.

          EdgeKz Reports on Changes to Kazakhstan’s Visa Process That Will Make Travel Into the Country Easier and Boost Kazakhstan Tourism   

Kazakhstan recently changed its visa application process to allow visa-free entry for tourists coming from 10 countries around the world. According to EdgeKz, a leading Kazakhstan lifestyle magazine, the changes are designed to make visiting this Central Asian nation easier and increase tourism to Kazakhstan.

(PRWeb August 27, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/08/prweb12124935.htm


          Desert Vision - Oct 1.   
Jewish holiday celebration at Camp Arifjan, Exercise Stepp Eagle in Kazakhstan, spiritual fitness breakfast at Camp Buehring, Kuwait, breast cancer awareness, suicide prevention classes, Fort Bragg families strong bonds retreat and naturalization ceremony at Camp Arifjan. Hosted by Staff Sgt. Roland Sobrepena. Also available in high definition.
          Wednesday News: A swing and a miss   

bluenccup-1[1].jpg

MCCONNELL FORCED TO DELAY HEALTHCARE VOTE DUE TO LACK OF SUPPORT IN HIS OWN PARTY: Senate GOP leaders abruptly shelved their long-sought health care overhaul Tuesday, asserting they can still salvage it but raising new doubts about whether President Donald Trump and the Republicans will ever deliver on their promises to repeal and replace "Obamacare." Republican leader Mitch McConnell announced a delay for any voting at a closed-door senators' lunch also attended by Vice President Mike Pence. McConnell's tone was matter-of-fact, according those present, yet his action amounts to a stinging setback for the longtime Senate leader who had developed the legislation largely in secret as Trump hung back in deference.
http://www.newsobserver.com/latest-news/article158371734.html

CHINESE FACTORY THAT MAKES IVANKA'S SHOES ANSWERS ABUSE ALLEGATIONS WITH TRUMP-LIKE DENIALS: A worker with blood dripping from his head marked a low point in the tense, grinding life at a southeastern China factory used by Ivanka Trump and other fashion brands. An angry manager had hit him with the sharp end of a high-heeled shoe. "He was bleeding right from the middle of the head," the current worker said. In comments to the AP, the Huajian Group declined to respond to specific questions, but broadly denied all allegations, calling them "completely not true to the facts, taken out of context, exaggerated." The company said it operates lawfully and that China Labor Watch "invented so-called 'facts' by illegal means of buying undercover work, which has already affected the enterprise's normal business seriously and affected the survival and employment of tens of thousands of staff." The company noted its significant contribution to the economy and to society, particularly through its employment of disabled people.
http://www.wral.com/making-ivanka-trump-shoes-long-hours-low-pay-and-abuse/16788992/

TRUMP DREAMED OF TRUMP TOWERS ACROSS FORMER SOVIET UNION: Weeks before his inauguration, Donald Trump was allied with a company in the former Soviet republic of Georgia that planned to build a 47-story luxury tower in the Black Sea resort of Batumi. A McClatchy investigation reveals that Trump ventured more aggressively into the former Soviet empire from 2005 to 2015 than has previously been known, even seeking to have his name atop a massive shimmering glass tower in Astana, the post-Soviet capital of Kazakhstan. And Trump sought a trademark in Iran, a country he has sought to isolate as president, that would reserve use of his name among other things for real estate and hotels. None of this is revealed in Trump’s financial disclosure statements. And since he hasn’t released his tax returns, these sorts of relationships are not apparent.
http://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/article158519159.html

NC JUDICIAL GERRYMANDERING BILL PUT ON HOLD TEMPORARILY: A massive judicial redistricting bill that emerged over the weekend has been put on hold, though it's expected back before the General Assembly later this year, potentially in tandem with a court-ordered redraw of legislative maps. House Bill 717 would rework election districts for trial court judges and district attorneys around the state. It got its first hearing Monday, catching Democrats and most of the judiciary by surprise, then headed to the House floor on a party-line vote. It was pulled back Tuesday, its future undetermined. State Rep. Sarah Stevens, R-Surry, who supports these changes and chairs the North Carolina Courts Commission, said the commission would review the bill in the coming months. She said that likely won't be until August and that the bill may lay fallow until at least then.
http://www.wral.com/judicial-redistricting-bill-pulled-for-now/16789166/

WIFE-SWAPPING DISTRICT ATTORNEYS INDICTED IN SBI PROBE: Two former district attorneys in North Carolina have been indicted after authorities say they hired each other’s wives to collect salaries and do little work. Media outlets reported that former Rockingham County District Attorney Craig Blitzer and ex-Person and Caswell County DA Wallace Bradsher were charged with failure to discharge the duties of their office Tuesday. Authorities say Blitzer and Bradsher created the scheme to get around a state restriction on hiring spouses. The arrangement came to light when one of Bradsher’s former employees sued. State agents say they found that Blitzer’s wife was taking courses at a college when she was supposed to be working and two other employees told investigators they took online math courses on her behalf while they were supposed to be working.
http://www.fayobserver.com/news/20170628/prosecutors-2-das-indicted-for-hiring-others-wives

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          The Shadow of the Bomb, 2006   

The top priority for U.S. nuclear-weapons policy must be to keep that from happening. It is easy to recognize and to state this priority -- but it is a most difficult challenge to figure out how to prevent such proliferation. On the diplomatic front, which is the most challenging, we must strengthen and sustain an international nonproliferation consensus that today appears to be fragile and weakening. At the same time, on the technical front, so long as we retain a nuclear deterrent, we must work to ensure its security, reliability, and effectiveness against newly emerging threats.

A Cold War success

During the darkest days of the Cold War, we were successful in limiting the spread of nuclear weapons to no more than a handful of nations. A norm of nonpossession of these weapons was established, as was a norm of their nonuse in military combat that has extended over 60 turbulent years. This record belies a view frequently expressed by those who disparage the value of international cooperation and arms-control treaties and who consider continuing negotiating efforts against nuclear proliferation to be futile.

Today only eight nations are confirmed nuclear-weapon states: the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, China, France, India, Pakistan, and Israel, a nondeclared nuclear-weapon state (see Figure 1). The evidence is unclear in the case of North Korea, though its government has the fuel for nuclear bombs and wishes the world to worry that it has them. Iran has been aggressively building a nuclear infrastructure. This number of eight nuclear weapons states is much smaller than was anticipated in the early 1960s; President Kennedy predicted 16 by the end of that decade. And the number hasn't grown over the past two decades.

This is all the more impressive when one recalls the many nations that flirted with the idea of going nuclear -- and those that, in fact, started down the path to nuclear weapons and turned back. These include Argentina, Brazil, Taiwan, South Korea, and Sweden; and South Africa, Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan, which gave them up. But we are reminded daily by events in North Korea, Iran, and Pakistan -- with its precarious arsenal and the extensive nuclear-supplier network created by Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan -- that the nuclear-restraint regime is facing tough challenges.

FIGURE 1
Number of States with Nuclear Weapons


The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which entered into force in 1970, has been a bulwark for worldwide efforts to counter the spread of nuclear technology and weapons to other nations for 35 years. These are its basic provisions:

* It requires that there be no transfer of nuclear weapon technology between nuclear weapon states and nonnuclear weapon states.

* It assigns authority to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna for full-scope safeguards over the declared sites for peaceful nuclear activities of all signatories, which is designed to prevent the diversion of nuclear materials to use for weapons.

* It stipulates, as part of the Grand Bargain with the nonnuclear weapon states, that the peaceful benefits of nuclear technology will be made available to them.

The partners to the treaty are also committed to good-faith negotiating efforts toward an eventual goal of eliminating all nuclear weapons. At present the NPT has almost universal support: 188 nations, all but four in the world, have signed on to it. The only outliers are India and Pakistan, which became nuclear after the treaty entered into force in 1970; Israel, which has never explicitly admitted to being a nuclear power; and North Korea, which withdrew in 2003. And Iran is threatening.

In the face of the new challenge of the spread of technology to rogue nations and terrorists, it is natural to question whether the npt still meets our security needs. The United States and our allies, including the other nuclear weapon states, recognize a need for new restraints and modifications to make the treaty effective in keeping the worst weapons out of the worst hands. On the other hand, many nonnuclear states expressed serious reservations about extending the treaty into the indefinite future, when it faced its final scheduled review in 1995 at the United Nations. They objected to its discriminatory features and, as a quid pro quo for their continuing to renounce nuclear weapons, called on the nuclear powers to make serious and timely progress in reducing their excessively large arsenals and reducing their reliance on nuclear weapons. They also called on them to continue to adhere to the moratorium on all underground nuclear explosive tests that had been initiated in 1992 by President George H.W. Bush and to continue to work toward a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) that would formalize a test ban and extend it without a limit of time.

Without a doubt, the leadership and example of the U.S. will be decisive in efforts to sustain and strengthen the nonproliferation regime. This is an important factor for Washington to weigh in our nuclear policy decisions and actions. The U.S. and Russian commitment to the npt, and to fulfilling their obligations under it, was explicitly affirmed by Presidents Bush and Putin in their Joint Declaration at the Moscow summit in May 2002. However, those words and promises have yet to be turned into the solid actions needed to convince the world that the U.S. and Russia, possessors of more than 90 percent of the world's nuclear weapons, are serious and determined partners in the campaign against proliferation.

Theft or purchase

Cooperation among all nations -- nonnuclear as well as nuclear -- will be crucial in preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. The most direct way for states or terrorist entities to acquire nuclear weapons is through theft or illegal purchase, and the danger is real. The best means of denying a nuclear capability to terrorists is to provide maximum protection for existing stockpiles of weapons and nuclear materials and to reduce their size. This calls for the geographic extension and aggressive application of effective cooperative threat reduction measures, first developed in the 1990s under the Nunn-Lugar legislation for the former Soviet Union, and an expedited implementation of the nuclear force reductions negotiated by Presidents Bush and Putin in Moscow in 2002.

Of particular concern in this regard is the large quantity of nuclear materials and warheads stored in the former Soviet Union in far less than ideal security circumstances. Russia's stockpiles are the largest in the world, containing many hundreds of tons of dangerous nuclear material as a legacy of the Cold War. This is enough fuel for more than 50,000 nuclear warheads, in addition to the approximately 20,000 warheads that already exist in Russia. The material is spread over many dozens of sites in structures and bunkers, the majority of which are poorly guarded and protected. This constitutes a very rich treasure for would-be proliferators, and especially for terrorist organizations, emphasizing the importance of cooperative measures to secure them from theft or sale.

If they are unable to steal or illegally purchase nuclear weapons, the biggest hurdle for states or terrorist entities that seek to achieve a nuclear capability is getting their hands on uranium ore. This is the raw material from which to make the fuel for nuclear weapons, either by enriching the ore, which naturally occurs with only 0.7 percent of the fissioning isotope of uranium, U(235), to 90-plus percent U(235) for bomb fuel or by making it into fuel rods for a nuclear reactor producing plutonium, which does not occur in nature. Controlling access to this material will require cooperative procedures for export controls and interdiction of illegal shipments.

For those nations that possess uranium deposits within their borders, the challenge to deny them a nuclear capability is quite stark: It is to keep them from acquiring or constructing the industrial infrastructure to enrich uranium or to manufacture plutonium. A nation with access to uranium ore that possesses such an operating facility is a potential and, in fact, a latent nuclear weapon state. This is the prospect looming today in Iran.

A blueprint meeting this challenge is contained in the May 2002 Bush-Putin Declaration of Moscow. It calls on all nations to cooperate to prevent such infrastructures from being developed by strictly enforcing export controls, interdicting illegal transfers, prosecuting violators, and tightening border controls. In addition to working to broaden the coalition of nations that are cooperating on implementing these powers, as called for in the Proliferation Security Initiative that has been proposed by the Bush administration, the authority of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will have to be expanded. Currently the IAEA has the authority for inspecting only the declared peaceful nuclear activities of the signatory nations to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Its authority will have to be expanded to include on-site challenge inspections of undeclared and suspect activities as well. Such inspection rights are included in the Additional Protocol to the NPT that has been negotiated with the IAEA by many, but not all, nations. So far, 107 nonnuclear weapon states have signed, and 73 have ratified, the Additional Protocol. Effective enforcement will also require the United Nations Security Council to give appropriate enforcement powers in cases where nations refuse to admit or give access to inspectors.

As described above, a broad menu of intrusive procedures will be required to monitor compliance and to identify any and all serious efforts by a would-be nuclear power to build nuclear weapons covertly. Negotiating to bring them into force with clear inspection protocols presents a major intelligence and diplomatic challenge. But the nuclear powers must also recognize and deal with the concerns and basic motivations that drive some countries to seek to become nuclear powers. This requires offering appropriate incentives to NPT signatories, in the form of compensating security guarantees and economic aid, to balance the restrictions and intrusive procedures being proposed to prevent nuclear proliferation. A targeted diplomatic approach, including cooperation as well as confrontation, will be required to deal with these concerns rather than each proliferant being viewed simply as a nuisance at best and a dangerous enemy at worst.

There is one more guarantee that will be of great importance. It is a guarantee of secure sources of energy, nuclear or otherwise, to NPT signatories that accept the restrictions of the Proliferation Security Initiative. This guarantee is included in constructive and important proposals that have been made in considerable detail by Mohamed ElBaradei, director of the IAEA. These proposals include creating multinational, regional facilities that would guarantee to provide the nuclear fuel to reactors engaged in research for peaceful purposes and for electrical power while at the same time prohibiting construction of such facilities by individual nations. In effect, there would be an internationally guaranteed supply of the fuel, remaining under international control, which would replace national control of materials that could be diverted to weapons use at some future date. This proposal is currently under discussion.

U.S. nukes

It is not necessary to look abroad for challenges to the present nonproliferation regime. There is also an apparent challenge originating in Washington as a result of American initiatives for new nuclear weapons that signal potential changes in our own policy. The Bush administration's Nuclear Posture Review (December 31, 2001), issued by the Department of Defense, highlighted a need for new earth-penetrating nuclear weapons to defeat emerging threats of hardened underground targets of military interest being built in many countries. This recommendation raises two important questions: What will be the effect of developing new nuclear weapons on the nonproliferation regime and U.S. security? And, on technical grounds, what is the military utility of such weapons?

Consider first the technical issues. The effectiveness of warheads for destroying hardened underground targets is enhanced if their designs are sufficiently rugged so that, when delivered by aircraft or missile, they can be rammed into the ground intact and penetrate some ten or so feet into the earth without damage before detonating. Such warheads will deliver a shock to destroy an underground bunker that is considerably stronger -- by a factor of ten to 20 -- relative to the shock from the same warhead if it is exploded at or above the earth's surface, in which case much more of its blast energy would be spent in the atmosphere.

Many hardened underground targets are at relatively shallow depths of a hundred or so feet, particularly large industrial targets for manufacturing weapons or producing fissile material (u and Pu) to fuel nuclear weapons. Others of very high value are more likely to be built at depths of 1,000 feet and hardened to withstand the order of 1,000 atmospheres over-pressure. Doing the very best possible, taking into account experimental data and known limits on material strengths, the yield of a warhead would have to be significantly larger than 100 kilotons for the shock from its blast to reach down to 1,000 feet with enough strength to destroy such targets.

Very low-yield warheads allegedly offer a possibility of attacking underground military targets, particularly those containing biological or chemical warfare agents, at shallow depths and are purported to be "more useable" since they would cause reduced collateral damage. It is unavoidable, however, that any such warhead that has penetrated into the earth as deeply as it can before detonating will still create a huge cloud of radioactive debris and a very large crater. The blast of even a very "low-yield" one-kiloton earth penetrator detonated at the maximum depth to which it can penetrate intact in hard rock will eject more than one million cubic feet of radioactive debris from a crater about the size of ground zero at the World Trade Center -- bigger than a football field. A nuclear weapon with a yield capable of destroying a hard target 1,000 feet underground -- well over 100 kilotons -- will dig a very much larger crater and create a substantially larger amount of radioactive debris. That would certainly not be a low-yield weapon. The primitive atom bomb that pulverized Hiroshima had a yield of only 13 kilotons. The United States already has many high-yield weapons in its arsenal for attacking hardened, deeply buried targets. The main problem is being able to identify and locate such targets accurately.

The technical realities of nuclear weapons and their value in destroying biological and chemical weapons must also not be exaggerated. The effective range of nuclear weapons in neutralizing the deadly effects of biological pathogens and chemical gases is severely limited by the fact that the blast effects of nuclear weapons, when detonated in earth, extend beyond the range of high temperatures and radiation they create and that are required for destroying such agents. Therefore, they would be more likely to spread these agents widely than to destroy them completely.

On quantitative technical grounds, one is led to conclude that low-yield penetrators are of marginal military value, useful only for relatively shallow targets. The collateral damage they cause may be reduced due to their lower yield, but it will still be very substantial. President Eisenhower's warning of "destruction and suicide" as the potential outcome of nuclear war suggests the dangers and risks if one crosses the nuclear threshold, especially for limited military missions.

Improvements in intelligence can lead to valuable payoffs in the ability of the military to destroy hardened underground targets. What is needed is the ability to locate, identify, and characterize such targets with accuracy and to define, identify, and seal off their vulnerable parts -- such as air ducts and tunnel entrances for equipment, resources, and personnel. These vulnerabilities can be exploited with specialized delivery systems and conventional munitions with multiple detonations for enhanced earth penetration.

What is the likely impact on U.S. security of a new initiative for new low-yield weapons? First, it is generally agreed that already tested weapons are available for most bunker-busting missions. In view of that, a decision by the world's only superpower to develop and deploy such presumably "more usable," low-yield nuclear weapons as bunker busters would send a clear and negative signal about the nonproliferation regime to the nonnuclear states. If the United States, the strongest nation in the world, concludes that it cannot protect its vital interests without relying on nuclear weapons in limited war-fighting situations, it would be a clear signal to other nations that nuclear weapons are valuable, if not necessary, for their security purposes too. It would be counter to repeated urging by the nonnuclear weapon states, when they agreed to the NPT extension at the un in 1995, for the nuclear-weapon states to reduce reliance on nuclear weapons, to continue the moratorium on underground explosive tests of nuclear weapons, leading to a CTBT, and for further reductions in nuclear forces. The United States could thereby be dealing a fatal blow to the nonproliferation regime in order to provide itself with a capability of questionable military value. The 188 signatories to the npt are calling on the nuclear-weapon states to decrease rather than increase the discriminatory nature of the nonproliferation regime by developing new warheads for new missions while they themselves renounce any such armaments.

For fiscal year 2006, Congress zeroed out funds supporting the development of new so-called bunker busters, or robust nuclear earth penetrators. This followed their action in fiscal 2005 to remove spending for the development of new concepts for low-yield weapons designed to attack shallow hardened underground targets. Members did, however, fund an important new program for fiscal 2006 called the Reliable Replacement Warhead, or RRW. Its stated purpose is to adapt nuclear infrastructure and weapons so that the U.S. will be able to maintain long-term high confidence in its arsenal more efficiently and economically without requiring the resumption of nuclear testing. The specific direction given to the activities under this program, as stated in the House-Senate conference report on the authorizing legislation, forbids the development of new weapons for new military missions. It reads: "The conferees reiterate the direction provided in fiscal year 2005 that any weapon design work done under the RRW program must stay within the military requirements of the existing deployed stockpile and any new weapon design must stay within the design parameters validated by past nuclear tests."

That is very important. It would be a mistake if rrw were to turn into an effort to develop new warhead designs by altering the nature of the high explosives or the amount of nuclear fuel in the primary without explosive testing, as some have suggested. Would a responsible leader -- president, general, or admiral -- seriously consider relying on an untested new design to protect our national security? It takes an extraordinary flight of imagination to place higher confidence in a new design without a test pedigree than in our stockpile with a half-century of more than 1,000 tests in its making. It seems inconceivable that the nonproliferation regime would, or could, survive if the newly established Reliable Replacement Warhead program were to become a design program for new U.S. weapons, as some advocate, rather than focusing on increasing long-term confidence in our current arsenal within experimentally established parameters.

