Modelo transexual nepalí rompe moldes en la pasarela más notoria de la India   
Tras superar con éxito tres duras rondas de cástings, la joven desfilará para diseñadores de la talla del indio Suket Dhir.
          6/30/2017: Uit Uw Gemeente: Scouts bouwen school in Nepal   

Zeven enthousiaste oud-leidsters van de Scouts Sint-Bavo uit Eversel vertrekken vandaag voor de eerste keer richting Nepal. In hoofdstad Kathmandu bouwen ze samen met ‘Himalayan Care Hands’ een schooltje. Ze zamelden ook meer dan 10.000 euro in voor...
          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Jainsem Dress Wearing Woman Made To Leave Elitist Delhi Golf Club For Looking Like A Maid   

By Saweini S. Laloo I opened the newspaper one morning and was shocked when the headlines read that a woman, a Khasi woman, was thrown out of a golf club because she was wearing her jainsem dress and was told that she “dresses like a servant and looks like a Nepalese.” There are just so […]

The post Jainsem Dress Wearing Woman Made To Leave Elitist Delhi Golf Club For Looking Like A Maid appeared first on ED Times | The Youth Blog.


          Books I Read   
Below, you will find a list of all the books I read between the 2008-2011. I link to those I recommend.



Adult Non-Fiction


Adult Fiction


Adult Religious


Young Adult [Note: These titles vary greatly in recommended grade levels. Review carefully before assigning to students.]

          Busco compañer@ para viaje a india nepal 14 agosto 2 de septiembre   
Hola viajo a la india por trabajo del 14 de agosto al 2 de septiembre, apartir del dia 19 estoy libre y quiero hacer un tour por delhi agra jaipur vangalore katmandu o la otra ruta es lo mismo pero en vez de ir a katmandu al valle de pradesh, busco compartir viaje experiencias gastos y amistad , me llamo ricky tengo 40 años y mucha experiencia en viajar, anímate un saludo
          The 64th Sydney Film Festival Awards On Body and Soul (Berlin winner)   

onbodyandsoul1.jpg

The 64th Sydney Film Festival tonight awarded On Body and Soul, directed by Ildikó Enyedi, the prestigious 10th anniversary Sydney Film Prize, out of a selection of 12 Official Competition films. 

The $60,000 cash prize for 'audacious, cutting-edge and courageous' film was awarded to Enyedi at the Festival’s Closing Night Gala awards ceremony and event at the State Theatre, ahead of the Australian premiere screening of Bong Joon-ho's Okja. 

Accepting the award, Enyedi said, “It was such an amazingly strong competition. It’s marvellous that such a film can move so many people, it gives me so much hope in cinema and in human communication.”

Sydney filmmakers Sascha Ettinger Epstein and Claire Haywood were awarded the Documentary Australia Foundation Award for Australian Documentary’s $10,000 cash prize for The Pink House, about the last brothel in old mining town Kalgoorlie.

The Dendy Awards for Australian Short Films saw the $7000 cash prize for the Dendy Live Action Short Award going to Adele, directed by Mirene Igwabi.  Sunday Emerson Gullifer was Highly Commended for her short film Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow.  And Daniel Agdag's animation Lost Property Office took out both the $7000 Rouben Mamoulian Award for Best Director and the $5000 Yoram Gross Animation Award.

The Event Cinemas Australian Short Screenplay Award, a $5,000 prize for the best short screenwriting, was awarded to Michael Cusack, the writer and director of stop motion animation After All.  And the writers of Screenability short film The Milky Pop Kid, Johanna Garvin and Emily Dash, were Highly Commended. 

The $10,000 Sydney-UNESCO City of Film Award, bestowed by Create NSW to a trail-blazing NSW-based screen practitioner, went to Indigenous Australian actor, director and writer Leah Purcell.

Chris Freeland announced he will step down as Sydney Film Festival Chair while remaining on the Board.   Freeland, a Partner of Baker McKenzie and a member of its Asia Pacific Regional Council, chaired the organisation for eight years.  He led an era of expansion as well as industry and public popularity, seeing attendances almost double.

Festival Board Director Deanne Weir was welcomed to the position of Chair. Weir has over 25 years’ experience in media and communications and is Foxtel’s Managing Director, Content Aggregation and Wholesale.  She is also a renowned television producer and philanthropist whose passion is to support the advancement of women in the community.

Sydney Film Festival CEO Leigh Small said, “This year again, the Festival exceeded previous attendance figures – a continuing ten-year trend. There was an average of 72% capacity across all sessions with almost 185,000 attendances. This result marks a fitting end to Chris Freeland’s eight year tenure during which the number of people attending the Sydney Film Festival almost doubled.”

Sydney Film Festival Director Nashen Moodley said: “2017 has been a significant year for film and filmmakers.   As the world looks for ways to understand and interpret the momentous events and challenges facing humanity, filmmakers across the globe have risen to the challenge.

“From refugees and the horrors of war, to the state of the world’s oceans,  this program of films - screened to Australian audiences for the first time at the 64th Sydney Film Festival - has provided an opportunity to debate and discuss some of the most pressing and contentious issues of our time.

“With a spotlight on questions of equality in race, sexuality, wealth, accessibility, and many other global conversations, these 12 days have provided a wealth of stories from diverse viewpoints and a moment in time to take stock of who, what and where we are today.

“I congratulate all the winners and all of the finalists, as well as the hundreds of filmmakers who have joined us at the Festival to present their ideas and opinions in films, talks and discussions,” he said.

THE SYDNEY FILM PRIZE

On awarding the Sydney Film Prize to Hungarian filmmaker Ildikó Enyedi’s On Body and Soul, Jury President Margaret Pomeranz said:

"Over the past 12 days we’ve experienced a most extraordinary cinematic journey curated by Sydney Film Festival.

"We’ve seen films about women struggling to find a space for themselves in a world that seems to want to keep them in their place; there have been films about transgressions, from youthful murder to child abuse.

"We’ve seen films about the many faces of sexual desire; we’ve been invited into worlds of wonder we have never experienced and we’ve been exposed to the ugly side of ourselves, through racism, poverty, cruelty and displacement.  And we’ve also been invited into the world of human compassion.

"And that element of compassion is very present in the film we’ve chosen to award the Sydney Film Prize.  It’s a film that shows us that even in this divided world we are capable of sharing the same dreams, that amongst the ugliness of a slaughterhouse, kindness, gentleness can be found," she said.

"So the Sydney Film Prize goes to the graceful, measured and ever so compassionate On Body and Soul from Hungarian filmmaker Ildikó Enyedi."

Winner of the Berlinale Golden Bear, On Body and Soul is Enyedi’s visually ravishing return to filmmaking after an 18-year break.  The film is about the unconventional romance between two co-workers who discover that each night they have exactly the same dreams.

The Festival jury was comprised of Australian film critic Margaret Pomeranz, critically acclaimed Nepali director Deepak Rauniyar, former senior film executive of South Korean powerhouse CJ Entertainment Kini Kim, independent Asian-Canadian animator Ann Marie Fleming, and Australian film producer Rosemary Blight of smash-hit The Sapphires and acclaimed television series Cleverman.

Previous winners include: Aquarius (2016), Arabian Nights (2015); Two Days, One Night (2014); Only God Forgives (2013); Alps (2012); A Separation (2011); Heartbeats (2010); Bronson (2009); and Hunger (2008).

The competition is endorsed by FIAPF, the regulating body for international film festivals, and is judged by a jury of five international and Australian filmmakers and industry professionals.

The selection of films in Competition for the SFF 2017 Sydney Film Prize are listed HERE.

THE DOCUMENTARY AUSTRALIA FOUNDATION AWARD FOR AUSTRALIAN DOCUMENTARY

The Documentary Australia Foundation Award for Australian Documentary was awarded to The Pink House from filmmakers Sascha Ettinger Epstein and Claire Haywood. The Jury comprising award-winning Asian-American filmmaker Ramona S. Diaz, CEO of the Documentary Australia Foundation Dr Mitzi Goldman and Australian based Iranian filmmaker Amin Palangi in a joint statement said:

"Amongst ten noteworthy films, one film enthralled us with its blend of nuanced characters and narrative depth. 

“In classic cinema verite fashion, the filmmaker introduces us to two singular women who give her unfettered access to their constantly changing lives, revealing a profound trust between filmmaker and subject that renders this film deeply personal and intimate.

“Through the unflinching gaze of her lens, this filmmaker immerses us in a world that, in less disciplined hands, could very well have been voyeuristic.  Instead we are treated to a film that is handled with affection and grace.”

“We the Jury give the Australian documentary prize to Sasha Ettinger Epstein and Claire Haywood for The Pink House.” 

2017 marks the fourth year the prize has been supported by the Foundation.

Previous winners include: In the Shadow of the Hill (2016); Only the Dead (2015); 35 Letters (2014); Buckskin (2013); Killing Anna (2012); Life in Movement (2011); and The Snowman (2010). In 2009 the inaugural prize was shared between Contact and A Good Man, and each film received a $10,000 cash prize.

The 10 finalists for the 2017 Sydney Film Festival Documentary Australia Foundation Award for Australian Documentary are listed HERE.

THE DENDY AWARDS FOR AUSTRALIAN SHORT FILMS

The Dendy Awards for Australian Short Films were awarded to Mirene Igwabi for Adele (Dendy Live Action Short Award), Sunday Emerson Gullifer for Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow (Highly Commended), and Daniel Agdag for Lost Property Office (Rouben Mamoulian Award for Best Director and Yoram Gross Animation Award). The Jury comprised Canadian filmmaker Kirsten Carthew, former Vice President of Paramount Pictures Mike Selwyn, and Australian film producer Kath Shelper. In a joint statement, the Jury said:

"This year’s Jury was particularly excited by the exceptional talent that continues to emerge from Australia’s animation sector.

“We were captivated by the original and diverse stories and variety of animation techniques presented in both the Dendy Awards and in the rest of the Festival.

“Lost Property Office stood out for its direction, storytelling and exquisite visuals that could only have been realised through animation, which was the perfect choice of medium to tell this story.”

The Festival’s short-film competition is now in the 48th year; and has been sponsored by Dendy Cinemas for 29 years. Winners of the Best Live Action Short Film award and the Yoram Gross Animation award, sponsored by Yoram Gross Films, are Academy Award-eligible, opening new pathways for many Australian filmmakers.

These ground-breaking awards have kick-started the careers of many prominent filmmakers, with past competitors Warwick Thornton, Ariel Kleiman, Cate Shortland, Jane Campion, Phillip Noyce and Ivan Sen among Dendy Awards alumni.   

The 10 finalists for the 2017 Dendy Award for Australian Short Film are listed HERE.

EVENT CINEMAS AUSTRALIAN SHORT SCREENPLAY AWARD

A jury comprising Canadian filmmaker Kirsten Carthew, former Vice President of Paramount Pictures Mike Selwyn, and Australian film producer Kath Shelper awarded the Event Cinemas Australian Short Screenplay Award to Michael Cusack, the writer and director of stop motion animation After All. Highly Commended the writers of Screenability short film The Milky Pop Kid, Johanna Garvin and Emily Dash.

Sponsored by Event Cinemas, Anthony Kierann, Area General Manager, Event Cinemas said:

“Event Cinemas is proud to once again sponsor The Event Cinema’s Australian Short Screenplay award.  Events acknowledges and supports the idea, concept and vision of a short film as penned by the writers in this exciting category.

“To be able to participate and support an outstanding written script by an Australian at this iconic film festival, we hope to encourage and support the writer towards inspiring development and achievements in the film landscape. We applaud all the short films within the category as stand out short films from the writers.”

The Australian short films eligible for the 2017 Event Cinemas Australian Short Screenplay Award are listed HERE.

Winners of all Sydney Film Festival awards are presented with the Festival’s signature mesmeric swirl award, designed and handmade in Sydney by Festival partners Dinosaur Designs.

The UNESCO Sydney City Of Film Award

The $10,000 Sydney-UNESCO City of Film Award, bestowed by Create NSW to a trail-blazing NSW-based screen practitioner, went to Indigenous Australian actor, director and writer Leah Purcell.

ABOUT SYDNEY FILM FESTIVAL

From Wednesday 7 June to Sunday 18 June 2017, the 64th Sydney Film Festival offers Sydneysiders another exciting season of cinema amidst a whirlwind of premieres, red-carpet openings, in-depth discussions, international guests and more.

Sydney Film Festival also presents an Official Competition of 12 films that vie for the Sydney Film Prize, a highly respected honour that awards a $60,000 cash prize based on the decision of a jury of international and Australian filmmakers and industry professionals. Previous Sydney Film Prize winners: Aquarius (2016); Arabian Nights (2015); Two Days, One Night (2014); Only God Forgives (2013); Alps (2012); A Separation (2011); Heartbeats (2010); Bronson (2009); and Hunger (2008).

The Festival takes place across Greater Sydney: at the State Theatre, Event Cinemas George Street, Dendy Opera Quays, Dendy Newtown, Skyline Drive-In Blacktown, Art Gallery of NSW, Hayden Orpheum Picture Palace Cremorne, Randwick Ritz, Casula Powerhouse, the Festival Hub at Sydney Town Hall and SFF Outdoor Screen in Pitt Street Mall.

The Festival is a major event on the New South Wales cultural calendar and is one of the world’s longest-running film festivals. For more information visit: www.sff.org.au.

The 64th Sydney Film Festival is supported by the NSW Government through Screen NSW and Destination NSW, the Federal Government through Screen Australia and the City of Sydney. The Festival’s Strategic Partner is the NSW Government through Destination NSW.

 

 

          Emergency Response and Recovery in Nepal   
"Emergency Response and Recovery in Nepal" by Catholic Relief Services (CatholicMom.com)
CRS Photo of the Month: Catholic Relief Services details emergency response and recovery efforts in Nepal following an April 2015 earthquake followed by landslides during monsoon season.
          World View Wednesday: Church Responding to Earthquake in Nepal   
As in the case of so many natural disasters, the Catholic Church was there first because the Catholic Church was there before disaster hit. Edward Hoyt details the response from Catholic Relief Services and shows how you can help.
          How Your Family Can Help Families in Nepal: Pray, Learn, Act and Give   
Lisa Hendey shares about Catholic Relief Services' emergency efforts to aid families suffering in the wake of the earthquake in Nepal. Learn about specific ways to offer aid and what your dollars purchase to help families.
          Super Aankhu Khola Hydro Project -25.4 MW Signed the PPA   
Gorakshya Hydropower Pvt.Ltd signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) with Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) for 25.4 MW Super Aankhu Khola Hydropower Project. The source river of the Super Aankhu Khola Hydropower Project is Ankhu khola which flows between Lapa and Sirtung VDCs of the Dhading District.  
          NEA to put power lines underground   
Jun 29, 2017- The Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has planned to remove overhead power lines and install an underground system in Kathmandu in order to improve electricity distribution. In the first phase, the state-owned power utility will lay underground cables in areas served by the Maharajgunj Distribution Centre. The Energy Ministry, which is helping the
          La ONU llevó el cólera a Haití y no ha podido controlar el brote   

Aproximadamente 10.000 haitianos han muerto y cerca de un millón han enfermado desde que integrantes nepalíes de las fuerzas del mantenimiento de paz de las Naciones Unidas, que estaban infectados, introdujeron la bacteria al país caribeño en 2010. Los estudios mostraron que la bacteria del cólera provino de instalaciones sanitarias descuidadas usadas por los integrantes de la misión de la ONU.

etiquetas: onu, colera, haiti, brote, enfermedad, mortal, naciones, unidas

» noticia original (www.nytimes.com)


          Abortion Care in Nepal, 15 Years After Legalization: Gaps in Access, Equity, and Quality   

Wan-Ju Wu, Sheela Maru, Kiran Regmi, and Indira Basnett

Historical context

Reproductive rights are considered to be an inseparable part of women’s human rights and within that the right to abortion is seen to hold an important place.

—Lakshmi Dhikta v. Nepal, Supreme Court of Nepal, 20091

          Comment on Cat5 vs Cat6 Cables: What are the Differences? by Praveen Kumar Boinepally   
Thanks for sharing the useful information and making us to understand clearly the difference between CAT5 & CAT6
          Old Phones Build Nepal School   

Several local businesses are accepting donations of discarded cell phones for the benefit of a rural school in Nepal established by Laguna Beach-based R Star Foundation and its founder, Rosalind Russell. Laguna Beach collection sites include: Robert McGraw Architects, 305 N. Coast Highway; Laguna Pr...

The post Old Phones Build Nepal School appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Benefits and Benefactors   

Garden Party Helps Nepalese Children All are invited to a garden party at a private north Laguna home on Sunday, Oct. 13 from 4 to 6 p.m. to support Chhahari, (“shelter” in Nepalese), a home for 22 at-risk and orphaned children founded in 2007 by Laguna Beach resident Christine Casey. Wh...

The post Benefits and Benefactors appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Lift a Cup for Nepal’s Top of the World School   

Laguna Beach resident Rosalind Russell and Rabin Sitaula, of Nepal, pooled their money as well as that of contributions from donors to build Top of the World School Nepal. Now, their goal is to raise $5,000 for a generator to power a student computer lab. Supporter Ileana Gulmesoff hosts a fundraise...

The post Lift a Cup for Nepal’s Top of the World School appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Goat Lady Returns to Nepal   

Former Laguna Beach resident Rosalind Russell departs on Dec. 7 for Nepal, where she will deliver dozens of pregnant goats to rural village women, giving them a chance to earn money to improve their lives. Because of Russell and her R Star Foundation’s goat-giving project, over 3,000 Nepali women, a...

The post Goat Lady Returns to Nepal appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Garden Party Benefits Goat Giving in Nepal   

Laguna Beach’s R Star founder Rosalind Russell invites friends and supporters to join her for a garden tea party Saturday, Sept. 29, from 2-4 p.m. at the home of Ileana, 17151 Greenleaf Lane, Huntington Beach, 92649. Entertainment will include a violinist and ballet dance performance, lunch, dessert...

The post Garden Party Benefits Goat Giving in Nepal appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Fanning the Flames of Optimism   

By Barbara McMurray, Special to the Independent In fall 2004, Laguna Beach resident Christine Casey, a retired banking executive, fulfilled a lifelong dream with a three-month trip to Nepal.  As her group walked through poor villages, she was appalled at the sight of sick, starving, neglected childr...

The post Fanning the Flames of Optimism appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Star Receives a Gift from the Heart   

Cheryl Russell donated $100 and 10 “StarHeart” books valued at $150 to the R Star Foundation, the non-profit established by Rosalind Russell, who is no relation. The donation will purchase a goat in Nepal and the books, which inspire children to use their imagination, will be distributed to Nepalese...

The post Star Receives a Gift from the Heart appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Carrying on Her Mission in Nepal Despite Setbacks at Home   

By Robin Pierson, Special to the Independent Rosalind Russell may be homeless and facing financial ruin here, but in Nepal she’s a heroine. Over two years ago, “the goat lady,” lost her home by fire and is in litigation with her insurance company over rebuilding it. Her personal funds are diminished...

The post Carrying on Her Mission in Nepal Despite Setbacks at Home appeared first on Laguna Beach Local News.


          Hjälporganisation ljög om barnprostituerade – Brände pengarna på lyxhotell   
SVERIGE Hjälporganisationen Love and Hope ljuger om sitt arbete med att hjälpa nepalesiska flickor ur prostitution. Organisationen har använt sig av bilder på barn och felaktigt hävdat att de varit prostituerade. Paret har även använt insamlingspengarna för att flyga med business class och bo på lyxhotell.  Organisationen Love and hope, tidigare kallad Love Nepal pekar felaktigt ut […]
          Vacationing beyond reach a calculated risk for business owners   
<br/>In this Oct. 12, 2012, photo, provided by Mike Scanlin, small business owner Scanlin poses for a photo on the trail to Mount Everest Base Camp in Nepal.
NEW YORK — While hiking in the Himalayas for three weeks, Mike Scanlin had no cellphone service much of the time and no way to ...

          Jabatan Imigresen gempur PATI mulai tengah malam ini   
ANTARAPOS.COM
 
Post Pic
 
 
PUTRAJAYA: Jabatan Imigresen akan melaksanakan operasi gempur besar-besaran di seluruh negara bermula tengah malam ini bagi mengesan pendatang tanpa asing (PATI) selaras dengan tamatnya tempoh permohonan kad sementara atau ‘Enforcement Card’ (E-Kad), hari ini.
 
Ketua Pengarahnya, Datuk Seri Mustafar Ali berkata selepas tempoh tersebut selain tangkapan ke atas PATI, majikan juga akan dikenakan tindakan undang-undang atas kesalahan melindungi serta menggaji PATI mengikut Seksyen 56(1) dan Seksyen 55B di bawah Akta Imigresen 1959/1963 termasuk menggaji warga asing yang menyalahgunakan pas pelajar mereka.
 
"Saya sudah tegaskan banyak kali bahawa tarikh akhir pendaftaran adalah pada 12 tengah malam ini, dan ia tidak akan di sambung," katanya pada sidang media, di Putrajaya hari ini.
 
Menurut Mustafar, pihaknya ternyata kecewa dengan sikap berlengah para majikan yang tidak membuat pendaftaran dengan lebih awal walaupun program tersebut telah dilancarkan sejak 15 Februari lalu.
 
Beliau berkata setakat jam 8 pagi tadi, hanya 23 peratus iaitu 155,680 PATI melibatkan 26,957 majlikan telah membuat permohonan dan sebanyak 140,746 E-Kad telah dikeluarkan, jumlah yang jauh lebih rendah daripada sasaran asal 600,000 PATI.
 
Menurutnya, warga Bangladesh adalah warganegara PATI yang tertinggi mendaftar E-Kad diikuti Indonesia, Myanmar dan Nepal.
 
Katanya, walaupun permohonan ditutup pada jam 12 tengah malam ini, tetapi para pegawai terpaksa bekerja sehingga 7 pagi esok bagi memproses kesemua dokumen yang sedia ada.
 
Malah, katanya, atas kapasiti yang terbatas, permohonan majikan yang datang ke pejabat Imigresen selepas 11.30 pagi tadi terpaksa diketepikan terlebih dahulu bagi pihaknya memproses kesemua permohonan yang sedia ada.
 
Mustafar turut memaklumkan pihaknya menahan beberapa orang, yang didakwa sebagai ejen, yang mengambil kesempatan dengan mengeluarkan E-Kad palsu.
 
Katanya, permohonan E-Kad perlu diuruskan sendiri oleh majikan tanpa melibatkan orang tengah.
 
 

          Expectations   
Last school year I was told that I must teach grades 2-6 (in my K-8 school). Nevermind that not one of those grades is in my certification. Nevermind that it was my first year teaching. Nevermind. Just go babysit Miss Señora.

So, completely clueless, I made 350 copies of a general questionnaire for the kids to fill out because hey, ...if my administrators weren't going to give me their expectations, the students would have to do it themselves.

Here are some of the answers I collected in September 2006. Some real gems. Remember, these kids range in ages from 7-12 years old. I wonder now why I didn't do this again this year

1. Do you speak, read or write in Spanish?

-I do not read Spanish. I may look spanish, but I'm not.
-No, because not one person in my family speaks Spanish. How am I supposed to know it?
-No I geus speak a Aloon Bei. (¿qué?)

2. Where do you think that Spanish is spoken?

-Francy
-In my house
-America & Aruba
-Brizsl -Birzl
-Amirica, Texes
-Sedgwick Park (Bronx)
-Domme Replica, -Dimenicon repblc
-Cypress Ave. (Bronx)
-canada, canida
-Spainu, Spine, Spani
-Puato Rico, Putro rico, Peruroto Rico. pocote ricaio, purto ricc
-my house and Spanish Harlem
-Rome & Florida
-Argentina, streets, and stores
- Cuba, and maybe some parts of New Jersey
-gomolow (what?)
-Barslona

3. What do you want to learn in this class?

-I want to learn spanish and to ascholy comunikat with spanish people. (huh?)
-When did Spanish come to the world? (yeah, she wont' be allowed to ask any more questions)
-becaise people mite be Spanish. they mite befrom Spain
-If a lunch lady is Spanish you can tell them what you want (right on man)
-I want to learn spanish because if somebody talks to you in Spanish and you don't know to say and you pretend and they think its a bad word. (ok)

4. What do you expect of Miss Señora?

-to wear red shirts
-What I expect is that she'll help me do what I WANT.
-to show us the respect we deserve.
-to show me Spanish and explain it good.
-What I expect Miss Señora are Spanish teets and how to speak. (apparently he meant "tests" lol)
-I expect Miss Señora to speak spanish and to smell good not bad.
-I expect to learn Spanish from Miss Señora. I also expected her to be Spanish, or at least look Spanish, but I'll get over it.
-I think she is a nice Spanish woman. (why thank you. you're a nice Nepalese man)

5. What do you think Miss Señora. expects of YOU?

-good be havure
-to pay a tenchon (that's expensive, poor kid)
-to rais our hands or write complete (he did neither)
-a lot since I'm in middle school now.
-to be bavering (no, I would never expect that....)
-she probably expects me to like class
-a lot of antarchy (it really disturbs me that this 3rd grader not only knows the word, but is now using it to intimidate me)


          Nepal earthquake prompts Tibet visa policy changes   

In light of the elevated risk of an aftershock from the Nepal earthquake the Tibet tourism bureau has taken a cautionary stance in their latest update to Tibet visa policy. To help travelers stay ahead of the curve, Tibet Ctrip Travel Service-TCTS (http://www.tibetctrip.com) shares the details.

(PRWeb May 24, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015-Tibet-visa/permits/prweb12743984.htm


          Tibet Travel Impacted by Nepal Earthquake   

Both Nepal and Tibet travel have been disrupted as the result of the tragic earthquake that hit Nepal at the end of April. In response to a multitude of traveler questions, TCTS discusses the details.

(PRWeb May 22, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/Tibet-travel/TCTS/prweb12736214.htm


          Dharma adventures. Dalai Lama. Ladackh. Nepal   
Hi – I wonder if anyone fancies joining me for dharma adventures… I will be travelling up to ladakh to see Dalai Lama who is giving teaching and...
          Venha aprender a meditar este fim-de-semana em Setúbal   

Orientado por Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche e Pema Wangyal Rinpoche

Organização: Fundação Kangyur Rinpoche 

 

5 a 8 de Novembro de 2016

Local: Hotel do Sado, em Setúbal

Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche e Pema Wangyal Rinpoche (fundador de STUPA- Associação Para a Paz no Mundo), estarão em Portugal entre os dias 5 e 8 de Novembro de 2016 para orientarem o regular retiro de shamata que terá lugar no Hotel do Sado, na cidade de Setúbal.

Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche

Filho mais novo de Kyabje Kangyur Rinpoche. Passou a sua infância em Darjeeling com os seus pais. Após o falecimento de Kyabje Kangyur Rinpoche, ficou muito tempo próximo de Kyabje Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche na Índia, Nepal e Butão, recebendo muitos ensinamentos preciosos. Em 1980, Rinpoche veio para a Europa com a sua mãe e o resto da família. Hoje, é requisitado incessantemente e ensina em todo o mundo. É responsável pelos os projectos de tradução da Padmakara e supervisiona a tradução de textos de tibetano para Inglês e Francês.

Taklung Tsetrul Pema Wangyal Rinpoche

Filho mais velho de Kyabje Kangyur Rinpoche. Nasceu em Rong Dakmar, no Tibete. Sob a orientação de Kyabje Kangyur Rinpoche, Kyabje Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Kyabje Dudjom Rinpoche, e outros grandes Mestres, Pema Wangyal Rinpoche estudou extensivamente e passou muitos anos em retiro.

Pema Wangyal Rinpoche supervisiona toda a actividade da Stupa e da Fundação Kangyur Rinpoche desde há mais de três décadas, dando corpo à visão de Kyabje Kangyur Rinpoche. Apesar de viver no Ocidente há quase quatro décadas, Pema Wangyal Rinpoche mantém uma actividade intensa de auxílio às comunidades tibetanas no exílio e viaja frequentemente para a Ásia para supervisionar projectos de desenvolvimento, educacionais e culturais.

Pema Wangyal Rinpoche desenvolveu e orienta um reputado programa de retiros de três anos na Dordogne, em França, que são uma referência desde 1980. Em conjunto com Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche e Rangdröl Rinpoche, desenvolveu uma sequência de retiros paralelos em França e em Portugal, permitindo a praticantes sem condições para aderir ao tradicional programa de três anos a prossecução de um programa de ensinamentos específico.

Rinpoche é também responsável pela supervisão das traduções da Padmakara, bem como pela preservação e restauro de manuscritos antigos.

 

Este retiro é organizado pela Fundação Kangyur Rinpoche e será aberto a todos os que quiserem integrar o Grupo do Retiro de Meditação Shamata. 

Haverá 3 opções de participação:

  • 1 dia (Sábado, 5 de Novembro).
  • 2 dias (Sábado e Domingo, 5 e 6 de Novembro - a participação no 2º dia implica ter estado presente no primeiro).
  • Os 4 dias, de Sábado a Terça-feira, 5 a 8 de Novembro.

 

Inscrição: através do email office@krfportugal.org

Outras informações: 

Contacte Kangyur Rinpoche – Fundação Para a Preservação da Cultura Tibetana
 213 887 521 |  office@krfportugal.org | www.krfportugal.org

STUPA - Associação para a Paz no Mundo
217 785 408 |office@stupapaznomundo.org | www.stupapaznomundo.org

 

 

 


          Lotus Cat Cave   
Cats will love diving into this cozy handcrafted pet bed, adorned with a garden of water lilies. Made from felted wool, the bed is soft, durable, and cozy warm. Cats are attracted to the scent of lanolin oil in the wool, and humans love that the wool is naturally odor resistant. In addition to providing an inviting new home for your feline friend, this cat bed also helps provide a better life for the people who made it. It is made by underprivileged women artisans in Nepal, offering them a chance to turn their traditional skills into better homes, nutrition, and education for themselves and their families. Designed by Kinza Lhamo. Handmade in Nepal.
          Dew Drop Cat Cave   
Cats will be more than ready for a catnap in this dreamy handcrafted pet bed. Its enchanting dewdrop shape is adorned with green leafy tendrils. Made from felted wool, the bed is soft, durable, and cozy warm. Cats are attracted to the scent of lanolin oil in the wool, and humans love that the wool is naturally odor resistant. In addition to providing an inviting new home for your feline friend, this cat bed also helps provide a better life for the people who made it. It is made by underprivileged women artisans in Nepal, offering them a chance to turn their traditional skills into better homes, nutrition, and education for themselves and their families. Designed by Kinza Lhamo. Handmade in Nepal.
          Swan Slippers   
Swans are traditionally a symbol of royalty, and nothing less could be expected for your little princess. Let her imagination take flight with these enchanting slippers, which are hand-felted by artisans in Nepal using organic wool, soap, water, and some skilled knowhow. The embroidered details on the crown and individual feathers make them a fairytale treasure. Handmade in Nepal.See details tab for sizing information.
          Unicorn Star Slippers   
You've heard tales of a fair maiden capturing a unicorn? Well, these enchanting unicorn slippers are about to capture the heart of your little princess and inspire her imagination to run wild. Hand-felted by artisans in Nepal using organic wool, soap, water, and some skilled knowhow, they feature embroidered details that fill them with charm and personality. Handmade in Nepal. See details tab for sizing information.
          Little Lion Slippers   
It's true that female lions do about 90% of the hunting, but male lions do their part by patrolling their territory and protecting the pride. These adorable felt slippers for kids are great for more peaceful prowling around the house. The felted, organic wool footwear is finished with sewn and cross-stitched features like a soft merino wool mane and a smart, "King of the Jungle" crown. Beautifully presented in an organic cotton drawstring pouch, they're playful complements to spirited little personalities. Designed in the UK. Handmade by artisans in Nepal. See details tab for sizing information.
          Penguin Pals Slippers   
Every winter, emperor penguins trek 50 miles across the Antarctic ice—that's quite a journey when your legs are only a few inches long. These adorable felt slippers for kids are intended for less extreme expeditions, like padding back and forth from the living room to the playroom. Crafted from felted organic wool with delicately sewn and cross-stitched features, they're playful complements to spirited little personalities. Presented in an organic cotton drawstring pouch. Designed in the UK. Handmade by artisans in Nepal. See details tab for sizing information.
          Dress Up Fairy Wings   
When a little one wants to play magical make-believe, fairy wings are what's called for. The soft feathers are made of layers of felted organic wool, and saddle-stitch ribbons secure the wings prettily and comfortably, letting them fly wherever their imagination wants to go. Handmade in Nepal.
          Nepali Movie – Jaya Parshuram (Biraj Bhatta, Nisha Adhikari)   
Nisha Adhikari marriage special, the comeback movie of Biraj Bhatta. Nepali movie – Jaya Parshuram Starring – Biraj Bhatta, Robin Tamang, Nisha Adhikari etc. Director – Rose Rana About ‘Jaya Parshuram’ The movie is a presentation of Raydansh Cine Art by Rose RAna. The movie was released on August 12, amongst controversy and court orders....
          Nisha weds Sharad, Marriage Photos   
Actress Nisha Adhikari and crickter Sharad Vesawakar have got married in a 5 star hotel in Kathmandu. In the marriage ceremony, no journalists were invited. The photos I am sharing is obtained from the participants of the marriage ceremony. The bride Nisha Adhikari was groomed in traditional Nepali saree. The groom Sharad Vesawakar also wore...
          Everest base camp experience in Nepal (Environmental treks)   
Trekking to Everest Base Camp also has the suprise visit of the Tengboche Monastery during the trail. It situated in the Tengboche Village in Khumjung. It is a famous for Tibetan Buddhist monastery and is also a center place for trekkers in the Everest region.
          Annapurna Sanctuary Trek (Mr. Keshab Dhamala)   
The Annapurna Sanctuary is worshipped for its one of a kind delight and otherworldly hugeness. Surrounded by a monster ring of Himalayan goliaths, it is an unimaginable affair that draws trekkers from all edges of the globe. We travel with the assistance of our neighborhood, master Nepalese staff. Their years of experience and duty to brilliance make this outing genuinely...
          Silva and Sinha Publish Cultural Landscapes of South Asia   

Cultural Landscapes of South Asia: Studies in Heritage Conservation and Management, edited by Amita Sinha and Kapila D. Silva has been published by Routledge. It has chapters on six countries--Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka--of the region.

Dr. Sinha is a professor in Landscape Architecture at the University of Illinois and a CSAMES Affiliated Faculty member.


          Book Review by Dr. Jessica V. Birkenholtz published   

"Birkenholtz on Davis, 'Maithil Women's Tales: Storytelling on the Nepal-India Border'"

Coralynn V. Davis. Maithil Women's Tales: Storytelling on the Nepal-India Border. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2014. 272 pp. $55.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-252-03842-6.

Reviewed by Jessica V. Birkenholtz (University of Illinois)
Published on H-Asia (December, 2016)
Commissioned by Sumit Guha

The full book review can be found online at this link.

Dr. J.V. Birkenholtz is a CSAMES affliated faculty member.


          Το μωρό «θαύμα» του Νεπάλ που άντεξε κάτω από τα ερείπια για 22 ώρες μετά τον φονικό σεισμό, είναι σήμερα αγνώριστο και έχει γίνει σύμβολο ελπίδας   

Μετά από τον καταστροφικό σεισμό που έπληξε το Νεπάλ πριν από 2 χρόνια, αυτό το μωρό με το όνομα Sonish θάφτηκε κάτω από τα ερείπια του σπιτιού του. Η ιστορία του Sonish είναι η ελπίδα [...]

The post Το μωρό «θαύμα» του Νεπάλ που άντεξε κάτω από τα ερείπια για 22 ώρες μετά τον φονικό σεισμό, είναι σήμερα αγνώριστο και έχει γίνει σύμβολο ελπίδας appeared first on Newsup.gr.


          Comment on Sino-Indian standoff must be defused by mg   
It is high time that India got its acts together and went for once in the offensive– instead of being defensive and reacting to after the fact– and then even so— BARELY. India should be employing the SAME tactics that the Chinks are using to keep them on their toes. India should be putting and going into defense, strategic, economic, political, business, commercial and all other relationships possible with countries in the South China Sea– specially Vietnam. Then they should not only stop there but expand their role with Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Phillipines, Sri Lanka and whoever they can get them to be on board with them. AND they must start now and start simultaneously so that the chinks have no idea where to pay attention. Give it to them the same way—ONLY 50times harder and stronger. SECOND: Indians should STOP buying and purchasing any items from China... Let the government of India encourage the Indian consumers to stop buying – -just like the chinks do. And then see them squirm. Nothing gets them more than when people start boycotting their dam products. Finally: It is high time that India should start displaying arrogance towards the chinks. Having a friendly relations with them will not help. Last of all, India should STOP sending any pilgrims to China. In fact, India should start a serious campaign informing its pilgrims that all Hindu and Buddhism sites in China have been contaminated by its very presence for being in China and within China. They should stop promoting ANY pilgrims going to China for it and instead inform that the same CAN be achieved by doing similar stuff in India or in Nepal or even at home. As soon as the Indian official start this sort of a thinking... even if it doesnt catch up, you will see how the chinks start squirming for nothing hits them hardest than MONEY... They earn hundreds of millions from all the pilgrims and this must be stopped. Nothing draws a chinks attention more than money does.
          7/1/2017: Saturday Feature: Giving Those We Value Their Due   

Certain overzealous employees of the Delhi Golf Club decided that someone who “looks Nepali” and doesn’t wear familiar attire is a “maid” and therefore forbidden in the club. However, several others took to social media to aver that Ms Lyngdoh’s...
          O viata fara limite. Calatoria unui campion mondial - Chrissie Wellington (Colectia iTRI)   
O viata fara limite. Calatoria unui campion mondial - Chrissie Wellington (Colectia iTRI)

„Mentineam un ritm constant pe bicicleta de aproape 161 km. Drumul arid strabatea colinele de lava stratificata, care tolerau prea putina viata printre stancile lor. Din cand in cand un tufis se ivea pe marginea drumului, intr-o izolare splendida dar, in afara de acesta, doar linia lunga si alba de pe marginea soselei imi era tovaras de drum. Soarele arzator plutea deasupra noastra atat de sus, incat nici eu nici bicicleta nu lasam vreo umbra pe caldaram. Drumul se intindea liber inaintea mea, acum fara ciclisti. Conduceam cursa.”, povesteste Chrissie Wellington, autoarea si protagonista acestei carti interesante.

 

Ȋn octombrie 2007, Chrissie Wellington, o necunoscuta de treizeci de ani din Norfolk, a socat lumea triatlonului, castigand Campionatele Mondiale Ironman din Hawaii, unul dintre cele mai dificile evenimente sportive de o zi – o cursa de inot de 3.86 km, una de ciclism de 180 km de-a lungul inabusitoarelor campuri de lava si la final o cursa de maraton (42.195 km). Cu doar noua luni inainte lucra la Whitehall, ca simplu functionar public. Toate aceste episoade ale vietii sale sunt expuse in paginile unei carti motivationale de exceptie.

 

Chrissie Wellington este recunoscuta acum drept unul dintre cei mai buni triatlonisti ai tuturor timpurilor, multipla campioana mondiala Ironman, care a stabilit numeroase recorduri mondiale, cu timpi considerati a fi imposibil de realizat de catre femei. O viata fara limite este, fara indoiala, o carte interesanta ce prezinta povestea unei fete obisnuite, pasionata si ambitioasa ce a devenit cel mai mare atlet britanic de anduranta al generatiei sale.

 

Chrissie Wellington s-a nascut in februarie 1977 in zona rurala a Norfolkului si este cea mai buna triatlonista britanica a momentului. A castigat de patru ori Campionatul Mondial Ironman si din 2009 detine recordul mondial la timpul total de finalizare al cursei. Inainte de a deveni atlet profesionist, a lucrat pentru guvernul britanic, implicandu-se in proiecte de dezvoltare a Nepalului.

 

“Ceea ce ma uimeste la Chrissie Wellington nu este ca invinge, ci maniera in care o face. La fel ca si Usain Bolt, Wellington a aparut de nicaieri si si-a zdrobit concurenta. Expertii in atletism spun ca Bolt a fost un fenomen asteptat, dar Wellington a aparut pur si simplu si a inceput sa castige cu un avantaj relativ mare.” James Cracknell

 

"Un sportiv de amplitudine internationala, ale carei performante nu pot fi puse sub semnul intrebarii de nimeni, din niciun alt sport." Bretton Sutton

 

”Aceasta carte interesanta scoate la iveala portretul unei femei minunate. Calitatile sale exceptionale au ajutat-o sa obtina realizari pe care cititorii nici nu si le pot imagina. Cu toate acestea, ea ramane conectata la acea fata simpla din Norfolk. Este o combinatie castigatoare.” - Jane Shilling, The Daily Mail


Nr. de pagini : 229
Anul aparitiei : 2017


          3B - Buat Basuh Berak   

'Belilah Harakah rezeki akan murah'



"Kempen 3B iaitu beli, baca dan beri. Beli ini adalah infak, dan kita telah lancarkan projek satu cawangan beli 10 naskhah Harakah.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Betapa nostalgiknya jika dikenang kembali di zaman era reformasi dulu yg mana boleh dikatakan sumber utama perkembangan politik tanahair diperolehi dari Harakah.

Ketika itu internet hanya dimiliki pembesar-pembesar Quraish dan semua saluran TV dimonopoli penjilat-penjilat tegar Mahafiraun.

Harakah ketika itu terbit 2 kali seminggu dan setiap terbitan tidak bersisa. Sehingga mencapai tahap pembaca kena kawtim dgn penjual supaya menyimpan senaskhah.

Isi kandungannya bernas, Liputannya menyeluruh dan terdapat juga laporan luar negara.

Pasukan Harakah dulu sememangnya layak mendapat pujian.

Itu dulu, sebelum Harakah bertukar Haprakah. Kini berita-beritanya semakin haprak dan tidak diketahui ke mana hilangnya pasukan yg cemerlang dulu.

Tapi syukurlah, Haprakah belum sampai ke tahap Mangga yg menjaja buah betik sebagai pelaris.

Kahkahkah!

Haprakah sekarang tak laku. Mengaku sajalah. Jangan beralasan dgn saingan dari internet, saingan Suara Keadilan, Roketkini dan media sosial yg merendahkan langganan Haprakah. Itu alasan lebai tak reti meniaga suratkhabar.

Buat hapa beli kalau boleh dapat free. Haprakah sekarang ini berlambak-lambak di dalam surau Pak Mertua aku di Bachok, Kelantan. Bersepah-sepah. Tak ada yg beriya nak membaca pun kerana sudah diketahui isinya sudah macam suratkhabar Iraq dulu, muka depan gambar Saddam, tengah bawah tepi hujung kompom terselit gambar Saddam. Puji-memuji sampai cucur atap.

Kahkahkah!

Ada yg ditiup angin melayang ke tepi jalan, dipijak-pijak orang dan diberak dikencing anjing dan kucing.

Lagi mau suruh orang beli?

Baik la dikutip Haprakah yg tak laku itu banyak-banyak, dermakan kepada Myanmar & Nepal.

Boleh jugak depa buat basuh berak. Jimat air.

Kahkahkah!

Image result for jamban tepi sungai

          Assam link in trafficking   
A US government report on human trafficking said women from Nepal were being routed to Assam after the 2015 earthquake in the neighbouring country.
          Comment on NEA to put power lines underground by NEA to put power lines underground » Media for Energy Nepal   
[…] admin Jun 29, 2017- The Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has planned to remove overhead power lines and […]
          Israel evacuates surrogate babies from Nepal, leaves mothers behind   
Ever since a devastating earthquake shook Nepal on Saturday, Israeli government and medical planes have been evacuating surrogate-born babies. A total of 26 newborn babies have been airlifted, according to NPR. But while impressive rescues were made to bring the babies to safe ground, many surrogate mothers carrying Israeli babies have been left behind. An
          7/1/2017: News: Utshab returns to Nepal bearing gifts   
CAIRNS business student Utshab Dhoj Karki has returned home to Nepal this week for the first time in three years – armed with computers and donations from Cairns. After graduating with his Master of Business Administration from James Cook University...
          Comentario en Alfombras hechas a mano y solidarias Sukhi por Sukhi.es   
Además os asesoramos gratuitamente sobre las alfombras personalizadas de la India, Turquía y Nepal. Gracias por compartir nuestro maravilloso proyecto y el estupendo trabajo de nuestras artesanas. :)
          Акція на пряжу Nepal, Alpaca, Air від DROPS   

Розпочинаємо весняну акцію на пряжу DROPS колекцій Air, Alpaca та Nepal:

В період з 29 березня по 4 квітня на пряжу DROPS розповсюджується знижка 10%, яку можливо збільшити завдяки персональній знижці аж до 25% (згідно програми лояльності Аграфки).

Акція поширюється на колекції:

Рукодільний хом'як знає коли робити запаси :)

 

 

 


          Jainsem Dress Wearing Woman Made To Leave Elitist Delhi Golf Club For Looking Like A Maid   

By Saweini S. Laloo I opened the newspaper one morning and was shocked when the headlines read that a woman, a Khasi woman, was thrown out of a golf club because she was wearing her jainsem dress and was told that she “dresses like a servant and looks like a Nepalese.” There are just so […]

The post Jainsem Dress Wearing Woman Made To Leave Elitist Delhi Golf Club For Looking Like A Maid appeared first on ED Times | The Youth Blog.


          Preying on disaster: How human trafficking has spiked in quake-shattered Nepal   
The year following two earthquakes that devastated Nepal saw a spike in desperate people falling into the clutches of human traffickers. Two years later, with the country’s infrastructure and economy still in ruins, NGOs say human trafficking is still on the rise.
 
Nepal has long been a source of economic migrants, and the money they’ve sent home from Gulf countries and neighbouring India has helped to feed families and build homes. Almost a million of those houses were destroyed or damaged in the quakes of 25 April and 12 May 2015, which encouraged more people to migrate, some of whom have been trafficked into unpaid labour or sex slavery.
 
Nepal’s National Human Rights Commission reported a 15 percent increase in the number interceptions of people “vulnerable” to human traffickers during the three months following the quakes.
 
That trend shows no sign of slowing, according to the anti-trafficking NGO Maiti Nepal, as well as Indian border security officials. “We continue to see a rise in trafficking cases and in interceptions at the border,” said Shivani Chemjong of Maiti.
 
The NGO stations people at border crossings with India and intervenes if women and children are suspected of being trafficked. Last year, Chemjong said, Maiti “intercepted” more than 5,700 “vulnerable girls”; in 2014 – the year before the quake – the figure was 2,900.
 
The Sahastra Seema Bal, the Indian force guarding the 1,751-kilometre border, also reported an increase. In a statement last month, the SSB said officers intervened in the cases of 33 victims of human trafficking in 2014, compared to 336 in 2015 and 501 in 2016. And the SSB has found 180 cases of human trafficking in just the first three months of this year. 
 

Rescued

 
In a small workshop in Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, about a dozen women between the ages of 14 and 20 sat at tables, diligently threading beads into jewellery. Each was recently rescued after being trafficked, and was now receiving support, including skills training, from a local NGO, Shakti Samuha, which was established and is run by survivors of trafficking.
 
Shakti Samuha also provides trafficking victims with housing and psychological support, as well as tracking down their families and counselling them. Families often do not welcome trafficking victims home, especially if they have worked in the sex industry. For protection reasons, the NGO declined to reveal their identities or details of their experiences.
 
The young women preferred instead to focus on the future.
 
"I'd like to learn computer skills, and teach other girls after learning them myself,” said one.
 
A young girl rests on a beam in her house in Sindhupalchok, Nepal, which is being rebuilt after the 2015 earthquake
Nimisha Jaiswal/IRIN
A young girl rests on a beam in her house in Sindhupalchok, which is being rebuilt after the 2015 earthquake
 
More programmes like this are needed, according to the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons 2016 report. It notes that, in the aftermath of the 2015 quakes, NGOs and the government increased “services and access to vulnerable populations”, but “referral efforts remained ad hoc and inadequate”.
 

Thwarted efforts

 
The Nepalese government has taken measures to curb human trafficking as well, but they are limited in effect.
 
Agencies that recruit overseas workers must be registered and based in Kathmandu. They may employ agents based in district capitals who are prohibited from charging recruits for their services. 
 
In practice, though, there is little oversight. Advocates for trafficking victims say agents sometimes falsely promise women legitimate domestic work and men construction jobs overseas, mainly in India and Gulf states. 
 
Once they are there, some women find themselves sold into sex slavery, and many are told they must work until they pay off unforeseen fees.
 
“In many cases, the imposition of high fees facilitates forced labor, and recruitment agencies engage in fraudulent recruitment,” the US State Department report says.
 
Nepali embassies in six Gulf nations provide emergency shelters for vulnerable women, including trafficking victims, but the report says they are “inadequate to support the high demand for assistance”. 
 
A Nepal Police officer looks out from an anti-trafficking check post in Sundhupalchok
Nimisha Jaiswal/IRIN
A Nepal Police officer looks out from an anti-trafficking check post in Sundhupalchok
 
One way to try to curb trafficking is to restrict air travel out of the country. Nepal's Department of Foreign Employment mandates that all migrants undergo pre-departure training before receiving a stamp of approval from the Labour Ministry, without which they can be prevented from boarding flights.
 
However, traffickers often avoid such restrictions by bringing people over the porous land border into India.
 
An ornamented gateway marks the busy Nepalgunj-Rupaidiha border point, where 4,000 people from Nepal cross into India each day on foot, battery rickshaws, or horse-drawn carts, according to SSB officials.
 
“If there is no proof of wrongdoing, we cannot detain vulnerable women travellers as it can look like harassment,” said one senior SSB officer who asked not to be named as he was not authorised to speak to media.
 
Once in India, they may be sold into slavery or put on flights to countries beyond.
 
Nilambar Badal of Asian Forum, an NGO that works with returned migrants, explained how the traffickers are always one step ahead.
 
“The [Nepalese] government has asked India to hold special screenings at the airports. So instead of flying out of Delhi or Mumbai, the girls fly from small airports like Lucknow or Amritsar,” he said. “From there, they can pretend to be on a trip to Sri Lanka, Singapore or Bangladesh, and onward to the Gulf.”
 
nj/jf/ag
 
Nimisha Jaiswal reported on a fellowship from the International Reporting Project
 
(TOP PHOTO: Guransh Gurung of the NGO Shakti Samuha, which fights human trafficking, in the office in Chautara, Nepal CREDIT: Nimisha Jaiswal/IRIN)
nepal_trafficking_1.jpeg Feature Migration Environment and Disasters Politics and Economics Preying on disaster: How human trafficking has spiked in quake-shattered Nepal Nimisha Jaiswal IRIN KATHMANDU Asia Nepal
          In pictures: Two years on, quake-hit Nepalis still rebuilding on their own    
It should have started right away, but two whole years after a pair of massive earthquakes devastated Nepal, survivors are still waiting for the promised reconstruction boom to begin. 
 
Donors were quick to pledge $4 billion after the quakes struck on 25 April and 12 May 2015, killing more than 9,000 people and destroying or damaging almost a million houses. But political infighting stalled the formation, then the functioning, of the National Reconstruction Agency – the body that was supposed to access donor funding and oversee rebuilding.
 
 
Not until this past January was the NRA even able to publish guidelines for the construction of quake-resistant homes. The NRA provides about $1,885 for people to rebuild following those guidelines, and the money is to be delivered in three tranches. But the process has been marred by confusion and poor communication.
 
Many people are unaware, for example, that they need to construct the foundation of their new home before receiving the second tranche. As a result, while 97 percent of those in the districts most affected by the quakes have received the first tranche, very few homes have even begun to be built.
 
“Out of those eligible for assistance, only about nine to 10 percent have been able to start the construction, and just about 2.5 percent of the house owners have become eligible for second tranche,” said Vivek Rawal, the housing reconstruction advisor for the UN Development Programme.
 
Frustrated by the slow pace of progress, many Nepalis have chosen to rebuild on their own, the best they can.
 
