세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008   

세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008

세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008(UCI Road World Championships 2008)은, 2008년 9월 23일부터 9월 28일까지, 이탈리아바레이제로 개최되었다.

 ←  세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008  → 
이탈리아의 기 이타리바레이제
레이스 상세
개최일 2008년 9월 22일~9월 28일
레이스 결과
우승 이탈리아의 기 알렉산드로・밧란(남자 로드)
독일의 기 벨트・그라프슈(남자 ITT)
영국의 기 니콜・쿡(여자 로드)
아메리카 합중국의 기 엠버・네 벤(여자 ITT)
콜롬비아의 기 파비오・두아르테(남자 U23 로드)
이탈리아의 기 아드리아노・마로리(남자 U23ITT)




목차

전결과

남자 엘리트 개인 로드 레이스

9월 28일(일)260.25 km
선수명 국적 시간
  알렉산드로・밧란   이탈리아 6시간 37분 30초
2 타미아노・쿠네고   이탈리아 +03초
3 마티・치우침 쉘   덴마크
4 다비데・레벳린   이탈리아
5 앤드 리・그리후코   우크라이나
6 호아킨・로드리게스   스페인
7 화비언・베크만   독일
8 크리스티앙・환 베르거   오스트리아
9 닉・뉴이엔스   벨기에
10 로베르토・헤이신크   네델란드
11 유르헨・팬호-렌   벨기에
12 토마스・르브크비스트   스웨덴
13 크리스안켈・세렌센   덴마크 +06초
14 앗산・바자이에후   카자흐스탄 +58초
15 필립・질 베일   벨기에
16 크리스티 얀・파이트   슬로베니아 +1분 01초
17 후레후・판아베르마트   벨기에
18 고라즈드・슈탄게리   슬로베니아
19 제로므・피노   프랑스 +1분 13초
20 블라디미르・카르페트   러시아
77 신성행야   일본 +22분 50초
도중 기권 이노우에 남자 아이   일본
도중 기권 노데라 히데노리   일본

남자 엘리트 타임 트라이얼

9월 25일(목)43.70 km
선수명 국적 시간
  벨트・그라프슈   독일 52분 01초 60
2 스베인・타후트   캐나다 +42초 79
3 데이비드・자브린스키   아메리카 합중국 +52초 27
4 리바이・라이프하이마   아메리카 합중국 +1분 05초 42
5 그스타브・랄슨   스웨덴 +1분 05초 84
6 스테인・데보르델   벨기에 +1분 15초 41
7 토니・말틴   독일 +1분 16초 26
8 야네스・브라이코비치   슬로베니아 +1분 25초 16
9 데이비드・미러   영국 +1분 25초 26
10 실반・샤바넬   프랑스 +1분 25초 82
11 블라디미르・그세후   러시아 +1분 27초 13
12 마이클・로쟈스   오스트레일리아 +1분 33초 32
13 마르코・피놋티   이탈리아 +1분 34초 12
14 마누엘・쿠인트아트   이탈리아 +1분 36초 79
15 셀게이・곤챠르   우크라이나 +1분 38초 00
16 호세・이반・구티에레스   스페인 +1분 54초 63
17 마테이・유르코   슬로바키아 +1분 58초 00
18 바시리・키리엔카  

Free and open communication has long been an essential component of a successful democracy. Unfortunately, money, power and influence over time have stifled today’s media environment adversely impacting both content producers and consumers alike.

In an effort to democratize creative content, DECENT has officially launched its blockchain-based, global media distribution platform. The name is an acronym for Decentralized Network; Encrypted & Secure; Content Distribution System; Elimination of 3rd Parties; New Way of Online Publishing; Timestamped Data Records.

Designed to bring more transparency and fairness to the media industry, DECENT allows artists to seamlessly distribute digital content for immediate payment and without hefty fees. Peer-to-peer in its orientation, consumers decide the merits of a certain piece of content posted through a Yelp-like community rating system. The content, however, cannot be censored or removed.

This blockchain initiative endeavors to disrupt the legacy world of media distribution by allowing artists more freedom and control over the ownership and distribution of their content, all without compromising on security. It represents a potential gamechanger for the massive global media and content distribution industry — one that’s estimated to grow from $1.7 trillion in 2016 to over $2 trillion in 2019.

DECENT was founded in 2016 by two friends, Matej Michalko and Matej Boda, from Slovakia. It sprouted from a shared vision that blockchain technology could fuel a coordinated system of digital content publishing and sharing throughout the world.

Funding for DECENT was fueled by an ICO campaign last summer, which raised more than 5,881 BTC, at that time valued at $4.2 million USD. There were 4,300 ICO participants in total and no other key funding partners.

Michalko recounted the journey leading up to his own personal discovery of blockchain technology and its potential uses for the content distribution space. “I’ve been extensively involved in Bitcoin since 2011, even mining it from my own laptop at the beginning. I quickly realized that the innovative technology behind Bitcoin had the potential to change the modern world.”

When Michalko started to delve further into blockchain technology, he found a seemingly endless list of use cases the new technology could support. “I became determined to use blockchain technology to create something revolutionary that would be beneficial for people on a global scale. A short time later ongoing discussions between myself and our future co-founder Matej Boda quickly led to DECENT being born.”

He says that DECENT Network is a reaction to the issues that the majority of content producers face nowadays in the entertainment and media industry. “There is too much artificial complexity and too many barriers in the industry affecting both the access to market and income of the content owners.”

DECENT’S digital model allows artists to distribute any form of content, including written, music, videos, ebooks and pictures. These distribution channels are free of third-party influence, meaning that artists can also manage their intellectual property rights and set their own pricing.

One of the innovative adaptations that distinguishes DECENT from other blockchain platforms is the network’s reputation management system. This allows content creators who share their digital work on the platform to build a lifetime reputation, based on ratings from those who purchase content on the platform. DECENT Network also allows content creators to instantly receive payment when someone downloads their content, without any middleman interference.

Michalko believes that DECENT can break the trajectory in which a majority of power is concentrated in the hands of a few players controlling the industry. “Artists, filmmakers and writers lose control over their work and depend on the mercy of the ‘big guys.’ We designed DECENT Network to do away with all that and bring more transparency and fairness to the digital content industry.”

DECENT estimates that writers, for example, lose a healthy 30–75 percent chunk of their earnings when publishing with Amazon. Similarly, musicians, through licensing agreements, lose around 30 percent when selling a track on iTunes. Blockchain technology therefore serves as a mechanism that helps writers and musicians keep more money, while connecting with their audiences directly.

Michalko says that artists will be paid for their downloaded content through DECENT’s own cryptocurrency called “DCT,” which will be launched together with DECENT Network. Other payment options, he says, will be available in the future. “Artists will no longer have to wait months before seeing a penny from their work. And at the time of launch, DECENT Network will be a completely free-of-charge service for artists.”

Michalko hopes that by  2020, DECENT Network will have become the number one worldwide media sharing platform. “We hope to bring more transparency and fairness to the digital content industry for both creators and consumers. I hope that with our launch people will realize the advantage of DECENT Network over other content distribution platforms.”

The post Decent Launches Global Media Distribution Platform appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.


          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/global-plastic-headgear-to-2017-size-growth-and-forecasts-in-nearly-70-countries-market

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/spirit-in-the-top-5-european-countries-to-2018-size-trends-and-forecasts-market

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Neolithic Figurine Found in Polish Village    
RZESZOW, POLAND—While while on vacation in the village of Kosina in southeastern Poland, an archaeologist stumbled upon a clay figurine that he believes dates back to around 5000 B.C. Science and Scholarship in Poland reports that Piotr Alagierski was walking in a cultivated field when he came across the nearly 3-inch-long clay figure that appears to have been made by some of the first farming communities in the region. According to Alagierski, the figurine is reminiscent of similar artifacts found in Slovakia and Romania but differs from known Polish examples in its lifelike rather than exaggerated depicition of the human form. Alagierski plans to conduct excavations at the site, where he also found fragments of ceramic vessels and obsidian, and the object will undergo chemical tests that may help to determine the origin of the clay. For more on archaeology in Poland, go to “Letter from Poland: Warsaw Remembers.”
          Nová Kia Stonic - prvé skutočné fotografie odhalené (slovakiaauto)   
Tento nový model malého SUV prichádza s neokukaným designom v plnej paráde aj pod kapotou. Nechajte sa zviesť.
          For sale - Vintage 1970s wrestling singlet Red M Logo olympic... - Auction   

Cleveland 4163, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Postal History Czechoslovakia Scott #1071 Last Day... - $3   

Trenton NJ, United States
...Franking on cover with Special Pictorial Last Day of Stamp Show cancel dated 9/2/1962 Prague Czechoslovakia Thank you for shopping with us! shipping policy - we combine shipping! Please request an invoice with combined shipping before payment and we will be happy to reduce your shipping costs accordingly. We encourage all of our bidders to look at our store ...
ebay.com

          Europe forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 05:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          Want to see how far we have come? Compare Canada 150 to Expo 67: Hébert    

MONTREAL—In the city that I’ve called home for the past 20 years, one would be hard-pressed to find signs that Saturday is a special Canada day. A bicycle ride across town on the eve of the country’s 150th anniversary elicits no Maple Leaf flag — except at various hotel and official venues.

Quebec leases expire on July 1. Year in and year out, Canada Day in Montreal is marked by a ballet of moving vans. This year is no exception. The city has spent the past six months celebrating its 375th anniversary. And last week was the June 24th Fête Nationale. It is not as if we were suffering from a deficit of history or festivities.

But for those of us who are old enough to have been there the contrast between this sedate sesquicentennial weekend and Canada’s last significant birthday in 1967 could not be more striking.

I was entering adolescence at the time of Expo 67. My family had moved from Hull (now Gatineau) to Toronto the previous fall. My English was still a work in progress. Our neighbours’ French even more so.

On our street, the family that lived next door was among the first to trek to Montreal to visit Expo. They did not know that the Quebec short form for “excusez-moi” is “scuse”. Expo 67 being the crowd scene that it was, it was a word they heard many times a day. At least one child came home wondering if the expression was a code of some sort.

My mother had relatives on the south shore of Montreal. The seven of us — two parents and five kids including a toddler — camped there for our Expo week. My aunt and uncle lived in a leafy empty nest. They shed crocodile tears when we departed.

Like many of my generation, my first passport was the Expo version. That is probably where I picked up a lifelong travel bug. But the world I encountered on the man-made islands was an artificial paradise.

A very popular pavilion was that of Czechoslovakia. It featured leading edge multimedia presentations as well as puppet shows. It was a magic place that spoke to us of a magic land. By the following summer, Prague was under Soviet occupation for having tried to cut a hole in the Iron Curtain.

An entire section of the United States pavilion was devoted to the conquest of space. The first walk on the moon would take place two years later. Of the American civil rights movement, there was no trace

In the politically correct francophone fashion of the time, my parents took us to France’s pavilion and gave the U.K.’s showcase a wide berth. We had migrated to the cottage by the time French president Charles de Gaulle generated diplomatic havoc by saluting a free Quebec. We all sat around the radio to listen to the live broadcast of his Montreal speech.

Little did most visitors know that the face Canada put forward at Expo was about to be transformed. Trudeaumania was less than a year away from seizing the country. Talks that would lead to the founding of the Parti Québécois were underway.

There are those who pine for the innocence of Canada’s centennial year. But it was largely based on ignorance.

If you are reading this column and/or have read me in the Star for the past number of years, know that few could have fathomed my journalistic path at the time of Expo 67 and not just because women did not take up much space in its “Man and his World thematic environment.

On the day I was offered this column almost two decades ago, I was taken aback by the fact that a non-Quebec media organization like The Star would make a francophone one of its top national politics niche.

It was a few years later that I joined the nascent CBC At Issue panel in a similar role.

At the time of Expo 67, competing soliloquies passed for a national dialogue. The reporting of Canadian politics took place in language silos. Today those silos are no longer as hermetic. The temptation to pigeonhole voices remains rampant but in an increasingly diverse media coop, it cannot endure.

Breaking down some of those barriers is one of Peter Mansbridge’s main contributions not so much to broadcasting as to a more authentic national conversation.

Saturday is Mansbridge’s last broadcast as CBC’s chief correspondent. The next time all hell breaks loose, someone else will walk us through the minefield of breaking news. As my former column-mate the much-missed James Travers would say: Fly straight Peter…

Chantal Hébert is a national affairs writer. Her column appears Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.


          China's Charter 08   
China's Charter 08
New York Review of Books
Volume 56, Number 1 · January 15, 2009


Translated from the Chinese by Perry Link

The document below, signed by more than two thousand Chinese citizens, was conceived and written in conscious admiration of the founding of Charter 77 in Czechoslovakia, where, in January 1977, more than two hundred Czech and Slovak intellectuals formed a
loose, informal, and open association of people...united by the will to strive individually and collectively for respect for human and civil rights in our country and throughout the world.
The Chinese document calls not for ameliorative reform of the current political system but for an end to some of its essential features, including one-party rule, and their replacement with a system based on human rights and democracy.

The prominent citizens who have signed the document are from both outside and inside the government, and include not only well-known dissidents and intellectuals, but also middle-level officials and rural leaders. They chose December 10, the anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as the day on which to express their political ideas and to outline their vision of a constitutional, democratic China. They want Charter 08 to serve as a blueprint for fundamental political change in China in the years to come. The signers of the document will form an informal group, open-ended in size but united by a determination to promote democratization and protection of human rights in China and beyond.

Following the text is a postscript describing some of the regime's recent reactions to it.