The case for the Test Ban Treaty

A genuinely important action by the United States against nuclear proliferation would be to affirm our continuing support for the moratorium on testing, in effect since 1992, and to work toward bringing into force the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. All U.S. allies in NATO, including Great Britain, Germany, and France, have signed and ratified the ctbt, as have Japan and Russia. Israel has signed the CTBT and is participating energetically in the work of setting up a verification system. Others, including China, have indicated they will work to bring the treaty into force once the United States has ratified it. Currently 33 of the 44 states that have built nuclear reactors -- the so-called nuclear-capable states that must ratify the treaty for it to enter into force -- have done so. In all, 129 states have ratified and 176 have signed.

Forty-five years ago, in May 1961, shortly after he completed his eight years in the White House, President Eisenhower remarked that not achieving a nuclear test ban "would have to be classed as the greatest disappointment of any administration -- of any decade -- of any time and of any party." This is an appropriate time for the U.S. to reconsider the issue of ratifying the CTBT.

A serious debate between the White House and the Senate to clarify the underlying issues, both the concerns and opportunities, was not adequately joined in 1999 when the CTBT first came before the Senate for its advice and consent to ratification. To join the debate on the CTBT, the Bush administration will have to change its position, announced in 2001, that it had no intention to seek ratification of the CTBT.

Why is the United States reluctant to reopen the question of ratifying the CTBT? Opponents of the CTBT have raised two questions: How can the U.S. be sure that many years ahead, we will not need to resume underground explosive yield testing in order to rebuild the stockpile? And how can compliance by other CTBT signatories be monitored to standards consistent with U.S. national security?

The answer to the first question is that total certainty can never be achieved. But I am confident that the United States can be assured of the reliability of our nuclear forces under the CTBT. I say this because we are successfully pursuing a strong technical and scientific program at the national weapons laboratories (Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore, and Sandia) that is providing a deeper understanding of their performance and is maintaining and refurbishing them as appropriate. This is a rigorous and a well-supported and executed program relying on extensive surveillance, forensics, diagnostics, extensive simulations with new computers, and experiments with advanced facilities. It is, in fact, enhancing U.S. confidence in the arsenal -- and in the ability to hear any warning bells of unanticipated problems that may develop in the future. No leader at the weapons laboratories at present identifies a need for nuclear testing. Issues that arise due to aging of the stockpile weapons have been identified and are being resolved by appropriate measures including refurbishment of parts when and where a need is found.

Concerning the question of compliance, there is broad, if not unanimous, agreement, based on detailed technical analyses, that the United States would be able to monitor compliance with a CTBT to standards consistent with its national security. With or without the CTBT, the U.S. will want all the information we can get on clandestine testing activities by other countries seeking to develop nuclear weapons. The CTBT would make such clandestine efforts more difficult and more risky for those nations by strengthening the global verification system and adding on-site inspection rights when the treaty enters into force.

What if?

We must face the fact that, despite our best efforts, we may fail to keep dangerous people from getting their hands on the most dangerous material. They may do so by theft, by illegal purchase, or simply by refusing to cooperate with our anti-proliferation efforts and building the infrastructure to enrich uranium and make nuclear weapons. What is the appropriate U.S. response in such circumstances? This is not an idle theoretical question. This issue is very much on the agenda, and was explicitly raised in the most recent official U.S. National Security Strategy document in March. It states that, against emerging threats of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, the United States must be prepared to take "anticipatory action to defend ourselves even if uncertainty remains as to the time and place of the enemy's attack"; that is, we will take preventive military action before the existence of an established threat. While we cannot rule out the use of force under any circumstance, we have to recognize that the use of force brings its own serious risks and raises tough new questions. Under what circumstances can and should we apply military force? Against whom? Which targets? When and how?

Preventive military action requires exquisite intelligence to evaluate the danger accurately and to identify the critical targets correctly. Current difficulties and debates about U.S. policy in the Middle East, however one may view the choice that the U.S. made to initiate war against Iraq, are clear evidence of the risks of taking such actions. Most decisions to initiate preventive action have to be made even though there may be big uncertainties, as well as gaps and wrong information on essential facts. This is almost inevitable. It is the very nature of intelligence information. These circumstances may result in divided support and challenges to the legitimacy of the mission, both at home and abroad, if not its outright failure. That is all the more reason to exhaust all possible avenues of diplomacy before relying on force only as a last resort.

To be sure, it is a very tall order and a frustrating ordeal to engage in patient, multinational diplomacy with rogue nations that are bent on joining the nuclear club. It is even more daunting to get at the roots of what generates fanatical destructive behavior in terrorists. Changing such behavior patterns takes a lot of time and determined effort. In the short term, it is necessary to pursue practical measures that can be effective in keeping evil despots and suicidal terrorists from being able to threaten us with nuclear weapons.

We have several examples from recent history that illustrate the three conditions that almost certainly will have to be satisfied simultaneously if preventive military action, or even its threat, is to be effective: 1) There is very little likelihood of successful retaliation by the potential proliferant against the homelands of the attacking powers; 2) the proliferant is viewed by large parts of the international community as a threat to its neighbors; 3) peaceful means of blocking nuclear weapons programs have failed or seem unlikely to work.

To support this judgment, we can recall cases where not all three conditions existed, and military force or the threat of force was not credible and was not brought into play. They include the Soviet Union in the 1950s, as it tested and began to deploy nuclear weapons, and China when it began to move toward a nuclear weapons capability in the 1960s.

There were influential voices in the United States that spoke out for preventive war against the Soviet Union in the 1950s, fearing that a Soviet nuclear arsenal would prove devastating for America's position in the world and for the American homeland itself. Fortunately President Eisenhower knew better. A similar discussion took place at high levels of the American and Soviet governments during the Kennedy administration when China was seen to be nearing a nuclear weapons capability. The discussion led nowhere, another example of the disutility of military force under the circumstances then existing. In both these cases patient diplomacy proved its superior mettle.

What about today's most worrisome cases, North Korea and Iran? North Korea is already close to posing an actual nuclear threat, if indeed it doesn't already exist, and our military options are tightly constrained by the existence of their million-man army with many, many thousands of artillery tubes almost on the outskirts of Seoul. In targeting diplomacy for halting and reversing North Korea's nuclear programs, the U.S. and our allies in the region will undoubtedly have to negotiate a nonuse of force commitment in the context of a freeze and dismantlement of all North Korea's nuclear weapons programs. The Clinton administration's Agreed Framework of 1994 froze North Korea's nuclear reactor and reprocessing activities in return for promises of power for civilian needs and of limited economic aid. We now would insist on the return of IAEA inspectors with the authority to inspect not only the reactors and the plutonium they have already produced, but also the elements of a gas centrifuge facility for enriching uranium components which North Korea has recently been acquiring in violation of the Agreed Framework. We would also insist on setting a firm schedule for removing the plutonium, including all spent fuel rods, from North Korea and dismantling its nuclear weapons facilities and program.

It would be a serious mistake to allow the process to stop there. The North Korean leadership is primarily interested in survival and seems to be aware that economic changes will be necessary for that to happen. Our diplomacy must help support efforts on their part to make such changes and convince them that it will be safe for them to pursue them. A broad program of economic cooperation and security guarantees should ultimately include North Korea's neighbors -- South Korea above all. Since North Korea poses a threat to its neighbors, guarantees must be a two-way street.

Are the U.S. Congress and the American public ready for this? With presidential leadership, perhaps so, especially since the alternative very likely will be not only a nuclear-armed North Korea but also, as a consequence, the entry of Japan and South Korea -- and maybe even Taiwan -- into the ranks of nuclear-weapon states. This would affect China, which would affect India, which would affect Pakistan. An Asian arms race rivaling the Cold War's U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms race could be the result. The situation sounds grim, but recall Libya's decision to abandon its nuclear program after much pressure and difficulties from abroad.

Finally, we have to ask: Is it possible for the United States and its friends to agree on criteria for diplomatic initiatives to head off other crises like the one we now face in North Korea and the one looming with Iran? And if the diplomatic initiatives fail in North Korea and Iran, and perhaps elsewhere in the future, will we be able to agree on criteria appropriate for imposing sanctions and, perhaps, eventually for initiating forceful actions against those who insist on moving ahead toward acquiring nuclear capabilities and are behaving aggressively? The experience at the United Nations leading up to the invasion of Iraq shows how difficult that challenge will be. A serious effort to come to such agreements will have to start by restoring and strengthening the international consensus against nuclear proliferation, and defining clear responsibilities and authority for action by the un Security Council.

It will be essential for the United States to change a perception that the use of elective, or preventive, force has become a dominant strain in American thinking about international challenges such as nuclear proliferation. The lesson that the United States and our allies and friends have learned since the dawn of the nuclear era in 1945 is that deterrence waged with patient and firm diplomacy will be key to keeping the worst weapons out of the most dangerous hands. This will require that we resort to a continuum of means keyed on patient, determined diplomacy, supported by coercion if or when required, to face the challenge to us, and indeed to civilization, posed by these terrible weapons. The Bush administration needs to be encouraged to continue building on the recent evidence of multilateralism in our diplomatic approach to this challenge.

Specifics

The nuclear genie cannot be put back in the bottle. It would be a noble thing to strive for a world of such human perfection that the complete elimination of nuclear weapons would no longer be a distant dream. I fear that such a day is far beyond the horizon of the most ambitious plans of the world's visionaries.

For the present, the United States must engage diplomatically and give the strongest support for specific actions that can serve as effective instruments in the effort against proliferation. These include, to summarize:

* expanding the authority of the International Atomic Energy Agency to carry out on-site challenge inspections of all suspect nuclear sites under the Additional Protocols to the npt;

* broadening the international participation in the Proliferation Security Initiative allowing interdiction of suspect shipments and improved export controls;

* guaranteeing nuclear fuel under international control for peaceful purposes as an alternative to indigenous fuel cycles for enriching uranium and processing plutonium, which henceforth will be forbidden;

* giving strong support to beefing up protection of large stores of dangerous nuclear materials around the world, in particular the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program for securing repositories of nuclear material in the former Soviet Union and around the world, as protection against terrorists and their kin with the goal of providing effective controls and accountability for the material on a time scale of within four or five years, as called for by a national bipartisan commission that deemed this "the most urgent unmet security threat to the United States"; and

* continuing to adhere to the moratorium on underground nuclear bomb testing.

We should work to bring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty into force rather than developing new, putatively more useable, nuclear weapons. At the very least we should continue U.S. adherence to the moratorium.

The urgency for such a commitment to deal with the nuclear threat -- a danger with no precedent in human history -- has been expressed powerfully and dramatically by Father Bryan Hehir, former dean of Harvard Divinity School, in his keynote address on "Ethical Considerations of Living in the Nuclear Age" at a Stanford University conference in 1987:

For millennia people believed that if anyone had the right to call the ultimate moment of truth, one must name that person God. Since the dawn of the nuclear age we have progressively acquired the capacity to call the ultimate moment of truth and we are not gods. But we must live with what we have created.

This is our challenge.


          Almaty Manifesto on Sustainable Tourism Adopted During Silk Roads Sub-Regional Meeting   
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          International training on natural resources management held at Khazar University   
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          Kazakhstan Builds Futuristic City For World Expo, But Forgets To Invite Guests   
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: Right now a world fair is going on in Kazakhstan, in the capital city of Astana. It has a grandiose architecture booth for more than a hundred countries, music, food. One thing it does not have is crowds. JAMES PALMER: I arrived in Astana and found this, you know, huge, somewhat beautiful, almost entirely empty site. SHAPIRO: Foreign Policy's James Palmer wrote about the expo and its lack of crowds in an article that made waves in the country. Nearly half the people in Kazakhstan live on $70 a month, and the government spent well over a billion dollars on the expo. I asked James Palmer what he thought the event meant to the Kazakh people. PALMER: The mood I saw from ordinary Kazakhs was twofold. There were a lot of people who were genuinely proud about hosting the event, who were happy that the world was paying attention to Kazakhstan. But then there was an enormous amount of bitterness, too - lots of people who were angry about
          Stock Rom SM-G570F Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime   
MODEL SM-G570F NAME Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime VERSION 6.0.1 BUILD 20161228 AP/PDA G570FXXU1APLE CP/CSC G570FOXE1APK2 CODE/REGION SER – Russia SKZ – Kazakhstan LINKS Download Mirror Mirror Mirror . MODEL SM-G570F NAME Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime VERSION 6.0.1 BUILD 20160912 AP/PDA G570FXXU1API6 CP/CSC G570FODD1API7 CODE/REGION INS – India NPL – Nepal LINKS Download Mirror Mirror Mirror … Continue reading Stock Rom SM-G570F Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime
          Anousheh Ansari: A Synopsis of her Memoir   

The Anousheh Ansari Story

Or how Anousheh Ansari left Iran, fell in love, made a fortune, rode a rocket into space, and discovered what was truly important in life

A Synopsis of the memoir*
My Dream of Stars
by
Anousheh Ansari and Homer Hickam**


            Call this a love story, though it leads to the gathering of a fortune and on to the far and magnificent reaches of space.  When everything was done and I was set down by silky parachutes beneath the endless milky sky of the high desert of Kazakhstan, I realized it was love all along that had carried me to that glittering island higher than the highest mountains and then brought me back aboard a shooting star.  Love, I understood even as I was carried from my charred, smoking spaceship, is more than an ache of the longing heart.  It is the infinite power of hopes and dreams that transcends everything, even the universal principles of physics. . . What, after all, would the universe and all its trillions of stars and billions of galaxies be without at least the tiniest bit of love?  For that matter, what would we be?  Nothing is my answer.  Just substance without purpose.


            So begins the memoir of Anousheh Ansari, Iranian-American entrepreneur, devoted daughter, loving wife, and the first Iranian in space.  In the male dominated post-revolutionary Iran, the story of her voyage may yet help change her country into one with equality for all.  She is also an international icon who has become an inspiration to everyone aspiring for a better life.  This is her story.

Young Anousheh



In 1966, a pretty curly-haired little girl named Anousheh Raissian was born in fabled Mashhad, a city of parks and mosques in the Iranian highlands. Anousheh means "eternal" in Farsi and she proved to be an eternally bright and energetic little girl.  Her parents, Houshang and Fakhri, were so much in love they were known as the Romeo and Juliet of Mashhad.  But when Anousheh was three years old, her father announced that they were going to leave the quiet and lovely city and move to the busy, teeming capital city of Tehran so he could attend the university.  "But we are so happy here," her mother told him.  He replied, "I have no future in this place.  We are going to Tehran."  In Iranian society, it is the men who make the decisions so Anousheh's mother agreed.

            Although Anousheh was confused about why they were moving, she was cheered when she heard her mother was pregnant.  She looked forward to having a brother or sister to play with!  When the family arrived in Tehran, they were accompanied by Anousheh's beloved grandparents whom Anousheh called her Buhbuhand Maman.  Then, her sister Atousa was born.  The extended family moved into a tiny, crowded apartment.  At first, all went well.  Anousheh loved the excitement of the big city although her mother still longed for Mashhad and her family.  Dreaming of America, her father decided to quit school and go to the USA and build a new life for himself and eventually his family.  While he was gone, Anousheh's mother worked two jobs to support the family and pay for the schooling of her daughters.  Sometimes, when Anousheh came home, she found her mother exhausted and suffering from severe migraine headaches.

            Her father's American dream turned into a nightmare for the family when he returned empty-handed and asked for a divorce.  Soon, it became clear he was involved with another woman.  While her life was unraveling, Anousheh found refuge amongst the stars. Her grandparents let her sleep on their balcony and there, looking into the heavens, she fell in love with the stars and vowed some day to visit them.

            Then came the Iranian revolution.  One night, a mob attacked the bank that was part of the building where Anousheh, her mother, and her sister lived and they had to flee for their lives.  Teen-aged Anousheh was harassed and forced to put on a burkha and hide her face.  She was also told studies in math and science were no longer available for women and she and her sister were forced to go to a different school every year.  One morning, they were attacked by starving dogs as they made their way through a slum to the school. Anousheh's dreams of being a scientist had disappeared into the dust of the revolution.  Her mother made a brave decision.  She decided to take her daughters and run from the despots and make a new life in the United States where she had relatives.

            When she arrived in her new country, Anousheh could not speak English.  Yet, she studied hard, graduated from high school at the top of her class, and then went to college with the help of students loans and scholarships.  She kept going until she had a master's degree in electrical engineering.

            After graduation, Anousheh began work as an engineer with a big telecommunications company.  There, she met and fell in love with Hamid Ansari, a handsome Iranian-American whose family had also escaped from Iran.  Two years after their marriage, Anousheh decided she and Hamid (plus Hamid's brother Amir) should form their own company.  At first, Hamid resisted, saying the time wasn't right, but Anousheh's arguments prevailed.
Anousheh and Hamid
           Anousheh and Hamid cashed in their meager savings, moved to Dallas, and formed Telecom Technologies, Inc (TTI).  Unable to get start-up money, they spent every penny they had, maxed out their credit cards, and asked their family to do the same.  Many times, Hamid and Anousheh had to beg the banks to give them another month, another week, even another day.  Finally, after years of anxiety and near-failure, the company produced a product that was a major success.  Soon, a buyer came and they sold TTI for hundreds of millions of dollars.

One of many cover stories for Anousheh
           
Now Anousheh looked around for new worlds to conquer.

            Literally.

            "There is a reason we are rich, Hamid," Anousheh told her husband.  "We must use our money to help people, especially women and children, to gain the knowledge and the spirit to succeed."  Hamid agreed and they began to use the bulk of their fortune for their charity work that focused on the rights of women around the world to succeed, education, and assistance to entrepreneurs.  Still, Anousheh never forgot her dream of visiting the stars.  When an opportunity came to sponsor the first private venture into space, she convinced Hamid they should do it.  Brother-in-law Amir also joined in.

            The Ansari X-Prize was the result, a ten million dollar grant to anyone who could build a space ship, pilot it into space, land it safely, and after a few days, do it all over again.  This started a huge competition, won finally by Burt Rutan who built SpaceShip One.  Anousheh and Hamid were there in the California desert on the day the great space shot was taken.  Through her perseverance and support, the spaceflight door was opened at least a little for the people of the world.
            Still, Anousheh recalled that little Iranian girl's dream, to fly amongst the stars.  On the day of the X-Prize flight, she begged Burt Rutan to let her take one of the empty seats.  The gruff Rutan was appalled.  "I would lose my license!" he cried.  Anousheh was undaunted.

Anousheh during celebration for Ansari X-Prize


            When Anousheh heard the Russian Space Agency was willing to fly private citizens into space aboard their Soyuz capsules for a price of twenty million dollars, she wanted to go.  But Hamid thought it was too dangerous.  Also, other Iranian men told him he was a fool to let his wife do such an audacious thing.  In the end, Hamid loved her so much he agreed to fully support her in what seemed her impossible quest.

            Anousheh approached the Russians but they resisted the idea of a woman in their program.  Grudgingly, they finally agreed to let her come to Star City outside Moscow but only to train as a back-up, not to fly. Anousheh worked harder than anyone there and, after initial reluctance, won most of the Russian training team to her side. A couple of weeks into her training, the swim coach sought her out.  "Anousheh, you must try the sauna!"  Anousheh had looked at the sauna and it was a poor, dilapidated thing.  She kept making excuses.  Finally, the coach persisted and Anousheh found herself wearing only a towel in the company of a half-dozen, sweating old Russian men.  They looked at her like she was a space alien but she smiled and sat down.  "How did you like it?" the coach asked afterwards.  "It was . . .  great!" she gamely replied.  Grinning, he made a check on his clipboard.  "I think you should go into space.  You are the bravest woman I have ever known!  Not one NASA astronaut has ever been willing to go into that sauna, not even the men!"

            Although Anousheh had won over most of the trainers, the American astronauts training in Russia snubbed her because they believed she was just a crazy rich woman who wanted a joy ride.  The Russian cosmonauts were also uncertain what to make of this cheerful, energetic woman with the big grin.  Then she met the veteran cosmonaut Mikhail "Misha" Tyurin.  "I think you can be a cosmonaut or anything you want," he told her after they had trained in a space capsule and she had done everything perfectly.  "If it was up to me, we would fly together."  Sadly, it wasn't up to him but the faceless bureaucrats behind the scenes, both Russian and American.