“We cannot pay workers as we don’t have money, so my wife and I work all day to clear the debris,” said Radeshian Rajapati, 63, as he and his wife filled sacks with sand. “We are trying to buy construction material to build our home, but with no money we can’t do much.” 
 
Photographer Omar Havana was in the capital, Kathmandu, when the quakes hit and he spent the next few months documenting the disaster. Two years later, he returned to see for himself the state of reconstruction. 
 
Havana found that many Nepalis had survived two winters and two monsoon seasons without adequate shelter. As the third monsoon season approaches, they continue to rebuild with the scant resources available. Many are working on private construction sites in order to save the necessary money to build their own houses.
 
Below is a selection of images from his recent trip.
 
Kie Sari collects bricks that she salvaged from her destroyed home in Harisiddhi. Kie, 74, is a widow and has no one to help her, and she has not received help from the government. She spends her days collecting bricks that she cleans and piles up to be r
Omar Havana/IRIN
 
Kie Sari collects bricks that she salvaged from her destroyed home in Harisiddhi. Kie, 74, is a widow and has no one to help her, and she has not received help from the government. She spends her days collecting bricks that she cleans and piles up to be re-used for her new home, but so far she has not yet started building. 
 
Workers are seen through the window of a building in construction in a square in Bhaktapur, Nepal
Omar Havana/IRIN
Workers are seen through the window of a building in construction in a square in Bhaktapur. ​
 
A woman passes in front of a painting representing the destruction of the Dharahara tower in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Omar Havana/IRIN
A woman passes in front of a painting representing the destruction of the Dharahara tower in Kathmandu. One of Kathmandu's most famous landmarks, Dharahara tower was built in 1832 after being commissioned by the Queen. Standing at 70 meters tall, its collapse during the quake resulted in the deaths of 132 people, the highest recorded casualty figure at a single site.​
 
Labourers clear debris from a collapsed home in Bhaktapur, Nepal.
Omar Havana/IRIN
Labourers clear debris from a collapsed home in Bhaktapur. Most reconstruction work is being undertaken by daily laborers who make around 800 rupees per day [$8.00], as well as neighbors and house owners. In most cases, the work, mostly done by hand, is not being supervised by engineers. The government has deployed 178 technicians to assist in the construction of earthquake-resistant houses. However, residents say the technicians rarely visit affected areas to assess the reconstruction.​
 
Hira Devi, 50, stands outside her temporary shelter in Harisiddhi, Nepal
Omar Havana/IRIN
Hira Devi, 50, stands outside the temporary shelter in Harisiddhi where she has been living with five family members since the earthquake. Almost two million people are still living in temporary accommodation.​
 
A construction worker takes care of his young daughter while two women load his basket with sand in Bhaktapur, Nepal.
Omar Havana/IRIN
A construction worker takes care of his young daughter while two women load his basket with sand in Bhaktapur.​
 
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(TOP PHOTO: A statue of a smiling Buddha stands surrounded by debris and a house destroyed by the earthquake in Bhaktapur. Nepal's Department of Archaeology estimates that 743 historic landmarks were damaged by the quake. According to the department, 70 people are working towards the restoration of Bhaktapur, an ancient city that has been designated as a World Heritage Site by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. CREDIT: Omar Havana/IRIN)
What little difference two years makes 003-reconstruction-nepal-omar-havana.jpg Omar Havana Photo feature Aid and Policy Environment and Disasters BHAKTAPUR nepal IRIN Asia Nepal
          Post-quake Nepal: No country for old women   
Laxmi Devishretha hasn’t spoken for a week. Silent but for the rhythmic in-and-out of the oxygen tank pumping through her nostrils, the 83-year-old lies in a hospital bed, tucked up to her chin in a red fleece blanket. At this point, she’s largely given up trying to make herself heard.
 
“It’s the cold,” explained her daughter, also called Laxmi. “It’s hard to keep warm at night, so her asthma has got worse.”
 
The air in her home doesn’t help either, according to Binot Dangal, medical director of Charikot Hospital in Dolakha, one of the districts hardest hit by the April 2015 earthquake that killed about 9,000 people and displaced another 3.5 million.
 
Dangal said there has been a spike in respiratory illnesses among elderly women since the quake. He blamed poor ventilation combined with open cooking fires inside the makeshift huts where they are now forced to live.
 
That’s just one hardship that women – and especially older women – are facing during the post-quake reconstruction phase. 
 
Survey results included in the UN’s Interagency Common Feedback Project report showed that perceptions of progress jumped from 22 percent six months ago to 49 percent last month. But while the overall results indicate that Nepalis are more satisfied with rebuilding efforts, there is a glaring gap between men and women.
 
“Women report having seen less progress, having received less support, they have less information about how to get support, less knowledge about safer building practices and they are less likely to have consulted an engineer,” said the report.
 
As the second anniversary of the devastating quake approaches, Devishretha is one of an estimated two million people still living in temporary accommodation. Reconstruction has been painfully slow, but in the meantime, tents are gradually being replaced across the 14 affected districts by semi-permanent corrugated iron shacks. 
 
Corinne Redfern/IRIN
Laxmi Devishrethra, 83, suffers from respiratory illness partly due to living in a poorly ventilated shack after Nepal's 2015 earthquake
 
SEE: A year after Nepal quake, billions unspent and little rebuilt
 

Gender gap

 
What the UN report refers to as the “gender information gap” is evident across all age groups, but the discrimination faced by elderly women following the earthquake is chasmic. 
 
According to the government’s Nepal Living Standards Survey, women are nearly 30 percent more likely to be illiterate than their male counterparts. Literacy decreases with age, according to local NGO Ageing Nepal, which reports that 95 percent of elderly women are unable to read.
 
Illiteracy poses a major problem for elderly women who need to access the three installments of governmental post-earthquake support. Doing so requires a bank account, which requires extensive paperwork. Widows whose husbands – deemed by default as “heads of households” – opened a bank account on their family’s behalf have also found their access to the grants rescinded, according to the UN report as well as individuals who spoke to IRIN.
 
Health issues post-earthquake are ostracising Devishretha’s peer group even further.
 
Research conducted by Suman Thapaliya for his Masters thesis at Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan University last year reveals that 51 percent of elderly women with “significant” physical problems developed them since April 2015, while only a quarter of men aged 60 or older have noticed a decline in their physical health during the same timeframe. Elderly women are also 7.2 percent more likely to have experienced depression or neglect since the earthquake. 
 
Yet so far, no specific government programmes are in place to improve their access to medical facilities, target their mental health, or improve their literacy levels. 
 
“We have a generation of widows who have spent their lives facing discrimination from a deeply patriarchal society, and who have now lost everything,” said Krishna Gautam, Ageing Nepal’s founder. “And they’re still not receiving the assistance they need to recover – physically or emotionally.”
 

Suddenly vulnerable

 
Mira Serchan, who heads the Senior Citizen’s Unit at the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, is keen to clarify that financial assistance of 2,000 rupees (about $18) a week is available “for all men and women over 60”. The government is also collaborating with local NGOs in 10 districts to teach the elderly crafts such as candle making.
 
“The focus is very much upon giving [older women] the tools to live independently,” said Serchan.
 
That may be the case, but learning to make candles won’t solve the issues faced by people like Mau Khakda. The 65-year-old lived independently in Dolakha long before the earthquake struck, but she has now been forced to move in with her grandson in Kathmandu. Her main challenge is illiteracy.
 
“It wasn’t a problem two years ago. I worked in the fields and I had a routine,” she said. “But my house was totally destroyed in the earthquake, and everything is new now. Even when information is distributed by word of mouth, I can’t check anything.”
 
The Basic Literacy School For Senior Citizens
Corinne Redfern/IRIN
The Basic Literacy School For Senior Citizens
 
There aren’t any figures to show exactly how many senior citizens fled to Kathmandu following the disaster, but Gautam of Ageing Nepal says he’s certain it’s in the thousands. Aware that they were struggling to assimilate in a new city – a lettered labyrinth mapped out with street signs and numbered bus routes – he embarked on a bid to find funding to launch a literacy programme for elderly women. 
 
After approaching the government, he eventually succeeded in securing a $3,000 grant from the NGO Committee on Ageing at the UN. The “Basic Literacy School For Senior Citizens” launched in July last year, with 25 eager-eyed women aged 60 to 83 clutching new notebooks and sharpened pencils.
 
Ageing Nepal plans to open a second school in Kathmandu later next month, this time with funds from members of the local community.
 
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(TOP PHOTO: Maiti Thapi, 61, in Deurali. CREDIT: Corinne Redfern/IRIN)
nepal_elderly_4.jpg Feature Aid and Policy Environment and Disasters Health Human Rights Post-quake Nepal: No country for old women Corinne Redfern IRIN DOLAKHA DISTRICT, Nepal Asia Nepal
          Global warming turns up the heat on glacial lake risk in the Himalayas   

The roof of the world is melting.

As the Earth’s temperature rises, many glaciers atop the Himalayas are in retreat. That can cause disaster for mountain communities, as melting ice feeds glacial lakes that overflow and wash out everything in their path – a phenomenon known as Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs for short).
 
As awareness has grown, so have local fears, and governments in the region have been taking increasing measures to prevent such disasters. But there are major challenges to working at such high altitudes.
 
Nepal recently managed to lower the level of the Imja glacial lake by 3.4 metres. The results of the project are shown in the photos below.
 
“It’s extremely cold there and it’s a high-altitude area,” said Rishi Ram Sharma, director general at Nepal’s Department of Hydrology and Meteorology. “Even for healthy people, just to reach Imja Lake is a great challenge.” 
 
The lake sits at 5,100 metres above sea level and there’s no road access, so materials had to be flown in by helicopter. Work on Imja Lake finally wrapped up at the end of November, but only after it had taken six months for the army and about 100 volunteers from nearby communities to dig a channel to divert some of the water in order avoid the risk of a GLOF.
 
It was Nepal’s second such project. In 2000, the government lowered the level of the Tsho Rolpa glacial lake. It had increased from 0.23 square kilometres to 1.53 square kilometres over the course of five decades. 
 
Sharma said Nepal plans to lower the water level of at least five more lakes, but stressed that his department is working with old data so researchers may find more areas at risk of GLOF.
 
“Now our next plan is to identify the risks posed by glacial lakes by investigating geophysical conditions of the lakes in Nepal,” he said. “If we find that the lake poses a threat to the people living downstream, then the lake-lowering will be done.”
 
Of course it’s not just Nepal at risk. Glaciers throughout the Himalayan region are melting. This means the volume of water in glacial lakes increases, but it also means that the natural barrier walls of the lake may crumble. Many barriers are formed from rocks and sediment fused to an internal core of ice, which is itself melting in some cases.
 
The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, based in the Nepali capital of Kathmandu, has documented 35 GLOF events in Nepal, Bhutan, and the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet over the past few decades. In Pakistan’s Hunza Valley, there were five GLOF events in the first half of 2008 alone, according to ICIMOD.
 
In one of the most deadly GLOF events in the Himalayan region, Bhutan’s Lugge Tsho Lake burst in 1994. At least 20 people were killed, along with livestock critical to the economic survival of the people who live in the mountainous region. The flood also damaged more than a dozen houses and other infrastructure. 
 
Most GLOF events in the Himalayas take place in remote areas where there are few if any people, and they may even go unnoticed. But with global warming, the threat has increased greatly. Imja Lake did not even exist a few decades ago, but it started to grow rapidly in recent years and was deemed a serious threat by Nepali authorities.
 
Part of that risk was its location. Imja Lake is in the Everest region, an area popular with trekkers, as well as a home to villagers who survive partly on the tourism dollars they bring. 
 
The government has installed an early warning system in six highly vulnerable settlements on the Everest trekking trails. An automated sensor has been installed in the lake itself, which can transmit any mass water movement to the warning system. 
 
Karma Sherpa, who lives below Imja Lake in the village of Dangboche, said he and his family fled their homes twice last summer when small floods occurred, because they were afraid a GLOF might follow. He said the government’s initiative to drain the lake and set up a warning system has brought peace of mind.
 
“Now I am assured to some level that I do not have to run in emergency, leaving my home,” he said. “It has also secured my investments in a hotel, for the timebeing."
 

Nabin Baral/IRIN
A young woman looks down to the town of Namche Bazaar, which is a gateway to the Everest region

 

The controlled exit channel built to lower the level of Imja Lake
Nabin Baral/IRIN
The controlled exit channel built to lower the level of Imja Lake

 

The controlled exit channel built in 2000 to lower the level of the Tsho Rolpa Glacial Lake
Nabin Baral/IRIN
The controlled exit channel built in 2000 to lower the level of the Tsho Rolpa Glacial Lake

 

Sherpa women in traditional attire take part in a ceremony to celebrate the completion of a project to lower the water level in Imja Lake
Nabin Baral/IRIN
Sherpa women in traditional attire take part in a ceremony to celebrate the completion of a project to lower the water level in Imja Lake

 

Imja Lake has become one of the biggest glacial lakes due to glacial melt over the past few decades. It's now 1.28  square kilometres with a depth of 150 metres.
Nabin Baral/IRIN
Imja Lake has become one of the biggest glacial lakes due to glacial melt over the past few decades. It's now 1.28 square kilometres with a depth of 150 metres.

 

An early warning system installed in Phungithanka Village, which will receive an automated warning if there is a risk that the Imja Lake will overflow
Nabin Baral/IRIN
An early warning system installed in Phungithanka Village, which will receive an automated warning if there is a risk that the Imja Lake will overflow

 

Tourists trek through Solukhumbu District in the Everest region
Nabin Baral/IRIN
Tourists trek through Solukhumbu District in the Everest region

 

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(TOP PHOTO: Buddhist monks perform a ceremony after a successful project to lower the level of the Imja Glacier Lake. CREDIT: Nabin Baral/IRIN)

Nepal recently lowered the level of a lake that was in danger of bursting its banks Global warming turns up the heat on glacial lake risk in the Himalayas glof_1.jpg Nabin Baral Photo feature Environment and Disasters Climate change Imja Lake nepal IRIN Asia Nepal
          Ban Ki-moon's UN legacy clouded by cholera   

Nearly a month after UN officials announced the idea of a special $400 million package to deal with cholera in Haiti, almost no donors have agreed to fund assistance for its victims. UN peacekeepers imported the disease from Nepal to the Caribbean nation in October 2010. Cholera has since killed 9,100 Haitians and the UN has only recently started to acknowledge its responsibility.

The idea of a package of "material assistance" for victims and survivors was floated by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon after the publication of a searing report on the crisis by a human rights advisor. Philip Alston, a professor of Law at New York University and the UN’s special rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, called the organisation’s years of denials that it brought cholera to Haiti "a disgrace”.

However the aid package itself is not off to a promising start: "It is really hard to advance this plan for material assistance without having some certainty that there will be money," said Ban’s Haiti cholera point man David Nabarro. "At the same time it is hard to have certainty that there will be money without clarity on what the actual material assistance might look like."

After Alston’s report was leaked to The New York Times in August, Ban’s office for the first time conceded that the UN had a "moral responsibility" to provide "material assistance" in response to the cholera outbreak, but stopped short of admitting responsibility or apologising.

Citing existing mechanisms for the UN to settle claims of negligence while maintaining its immunity, Alston said the "new policy remains critically incomplete" without a formal confession and apology. Ban is losing time to make amends before he leaves the job at the end of the year.

A tarnished legacy

"Ban's failings in Haiti are one of the worst stains on his legacy, and the clock is running down on his chance to make it right," said Beatrice Lindstrom, staff attorney at IJDH, a legal group that has filed claims on behalf of cholera victims. "Ban must issue a public apology to the people of Haiti, and follow through on his promise of a ‘new response’ with real action."

Alston wrote in his report, "the lamentably self-serving legal contortions devised to escape any form of legal responsibility still remain in place… Unless the new process also involves a reconsideration in this regard, the [UN’s] ability to salvage its moral, let alone its legal, credibility and authority will be gravely undermined."

The office of the secretary-general did not respond when asked if Ban would apologise and take legal responsibility in a speech to the General Assembly on 1 December.

Nabarro, appointed to oversee cholera relief operations in Haiti, says the terms and breakdown of funding of the “material assistance” plan are still being determined. Nabarro, who headed the UN’s Ebola response in West Africa, has met extensively with member states, but says the overall response to multiple Haiti appeals is lacklustre. Hurricane Matthew, which struck on 4 October, has increased humanitarian needs and sparked a rise in cholera cases.

As of late October, UN member states have pledged to contribute just 18 percent of a $2.1 billion national plan to eliminate cholera up until 2022; the more general 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for Haiti is only 33 percent funded; and a $119.9 million flash appeal in the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew, which Nabarro says is currently the most pressing need, is also less than half funded.

A two-track plan

The new package is expected to be split into two $200 million "tracks" – one aimed at eradicating cholera and funding sanitation improvements, and another to provide what has been termed "material assistance" for victims or communities, though the specifics are still hazy (Nabarro said he did not want to raise expectations in Haiti by offering hypothetical details).

UN officials have taken pains to avoid characterising this tranche of funding as compensation – something critics and lawyers for victims say only adds another layer to the UN’s convoluted handling of its legal position on the crisis.

Nabarro said that just one member state had agreed to earmark donations towards material assistance specifically. Other donors are more willing to fund the overall cholera response, or track one, but appear to be steering clear of the more politicised second tranche.

"There’s quite a lot of pressure on us officials to have a concept for the material support package... with sufficient clarity for us to engage with member states so that they can decide how they want to deal with it," Nabarro said in an interview with IRIN.

One scenario, Nabarro surmised, could be to fund the material assistance through assessed contributions (UN member states’ obligatory dues). But some countries have balked at that, concerned they could be on the hook for other serious negligence attributed to the UN. Critics, including Alston, say that fear is either misguided or, should such claims exist, is something the UN needs to bring out into the open.

"This is the moment of truth for the UN's leadership, but it's also a moment of truth for the UN's member states," said Lindstrom of IJDH, which filed claims with the UN on behalf of 5,000  cholera victims, as well as a class action lawsuit against the UN in the US federal court. "If they're not ultimately willing to step forward and invest in a just response, then the promise of a more accountable UN rings hollow."

In August, a US federal appeals court upheld that the UN was not subject to lawsuits in the US. Lindstrom said that this week an extension had been granted allowing the plaintiffs in the case until 17 January to file with the US Supreme Court. In the meantime, she said they would continue pressuring the UN to act on its own.

(TOP PHOTO: Aid workers on a cholera response mission, Haiti, 2013. Nancy Palus/IRIN)

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Aid workers with ACTED cross a river during a cholera response mission. Les Cayes, Haiti. (November 2013) Analysis Aid and Policy Health Ban Ki-moon's UN legacy clouded by cholera Samuel Oakford IRIN NEW YORK Americas Haiti Nepal
          No way home: time runs out for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal   
The monsoon is in its last throes here on Nepal’s eastern frontier. As another deluge begins, Karna Rai takes shelter in a makeshift teashop in the Beldangi refugee camp where he has lived for the past 24 years after being driven out of Bhutan.
 
“I live here and have raised my children here, but I have no options, no rights,” Rai said. “I am a person with no home.”
 
He is one of more than 100,000 people who fled Bhutan in the early 1990s when the government cracked down violently on the ethnic Nepali minority. Members of the community had demonstrated against discriminatory policies, which were part of a “Bhutanisation” campaign to enforce a narrowly conceived national identity that did not include them. About a sixth of the ethnic Nepali minority were stripped of their citizenship, and the army rounded up many and forced them over the border in what Human Rights Watch has called "ethnic cleansing".
 
After failed attempts to convince Bhutan to let the refugees return, the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, started helping them resettle in third countries. 
 
Begun in 2007, it has been one of the agency’s most successful resettlement programmes, and UNHCR said recently that it had found a home for its 100,000th refugee. But that still leaves about 12,000 people in three remaining camps – and their options are running out as the programme winds down by the end of this year.
 
Manny Maung/IRIN
Refugees have lived in Beldangi camp for decades and it now resembles a small village
 
Kevin Allen, UNHCR’s representative in Nepal, said refugees interested in pursuing resettlement were given numerous opportunities to declare their interest, and the large-scale resettlement programme was initially supposed to conclude in December 2015.
 
“The programme was exceptionally extended into 2016 to ensure the maximum possible use of resettlement for qualifying cases,” he said in an interview in the capital, Kathmandu. 
 
Rai, 61, said his five children – two of whom were born in the camp – all now live in the United States. He survives his wife, who died in Beldangi in 2008. Despite his children being successfully resettled into a third country, Rai insists he wants to go back to Bhutan.
 
“There is nothing like the motherland,” he said. “I dream about going home.”
 

What next?

 
The fate of the remaining refugees is unclear.
 
“Of course, UNHCR is willing to work closely with both governments, but it is really for the governments of Nepal and Bhutan to come to alternative solutions,” said Allen.
 
Alternative solutions seem unlikely, given that the stances of both governments have not changed over the past two decades.
 
“The Nepal government does not have any intention to issue citizenship to the Bhutanese refugees,” home ministry spokesman Balkrishana Panthi told IRIN over the phone. “The Nepal government is focused on repatriation."
 
Manny Maung/IRIN
Sukraz Rai was a butcher in Bhutan, and he is now able to sell meat for a couple days each month
 
For its part, Bhutan has repeatedly said it won’t consider letting the refugees return. Recent remarks to that effect were reported by the Kathmandu Post, which quoted a letter from Bhutanese Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay to a US senator who had written to him about the plight of the refugees. Tobgay reportedly said they were “non-nationals and illegal immigrants”, and that the camps had been infiltrated by Maoist militants intent on overthrowing Bhutan’s monarchy. 
 

Social problems

 
Years of living in limbo have taken a heavy toll on those in the camps, according to the Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal, a local NGO.
 
TPO counsellor Govinda Raj Kattel said rates of drug and alcohol abuse are alarmingly high in the camps, especially among young people.
 
“There is a lack of security for their future, a lack of identity, a lack of opportunity for younger people,” he said. “They cannot reach their full capacity here.”
 
Kattel added that while the remaining refugees live relatively well, as money is sent from family members abroad, they still experience mental health issues such as anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.
 
“Remittances are sent back and you see a spike in sales in alcohol around the shops outside the camp, or a spike in patients who need more psychosocial services,” he said. 
 
One doctor, who asked not to be named,  said he had seen increased rates of self-harm and that at least a quarter of those abusing substances were under the age of 18.
 
“They are frustrated, and sometimes this manifests in impulsive or destructive behaviour,” he said. “And many are worried about their futures, of course.”
 
Manny Maung/IRIN
Aita Singh Rai, 21, says he wants to leave for the United States to join his brothers
 
While many turn to drugs or alcohol for escape, 21-year-old Aita Sing Rai (no relation to Karna Rai) is going to try for a last-minute resettlement.
 
He was born in the camp, and his brothers have now all gone to the United States. As the youngest child, he stayed behind to care for his aging parents, who want to return to Bhutan.
 
“Every time someone leaves, I feel a knot in my stomach,” said Rai. “My parents talk about Bhutan and dream about Bhutan. But I have my own dreams. I am fed up of being a refugee. I want my own identity.”
 
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(TOP PHOTO: Bhutanese refugees in Nepal practice the Hindu ritual of Chinta to bid farewell a deceased family member in October 2016. The Guru who performs the ritual is said to be able to speak to the souls of the dead. CREDIT: Manny Maung)
nepal_1.jpg News Migration Conflict Human Rights No way home: time runs out for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal Manny Maung IRIN BELDANGI nepal Asia Bhutan Nepal
          Nepal quake victims made to play reconstruction “lottery"   
Kalu Kanwar walked three hours under a scorching sun to collect compensation to rebuild his house, which was destroyed in last year’s Nepal’s earthquake. But he returned to his family empty handed. His home had been left off the list of damaged buildings.
 
About 9,000 people were killed in the 25 April 2015 earthquake and another that followed on 12 May. The back-to-back disasters damaged 284,479 houses and completely destroyed another 602,567, according to surveys carried out by the government.
 
Quake victims are eligible to receive grants of about $1,885 for reconstruction. After more than a year of bureaucratic bungling and political infighting, the government finally began distributing the first installments of about $470 during the past couple months. 
 
 
But people like Kanwar now face an additional bureaucratic hurdle: surveyors may have missed more than 100,000 homes when carrying out their damage assessments. The government only realised this belatedly, issuing a form in May to allow people who were left out to register.
 
Surveyors failed to note more than half of the 600 homes in the Kerabari Village Development Committee area, which includes Kanwar’s village of Ragé and is in Gorkha District where the epicentre of the quake was. 
 
Those left off the list in Kerabari submitted their forms to the government. But when a group of residents went to the town of Bhachhek to claim compensation two weeks ago, they found that their forms hadn’t been processed yet. Only those counted in the initial survey received grants.
 
“This present situation is like bringing three brothers to a table laid out with a sumptuous meal, and then letting only one of them eat while the others watch,” said Kanwar as he prepared to walk back to Ragé.
 

Waiting game

 
The government’s National Reconstruction Agency has received almost 150,000 forms from across the country, according to Ram Prasad Thapaliya, the NRA spokesman.
 
“Committees for deciding cases of houses missed out have been formed at the village and district levels already, but it’s not effective yet because we are focused on the distribution of funds (for houses included in the initial survey),” he told IRIN.
 
Before disbursing funds to people who have submitted the forms, the NRA will need to check their homes to confirm damage. It’s unclear how long this process will take, but considering that it has taken Nepal about 15 months to start disbursing reconstruction grants to those who were surveyed, the prospects are not encouraging.
 
 
“I’ve been told from the centre that those who have filled the forms will receive the money soon,” said Ram Prakash Chaudhary, secretary of the Village Development Committee in Kanwar’s area. “But I can’t say what that ‘soon’ means. It could mean one month, two months, or even next year.”
 
Kapil Bisht/IRIN
Dev Raj Kanwar, who is paralyzed, has been living in this shed with his family since Nepal’s April 2015 earthquake
 

Frustration rising

 
Errors, both technological and human, appear to have undermined the initial survey, although the government has so far declined to explain publicly what happened.
 
Villagers said some of the tablets used by the surveyors to collect images of damaged buildings malfunctioned, and an official at the NRA confirmed this to IRIN on condition of anonymity.
 
“Confusion about the area assigned to an individual surveyor, and deploying social workers in villages other than ones they had worked in also contributed to the errors,” said Shiva Bhusal, a government engineer working in Gorkha District.
 
He explained that social workers could have easily missed homes if they were surveying areas they were not familiar with, because they would not have known where all the houses were and may not have known the exact boundaries of the areas they were surveying.
 
The reasons for the missteps hardly matter to victims who are weathering their second monsoon season without adequate shelter, as winter looms.
 
Rajendra Regmi, a teacher in a primary school in Birauta, said frustration is rising in his village as some receive compensation while others are left out.
 
“It’s hard to console yourself when the person who is receiving government aid has not lost anything more than you have,” he said. “The aid distribution has become like a lottery.”
 
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(LEAD PHOTO: Victims of Nepal's 2015 earthquake queue at a bank in Bhachhek in August 2016 to receive compensation grants to rebuild their homes. CREDIT: Kapil Bisht/IRIN)
nepal_2.jpg News Environment and Disasters Politics and Economics Nepal quake victims made to play reconstruction “lottery" Kapil Bisht IRIN BHACHHEK nepal Asia Nepal
          When disaster strikes, should China do more?   

Sixty-two Chinese rescuers and six sniffer dogs were the first global team on the ground in Nepal the day after a massive earthquake devastated the country just over a year ago.

The quick deployment was a sign of China’s growing role in emergencies, but critics say its humanitarian contributions are still paltry compared to its economic and diplomatic clout. With the world's second-largest economy and largest standing army, China's contributions do not match official pronouncements about its growing international role.

“We are trying to play a bigger role in the existing international order,” Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at a press conference in March. 

“The world is so big and faces so many problems; the international community wishes to hear China's voices and see China's solutions, and China cannot be absent,” he told reporters.

But the figures belie such statements.

China contributed only $54 million in humanitarian aid in 2014, according to Development Initiatives, which analysed data from sources including the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the UN, and the International Monetary Fund. In contrast, the United States contributed $5.9 billion, while Britain gave $2.3 billion, and Saudi Arabia $755 million. 

The UN’s Financial Tracking Service, which documents global humanitarian aid flows, shows that China’s contribution fell in 2015 to a mere $37 million.

(The above figures are for humanitarian aid only, and do not include grants and loans aimed at development goals.)

Even China’s own statistics underscore the relatively low importance it places on foreign aid.

According to a 2014 white paper on foreign aid – including development as well as humanitarian funding – China’s average ratio of aid budget to gross national income was about 0.07 percent in the period from 2010 to 2012. 

That's much lower than the average 0.3 percent given annually by the 29 countries making up the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee, which include the Group of 7 advanced economies as well as smaller countries including Slovenia, Greece, and the Czech Republic.

In a recent commentary, the UK-based Overseas Development Institute said: “With greater power comes greater responsibility and China should step up its contributions to international humanitarian assistance to an amount at least remotely worthy of its GDP.”

The Ministry of Commerce, which administers Beijing’s humanitarian aid, has not responded to IRIN’s requests for comment and further information.

Politically motivated?

Observers have also noted that China’s aid often seems motivated at least in part by political goals.

“In terms of commitments overseas, it seems highly tactical,” said Kerry Brown, professor of Chinese studies and director of the Lau China Institute at King's College, London.

He cited South Sudan, which gained independence in 2011 from Sudan, a long-time Chinese ally. China suddenly found itself in the awkward position of having invested heavily in oilfields that were now part of an independent South Sudan, while having provided support to the Khartoum government throughout the war, including supplying weapons.

China sent peacekeepers to join the UN mission in South Sudan, and contributed other humanitarian aid.

“We also saw this in Costa Rica in 2007 when China agreed to buy $300 million in bonds and give $130 million in aid to secure Costa Rica’s diplomatic recognition of Beijing instead of Taipei,” Brown said.

Learning curve

Some experts say it will take time for China to build up its humanitarian activities overseas. But as one of the most natural disaster-stricken countries in the world, China has the potential to contribute its considerable experience to disaster relief. 

For example, when the worst earthquake in 30 years struck southwestern Sichuan Province in 2008, international agencies played only a small role and China’s response was widely praised. The government immediately launched a massive effort, which included deploying troops to rescue people buried in rubble, deliver aid and organise evacuations.

But critics also point out that China’s “draconian laws” stymie independent humanitarian efforts from Chinese NGOs.

SEE: Activist arrest puts foreign NGOs in China on edge

“China might be a great power now, but it has to learn how to behave like one, especially in the area of humanitarian aid,” said Xu Guoqi, professor of Chinese history and international relations at the University of Hong Kong.

 

 

Xu said China has very few NGOs relative to its population, and they are still figuring out how to function within China as well as abroad.

A former Chinese NGO worker, who requested anonymity and whose organisation recently shut down after losing access to international donors, told IRIN: “Many Chinese NGOs have relied on foreign funding, as local philanthropy is still underdeveloped. Now that the government is clamping down harder on civil society, NGOs are thinking about how to survive, not how to expand overseas.”

Inequality undermines charity

Despite rapid economic growth, private donations have not yet taken off.

“Even with so many newly rich people, charity-giving is still not widely spread as in many Western countries,” said Xu.

On Weibo, a popular Chinese website similar to Twitter, most discussions of China’s humanitarian aid are critical of the leadership for giving money to other countries when commenters felt the funds should be used assisting its own citizens.

China's income inequality is among the world's worst. The country's Gini coefficient for income was 0.49 in 2012, according to a recent Peking University report, where a number above 0.40 represents severe income inequality.

“Some members of the public will think, 'there are so many poor areas of China – why should [Chinese] give foreign aid?' But this is changing,” a staff member of the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation told IRIN. 

Since 2003, this Beijing-based NGO, which enjoys government support, has carried out disaster relief operations in countries including Indonesia, Haiti, the US, Myanmar, Nepal, and Ecuador with expenditure totaling around $13.7 million.

The CFPA staffer said the idea of charity could be catching on, judging by recent fundraising efforts.

“For example, many individuals gave contributions of more than 1,000 yuan ($150) for Nepal earthquake relief, and within 24 hours of fundraising to fight against the Ebola virus we raised 1.21 million yuan ($182,747) from the public,” she said.

(With additional reporting by Jennifer Rigby in Nepal)

jc/jf/bp/ag

Workers and residents watch as a bulldozer demolishes an earthquake-damaged building in the city center in Chautara, Nepal, on 8 July 2015 Analysis Aid and Policy Environment and Disasters Politics and Economics When disaster strikes, should China do more? Joanna Chiu IRIN BEIJING South Sudan Asia China Nepal Costa Rica
          A year after Nepal quake, billions unspent and little rebuilt   

Haribansa Thami gestures towards the ruined house where he used to live with his family on a mountainside in Nepal's Dolakha District.

“I’m angry,” he said. “The people are angry. We voted for them, and we expected them to do something for us. But it is like the Nepal government is still running from the earthquake."

Thami and his neighbours are not the only people who are angry. On 25 April, it will be one year since the first of two major earthquakes hit the country, killing nearly 9,000 people, damaging or destroying almost one million homes and disrupting 5.2 million lives.

Emergency relief eventually reached most people thanks to local and international NGOs and the government. But the next stage – rebuilding – has barely begun, despite $4.1 billion pledged at an international donor conference last June for that very purpose.

Now there are fears that the full amount of money may never materialise due to delays caused by the government, which instead focused on pushing through a new and controversial constitution in the months after the disaster. The constitution then sparked a 135-day unofficial blockade at the India border and an ensuing fuel crisis, slowing reconstruction further.

SEE: Will a political dispute become a humanitarian disaster in Nepal?

“Because of the crisis, the country couldn’t move from recovery to reconstruction,” said Plan International’s Nepal country director, Mattias Bryneson. “The slower it is, the less money they will get. If there is no project where the $4 billion can be put in, the donors will not stay.”

‘Deconstruction Authority’

Hundreds of thousands of people are now bracing themselves for their second monsoon season in temporary shelters. The government recently admitted it won’t be able to finish – or even begin – the construction of permanent housing in many districts before the rains hit.

Renu Sharma, who runs the Women’s Foundation Nepal, was blunt: “This was a natural disaster, but the humanitarian disaster is far worse.”

The National Reconstruction Authority finally emerged from months of political squabbling as a functional body in December. It began work on 16 January, although it has only about a quarter of the staff it needs and is itself housed in a temporary building.

SEE: How politics delayed Nepal reconstruction

The NRA has finally dipped into the $4.1 billion pool of pledges. Of that, only around $1 billion is committed. The rest of the money is, at least theoretically, sitting in the bank accounts of the donors that have not yet signed agreements to get it to Nepal. Of the committed funds, only around $615 million is actually available in Nepal, from donors like the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the Japan International Cooperation Agency, according to NRA Joint Secretary Ram Thapaliya.

Half will go directly to people via compensation housing grants, and half to government ministries for rebuilding. In March, the first tranche reached a handful of victims: 50 people in Dolakha got 50,000 of an eventual 200,000 rupees (roughly $470 of $1890).

“Though the people are very needy, though they might not be satisfied with the delays, we have had very difficult circumstances,” explained Thapaliya, before running through an extensive list of guidelines that he said needed to be written before rebuilding could begin.

The NRA’s laudable aim is to “build back better”, and it now has 17 earthquake-resistant home designs. But some of its guidelines have backfired, prompting the Nepali Times newspaper to dub it the “Deconstruction Authority”.

For example, people who took the initiative to rebuild quickly were shocked to find out they may not be eligible for compensation, because their houses do not fit the NRA’s designs (which only emerged in December). In Ramecchap District, the International Federation of the Red Cross was prevented from building homes for 100 families until NRA frameworks were finalised.

“It’s frustrating,” admitted Michael Higginson, IFRC Nepal programme coordinator. “Like any humanitarian organisation, we want to get on… But the reality is, these (rules and regulations) are needed.”

Rubble from Nepal's earthquake
Jennifer Rigby/IRIN
A year after the quake, rubble still litters Dolakha District and much of the country

‘Too slow’

Many donors say progress is too slow. The ADB is responsible for $200 million of the $615 million available to the NRA, and country director Kenichi Yokoyama told IRIN he wants action.

“We need to see actual reconstruction start to happen, and fast,” he said. “Too much time has been spent on preparatory works. I think many donor agencies are getting very frustrated with the pace of progress.”

Frustrated with waiting for the NRA to be formed and start work, some donors have gone ahead with reconstruction on their own. The UK’s Department for International Development is already spending its $100 million on reconstruction projects, including roads.

“Donors are sceptical about the feasibility of implementing their money,” warned one high-level donor agency official who was not authorised to speak to media. He pointed out that India and China have pledged $2 billion between them, which has not yet been accessed. 

Thapaliya said he “hopes” the money will remain available, but “time is moving on”. He promised housing reconstruction will take three years; local officials told IRIN they fear it could be more like 20.

For Thami, it is too long to wait. As has been the case since the earthquake, he will have to depend on help from NGOs, and ultimately trust the only person he can rely on: himself.

“This is a temporary shelter for one to two years. We made it because we expected the money, but (the government) are late in everything,” he said. “But I am hopeful I can rebuild my life. I’m young, I can do things for my future.”

jr/jf/ag

nepalrebuilding1.jpg Analysis Aid and Policy Environment and Disasters Politics and Economics A year after Nepal quake, billions unspent and little rebuilt Jennifer Rigby IRIN DOLAKHA DISTRICT, Nepal Asia India Nepal
          After 60 years of Zika in Asia, why worry?   

Zika has been in Asia and the Pacific for at least 60 years, though its mostly mild symptoms have prompted little cause for concern. But with the World Health Organization declaring a global emergency after an outbreak in Brazil that's been linked to serious birth defects, some countries in the region are taking special precautions.

Tonga has declared an epidemic, and the government of the Cook Islands has advised women to delay becoming pregnant. Japan, South Korea, Nepal and India have issued advisories to pregnant women against travelling to infected countries.

South Korea has announced a fine of two million won (about $1,700) on doctors who fail to immediately report suspected cases, while Malaysia has asked travellers to the country to report to health centres if they have symptoms.

Nepal is trying to get rid of any standing water where the Aedes mosquito, which carries the Zika virus, can easily breed, said Dr. Babu Ram Marasini, director of the disease control division at the Department of Health Services.

“We carry out search and destroy campaigns, and request people to throw the water from external containers and dry them out for a few hours,” he said.

India has set up a technical group to monitor the situation, posted warnings at international airports and has promised to ramp up community awareness to stop mosquito breeding.

Although no cases of infection have ever been documented in India, it was in that country, back in 1953, where the first evidence emerged that Zika had jumped from animals to humans. In that study just six years after Zika was discovered in monkeys in Uganda, researchers from the National Institute of Virology, in the city of Pune, found that 33 out of 196 people surveyed had immunity to the virus.

For the most part, symptoms have not been particularly serious, usually a rash and a fever, and little attention was paid to Zika for a long time after the study. But in 2007, Zika exploded in the tiny Pacific island of Yap, in the Federated States of Micronesia, where almost three quarters of its approximately 10,000 inhabitants tested positive.

Six years later, Zika infected about 35,000 people in French Polynesia. It was there that researchers discovered the potential connection between the virus and Guillian-Barré syndrome, according to a 2014 article in Eurosurveillance, a scientific journal that focuses on communicable diseases. Guillian-Barré syndrome causes the immune system to attack the nervous system, leading to a weakening of the limbs and sometimes paralysis.

It is unclear how Zika arrived in Brazil, but researcher published in a US Center for Disease Control journal theorised last year that it may have arrived with participants from Pacific countries at the World Canoeing Championships in Rio de Janeiro in August 2014.

Zika is now spreading rapidly through the Americas after recently showing up first in Brazil, where there have been about 1.5 million cases. Preliminary research appears to show a link between Zika and Guillian-Barré syndrome as well as microcephaly, which can cause babies to be born with small heads and underdeveloped brains.

Despite Zika's relatively benign history in Asia and the Pacific, there is risk that a stronger form of the virus may have emerged, and that it could spread throughout the region with much more severe consequences than previous outbreaks.

"The strain in Brazil could be new because mutation rates in these viruses are high. Moist tropical climates, population explosion and international travel mean Asia is susceptible to Zika," said Dr. Shailendra Saxena, of the Indian Virological Society.

He said that rapidly growing populations in many Asian countries make them vulnerable to an outbreak of Zika. As migration to cities increases, so do slums with poor sanitation and stagnant water where mosquitoes can breed.

nj/jf/ag

A model of an Aedes mosquito and its larvae used in public education programmes about dengue in Malaysia where it affected record numbers of people in 2015 News Health Is Zika a risk to Asia? Nimisha Jaiswal IRIN Delhi Brazil Asia India Japan Nepal Republic of Korea Cook Islands French Polynesia Tonga Micronesia Marshall Islands
          Vacationing beyond reach a calculated risk for business owners   
<br/>In this Oct. 12, 2012, photo, provided by Mike Scanlin, small business owner Scanlin poses for a photo on the trail to Mount Everest Base Camp in Nepal.
NEW YORK — While hiking in the Himalayas for three weeks, Mike Scanlin had no cellphone service much of the time and no way to ...

          Reasoning Quiz for Bank & Insurance Exams 2017 - Set 6 | Puzzles   


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Reasoning Quiz. The following set of puzzles are Prelims Exam level.

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Seven sports-persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G meet in a party. Each of them belongs to different country viz— India, Australia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, South Africa, Nepal and Sri Lanka. All of them play different sports viz— Cricket, Chess, Football, Volleyball, Tennis, Kabaddi and Hockey but not necessarily in the same order. D plays football but he does not belong to Bangladesh or South Africa. G plays neither Cricket nor Kabaddi, but he belongs to South Africa. C, who plays Tennis, does not belong to Sri Lanka or Australia. F belongs to Pakistan and he plays Volleyball. A doesn’t play to Kabaddi, but he belongs to Bangladesh. The one who plays Kabaddi belongs to Australia. E plays Hockey and he does not belong to Nepal. The one who plays tennis does not belong to India.


1. Who among the following sport’s person belongs to Nepal ?
1) Tennis 2) Football 
3) Hockey 4) Cricket 
5) Can’t be determined


2. The Hockey player belongs to Which of the following country ?
1) Sri Lanka 2) South Africa 
3) India 4) Can’t be determined 
5) None of these



3. Who amongst the following plays Cricket ?
1) G 2) F 
3) A 4) D 
5) None of these



4. Which of the following combinations is true ?
1) A – Chess – South African 
2) B – Vallyball – Sri Lanka 
3) C – Tennis – Nepal
4) All are true 
5) None is true


5. Which of the following statements is/are true ?
1) D plays football and belongs to India 
2) E belongs to either Sri Lanka or India
3) C plays Tennis and belongs to South Africa 
4) All are true
5) None is true



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Directions (Q. 6-9): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Ram goes to market to buy some things. He enters the market, turn to his left, walks 50 m and takes a shirt. Then he turns to his right, walks 30 m and takes a coat. Again, he turns to his right, which is towards east, he walks 50 m and takes shoes. Again he turns to his left and look at bags, which is 60 m away from him. He takes a bag and moves to his left, walks 50 m and stops at the sweet’s shop to buy some sweets.


6. In which direction Ram moves to buy sweets ?
1) South 2) West
3) East 4) Can’t be determined
5) None of these


7. In which direction is the shoes’s shop located with respect to the shirt’s shop ?
1) South 2) North
3) South-East 4) North-West
5) None of these


8. What is the shortest distance between the shirt’s shop to sweet’s shop ?
1) 90 m 2) 80 m
3) 120 m 4) 50 m
5) None of these


9. How far is the shoes shop from the starting point ?

1) 30 m 2) 50 m
3) 100 m 4) 60 m
5) None of these



Rules:

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          Amazing Things You Must Do on a City Break   

City breaks, while not exactly new on the tourism scene, have been gaining a lot of traction and a lot of popularity, especially with the younger tourists. It's easy to understand why it's the simplest and, at the same time, the most unrestricted way of experiencing a city or a culture along with everything that it has to offer. Not to mention the fact that it is the simplest vacation that you can set up by yourself.

While these vacations are usually quite short, there are a lot of things to do on a city break and it would be a shame to miss out on the proper experience itself. That being said, here are some amazing things that you must do while on a city break

Find local lodgings

Staying at a hotel is quite a waste considering the fact that you are going there to experience the city itself, so finding local lodgings can add a lot to the overall experience.
Depending on the duration of your stay, you can actually end up saving a lot of money here, not to mention the fact that it is, all in all, easier to get in contact with the locals and observe their customs and culture. Plus let's face it, you won't be spending much time in your room anyway, you basically need a place to leave your backpack and to sleep.
There are a lot of ways in which you can go about finding these lodgings. You can check the listings and find cheap short term rental apartments if you plan on staying a week or two. Alternatively, you can check websites like Couch Surfing and see if you can find good, decent people that have a room to spare and can host you for the duration of your visit.

Find the secret tours

All the large cities in the world have a lot of history behind them. Some of it is well-known and interesting but some of it is hidden from visitors and the general public. This usually involves secret plots, disturbing events and a hidden side of that city that was never mentioned in the history books.
There are special tours, usually going by the name of “secret tours” that not only show this hidden side of the city’s history but also show you the places where these things happened. They are mostly popular with large important cities in Eastern Europe because of the communist occupation that they were under and the things that transpired behind the curtain during that period, however, there are a lot of other cities that have them as well.

As long as the city in question has been through some particularly hard and shady times in the past, there will be tours that are willing to expose them to you.  Be prepared to do some searching though because travel agencies usually don’t offer this service and so these tours are generally conducted by private tour guides, local historians or history students.

Take part in a local festival

This bit requires some great timing on your part, however, it is a great idea to try and synchronize your visit with a major local festival. You get to experience a lot of the local culture, take part in special events and have a lot of fun in the process. Not to mention the fact that there are special things like food, drinks, music, dances and even costumes that you can enjoy only in that period of time, so your overall experience will be a lot more meaningful overall.
Just make sure that you don’t get carried away, especially if it involves a lot of food; your body might not be able to handle it properly. To make sure you don’t get sick from drinking or eating too much, it’s best to keep your hydration level optimal. For this, you should consider the best hydration bladder since it’s easy to hide in your backpack and it’s right there when you need it.
The best way to time it is to know in advance what city you will be visiting and do your research to see what upcoming festivals you can take part in. Make sure that you also research what the festival is about and what you are supposed to be doing, you would not want to accidentally offend or insult the people that take part in it.
Do remember that prices usually go up around that period of time, so making reservations well in advance will often time prove to be more profitable.

Explore the city on foot

While there are a lot of neat locations to visit that are clearly marked on maps and travel guides, there are also a lot of locations that are not listed in there, as well as a lot of details and a lot of things that really make that city stand out.
There is no easy way around it, you have to grab a map of the city, plan a course and start walking. Of course, you should be equipped with the best survival backpack you can find in order to carry various must-have items. After all, you are still traveling in a foreign city, surrounded by locals.
Everywhere you go, no matter what districts you pass through, remember to keep your eyes open and look for all the details and all the elements that make up life in that particular city. Don't forget that this is also your chance to do some proper sightseeing and explore the wonderful monuments as well as everything that the city can throw at you.
Another great thing you can do here is meet local people along your way. Most people are friendly, especially towards tourists, so striking a conversation with them will not be hard. At the end of this long trek, you will have a much better understanding about life in that city, how it came to be that way as well as what it means to be a part of that city.

In conclusion

If properly prepared and executed, a city break can prove to be both fun and mentally stimulating at the same time.
While it is true that you will have to do a lot of research beforehand in order to figure out what you are looking for as well as what festivals you can time your visit with, where you will stay and what you will want to see in that location, it will all be worth it in the end.
Author Bio:
Rebecca lives in USA, but loves hiking all over the world. Her favourite is Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal. It usually takes 16 days, but she likes to slow down, enjoy mountains, company of other adventurers and take more pictures, so it took her 28 days last time. Another of her passion is the ocean, so all short and long hikes along the ocean shore bring a lot of joy. She also writes for http://hikingmastery.com/.


          Dwa lata temu pisalem tu ze...   
Dwa lata temu pisalem tu ze sie jaram bo ogladam wlasnie zorze na Islandii. W miedzyczasie duzo fajnych miejsc udalo sie odwiedzic. Dzis pakuje plecak bo na dniach wylot do Nepalu. Bedzie kozak!

Jeszcze kilka lat temu nigdy bym nie pomyslal, ze taki zwykly, szary pleku94 bedzie w stanie takie tripy sobie organizować.

Takze Mirki nie poddawajcie sie i jak macie marzenia to plan na kartke, podwinac rekawy i z czasem sie uda!

#chwalesie #podroze #oswiadczenie i troche #motywacja
          A vote for change: Nepali voices in the first election in 20 years   

RELIGIOUS freedoms, transgender and minority recognition, and post-earthquake reconstruction are just some of the polarising issues raised in the recent Nepali election process taking place this year.

The post A vote for change: Nepali voices in the first election in 20 years appeared first on Asian Correspondent.


          Busty Naughty Nepali Girl’s Hot Webcam Porn mms scandal video   
DOWNLOAD VIDEO
          The Week with IPS 6/30/2017   
2017/6/30 Click here for the online version of this IPS newsletter  

Ending Child Marriage Could Add Trillions to World Economy
Roshni Majumdar
The benefits of ending child marriage are many—boosting a young girl’s morale and increasing her chances of education and work, and by that virtue, curbing high population rates in developing economies and boosting growth. Still, more than 15 million children, under 18 years of age, are ... MORE > >

Southeast Asia: From Miracle To Debacle
Jomo Kwame Sundaram
The World Bank and other influential international financial institutions and development agencies have been touting Southeast Asian (SEA) newly industrializing countries as models for emulation, especially by African developing countries seeking to accelerate their development transformations. But ... MORE > >

Insurance: A Valuable Incentive for Small Farmers’ Climate Resilience
Friday Phiri
Frequent extreme weather and climate shifts pose a challenge to already vulnerable groups such as smallholder farmers in the developing world. Between 2004 and 2014, farmers are said to have endured the brunt of the 100-billion-dollar cost of climate-related disasters. With traditional insurance ... MORE > >

Education, a Building Block for Sustainable Peace
Tharanga Yakupitiyage
Millions lack access to quality education around the world—but how can the international community change this? Two years into the adoption of the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), one of which includes a goal to provide inclusive, equitable, and quality education and lifelong ... MORE > >

Chilean President’s Apology to the Mapuche People Considered “Insufficient”
Orlando Milesi
Chilean President Michelle Bachelet’s formal apology to the country’s Mapuche Indians, for the “mistakes and atrocities” committed against them by the Chilean state, is seen by indigenous and social activists in the central region of Araucanía – the heartland of the Mapuche people - as falling ... MORE > >

Did Arab Coalition Threaten to Pull Out of UN in Protest?
Thalif Deen
When Saudi Arabia – which has been spearheading a coalition of Arab states in a devastating war against Yemen since 2015 – was accused of bombing civilians, and particularly children caught up in the conflict, the government in Riyadh threatened to cut off humanitarian funding to the world ... MORE > >

China Drives Nuclear Expansion in Argentina, but with Strings Attached
Daniel Gutman
Two new nuclear power plants, to cost 14 billion dollars, will give a new impetus to Argentina’s relation with atomic energy, which began over 60 years ago. President Mauricio Macri made the announcement from China, the country that is to finance 85 per cent of the works. But besides the fact ... MORE > >

Any Way to Help Slow Down Climate Change... Individually?
IPS World Desk
It is no secret that the biggest responsible for climate change is greed. The greed of the world’s largest private corporations, which blindly seek unlimited high financial benefits. And the greed of those politicians who are also blindly keen about holding their temporary power at any cost, thus ... MORE > >

Europe Stands by Caribbean on Climate Funding
Desmond Brown
A senior European Union (EU) official in the Caribbean said Europe is ready to continue the global leadership on the fight against climate change, including helping the poor and vulnerable countries in the region. Underlining the challenges posed by climate change, Head of the European Union ... MORE > >

Putting the Spotlight on Women Migrant Workers
Roshni Majumdar
Migrant workers, and their economic contribution to the development of both the country of origin and the host country, have caught the eye of governments and policymakers worldwide. But the hardships faced by women migrants, who disproportionately bear the brunt of discrimination at work, are ... MORE > >

Global Devaluation of Work Drives Up Unemployment in Brazil
Mario Osava
In addition to driving up the number of unemployed people to 14.2 million, the severe recession of the last two years led Brazil to join the global trend of flexibilisation of labour laws in order to further reduce labour costs. Creating more jobs without affecting rights is the basic argument ... MORE > >

The World Is Burning
IPS World Desk
Record high temperatures are gripping much of the globe and more hot weather are to come. This implies more drought, more food insecurity, more famine and more massive human displacements. In fact, extremely high May and June temperatures have broken records in parts of Europe, the Middle ... MORE > >


          Introducing our Volunteers for the Summer Cycle!   

