Some random and (very) stray observations   
So many reality shows on TV. MTV Splitsvilla is great if you love to check out fights on the street between two random people. MTV Roadies is great if you are an adult but your brain is still 8 years old. If you are into dance and you get kicks by watching people dance in outrageous costumes, then I suggest you don’t sleep for more than 3 hours a day because there are reality dance shows all the time. There is something called In Your Fest. Do check it out. It is extreme crap. Next thing, cookery shows on music channels. Presenting VJ Juhi’s culinary delights on Channel V’s Red Hot Chilli Peppers every Saturday at 11.30 a.m. By the time it boils, you check out this cool track – The latest bollywood movie song played for the ten thousandth time. Launchpad is the only saving grace right now, but I dread the day when Launchpad will have to hunt for bands. Good bands take years to develop, and a launchpad every year will mean bad bands and crap music that will be polished and decorated for television.

Elections, the biggest reality show, are hitting the house this month. Channel V is running a campaign called “Vote ya Vaat”. The idea is simple, you vote or else you will be in a very bad shape because this very cruel, evil government will be elected and you will be persecuted and left deformed and malfunctioning beyond any hope of repair. There was a time when the campaigns would go “VOTE FOR ME” and now they take the easy way out and just about everyone says “GO VOTE”. Politicians come on Channel V – self proclaimed youth icons – and ask you to vote. I suspect they cut the part where they say “For Me” and just show the first part where they say “Vote”. Times of India – that great epitome of freedom, justice and equality – have gotten into the act with some Lead India type campaign. I have made up my mind. I will vote. Hence, we will get a clean, honest and efficient government this time. Obviously. Don’t vote for change, and don’t vote for an upset, just go and vote.

My favourite sporting nation has always been Argentina, thanks to Maradona and Sabatini. Now, Argentina lost to Bolivia 1-6 on April fool’s Day. It was soccer (not tennis) but then besides the inauspicious day (any astrologer would agree), I feel it was the altitude that got to the Argentineans. Playing in La Paz is no joke, and although Bolivia is ranked 50 places below Argentina in the FIFA rankings, they are the number one team when you play in La Paz. Teach the Bolivians to hold a bat, and they will give the Indian team a run for their money in cricket atop La Paz.

Maneka Gandhi has been in the news lately, thanks to Varun Gandhi and Mayawati. I used to get moved by the tales of cruelty towards animals narrated by Maneka Gandhi on TV in the series called “Heads and Tails”. It was touching, but it did not change my life (or my non-veg diet) and I did not fall in love with animals. At home, we never had pets when I was small. Maybe that’s why I was and I still am, indifferent to the two pets we have right now – a dog and a cat. My sis is into pets big time and hence the pets exist. The cat is no problem. We have had a pet cat for quite some time now. When one cat would die, my sister would get another. Almost like recycling. Cats don’t bark. Dogs do. And the one pet dog we have, does bark loud and for no reason. That is one reason I am not very appreciative of the pet dog. For some reason, he starts howling and screaming in the middle of nothing. It’s not like he has seen a stranger or something unfamiliar. Maybe it’s his innate desire to get some attention in this world where everyone is so focussed on avoiding pink slips amidst the economic meltdown. But I don’t get it. Why does the dog make dumb, loud, crazy noises when everything else around is still? One more reason the cat scores is the fact that she does not come near you sniffing your feet in anticipation of an egg coming out of your toes any moment. The dog does. Now I love my pet dog as long as he stays away from me. I have this ‘you live and let me live’ policy. It can be also interpreted as a ‘you leave me alone and I leave you alone’ policy. The dog does not get it.

And yeah, the good old lady Madonna has been stopped from adopting another baby from Malawi. I don’t think she is doing the right thing by adopting a second baby from the same country. Just for kicks, she should be asked to adopt from some other country. There is Djibouti, Chad, Niger, Cameroon, Lesotho and many countries to choose from. Madonna is a funny one. If you are a young woman, Madonna will smooch you. If you are older, she probably wants you as a nanny. If you are a child, Madonna will adopt you. And if you are a guy, she might marry you. Okay, if you are a young guy, she might be looking at just a brief fling. But still wherever you go, Madonna may get you. She always is in the papers or somewhere near you. Omnipresent, I say.

Remember Jack and the beanstalk? If you ever make a movie on the story, remember to cast Dev Patel as the beanstalk. By the way, the beanstalk is dating the 4th sexiest woman in the world. Wow! Imagine the fate of Frieda Pinto’s classmates at St. Xavier’s. I’m sure some of them were thinking of Megan Fox and Angelina Jolie when the 4th sexiest woman in the world was sitting next to them in class. The most important lesson from it all – never ignore any girls in your vicinity, you never know when they might climb up on the sexy rating scale (whatever that is!)