            During a water landing exercise, Anousheh was with a cosmonaut who became seasick inside a bobbing, cramped, very hot Soyuz capsule.  "If they find out I got sick," he told her, "they won't let me fly."  She replies, "Look, we can do this.  I'll tell them it was me who was sick." With Anousheh working extra hard, they accomplished the procedures successfully and the word quickly spread within the cosmonaut ranks:  Anousheh is someone who deserves to go into space.

            Anousheh kept going, persisting through arduous centrifuge training, survival training, and zero-G flights.  Then, three weeks before he was supposed to go into space, a Japanese man in the program fell ill.  Without any other spaceflight participant trained, the Russians had to let Anousheh have his seat.
Cosmonaut Anousheh


            Then it sank in to Anousheh.  There were only three weeks until flight!  No astronaut or cosmonaut had been assigned so late to a spaceflight.  It was outrageous, amazing, and wonderful all at once.  Suddenly, it seemed as if everyone in the world wanted to know everything about her.

            All did not go smoothly.  During an interview, one of her crewmates, American Astronaut Michael "L. A." Lopez-Alegriapublicly stated he didn't think she was qualified to go into space.  Luckily, her other crewmate was in her corner: her cosmonaut friend Misha!

            For the next three weeks, Anousheh expected at any time to be kicked off the flight.  She heard American officials were working behind the scenes to have her replaced because they feared she would cause an international incident with Iran.  She also got in trouble when she wanted to have the Iranian flag on her spacesuit.  NASA complained about it and the Russians ordered her to remove it.  This Anousheh did, although she sneaked in some personal shirts with the Iranian and American flags on them.  She was an American and felt no loyalty to the Iranian government but she still loved the Iranian people.  This was her way of honoring them.

            On September 18, 2006, just six days after her 40th birthday, Anousheh went through the uncomfortable pre-flight requirement of having skin samples taken from every part of her body.  She was then put on display like a lab rat in front of a glass window while reporters took snapshots.  But, during all this, a wonderful thing happened.  Her sister and mother came to see her off and then, to her astonishment, there was her father, too.  She was happy her dream had brought her family together to cheer her on and pray for her.  That night, in her room, she looked into the darkness and saw the reflection in her window of that little Iranian girl who once dreamed on a balcony while looking up at the stars.  "Is it worth it?" she demanded of the little girl.  "Is it worth all this just so you can have your dream?"  The little girl replied with a grin as big as the moon and Anousheh knew it was worth it, indeed.

            The next day, atop a Soyuz rocket, essentially an old intercontinental ballistic missile meant to carry nuclear warheads, Anousheh took off with crewmates L. A. and Misha, bound for space and the International Space Station.

            Once in orbit, Anousheh was so happy she cried.  She spotted what appeared to be a diamond floating in the air and realized it was one of her tears.  It floated to the porthole and, in the sunlight, made a beautiful rainbow.  Anousheh unbuckled herself and began to learn to fly around the tiny module.  L. A. watched her antics with a professional astronaut's critical eye.  That night, she slept in a sleeping bag hanging from the ceiling like a bat.  She called it her "Bat Sack" and switched on her iPod.  She was having a ball!
            But the next day, disaster struck, Anousheh fell victim to space sickness, a combination of nausea, vomiting, headache, and horrible back pain.  For two days, she tenaciously fought her way through it.  When the spacecraft docked at the International Space Station, she was recovered and ready to enjoy space.  In spite of himself, L. A. was impressed.

Anousheh flies about the Int'l Space Station


            Very quickly, Anousheh filled the gray interior of the space station with the bright colors of her personality.  Before the bemused eyes of the professional astronauts and cosmonauts on board, she began to fly through the station like a joyful bird.  Gradually, their amusement turned into respect.  After all, she held more patents than anyone on board, had built a successful business based on her engineering expertise, and had funded the X-Prize!

            Anousheh would spend eight days aboard the station.  Finally, L. A. came to her and told her he thought she belonged in space, and that maybe more people like her should come.  "That is my dream," Anousheh replied, "that anyone who wants to can come and live and work up here."

            Whenever she could, Anousheh watched the beautiful Earth turning beneath her.  She dreamed of having the leaders of the world come to share her platform so they could see the world as it really was.  "Here," she told a reporter during an interview, "they would see no borders, just one world, the only world we have.  It must be protected from harm."

            Determined to share her experience, she sent e-mail blogs from orbit to her web site (www.anoushehansari.com).  Her missives were so personal in nature, so unlike anything ever written from space, they began to capture international attention, and quickly built a huge audience.

            By the time Anousheh climbed into a Russian spacecraft to crash back into the atmosphere, more than twenty million hits had thundered into her server from fascinated readers from all over the world, including many from her native Iran.

            Anousheh's triumph continued until it was time to return.  Her capsule struck the atmosphere hard.  She felt like she was riding a shooting star.  When she landed, the world had a new star, indeed.  But Anousheh had landed on Earth in more ways than one.

            She looked from the capsule and was blinded by flashes of light.  Everyone was taking photographs rather than getting her out.  She felt like a trapped, caged animal.  They finally pulled her free, wrapped her in a blanket and carried her to a chair.  Reporters and photographers began to swarm around her like locusts.

Then she heard a familiar voice from behind her.  "Anousheh, I am here!"  It was Hamid.  She was so happy to hear his voice!  She called out to him, “Hamid, please come and hold me.”  It was then she realized what everything she'd done had really meant.  It was love that had made it all possible, her love of the stars, yes, but, more importantly, her love for her husband and family and the people who'd helped her along the way.  Hamid rescued her and took her back to Texas.





Anousheh and Hamid after landing


            Anousheh still lives in Dallas.  She has become an international icon, in demand across the world from people who want to know more about her story.  She speaks to students and teachers to inspire them toward greatness.  She is also building a new company and investing millions in enterprises to give people hope for the future.  Yet, that little Iranian girl within sometimes still makes her presence known.  With a sigh, Anousheh puts down her work and goes outside and looks into the night sky, her eyes wandering amongst the stars, longing to return to a place she now thinks as her other home.

My Dream of Stars (published by Palgrave-McMillan in Spring, 2010)

**  Homer Hickam is the author of the #1 New York Times memoir Rocket Boys (made into the Universal Studios motion picture October Sky) plus many other fine books including his most recent best-seller, Carrying Albert Home (www.homerhickam.com).



          В ночном клубе США расстреляли 17 человек   

В США в ночном клубе в столице штата Арканзас городе Литтл-Рок расстреляли 17 человек. Врачам удалось стабилизировать состояние одного тяжело раненого, жизни остальных вне опасности, передает Newsru.com.

В ночном клубе США расстреляли 17 человек

Фото: vesti.ru

Инцидент произошел в клубе Power Lounge рано утром в субботу по местному времени. Обстоятельства уточняются.

В Twitter-аккаунте городской полиции сообщается, что инцидент не был связан с активностью стрелка или же террористической атакой.

Предположительно, стрельба стала следствием ссоры во время концерта в клубе. По некоторым данным, выстрелы прозвучали на втором этаже клуба.

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Еще несколько посетителей получили травмы в результате паники, возникшей после первых выстрелов, пытаясь покинуть здание.


          Не плачь: экс-"Иванушка" перед смертью написал песню-прощание   

Гражданская жена ушедшего из жизни экс-солиста "Иванушек International" Александра Куцевол рассказала о последней песне артиста. По ее словам, Олег Яковлев последней записал очень грустную композицию под названием "Не плачь" и планировал снять на нее клип,  сообщает Ren.tv.

Не плачь: экс-"Иванушка" перед смертью написал песню-прощание

Фото: ura.news

Александра Куцевол рассказала, что Олег написал грустную композицию, песню-прощание «Не плачь». Он собирался снять клип и провести презентацию.

«Я осуществлю задуманное в память о нем», — сказала подруга погибшего певца.

Читайте также: Казахстанцы увидят, как Назарбаев помирил Путина и Эрдогана>>

Напомним, 47-летний Олег Яковлев скончался 29 июня, в семь часов утра, в одной из московских клиник, куда был госпитализирован с двусторонней пневмонией, возникшей на фоне цирроза печени. В последние дни он был подключен к аппарату искусственной вентиляции легких.

Олега Яковлева похоронили сегодня, 1 июля, на Троекуровском кладбище, пишет L!FE.

Попрощаться с артистом пришли сотни людей, в том числе его коллеги по группе и сцене Андрей Григорьев-Апполонов, Кирилл Андреев, певицы Анна Семенович, Надя Ручка, Катя Лель, продюсер "Иванушек" Игорь Матвиенко.

Многие артисты, лично и хорошо знавшие Олега Яковлева, не смогли сдержать слез во время церемонии похорон.


          Wimbledon 2017: Andy Murray shakes off injury woes as he returns to the practice courts   
ANDY MURRAY has returned to the practice courts at Wimbledon as he battles against time to return to full fitness for Monday. Murray pushed himself through two practice sessions yesterday before limping off court because of a problem with his left hip. The Scot faces Russian-born Kazakhstani tennis player Alexander Bublic in the first round […]
          Video: Andy Murray practice for Wimbledon 2017   
Watch Tennis Videos

Video: Andy Murray gears up for first round of Wimbledon 2017

World number one Andy Murray practices on the grass at Wimbledon ahead of his first round match against Kazakhstan's Alexander Bublik.


          ‘A Resplendent, Magnificent Pakistan’ represented at the World Fair 2017   

LAHORE: (Web Desk) Simultaneously a gathering of world leaders including the Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif came together in Astana and Pakistan and India became part of The Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The summit kicked off in Kazakhstan, at the start of the World Expo with the admission of India and Pakistan topping their agenda. The …

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          Human Rights Watch Country Profiles: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity   

The following are excerpts from the Human Rights Watch 2017 World Report  that relate to the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people. The report, released in January 2017, documented events of 2016. In some cases, we have added updates from the first half of 2017.

The countries are all listed below in alphabetical order. This compilation is not comprehensive. If a country is not listed, that means there was no mention of LGBTI/SOGI issues for that country in the 2017 World Report. For example, many of the smaller Caribbean countries and some African countries are omitted due to research limitations, but most have anti-LGBT laws on the books and pervasive homophobia and transphobia. On the other hand, several countries that are not included here made progress in the 2016-2017 period: Belize, Nauru and the Seychelles all decriminalized consensual same-sex conduct, for example. Human Rights Watch has only recently begun investigating the rights of intersex people, so there are few references to intersex rights.

This is a living document which will be updated regularly to reflect new events and further Human Rights Watch research.

Last updated: June 23, 2017

***

Argentina

In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage. The Civil Marriage Law allows same-sex couples to enter into civil marriages and affords them the legal protections of marriage enjoyed by opposite sex couples, including adoption rights and pension benefits. Since 2010, nearly 15,000 same-sex couples have married nationwide. In 2012, the landmark Gender Identity Law established the right of individuals over the age of 18 to choose their gender identity, undergo gender reassignment, and revise official documents without any prior judicial or medical approval.

Armenia

Activists reported that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LBGTI) people face discrimination, harassment, and violence. The government has not addressed hate speech or discrimination against LGBTI people. Gender identity and sexual orientation are not included as protected grounds in anti-discrimination or hate speech laws, limiting legal recourse for many crimes against LGBTI people. Following the October 2015 Rainbow forum, organized by Armenian LGBTI-friendly groups to discuss protection and promotion of minority rights, anonymous people targeted some participants with intimidation and threats, mostly on social media, including to burn and kill them. Authorities refused to launch a criminal investigation into the threats, citing lack of evidence. In June 2016, the LGBT rights group, PINK Armenia, published a survey revealing that 90 percent of the population is hostile to LGBTI people and support limits on their rights. In July 2016, PINK Armenia released a report documenting 46 cases of violence and discrimination against LGBTI people in 2015. The government has not taken meaningful steps to combat stereotypes and discrimination against LGBTI people.

Australia

Australia does not recognize the right of same-sex couples to marry. The Australian government announced a plebiscite on the right of same-sex couples to marry, but political opponents blocked it, arguing a plebiscite is expensive and wasteful and that the issue should be determined by a parliamentary free vote.

Australia continued its policy of intercepting asylum seekers and forcibly transferring them to Nauru and, until 2016, to Manus Island in Papua New Guinea. Asylum seekers or refugees perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) face harassment and abuse despite the recent decriminalization of same-sex conduct in Nauru. In Papua New Guinea, such conduct remains criminalized.

Bangladesh

Bangladesh witnessed a spate of violent attacks against secular bloggers, academics, gay rights activists, foreigners, and members of religious minorities in 2016. Prominent gay activists Xulhaz Mannan, the founder of Roopbaan, Bangladesh’s first lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) magazine, and Mahbub Rabby Tonoy, the general secretary of the group, were  murdered in April. Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) claimed responsibility for the killings. Fearing for their lives, many LGBT activists sought temporary refuge outside the country.

“Carnal intercourse against the order of nature” carries a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison. In May 2017, police raided a private gathering of gay and bisexual men, and allegedly paraded them in front of media, exposing them to their families and the public. Authorities said they declined to press charges under the colonial-era sodomy law because they did not catch the men in the act of sexual intercourse. The government has twice rejected recommendations to repeal the colonial-era law during its Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council. The Bangladesh cabinet in 2014 declared legal recognition of a third gender category for hijras—a traditional cultural identity for transgender people who, assigned male at birth, do not identify as men—but the absence of a definition of the term or procedure for gaining recognition of third gender status led to abuses in implementation of the legal change. In June and July 2015, a group of hijras were subjected to harassment and invasive and abusive physical examinations at a government hospital as a requirement to join a government employment program. The Bangladesh National Human Rights Commission in 2017 agreed with LGBT civil society groups to establish a desk at the commission for reporting SOGI-related issues.

Belarus

Parliament adopted a vaguely worded bill in May 2016 on “protecting children from information harmful for their health and development.” These provisions may be used to restrict dissemination of neutral or positive information about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as “discrediting the institution of the family.”

Bolivia

In May 2016, the Plurinational Assembly passed a bill that allows people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. Same-sex couples in Bolivia are not allowed to marry or engage in civil unions. The 2009 constitution defines marriage as the union of a man and a woman.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo Open Centre, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights organization, documented 23 cases of hate speech and incitement of violence and hate and two crimes and incidents motivated by prejudice on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity in the first three months of 2016. The reaction of authorities to these incidents is generally inadequate. There was no progress in police investigations into the 2014 attack on a film festival that Sarajevo Open Centre organized.

In its annual progress on Bosnia and Herzegovina published in November, the European Commission highlighted the failure of authorities to amend the constitution, in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights and to implement rulings by the Constitutional Court. The report also identified inadequate legal protection for LGBTI persons and the failure of authorities to protect adequately the rights of minorities and to ensure media freedom.

Brazil

Brazil’s Supreme Court approved same-sex marriage in 2011 and it upheld the right of same-sex couples to adopt children in 2015. But the Chamber of Deputies was, at time of writing, debating a bill that would define a family as a union between a man and a woman. The national Human Rights Ombudsman’s Office received 1,983 complaints of violence, discrimination, and other abuses experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in 2015. In the first half of 2016 the ombudsman received 879 such complaints.

Burma

Burma’s national penal code criminalizes consensual same-sex behavior between adult men. In recent years police have arrested gay men and transgender women assembling in public places, and politicians have called for the “education” of gay people.

Cameroon

Cameroon’s penal code punishes “sexual relations between persons of the same sex” with up to five years in prison. The law is regularly enforced, and in previous years, the Cameroonian authorities have subjected men arrested under this law to forced anal examinations. Although the number of arrests appeared to decrease for several years, activists reported a new uptick in arrests and prosecutions in 2016.

Chile

A “civil union” bill presented by former President Sebastián Piñera in 2011 that provides legal recognition and protection for same-sex couples became law in April 2015 and went into effect in October 2015. In September 2016, the Senate Human Rights Commission approved a bill to recognize the gender identity of transgender people, with a Senate vote expected in December.

China

China has no law protecting people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, and there is no legal recognition of same-sex partnership. Possibly because their activism is not considered threatening to the state, LGBT individuals enjoyed some success advancing legal cases in 2016. In January, a Hunan court heard a case filed by Sun Wenlin against the local Bureau of Civil Affairs, which had refused to marry Sun and his male partner. Though the court ruled against Sun in April, his case—the first gay marriage lawsuit accepted by Chinese courts—attracted wide media attention. In June, a Henan court accepted a case filed by Yu Hu against a mental health hospital that had subjected him to 19 days of involuntary “therapy” to “cure” his homosexuality. Also in June, a Guangdong university student, Qiu Bai, sued the provincial education department over textbooks that depict homosexuality as an illness. Qiu filed a similar suit in 2015, though she withdrew it later because the department had promised to look into the matter. She decided to sue again after the authorities’ pledge failed to materialize. In June, China voted against a UN resolution creating an expert post dedicated to addressing violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Colombia

In September 2016, the Council of the State—one of Colombia’s high courts—annulled the 2012 re-election of Alejandro Ordoñez as the country’s inspector general and dismissed him from office. Under Colombian law, the inspector general is charged with protecting human rights, but during his seven years in office, Ordoñez repeatedly sought to undermine the rights of women and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.

In recent years, authorities in Colombia have taken several steps to recognize the rights of LGBT people. In June 2015, the Justice Ministry issued a decree allowing people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. In November 2015, the Constitutional Court ruled that sexual orientation could not be used to prohibit someone from adopting a child, although a legislative proposal to hold a referendum on this issue remained pending at time of writing. In April 2016, the Constitutional Court upheld the right of same-sex couples to marry. In October 2016, FARC leaders met with conservative politicians and agreed to promote a definition of the family as formed by a man and a woman. The FARC backtracked after meeting with LGBT representatives days later. Conservative politicians and evangelist leaders had attacked the peace agreement claiming that it would “destroy families.” Between January and June 2016, the Ombudsman’s Office received 89 reports of cases of violence against LGBTI people.

Cote d’Ivoire

No law prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex status. Côte d’Ivoire does not criminalize same-sex conduct, but the criminal code establishes higher penalties for same-sex couples convicted of public acts of indecency. Two men were in November convicted of public indecency and sentenced to three-month prison terms after being accused of same-sex sexual acts. Two gay men were assaulted in June 2016 after a photo was published of them signing a book of condolences to the victims of a shooting at a gay nightclub in Florida, US.

Croatia

In February, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled that Croatia discriminated on grounds of sexual orientation against a woman from Bosnia and Herzegovina, by denying her the right to a residence permit in Croatia to join her female partner.

Ecuador

In 2016, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled against Ecuador in a case determining that it is discriminatory to punish officers who allegedly have homosexual sex on military installations.

Egypt

Sexual relations outside marriage are criminalized. Since 2013, authorities have pursued a campaign to intimidate, track, and arrest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, including entrapment using social media applications. Police regularly used forced anal examinations in prosecutions of those suspected of homosexual sex. Solidarity With Egypt LGBTQ+, an advocacy group, said it had recorded 114 criminal investigations involving 274 LGBT individuals launched between the end of 2013 and November 2016, 66 of which involved the authorities’ use of social media.

Estonia

The government failed to adopt amendments that would allow the Co-Habitation Act to fully enter into force in 2016. The act is progressive legislation that extends the rights of marriage to unmarried—including same-sex—couples, encompassing, among other things, child adoption and property rights.

Gambia

The government continued to resist calls to repeal laws that criminalize homosexuality, including an October 2014 law that introduced a series of new “aggravated homosexuality” offenses that impose sentences of up to life in prison. The criminalization of same-sex conduct leaves lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Gambians at risk of arbitrary arrest and detention, although fewer arrests and physical abuse of LGBT Gambians were reported in 2016.

Georgia

In August, President Giorgi Margvelashvili blocked a referendum bid on defining marriage as a union of a man and a woman, saying that the issue is already covered in the civil code. Kvirikashvili vowed to pursue a constitutional definition of marriage after the October elections, arguing that this would help counter alleged Western efforts to spread same-sex marriage “propaganda” in Georgia. Local rights groups feared this effort would further marginalize the LGBT community and intensify anti-LGBT prejudice. Authorities declined a request by LGBT activists to hold an event to mark International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHO) on Tbilisi’s main thoroughfare, stating it was already booked for a procession by Orthodox groups to mark Family Day, an annual event established by the Orthodox Church in 2014. Activists refused to celebrate IDAHO in the alternative venue offered. The Women’s Initiatives Supporting Group (WISG), a local LGBTI rights group, said it documented almost 20 cases of attacks against transgender people in 2016. In October, a transgender woman was beaten and stabbed in what rights groups suspected was a hate crime. Police arrested a suspect on attempted murder charges, and the public defender urged authorities to examine a possible hate motive.