  Group 1: GORKHA The Gorkha group started their induction on the 19th

The post Introducing our Volunteers for the Summer Cycle! appeared first on Raleigh International.


          DOMINO teatras | komedija BUS SUNKU... 22.09.2017 - 19:00 -    


Domino teatro premjera - komedija "Bus sunku..."


Režisierius: Adolfas Večerskis
Dailininkas: Wojtek Stefaniak
Kostiumų dailininkas: Wanda Kowalska

Vaidina:
Eduardas - Saulius Siparis, Sakalas Uždavinys
Marion - Inga Valinskienė, Ramunė Kurienė
Markas - Sakalas Uždavinys, Rimantas Giedraitis
Sara - Justė Zinkevičiūtė
Džiulija - Raminta Verseckaitė

„Domino“ teatras pristato neįtikėtinų intrigų kupiną premjerą - komediją „Bus sunku...“. Adolfo Večerskio režisuotas ir iki ašarų juokingas spektaklis nepaliks nei vieno abejingo. Spektaklyje vaidina Inga Valinskienė, Saulius Siparis, Ramunė Kurienė, Sakalas Uždavinys ir kiti.

Jam – 50, jai – 25, buvusi žmona beldžia į duris, o vonioje elektrikas iš Kaukazo. Bus sunku... Jų dukrai - 25, o ji į namus parveda draugą, kuriam... 50. Bus sunku…

Į šeštą dešimtį įkopusio dėstytojo Eduardo jausmai dvidešimtmetei studentei Sarai sukelia nenuspėjamų veiksmų grandinę. Vyras nori nutraukti ateities neturinčius santykius, tačiau pasirodo tai nėra tokia lengva užduotis, kai netikėtai į svečius užsuka buvusi žmona Marion norėdama pranešti apie užsimezgusius rimtus santykius su gerokai jaunesniu vyru. Dar vieną smūgį smogia jųdviejų dukrą Džiulija pareiškusi, kad yra įsimylėjus daug vyresnį vyrą. Jau nekalbant apie tai, kad rimtį trikdo Eduardo vonioje triukšmaujantis imigrantas elektrikas iš Kaukazo. Ir viskas dar tik prasideda. Bus sunku...

Žiūrovai scenoje pamatys persipinančius penkių suaugusių žmonių gyvenimus. Į šeštą dešimtį įkopęs vyras, jauna meilužė, buvusi jo žmona, jųdviejų dukra ir dukros sužadėtinis.

Komedija „Bus sunku...“ yra tiesiog persisunkusi prancūziškos painiavos ir subtilaus humoro. Puiki aktorių komanda, pretenzingi charakteriai ir intriguojantis siužetas – tai, kas neabejotinai neleis pamiršti spektaklio ir paskatins ieškoti turinio atitikmenų kiekvieno iš mūsų aplinkoje.

Daugiau informacijos:
www.dominoteatras.lt

          Why Nikki Haley Is Gloating Over Cuts to Peacekeeping Funding   

Nikki Haley looks awfully pleased with herself here:

The ambassador is referring to a deal reached Wednesday, after weeks of negotiation between the U.N. and the Trump administration, to cut the U.N. Peacekeeping budget from $7.87 billion to $7.3 billion for the coming year. U.N. Blue Helmets are currently deployed in 16 operations around the world, though the missions in Haiti and the Ivory Coast are expected to wrap up soon. Under U.S. pressure, the U.N. voted to scale down the peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo in March and is expected to do the same for the program in Sudan’s Darfur region later his week.

The U.S. provides more than 28 percent of the funding for the program, and the Trump administration had originally sought a $1 billion overall cut to the program and to cap U.S. contributions at 25 percent.

These may sound like big numbers, but the amount of savings being passed on the U.S. taxpayer here—it will shake out to about $125 million per year assuming the U.S. continues to pick up a quarter of the budget—are minuscule compared with our defense programs. A single B-2 stealth bomber, most of which are currently not operational, cost $2 billion when the Pentagon requisitioned the warplanes in the 1980s.

And as economist Charles Kenny wrote in January when these cuts were first discussed, peacekeeping is pretty cost-effective, as seen in places from Kosovo to Sierra Leone, to Guatemala. One study found that a deployment of peacekeepers to a country reduces the likelihood of a civil war reigniting there by almost 70 percent. Fewer civil wars around the world means fewer refugees and less ungoverned territory for groups like al-Qaida and ISIS to operate in. Compared with the ongoing U.S. military engagements in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria, the peacekeeping program is a bargain.

To be sure, the U.N.’s program is harder to defend after recent appalling incidents. Nepalese peacekeepers introduced a cholera epidemic to Haiti that has killed more than 10,000 people and continues to sicken Haitians today. There have been hundreds of allegations of sexual abuse by peacekeepers in a number of countries, most notably in Haiti and the Central African Republic. The U.N., under former Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, was shamefully slow to acknowledge responsibility for these problems, and the U.N. still hasn’t done enough to compensate the victims or punish the wrongdoers. More fundamentally, foreign peacekeepers, usually living in fortified compounds and traveling in 4x4s, are often disliked and distrusted in the countries where they are deployed. Haitians disdainfully refer to the local U.N. mission, known by the French acronym MINUSTAH, as “TURISTAH.”

Haley has raised these issues as part of her overall critique of the peacekeeping program. Given Trump’s general view of the U.N. as a waste of money, it seems likely that the administration would be pushing for these cuts even if every operation were conducted flawlessly and peacekeepers were a paragon of virtue and professionalism. But the U.N. itself deserves some blame for the fact that such a vital program has become such an easy target.


          Resilience Amongst the Rubble   
Not long after a 7.6 magnitude earthquake devastated Nepal in April of 2015, Emma Squier sat in a classroom 7,000 miles away studying the effects of the natural disaster on the Nepali people. A year later she was living among them in the hardest hit villages learning first-hand how they were surviving.
          Swaziland and Nepal (Mid and Far Western Regions) Join the MICS Programme   
Swaziland and Nepal (Mid and Far Western Regions) are now confirmed to conduct surveys in 2010 as part of the MICS4 programme.


[a]
          UN WOMEN: National Consultant for a Comprehensive Report on the Domestic Violence Cases in Nepal   
UNDP: UN WOMEN: National Consultant for a Comprehensive Report on the Domestic Violence Cases in Nepal in Home-based, NEPAL. Closing date: 2017-07-03
          Orthopedic team from Loma Linda University Health responds to quake-ridden Nepal   

Six-person team reported to Seventh-day Adventist hospital to provide aid and rescources to victims of the recent earthquake

(PRWeb May 14, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/05/prweb12724848.htm


          Holi   
Trebuie să recunosc că oricât aş încerca să fug de filmele indiene şi coreene mereu mă lovesc de ele, atât mama cât şi bunica urmăresc astfel de seriale şi din diferite motive ajung să particip la câte un episod ba din unul, ba din altul. Din cele coreene trebuie să recunosc că nu prind nimic interesant, nici ele nu-s interesante, toţi seamănă (atât femeile cât şi bărbaţii), toţi sunt skinny şi toţi ţipă!

Ceea ce pot spune în schimb este că la cele indiene, de bine de rău mai învăţ şi eu câte ceva. Am observat că sunt o naţiune foarte credincioasă, zeii primează la ei şi sunt fel şi fel de ritualuri pe care le urmează zilnic, din zori până la apus.

Sursă

Exemple ar fi multe şi poate am să mai abordez acest subiect dacă vă interesează dar pe moment aş putea spune că una dintre sărbătorile ce îi definesc pe ei este sărbătoarea Holi sau Holli, în traducere însemnând "Festivalul primăverii". Acest festival se desfăşoară anual în ţări precum India, Nepal, Sri Lanka sau în ţări cu diasporă indiană semnificativă (Africa de Sud, Surinam, Guyana etc.). (Sursă)

Sursă

Prima zi de Holi, denumită şi Dhuli Vandana este sărbătorită prin aruncarea de pulberi colorate şi stropirea cu apă parfumată a oamenilor. Cu o zi înainte se aprind şi focurile de tabără ce semnifică evadarea miraculoasă a prinţului Prahlad. (Sursă)

Sursă
 Legenda spune astfel, că Hiranyakashipu era regele demonilor, iar prin graţia zeului Brahma ,a ajuns de neînvins după o lungă penitenţă în care s-a rugat să nu poată fi ucis: "nici ziua, nici noaptea; nici în casă, nici afară; nici pe pământ, nici pe cer; nici de un om, nici de un animal; nici de astra, nici de shastra”, motiv ce l-a făcut să sfideze nemuritorii şi muritorii având dorinţa ca aceştia să i se inchine cu toţii. Fiul lui Hiranyakashipu (Prahlada), era credincios zeului Vishnu şi în ciuda ameninţărilor tatălui său nu a renunţat la credinţa lui. Regele a încercat să-l omoare prin mai multe modalităţi, a cerut să fie călcat de elefanţi dar acesta a scăpat fără nici o zgârietură, l-a închis într-o cameră cu şerpi veninoşi dar a scăpat teafăr, a încercat să-l otrăvească dar veninul în gura lui s-a făcut nectar, iar în disperare a poruncit ca acesta să ardă pe un rug în braţele surorii lui, Holika (demoniţă ce nu putea fi omorâtă prin foc). Neavând de ales, a acceptat oferta tatălui ei dar s-a rugat la zeul Vishna să îi salveze fratele, iar când aceştia au luat foc, demoniţa a ars iar Prahlada a scăpat nevătămat. Într-un final zeul Vishnu a apărut în formă de Narasimha (jumătate om, jumătate leu) şi l-a ucis pe rege în zorii zilei (nici noaptea, nici ziua), pe treptele casei (nici în casă, nici afară), ţinându-l în poală (nici în cer, nici pe pământ) şi zgâriindu-l cu ghearele (nici de astra nici de shastra). (Sursă)

Vishnu
Festivalul ţine 16 zile în zona în care s-a născut Krishna (a-8-a reîncarnare a zeului Vishna) pentru a comemora dragostea dintre acesta şi Radha. Krishna s-ar fi plâns mamei lui că e prea mare contrastul dintre pielea lui şi cea a lui Radha, astfel mama zeului gândindu-se să dea cu culoarea pe faţa Radhei, de aici şi ritualul din timpul festivalului. (Sursă)

Krishna şi Radha
Pentru a putea vedea veselia cu care aceştia se desfăşoară în timpul festivalului, voi pune şi un filmuleţ care mie mi-a placut mult şi sper să vă bucuraţi de el (bine, recunosc ... îmi place puţin şi prezentatorul :D). O zi colorată vă doresc!





          Comment on Nepal photography in black and white by Noel   
Thanks so much for commenting Kathleen, I appreciate it.
          Comment on Nepal photography in black and white by Kathleen   
Black and white images give another perspective of Nepal. Awesome photos, Noel!
          The Nepal Earthquake: One Year Later    
The Nepali people and two locally tied nonprofits take rebuilding into their own hands.
          Studying effects of climate change on glacial ice   
On a college study abroad trip, Twila Moon stood near a large valley glacier in Nepal. She heard the glacier melting, and dripping, and ice shifting."I thought it was the most interesting, magical thing," Twila said.She was enthralled — and went back to school to become a glaciologist. Now, Twila, an Intel ISEF 1996, 1998, and 1999 finalist, studies climate change's effects on glacial ice.Read our interview with Twila below to learn more about her research and why science is so important.ON STUDYING EARTH'S ICE: I get to study things that I think are amazing. I get to do work that I love. I get to discover new things, which feels remarkable. My brain is constantly being challenged and stretched, which is really fulfilling. And I get to study Earth’s ice, which is a dream come true for me!
          As 10 montanhas mais alta do Munndo!!!   
Poucos lugares no mundo despertam tanto fascínio ao homem como o Monte Everest. A montanha mais alta do mundo, cujo cume está a 8.850 metros de altitude, representa um dos maiores desafios do montanhismo. Conquistá-la é uma verdadeira vitória – além de um dos mais extremos testes de resistência, coragem e técnica.


                                                 O K2 é uma montanha da cordilheira de Karakoram, uma das cadeias dos Himalaia, na fronteira sino-paquistanesa. É o segundo pico mais alto do mundo, com uma altitude máxima de 8611 metros. Contudo, é apenas a 22º montanha mais proeminente, com 4017 metros de reascensão. "Montanha da Morte"


 O Kanchenjunga é a terceira montanha mais alta do mundo, com 8586 metros de altitude. Está situada na cordilheira do Himalaia, na fronteira entre o Nepal e a Índia. De 1838 até 1849, acreditava-se que o Kanchenjunga era a mais alta montanha do mundo, pois desconhecia-se a altitude do Everest e do K2.


Com 8516 metros de altitude o Lhotse é a quarta montanha mais alta do mundo, possuindo ligação com o monte Everest pela coluna sul. Até outubro de 2003 haviam subido ao topo do Lhotse 243 alpinistas, sendo que 11 morreram.


Makalu (em chinês oficial Makaru) é a quinta montanha mais alta do mundo, possuindo 8462 metros de altitude. Está localizada a 22 km a leste do monte Everest. É um pico isolado cuja forma lembra uma pirâmide de quatro faces.
 
 
Cho Oyu (ou Cho Oyo ou Zhuoaoyou) é a sexta montanha mais alta do mundo, com 8201 metros de altitude. Está localizada na cordilheira do Himalaia, a 20 km a oeste do monte Everest. Seu nome significa “a melhor turquesa”, no idioma tibetano.
 
 
Dhaulagiri é a sétima montanha mais alta do mundo. Está localizada na cordilheira do Himalaia, na parte centro-norte do Nepal. Seu nome significa “a montanha branca”.
 
 
O Manaslu (também conhecido como Kutang) é a oitava montanha mais alta do mundo, com 8156 metros de altitude. Está localizada na cordilheira do Himalaia. Seu nome deriva da palavra “Manasa”, que em sânscrito significa “a montanha do espírito”.
 
 
A Nanga Parbat é a nona montanha mais alta do mundo, com 8125 metros de altitude. Localiza-se na zona ocidental dos Himalaias, no Paquistão, e o seu nome significa, literalmente, “algo que está nu” em sânscrito.
 
 
O Annapurna é uma montanha do Himalaia, no Nepal. É a décima mais alta montanha da Terra e foi a primeira montanha com mais de 8000 metros de altitude a ser escalada. Annapurna é um nome sânscrito que significa “deusa das colheitas”.

          Banff 2005 Photography Winners   
The 2005 Banff Mountain Festivals (for books and films) wrapped up this month with a display of the winning images from the Banff Mountain Photography Competition. The 17 winning photographs were culled form more than 2600 entries.

This year's photography grand prize was awarded to Mead Norton's moving image, Prayer Offerings on the Shore of Namtso Lake, Tibet.

Mead Norton traveled around Southeast Asia taking photographs for the last year and is currently living in Auckland, New Zealand, where he is a photography teacher and freelance photographer. His photographic travels have also included trips to Cuba, the Caribbean and North America. Norton is currently finishing his thesis project, titled "The Hardships Faced by Students in the Khumbu Region of Nepal," for his master's degree at Brooks Institute of Photography.

He said of his winning image:
"Namtso Lake, the highest saltwater lake in the world, is considered by Buddhist pilgrims to be one of the three holiest lakes. Namtso means 'heavenly lake' in Tibetan. Each year, thousands of pilgrims from Tibet, China and other countries make the long journey to the lake in order to pray to Buddha and leave offerings of katas-white silk scarves-and strings of prayer flags along its shore. They believe that as the wind unravels their offerings their prayers are released into the heavens. I first read about Namtso Lake and became fascinated with Tibet when I read Seven Years in Tibet, so when I was in Lhasa I took the opportunity to join a pilgrimage. I spent four days camped on the shore of the lake and captured this image one day as the sun was setting. I could feel a mystical aura surrounding the lake and could imagine what it must have been like when Heinrich Harrer and Peter Aufschnaiter first explored the area. My visit was a welcome relief from seeing the destruction caused by the Chinese in modern Tibet."
          This Popular Island Destination Is Exporting Monkeys for Cruel Experiments   
Mauritius is one of the world's largest suppliers of non-human primates for inhumane medical experiments.

Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean, is a dream holiday destination for tourists from all over the world. It is famous for its beautiful beaches, lagoons, tropical climate, heritage sites, lush forests and wildlife. Yet, this idyllic location is also infamous for a sinister reason—the cruel exploitation of its population of monkeys. Mauritius is one of the world’s largest participants in the cruel trade of supplying non-human primates for experiments. In 2016, 8,245 long-tailed macaques were exported from Mauritius to the USA, Canada and Europe with 3,522 imported by the USA, the largest importer of monkeys from Mauritius.

In Mauritius, the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) lives freely. However, the species is not considered indigenous, despite having been well-established on the island for about 400 years. Although the species is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), there exists no legislation to protect the primates of Mauritius. Instead, they are widely persecuted and exploited.

Historically, monkeys were trapped in the wild to be shipped overseas. Following international condemnation of the trade in wild-caught primates, tens of thousands of primates are now held in farms across Mauritius. Many of these animals were captured from the wild and are now imprisoned in these farms and used for breeding. Denied their freedom in the lush foliage of their jungle homes, these individuals spend their lives behind bars, on concrete. Their offspring are transported as ‘cargo’ in small wooden crates on airplanes to laboratories around the world to feed the international research industry.

Tourism is a key pillar of the economy of Mauritius and contributes significantly to the economic growth of the island. Mauritius is also promoting the island’s image as a green, eco-friendly tourist destination. The reputation of Mauritius as a country where the environment is valued is being put at risk by the export of monkeys for cruel experiments. Added to this is the introduction of recent regulations that will, for the first time, allow such experiments to be carried out on the island itself. The main species to be used in the research will be the country’s population of long-tailed macaques.

It cannot be argued that the economic benefits of the monkey trade and potential revenue from experiments are more important than tourism. Even a brief glance at the figures shows this controversial trade, worth less than 2 percent of Mauritian export, is economically insignificant compared with the income that Mauritius receives from its tourism industry. It is well-established that if a country develops a reputation for unkind treatment of animals, it has a very strong negative effect on tourism.

An additional factor to consider which is equally puzzling is that Hinduism is the largest religion in Mauritius. The country has the third highest percentage of Hindus in the world after Nepal and India. Lord Hanuman, the monkey god, is one of the most popular idols in the Hindu religion and is worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion. The trade in primates on Mauritius clearly is contrary to the very concept of Hindu culture and society which emphasises the spiritual equality of all living beings.

There are concerns that the introduction of animal experiments to Mauritius is primarily to provide a new market for the primate breeding companies and a reaction to problems with airlines refusing to transport primates for research purposes, moves to impose tighter restrictions on the import of primates within the European Union and a growing public concern about the use of primates in research. Animal researchers and companies may be looking to travel to Mauritius to carry out research that would not be allowed to take place in their own country.

A glance at the new regulations governing the experiments shows that substantial sections have simply been taken from EU and UK legislation, but this has not been consistently done, so there are significant gaps and contradictions. For example, there is no provision for governmental inspections of laboratories. Nor are there any rules in the regulations about the housing, environment and enrichment to be provided to animals. Furthermore, transparency and accountability appear to be absent because, although there is a requirement for researchers to submit records to the government, there is no provision for the government to subsequently put such information into the public domain. 

The long-tailed macaque is the most widely traded primate species for research worldwide and the most widely-traded mammal on the CITES database. In the laboratory, these primates may suffer substantially, including the effects of poisoning (such as vomiting, internal bleeding, weight loss, organ failure and even death) after being forced to consume large quantities of chemicals or drugs in toxicity tests or face being subjected to major brain surgery, their skulls cut open and devices implanted into their brains.

Examples of recent research carried out on long-tailed macaques in the USA makes disturbing reading: 1) experiments that have attempted to mimic traumatic military injuries; 2) forced addiction to recreational drugs such as alcohol and cocaine; 3) injections with phencyclidine (PCP or ‘angel dust’) and 4) forced inhaling of cigarette smoke several hours a day (for some monkeys it was the equivalent of a person smoking four packs of cigarettes a day).

The development of alternative methods to using animals is a growing and pioneering field. There is now a wide range of more human-relevant and humane approaches and animal tests are being replaced in areas such as toxicity testing, neuroscience and drug development. These alternatives include cell, tissue and organ cultures; methods using chemistry, computers or imaging machines; and ethical and highly effective studies using human volunteers.

Cruelty Free International is dedicated to ending this cruel exploitation of the Mauritius monkeys. We believe that the focus for Mauritius should instead be on these new technologies for non-animal experiments and we are urging Mauritius to become a forward-thinking country that adopts humane and cutting-edge alternatives. Mauritius’ image abroad is already tarnished because of its role in the cruel international trade in monkeys for research. Allowing animal experiments to take place will have a further negative impact and likely result in further widespread protest.

Our campaign has received widespread support from around the world, including in Mauritius, by scientists, wildlife experts, politicians and socio-cultural groups as well as members of the public. Indian politician Maneka Gandhi and internationally renowned primatologist Dr. Jane Goodall have also voiced their concerns.

There are three actions you can take to support our campaign to protect the monkeys of Mauritius and let government officials know that what they are doing is unacceptable:

1. Send an email/letter to the Mauritius Embassy in Washington:

mauritius.embassy@verizon.net

washingtonemb@govmu.org

H. E. Mr S. Phokeer

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Mauritius Embassy

1709 N. Street, NW

Washington D.C. 20036

2. Send an email/letter to the Minister of Tourism in Mauritius:

mtou@govmu.org

The Hon Anil Kumarsingh GAYAN, SC

Minister of Tourism

Ministry of Tourism

Level 5, Air Mauritius Centre

John Kennedy Street

Port Louis

Mauritius

3. Sign this petition.

 

Related Stories


          Kisah Seks Milah   


Raj yg dr tadi telah memuaskan nafsunya main pantat Milah dgn buas dan ganasnya. Ini yang membuatkan milah amat teingin dikongkek dan dibalun lagi. Minuman Guinness Stout tadi telah membuatkan Raj main tahan lama dan ganas. Milah pun ada minum satu gelas. Permanian puki Milah di round kedua dan ketiga dibawah pengaruh Guinness Stout amat hebat. Kini mereka berbaring diatas tilam empuk tempat Milah selalu memantat dengan suami dia dan lelaki lain seperti Encung dan Inspector Sabarudin. Lelaki Nepal, Krishnan, budak Security Kelantan dan Mastello memantat Milah di hotel hotel atau ditempat lain. Cikgu tuition anak Milah memantat Milah dalam kereta aje.
Raj yang dari mula main tadi dapat melihat ada kesan kesan love bite di bontot Milah bawah tetek dan banyak dibelakang Milah. Raj tahu Milah pergi ke Medan tentunya ada orang yang dapat main pantat Milah. Raj diamkan saja dan dia tahu Milah pun tahu yang pasti nampak dan tahu dia ada bagi puki dia kat orang lain masa di Medan!.Jika Raj tanya dia akan terus terang cakap tapi Raj tak tanya dia diamkan saja takut nanti hilang rasa setim mereka berdua.
Milah memeluk Raj dengan mengiring memegang konek tak sunat Raj yang kelihatan lembik sebab dah 3 kali memancutkan air mani kedalam pantat Milah tadi. Raj pula kini menggentel biji kelentit Milah sambil menyucuk yucuk jari nya kedalam lubang pantat Milah. Milah dah rasa setim, pantat Milah dah berair lalu Milah angkat sikit kepala terus menghisap konek Raj dengan penuh keghairahan yang dah mula menengang. Bagaikan kemaruk Milah sukanya hisap konek hitam Raj yang kulup itu. Raj pun memusingkan kepala lalu menjilat dan menyedut lubang pantat Milah dan mengulum biji kelentit Milah.
Tak lama konek raj tegang keras terserlah kepala konek keluar dari kulit menutup kulop tak sunat. Milah masih lagi menghisap dan menjilat2 kepala konek Raj dan selang seli Milah menyonyot buah pelir Raj yang hitam legam dam berbulu itu. Raj juga suka pantat Milah yang lebat bulu. Milah kerap cukur tetapi Raj dan Encung tak kasi cukur jika cukur pun biar jangan pendek. Mereka suka pantat Milah berbulu sebab ada bau sedap mereka. Konek raj dah keras bagai batang besi manakala pantat Milah dah basah lenjun keluar air dinyonyot dan dijilat oleh Raj. Raj makin tak sabar. Mereka berdua beralih posisi dan Raj bangun tuang dua gelas besar Guinness stout satu diberikan kepada Milah yang terus meminum ikut saja apa kata Raj
“ Milah minum ni nanti kita sama2 kuat boleh main lama..nak tak main ganas ganas?. Milah mengangguk anggukan kepala nya dan berkata.” Apa saja abang Raj sayang cakap Milah ikut bang!... suka tak pantat Milah bang?”. “Suka tapi Milah mesti kuat main baru sama sama puas tu sebab abang nak Milah minum Guinness Stout ni.”kata Raj. Milah menjawablagi” ok Milah nak lagi satu gelas bang.biar Milah setim betul betul malam ni. Malam ni Milah milik abang Raj” kata Milah. Raj dapat menyakinkan Milah yang Guiness Stout amat baik untuk merangsangkan nafsu seks dan memberikan ketahanan bersetubuh. Raj juga kata jika lelaki yang minum boleh melambatkan keluar pancutan air mani dan juga Guinness Stout boleh menidakkan kehamilan walaupun dah banyak Raj pancutkan air mani kedalam pantat Milah. Tu yang Milah suka nak minum Guinness Stout tu. Sekurang kurangnya buat masa ni Milah minum biar tak mengandong nanti lepas ni Milah kena makan ubat peransang lain tak boleh Guinness Stout takut tak melekat benih nak mengandong. Raj tahu Milah minum Guinness Stout masa main dengan dia aje, dengan orang lain Milah minum ubat perangsang lain. Milah main dengan adik ipar dia Mat, Milah minum ubat beli dari jiran dia Abang Mus atau pun dari Mastello driver yang dah dapat main pantat Milah juga khabarnya.
Raj menjawab”suka Milah..pantat Milah sedap sangat sama macam pantat Susmita bini Jagjit...mana sedap batang abang dengan batang Jagjit atau Krishnan?” tanya Raj pada Milah.” Abang Raj punya lah yang best hitam keras sedap panas dan geli sedap Milah bila abang Raj hentak kuat kuat!” jawab Milah.Ya ke? ..... ”batang Encung dan konek polis Sabarudin tu mana sedap?”tanya Raj.
“tu batang dah potong tak sedap lah tak macam konek abang dan Jagjit sama juga Krishnan ada rasa geli geli sedap bila hentak tujah tujah sebab dapat rasa kulit kulop btak sunat sssedapp sangat” jawab Milah. “ tapi Encung dan Sabarudin tu pandai main dan batang dia besor tu sebab puas juga Milah bang!” jawab Milah lagi sambil menelentag dan mengangkang menadah untuk Raj memasukkan konek keras tu. Mila memegang konek Raj untuk di halakan kelubang pantat nya. Raj faham lalu dia pun memegang konek dia digesel geselkan ke biji kelentit Milah yang dah tak sabar tu.”Oh...cepat bang!. ..Milah nak kotek abang cepat bang!. Milah merengek.
Raj memang pandai nak seksa Milah. Dia berhenti lalu dia menghalakan konek dia ke mulut Milah sambil berkata.”Milah janji lepas ni Milah mengandong abang nak main pantat Milah masa mengandong ok!...Milah mesti janji tak abang tak main pantat Milah ni”. Milah berhenti mengulum dan berkata”bang takan Milah nak ngandongkan benih abang nanti anak tak rupa putih bang!” kata Milah sambil ketawa kecil.”Ah Milah kan main juga dengan Sabarudin, Encung dan suami Milah dia orangkan putih!”balas Raj sambil menyucuk nyucuk pantat Milah dan bongkok menghisap tetek Milah. “Ok Milah! Abang sayang Milah abang nak main pantat Milah sampai Milah beranak Ok!...kongsi sama Encung dan siapa saja abang tak kisah Milah janji abang nak main Milah masa mengandong!” kata Raj lagi.
Raj ni macam Mat, adik ipar Milah yang suka dengan perempuan mengandong. Raj amat terangsang bila melihat perempuan mengandong yang cantik cantik tu sebab dia dapat main Sushmita bini abang dia Jagjit. Puas Raj memantat Sushmita sampai sarat nak beranaklah pantat Sushmita di kerjakan Raj. Sushmita pun amat suka main dengan adik ipar dia macam Milah sukakan konek adik ipar dia Mat. Mat pun suka main dengan Milah sebab Milah memang kuat main dan Mat terlalu suka Milah mengerang dan meraung bila kena main.
Raj pun sebenarnya nak Milah mengandong benih dia dan tak peduli biarkan benihnya boncitkan perut Milah. Sebenarnya tiada jaminan yang Guinness Stout boleh mencegah kehamilan saja raj nak tipu Milah.rta sampai sarat nak beranak lah Sushmita di kerjakan Raj.
“Ok bang..Milah ngandongkan untuk abang..tapi tak kira benih siapa ya bang...janji masa Milah boncit ngandong abang main pantat Milah bila saja Milah nak ok?”kata Milah. Mendengar tu Raj amat suka sekali.
Sebenarnya suami Milah pun dah banyak kali beritahu Milah supaya beranak lagi. Suami Milah nak bila Milah mengandong Milah tentu tak bebas macam selalu keluar rumah macam sekarang. Milah kena jaga anak.
Raj pun memasukakan konek nya sekadar bertahan dulu tak mahu menghenjut sebab dia nak Milah merayu rayu meminta pantat dia di hentak tutuh dan tujah oleh batang hitam legam tak sunat tu. Tetapi Milah pun pandai, dia peluk Raj dipinggang dengan kedua kaki nya manakala tangan Milah memaut badan dan leher Raj sambil lidah menjilat telinga, leher dan mengulum lidah Raj disamping meraung dengan kuat meminta Raj main dengan kuat. Raj mengalah tak tahan kesedapan terus di hentak nya Milah dengan ganas sekali.
Kini Milah dibuai kesedapan dan terus merengek rengek meraung macam anjing menyalak. Raj terus menghentak dan menujah dengan penuh nafsu sambil menghisap tetek Milah dan mengigit gigit leher ditetek dada Milah menampakkan kesan merah love bite. Milah dah tak peduli semua itu. Kesan Guinness Stout tadi memberatkan kepalanya dan terus menaikkan syahwat dia sama juga dengan Raj. Rupa nya tadi Raj ada juga memasukkan air rangsangan babi kedalam Guiness Stout untuk menambahkan lagi kekuatan nafsu Milah. Mainan dah hampir 20 minit takda tanda kedua dua nak mengalah tetapi Raj sedar dan dia perlu berehat jika tidak tewas dia nanti. Sedanag Milah merengek meraung kesedapan Raj berhenti sekejap.
“Milah lengoh sekejap..sayang kita doggie ya?kata nya pada Milah yang kelihatan kecewa sebab tengah sedap.”Ah..abang ni Milah tak puas lagi pancut lah yang ni ...nanti doggie pancut lagi!” kata nya sambil memusing untuk menungging untuk posisi doggie.
Tetapi Raj memeluk Milah dan mencium seluruh muka Milah serta leher dan menghisap2 tetek Milah menunjukkan rasa sayang pada Milah. Milah mengalah dan membalas mencium Raj manja bagaikan kekasih sejati. Lama mereka berkulum lidah. Konek Raj masih tegang lagi dan pantat Milah dah basah dengan air pelicin yang dah keluar tadi. Raj menelentang manakala Milah mengiring. Ada perkara yang Raj nak cakap pada Milah sebelum mereka meneruskan main pantat Milah lagi.
“Milah saya tak sabar nak main Milah masa mengandong” kata Raj sambil menggentel puting Milah dan tangan satu lagi menggentel biji kelentit Milah yang juga melancap lancapkan konek keras Raj.
”Milah lepas ni dalam 2 bulan ni Milah mesti sangkut benih mengandong ok..Milah sayang!’ kata Raj lagi dan terus bangun membetulkan posisi menghalakan koneknya kelubang pantat Milah yang dah terbuka mengangkang tu. Raj menunggu jawapan dari Milah. Milah faham lalu berkata”Ok bang Milah janji Milah mengandong nanti bang!. Bila Milah jawab aje Raj pun menikam koneknya terus kedalam pantat Milah. Terbeliak mata Milah seraya mengerang”Oh..oh..bang kuat bang!”Milah nak kotek abang Raj...sedapp bang..!.“Oh Milah ...Milah pantat Milah sedap panas!...Milah teriak kuat2 meraung bila sedap ok!” kata Raj.
“Ya..aaya bang.. Milah memang selalu tak sssedar Milah meraung kuat2 sebab terlalu sedap bang!..tu tuuu...Yati cakap Milah selalu meraung dan dia tahu Milah meraung kena main pantat.”kata Milah tersekat sekat sebab dah kena henjut dengan India jiran dia ni. Makin kuat Raj hentak makin kuat Milah meraung kesedapan. Satu rumah boleh dengar mujur takda sesiapa dirumah sebab Yati dah pun pergi bersama Budin.
Sedang mainan pantat Milah dah bermula Milah tetiba teringatkan Budin. Memang dia rasakan batang butuh Budin sangat besor, senak perut nya bila dihenjut kuat2 pleh Budin tetapi amat sedap sekali pada Milah. Milah juga teringat akan kote tak sunat Pak Suman yang tak puas Milah hisap tu. Maka makin bernafsu Milah membalas tujahan Raj keran Milah nak Raj main betul2 kuat untuk dibandingkan dengan Budin dan Pak Suman. Milah juga nanti boleh tahu perbezaan nya main dengan Raj dan Budin serta Pak Suman bila tubuh Yati juga akan Milah berikan pada Raj untuk main puas puas nanti sebab Yati pun dah main dengan Budin dan Pak Suman. Bila Raj dah dapat merasa pantat dan meratah puki Yati, Milah akan tanya Yati nanti siapa yang lebih hebat?.
Milah akui Raj anak hindu ni pandai main walaupun kecil tubuh tetapi koneknya besar. Itu sebab kakak ipar dia Sushmita gilakan nak saja butuh Raj tambahan Jagjit selalu outstation.
Sebelum Raj, india yang dapat main lubang pantat Milah ialah Krishnan, jiran sebelah rumah Milah di Kayu Ara dulu. Krishnan ni india jenis kulit putih sikit adalah kawan baik Raj. Mereka dulu sama berkerja dan kadang2 Raj datang kerumah Krishnan. Tu yang selalu nampak Milah dan mula berbaik baik. Krishnan memang memendam hati nak main pantat Milah. Selalu dia ceritakan krpada Raj dan Raj pula mau rasa pantat Milah juga. Umpan nya, Krishnan selalu belikan macam macam untuk Milah. Krishnan selalu datang kerumah Milah terutama bila suami Milah takda. Milah juga suka dan ajak Krishnan datang. Bila Krishnan tanya siapa ada rumah, Milah selalu kata datanglah takda orang. Masa ni Krishnan berbaik dan ajak Milah sembang dan akhirnya dapat ajak keluar makan makan sehinggalah dia mengajak Milah ke Genting Highlands. Akhirnya Krishnan dah sampai juga hajat dia nak rasa pantat Milah. Milah memang nak, dia hanya ketawa aje tetapi Milah kata dia ikut aje kemana Krishnan nak bawa dia bila line clear.
Mereka check in dihotel di Genting Highlands. Krishnan kini akan dapat merasa tubuh Milah yang putih melepak itu apatah lagi pantat Milah yang gatal itu. Semasa didalam perjalanan Krishnan dah terbayang macam macam cara dia nak balun betina melayu yang sundal ini. Tambahan Krishnan memang suka pula pantat bini orang yang dah beranak 4 cantik putih pulak tu. Bila dah berjiran senang Krishnan jinakkan Milah dengan memberi habuan dan umpan malah duit pun dia ada hulurkan pada Milah waktu suami Milah sedang susah. Milah pula memang menduga yang Krishnan nak main pantat dia. Milah pakai bau wangi wangian yang sedap sekali sehingga pantat dia pun disemburkan minyak wangi. Dalam kereta tadi pun mereka dah pegang pegang tangan dan Krishnan memuji muji akan kecantikan Milah.
“Milah ni cantik lah semua orang tengok mesti nak sama Milah...itu lah kalau saya dapat saya kasi puas puas tak kasi can punya!” kata Krishnan.
“Eh..betul ke..puas macam mana?..boleh tahan ke? Tanya Milah sambil gelak.
“Milah tengok lah nanti apa macam saya kasi puas sama Milah” jawab Krishnan. “Ok kita tengok nanti siapa yang tak tahan” jawab Milah balik.
“Milah kalu dapat orang cantik putih macam Milah ni tak makan pun takpa...kasi sampai pagi pun boleh lagi..ha..ha..kalu mau tahu ni Krishnan lah!”. sambung Krishnan lagi.
“Milah! Ni anak hindu kotek tak potong sedap Milah, tengok ni dah keras....dah rasa nak lagi ha..ha..!..tapi dengan syarat satu aja buat mula” kata Krishnan lagi sambil tarik tangan Milah ke kotek dia. Tangan satu lagi memegang steering kereta. Cepat Milah menarik takut Krishnan tak boleh control gear kereta.
“Milah! Tak apa ini tangan control gear dan steering tangan Milah contol gear saya ni, nanti rasa lagi sedap tau!” kata Krishnan yang menarik tangan Milah lagi supaya memegang butuh nya. Milah ramas ramas dan dapat merasakan memang besar. Timbul nafsu setim Milah tak sabar nak cepat merasa konek tak sunat hindu ni. Milah dah rasa pantat dia dah berair sikit dek melayan kata kata berahi tadi. Krishnan pula yakin tentu Milah dah terair pantat dia maka dia bertekad nanti dia tak akan kasi Milah kencing dulu atau ke bilik air untuk basuh pantat sebab dia lihat dan pasti Milah ni cepat setim kuat main. Apa pun Krishnan nak jilat pantat Milah dulu bila sampai dibilek hotel nanti.
Krishnan yang dah terangsang kesedapan konek diramas tangan Milah berkata”Milah sedap lah...saya tak tahan ni, satu syarat ok?.
“Ya ke sedap?!...apa syarat nya”tanya Milah.
“Ok Milah mesti hisap saya punya dulu sampai keras betul2. Saya janji kasi Milah betul2 puas. Saya suka main ganas ganas dan mau Milah kata sedap kuat kuat ok Milah boleh?” tanya Krishnan.
“Ok nak apa saja saya ikut dan awak buat apa saja saya tak kisah” jawab Milah sambil diramas kuat lagi konek Krishnan yang dah keras diluar seluar. Krishnan pula membalas dengan tangan kanan meraba pantat Milah yang memakai baju kurung. Rabaan tangan Krishnan Cuma dapat rasa tundun pantat Milah aje kerana susah sikit jadi Krishnan mau Milah angkat tarik kain baju kurung keatas tetapi sebelum Krishnan berkata Milah macam dah faham lalu terus menarik kain keatas . Apa lagi Krishnan nampak seluar dalam Milah dan tampukkan basah di pantat Milah. Di korek korek nya lubang pantat Milah yang dah tersandar di kerusi sebelahnya sambil mengerang kecil.”ehh ..oh...seeehhh” setim nya keluhan Milah yang makin membuat Krishnan lagi tak sabar nak main pantat Milah.
“Milah nanti jangan basuh pantat ni ya! ..saya mau jilat tu air!”pinta Krishnan. Milah Cuma angguk angguk aje sambil berkata”..Ya...ya ok bang!” Milah dah rasa manja memanggil Krishnan abang!.
Krishnan membalas”.Ya..ya abang nak pantat Milah, ini pantat melayu tentu sedap! Kena dengan batang butuh hindu tentu lagi sedap! Milah mesti mau lagi”!.
“Ya lah cepat lah sampai, kita tengok siapa yang kuat!’kata Milah. Mereka pun sampai ke Genting Hotel. Milah tunggu didalam kereta sementara Krishnan check in. Krishnan naik ke bilik dulu dan menalipon Milah di suruhnya Milah kunci kereta dan naik ke kamar 696.
Sampai saja Milah tekan loceng Krishnan buka pintu. Krishnan dah berbogel telanjang bulat dengan kote yang hapir keras tegang. Sebelum Krishnan call Milah tadi Krishnan dah makan pil Viagra. Tentu dalam 20 minit aje kesannya akan hebat tikaman dan mainan puki Milah perempuan melayu sundal ni. Milah juga tak tahu yang Krishnan dah masukkan ubat ransangan perempuan “Firefly”didalam air teh yang baru dibancuh sebentar tadi.
Masuk aje Milah didepan pintu bilik Krishnan dah tak sabar lalu memeluk Milah dan mencium Milah bertubi tubi sambil meramas ramas bontot Milah dan meraba raba pantat Milah. Milah membalas berkulum lidah dengan memeluk erat belakang Krishnan dan tangan satu lagi meraba dapat memegang konek Krishnan. Milah ditarik ke katil dan disuruh buka baju telanjang.
“cepat sayang..abang tak tahan ni nak jilat dulu pantat Milah ni” kata Krishnan sambil membantu Milah membuka baji kurung dan kain Milah yang dicampakkan ke lantai. Milah terus baring kekatil. Bra Milah dibukanya dan seluar dalam tarik nya ke bawah. Apa lagi terdedah lah pantat Milah perempuan melayu sundal yang dah basah lenjun akibat korekan oleh Krishnan tadi. Krishnan dah tak sabar terus dijilatnya pantat Milah. Mula aje Milah dah merengek”ah..ahh...ahhh..oooh”sambil meramas ramas kepala Krishnan agar lebih kuat lagi menghisap, menyedut pantat Milah dan mengulum biji kelentitnya.
Sekejap aje Krishnan dah setim keras sungguh konek tak sunat nya. Milah membuka mata memerhatikan batang butuh anak hindu yang tak sunat tu. Krishnan perasan lalu dia berhenti bangun memusingkan badan membuat aksi 69. Milah amat faham lalu dicapainya batang yang keras kulup tu untuk dihisapnya dengan mulut muggil yang cantik itu. Milah bagaikan kemaruk mengulum dan menghisap buah dan batang pelir hindu tak sunat tu. Milah memang mengidam nak kulum yang dia tahu memang tak sunat. Peluang yang ada dia berbaik dengan jiran dia Krishnan ni tentu nya Milah nak dapat rasa konek india yang kawan kawan Milah kata sedap panas. Betul rasa sedap dikulum dan memang betul sedap hisap kote kulup tak sunat. Baunya amat menaikkan nafsu Milah. Lama sungguh mereka beraksi 69. Meraung dan mengerang Milah tak usah lah nak kata, memang kuat. Tu belum kena tujah dan hentak dengan kote Krishnan lagi. Krishnan pula menjilat dan menyedut lubang pantat Milah dengan rakusnya. Biji kelentit Milah dah tersembul naik terus di kulum digigitnya sehingga birat jadinya.
Krishnan memang geram dengan betina melayu sundal ni. Krishnan memang nak berikan hentakan dan henjut pantat Milah dengan kuat dan ganas. Krishnan nak biar Milah meraung kuat macam mana sekali pun dia tak peduli. Dia nak balun Milah puas puas sebab tadi dia pun dah janji. Jika tak dia tak akan merasa lagi pantat Milah selepas ini. Krishnan tahu juga sedikit tentang Milah.
(MILAH-Perempuan yang dah beranak 4 dan perempuan yang selalu curi makan berzina main pantat berikan lubang puki dia kepada lelaki lain termasuk jiran melayu nya Encung, kawan baik suaminya Inspektor Polis Saharudin, budak jaga berbangsa Nepal, driver yang selalu bersama menanti Milah ambil anak dia di sekolah bernama Marcello, Security budak Kelantan yang Milah suka dan selalu berikan wang pun dah balun pantat Milah. Milah suka budak Security melayu ni main pantat dia. Selain itu Milah juga ada kekasih lelaki handsome tapi Milah mengaku lelaki ni konek dia tak naik susah nak keras, puas Milah hisap supaya main masuk kedalam pantat Milah. Lelaki ni suka sungguh jilat pantat Milah. Tapi mungkin Milah berbohong dengan adik ipar dia Mat, yang lelaki ni tak main pantat dia. Ada dengar juga yang Milah main dengan Cikgu Tuition anak dia tapi Milah berahsia bila ditanya. Mungkin orang gaji Milah Yati tau tentang hal ini.)
Krishnan memang nak buktikan yang dia anak hindu yang handal daripada semua lelaki yang Milah dah main maka itu Krishnan bertekad nak main lebih hebat dan ganas ganas serta hentak kuat kuat pantat Milah. Krishnan bertekad nak mengandongkan Milah.
Kini Milah merayu rayu agar Krishnan memasukkan konek yang dah amat keras tu kedalam pantat nya. Krishnan dah pasti air rangsangan “Firefly” yang Milah dah minum tadi dan juga pil Viagra yang dimakan tadi dah memberikan kesan. Krishnan bangun membetulkan kedudukan ditengah katil. Milah di suruhnya kangkang luas luas dengan seluruh tangan dibuka. Krishnan tak terus masuk konek dia tetapi sebaliknya dia merapatkan bibirnya mencium mulut Milah yang terus dibalas oleh Milah. Milah dah tak tahan mahukan pantatnya di rodok dan ditujah oleh batang keras tak sunat yang panjang 9 inci itu. Tak sabar Milah nak rasa kote kulop tak sunat anak hindu ini.
Krishnan mencium seluruh muka Milah, leher kebawah lagi menjilat badan dan dada Milah sambil menghisap hisap dan meramas ramas buah dada Milah yang besor dan tegang itu. Milah yang dah tak tahan hanya mengerang kesedapan terus meramas ramas rambut dan kepala Krishnan dan cuba mencapai konek Krishnan. Krishnan pula ingin menjilat seluruh badan Milah sebab melihat keputihan body Milah yang cantik lagipun dari dulu dia dah berjanji dengan diri dia dan cakap pada Raj yang dia nak jilat dari kepala sehingga hujung kaki jika dapat main dengan Milah. Krishnan terus mencium perut Milah dan turun ke pantat Milah sekali lagi di jilat dan disedutnya lubang pantat Milah sambil mengulum ngulum biji kelentit Milah.
“Abang...jangan siksa Milah bang...cepat lah masukkan butoh tu...Milah nak rasa cepat batang india tak sunat bang...nak rasa kulit kolop abang tu banggg... cepat lah bang!” rayu Milah.
Krishnan yang juga dah amat setim dengan kesan viagra tadi cepat cepat menghabiskan jilat sehingga ke tapak kaki dan membalikkan bontot Milah untuk di jilat semuanya.
Krishnan menelentangkan Milah sambil menguakkan kedua kaki Milah diangkatnya keatas kedua bahunya. Maka terkangkanglah Milah menampakkan pantat berbulu halus yang sudah amat bersedia menerima tikaman butoh anak hindu ini. Sebelum itu tadi Krishnan berhenti seketika dan menyuruh Milah hisap batang dia dan menanya kepada Milah sekali lagi.
“Milah janji ya!.. abang hindu ni nak pancut dalam puki Milah jika mengandong biarkan ya Milah..janji ya sayang?”kata Krishnan sambil membongkok mencium mulut Milah yang cepat dibalas oleh Milah sambil berkata”Ya bang ya bangg..Milah janji bang!..cepat lah bang tak macam mana nak mengandong anak abang...kote abang tak masuk masukkan lagi...Milah nak banggggg!.”rayu Milah dengan kata manja dan kuat.
Krishnan memperbetulkan semula kedua kaki Milah keatas bahunya lalu di suruhnya Milah pegang konek kulopnya yang dah amat keras tu agar Milah sendiri yang memasukkan kedalam lubang pukinya.
Dengan sekali tekan aje batang butoh hindu yang panjang kulop tu dah hampir separuh masuk kedalam puki Milah. Belum pun Krishnan henjut Milah dah menadah tolak keatas maka masuk terus lagi kedalam hampir terbenam seluruh konek Krishnan kedalam lubang pantat Milah yang dah merasa banyak menerima kehadiran kote kote lelaki yang disukainya.
Krishnan akui Milah memang hebat, puas dia hentak dan tujah pantat Milah . Perempuan gatal sundal ni tetap boleh menerima dengan handalnya. Meraung dan merengek memang menaikkan nafsu Krishnan maka lebih ganas lagi dia menikam lebih kuat menghenjut dan lebih dalam lagi tujahan lagi sambil menghisap kedua dua tetek besar Milah. Krishnan juga mengigit gigit membuat love bite pada leher Milah dan juga di tetek Milah. Milah dah tak peduli sebab suaminya pun takda keluar negeri biarlah Krishnan gigit lagi pun Milah rasa sedap main ganas macam ni.
Acara Milah dibawah sudah hampir setengah jam, Milah lihat tiada tanda tanda Krishnan akan memancutkan air maninya begitu juga dengan Krishnan melihat Milah masih hebat makah makin ganas lagi menadah dan mengigit gigit dada dan badan Krishnan.
Kini Krishnan mencabut tanpa kerelaan Milah. Tujuannya Krishnan nak main cara doggie. Milah tersentak lalu menanya”kenapa bang tengah sedap ni abang cabut...why?... bang why...ala abang ni? Kata Milah seakan kesal.
“Pusing abang nak doggiekan Milah!”jawab Krishnan.
“bang.. main atas badan Milah tujah tak habis lagi tak keluar air abang dah cabut ni nak doggie pulak!” kata Milah sambil memusingkan badan dan menunggingkan bontot yang amat solid putih melepak itu. Krishnan geram melihat bontot Milah. Konek dia semakin keras kesan viagra dan Milah juga berpeluk naik syahwat akibat air “Firefly” tadi. Milah tak tahu tetapi dia merasakan dia amat ghairah main dengan Krishnan. Timbul hasrat dia nak lebih kerap main dengan hindu ini dan biarkan Krishnan main pantat dia lebih lama walaupun dia dah mengandong nanti.
Mainan doggie amat menghairahkan Milah. Mereka bersama sama handal. Milah menahan setiap tikaman kuat dan ganas Krishnan dengan kuatnya meraung dan mengerang. Sesiapa yang lalu didepan bilik pastinya boleh mendengar Milah meraung. Kesukaan Milah ialah meraba raba buah pelir Krishnan ketika pantat dia dihentak kuat oleh Krishnan manakala Krishnan pula meraba biji kelentit serta membongkok meramas ramas tetek Milah yang berbuai buai itu. Milah dah merasa pantat nya panas dek lama menerima tujahan konek Krishnan Mereka setelah hampir 45 minit mereka main doggie dan hampir setengah jam mereka main aksi kuda yang mana Milah bertenggek diatas badan Krishnan menghenjut henjutkan pantat nya kebawah sambil Krishnan menujah keatas. Walaupun cuaca didalam bilik sejuk mereka berpeluh peluh akibat keghairahan memantat. Ketika ini Milah merasakan Krishnan masih belum nak memancutkan air mani dia. Milah akui memang anak hindu ni hebat macam dia cakap didalam kereta petang tadi. Memang handal Krishnan main pantat Milah. Rasa sayang Milah bertambah kepada Krishnan dan dia tak mahu lepaskan Krishnan selepas ini.
Krishnan dah terasa mahu memancutkan air maninya tetapi masih boleh bertahan lagi lalu disuruhnya Milah yang sedang sedap menghenjut berkuda atas badan dia menelentang seperti main aksi permulaan tadi. Milah dah merasakan Krishnan akan memancutkan air maninya bila beraksi macam ni. Cepat cepat Milah baring sementara itu Krishnan sekali lagi menghulurkan konek nya yang masih lagi keras dan basah dengan air pantat Milah itu ke mulut Milah. Milah tak membantah malah amat pelahap sekali menyonyot nyonyot konek kulop anak hindu itu. Milah tak kisah walaupun batang itu ada berbau air pelicin main pantat. Malah bau dan rasa menaikkan nafsu Milah lagi. Kesan air dan viagra memang hebat. Dah 2 jam lebih mereka main akhirnya Krishnan memancutkan air mani hindunya kedalam lubang pantat puki perempuan melayu sundal jran sebelah rumahnya yang bernama Milah yang gatal kuat nafsu main itu.
Mereka main puas puas dan Krishnan di round kedua dan ketiga main sangat ganas. Habis badan Milah di gigit buat love bite. Milah pula tak kurang hebat leher dan badan Krishnan juga di gigitnya. Krishnan tak peduli sebab dia takda isteri siapa kisah ada love bite ke tidak. Cuma nanti kawan dia Raj atau pun Sami aje mungkin nampak pada leher atau badan dia nanti.
Milah menyerahkan puki dia kepada hindu ini sampai hampir keberapa jam dah. Mereka dah main 3 round. Cuma Krishnan aje yang tertidur sekejap aje. Milah hanya terlelap sekejap kejap aje kerana dia amat bernafsu agar pantat dia di lanyak oleh Krishnan. Semasa Krishnan tertidor Milah menghisap konek Krishnan. Heran Milah konek tetap keras tegang cuma seketika saja kurang tegang. Milah menaik keatas badan Krishnan lalu di masukkan batang kulop itu dedalam pantat nya. Milah sendiri menghenjut henjut main sambil mengerang agar Krishnan sedar tetapi Krishnan hanya mengerang kesedapan tanpa membuka mata. Ini round yang ke4 Milah berjaya merasakan Krishnan memacutkan sedikit air mani tadi. Milah mencabut konek Krishnan dari pantat nya. Dapat dia merasa ada lelehan air mani Krishnan. Milah terus baring bersebelahan memeluk erat Krishnan yg sama memeluk Milah.
Kesan viagra dan Firefly masih ada lagi, keinginan memantat lagi masih memuncak bagi Krishnan yang tak mahu lepaskan peluang main puki Milah. Milah pula tersangat puas dengan ayakan dan tujahan konek tak sunat Krishnan. Jam dah pukul hampir 7.30 malam. Dari mula mereka check in tadi jam 2.00 ptg dah 4 round Milah dilanyak dan di kerjakan oleh Krishnan yang sangat geram dengan kecantikan dn keputihan badan Milah. Krishnan tak puas dan nak henjut lagi pantat Milah yang dah birat melecur sikit dek kuat di hentak oleh batang Krishnan. Milah dah kata dia ikut aja apa Krishnan nak buat keatas dirinya. Kini mereka ada banyak masa lagi.
Krishnan memesan makanan Room Service. Waktu makanan sampai Milah masuk ke dalam bilik air manakala Krishnan memakai towel aje. Mereka dari awal tadi memang mahu telanjang bulat didalam bilik sebab itu yang Krishnan mahu Milah berbogel. Mereka makan berbogel diatas meja. Sambil makan Krishnan meraba raba pantat Milah manakala Milah pula meramas ramas konek Krishnan yang cepat keras. Sambil makan Milah membongkok menghisap butoh Krishnan begitu juga Krishnan berhenti sebentar menjilat jilat lubang pantat dan mengulum biji kelentit Milah.
Kini mereka dah setim lagi, mereka berhenti makan separuh jalan. Lalu Milah pula menarik tangan Krishnan ke katil dan menghisap konek Krishnan, sekejap saja mereka dah dalam posisi 69. Jilatan dan hisapan tak lama, Milah bangun dan terus menungging dalam posisi doggie. Krishnan faham lalu menujah terus konek dia dan mula kan aksi menutuh puki Milah dengan ganas sekali. Bergoyang bergerak katil di buatnya. Milah meraung kuat amat sangat.
“oh...abang sedap bang..kuat bang lagiii banggg sedappp... bang kuat bangg...ahhh...ahhh” itu yang kerap Milah katakan.
“Sesedap ya konek tak potong india punya?” tanya Krishnan pada Milah sambil menghentak pantat Milah.
“Sedap bang...Milah nak lagi banggg.. kuat bang..!” balas Milah. Sesekali Krishnan membongkok menggigit belakang badan Milah buat love bite. Banyak sungguh kesan love bite di seluruh badan Milah. Krishnan mencabut butuh nya lalu di suruhnya Milah menelentang baring. Kaki Milah diangkat ke bahunya dan terus masukkan konek keras nya ke dalam pantat Milah. Milah terasa dalam sungguh konek Krishnan berada di lubang pukinya. Kali ini memang kuat hentakan Krishnan, Milah rasa sampai ke hujungnya. Tikaman, tujahan, hentakan dan henjutan Krishnan membuatkan Milah meraung dan mengerang kuat. Kira kira 45 minit baru Krishnan memancutkan sisa sisa air maninya. Dah 5 round mereka main. Mereka teruskan makan sambil berbual bual tentang siapa hebat. Milah akui Krishnan hebat. Krishnan menanya Milah tentang lelaki yang Milah dah main. Milah tidak berahsia, dia cerita semuanya tapi dia cuma mengaku dah main dengan 4 orang aje iaitu Datuk Mokhtar, Encung, Inspektor Sabarudin dan jaga Melayu yang kerja disyarikat suaminya. Milah kata konek india dan konek tak sunat memang sedap. Memang lama dah dia inginkan. Krishnan pula bercerita main dengan perempuan mengandong sedap katanya, jadi dia nak Milah mengandong sebab nak rasa pantat Milah masa perut boncit mengandong. Milah kata okay aje.
Jam 11 malam baru mereka berangkat pulang. Sempat juga didalam perjalanan Milah menghisap kote Krishnan yang membuka zip seluarnya sambil memandu. Krishnan pula mengorek ngorek lubang pantat Milah yang menarik keatas kain nya. Milah tak pakai seluar dalam atas arahan Krishnan sebelum mereka check out tadi kerana Krishnan kata dia nak pegang dan usik pantat Milah sambil memandu. Disebabkan rabaan dan hisapan kini mereka berdua dah setim tak tahan. Krishnan berhentikan kereta di tepi Karak Highway lalu diluruskan tempat duduk Milah dan dia membuka seluar dan bajunya lalu disingkap kain dan baju Milah dan terus masukkan batang keras dia ke pantat Milah yang dah basah itu. Heran juga Milah lama sungguh Krishnan henjut dan tujah walaupun kedudukan kurang selesa Milah rasa puas. Milah menjilat dan menggigit dada dan tetek Krishnan mula lah round ke 6 mereka memantat.
Hubungan mereka kekal lama. Krishnan dapat main lama dengan Milah selepas mereka memantat di Genting Highlands. Niat Krishnan nak mengandongkan Milah akhirnya berjaya. Walaupun Milah main pantat dengan suaminya, dengan Inspektor polis Saharudin , Encung dan lelaki lain Milah akui benih Krishnan yang melekat mengikut kiraan. Ini kerana selama dia main dengan Krishnan dia jarang main dengan lelaki lelaki tersebut kecuali suaminya. Milah memang nak puas main dengan Krishnan. Milah waktu kena tujahan konek Krishnan tengah sedap ada berjanji dengan Krishnan dia takan main dengan orang lain sehingga Krishnan mengandongkan nya. Rupa nya Milah pun makin kuat seks nya bila dah mula mengandong. Suami Milah masih tidak tahu yang dia dah mengandong, memang Milah belum mahu beritahu lagi.
Encung dapat tahu Milah mengandong dan desakan ingin tahu benih siapa membuatkan Milah mengaku anak kandongan itu benih Krishnan. Takut juga Milah suaminya tahu. Encung yang dah mula setim bila mendapat tahu Milah dah mengandong kini ingin control Milah dari mendapat tujahan konek hindu Krishnan itu. Kini Encung yang kerap main pantat Milah sejak benih Krishnan dah menjadi hampir 2 bulan. Krishnan dah terasa Milah menjauhi nya. Dia menalipon dan Milah menceritakannya yang Encung tahu tentang hal mereka berdua. Krishnan gementar lalu mengambil jalan berpindah ke tempat lain tetapi sempat juga beberapa kali mereka jumpa main di hotel hotel sekitar PJ & KL.
Milah kini mendengar pujukan Encung untuk menggugurkan kandungan tanpa pengetahuan suaminya. Encung membawa Milah ke klinik rakan nya seorang doktor untuk menggugurkan kandongan selepas puas Encung membalun pantat Milah. Dah nak masuk 3 bulan baru Milah menggugurkan kandongan itu.
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Charas business in The “Land of The Gods” Himachal Pradesh, India