It will be time to bid adieu to Goa soon. Just when I am getting into the groove, its Mumbai calling... bah!!!
          Lesotho: Bumper Harvest Forecast for Lesotho   
[Lesotho Times] LESOTHO faces a food security respite this year due to a marked upsurge in both the area planted and yields for maize, sorghum and wheat, a Bureau of Statistics (BOS) report has revealed.
          South Africa records trade surplus of R9.5bn for May – Sars   
South Africa registered a trade balance surplus of R9.5-billion for May this year, according to trade statistics released by the South African Revenue Service (Sars) on Friday. The stats, which include trade information with Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland, shows a year-to-date improvement in the trade balance.
          Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru cruise areas?   
Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru, South Africa/Lesotho, are the cruise areas and where is there an inexpensive hotel, that allows local guests in each of these cities?
my profile:
          Namibia - Lesotho   
Hello everyone, as u all know, I try my best to bring safe games at your door steep, there is a hih tendency for the game to end ass a draw becaue the both teams are very good and for the benefit of those reading it is also safe to play the game as ht/ft...
          Namibia - Lesotho   
I posted a different outcome earlier and i'm hoping it works out and if u read my analysis then it wwill tell yoou that I said clearly there that there is a high tendency for the team to draw in ffirst and second halff, well let'ss hope for the best and...
          Namibia - Lesotho   
Namibia play Lesotho in the ongoing COSAFA Cup 2017. Brief Analysis - the home team Namibia are favorites to win this match as they have won the last 2 matches played by both sides, though they had lost 2 matches this should give them enough motivation...
          Namibia - Lesotho   
Over 3 , 5 goals in this match @ 4 , 33 THis is a match from COSAFA Cup Playoffs QF > iN THIS MATCH we have Namibia playing against Lesotho . These are 2 teams that play very little defense and everything with them is attacking and outscoring the...
          Namibia - Lesotho   
More than 4 , 5 goals in this match @ 9 , 00 This is a match from COSAFA Cup Playoffs QF > In this match we have Namibia playing against Lesotho . Namibia has 2 wins , 1 draw and 2 losses in their last 5 home matches , scored 6 goals and received...
          Lesotho: Govt Issues Bird Flu Warning   
[Lesotho Times] LESOTHO has not banned poultry imports but only advised importers to only use approved companies when sourcing poultry products to avoid bringing into the country, the highly contagious H5N8 bird flu virus that has been reported in parts of South Africa.
          Se vende - Cables De Chasis Para Computadora para Juegos... - Subasta   
Válor 18470, España
Envío a: Todo el mundo Excluye: Alaska/Hawai, Protectorados de ee. uu., Rusia, Moldavia, Ucrania, Argelia, Angola, Benín, Botsuana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Camerún, Cabo Verde, República Centroafricana, Chad, Comoras, Congo, República Democrática del, Congo, República del, Costa de Marfil, Yibuti, Egipto, Guinea Ecuatorial, Eritrea, Etiopía, Gabón, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Libia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malí, Mauritania, Mauricio, ...

          Namibia v Lesotho   
          The START Study to evaluate the effectiveness of a combination intervention package to enhance antiretroviral therapy uptake and retention during TB treatment...   
Background: Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) early during tuberculosis (TB) treatment increases survival; however, implementation is suboptimal. Implementation science studies are needed to identify interventions to address this evidence-to-program gap. Objective: The Start TB Patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) Study is a mixed-methods, cluster-randomized trial aimed at evaluating the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and acceptability of a combination intervention package (CIP) to improve early ART initiation, retention, and TB treatment success among TB/HIV patients in Berea District, Lesotho. Design: Twelve health facilities were randomized to receive the CIP or standard of care after stratification by facility type (hospital or health center). The CIP includes nurse training and mentorship, using a clinical algorithm; transport reimbursement and health education by village health workers (VHW) for patients and treatment supporters; and adherence support using text messaging and VHW. Routine data were abstracted for all newly registered TB/HIV patients; anticipated sample size was 1,200 individuals. A measurement cohort of TB/HIV patients initiating ART was recruited; the target enrollment was 384 individuals, each to be followed for the duration of TB treatment (6–9 months). Inclusion criteria were HIV-infected; on TB treatment; initiated ART within 2 months of TB treatment initiation; age ≥18; English- or Sesotho-speaking; and capable of informed consent. The exclusion criterion was multidrug-resistant TB. Three groups of key informants were recruited from intervention clinics: early ART initiators; non/late ART initiators; and health care workers. Primary outcomes include ART initiation, retention, and TB treatment success. Secondary outcomes include time to ART initiation, adherence, change in CD4+ count, sputum smear conversion, cost-effectiveness, and acceptability. Follow-up and data abstraction are complete. Discussion: The START Study evaluates a CIP targeting barriers to early ART implementation among TB/HIV patients. If the CIP is found effective and acceptable, this study has the potential to inform care for TB/HIV patients in high-burden, resource-limited countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Keywords: TB/HIV integration; implementation science; cost-effectiveness; acceptability; TB treatment success
          Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru cruise areas?   
Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru, South Africa/Lesotho, are the cruise areas and where is there an inexpensive hotel, that allows local guests in each of these cities?
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          Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru cruise areas?   
Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru, South Africa/Lesotho, are the cruise areas and where is there an inexpensive hotel, that allows local guests in each of these cities?
my profile:
          Namibia v Lesotho   
Football Matches - COSAFA Cup - 2017-07-01 16:30
          Southern Africa: SACU to Assist Lesotho   
[Lesotho Times] THE Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is working on programmes to assist the less developed member countries including Lesotho to improve their economies and promote industrial development.
          Lesotho: Govt Issues Bird Flu Warning   

LESOTHO has not banned poultry imports but only advised importers to only use approved companies when sourcing poultry products to avoid bringing into the country, the highly contagious H5N8 bird flu virus that has been reported in parts of South Africa. Being a net importer of poultry products, Lesotho relies on imports from South Africa to meet its domestic demand, with only minimal poultry production done locally.