—Perry Link
I. FOREWORD

A hundred years have passed since the writing of China's first constitution. 2008 also marks the sixtieth anniversary of the promulgation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the thirtieth anniversary of the appearance of the Democracy Wall in Beijing, and the tenth of China's signing of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. We are approaching the twentieth anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen massacre of pro-democracy student protesters. The Chinese people, who have endured human rights disasters and uncountable struggles across these same years, now include many who see clearly that freedom, equality, and human rights are universal values of humankind and that democracy and constitutional government are the fundamental framework for protecting these values.

By departing from these values, the Chinese government's approach to "modernization" has proven disastrous. It has stripped people of their rights, destroyed their dignity, and corrupted normal human intercourse. So we ask: Where is China headed in the twenty-first century? Will it continue with "modernization" under authoritarian rule, or will it embrace universal human values, join the mainstream of civilized nations, and build a democratic system? There can be no avoiding these questions.

The shock of the Western impact upon China in the nineteenth century laid bare a decadent authoritarian system and marked the beginning of what is often called "the greatest changes in thousands of years" for China. A "self-strengthening movement" followed, but this aimed simply at appropriating the technology to build gunboats and other Western material objects. China's humiliating naval defeat at the hands of Japan in 1895 only confirmed the obsolescence of China's system of government. The first attempts at modern political change came with the ill-fated summer of reforms in 1898, but these were cruelly crushed by ultraconservatives at China's imperial court. With the revolution of 1911, which inaugurated Asia's first republic, the authoritarian imperial system that had lasted for centuries was finally supposed to have been laid to rest. But social conflict inside our country and external pressures were to prevent it; China fell into a patchwork of warlord fiefdoms and the new republic became a fleeting dream.

The failure of both "self- strengthening" and political renovation caused many of our forebears to reflect deeply on whether a "cultural illness" was afflicting our country. This mood gave rise, during the May Fourth Movement of the late 1910s, to the championing of "science and democracy." Yet that effort, too, foundered as warlord chaos persisted and the Japanese invasion [beginning in Manchuria in 1931] brought national crisis.

Victory over Japan in 1945 offered one more chance for China to move toward modern government, but the Communist defeat of the Nationalists in the civil war thrust the nation into the abyss of totalitarianism. The "new China" that emerged in 1949 proclaimed that "the people are sovereign" but in fact set up a system in which "the Party is all-powerful." The Communist Party of China seized control of all organs of the state and all political, economic, and social resources, and, using these, has produced a long trail of human rights disasters, including, among many others, the Anti-Rightist Campaign (1957), the Great Leap Forward (1958–1960), the Cultural Revolution (1966–1969), the June Fourth [Tiananmen Square] Massacre (1989), and the current repression of all unauthorized religions and the suppression of the weiquan rights movement [a movement that aims to defend citizens' rights promulgated in the Chinese Constitution and to fight for human rights recognized by international conventions that the Chinese government has signed]. During all this, the Chinese people have paid a gargantuan price. Tens of millions have lost their lives, and several generations have seen their freedom, their happiness, and their human dignity cruelly trampled.

During the last two decades of the twentieth century the government policy of "Reform and Opening" gave the Chinese people relief from the pervasive poverty and totalitarianism of the Mao Zedong era, and brought substantial increases in the wealth and living standards of many Chinese as well as a partial restoration of economic freedom and economic rights. Civil society began to grow, and popular calls for more rights and more political freedom have grown apace. As the ruling elite itself moved toward private ownership and the market economy, it began to shift from an outright rejection of "rights" to a partial acknowledgment of them.

In 1998 the Chinese government signed two important international human rights conventions; in 2004 it amended its constitution to include the phrase "respect and protect human rights"; and this year, 2008, it has promised to promote a "national human rights action plan." Unfortunately most of this political progress has extended no further than the paper on which it is written. The political reality, which is plain for anyone to see, is that China has many laws but no rule of law; it has a constitution but no constitutional government. The ruling elite continues to cling to its authoritarian power and fights off any move toward political change.

The stultifying results are endemic official corruption, an undermining of the rule of law, weak human rights, decay in public ethics, crony capitalism, growing inequality between the wealthy and the poor, pillage of the natural environment as well as of the human and historical environments, and the exacerbation of a long list of social conflicts, especially, in recent times, a sharpening animosity between officials and ordinary people.

As these conflicts and crises grow ever more intense, and as the ruling elite continues with impunity to crush and to strip away the rights of citizens to freedom, to property, and to the pursuit of happiness, we see the powerless in our society—the vulnerable groups, the people who have been suppressed and monitored, who have suffered cruelty and even torture, and who have had no adequate avenues for their protests, no courts to hear their pleas—becoming more militant and raising the possibility of a violent conflict of disastrous proportions. The decline of the current system has reached the point where change is no longer optional.

II. OUR FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

This is a historic moment for China, and our future hangs in the balance. In reviewing the political modernization process of the past hundred years or more, we reiterate and endorse basic universal values as follows:

Freedom. Freedom is at the core of universal human values. Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom of association, freedom in where to live, and the freedoms to strike, to demonstrate, and to protest, among others, are the forms that freedom takes. Without freedom, China will always remain far from civilized ideals.

Human rights. Human rights are not bestowed by a state. Every person is born with inherent rights to dignity and freedom. The government exists for the protection of the human rights of its citizens. The exercise of state power must be authorized by the people. The succession of political disasters in China's recent history is a direct consequence of the ruling regime's disregard for human rights.

Equality. The integrity, dignity, and freedom of every person—regardless of social station, occupation, sex, economic condition, ethnicity, skin color, religion, or political belief—are the same as those of any other. Principles of equality before the law and equality of social, economic, cultural, civil, and political rights must be upheld.

Republicanism. Republicanism, which holds that power should be balanced among different branches of government and competing interests should be served, resembles the traditional Chinese political ideal of "fairness in all under heaven." It allows different interest groups and social assemblies, and people with a variety of cultures and beliefs, to exercise democratic self-government and to deliberate in order to reach peaceful resolution of public questions on a basis of equal access to government and free and fair competition.

Democracy. The most fundamental principles of democracy are that the people are sovereign and the people select their government. Democracy has these characteristics: (1) Political power begins with the people and the legitimacy of a regime derives from the people. (2) Political power is exercised through choices that the people make. (3) The holders of major official posts in government at all levels are determined through periodic competitive elections. (4) While honoring the will of the majority, the fundamental dignity, freedom, and human rights of minorities are protected. In short, democracy is a modern means for achieving government truly "of the people, by the people, and for the people."

Constitutional rule. Constitutional rule is rule through a legal system and legal regulations to implement principles that are spelled out in a constitution. It means protecting the freedom and the rights of citizens, limiting and defining the scope of legitimate government power, and providing the administrative apparatus necessary to serve these ends.

III. WHAT WE ADVOCATE

Authoritarianism is in general decline throughout the world; in China, too, the era of emperors and overlords is on the way out. The time is arriving everywhere for citizens to be masters of states. For China the path that leads out of our current predicament is to divest ourselves of the authoritarian notion of reliance on an "enlightened overlord" or an "honest official" and to turn instead toward a system of liberties, democracy, and the rule of law, and toward fostering the consciousness of modern citizens who see rights as fundamental and participation as a duty. Accordingly, and in a spirit of this duty as responsible and constructive citizens, we offer the following recommendations on national governance, citizens' rights, and social development:

1. A New Constitution. We should recast our present constitution, rescinding its provisions that contradict the principle that sovereignty resides with the people and turning it into a document that genuinely guarantees human rights, authorizes the exercise of public power, and serves as the legal underpinning of China's democratization. The constitution must be the highest law in the land, beyond violation by any individual, group, or political party.

2. Separation of Powers. We should construct a modern government in which the separation of legislative, judicial, and executive power is guaranteed. We need an Administrative Law that defines the scope of government responsibility and prevents abuse of administrative power. Government should be responsible to taxpayers. Division of power between provincial governments and the central government should adhere to the principle that central powers are only those specifically granted by the constitution and all other powers belong to the local governments.

3. Legislative Democracy. Members of legislative bodies at all levels should be chosen by direct election, and legislative democracy should observe just and impartial principles.

4. An Independent Judiciary. The rule of law must be above the interests of any particular political party and judges must be independent. We need to establish a constitutional supreme court and institute procedures for constitutional review. As soon as possible, we should abolish all of the Committees on Political and Legal Affairs that now allow Communist Party officials at every level to decide politically sensitive cases in advance and out of court. We should strictly forbid the use of public offices for private purposes.

5. Public Control of Public Servants. The military should be made answerable to the national government, not to a political party, and should be made more professional. Military personnel should swear allegiance to the constitution and remain nonpartisan. Political party organizations must be prohibited in the military. All public officials including police should serve as nonpartisans, and the current practice of favoring one political party in the hiring of public servants must end.

6. Guarantee of Human Rights. There must be strict guarantees of human rights and respect for human dignity. There should be a Human Rights Committee, responsible to the highest legislative body, that will prevent the government from abusing public power in violation of human rights. A democratic and constitutional China especially must guarantee the personal freedom of citizens. No one should suffer illegal arrest, detention, arraignment, interrogation, or punishment. The system of "Reeducation through Labor" must be abolished.

7. Election of Public Officials. There should be a comprehensive system of democratic elections based on "one person, one vote." The direct election of administrative heads at the levels of county, city, province, and nation should be systematically implemented. The rights to hold periodic free elections and to participate in them as a citizen are inalienable.

8. Rural–Urban Equality. The two-tier household registry system must be abolished. This system favors urban residents and harms rural residents. We should establish instead a system that gives every citizen the same constitutional rights and the same freedom to choose where to live.

9. Freedom to Form Groups. The right of citizens to form groups must be guaranteed. The current system for registering nongovernment groups, which requires a group to be "approved," should be replaced by a system in which a group simply registers itself. The formation of political parties should be governed by the constitution and the laws, which means that we must abolish the special privilege of one party to monopolize power and must guarantee principles of free and fair competition among political parties.

10. Freedom to Assemble. The constitution provides that peaceful assembly, demonstration, protest, and freedom of expression are fundamental rights of a citizen. The ruling party and the government must not be permitted to subject these to illegal interference or unconstitutional obstruction.

11. Freedom of Expression. We should make freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and academic freedom universal, thereby guaranteeing that citizens can be informed and can exercise their right of political supervision. These freedoms should be upheld by a Press Law that abolishes political restrictions on the press. The provision in the current Criminal Law that refers to "the crime of incitement to subvert state power" must be abolished. We should end the practice of viewing words as crimes.

12. Freedom of Religion. We must guarantee freedom of religion and belief, and institute a separation of religion and state. There must be no governmental interference in peaceful religious activities. We should abolish any laws, regulations, or local rules that limit or suppress the religious freedom of citizens. We should abolish the current system that requires religious groups (and their places of worship) to get official approval in advance and substitute for it a system in which registry is optional and, for those who choose to register, automatic.

13. Civic Education. In our schools we should abolish political curriculums and examinations that are designed to indoctrinate students in state ideology and to instill support for the rule of one party. We should replace them with civic education that advances universal values and citizens' rights, fosters civic consciousness, and promotes civic virtues that serve society.

14. Protection of Private Property. We should establish and protect the right to private property and promote an economic system of free and fair markets. We should do away with government monopolies in commerce and industry and guarantee the freedom to start new enterprises. We should establish a Committee on State-Owned Property, reporting to the national legislature, that will monitor the transfer of state-owned enterprises to private ownership in a fair, competitive, and orderly manner. We should institute a land reform that promotes private ownership of land, guarantees the right to buy and sell land, and allows the true value of private property to be adequately reflected in the market.

15. Financial and Tax Reform. We should establish a democratically regulated and accountable system of public finance that ensures the protection of taxpayer rights and that operates through legal procedures. We need a system by which public revenues that belong to a certain level of government—central, provincial, county or local—are controlled at that level. We need major tax reform that will abolish any unfair taxes, simplify the tax system, and spread the tax burden fairly. Government officials should not be able to raise taxes, or institute new ones, without public deliberation and the approval of a democratic assembly. We should reform the ownership system in order to encourage competition among a wider variety of market participants.

16. Social Security. We should establish a fair and adequate social security system that covers all citizens and ensures basic access to education, health care, retirement security, and employment.

17. Protection of the Environment. We need to protect the natural environment and to promote development in a way that is sustainable and responsible to our descendants and to the rest of humanity. This means insisting that the state and its officials at all levels not only do what they must do to achieve these goals, but also accept the supervision and participation of nongovernmental organizations.

18. A Federated Republic. A democratic China should seek to act as a responsible major power contributing toward peace and development in the Asian Pacific region by approaching others in a spirit of equality and fairness. In Hong Kong and Macao, we should support the freedoms that already exist. With respect to Taiwan, we should declare our commitment to the principles of freedom and democracy and then, negotiating as equals and ready to compromise, seek a formula for peaceful unification. We should approach disputes in the national-minority areas of China with an open mind, seeking ways to find a workable framework within which all ethnic and religious groups can flourish. We should aim ultimately at a federation of democratic communities of China.

19. Truth in Reconciliation. We should restore the reputations of all people, including their family members, who suffered political stigma in the political campaigns of the past or who have been labeled as criminals because of their thought, speech, or faith. The state should pay reparations to these people. All political prisoners and prisoners of conscience must be released. There should be a Truth Investigation Commission charged with finding the facts about past injustices and atrocities, determining responsibility for them, upholding justice, and, on these bases, seeking social reconciliation.