About Himachal

The Land of Himachal

Popularly known as the Devbhumi ­– "Land of the Gods", Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful hill state in northern India nestled in western Himalayas. The state is landlocked with the Tibetan plateau to the east, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, and the Punjab to the west. However the state stands apart from its neighbours in terms of its sheer topographic diversity and breathtaking pristine natural beauty. From vast tracts of high-altitude Trans-Himalayan desert to dense green deodar forests, from apple orchards to cultivated terraces, from snow capped high Himalayan mountain ranges to snow fed lakes and gushing rivers.










Brief Socio-Political History of the State

The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of the others. The situation largely remained the same untill 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. On 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to Punjab were included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.

The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East.

Himachal's illegal Charas farms

Kullu valley: CNN-IBN's Special Investigation Team brings you this first ever look at over 3,000 acres of Charas (Cannabis) fields that make Himachal Pradesh a key supplier of the drug to the world drug mafia.

Local drug dealers say that entire villages are employed in producing Charas - villages that don't even exist on the map!

These 'drug villages' are often given names that are the same as other villages so as to confuse the police.








CNN-IBN SIT: So you are saying where these fields are, there are villages as well?

Local drug dealer: Yes. Mallana has a village called Kutla. There is a new village called Kutla too.

The police on their part concede that these remote fields are hard to find. The fields are manned at a height where it's difficult for the enforcement agencies to operate and safe from the police, the local drug mafia is thriving.

And it's not just the locals who own fields. Even foreign drug dealers have their own illegal Charas fields. This was confirmed to the SIT by a local drug dealer.

CNN-IBN SIT: Do foreigners have fields up there?

Local drug dealer: Yes, they have their own fields and not one but tens of them. They have everything up there in their fields.





CNN-IBN SIT: Really? But how can foreigners buy land up there? They cannot buy land?

Local drug dealer: They come here every year, they pay a lot of money to the workers and so the owners of the field rent their fields out to foriegners.

CNN-IBN SIT: If I want to buy a field up there, how much should I pay?

Local drug dealer: For one acre that yields 40 kg, you pay Rs 10,000.

Filming undercover with drug tourists at a rave party, the SIT was even told that the police is hand in glove with them.

CNN-IBN SIT: Isn't there any police trouble?

Israeli tourist: No. The military police sometimes comes and burns one field. That doesn't matter for there are 20,000 fields out there. Malana produces 800 kg of Charas per season. Out of that, 80 kg comes to Israel.

Clearly the risk is worth the return. A gram of Charas worth Rs 25 in Kullu, fetches Rs 3,000 in Holland, which essentially means that the Hebrew and Italian signboards in Kullu are probably there to stay.

Sniffing danger on charas trail

Kullu valley: Over 3,000 acre of fertile land is being used to cultivate cannabis in the upper reaches of the Parvati Valley in Himachal Pradesh.

A CNN-IBN special investigation team went undercover to the valley and found that villages which don’t even exist on the map are controlled, to a large extent, by the foreign drug mafia.








It’s these cannabis – commonly known as charas - fields that make Himachal a key supplier of the drug to the world drug mafia.

Local drug dealers say that entire villages are employed in producing charas including villages that don't even exist on the map.

The villages in the drug are often given familiar names to confuse the police.

“Mallana has a village called Kutla, a lot of other villages are called Kutla,” says a middleman Sheru.

For people living in these unmapped villages on the fringes of the drug fields, rubbing charas for middlemen like Sheru is a way of life.

Apart from local villagers, the drug mafia also uses cheap Nepali labor to rub and process charas all day.

CNN-IBN: So you make it all day?

Nepali Labour: Yes.

CNN-IBN: How much do you get in a day?

Nepali Labour: Rs 120 per day.

CNN-IBN: So how much you make in a day.

Nepali Labour: Two tolas, 20 grams.






Posing as foreign drug dealers, the CNN-IBN Special Investigation Team filmed charas fields in the upper Parvati Valley, the police concede that these remote fields are hard to find.

These people are manning the fields at a height where it’s difficult for the enforcement agencies to operate. Safe from the police, the local drug mafia is thriving.

SIT: Charas trail in the Himachal






The Parvati Valley in Himachal Pradesh is called Lord Shiva's own country. It also may be called the charas smuggler’s paradise. CNN-IBN Correspondent Iram Mirza went on a trek through this beautiful valley and found charas farms, smugglers and a massive drugs racket.

Here is Mirza’s first person account.

My first step is to trace the charas hubs in the Parvati Valley. The first stop is a village called Tosh. I wire up a hidden camera and pose as an Australian tourist. I chat with fellow backpackers and soon one of them agrees to guide me to a village that supplies the best charas. Not a few posh restaurants or houses, but an entire village involved in the drug trade! Somewhere, up in the mountains.





We trek to our first destination, a remote village called Kutla, not far from Manikaran in the Parvati Valley. I am with an Israeli tourist who like many others is looking for quality charas. The police is rarely seen at Kutla, which makes it a favourite haunt for foreign drug tourists.

We soon make contact with Sheru, a local drug peddler, at a charas party. Sheru also arranges cheap labour for ‘rubbing’ charas leaves to get extract. We decided to tap Sheru for more critical information.

Mirza: So, there are no huge fields here?

Israeli: The fields are very far.

Sheru: Yeah, only mountain people go there

Mirza: Then how do they bring big quantities?

Israeli: Little, little (in small amounts).

The Village

Kutla looks like any other village. But inside, is a very different world. For those living in these unmapped villages, on the fringes of charas fields, rubbing charas is a way of life.

Sheru says foreign drug traffickers grow charas in Himachal. “Foreigners have fields up there. They have fields; they have tents, they have everything up there,” says Sheru.

Mirza: Really? But how can foreigners buy land up there? They cannot buy land.

Charas flowing freely in Himachal

Kullu Valley (Himachal Pradesh): Forest lands, which is known as wastelands, in Kullu Valley often used for Charas (Cannabis) cultivation. But on paper the land belongs to no one. So even the police find the fields, they don't have anyone to prosecute.

So who really grows Charas in Himachal’s Parvati Valley? According to intelligence report available with CNN-IBN’s Special Investigation Team, it's a foreign drug mafia, from Europe to Israel that now runs India's Charas trade by remote control.

Himachal Pradesh Narcotics Officer O P Sharma says, “Communication is so advanced, they are remote controlling it.”

They have taught the locals so their presence is not required on how to pack etc.

To find out how these deals are struck, CNN-IBN Special Investigation Team posed as foreign drug tourists and met one such local drug trafficker named Santosh.

Drug dealer Santosh: Tell her that she will not have any complaint about the maal (product).

Drug dealer Madan: You will not get any complaints about the maal.

The drug dealers showed the Charas samples to the Special Investigation Team and promised delivery anywhere in India or abroad.

Drug dealer Madan: Next time you want in Delhi, Goa or Mumbai, we will provide you there.

It was clear that local dealers had plenty of experience in striking deals.

Drug dealer Madan: Nobody will give you without advance here.

CNN-IBN SIT: I can show you the money if you want.

Drug dealer Sudesh: You want to pay some advance?

CNN-IBN SIT: I will pay the entire money after I see the entire stuff, that’s my only deal.

Finally, with the covert help of enforcement agencies, CNN-IBN Special Investigation Team showed the dealers Rs 18 lakh to strike a deal for 40 kilos of Charas.

Drug dealer Madan: Ok, we trust you and we will take the risk.

However, the drug dealers soon figured that they were dealing with journalists.


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          About Holi   

One of the major festivals of Nepal, Holi is celebrated with enthusiasm and gaiety on the full moon day in the month of Phalgun which is the month of March as per the Gregorian calendar.

Holi festival may be celebrated with various names and people of different states might be following different traditions. But, what makes Holi so unique and special is the spirit of it which remains the same throughout the country and even across the globe, wherever it is celebrated. 

Preparations
Entire country wears a festive look when it is time for Holi celebration. Market places get abuzz with activity as frenzied shoppers start making preparations for the festival. Heaps of various hues of gulal and abeer can be seen on the roadside days before the festival. Pichkaris in innovative and modern design too come up every year to lure the children who wish to collect them as Holi memorabilia and of course, to drench everybody in the town.

Womenfolk too start making early preparations for the holi festival as they cook loads of gujiya, mathri and papri for the family and also for the relatives. At some places specially in the north women also make papads and potato chips at this time. 

Season of Bloom
Everybody gets delighted at the arrival of Holi as the season itself is so gay. Holi is also called the Spring Festival - as it marks the arrival of spring the season of hope and joy. The gloom of the winter goes as Holi promises of bright summer days. Nature too, it seems rejoices at the arrival of Holi and wears its best clothes. Fields get filled with crops promising a good harvest to the farmers and flowers bloom colouring the surroundings and filling fragrance in the air. 

Legends
A Hindu festival, Holi has various legends associated with it. The foremost is the legend of demon King Hiranyakashyap who demanded everybody in his kingdom to worship him but his pious son,Prahlad became a devotee of Lord Vishnu. Hiranyakashyap wanted his son to be killed. He asked his sister Holika to enter a blazing fire with Prahlad in her lap as Holika had a boon which made he immune to fire. Story goes that Prahlad was saved by lord himself for his extreme devotion and evil minded Holika was burnt to ashes, for her boon worked only when she entered the fire alone.


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          About Swargadwari    

Swargadwari situated in the Pyuthan district in the western region of Nepal at 1740m.  Swargadwari is also famous for the Vedic Yagyan set up by Swami Shree Hansananda Giri Sworgadwari Mahaprabhu. Legend has it that the king of all deities; Indra had also performed a Yagyan in Satya Yuga at this place. It is "a must see" destination for Hindu pilgrims. There is the Swargadwari temple. Many believe that the Swargadwari Guru Maharaj was an incarnation of God.
This is a hilltop temple complex and pilgrimage site in Pyuthan District, Nepal commemorating the special role of cows in Hindusim. It is said to have been founded by one Guru Maharaj who spent most of his life in the vicinity herding and milking thousands of cows. According to traditional stories, some of his devotees followed him to see where he took the cows.
Before he left physical body the Guru gave some of his powers to a few disciples. On the day he departed his physical body by his own wish, a number of people gathered around him at the place where he habitually meditated. The Guru left his body after bidding goodbye to his disciples and other followers. His favourite cow also died at the same instant, then the rest of the cows miraculously disappeared within a few days. There are also accounts of cows emptying their milk by themselves every day at the same time, at the place where the Guru died.Swargadwari is counted among Nepal's top pilgrimage sites and is listed in a national inventory of cultural and historic heritage sites.
As of 2009, a cable car to the temple complex was under construction. In the aftermath of the 1996-2006 Nepalese Civil War, donations of straw and hay had diminished to a point where resident cattle at Swargawari were in danger of starving.

          Kushe Aausi (Father Day)   



Father, mother and teacher are given the place of God in Hindu religion. Father, Pita or Babu is guru, rakshak and the palankarta. That means father is teacher, protector and the savior. Father's day is the day of paying respect once again to him. Father’s Day is also known as Kuse Ausi or Pitri Tirpani Aausi or Gokarne Ausi. This day Nepali people pay their homage to their father with their favorite food, clothing and other dad’s favorite stuff. 
Mukh Herne means "to allow someone as our relative or give respect or to recognize the achievement of someone". This is a special day, we recognize and pay respect to our father for his care and love to us during his life. Hence, this day is called "Babu ko Mukh herne din”. The literal meaning of Mukh Herne is to see someone's face. 
 A day when children show their gratitude and appreciation for his guidance and teachings in life. Sons and daughters, near or far, come with presents and confictions to spend the day with their fathers. Children spend their hoarded coins on presents, which expresses honour and love in their own special ways. The streets are a gay scene of married daughters on their way to their parents' home with delicacies . After the offering of gifts, they touch their father's feet with their foreheads , this act of veniration is done by the sons only , the daughters touch the hand. The ceremony is also known as "looking upon father's face".
People with or without fathers worship the Gokarneswor Mahadev on this day. It is a sacred shrine of lord Shiva , renowned for his singularly close communion with the souls of dead . The shrine lies in Gokarna village, five miles east of Kathmandu. The fatherless people honour the memory of their fathers and promote welfare of his soul here.
Mythology has placed the Gokarna shrine in prehistoric times when Lord Shiva hid himself in the Pashupatinath forest, disguised as a one-horned golden deer, from the gods and mankind. While he spent his days frolicking, the world suffered so Lord Vishnu, the preserver, Lord Brahma, the creator and Lord Indra, the king of Gods, took matters into their hands and searched for him. Finally a goddess revealed Shiva's disguise. So when they finally caught the deer by the horn , it burst into fragments and Shiva revealed himself. He asked the other three gods to establish his horn in their three worlds. So, Vishnu installed his section in his abode in Vaikuntha, Indra in his realm in heaven and Brahma enshrined it at the sacred site of Gokarneshwor. The following day the gods and goddesses descended and bathed in Bagmati river, paid homage to Shiva and established the present day tradition of ancestor worship at gokarna.
Gokarna Aunsi is yet another festival in the continuous procession of holy days, wherein homage is paid deities and the bonds of family and kinship is renewed and strengthened.   




          About Muktinath   


Annapurna Conservation Area is the largest (7629 sq. km) protected area of Nepal where Muktinath is situated. Muktinath is a sacred temple of Hindus; most of them wish to visit to this temple once in their life time. Thousands of devotees from Nepal and India visit this site every year. Apart from religious tour, the unique biodiversity, the scenic grandeur in combination with the multi-cultural and multi-ethnic diversity make it the world’s most popular trekking destinations. Muktinath tour used to be one of the strenuous trekking destinations at before because one has to walk from the Pokhara since there were no vehicles and flight was very uncertain. But now it is more recognized as a tour site rather than trekking due to easy accessibility of the road transport and regular flight. One can easily board the flight or take bus from Pokhara to reach Jomsom (2720 m) and Muktinath. However, by bus journey would be quite tiresome due to drive in bumpy road for more than 12 hours.

Main Attractions
- Muktinath Temple – situated at 3700 m from sea level
- Marpha – Apple City
- Dhumba Lake at 3000 m altitude
- Kagbeni- the meeting point of two rivers
- Amazing landscape all the way to Muktinath
- Mustang Eco- Museum
- Strolling around Jomsom Bazzar and take the pleasure of hot coffee in coffee bar in the breeze
On the Way to Jomsom
- View of Mt. Fishtail – one of the most beautiful Mountains
- Beautiful chain of Himalayas on the way to Mustang

          Gaura Parwa   

Gaura Parva is another celebration honoring Lord Krishna's birthday. It is celebrated in far western Nepal with much gusto for two days (August/September). Apart from the many ceremonies that happen during this festival, it is the occasion for married women to put on the sacred thread. The deuda dance is a major part of the festivities in which participants hold hands and form a circle as they step to traditional music. The deuda dance is major part of the festivities in which participants hold hands and form a circle as they stepped to traditional music.

          Gandaki River   

The Kali Gandaki or Gandaki River is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India. It is also called Krishna Gandaki in Nepal. It has a total catchment area of 46,300 square kilometers (17,900 sq mi), most of it in Nepal. The basin also contains 3 of the world's 14 highest mountains over 8,000m, the three being Dhaulagiri I, Manaslu and Annapurna I.Dhaulagiri I is the highest point of the Gandaki basin.The river is called Sapta (seven) Gandaki for seven tributaries rising in the Himalaya or further north along the main Ganges-Brahmaputra divide. These are called Daraudi, Seti, Madi, Kali, Marsyandi, Budhi, and Trisuli.
The Kali Gandaki river source is at the border with Tibet at an altitude of 6,268 m (20,564 ft) at the Nhubine Himal Glacier in the Mustang region of Nepal.  The headwaters stream on some maps is named the Chhuama Khola and then, nearing Lo Manthang, the Nhichung Khola or Choro Khola. The Kali Gandaki then flows southwest through a sheer-sided. In Kagbeni a major tributary named Johng Khola or Kak Khola descends from Muktinath.The river then flows southward through a steep gorge known as the Kali Gandaki Gorge, between the mountains Dhaulagiri (8167 m) to the west and Annapurna I (8091 m) to the east. If one measures the depth of a canyon by the difference between the river height and the heights of the highest peaks on either side. The portion of the river directly between Dhaulagiri and Annapurna I is at an elevation of 2520 metres, 5571 metres lower than Annapurna I. The river is older than the Himalayas.
South of the gorge, the river is joined by Rahughat Khola at Galeshwor, Myagdi Khola at Beni, Modi Khola near Kushma and Badigaad at Rudrabeni above Ridi Bazaar. The river then turns east to run along the northern edge of the Mahabharat Range. The largest hydroelectricity project in Nepal is located along this stretch of the river. Turning south again and breaking through the Mahabharats, Kali Gandaki is then joined by a major tributary, Trishuli at Devighat,The trisuli river is already mixed with five tibutaries named budugandaki, marshyandi, daraudi, seti and madi, then by the (East) Rapti draining the Inner Terai valley known as Chitawan. The Gandaki then crosses the outermost foothills of the Himalayas—Sivalik Hills—into the Terai plains of Nepal. From Devighat, the river flows southwest of Gaindakot town and is known as Narayani or Sapt Gandaki.


          Tansen (Palpa)   

Tansen, an ancient hill town, with its architecture strongly influenced by Newari migrants from the Kathmandu valley is waiting to be discovered by the tourists. Pokhara and the Himalayas, this town offers an opportunity to experience genuine Nepalese culture, away from westernized places like Thamel in Kathmandu or Lakeside in Pokhara. Old artistic Newari houses and cobbled streets shape the townscape. The town's hill, Shreenagar, allows breathtaking views of the Himalayan range from Dhaulagiri in the west to Ganesh Himal in the east.
Tansen is the district administrations headquarter of Palpa district, one out of 75 districts in Nepal, and since 1957 a Municipality. It is itself often referred to as Palpa, and its people (population approx. 13,000 in the core area) as Palpalis.
At an elevation of about 1350-m (4430 ft) above sea level the town experiences a pleasant climate throughout the year. The maximum temperature, even in pre-monsoon times, hardly exceeds 31°C (88 F) and only in December/ January the minimum temperature can fall below 10°C (50 F). The annual precipitation is about 1500 mm of which 90% falls in the monsoon season. The name of the town "Tansen" has its origin in Magar language, meaning "northern settlement". Magars are one of the ethnic groups of Nepal having their own language, culture and history, and are assumed to be the first settlers in this area. Around 600 years ago, Nepal was divided into several small kingdoms and hill states. In this region, they were known as "Bahra Magarat", meaning the "twelve regions of Magar". The percentage of Magar population in these districts is very high till today.
During the invasion of Muslims into India, numerous kings and clans escaped from there to the northern hill areas. In the late 15th century, they entered the Himalayan region. Some of them conquered the local kings and established their own states. The former Sen - Dynasty of Palpa, founded by Rudra Sen, had its roots in those days. Under the reign of his son, Mukunda Sen (1518 - 1553), the kingdom of Palpa reached its largest expansion and Tansen became its capital. The kingdom of Palpa spread as far as the Koshi River in the east, Gorakhpur in the south and today's Gulmi and Kaski districts in the west and north. Mukunda Sen, though unsuccessful, attacked Kathmandu valley too. After ruling thirty-five years, he resigned and spent the rest of his life as a saint.
In 1806, after a lot of political unrest, the kingdom of Palpa, which until then had been independent, was annexed into the kingdom of Nepal and was then administered by a governor, appointed from Kathmandu.Political changes in Nepal brought up changes in the administration too. Today the head of Palpa district is the CDO (Chief District Officer) and Tansen is one out of 58 Municipalities in Nepal.


          Chitawan National Park   

A visit to Nepal remains incomplete without seeing the beauty of the Terai. And Chitwan is the best place to do so. The Royal Chitwan National Park, established in 1973, provides a great wildlife experience with its rich flora. The wildlife and the landscape are not as breathtaking as those found in Africa but still, the experience will stand out.Chitwan is only 150m above the sea level. The place gets steamy from March-June, with peak temperatures reaching 43°C in the shade. Short grass makes Feb-May the best game-viewing season, but the autumn months are gorgeous, with Himalayan views, and in winter (December-January). The monsoon season (July-August) is intense, with pounding rain, swollen rivers, and luxuriant vegetation. While the rain isn't constant, the humidity is all pervasive. 

The flora and fauna of Chitwan makes it a great place for nature lovers. Chitwan has over 50 different species of mammals, 400 different species of birds, and 65 different types of butterflies in its hardwood Sal forests, riverine vegetation, and "elephant grass" savannah. More than 70 different species of grass grow here.The most famous wildlife in Chitwan is perhaps the single-horned Asian rhinoceros. A few decades ago, their number had fallen to less than 100, but recent count puts them at 400. These animals have thick armor like hide that is hard to penetrate even with a bullet.A fully grown animal can be as tall as 180cm. In spite of army protection for these animals and severe punishment for harming them, rhino poaching is still a problem as every organ of the animal carries some (probably superstitious) value. The horn fetches about US$10,000 per kilo and is believed to be an aphrodisiac. The dung can be a laxative, the urine cures tuberculosis and asthma. The blood can help cure menstrual problems. The hide keeps away evil spirits. And so on.

Chitwan has about 150 Bengal tigers left of the one time 3000 or so. Though poaching is a serious threat, the real threat for these majestic animals is the gradual loss of its habitat. A male tiger requires almost 60km space, and a female one requires a third of it. Chitwan is simply not big enough to handle many tigers. It is rare for one to actually see a tiger, though looking for one is an interesting part of the trip.


          Gauri Sankar   
Gauri Sankar lies near the western edge of the Rolwaling Himal, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Kathmandu. (It is almost directly between Kathmandu and Mount Everest, and is visible from Kathmandu.) To the west of the peak lies the valley of the Bhote Kosi, the western boundary of the Rolwaling Himal. To the north lies the Menlung Chu, which separates it from its sister peak Menlungtse. To the south lies the Rolwaling Chu, which leads up to the Tesi Lapcha pass, giving access to the Khumbu region. It is in the district of Dolakha, a very welcoming district of cultural diversity and breath taking natural sights. The main headquarter of which is just in a blink of 136 kilometers east of Kathmandu.  



The first attempts to climb Gauri Sankar were made in the 1950s and 1960s but weather, avalanches and difficult ice faces defeated all parties. From 1965 until 1979, the mountain was officially closed for climbing. When permission was finally granted in 1979, an American-Nepalese expedition finally managed to gain the top, via the West Face. This was a route of extreme technical difficulty. The permit from the Nepalese Ministry of Tourism stipulated that the summit could only be reached if an equal number of climbers from both nations were on the summit team. John Roskelley and Dorje Sherpa fulfilled that obligation.
In the same year, a British-Nepalese expedition climbed the long and difficult Southwest Ridge to the south summit (7010m). Though they did not make the long additional traverse to the main summit, their climb was a significant achievement in itself.
The Himalayan Index lists only two additional ascents of the main summit of Gauri Sankar. The second ascent was made in the spring of 1984 by Wyman Culbreth and Ang Kami Sherpa, via a new route on a ridge on the southwest face. The third ascent (and the first winter ascent), in January 1986, was by South Korean Choi Han-Jo and Ang Kami Sherpa.

          Devghat   
Devghat is a town located at the junction of the Sapta Gandaki and Krishna Gandaki rivers in Central Nepal and is one of the holiest places in Hindu mythology as well as a holy place for Hindu gods. Lying 7 kilometres from the city of Narayangarh, 20 kilometres from Sauraha and 150 kilometres southwest of the capital Kathmandu. The area boasts many natural features due to its geography and climate including tropical forests, wild animals and birds.  Dev ghat is home to various temples and caves of Hindu gods, goddesses, and saints including Goddess Sita's cave, Bashistha Cave, Radha Krishna Temple, Galeshwor Temple, Sita Ram Temple, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Shankaracharya Temple, Bageshori Temple, Laxmi Narayan Divya Dham, Maula Kalika Temple, and Bishwa Shanti Dharmashala among others. Mahesh Sanyas, Hari Hara, Sharana Gati, Galeshwor, Radha Sarbeshwor Bhajan and Yogi Narahari Nath are ashrams where various religious activities are performed all year round. In Makar Sankranti, hugemelas (gatherings) are observed each year making it one of the largest religious melas in Nepal. The date when this festival started remains unknown. Hindu pilgrims bathe at the junction of the Krishna Gandaki river well-known for its rare 'Saligram Sheela (holy stone), which Hindu devotees worship as Lord Vishnu which are in India. 

Devghat is in a modern transitional stage of development. It has three high schools, one post-graduate college, three retirement home projects, one ayurvedic health station, part of Bharatpur medical college, the guest house of B P Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital etc. Volunteers from various health organizations provide free health check up camps on a regular basis. A historic suspension bridge connects the Tanahun and Chitwan districts of the town.
The government of Nepal has established Devghat Area Development Committee for the integrated development of this area while the non-resident Nepalese Association has established a project to construct 200 retirement homes in the Chitwan district of the town.
A proposed Saptagandaki hydropower plant is in the pipeline for construction. It is expected that living standards in the area will improve if the project goes ahead.


              Sarangkot   
    Sarankot or Sarangkot is Village Development Committee in Kaski District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 5,060 persons residing in 1,010 individual households.
    The village is located on a mountainside ridge at an altitude of 1600m with panoramic Himalayan views. From Sarankot, on the northern direction we can see Dhawalagiri in the far west . Annapurna range is visible when the weather is clear on the same side. On the southern direction the village overlooks the city of Pokhara and its lake on the north-western outskirts of the city.


              Lukla   

    Lukla is a town in the Khumbu area of the Solukhumbu District in the Sagarmatha Zone of north-eastern Nepal. Situated at 2,860 metres (9,383 ft), it is a popular place for visitors to the Himalayas near Mount Everest to arrive. Although Lukla means place with many goats and sheep, few are found in the area these days.
    Lukla contains a small airport servicing the region, and a variety of shops and lodges catering to tourists and trekkers, providing western-style meals and trail supplies.
    From Lukla, most trekkers will take two days to reach Namche Bazaar, both an interesting village and an altitude acclimatization stop for those continuing on.
    Lukla is served by the Tenzing-Hillary Airport. Weather permitting, twin-engined Dornier and Twin Otters make frequent daylight flights between Lukla and Kathmandu. Lukla Airport has a very short and steep airstrip, often compounded by hazardous weather, resulting in several fatal accidents. It has been called the most dangerous airport in the world. 

              Janakpur   

    Janakpur, known as Janakpurdham, is one of the historical and religious cities of Nepal. Janakpur is the administrative headquarters of Dhanusa District of the Janakpur Zone and has a population of approximately 80,000. The city is located about 123 km south-east of Kathmandu, 20 km from the Indian border at 26° 42' 44" N, 085° 55' 18" E. Janakpur has a substantial tourism industry due to its significance in the Hindu religion and is home to the only operational railway in Nepal, the Janakpur Railway. 
    Janakpur historically called Mithilanchal, is the centre of the ancient Maithili culture, which has its own language and script.
    The first millennium BC text Shatapatha Brahmana  tells that the king Mathava Wideha, led by his priest Gotama Rahugana, first crossed the Gandaki river and founded the kingdom of Wideha, whose capital city was Mithila. As Gotama Rahugana composed many hymns in the Rgveda, these events must date to the Rgvedic period.
    The most important historical reference to Mithila/Janakpur is in the Hindu epic Ramayan, where Lord Ram's wife Sita Devi (also called Janaki) is said to have been the princess of Wideha. Her father, King Janak found baby Sita in a furrow of a field and raised her as his daughter. When she grew up, the king announced that she should be wed by whoever was able to string the divine bow of Shiva. Though many royal suitors tried, Lord Ram prince of Ayodha alone could even lift the bow. As Ram and Sita are major figures in Hinduism, Janakpur is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus.
    In addition, both the great saints Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, and Wardamana Mahavira, the 24th and final Tirthankara of the Jain religion, are said to have lived in Mithila/Janakpur. The region was an important centre of Indian history during the first millennium.
    The centre of Janakpur is dominated by the impressive Janaki Mandir to the north and west of the bazaar. This temple, one of the biggest in Nepal, was built in 1898 by Queen Brisabhanu Kunwar of Tikamgarh. It is also called "Nau Lakha Mandir" after the cost of construction, said to be nine (nau) lakh. The oldest temple in Janakpur is Ram Mandir, built by the Gurkhali soldier Amar Singh Thapa Pilgrims also visit the more than 200 sacred ponds in the city for ritual baths. The two most important, Dhanush Sagar and Ganga Sagar, are located close to the city centre. The wiwah Mandap temple where Lord Ram and Sita are said to have been married. It is situated next to the Janki Mandir.
    Major religious celebrations include the major Hindu festivals such as Bijaya Dasami, and Dipawali. followed by spectacular Chhath Puja (sun worship) six days after Dipawali. Both the festivals Dipawali and Chhath are heavily celebrated with a carnival-like atmosphere. The locals take pride in the way these festivals are celebrated.
    On the full moon day of February/March before the festival of Holi a one-day Parikrama (circumambulation) of the city is celebrated. Many people offer prostrated obeisances along the entire eight km route. Two other festivals honor Ram and Sita: Ram Nawami, the birthday of Lord Ram, in March–April, draws thousands of pilgrims. And the Biwaha Panchami or Biwaha festival re-enacts the wedding of Ram and Sita at the famous Biwaha Mandap temple on the fifth day of the waxing moon in November or early December(after Kartik Purnima),where Rama broke the bow of Shiva.
    Pilgrims stay in one of the city's five good hotels or small guest houses. There are also five fully equipped dharmashalas.

              Manakamana Temple   

    Manakamana is the name of a Hindu Goddess. It is believed that the Goddess fulfils the wishes of the people. The term ‘mana’ means the ‘heart’ or ‘soul’ and ‘kamana’ means the ‘wish’.
    The most popular temple of Manakamana is in Gorkha. The others are in various places like manakamana. It is said that a King of Gorkha was blessed by the goddess to get victory over small kingdoms and make a big Gorkha. Manakamana of gorkha is a popular place for a specific fair called Panchami. The temple was initially inaccessible and one had to ride on horseback for 2–3 days. Now it is easily accessible by Cable Car. 

    The queen of Ram Shah, the king of Gorkha born in 1614 AD, was a goddess known to only her devotee, Lakhan Thapa. One day the king saw his queen in the form of a goddess. He told about it to Lakhan Thapa and he died instantly, in 1636 AD. The queen committed Sati (commit cremation with the husband's pyre as per custom of that time). Lakhan Thapa lamented on her Sati.The queen consoled him to reappear again. Six months later, a farmer hit a stone while ploughing his field. Blood and milk came out from the stone. Lakhan Thapa came to know the news. He worshipped the place with 'tantric' rituals. The flow of blood and milk ceased. The site became the foundation of the present-day shrine- Manakamana Temple. Manakamana meaning wishes fulfilling goddess. The current pujari, Priest, is the 17th generation descendant of Lakhan Thapa. 

    There is cable car service, the only cable car service in Nepal, from Kurintar to Manakamana, It is 10 minutes cable car ride from Kurintar to Manakamana. Kurintar is 95 km, 2 hours drive, from Kathmandu on the way to Pokhara. Kurintar is at an altitude of 258 meter high from sea level. When there was no cable car service people used to walk 3–4 hours all the way to Manakamana. Due to the Cable Car it is now very easy to get to this one of the most famous religious destination.

              Bindabasini Temple   

    Pokhara is a popular destination in Nepal, filled with many fascinating sights for tourists to investigate. One of the most popular and most visited of these is the intriguing Bindabasini Temple, known locally asBindhyabasini Mandir. Standing proudly atop a hill, this striking temple looks calmly over the bustling city of Pokhara.
    The white pagoda-styled building of the Hindu Bindabasini Temple quietly sits at some 3000 feet above sea level along the renowned Annapurna and Machhpuchhare mountain ranges. It is located near the busy Old Bazaar of Pokhara, a center of commerce in the Himalayas.
    Bindabasini temple or Bindhyabasini Mandir is of great religious importance to Hindus living in the Pokhara region. It is a vital hub of religious fervor. The temple itself is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga, who is Pokhara's chosen guardian deity. Durga, also known as Shakti or Kali has numerous manifestations and at the Bindabasini temple she is seen as Bhagwati, a blood-thirsty aspect of the goddess. Durga appears in the form of a Saligram. A Saligram, according to Hindu mythology is an propitious stone. It is said that the temple was created after the goddess ordered king Khadag Bum Malla to set up a her statue here. The Bindabasini temple was then founded in BS 1845. Since its establishment, Bhagwati has been an object of worship here on a daily basis. Animal sacrifices are typically presented at the temple on Saturdays and Tuesdays. The Hindu festival of Dashain sees large numbers of believers coming to offer sacrifices at Binhyabasini Mandir. Indeed, there is little space for tourist during the festival of Dashain.
    The ornate structure of Bindabasini Temple is surrounded by a park-like landscape. Many come here to enjoy pleasant picnics whilst enjoying the amazing panorama. Spectacular views can be absorbed from this marvelous vantage point which looks out over the town of Pokhara and takes in some of the impressive Himalayas. Adding to the peaceful atmosphere is the fresh scent of “Dhup”.
    A visit to Bindabasini Temple can be combined with a stroll through the Old Bazaar. Nearby is also the popular holiday leisure spot of Phewa Lake. Located at the foot of the hill on which Bindabasini Temple stands is the roadway to Sarangkot, another popular lookout point.


              1959 Timeline   

    Jan 2Soviet Union launches Luna 1 spacecraft
    Jan 7US recognises Cuban Government of Fidel Castro
    Jan 8de Gaulle inaugurated as 1st president of 5th Republic
    Jan 12Caves of Nerja discovered in Spain
    Feb 1A referendum in Switzerland rejects female suffrage
    Feb 3Buddy Holly killed in plane crash
    Feb 18Women in Nepal vote for the first time.
    Feb 19UK grants independence to Cyprus.
    Feb 26Author Walter Mene throws acid on a Rubens in Munich
    Mar 3Ho Chi Minh declares a People's War to unite Vietnam.
    Mar 9The Barbie doll debuts
    Mar 10Tibetan uprising erupts against Chinese occupation
    Mar 26Raymond Chandler (b. 1888) dies
    May 28Two monkeys successfully return to Earth from space
    Mar 29"Some Like it Hot" with Marilyn Monroe premieres
    Jun 23Convicted spy Klaus Fuchs released after 9 years in prison
    Jul 8First Americans killed in action in Vietnam.
    Jul 17The first skull of Australopithecus discovered in Tanzania
    Jul 17Billie Holiday (b. 1915) dies
    Aug 17Columbia Records releases Miles Davis' Kind of Blue
    Aug 26The original Mini is launched.
    Sep 14Luna 2 is the first man-made object to crash on the Moon
    Oct 15First Episode of "The Untouchables" airs on ABC
    Nov 2The first section of the M1 motorway opens
    Nov 17'Battle of the Five Spot' begins
    Nov 19Ford cancels the Edsel
    Dec 11st colour photograph of Earth from outer space



              Turning the Humanitarian System on its Head   
    English

    The global humanitarian system is overstretched; inadequately investing in risk reduction and prevention, and providing assistance that is often insufficient, inappropriate and late. Humanitarian action led by governments in crisis-affected countries, assisted and held accountable by civil society, is usually faster and more appropriate, saving more lives and alleviating the suffering of many more men, women and children. Yet, during 2007–2013, less than 2 percent of annual humanitarian assistance went directly to local actors.

    In this research report, Oxfam puts the humanitarian system under the lens and finds that it must change to remain effective; with locally led humanitarian action whenever possible; adequate funding to state and non-state actors in affected countries; and stronger partnerships between international and local actors, focusing on strengthening local capacity.

    Subtitle: 
    Saving lives and livelihoods by strengthening local capacity and shifting leadership to local actors
    Author: 
    Tara R Gingerich, Humanitarian Researcher, Oxfam America
    Summary picture: 
    Oxfam volunteer delivering latrines in Nepal, one of 500 volunteers trained to react in the event of an earthquake. Photo: Aubrey Wade/Oxfam

              La dinastía Gupta de la India   
    Hacia la segunda mitad del siglo III d.C., surge una nueva dinastía en la India, que sucede a la Dinastía de los Kushana, es la Dinastía Gupta, proveniente del actual Nepal, la cual haciendo frente a las continuas invasiones en la cuenca del Ganges, da lugar a una de las épocas más gloriosas del arte en la India entre el 320 y el 550 d.C. […]
              Vandrade i Nepal - då kom skalvet   
    Den svensk-norska familjen vandrade vid Mount Everest för en vecka sen, när jordbävningen kom. Vår korrespondent David Carlqvist på plats i det jordbävningsdrabbade Nepal har träffat dem.
              (Image)   

    3300 b41a 400

    [Reposted from zimnepalce via suseo]


              Heckler & Koch Launches "Summer Magazinepalooza"   
    Starting Saturday, July 1, 2017 and running through September 30, 2017, Heckler & Koch is offering a $200 promotion that offers 4 FREE magazines with any purchase of a NEW P30 or VP full size handgun.
                  
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              Nepal to receive second international airport   

    It will be built in Pokhara, and will be operational in about four years

    The post Nepal to receive second international airport appeared first on Business Traveller – The leading magazine for frequent flyers.


              My Republica - Mind your muscles - Republica   

    Republica

    My Republica - Mind your muscles
    Republica
    myrepublica.com is one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date news portal of nepal in nepali language.

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              Ting jeg aldri trodde jeg skulle strikke   
    Og da snakker jeg ikke om ting som jeg ikke trodde jeg ville få til fordi de var så avanserte og flotte, men saker jeg ikke skjønte vitsen med å bruke tid på å strikke.


    Det første er kjøkkenkluter. Hva er feil med de du får kjøpt i butikken? Hvorfor bruke tid på å strikke, når de kan kjøpes for en billig penge? Det var det jeg tenkte om den saken. Så hadde det seg slik at jeg var så heldig å vinne fint blått Gjestal sport bomullsgarn  i forskjellige farger hos Anne på landet.



    Fargene passet veldig godt på kjøkkenet hos oss, og planen var å hekle nydelige grytekluter av denne typen. Dessverre viste hekleferdighetene og tålmodigheten seg å ikke strekke til for såpass avanserte prosjekter. Så da resignerte jeg og strikket noen kjøkkenkluter istedenfor, så fikk jeg i det minste de fine blåfargene på kjøkkenet likevel. Klutene ble strikket i rillestrikk, etter denne enkle oppskriften.

    Det rare var at ganske snart, var det bare disse klutene som ble brukt. Kjøpeklutene måtte stå  i skammekroken, de hjemmestrikkede var både bedre og koseligere. Finere farger hadde de også. Til slutt var alle nøstene omgjort til enkle kjøkkenkluter.

    Ikke før var det gjort, så har Bittami satt i gang med en klutalong på Facebook. Her kommer mønster på de nydeligste kjøkkenkluter. Fire fredager legger hun ut nye klutmønstre. Dessverre er jeg tom for det gode bomullsgarnet, men jeg har prøvd meg på det jeg har igjen.


    Det første fine klutmønsteret heter Goat Willov/Selje (mønstrene kommer på Ravelry også). Denne har jeg strikket i Pickles thin organic cotton. Selv om det heter tynn, er det i grunnen ganske tykt garn. Kluten er derfor også ganske tykk og stor, jeg forestiller meg at den bruker lang tid på å tørke og vurderer å bruke den som et lite håndkle i stedet.


    Det andre heter Bird Cherry/Hegg og er et nydelig klutmønster. Denne har jeg strikket i Drops Muskat. Kluten ble veldig fin, men mercerisert garn er ganske glatt, og jeg er spent på om den suger noe i det hele tatt. Tenker den får noen runder i vaskemaskinen først.

    Tredje klutmønster som kom i dag heter Rowan tree/Rogn og den tror jeg rett og slett jeg må ut og kjøpe garn til for å få strikket.

    Tenk at jeg har klart å skrive et så langt innlegg om kjøkkenkluter. Det er nesten ikke plass til den andre tingen jeg aldri trodde jeg ville strikke: nemlig ankelsokker. Da blir det bare kalde ankler trodde jeg, og det vil vi ikke ha. Så har tanken begynt å modnes om at det kanskje kan være ok til sommerbruk. Det hender jo ikke så altfor sjelden at det er bruk for en varm sokk eller to i sommerhalvåret.


    Jeg testet derfor ut på et enslig nøste Fabel jeg har hatt liggende veldig lenge, fordi det ikke er nok til et par vanlige sokker. Og sannelig har jeg ikke hatt på disse både titt og ofte etter de ble ferdige. Veldig enkle å slenge på litt kalde sommerføtter, når det hadde blitt litt varmt med lange sokker. De er forbausende anvendelige faktisk, så der måtte jeg igjen revurdere mitt syn på hva som er vits i å strikke. Jeg ser ikke bort fra at det blir flere etterhvert.

    Hva blir det neste? Ølvotter? Ha en fin sommer helg! :)

               Two arms are better than one for disaster relief robot    

    The construction prototype can be operated remotely, with an integrated drone providing the operator with a ...

    Japanese researchers have built on last year's disaster relief excavator to create a remotely-operated construction prototype with two arms that can rotate 360 degrees around its central pod, giving it multitasking capabilities. The team has also developed a four-fingered "hand" that should help the robot get to grips with heavy duty construction work.

    .. Continue Reading Two arms are better than one for disaster relief robot

    Category: Robotics

    Tags: Related Articles:
              Bahrain Looking for a Nepali house maid in Juffair for a family of 3   
    Job Extract I am looking for a full time Nepali house maid with a monthly salary of 90-100bhd Visa to be provided Only Intresred candidate contact 34479356
              Bahrain Accountant required for bakery   
    Job Extract We require an accountant that has a few years of experience for our company We are looking for people from the Philippines or Nepal
              What is it about SE Asia and Facebook?   

    I was working on some comparative numbers. Most of these are recent and from reliable, credible sources. Interesting insights. Most people think Facebook use is a subset of Internet use. But in SE Asia, Internet use is always lower than Facebook use. South Asia is different. Except for Nepal, where Facebook use is higher than […]

    The post What is it about SE Asia and Facebook? appeared first on LIRNEasia.


              Arrests and uncertainty overseas show why Australia must legalise compensated surrogacy   
    By Paula Gerber   Cambodia is the latest country in our region to ban commercial surrogacy. As happened when India, Thailand and Nepal introduced such bans, dozens of Australians are now extremely anxious because they have no idea what is going to happen to their babies who have recently been born or are on their way. […]
              Futott képeslap - Miskolc zenepalota 1929 (Rak.) - Jelenlegi ára: 600 Ft   
    Kép szerinti szép állapot.
    Futott képeslap - Miskolc zenepalota 1929 (Rak.)
    Jelenlegi ára: 600 Ft
    Az aukció vége: 2017-07-01 20:55
              ADB $150 Million Loan to Help Improve Power Distribution, Efficiency in Nepal   
    The Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Board of Directors has approved a $150 million loan to help improve the reliability and efficiency of Nepal’s electricity supply and distribution through the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA). ADB will also administer a $2 million technical assistance grant from the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) financed by the Government […]
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              El taekwondo dominicano mantiene una labor tímida en el Mundial   

    SANTO DOMINGO. Hasta el momento la experiencia no ha sido muy agradable para el taekwondo dominicano en el Mundial, que se celebra en Muju, Corea del Sur (24-30 de junio). Ningún peleador ha llegado a los octavos de final.