Honduras

Rampant crime and impunity for human rights abuses remain the norm in Honduras. Despite a downward trend in recent years, the murder rate is among the highest in the world. Journalists, peasant activists, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are among those most vulnerable to violence.

In June 2016, several United Nations agencies working in Honduras urged the government to investigate killings of LGBTI activists and noted that sexual violence against LGBTI individuals forces them into “internal displacement” or to flee the country in search of international protection.

Hungary

In August 2016, a lower court sentenced a right-wing extremist to 10 years’ imprisonment for violent attacks between 2007 and 2009, including throwing Molotov cocktails at the homes of socialist MPs and an attack on a gay bar in Budapest.

In July, the ECtHR ruled that Hungary had arbitrarily detained an Iranian gay man and failed to take into account his vulnerability in detention arising from his sexual orientation.

India

In February 2016, the Supreme Court of India allowed a challenge to section 377 of the penal code to proceed, referring the case to a five-judge bench. The colonial-era provision, which the court had upheld in 2013, criminalizes same-sex relations between adults. In June, several well-known LGBT professionals filed a petition in Supreme Court arguing that section 377 violates the right to life and personal liberty, but the Supreme Court deferred the petition to the Chief Justice. In August, the government introduced a new bill in parliament on the rights of transgender persons. The bill was flawed, however, by provisions that were inconsistent with the 2014 Supreme Court ruling that recognized transgender individuals as a third gender and found them eligible for quotas in jobs and education.

India’s voting record on rights issues at the UN was disappointing. In July, the government abstained on a resolution that created a UN expert post to address discrimination against LGBT persons and voted in favor of amendments to weaken the mandate, saying India’s Supreme Court was still to decide on the issue of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights.

Indonesia

Starting in January 2016, high-ranking Indonesian officials made a series of vitriolic anti-LGBT statements and policy pronouncements, fueling increased threats and at times violent attacks on LGBT activists and individuals. In some cases, the threats and violence occurred in the presence, and with the tacit support, of government officials or security forces. State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and the National Child Protection Commission, issued censorship directives banning information and broadcasts that portrayed the lives of LGBT people as “normal” as well as so-called propaganda about LGBT lives. Ministries proposed discriminatory and regressive anti-LGBT laws. An ongoing case in the Constitutional Court is considering a petition that proposed amending the criminal code to criminalize sex outside of marriage and same-sex sexual relations. During the initial hearings, the petitioners—led by a group called the Family Love Alliance—put forward ill-informed and bigoted testimony similar to the anti-LGBT rhetoric espoused by Indonesian officials and politicians earlier that year. The government, the respondent in the case, said criminalizing sex out of wedlock would make “the sinner a criminal, and the government authoritarian,” a view echoed in testimony by the National Commission on Violence Against Women and other groups opposed to the petition. At time of writing the court had not yet ruled on the petition. While president Joko Widodo, or “Jokowi” in October 2016 declared that police must protect LGBT people and not discriminate against them, he failed to uphold that principle in action. In 2017, police raided at least two private gatherings of gay and bisexual men on the pretense of the discriminatory anti-pornography law, which construes gay sex as “deviant” and prescribes increased punishments for it, and Sharia police publicly flogged two gay men for private, consensual sex in Aceh province.

Iran

Under Iranian law, many nonviolent crimes, such as “insulting the Prophet,” apostasy, same-sex relations, adultery, and drug-related offenses, are punishable by death.

In March, the United Nations Children’s Rights Committee noted that flogging was still a lawful punishment for boys and girls convicted of certain crimes. The committee noted reports that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) children had been subjected to electric shocks to “cure” them.

Iraq

ISIS’s Diwan al-Hisba (Moral Policing Administration) and online media apparatuses have publicly announced 27 executions of allegedly gay men, at least nine of them in Iraq. The main method ISIS used to execute these men has been to throw them off the roofs of high-rise buildings.

Iraq’s penal code does not prohibit same-sex intimacy, although article 394 makes it illegal to engage in extra-marital sexual relations. Due to the fact that the law does not expressly allow same-sex marriage, it effectively prohibits all same-sex relations. In July 2016 Moqtada al-Sadr, the prominent Shia opposition cleric, stated that although same-sex relationships are not acceptable, individuals who do not conform to gender norms suffer from “psychological problems,” and should not be attacked.

Israel/Palestine

There are different legal systems in occupied Palestinian Territory. The British Mandate Criminal Code Ordinance, No. 74 of 1936 is in force in Gaza. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960 applies, and does not contain provisions prohibiting adult consensual same-sex conduct. In Gaza, having “unnatural intercourse” of a sexual nature, understood to include same-sex relationships, is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison. In February 2016, Hamas’s armed wing executed one of its fighters ostensibly for “behavioral and moral violations,” which Hamas officials acknowledged meant same-sex relations.

Italy

As of May 2016, same-sex couples may have their relationships legally recognized as civil unions, though they do not have the right to adopt.

Japan

A bipartisan parliamentary group established in March 2015 continued to discuss legislation to address discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, but at time of writing it had yet to come up with an agreed draft bill. Japanese law treats those requesting legal recognition as transgender as having a “Gender Identity Disorder” and requires obtaining such medical diagnosis. It also requires forced sterilization, compulsory single status, not having any underage children, and being 20 years or older. While same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in Japan, Tokyo’s Shibuya ward in April 2015 became the first municipality to pass a regulation recognizing same-sex partnerships, with more municipalities recognizing such partnerships in 2016 and 2017. Bullying is a problem in Japanese schools generally, and particularly so against LGBT students. In April 2016, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) for the first time released a guidebook for teachers regarding sexual orientation and gender identity. And in 2017, MEXT announced amendments to the national bullying prevention policy to include specific mention of LGBT students for the first time.

Jamaica

Jamaica is moving toward a revision of its rape law, which currently defines rape as the penetration of the vagina with the penis without consent. A proposal has been floated for a new law that is gender neutral. The absence of a gender-neutral rape law has been put forth in the past by politicians as justification for retaining Jamaica’s colonial-era “buggery” law, which criminalizes both consensual and non-consensual sex between men. The possible promulgation of a gender-neutral law on rape or sexual assault may therefore be a first step toward decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct.

Kazakhstan

Surveys of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people reveal that many hide their sexual orientation or gender identity—including to healthcare providers—out of fear of reprisals or discrimination. When LGBT people report abuse, they often face indifference and hostility from authorities. Transgender people must undergo humiliating and invasive procedures—including coerced sterilization—to change gender on official documents. Without identity documents, transgender people struggle to access employment, healthcare, and education. The UN Human Rights Committee called on the government to end discrimination and violence against LGBT people and review gender-reassignment surgery procedures.

Kenya

Kenya’s penal code prohibits “carnal knowledge against the order of nature,” generally understood as consensual sex between men, and “indecent practices between males.” Civil society organizations and activists filed two landmark constitutional petitions against these sections in April and June 2016, arguing that the laws violate constitutional rights, including the rights to equality and nondiscrimination, human dignity, freedom and security of the person, privacy, and health. Kenya continued the prosecution of two men on charges of “carnal knowledge” after police arbitrarily arrested them in Kwale County in February 2015. The case remained open but was suspended pending the ruling of a constitutional petition filed by the two men, asserting that state officials had violated their rights by subjecting them to a forced anal examination. The High Court rejected the petition on the grounds that the men consented to the examination, ignoring that the men were in police custody and not able to provide free and informed consent. The men have appealed the ruling. The government appealed a 2015 High Court decision ordering the Non-Governmental Organizations Board to register the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (NGLHRC), a civil society group. Parties were awaiting a hearing date at time of writing. The Kenya Film Classification Board overstepped its jurisdiction in asking YouTube to remove a locally produced video addressing same-sex relationships, prohibiting an alleged lesbian speed-dating event, and attempting to ban a podcast with alleged lesbian content.

In May 2017, the Attorney General established a “Taskforce on Policy, Legal, Institutional and Administrative Reforms Regarding Intersex Persons in Kenya.” Its mandate includes to “recommend comprehensive reforms to safeguard the interests of intersex persons.” The secretariat of the task force is based at the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights. The task force will be open to receiving submissions on best practices from around the world, and there is a strong possibility that it will result in the establishment of policies that protect the rights of intersex people. While it will not directly address SOGI related rights, the task force may produce a rights-based framework around intersex people with aspects that will be transferrable to the advancement of LGBT rights.

Kyrgyzstan

LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan experience ill-treatment, extortion, and discrimination by both state and non-state actors. There is widespread impunity for these abuses. On May 24, 2016, the law, order and fighting crime parliamentary committee returned Kyrgyzstan’s anti-LGBT bill, which would ban “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations,” for a repeat second reading, where it then stalled. The bill appears aimed at silencing anyone seeking to openly share information about same-sex relations in Kyrgyzstan. Following a live debate on LGBT rights on national television, Kyrgyzstan’s State Committee on National Security on June 14 summoned the editor-in-chief of Kloop.kg, an online media portal, for questioning about its coverage of the show. The television’s supervisory board also formally reprimanded its general director for airing the content. Also in June, Kyrgyzstan voted against a resolution at the UN Human Rights Council establishing the mandate of an independent expert to address violence and discrimination against LGBT people.

Latvia

According to Latvian LGBT activists, the authorities used a 2015 law on “constitutional morality education” to censor discussion about LGBT people in at least two schools in 2016.

Lebanon

Sexual relations outside of marriage—adultery and fornication—are criminalized under Lebanon’s penal code. Furthermore, article 534 of the penal code punishes “any sexual intercourse contrary to the order of nature” with up to one year in prison. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. In February 2016, a Syrian refugee, arrested by Lebanese Military Intelligence officers apparently on suspicion he was gay, was allegedly tortured while detained at Military Intelligence, Ministry of Defense, Military Police, and Jounieh police centers. In January 2017, a judge in Metn challenged the legal basis of the arrest of men for same-sex conduct, declaring that homosexuality is “not a criminal offence,” although under Lebanon’s legal system, the ruling does not create a binding precedent.

Malaysia

Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is pervasive in Malaysia. Article 377A of the penal code criminalizes same-sex activity between men with punishments of up to 20 years in prison and whipping. Numerous Sharia-based laws and regulations prohibiting a “man posing as a woman,” sexual relations between women, and sexual relations between men effectively criminalize LGBT people.

Both government and private actors attempted to limit expression in support of LGBT rights. In February 2017, JAKIM (the Ministry for Islamic Development) endorsed so-called “conversion therapy,” claiming that gays should seek guidance from God, “repent,” and enter into heterosexual marriages. In March, the Film Censorship Board demanded that Disney edit out four minutes of the children’s film “Beauty and the Beast” because of a “gay moment.” Disney refused to make any cuts to the film, and the board eventually backed down and allowed the unedited film to be screened in Malaysia. In May, Taylor’s University in Subang Jaya canceled a three-day Pride celebration organized by Pelangi, an LGBT rights organization. In June, the Ministry of Health, in response to strident criticism from activists and the general public, reframed the terms of a youth video competition on sexual and reproductive health, removing language and criteria that stigmatized LGBT identities in favor of language that appears to affirm them.

In February 2017 Sameera, a transgender woman, was murdered in Kuantan. In June, an 18-year-old in Penang, T. Nhaveen, died after a group of teenagers allegedly beat and raped him while taunting him with insults such as “pondan,” a derogatory Malay term for an effeminate male, a gay male, or a transgender woman.

Mexico

Same-sex marriage has been legal in Mexico City since 2010. Since then, nine states have legalized it; in 2015, the Supreme Court opened the door to recognition in all states by ruling that the definition of marriage as a union only between a man and a woman constitutes discrimination and thus violates Mexico’s Constitution. In May 2016, President Peña Nieto introduced a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, to remove sexual orientation and gender identity as barriers to adoption, and to recognize gender identity through the reissuance of birth notices, without a doctor’s involvement. Two committees in the Chamber of Deputies voted against the initiative in November.

Morocco/Western Sahara

Moroccan courts continued to jail persons for same-sex conduct under article 489 of the penal code, which prohibits “lewd or unnatural acts with an individual of the same sex.” A Beni Mellal court convicted two men of homosexuality after a group of youths on March 9 burst into the home of one and pushed the two men naked into the street, filming the assault and later posting the clip online. The two men were freed after spending one month in prison; in April, a court imposed prison terms on two of their attackers. On October 27, police in Marrakesh arrested two girls aged 16 and 17 who were reported for cuddling in a private home. They were jailed for one week and charged under article 489, then provisionally released. In December, they were acquitted.

Authorities require but often refuse to issue permits for foreign broadcast media to film in Morocco. On April 3, police detained and then expelled a crew of the French news program “Le Petit Journal” as it tried to film in a neighborhood of Beni Mellal where the abovementioned gay-bashing assault had taken place.

Nepal

In line with a 2007 Supreme Court decision and a subsequent court order, the government in 2015 began issuing passports in three genders: “male,” “female,” and “other.” Some with “other” passports have successfully traveled abroad with their travel documents recognized by foreign governments. The new constitution recognizes that citizenship is available in three genders, and protects “gender and sexual minorities” in clauses related to equality before the law and social justice. Activists remain frustrated with the lack of implementation of a Supreme Court-mandated committee recommendation that the government recognize same-sex relationships.

Netherlands

At the start of 2016, NGOs reported threats and discrimination against LGBT asylum seekers at asylum facilities, and a Dutch independent monitoring body, the Dutch Board for Protection of Human Rights, found in February that LGBT asylum seekers at a large facility face discrimination.

Nigeria

The passage of the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, SSMPA in January 2014, has far reaching effects on members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. The law is used to legitimize abuses against LGBT people, including mob violence, sexual abuse, unlawful arrests, torture and extortion by police. On February 13, the police arrested a homosexual couple in the federal capital for allegedly attempting to conduct a wedding. The wedding sponsors and the hotel venue owner were also arrested. The penalty for entering into a gay marriage under the SSMPA is 14 years. Ironically, former President Jonathan who defied global pressure before signing the bill into law, said belatedly in June 2016 that “with the clear knowledge that the issue of sexual orientation is still evolving, the nation may, at the appropriate time, revisit the law.”

In November 2015, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights urged the Nigerian government to review the SSMPA in order to prohibit violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and ensure access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for LGBT individuals.

Pakistan

In 2009, Pakistan’s Supreme Court called for improved police response to cases involving transgender people, and to ensure the rights of transgender people to basic education, employment, and protection. However, despite the court order, violent attacks on transgender and intersex women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province surged in 2016, with unknown assailants frequently targeting those involved in activism. Official responses have been inadequate. Human rights groups in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have recorded dozens of threats to, and attacks on, people and property, including abuses while in police custody. In September 2016, the National Commission for Human Rights called on the government to investigate the attacks, and in 2016 and 2017 local governments and parliament hearings reflected an increased amount of attention to the plight of transgender women—including a unanimous resolution in the Khyber Pakhdunkhwa assembly calling for voting rights for transgender people.

Papua New Guinea

The PNG criminal code outlaws sex “against the order of nature,” which has been interpreted to apply to consensual same-sex acts, and is punishable by up to 14 years’ imprisonment. Gay asylum seekers on Manus Island have reported being shunned, sexually abused, or assaulted by other asylum seekers.

In May, during the periodic review of PNG’s human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council, countries made more than 150 recommendations on sues including ratification of international treaties, establishing a national human rights commission, promoting gender equality, addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence, decriminalizing consensual same-sex relations, and abolishing or placing a moratorium on the death penalty. In September, PNG responded that it would ratify all core human rights treaties “on the basis of priorities” and that, while there are challenges to implementing reforms, it is committed to establishing a human rights commission, improving gender equality, and addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence. It also noted, however, that “LGBT is currently not a priority of the Government” and that the “death penalty is in our national law, however despite this, the current government directive is not to implement until further directions are issued.”

Peru

In March 2015, Congress rejected a bill to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples. In September 2016, a Congressional supporter of President Kuczynski announced that he would introduce a new legislative proposal to recognize same-sex civil unions.

People in Peru are required to appear before a judge in order to revise the gender noted on their identification documents. In an August 2016 report, the human rights ombudsman noted that courts had rejected most of these requests, often applying inconsistent criteria.

Philippines

The House of Representatives began consideration of House Bill 267, the “Anti SOGI (Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity) Discrimination Act” in June 2016. If approved, it will criminalize discrimination in the employment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, and prohibit schools from refusing to register or expelling students on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Senate has introduced companion legislation, Senate Bill No. 935, otherwise known as the Anti-Discrimination Bill (ADB), which had its first hearing in August. House Bill 267 will also sensitize police and law enforcement officers on LGBT issues and train them to attend to complaints. These initiatives are essential given that LGBT rights advocacy groups have warned that hate crimes against LGBT people are on the rise and that the Philippines has recorded the highest number of murders of transgender individuals in Southeast Asia since 2008. The bill would also prohibit anti-LGBT discrimination in access to health care.

Russia

Authorities continued to implement discriminatory policies and laws against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. In March, police found journalist and theater critic Dmitry Tsilikin dead in his St. Petersburg apartment from stab wounds. The perpetrator, arrested a week later, confessed that he planned to blackmail Tsilikin about his homosexuality, but killed him during a confrontation. The police did not categorize the killing as a hate crime. In January, a court in Murmansk, northwestern Russia, found LGBT activist Sergei Alekseenko guilty of violating the discriminatory “gay propaganda” law which prohibits allowing children access to positive information about LGBT relationships. The court called several publications on the website of an LGBT organization formerly run by Alekseenko “gay propaganda” and fined him 100,000 rubles (US$1,300). Authorities continued legal action against Deti-404, an online support group for LGBT children. In April, a court in the Siberian town of Barnaul ruled to ban the website. As of November, Deti 404’s website remained blocked. In September, a court in Siberia ruled to block BlueSystem.ru, a highly popular LGBT news site. As of November, the site was blocked.

In February 2017 and stretching through at least the first week in April, law enforcement and security officials in Russia’s Chechen Republic launched an unprecedented anti-gay purge. They rounded up dozens of men on suspicion of being gay, held them in unofficial detention facilities for days, humiliated, starved, and tortured them. They forcibly disappeared some of the men. Others were returned to their families barely alive from beatings. Their captors exposed them to their families as gay and encouraged their relatives to carry out so-called “honor killings.” Although Chechnya’s leader, Ramzan Kadyrov has denied the round-ups, there is evidence that high-level officials in Chechnya sanctioned them. Russia’s federal government pledged to investigate, but intense and well-founded fear of official retaliation and honor killings, and overwhelming stigma will prevent many victims from coming forward.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital and homosexual sex, or other “immoral” acts. If such activity occurs online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country’s anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on “public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy.” In February 2016, the Saudi Gazette reported that the Bureau of Investigation and Public Prosecution is considering requesting the death penalty for anyone “using social media to solicit homosexual acts.”

In February 2017, Saudi police arrested 35 Pakistani citizens, some of whom were transgender women. One of them died in detention. Her family said her body bore signs of torture, while the Saudi authorities said she had died of a heart attack.

Serbia (Kosovo)

Attacks and harassment of human rights defenders continued. According to local LGBT and human rights organizations, the majority of attacks and threats against members of the LGBT community go unreported with only known LGBT activists filing complaints. In June, in Vojvodina in Northeast Serbia, an LGBT activist was attacked and kicked in the head by four unidentified perpetrators. No one had been prosecuted at time of writing. In August, LGBT activist Boban Stojanovic, one of the Belgrade Pride organizers, was punched and called a “fag” in downtown Belgrade by two unidentified men. Police were investigating at time of writing. Hundreds of police officers deployed in Belgrade to protect the LGBT Pride march in September, which occurred without violence. This was a marked improvement from previous years when protesters attacked the parade, or the government had cancelled the event citing security concerns instead of providing adequate security.

The Kosovo Constitution protects against sexual orientation-based discrimination and a 2015 anti-discrimination law enumerates protections for both sexual orientation and gender identity; however, implementation remains weak.