          Lesotho: 'Time to Address Political Instability'   
[SANF] Speaker after speaker spoke from the same script at the inauguration of Thomas Thabane as the new Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Lesotho.
          For sale - Lesotho 1977 Fish sg 338/41 mnh - £ 1   
Buntingford SG9, United Kingdom
Lesotho 1977 Fish sg 338/41 mnh I only accept Paypal from overseas Buyers by paypal,cheque or postal order. Postage rates are shown below. Postage charges are 20p per additional lot. On 28-Mar-06 at 03:30:17 bst, seller added the following information: Pay instantly with your debit or credit card through paypal.

          Are Black Fraternity & Sorority Calls And Stomp & Shake Cheerleading Yelps Remnants Of Plantation Field Hollers And/Or African Ululation?   
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post points out the very close similarities between certain historically Black sorority calls and certain stomp & shake cheerleading yelps.

This post also asks interested persons to consider whether historically Black fraternity & sorority calls, and stomp & shake cheerleading yelps might be remnants of 29th century and earlier African American field hollers (arhoolie) and/or remnants of or examples of the African (and elsewhere) vocalization custom of ululation.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, historical, and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to all those who are featured in the YouTube videos that are embedded in this post and thanks to the publishers of those videos.

"The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by southern labourers to accompany their work, to communicate usefully or to vent feelings.[1] It differs from the collective work song in that it was sung solo, though early observers noted that a holler, or ‘cry’, might be echoed by other workers. Though commonly associated with cotton cultivation, the field holler was also sung by levee workers, and field hands in rice and sugar plantations. Field hollers are also known as corn-field hollers, water calls, and whoops. An early description is from 1853 and the first recordings are from the 1930s. The holler is closely related to the call and response of work songs, and arhoolies, to Afro-American and ultimately influenced strands of African American music, such as the blues, rhythm and blues, and spirituals.[2]

It had prevalence among whites in the southern United States too."...

Subject: Etymology: ARHOOLIE
From: Vixen
Date: 02 Mar 07

"I did a search of the Forum, and all the references to "arhoolie" refer to the record label or the non-profit organization. I'm looking for an etymology and a definition.

What follows is the only definition I found, by googling "arhoolies", at
The Bluehighway Website

Field Hollers And Arhoolies

I'll tell you where the blues began. Back there working on them cotton farms, working hard and the man won't pay 'em, so the started singin', "Ohhh, I'm leavin' he one of these days and it won't be long." See, what's happenin' is givin' them the blues. "You gonna look for me one of these mornings and I'll be gone, ohhh yeah!" -- Sonny Terry (3, p. 18)

Field hollers and arhoolies began in the fields as musical exclamations that expressed the mood of the singer, and they eventually grew into longer phrases and verse. Few recordings of these exist, so we have to accept the testimony of the old bluesmen, such as Sonny Terry and Son House, as to their nature:

All I can say is that when I was boy we was always singing in the fields. Not real singing, you know, just hollering. But we made up our songs about things that were happening to us at the time, and I think that's where the blues started. -- Son House (3, p. 18)

The vocal techniques of these were very unique and they formed the basis for early blues vocals."...

Ululation... is a long, wavering, high-pitched vocal sound resembling a howl with a trilling quality. It is produced by emitting a high pitched loud voice accompanied with a rapid back and forth movement of the tongue and the uvula.

Around the world

Ululation is practiced either alone or as part of certain styles of singing, on various occasions of communal ritual events (like for example weddings) used to express strong emotion.

Ululation is commonly practised in most of Africa, the Middle East and Central-to-South Asia. It occurs a few places in Europe, like Serbia, Cyprus, Malta and parts of Spain. It likewise takes place among the diaspora community originating from these areas....

In Ethiopia and Eritrea, ululation (called ililta) is part of a religious ritual performed by worshippers as a feature of Sunday or other services in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church[11] and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. And it is also randomly (spontaneously) uttered during secular celebrations such as parties or concerts. Elsewhere in Africa ululation is used as a cheer, mourn or attention seeking sound by women. In Hausa ululation is called guda, , sigalagala and in Zulu lilizela in Tsonga nkulungwani and in Shona kupururudza. Ululation is incorporated into African musical styles such as Shona music, where it is a form of audience participation, along with clapping and call-and-response.

In Tanzania ululation is a celebratory cheer sound when good news has been shared or during weddings, welcoming of a newborn home, graduations and other festivals even in church when sermons are going on. In Swahili it is known as vigelele and in Luo dialect it is known as udhalili. Generally women exuberantly yell lililili in a high-pitched voices. Female children are usually proud of being able to ululate like their mothers and aunts...

Ululation is rooted in the culture of Eastern Africa as well as Southern Africa and is widely practiced in Tanzania, Kenya, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is used by women to give praises at weddings and all other celebrations. It is a general sound of good cheer and celebration, when good news has been delivered in a place of gathering, even in church. It is also an integral part of most African weddings where women gather around the bride and groom, dancing and ululating exuberantly. During graduation ceremonies ululation shows pride and joy in scholastic achievement. The women ululating usually stand and make their way to the front to dance and ululate around the graduate."...
Italics were added by me to highlight these sentences.

Fraternity & sorority calls are signature vocalizations that members of a specific organization make to greet another member of that specific organization and/or to "represent" (promote, "big up") their organization during their own chanting and/or celebratory gatherings and during public events. A fraternity and sorority might have more than one signature call. These calls are usually informal (i.e. not recognized as an official part of that organization by that organization's governing body.) Non-members of a specific organization are strictly prohibited from verbally or in writing using that organization's call in public or in private.