    República Dominicana se presentó con una delegación de 10 atletas. El equipo lo integran en femenino, Candelaria Marte (-49 kg), Génesis Andújar (-57 kg), Deisy Montes de Oca (-67 kg) y Katherine Rodríguez (+73 kg). En masculino, Edward Espinosa (54 kilogramos), Luisito Pié (58kg), Bernardo Pié (63kg), Ruddy Mateo (-68 kg) y Wilkin Heredia (-74 kg) y Moisés Hernández (80 kg).

    De ese grupo sólo resta competir a Moisés Hernández y Bernardo Pié.

    El martes, Luisito, que avanzó por “bye” le ganó a Chester Peralta (Ecuador) en la ronda de 32 y perdió ante Tumenbayar Molom (Mongolia) en la ronda de 16. El oro de esta división lo ganó Yun-Jo Jeong (Corea del Sur); con plata, Mikhail Artamonov (Rusia) y el bronce quedó en Carlos Navarro (México) y Jesús Tortosa Cabrera (España).

    Tamibén el martes, Rodríguez perdió contra Nafia Kus (Turquía) en ronda de 16. Marte quedó en la ronda de 32, que es la primera, el domingo 25; y Monte de Oca cayó ante Katherine Dumar (Colombia) en ronda de 16 el lunes 26. Mientras Espinosa, el sábado 24, venció a Tara Kumar Rayamajhi (Nepal), pero cayó en la ronda de 16 ante Dionysios Rapsomanikis (Grecia).

    El 26, Mateo cayó en ronda de 64 ante Saud Ibrahim Almuwallad (Arabia Saudita). Herdia, finalmente, el día 25, venció en ronda de 64 a Mohammed Hamooda (Catar), pero cayó en ronda de 32 ante Nikita Rafalovich (Uzbekistán).


              पब्लिसिटिमा हिट “सायद-२”, रिलिज पछि पनि हिट हुनेमा ढुक्क निर्माता रावल (भिडियो सहित)   

    पोखरा न्युज – निर्माता सुनिल रावल जोखिम मोल्नमा निकै माहिर छन । उनी आफैं पनि जोखिम विनाको कुनै पनि व्यवसाय नहुने सत्यलाई स्वीकार गर्छन । भुकम्पका कारण तहस नहस बनेको नेपाली फिल्म क्षेत्रमा ठुलो जोखिम मोलेर होस्टेल रिटन्र्स्लाई प्रदर्शनमा ल्याए । परिणाम उनको फिल्म ब्लकबस्टर त भयो नै साथमा अन्य फिल्महरुले पनि सुरक्षित महशुस गरे […]

    The post पब्लिसिटिमा हिट “सायद-२”, रिलिज पछि पनि हिट हुनेमा ढुक्क निर्माता रावल (भिडियो सहित) appeared first on Pokhara News.


              Thailand ready to lend support in promoting tourism   

      Pokhara News, July 1 – Thai Ambassador to Nepal, Bhakavat Tanskul, has underlined Thailand’s readiness to lend its support in promoting Nepal’s tourism. At an interaction held by Pokhara Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI) on Friday here, Tanskul noted that around 35 million tourists annually visit Thailand. He added that Thai government was […]

    The post Thailand ready to lend support in promoting tourism appeared first on Pokhara News.


              This Popular Island Destination Is Exporting Monkeys for Cruel Experiments   
    Mauritius is one of the world's largest suppliers of non-human primates for inhumane medical experiments.

    Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean, is a dream holiday destination for tourists from all over the world. It is famous for its beautiful beaches, lagoons, tropical climate, heritage sites, lush forests and wildlife. Yet, this idyllic location is also infamous for a sinister reason—the cruel exploitation of its population of monkeys. Mauritius is one of the world’s largest participants in the cruel trade of supplying non-human primates for experiments. In 2016, 8,245 long-tailed macaques were exported from Mauritius to the USA, Canada and Europe with 3,522 imported by the USA, the largest importer of monkeys from Mauritius.

    In Mauritius, the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) lives freely. However, the species is not considered indigenous, despite having been well-established on the island for about 400 years. Although the species is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), there exists no legislation to protect the primates of Mauritius. Instead, they are widely persecuted and exploited.

    Historically, monkeys were trapped in the wild to be shipped overseas. Following international condemnation of the trade in wild-caught primates, tens of thousands of primates are now held in farms across Mauritius. Many of these animals were captured from the wild and are now imprisoned in these farms and used for breeding. Denied their freedom in the lush foliage of their jungle homes, these individuals spend their lives behind bars, on concrete. Their offspring are transported as ‘cargo’ in small wooden crates on airplanes to laboratories around the world to feed the international research industry.

    Tourism is a key pillar of the economy of Mauritius and contributes significantly to the economic growth of the island. Mauritius is also promoting the island’s image as a green, eco-friendly tourist destination. The reputation of Mauritius as a country where the environment is valued is being put at risk by the export of monkeys for cruel experiments. Added to this is the introduction of recent regulations that will, for the first time, allow such experiments to be carried out on the island itself. The main species to be used in the research will be the country’s population of long-tailed macaques.

    It cannot be argued that the economic benefits of the monkey trade and potential revenue from experiments are more important than tourism. Even a brief glance at the figures shows this controversial trade, worth less than 2 percent of Mauritian export, is economically insignificant compared with the income that Mauritius receives from its tourism industry. It is well-established that if a country develops a reputation for unkind treatment of animals, it has a very strong negative effect on tourism.

    An additional factor to consider which is equally puzzling is that Hinduism is the largest religion in Mauritius. The country has the third highest percentage of Hindus in the world after Nepal and India. Lord Hanuman, the monkey god, is one of the most popular idols in the Hindu religion and is worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion. The trade in primates on Mauritius clearly is contrary to the very concept of Hindu culture and society which emphasises the spiritual equality of all living beings.

    There are concerns that the introduction of animal experiments to Mauritius is primarily to provide a new market for the primate breeding companies and a reaction to problems with airlines refusing to transport primates for research purposes, moves to impose tighter restrictions on the import of primates within the European Union and a growing public concern about the use of primates in research. Animal researchers and companies may be looking to travel to Mauritius to carry out research that would not be allowed to take place in their own country.

    A glance at the new regulations governing the experiments shows that substantial sections have simply been taken from EU and UK legislation, but this has not been consistently done, so there are significant gaps and contradictions. For example, there is no provision for governmental inspections of laboratories. Nor are there any rules in the regulations about the housing, environment and enrichment to be provided to animals. Furthermore, transparency and accountability appear to be absent because, although there is a requirement for researchers to submit records to the government, there is no provision for the government to subsequently put such information into the public domain. 

    The long-tailed macaque is the most widely traded primate species for research worldwide and the most widely-traded mammal on the CITES database. In the laboratory, these primates may suffer substantially, including the effects of poisoning (such as vomiting, internal bleeding, weight loss, organ failure and even death) after being forced to consume large quantities of chemicals or drugs in toxicity tests or face being subjected to major brain surgery, their skulls cut open and devices implanted into their brains.

    Examples of recent research carried out on long-tailed macaques in the USA makes disturbing reading: 1) experiments that have attempted to mimic traumatic military injuries; 2) forced addiction to recreational drugs such as alcohol and cocaine; 3) injections with phencyclidine (PCP or ‘angel dust’) and 4) forced inhaling of cigarette smoke several hours a day (for some monkeys it was the equivalent of a person smoking four packs of cigarettes a day).

    The development of alternative methods to using animals is a growing and pioneering field. There is now a wide range of more human-relevant and humane approaches and animal tests are being replaced in areas such as toxicity testing, neuroscience and drug development. These alternatives include cell, tissue and organ cultures; methods using chemistry, computers or imaging machines; and ethical and highly effective studies using human volunteers.

    Cruelty Free International is dedicated to ending this cruel exploitation of the Mauritius monkeys. We believe that the focus for Mauritius should instead be on these new technologies for non-animal experiments and we are urging Mauritius to become a forward-thinking country that adopts humane and cutting-edge alternatives. Mauritius’ image abroad is already tarnished because of its role in the cruel international trade in monkeys for research. Allowing animal experiments to take place will have a further negative impact and likely result in further widespread protest.

    Our campaign has received widespread support from around the world, including in Mauritius, by scientists, wildlife experts, politicians and socio-cultural groups as well as members of the public. Indian politician Maneka Gandhi and internationally renowned primatologist Dr. Jane Goodall have also voiced their concerns.

    There are three actions you can take to support our campaign to protect the monkeys of Mauritius and let government officials know that what they are doing is unacceptable:

    1. Send an email/letter to the Mauritius Embassy in Washington:

    mauritius.embassy@verizon.net

    washingtonemb@govmu.org

    H. E. Mr S. Phokeer

    Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

    Mauritius Embassy

    1709 N. Street, NW

    Washington D.C. 20036

    2. Send an email/letter to the Minister of Tourism in Mauritius:

    mtou@govmu.org

    The Hon Anil Kumarsingh GAYAN, SC

    Minister of Tourism

    Ministry of Tourism

    Level 5, Air Mauritius Centre

    John Kennedy Street

    Port Louis

    Mauritius

    3. Sign this petition.

     

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              Subcontinente indio: India y Nepal: Alquilar Tuk Tuk en Sri Lanka: conducir y moverse en tuktuk   
    ingrid85 Escribio: djdrake Escribio: diana33 Escribio: Gracias por contestar!!!!!! Entonces sí recomendais TS Tours. No sé si alguien ha contratado con Jeromwin Tours. Son los únicos que me han contestado a todas mis dudas en el primer mail, me ofrecen precio similar a TS Tours, recogida gratis en aeropuerto, pero dice que necesito el AAC. Y el precio que me da es más barato que con Pick and Go. Alguien sabe algo de Jeromwin? Estos son los modelos que me ofrecen en Jeromwin, por si alguien los ha conducido o sabe si TS Tours los tiene: 4-stroke Bajaj / TVS tuk tuk Ya me decis. Hola! Sí, nosotros no tuvimos ningún problema y todo fue como tenía que ir con TS Tours y con el Tuk Tuk que nos alquiló. Desconozco Jeromwin Tours, en el momento que estuve buscando Tuk Tuk no existía (o no lo conocíamos aquí). De todas formas, si te dan confianza por email yo creo que debería bastar. Son gente muy maja los celyandeses! Respecto el AAC, yo no lo llevé y en ningún momento lo pidieron (me pararon 2 veces). Y he leído mucha gente diciendo lo mismo. Eso no quita para que algún día algún poli se le ocurra pedir eso y pillen así dinero fácil. Pero eso no está, al menos todavía, dentro del pensamiento de esta gente por lo que pudimos comprobar. También te digo que seguramente la multa que te pudieran poner por no tener el AAC sería ridícula... seguramente cueste bastante más que te gestionen el AAC que la posible multa. Nuestro Tuk Tuk era un Bajaj Re 4 Stroke y se portó como un campeón! El TVS King también leí que estaba muy bien si es de los modelos más actuales. Con cualquier opción andareis bien. Hola! Nosotros estuvimos en abril dos semanitas y no sé si es que han espabilado mucho o que, pero la policía nos paró tres veces y las tres veces quisieron ver el dichoso permiso AAC. Nosotros lo teníamos, así que sin problema. No tengo ni idea de a cuánto ascendería la multa por no llevarlo, pero si te lo piden varias veces supongo que al final sale a cuenta y te ahorras problemas con la policía. Saludos Hola ingrid85 ! Yo llamé a la embajada para preguntarlo , ya que para alquilar el Tuk-Tuk te insisten en que necesitas el AAC , y me dijeron que si teníamos el carnet de conducir internacional , no el de coche sino el de moto , donde pone explícitamente que es para vehículos de 3 ruedas , no necesitabas el AAC. Vosotros el de moto no lo teníais ?
               New international airport in Nepal to start construction    
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              BCCI extends support to Nepal cricketers   
    The National Cricket Academy under the chairmanship of M P Pandove said it will enter into a strategic tie-up with Cricket Australia along with the setting up of an independent complex to shift the facility from Bangalore, while also extending help the national cricketers of Nepal, who have been affected by the earthquake.
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              Egyptians of Indo-European (Perhaps Indo-Iranian) Extraction Instead of African Extraction   
    In my research on the Kirtland Egyptian Papers (KEP), I sought to identify the language group that the numeral vocalizations came from that show up in the Egyptian Counting section of the KEP.  My research on this is at the following link:

    http://egyptianalphabetandgrammar.blogspot.com/2014/04/the-egyptian-counting-vocalizations-in_4410.html

    Also, here is the link showing the very early connection between the written Brahmi (Indian) numerals and the written Egyptian Hieroglyphic and Hieratic numerals, as also, the written numerals in the KEP:

    http://egyptianalphabetandgrammar.blogspot.com/2014/03/indo-arabic-numerals-in-egyptian.html

    As you know, if you have read other parts of this blog, the numerals in the KEP do not match Ancient Egyptian.  And of course, Anti-Mormons have pounced on that fact in the past and declared victory.  And my message in this blog was to say, not so fast.  If they are not Ancient Egyptian, or to be more precise, if they are not the "Afro-Asiatic" flavor of Ancient Egyptian, then what are they?  Just because they are not from the "Afro-Asiatic" family doesn't mean they are not of SOME language family.  So, I scanned through all the numeral vocalizations of the language families of the whole planet, and I hit a bullseye.  I identified the KEP numeral vocalizations as belonging to the Indo-European family of numerals (specifically of the Indo-Iranian branch), but with a strange mix of a few numerals from the Sino-Tibetan family.  Indo-Iranian, of course, is from the Indian and Persian areas, and Sino-Tibetan is from the Far East and from Tibet.  The Himalayas are, not surprisingly, where these two language families overlap.

    So, the readers of my blog may have asked, and continue to ask, what in the world are numerals from these language families doing in Ancient Egypt?  Well, many people suppose that the Egyptians have an African origin for their race, because the Book of Abraham, as an example shows that at least the oldest ruling class after the time of the flood were descendants of Noah through Ham.  Assumptions from the past have been that that meant that ALL Egyptians were from that lineage.  Modern scholarship, on the other hand, shows that Egypt and Sumeria go back much further than the time of Noah with a continual habitation.  This means that Noah's flood was local to wherever it happened, and that these civilizations pre-date Noah's arrival to the middle east.

    My preferred explanation is that Noah launched the ark from America, and that the flood happened in America on the East Coast (since the Book of Moses says that the land of Cainan, the domain of the prophets was near the east sea [Moses 6:21], and Joseph Smith was reported to have said that Noah launched from South Carolina).  When he arrived to the southern shores of Mesopotamia by way of an ocean voyage, rather than landing on a mountain in Turkey, his descendants populated Mesopotamia and Egypt almost immediately afterward, becoming the ruling class of both, but also mixing in with the natives.  The same thing happened in America when Lehi's colony arrived there.  Lehi's people became the ruling classes of already-existing American civilizations.  There is a reason the place-name of Noah's landing is Ararat.  It is not the present-day Ararat in Turkey where we generally associate the name.  Rather, that area came to be called that by place-name migration.  Rather, the original Ararat was actually the ancient Sumerian name Eridu, the land of the coast of the Persian Gulf.  In other words, the word Ararat is actually a form of the Sumerian Eridu or Akkadian Iritu.  This is the ancient port city at the mouth or delta of the two rivers of Mesopotamia.  This is where Noah actually disembarked, and people have been looking for the ark in the wrong place all along.  The problem is, of course, that the ark would have never survived thousands, let alone hundreds, of years in that climate.

    Anyhow, my point is, there were original natives of Egypt that were there before Noah's/Ham's descendants arrived there, as reported in the Book of Abraham 1:21-27.  This race, separate from the Noaitic immigrants, were of Indo-European extraction, as we shall see.  It is from the Noaites that the Afro-Asiatic Ancient Egyptian language comes.  It was an import. The original language would have been from Indo-European extraction, and therefore, it is likely that the KEP vocalizations for the numerals could possibly representative of an ORIGINAL Egyptian language.  Perhaps the original inhabitants came from the Himalayan region where they would have been able to pick up these numerals from.  Here is what the data shows:
    Cranio-facial patterns
    1. Craniometric
    . . .
    "The biological affinities of the ancient Egyptians were tested against their neighbors and selected prehistoric groups . . . We conclude that the Egyptians have been in place since back in the Pleistocene and have been largely unaffected by either invasions or migrations. As others have noted, Egyptians are Egyptians, and they were so in the past as well."
    . . .

    2. Cranial Non-metric
    Pre-Dynastic Southern Egyptians from Naqada (#59), 26th-30th Dynasty Northern Egyptians from Gizeh (#60) cluster with Northwest Indians from Punjab and Kashmir (#44), Ancient and Modern Greeks (#48), Scandinavians from Finland, Sweden and Norway (#51, #52), and Modern Germans (#53).
    . . . 
    3. Cranial Non-metric
    Pre-Dynastic Southern Egyptians from Naqada and late dynastic 26th-30th Dynasty Northern Egyptians from Gizeh cluster with Caucasoids [modern Europeans, ancient Byzantine Greeks, and modern Turks]. Note ancient Nubians from Kerma also cluster with Caucasoids and show strong ties with ancient pre dynastic Southern Egyptians. Also not modern sub-Saharan Africans including these East African Somalis do not.
    . . .
    Dental affinities
    1. Dental Metric
    Pre-Dynastic and 12th-29th Dynasty Egyptians cluster with modern Afghans and modern North Indians on the edge of a larger cluster of modern Europeans and modern West Asians.
    . . .
    2. Dental Non-metric
    12th Dynasty Northern (Lisht), Roman/Byzantine (El Hesa), and Byzantine (Kharga) Egyptians cluster with other North Africans and Europeans (Poundbury, England).
    . . .

    Ancient Egyptians had simple, mass-reduced teeth like Caucasoids.
    . . .

    This contrasts with the dental pattern of Sub-Saharan Africans who had massive complex teeth.

    Prognathism
    Prognathism alone cannot be used as an exact or even extremely competent indicator of genetic structure. With that said, it is notable that the ancient Egyptians as a whole were on the very low end of the prognathism scale like practically all West Eurasian groups as shown. Here the only sub-Saharan Africans which show negative prognathism are East African Somalis. The Egyptian groups shown are ancient Southern Egyptians from Badari, Pre-Dynastic Southern Egyptians from Naqada, and 26th-30th Dynasty Northern Egyptians from Gizeh.
    . . .

    Forensic reconstruction of King Tut
    Forensic anthropologists classify King Tut as being "Caucasian".

    May 10, 2005
    "Is this the true face of Tut? This silicone-skinned bust is billed as the most accurate forensic reconstruction ever of ancient Egypt's Pharaoh Tutankhamun. It was based on recent 3-D CT scans of the mummy of the "boy king," who is believed to have been about 19 when he died some 3,300 years ago.
    Led by Zahi Hawass, head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, a National Geographic Society team commissioned French experts to create the lifelike bust. Using the CT scans (see "King Tut Mummy Scanned"), French forensic anthropologist Jean-Noël Vignal determined the basic measurements and features of Tutankhamun's face. Vignal deduced that Tutankhamun had a narrow nose, buck teeth, a receding chin, and Caucasian features. Such features are typical of European, North African, Middle Eastern, and Indian peoples." (http://archhades.blogspot.com/2011/06/caucasoid-racial-affinities-of-ancient.html?m=1) 
    And so, the KEP numerals may actually nail the ancient homeland of the Egyptians down before they ever got to Egypt:  The Himalayas area, perhaps Nepal or something like that.
              Comment on Wisdom of the Mysterious Land – Upper Mustang by Nepal Highland Treks   
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    Prieš ketvirtį amžiaus, kai bliuzmenai, susibūrę į Pašiūrę ant Lūksto ežero kranto, ėmė kurti festivalį „Bliuzo naktys“, niekas negalėjo net numanyti, kaip per 25 metus pasaulį pakeis kompiuterinės technologijos. Jubiliejiniame festivalyje ta proga bus pristatyta šauni retrospektyva. „Oldskūl“ retro kompiuterinių žaidimų palapinėje kiekvienas galės pažaisti senus, vaikystę menančius, žaidimus: sulošti „Tankiukus“ ar „Supermario“, susikauti su draugu „Streetfighter“ ringe.

    Tiems, kam nostalgiją tebekelia tobuliausi festivalių automobiliai – Volkswageno „vabalai“, festivalyje galės pasisukioti po specialią parodą, o šeštadienį prie Ąžuolo Lietuvos „Vabalų“ klubas, vienijantis senovinių VW automobilių mėgėjus, kurie ne tik bendrauja tarpusavyje, bet ir organizuoja įvairius renginius, pakvies į paskaitą, skirtą visiems šio stiliaus automobilių mėgėjams. Įdomu tai, kad 1969 metais vykusiame Vudstoko festivalyje daugybė dalyvių atvyko būtent VW automobiliais. Prabėgus beveik 40 metų tie patys automobiliai vis dar važiuoja į muzikos festivalius.

    „Bliuzo naktys“ neretai pavadinamos hipių festivaliu, nes iš kitų išsiskiria ypatingai pozityvia energija ir visiška sielos ramybe. Šįkart festivalyje savo sielą nuraminti ir pasikrauti geros energijos bus galima pasimokius Sabai Sabai meno. Tai – pasyvi Tailando joga, menas liesti. „Ateik, patirk ir išmok liesti. Atsipalaiduok pats ir padėk draugams, artimiesiems“, – kviečia Sabai Sabai meistrai.

    Tikra atgaiva bus ir zumbos užsiėmimai. Tai – linksmos treniruotės su šokių ir aerobikos elementais. Kitaip sakant – ir smagus laiko praleidimas, ir lieknėjimas sambos, flamenko, hip hopo, pilvo šokio ar marengos ritmu.

    Be kita ko, jubiliejiniame festivalyje vyks ir bliuzo šokių pamokos. „Mes esame pirmoji ir vienintelė Bliuzo šokėjų bendruomenė Lietuvoje. Daugelis nustemba, sužinoję, jog galima ne vien klausytis bliuzo, bet ir šokti pagal šią muziką, todėl kviesime tai išbandyti visus, atvyksiančius į jubliejines „Bliuzo naktis“, – sako mokytojai.

    Tie, kurie šokti drovisi, galės išmėginti kitas aktyviąsias veiklas, pavyzdžiui, irklenčių sportą ar vandens dviračius. Jeigu oro sąlygos leis, šeštadienį tiesiog vandenyje įvyks gaivališkas „mood sellerių“ koncertas, kurį bus galima stebėti nors ir nuplaukus toli į ežerą: Lūkstas gana seklus, todėl festivaliautojams nereikia remtis pečiais per du metrus nuo kranto.

    O krante vyks sportinis pokeris, kuriame azartiškiausi festivalio „Bliuzo naktys“ dalyviai galės išbandyti jėgas prie sportinio pokerio stalų, laimėti prizų ir galimybę patekti į finalinį lošimą. Stipriausieji toliau kovos dėl čempiono vardo ir pelnys puikias taures. Šį žaidimą galės išbandyti ir pokerio naujokai. Gal sėkmė bus jų pusėje?

    Jauniesiems festivalio dalyviams bus pasiūlyta išsirinkti medvilninių marškinėlių spalvą bei dydį ir specialiais flomasteriais ant jų piešti, spalvoti, pasitelkiant trafaretus. Susikurti savo festivalio marškinėlius galės ir suaugusieji. Jeigu susidarys eilė – bus galima išbandyti didelių detalių domino. Tiems, kurie į festivalį atvyks jau susikūrę savo išskirtinį įvaizdį, „Bliuzo naktų“ aikštėje beliks pasidaryti tradicinę laikinąją tatuiruotę, nes tai jau tapo neatsiejama festivalio dalimi.

    Šeštadienį popiet teritorijoje vyks ir tradicinės šunų lenktynės, kuriose kasmet renkamas greičiausias festivalio keturkojis dalyvis bei jo šeimininkas, privalantis bėgti kartu. Smagu bus pažiūrėti, kas šiais metais mes iššūkį „Bliuzo naktų“ talismanui – šuniui, vardu Bliuzas, kuris jau yra tapęs daugkartiniu šios rungties čempionu. „Primename, kad visi šunų šeimininkai, nepaisant jų veislės ir dydžio, turi pasirūpinti šunų antsnukiais. Kitaip, deja, augintiniai į festivalio aktyviąją teritoriją nebus įleidžiami“, – pabrėžia organizatoriai.


    Taip pat festivaliautojų lauks LSMU Veterinarijos akademijos studentų asociacijos įkurta Būsimojo šeimininko akademija. Jos tikslas – išmokyti, padėti suprasti, kaip teisingai ir atsakingai prižiūrėti ir auginti keturkojus draugus.


    Socialinių iniciatyvų sektoriuje bus galima aplankyti ir Jaunųjų Maltiečių palapinę, paįvairinti laiką komandiniais žaidimais ir sužinoti, kaip galima prisidėti prie gausaus savanorių būrio, kuris nepaliaujamai padeda senjorams, silpnesniems ir negalią turintiems žmonėms.

    Festivaliautojai bus pakviesti prisidėti ir prie Ievos Krivickaitės įsteigto gerumo fondo „Ne apie mane“ akcijos, skirtos I-ojo tipo cukriniu diabetu sergančių vaikų sensorių finansavimui, kurių, deja, nefinansuoja valstybė. Diabetu sergantys vaikai, kurių amžius svyruoja nuo kelių mėnesių iki 18 metų, kiekvieną savaitę cukraus kiekiui kraujyje pasimatuoti turi įsidurti apie 70 kartų. Su sensoriumi dūrių sumažėja net 5 kartus – iki 14 kartų per savaitę.

    Žmonėms, kurie rūpinasi aplinkiniais ir pačia aplinka, jau ne pirmus metus „Bliuzo naktyse“ bus pasiūlyta plastikinius indus priduoti į specialų festivalio taromatą. Akcija „Grąžinti verta“ – ne tik atsakingas gyvenimo būdas, bet ir pramoga.

    Jubiliejinės „Bliuzo naktys“ bus atšvęstos triukšmingiau nei Joninės, tik vidurnaktį čia liepsnos ne laužai, o tradicinės festivalio raidės, kurios uždegamos ežere. Visi festivaliautojai kartu trauks himną. Beje, norintieji gyvai dainuoti ne tik vidurnaktį, ir turintys gitarą, puslapyje bliuzonaktys.lt vis dar gali užpildyti anketą ir pasirodyti Vieno žmogaus scenoje. Atrinktieji taps festivalio dalyviais ir į jį pateks nemokamai. Taip pat nemokamai visi „Bliuzo naktų“ dalyviai šeštadienį galės pasivaišinti tradicine bliuzasriube, kuri pagal paslaptingą receptą čia verdama jau daugybę metų.

    Iki festivalio „Bliuzo naktys“ liko vos 10 dienų! Bilietai brangs birželio 30-ąją.

              Globallogic Hiring_ Indic Language Expert (Nepali & Burmese)_ Gurgaon - GlobalLogic - Gurgaon, Haryana   
    *Job Location: * Gurgaon *Domain: * Searching & Analysis *Experience: * 0 Years (Freshers) *Min. Qualification: * Graduation (In any discipline)
    From Indeed - Fri, 05 May 2017 04:36:19 GMT - View all Gurgaon, Haryana jobs
              online shopping in nepal   
    ShopInNepal is a Premuim Online Store in Nepal with a vision of providing everything that a customers needs. From clothing lines to accessories and digital goods and makesup kits to kids toy, ShopInNepal aims to deliver highesh quality goods to customer in lowest cost.
              Humanity’s awakening involves addressing and releasing all its core issues   
    Message from Saul via John Smallman for 5 March 2017 



    Here in the spiritual realms we are all on high alert as the moment of humanity’s collective awakening draws closer. As you are well aware, there is only the eternal now moment, even though you experience ongoing and sometimes seemingly endless linear time – time with no end in sight – but even for you in your human form, there will be an end to time as you enter into full awareness of the Reality of the ever-present now moment. 

    You are far more than your physical bodies, but to experience separation as fully as possible, you closed off from your human awareness the vastness of your being, of your eternal and unbreakable Oneness with Source. Intellectually, you can accept the truth of this, but because of the all-pervasive sense of human physicality that your bodies provide, your knowingness of this remains inaccessible, because to know it would bring into you the full power of Love, and your bodies were only built to accept and work with severely restricted energy flows. Therefore, your bodies would burn up, disintegrate, or dissolve instantly, if your full energy field attempted to enter them. 

    Humanity’s awakening involves addressing and releasing all its core issues – bitterness, resentment, hatred, envy, jealousy – which are all visible aspects of the F E A R that arose immediately and was instantly buried or denied when you entered the illusion. To be separated from Source is absolutely terrifying! Separation, as you have so often been assured, is impossible, but the whole reason for constructing and entering into the illusion was to experience the impossible, and therefore terror had to arise. Like the illusion itself, it is unreal, but your bodies were built to allow the unreal to be experienced and so they appear very real, as do the pain and suffering they undergo, until you release those core issues and move out of fear. And you can do that! 

    Without fear there is no suffering. Yes, there can still be physical pain which is but an indication that you need pay attention to your body’s needs in this now moment – removing your hand from the flame, clothing your body to protect it from cold or heat, allowing it to rest when it is tired. Nothing in the illusion is real or lasts forever, but things – physical stuff you make or manufacture – can have their lives extended if they are treated appropriately and cared for lovingly, and the same is true of your bodies. Your bodies will serve you for as long as you need them or for as long as you choose to experience human life, if you attend to their needs lovingly and without judgment. 

    You all chose the bodies you occupy for lessons you chose to learn, the fact that you have forgotten this does not change that choice, although it can severely limit your perceptions of its purpose. It is what it is, by your choice before you incarnated, and once you learn to accept that, life becomes much easier and more peaceful for you as contentment replaces negative self-judgment. 

    As we keep on reminding you all, you are, each and everyone of you, a dearly beloved child of God. There is no entity, being, soul, human, or other life form that is not eternally loved by God. God is Love, and there is nothing apart from God, therefore, all life is eternal and eternally loved by God. Judgment is of the illusion, and it certainly seem that within it there is much to judge, but that belief is also, of course, illusory. 

    As we also keep telling you, and just told you above, you are far more than your physical bodies, because when God created you He gave you All that He is and All that He has. God is infinite Love, and Love is unconditional – love that sets conditions is not Love! To awaken, to return Home, you have to release all that is not in complete alignment with Love, and F E A R is completely out of alignment with Love. F E A R judges, condemns, defends, attacks, hides, and denies. Those are the core issues that have to be seen, acknowledged, and released, because while you embrace them, nourish them, and encourage them as your inalienable rights, they are acts of you closing your hearts to Love, rejecting It, and refusing to acknowledge Its eternal Presence. 

    Love surrounds you always, because it is Everything, you can never be where It is not, but you can and do block It out, either through judgment of others – who are all the beloved children of God – or of yourselves as unworthy, guilty, and shameful. That perception is endemic throughout humanity and is the motivation that leads into and encourages conflict. But that perception is totally invalid. 

    It seems valid within the illusion where you are all playing these games of separation, but when you stand back from the games for a moment, and go within to your holy inner sanctuary, you can realize the invalidity of that perception and open your hearts to the Love that patiently awaits your acceptance of It. When you do, you can and do feel the Love that is your true nature and which is your unbreakable connection to your holy and Divine Source. The Source that Loves you in every moment, regardless of whatever games you may have chosen to play while hiding yourselves within the illusion, and that does not see and remains unaware of these games because they are unreal. There is NO judgment, there is only Love. 

    And because there is only Love, all you need do is accept It instead of imagining unreal faults, inadequacies, or sins within your pure and beautiful selves that are so very dear to God, your eternal and ever-loving Father. There is nothing you can ever do to in any way change or diminish God’s Love for you. His Love for you is infinite, permanent, and forever unchanging. 

    In accepting that warm divine embrace, you allow Love to fill you and flow through you, enlarging your energy fields which interact continuously with those of all of humanity, nudging them also towards opening to the divine field of Love that is also their true nature. There is no separation, All are One, all affect everyone else, and Love is the power that enlivens and maintains all of creation. Relax into the divine energy field and draw others into it with you, because that is your purpose as you follow your seemingly individual paths that all lead Home to Reality, your true and eternal Home from which you have never been separated. 

    With so very much love, Saul.

              #somewhere Holi festival, India - Asia Meridionale.   

    #22somewhere

     -appunti di viaggi futuri-

    L'Holi festival, detta anche"festa dei colori" o"festa dell'amore", è una tradizionale festività indù che si tiene in gran parte dell'India e in Nepal.
    I festeggiamenti durano due giorni, nel primo giorno viene acceso un falò che stà a significare la vittoria del bene sul male, dove tutte le persone compiono diversi riti religiosi e pregano per scacciare via le negatività. Il giorno successivo si tengono invece i festeggiamenti più allegri, dove si balla, si canta e si lanciano in aria bombe di acqua mischiate a polveri colorate -secondo alcuni anche profumate- per le strade della città, dando vita a dei veri e propri arcobaleni di colore. 
    E' una festa gioiosa, che simboleggia l'arrivo della primavera -e quindi di conseguenza, la fine dell'inverno-, la vittoria del bene sul male, e l'amore.
    Pare infatti che la festa abbia origine dalla mitologia induista, dove il Dio Krishna, geloso della bellezza e del candore della sua amata Radha, un giorno decise di dipingerle la faccia con dei colori, ecco perchè gli innamorati, in questa occasione si colorano a vicenda in segno d'amore.
    Non esiste una data fissa, varia ogni anno, perchè si festeggia con l'avicinarsi dell'equinozio di primavera, durante la luna piena -insomma, è un calcolo un pò complicato, e io non ci capisco niente!-
    Quest'anno l'holi festival si terrà il 13 marzo, potete stare tranquilli, non l'ho calcolato io!
    Recentemente, questo festival ha preso piede in numerosi paesi dell'Europa e del Nord America. Anche in Italia ce ne sono stati alcuni - tipo a Roma, Napoli e Milano-, se volete sempre tenere d'occhio il calendario con le nuove date, vi linko il sito, dove purtroppo per il momento non è prevista nessuna data italiana 👉Holi festival of colours.
     Anche se non fà parte delle date ufficiali del sito che vi ho appena linkato, se vi interessa, a Torino, in occasione del festival dell'oriente, ci sono due date dedicate a quest'evento: il 19marzo e il 26marzo. Se siete nei paragi, ci farei un pensierino. Vi lascio anche il link per informazioni: 👉Festival dell'oriente presenta Holi festival. 


    Vi saluto con il video dei coldplay - hymn for the weekend -giusto per restare in tema-, girato a Mumbai dove potrete vedere queste "bombe" colorate
    Questo video, nel momento della sua uscita, ricevette un sacco di critiche, perchè accusato di essere pieno di stereotipi sulla cultura indiana, comunque, tralasciando le critiche, godetevi la canzone, che i coldplay non ne sbagliano una!


           Happy Holi          

    {SF}

              172nd Episode of Himali Sworharu   
    न्यु योर्कशहरबाट तयार हुने अनलाइन रेडियो हिमाली स्वरहरुमा स्वागत छ| हिमाली स्वरहरुको १७२औ शृंखलामा समाबेश सुन्ने सामाग्रीहरु यसप्रकार छन्: न्यु योर्क नेपाली समुदायका समाचार मुलक सामग्री “सेरोफेरो” पत्रकार प्रशान्त झा संग नेपालको संघियताको बारेमा गरेको महत्वपूर्ण कुराकानी “एउटा कुरामा” सृजनाका स्वरहरुमा बिनोद न्यौपाने र कोमल मल्लको कविता धर्मराज थापा र चलचित्र अपवादको गीतहरु कार्यक्रमको लागी समाचार सामग्री nepaliradio@gmail.com मार्फत पठाउनुहोस – Happy Listening! Himali Sworharu-Action Through Communication New York (We invite you to listen Himali Sworharu-Nepali Online Radio Program also Please join us on FaceBook, watch our YouTube Channel and follow us on Twitter)
              156th Episode of Himali Sworharu-Nepali Online Radio   
    itunes pic
    न्यु योर्कबाट तयार पारिएको नेपाली अनलाईन रेडियो हिमाली स्वरहरुको १५६औ शृंखलामा स्वागत छ|आजको शृंखलामा समाबेश सुन्ने सामाग्रीहरु यस प्रकार छन: न्यु योर्कमा गत साता सम्पन्न ROC NY को “Workers Rights Campaign: Fair Food Potluck ,पत्रकार बालकृष्ण बस्नेत संग नेपाल अमेरिका पत्रकार संघले गरेको अन्तरक्रिया कार्यक्रममा बिभिन्न व्यक्तित्वहरुले प्रस्तुत गर्नु भएको केहि विचार र GMIN को ISKOOL Concert को अडियो सामाग्री प्रस्तुत गर्ने छौ| आज देखि नेपाली भाषी भुटानी परिबारहरुको भावना,विचारहरु समेटेर तयार परेको हाम्रो नया कार्यक्रम “भाब शांग्रिला”को पहिलो अंक सुनाउदै छौ| सृजनाका स्वरहरुमा नारायण श्रेष्ठ र कोमल मल्लका सृजना सुन्ने छौ| कार्यक्रमलाई संगीतमय बनाउने छ असार सम्झाउने केहि गीतहरुलेजस्तो की असारै महिनामा पानी पर रुझाउने…..र धर्म राज थापाको हरियो डाँडा माथी…हलो जोत्ने साथी… – कार्यक्रमको बारेमा आफ्नो प्रतिक्रिया लेखि पठाउनुहोस nepaliradio@gmail.com हाम्रा अन्य नियमित प्रस्तुतिहरु सुन्नुहोस हाम्रो अनलाइनको ठेगाना www.nepaliradio.org मा| हिमाली स्वरहरु-नेपाली मन र नेपालीपन संग नजिक Click here to download 156th episode of Himali Sworharu Happy Listening! Himali Sworharu-Action Through Communication New York City (We would like to invite you to listen Himali Sworharu-Nepali Online Radio also Please join us on FaceBook, watch our YouTube Channel and follow us on Twitter)
              154th Episode of Himali Sworharu   
    स्वागत छ हिमाली स्वरहरुमा!नेपाली मन र नेपालीपन संग नजीक न्यु योर्क शहरबाट तयार पारिएको नेपाली अनलाईन रेडियो हिमाली स्वरहरुको १५४औ शृंखलामा समाबेश सुन्ने सामाग्रीहरु यसप्रकार छन: एउटा कुरामा "ANA 29th Convention-Washing DC"का कार्यक्रम संयोजक हेमन्त श्रेष्ठ ANA को आउदै गरेको भेलाको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्दै छौ| बिकाश संगको बिसौनीमा सानो भाई सुबिन सुबेदी न्यु योर्क बसाई,नेपालको सम्झना र भविष्यको बारेमा भलाकुसारी गर्दै छन्| सृजनाका स्वरहरुमा लेखक मन्जुश्री थापा आफ्नो लेखन यात्रा,र उहाले लेख्नु भएको स्वर्गीय बातावरणविद डा चन्द्र गुरुंगको जीवनी "A Boy From Silkes" र यसको नेपाली अनुबाद "सिक्लेसको ठिटो"को बारेमा सुनाउदै हुनुहुन्छा|सिक्लेसको ठिटोको अनुबाद पत्रकार दीपक अधिकारीले गर्नु भएको हो|यो पुस्तक अनलाईन बाट खरिद गर्न यो लिंकमा जान सक्नु हुन्छ| साथमा हुने छ सामुदायिक गतिबिधिका खबर र सुन्ने छौ निरा रानाभाट र नबिन भट्टराई को स्वरमा रहेको केहि गीतहरु कार्यक्रमको बारेमा आफ्नो प्रतिक्रियाहरु लेखि पठाउनुहोस nepaliradio@gmail.com -- Happy Listening! Sahadev Poudel Producer/Creator Himali Sworharu-Action Through Communication New York City (We would like to invite you to listen Himali Sworharu-Nepali Online Radio also Please join us on FaceBook, watch our YouTube Channel and follow us on Twitter)
              Nepal photography in black and white   

     Nepal photography captured in black and white You might wonder why would someone want to do Nepal photography in black and white? Nepal is a world of color,  patterns and a busy, chaotic world all wrapped up in an intense blend of daily life. But it is also an ancient world, of religion and spirituality, beautiful people […]

    The post Nepal photography in black and white appeared first on Travel Photo Discovery.


              Election News Report: Sthaniya Taha ma Mahila Pratinidhi   
    rrPosted by Anup Baral | July 1, 2017 :Search Results As many three persons have tested positive for H1N1 virus, commonly known as swine flu, in Kathmandu, according to officials. ... On an average, five patients with flu-like symptoms have been visiting the STIDH every day. But cases of swine flu have been rare.
    The swine flu virus has been spreading its tentacles in Nepal. In the past two weeks, the number of people detected with the dreaded flu.With the present rate of affliction, the disease now threatens to take the shape of an epidemic in crowded capital. According to EDCD, if the number of people with disease infection reaches 15 to 20 per day then the disease can be termed as an epidemic one.
              One swine flu case detected in Kathmandu   
    Posted by Anup Baral | July 1, 2017 :Search Results As many three persons have tested positive for H1N1 virus, commonly known as swine flu, in Kathmandu, according to officials. ... On an average, five patients with flu-like symptoms have been visiting the STIDH every day. But cases of swine flu have been rare.
    The swine flu virus has been spreading its tentacles in Nepal. In the past two weeks, the number of people detected with the dreaded flu.With the present rate of affliction, the disease now threatens to take the shape of an epidemic in crowded capital. According to EDCD, if the number of people with disease infection reaches 15 to 20 per day then the disease can be termed as an epidemic one.
              COMEDY GANG Ep 11 - 30th Jun 2017 | New Nepali Comedy Tele-Serial Ft. Numa Rai, Karki Sir   
    Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
    This Week Marihatte is classic comedy program aired on youtube. The segment offers various theme based stories concerning people, society and the practices in Nepal. It conveys simple convincing messages in the very own language of the masses about the ill practices and the need to overcome them for a prosperous society and Nepal.Karki Entertainment Presents! Comedy Gang Advisor/Concept : Karki Sir Artist : Shree Shakti Baral, Karki Sir, Raj K Baraily Bijaya Puri, Bidur Sunar, Kiran Tamang, Numa Rai, Anusha Thapa Napit, Shristi Gurung Title Song : Karki Sir Music : R.B. Lama Singer : Tara Laksam Limbu Arranger : Karsang Lama Cameraman : Yaman Majhi Editor : Lokendra Subba Assistant Director : Sagar Bohara Story/Writer/Director : Karki Sir

              Saraswati Lama as Artist of the Week in Music Cafe   
    Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
    In this episode of Artist of the Week we can see the talk with the popular singer Saraswati Lama. MUSIC CAFE: A half an hour show where we serve all the hot and happenings of Nepali music industry. The show has various segments where we promote both old and new songs and artists of this industry. And the cherry on the cake is the countdown where we give you top 10 songs of the week. A complete package of information and entertainment.

              Why is NEPAL big and powerful country?   
    Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
    That's why i think Nepal is very big and can be most powerful country one day. Its mountain are like tall natural building with more holding capacity and Nepal is full of it.

               Seema Subedi's News    
    Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
    Seema Subedi is everywhere — she is all over your Facebook newsfeed, Twitter, YouTube and all the other social platforms. You definitely must be living under a rock if you happen to not know her. The controversy began earlier this week when Seema Subedi live-streamed herself on Facebook and talked about her opinions about the Gorkhaland movement, Nepali speaking people in India and ‘unfortunately’, she also said what she thinks about the Nepalese people in general; and well, she didn’t have anything good to say about the people in Nepal. She kept on repeating that Indian Gorkhas (Nepali speaking Indian citizens) and Nepalese are completely different; and how proud she is to be an Indian. Nothing wrong with that, that’s the truth. The statement that actually triggered Nepalis was when she said that Nepalis go to India to do the dishes. And as they say, the rest is history. She is arguablly one of the most hated persons in Nepal at the moment.

              Nepal Idol I Parikshyafal I Episode 15 I Sujata Afsar Ali and Manoj I Result   
    Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
    Nepal Idol I Parikshyafal I Episode 15 I Sujata Afsar Ali and Manoj I Result. Nepal Idol reality singing competition that is part of the Idols franchise created by Simon Fuller and owned by 19 Entertainment and FremantleMedia. AP1 TV acquired the production and broadcast right for Nepal Idol. The series aims to find new solo recording artists from across Nepal and the winner would be decided by viewers' votes through the Internet, telephone and text messages.

              Lade Lade - New Nepali Movie Timi Sanga Song 2017 Ft. Samragyee RL Shah, Aakash Shrestha   
    Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
    Listen to the new movie song released in the market Song's Title: Lade Lade Samau Malai, Lyrics: Naresh Bhattarai, Vocal: Madhura Bhattacharya, Music: Rahul Mukherjee, Arranger: Pramod Prasai, Rhythm Kadel, Baikuntha Adhikari, Choreographer: Kabiraj Gahatraj, Artist: Samragyee RL Shah, Aakash Shrestha, Nazir Husen.

              Nepal Idol, Full Episode15 | Top 12 | Parikshyafal | 30 June 2017   
    Posted by Anup Baral June 30, 2017 : First time ever in Nepal, the international singing competition is soon to set views on AP1 television. The international franchise ‘Idol’ is the most viewed show all over the world.
    https://youtu.be/_qudHzjWTXQ
    Source : Youtube.com
    The show first started in England; In 2001 British producer Simon Fuller started the television reality show, which is very popular in various countries. The show is televised in various countries by adjoining the country name to Idol, but in England, the singing competition is popular with the name 'Pop Idol'. The show became worldwide famous when the American Fox channel in 2002 started broadcasting the show as 'American idol'. The 'Idol' franchise now is associated in various other countries like America, Australia, Arab, Indonesia, New Zealand, Latin America, Poland, South Africa, Pakistan India and Iceland. Here in this video you can see the Nepal Idol Episode 12 - Nishan Bhattrai performance. Nepal Idol reality singing competition that is part of the Idols franchise created by Simon Fuller and owned by 19 Entertainment and FremantleMedia. AP1 TV acquired the production and broadcast right for Nepal Idol. The series aims to find new solo recording artists from across Nepal and the winner would be decided by viewers' votes through the Internet, telephone and text messages.
              Nepal police playing cards game in duty   
    Posted by Anup Baral | June 30, 2017 :
    This Week Gadbadi is classic comedy program aired on Youtube. The segment offers various theme based stories concerning people, society and the practices in Nepal. It conveys simple convincing messages in the very own language of the masses about the ill practices and the need to overcome them for a prosperous society and Nepal.
              Twakka Tukka Returns - Episode 39 | New Nepali Comedy TV Serial 2017 Ft. Dinesh DC    
    Posted by Anup Baral | June 30, 2017 :
    This Week Gadbadi is classic comedy program aired on Youtube. The segment offers various theme based stories concerning people, society and the practices in Nepal. It conveys simple convincing messages in the very own language of the masses about the ill practices and the need to overcome them for a prosperous society and Nepal.Don't forget to like and share with everyone if you liked this video!
    AD Release Pvt Ltd. Presents
    TWAKKA TUKKA RETURNS
    Aired on Kantipur TV Every Friday 7:30pm
    Name: Twakka Tukka Returns
    Type: Comedy
    Haha Yoyo Mahadev Triphati (Premcharo, Jadugar), Sivashankhar Rijal Jogindar, Surendra KC Mulako Sag, Gopal Dhakal (Chhande, Mr Funny), Sushila Niroula Bimli, Ashim Suresh, Janak Khadka, Giri Raj , Yesoda Giri, Binod Pariyar
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    Duration : 16 minutes
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    © Highlights Nepal Pvt. Ltd.
              काठमाडौं उपत्यकामा फेरि स्वाइन फ्लू भेटिएको छ । कुलेश्वरकी ३८ वर्षीया महिलाको रगतमा स्वाइन फ्लूको एच् वान् एन् वान् भाइरस भेटिएको चिकित्सकले बताएका छन्   
    काठमाडौं उपत्यकामा फेरि स्वाइन फ्लू भेटिएको छ । कुलेश्वरकी ३८ वर्षीया महिलाको रगतमा स्वाइन फ्लूको एच् वान् एन् वान् भाइरस भेटिएको चिकित्सकले बताएका छन् Search Results As many three persons have tested positive for H1N1 virus, commonly known as swine flu, in Kathmandu, according to officials. … On an average, five patients with flu-like symptoms have been visiting the STIDH every day. But cases of swine flu have been rare. The swine flu virus has been spreading its tentacles in Nepal. In the past two weeks, the number of people detected with the dreaded flu.With the present rate of affliction, the disease now threatens to take the shape of an epidemic in crowded capital. According to EDCD, if the number of people with disease infection…

    पुरा पढ्नुहोस ...


              Contemporary Asian Perspectives on South-South Cooperation Published by Korea Development Institute   

    San Francisco, June 30, 2017 — Twenty-first century aid has diversified beyond last century’s narrow parameters. Asia has become both a generator of huge development resources and an incubator for new ideas and practices. Recognizing this potential, The Asia Foundation’s Director for International Development Cooperation, Anthea Mulakala, recently served as editor of a new book titled Contemporary Asian Perspectives on South-South Cooperation. This volume contributes new perspectives to the international dialogue on South-South Cooperation’s (SSC) historic path and the existing body of literature on the future of development cooperation. The publication is based on the Asian Approaches to Development Cooperation (AADC) dialogue series held in 2015—which has been jointly hosted by the Korea Development Institute and The Asia Foundation since 2010. The AADC provides a forum for Asian officials, development experts, policy analysts, academics to discuss how South-South Cooperation is addressing the challenges and opportunities that face the region. Drawing upon their expertise and insights, the authors from 8 countries make specific policy recommendations on ways to better govern, manage, and measure SSC for increased impact and development effectiveness. They share their views on the evolving function of SSC, and how improvements can increase collaboration and convergence between SSC and traditional aid. The authors in this volume present contemporary perspectives on Asian SSC that explore this evolving diversity. Most of the existing literature on emerging providers focuses on China and sometimes on India. Rarely do analysts provide insights into providers such as Indonesia or Mongolia, or from SSC partner countries, such as Nepal. The volume features new perspectives from these countries, for example: explaining Indonesia’s progress toward establishing a coherent cooperation program; Mongolia’s sharing of its democratization experience with partners on similar paths; and Nepal’s assessment and recommendations on future SSC by reflecting on Chinese and Indian assistance to Nepal in the wake of the 2015 April earthquake. It argues that the SSC brings new resources and approaches to tackling global development challenges. These tools could transform discourse and practice for all partners, Northern and Southern, and shape the future of aid and cooperation. The Asia Foundation is a nonprofit... Read more

    The post Contemporary Asian Perspectives on South-South Cooperation Published by Korea Development Institute appeared first on The Asia Foundation.


              Rashtriya Janata Party President warns Nepal Government of dire consequences if their demands are not fulfilled   
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              Awas! Imigresen Gempur Pati    


    PUTRAJAYA: Jabatan Imigresen akan melaksanakan operasi gempur besar-besaran di seluruh negara bermula tengah malam ini bagi mengesan pendatang tanpa asing (Pati) selaras dengan tamatnya tempoh permohonan kad sementara atau Enforcement Card (E-Kad), Jumaat.

    Ketua Pengarahnya,Datuk Seri Mustafar Ali berkata pihaknya ternyata kecewa dengan sikap berlengah majikan yang tidak membuat pendaftaran dengan lebih awal walaupun program tersebut telah dilancarkan sejak 15 Februari lalu.