Singapore

The rights of Singapore’s LGBT community are severely restricted. Sexual relations between two male persons remains a criminal offense, and there are no legal protections against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Media Development Authority effectively prohibits all positive depictions of LGBT lives on television or radio. The annual Pink Dot Festival in support of LGBT rights celebrated its eighth year in Hong Lim Park in June 2016, supported by the sponsorship of corporations including Google, Barclays, J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, BP, Bloomberg, Twitter, Apple, and Facebook. A few days after the event, the Ministry of Home Affairs warned multinational companies to stop funding the event, saying such support constitutes “foreign interference” with domestic affairs. In October, the Ministry of Home Affairs announced that, under newly promulgated rules, any entity that is not incorporated in Singapore and does not have a majority of Singapore citizens on its board is now required to apply for a permit to sponsor an event in Hong Lim Park.

Associations of more than 10 people are required to register with the government, and the Registrar of Societies has broad authority to deny registration if he determines the group could be “prejudicial to public peace, welfare or good order.” The Registrar of Societies has refused to allow any lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transsexual (LGBT) organization to register as a society on the ground that “it is contrary to the public interest to grant legitimacy to the promotion of homosexual activities or viewpoints.”

All films and videos shown in Singapore must be pre-approved by the Board of Film Censors. Theater productions must also obtain a license under the Public Entertainment and Meetings Act, and to do so must submit their scripts for approval. In June 2016, a production of “Les Miserables” was forced to delete a scene containing a same-sex kiss.

South Africa

South Africa has a progressive constitution that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and protects the human rights of LGBTI people. The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development has taken significant steps to improve coordination between government and civil society in combatting violence (including rape and murder) against lesbians and transgender men. On September 6, Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba announced that due to widespread homophobic attitudes within South African society, and to protect the rights of LGBTI people, homophobic US pastor Steven Anderson and members of his church were banned from entering the country because they promote hate speech and advocate social violence. He said constitutional and legislative guarantees, including the rights of LGBTI persons, must be respected by all. Domestic LGBTI groups lauded the decision. In June 2017, at the 8th South African AIDS Conference, the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) launched the national HIV framework for LGBTI people. South Africa is the first country in the world to launch an HIV framework specifically for LGBT people as part of its national strategic plan. The objective is to “reverse the burden of disease from HIV, STIs and TB and to promote a rights and evidence-based environment for LGBTI people in South Africa.”

Some of South Africa’s votes at the United Nations were contrary to the country’s stated human rights principles. For example, in July, South Africa voted against a UN Human Rights Council resolution on the protection of human rights on the internet and abstained on a key HRC vote to appoint an independent expert on sexual orientation and gender identity. The abstention went against the country’s strong constitutional protections and domestic laws around sexual orientation and gender identity. But on November 21, in the UN General Assembly committee, South Africa voted to allow Vitit Muntabhorn, the newly appointed UN expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, to continue his work. The vote was taken after the African Group put forward a resolution to stop the operations of the UN expert who was appointed in September by the Human Rights Council.

Sri Lanka

State and non-state discrimination and abuses against the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) population persist. Sections 365 and 365A of the Sri Lankan Penal Code prohibit “carnal knowledge against the order of nature” and “gross indecency,” commonly understood in Sri Lanka to criminalize all same-sex relations between consenting adults. Sri Lankan law does not specifically criminalize transgender or intersex people. But no laws ensure that their rights are protected, and police have used several criminal offenses and regulations to target LGBTI people, particularly transgender women and men who have sex with men (MSM) involved in sex work. These include a law against “cheat[ing] by personation,” and the vaguely worded Vagrants’ Ordinance, which prohibits soliciting or committing acts of “gross indecency,” or being “incorrigible rogues” procuring “illicit or unnatural intercourse.” Some trans women and MSM said that repeated harassment by police, including instances of arbitrary detention and mistreatment, had eroded their trust in Sri Lankan authorities, and made it unlikely that they would report a crime. Several people also reported discriminatory treatment at the hands of medical authorities, leading many transgender people to self-medicate rather than seeking professional assistance.

Syria

News reports in 2016 indicate that ISIS continues to execute men accused of homosexuality. In one reported case from Deir al-Zour governorate, a 15-year-old boy was thrown from a building in January 2016 after he was accused of being gay. At least 25 men have been murdered by ISIS in Syria on suspicion of homosexuality or for sodomy, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Tanzania

Tanzanian law criminalizes consensual sexual conduct between adult males, with a penalty of 30 years to life in prison, one of the most severe punishments for same-sex intimacy in the world. Zanzibar has slightly different laws but criminalizes both male homosexual conduct and lesbianism. The laws are rarely applied, but police and other authorities use them as a pretext to extort, abuse and marginalize LGBTI people. 

Under the government of John Magufuli, Tanzania has seen an unprecedented crackdown on LGBT people. The government has shut down HIV outreach services and drop-in centers targeting men who have sex with men (MSM); banned the import of water-based lubricants, an important HIV prevention tool; and threatened to shut down LGBT organizations. Police in Zanzibar arrested nine young men, charged them with homosexual conduct, and subjected them to forced anal examinations at a government hospital in December 2016. They were released on bail, but the cases remain open. Another young man was arrested in Dar es Salaam in March 2017, and was also subjected to a forced anal exam. In June 2017, President Magufuli publicly condemned same-sex relationships.

Tunisia

The penal code punishes consensual same-sex conduct with up to three years in prison. Anal testing is used as the main evidence in order to convict men for homosexuality. In two high-profile cases in 2015, at least seven young men were arrested and subjected to anal examinations by forensic doctors, whose reports were used as evidence to convict them of sodomy and imprison them, even though it is well-documented that such exams lack medical value. On appeal, their sentences were reduced to two months in the first case, and one month in the second.

Tunisia has thus far been unwilling to consider decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct but, in its 2017 UPR review, accepted a recommendation to end forced anal examinations. This positive development followed months of advocacy from Tunisian and international human rights groups. The United Nations Committee against Torture, in its 2016 evaluation of Tunisia, condemned the use of anal examinations as to prove homosexual conduct. Shortly before the UPR review, the national medical council issued a circular calling on medical personnel to stop conducting anal examinations without consent.

Turkey

Authorities frequently impose arbitrary bans on public assemblies and violently disperse peaceful demonstrations. For the second year running, the Istanbul governor’s office banned the annual Istanbul Gay and Trans Pride marches in June 2016, citing concerns about security threats and public order.

Turkmenistan

Under Turkmen law homosexual conduct is punishable by up to two years in prison. Widespread prejudice leads to homosexuality being treated as a disease, including by medical institutions and judicial authorities. Law enforcement officials and medical personnel subject persons detained and charged with sodomy to forced anal examinations, with the purported objective of finding “proof” of homosexual conduct.

Uganda

After nine years, the Constitutional Court finally ruled in November on a challenge to a limitation on the mandate of the Equal Opportunities Commission, which barred it from investigating any matter involving behavior “considered to be immoral and socially harmful, or unacceptable by the majority of the cultural and social communities in Uganda.” The judges determined the limitation was unconstitutional and violated the right to a fair hearing. Perversely, this provision had meant that the very mechanism designed to protect people from discrimination could blatantly discriminate against women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, sex workers, and anyone else who might not have been perceived to reflect the views of the majority.

Same-sex conduct remains criminalized under Uganda’s colonial-era law, which prohibits “carnal knowledge” among people of the same sex. The new NGO law raises concerns about the criminalization of legitimate advocacy on the rights of LGBTI people. In August, police unlawfully raided a peaceful pageant that was part of Gay Pride celebrations in Kampala. Police locked the venue’s gates, arrested activists, and beat and humiliated hundreds of people, violating rights to association and assembly. Police continue to carry out forced anal examinations on men and transgender women accused of consensual same-sex conduct. These examinations lack evidentiary value and are a form of cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment that may amount to torture.

Ukraine

Since 2014, the government has introduced several progressive policies supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, but anti-LGBT sentiment remains strong among high-level government officials and the public. In March 2016, about 200 anti-gay, far-right supporters attacked a venue in Lviv hosting a LGBT equality festival, eventually causing the event to be cancelled. The Kyiv LGBT Pride march held in June took place without the violence against participants that had marred it in previous years. Ultra-nationalist groups had threatened to make the march a “bloody mess.” Around 6,000 police officers protected the 1,500 march participants. The first LGBT Pride march took place in Odesa in August. Local authorities initially attempted to ban it, but relented when organizers changed the route. Police arrested four ultra-nationalists who attempted to disrupt the event. A new draft of the amended labor code does not include an anti-discrimination provision that would protect LGBT people in the workplace.

United Arab Emirates

The UAE’s penal code does not explicitly prohibit homosexuality. However, article 356 of the penal code criminalizes (but does not define) “indecency,” and provid

          WADA revokes accreditation for laboratories in Kazakhstan and South Africa   

The accreditation of two laboratories based in Kazakhstan and South Africa has been revoked by th

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          A Retrospective on the 2014 Women's Ice Hockey Olympic Tournament   
Congratulations to the teams that had the honour of participating in the 2014 Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament. Long considered a cornerstone event in the games, the ice hockey tournament has vastly increased its profile since the arrival of professional hockey players in 1998 with the games in Nagano, Japan, and the introduction of the women's tournament the same year. Sixteen years later, the Sochi games provided a tournament more rich with storylines than a hockey fan could dream of. One almost laments that the journey must end as the closing ceremony ends and all athletes return to their counties across the planet, their lives forever changed.

Today I want to briefly recap the women's tournament. Each team had some great moments and this year's gold medal game was the most exciting hockey game of 2014 so far. Despite Canada defending its gold for the third time and capturing its fourth gold medal, the games showcased some new stars and demonstrated how the rest of the world is starting to find its footing in the otherwise North American dominated hockey tournaments.

Group A Teams


Canada: Of course, Canada defended its gold medal on the backs of elite veterans like Jayna Hefford, Caroline Oullette, and Hayley Wickenheiser. Arguably, goaltender Shannon Szabados was the top keeper of the tournament and MVP of the team, but it's hard to argue who among the well-oiled machine stood out the most. Marie-Phillip Poulin came through again with two goals in the gold medal game. Her legend continues to grow. Maybe Jordan Eberle is the Marie-Phillip Poulin of men's hockey, instead of thinking of it vice versa.




Finland: The Finns entered the tournament as the most likely to compete with the North American powerhouses, but just barely got past the Swiss in overtime in the round robin and were stunned by the Swedes in the qualification round. On the bright side, the Finns played well in the 5th to 8th place bracket, finishing in 5th place overall and seeing Michelle Karvinen emerge as a superstar with five goals in the tournament. From the sounds of it, star goalie Noora Raty wants to call it quits due to a lack of a women's professional league. Jenni Hiirikoski also won the tournament's top defensemen honour.

Switzerland: The big shock in this tournament was the emergence of Switzerland as a legitimate team as they captured the bronze medal in an outstanding comeback, stunning the Swedes 4-3. Swiss keeper Florence Schelling won both media keeper of the tournament as well as directorate and tournament MVP honours.Schelling kept them in the 3-1 loss to Canada that certainly bristled the favourites. The 2-0 shocker versus the Russians helped to build her resume as one of the world's top goaltenders among women, and it gives the Swiss a star to build on. 15 year old Alina Müller became a media darling, not only for scoring goals but showing how far along women's hockey has truly come in 16 years. She was born when women's hockey in the Olympics had just started. She will be a star in tournaments to come.




United States of America: Team USA were so, so close to ending Canada's streak of gold medals. Whether it be nerves, unfavorable penalties, losing to the better team, or whatever reasons anyone want to come up with, the team walks away with silver. There is absolutely nothing to be ashamed about with their performance as the difference between gold and silver was so slight that a missed empty netter could have sealed their fate as tournament winners. Amanda Kessel will almost surely replaced Hayley Wickenheiser as the world's greatest female hockey player; she might even be the better Kessel! With the right coach, I see the 2018 tournament as their time to topple their rivals.




Group B Teams


Russia: A lot was expected of the Russian ice hockey teams in Sochi, and both fell short of the medals. Even though the women went undefeated in the round robin portion of the tournament, they were ousted by the Swiss in the 2-0 game mentioned earlier in this post. In the meaningless 5th-8th place tournament, Russia stomped Japan 6-3 only to go down 4-0 to the Finns in the 5th place game. On the bright side, Russia proved that they are perhaps the mightiest of the non-Group A teams. The disappointment of Sochi will be a motivator in international tournaments to come.


Sweden: Sweden finished 4th at Sochi after blowing the bronze medal game to the Swiss, ending their Olympic medal streak at two (bronze in Salt Lake City, Silver in Torino). The women's team has been sliding slowly down the tournament brackets since Torino, and hasn't medaled at the IIHF tournaments since 2007. Pernilla Winberg remains the team's best star since her breakout performance in 2006. If they can find the means to protect their two goal leads, they have a chance to recapture the magic of better tournaments gone by and reclaim the title of Europe's best women's team.


Germany: Germany did not fare well in Sochi, winning only against Japan and losing to everyone else. Goaltender Viona Harrer was statistically the second best keeper in the tournament, posting a .935 save percentage in three games and grabbing a single shutout. The best moment of the tournament may have been the most bitter loss of 2-1 to the Finns in the 5th-8th place bracket. It showed they were close (somewhat) to the rest of the pack.


Japan: Undeniably the weakest team at the tournament, Japan was okie-doked by the referees and goal judges when this goal wasn't to be:


That's quite obviously a goal there at :38 seconds into the clip. I wonder why that goal against the host country Russia wasn't counted. They did pot one goal in the round robin tournament, which led to the greatest celebration ever seen on ice for a goal:


The Japanese can walk away from this tournament knowing they are as competitive as Germany, and while not exactly the best team in Asia (watch out Kazakhstan!) they should be consistently showing up at international tournaments and continuously improving. It took them sixteen years to get back to the women's tournament after hosting the '98 Olympics. If they can continue to play the way they did against Germany, they will eventually defeat them and seek out a new team they can strive to replace in the standings.

FINAL THOUGHTS

The real reason I wanted to write this post was immerse myself in the less-viewed women's tournament and look at how some of the non-usual suspects performed. Admittedly, I've only ever paid attention to the gold medal games because that's where Canada resides (and apparently dominates). I took in some more of the round robin games this time around and it's impressive to see how far along women's hockey has come. It's a farce to say it has only progressed as much as the North American teams have. The truth is that beyond the competitors of Team USA and Team Canada, there are some legitimate superstars rising out of the other countries. Are any of the teams as good as their North American counterparts? Hardly. But the point of having these tournaments isn't just to have the two powerhouse teams clobber the lesser teams for sport before their big showdown. The bigger story here is that across Europe and Asia we are seeing countries explore women's hockey and improve as each tournament plays. Arguably, Canada and the United States were four to five steps ahead of all other women's hockey teams from 1998 to 2006. Sweden took one massive leap forward shocking the Americans, but one equally massive step backwards in subsequent tournaments. In the meantime, other European countries like Finland and Switzerland have produced their own all-stars who outshine North American players individually:

Copied from Wikipedia.

I only see one Canadian on this entire list, and just three Americans. This is a step in the right direction for women's hockey. The rest of the world are slowly but surely catching up with North America.



          Andy Murray fit and hopes to have last laugh against Alexander Bublik   
The world No1’s hip injury will not prevent him from beginning the defence of his Wimbledon title but he may be troubled by Kazakhstan’s Bublik – if the 20-year-old lucky loser can strike a balance between jokes and consistent tennis

The good news is Andy Murray, who progressed from limping to something like his familiar ambling gait on Saturday, is in decent enough shape to begin the defence of his Wimbledon title on Monday after days of agonising over a sore hip. But the world No1 has an altogether different challenge waiting across the net from him on Centre Court.

Murray will be familiar with the off-court eccentricities of the lucky loser Alexander Bublik because the 20-year-old Kazakh of precocious talent and untamed joie de vivre interviewed him this summer on behalf of the ATP’s Next Gen experiment. It was an hilarious interlude.

Continue reading...
          Barton Town Old Boys 1 Droylsden 2   
FA Cup, preliminary round
Attendance: 142

For me the qualifying rounds of the FA Cup are summer’s parting gift. This season’s trail began at Barton Town Old Boys on the southern side of the Humber Bridge. (£3 return toll compared to just £5 admission, a bargain!) The tie brought back happy memories from last season of seeing North Ferriby (on the other side of the bridge) in their FA Trophy semi-final and Droylsden at Ossett Albion last season. Sadly, though, their fans who were so entertaining then weren’t much in evidence today.


As is often the way at this formative stage of the season I prefaced the trail with a bike ride and struggle to find the ground. I reached Barton Cricket Club easy enough but initially didn’t realise that the football club was further down the narrow lane. Had it not been for the railway line I may have overshot and ended up in the wetlands of the adjoining nature reserve. That’s what happened to a Droylsden shot during the warm-up. In the car park I came across a player fishing the ball out of a mildewy ditch with a long pole.

Barton’s ground is trim but very plain, consisting of just three modern corrugated steel stands and a one-storey clubhouse. The only remarkable features are the artificial turf that covers a bench for the subs (must’ve had some left over from the technical area) and a view of the Humber Bridge.

The hosts (aka The Swans – but shouldn’t their nickname by something bridge-related?) took the lead when a striker broke through the offside trap and lobbed the keeper. Droylsden equalised soon after the re-start when Hampson volleyed home after a corner wasn’t properly cleared and proceeded to boss the second half. The winner was a firm header into the top right corner of the goal from a cross from the left.

“Keeps! Keeps!”, a chap to my right called out to the Droylsden goalie. “Who was the scorer?”. “Dunno. Nine, I think,” he replied. (The fella had previously referred to another teammate as ‘seven’; he must be new). Moments later my fellow spectator switched on  his radio microphone, having glanced down at this teamsheet. “And the scorer of the second goal for Droylsden is Steve Hall.” Priceless. To my left behind the goal two woman and children were sitting on the grass having a party, complete with party bags.

My other favourite remark of the afternoon came from dreadlocked Droylsden assistant boss Aeon Lattie. “As much as we keep booting the ball fucking forward they keep kicking it back,” he said to a colleague. With analysis like that he ought to be on the Match of the Day couch. Not surprisingly the Droylsden bench lead by the ever-angry manager Dave Pace outbarked the home bench. At the end, after an instruction to keep the ball, one of his lads did a wayward pass. You’d think he’d missed a penalty in the final judging from the opprobrium coming from the manager’s mouth.

In the end it was unnecessary. The Bloods deservedly won – and will face Ossett Albion in the next round in a repeat of the tie at the same stage of the competition last season.

Programme notes: ‘Terrace talk’ bizarrely included a comment bemoaning the split of pop-punk band, The Hype Theory. Two pages were dedicated to pics of Barton players with a big blank box for their autographs. Didn’t see too many boys clustering around the players after the final whistle, notebook and pen in hand. The whole idea of autographs seems rather quaint now in this selfie-obsessed world.

Face in the crowd: In keeping with my first match of last season’s trail Father Christmas put in an appearance today.

Long distance travellers: Barton had an epic (by early FA Cup qualifier standards) journey back from their replay in the extra preliminary round at Squires Gate in Blackpool. Having come back from 2-0 down to win 4-2 after extra time The Swans didn’t return from their coast to coast run until 2.30am following motorway jams. That’s nothing compared to the 779-mile midweek journey made by Carlisle players and fans to Plymouth earlier this month, the longest trip in the Football League. And finally, spare a though for Aberdeen having made the longest ever journey in European club competition: 3,415 miles as the crow flies to Kairat Almaty of Kazakhstan (north-west of Pakistan) in July to compete in the UEFA Cup qualifiers. They lost.

Just not cricket: Couldn’t agree more with Jonathan Freedland writing in The Guardian on Aug 6 about the prematurely early start of the football season: “A quirk of the diary it might be, but it feels like an offence against nature all the same. For the football season to begin now, as the Ashes reaches its climax, is all wrong. There are rhythms to our national life, tides and currents that mark the seasons as surely as the falling of the leaves or the darkening of the nights, and this seeks to upend them. It is a violation on a par with the premature ‘back to school’ poster I spotted in a high street window last week, a form of words that can make the heart sink in early September, let alone a month in advance.”