China, as a major nation of the world, as one of five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, and as a member of the UN Council on Human Rights, should be contributing to peace for humankind and progress toward human rights. Unfortunately, we stand today as the only country among the major nations that remains mired in authoritarian politics. Our political system continues to produce human rights disasters and social crises, thereby not only constricting China's own development but also limiting the progress of all of human civilization. This must change, truly it must. The democratization of Chinese politics can be put off no longer.

Accordingly, we dare to put civic spirit into practice by announcing Charter 08. We hope that our fellow citizens who feel a similar sense of crisis, responsibility, and mission, whether they are inside the government or not, and regardless of their social status, will set aside small differences to embrace the broad goals of this citizens' movement. Together we can work for major changes in Chinese society and for the rapid establishment of a free, democratic, and constitutional country. We can bring to reality the goals and ideals that our people have incessantly been seeking for more than a hundred years, and can bring a brilliant new chapter to Chinese civilization.
POSTSCRIPT

The planning and drafting of Charter 08 began in the late spring of 2008, but Chinese authorities were apparently unaware of it or unconcerned by it until several days before it was announced on December 10. On December 6, Wen Kejian, a writer who signed the charter, was detained in the city of Hangzhou in eastern China and questioned for about an hour. Police told Wen that Charter 08 was "different" from earlier dissident statements, and "a fairly grave matter." They said there would be a coordinated investigation in all cities and provinces to "root out the organizers," and they advised Wen to remove his name from the charter. Wen declined, telling the authorities that he saw the charter as a fundamental turning point in history.

Meanwhile, on December 8, in Shenzhen in the far south of China, police called on Zhao Dagong, a writer and signer of the charter, for a "chat." They told Zhao that the central authorities were concerned about the charter and asked if he was the organizer in the Shenzhen area.

Later on December 8, at 11 PM in Beijing, about twenty police entered the home of Zhang Zuhua, one of the charter's main drafters. A few of the police took Zhang with them to the local police station while the rest stayed and, as Zhang's wife watched, searched the home and confiscated books, notebooks, Zhang's passport, all four of the family's computers, and all of their cash and credit cards. (Later Zhang learned that his family's bank accounts, including those of both his and his wife's parents, had been emptied.) Meanwhile, at the police station, Zhang was detained for twelve hours, where he was questioned in detail about Charter 08 and the group Chinese Human Rights Defenders in which he is active.

It was also late on December 8 that another of the charter's signers, the literary critic and prominent dissident Liu Xiaobo, was taken away by police. His telephone in Beijing went unanswered, as did e-mail and Skype messages sent to him. As of the present writing, he's believed to be in police custody, although the details of his detention are not known.

On the morning of December 9, Beijing lawyer Pu Zhiqiang was called in for a police "chat," and in the evening the physicist and philosopher Jiang Qisheng was called in as well. Both had signed the charter and were friends of the drafters. On December 10—the day the charter was formally announced—the Hangzhou police returned to the home of Wen Kejian, the writer they had questioned four days earlier. This time they were more threatening. They told Wen he would face severe punishment if he wrote about the charter or about Liu Xiaobo's detention. "Do you want three years in prison?" they asked. "Or four?"

On December 11 the journalist Gao Yu and the writer Liu Di, both well-known in Beijing, were interrogated about their signing of the Charter. The rights lawyer, Teng Biao, was approached by the police but declined, on principle, to meet with them. On December 12 and 13 there were reports of interrogations in many provinces—Shaanxi, Hunan, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, and others—of people who had seen the charter on the Internet, found that they agreed with it, and signed. With these people the police focused on two questions: "How did you get involved?" and "What do you know about the drafters and organizers?"

The Chinese authorities seem unaware of the irony of their actions. Their efforts to quash Charter 08 only serve to underscore China's failure to uphold the very principles that the charter advances. The charter calls for "free expression" but the regime says, by its actions, that it has once again denied such expression. The charter calls for freedom to form groups, but the nationwide police actions that have accompanied the charter's release have specifically aimed at blocking the formation of a group. The charter says "we should end the practice of viewing words as crimes," and the regime says (literally, to Wen Kejian) "we can send you to prison for these words." The charter calls for the rule of law and the regime sends police in the middle of the night to act outside the law; the charter says "police should serve as nonpartisans," and here the police are plainly partisan.

Charter 08 is signed only by citizens of the People's Republic of China who are living inside China. But Chinese living outside China are signing a letter of strong support for the charter. The eminent historian Yu Ying-shih, the astrophysicist Fang Lizhi, writers Ha Jin and Zheng Yi, and more than 160 others have so far signed.

On December 12, the Dalai Lama issued his own letter in support of the charter, writing that "a harmonious society can only come into being when there is trust among the people, freedom from fear, freedom of expression, rule of law, justice, and equality." He called on the Chinese government to release prisoners "who have been detained for exercising their freedom of expression."

—Perry Link, December 18, 2008
          Taxes in Slovakia   
Taxes. Everybody has a respect toward this word. However, once you are acknowledged for WHAT you need to pay taxes for and WHEN to pay...
          Print ads: Boy   

Lack of time and parental attention makes kids feel emotionally abandoned. This leads to anxiety and social withdrawal. Talk and listen to them at least one hour a day. Campaign by the Beneva Foundation Media: Print Category: Public interest Client: Beneva Foundation Agency: JANDL Bratislava Country: Slovakia Chief Creative Officer: Bernd Fliesser Creative Director: alex strimbeanu Art Director: Bob Copywriter: Karla Calheiros Head of Art: Pavel Gajdos Photographer: Ricardo Salamanca


          Print ads: Girl   

Lack of time and parental attention makes kids feel emotionally abandoned. This leads to anxiety and social withdrawal. Talk and listen to them at least one hour a day. Campaign by the Beneva Foundation Media: Print Category: Public interest Client: Beneva Foundation Agency: JANDL Bratislava Country: Slovakia Chief Creative Officer: Bernd Fliesser Creative Director: alex strimbeanu Art Director: Bob Copywriter: Karla Calheiros Head of Art: Pavel Gajdos Photographer: Ricardo Salamanca


          New Programming Adapter: DIL48/QFP64-1.02 ZIF MSP430-4   
DIL48/QFP64-1.02 ZIF MSP430-4
Description: specialized adapter for TI (TMS) MSP430FR58xx/59xx devices in QFP64 package
operating (mechanical) life of ZIF socket - 10,000 actuations
supported from PG4UW software version 3.32w
made in Slovakia

ORD. NUMBER: 70-3388
          19 of the best saddles — the seats that improve cycling comfort for men and women   
  • Bum comfort is bike comfort: getting the right seat is the most important factor in being able to ride without pain.

  • Width, shape and materials all contribute to comfort — use a dealer’s demo program to try before you buy.

  • The more you pay, the less you get — high-end saddles use materials like carbon fibre and titanium to reduce weight

  • Women usually get on best with wider seats with pressure-reducing cutaways that look after the soft tissues of the genitals.

  • Traditional leather saddles are still popular, especially with long-distance riders and retro fans, and can be very comfortable.

Your saddle is arguably the most important component on your bike. Like that other key to comfort, your shorts, if it's doing its job properly you'll never notice it, but if it isn't — ouch! It’s your main contact point with the bicycle, and for some of us even subtle variations between two similar saddle designs can lead to one of them crossing fine line between comfortable perch and instrument of torture.

For a lot of people the saddle they get with their bike works just fine. Every component on a complete bike has to contribute to meeting a price point, but bike manufacturers aren't stupid; they may spec a generic product but it is one designed to work for as many people as possible. And for a lot of us the saddle our bike was born with works just fine.

Raleigh Mustang Elite - saddle.jpg

Raleigh Mustang Elite - saddle.jpg

However, if it doesn't or you want to drop some weight from your bike, or pep up its looks with a new saddle you'll need to find the right one. If it ain't broke though you may want to consider whether you really want to fix it before you start looking for another saddle. It's no surprise that pros, couriers, expedition riders — indeed anyone who spends a lot of time on a bike — takes the same favoured saddle from bike to bike. And you don't necessarily need the most high tech saddle to be comfortable or go fast — the Tour de France has been won on £25 saddles.

If you do need a different saddle though you are faced with a bewildering choice. Saddles come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes to suit every type of riding from racing, touring, commuting and leisure cycling.

While this huge choice means there’s a saddle to suit every bum, it does make knowing just where to start a touch tricky when you're faced with a choice of potentially hundreds of saddles. So you need to narrow down your choice to find the perfect saddle, and that's the aim of this guide.

Shape

The critical part of choosing the right saddle is finding a shape that fits your body and suits your riding style. Generally speaking, the more stretched out your riding position and the faster you ride, the narrower the saddle you need. And the more upright your position and the slower you ride, the wider the saddle needs to be. When you're stretched out, you place less weight on the saddle, but when you sit upright, the saddle has to support more of your weight. That's why race bikes have very thin saddles, and Boris bikes have extremely wide saddles.

Eastway Zener - saddle and post.jpg

Eastway Zener - saddle and post.jpg

Manufacturers are getting better at helping you to choose the right saddle. Most have their own system of narrowing the choice, either by deciding what type of cyclist you are — usually by your range of flexibility and your position on the bike — or using a fit system that measures the distance between your sit bones, to pair you with the saddle that best matches your anatomy.

A good saddle should support the sit bones, not the entire bum. It’s where your sit bones contact the saddle that is key, a saddle needs to provide adequate support in these two areas. That’s why many saddles are offered in different widths, reflecting the difference in people's anatomy. Some manufacturers offer up to three widths to suit the range of variance. The nose of the saddle supports some of the cyclist’s weight too. Oh, one thing to remember here is that just because you have a bigger bottom it doesn't necessarily follow that you have wider sit bones.

selle italia slr t1 saddle

selle italia slr t1 saddle

Saddle shapes largely fall into several camps. Some are flat, some are rounded, some have scooped backs, some are narrow, others much wider. You can narrow down the choice by deciding what style of riding you do. A saddle that is too wide can lead to chafing, and one too narrow can feel like you’re sitting on a knife.

Generally, thinner saddles with minimal padding are more suited to racers with deep, stretched riding positions, down in the drops and crouched low over the handlebars. Such a position means you’re not sitting with all your weight on the saddle; you actually put very little load on the saddle when riding in such a position.

For touring cyclists saddles with a wider shape are favoured, as you don't adopt such an aggressive position when putting the miles in on tour as you do when racing. For long days in the saddle, and day after day, you need the highest level of comfort possible, and leather saddles are regularly the first choice. They're very durable too, and usually last years longer than saddles made from synthetic foam padding.

Fabric carbon rails

Fabric carbon rails

For more leisurely riding where an upright position is adopted, more of your weight will be concentrated through the saddle. A wider saddle with more support and extra padding will be the preferred choice here.

You can get saddles aimed at road racing, triathlon, touring, commuting, mountain biking, and they all take different approaches with shapes and padding. This does help narrow down the choice. There are some saddles that are favoured by different groups of cyclists, and there are some that seem to straddle the different camps. The Charge Spoon is one such saddle that leaps to mind as being particularly well suited to British bums, whether road racing, touring or mountain biking.

Material, rails and shell

The type of materials used to construct a saddle range from plastic bases and steel rails on entry-level models to entire moulded carbon fibre bases and rails on the very expensive models. The more you spend, the lighter the materials used, so if weight is a key priority for you, you need to start saving up. Lightweight saddles are those in the 200g region.

If comfort is important to you, then steer clear of carbon rails as hollow titanium rails can often provide additional flex to absorb some of the vibrations that pass through the frame into the seatpost. We’re even seeing many professional racers choose these saddles over the very top-end models.

The base of the saddle is an area where a manufacturer can design in extra flex, to allow the saddle to subtly deform upon impacts. Some have holes or different materials in key places that allow the foam to expand through the hole, or the base to flex in a controlled manner.

The saddle cover can be made from synthetic leather like Lorica or real leather, and there’s many other materials manufacturers might use. Some add perforations and Kevlar edges to prevent wear and tear taking its toll. Time trial saddles often have a grippy material along the nose to stop the cyclist slipping back and forth, and we’re starting to see such materials make a presence on road saddles, as with Prologo’s CPC saddle.

Leather saddles have a single piece of leather that is tensioned on a metal frame, so it’s essentially suspended like a hammock, and provides plenty of give that can prove very comfortable on longer rides. They need more looking after than regular saddles, and sometimes need breaking in. The leather needs proofing, and you need to be careful in wet weather, as they don’t much like the rain; that's why you most often find them on mudguard-equipped touring bicycles. Brooks is the name most associated with leather saddles but they aren't the only maker out there. Spa Cycles do a well regarded, and well priced, range of leather saddles that possibly require more breaking in than a Brooks, but not that much more.

A fascinating recent development is the Brooks Cambium range of saddles, which use similar construction techniques to Brooks' leather saddles, but with modern materials. Instead of a sheet of leather across the ends of the rails, Brooks has come up with a combination of vulcanised natural rubber, cotton canvas and structural textile for the top.

This top is inherently flexible, like a worn leather Brooks or a new one with the tension backed off slightly, and it moves slightly as you pedal. It's a design we like a lot.

Padding and cutouts

Most saddles use some form of foam padding, but the amount of padding used and the density can vary a lot. Racier saddles often have less padding, while saddles for commuting and leisure cyclists will have deeper and softer padding, to cushion the ride. However if you ride fast, or for long distances too much padding might not be your friend as it can move, pinch or chafe rather than supporting your sit bones.

It’s easy to think a saddle with very firm padding is going to be uncomfortable, but once you get used to them they can be a lot more comfortable than softly cushioned saddles for riding of the fast variety. Because you lean forward, you perch on the saddle rather than sit on it, so you can get away with less padding. Strategically placed gel inserts are another frequent solution to providing comfort.