    Beliau berkata setakat jam 8 pagi ini,hanya 23 peratus iaitu 155,680 Pati melibatkan 26,957 majlikan telah membuat permohonandan sebanyak 140,746 E-Kad telah dikeluarkan, jumlah yang jauh lebih rendah daripada sasaran asal 600,000 Pati.

    Menurutnya, warga Bangladesh adalah warganegara Pati yang tertinggi mendaftar E-Kad diikuti Indonesia, Myanmar dan Nepal.

    "Saya sudah tegaskan banyak kali bahawa tarikh akhir pendaftaran adalah pada 12 tengah malam ini, dan iatidak akan di sambung," katanya pada sidang media, di sini, Jumaat.

    Mustafar berkata selepas tempoh tersebut selain tangkapan ke atas Pati, majikan juga akan dikenakan tindakan undang-undang atas kesalahan melindungi serta menggaji Pati mengikut Seksyen 56(1) dan Seksyen 55B di bawah Akta Imigresen 1959/1963 termasuk menggaji warga asing yang menyalahgunakan pas pelajar mereka.

    Tinjauan media di Ibu Pejabat Jabatan Imigresendi sinihariini mendapatiia masih lagi sesak sejak semalam dengan kehadiran majikan dan Pati memilih untuk tampil mendaftar E-Kad pada saat-saat akhir.

    Katanya, walaupun permohonan ditutup pada jam 12 tengah malam ini, tetapi pegawai terpaksa bekerja sehingga 7 pagi esok bagi memproseske semua dokumen yang sedia ada.

    Malah, katanya, atas kapasiti yang terbatas, permohonan majikan yang datang ke pejabat Imigresen selepas 11.30 pagi tadi terpaksa diketepikan terlebih dahulu bagi pihaknya memproses kesemua permohonan yang sedia ada.

    Mustafar turut memaklumkan pihaknya menahan beberapa orang, yang didakwa sebagai ejen,yang mengambil kesempatan dengan mengeluarkan E-Kadpalsu.

    Katanya, permohonan E-Kad perlu diuruskan sendiri oleh majikan tanpa melibatkan orang tengah.-- Bernama


              Uttarakhand Tour Packages- A Pleasant Encounter With “God’s Own Land”!   

    Uttarakhand, often called as Devbhumi which means Land of Gods, is a North Indian state, situated at the foothills of mighty Himalayan ranges. This picturesque state is a hilly area, having international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east. On its north-west lies Himachal Pradesh, while on the south is […]

    The post Uttarakhand Tour Packages- A Pleasant Encounter With “God’s Own Land”! appeared first on Hacked by Black Viper.


              This Popular Island Destination Is Exporting Monkeys for Cruel Experiments   
    Mauritius is one of the world's largest suppliers of non-human primates for inhumane medical experiments.

    Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean, is a dream holiday destination for tourists from all over the world. It is famous for its beautiful beaches, lagoons, tropical climate, heritage sites, lush forests and wildlife. Yet, this idyllic location is also infamous for a sinister reason—the cruel exploitation of its population of monkeys. Mauritius is one of the world’s largest participants in the cruel trade of supplying non-human primates for experiments. In 2016, 8,245 long-tailed macaques were exported from Mauritius to the USA, Canada and Europe with 3,522 imported by the USA, the largest importer of monkeys from Mauritius.

    In Mauritius, the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) lives freely. However, the species is not considered indigenous, despite having been well-established on the island for about 400 years. Although the species is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), there exists no legislation to protect the primates of Mauritius. Instead, they are widely persecuted and exploited.

    Historically, monkeys were trapped in the wild to be shipped overseas. Following international condemnation of the trade in wild-caught primates, tens of thousands of primates are now held in farms across Mauritius. Many of these animals were captured from the wild and are now imprisoned in these farms and used for breeding. Denied their freedom in the lush foliage of their jungle homes, these individuals spend their lives behind bars, on concrete. Their offspring are transported as ‘cargo’ in small wooden crates on airplanes to laboratories around the world to feed the international research industry.

    Tourism is a key pillar of the economy of Mauritius and contributes significantly to the economic growth of the island. Mauritius is also promoting the island’s image as a green, eco-friendly tourist destination. The reputation of Mauritius as a country where the environment is valued is being put at risk by the export of monkeys for cruel experiments. Added to this is the introduction of recent regulations that will, for the first time, allow such experiments to be carried out on the island itself. The main species to be used in the research will be the country’s population of long-tailed macaques.

    It cannot be argued that the economic benefits of the monkey trade and potential revenue from experiments are more important than tourism. Even a brief glance at the figures shows this controversial trade, worth less than 2 percent of Mauritian export, is economically insignificant compared with the income that Mauritius receives from its tourism industry. It is well-established that if a country develops a reputation for unkind treatment of animals, it has a very strong negative effect on tourism.

    An additional factor to consider which is equally puzzling is that Hinduism is the largest religion in Mauritius. The country has the third highest percentage of Hindus in the world after Nepal and India. Lord Hanuman, the monkey god, is one of the most popular idols in the Hindu religion and is worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion. The trade in primates on Mauritius clearly is contrary to the very concept of Hindu culture and society which emphasises the spiritual equality of all living beings.

    There are concerns that the introduction of animal experiments to Mauritius is primarily to provide a new market for the primate breeding companies and a reaction to problems with airlines refusing to transport primates for research purposes, moves to impose tighter restrictions on the import of primates within the European Union and a growing public concern about the use of primates in research. Animal researchers and companies may be looking to travel to Mauritius to carry out research that would not be allowed to take place in their own country.

    A glance at the new regulations governing the experiments shows that substantial sections have simply been taken from EU and UK legislation, but this has not been consistently done, so there are significant gaps and contradictions. For example, there is no provision for governmental inspections of laboratories. Nor are there any rules in the regulations about the housing, environment and enrichment to be provided to animals. Furthermore, transparency and accountability appear to be absent because, although there is a requirement for researchers to submit records to the government, there is no provision for the government to subsequently put such information into the public domain. 

    The long-tailed macaque is the most widely traded primate species for research worldwide and the most widely-traded mammal on the CITES database. In the laboratory, these primates may suffer substantially, including the effects of poisoning (such as vomiting, internal bleeding, weight loss, organ failure and even death) after being forced to consume large quantities of chemicals or drugs in toxicity tests or face being subjected to major brain surgery, their skulls cut open and devices implanted into their brains.

    Examples of recent research carried out on long-tailed macaques in the USA makes disturbing reading: 1) experiments that have attempted to mimic traumatic military injuries; 2) forced addiction to recreational drugs such as alcohol and cocaine; 3) injections with phencyclidine (PCP or ‘angel dust’) and 4) forced inhaling of cigarette smoke several hours a day (for some monkeys it was the equivalent of a person smoking four packs of cigarettes a day).

    The development of alternative methods to using animals is a growing and pioneering field. There is now a wide range of more human-relevant and humane approaches and animal tests are being replaced in areas such as toxicity testing, neuroscience and drug development. These alternatives include cell, tissue and organ cultures; methods using chemistry, computers or imaging machines; and ethical and highly effective studies using human volunteers.

    Cruelty Free International is dedicated to ending this cruel exploitation of the Mauritius monkeys. We believe that the focus for Mauritius should instead be on these new technologies for non-animal experiments and we are urging Mauritius to become a forward-thinking country that adopts humane and cutting-edge alternatives. Mauritius’ image abroad is already tarnished because of its role in the cruel international trade in monkeys for research. Allowing animal experiments to take place will have a further negative impact and likely result in further widespread protest.

    Our campaign has received widespread support from around the world, including in Mauritius, by scientists, wildlife experts, politicians and socio-cultural groups as well as members of the public. Indian politician Maneka Gandhi and internationally renowned primatologist Dr. Jane Goodall have also voiced their concerns.

    There are three actions you can take to support our campaign to protect the monkeys of Mauritius and let government officials know that what they are doing is unacceptable:

    1. Send an email/letter to the Mauritius Embassy in Washington:

    mauritius.embassy@verizon.net

    washingtonemb@govmu.org

    H. E. Mr S. Phokeer

    Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

    Mauritius Embassy

    1709 N. Street, NW

    Washington D.C. 20036

    2. Send an email/letter to the Minister of Tourism in Mauritius:

    mtou@govmu.org

    The Hon Anil Kumarsingh GAYAN, SC

    Minister of Tourism

    Ministry of Tourism

    Level 5, Air Mauritius Centre

    John Kennedy Street

    Port Louis

    Mauritius

    3. Sign this petition.

     

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              Scott Harrison   
    This week we talk to Scott Harrison from charity: water about emergency relief in Nepal. Plus, we go behind the scenes of the new issue of RELEVANT featuring Hillsong United, and much more. This episode is sponsored by Stamps.com!
              Luftbilder aus Himalaya-Vermessung des DLR helfen nach der Erdbebenkatastrophe   
    Einzelnes Luftbild des Durbur Square in Kathmandu vor dem Erdbeben als Senkrechtaufnahme mit 10 Zentimeter BodenauflösungDie aktuellen Nachrichten aus den Erdbebengebieten in Nepal machen uns sehr betroffen. Im Januar 2014 war ich zusammen mit meinen Kollegen vom DLR-Institut für Optische Sensorsysteme im Rahmen einer Fernerkundungs-Expedition im Land unterwegs. Wir machten damals Aufnahmen mit der am Institut entwickelten Messkamera MACS, aus denen dann detaillierte 3D-Modelle von mehreren Regionen erstellt wurden.
              Ein Jahr danach: Was aus den Luftbildern der Himalaya-Expedition geworden ist   
    Flug am Mount EverestIm Januar 2014 berichtete ich in diesem Blog über unsere Himalaya-Messkampagne. Mithilfe eines Stemme S10-VTX-Motorseglers beflogen wir ausgewählte Gebiete Nepals. Mit dabei war eine spezielle Messkamera, die vom DLR-Institut für Optische Sensorsysteme in Berlin für diese Mission entwickelt wurde.
              Making Tracks or Losing Ground?   

    Today's slide show: Images from Sirena. Today's audio: Charlie Foerster, the independent tapir researcher at Sirena.

    SIRENA—Álvaro Ugalde, a compact and courtly Latino Kojak, has spent all morning running around with a broom, sweeping the porches and floors of the Sirena Field Station. You wouldn't know he was the man who, 32 years ago, started the Costa Rican national park system, a gangling, glittering web of parks, reserves, protected areas, mostly protected areas, and soon-to-be-worth-protecting-again areas. Nearly 30 percent of the country is now protected to one extent or another, but does this make Don Álvaro happy?

    "Once an hour, I feel like crying," he sighs, looking around him at the Sirena camp. It's so dirty here, he says. So many things don't work. There isn't enough water. The bathrooms—well, let's not dwell on that. Don Alvaro wants to fix up Sirena and make it a little more inviting for visitors. We're not talking the Four Seasons Hotel here. Sirena will always be rough. That's what makes it so … so … Sirena. But it could be much better. He gives a brisk waggle of the broom. And so could many things about the Costa Rican park system, particularly Corcovado, of which Sirena is a part, and which he has just taken the helm of, and which he hopes to make an example of, for the nation.

    Ugalde is a conservation biologist—and a politically astute one. When he was a biology student, he had the great fortune of spending a month hopping from one U.S. national park to another, learning about what makes Yellowstone, the Petrified Forest, Yosemite, and the Grand Canyon so spectacular and such successful tourist spots. What a concept: setting aside land just the way it is and giving nature credit for a few billion years of bright ideas. But as a biologist, he realized that whereas the conceptual foundation for U.S. parks was their scenic beauty, the raison d'être for Costa Rican parks should be their biological importance.

    "We are a tiny country," he says, "yet we have 4 to 5 percent of the world's biodiversity, and that makes me feel a deep sense of responsibility." You can't just shrug and say, it's here, we're near, let's use it. So then the question becomes how can we preserve nature and profit from it at the same time?

    Don Álvaro doesn't like the term "eco-tourism." He prefers "nature-based tourism." "The word eco-tourism has been polluted by people calling themselves eco, but when you dig in, you see it's just a marketing thing."

    "When I go to a hotel that claims to be nature-friendly, I walk around behind the hotel to the places tourists normally don't see," he says. He checks where the trash is disposed of, whether they're dumping sewage in the river. How would he define tourism prefixed eco- or nature-friendly or nature-based? He takes a notably broad view, one that some would say belongs on PBS, on Barney, it's so sweet and inclusive. Effective eco-tourism, he says, is about more than preserving nature. It's about benefiting local people economically, socially, and culturally. It's about respecting native peoples, paying staff a reasonable wage—including, heavens, the women. He's firm about women's rights being tied into eco-tourism—nature needs nurture, and we know who's ace at the mothering trade.

    Yet even as Don Álvaro thinks the eco-tourism industry has its share of hucksters, he by no means thinks Costa Rica has reached its tourist-carrying capacity. A million tourists per annum? Bah, that's Brazil nuts. It could be twice that, thrice that, who knows? With better management, with better waste disposal in national parks, a few more broomsticks in the right hands. Look at Europe and their millions and millions of tourists. And what's a cathedral rose window compared to scarlet macaws, or a flying buttress compared to the fine fat buttresses at the base of a giant fig tree?

    Oh, he's heard all the criticisms of Costa Rica, and how his country is such a "paradox." More protected land than anywhere else, but a degree of deforestation—70-plus percent—that is right up there with the best of the chainsaw nations. Biodiversity abutting polluted rivers. "We're not wishy-washy about anything," he says. "We do something, we do it all the way."

    Yet he's not even too upset about the deforestation, because he and other biologists have learned lately just how readily a forest can be resuscitated. Leave a bit of depaupered land alone in the tropics and nature will reclaim it with astonishing alacrity. As we walked through Sirena's forests with him, he pointed out how much of it was new growth, how much that looked ancient was just a few decades old. True, the old-growth forest we walked through was more complex, more richly layered, but the recent additions still had plenty of punch, twitter, and howl to them. As for the dirty lagoons? "I've seen the Thames being cleaned up, the Hudson being cleaned up." So when he's not on the verge of tears, he's an optimist. There are good days and bad, ups and downs, just like the market, he says. And some stocks are worth holding onto—like the one I bought for my daughter, to sponsor Sea Turtle 89802.

    For that matter, I'd rather see a jaguar than drive one. We went out jaguar-stalking today, with Eduardo Carrillo of the Wildlife Conservation Society, a beaming, mustachioed, jovial fellow who loves his job and loves jaguars and has seen them maybe 25 times in the wild and never tires of the sight. He has seen jaguars walking, resting, swimming, climbing, eating, and watching him in return. He never feels frightened: Jaguars, unlike mountain lions, do not attack people, he said. Nor does he tire of the sound. The jaguar is the only great cat in the Americas, which is not a judgment call but a description of the genus, Panthera, which includes lions, tigers, and leopards. The great cats have the distinctive capacity to roar. Mountain lions don't roar; neither do cheetahs, ocelots, bobcats, or house cats. Jaguars do. Carrillo did his best to imitate the jaguar roar for us. "That's ugly!" exclaimed Don Álvaro. Well, it loses something in the translation, Carrillo admitted.

    We didn't hear a jaguar roar today. We didn't see one, either. But I didn't feel too bad when I learned that Carrillo's student Roberto Salón, who has been studying jaguars for 18 months, has never seen one either. We did, however, see jaguar tracks, which are as wide as saucers, and the tracks of the jaguar's favorite dish, the white-lipped peccary, and a camera trap that the scientists set up to take night-time snapshots of jaguars. The researchers are trying to figure out how many jaguars are in Sirena. They will then extrapolate a figure for the entire Osa Peninsula. Of one thing they are almost certain: The figure is comparatively lower these days with the rise in peccary poaching that drives the jaguars from the confines of the park. In the past six months, four jaguars on the peninsula have been shot. No doubt about it, we told Carrillo. It's time to start an Adopt-a-Jaguar program, an initial public offering of incomparable value.

    Or he might sell jaguar T-shirts, as Charlie Foerster sells tapir T-shirts to support his research. Yes, we bought those, too, because we earned them: We saw tapirs. Charlie showed us three, including a mother, Mamasota, and her 4-month-old calf, Nepal. Tapirs are herbivores, and they are huge: Mamasota weighs maybe 700 pounds. Seeing tapirs is like playing a game of "What's That Animal?" They look prehistoric. They look like a zoo-in-one: a bit of horse, a bit of cow, rhinoceros, pig, and in the snout, an aspiring elephant. Charlie is trying to find out the basics, just as most researchers are at Sirena. How many are there? What do they eat? What are their families like? What do they do of a workweek? It's too bad we know so little about so much, and that when I go to Costa Rica, I feel so useless. All I can do is buy this cute, lousy T-shirt.

    Things to know before you go to Costa Rica.


              निराजनलाइ धोका दिईन् सम्पदाले (भिडियो )   

    सेलिब्रेटी नेपाल काठमाडौँ गायक युवराज कंडेलको पहिलो गीति एल्बम सार्वजनिक गरिएको छ । प्रतिभाका धनि गायक कंडेलको स्वर मा रहेको “आज भोलि” बोलको गीतको म्युजिक भिडियो सार्वजनिक भएको छ । सुमन प्याकुरेल संगीत तथा सुमन कार्कीको शब्द रहेको यस गीतमा निराजन प्रधान र सम्पदा बानियालाई फिचरिंग गरिएको छ ।गीतमा बालकलाकार सगुन केसी र देवको समेत […]

    The post निराजनलाइ धोका दिईन् सम्पदाले (भिडियो ) appeared first on Celebrity Nepal.


              चम्सुरिले बनाउने भईन बेलासे र सितेबा लाइ बार्हमासे (भिडियो)   

    सेलिब्रेटी नेपाल काठमाडौँ टेलिभिजनको पर्दामा नक्कली प्रचण्डको भूमिका निभाएका कलाकार प्रदिप पाठकले ठूलो पर्दाको चलचित्र निर्माण गर्ने घोषणा गरेका छन् । पछिल्लो समय विभिन्न सर्ट फिल्म र म्युजिक भिडियो निर्माणमा व्यस्त रहेका प्रदिप पाठकले असार १५ का दिन उक्त कुरा सार्वजनिक गरेका हुन् । उनले ‘बाह्रमासे’ नामको चलचित्र निर्माण गर्न लागेका छन् । बाह्रमासे चलचित्रमा […]

    The post चम्सुरिले बनाउने भईन बेलासे र सितेबा लाइ बार्हमासे (भिडियो) appeared first on Celebrity Nepal.


              दंगलको नयाँ रेकर्ड विश्वमै पाँचौ   

    सेलिब्रेटी नेपाल एजेन्सिको सहयोगमा अमिर खानको फिल्म ‘दंगल’ ले नयाँ कीर्तिमान कायम गरेको छ । भारतीय बक्स अफिसमा ऐतिहासिक प्रदर्शन गरेपछि चीनमा प्रदर्शन भएको यो चलचित्रले त्यहाँ पनि ऐतिहासिक सफलता प्राप्त गर्‍यो । फोब्र्समा प्रकाशित रिपोर्टअनुसार दंगलको विश्वव्यापी व्यवसाय ३ सय १ मिलियन डलर छ, जसमा चीनबाट १ सय ७९ दशमलव ८ मिलियन डलर तथा […]

    The post दंगलको नयाँ रेकर्ड विश्वमै पाँचौ appeared first on Celebrity Nepal.


              Mapper of the Month: Marek Kleciak (Poland/Germany)   

    Marek Kleciak

    Who are you?

    I'm half German half Polish. I'm living in Bavaria in Germany. I'm a car navigation professional responsible for innovation management. Previously I worked with navigation maps and city modelling. Years before I developed specifications for 3D city models for the German government in Hamburg. Then I started to work for one of the biggest car navigation companies. I made the first trials for 3D data acquisition with laser scanning used now e.g. in Here products. I also taught for 15 years constructive geometry and technical representation techniques at the Technical University in Hamburg. My hobbies are my family, 3D modeling, painting, photography, geography and molecular medicine. I decided to use the polish part of my full name instead of nickname because I believe, I have nothing to hide when I map.

    When and how did you discover OpenStreetMap?

    I heard about OSM already in 2004 because of my professional work and searching after alternatively map sources for car navigation, but I started participating actively only in 2008.

    What do you map? Is there any difference with your early days?

    I have probably the same story as a lot of mappers: in the beginning I mapped mostly things from my immediate surroundings, then other areas I know. After two years I decided to do mapping in some badly covered areas in developing countries.

    How do you map ?

    In the beginning I did some surveys but because of my professional and family duties I am now mostly an armchair mapper. I spent a lot of time improving the accuracy of the map.

    Which tools do you use ?

    For mapping: I use [JOSM](josm.openstreetmap.de), Potlatch2, OsmAnd, a digital camera and Field papers. For Q&A I use http://qa.poole.ch, keepright.at, OSM Inspector, and ITO World's map showing the last 90 days of edits.

    Demo F4 Example

    Demo F4 Example in Warsaw

    For 3D modeling: Adobe Photoshop, ArchiCAD, and f4map. JOSM PlugIns: Kendzi3D, Kendzi3d_improved_by_Andrei, Shape Tools, CAD Tools, ContourOverlappingMerge, Tracer, PicLayer, Alignways, areaselector, buildings_tools – those plugins are the most important to me. But I use also the following plugins: DFX import, FastDraw, junctionchecking, Mapillary, measurement, merge-overlap, pdfimport, photoadjust, reverter, roadSigns, splinex, terracer, tracer2, utilsplugin2, walkingpapers.

    Where do you map ?

    I do mapping around the world. Previously mostly in Poland and Germany, but with time more and more in developing countries like Ruanda and Nepal. After the earthquake in Nepal in 2015 I did my mapping mostly there. The help is still needed.

    What is your biggest achievement as mapper?

    I have three points. First would be the organization of the Garching Workshop: I suggested there the mapping schema known now as Simple 3D Building. My good friend Kendzi, a very smart guy, developed based on this idea his plugin Kendzi3d. Now we have 3D maps.

    Example 3D Building in Kendzi plugin

    Example 3D Building in Kendzi plugin

    Secondly the lobbying for OSM in Poland and the foundation of the OSM Poland association. As the result the polish mappers got access to the very accurate government aerial images.

    Third: Specification of area:highway. Another smart mapper, marimil, has programmed the visualization. Now, we have over 82000 such areas in the map. Why is it so important in my opinion? First: a better look of the map on highest zoom level, secondly: this content can help to develop apps for automated driving.

    Visualization of area:highway

    Visualization of area:highway on osmapa.pl

    Why do you map?

    I love the idea of open source. I have teached the Kathmandu Living Labs team in Nepal before earthquake. They used this knowledge for production of maps for rescue teams after the earthquake.

    What is the most difficult part of mapping ?

    I don´t understand this question :-) In my eyes it is wonderful and easy to understand project. Maybe I´m too long in this business.

    What are your mapping plans for the near future ?

    I wish to improve the OSM map of Nepal. I like this beautiful country and nice, friendly Nepali. Especially mapping of forest areas is in my eyes of special value: Where are forests, there are no people. This knowledge is important for disaster management. And new earthquakes are very likely to happen in Nepal.

    Map of Nepal

    Map of Nepal in Humanitarian Style

    Do you have contact with other mappers ?

    Absolutely. Many of them. I know a lot of nice and addicted friends.

    Do you use OpenStreetMap yourself ? How ?

    I use it for navigation and biking.

    Do you do anything else than mapping that is related to OpenStreetMap?

    Yes, I try to write some specification for JOSM plugins I miss. Sometimes I find people that realize this ideas, as was the case with e.g. CAD Tools. I´m also working in my free time on the S3DB 2.0 specification. It would be great to have more detailed 3D models. I am also the member of advisory board of I-locate consortium which develops standards for indoor data. I am responsible for OSM content there.

    To conclude, is there anything else you want to mention?

    Don´t believe everything is already mapped and OSM becomes boring. There is still a lot, a whole lot to do!

    After we published the interview, Marek told us another interesting story, which we would like to share:

    In 1998 I made my summer holidays in very small city in Krzywin, Poland. I had a lunch with the city major. I told him about my interest in 3D modelling. He asked me, if this could be interesting for teenagers because the city has modern computer lab in the school. I said, "I don´t know, but we can try, never did it with teenagers, only with students at the university." Well, I spent 2 weeks with the kids and as the result we got an nice 3D model of the city. The kids worked hard, because it was their city. This time I learned, cloud projects are cool for people if they have tools and can learn how to do it. This was for me the reason to push 3D in OSM community.

    Krzywin, Poland 3D Model of Krzywin


              Nepali Doctor Conferred Asian of the Year Award   
    New Delhi: Sanduk Ruit, a Nepalese eye surgeon educated in India, was Monday conferred with the first Reader's Digest As
              UNESCO Launches HIV/AIDS Education Kit in Nepal to Combat Epidemic   
    With almost 100,000 people in impoverished Nepal living with the HIV virus that causes AIDS, the United Nations Educatio
              Nepal Gets Its First Graduate Goddess   
    As the world observes Women's Day to celebrate the emancipation and empowerment of women, Rashmila Shakya has a special
              A.I. Could Help Combat Modern Slavery, if Humans Don’t Mess It Up   

    Though it’s been over it’s been more than a century since the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the practice of using forced human labor has proven to be a stubbornly modern problem. According to 2016 estimates by the Global Slavery Index 45.8 million people are currently enslaved worldwide.

    Despite clear laws banning such exploitation, these numbers have remained high as practices continue to evolve. One of the biggest obstacles those who want to combat forced labor face is the difficulty identifying and accessing the places where it’s happening—which are often in remote or unstable areas.

    But now some human rights activists may have a new tool to track some of the most notorious sites of slavery in the world: artificial intelligence. The technology holds promise to vastly expand and accelerate their important work. However, as experts point out, its implementation doesn’t come without potential pitfalls.

    One leader in the AI fight against slavery is the University of Nottingham group Slavery From Space. SFS recently launched a program to help train AI technology to identify satellite images of brick kilns, which are common sites for slavery in South Asia. Many of the laborers at these kilns are debtors and their family members, who pledge to work in hazardous conditions for undefined periods of time as part of an exploitative repayment scheme. SFS estimates that 68 percent of the 4.4 million to 5.2 million brick kiln workers at these sites are not paid.

    Such technologically aided tracking could be a big breakthrough for anti-slavery organizations that work in the region. These groups have already identified broad swaths of Pakistan, Nepal, and India—nicknamed the Brick Belt—where these kilns operate. The kilns are easy to spot in aerial photos, so the team has been using satellite images to pinpoint their locations. But they’ve been slowed by the vetting speeds of human volunteers. By manually mining the enormous set of images from the region, they’ve only been able to catalogue a fraction of the estimated 20,000 to 50,000 sites. Now, however, SFS aims to have a computer do that painstaking work. And to do it faster. They plan to use volunteer-classified images to train a machine-learning algorithm to flag similar iterations of the kilns’ distinct shape and color.

    With an AI to automatically collect and share kiln locations, SFS hopes it may be able to pass this information to organizations that can use the information to step in and investigate the sites. According to its website, SFS also plans to share the data publicly to help academics, policymakers, and humanitarians measure and respond to the prevalence of this modern form of slavery.

    Certainly, it’s a laudable goal. But Faine Greenwood, a Future Tense contributor and an assistant researcher at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative who investigates how drone technology and satellite imagery can be used in humanitarian contexts, believes that the public nature of the data could harm, rather than help, the enslaved.

    In an email earlier this week, Greenwood pointed out that if the images are published, there would be nothing stopping kiln owners from using the website to access the imagery themselves and determine if their site has been identified. In doing so, they may be alerted to the fact that they’ve been identified, buying them time to transfer their laborers or otherwise further obscure their activities. Whether volunteers and others who want to access the information are vetted before sharing it, she said, should be considered.  

    “It's dangerous to assume that only well-meaning people will view this imagery,” she wrote.

    Greenwood also said that she has concerns about overreliance on AI. In some ways, she said, human volunteers can be more useful because they’re less likely to miss subtleties and outliers that a machine may not catch. Technology may help with the process, but we also need to take account of its risks and limitations.

    Though we’re just beginning to leverage the full potential of artificial intelligence, it’s promising to see the ways in which human rights advocates are already thinking about how to use the technology as a tool for good. SFS’ efforts seem to be on the right track. But let’s hope they—and others—avoid the pitfalls that would make them a cautionary tale.


              Men who made a name for themselves    

    1. This prominent texas pioneer and statesman, Sam M., became part of the English language because of his wandering cattle. He neglected to mark his herd with a brand, so when they strayed, neighboring ranchers called them after the last name of the greenhorn cattleman. The name quickly came to mean any unbranded cattle. Today it refers to any freelancer or nonconformist who resists belonging to a group, including political independents.

    2. Josiah W., England's famous potter, gave his name to a superior ceramic he created. He based it on classical designs from ancient Etruscan (Italian) ware. His name is also associated with the particular blue color he used in his glazes. The fame of his family didn't end with high-grade china, however. His son Thomas was arguably the world's first photographer. His daughter was the mother of another famous individual, Charles Darwin.

    3. The name of the world's highest mountain on the Nepal-Tibet border honors the British surveyor-general of India who undertook a detailed mapping of the subcontinent in the 1800s. Sir George was not the first to gain the summit, although his last name has come to mean the highest point of one's achievement.

    ANSWERS

    1. 'Maverick,' after Samuel Augustus Maverick (1803-1870); 2. Wedgwood Ware, by Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795); 3. Mt. Everest, after Sir George Everest (1790-1866).

    (c) Copyright 1999. The Christian Science Publishing Society

    Become a part of the Monitor community


              Comment on Receive a custom trip plan for Nepal by Carles   
    Thank you for your response Anil, Just to know if you have some proposal like this for Langtang, and also how much is this trip? We are only interested in the 3 days trekking because we have hotel in Katmandu and we already have been in Baktapur Thank you
              Comment on Nepal by natalya   
    hello, i want to join trek in tsum valley. can you send me details of company and itinerary.
              Comment on Receive a custom trip plan for Nepal by Anil Dhakal   
    Namasta Elaine i will advice you the upper mustang trek because this is famous trek in nepal . Day 01: Kathmandu Arrival (1300m) Day 02: Kathmandu Sightseeing. Day 03: Heading to Pokhara Day 04: Pokhara- Jomsom-Kagbeni (2858m). Day 05: Trek from Kagbeni- Chele(3030m) Day 06: Trek from Chele-Gilling (3720m). Day 07: Gilling- Charang(3490m) Overnight at lodge. Day 08: Tsarang- Lo Mangthang (3840m). Day 09: Explore Lomathnag. Day 10: Trek to Lo Gekar & then to Ghami (3460m). Day 11: Trek to Chaile. Day 12: Trek to Muktinath (3900M). Day 13: Trek from Muktinath to Jomsom. Day 14: Jomsom-Pokhara flight. Day 15: Back to Kathmandu. Day 16: Farewell friend.
              Comment on Receive a custom trip plan for Nepal by Anil Dhakal   
    Hi Carles Namaste, I am so happy to hear that you are interested in visiting Nepal. I have created the custom itinerary for you and your daughter. This is short trekking route starts in Kathmandu and ends in Nagarkot. Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu Airport : We will receive you and transfer you to hotel in Thamel in a private vehicle Day 02 : Early in the morning around 8:00 am, drive to sundarijal by car/bus/van and hike upto Chisopani(2200m) 5hrs crossing Shivapuri National Park. Overnight at Chisopani (B/L/D) Day 03: Wake up early in the moring to see sunrise from Chisopani, fromhere we can see panoramic view of twenty snow covered mountains. afterbreakfast will hike to Nagarkot for six hours through straight trail.Overnight at Nagarkot HOTEL.(B/L/D) Day 04 : Early in the moring see sunrise view and panoramic views of various mountains including Mount Everest. After breakfast trek down to Changunarayan and visiti old hindu temple Changunaraya and Bhaktapur Durbar Square and drive back to Kathmandu. Overnight at Kathmandu hotel. (B/L/) Day 5: Departure - We will transfer you to Airport in our private car
              Comment on Receive a custom trip plan for Nepal by Carlestoomuch   
    Hello, Me and my daughter plan is to do a short trek in Langtang or Katmandu valley for 4-5 days. We will need a guide to arrange the trip and come with us. The dates are from the 13th to 17th Aug. Many Thanks Carles
              GJM activists attack forces, five injured   
    Five security force personnel were seriously injured in an attack by suspected GJM activists in the Darjeeling hills, while a 20-year-old truck driver, who was injured in an incident of arson, died in Kolkata on Friday.

    The Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) activists set afire several houses and offices across the hills on the 16th day of the indefinite bandh called by it to press its demand for a separate state.

    Life remained crippled due to the bandh in Darjeeling where Internet services were shut. Security forces patrolled the trouble-torn areas.

    Meanwhile, the West Bengal government sought 10 companies of CRPF from the Centre to deal with the situation, the request having come just two days after the army contingents were withdrawn at the state's request.

    The attack on the security personnel took place on Thursday night when they had gone to a village near Teesta Valley to conduct a search operation.

    A mob targeted the security personnel with stones and 'khukri' (traditional Nepali dagger), injuring five of them seriously. The injured police and CRPF personnel were rescued and admitted to a hospital, police said.

    In another incident, the house of Mirik Municipality vice chairman M Zimba was set on fire by protesters on Friday. The supporters also ransacked the Rangli Rangliat police outpost and snatched a self-loading rifle and a pistol. Two police vehicles were set ablaze in the incident, police said.

    Aniket Chetri, the truck driver who had received 70% burns when his truck was set afire on June 20 by GJM activists, died at a hospital in Kolkata on Friday. With this, the state police said the toll in the violence has risen to two. On June 17, a man was killed during clashes.


              WCL and I-Cup; Associate and Affiliate Cricket Podcast   
    Andrew Nixon (@andrewnixon79) joins Russell Degnan (@idlesummers) to chat about the recent matches in the World Cricket League Championship and the Intercontinental Cup. Split series between Kenya and Nepal (0:20) and PNG and UAE (2:30) have set up an interesting finish to the tournament. In the I-Cup Afghanistan thrashed Ireland in the latest setback for the European side (6:30) and PNG's disappointing tour of the UAE continued (11:50) with another loss. The ACC emerging nations tournament was another success for Afghanistan (14:30), this time for their B side. In news (or not), the Hong Blitz was a stunning success (17:20), USACA is belligerent (21:20), and the ICC has political problems (26:30). The Africa WCL qualifier was being played as we recorded (30:00), and the Asian qualifier will shortly follow (32:40) as will the EAP women's T20 qualifier (34:40).

    Direct Download Running Time 36min. Music from Martin Solveig, "Big in Japan"

    The associate and affiliate cricket podcast is an attempt to expand coverage of associate tournaments by obtaining local knowledge of the relevant nations. If you have or intend to go to a tournament at associate level - men`s women`s, ICC, unaffiliated - then please get in touch in the comments or by email.

              आफ्ना नेता तथा कार्यकर्ताको घरमा छापा मारिएकोमा कम्युनिष्ट पार्टीको आपत्ति   

    पोखरा न्युज – गलत हर्कत जारी रहे प्रतिकार गर्ने चेतावनी मध्यरातमा आफ्ना नेता तथा कार्यकर्ताको घरमा खानतलाशी पूर्जी विनै छापा मारी परिवारजनमा आतंक मच्चाएको भन्दै नेत्र विक्रम चन्द विप्लव नेतृत्वको नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी कास्कीले आपत्ति जनाएको छ । नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी कास्कीका ईञ्चार्ज रुपेश र सेक्रेटरी जगनले संयुक्त रुपमा आज एक प्रेस विज्ञप्ति जारी गरी […]

    The post आफ्ना नेता तथा कार्यकर्ताको घरमा छापा मारिएकोमा कम्युनिष्ट पार्टीको आपत्ति appeared first on Pokhara News.


              जलविद्युत् र पर्यटनका क्षेत्रमा क्यानडाबाट सिक्नुपर्छ – पूर्वप्रम नेपाल   

    पोखरा न्युज – क्यानडा स्वतन्त्र भएको १५० औँ वर्षगाठको उपलक्षमा आज नेपालमा पनि कार्यक्रम गरी नेपाल तथा क्यानडाको मैत्री सम्बन्धलाई जनस्तरमा प्रवद्र्धन गर्नुपर्नेमा जोड दिइएको छ । नेपाल क्यानडा मैत्री तथा सांस्कृतिक सङ्घले आयोजना गरेको कार्यक्रममा पूर्व प्रधानमन्त्री माधवकुमार नेपालले क्यानडाले जलविद्युत्का क्षेत्रमा गरेको प्रगति तथा अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय तहमा जलस्रोत कानुनमा गरेको योगदानबाट नेपालले पाठ सिक्नुपर्ने […]

    The post जलविद्युत् र पर्यटनका क्षेत्रमा क्यानडाबाट सिक्नुपर्छ – पूर्वप्रम नेपाल appeared first on Pokhara News.


              Fotos captam a delicada beleza das borboletas do Nepal   
    Veja suas listas, pontos e cores de perto graças a essas fotos feitas pelo fotógrafo Susheel Shrestha.
              Comment on Making connections through the Travel and Hosting Fellowship by Rotary Fellowships add key ingredient of passion to service projects – Rotary Service Connections | English   
    […] The International Travel and Hosting Fellowship (ITHF) enables Rotarians and Rotaractors to enrich their travel experiences through cultural exchanges by visiting other ITHF members during the course of their travels. Tilak Thapa Magar was visiting the United States from Nepal when he was hosted by fellow ITHF member, Bob Artis. Read how his experience strengthened his appreciation for Rotary. […]
              India Honors Nepali Woman Who Freed 12,000 Girls From Sexual Slavery    
    A 67-year-old Nepali woman honoured with one of India's most prestigious awards for freeing thousands of girls from sexual slavery said it was the unbearable pain of victims that has motivated her to fight trafficking.
              Nepal Fails To Deliver Relief To Quake Survivors   
    Nearly two years since Nepal's devastating earthquakes, millions of survivors languish in makeshift shelters as the government has failed to deliver billions of dollars pledged in aid for rebuilding.
              Episode 334: Googly Eyes   
    Between the laughter, Tom and Cecil discuss recent and disturbing news about the death of a girl banished for menstruating and the Satanist 'Cum Rags for Congress' political statement. Lastly, we get to hear quizzes from the next chapter in David Icke's book, The Biggest Secret. Stories covered in episode:  Nepal police investigate death of girl banished for menstruating Man behind Satanic pentagram in Boca Raton is a middle school teacher 'Cum Rags for Congress': Satanists Protest Texas Abortion Law with Semen Socks New York man jailed for 30 years over X-ray weapon designed to harm Muslims Tom DeLay: God Has Given The Religious Right A ‘Clean Slate’ To Reshape America Via President Trump Jesse Lee Peterson: ‘Evil’ LGBT Rights Are Destroying America Alex Jones: Kanye West Met With Trump To Escape The Illuminati
              Nepal teen xxx Bitty Bopper Gets A Scare   
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    Watch Nepal teen xxx Bitty Bopper Gets A Scare on NgecrotTube
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              Xiaomi Cash Bach Offer: Is it Worth it?   

    Xiaomi has announced the Xiaomi cash back offer for the customers of Nepal. Xiamoi Cashback Offer is available only for two of the Xiaomi Smartphones. You can get cashback of Rs 1500 for Redmi 4A and Rs 2000 for Redmi 3s Prime. When you receive a cash back, the price of Redmi 4A will be Rs.15,999…

    The post Xiaomi Cash Bach Offer: Is it Worth it? appeared first on TechLekh.


              Samsung Mobile Nepal Starts Special Monsoon Splash Offer   

    Samsung Mobile Nepal has started a Samsung Monsoon Splash offer. This is a seasonal offer by Samsung Mobile Nepal. What you get in the offer is some discount on four variants of recently released Samsung smartphones. The smartphones have a fair drop in their original price.The four Variants phones are: Samsung Monsoon Splash Offer: Galaxy…

    The post Samsung Mobile Nepal Starts Special Monsoon Splash Offer appeared first on TechLekh.


              OnePlus 3/3T Price Drops Before The Launch of OnePlus 5   

    OnePlus 3 and OnePlus 3T are the best smartphones by its specification in the international market. OnePlus smartphones have become so popular and came to fame within Nepali market due to its beast specs at an affordable price point. The OnePlus 3/3T price drop in Nepal before the launch of OnePlus 5. OnePlus 3 which…

    The post OnePlus 3/3T Price Drops Before The Launch of OnePlus 5 appeared first on TechLekh.


              Gionee A1 Plus with Dual Camera Now Available in Nepal   

    Gionee, a Chinese smartphone manufacturer, recently launched Gionee A1 Plus in Nepal. The company had previously released Gionee A1 and A1 Lite at budget prices. However, Gionee A1 Plus is a premium smartphone featuring a dual camera setup. Gionee A1 Plus price in Nepal is Rs. 44,999. Specification Outline Gionee A1 Plus is powered by Mediatek…

    The post Gionee A1 Plus with Dual Camera Now Available in Nepal appeared first on TechLekh.


              NT Launches Free Internet Service For Bus Passengers   

    Nepal Telecom (NT), has started providing internet service for free in public vehicles of short as well as long routes throughout the country. NT in collaboration with Cybernetics Pvt Ltd has launched the service starting from Monday. The deputy spokesperson of NT, Shovan Adhikari, said that the new service is aimed at providing easy and…

    The post NT Launches Free Internet Service For Bus Passengers appeared first on TechLekh.


              CPM Chairman, Dahal Urges NEA Chief, Ghishing to End Load-shedding in Far-Western Region   

    CPN (Maoist Centre) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal has urged Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) Managing Director Kulman Ghising to immediately end load-shedding in Far-Western region, reports The Kathmandu Post. In a meeting with Ghising at Lazimpat, Dahal pressed Ghising to put an end to load-shedding in Far Western region as people there have been many difficulties…

    The post CPM Chairman, Dahal Urges NEA Chief, Ghishing to End Load-shedding in Far-Western Region appeared first on TechLekh.


              Mikrotik Routers Price in Nepal | 2017   

    This page gives you the list of all Mikrotik Router Price in Nepal along with their key specifications. MikroTik is a Latvian manufacturer of computer networking equipment. It sells wireless products and routers. The company was founded in 1996, with the intent to sell in the emerging wireless technology market. [wiki] Point to be noted,…

    The post Mikrotik Routers Price in Nepal | 2017 appeared first on TechLekh.


              Nepal leaders now brainstorm \'neutral\' govt   
    none
              Nepal govt mulls lifting Iraq, Afghanistan work ban   
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              Nepal communist party caught between \'people’s war\', revolt   
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              Comment on Receive a custom trip plan for Nepal by Anil dhakal   
    Namasta carles .i will advise you for three day trekking chisapani Nagarkot trek because this is very nice trek .if you want to do langtang trek is to long , three day we could not make it . if we do chisapani nagarkot trek we can If you been before Baktaput i will bring you other place as well For this trek is cost will be ,180$per person Airport pick up and drop by air condition private vehicle All naccommodation during the trek , allTransportation, breakfast, lunch, dinner, accommodation during the trekkingOne English speaking trekking guide.Shivapuri National Park Permit.1 Day sightseeing in Kathmandu valley with guide by carTypical Nepali cultural dinner. I wish you have a good time Anil dhakal
              Immigration begins massive ops to flush out illegals - Astro Awani   

    Astro Awani

    Immigration begins massive ops to flush out illegals
    Astro Awani
    In Ipoh, 35 illegals, comprising 22 Myanmar nationals, Nepalese (nine), Indonesians (three) and a Bangladeshi as well as one local employer were detained in raids on industrial and construction sites in Menglembu. --fotoBERNAMA. KLANG: The Immigration ...
    First day of "Ops Mega" nets 1035 foreign workers, 16 employersNew Straits Times Online
    Bosses accept blame for foreign workers without E-KadsFree Malaysia Today
    Nationwide crackdown on illegal workers beginsThe Star Online
    Malay Mail Online -malaysiandigest.com -Daily Express -The Straits Times
    all 27 news articles »

              Electrifying and Death Defying Paragliding Experience   
    Paragliding in Pokhara, Nepal So let’s just call myself adventurous, and every year as I get older I
              7/1/2017: WYDARZENIA: Wstęp wzbroniony, Adamski tu był   

    J– Jestem gotów ponieść wszystkie konsekwencje i nigdy nie będę żałował tego, czego dokonałem. Jako że nie można dostać pozwolenia na trawers, musiałem zrobić go nielegalnie, aby spełnić moje życiowe marzenie – powiedział nepalskiemu dziennikowi „The...
              Comment on Its next birthday could be the Day of Reckoning for GST Revolution by sreeram   
    For many decades the revenue model was flawed, state never did any cost analysis of their government institutions that they pay salaries each month & output. With freebies given with every election, money diverted from defence, space & steel industry, resulting in PSU running shot of cash to upgrade their infrastructure. So slowly with each passing year, each PSU turned sick, then politician wanted money for elections, then came privatization, replacing sick PSU business domains/area/functions. The state & centra govt was living on borrowed money & borrowed time. Now with Pakistan attacking India, army does even have a "rampuri knife or nepali kukri knife" to fight with Pakistan / china. To rearm indian army fresh funds are required. Many of the existing business are in NOT in the tax fold. So GST will give revenue to the govt, it can buy new ammunition to beat Pakistan. If finance managed properly, hope to see rupee strengthening in coming years i.e. slowly come down to 1 US $ = Rs. 55 in the next five years. Then Indian businesses can buy all American Companies in hard cash & dominate the WORLD !!!!!
              Stock Rom SM-G570F Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime   
    MODEL SM-G570F NAME Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime VERSION 6.0.1 BUILD 20161228 AP/PDA G570FXXU1APLE CP/CSC G570FOXE1APK2 CODE/REGION SER – Russia SKZ – Kazakhstan LINKS Download Mirror Mirror Mirror . MODEL SM-G570F NAME Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime VERSION 6.0.1 BUILD 20160912 AP/PDA G570FXXU1API6 CP/CSC G570FODD1API7 CODE/REGION INS – India NPL – Nepal LINKS Download Mirror Mirror Mirror … Continue reading Stock Rom SM-G570F Samsung Galaxy J5 Prime
              Afno Karmale Karaoke Vikash Gajmer Nepali   
    afno karmale karaoke vikash gajmer nepali
              Nepali Christian Chorus Song   
    nepali christian chorus song
              New Nepali Mp3 Songs 2015   
    new nepali mp3 songs 2015
              New Nepali Lok Dohori Song 2073 By Shubharambha   
    new nepali lok dohori song 2073 by shubharambha
              7/1/2017: GLOBE ARTS: FRIDAY’S CRYPTIC   
    Across: 1 Elfin, 4 Hectare, 8 Tar, 9 Paper clip, 10 Impulse, 11 Limey, 13 Starch, 15 Stated, 18 Piece, 19 Frights, 21 Soup plate, 23 Ode, 24 Retinue, 25 Laden. Down: 1 Entails, 2 Fireplace, 3 Nepal, 4 Hopper, 5 Corslet, 6 All, 7 Empty, 12 Matchwood,...
              Earn Daily 100$ Work from home Nepal   
    Daily Work Daily Payment One time out of pocket cost of $10.. Secure Trusted payment Guranted Make money without any previous experience. This is so simple that anyone can do it. Work in your spare time or full time. Receive your personnal referral link. Track your earnings. Marketin[...]
              Earn Daily 100$ Work from home Nepal   
    Daily Work Daily Payment One time out of pocket cost of $10.. Secure Trusted payment Guranted Make money without any previous experience. This is so simple that anyone can do it. Work in your spare time or full time. Receive your personnal referral link. Track your earnings. Marketin[...]
              Earn Daily 100$ Work from home Nepal   
    Daily Work Daily Payment One time out of pocket cost of $10.. Secure Trusted payment Guranted Make money without any previous experience. This is so simple that anyone can do it. Work in your spare time or full time. Receive your personnal referral link. Track your earnings. Marketin[...]
              Video: UMW – United Mission to Nepal   
    United Mission to Nepal works in 10 districts through seven cluster offices to improve life for impoverished communities, especially women. The mission’s work increases women’s access to education, health care, peace-building training and income-generating skills.
              Magazine Article: United Mission to Nepal – A Photo Essay   
    United Mission to Nepal – A Photo Essay (pdf) Response Magazine, March 2015
              JourneyToTheClouds.com   
    www.journeytotheclouds.com New WordPress website featuring photography and video from my trip to Nepal with my mother in late 2014, during which we trekked the Annapurna Circuit and in Upper Mustang for 24 days.
              Journey to the Clouds Photo Essay   
    I put together a photo essay focusing on Buddhism and the cultures of the Himalayan region that my mother and I traveled through during our trek in Nepal as a submission for the 2015 Wilbur Awards. Check out the full photo essay with captions on www.journeytotheclouds.com. View full photo essay with captions
              On Everest: meet the people scaling the world's highest peak   

    It’s been called ‘high altitude roulette’, and claimed 19 lives in a 2015 earthquake. So why do it? Photographers Mathias Braschler and Monika Fischer find out

    There are still only two lists compiled by Everest obsessives: the list of those who reach the top, and the list of those who die. In recent years, the second of these has got longer. Sixteen sherpas were killed in a Khumbu icefall avalanche in 2014. Nineteen climbers from many nationalities died in Nepal’s “megaquake” last year, as blocks of ice the size of shopping malls were shaken from the sides of nearby peaks.

    My name is on the first list. Twenty years ago, in the fabled (and fatal) season of 1996, I summited Everest from the northern side. It felt pretty wild to be up there. On our summit day, there was not a single footprint to be seen on the final ridge. As I reached for the summit pole, decked with fluttering Buddhist prayer flags, the tears were freezing solid on my cheeks. I became the fifth Briton to climb Everest from this side, the same route which killed mountain pioneers George Mallory and Andrew Irvine in 1924.

    Continue reading...
              Το μωρό «θαύμα» του Νεπάλ που άντεξε κάτω από τα ερείπια για 22 ώρες μετά τον φονικό σεισμό, είναι σήμερα αγνώριστο και έχει γίνει σύμβολο ελπίδας – PHOTOS   

    Σύμφωνα με το diaforetiko.gr, μετά από τον καταστροφικό σεισμό που έπληξε το Νεπάλ πριν από 2 χρόνια, αυτό το μωρό με το όνομα Sonish θάφτηκε κάτω από τα ερείπια του σπιτιού του. Η ιστορία του [...]

    The post Το μωρό «θαύμα» του Νεπάλ που άντεξε κάτω από τα ερείπια για 22 ώρες μετά τον φονικό σεισμό, είναι σήμερα αγνώριστο και έχει γίνει σύμβολο ελπίδας – PHOTOS appeared first on Newsup.gr.


              Dove Dormono i Bambini   

    James Mollison durante i suoi viaggi ha fotografato le camerette di 56 bambini provenienti da 24 paesi di tutto il mondo: dagli Stati Uniti al Messico, dal Brasile alla Gran Bretagna, dall’Italia al Giappone all’India. Il risultato è un volume intenso e commovente che nella sua semplice e diretta testimonianza ci aiuta a riflettere sulle differenze sociali. E a fare di tutto per abbatterle.

    Sfogliando questo volume si fa il giro del mondo, a ogni pagina si entra in una stanza da letto differente, si incontra il suo piccolo proprietario e si scopre la sua giovane vita.

    Ogni storia racconta una vita diversa: un modo di essere bambino oggi che cambia da luogo a luogo, con tutti i problemi, i dubbi e le contraddizioni sociali che l’infanzia vive nel nostro tempo.

    La piccola Kaya, di Tokyo, ha l’armadio pieno di centinaia di vestiti colortissimi che la madre cuce per lei; Bilal, pastore beduino della Cisgiordania, dorme all’aperto con il gregge di capre del padre; Indira, in Nepal, lavora in una cava di granito da quando ha tre anni mentre Ahkôhxet, piccolo indio Kraho, dorme sul pavimento di una capanna nel cuore della foresta amazzonica.