Pic extra: Talking of cricket and in the absence of many pics from Barton today here is a shot I took during the close season of the clubhouse-cum-stand at Gargrave cricket club near Skipton.

          World: Price Watch: May 2017 Prices (June 30, 2017)   
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Chad, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Key Messages

In West Africa, regional staple food production during the 2016/17 marketing year was well above average. International rice and wheat imports continue to support regional market supplies. Prices continued to increase seasonally in many areas in May with the onset of the lean season. Current market anomalies remain largely concentrated in the eastern marketing basin, including but not limited to: conflict-related market disruptions in the Lake Chad basin, localized above-average grain deficits in Niger, and the impacts of the continued depreciation of the Naira. In East Africa, staple food supplies remain tight and prices well above-average in South Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen. Markets remain severely disrupted by insecurity in Yemen and South Sudan. Import capacity in Yemen is uncertain, and food availability will likely remain constrained in the coming months. Uganda and Kenya are also facing below-average staple food supply and above-average and increasing prices following poor harvests. In Southern Africa, regional maize availability continued to improve in May with the progression of harvests from the 2016/17 production season. Regional maize production prospects for the current season are good with record-high harvests anticipated in South Africa. Maize prices declined sharply in most areas in May, and were below their respective 2016 levels in many areas. The exceptions to these trends are in Zambia, where prices remain above average. Low regional maize prices encouraged exports to East Africa and beyond. In Central America, staple food availability continued to decline following the end of the recent Postrera harvest and Apante harvest. Maize and bean prices were seasonally stable or decreasing across the region, with varied trends compared to average levels. In Haiti, local maize prices were firm while local black beans prices saw a modest increase from their April levels. Imported rice prices were stable as the Haitian gourde appreciated marginally against the U.S. dollar. Higher transportation costs will continue to place upward pressures on staple food prices in the coming months. Central Asia sustained adequate supplies. Wheat prices remained stable in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan, but started to decline in Pakistan with the arrival of the new harvest. Rice prices in Pakistan increased following larger export demand, affecting also rice prices in Afghanistan. Intraregional trade is expected to fill staples’ deficits on importing countries. International staple food markets remain well supplied. Maize prices fell, soybean prices rose while rice and wheat prices were mixed. Crude oil prices fell and remain well below average.


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          Dalrymple Promotes North Dakota Trade Mission, Exports in Talks with Canadian Ambassador Doer   
By ND Governor
Gov. Jack Dalrymple will meet in Bismarck late today with Gary Doer, Canada’s ambassador to the United States, to discuss plans for a North Dakota trade mission to Canada the week of June 9, A delegation of North Dakota exporters will travel to Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal, Canada with the North Dakota Trade Office (NDTO).
 
“Canada is by far the largest buyer of North Dakota goods and services and it’s important that we continue to develop this important trade relationship,” Dalrymple said.  “The demand for North Dakota’s high-quality products and services continues to grow around the world. Sending a trade delegation to Canada is part of our ongoing work to expand North Dakota’s international business opportunities and further diversify state economy.”
 
For nearly 10 years, Gov. Jack Dalrymple and other state officials have worked to increase North Dakota’s presence in the global marketplace.  In 2005, the state created the NDTO to help North Dakota businesses market their products and services in high-demand markets throughout the world. Dalrymple, Sen. John Hoeven and the NDTO staff also successfully worked to get established in Fargo an office of the U.S. Commercial Service.  Together, the NDTO and U.S. Commercial Service are dedicated to expanding the state’s global business opportunities through advocacy, education and international business services.
 
Between 2005 and 2010, Dalrymple, who was then North Dakota’s lieutenant governor and the founding chairman of the NDTO board of directors, led successful trade missions to Cuba, China, Ukraine, South Korea and several other key markets for North Dakota businesses. The governor also led the development of the NDTO’s annual Big Iron International Visitors Program which hosts hundreds of agricultural equipment buyers from around the world in conjunction with the Big Iron Farm Show in West Fargo.
 
Lt. Gov. Drew Wrigley, who has served as the NDTO’s chairman since 2011, will lead the trade delegation to Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal, Canada in June. Wrigley has led several successful trade missions as well, with trips to China, Singapore and Kazakhstan.  The trade delegation will explore export opportunities and in-state investment opportunities involving the energy, aviation and unmanned aerial systems (UAS) industries. NDTO staff is currently developing the trade mission. All North Dakota businesses with export opportunities in Canada are invited to participate. For more information about the trade mission and export opportunities in Canada, contact the North Dakota Trade Office at (701) 231-1150 or go online to http://ndto.com/
 
Since 2005, North Dakota’s merchandise sales in foreign markets have increased 173 percent, from about $1.1 billion to about $3 billion.  Canada is by far North Dakota’s largest international buyer, accounting for more than 60 percent of North Dakota’s export sales. Other key markets for North Dakota exports include Mexico, Australia, Belgium, China, Germany and Japan.
 
The NDTO has coordinated 49 trade missions to key markets around the world and 20 reverse trade missions to North Dakota, bringing together North Dakota exporters and worldwide customers. NDTO staff also provides international business training and host the annual Global Business Conference which will be held April 29 and 30 in Fargo. The conference brings together North Dakota exporters and international business experts and includes an awards ceremony to recognize the state’s leading export businesses.
 

read more


          Max Hardcore – New Cock Socket Rapunzel From Kazakhstan Gets Assfucked By MH   
Max Hardcore – New Cock Socket Rapunzel From Kazakhstan Gets Assfucked By MH Categories: Ass Fucking, LQ, Deep Throat, Face Fucking, Vintage, PornStars, Gaping, Group, Lesbian, Fisting, Toys Description: Now for something completely new! I Introduce Rapunzel from Kazakhstan. I … Continue reading
          Comentario en Como configurar la plantilla default bootstrap de Prestashop 1.6.1 por Issacfloni   
Skype evg7773 http://1541.ru Laminine - Ламинин LPGN От $ 28 Астана of Kazakhstan,Health, Здоровье, работа дома, work home, jobs
          Comment on Eye in the Sky on Nature: Satellites are Transforming Conservation by John   
Thanks for another great article. Watching the seals of Cape Cod en masse as I did with my family last year was a near transcendent experience. The din was deafening (in a good way). But shifting to the subject of relying on satellite data, are you aware that our communications satellites from Hughes (subsidiary of EchoStar) or Exede (subsid. of ViaSat) are launched from Kazakhstan aboard Russian proton rockets? Think Putin et al., can resist the urge to, um, inspect the satellites before launch? Or "inspect with extreme prejudice," as they say? See https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/06/08/proton-rocket-successfully-returns-to-flight-after-year-long-grounding/ Attenboroughly Yours, John
          From the horse’s mouth– Syrian Rebels: ‘We Want Peace With Israel, Real Enemy Is Iran’   

Breaking Israel News
A leading member of Syria’s political opposition said most Syrians view Iran as the real enemy and not Israel, adding that Israel could do more to help the Syrian people.
“We want peace with Israel, and today, among the opposition in Syria, most people understand that the enemy is Iran and not Israel, so there is a good chance that there will be peace in the future,” said Salim Hudaifa, a former Syrian military officer who serves as a political representative of the opposition’s Free Syrian Army, at the Eurasian Media Forum in Kazakhstan.
Hudaifa is a former intelligence officer who abandoned Syria’s military in the 1990s and eventually gained asylum in Denmark. During the Syrian Civil War, Hudaifa was recruited by the U.S. to head a program to train the Free Syrian Army, but the program was eventually abandoned by the U.S. Defense Department.
“Israel needs to do more and help the rebels. People here are disappointed [with Israel]. There are also quite a few who think that [the Israelis] are helping [Syrian President Bashar] Assad, because they see that the Israeli-Syrian border is quiet,” Hudaifa said during a forum attended by Israeli dignitaries such as Gilead Sher, the Jewish state’s former chief peace negotiator.
“I think [Israel] can be more proactive and help us,” added Hudaifa. “Regarding the treatment of the wounded in your hospitals, it certainly improved Israel’s image in the eyes of Syrians, but only in a limited way. The reason is that the Arab media does not report it.”
Israel is secretly supporting Syrian rebel groups along its border with Syria in the Golan Heights, providing rebels with funds, food, fuel and medical supplies, The Wall Street Journal reported last week.
While Israel has largely refrained from getting involved in the six-year-long civil war, it has periodically carried out airstrikes in Syria when its interests are threatened. These strikes have mainly been against the Lebanese terror group Hezbollah, which is significantly involved in supporting Assad’s regime in the conflict.
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

          Global Spirit Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via MarketResearchReports.com   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Spirit Market to 2021” research report to their website www.MarketResearchReports.com

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for spirits. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:

Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for spirits?
What is the spirit market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for spirits as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Gin
Liqueurs
Rum
Vodka
Whiskies
Other spirits

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global spirit market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

Please visit this link for more details: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-spirit-market-2021

For related reports please visit: Spirit Market Research Reports

Find all Alcoholic Beverages Reports at: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/alcoholic-beverages

About Market Research Reports, Inc.
Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

Contact us for your market research requirements: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/contact

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-spirit-market-to-2021-market-report-launched-via-marketresearchreportscom-826650.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sudeep Chakravarty
Director - Operations
Market Research Reports, Inc.
Telephone: 1-302-703-9904
Email: Click to Email Sudeep Chakravarty
Web: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-spirit-market-2021


          Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via MarketResearchReports.com   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021” research report to their website www.MarketResearchReports.com

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for sanitary and household paper. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yemen

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for sanitary and household paper?
What is the sanitary and household paper market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for sanitary and household paper as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Tampons, diapers and other sanitary paper
Paper tissues and handkerchiefs
Paper tablecloths and serviettes
Toilet paper
Other sanitary and household paper

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global sanitary and household paper market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

Please visit this link for more details: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-2021

Find all Consumer and Retail Reports at: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/consumer-retail

Related Report;

Global Wallpaper Market to 2021 - Visit at - http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-wallpaper-market-2021

About Market Research Reports, Inc.
Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

Contact us for your market research requirements: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/contact

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-to-2021-market-report-launched-via-marketresearchreportscom-826645.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sudeep Chakravarty
Director - Operations
Market Research Reports, Inc.
Telephone: 1-302-703-9904
Email: Click to Email Sudeep Chakravarty
Web: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-2021


          Comment on Fear and loathing on the Afghan Silk Road by Elten   
Tiger is right. The China - Pakistan highway was built in the early 1980's connecting Kashgar over the Khunjerab pass with Gilgit/Balistan and further through Pakistan's Khagan valley to Balakot, Abbotabat, down into the Indus valley to end in Balochistan's Gwadar port. This will give China access to the Indian ocean without having to pass through the Straits of Malacca. https://www.google.nl/maps/place/Gilgit/@35.9136099,72.0644988,7z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x38e649e3642543b1:0x40fd0ca3ca17282b!8m2!3d35.920154!4d74.3080126 In Pakistan there is potential for a westward diversion via Quetta to Zahedan and onward to Tehran. https://www.google.nl/maps/place/Quetta,+Pakistan/@30.1790237,62.5070254,6z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x3ed2de34ca7faae9:0x4696d44c4b6ff197!8m2!3d30.1829713!4d66.998734 Meanwhile China has already opened a 10 000 km rail link between Yiwu (Shanghai region) and Tehran passing through Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, reducing transport time to 14 days compared to 45 days over sea. http://thediplomat.com/2016/03/iran-china-and-the-silk-road-train/ The Wakhan corridor, and for that matter Afghanistan, have nothing to do with this scheme, nor with possible Chinese intentions to enter into the mining business in that country. Escobar's story then rambles on into Syraq, assuming that the Levant is the logical destination of the OBOR (BRI) scheme. I disagree with this assumption and expect to see a much more Northern trajectory passing through South Asia (not Middle East) straight into the heart of Europe with ports of Hamburg, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Lisboa as the final destination. Possible stop-overs in Bulgaria or Armenia and then into Hungary westward.
          Ngôi làng kì lạ: Người dân tự nhiên gục xuống ngủ mấy ngày liền mới dậy   
Ngôi làng kì lạ: Người dân tự nhiên gục xuống ngủ mấy ngày liền mới dậy

Ngôi làng kì lạ: Người dân tự nhiên gục xuống ngủ mấy ngày liền mới dậy. Tình trạng ngủ gục bất thình lình liên tục xảy ra với nhiều dân làng khiến cho mọi người gọi nơi đây là thung lũng Ngái Ngủ.

1 việc người thông minh luôn luôn tránh: Bây giờ chúng ta biết vẫn chưa muộn! Đọc xong câu chuyện này, đừng ngần ngại gửi một lời cảm ơn tới bố! 8 hố lớn trong đời con người đang tự đào để chôn mình, hãy tỉnh táo để không "mất mạng"!

Kalachi, thị trấn bé nhỏ ở Kazakhstan bao trùm trong bầu không khí u ám bởi những người dân ở đây bỗng dưng mắc phải dịch ngủ, khiến họ có thể lăn đùng ra ngủ bất thình lình dù đang làm gì đi nữa đến vài ngày sau mới tỉnh dậy.

Ngôi làng kì lạ: Người dân tự nhiên gục xuống ngủ mấy ngày liền mới dậy - Ảnh 1.

Làng Kalachi được mệnh danh là thung lũng Ngái Ngủ

Chứng bệnh kì lạ này bắt đầu xuất hiện từ mùa xuân năm 2013 và cứ 10 người dân làng thì sẽ có 1 người bị mắc phải.

Không ai có thể giải thích được nguyên nhân hay kiểm soát được giấc ngủ, ngay cả những nhà khoa học cũng phải rất khó khăn để chẩn đoán căn nguyên của dịch ngủ tại nơi này.

Marina Felk, một dân làng kể lại: "Tôi đang đi vắt sữa bò như mọi hôm. Bỗng thình lình mặt mũi xay xẩm rồi tối đen hết cả lại.

Khi tỉnh dậy thì đã thấy mình ở trong bệnh viện, các bác sĩ còn cười gọi tôi là công chúa ngủ trong rừng. Hóa ra tôi đã ngủ li bì suốt 2 ng&ag..


          Hollow Book Safe - Mischief Maker's Manual - Book Safe by HollowBooksByRP   

20.00 USD

Book Safe – Mischief Maker's Manual

Book/Safe Specifications:
Title: Mischief Maker's Manual
Size (Outer book): 5-1/2" x 7-3/8" x 7/8" Approximately (Wide, Tall, Thick)
Cover - Hardback, Gloss Textured Paper.
Inside Compartment Dimensions: 3-1/2" x 5-1/2" x 5/8" (Wide, Tall, Deep)
Features Specific to this Book Safe: Painted Graphics/Title. Cover Art Application (Full Color)

Book safes are an age old way to stash one’s treasures–the key to a safe, a private document, a flask, cash, jewelry and of course… secret love letters. And you can use them while traveling to hide your ipod, back up cash, or other valuables from would-be thieves. And of course if you end up wrongfully imprisoned, they work as an excellent place to stash a rock hammer for tunneling your way to freedom. Not only are book safes fun to possess, they also make a cool, unique gift.

First some considerations when looking for a book safe. The whole point is to conceal something from prying eyes, so be careful what book safe you choose. You don’t want it to stand out in your book case. If this is for yourself, choose a book that will fit in on your shelf. If you’ve got a shelf full of new mystery paperbacks, a large vintage medical textbook will look suspicious and out of place. Additionally, consider picking a book that people aren’t likely to pull off your shelf out of curiosity. Think “The Economic History of Kazakhstan” instead of “The Secrets of Better Sex”. But if you’re giving the book safe as a gift, choose a volume that suits the personality and interests of the intended recipient. For Whom the Bell Tolls for Dad; Nancy Drew for little sis.

Now about my book safes, what makes them different?
I only use upcycled used books, rarely new. This allows the wear and tear of a book add to the charm of your safe while lending a bit of charm to your collection. Besides, cutting up a new, unread book defeats the original purpose of that literary masterpiece. Think of it as a second life for a book that has been enjoyed.
Unlike many home crafted book safes, I have added a few construction design upgrades of my own. Learning from my woodworking experience I experimented and came up with the following improvements. (Technically, a book is “wood” so this is not too much of a departure from what I usually craft.
#1 – These safes have been crafted with “natural” page edges. Meaning that I do not just coat the outer, exposed page edges with a layer of glue. My safes actually appear to be an unaltered book when closed. You can actually thumb the pages and they separate along the edge, just like a regular book.
#2 – Internal reinforcements. (This book is too thin for pins) In larger, thicker books, I have found a way to insert metal pins that keep the book safe square and ridged. These metal pins are totally concealed. Some other book safes tend to “droop” since so much of the internal page material removed to create the cavity.

Note: Any props in the pictures are NOT INCLUDED. Electronics, cash, jewelry and other items are used to demonstrate scale of the book and compartment.

Shipping: Now offering International Shipping for this item!! Shipments within the USA are sent via 1st Class Mail, Parcel Post or Priority Mail with Delivery Confirmation. International Shipments are sent by International First Class Parcel Post or Flat Rate Priority. Please note however – For your protection please provide a “secure” delivery address. Packages left at your door by the carrier are considered “Delivered”, even if your neighborhood kids get to it before you. I cannot be responsible for the item once it leaves my possession. See my shop policies for further details.

CA buyers, sales tax will be added to your order.
Feedback: Once you leave feedback for me I will reciprocate. That’s only fair.


          Book Safe - Pinocchio - Leather Bound Hollow Book Safe by HollowBooksByRP   

30.00 USD

Book Safe – Pinocchio - Leather Bound

Book/Safe Specifications:
Title: Pinocchio
Size (Outer book): 6-3/8" x 8-1/4" x 7/8" Approximately (Wide, Tall, Thick)
Cover - Hardback, Bonded Leather Bound.
Inside Compartment Dimensions: 4-3/8" x 6-1/2" x 1/2" (Wide, Tall, Deep)
Features Specific to this Book Safe: Painted and Embossed Encyclopedia Style Spine and Cover

Book safes are an age old way to stash one’s treasures–the key to a safe, a private document, a flask, cash, jewelry and of course… secret love letters. And you can use them while traveling to hide your ipod, back up cash, or other valuables from would-be thieves. And of course if you end up wrongfully imprisoned, they work as an excellent place to stash a rock hammer for tunneling your way to freedom. Not only are book safes fun to possess, they also make a cool, unique gift.

First some considerations when looking for a book safe. The whole point is to conceal something from prying eyes, so be careful what book safe you choose. You don’t want it to stand out in your book case. If this is for yourself, choose a book that will fit in on your shelf. If you’ve got a shelf full of new mystery paperbacks, a large vintage medical textbook will look suspicious and out of place. Additionally, consider picking a book that people aren’t likely to pull off your shelf out of curiosity. Think “The Economic History of Kazakhstan” instead of “The Secrets of Better Sex”. But if you’re giving the book safe as a gift, choose a volume that suits the personality and interests of the intended recipient. For Whom the Bell Tolls for Dad; Nancy Drew for little sis.

Now about my book safes, what makes them different?
Usually I only use upcycled used books, but this one is new. This allows the wear and tear of a book add to the charm of your safe while lending a bit of charm to your collection. Besides, cutting up a new, unread book defeats the original purpose of that literary masterpiece. Think of it as a second life for a book that has been enjoyed.
Unlike many home crafted book safes, I have added a few construction design upgrades of my own. Learning from my woodworking experience I experimented and came up with the following improvements. (Technically, a book is “wood” so this is not too much of a departure from what I usually craft.
#1 – These safes have been crafted with “natural” page edges. Meaning that I do not just coat the outer, exposed page edges with a layer of glue. My safes actually appear to be an unaltered book when closed. You can actually thumb the pages and they separate along the edge, just like a regular book.
#2 – Internal reinforcements. In larger, thicker books, I have found a way to insert metal pins that keep the book safe square and ridged. These metal pins are totally concealed. Some other book safes tend to “droop” since so much of the internal page material removed to create the cavity.

Note: Any props in the pictures are NOT INCLUDED. Electronics, cash, jewelry and other items are used to demonstrate scale of the book and compartment.