Prologo Kappa DEA2 Saddle Detail

Prologo Kappa DEA2 Saddle Detail

In 1997 a study by Dr. Irwin Goldstein put the cat among the pigeons, claiming reduced blood flow cause by saddle pressure could lead to erectile disfunction in men and cause permanent reproductive failure. A load of nonsense it may be, but the story produced a lot of concern, and the saddle with the hole in the middle suddenly became very popular. Step forward Specialized in 1998 who produced their first Body Geometry saddle, with a cutaway channel claimed to restore the blood flow and so prevent numbness.

In fact the idea is not new. The first saddle with a hole was actually born as early as 1903, and Georgena Terry produced the first modern example for women in 1992. It also has to be said that the claims for saddles with channels in them are hedged with all sorts of caveats.

For instance there is no agreement that decreased blood flow, or even numbness will cause erectile dysfunction in men or genital numbness in women. And even proponents of channels and holes agree that there is another simple cure: stand up and any decreased blood flow to your bits will immediately resolve itself.

Even if decreased blood flow does cause a problem depending how you are plumbed down there the amount of difference between a normal saddle and one with a channel may be minimal to non-existent. In the interests of science our editor Tony once had his organ wired up to measure the difference in blood flow between his usual saddle and one with a channel in it. For him at least it turned out there was no difference.

So cutaways and channels are not for everyone. You only need look at the bikes of the professionals to see that many quite happily cycle many thousands of kilometres a year with little side effect, so there’s a lot more to comfort than just adding the channel. They do work for some people though, indeed some swear by them. It’s a case of trying different saddles and seeing what works for you.

ISM PN 10.jpg

ISM PN 10.jpg

If you have particular urological or prostate problems it may well be worth looking at a saddle with a hole or channel or cutaway, and there are plenty to choose from. Or you might even take things a stage further and looking at something with a drop nose, like a Selle SMP or even a noseless saddle like the ISM Adamo Racing saddle pictured above,

Saddle padding doesn't last forever, particularly on performance saddles. After a while the padding isn't really doing any padding anymore because it has become permanently squashed by the millions of times your bottom has compressed it. The more performance-oriented a saddle and the less actual padding it has, the more time limited its lifespan. Many top end performance saddles have an expected lifespan of a couple of seasons if used the way they are intended.

Saddles for women

Most manufacturers now have a large choice of women-specific saddles to recognise the differences in anatomy. Many women do get on just fine with men's saddles, just as many women happily ride men's bikes, but generally women have wider sit bones so there’s a choice of suitable wider saddles to suit. That said, looking at some saddle ranges, there’s still a much smaller choice for women than men, something which needs addressing.

Georgena Terry developed a reputation for comfortable saddles aimed specifically at women, in doing so pioneering the first women’s specific designed products. She produced a saddle for women in 1992 with a cutaway section, a design she later expanded to men’s saddles.

Try before you buy

Ideally, you want to try a saddle on your bike before parting with your money, and a few saddle manufacturers recognise the problem of spending a lot of cash on an untested saddle. Some then offer try before you buy schemes, where you can run a saddle for a desired amount of time to decide if it’s right for you. That can save you collecting a large pile of saddles in your shed as you enter the quest for the ultimate saddle.

Saddle height and bike fit

As important as picking the right saddle, ensuring you have the saddle at the correct height and distance from the handlebars is also very important. Sometimes, you can have the right saddle, but you’re not sitting on it correctly, which can be a case of it being too far forward or backwards. If you find yourself wriggling about on your saddle a lot when riding, it could be a sign it’s not correctly positioned.

We’d recommend getting a professional bike fit, and there are many available these days. They’ll assess your level of flexibility, physical limitations and your cycling goals, and ensure you’re correctly fitted on the bike. The bike needs to fit you, not the body fitting the bike.

19 great saddle choices

Fabric Scoop Gel — £49.99

Fabric Scoop Gel Saddle.jpg

Fabric Scoop Gel Saddle.jpg

Charge describes the Fabric Scoop Gel as a 'comfort' design, and it ticks all the boxes: it's comfortable, well made, attractive and a fair price.

It's aimed at leisure, commuter and off-road riders who adopt an upright position, so has large gel inserts covering the three pressure points – the nose and wings – plus a V-shaped central channel to alleviate pressure on your bits. It's a unisex design, as are all Fabric saddles, but is particularly suited to women with wider sit bones. 

Bontrager Montrose Pro — £149.99

Bontrager Montrose Pro Saddle.jpg

Bontrager Montrose Pro Saddle.jpg

The Bontrager Montrose Pro saddle looks great and is very well put together. It sits on the right side of the weight scale and it was very comfortable for me in its intended race-position use. Available in black or white, featuring a carbon reinforced shell and oversized full carbon 7x9mm rails it's offered in 128mm, 138mm and 148mm widths, all of which are 270mm long. Weights range from 160g to 172g.

Read our review of the Bontrager Montrose Pro
Find a Bontrager dealer 

Fabric Line Titanium — £74.99

Fabric Line Elite Saddle.jpg

Fabric Line Elite Saddle.jpg

The titanium-railed version of the Fabric Line (see below) doesn't save a whole lot of weight over the chromoly-railed model (which doesn't really matter as that's pretty svelte anyway), but you do get a little more in the way of comfort, because the titanium tubes tend to flex a bit. You can notice it when riding the two side by side.

Read our review of the Fabric Line Titanium

Fizik Antares R5 Kium — £114.99

Fizik Antares R5 Kium Road Saddle.jpg

Fizik Antares R5 Kium Road Saddle.jpg

Fizik's Antares R5 Kium Road Saddle is surprisingly comfortable for speed-orientated road riding, and the build quality is top-notch.

The Antares R5 sits in Fizik's Chameleon family of contact points. This is the mid-point of a three-category range created according to different levels of rider flexibility, which also includes handlebars (the other two are Snake/flexible and Bull/rigid). It's 275mm long and 142mm wide and Fizik describes its shape as 'wide and slightly curved in profile, which is ideal for riders with medium spine flexibility'.

Read our review of the Fizik's Antares R5 Kium
Find a fizik dealer

Fabric ALM Ultimate — £225

Fabric Alm Ultimate.jpg

Fabric Alm Ultimate.jpg

Fabric's ALM Ultimate saddle is an extremely lightweight saddle that's beautifully made. It's best suited to those who like a firm feel and don't mind paying a premium price.

When your bum forst encounters the ALM it's a little surprising just how firm it feels. The 'ultra-light PU foam' padding is quite thin and there's not masses of give in the 'aerospace UD carbon fibre' base or the carbon-fibre rails. Don't get us wrong, it's not solid, but it isn't soft either.

Read our review of the Fabric ALM Ultimate
Find a Fabric dealer

Brooks Cambium C13 — £149.99

Brooks Cambium C13 carbon saddle.jpg

Brooks Cambium C13 carbon saddle.jpg

The Brooks Cambium C13 is the latest model in the English brand's excursion into non-traditional materials for its saddles. There's no leather or chromed steel at all here, replaced by the vulcanised natural rubber and cotton top surface previously seen in the original Cambium models, and – what's this? – a full carbon fibre structure underneath. It's very well made (in Italy, not Birmingham, unlike the majority of the range) and there's no breaking-in period, unlike the leather models.

Read our review of the Brooks Cambium C13

Morgaw Trian — £89.95

Morgaw Trian Saddle.jpg

Morgaw Trian Saddle.jpg

A supremely comfortable saddle with innovative shock absorption built in, the Morgaw Trian is designed for comfort, and our tester thought it perhaps the most comfortable saddle he had ever used. It seems that the shock absorbers are what have really made it comfortable. Morgaw is a saddle company from Slovakia that began as a crowd funding campaign on Indiegogo. The idea behind it came from Martin Moravcik and Slawek Gawlik, two ex-pro mountain bikers who wanted to make a new kind of saddle.

Rather than simply having the rails mounted onto the base of the saddle, they mount through shock absorbers in order to lessen the impact of bumps in the road. It is meant to protect your spine as this is naturally where the shocks radiate.

Read our review of the Morgaw Trian

Cosine Ti Sprint — £11.89

Cosine Ti Sprint Road Saddle.jpg

Cosine Ti Sprint Road Saddle.jpg

Wiggle brand Cosine's range of saddles features four men's and two women's models for a variety of disciplines. This, the Ti Sprint Road Saddle, could be classed as the most extreme, with racing in mind. If that's what you're looking for, it's very good; just bear in mind it's not for long endurance rides.

The design of the saddle is optimised specifically for those riding in a tucked aerodynamic position. The 140mm-wide flat body, with a long relief channel, helps to distribute your weight evenly on your sit bones rather than on any soft tissue. The narrow nose will stop your inner thighs from rubbing against the saddle during a pedal stroke; that seemed to work, although it's safe to say my climbing-sized thighs have never had much of a problem with that anyway.

Read our review of the Cosine Ti Sprint

Fabric Line Elite — £44.99

Fabric Line saddle - 4

Fabric Line saddle - 4

Proof that you don't have to spend a fortune to get a comfortable saddle, for just £40 this is a super-comfortable performance saddle with pressure-relieving channel.

It's based on Charge's popular Scoop but the foam padding is partitioned down the middle. The unique construction method means Fabric has been able to retain a full base, so you're protected from road spray (many saddles have a hole) and no reinforcement is needed of the foam padding, which means it can be lighter.

Read our review of the Fabric Line Elite

Spa Cycles Aire — £52

Spa Cycles Aire Leather Saddle

Spa Cycles Aire Leather Saddle

If the three-figure price of a Brooks Swift is a bit rich for your blood, this very similar own-brand seat from Harrogate touring specialist Spa Cycles is a very acceptable substitute. It's made from thick Australian leather with shiny chromed steel rails; very handsome.

Our tester found it comfortable even for 15-hour rides. For hard-core randonneurs on a budget or leather saddle virgins who want to try one without breaking the bank the Aire is just about perfect.

Read our review of the Spa Cycles Aire

Selle Italia Diva Gel Flow — £67.62

Selle Italia Diva Gel Flow saddle

Selle Italia Diva Gel Flow saddle

The Selle Italia Diva Gel Flow saddle is one of the most widely rider-recommended women's saddles and it's easy to see why. It's comfortable, flexible, light and it even looks good too.

This is a superior quality design offering superb comfort for all styles of bike and ride. An excellent women's saddle.

Read our review of the Selle Italia Diva Gel Flow
Find a Selle Italia dealer

Rido R-Lt — £68.50

Rido R-Lt saddle

Rido R-Lt saddle

The Rido R-Lt saddle is a reasonably lightweight performance choice that's built specifically to avoid numbness. This is a brilliant saddle. It does what Rido claim with regards to comfort plus the shape and fit are spot on. It is low profile enough to be taken seriously as a race saddle and at only 230g it isn't going to add any unnecessary weight to your race bike.

Read our review of the Rido R-Lt
Find a Rido dealer

Genetic Bikes Monocoque Carbon — £71.45

 

The Monocoque Carbon saddle from Genetic is just that: a saddle made mainly from carbon. It's light and comfortable, and not cheap, but it compares well against similar saddles from other manufacturers.

For many road cyclists, especially those doing longer distances, it's not about just weight, nor just price. It's about the best combination of weight, price and (most important) comfort. And on that basis the Genetic Monocoque Carbon saddle is well worth considering.

Read our review of the Genetic Bikes Monocoque Carbon
Find a Genetic Bikes dealer

Specialized Ruby Expert women's — £99.99

Specialized's Body Geometry Ruby Expert saddle is one of those rare beasts, a lightweight women's specific performance saddle that's available in a choice of widths including a properly narrow 130mm to suit your style of riding and just as importantly your sit bones too.

The cushioning is placed exactly where you need it to support your sit bones, effectively alleviating any discomfort or feeling of pressure. It's a super light, firm but comfortably supportive road saddle with width fittings to suit most riders.

Read our review of the Specialized Ruby Expert
Find a Specialized stockist

Bontrager Serano RL saddle — £60

Bontrager's Serano saddle draws on a shape that has been around for many years. A long flat and rounded middle section features with a raised tail and slightly dropped nose, with deep sides. It's the sort of shape that many cyclists will find comfortable.

Read our review of the Bontrager Serano RL saddle
Find a Bontrager stockist

Brooks Cambium C17 — £92.99-£94.49

Brooks Cambium C17 saddle

Brooks Cambium C17 saddle

What do you get if you combine the classic Brooks 'hammock' saddle design with thoroughly modern materials? You get the supremely comfortable Cambium C17. It's not the lightest saddle around, but f you value comfort over weight, then the Brooks Cambium C17 should be on your list of saddles you must try, and soon.

Read our review of the Brooks Cambium C17
Find a Brooks dealer

Fabric Scoop Pro Flat — £129.99

Fabric Scoop Flat Pro saddle.jpg

Fabric Scoop Flat Pro saddle.jpg

Scoop saddles are is available in three shapes: flat, shallow and radius. Though there isn't much padding in the Fabric Scoop Pro Flat, there is loads of flex in the one-piece base and it's this flex that really provides the core of the comfort. The carbon rails do provide a surprising amount of flex, but their shape and size isn't compatible with a lot of seat post clamps, so the best advice is to check your seat post is compatible; you might need to change clamp or post.

The real beauty of the Fabric Scoop is the construction. The waterproof microfibre cover isn't stitched or stapled into place, it's moulded to a one-piece nylon base. It's really very impressive and if you get the chance to fondle one in your bike shop you really should, it's a marvellous bit of design.