    James Mollison è nato in Kenya nel 1973 e cresciuto in Inghilterra. Dopo aver studiato Arte e Design alla Oxford Brookes University, e poi cinema e fotografia alla Newport School of Art and Design, si trasferisce in Italia a lavorare nel laboratorio creativo di Benetton, Fabrica. Collabora con numerose riviste tra cui: New York Times Magazine, The Guardian, The Paris Review, The New Yorker e Le Monde.

    Il suo ultimo libro Disciples è stato pubblicato nell'ottobre 2008, dopo la prima mostra alla Hasted Hunt Gallery di New York. Nel 2007 ha pubblicato The Memory of Pablo Escobar, la straordinaria storia del “più ricco e violento gangster della storia” raccontata attraverso centinaia di fotografie. Un seguito originale all’incredibile lavoro sulle grandi scimmie, ampiamente documentato da una mostra al Natural History Museum di Londra, e dal libro James e altri simili (Contrasto, 2004).

    Mollison vive a Venezia con la moglie


              Kebijakan Pemerintahan dalam Mengatasi dan Menanggulangi Kemiskinan dan Hasil yang Dicapai   
    I.  PENDAHULUAN

    Kemiskinan adalah keadaan dimana terjadi ketidakmampuan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dasar seperti makanan , pakaian , tempat berlindung, pendidikan, dan kesehatan. Kemiskinan dapat disebabkan oleh kelangkaan alat pemenuh kebutuhan dasar, ataupun sulitnya akses terhadap pendidikan dan pekerjaan. Kemiskinan merupakan masalah global. Sebagian orang memahami istilah ini secara subyektif dan komparatif, sementara yang lainnya melihatnya dari segi moral dan evaluatif, dan yang lainnya lagi memahaminya dari sudut ilmiah yang telah mapan.
    Kemiskinan dipahami dalam berbagai cara. Pemahaman utamanya mencakup:
    ·         Gambaran kekurangan materi, yang biasanya mencakup kebutuhan pangan sehari-hari, sandang, perumahan, dan pelayanan kesehatan. Kemiskinan dalam arti ini dipahami sebagai situasi kelangkaan barang-barang dan pelayanan dasar.
    ·         Gambaran tentang kebutuhan sosial, termasuk keterkucilan sosial, ketergantungan, dan ketidakmampuan untuk berpartisipasi dalam masyarakat. Hal ini termasuk pendidikan dan informasi. Keterkucilan sosial biasanya dibedakan dari kemiskinan, karena hal ini mencakup masalah-masalah politik dan moral, dan tidak dibatasi pada bidang ekonomi.
    ·         Gambaran tentang kurangnya penghasilan dan kekayaan yang memadai. Makna "memadai" di sini sangat berbeda-beda melintasi bagian-bagian politik dan ekonomi di seluruh dunia.
    Di dalam ilmu ekonomi, kemiskinan dipertimbangkan dalam dua kategori, yaitu kemiskinan absolute dan kemiskinan relative. Kemiskinan relatif, konsep yang mengacu kepada garis kemiskinan adalah suatu ukuran mengenai kesenjangan di dalam distribusi pendapatan, biasanya dapat didefinisikan didalam kaitannya dengan tingkat rata-rata dari distribusi yang dimaksud. Kemiskinan absolut, konsep yang pengukurannya tidak didasarkan pada garis kemiskinan adalah derajat kemiskinan dibawah, dimana kebutuhan-kebutuhan minimum untuk bertahan hidup tidak dapat terpenuhi. Bank Dunia mendefinisikan kemiskinan absolut sebagai hidup dengan pendapatan dibawah 1 dollar AS per hari dan Kemiskinan menengah untuk pendapatan dibawah 2 dollar AS per hari.
    Kemiskinan banyak dihubungkan dengan:
    ·         Penyebab individual, atau patologis, yang melihat kemiskinan sebagai akibat dari perilaku, pilihan, atau kemampuan dari si miskin.
    ·         Penyebab keluarga, yang menghubungkan kemiskinan dengan pendidikan keluarga.
    ·         Penyebab sub-budaya (subcultural), yang menghubungkan kemiskinan dengan kehidupan sehari-hari, dipelajari atau dijalankan dalam lingkungan sekitar.
    ·         Penyebab agensi, yang melihat kemiskinan sebagai akibat dari aksi orang lain, termasuk perang, pemerintah, dan ekonomi.
    ·         Penyebab struktural, yang memberikan alasan bahwa kemiskinan merupakan hasil dari struktur sosial.
    Tidak sulit mencari faktor-faktor penyebab kemiskinan, tetapi dari faktor-faktor itu sangat sulit memastikan mana yang merupakan penyebab sebenarnya serta mana yang berpengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung terhadap perubahan kemiskinan. Faktor-faktor penyebab kemiskinan tersebut antara lain:


    ·         Tingkat dan laju pertumbuhan output
    ·         Tingkat upah neto
    ·         Distribusi pendapatan
    ·         Kesempatan kerja
    ·         Tingkat inflasi
    ·         Pajak dan subsidi
    ·         Investasi
    ·         Alokasi serta kualitas SDA
    ·         Ketersediaan fasilitas umum
    ·         Penggunaan teknologi
    ·         Tingkat dan jenis pendidikan
    ·         Kondisi fisik dan alam
    ·         Politik
    ·         Bencana alam
    ·         Peperangan



    Hubungan antara pertumbuhan ekonomi dan kemiskinan
                Tidak diragukan bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi, terutama jangka panjang, memang sangat penting bagi penurunan/penghapusan kemiskinan. Kerangka dasar teoritisnya adalah bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi menciptakan/meningkatkan kesempatan kerja yang berarti mengurngi pengangguran dan meningkatkan pendapatan dari kelompok miskin. Dengan asumsi bahwa mekaniskme yang diperlukan untuk memfasilitasi keuntungan dari pertumbuhan ekonomi kepada kelompok miskin berjalan dengan baik, pertumbuhan ekonomi bias menjadi suatu alat yang efektif, walaupun bukan sat-satunya factor, bagi pengurangan/penghapusan kemiskinan.





    II.   PEMBAHASAN


    1.      Kemiskinan di Indonesia 

                      Kemiskinan bukan hanya merupakan masalah Indonesia, tetapi juga masalah dunia. Laporan tahun 2005 dari Bank Dunia menunjukkan bahwa menjelang akhir 1990-an ada sekitar 1,2 milliar orang miskin dari sekitar 5 milliar lebih jumlah penduduk di dunia. Sebagian besar dari jumlah orang miskin tersebut terrdapat di Asia Selatan (43,5%) yang terkonsentrasi di India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Langka, dan Pakistan. Afrika Sub-Sahara merupkan wilayah kedua di dunia yang padat orang miskin (24,3%). Wilayah ketiga yang terdapat banyak orang miskin adalah Asia Tenggara dan Pasifik (23,2%), yang terutama terdapat di Cina, Laos, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, dan Kamboja. Sisanya terdapat di Amerika Latin dan Carribeans (6,5%), Eropa dan Asia Tengah (2,0%), serta Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara (0,5%).
    Kesenjangan ekonomi atau ketimpangan dalam distribusi pendapatan antara kelompok masyarakat berpendapatan tinggi dan kelompok masyarakat berpendapatan rendah serta  tingkat kemiskinan atau jumlah orang yang berada di bawah garis kemiskinan (poverty line) merupakan dua masalah besar di banyak negara-negara berkembang (LDCs), tidak terkecuali di Indonesia.
    Di dalam kategori permasalahan kemiskinan (seperti jumlah penduduk kelaparan, penduduk yang hidup dengan <1 dollar, harapan hidup penduduk), Indonesia berada pada tingkat pertengahan; tidak baik dan tidak buruk. Di samping itu, negara tetangga (kecuali Singapore, yang tidak sepantasnya untuk dibandingkan) seperti Malaysia yang masuk ke dalam tingkatan yang paling puncak bersama dengan Negara-negara maju, dan juga Thailand dengan setengah wilayahnya. Sudah sepantasnya Indonesia menjadikan pengentasan kemiskinan prioritas dalam pembangunan ekonomi, untuk menggapai cita-cita bangsa menjadi Negara yang terdepan.
    Berikut merupakan fakta-fakta tentang kemiskinan di Indonesia:
    ·         Jumlah penduduk miskin (penduduk dengan pengeluaran per kapita per bulan di bawah Garis Kemiskinan) di Indonesia pada Maret 2010 mencapai 31,02 juta (13,33 persen), turun 1,51 juta dibandingkan dengan penduduk miskin pada Maret 2009 yang sebesar 32,53 juta (14,15 persen).
    ·         Selama periode Maret 2009-Maret 2010, penduduk miskin di daerah perkotaan berkurang 0,81 juta (dari 11,91 juta pada Maret 2009 menjadi 11,10 juta pada Maret 2010), sementara di daerah perdesaan berkurang 0,69 juta orang (dari 20,62 juta pada Maret 2009 menjadi 19,93 juta pada Maret 2010).
    ·         Persentase penduduk miskin antara daerah perkotaan dan perdesaan tidak banyak berubah selama periode ini. Pada Maret 2009, 63,38 persen penduduk miskin berada di daerah perdesaan, sedangkan pada Maret 2010 sebesar 64,23 persen.
    ·         Peranan komoditi makanan terhadap Garis Kemiskinan jauh lebih besar dibandingkan peranan komoditi bukan makanan (perumahan, sandang, pendidikan, dan kesehatan). Pada Maret 2010, sumbangan Garis Kemiskinan Makanan terhadap Garis Kemiskinan sebesar 73,5 persen, sedangkan pada Maret 2009 sebesar 73,6 persen.
    ·         Komoditi makanan yang berpengaruh besar terhadap nilai Garis Kemiskinan adalah beras, rokok kretek filter, gula pasir, telur ayam ras, mie instan, tempe, bawang merah, kopi, dan tahu. Untuk komoditi bukan makanan adalah biaya perumahan, listrik, angkutan, dan pendidikan.
    ·        Pada periode Maret 2009-Maret 2010, Indeks Kedalaman Kemiskinan (P1) dan Indeks Keparahan Kemiskinan (P2) menunjukkan kecenderungan menurun. Ini mengindikasikan bahwa rata-rata pengeluaran penduduk miskin cenderung semakin mendekati Garis Kemiskinan dan ketimpangan pengeluaran penduduk miskin juga semakin menyempit.

    Bagaimana dengan penaggulannya oleh Pemerintah Indonesia?
    Di dalam sebuah pidatonya, Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menuturkan rencana-rencana dalam menanggulangi kemiskinan dengan membagi program bantuan untuk rakyat miskin ke dalam empat klaster. Klaster pertama merupakan program bantuan dan perlindungan sosial, di antaranya berwujud beras murah untuk masyarakat ekonomi tidak mampu (raskin), Program Keluarga Harapan, Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (BOS), dan jaminan kesehatan masyarakat atau Jamkesmas. Klaster kedua melalui Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM) Mandiri. Klaster ketiga melalui Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR). Kemudian klaster keempat yang mulai efektif pada 2012 dan dilaksanakan secara bertahap meliputi sejumlah program, yaitu rumah murah dan sangat murah, kendaraan umum angkutan murah, air bersih untuk rakyat, listrik murah dan hemat, peningkatan kehidupan nelayan, dan peningkatan kehidupan masyarakat miskin perkotaan.
                Salah satu program konkret yang dilakukan pemerintah pada tahun 2007 untuk mengentaskan kemiskinan adalah Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM), yang menelan anggaran Rp51 Trilliun yang menjangkau 33 provinsi, 2.891 kecamatan, dan 33.527 desa/kelurahan atau 31,92 juta orang miskin di Indonesia. Upaya-upaya lain pemerintahan SBY mengentaskan kemiskinan memberi penekanan pada aspek-aspek social masyarakat dan telah terealisasikan sejak tahun 2007, antara lain:
    ·         Bantuan Langsung Tunai (BLT)
    ·         Beras untuk rakyat miskin (Raskin)
    ·         Bantuan untuk sekolah/pendidikan
    ·         Bantuan kesehatan gratis
    ·         Pembangunan perumahan rakyat
    ·         Pemberian kredit mikro
    ·         Bantuan untuk petani dan peningatan produksi pangan
    ·         Bantuan untuk nelayan dan sektor perikanan
    ·         Peningkatan kesejahteraan PNS, termasuk TNI dan Polri
    ·         Peningkatan kesejahteraan buruh
    ·         Bantuan untuk penyandang cacat (Jamsos)
    ·         Pelayanan publik cepat dan murah untuk rakyat

    2.      Kemiskinan di Aceh

    Kemiskinan di Aceh merupakan phenomena pedesaaan dengan sejumlah besar masyarakat Aceh masih rentan terhadap kemiskinan (memiliki pendapatan hanya diatas garis kemiskinan). Sumber daya alam yang berlimpah tidak menghasilkan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi atau tingkat kemiskinan yang rendah. Aceh akan memiliki sumber daya yang diperlukan untuk memerangi kemiskinan dan meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi, tetapi efisiensi dalam alokasi sumber daya merupakan kunci keberhasilan.
    Tingkat kemiskinan meningkat sedikit pada tahun 2005 dan menurun kembali ke tingkat ra-tsunami pada tahun 2006, difasilitasi oleh berakhirnya konflik dan kegiatan rekonstruksi. Berikut data dari BPS Aceh mengenai persentase penduduk miskin 2004-2011.

    Tahun
    Jumlah (Ribu Jiwa)
    Persentase
    Kota
    Desa
    Jumlah
    Kota
    Desa
    Jumlah
    2004
    AUTÓTROFOS = SOL Y AYUNO
    PLAN DE AYUNO = Mi visión personal es = Arrancar la primera semana con un día sólo de agua. Los otros 6 días dieta de menos de 600 cal. La 2a  3a y 4a semanas 3 días sólo de agua y 4 de dieta hipocalórica de menos de 600 cal.
    La dieta hipocalórica debe ser de carnes magras casi crudas + verduras y frutas pero no pasando un puño cerrado de volumen repartidas entre almuerzo y cena o sólo caena en mi caso. Se puede elegir sólo almuerzo o desayuno.
    Conviene meditar, rezar y tomar tilo + valeriana.
    Agregar limón y bicarbonato al agua 3 vasos diarios.
    Tomar agua de mar 1 a 3 vasos diarios.
    Empezamos con este personaje, Don Nikolay Dolgorukiy , debe tener hoy unos 52 años de acuerdo a las publicaciones en internet y aparentemente ... él, con una comunidad pequeña se alimentan de sol y líquidos desde el 2003. 
    Tiene un récord de haber mirado el sol directamente 16 horas seguidas. Con lo cual el prudente método progresivo de Hira Ratan Manek queda cuestionado.
    Además en foros de sungazers se habla de que H.R.M. a contestado mails diciendo que se puede mirar al sol prudencialmente el resto de la vida además de las caminatas descalzo.
    Los detractores amenazan a los buscadores con retinopatías, ceguera, cáncer de piel.
    A los que incluyan ayunos prolongados nos amenazan con inanición y muerte. La ciencia advierte que entra los 25 y 32 días de sólo agua aparece un golpe de hambre fuerte que indica el comienzo de la inanición. Ahí se corta el ayuno de agua y se pasa a dieta hipocalórica por el mismo número de días que se hizo ayuno.
     Además leí por ahí en un blog que maestros yoguis amenazan a los audaces profanos con locura mística, psicosis, etc. No darle bolilla.
    Gustav Fechner fue otro observador del sol en occidente 1801 a 1887, sus estudios en física y psicología buscaron interrelacionar mente y cuerpo.                  
    Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi
    Este es un maestro indio que no recomienda exposición directa muy larga al sol y amenaza con disturbios mentales. 
    Es sufi , no conozco esta religión.
    Evidentemente la visión directa al sol, la ingesta de agua de mar y los ayunos prolongados son temas polémicos con opiniones dispares que surgen de la ciencia , la religión formal y el statu quo.
    Los arriesgados que en nuestra vida personal decidimos practicar con nosotros mismos en busca de El Sentido, La Verdad y La Libertad, asumamos la responsabilidad nosotros mismos. Si no se anima sólo, busque apoyo de amigos del sector formal que lo supervisen(médicos, científicos, sacerdotes monjes.) 
    La hipófisis, la pineal, el hipotálamo, las amígdalas, el tálamo forman el eje neuro anatómico vinculado al tercer ojo, el cual es nutrido por la observación directa del sol, hecho conocido en los últimos 5000 años por taoístas, hinduistas, egipcios, mayas, indios americanos, etc. Muy bien mantenido en secreto por todos ellos; hoy se libera el conocimiento a muchos , veremos que pasa.
    Praxis + praxis = Fórmula revelamisterios. 
    Porque algunos intentamos pensar y sentir por nosotros mismos, lo cual es casi imposible, el entorno influye; salvo en seres muy evolucionados, que existirán o no , pero sí es seguro que yo; ... no los conozco.
    Por lo menos conseguiremos a través de una práctica prudencial el reducir la melatonina que es aletargante y aumentar la serotonina,antidepresiva, lo que no es poco.
    Y esto lo reconoce la ciencia que está bastante omisa en este tema, tan viejo y tan silenciado.
    Carl Sagan; hoy lamentablemente ausente, nos aclaró a las personas comunes, muchos temas de la ciencia.
    A mí, nunca me gustó su ateísmo y su anti- todo, lo que no  se apoyara en el método científico. ¿Porqué no acuerdo con esa postura? , sobre la que también predica el mago James Randi en la red de internet.
    Porque no sigo a los concilios entre intelectuales, sean del vaticano, la organización mundial de la salud, el nobel o cualquier otro centro de intereses humanos que pueden estar equivocados, aún desinteresadamente o pueden estar acertados para las mayorías,pero no para todos. Por lo tanto, praxis, más praxis y para cada uno de nosotros, que al fin; en algún momento estaremos solos y bajo nuestra exclusiva responsabilidad. 
    Al menos el sol, la tierra, el aire y el agua, estarán ahí, por el momento. 
    Pralad Djani , santo hindú que no come ni bebe líquidos hace décadas, un hombre autótrofo y contemporáneo, hay muchos en todas las culturas, vive de la Amrita (Ayurveda), elixir sagrado secretado como saliva en la faringe desde el eje del 3er ojo; llamado piscina celestial por el Taoísmo. 
    En cuanto al ayuno la ciencia dice y pienso que con certeza, que después de 25 a 32 días ocurre la aparición de gran sensación de hambre y a partir de ahí, no es ayuno sano; es inanición. 
    Así que ¡¡¡ojo!!!; para esfuerzos mayores pedir ayuda a científicos calificados y si no, a sacerdotes, por las dudas!!!.
    ¿Nos están indicando algo a nosotros; los bellos durmientes?.
    Los despido con la imagen de otro buscador
    Acá lo están testeando a Mike Werner que no nos recomienda a todos vivir de sol, aire y líquidos, pero si lo ven jugando al tenis; parece una persona común. 

    El dice que el método le funciona porque el lo quiere de verdad en su mente. En fin, no precisamos estar en la India o Nepal o Tibet o con los incas Wakakué, todos los buscadores podemos probar. Personalmente mi record de ayuno es de 21 días pero he sufrido durante años el famoso rebote. 
    Yo no pretendo dejar de comer para siempre, sólo incorporar estas prácticas a mi modo de vida, para vivir con 20 kgs menos y menos dependiente de los alimentos y bebidas; después de estabilizar ese logro; veré.

    Este año (fines del 2011) les cuento con el agua de mar y el sol, en otra entrada del blog ,irán los detalles con fotos y balanza que son buenos evitachantas. 

    Fuerza y empeño con su práctica queridos hermanos.


      

              India warns China over border road 'security' threat   

    India condemned a new road that China is building on the rivals' Himalayan border on Friday, saying it raises “serious security” concerns.

    The two sides are trading increasingly stern diplomatic warnings over the new hotspot, a remote scrap of territory where the frontiers of China, India and Bhutan meet.

    Beijing made a formal protest this week, accusing Indian border guards of crossing from the northeastern state of Sikkim into its Tibetan territory to stop the road building.

    India's foreign ministry said Friday that China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) troops entered the area to “unilaterally” construct the road.

    “India is deeply concerned at the recent Chinese actions and has conveyed to the Chinese government that such construction would represent a significant change of status quo with serious security implications for India,” a ministry statement said.

    “India cherishes peace and tranquillity in the India-China border areas. It has not come easily,” it said, urging Beijing to resolve the skirmish through dialogue.

    India and China have long disputed parts of their Himalayan border, and regularly accuse each other of making illegal troop encroachments.

    Bhutan has also lodged a formal protest to China, saying the road violated a bilateral agreement.

    Bhutan, which does not have diplomatic relations with China, still disputes sovereignty of the land. And the showdown is part of a wider friction between India and China over the 4,057 kilometre border.

    China has insisted several times this week that India withdraw troops who are “trespassing” on its side of the frontier.

    It insists that it has every right to build the road and that it controls the territory under an 1890 accord made with Britain when it was colonial power in the region.

    “We can tell you that the Chinese people hold a friendly and goodwill relations to the Bhutan people but our determination to uphold our territorial integrity and sovereignty is unwavering,” a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said Friday.

    “The nature of this standoff is quite clear, it's a trespass by the Indian side to the Chinese border. So the obvious thing is their withdrawal from the Chinese side.”

    'Chicken neck'

    India and China's ties have been dogged by mistrust stemming from a brief war in 1962 over the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh which has a large ethnic Tibetan population.

    Flare-ups around Sikkim are rare. It is the least populous and second smallest of India's states, but its location gives it strategic importance.

    India's seven remote northeastern states are connected to the rest of the country by a narrow sliver of land known as the “chicken's neck”. Sikkim is wedged between Nepal, Bhutan and China.

    “The Chinese have realised that India is vulnerable at the 'chicken neck' so it could be a way to test the reaction of the Indian establishment,” said Sameer Patil, a defence and security analyst at the Mumbai-based Gateway House think-tank.

    Tensions along the frontier rose in 2014 when Chinese soldiers moved into territory on the Sikkim-Tibet border claimed by India, sparking a two-week stand-off.

    Hundreds of Indian and Chinese troops faced off on the de facto border, overshadowing a visit by China's President Xi Jinping.

    The latest border “scuffle” was triggered after PLA soldiers damaged two old Indian bunkers, according to Indian media.

    China has reportedly since stopped pilgrims crossing into Tibet to visit a mountain shrine to the revered Hindu god Shiva because of the showdown.

    India has a number of disputes with China. It is angry at China for proposing to finance Pakistan infrastructure in disputed Kashmir, which India also claims.

    It also blames China for blocking its efforts to become a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the international club that controls the global nuclear trade.


              Friday Release – Karkhana and Kamina (4 Online releases)   
    Nepali movies ‘Karkhana’ and ‘Kamina’ were the two movies released on the theatre in Nepal on Friday, June 30, 2017. In addition to offline release of movies, the online releases have also been important these days. So, starting today, I will also add the new releases on online. Offline release Among the two moves to...
              Human Rights Watch Country Profiles: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity   

    The following are excerpts from the Human Rights Watch 2017 World Report  that relate to the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people. The report, released in January 2017, documented events of 2016. In some cases, we have added updates from the first half of 2017.

    The countries are all listed below in alphabetical order. This compilation is not comprehensive. If a country is not listed, that means there was no mention of LGBTI/SOGI issues for that country in the 2017 World Report. For example, many of the smaller Caribbean countries and some African countries are omitted due to research limitations, but most have anti-LGBT laws on the books and pervasive homophobia and transphobia. On the other hand, several countries that are not included here made progress in the 2016-2017 period: Belize, Nauru and the Seychelles all decriminalized consensual same-sex conduct, for example. Human Rights Watch has only recently begun investigating the rights of intersex people, so there are few references to intersex rights.

    This is a living document which will be updated regularly to reflect new events and further Human Rights Watch research.

    Last updated: June 23, 2017

    ***

    Argentina

    In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage. The Civil Marriage Law allows same-sex couples to enter into civil marriages and affords them the legal protections of marriage enjoyed by opposite sex couples, including adoption rights and pension benefits. Since 2010, nearly 15,000 same-sex couples have married nationwide. In 2012, the landmark Gender Identity Law established the right of individuals over the age of 18 to choose their gender identity, undergo gender reassignment, and revise official documents without any prior judicial or medical approval.

    Armenia

    Activists reported that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LBGTI) people face discrimination, harassment, and violence. The government has not addressed hate speech or discrimination against LGBTI people. Gender identity and sexual orientation are not included as protected grounds in anti-discrimination or hate speech laws, limiting legal recourse for many crimes against LGBTI people. Following the October 2015 Rainbow forum, organized by Armenian LGBTI-friendly groups to discuss protection and promotion of minority rights, anonymous people targeted some participants with intimidation and threats, mostly on social media, including to burn and kill them. Authorities refused to launch a criminal investigation into the threats, citing lack of evidence. In June 2016, the LGBT rights group, PINK Armenia, published a survey revealing that 90 percent of the population is hostile to LGBTI people and support limits on their rights. In July 2016, PINK Armenia released a report documenting 46 cases of violence and discrimination against LGBTI people in 2015. The government has not taken meaningful steps to combat stereotypes and discrimination against LGBTI people.

    Australia

    Australia does not recognize the right of same-sex couples to marry. The Australian government announced a plebiscite on the right of same-sex couples to marry, but political opponents blocked it, arguing a plebiscite is expensive and wasteful and that the issue should be determined by a parliamentary free vote.

    Australia continued its policy of intercepting asylum seekers and forcibly transferring them to Nauru and, until 2016, to Manus Island in Papua New Guinea. Asylum seekers or refugees perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) face harassment and abuse despite the recent decriminalization of same-sex conduct in Nauru. In Papua New Guinea, such conduct remains criminalized.

    Bangladesh

    Bangladesh witnessed a spate of violent attacks against secular bloggers, academics, gay rights activists, foreigners, and members of religious minorities in 2016. Prominent gay activists Xulhaz Mannan, the founder of Roopbaan, Bangladesh’s first lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) magazine, and Mahbub Rabby Tonoy, the general secretary of the group, were  murdered in April. Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) claimed responsibility for the killings. Fearing for their lives, many LGBT activists sought temporary refuge outside the country.

    “Carnal intercourse against the order of nature” carries a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison. In May 2017, police raided a private gathering of gay and bisexual men, and allegedly paraded them in front of media, exposing them to their families and the public. Authorities said they declined to press charges under the colonial-era sodomy law because they did not catch the men in the act of sexual intercourse. The government has twice rejected recommendations to repeal the colonial-era law during its Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council. The Bangladesh cabinet in 2014 declared legal recognition of a third gender category for hijras—a traditional cultural identity for transgender people who, assigned male at birth, do not identify as men—but the absence of a definition of the term or procedure for gaining recognition of third gender status led to abuses in implementation of the legal change. In June and July 2015, a group of hijras were subjected to harassment and invasive and abusive physical examinations at a government hospital as a requirement to join a government employment program. The Bangladesh National Human Rights Commission in 2017 agreed with LGBT civil society groups to establish a desk at the commission for reporting SOGI-related issues.

    Belarus

    Parliament adopted a vaguely worded bill in May 2016 on “protecting children from information harmful for their health and development.” These provisions may be used to restrict dissemination of neutral or positive information about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as “discrediting the institution of the family.”

    Bolivia

    In May 2016, the Plurinational Assembly passed a bill that allows people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. Same-sex couples in Bolivia are not allowed to marry or engage in civil unions. The 2009 constitution defines marriage as the union of a man and a woman.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Sarajevo Open Centre, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights organization, documented 23 cases of hate speech and incitement of violence and hate and two crimes and incidents motivated by prejudice on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity in the first three months of 2016. The reaction of authorities to these incidents is generally inadequate. There was no progress in police investigations into the 2014 attack on a film festival that Sarajevo Open Centre organized.

    In its annual progress on Bosnia and Herzegovina published in November, the European Commission highlighted the failure of authorities to amend the constitution, in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights and to implement rulings by the Constitutional Court. The report also identified inadequate legal protection for LGBTI persons and the failure of authorities to protect adequately the rights of minorities and to ensure media freedom.

    Brazil

    Brazil’s Supreme Court approved same-sex marriage in 2011 and it upheld the right of same-sex couples to adopt children in 2015. But the Chamber of Deputies was, at time of writing, debating a bill that would define a family as a union between a man and a woman. The national Human Rights Ombudsman’s Office received 1,983 complaints of violence, discrimination, and other abuses experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in 2015. In the first half of 2016 the ombudsman received 879 such complaints.

    Burma

    Burma’s national penal code criminalizes consensual same-sex behavior between adult men. In recent years police have arrested gay men and transgender women assembling in public places, and politicians have called for the “education” of gay people.

    Cameroon

    Cameroon’s penal code punishes “sexual relations between persons of the same sex” with up to five years in prison. The law is regularly enforced, and in previous years, the Cameroonian authorities have subjected men arrested under this law to forced anal examinations. Although the number of arrests appeared to decrease for several years, activists reported a new uptick in arrests and prosecutions in 2016.

    Chile

    A “civil union” bill presented by former President Sebastián Piñera in 2011 that provides legal recognition and protection for same-sex couples became law in April 2015 and went into effect in October 2015. In September 2016, the Senate Human Rights Commission approved a bill to recognize the gender identity of transgender people, with a Senate vote expected in December.

    China

    China has no law protecting people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, and there is no legal recognition of same-sex partnership. Possibly because their activism is not considered threatening to the state, LGBT individuals enjoyed some success advancing legal cases in 2016. In January, a Hunan court heard a case filed by Sun Wenlin against the local Bureau of Civil Affairs, which had refused to marry Sun and his male partner. Though the court ruled against Sun in April, his case—the first gay marriage lawsuit accepted by Chinese courts—attracted wide media attention. In June, a Henan court accepted a case filed by Yu Hu against a mental health hospital that had subjected him to 19 days of involuntary “therapy” to “cure” his homosexuality. Also in June, a Guangdong university student, Qiu Bai, sued the provincial education department over textbooks that depict homosexuality as an illness. Qiu filed a similar suit in 2015, though she withdrew it later because the department had promised to look into the matter. She decided to sue again after the authorities’ pledge failed to materialize. In June, China voted against a UN resolution creating an expert post dedicated to addressing violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

    Colombia

    In September 2016, the Council of the State—one of Colombia’s high courts—annulled the 2012 re-election of Alejandro Ordoñez as the country’s inspector general and dismissed him from office. Under Colombian law, the inspector general is charged with protecting human rights, but during his seven years in office, Ordoñez repeatedly sought to undermine the rights of women and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.

    In recent years, authorities in Colombia have taken several steps to recognize the rights of LGBT people. In June 2015, the Justice Ministry issued a decree allowing people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. In November 2015, the Constitutional Court ruled that sexual orientation could not be used to prohibit someone from adopting a child, although a legislative proposal to hold a referendum on this issue remained pending at time of writing. In April 2016, the Constitutional Court upheld the right of same-sex couples to marry. In October 2016, FARC leaders met with conservative politicians and agreed to promote a definition of the family as formed by a man and a woman. The FARC backtracked after meeting with LGBT representatives days later. Conservative politicians and evangelist leaders had attacked the peace agreement claiming that it would “destroy families.” Between January and June 2016, the Ombudsman’s Office received 89 reports of cases of violence against LGBTI people.

    Cote d’Ivoire

    No law prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex status. Côte d’Ivoire does not criminalize same-sex conduct, but the criminal code establishes higher penalties for same-sex couples convicted of public acts of indecency. Two men were in November convicted of public indecency and sentenced to three-month prison terms after being accused of same-sex sexual acts. Two gay men were assaulted in June 2016 after a photo was published of them signing a book of condolences to the victims of a shooting at a gay nightclub in Florida, US.

    Croatia

    In February, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled that Croatia discriminated on grounds of sexual orientation against a woman from Bosnia and Herzegovina, by denying her the right to a residence permit in Croatia to join her female partner.

    Ecuador

    In 2016, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled against Ecuador in a case determining that it is discriminatory to punish officers who allegedly have homosexual sex on military installations.

    Egypt

    Sexual relations outside marriage are criminalized. Since 2013, authorities have pursued a campaign to intimidate, track, and arrest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, including entrapment using social media applications. Police regularly used forced anal examinations in prosecutions of those suspected of homosexual sex. Solidarity With Egypt LGBTQ+, an advocacy group, said it had recorded 114 criminal investigations involving 274 LGBT individuals launched between the end of 2013 and November 2016, 66 of which involved the authorities’ use of social media.

    Estonia

    The government failed to adopt amendments that would allow the Co-Habitation Act to fully enter into force in 2016. The act is progressive legislation that extends the rights of marriage to unmarried—including same-sex—couples, encompassing, among other things, child adoption and property rights.

    Gambia

    The government continued to resist calls to repeal laws that criminalize homosexuality, including an October 2014 law that introduced a series of new “aggravated homosexuality” offenses that impose sentences of up to life in prison. The criminalization of same-sex conduct leaves lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Gambians at risk of arbitrary arrest and detention, although fewer arrests and physical abuse of LGBT Gambians were reported in 2016.

    Georgia

    In August, President Giorgi Margvelashvili blocked a referendum bid on defining marriage as a union of a man and a woman, saying that the issue is already covered in the civil code. Kvirikashvili vowed to pursue a constitutional definition of marriage after the October elections, arguing that this would help counter alleged Western efforts to spread same-sex marriage “propaganda” in Georgia. Local rights groups feared this effort would further marginalize the LGBT community and intensify anti-LGBT prejudice. Authorities declined a request by LGBT activists to hold an event to mark International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHO) on Tbilisi’s main thoroughfare, stating it was already booked for a procession by Orthodox groups to mark Family Day, an annual event established by the Orthodox Church in 2014. Activists refused to celebrate IDAHO in the alternative venue offered. The Women’s Initiatives Supporting Group (WISG), a local LGBTI rights group, said it documented almost 20 cases of attacks against transgender people in 2016. In October, a transgender woman was beaten and stabbed in what rights groups suspected was a hate crime. Police arrested a suspect on attempted murder charges, and the public defender urged authorities to examine a possible hate motive.

    Honduras

    Rampant crime and impunity for human rights abuses remain the norm in Honduras. Despite a downward trend in recent years, the murder rate is among the highest in the world. Journalists, peasant activists, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are among those most vulnerable to violence.

    In June 2016, several United Nations agencies working in Honduras urged the government to investigate killings of LGBTI activists and noted that sexual violence against LGBTI individuals forces them into “internal displacement” or to flee the country in search of international protection.

    Hungary

    In August 2016, a lower court sentenced a right-wing extremist to 10 years’ imprisonment for violent attacks between 2007 and 2009, including throwing Molotov cocktails at the homes of socialist MPs and an attack on a gay bar in Budapest.

    In July, the ECtHR ruled that Hungary had arbitrarily detained an Iranian gay man and failed to take into account his vulnerability in detention arising from his sexual orientation.

    India

    In February 2016, the Supreme Court of India allowed a challenge to section 377 of the penal code to proceed, referring the case to a five-judge bench. The colonial-era provision, which the court had upheld in 2013, criminalizes same-sex relations between adults. In June, several well-known LGBT professionals filed a petition in Supreme Court arguing that section 377 violates the right to life and personal liberty, but the Supreme Court deferred the petition to the Chief Justice. In August, the government introduced a new bill in parliament on the rights of transgender persons. The bill was flawed, however, by provisions that were inconsistent with the 2014 Supreme Court ruling that recognized transgender individuals as a third gender and found them eligible for quotas in jobs and education.

    India’s voting record on rights issues at the UN was disappointing. In July, the government abstained on a resolution that created a UN expert post to address discrimination against LGBT persons and voted in favor of amendments to weaken the mandate, saying India’s Supreme Court was still to decide on the issue of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights.

    Indonesia

    Starting in January 2016, high-ranking Indonesian officials made a series of vitriolic anti-LGBT statements and policy pronouncements, fueling increased threats and at times violent attacks on LGBT activists and individuals. In some cases, the threats and violence occurred in the presence, and with the tacit support, of government officials or security forces. State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and the National Child Protection Commission, issued censorship directives banning information and broadcasts that portrayed the lives of LGBT people as “normal” as well as so-called propaganda about LGBT lives. Ministries proposed discriminatory and regressive anti-LGBT laws. An ongoing case in the Constitutional Court is considering a petition that proposed amending the criminal code to criminalize sex outside of marriage and same-sex sexual relations. During the initial hearings, the petitioners—led by a group called the Family Love Alliance—put forward ill-informed and bigoted testimony similar to the anti-LGBT rhetoric espoused by Indonesian officials and politicians earlier that year. The government, the respondent in the case, said criminalizing sex out of wedlock would make “the sinner a criminal, and the government authoritarian,” a view echoed in testimony by the National Commission on Violence Against Women and other groups opposed to the petition. At time of writing the court had not yet ruled on the petition. While president Joko Widodo, or “Jokowi” in October 2016 declared that police must protect LGBT people and not discriminate against them, he failed to uphold that principle in action. In 2017, police raided at least two private gatherings of gay and bisexual men on the pretense of the discriminatory anti-pornography law, which construes gay sex as “deviant” and prescribes increased punishments for it, and Sharia police publicly flogged two gay men for private, consensual sex in Aceh province.

    Iran

    Under Iranian law, many nonviolent crimes, such as “insulting the Prophet,” apostasy, same-sex relations, adultery, and drug-related offenses, are punishable by death.

    In March, the United Nations Children’s Rights Committee noted that flogging was still a lawful punishment for boys and girls convicted of certain crimes. The committee noted reports that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) children had been subjected to electric shocks to “cure” them.

    Iraq

    ISIS’s Diwan al-Hisba (Moral Policing Administration) and online media apparatuses have publicly announced 27 executions of allegedly gay men, at least nine of them in Iraq. The main method ISIS used to execute these men has been to throw them off the roofs of high-rise buildings.

    Iraq’s penal code does not prohibit same-sex intimacy, although article 394 makes it illegal to engage in extra-marital sexual relations. Due to the fact that the law does not expressly allow same-sex marriage, it effectively prohibits all same-sex relations. In July 2016 Moqtada al-Sadr, the prominent Shia opposition cleric, stated that although same-sex relationships are not acceptable, individuals who do not conform to gender norms suffer from “psychological problems,” and should not be attacked.

    Israel/Palestine

    There are different legal systems in occupied Palestinian Territory. The British Mandate Criminal Code Ordinance, No. 74 of 1936 is in force in Gaza. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960 applies, and does not contain provisions prohibiting adult consensual same-sex conduct. In Gaza, having “unnatural intercourse” of a sexual nature, understood to include same-sex relationships, is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison. In February 2016, Hamas’s armed wing executed one of its fighters ostensibly for “behavioral and moral violations,” which Hamas officials acknowledged meant same-sex relations.

    Italy

    As of May 2016, same-sex couples may have their relationships legally recognized as civil unions, though they do not have the right to adopt.

    Japan

    A bipartisan parliamentary group established in March 2015 continued to discuss legislation to address discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, but at time of writing it had yet to come up with an agreed draft bill. Japanese law treats those requesting legal recognition as transgender as having a “Gender Identity Disorder” and requires obtaining such medical diagnosis. It also requires forced sterilization, compulsory single status, not having any underage children, and being 20 years or older. While same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in Japan, Tokyo’s Shibuya ward in April 2015 became the first municipality to pass a regulation recognizing same-sex partnerships, with more municipalities recognizing such partnerships in 2016 and 2017. Bullying is a problem in Japanese schools generally, and particularly so against LGBT students. In April 2016, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) for the first time released a guidebook for teachers regarding sexual orientation and gender identity. And in 2017, MEXT announced amendments to the national bullying prevention policy to include specific mention of LGBT students for the first time.

    Jamaica

    Jamaica is moving toward a revision of its rape law, which currently defines rape as the penetration of the vagina with the penis without consent. A proposal has been floated for a new law that is gender neutral. The absence of a gender-neutral rape law has been put forth in the past by politicians as justification for retaining Jamaica’s colonial-era “buggery” law, which criminalizes both consensual and non-consensual sex between men. The possible promulgation of a gender-neutral law on rape or sexual assault may therefore be a first step toward decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct.

    Kazakhstan

    Surveys of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people reveal that many hide their sexual orientation or gender identity—including to healthcare providers—out of fear of reprisals or discrimination. When LGBT people report abuse, they often face indifference and hostility from authorities. Transgender people must undergo humiliating and invasive procedures—including coerced sterilization—to change gender on official documents. Without identity documents, transgender people struggle to access employment, healthcare, and education. The UN Human Rights Committee called on the government to end discrimination and violence against LGBT people and review gender-reassignment surgery procedures.

    Kenya

    Kenya’s penal code prohibits “carnal knowledge against the order of nature,” generally understood as consensual sex between men, and “indecent practices between males.” Civil society organizations and activists filed two landmark constitutional petitions against these sections in April and June 2016, arguing that the laws violate constitutional rights, including the rights to equality and nondiscrimination, human dignity, freedom and security of the person, privacy, and health. Kenya continued the prosecution of two men on charges of “carnal knowledge” after police arbitrarily arrested them in Kwale County in February 2015. The case remained open but was suspended pending the ruling of a constitutional petition filed by the two men, asserting that state officials had violated their rights by subjecting them to a forced anal examination. The High Court rejected the petition on the grounds that the men consented to the examination, ignoring that the men were in police custody and not able to provide free and informed consent. The men have appealed the ruling. The government appealed a 2015 High Court decision ordering the Non-Governmental Organizations Board to register the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (NGLHRC), a civil society group. Parties were awaiting a hearing date at time of writing. The Kenya Film Classification Board overstepped its jurisdiction in asking YouTube to remove a locally produced video addressing same-sex relationships, prohibiting an alleged lesbian speed-dating event, and attempting to ban a podcast with alleged lesbian content.

    In May 2017, the Attorney General established a “Taskforce on Policy, Legal, Institutional and Administrative Reforms Regarding Intersex Persons in Kenya.” Its mandate includes to “recommend comprehensive reforms to safeguard the interests of intersex persons.” The secretariat of the task force is based at the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights. The task force will be open to receiving submissions on best practices from around the world, and there is a strong possibility that it will result in the establishment of policies that protect the rights of intersex people. While it will not directly address SOGI related rights, the task force may produce a rights-based framework around intersex people with aspects that will be transferrable to the advancement of LGBT rights.

    Kyrgyzstan

    LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan experience ill-treatment, extortion, and discrimination by both state and non-state actors. There is widespread impunity for these abuses. On May 24, 2016, the law, order and fighting crime parliamentary committee returned Kyrgyzstan’s anti-LGBT bill, which would ban “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations,” for a repeat second reading, where it then stalled. The bill appears aimed at silencing anyone seeking to openly share information about same-sex relations in Kyrgyzstan. Following a live debate on LGBT rights on national television, Kyrgyzstan’s State Committee on National Security on June 14 summoned the editor-in-chief of Kloop.kg, an online media portal, for questioning about its coverage of the show. The television’s supervisory board also formally reprimanded its general director for airing the content. Also in June, Kyrgyzstan voted against a resolution at the UN Human Rights Council establishing the mandate of an independent expert to address violence and discrimination against LGBT people.

    Latvia

    According to Latvian LGBT activists, the authorities used a 2015 law on “constitutional morality education” to censor discussion about LGBT people in at least two schools in 2016.

    Lebanon

    Sexual relations outside of marriage—adultery and fornication—are criminalized under Lebanon’s penal code. Furthermore, article 534 of the penal code punishes “any sexual intercourse contrary to the order of nature” with up to one year in prison. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. In February 2016, a Syrian refugee, arrested by Lebanese Military Intelligence officers apparently on suspicion he was gay, was allegedly tortured while detained at Military Intelligence, Ministry of Defense, Military Police, and Jounieh police centers. In January 2017, a judge in Metn challenged the legal basis of the arrest of men for same-sex conduct, declaring that homosexuality is “not a criminal offence,” although under Lebanon’s legal system, the ruling does not create a binding precedent.

    Malaysia

    Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is pervasive in Malaysia. Article 377A of the penal code criminalizes same-sex activity between men with punishments of up to 20 years in prison and whipping. Numerous Sharia-based laws and regulations prohibiting a “man posing as a woman,” sexual relations between women, and sexual relations between men effectively criminalize LGBT people.

    Both government and private actors attempted to limit expression in support of LGBT rights. In February 2017, JAKIM (the Ministry for Islamic Development) endorsed so-called “conversion therapy,” claiming that gays should seek guidance from God, “repent,” and enter into heterosexual marriages. In March, the Film Censorship Board demanded that Disney edit out four minutes of the children’s film “Beauty and the Beast” because of a “gay moment.” Disney refused to make any cuts to the film, and the board eventually backed down and allowed the unedited film to be screened in Malaysia. In May, Taylor’s University in Subang Jaya canceled a three-day Pride celebration organized by Pelangi, an LGBT rights organization. In June, the Ministry of Health, in response to strident criticism from activists and the general public, reframed the terms of a youth video competition on sexual and reproductive health, removing language and criteria that stigmatized LGBT identities in favor of language that appears to affirm them.

    In February 2017 Sameera, a transgender woman, was murdered in Kuantan. In June, an 18-year-old in Penang, T. Nhaveen, died after a group of teenagers allegedly beat and raped him while taunting him with insults such as “pondan,” a derogatory Malay term for an effeminate male, a gay male, or a transgender woman.

    Mexico

    Same-sex marriage has been legal in Mexico City since 2010. Since then, nine states have legalized it; in 2015, the Supreme Court opened the door to recognition in all states by ruling that the definition of marriage as a union only between a man and a woman constitutes discrimination and thus violates Mexico’s Constitution. In May 2016, President Peña Nieto introduced a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, to remove sexual orientation and gender identity as barriers to adoption, and to recognize gender identity through the reissuance of birth notices, without a doctor’s involvement. Two committees in the Chamber of Deputies voted against the initiative in November.

    Morocco/Western Sahara

    Moroccan courts continued to jail persons for same-sex conduct under article 489 of the penal code, which prohibits “lewd or unnatural acts with an individual of the same sex.” A Beni Mellal court convicted two men of homosexuality after a group of youths on March 9 burst into the home of one and pushed the two men naked into the street, filming the assault and later posting the clip online. The two men were freed after spending one month in prison; in April, a court imposed prison terms on two of their attackers. On October 27, police in Marrakesh arrested two girls aged 16 and 17 who were reported for cuddling in a private home. They were jailed for one week and charged under article 489, then provisionally released. In December, they were acquitted.

    Authorities require but often refuse to issue permits for foreign broadcast media to film in Morocco. On April 3, police detained and then expelled a crew of the French news program “Le Petit Journal” as it tried to film in a neighborhood of Beni Mellal where the abovementioned gay-bashing assault had taken place.

    Nepal

    In line with a 2007 Supreme Court decision and a subsequent court order, the government in 2015 began issuing passports in three genders: “male,” “female,” and “other.” Some with “other” passports have successfully traveled abroad with their travel documents recognized by foreign governments. The new constitution recognizes that citizenship is available in three genders, and protects “gender and sexual minorities” in clauses related to equality before the law and social justice. Activists remain frustrated with the lack of implementation of a Supreme Court-mandated committee recommendation that the government recognize same-sex relationships.

    Netherlands

    At the start of 2016, NGOs reported threats and discrimination against LGBT asylum seekers at asylum facilities, and a Dutch independent monitoring body, the Dutch Board for Protection of Human Rights, found in February that LGBT asylum seekers at a large facility face discrimination.

    Nigeria

    The passage of the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, SSMPA in January 2014, has far reaching effects on members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. The law is used to legitimize abuses against LGBT people, including mob violence, sexual abuse, unlawful arrests, torture and extortion by police. On February 13, the police arrested a homosexual couple in the federal capital for allegedly attempting to conduct a wedding. The wedding sponsors and the hotel venue owner were also arrested. The penalty for entering into a gay marriage under the SSMPA is 14 years. Ironically, former President Jonathan who defied global pressure before signing the bill into law, said belatedly in June 2016 that “with the clear knowledge that the issue of sexual orientation is still evolving, the nation may, at the appropriate time, revisit the law.”

    In November 2015, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights urged the Nigerian government to review the SSMPA in order to prohibit violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and ensure access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for LGBT individuals.

    Pakistan

    In 2009, Pakistan’s Supreme Court called for improved police response to cases involving transgender people, and to ensure the rights of transgender people to basic education, employment, and protection. However, despite the court order, violent attacks on transgender and intersex women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province surged in 2016, with unknown assailants frequently targeting those involved in activism. Official responses have been inadequate. Human rights groups in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have recorded dozens of threats to, and attacks on, people and property, including abuses while in police custody. In September 2016, the National Commission for Human Rights called on the government to investigate the attacks, and in 2016 and 2017 local governments and parliament hearings reflected an increased amount of attention to the plight of transgender women—including a unanimous resolution in the Khyber Pakhdunkhwa assembly calling for voting rights for transgender people.

    Papua New Guinea

    The PNG criminal code outlaws sex “against the order of nature,” which has been interpreted to apply to consensual same-sex acts, and is punishable by up to 14 years’ imprisonment. Gay asylum seekers on Manus Island have reported being shunned, sexually abused, or assaulted by other asylum seekers.

    In May, during the periodic review of PNG’s human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council, countries made more than 150 recommendations on sues including ratification of international treaties, establishing a national human rights commission, promoting gender equality, addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence, decriminalizing consensual same-sex relations, and abolishing or placing a moratorium on the death penalty. In September, PNG responded that it would ratify all core human rights treaties “on the basis of priorities” and that, while there are challenges to implementing reforms, it is committed to establishing a human rights commission, improving gender equality, and addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence. It also noted, however, that “LGBT is currently not a priority of the Government” and that the “death penalty is in our national law, however despite this, the current government directive is not to implement until further directions are issued.”

    Peru

    In March 2015, Congress rejected a bill to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples. In September 2016, a Congressional supporter of President Kuczynski announced that he would introduce a new legislative proposal to recognize same-sex civil unions.

    People in Peru are required to appear before a judge in order to revise the gender noted on their identification documents. In an August 2016 report, the human rights ombudsman noted that courts had rejected most of these requests, often applying inconsistent criteria.

    Philippines

    The House of Representatives began consideration of House Bill 267, the “Anti SOGI (Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity) Discrimination Act” in June 2016. If approved, it will criminalize discrimination in the employment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, and prohibit schools from refusing to register or expelling students on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Senate has introduced companion legislation, Senate Bill No. 935, otherwise known as the Anti-Discrimination Bill (ADB), which had its first hearing in August. House Bill 267 will also sensitize police and law enforcement officers on LGBT issues and train them to attend to complaints. These initiatives are essential given that LGBT rights advocacy groups have warned that hate crimes against LGBT people are on the rise and that the Philippines has recorded the highest number of murders of transgender individuals in Southeast Asia since 2008. The bill would also prohibit anti-LGBT discrimination in access to health care.

    Russia

    Authorities continued to implement discriminatory policies and laws against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. In March, police found journalist and theater critic Dmitry Tsilikin dead in his St. Petersburg apartment from stab wounds. The perpetrator, arrested a week later, confessed that he planned to blackmail Tsilikin about his homosexuality, but killed him during a confrontation. The police did not categorize the killing as a hate crime. In January, a court in Murmansk, northwestern Russia, found LGBT activist Sergei Alekseenko guilty of violating the discriminatory “gay propaganda” law which prohibits allowing children access to positive information about LGBT relationships. The court called several publications on the website of an LGBT organization formerly run by Alekseenko “gay propaganda” and fined him 100,000 rubles (US$1,300). Authorities continued legal action against Deti-404, an online support group for LGBT children. In April, a court in the Siberian town of Barnaul ruled to ban the website. As of November, Deti 404’s website remained blocked. In September, a court in Siberia ruled to block BlueSystem.ru, a highly popular LGBT news site. As of November, the site was blocked.