Shipping: Now offering International Shipping for this item!! Shipments within the USA are sent via 1st Class Mail, Parcel Post or Priority Mail with Delivery Confirmation. International Shipments are sent by International First Class Parcel Post or Flat Rate Priority. Please note however – For your protection please provide a “secure” delivery address. Packages left at your door by the carrier are considered “Delivered”, even if your neighborhood kids get to it before you. I cannot be responsible for the item once it leaves my possession. See my shop policies for further details.

CA buyers, sales tax will be added to your order.
Feedback: Once you leave feedback for me I will reciprocate. That’s only fair.


          Hollow Book Safe - Aesop's Illustrated Fables - Leather Bound by HollowBooksByRP   

55.00 USD

Book Safe – Aesop's Illustrated Fables - Leather Bound

Book/Safe Specifications:
Title: Aesop's Illustrated Fables (Made from a new book)
Size (Outer book): 6-3/8" x 9-3/8" x 1-3/8" Approximately (Wide, Tall, Thick)
Cover - Hardback, Leather Bound.
Inside Compartment Dimensions: 4-3/8" x 7-5/8" x 1-1/8" (Wide, Tall, Deep)
Features Specific to this Book Safe: Painted and Embossed Encyclopedia Style Spine and Cover

Book safes are an age old way to stash one’s treasures–the key to a safe, a private document, a flask, cash, jewelry and of course… secret love letters. And you can use them while traveling to hide your ipod, back up cash, or other valuables from would-be thieves. And of course if you end up wrongfully imprisoned, they work as an excellent place to stash a rock hammer for tunneling your way to freedom. Not only are book safes fun to possess, they also make a cool, unique gift.

First some considerations when looking for a book safe. The whole point is to conceal something from prying eyes, so be careful what book safe you choose. You don’t want it to stand out in your book case. If this is for yourself, choose a book that will fit in on your shelf. If you’ve got a shelf full of new mystery paperbacks, a large vintage medical textbook will look suspicious and out of place. Additionally, consider picking a book that people aren’t likely to pull off your shelf out of curiosity. Think “The Economic History of Kazakhstan” instead of “The Secrets of Better Sex”. But if you’re giving the book safe as a gift, choose a volume that suits the personality and interests of the intended recipient. For Whom the Bell Tolls for Dad; Nancy Drew for little sis.

Now about my book safes, what makes them different?
Usually I use upcycled used books, not new. This allows the wear and tear of a book add to the charm of your safe while lending a bit of charm to your collection. Besides, cutting up a new, unread book defeats the original purpose of that literary masterpiece. Think of it as a second life for a book that has been enjoyed.
Unlike many home crafted book safes, I have added a few construction design upgrades of my own. Learning from my woodworking experience I experimented and came up with the following improvements. (Technically, a book is “wood” so this is not too much of a departure from what I usually craft.
#1 – These safes have been crafted with “natural” page edges. Meaning that I do not just coat the outer, exposed page edges with a layer of glue. My safes actually appear to be an unaltered book when closed. You can actually thumb the pages and they separate along the edge, just like a regular book.
#2 – Internal reinforcements. In larger, thicker books, I have found a way to insert metal pins that keep the book safe square and ridged. These metal pins are totally concealed. Some other book safes tend to “droop” since so much of the internal page material removed to create the cavity.

Note: Any props in the pictures are NOT INCLUDED. Electronics, cash, jewelry and other items are used to demonstrate scale of the book and compartment.

Shipping: Now offering International Shipping for this item!! Shipments within the USA are sent via 1st Class Mail, Parcel Post or Priority Mail with Delivery Confirmation. International Shipments are sent by International First Class Parcel Post or Flat Rate Priority. Please note however – For your protection please provide a “secure” delivery address. Packages left at your door by the carrier are considered “Delivered”, even if your neighborhood kids get to it before you. I cannot be responsible for the item once it leaves my possession. See my shop policies for further details.

CA buyers, sales tax will be added to your order.
Feedback: Once you leave feedback for me I will reciprocate. That’s only fair.


          The Proto-Indo-European Homeland Puzzle   
The Indo-European Language Family

Indo-European was the first language family to be identified. This discovery, and the beginning of modern linguistics, can be dated to February 2, 1786 at a gathering of scientists and other interested men. Sir William Jones, speaking at the Asiatic Society in Calcutta, made this astounding statement:

The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure: more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either; yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists.

Jones later added Persian and Celtic as likely members of this family of languages.

Jones was uniquely qualified to make this discovery. His parental language was Welsh; he was taught English at school; he learned classical Greek and Latin in university where he studied law; he wrote the first English grammar of the Persian language (which earned him a reputation as one of the most respected linguists in Europe); and when appointed a judge in India at age 37 set out to learn the Sanskrit language to better understand local laws. Thus by age 40 Jones was familiar with a language in 6 (out of a total of 12) different Indo-European language branches.

Indo-European languages are spoken today by over 3 billion people - about half of the world's population - as either a first or second language. These languages are divided into 10 or 12 language branches or subfamilies. See the attached graph (Figure 1.1 of The Horse, The Wheel and Language p.12) which is arranged more or less geographically. English is a member of the Germanic subfamily along with German, Dutch, Frisian, the Scandinavian languages (which includes Icelandic), Yiddish, and Afrikaans. Other languages to note include:
            Tocharian – two extinct languages found in western China, the farthest East branch
            Hittite – a member of the extinct Anatolian branch – the earliest branch to separate
            Romany – the language of the Gypsies of Europe, is a member of the Indic branch showing that they originated in northwest India (not to be confused with Rumanian which is a member of the Latin or Romance language branch)



Source: Figure 1.1 of The Horse, The Wheel and Language p.12

About 6,000 to 5,000 years ago the parent language, called Proto-Indo-European, was spoken by a semi-nomadic tribe of people in the southern Ukraine and Russia. How their language spread and evolved into all of all these languages could be the subject for a future lecture. Today I want to show how historical linguistics and archaeology were combined to solve the puzzle of who the speakers of Proto-Indo-European were, and where and when they lived.
Source: Figure 1.2 of The Horse, The Wheel and Language p.14

The Proto-Indo-European Homeland Puzzle

Since the discovery of the IE language family, the location of the homeland of the original speakers has been claimed by different people to be many different places: India, Pakistan, Syria/Lebanon, the Caucasus Mountains, Turkey, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, the Balkans and Germany. By the late 20th century linguists only seriously considered two of these – Anatolia (modern Turkey) and the steppes of southern Ukraine and Russia. And as recently as 2000, Calvert Watkins in his essay “Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans” which introduces his book The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots stated “Archaeologists have not in fact succeeded in locating the Indo-Europeans.”

Colin Renfrew was a strong supporter of the other serious contender, Anatolia. Renfew's elegant proposal, published in the 1990's, had Proto-Indo-European migrant farmers carry their language along with agriculture from the Middle East to the westernmost part of Europe. But like many elegant theories, this one turned out to be not true. (I was greatly disappointed when linguistics and DNA analysis disproved Thor Heyerdahl's theories of Polynesian origins). There are, as we will see, serious problems with Renfrew's theory.

Before going further, I need to emphasize one point. Proto-Indo-European is a language. It is not a culture, nor is it a genetically-definable population. Language does not necessarily follow cultural boundaries, which can be determined by archaeology. Every first year archaeology student is taught “pots are not people”. But we know that someone must have spoken this language, and they must have lived in a particular place during a particular time. So while looking for the speakers of Proto-Indo-European we need to be careful of this constraint.
  
Clues from the Language

Since Proto-Indo-European is a language, let's look first at clues to the homeland from the language itself. The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots published in 2000 contains 1350 reconstructed root words and several thousand more words based on these roots. These words have been painstakingly reconstructed by comparing similar words (called cognates) from the daughter languages over the more than 200 years since Jones' discovery. What can we learn about the people who spoke this language from their vocabulary?

they knew four seasons with snow in winter
they were not familiar with tropical plants or animals
animals include: wolf, lynx, elk beaver, otter, mouse, fish
birds include: crane, goose, duck, eagle, woodpecker
insects: wasp, hornet, fly, louse, bee, honey (mead)
domestic animals include: dog, cattle, sheep and horse
horses play an important role in the culture
they practiced spinning and weaving of wool
they knew metallurgy - copper
they knew of the wheel and used wagons or carts (weak link in Anatolian)
they knew of boats and oars - words like nav (navigate, navy) and rowing.
gift exchange is an important part of their culture
the guest-host relation was important –  *ghosti is the root of both host and guest (ghost originally meant visitor or guest)
they borrowed words from Proto-Uralic, another Eurasian language family, suggesting that the Proto-Indo-European speakers must have lived close to, and likely traded with, people who spoke Proto-Uralic who then, as now, live in northern Europe and Siberia (Hungarian is a member of this family found in Europe because of recent migration (~900CE).

The seasons and animals indicate a northern location either in or adjacent to a forest. The words for bee and honey place the homeland west of the Ural Mountains as honeybees do not occur east of there.

Clues to Dating Proto-Indo-European

Language can also help place the Proto-Indo-European speakers in time as well as location.

Agriculture was introduced to Europe between 6700 and 6500 BC while the wheel was not known until 3400 BC and woolen textiles sometime after 4000 BC. For the daughter language families to have similar words for the wheel and wool, they must have separated from Proto-Indo-European after their arrival. This effectively eliminates the Anatolian farmer immigrant theory. Besides, the two or three Anatolian languages were very similar to each other and spoken by only a small number of people in this area, which strongly suggests they are spoken by Indo-European speaking migrants to Anatolia, not by the ancestors of the language.

The domestication of the horse provides additional clues. Horses were hunted for meat by the people of the steppe for millennia before they were domesticated. They were first domesticated sometime after 4800 BC, a thousand years after cattle were introduced to the area. But they were raised for their meat only. During a cool dry period (4200-3800 BC) horses would have an advantage over cattle because they can forage for themselves during the winter. [Pioneer farmers in Saskatchewan like my grandfather often turned their horses loose for the winter to manage for themselves, rounding them up in the spring]. Riding of horses began on the steppes sometime before 3700 BC and had spread to Northern Kazakhstan, the Caucasus Mountains, and into Europe, by 3000 BC.

An important tool used in the dating of horse riding is bit wear on horse molars. The identification of tooth wear caused by bits of metal, bone, rope and rawhide, was pioneered by the author of The Horse, The Wheel and Language – David W. Anthony, and his wife, fellow archaeologist Dorcas Brown. There is an interesting Saskatchewan connection here. One of the experts they contacted was Hilary Clayton who began studying the mechanics of bits in horses’ mouths while working in Philadelphia, and then took a job at the Western Veterinarian College in Saskatoon. Anthony and Brown followed her to Saskatchewan in 1985 and viewed the X-ray videos she had made of horses chewing their bits.

Riding horses provided a significant benefit to herders in the steppes. A man on horseback could manage a herd of cattle or sheep much larger than a man on foot. With the much later advent of wheeled carts, about 3300 BC, the herders could carry with them tents, food and water allowing them to take advantage of the vast areas between the river valleys. This opened up the steppe much as the horse did to the plains of North America 5,000 years later.

Dating the Daughters

Language provides clues to timing in another way. Linguists can date, with more or less certainty, when each of the daughter language branches separated from the mother language. Here is a list of the branches, in the order of separation, with the approximate date (all BC) of separation (from Figure 3.2 The Horse, The Wheel and Language p. 57).

            Anatolian        4200
            Tocharian       3700 - 3300
            Germanic        3300
            Celtic / Italic   3000
            Greek / Armenian 2500
            Balto-Slavic    2500
            Indo-Iranian    2500-2200

Clues from Archaeology – The Kurgan Cultures

With the time line narrowed to the period 4000 to 2000 BC, it's time to look at the archaeological record and see who was living in the likely homelands and how well they fit with the linguistic clues. The archaeology of the Pontic-Caspian steppes was mostly carried out by Soviet scientists and published in Russian. These were not translated into English until the 1990s. Anthony was one of the first western archaeologists to study this work and relate it to the Proto-Indo-European homeland question.

Anthony found a close fit with the western steppe peoples who built huge burial mounds called kurgans. Their culture varied somewhat over the Proto-Indo-European time line and also geographically from place to place within this large area, but their overall cultures were similar, especially compared to the foragers to the north and east and to the sophisticated farming cultures to the west and south. They were semi-nomadic, raising cattle and sheep. Horses were important both for meat and for riding to manage their growing herds. They used wheeled carts. They mined their own ore and made their own tools and weapons of copper, tin and bronze.

Even more compelling is the evidence, from archaeology, of known migrations out of the steppes in the right directions and at the right times to account for the birth of the daughter language families.

1) to the west 4200-3900 (Anatolian)
2) to the east 3700-3300 (Tocharian)
3) to the west - several waves (Germanic, Celtic, Italic)
4) to north (Baltic, Slavic)
5) to the east and south (Iranian, Indic)

I should explain that by migration I do not mean large scale movement of people displacing existing populations along with their culture and language. This may have been the case with the Pre-Tocharians who made a remarkably long migration in one jump to the Altai Mountains 2000 km to the east (equivalent to the journey made by my grandparents from southern Ontario to Saskatchewan, but without the advantage of trains). Most if not all the other migrations were by small groups who, through some combination of trade or intimidation, became rulers of existing populations. They brought with them enough of their culture to be recognized archaeologically; and they brought their language which, for a variety of reasons, was adopted by the others and continued to spread long after they were gone.
  
Puzzle Solved

While there may be a few objections to his theory not yet satisfactorily answered, Anthony is convinced that the Proto-Indo-European Homeland puzzle has been solved.

Source: Figure 5.1 of The Horse, The Wheel and Language p.84

I want to finish with a quote from The Horse, The Wheel and Language  p. 464

Understanding the people who lived before us is difficult, particularly the people who lived in the prehistoric tribal past. Archaeology throws a bright light on some aspects of their lives but leaves much in the dark. Historical linguistics can illuminate a few of those dark corners.

          PIE in the Steppes   
On a whirlwind visit from Ukraine to his family in Canada, my big brother of Blog Fodder fame returned yesterday a book I had loaned him a few years ago: The Horse, the Wheel, and Language by David W. Anthony (2007).

Anthony is an archaeologist who, with his wife – fellow archaeologist Dorcas Brown – did extensive field work in the southern steppes of Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Although not a linguist, he learned enough about linguistics to understand and appreciate what can be learned about ancient people from their language. His unique understanding of both steppe archaeology and linguistics [1] enabled him to make a persuasive case for the homeland of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) language-speaking people as the western Eurasian steppes (grasslands) of more than 5,000 years ago.

In the 200 years since PIE was first discovered, historical linguists have reconstructed more than 1500 roots (and several thousand more words based on these roots) of this proto language. Anthony devotes a chapter of his book explaining, in simple terms, how the process of word reconstruction – both sounds and meaning – works so that non-linguistic readers will have some confidence in the results. From this lexicon (vocabulary) much information can be gleaned about its speakers that can’t be learned from archaeology alone. Anthony writes: “If we can combine the Proto-Indo-European vocabulary with a specific set of archaeological remains, it might be possible to move beyond the usual limitations of archaeological knowledge and achieve a much richer knowledge of these particular ancestors.” (p.5)

Here are some of the things learned about the environment, social life and beliefs of the PIE speakers from their reconstructed lexicon:
  • They had words for otter, beaver, wolf, lynx, elk, hare, mouse, goose, crane, eagle, bee and honey
  • They raised cattle, sheep, pigs and horses
  • They wove woolen cloth
  • They drove wagons or carts
  • Their society was patrilineal (rights and duties were inherited from the father)
  • They likely had formal warrior bands (armies)
  • They recognized a male sky deity
Some of these could be discovered through archaeology (bones of animals hunted for food, bit wear on horses indicating domestication for riding, and possibly cart artifacts); the other “practices and beliefs are simply unrecoverable through archaeology.” (p.15)

It seems incredible to me that the English language can be traced back with a fair degree of confidence to a language spoken 5-6 thousand years ago. Note that even though, as explained in my last post, only about 26% of English words are of Germanic origin, most of the borrowed words are from other Indo-European languages, particularly French and Latin but also Old Norse, Spanish, Italian and even Hindi.

I’ll share more from this book in future posts – I’m only on chapter 3 of 17.

____________________________________________________

[1] Typically historical linguists and archaeologists share a high degree of distrust of each other’s work. Anthony explains: “Both linguists and archaeologists have made communication across the disciplines almost impossible by speaking in dense jargons that are virtually impenetrable to anyone but themselves. Neither discipline is at all simple, and both [appear confusing] to an outsider… Historical linguistics is not taught regularly in graduate archaeology programs ... nor is archaeology taught to graduate students in linguistics.” (p.5). Anthony gives credit to a colleague James P. Mallory as “…perhaps the only double qualified linguist-archaeologist in Indo-European studies”. Mallory’s 1989 book In Search of the Indo-Europeans was unable to come to any firm conclusion as to the PIE homeland. Anthony explains that it was recent archaeological discoveries that enabled him to confidently locate the homeland in the steppes.

          Пожар на месте падения ступеней "Союза" в Казахстане носил техногенный характер - ТАСС   

Деловой Казахстан

Пожар на месте падения ступеней "Союза" в Казахстане носил техногенный характер
ТАСС
АСТАНА, 1 июля. /ТАСС/. Комиссия по расследованию причин степного пожара, возникшего после падения боковых блоков ракеты-носителя "Союз-2.1а" в Карагандинской области Казахстана, сделала вывод о техногенном характере возгорания. Об этом в субботу сообщила ...
В Караганде скончался второй пострадавший при падении ступеней ракеты-носителя - КазинформКазинформ
Санавиация доставила в больницу Караганды пострадавшего при падении частей ракетыКазИнформ

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          Kazakhstan. Despite an overall decrease in cereal plantings, part of the country’s regions did expand them   
As reported before, the 2017 spring field work results were considered at the Government of Kazakhstan. Kazakh planted acreage has totaled 22.5 Ml ha, or 650 Th ha more than a year ago.
          Perempuan astronot pertama Italia menuju stasiun luar angkasa   
Moskow (ANTARA News) - Pesawat luar angkasa Soyuz dari Rusia yang membawa perempuan astronot pertama asal Italia memulai perjalanannya ke Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional (ISS), Minggu (23/11).

Samantha Cristoforetti ditemani oleh kosmonot Rusia Anton Shkaplerov dan astronot Amerika Terry Virts saat pesawat luar angkasa Soyuz TMA- 15M diluncurkan dari Baikonur Cosmodrome di Kazakhstan, kata Badan Ruang Angkasa Rusia Roscosmos dalam pernyataan.

"Soyuz dalam keadaan baik-baik saja di orbit, perhentian selanjutnya ISS," tulis Nasa dalam cuitan Twitter seperti dilaporkan AFP.

Cristoforetti, Virts dan Shkaplerov akan tiba enam jam setelah meluncur ke Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional tempat mereka akan tinggal hingga Mei 2015.

Mereka juga membawa bekal persediaan makanan penting, seperti nyaris setengah kilogram kaviar dan mesin espresso.

"Ada 15 kotak yang masing-masing berisi 30 gram kaviar, juga apel, jeruk, tomat,140 porsi susu bubuk beku dan teh hitam tanpa gula," kata badan antariksa seperti dikutip kantor berita Rusia TASS.

Para astronot di Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional juga dapat menikmati minuman yang diseduh berkat mesin seberat 20 kilogram yang didesain pembuat kopi Italia ternama Lavazza bersama perusahaan Argotec yang memiliki spesialisasi membuat makanan luar angkasa.

Cristoforetti (37) yang juga merupakan kapten di Angkatan Udara Italia "tidak hanya menjadi perempuan astronot pertama dari Italia yang pergi ke luar angkasa, tetapi juga astronot pertama dalam sejarah yang dapat menikmati espresso otentik Italia di orbit," kata Lavazza dan Argotec dalam sebuah pernyataan.

Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional merupakan proyek dari 16 negara, termasuk Rusia dan Amerika Serikat yang merupakan penyandang dana terbesar. Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional selalu ditempati oleh sekelompok astronot yang tinggal hingga enam bulan.

Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional yang pertama kali diluncurkan ke orbit pada 1998 dan dibangun dengan biaya 500 miliar dolar AS itu diperkirakan dapat beroperasi hingga 2024.

NASA sepenuhnya mengandalkan Rusia untuk mengirim para astronot ke Stasiun Luar Angkasa Internasional, AS menanggung biaya sebesar 70 juta dolar per orang yang berangkat dengan roket Soyuz.