Read our review of the Fabric Scoop Flat Pro Saddle
Find a Fabric dealer

Rivet Independence chromoly — £149.99

Rivet Independence cromoly saddle

Rivet Independence cromoly saddle

On the surface the Rivet Independence is a traditional leather saddle, but it has a modern twist in the form of a composite resin frame. anyone who fancies trying a leather saddle would do well to try the Independence.

The Independence shares the quality construction and thick leather of Rivet's Pearl saddle, along with the all-important tension plate underneath, which prevent the saddle from splaying. Where it differs significantly from the other saddles in the range is the composite resin frame (complete with bag loops). This sturdy plastic helps to keep the weight down.

After a short acclimatisation period our tester's backside and the saddle were in complete harmony. Anyone who fancies trying a leather saddle would do well to try the Independence.

Read our review of the Rivet Independence chomoly saddle
Find a Rivet saddles stockist

Selle San Marco Mantra Superleggera Saddle — £299.99

San Marco Mantra Superleggera Saddle.jpg

San Marco Mantra Superleggera Saddle.jpg

The Selle San Marco Mantra Superleggera Saddle is an incredibly light and very stiff design that allows for a really strong transfer of power.

Weight is the biggest selling point of this saddle, and Selle San Marco has really pulled out all the stops in cutting down excess, it comes in at just 112.1g. 

Read our review of the Selle San Mantra Superleggera saddle
Find a Selle San Marco dealer

For oodles of saddle reviews see the road.cc saddle review archive.

Home Page Teaser: 
Everyone's bottom is different, here's how to choose the right one for you
Product Type Term: 
Story weight: 
2
google_report_api: 
0

          For sale - 1968 C 10 Chevrolet Truck Original Right Front... - Auction   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 85 wagoneer fender emblems - Auction   
Price 5570, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - wagoneer / J10 / J20 / cherokee 4 wheel drive... - Auction   
Cherokee 3434, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          Designed and Built by Broadcast Solutions GmbH, New Van Expands Slovakian Broadcaster’s HD Capabilities for Live Production   
WUPPERTAL, Germany — June 30, 2017 — Broadcast Solutions GmbH, one of Europe’s foremost providers of broadcast production services and solutions, has installed Riedel’s MediorNet real-time media network on board Alphaline A12, an all-new HD outside broadcast (OB) van commissioned by major Slovakian television network Televízia Markíza. Working in tandem with Riedel’s Artist digital matrix ...
          Ivan Trojan (53)   
In 1964, Ivan Trojan was born on this date in Prague, Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic]
          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/48 8,95 €   

          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/72 8,95 €   

          Memo to Arroyo: Let McCain know you're from Asia   
Published September 22, 2008
INQUIRER.net

President Gloria Arroyo may have had a top-level meeting with Republican presidential candidate John McCain during her last visit to the United States. But if he wins in November, she better hope he’ll remember that encounter -- and that he won’t confuse her, given her Hispanic surname, for one of those anti-American leaders in Latin America who are always irritating Washington.

Just ask Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, the prime minister of Spain.

When asked in an interview with a Miami Spanish-language radio program if he would receive Zapatero in the White House, McCain said that he would “establish closer relationships with our friends, and I will stand up to those who want to harm the United States.”

The clearly confused interviewer politely asked the question three more times. After all, Spain is a member of NATO and a US ally, and McCain or any other US politician surely wouldn't suggest that Spain could be among those “who would harm the United States.” The interviewer even clarified that she was referring to the country in Europe. But McCain simply repeated his response.

That prompted speculation that either McCain didn't know who Zapatero was, thought Spain is in Latin America, or simply got confused. Did he perhaps think that Zapatero was another troublemaker south of the US border? Maybe he thought he was being asked about the Zapatista rebels in Mexico, or about Emiliano Zapata, the legendary, but long dead, Mexican rebel leader.

It may be understandable how McCain would get confused since the question about Zapatero followed others about not-so-friendly leaders in America's backyard: Raul Castro of Cuba, Evo Morales of Bolivia and the highly-controversial Hugo Chavez of Venezuela.

But as the Washington Post noted, “Lumping Zapatero in with the Latin American bad guys like Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is ironic because Zapatero and Juan Carlos, the King of Spain, were protagonists in one of the most public anti-Chavez moments.”

The newspaper was referring to the Ibero-American summit meeting earlier this year in Chile, when Chavez criticized Zapatero's predecessor, Jose Maria Aznar, a close Bush ally, for sending Spanish troops to Iraq. Zapatero politely rejected Chavez's argument, but when the Venezuelan pressed on, the Spanish king snapped at him, “Why don't you just shut up?”

To be sure, McCain's gaffe was not as bad as former Vice President Dan Quayle's jaw-dropping observation that people in Latin America don't speak Latin. Or President George W. Bush's surprising question to the president of Brazil: “Do you have blacks too?”

Still, McCain's response raises doubts about his claim to be a foreign policy expert, especially since he has made other baffling remarks on foreign affairs during the campaign. Once he appeared to get mixed up about the difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims. Then he explained the crisis in Afghanistan to journalist Diane Sawyer by saying, “We have a lot of work to do and I'm afraid it's a very hard struggle, particularly given the situation on the Iraq-Pakistan border.”

Such a border does not exist, of course. Nor does the republic of Czechoslovakia, which broke up into two nations in the early 90s, but that didn't stop McCain from referring to the defunct entity.

McCain's campaign spokesman Randy Sheunemann later clarified that his candidate meant what he said that he would not commit to a meeting with Spain’s Zapatero. That prompted columnist Robert Schlesinger to write: “Memo to Randy Sheunemann: Your candidate can do worse things than get confused. Like he could imply that a NATO ally might mean us harm.”

Bottom line for the Philippine leadership: Gear up for an education campaign to reintroduce yourself to a President McCain. Perhaps the Department of Foreign Affairs should send a briefing paper to the McCain campaign explaining that the US military has pulled out of Subic and Clark, just in case he gets confused about why there is now a Visiting Forces Agreement between the US and the Philippines. Or, maybe it should issue a high-level memo reminding McCain that the Philippines is no longer an American colony, and that Arroyo should be called "president," not "governor-general."

But then again, perhaps there's nothing to worry about . After all, if McCain wins, he'll have a highly capable vice president in Sarah Palin. How can you beat a would-be-president who became an expert on Russia because she can see that country from her home state of Alaska?

But just to be sure, it may be wise for Arroyo, or whoever takes her place in 2010, to consider a special gift to the McCain-Palin administration if they do take over come January: A very powerful telescope so she can see the Babuyan Islands from downtown Anchorage.
          Neo-Nazis’ concert at the Warsaw Technical University   
On 30 April 2017 in the student club Remont, which is situated in a building leased from the Warsaw Technical University, the concert is planned, which is entitled To the Sovereign State. Legion Twierdzy Wrocław group and other nationalist and fascist groups from Hungary, Slovakia and Sweden have been invited to participate in the concert. The title of  Continue Reading »
          For sale - air jordan 7 retro olympic Youth - Auction   
Retro 4723, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Canon ae-1 Official Camera 1984 Olympic Games With... - Auction   

Melbourne VIC, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - early hardy brothers 4 piece split cane fishing rod... - Auction   
Cane 6710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          Masaryk gates are a disgrace   
BY DODGE LANDESMAN | Masaryk Towers is named for Jan Masaryk, a political figure who during World War II and the lead-up to it, fought against Nazi occupation of his native Czechoslovakia, and then resisted inevitable efforts to make it a communist state. An unabashed progressive socialist, Masaryk rejected both Nazi occupation and fascism, while read more here »
          BIG EXPERT: Co čekat od letního obchodování?   

Pravidelní účastníci: Michal Chrvala /, Michal Blažek / BH Securities, Jiří Šimara, Tomáš Menčík, Josef Navrátil / CYRRUS, Jan Bureš / Patria, Martin Pecka, Patrik Hudec, Michal Belan / Generali Investments CEE, investiční společnost, Libor Stoklásek / GRANT CAPITAL, Radek Pavlíček / Roklen360, Aleš Charvát / UniCredit Bank Czech Republic and Slovakia, Jaroslav Brychta / X-Trade Brokers


          Europe Forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 10:13   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          US SAYS IT APPEARS ASSAD IS GETTING READY TO USE CHEMICAL WEAPONS ON INNOCENT PEOPLE AGAIN-TRUMP SAYS DON;T YOU DARE OR THE MISSLES WILL DESTROY YOUR LAND AGAIN.   
JEWISH KING JESUS IS COMING AT THE RAPTURE FOR US IN THE CLOUDS-DON'T MISS IT FOR THE WORLD.THE BIBLE TAKEN LITERALLY- WHEN THE PLAIN SENSE MAKES GOOD SENSE-SEEK NO OTHER SENSE-LEST YOU END UP IN NONSENSE.GET SAVED NOW- CALL ON JESUS TODAY.THE ONLY SAVIOR OF THE WHOLE EARTH - NO OTHER. 1 COR 15:23-JESUS THE FIRST FRUITS-CHRISTIANS RAPTURED TO JESUS-FIRST FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT-23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.ROMANS 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.(THE PRE-TRIB RAPTURE)

ISAIAH 17:1,11-14
1 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.(DAMASCUS FRYED TO A PULP)
11  In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
12  Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations,(USELESS U.N) that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!
13  The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
14  And behold at evening tide trouble; and before the morning he is not.(ASSAD KILLED IN OVERNIGHT RAID) This is the portion of them that spoil us,(ISRAEL) and the lot of them that rob us.

AMOS 1:5
5  I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden:(IRAQ) and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir,(JORDAN) saith the LORD.(I belive ISIS-DAMASCUS GET NUKED BY ISRAEL)

Nikki Haley‏Verified account @nikkihaley 14h14 hours ago-JUNE 27,17-Any further attacks done to the people of Syria will be blamed on Assad, but also on Russia & Iran who support him killing his own people.

U.S. says it appears Syria planning another chemical weapons attack-[Reuters]-YAHOONEWS-June 26, 2017

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The White House said on Monday it appears the Syrian government is preparing for another chemical weapons attack and it warned Syrian President Bashar al-Assad he and his military would "pay a heavy price" if it conducts such an attack.The White House statement said preparations by Syria were similar to those undertaken before an April 4 chemical attack that killed dozens of civilians and prompted President Donald Trump to order a cruise missile strike on a Syrian air base.Trump ordered the strike on the Shayrat airfield in Syria in April in reaction to what Washington said was a poison gas attack by Assad's government that killed at least 70 people in rebel-held territory. Syria denied it carried out the attack.The strike put Washington in confrontation with Russia, which has advisers in Syria aiding its close ally Assad.U.S. officials at the time called the intervention a "one-off" intended to deter future chemical weapons attacks and not an expansion of the U.S. role in the Syrian war.(Reporting by Eric Beech; Writing by Yara Bayoumy; Editing by Sandra Maler and Paul Tait)

White House says Assad may be preparing chemical attack-[The Canadian Press]-YAHOONEWS-June 26, 2017

WASHINGTON — The White House says it has found "potential" evidence that Syria is preparing for another chemical weapons attack.Press Secretary Sean Spicer issued an ominous statement Monday evening that says the U.S. "has identified potential preparations" for another chemical attack by the Assad government that it says "would likely result in the mass murder of civilians, including innocent children."He says the activities are similar to those made before an April chemical attack. The Trump administration launched missile strikes in retaliation for that attack, which it blamed on Assad.Spicer warns that "if Assad conducts another mass murder attack using chemical weapons, he and his military will pay a heavy price."The White House has provided no immediate evidence to back up its claims.The Associated Press.