Fraternity & Sorority "Roll calls"

When used by historically Black [university based] Fraternity & sororities (BGLOs) - and particularly by those BGLOs that are known as "The Divine Nine"*, "roll calls" refer to the consecutive vocalization of their signature call/s by multiple BGLOs during a public event. A host or moderator of that event formally announces each organization, usually in the order of their founding, beginning with the earliest founded fraternity and then, after the fraternities are recognized, beginning with the earliest founded sorority. Representatives of "sister" or "brother" organizations may respond to a call with their own call. Also, as an expression of admiration and/or unity, a member of a Divine Nine organization might combine their own signature call with part of the signature call of another member "Divine Nine" organization (either fraternity or sorority).* That said, I've read that some BGLO members disagree with that practice.

*Here's an example of combining two sorority calls:
t goodwill, 2011,
"Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

Refer to the list of calls given below.

From NPHC National Membership Intake Guide
Hand Signs & Calls
"Hand signs and calls have evolved into another historical facet of Black fraternal organization life. According to Kimbrough (2003), the concept of calls is embedded in both African and African-American tradition. These sounds were a form of yodeling known as whooping in the Congo and Angola tribes. Additionally, these audible sounds, also known as cries and arhoolies, could he heard being sung by slaves. It is not clear when calls were first used, however, it seems possible that calls used by NPHC organizations became prevalent during the mid-1970’s.

Much like calls, the exact origin of hand signs cannot be pinpointed. According to Kimbrough (2003), pictures from college campuses of Black fraternities and sororities indicate that hand signs became a part of the Black fraternal experience during the 1970’s. Although it is not clear how calls and hand signs evolved, these traditions are long standing.

These universal symbols can be seen as exclusive outward expressions of pride and of strong organizational identification."

These organizations are given in categories (Fraternities/Sororities) and in chronological order with the earliest founded organizations in that category listed first.

Letters [or numbers] in these calls are often repeated to show enthusiasm and/or to stretch out the call.

Additions and corrections are welcome.
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (1906)
call: "O6"

Response [from a member or members of Alpha Phi Alpha] - "You know"

Kappa Alpha Psi, Fraternity Inc. (1911)
Yo Yo

Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. (1911)
Roo or Roo Roo

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. (1914)
Blue Phi

Iota Phi Theta, Fraternity, Inc. (1963)
Ow Ow

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. (1908)
Skee Wee

Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.

Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc. (1920)

Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. (1922)

Examples of these calls are given in the videos that are showcased in Part II of this series

"Stomp & Shake" cheerleading is a referent for a relatively new form of African American originated style of cheerleading.

Stomp & shake cheerleading focuses on the group performance of choreographed percussive, rhythmic foot stomping, (individual) hand clapping, leg lifts, and African American/Caribbean originated dance moves. These body movements are often but not always accompanied by the cheer squad's performance of self-bragging and/or competitor insulting unison chanting. Although most stomp & shake cheerleaders are female, a few males also are members of certain (usually university) stomp & shake squads. This particularly appears to be the case among university cheerleading squads that perform stomp & shake cheerleading and mainstream ("traditional") cheerleading.

Like mainstream cheerleading, the purpose of the cheer squad is to increase the enthusiasm of event attendees. However, the focus of stomp and shake cheer squads' performances and their textual (word) cheers are on the cheer squad itself, and not nearly as much as mainstream cheerleading on the football (or basketball) athletic team. Stomp & Shake is a relatively new form of cheerleading.

The earliest documentation that I've found for stomp & shake cheerleading is the early to mid 1970s at Virginia State University's cheerleading squad (the "Woo Woos) and in the late 1970s at Winston-Salem State University cheerleading squads (known as "Cheer Phi" and later as "the Red Team" and the "White Team").

Some, but not all university based stomp & shake cheerleaders include vocalizations of yelps (also informally referred to as "calls", "cries", and yells as part of their cheers. The vocalization of yelps (cries, yells) while cheering particularly appears to be a characteristic of Winston-Salem State University's (WSSU's) cheerleading style. WSSU's yelp is usually written as "Eeee-yiiip!" or similar spellings. Rightly or wrongly, fans of WSSU indicate that other cheerleading squads from other Historically Black Colleges and Universities' cheerleading squads that use this yelp "stole it" from WSSU.

because Winston-Salem State University's cheerleading squad continues to greatly influence American high school and younger stomp & shake cheerleading squads, their "yelp" vocalization is also found among those squads.

Greek Speak Roll Call

UABStudentLife, Published on Sep 19, 2008

Check out the eight organizations of UAB's NPHC.
Selected comments:
1. ninjapoodle22, 2009
"I see my soRHOrs! EEEEE-YIP!"
soRHOrs = Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.

2. t goodwill, 2011
Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

"Zeta" - a member of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc.

Notice that "ZZZZZZ-Yip"!! is a combination of the Zeta's signature call and Sigma Gamma Rho's signature call.