(Uu.SDP-85) 

Editor: Fitri Supratiwi

COPYRIGHT © ANTARA 2014



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          Awak Stasiun Antariksa Internasional kembali ke Bumi   
Washington (ANTARA News) - Tiga astronot yang menjadi awak Stasiun Antariksa Internasional (ISS) menumpang roket Soyuz milik Rusia, Minggu waktu AS, untuk memulai perjalanan balik ke Bumi, kata NASA.

Komandan ISS, kosmonot Rusia Maxim Surayev, rekannya dari Amerika Serikat Reid Wiseman dan astronot Jerman Alexander Gerst dari Badan Antariksa Eropa (ESA) berada di laboratorium ruang angkasa selama 165 hari.

Para awak meninggalkan ISS pukul 00.31 GMT (07.31 WIB) dan diperkirakan mencapai Bumi pukul 10.58 malam waktu Kazakhstan tepatnya di Arkalyk.

Ketiga awak difoto sedang tersenyum dan saling merangkulkan tangan mereka sebelum perjalanan pulang ke Bumi.

NASA mengatakan keberangkatan Wiseman, Gerst dan Surayev ke Bumi menandai akhir Ekspedisi 41. Mereka menjalani misi di ISS untuk memperbaiki peralatan, perawatan dan eksperimen.

Surayev menjalani misi ISS terlama kedua, sedangkan dua astronot lainnya baru menjalani lawatan pertamanya ke ruang angkasa.

Tiga awak ISS lainnya bertahan di ISS untuk melanjutkan riset dan perawatan stasiun ruang angkasa itu, kata NASA.

Televisi NASA mengudarakan secara langsung deorbit dan mendaratnya Soyuz di Bumi di http://www.nasa.gov/nasatv.

NASA kehilangan kemampuannya dalam mencapai stasiun ruang angkasa ketika program ulang alik diakhiri pada 2011 setelah 30 tahun beroperasi.

NASA telah membantu perusahaan-perusahaan swasta dalam mendorong restorasi akses AS ke ISS.

Sementara itu, para astronot seluruh dunia mesti mengandalkan pesawat ruang angkasa Rusia Soyuz menuju ISS dan sebaliknya, dengan ongkos 70 juta dolar AS per kursi.

Ada 15 negara yang menjadi peserta program ISS, demikian AFP.

Editor: Jafar M Sidik

COPYRIGHT © ANTARA 2014



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          Путин Қазақстанға 300 гектар жерді қайтарып беретін болды   

Ресей президенті Владимир Путин Ембі полигонын пайдалану және жалға алу туралы келісімді тоқтататын хаттамаға қол қойды. Аталмыш заң құқықтық ақпараттың ресми порталында жарияланған.

Путин Қазақстанға 300 гектар жерді қайтарып беретін болды

Владимир Путин. Фото tvc.ru

Қазақстан Республикасының Үкіметі мен Ресей Федерациясы Үкіметінің арасындағы Ембі сынақ полигонын жалдау туралы Шартта жыл сайынғы жалға алу ақысы 4,694 миллион АҚШ долларына баламды соманы көрсетілген.

Тағы оқыңыздар: Еліміздің бірқатар аймақтарында қатты ыстықтан өрт қаупі сақталады

Енді құжатқа сәйкес, 300 гектар жер Қазақстанға қайтарылады. Хаттама 2017 жылдың 1 қаңтарынан өз күшін жояды деп жазады Tengrinews.kz.


          Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала   

Осознав, что ожирение может ее погубить, женщина полностью исключила из рациона вредную еду и похудела на 75 килограммов, пишет L!FE.

Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала

Коллаж: life.ru

На протяжении 18 лет англичанка Марси Гордон еженедельно тратила около 200 долларов на завтраки и обеды в "Макдоналдсе".

37-летняя женщина заходила в ресторан быстрого питания и по дороге на работу, и по пути домой, а после рождения двоих детей она весила около 150 килограммов.

Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала

Фото: Daily Star

На завтрак она покупала макмаффины, шоколадные кексы и большой стакан газировки, а на обед — бигмак, два чизбургера, большую порцию картошки фри и колу.

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Однажды Марси осознала, что так продолжаться больше не может: ожирение не только могло ее убить, но также служило поводом для насмешек над детьми женщины. В школе над ними издевались одноклассники из-за того, что они полные.

Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала

"Я ненавидела то, как я выгляжу.  Я уже не выглядела женственной и красивой и думала, что останусь толстой навсегда", - призналась американка.

Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала

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Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала

Марси занялась собой и полностью отказалась от фастфуда. Также она уменьшила ежедневное количество потребляемых калорий с восьми тысяч до полутора и стала питаться постной курицей, салатами и ужинать дома.

Женщина бесконечно ела фастфуд и вот какой она стала

Помимо этого женщина исключила из рациона продукты в высоким содержанием сахара и занялась спортом. Это дало результаты — сейчас она весит 75 килограммов.


          International Education Fair “International Education Fair 2017” was held in Astana   

June 23-24 this year, the Central International Concert Hall “Kazakhstan” in Astana hosted the largest international educational exhibition “International Education Fair 2017”, organized by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan and JSC “Center for International Читать далее ...

The post International Education Fair “International Education Fair 2017” was held in Astana appeared first on KARAGANDA STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY.


          KSTU in the National rating of universities of Kazakhstan-2017   

At present, university ratings are widely used as one of the tools for an independent evaluation of the effectiveness and quality of higher education. The ratings satisfy the needs of educational services users in easily interpreted information about the university, Читать далее ...

The post KSTU in the National rating of universities of Kazakhstan-2017 appeared first on KARAGANDA STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY.


          National Innovation Competition   

Ministry of Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan together with NATD Holds the National Innovation Contest, one of the nominations of which is “Best Innovative Project among Students”. To participate in this nomination, participants need to make a Читать далее ...

The post National Innovation Competition appeared first on KARAGANDA STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY.


          Kazakhstan: the crossroads of the new Silk Road   

WHEN an authoritarian ruler builds a gigantic dark globe, he should not be surprised that people call it the “Death Star”. But whereas the Death Star from “Star Wars” was a tool for wiping places off the map, the Kazakh pavilion at Expo 2017, which opened in June in Astana, Kazakhstan’s capital, is supposed to put the Central Asian country of 18m on the map, especially for investors. The Death Star celebrates traditional forms of Kazakh hospitality, such as giving guests a warm coat, or a sheep’s head for supper. A shopping mall named after the old Silk Road offers fancy souvenirs.

Kazakhstan is at a crossroads, both literally and figuratively. Geographically, it is sandwiched between Russia, China and the Middle East, astride once and future trade routes. The president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, is eager to turn this location to Kazakhstan’s advantage, by joining China’s “Belt and Road” programme of new transport links between Asia, Europe and Africa. Over the past two years Chinese...


          Annika Krijt – Harper’s BAZAAR Kazakhstan   
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          MICROCAPITAL BRIEF: EBRD to Lend $11m to Kazakhstan’s Kassa Nova Bank for MSMEs, Women Entrepreneurs   

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), a UK-based multilateral development institution, recently announced it will extend a credit line equivalent to USD 11 million in Kazakhstani tenge to Kassa Nova Bank. Kassa Nova will allocate USD 6.6 million of the total to micro-, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) located outside of major metropolitan […]

The post MICROCAPITAL BRIEF: EBRD to Lend $11m to Kazakhstan’s Kassa Nova Bank for MSMEs, Women Entrepreneurs appeared first on MicroCapital: On microfinance, mobile money, SMEs and other forms of impact Investing.


          Documentary about Nazarbayev to be broadcasted on TV   
The ‘’Mission of a Peacemaker’’ documentary, dedicated to the activities of President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, will be broadcasted on Monday, July 3rd, the press service of the head of state. This is a …
          Leidos Continues Support of Kazakhstan's Air Traffic Management System   
RESTON, Va., April 5, 2017 - Leidos (NYSE: LDOS), a global science and technology company, and Kazaeronavigatsia, the air navigation provider of the Republic of Kazakhstan, have agreed to continue their business relationship through the signing of the Advanced Tower Simulation and Training Systems contract. Once implemented and integrated with Leidos&#39; SkyLine Air Traffic Management (ATM) system, this new simulation capability will provide Kazakhstan Tower controllers with advanced...

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          Astana and New Delhi become closer through direct flights   
[India], July 2 (ANI): The capitals of Kazakhstan and India - Astana and New Delhi - will become closer from Sunday (July 2, 2017), with the start of a direct Air Astana flight between the two
          Osborn exports first mineral sizer to Kazakhstan   

South African mining equipment specialist Osborn has secured an export order to Kazakhstan, for an Osborn Mineral Sizer that will be employed by Kazakhaltyn Mining-Metallurgical Concern (MMC) in its kimberlite mining operation.

Osborn marketing director Martin Botha reveals that this order is a significant one as it is the first Osborn Mineral Sizer to be exported to Kazakhstan. “It reflects our growing success in the region, where we already have numerous Osborn machines in operation.” Botha credits Osborn’s very pro-active Russian and Kazakhstan agents with the inroads that the company is making in Kazakhstan, and notes that the distributor secured this order for an Osborn Mineral Sizer that will replace jaw crushers at a kimberlite mine.

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          Osborn SA showcased at Russian mining exhibition   

Johannesburg-based equipment specialist Osborn was one of the exhibitors at the recent Mining World Russia exhibition.

This three-day event was held at the Crocus Expo International Exhibition Centre in Krasnogorsk, in Russia’s Moscow Oblast. Osborn marketing director Martin Botha reports that it attracted visitors largely from all over Russia and from former Soviet Republics that are now CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries; these include Azerbaijan, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, to which Osborn has previously exported equipment and continues to make inroads into the regions’ mining industries, Botha states.

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          Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест    

Сотрудники института сейсмологии заявили в прессе о совершившемся в их учреждении рейдерском захвате. Как оказалось, вновь назначенный директор собрался лишить их двойных и тройных окладов.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Сотрудники института сейсмологии, выступившие против назначения нового директора

Когда корреспондент NUR.KZ прибыл в институт сейсмологии, перед входом скопилось около двух десятков сотрудников, неподалеку отдельной группой стояли трое полицейских в форме, вместе с людьми в штатском и с рациями.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Сотрудники института сейсмологии, выступившие против назначения нового директора

Полицейские и люди с рациями отказались комментировать ситуацию, но и. о. директора Алексей Поликутин и менеджер по материальному обеспечению Елена Калашникова утверждали, что институт подвергся рейдерскому захвату со стороны сотрудников вышестоящей научной структуры КазНИТУ.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Заработные платы, назначенные при и. о. директора Поликутине

«Сегодня утром в здание института вошли восемь посторонних человек, они забрали бухгалтерскую и юридическую документацию, а также гербовые печати. Полицейские внутрь не входили, а прибыли для «порядка», так как против назначения Анвара Боранбаева выступили сотрудники института, которые вышли на улицу, чтобы выразить свой протест», - пояснил и. о. директора института сейсмологии Алексей Поликутин.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Заработные платы, назначенные при и. о. директора Поликутине

«Год назад наш институт стал структурным подразделением АО «Национальный центр сейсмологических наблюдений и исследований», где Боранбаев занимал должность председателя правления директоров.

При нем работа института была парализована, так как он не является специалистом в области сейсмологии, он вообще нефтяник, из-за его непрофессионализма был сорван ряд государственных программ, а в коллективе начался разлад. Мы выступили против назначения Боранбаева, чтобы он окончательно не развалил институт», - пояснил и. о. директора.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Прежние заработные платы сотрудников института сейсмологии

Вновь назначенный директор института сейсмологии Анвар Боранбаев пояснил причину его бойкота со стороны сотрудников. В начале интервью с новым директором Елена Калашникова включила пожарную сигнализацию, звук которой мешал записи.

«После назначения на должность председателя совета директоров в АО, которому подчиняется институт сейсмологии, я обнаружил ряд нарушений со стороны руководства, которое выражалось в нецелевом использовании средств, выделенных из государственного бюджета.

Так, месяц назад оклад и.о. директора Поликутина увеличился с 250 тысяч тенге до 500 тысяч тенге, Елены Калашниковой, менеджера по материальному обеспечению увеличился со 100 тысяч тенге до 400 тысяч тенге, даже уборщица, которая еще в апреле получала 45 тысяч, в мае выдали 120 тысяч.

Почти все сотрудники стали получать в три-четыре раза больше. Эти деньги берутся из средств, предназначенных на научную деятельность. Все сотрудники, получавшие завышенные оклады и премиальные восстановят разницу из будущих выплат по заработной плате», - подчеркнул новый директор.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Прежние заработные платы сотрудников института сейсмологии

Читайте также: "Крутой" мобильный номер в Казахстане продают за $120 тысяч

«Кроме этих «операций» с финансами, предыдущий директор Танаткан Абаканов, который пробыл в этой должности 10 лет, назначил своего сына Аскара сразу после окончания магистратуры на должность главного научного сотрудника.

Таким образом, сын директора перескочил через должность младшего научного сотрудника, инженера и так далее.

Когда Абаканов-младший начал учиться в докторантуре, было приобретено программное обеспечение на 2 миллиона тенге, которое не использовалось ни в одном проекте института, кроме докторской диссертации Аскара», - добавил Анвар Боранбаев.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Прежние заработные платы сотрудников института сейсмологии

Из деятельности пришедшего на смену Абаканова Алексея Поликутина новый директор Анвар Боранбаев отмечает два скандальных заявления, которые как он считает были направлены против него. Первое это объявление в прессе в качестве причины землетрясений в Центральной Азии – Капчагайскую ГЭС, а именно ее водобойную плиту, на которую падают тонны воды с высоты 45 метров.

На данное заявление недоуменно отреагировали кыргызстанские сейсмологи, они назвали высказывание Поликутина «ошибкой, или намеренным информационным вбросом», а также «свидетельством непрофессионализма, которое бросает тень на сейсмологов не только Казахстана, но и специалистов из братских стран».

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Письмо кыргызстанских сейсмологов в ответ на заявление Поликутина

В июне Поликутин написал письмо китайским сейсмологам, в котором предупредил, что международный симпозиум, проведение которого намечалось в сентябре, отменяется в связи с тем, что «все финансовые и организационные ресурсы страны направлены на проведение ЭКСПО-2017, которое завершится в октябре 2017 года".

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Письмо Поликутина китайским сейсмологам об отмене симпозиума из-за ЭКСПО

По словам Анвара Боранбаева, на момент, когда Поликутин писал это письмо, средства на проведение симпозиума даже еще не были выделены, поэтому не могли быть перенаправлены на проведение ЭКСПО.

Также, по его словам, он получил 15 миллионов тенге на проведение мероприятия в Алматы, которое состоится в срок. Замысел и. о. директора Поликутина Анвар Боранбаев видит в саботаже.

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Заявление Поликутина в прессе о причине землетрясений в Центральной Азии

Кроме помех во внешней работе строптивые подчиненные блокировали работу Боранбаева внутри института, отключили интернет в кабинете, не давали водителя и не выплачивали командировочные.

Корреспондент попросил комментарий по назначению заработных плат у Алексея Поликутина и менеджера по материальному обеспечению Елены Калашниковой. Калашникова не смогла вспомнить размер зарплаты, которую она получила месяц назад, а ее руководитель утверждает, что решение повысить оклады и премиальные принял не он, а руководство КазНИТУ, которое и провело «рейдерский захват».

Сотрудники института сейсмологии в Алматы устроили протест (фото)

Заработные платы руководства КазНИТУ

Корреспонденту NUR.KZ удалось сфотографировать реестр с должностями и окладами на них самого КазНИТУ. Оклады руководства варьируются от 500 тысяч до полутора миллионов тенге.


          The Blue Jays' once mighty lineup has all but disappeared   
By Matt Gross | Bluebird Banter
Everybody knew the Blue Jay bats would regress after a historic 2015, but nobody could have guessed it would get this bad this quickly. In western Asia, along the desolate border between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, there lies the Aralkum Desert. It’s a...
View this item at Blue Jays Aggregator
          E-Card registration fee reduced registration numbers: MEF   
PETALING JAYA: The action by the Immigration Department in imposing almost RM600 to apply for the Enforcement Card (E-Card) are among the factors that had stopped employers from registering undocumented workers sooner, claimed Malaysian Employers Federation (MEF) executive director Datuk Shamsuddin Bardan.

Shamsuddin claimed that the Immigration Department had initially not imposed any charge during the implementation of the E-Card registration system before the government decided to impose the fee.

"When employers are asked to pay even half of the processing fees, they will not be interested as they do not know whether the workers that they register can be employed again," he told theSun when contacted today.

He further described the E-Card system as "pretty much" similar with the previous system implemented by the Immigration Department.

"Thus when a similar system is in place not many employers would be interested in registering their undocumented workers because what the government wants employers to do is for them to come to the Immigration counters and admit that they have undocumented workers," he said.

The MEF, he said, had proposed that undocumented workers themselves register with the Immigration Department instead of the employers.

"The proposal was to allow employers the opportunity to recruit documented workers upon registration. However, the same system is applied instead," he said.

However, Shamsuddin added that employers who failed to register their undocumented workers in time would have to face the full brunt of the law.

Following the end of the E-Card registration deadline on Friday, Immigration director-general Datuk Seri Mustafar Ali announced that 1,035 undocumented workers including 101 women, three children and 16 employers were detained on Saturday in a nationwide operation.

The majority of the workers were from Bangladesh (515), followed by Indonesia (135), Myanmar (102), the Philippines (50), Thailand (five) and Vietnam (two).

The E-Card, valid until Feb 15 next year, is to enable employers to apply and rehire the foreigners legally in addressing shortages in several key economic sectors.

Only 97,469 cards were issued between Feb 15 and May 31, although there are 400,000 to 500,000 workers.

The deadline will not be extended and employers were warned that the department will go on a nationwide crackdown on the undocumented workers on July 1.

The E-Card is only for workers from 15 countries — Bangladesh, the Philippines, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Vietnam.
          This week in monetary policy: Albania, Romania, Australia, Sweden, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Poland, Ukraine and Egypt    
    This week (July 2 through July 8) central banks from 9 countries or jurisdictions are scheduled to decide on monetary policy: Albania, Romania, Australia, Sweden, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Poland, Ukraine and Egypt.
    Following table includes the name of the country, the date of the next policy decision, the current policy rate, the result of the last policy decision, the change in the policy rate year to date, the rate one year ago, and the country’s MSCI classification.
    The table is updated when the latest decisions are announced and can always accessed by clicking on This Week.

WEEK 27
JUL 2 - JUL 8, 2017:
COUNTRY                 DATE                RATE           LATEST                 YTD               1 YR AGO       MSCI
ALBANIA 3-Jul 1.25% 0 0 1.25%
ROMANIA 3-Jul 1.75% 0 0 1.75%          FM
AUSTRALIA 4-Jul 1.50% 0 0 1.75%          DM
SWEDEN 4-Jul -0.50% 0 0 -0.50%          DM
THAILAND 5-Jul 1.50% 0 0 1.50%          EM
KAZAKHSTAN 5-Jul 10.50% -50 -150 13.00%          FM
POLAND 5-Jul 1.50% 0 0 1.50%          EM
UKRAINE 6-Jul 12.50% -50 -150 15.50%          FM
EGYPT 6-Jul 16.75% 200 200 11.75%          EM



          Shakhter Karagandy - Aktobe   
Shakhter Karagandy host Aktobe for the 18th round match of Kazakhstan Premier League 2017 season Brief Analysis - the last match between the two teams a couple of days ago ended a win for the home team Shakhter Karagandy, they have now won their last...
          Shakhter Karagandy - Aktobe   
Premier League Kazakhstan Shakhter v Aktobe A match here from Kazakhstan. Shakher are coming into form following a slow start, winning 3 out of their last 4 games. They won their previous 3 games in a row to nil, and have just played this corresponding...
          Shakhter Karagandy - Aktobe   
Shakhter Karagandy will meet with Aktobe in stage 18 from Kazakhstan Premier league. After 18 stages, hosts are on seventh place while Aktobe is on last place with only 9 points. Shakhter Karagandy has 3 wins and one defeat in last 4 matches played but...
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