CHINA AND KINGS OF THE EAST MARCH TO ISRAEL 2ND WAVE OF WW3 (200 MILLION MAN ARMY)

REVELATION 16:12-16
12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates;(WERE WW3 STARTS IN IRAQ OR SYRIA OR TURKEY) and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.(THE TURKEY ATATURK DAM ON THE EUPHRATES CAN BE SHUT AND DRIED UP ALREADY BY TURKEY)
13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon,(SATAN) and out of the mouth of the beast,(WORLD DICTATOR) and out of the mouth of the false prophet.(FALSE POPE)
14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.(WERE 2 BILLION DIE FROM NUKE WAR)
15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.(ITS AT THIS TIME I BELIEVE WHEN AMERICA GETS NUKED BY RUSSIA ON THE WAY TO THE MIDEAST)

DANIEL 11:44 (2ND WAVE OF WW3)
44 But tidings out of the east(CHINA) and out of the north(RUSSIA, MUSLIMS WHATS LEFT FROM WAVE 1) shall trouble him:(EU DICTATOR IN ISRAEL) therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.( 1/3RD OF EARTHS POPULATION)

REVELATION 9:12-18
12 One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.
13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four(DEMONIC WAR) angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.(WORLDWIDE WAR)(TURKEY-IRAQ-SYRIA)(EUPHRATES RIVER CONSISTS OF 760 MILES IN TURKEY,440 MILES IN SYRIA AND 660 MILES IN IRAQ)
15 And the four(DEMONIC WAR) angels were loosed,(WORLDWIDE WAR) which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.(1/3 Earths Population die in WW 3 2ND WAVE-2 billion)
16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand:(200 MILLION MAN ARMY FROM CHINA AND THE KINGS OF THE EAST) and I heard the number of them.
17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.(NUCLEAR BOMBS)
18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.(NUCLEAR BOMBS)

Focus-China's 16+1 foray into Central and Eastern Europe By Eric Maurice-euobserver

Prague, 26. Jun, 13:27-Half a decade after it was launched, the network of cooperation between China and 16 Central and Eastern European countries has brought uneven economical and political fruits so far.The so-called 16+1 was established in 2012 as Beijing's initiative to cover various issues such as investment, trade, but also culture or education.The group includes 11 EU countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia; and five non-EU countries from the Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.It fits into China's global strategy to engage new partners in political and economic ties in different formats.Despite having a permanent secretariat, the Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries - the initiative's official name - is more a series of bilateral relationships with no overall coherence, as experts pointed out in discussions at the Prague European Summit conference earlier this month."It's not really a multilateral format," Petr Kratochvil, the director of Prague's Institute of International Relations, told EUobserver."It's more a group of countries that China took to have bilateral ties with. It's mainly Poland and Hungary in terms of investment, and Romania and Serbia for building projects."China's interest in the 16+1 countries is different from one country to another.In the Czech Republic, Kratochvil noted, the Chinese have mainly invested in real estate, a football club - Slavia Prague, which just won the Czech championship - or the media."It's not really the kind of investment the country wants, because it doesn't produce anything," he said.In Budapest, meanwhile, the government announced last week that Hungary and China would soon start to cooperate in the healthcare industry – from making medical equipment to developing biotechnologies.Kratochvil noted that the amount of Chinese investments in the region had remained limited and was concentrated on a few high profile infrastructure projects, such as the Budapest-Belgrade high-speed railway that Chinese companies plan to build.The focus on infrastructure shows that China considers Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) a full part of the One Belt-One Road initiative – an investment and infrastructure plan, spanning from China to the Middle-East and Africa through to Central Asia."Southern and Eastern Europe are a testing ground for the Belt and Road," Anastas Vangeli, from the Polish Academy of Sciences, told EUobserver.He said that 16+1 was more an "experiment" than a "Chinese plan", and that Beijing tries "to see whether this type of diplomacy can help them boost economic relations.""To put it very simply, the whole idea is to find ways to boost the economy outside China, to generate demand for Chinese goods," Vangeli said, adding: "And these are not cheap goods: high speed railways, satellites systems or nuclear technology."Agatha Kratz, from the European Council on Foreign Relations, a London-based think-tank, told EUobserver that: "The first idea was to treat CEE as Asia and Africa.""That was a big shock, they explained that loans for projects that China would build were not going to happen."For Kratz, the success of the 16+1 initiative is to be found on the political side than in the economic side.She pointed out that annual summits between the 17 leaders, usually in Europe, constitute a "formal channel of communication".-A pragmatic question-After five years, the 16+1 format "has shown its limits, but it will continue," Kratz added.For China, the forum is "high-level enough and it helps to understand how best to promote what it can do in Europe".For CEE countries, the summits are "one more bilateral forum, one more way to have meetings with China and explain what they [CEE countries] need from it."For countries that are either part of the EU or willing to join it in the future, the Chinese partnership is "a pragmatic question", Kratochvil insisted.Although some leaders, such as Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban or Czech president Milos Zeman, are supportive of certain Chinese positions – for instance Beijing's territorial claims in the South China Sea – the region is not going to become a Chinese "ally"."The idea of a strategic shift is nonsense," Kratochvil said.

DRUG PUSHERS AND ADDICTS

1 PET 5:8
8 Be sober,(NOT DRUGED UP OR ALCOHOLICED) be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

REVELATION 18:23
23 And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries (DRUGS) were all nations deceived.

REVELATION 9:21
21 Neither repented they of their murders,(KILLING) nor of their sorceries (DRUG ADDICTS AND DRUG PUSHERS), nor of their fornication,(SEX OUTSIDE MARRIAGE OR PROSTITUTION FOR MONEY) nor of their thefts.(STEALING)

Myanmar, Thailand incinerate illicit drugs worth $800 million-[Reuters]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

BANGKOK/YANGON (Reuters) - Officials in Myanmar and Thailand burned illegal narcotics worth more than $800 million on Monday to mark the UN day against drug abuse and trafficking.The move came even as authorities struggle to stem the flood of illicit drugs in the region, with Thailand's justice minister last year saying the country's war on drugs was failing.In Thailand's Ayutthaya province, more than 9 tonnes of drugs with a street value of over 20 billion baht ($590 million) went up in smoke including methamphetamines, known locally as "yaba" or "crazy drug", according to police."Currently, we are able to take down a lot of networks, including ... transnational networks bringing drugs into Thailand ... to be shipped to Malaysia and other countries," Sirinya Sitthichai, Secretary-General of the Office of Narcotics Control Board, told reporters in Ayutthaya.In neighboring Myanmar, the police said they destroyed confiscated drugs worth around $217 million.Myanmar remains one of the world's largest producers of illicit drugs, including opium, heroin and methamphetamines. Those narcotics are often smuggled into China.Last year, law makers in Myanmar voiced disappointment over the country's lackluster efforts to tackle the drug problem.The market for methamphetamines has been growing in Southeast Asia, the United Nations has said. It estimates that Southeast Asia's trade in heroin and methamphetamine was worth $31 billion in 2013.(Reporting by Juarawee Kittisilpa in AYUTTHAYA and Aye Win Myint in YANGON; Writing by Amy Sawitta Lefevre; Editing by Joseph Radford)

Pot insider says dispensaries are 'dreaming' if they think they'll be part of legalization framework-[CBC]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

Omar Khan sat down with Matt Galloway on Metro Morning to discuss big questions that have yet to be answered in the federal government's push to develop a legal framework for recreational marijuana sales by July 2018.Khan is former chief of staff to the Ontario health minister and he now works with the marijuana industry as vice president, public affairs of Hill + Knowlton strategies.Questions and answers have been condensed.Matt Galloway: How prepared is this country for legal weed? Omar Khan: I think right now you have a patchwork of readiness. You have provinces like Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick who are fairly well advanced in terms of their thinking. And you have others, like Manitoba and Saskatchewan, who quite frankly are a little bit further behind.MG: What are the big questions that still have to be answered? OK: I think one of the points that's getting less attention is where will one be able to use marijuana. For example, you can walk down a public sidewalk and smoke a cigarette, but you can't walk down the sidewalk and drink a beer. I think that's a conversation that needs to happen.MG: Do you think that people will be allowed to smoke marijuana in parks, if they can't have an open bottle of alcohol there now? OK: There's a lot of evidence that suggests that harm associated with marijuana use is less than that associated with regular alcohol use. So I think it's something that the province of Ontario especially is going to be looking at as they move forward with their strategy.MG: What about the sale issue? OK: Since the government has set a fairly aggressive timeline for legalization — some have said, July 2018 — I think it's going to be very difficult for the government to have an up-and-running, bricks-and-mortar retail operation by this time next year essentially. I think the government is looking at three options: one would be a wholly government-run crown corporation a la LCBO; I think another option would be a heavily regulated system that gives out private licences for retailing; and then, the third option would be what we call a hybrid. Some private licences combined with a government-run system, similar to how beer and wine is distributed in Ontario.MG: Which way do you think they are leaning?OK: I know the Ontario government started looking at this seriously, right after the election of the Trudeau government. I know the attorney general, Yassir Naqvi, is working away feverishly to put together some options for cabinet to consider. I also know the premier is very big on consultation, so I suspect that before any plan is rolled out, there will be a robust public consultation.MG: Can you have robust public consultation and still set up that regulatory body in time? OK: I know they've been working at this hard for a year or so. The timeline's going to be a challenge no doubt. That's why I suspect that if there are going to be public consultations, as I presume there will be, they'll be rolling them out fairly shortly.MG: Is the timeline too tight? OK: It is what it is. Having worked in government, I know that sometimes you have to set a deadline to get everybody working away at achieving a goal. At the end of the day, what's important is that we are going to have legalized adult use of recreational cannabis in this country. And, industry, government, all involved stakeholders need to start working very fast to get this done right.MG: You work with the industry now. What do they want to know? OK: Like members of the public, they are waiting for more information about what the retail distribution model will look like. But I think industry is very interested in sharing some of their expertise when it comes to distribution. There are a lot of players who have a lot of experience dealing with controlled substances. So for example, pharmacies, care centres. I want to give kudos to Mayor Tory who spoke out vigorously against the illegal dispensaries that are out there right now. The one question everyone needs to ask is, where are these people getting their supply? We have 50 licensed producers or marijuana in this country right now.MG: So where are they getting their supply? OK: I don't want to open myself up to defamation. But they're not getting them from the licensed producers because none of them would risk their licence by providing supply illegally.MG: The assumption from many of the illegal dispensaries is that they're going to be part of the new regime.OK: I think they are dreaming in technicolour. There is no way the province of Ontario or any other province is going to give a retail distribution licence to any entity that's involved in criminal activity.MG: Do you really think we'll meet this deadline? OK: The good thing [Finance Minister] Morneau has put out there is that if there's a province that isn't ready with an up-and-running distribution system next year, there will be a fallback, and I suspect that will be online sales.

FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS

REVELATION 8:7
7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

Spain sends reinforcements as fire spreads near wildlife reserve-Agence France-Presse-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

Madrid (AFP) - Firefighters were battling Monday to contain a blaze threatening a renowned national park in southern Spain which has already led to the evacuation of some 2,000 people.Authorities were sending additional firefighters to tackle the flames at the Donana Natural Park in southwestern Spain near Huelva, a fire service spokesman told AFP."The flames are not under control, they are spreading," he added, though no injuries have been reported.The blaze comes a week after wildfires killed over 60 people in neighbouring Portugal.Strong winds and scorching heat were complicating efforts to fight the blaze, which broke out Saturday near the town of Moguer, officials said.The fire has not yet hit the neighbouring Donana National Park, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1994 and is well known for the extensive biodiversity of its dunes, wetlands and woods."The flames have not reached the national park," the official in charge of the environment with the regional government of Andalusia, Jose Fiscal Lopez, told Spanish public television."A special effort was made during the night on the front which threatened the park the most," he added.The national park is one of Spain's most important wildlife sanctuaries and a popular tourist attraction.It is home to a variety of animals, including endangered species such as the Spanish imperial eagle and the Iberian lynx, a large cat found only in Spain and Portugal.Officials temporarily evacuated a lynx breeding centre on Sunday as a precaution.A female Iberian lynx died at the Acebuche captive breeding centre on Saturday "due to stress" during its capture for evacuation, the centre said in a statement.The other lynxes are "safe and sound", said the mayor of Moguer, Gustavo Cuellar. "Each lynx held in captivity is receiving detailed care."Over 200 firefighters backed by 15 vehicles and seven planes were battling the blaze on Monday morning, emergency services said.The cause remained unknown but Fiscal Lopez said officials were "certain" human activity played a role."It remains to be seen if this was with (criminal) intent or due to negligence," he added.The fire prompted the closure of several roads and the evacuation of some 2,000 people, including guests at camp sites and several hotels.There were no immediate details on how much land had been burned so far.

DANIEL 7:23-24
23 Thus he said, The fourth beast (EU,REVIVED ROME) shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth,(7TH WORLD EMPIRE) which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.(TRADING BLOCKS-10 WORLD REGIONS/TRADE BLOCS)
24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings(10 NATIONS-10 WORLD DIVISION WORLD GOVERNMENT) that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.(EITHER THE EUROPEAN UNION DICTATOR BOOTS 3 COUNTRIES FROM THE EU OR THE DICTATOR TAKES OVER THE WORLD ECONOMY BY CONTROLLING 3 WORLD TRADE BLOCS)

REVELATION 17:9-13
9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.(THE VATICAN IS BUILT ON 7 HILLS OR MOUNTAINS)
10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen,(1-ASSYRIA,2-EGYPT,3-BABYLON,4-MEDO-PERSIA,5-GREECE) and one is,(IN POWER IN JOHNS AND JESUS DAY-6-ROME) and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.(7TH-REVIVED ROMAN EMPIRE OR THE EUROPEAN UNION TODAY AND THE SHORT SPACE IS-7 YEARS.THE EUROPEAN UNION WILL HAVE WORLD CONTROL FOR THE LAST 3 1/2 YEARS.BUT WILL HAVE ITS MIGHTY WORLD POWER FOR THE FULL 7 YEARS OF THE 7 YEAR TRIBULATION PERIOD.AND THE WORLD DICTATOR WILL BE THE BEAST FROM THE EU.AND THE VATICAN POPE WILL BE THE WHORE THAT RIDES THE EUROPEAN UNION TO POWER.AND THE 2 EUROPEAN UNION POWER FREAKS WILL CONTROL AND DECIEVE THE WHOLE EARTH INTO THEIR DESTRUCTION.IF YOU ARE NOT SAVED BY THE BLOOD OF JESUS.YOU WILL BE DECIEVED BY THESE TWO.THE WORLD POLITICIAN-THE EUROPEAN UNION DICTATOR.AND THE FALSE PROPHET THAT DEFECTS CHRISTIANITY-THE FALSE VATICAN POPE.
11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.
12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.
13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.

Heres the scripture 1 week = 7 yrs Genesis 29:27-29
27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.
28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week:(7 YEARS) and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.
29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be her maid.