    In February 2017 and stretching through at least the first week in April, law enforcement and security officials in Russia’s Chechen Republic launched an unprecedented anti-gay purge. They rounded up dozens of men on suspicion of being gay, held them in unofficial detention facilities for days, humiliated, starved, and tortured them. They forcibly disappeared some of the men. Others were returned to their families barely alive from beatings. Their captors exposed them to their families as gay and encouraged their relatives to carry out so-called “honor killings.” Although Chechnya’s leader, Ramzan Kadyrov has denied the round-ups, there is evidence that high-level officials in Chechnya sanctioned them. Russia’s federal government pledged to investigate, but intense and well-founded fear of official retaliation and honor killings, and overwhelming stigma will prevent many victims from coming forward.

    Saudi Arabia

    Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital and homosexual sex, or other “immoral” acts. If such activity occurs online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country’s anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on “public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy.” In February 2016, the Saudi Gazette reported that the Bureau of Investigation and Public Prosecution is considering requesting the death penalty for anyone “using social media to solicit homosexual acts.”

    In February 2017, Saudi police arrested 35 Pakistani citizens, some of whom were transgender women. One of them died in detention. Her family said her body bore signs of torture, while the Saudi authorities said she had died of a heart attack.

    Serbia (Kosovo)

    Attacks and harassment of human rights defenders continued. According to local LGBT and human rights organizations, the majority of attacks and threats against members of the LGBT community go unreported with only known LGBT activists filing complaints. In June, in Vojvodina in Northeast Serbia, an LGBT activist was attacked and kicked in the head by four unidentified perpetrators. No one had been prosecuted at time of writing. In August, LGBT activist Boban Stojanovic, one of the Belgrade Pride organizers, was punched and called a “fag” in downtown Belgrade by two unidentified men. Police were investigating at time of writing. Hundreds of police officers deployed in Belgrade to protect the LGBT Pride march in September, which occurred without violence. This was a marked improvement from previous years when protesters attacked the parade, or the government had cancelled the event citing security concerns instead of providing adequate security.

    The Kosovo Constitution protects against sexual orientation-based discrimination and a 2015 anti-discrimination law enumerates protections for both sexual orientation and gender identity; however, implementation remains weak.

    Singapore

    The rights of Singapore’s LGBT community are severely restricted. Sexual relations between two male persons remains a criminal offense, and there are no legal protections against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Media Development Authority effectively prohibits all positive depictions of LGBT lives on television or radio. The annual Pink Dot Festival in support of LGBT rights celebrated its eighth year in Hong Lim Park in June 2016, supported by the sponsorship of corporations including Google, Barclays, J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, BP, Bloomberg, Twitter, Apple, and Facebook. A few days after the event, the Ministry of Home Affairs warned multinational companies to stop funding the event, saying such support constitutes “foreign interference” with domestic affairs. In October, the Ministry of Home Affairs announced that, under newly promulgated rules, any entity that is not incorporated in Singapore and does not have a majority of Singapore citizens on its board is now required to apply for a permit to sponsor an event in Hong Lim Park.

    Associations of more than 10 people are required to register with the government, and the Registrar of Societies has broad authority to deny registration if he determines the group could be “prejudicial to public peace, welfare or good order.” The Registrar of Societies has refused to allow any lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transsexual (LGBT) organization to register as a society on the ground that “it is contrary to the public interest to grant legitimacy to the promotion of homosexual activities or viewpoints.”

    All films and videos shown in Singapore must be pre-approved by the Board of Film Censors. Theater productions must also obtain a license under the Public Entertainment and Meetings Act, and to do so must submit their scripts for approval. In June 2016, a production of “Les Miserables” was forced to delete a scene containing a same-sex kiss.

    South Africa

    South Africa has a progressive constitution that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and protects the human rights of LGBTI people. The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development has taken significant steps to improve coordination between government and civil society in combatting violence (including rape and murder) against lesbians and transgender men. On September 6, Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba announced that due to widespread homophobic attitudes within South African society, and to protect the rights of LGBTI people, homophobic US pastor Steven Anderson and members of his church were banned from entering the country because they promote hate speech and advocate social violence. He said constitutional and legislative guarantees, including the rights of LGBTI persons, must be respected by all. Domestic LGBTI groups lauded the decision. In June 2017, at the 8th South African AIDS Conference, the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) launched the national HIV framework for LGBTI people. South Africa is the first country in the world to launch an HIV framework specifically for LGBT people as part of its national strategic plan. The objective is to “reverse the burden of disease from HIV, STIs and TB and to promote a rights and evidence-based environment for LGBTI people in South Africa.”

    Some of South Africa’s votes at the United Nations were contrary to the country’s stated human rights principles. For example, in July, South Africa voted against a UN Human Rights Council resolution on the protection of human rights on the internet and abstained on a key HRC vote to appoint an independent expert on sexual orientation and gender identity. The abstention went against the country’s strong constitutional protections and domestic laws around sexual orientation and gender identity. But on November 21, in the UN General Assembly committee, South Africa voted to allow Vitit Muntabhorn, the newly appointed UN expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, to continue his work. The vote was taken after the African Group put forward a resolution to stop the operations of the UN expert who was appointed in September by the Human Rights Council.

    Sri Lanka

    State and non-state discrimination and abuses against the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) population persist. Sections 365 and 365A of the Sri Lankan Penal Code prohibit “carnal knowledge against the order of nature” and “gross indecency,” commonly understood in Sri Lanka to criminalize all same-sex relations between consenting adults. Sri Lankan law does not specifically criminalize transgender or intersex people. But no laws ensure that their rights are protected, and police have used several criminal offenses and regulations to target LGBTI people, particularly transgender women and men who have sex with men (MSM) involved in sex work. These include a law against “cheat[ing] by personation,” and the vaguely worded Vagrants’ Ordinance, which prohibits soliciting or committing acts of “gross indecency,” or being “incorrigible rogues” procuring “illicit or unnatural intercourse.” Some trans women and MSM said that repeated harassment by police, including instances of arbitrary detention and mistreatment, had eroded their trust in Sri Lankan authorities, and made it unlikely that they would report a crime. Several people also reported discriminatory treatment at the hands of medical authorities, leading many transgender people to self-medicate rather than seeking professional assistance.

    Syria

    News reports in 2016 indicate that ISIS continues to execute men accused of homosexuality. In one reported case from Deir al-Zour governorate, a 15-year-old boy was thrown from a building in January 2016 after he was accused of being gay. At least 25 men have been murdered by ISIS in Syria on suspicion of homosexuality or for sodomy, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

    Tanzania

    Tanzanian law criminalizes consensual sexual conduct between adult males, with a penalty of 30 years to life in prison, one of the most severe punishments for same-sex intimacy in the world. Zanzibar has slightly different laws but criminalizes both male homosexual conduct and lesbianism. The laws are rarely applied, but police and other authorities use them as a pretext to extort, abuse and marginalize LGBTI people. 

    Under the government of John Magufuli, Tanzania has seen an unprecedented crackdown on LGBT people. The government has shut down HIV outreach services and drop-in centers targeting men who have sex with men (MSM); banned the import of water-based lubricants, an important HIV prevention tool; and threatened to shut down LGBT organizations. Police in Zanzibar arrested nine young men, charged them with homosexual conduct, and subjected them to forced anal examinations at a government hospital in December 2016. They were released on bail, but the cases remain open. Another young man was arrested in Dar es Salaam in March 2017, and was also subjected to a forced anal exam. In June 2017, President Magufuli publicly condemned same-sex relationships.

    Tunisia

    The penal code punishes consensual same-sex conduct with up to three years in prison. Anal testing is used as the main evidence in order to convict men for homosexuality. In two high-profile cases in 2015, at least seven young men were arrested and subjected to anal examinations by forensic doctors, whose reports were used as evidence to convict them of sodomy and imprison them, even though it is well-documented that such exams lack medical value. On appeal, their sentences were reduced to two months in the first case, and one month in the second.

    Tunisia has thus far been unwilling to consider decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct but, in its 2017 UPR review, accepted a recommendation to end forced anal examinations. This positive development followed months of advocacy from Tunisian and international human rights groups. The United Nations Committee against Torture, in its 2016 evaluation of Tunisia, condemned the use of anal examinations as to prove homosexual conduct. Shortly before the UPR review, the national medical council issued a circular calling on medical personnel to stop conducting anal examinations without consent.

    Turkey

    Authorities frequently impose arbitrary bans on public assemblies and violently disperse peaceful demonstrations. For the second year running, the Istanbul governor’s office banned the annual Istanbul Gay and Trans Pride marches in June 2016, citing concerns about security threats and public order.

    Turkmenistan

    Under Turkmen law homosexual conduct is punishable by up to two years in prison. Widespread prejudice leads to homosexuality being treated as a disease, including by medical institutions and judicial authorities. Law enforcement officials and medical personnel subject persons detained and charged with sodomy to forced anal examinations, with the purported objective of finding “proof” of homosexual conduct.

    Uganda

    After nine years, the Constitutional Court finally ruled in November on a challenge to a limitation on the mandate of the Equal Opportunities Commission, which barred it from investigating any matter involving behavior “considered to be immoral and socially harmful, or unacceptable by the majority of the cultural and social communities in Uganda.” The judges determined the limitation was unconstitutional and violated the right to a fair hearing. Perversely, this provision had meant that the very mechanism designed to protect people from discrimination could blatantly discriminate against women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, sex workers, and anyone else who might not have been perceived to reflect the views of the majority.

    Same-sex conduct remains criminalized under Uganda’s colonial-era law, which prohibits “carnal knowledge” among people of the same sex. The new NGO law raises concerns about the criminalization of legitimate advocacy on the rights of LGBTI people. In August, police unlawfully raided a peaceful pageant that was part of Gay Pride celebrations in Kampala. Police locked the venue’s gates, arrested activists, and beat and humiliated hundreds of people, violating rights to association and assembly. Police continue to carry out forced anal examinations on men and transgender women accused of consensual same-sex conduct. These examinations lack evidentiary value and are a form of cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment that may amount to torture.

    Ukraine

    Since 2014, the government has introduced several progressive policies supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, but anti-LGBT sentiment remains strong among high-level government officials and the public. In March 2016, about 200 anti-gay, far-right supporters attacked a venue in Lviv hosting a LGBT equality festival, eventually causing the event to be cancelled. The Kyiv LGBT Pride march held in June took place without the violence against participants that had marred it in previous years. Ultra-nationalist groups had threatened to make the march a “bloody mess.” Around 6,000 police officers protected the 1,500 march participants. The first LGBT Pride march took place in Odesa in August. Local authorities initially attempted to ban it, but relented when organizers changed the route. Police arrested four ultra-nationalists who attempted to disrupt the event. A new draft of the amended labor code does not include an anti-discrimination provision that would protect LGBT people in the workplace.

    United Arab Emirates

    The UAE’s penal code does not explicitly prohibit homosexuality. However, article 356 of the penal code criminalizes (but does not define) “indecency,” and provid

                  
    " The Protector" #Religion #Shiva #Nepal #Janakpur
              Testaktion: Filzkugeluntersetzer von Sukhi   

    Sukhi.de stellte uns 2 Filzkugeluntersetzer zum Testen zur Verfügung und suchen einen weiteren Tester! Sukhi bedeutet auf Nepali „glücklich“. Dieses kleine Wort verbindet bei Sukhi die Kunden mit den Herstellern. Denn Sukhi bietet wunderschöne handgefertigte Teppiche zu fairen Bedingungen an. … weiterlesen

    The post Testaktion: Filzkugeluntersetzer von Sukhi appeared first on Die Testfamilie.


              For sale - Heroclix Marvel Web of Spiderman sandman #055 sr - $9   

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              हाउ फन्नी निर्देशक निलु डोमाको हृदयघातका कारण निधन   

    सेलिब्रेटी नेपाल काठमाडौँ चलचित्र ‘हाउ फन्नी’की निर्देशक निलु डोमाको निधन भएको छ । आज बिहान उनको काठमाण्डौको टिचिङ अस्पतालमा निधन भएको हो । काठमाण्डौको बालुवाटारमा रहेको आफ्नै निवासमा उनलाई हृदयघात भएको वुझिएको छ । हृदयघात भएपछि उनलाई टिचिङ अस्पताल लगिएको थियो । उनी लामो समयदेखि मधुमेह रोगबाट ग्रस्त थिइन्। निकट स्रोतका अनुसार उनी उपचारका लागि […]

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              Charlotteans worship God in these languages, too   

    In how many languages do people in Charlotte worship God these days?

    I listed 20 that I knew of in a column last month. I should have said 21 because – as some of you pointed out – I failed to include what’s still the most prevalent worship language in town: English.

    Oops! (Since the 1930s, that’s been an English word for acknowledging a blunder.)

    My other mistake: I should have said that Haitian congregations here have services in Creole, not French.

    I also invited you to alert me about other worship languages here that I was not aware of. Thanks to those who told me about:

    22. Burmese. And 23. Hakha Chin.

    Refugee congregations from war-torn Myanmar have been worshiping at Park Road Baptist Church and at Our Lady of the Assumption Catholic Church.

    24. Portuguese.

    Brazilian members have services at Cokesbury United Methodist Church.

    25. American Sign Language (ASL).

    At Chapel for the Deaf, housed at Ascension Lutheran Church, worshipers pray and sing with their hands.

    26. French. 27. Nepali (from Nepal). And 28. Tamil (from Sri Lanka and India).

    Jehovah’s Witnesses have meetings available in many languages, including these.

    Mass en Español

    Speaking of language, I also ran across this fascinating factoid in my reporting:

    Nearly 30 percent of Catholic parishes now celebrate Mass in a language other than English – a 7 percent increase since 2000, according to “The Changing Face of U.S. Catholic Parishes” study from the Center for Applied Research at Georgetown University.

    In the 19th and early 20th centuries, waves of Irish, Italian, Polish and other immigrant groups found refuge in a Catholic Church. The descendants of that first generation of immigrants have long since become part of the broad American mainstream.

    But today, new waves of immigrants, particularly from Latin America, are again enriching the Catholic Church in the U.S.

    To be sure, many immigrants from traditionally Catholic countries such as Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras are finding spiritual homes in non-Catholic churches – Pentecostal, evangelical, mainline Protestant and Mormon.

    By 2050, Hispanics are expected to account for 60 percent of Catholics in the U.S. They already make up about half of the more than 340,000 Catholics in the 46-county Diocese of Charlotte.


    -- Tim Funk

              Mulai Pulih, Andy Lau dan Istri Kunjungi Kuil Suci di Nepal   
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              UN to check human rights record for Sri Lankan peacekeepers   

    United Nations: The UN will require Sri Lankan troops to undergo "enhanced screening" for human rights violations going back to the final years of the civil war before they can be deployed as peacekeepers.

    "We need to have an enhanced screening process for Sri Lankan peacekeepers," Farhan Haq, deputy spokesperson for Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, said Friday.

    "That`s different from other screening processes that we have."

    "For any future deployment, the government of Sri Lanka will have to share with the Secretariat the personal history information and military service records since 2005 for all personnel Sri Lanka intends to deploy," he explained.

    The period of scrutiny includes the final four years of the civil war that ended in 2009 with the rout of the Tamil Tigers when thousands of civilians were killed amid reports of widespread human rights violations.

    A panel appointed by former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon reported that both the Sri Lankan army and the Tamil Tiger rebels had committed serious human rights violations and some of the actions could amount to war crimes.

    Haq said that the Sri Lankan government will have to "to certify in writing that it`s not aware of any allegations against any unit member having been involved by act or omission in the commission of any acts that amount to violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law," as a condition for deployment.

    The deputy spokesperson was responding to reporters` questions about sexual assaults and abuses allegedly carried out by Sri Lankan peacekeepers in Haiti, putting the focus on two areas that the UN has faced severe criticisms.

    Several instances of sexual assault and exploitation, especially of children, by peacekeepers of various nationalities have marred its reputation prompting stronger measures to enforce a zero tolerance policy. Moreover, Haiti was hit by a cholera epidemic that killed about 10,000 people and it was blamed on peacekeepers from Nepal.

    Asked about the appropriateness of having him investigate abuse allegations against a Sri Lankan peacekeeper, Haq said: "When it comes to investigations, we hope that all investigations are conducted in a credible manner. If not, that would be a matter of concern."

    Section: 
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              JONAVA. Šunės Norfės šeima   

    Nieko nestebina seni griaunami namai. Toks gyvenimas – viskas keičias, tad ir senus namukus pakeičia nauji, kuriuose apsigyvena kiti žmonės. Griovė seną namuką ir Jonavoje, tačiau griovimo vietoje rastas radinukas nustebino. Nedidukė, gal kokių 2 – 3 metukų kalytė ir keturi jos kūdikiukai, kokio mėnesio amžiaus tesulaukę. Net ir tokių namų – užuovėjos nebeteko šunytės Norfytės šeima. Štai tokia toji istorija, kurios tąsa jau prieglaudos patalpose. Mažyliai jau ūgtelėjo, sustiprėjo, tad galima naujų namų dairytis. Visi mažieji tripinėtojai tokie, kokie ir turi būti maži šuneliai – smagūs ir žaismingi. Pati Norfytė nedidelio ūgio, rami ir draugiška; jai taip pat labai reikia jaukių namų. O mes ir vėl kreipiamės į jus visus, nes tik jūsų palaikymo ir paramos dėka galime padėti tokiems, kaip Norfytės šeima. Nepalikite ir šį kartą mūsų ir Norfiukų; labai reikia kokybiško maisto mažiems šuniukams, vet.procedūros (vaistai nuo blusų, kirmėlių, skiepai, mamytės sterilizacija) taip pat kainuos. O jonaviečiai norintys palepinti Norfytės šeimą, dovanėles gali palikti vet.gydykloje "Kabarga" (J.Ralio g. 1A) arba vet.gydykloje "VetPet" (Sodų g. 19). AČIŪ! VŠĮ Penkta koja LT 984010042503006212 DnB bankas Paskirtis: Jonavos Norfei Užsieniečiai taip pat gali prisidėti PayPal sistemoje (info@penktakoja.lt)     Jonava, 8 609 72407, 8 676 69767, jonava@penktakoja.lt

              Bildes ar Kristenu Stjuarti   
    modes dizainere 0 komentāri Skatīt bildi

    1. Jūlijā varēs redzēt ''Krēslu'', ta ka nepalaid to garām!



    Bildes ar Kristenu Stjuarti


              Jai Parshuram (2016) Nepali Movie Watch Online   

    Movie: Jai Parshuram (2016) Cast: Biraj Bhatta, Robin Tamang, Nisha Adhikari Language: Nepali Single Link – Watch Online Jai Parshuram (2016) Nepali Movie Watch Online

    The post Jai Parshuram (2016) Nepali Movie Watch Online appeared first on www.iMastiSansar.co.


              Nepali Interpreters - LanguageLine Solutions - Canada   
    Job Title: Nepali Interpreter Position Overview: The Nepali Telephone/Video Interpreter is responsible for handling calls on demand, and renders the
    From LanguageLine Solutions - Thu, 01 Jun 2017 12:01:54 GMT - View all Canada jobs
              Sklad mečů měli pod postelí. Nyní je sami vyrábí a zásobují Hollywood   
    Drakkaria začínala jako malý projekt dvou kluků, kteří chtěli nadšencům do historického šermu pomáhat se sháněním vybavení. Obchod vedený Miroslavem Dobrým a Milanem Soukupem se postupně rozšířil o kovárnu nebo šperkařskou dílnu a získal pozornost v zahraničí. Nyní česká firma zásobuje rekvizitami zahraniční filmové producenty. Jejich meče mohou diváci vidět například ve filmu Warcraft nebo seriálu Vikingové.
              Globallogic Hiring_ Indic Language Expert (Nepali & Burmese)_ Gurgaon - GlobalLogic - Gurgaon, Haryana   
    *Job Location: * Gurgaon *Domain: * Searching & Analysis *Experience: * 0 Years (Freshers) *Min. Qualification: * Graduation (In any discipline)
    From Indeed - Fri, 05 May 2017 04:36:19 GMT - View all Gurgaon, Haryana jobs
              Watch: Wicket-Keeper Deliberately Lets Batsman Escape A Dismissal   

    The game of cricket has always seen some really weird and funny incidents take place. Sometimes, we laugh at it and sometimes we just scratch our heads thinking – What just happened? A Nepali wicketkeeper, who is yet to be identified, committed a very similar act that left many viewers dumbfounded. Collecting a throw from […]

    The post Watch: Wicket-Keeper Deliberately Lets Batsman Escape A Dismissal appeared first on Sportzwiki.


              Suomi–Nepal-alumniverkosto luo bisnesyhteyksiä   
    Nepalissa on kasvava joukko Suomessa koulutuksensa saaneita paluumuuttajia. Miten hyödyntää Suomessa opiskelleiden nepalilaisten osaamista maiden välisissä kauppasuhteissa?
              Globallogic Hiring_ Indic Language Expert (Nepali & Burmese)_ Gurgaon - GlobalLogic - Gurgaon, Haryana   
    *Job Location: * Gurgaon *Domain: * Searching & Analysis *Experience: * 0 Years (Freshers) *Min. Qualification: * Graduation (In any discipline)
    From Indeed - Fri, 05 May 2017 04:36:19 GMT - View all Gurgaon, Haryana jobs
              Sklad mečů měli pod postelí. Nyní je sami vyrábí a zásobují Hollywood   
    Drakkaria začínala jako malý projekt dvou kluků, kteří chtěli nadšencům do historického šermu pomáhat se sháněním vybavení. Obchod vedený Miroslavem Dobrým a Milanem Soukupem se postupně rozšířil o kovárnu nebo šperkařskou dílnu a získal pozornost v zahraničí. Nyní česká firma zásobuje rekvizitami zahraniční filmové producenty. Jejich meče mohou diváci vidět například ve filmu Warcraft nebo seriálu Vikingové.
              Statistical uncertainty: Did Mao really kill millions in China's Great Leap Forward?   
    Over the last 25 years the reputation of Mao Zedong has been seriously undermined by ever more extreme estimates of the numbers of deaths he was supposedly responsible for. In his lifetime, Mao Zedong was hugely respected for the way that his socialist policies improved the welfare of the Chinese people, slashing the level of poverty and hunger in China and providing free health care and education. Mao's theories also gave great inspiration to those fighting imperialism around the world. It is probably this factor that explains a great deal of the hostility towards him from the Right. This is a tendency that is likely to grow more acute with the apparent growth in strength of Maoist movements in India and Nepal in recent years, as well as the continuing influence of Maoist movements in other parts of the world. Most of the attempts to undermine Mao's reputation centre around the Great Leap Forward that began in 1958. It is this period that this article is primarily concerned with. The peasants had already started farming the land co-operatively in the 1950s. During the Great Leap Forward they joined large communes consisting of thousands or tens of thousands of people. Large-scale irrigation schemes were undertaken to improve agricultural productivity. Mao's plan was to massively increase both agricultural and industrial production. It is argued that these policies led to a famine in the years 1959-61 (although some believe the famine began in 1958). A variety of reasons are cited for the famine. For example, excessive grain procurement by the state or food being wasted due to free distribution in communal kitchens. It has also been claimed that peasants neglected agriculture to work on the irrigation schemes or in the famous "backyard steel furnaces" (small-scale steel furnaces built in rural areas).
              ३३ बर्षमा हाउ फन्नी निर्देशक निलु डोमाको निधन – RIP Nilu Doma Sherpa   
    Highlights of this video: The director of the film featuring Priyanka Karki, Keki Adhikari and Dayahang Rai, ‘How Funny’ is no longer with us. 33-years old Nilu Doma Sherpa left the world on Saturday – a day after attending the marriage ceremony of Nisha Adhikari. The producer of ‘How Funny’, ex- Miss Nepal, Malvika Subba [...]
              41 Legenda Makhluk-Makhluk Aneh Di Seluruh Penjuru Dunia   


    1.Pegasus
    Pegasus adalah seekor kuda yang memiliki sayap putih lebar.Dalam mitologi yunani disebutkan bahwa pegasus lahir dari darah medusa saat Perseus memenggal kepalanya. Disebutkan juga bahwa Pegasus ditunggangi oleh Bellerophon untuk melawan Chimera. Pegasus adalah kuda yang mempunyai sayap dan penerbang yang unggul. Pegasus adalah hasil dari hubungan Medusa dan Poseidon yang menyakitkan. Lahir dari Medusa ketika kepalanya dipotong oleh Perseus. Dijinakkan ole Bellerophon dan melayaninya digunungnya selama petualangannya termasuk ketika Bellerophon membunuh Chimaera. Ketika Bellerophon ingin menerbangkan Pegasus ke gunung Olympus, dia dihempaskan oleh Zeus. Tetapi Pegasus tetap terbang dan berhasil tiba di gunung Olympus. Disinilah Pegasus menghabiskan hari-harinya dengan membawakan petir untuk Zeus.

    2. Dragon

    Dragon atau naga adalah hewan dengan ukuran yang sangat menakjubkan.Mereka berbentuk reptil dan terkadang memiliki beberapa kepala dan dapat menghembuskan nafas api.Naga dipercaya dapat ditaklukan lewat musik.Naga juga disebut2 sebagai dewa oleh beberapa suku.

    3. Yeti

    Yeti yang disebut sebagai Manusia Salju Liar telah menjadi legenda di daerah Himalaya.Dari dahulu sampai sekarang banyak cerita orang yang hilang di daerah pegunungan Himalaya, dipercaya mereka telah diculik oleh Yeti.Foto diatas diambil tahun 1925, N. A. Tombazzi melaporkan telah melihat hewan besar mirip manusia 300 yard dari Sikkim.Walaupun banyak yang telah melapor melihat yeti, tidak ada bukti yang menunjukan dia ada.Daerah tempat terlihatnya yeti sangat curam dan landai sehingga sulit diadakan investigasi.

    4. Bigfoot

    Bigfoot dilaporkan telah ditemukan didaerah Kanada dan Amerika Utara sejak abad 19-an.Dari jejak kakinya diperkirakan beratnya mencapai 400 kg.Bigfoot dikenal juga dengan nama Sasquatch, itu adalah nama hewan legenda yang beredar di Amerika Utara.Bigfoot kadang diciri2kan sangat besar, dengan bulu2 menutupi seluruh tubuh, dan orang percaya makhluk ini dapat ditemukan diseluruh dunia dengan nama2 yang berbeda, seperti Yeti di Tibet dan Nepal, Yeren di China dan Yowie di Australia.

    5. Harpies

    Harpy, di mitologi Yunani diceritakan bahwa harpy adalah hewan bersayap yang memiliki tubuh seperti burung elang dan memiliki kepala wanita.Legenda menceritakan bahwa harpy suka mencuri tubuh orang mati, menyebarkan bau busuk dan meracuni makanan di desa2 yang dilewatinya.

    6. Griffin

    Griffin adalah hewan legenda yang memiliki sayap seekor elang dan kaki seekor singa.Disebut sebagai burung terbesar dan menjadi hewan yang sangat sakral untuk dewa Apollo dan griffin juga merupakan hewan penjaga matahari. Makhluk ini terlihat pada saat peradaban Minoan (2700-1450 SM)

    7. Dracula

    Dracula adalah tokoh yang dipopulerkan oleh Bram Stoker.Dracula adalah vampir yang suka menggoda dan menghisap darah gadis muda yang menarik.Count Dracula lahir di abad ke 15-an di Rumania.Kastil Dracula terletak di Bucharest utara di pegunungan Carpathian.

    8. Werewolves

    Werewolves pada dasarnya adalah seorang manusia yang memiliki kemampuan untuk “berubah wujud” ke bentuk hewan, terutama kebentuk serigala.Werewolves bisa berubah berdasarkan keinginan sendiri atau dorongan dari luar seperti halnya bulan purnama.Orang dapat menjadi werewolves akibat gigitan dari werewolves atau turunan dari lahir (anak dari werewolves)Werewolves memiliki regenerasi yang sangat hebat, sehingga mereka tidak menjadi tua, tapi ini tidak membuat mereka abadi.Menusuk jantung atau otaknya dapat membunuh mereka.

    9. Loch Ness

    Loch Ness legenda yang berasal dari scotlandia.Dilaporkan bahwa lochness adalah hewan dari jaman dinosaurus yang berhasil bertahan dari ledakan meteor dan masih hidup hingga kini.Ditemukan di scotland tahun 1930,Lochness diperkirakan memiliki panjang tubuh 45 kaki dengan kulit kasar dan warna coklat gelap.Beberapa orang percaya kalau lochness adalah plesiosaurus,walaupun sampai sekarang belum ada bukti yang memadai tentang adanya lochness atau tidak.

    10. Scylla

    Scylla menurut legenda Yunani, adalah seekor makhluk yang memiliki 6 kepala dan 12 kaki.Scylla dipercaya bahwa tadinya dia adalah seorang penyihir air yang kemudian dirubah menjadi monster oleh Circe.Setelah diubah menjadi monster, dia menghabiskan hidupnya untuk membalas dendam kepada pelaut yang lewat di laut.

    11. Unicorn

    Unicorn adalah seekor kuda putih yang memiliki tanduk dikepalanya. Unicorn sangat maskulin tetapi juga sangat feminim. Unicorn juga menjadi simbol kesucian dan hubungan spiritual. Unicorn memiliki tubuh yang besar, lebih besar dari ukuran kuda biasa. Unicorn adalah satu-satunya makhluk legenda yang tidak menakuti manusia, dan biasanya digambarkan sebagai makhluk yang halus. Diceritakan sangat tidak mungkin untuk menangkap unicorn. Tanduknya dikatakan dapat menetralkan racun. Unicorn pertama kali diketahui ketika masa peradaban lembah Indus (3300-1700SM).

    12. Troll

    Troll berasal dari legenda scandinavia yang menyebutkan bahwa troll adalah roh yang hidup dalam goa didalam pegunungan.Saat malam tiba mereka akan keluar untuk menculik wanita dan anak2.Ada dua macam troll, Giant yang berukuran raksasa dan dwarf yang berukuran kecil.

    13. Phoenix
    http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/2192889/phoenix-main_Full.jpg
    Phoenix adalah burung legenda yang mirip seekor elang tapi memiliki warna merah menyala seperti api yang terbang diangkasa. Phoenix disebut berasal dari matahari. Phoenix adalah burung api mitologi dari Mesir kuno dimana digambarkan sebagai burung yang mati oleh api dan dilahirkan kembali dari api. Biasanya digambarkan mempunyai bulu emas dan merah. Pada akhir kehidupannya, Phoenix diceritakan membangun sarang dari ranting kayu manis dimana kemudian terbakar. Burung musnah oleh api tapi kemudian Phoenix baru yang masih muda muncul dari api yang sama. Diyakini masa hidup Phoenix adalah 500-1461 tahun. Airmata Phoenix diyakini bisa menyembuhkan luka.

    14. Cerberus
    Berdasarkan mitos Yunani, Cerberus adalah anjing raksasa berkepala 3 yang menjaga pintu masuk ke Hades.Cerberus adalah anak dari Typhon dan Echidna.Dalam legenda Yunani disebutkan bahwa Orpheus, Aeneas dan Odysseus mampu melewati Cerberus dan masuk ke dunia bawah atau Hades.

    15. Naga / Nagini
     umumnya orang indonesia mengenal yang disebut Naga adalah Dragon. Namun Naga sendiri sebenarnya adalah mahluk mitologis yang berbeda dengan Dragon. Naga muncul pada kebudayaan Hindu dan Budha, kemungkinan berasal dari daerah India dan sekitarnya. Naga adalah mahluk setengah ular, setengah manusia, terkadang digambarkan sebagai ular raksasa. Yang laki-laki disebut Naga, sedangkan versi perempuannya disebut Nagini. Naga sering dianggap sebagai entitas yang bersifat jahat, namun tidak jarang juga dianggap sebagai penjaga sungai atau danau

    16. Ghoul

    Ghoul adalah monster dari Arab kuno, konon monster ini juga tertulis di dalam Quran (gak tau, gak pernah baca soalnya). Pada awalnya Ghoul dianggap sebagai Jinn, namun seiring dengan berlalunya waktu, Ghoul lebih sering digambarkan sebagai sejenis zombi atau vampir. Ghoul adalah mahluk yang tinggal di padang gurun dan memangsa pengelana selain itu Ghoul juga sering merusak makam dan memangsa mayat.

    17. Kirin

    Kirin atau Qilin adalah mahluh setengah naga setengah kuda, pada awalnya berasal dari mitologi China namun tersebar ke seluruh asia timur. Hewan nyata yang dianggap ‘mendekati’ kirin adalah jerapah (bingung kan? >.<), konon jerapah pernah dianggap sebagai Kirin. Dalam mitologi China, kirin adalah hewan suci yang memiliki sifat baik, namun kirin bisa menjadi hewan yang buas dan mengerikan saat terancam. Konon kirin hanya muncul di tempat2 yang dikuasain oleh penguasa yang baik dan bijaksana.

    18. Kraken

    Kraken adalah raksasa bawah laut yang sering digambarkan sebagai cumi2 atau gurita raksasa yang suka menyerang kapal. Mitologi Kraken awalnya beredar dari daerah Nowergia dan Islandia. Kemungkinan awal dari mitologi kraken berawal dari nelayan yang melihat cumi2 atau gurita raksasa sungguhan. Zaman sekarang telah ditemukan beberapa mahluk yang bisa dikategorikan sebagai ‘Kraken’ antara lain:

    - Colossal Squid
    Pertama kali ditemukan pada 1925 pada perut Sperm Whale
    yang terbesar ditemukan pada 2007, sepanjang 10 meter di daerah Antartika
    - Giant Squid
    yang terbesar ditemukan pada 2006 sepanjang 8.62 meter di kepulauan Falkland. Saat ini berada di Darwin Centr.

    19. Garuda

    (ini gambar garuda waktu masi bayi kali ya? >.<)

    Mitologi garuda berasal dari kebudayaan Hindu. Garuda digambarkan sebagai manusia burung dengan bulu keemasan, dan memiliki mahkota di kepalanya. Konon ukuran tubuh garuda sangatlah besar sehingga mampu menutupi matahari. Garuda juga sering digambarkan sebagai kendaraan Vishnu. Menurut Mahabarata, konon saat Garuda lahir dari telurnya, bumi gonjang ganjing (seperti waktu sun go kong lahir di film >.<) sehingga para dewa memohon padanya untuk tenang. Garuda adalah anak Kasyapa dan Vinata. Vinata memiliki hutang terhadap Kadru, ibu para ular karena suatu pertaruhan. Untuk menghapus hutang tersebut, Garuda diminta Kadru untuk memberikan obat keabadian yg disebut Amrita padanya.

    Garuda kemudian mencuri Amrita dari tempat para dewa. Meskipun para dewa bersatu menghadang Garuda, mereka bukanlah tandinganya. Dalam perjalanan pulang, Garuda bertemu dengan Vishnu, Vishnu berjanji akan memberikan keabadian pada Garuda biarpun tanpa meminum Amrita, sebagai gantinya Garuda menjadi kendaraan Vishnu.

    Kemudian Garuda bertemu dengan Indra dan sekali lagi dia mendapat penawaran. Garuda berjanji akan memberikan Amrita pada Indra dan Indra akan memberikan para ular sebagai makanan Garuda. Akhirnya Garuda memberikan Amrita pada para ular untuk menghapus hutang ibunya, setelah Amrita diberikan, Indra turun dari langit, merebut Amrita, dan menghabisi para ular. Sejak saat itu Garuda menjadi rekan para dewa, tunggangan kebanggan Vishnu, sekaligus menjadi musuh utama para ular.


    20. Echidna
    http://images.mmosite.com/2moons/images/mob/echidna.jpg
    pic echidna (dari DMC 4)
    Echidna adalah mahluk dari mitologi yunani, sering digambarkan sebagai perempuan setengah ular yang tinggal di dalam gua. Bersama suaminya Typhon, Echidna melahirkan berbagai jenis mahluk mengerikan yang muncul dalam mitologi yunani, karena itu Echidna mendapat sebutan Mother of all Monsters. Echidna dan Typhon pernah berperang melawan dewa-dewa olympus namun kalah. Typhon kemudian disegel dibawah gunung Etna. Sementara Echidna dan anak2nya dibiarkan lepas untuk menjadi tantangan bagi para pahlawan yunani berikutnya. Namun pada akhirnya Echidnya dibunuh oleh Argus Panoptes, titan bermata seratus. berikut ini adalah beberapa anak echidna yang terkenal dalam mitologi yunani:

    1. Nemean Lion
    2. Ladon
    3. Chimera
    4. Sphinx
    5. Lernaean Hydra
    6. Cerberus
    7. Orthrus
    8. Agathyrsus
    9. Gelonus
    10. Scytha/Scylla
    Tragisnya hampir semua anak-anak echidnya terbunuh oleh para pahlawan yunani……
    Btw nama echidna sekarang juga digunakan untuk menyebut hewan sejenis landak yang hermaphrodit.

    21. Tengu
    http://i184.photobucket.com/albums/x239/glennsho/SojobobyGenzo.jpg
    Tengu (天狗, Tengu?) adalah makhluk dalam legenda Jepang. Salah satu Kami penunggu gunung, atau yōkai yang erat hubungannya dengan burung elang atau gagak. Pakaiannya mirip dengan pakaian pendeta yamabushi yang menempa diri di hutan dan gunung. Tengu memiliki hidung yang panjang, wajahnya merah, memiliki sepasang sayap, serta kuku kaki dan tangan yang sangat panjang.

    Tengu bisa terbang bebas di angkasa sambil membawa tongkat yang disebut kongōzue, pedang besar (tachi), dan kipas berbentuk daun (hauchiwa). Pekerjaannya menghalangi orang yang ingin mendalami agama Buddha.[1] Nama lainnya adalah Gehō-sama (外法様, tuan sihir?). Dalam bahasa Jepang dikenal ungkapan Tengu ni naru yang berarti “sangat bangga dengan diri sendiri”. Ungkapan ini kemungkinan berasal dari ungkapan “hana ga takai” (hidungnya tinggi).

    Asal-usul

    Tengu berhidung panjang seperti dikenal orang zaman sekarang merupakan hasil penggambaran orang pada abad pertengahan. Dalam cerita Konjaku Monogatari-shū, tengu digambarkan bisa berlari di udara, dan sebagai hantu berbentuk burung rajawali yang membuat orang kerasukan. Penggambaran tersebut diperkirakan mengambil model dari hantu Temma dalam konsep agama Buddha yang digambarkan berbadan manusia dan memiliki sepasang sayap.

    Model awal tengu kemungkinan berubah pada paruh pertama zaman Muromachi. Dalam kumpulan cerita rakyat Otogizōshi terdapat cerita Tengu no Dairi (Istana Tengu) yang tokoh utamanya bernama Kurama Tengu. Selain itu, Ushiwakamaru dikabarkan menerima pelajaran seni pedang dari Tengu di Kuil Kurama. Dalam Hikayat Heike, tengu digambarkan seperti “Manusia tapi tidak seperti manusia, burung tapi tidak seperti burung, anjing tapi tidak seperti anjing, tangan dan kakinya seperti tangan dan kaki manusia, wajahnya seperti anjing, memiliki sayap di kanan kiri, dan bisa terbang.”

    22. Minotaur

    Pada mitologi Yunani, Minotaur mempunyai badan bagian atas banteng dan badan bagian bawah manusia. Dikatakan Minotaur hidup ditengah-tengah labirin dengan jalanan besar yang rumit seperti konstruksi bangunan Raja Minos dari Crete. Didesain oleh Daedalus dan diketahui berada di situs Knossos. Minotaur terlihat singkat pada adegan Satyricon oleh Petronius. Dan dibunuh oleh Theseus.

    23. Cyclops

    Cyclops adalah anggota dari ras manusia purba raksasa, yang mempunyai satu mata ditengah-tengah dahinya. Cyclops digambarkan sebagai Homer dan Hesiod. Berdasarkan pada Hesiod, Cyclops yang bernama Brontes, Steropes, dan Arges adalah anak-anak dari Uranus (langit) dan Gaia (bumi), sedangkan berdasarkan pada Homer kata Cyclops menuju pada anak laki-laki Poseidon dan Thoosa yang bernama Polyphemus yang adalah Cyclops.

    24. Mermaid

    Mermaid (atau Merman untuk laki-laki) telah dibicarakan sejak 5000 SM. Bahkan Christopher Columbus mengatakan pernah melihatnya dalam perjalanannya. Dalam cerita dongeng Inggris mereka dianggap sebagai peringatan akan kutukan atau bencana.

    25. Gorgon

    Gorgon adalah wanita jahat dengan gigi taring dan ular hidup sebagai pengganti rambutnya. Legenda mengatakan jika orang melihat muka Gorgon maka akan berubah menjadi batu. Kemungkinan Gorgon yang paling terkenal adalah Medusa yang merupakan satu-satunya wanita yang paling besar diantara 3 bersaudara (yang lain adalah Stheno dan Euryale). Karena Medusa besar sekali, Perseus hanya bisa membunuhnya dengan memotong kepalanya selagi ia melihat bayangannya sendiri di perisai Perseus. Gambaran Gorgon digunakan Yunani untuk menggambarkan kejahatan.
    26. Banshee

    Banshee berasal dari mitologi Irlandia dan biasanya dikenal sebagai roh wanita. Mereka dianggap sebagai malaikat kematian dan diyakini berasal dari dunia lain. Mereka biasanya dikenal sebagai bagian dari penyembahan berhala agama Celtic kuno dimana mereka adalah bawahan Tuhan. Roh, atau nenek moyang. Di Inggris mereka dikenal sebagai peri. Berdasarkan legenda, banshee akan berkeluyuran diluar rumah sambil meraung-raung jika seseorang didalam rumah itu akan meninggal.

    27. Giant

    Giant atau raksasa digambarkan sebagai monster yang mempunyai kekuatan luar biasa dan ukuran lebih besar dari manusia. Mereka muncul di Alkitab (dalam cerita Raja David dan Goliath). Dalam mitologi mereka seringkali digambarkan mempunyai konflik dengan dewa-dewa dan biasanya dihubung-hubungkan dengan kekacauan dan alam bebas. Mereka muncul sama awalnya dengan kebudayaan Yunani kuno dimana mereka dikenal dengan nama gigantes, makhluk yang lahir dari Gaia yang dibuahi dengan darah Uranus ketika dia dikebiri.

    28. Argus Panoptes

    Merupakan sosok laki-laki yang mempunyai mata banyak. Pada awalnya dikatakan ia mempunyai 4 mata, tapi kemudian dikatakan mempunyai ratusan mata. Ia banyak diceritakan dan muncul dalam banyak cerita petualangan. Dia membunuh banteng yang mempora-porandakan Arcadia. Dia membunuh Satyr karena mencuri sapi. Dia membunuh Echidna. Dia membalas dendam kematian Apis. Argus dibunuh oleh Hermes, ketika ia menjaga Io untuk Hera. (@gambar yg bintik-bintik)

    29. Chimaera

    Dibiakkan oleh Typhoeus dan Echidna, Chimaera mempunyai 3 kepala, yaitu singa, kambing dan ular. Badannya juga merupakan campuran dengan badan bagian depan singa, tengah kambing, dan ular untuk ekornya. Dia mengeluarkan napas api. Dia mempora-porandakan Lycia, membunuh sapi dan membakarnya sampai ia dibunuh oleh Bellerophon.

    30. Hecatoncheires

    PhotobucketHecantoncheires berarti “seratus tangan”. Mereka besar sekali, mempunyai 50 kepala dan seratus tangan yang mempunyai kekuatan hebat. Ada 3 makhluk ini yaitu : Briareus yang juga dipanggil Aegaeon, Cottus, dan Gyges yang juga dipanggil Gyes. Mereka lahir dari Gaia dan Uranus. Karena hubungan mereka yang buruk dengan Uranus, maka mereka dipaksa Uranus untuk kembali lagi kedalam rahim Gaia.

    Hal ini menyebabkan pemberontakan Gaia terhadap Uranus. Ketika Cronus mempunyai kekuatan ia memenjarakan mereka di Tartarus. Mereka dibebaskan oleh Zeus dan bertarung bersama Zeus melawan Titans. Mereka bisa melemparkan batu-batu yang sangat besar 100 kali lebih banyak daripada lawannya. Salah satu dari mereka Briareus menjadi penjaga Zeus.

    31. Medusa

    Medusa memulai hidup sebagai anak perempuan yang sangat menyenangkan sehingga membuat Athena cemburu. Kecantikan Medusa menarik perhatian Poseidon. Dia merayu Medusa, tetapi sayangnya dia melakukannya dikuil Athena. Hal ini membuat Athena sangat marah. Ia lalu merubah Medusa menjadi Gorgon. Karena Medusa sebenarnya adalah manusia maka ia tidak abadi. Dirasa hukuman belum cukup, Athena membantu Perseus untuk memburu dan membunuh Medusa.Ketika Perseus memotong kepalanya, Pegasus dan Chrysaor anak Medusa dengan Poseidon terkuak. Darah Medusa jatuh di padang pasir Lybian dan berubah menjadi ular. Nantinya salah satu dari ular tersebut membunuh Mopsus.

    32. Sirens

    Siren adalah wanita bersaudara yang memikat nelayan sampai mati. Lagu dari Siren sangat menarik dan tidak dapat ditolak, tetapi mereka ternyata menuju kekarang-karang yang akhirnya menghancurkan kapal mereka ketika mereka mencoba menggapai Siren.

    33. Chrysaor

    Chrysaor merupakan saudara dari Pegasus. Sedikit yang dapat diketahui dari Chrysaor tetapi kemudian ia dikenal sebagai prajurit yang berhati kuat dan gagah berani. Namanya berarti pedang emas. Dia berayahkan Geryon. Penampilannya tidak diketahui, tetapi berdasarkan cerita ia tidak terlihat sebagai pada umumnya. Dia kemungkinan sebesar raksasa.

    34. Jenglot “Monster Kecil” yang Misterius



























    Beberapa tahun lalu, sekitar akhir tahun 1997, tiba-tiba saja ada “makhluk” misterius yang jadi pembicaraan. Perawakannya kecil dengan tubuh tak lebih dari 12 cm dan rambutnya yang panjang, jarang dan kaku melewati kaki. Makhluk itu dinamakan jenglot.

    Kabarnya, jenglot itu bukan benda mati. Konon ia hidup, namun tak ada yang pernah tahu kapan bergerak. Konon, makhluk misterius itu selalu menghabiskan darah manusia yang dicampur minyak japaron. Namun, sekali lagi, tak ada yang tahu kapan ia menenggaknya. Menurut Hendra, dalam menyantap sajiannya itu, jenglot tak menggunakan cara seperti yang dilakukan manusia pada umumnya. Yang jelas, dalam setiap 18 jam, sebanyak 3 cc darah dan minyak wangi yang disajikan akan berkurang sekitar 50 persen sampai 60 persen.

    Jenglot pada masa ribuan tahun lalu adalah manusia (seorang pertapa) yang tengah mempelajari ilmu Bethara Karang. Ilmu Bethara Karang diyakini sebagai ilmu keabadian. Artinya, setiap orang yang memiliki ilmu tersebut akan hidup abadi di dunia. “Namun, akibat kutukan, jasad jenglot tidak diterima di dunia sedangkan rohnya tidak diterima di akherat. Maka roh tersebut seperti terpenjara dalam jasad kecil ini,” kata Hendra. Setelah itu, sang pertapa menjadi emosional dan merasa sebagai jawara. Tak pelak, tubuhnya pun menyusut, hingga akhirnya mengecil. Empat taring kemudian tumbuh memanjang, tak sebanding dengan lebar mulutnya. Katanya, itu sebagai lambang keganasan dan sifat liar sang “monster”.

    35. Kuntilanak

    Kuntilanak (bahasa Melayu: puntianak, pontianak) adalah hantu yang dipercaya berasal dari perempuan hamil yang meninggal dunia atau wanita yang meninggal karena melahirkan dan anak tersebut belum sempat lahir. Nama “kuntilanak” atau “pontianak” kemungkinan besar berasal dari gabungan kata “bunting” (hamil) dan “anak”. sebenarnya disamping kuntilanak itu kepercayaan orang melayu dan thailand kita dapat menemuinya dlm cerita2 rakyat yg ada di negara lain di dunia. misalnya: banshee di daratan eropa (kalo di inggris ada yang namanya Jenny Greenteeth (lucu juga namanya)). klo kita lihat ciri2nya, banshee dan kuntilanak sangat mirip:

    1. tertawa melengking
    2. menangis
    3. suka puing2 bangunan ato yg setengah jadi
    4. sering bertempat di muara sungai ato pinggiran danau ato kolam
    5. menyukai daging anak2 (makanya sering dibilang mereka suka menculik bayi)
    Dalam folklor Melayu, sosok kuntilanak digambarkan dalam bentuk wanita cantik yang punggungnya berlubang. Kuntilanak digambarkan senang meneror penduduk kampung untuk menuntut balas.

    Kuntilanak sewaktu muncul selalu diiringi harum bunga kamboja. Konon laki-laki yang tidak berhati-hati bisa dibunuh sesudah kuntilanak berubah wujud menjadi penghisap darah. Kuntilanak juga senang menyantap bayi dan melukai wanita hamil. Dalam cerita seram dan film horor di televisi Malaysia, kuntilanak digambarkan membunuh mangsa dengan cara menghisap darah di bagian tengkuk, seperti vampir. Agak berbeda dengan gambaran menurut tradisi Melayu, kuntilanak menurut tradisi Sunda tidak memiliki lubang di punggung dan hanya mengganggu dengan penampakan saja. Jenis yang memiliki lubang di punggung sebagaimana deskripsi di atas disebut sundel bolong. Kuntilanak konon juga menyukai pohon tertentu sebagai tempat “bersemayam”, misalnya waru yang tumbuh condong ke samping (populer disebut “waru doyong”).

    Penangkal : Berdasarkan kepercayaan dan tradisi masyarakat Jawa, kuntilanak tidak akan mengganggu wanita hamil bila wanita tersebut selalu membawa paku, pisau, dan gunting bila bepergian ke mana saja. Hal ini menyebabkan seringnya ditemui kebiasaan meletakkan gunting, jarum dan pisau di dekat tempat tidur bayi.
    Menurut kepercayaan masyarakat Melayu, benda tajam seperti paku bisa menangkal serangan kuntilanak.

    Ketika kuntilanak menyerang, paku ditancapkan di lubang yang ada di belakang leher kuntilanak. Sementara dalam kepercayaan masyarakat Indonesia lainnya, lokasi untuk menancapkan paku bisa bergeser ke bagian atas ubun-ubun kuntilanak.

    36. Leak
    „Der nächste Schritt“ von Ueli Steck – hin zu mehr Gelassenheit? Eine Rezension. erschien zuerst auf OutdoorMädchen.


              Shivangini Rana, Sexy, beautiful and an aspiring model from Nepal   
    Shivangini Rana, the new Nepali beauty on the marquee.


    Shivangini Rana, model and a aspiring actor had more of ambitious plans in her life. After her schooling at Mayo, Shivangini, then completed a hotel management course at the famed Les Roches in Switzerland. By the time she got back home, Shivangini realized that her heart was set on pursuing acting in Hindi films. Shivangini, always wanted to act as a kid, she had done a lot of plays in school and was involved in performing arts. She completed her  hotel management course just because her father wanted her to complete her education first.


    Shivangini, then decided to fly down to Mumbai and initially stayed with her friend. Later, she managed to get her own place within a week. Shivangini, then completed an acting course first and later tried out theatre. Now, She is ready to take the plunge in the bollywood industry and is hoping to make a big impact, She quoted "I'm really looking forward to working in Bollywood which has so many talented directors making edgy films," 


    Shivangini Rana is also one of the contestants in a reality TV show SpiltaVilla, aired on MTV, every Sunday at 17:00 hrs. Shivangini Rana quoted in her Splitsvilla introductory video "She is participating on MTV Splitsvilla for fun and for competition and is also looking forward to meet people"


    Shivangini Rana has also featured in a video "Acts Out Casting Couch in mumbai!"