3. BUTLERU, 2011

4. MonaJalisa90, 2013
"I agree 100%! Luckily, Sigma Gamma Rho doesn't have to deal with such drama lol
That video and three other videos of historically Black fraternity and sorority calls are embedded in the pancocojams post whose link is given above as

Fight fight the power,
Hey go head go head.
Hey fight fight he power.
Go head go head.
Hey fight the power.
We are the Rams
And we stay on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it to our face. Haw!
Hey fight the power
Hey fight the power,
Say what
Say what
We are the Rams
And we get on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it in our face.
Say it in our face.
Say it
-Winston-Salem State University WSSU Cheer Phi Cheerleaders,
transcription posted by SAC010 in that video's discussion thread by secalong, February 2011 (along with some transcription by Azizi Powell)

*This is the second cheer in that video. I previously (erroneously?) gave the title for that cheer as "Fight The Power".

Here's that video:


ORIGINALCHEERPHI, Published on Feb 22, 2008



Flow Child Entertainment Published on Sep 24, 2008

WSSU Cheerleaders tryout for MTV Show
Selected comments:
1. Tez Parker, 2011
"Ayyyy dey betta do it!! Eeeoooppp!"

3.Asha Broo, 2012
"is that that guy going '' yyyyeepp'' lmaoo"

3. AORaines, 2013
"Love the originality, the loudness, and the enthusiasm but cheerleaders don't woo nor eyyyupp....not sorority cheerleaders
This comment indicates that stomp & shake cheerleading isn't really cheerleading because of the way that they perform. The commenter is also disparages WSSU's squad by referring to them as "sorority cheerleaders".

"Woo" here probably refers to Virginia State University's cheerleading squad that is known as "the Woo Woos". Unlike WSSU, it doesn't appear that the squad vocalizes "woo woo". Instead, "woo woo" is a vocalization of admiration and support is vocalized by that squad's fans. Click for a 2008 video of VSU's Woo Woos peforming their popular and often imitated cheer "Work It". At the end of that video, a male fan yells "Woo! Woo!".

4. pdga9205,2013
"Y'all remind me of FSU (Fayetteville state) cheerleaders especially with the eeeyyyooppp thing!"
5. RJRDEMONS, 2013
"WSSU its there original song they made in 2002"

6. dstgirl9of9, 2014
"FSU got thier eeyyooppp from WSSU! "
"FSU" here refers to Fayette State University (North Carolina)

NC A&T Cheerleaders (Aggie Cheer) / Powerhouse National Competition (Stomp and Shake)

Kevin Crawford Published on Mar 17, 2017
Selected comments:
1. Midget Catfish, 2017
"Why are they making the sghro call?"

2. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"They killed it! How come the make the same noise that WSSU cheerleaders make? (Eee-yup) or it just sounds similar?"

3. nevano, 2017
"Ashley Monique Styles If I'm not mistaken, I believe that's the call for Cheerleaders that are apart of the cheer world. I won't say too much cause I don't wanna stomp on any toes."

4. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"nevano hmm I wonder if it's certain Colleges. When I cheered, we had our own call."

5. Lilly, 2017
"They sound like cheering AKA's"
"AKA's" = members of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.
The signature AKA call is a high pitched, usually extended "Skeeeee- weeee!"

6. Takiya Eiland, 2017
"I know they are not eee-yip in"
This comment probably is a put-down of North Carolina's A&T cheerleaders for doing the yelp (call, cry) that is associated with WSSU's cheerleaders.

7. OrbiT BabE, 2017
"The squeak gave me life"

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.
          Namibia vs Lesotho Preview   
Results of each team’s last 5 matches across all leagues and competitions  Namibia LAST FIVE GAMES DATE COMPETITION L Guinea Bissau 1-0 Namibia Jun 10, 2017 African Nations Cup Qualifying L Senegal 2-0 Namibia Sep 3, 2016 African Nations Cup Qualifying D Namibia 0-0 Malawi Jun 8, 2016 International Friendly W Namibia 1-0 Niger Jun ...
          Mozambique vs Madagascar Preview   
Results of each team’s last 5 matches across all leagues and competitions Mozambique LAST FIVE GAMES DATE COMPETITION W Seychelles 1-2 Mozambique Jun 28, 2017 International Friendly L Mozambique 0-4 Zimbabwe Jun 26, 2017 International Friendly W Zambia 0-1 Mozambique Jun 10, 2017 African Nations Cup Qualifying W Mozambique 1-0 Lesotho Mar 28, 2017 International ...
          Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru cruise areas?   
Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru, South Africa/Lesotho, are the cruise areas and where is there an inexpensive hotel, that allows local guests in each of these cities?
my profile:
          Tiffany Chairs   

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The post Tiffany Chairs appeared first on Tent For Sale Durban South Africa.