DANIEL 9:26-27
26 And after threescore and two weeks(62X7=434 YEARS+7X7=49 YEARS=TOTAL OF 69 WEEKS OR 483 YRS) shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;(ROMAN LEADERS DESTROYED THE 2ND TEMPLE) and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.(THERE HAS TO BE 70 WEEKS OR 490 YRS TO FUFILL THE VISION AND PROPHECY OF DAN 9:24).(THE NEXT VERSE IS THAT 7 YR WEEK OR (70TH FINAL WEEK).
27 And he ( THE ROMAN,EU PRESIDENT) shall confirm the covenant (PEACE TREATY) with many for one week:(1X7=7 YEARS) and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,(3 1/2 yrs in TEMPLE ANIMAL SACRIFICES STOPPED) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

LUKE 2:1-3
1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.
2  (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
3  And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

Opinion-New initiative could trump the Visegrad Group By Wojciech Przybylski-euobserver

Warsaw, 26. Jun, 17:09-"New Europe" was a term coined by the administration of former US president George W. Bush.When the USA decided to invade Iraq, this term was used to differentiate between – and celebrate – the solidarity of new Nato members compared to the reluctance of the old allies.Since then, the intricacies of European politics – from smaller initiatives to larger regional alliances and even to the inner-workings of the EU itself – have grown considerably.Many wishing to weaken Europe’s position and potential on the global stage try to exploit this division of old vs new, and it is something all leaders on the continent should be wary of.With that still in mind, on 6 July US president Donald Trump will arrive in Warsaw and take part in an assembly of one of these regional alliances, the Three Seas Initiative (TSI) – a meeting of the EU leaders representing Central and Eastern Europe (CEE).The three seas is a reference to the countries situated between the Adriatic, Baltic and Black Seas.The initiative is seen as a major diplomatic triumph of the Polish president, Andrzej Duda, who is also the leader of the TSI and desperate for a win.However, the TSI is just one of many political groupings in the CEE region with a primary focus on influencing EU policy. Other such groupings of more or less importance are the Visegrad Group (V4), Slavkov triangle, Danube Region, Weimar Triangle and Nordic-Baltic cooperation.While their main focus is on fostering cooperation within the EU, such formations are becoming increasingly interesting for external powers such as China (in the so-called 16+1 format) and now the US.Trump’s visit will definitely put a spotlight on the TSI and help this format to continue.TSI members – Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia – pledged in their founding declaration a year ago to foster regional projects in the areas of energy, transportation, digital communication and economic sectors in CEE.However, according to analysts who are advancing the concept, like Bartosz Wisniewski, the head of research office at the Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM), the region still has a long way to go when it comes to its economic development.The TSI is meant to complement connectivity between the East and West of Europe, with greater connectivity along the north-south axis, thanks in no small part to the EU's financial contribution.-Not quite quid pro quo-The US has already increased on their military presence in the region, even more so than had been originally promised by the administration of former US president Barack Obama.The LNG (liquid natural gas) terminal in Swinoujscie, Poland – a strategically important facility allowing for more energy independence in the region – has only recently celebrated the arrival of its first transportation from the US and awaits its next shipment from Qatar, and other countries.Justifiably suspicious of their eastern neighbour, Poland will most likely take the opportunity to sup-port the recent sanctions that were proposed by the US Senate last week on contractors for the Nord Stream 2 (NS2) project, as well as other significant Russian businesses.In comparison, both Trump and Hungarian PM Viktor Orban have sought to lift the sanctions on Russia, a sentiment that is also shared today by Austria, a member of the TSI, whose companies are contractors for the NS2.However, according to PISM these differences are fine, as they are neither an attempt to undermine European integration, nor a block to ward off Russia.To the Czechs and Slovaks, the TSI, especially now, might be a little more problematic.While they agree with the goal of north-south connectivity, they are cautious – if not suspicious – of the political dimension.V4 is the most important format to Slovakia, whereas the country treats the TSI more like a one time event.For Slovaks, there is no political content in this grouping. And, beyond that, there is no security component and no political dimension for the country.Czech officials have also expressed reservations towards Poland, a country that, along with Hungary, emphasises the East-West divide. The radicalisation of some V4 members also does not help.Poles automatically reject all ideas from the Western members, a Czech diplomat recently told Gazeta Wyborcza.A member of the Czech ministry of foreign affairs, who was quoted in the same article, went even further, claiming that the idea of a Three Seas Initiative is unacceptable because of its 20th century neo-imperial origin.Such criticism is dismissed by PISM analysts, who underline that despite any apparent differences, Slovakia and Czech Republic will send their representation.Despite many reservations, the obvious champion of the initiative has become the Croatian president, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic. Allegedly, her personal involvement was of key importance to the US delegation.The TSI clearly goes along with her plans for her LNG terminal in Croatia that will improve gas sup-ply diversification – independent of Russia – and increase energy cooperation in the region.-Needing a pat on the back-It might be too simplistic, but there is the chance that Trump is using the occasion as a slight against German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president Emmanuel Macron.Is this a not-too-subtle comment about how Trump sees future European cooperation? The question needing to be answered by EU leaders will be whether they think Trump is willing to cut off his nose to spite his face.That worries some, who do not believe that the Polish ministry of foreign affairs can handle a diplomatically sensitive visit.Warsaw, already isolated in the EU, may want to be even more confrontational after Trump's visit. This will also not help to reconcile with Brussels, Berlin or Paris.Furthermore, it will not help to build regional solidarity, since the northern and southern neighbours of Poland will not feel like taking part in fist-fights that would complicate relations with their Western partners.No matter how well-intentioned these leaders are in developing ties between their nations, they will all struggling with domestic and regional issues, as well as questionable popular support.It all makes the meeting feel more like the international conference of future political pariahs.Wojciech Przybylski is the editor-in-chief of Visegrad Insight, and chairman of the Res Publica Foundation in Warsaw. His new book ‘Understanding Central Europe’, co-edited with Marcin Moskalewicz, will be published by Routledge in the second half of 2017.

UK visitors set to pay into EU budget after Brexit By Nikolaj Nielsen-june 27,17-euobserver

BRUSSELS, Today, 22:25-British nationals may end up paying into the EU general budget after the UK leaves the European Union.An EU proposal to tighten border security controls for all visa-free travellers sometime in 2020 will be generating cash by demanding fees from holidaymakers. The fees will pay for annual running costs.But an European Commission official on Monday (26 June) said any surplus revenue would also then go to the EU budget and reduce member state contributions.Proposed last November, the Commission's European Travel Information and Authorisation System (Etias), will screen all visa-free travellers before they enter the passport-free Schengen zone of 26 European states."Any accumulated surplus generated by the Etias revenues would in any case revert back to the EU general budget and hence reduce member state contributions," the Commission official told MEPs.A five-year application under the scheme is €5. The fee is small but the UK's total sum in the pot is not insignificant.Brits made 35 million holiday trips to the EU last year alone with around a third going to Spain, followed by France and Greece. Another 5.5 million were business trips.A spokesperson from the UK-based Association of British Travel Agents (Abta) told EUobserver that the UK holiday figures to the EU have increased substantially in the past few years.He noted that 2016 was "an all time record".Abta wants the British government to negotiate an exemption for UK nationals in Etias, noting that "it is in everyone's interest to keep these flows going."The UK government, meanwhile, says it is determined to get the best possible deal for the country.A UK government spokesperson said Etias was just "one of many areas that may need to be addressed as we leave the EU and agree a new partnership."It is also likely to stir up resentment among people who campaigned to leave the EU, given that British nationals may still be footing, albeit indirectly, the EU budget after Brexit.Commission estimates suggest Etias will cost over €200 million to launch and around €85 million to maintain annually. Discussions between the EU institutions have yet to start but the plan is to reach an agreement before the end this year.German Green MEP Jan Philipp Albrecht said the EU would be better off making it easier for people to travel than imposing a new system that not only creates more red tape but also blanket collects personal data."Making it easier for people from countries, which are also democracies, to travel to the European Union and back is a positive thing and we need not to make that more difficult but easier," he said on Monday.EU nationals, for their part, took 10 million holiday trips and some 7 million business trips to the UK in 2016.

WORLD POWERS IN THE LAST DAYS (END OF AGE OF GRACE NOT THE WORLD)

EUROPEAN UNION-KING OF WEST-DAN 9:26-27,DAN 7:23-24,DAN 11:40,REV 13:1-10
EGYPT-KING OF THE SOUTH-DAN 11:40
RUSSIA-KING OF THE NORTH-EZEK 38:1-2,EZEK 39:1-3
CHINA-KING OF THE EAST-DAN 11:44,REV 9:16,18
VATICAN-RELIGIOUS LEADER-REV 13:11-18,REV 17:4-5,9,18

WORLD TERRORISM

OH BY THE WAY WHEN THE MEDIA SAYS ALLU-AK-BAR MEANS GOD IS GREAT LIE. IN ISLAM ALLU-AK-BAR MEANS OUR GOD IS GREATER OR GREATEST. THIS IS HOW THE MEDIA SUCK HOLES UP TO ISLAMIC-QURANIC-MUSLIMS. BY WATERING DOWN THE REAL MEANING OF THE SEX FOR MURDER DEATH CULT ISLAM. TO MAKE IT SOUND LIKE A PEACEFUL RELIGION (CULT OF DEATH AND WORLD DOMINATION).

GENESIS 6:11-13
11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.(WORLD TERRORISM,MURDERS)(HAMAS IN HEBREW IS VIOLENCE)
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence (TERRORISM)(HAMAS) through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

GENESIS 16:11-12
11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her,(HAGAR) Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael;(FATHER OF THE ARAB/MUSLIMS) because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
12 And he (ISHMAEL-FATHER OF THE ARAB-MUSLIMS) will be a wild (DONKEY-JACKASS) man;(ISLAM IS A FAKE AND DANGEROUS SEX FOR MURDER CULT) his hand will be against every man,(ISLAM HATES EVERYONE) and every man's hand against him;(PROTECTING THEMSELVES FROM BEING BEHEADED) and he (ISHMAEL ARAB/MUSLIM) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.(LITERAL-THE ARABS LIVE WITH THEIR BRETHERN JEWS)

ISAIAH 14:12-14
12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer,(SATAN) son of the morning!(HEBREW-CRECENT MOON-ISLAM) how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
13  For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
14  I (SATAN HAS EYE TROUBLES) will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.(AND 1/3RD OF THE ANGELS OF HEAVEN FELL WITH SATAN AND BECAME DEMONS)

JOHN 16:2
2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.(ISLAM MURDERS IN THE NAME OF MOON GOD ALLAH OF ISLAM)

Before tragedy strikes': Liberals launch centre to prevent homegrown terrorism-[CBC]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

The federal government has launched a new centre tasked with preventing the radicalization of Canadian young people.A special adviser will be named in the coming months to oversee the local outreach and research projects funded through the Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence.The centre will have dedicated staff, but will be located within the existing Public Safety Canada space.Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale said Canada must become a world leader in understanding and dealing with radicalization that leads to violence, in order to retain its national character as an open, diverse society that is also safe and secure."The new Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence will help us do as much as humanly possible to prevent radicalization to violence before tragedy strikes," Goodale said in a statement. "It will support and empower local leaders to develop initiatives that are suited to their community."Last year's budget set aside $35 million over five years and $10 million each year after to combat radicalization and violence in Canada.Ontario Liberal MP Arif Virani, the parliamentary secretary to the minister of heritage (multiculturalism), said the new centre will drive better research, understanding and engagement, with a special focus on youth vulnerable to radicalization. Building up trust relationships and opening lines of communication are critical to combating radicalism at the ground level, he said.-No boundaries to extremist views-The centre will not focus on Islamist extremism alone, but will cover a wide spectrum, because while some attacks are perpetrated by Islamist extremists, others target Muslims, Virani said."When we look at what's happening across the country, radicalization is not endemic to any one group, institution, race or religion," he said. "It doesn't have particular boundaries that are tied to a religion or an ideology. That's very important to keep in mind because that's a situation we need be upfront about in terms of where the threats are coming from and not focusing on any one particular community."In January, six people were killed and 19 others injured in an attack by a gunman at a Quebec CIty mosque.-Domestic acts of terror-Last August, Aaron Driver died in an altercation with police in Strathroy, Ont. RCMP believe he was preparing to carry out a suicide bombing in a public place.That incident came less than two years after Michael Zehaf-Bibeau shot and killed Cpl. Nathan Cirillo while he stood on guard at the National War Memorial, an act the RCMP called terrorism, before making his way to Parliament Hill.Jeremy Littlewood, a terrorism expert at Ottawa's Carleton University, said Canada's domestic terrorism problem is smaller than some of our closest allies, but that doesn't mean there is no danger.Littlewood said it's too early to tell if Canada's approach will work to combat domestic terrorism, but he said it is wise not to target only one group of extremists."Making it one type of terrorism specific, for example, al-Qaeda or ISIS-inspired terrorism, is a recipe for creating fear, suspicion and perpetuating the notion of suspect communities within a population," he said.Littlewood said success will depend partly on sustained funding, and an openness about what is working and what is not.The government is accepting proposals for the Community Resilience Fund as of July 6, 2017, which has $1.4 million available to fund projects in 2018-19. For subsequent years, there will be $7 million for continuing and new projects.Ten projects have already received funding for counter-radicalization work.