          Draping Material   

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          Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru cruise areas?   
Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru, South Africa/Lesotho, are the cruise areas and where is there an inexpensive hotel, that allows local guests in each of these cities?
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          Namibia v Lesotho   
Namibia: (4) 0 - Lesotho: (5) 0 FT
NRLab tidak sendirian dalam membantu negara-negara berkembang memperoleh akses ke energi yang dapat diandalkan.  Sebuah program yang ditetapkan oleh Bank Dunia membantu negara-negara berkembang memetakan potensi energi mereka.  Harapannya adalah dengan peta baru ini akan memberikan sebuah rencana  bagi berbagai negara untuk membuat infrastruktur energi terbarukan dan mandiri.  Semoga saja.
Program Bank Dunia ini juga mencakup model-model energi solar dan angin yang sudah kuno guna menyediakan data riil bagi pemerintah di berbagai negara agar mereka dapat memahami potensi sumber daya mereka.  Pakistan melambangkan tantangan energi yang dihadapi oleh negara-negara berkembang.  Meskipun mempunyai sumber daya energi terbarukan yang melimpah, seperti air, limbah bio, surya, dan angin - sepertiga populasi Pakistan hidup tanpa adanya akses ke listrik secara rutin.  Pakistan mempunyai tujuan mulia untuk program-program energi surya dan angin yang saat ini sedang dikembangkan, sedangkan proyek-proyek inovatif seperti yang ditawarkan oleh NRGLab hilang begitu saja.
"Pentingnya pemetaan sumber daya ini tidak dapat dianggap berlebihan," ujar Arif Alauddin, Direktur Pakistans National Energy Conservation Center. "Kekurangan energi di negara ini belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya, biaya akan naik, dan impor minyak bumi memakan sebagian besar penghasilan dari ekspor Pakistan.  Ada kebutuhan untuk beralih ke sumber-sumber energi terbarukan dari dalam negeri."
Meskipun peta-peta tenaga surya dan angin sudah ada selama beberapa tahun belakangan ini, namun peta tersebut gagal mengenali proyek-proyek sektor swasta yang memerlukan dana pembangunan. Jadi pada dasarnya, yang kaya tetap kaya, sedangkan para ilmuwan lain dalam komunitas sains berjuang agar mendapat perhatian.
Karena permasalahan ini jugalah maka Bank Dunia bergabung dengan sembilan negara lain termasuk Pakistan, Indonesia, Lesotho, Madagaskar, Mawadewa, Papua Nugini, Tanzania, dan Zambia membuat peta baru potensi energi terbarukan. Dengan pendanaan dari Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), peta tersebut akan meliputi tenaga surya, angin, biomassa, dan potensi kecil PLTA.
Pemetaan sumber daya tentu saja merupakan sebuah langkah ke arah yang benar. Namun, apakah itu benar-benar mencakup berbagai peluang energi yang disajikan oleh NRGLab?
Dengan teknik gasifikasi revolusioner yang dimilikinya, NRGLab dapat mengubah semua gas alam, batu bara, sekam padi, dan APG menjadi bahan bakar yang dapat digunakan. Untuk negara-negara berkembang, ini berarti meningkatkan bagian mereka dalam pasar energi global, selain membuat infrastruktur domestik yang berkelanjutan dan mandiri.
"Pemetaan sumber daya adalah sebuah langkah penting dalam menyediakan sumber daya dan kepastian kebijakan yang diperlukan para pengembang komersial untuk meningkatkan investasi dalam bidang energi terbarukan," ungkap Oliver Knight, Senior Energy Specialist at ESMAP. Selain itu, otoritas pemerintah sebaiknya diberi tahu saat menegosiasikan proyek-proyek tertentu, sehingga para donor akan dapat melihat kejelasan data dan kebutuhan kapasitas, serta potensi energi terbarukan dari klien mereka."
NRGLab telah memfokuskan pada tujuan ini sedari awal.  Menyediakan energi alternatif yang hemat biaya dan bersih adalah solusi terhadap krisis energi.  Untuk informasi selengkapnya mengenai kemitraan dengan NRGLab, silakan mengunjungi
Bersama kita bisa memastikan masa depan yang lebih hijau. Untuk anak-anak kita.  Dan untuk anak-anak mereka.  Berabad-abad kemudian setelah masa kita berakhir.

Diterjemahkan dari Bahasa Inggris, artikel asli di publikasikan tanggal di 17.06.13:
[ Program bank dunia, NRGLab, Arif Alauddin, National Energy Conservation Center, ESMAP, PLTA, APG ]

          Botswana vs Zambia, Namibia vs Lesotho Score: COSAFA Cup Quarterfinals   
ST LOUIS (LALATE) – Botswana vs Zambia, and Namibia vs Lesotho 2017 (live score results below) are igniting the COSAFA Cup Quarterfinals today. Earlier the first game was held. And final score of Botswana vs Zambia was 1-2. Meantime, Namibia vs Lesotho are now on the field. Two more quarterfinals will be held tomorrow. Namibia […]
          Zambia, Lesotho reach COSAFA Castle Cup semis   
Four-time champions Zambia survived a late scare to book a COSAFA Castle Cup semifinal place with victory over Botswana on Saturday, and are joined in the last four by Lesotho, who squeezed through on penalties ahead of 2013 winners Namibia. The two quarterfinal ties at the Royal Bafokeng Sports Palace in the South Africa's North West Province produced just three goals and the expected tight tussles as Zambia won 2-1. The Basotho then launched into joyous celebration after goalkeeper Likano Mphuthi...
          Namibia: Support Brave Warriors, Not Me - Mannetti   
[Namibian] Brave Warriors coach Ricardo Mannetti has called on the nation to rally behind his troubled side, who launch their assault on the Cosafa Cup with a quarter-final clash against Lesotho on Saturday.
          Comment on CONGOMIKILI: Le 2 juillet, Mignon Abraham REMONTADA, Est-il temps pour la relève? by niota2   
          Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru cruise areas?   
Where in Cape Town, Johannesburg, & Maseru, South Africa/Lesotho, are the cruise areas and where is there an inexpensive hotel, that allows local guests in each of these cities?
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          Namibia/Lesotho: Brave Warriors Knocked Out of Cosafa Cup   
[Namibian] Namibia crashed out of the Cosafa Cup in the quarter-finals by five goals to four to Lesotho in a penalty shootout following a goalless draw in regulation time on Saturday.

1912 ANC founded. 1949 Program of Action, including nonviolent civil disobedience, starts. 1953 Civil disobedience. Discontinued when South African government passed law providing stiff penalties for those who break even minor laws. 1959 All-black Pan-African Congress (PAC) forms in protest of ANC's multiracial membership. March 1960: Nationwide passive resistance demonstrations. 69 killed at Sharpeville. South Africa declares state of emergency. April 8, 1960: ANC, declared illegal, goes underground. Dec. 1961: ANC leader Nelson Mandela forms military wing of the ANC. The group begins its sabotage campaign. 1963 South African police find underground ANC headquarters in Johannesburg suburb of Rivonia. 1964 Mandela convicted at Rivonia trial and is given a life sentence. 1976 African riot in Soweto against forced use of Afrikaans language in school curriculum. Thousands of school-age children flee South Africa; many link up with ANC forces outside the country. June 1980: Bombing of Sasol, South Africa's oil-from-coal refinery. August 1981: Rocket attack on Voortrekkerhoogte, Pretoria, center of country's military establishment. Dec. 9, 1982: South Africa, in retaliation for alleged ANC sabotage staged from bases in Lesotho, attacks ANC residences in Lesotho capital of Maseru. 40 killed. Dec. 18, 1982: Bombing of South Africa's only nuclear power station at Koeberg, outside Cape Town. May 20, 1983: Car bomb explodes outside Air Force Headquarters, Pretoria. 17 killed, more than 200 injured in worst sabotage incident in South African history. May 23, 1983: South Africa retaliates with air strike against suspected ANC targets in Mozambique's capital. 6 killed, more than 20 wounded. June 9, 1983: Three ANC members charged with attacking police stations hanged.

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          Namibia/Lesotho: Brave Warriors Knocked Out of Cosafa Cup   
[Namibian] Namibia crashed out of the Cosafa Cup in the quarter-finals by five goals to four to Lesotho in a penalty shootout following a goalless draw in regulation time on Saturday. Reported by 3 hours ago.
          Lesotho taxi drivers help lead fight against HIV    
In Lesotho, country with second highest HIV rate, passengers learn about how male circumcision helps prevent infection.
          Fan-trekking-tastic Lesotho   
We're back from our trip to Lesotho, and not knowing much about the trek beforehand, it was all that I'd hoped and more.  Erica and I met our sitemate Gracey and two other volunteers in Maputo, where we got a bus to Johannesburg, where we rented a car to drive to Lesotho.  We spent a night in Malealea Lodge and set out from there on a three-day pony trek through the mountains of Lesotho.  This took us through some hair-raising passes, but our patient guides and surefooted horses never let us [fall] down.  That being said, it's a good thing we only trekked for three days; by day three, my fear buffer was running low and I don't think my poor little coração could have handled too many more spikes in my blood pressure.  We spent two nights sleeping in a thatched brick hut in a small, local village and hiked one afternoon to a stunning waterfall, where I swam with frog (singular) in the chilly water.  Heading back to the lodge on the last day, we got stuck in the rain, and due to the loss of my rain jacket in my May robbery, I got more cold and wet than would be medically advisable, but my Viking stock did me well and, Look Mom, no hypothermia!  We took our time driving through delightfully developed South Africa on the way home and stopped in Clarens, a quaint touristy town, where we appreciated art and window-shopped.  Erica and I are now back home and getting ready for upcoming sub-Saharan travels with her sister and dad and my sister and mom, so from here on up, it's all downhill. 

          No Proselytizing in Pão, Please   
Classes are done! Maybe that does not accurately convey my immense excitement and enthusiasm—classes are OVER! Fim! Finito! Done-zo! And that makes me so-oo happy. After classes ended, we had a week to prepare students’ grades, copy them onto the various official documents, and decide who would and would not pass. Within the last two trimesters, the national stipulations for passing students changed not just once, but two times, so within one school year, we have had three different systems for passing students into the next grade. Need I say that this week of grades was more than a little confusing and messy? Well, it was. Because students fail many disciplines, but instead of making their classes easier to pass, most teachers assign grades, balk at the number of failing students, and tweak grades after writing them in ink in all of the grade sheets. This is tedious, stressful, and fraudulent work, and when the national passing criteria changed for the second time after the week of doing grades, most teachers did more artful erasing and re-inking in the official documents to help students pass. But what is to be done? The education system here is broken, in my honest opinion, with regulations that change on a whim and don’t really match up. For example, with the newest stipulations, students don’t pass into the next grade if they fail design, agriculture, and physical education. Yet officially, they can pass with failing grades in math, the sciences, and the humanities. So without talking to other teachers, I would have had only four students in my class of 40 pass into ninth grade. In the end, 15 students passed—a whopping 37.5% of my class. And as a result, because my school is fairly new and repeatedly fails its eighth graders, it has almost 1000 eighth graders, while only 500 students have trickled into ninth grade, and 300 have squeaked by into tenth grade. It almost makes me want to be a teacher in the United States for a year or two, just to be able to compare the education systems. Almost... but after this, I think I will be a little burned out on teaching for a while.

The work in school is not yet done, however. Currently, the tenth graders are taking national exams. These exams are taken very seriously, with all students in Mozambique taking the same tests on the same day at the same time. The tests arrive in sealed packets, which are opened in every classroom at the exact moment when the bell rings. Yet these elaborate anti-cheating measures are nullified when teachers responsible for controlling the exams and responding to questions simply give out answers. All I can say is, ridiculous. Again, this system is broken, and I don’t see anything changing anytime soon without major, major reform. I’m trying not to lay it on too thick, but this is the reality.

On a lighter note, Erica and I are fleeing Mozambique and these wretched exams to go to Lesotho tomorrow for a three-day pony trek. It could not be better timing for us, as we are both sick to death of school. There will be a second round of national exams in a few weeks, but this trip will give our bodies a break from the heat and give us the boost we need to keep going and not be viciously bitter towards our poor colleagues in the weeks to come. Once December hits, we’re in the clear; we’ll have family coming and will do some traveling around Mozambique and South Africa, hitting the beaches and visiting Kruger National Park to see lions and tigers and bears, oh my! (Although I’m not so sure South Africa has bears, but you get the picture.)

Meanwhile, in Chibuto and outside of school, things are good. We’re having a small fence built for the dogs so they won’t chase and eat our neighbors’ chickens while unsupervised during our vacation. We just gave our house an interior makeover, throwing out tons of junk left by previous PCVs and even fashioning a couch out of my old mattress. With the temperature rising daily, there is the purchase of a fan in my near future. It’s been a long but good year, and we’re trying to exercise some control over a few small things in our life to close this year on a positive note and carry us into the next year. With that, I leave you with these pictures: me and Erica on my birthday (note the lovely mural left by a previous PCV) and a sandwich menu that features the most delightfully terrible English translation I’ve encountered in Mozambique. When things get rough, we toast simple.

          Winter that Refuses to Fall Gently into Summer   
August and September have been topsy-turvy months. August brought the start of the final trimester and a string of canine-related incidents, while September brought the regional Science Fair and the dreaded arrival of summer heat. I’m holding out for October, which brings the end of classes, Halloween, and most importantly, my birthday. But first, here’s a rundown of August and this half of September.
One Saturday afternoon, Erica and I were walking to a nearby shop and suddenly heard a dog yelping as we passed an empty lot. We looked over and saw a group of young boys beating a stray puppy that was hanging upside down from a tree, tied from its back two legs. We immediately began furiously scolding the children, and set out to find a knife to cut down the unfortunate creature. Within a minute of reaching the safe ground, it died. Erica wisely tried using the incident as a teaching moment to tell these boys that even if the puppy was causing problems and stealing food, there are better ways to cull animals. The boys laughed amongst themselves as we walked away. When peoples’ lives are so difficult here, why worry about a dog?
That same day, our own puppy Shingove became listless and lost interest in food. He soon stopped eating altogether and was quickly reduced to a shaking frame of skin and bones. Erica’s family called several times with different tips and information, so with this guidance, we nursed our sick li’l pup back to health, giving him human medicine and food with a dropper and keeping him hydrated. Come Sunday, he was back to our romping, mischievous Shingove that attacks us as we do exercises; Monday morning, a neighbor girl came to our kitchen window to say that a car had hit our dog. Not just hit, completely ran over our dog with a velocity that should be illegal in a small neighborhood. The bizarre mix of foreshadowing and irony was almost too much, and it was certainly too much for a Monday morning.
On top of the dog drama, someone stole our shampoo, face wash, sponge, and razors out of our bathroom. And one slightly-off man started coming to the school to jabber English gibberish at me, while another slightly-off man started coming to the house to jabber Portuguese gibberish at us. Evidently, we are magnets not only for canine disaster, but also for theft and mentally instable individuals. Cool.
Yet just as I was beginning to slide into a jaded, pessimistic funk, a friend gave us a replacement puppy, and although it didn’t leave much time for the death of Shingove to stop smarting, our new puppy, Havu (Shangana for “monkey”), is adorable and oh-so-affectionate. One would think I’d learn to stop being so attached to cute puppies, but what’s the use? Why fight it?
Science Fair should have happened during the last weekend of August, but due to a few days of unrest for rising fuel and food prices in Maputo and other larger cities, we were forced to push it back a week. (Thankfully, there were no notable demonstrations in Chibuto, so aside from a brief travel ban and fluctuation in bread prices, we were unaffected.) In the date change, we lost the opportunity to have a sound system and one of our guest speakers, but everything else went pretty smoothly. Projects ranged from making electronic doorbells and motorized cars to making coconut oil to making juice… from a package. While that last one was a bit of a stretch, we were happy to have so many participants—50 or so students from around 15 schools in Maputo and Gaza Provinces. This is nothing by American standards, but in Mozambique, nothing is as easy as it seems it should be, and nearly everything that could go wrong often does, so it was a small miracle we pulled it off. Although we were absolutely exhausted afterwards, it was worth it.
As September slides downhill into October, I’m trying to get a few students mobilized to do some health presentations at school, and Erica has projects of her own at her school. We’re planning our final lessons; I’m in the midst of the reproductive system, and it is just amazing to me how students never tire of saying “vagina,” which by the way is Portuguese for (you guessed it) “vagina.” Even after classes end, we’ll have several weeks of grading national exams and the odious task of writing thousands of grades by hand that will extend into December. But since we have family coming in December and a possible venture into Lesotho in November, and since we are volunteers after all, Erica and I will be able to get out of some of it. Because volunteers without volition make for unhappy PCVs.
I hope those of you back home are enjoying the fall colors and brisk air for me. Once it gets hotter here and cooler there, I’ll see what I can do about sending some of our heat your way. There’s more than enough around here.