Crowd flows, camera coverage being studied to bolster Parliament Hill security-[The Canadian Press]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

OTTAWA — Security officials say they're ready for the throngs set to descend on Parliament Hill for Canada's 150th birthday celebration Saturday.But that doesn't mean federal researchers are done thinking about how to better protect the country's seat of democracy in the months and years ahead.Advisers are gathering data on everything from crowd flows to video-camera placement to ensure both security and openness in the parliamentary precinct.Parliament Hill security is a "tough nut to crack" because of the fine balance between guarding the most important democratic institutions while keeping the grounds open to people, said Rami Youssef of the federal Centre for Security Science, a wing of Defence Research and Development Canada.After a gunman stormed the Hill in October 2014, dying in a hail of bullets in the Hall of Honour, the centre completed two studies. One looked at the physical security of Parliament's Centre Block, while the other delved into procedures for handling visitors and employees in the parliamentary precinct.The most tangible result of the armed assault was creation of the unified Parliamentary Protective Service, drawing together forces from the RCMP, House of Commons and Senate.The centre's researchers need more information before making the next set of recommendations to decision-makers, Youssef said in an interview."The reality is there's a lot of data to be collected, and a lot of data to be studied and analyzed," he said. "We have to go little by little, because they cannot make any drastic changes just overnight."Researchers are interested in the varied nature of the crowds that turn up on Parliament Hill, as well as the ebb and flow of pedestrian traffic at different times of day.Plans were revealed four years ago to boost video-camera coverage of the Hill substantially to guard against possible attacks by detecting abandoned packages, suspicious activity and disturbances.Researchers are studying different types of cameras, their placement and the percentage of visual coverage on the Hill, Youssef said.Work has been focused to date on trying to prevent attacks in the parliamentary precinct but, time permitting, the centre might explore other types of threats and hazards, such as an earthquake or other natural disaster, he added.Many parts of the Hill are undergoing extensive renovations. That could be a welcome opportunity to embed security changes into revamped buildings, Youssef said.The new Parliamentary Protective Service is working with the centre researchers on projects throughout the precinct, but disclosing details of the efforts "would expose operational tactics and measures" that could affect safety, said Melissa Rusk, a spokeswoman for the protective service.Federal officials are also reviewing the mandate of the Government Operations Centre, the focal point for monitoring major national events and emergencies. In addition, they are seeking a new home for the Ottawa-based centre.During the 2014 shooting, the centre lacked computer technicians, food was limited and senior emergency officials weren't in the building, according to internal documents released two years ago. — Follow @JimBronskill on Twitter-Jim Bronskill , The Canadian Press.

3,000 N.L. Muslims gather for Eid celebrations at Jack Byrne Arena-[CBC]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

Muslims in the St. John's area joined with others around the world in celebrating Eid Sunday — the festival that marks the end of the Islamic month of Ramadan.The celebration at Jack Byrne Arena Sunday morning began with prayers and then a meet and greet with tea, coffee, and snacks."After prayer, we had refreshments, and after refreshments they put out some bouncy castles for kids to play on," Reem Abu-Hendi said.The local celebration is huge — about 3,000 Muslims packed the Jack Byrne Arena early Sunday morning."The community at first, was not that large so like the mosque used to accommodate us but now it's really big like 3,000 people in one place, it's amazing," she said."Just to see all the Muslims in one place, it's a great feeling." Abu-Hendi said.Ramadan is a sacred time for Muslims, who believe that it was when the Qur'an — the holy book — was revealed through the prophet Muhammad."It's 30 days but this year it happened to be 29 because of the moon,"  Ayamen Shaawen said.The month, which started this year May 26, includes dawn-to-dusk fasting, and ends with a religious holiday called Eid."We fast from 3 a.m. until 9 p.m. so it's 18 hours a day," Abu-Hendi said.The fasting can be challenging, but that's what makes it worthwhile, she said."Your body just gets adjusted to it, and I would say it's thirst more than hunger, so you can usually go about your daily activities but around 6 p.m.-7 p.m., I'm done," she said.Without food all day, you'd think there might be a lot of cranky people walking around who are "hangry," but Abu-Hendi says it's all about willpower."Ramadan teaches you patience and self-control. If we lose to anger we could break our fast," she said."It's more of a self-discipline thing," Shaawen said.Volunteers who set up the event get up at the crack of dawn to prepare the arena for the 3,000 attendees."It's a big challenge for those who volunteer to organize it. Before we had a smaller community and our mosque was able to accommodate the size of our community but not anymore," said organizer Ayse Sule."It's a team effort," said Moein Shahwan, vice-resident of the Muslim Association of Newfoundland and Labrador."It brings lots of richness to our community and we are proud of it," Sule said.

Relatives of serial killer's victims speak of pain, guilt and anger-[The Canadian Press]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

WOODSTOCK, Ont. — One after another, family and friends of a serial killer's victims described overwhelming guilt, anger and profound sadness when they learned their loved ones had been murdered by an Ontario nurse who was supposed to care for them.And many spoke about their loss of faith in the province's long-term care system, where Elizabeth Wettlaufer was allowed to cast her "shadow of death" over vulnerable seniors for nearly a decade.Wettlaufer was sentenced Monday in a Woodstock, Ont., court to life in prison with no eligibility for parole for 25 years after she pleaded guilty last month to eight counts of first-degree murder, four counts of attempted murder and two counts of aggravated assault.The 50-year-old nurse used insulin trying — and in most cases succeeding  — to kill vulnerable victims in her care at three Ontario long-term care facilities and a private home. Her crimes began in 2007 and didn't stop until she confessed to the killings at a psychiatric hospital in Toronto last fall.Sandy Millard, whose 87-year-old mother, Gladys Jean Millard, was murdered by Wettlaufer in 2011 at Caressant Care in Woodstock, told court about the depression she has fallen into."Finding out she was killed by a huge injection of medication she did not need broke my heart," she said.Her daughter, and Millard's granddaughter, Shannon Emmerton, spoke through tears."I don't know if I will ever truly recover," she said.Patricia Matheson glared at Wettlaufer as she read a statement by her husband, whose mother, Helen Matheson, was killed by the nurse in 2011."I lost my mother for the second time. No funeral this time, just shock, followed by the question why," Jon Matheson wrote. "I placed my mother in a facility I researched never once considering she would be a victim of such a despicable act. I ask why, because she didn't eat all the blueberry pie and ice cream?"The question of why Wettlaufer killed or hurt 14 people loomed large in court. In a lengthy video statement she gave to police last fall, she said she felt a "red surging" well up in her chest that was relieved after she completed a kill. She believed she was an instrument of God at times, but also killed because some residents were too much work, too burdensome.Many others, wracked by guilt, spoke of what-ifs."I simply feel guilty for not being able to protect my father as he had protected me," wrote David Silcox, whose father, James Silcox, was murdered in 2007.Justice Bruce Thomas acknowledged that guilt was the common theme of the 28 victim impact statements filed in court a few weeks ago."It is a complete betrayal of trust when a caregiver does not prolong life, but terminates it," he said. "But you cannot blame yourselves."Thomas described Wettlaufer's "free run" on her nine-year killing spree, with no oversight or even an inkling she had committed such calculated murders."Without her confessions, I am convinced these offences would never have been brought to justice," he said, calling Wettlaufer a "shadow of death that passed over them (the victims) on the night shift where she supervised."Debora Rivers said her grandmother, Mary Zarawinski, hated the nursing home when she first went there. There are a lot of old people here, she told her niece, even though Zarawinski was one of the oldest residents in the facility."She made it nice for everybody there," Rivers said outside court.She also noted that Wettlaufer had described Zarawinski as "'fun and feisty' — and she was.""The woman lived to be 96 years old for God's sake," Rivers said. "We have no way of knowing how long her life might have been," she said. "We were pretty sure she was going to make it to 100 and so was she."For her part, Wettlaufer apologized, crouching in the prisoner's box without looking at anyone."I am truly sorry for the people I injured or murdered," she said in a soft voice."Sorry is much too small a word. I hope that the families can find some peace and healing."Beverly Bertram, who is Wettlaufer's sole living victim, wrote about the physical pain she was in after the nurse injected her with insulin with the intent to kill her."It is really hard to describe, but I knew I was dying," she wrote in her statement. "I was doubled over in pain in my stomach...Just such pain. My whole body hurt...I thought I was screaming, but I was just moaning I guess."Bertram wrote that she has become a recluse since the incident, afraid of everyone, including her own shadow, and has lost all relationships with her family."I truly think sometimes I'd be better off if she did her deed."Shortly after Wettlaufer's sentencing hearing, the province announced it would hold a public inquiry into the murders to ensure a similar tragedy does not happen again.Liam Casey , The Canadian Press.

Demand for Canada 150 flags, brings seamstress out of retirement-[CBC]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

Canada Day is just under a week away and thanks to the demand for flags leading up to the big celebration, one New Brunswick woman has had to put her retirement on hold.Theresa King's basement is full of bright materials and the tools to turn them into something special. Since March, most of King's projects have been paused while she helps her former employer.- Cyclists pedal into New Brunswick for Canada 150 journey - Fredericton's Canada 150 funding largely focused on 'Indigenous reconciliation' "I thought I was going to be retired," King said with a laugh from her seat in front of a sewing machine.After 28 years working for The Flag Store in Thornton, Ont., she moved to Tower Hill, near St. Andrews. King was only given two years before her old boss came calling."The demand for Canadian flags for the 150 has been so dramatic that they have been out of flags forever," King said.So she agreed to help, thinking at first it would only be for a couple of weeks. Her estimate turned out to be off. Way off.Getting into the flag business-"By the time I'm finished, it will be about 2,500, three-foot-by-six-foot Canadian flags that I will have finished."Working from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m., King can put together about 250 flags a week, which despite their complexity, she will tell you is fast.In order to save on the shipping costs, King drove her first shipment of 1,400 flags to Ontario in May.There has been some time for King to enjoy some side projects, like altering a graduation dress, but she said she's happy to help her former colleagues.In her years working for The Flag Store, she said March always meant the beginning of the busy season. But Canada 150 she said, has created demand the store isn't normally accustomed to."Those girls are pretty tired too," King said. "They're just swamped and there just isn't enough time in the day."It isn't just King who is hard at work in the workshop, she enlisted her husband, Doug, to help out too.He'll be the first to tell you that he never planned on getting into the flag business. But after stencilling off bright red maple leafs from cloth, Doug King said the work keeps him out of trouble.While her time is occupied by piecing together red and white material, King will have a little variety in her life this week.-100 and counting-A text from her boss saw rolls of green, gold, and black arrive at her door with a request from the Jamaican consulate."I have 100 to make" she said, "So I can ship them on Wednesday."After being so busy, you would think King planned on taking Canada Day off to enjoy seeing some flags fly. Instead, she said she's only going to take a break to go to the market before getting back to work.With a goal of getting another 1,000 Canadian flags finished by September, she said her next delivery will be her vacation."That'll be my holiday" King said, "A few days off to drive to Ontario and deliver all the flags."

Canadians will soon have a law on how to dispose of mercury-filled light bulbs-[CBC]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

Canadians will soon have guidance from the federal government on how to dispose of mercury-containing light bulbs in an environmentally responsible way.Bill C-238, a new act that sets out rules for a national light bulb disposal strategy, received royal assent on Thursday.The National Strategy for Safe and Environmentally Sound Disposal of Lamps Containing Mercury Act commits the government to identify ways to dispose of mercury-containing light bulbs safely and establish guidelines for facilities that dispose of them, and then promote the program to Canadians.The bill also requires the environment minister to table the national strategy in Parliament within two years of the act receiving royal assent. -No regulations-Dartmouth-Cole Harbour MP Darren Fisher, who introduced the private member's bill, said there were no federal regulations outlining how to dispose of light bulbs."You can take your mercury-bearing light bulb, and you can throw it in your garbage bag and put it to the curb," he said.One regular, 13-watt residential compact fluorescent light bulb (CFL) — the curly looking ones that are slowly replacing the traditional, round incandescent bulbs — contains on average 3.5 milligrams of mercury. Energy Star-certified CFLs contain 2.5 milligrams or less. Fluorescent tubes contain up to 12 milligrams.Fisher said about 1,150 kilograms of mercury end up in Canadian landfills each year, and can contaminate the environment.Mercury is also listed as a toxic substance under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act."So this is an incredibly big issue," he said.Compact fluorescents on the rise-A 2014 federal ban on most residential incandescent bulbs means more Canadians are using compact fluorescent bulbs. A 2014 report from Statistics Canada noted that in 2011, three-quarters of households across the country used at least one CFL bulb.About half the households that used CFLs reported throwing them in the garbage, and Haligonians were the most likely to toss them, with 84 per cent doing so, the report said.-'Piecemeal' approach-Recycling facilities in some municipalities and provinces break CFL bulbs down and recycle about 98 per cent of the components, including the mercury. Some retailers also collect used bulbs to send to recyclers.But Fisher described that as a "piecemeal" approach.He encourages Canadians to recycle their bulbs or simply hold on to them until the new law is developed."If the worst thing you have to do is put them in a cardboard box and leave them in your garage until the strategy comes forward, please do so, because what we'd like to see is no mercury-bearing light bulbs going into our landfills across Canada," said Fisher.

Nine dead after Colombia tourist boat sinks in reservoir-[Reuters]-yahoonews-June 26, 2017

BOGOTA (Reuters) - Nine people died and 28 are missing after a multi-decked tourist boat carrying about 170 passengers sank in Colombia's Penol-Guatape reservoir on Sunday during the long holiday weekend, a government official said.Officials did not disclose the cause of the accident and provided few details.Videos posted on social media showed motorboats coming to the aid of passengers on the upper decks as the boat rocked from side to side. Ninety-nine people were rescued, Margarita Moncada, the head of disaster relief for Antioquia province, told journalists."At the moment we have nine people found dead. Another 99 people were rescued immediately and 40 more got out on their own," she said.Survivors on local television reports said they heard a loud noise before the boat began to sink and that not all of them had life jackets. Rescue operations were ongoing.Rescue workers and the air force were helping passengers at the scene, President Juan Manuel Santos said in a Twitter post.The large reservoir, about an hour from the central city of Medellin, is a popular tourist destination.(Reporting by Luis Jaime Acosta and Julia Symmes Cobb; Editing by Richard Chang)

          Sommario Europeo: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, 30 Giu - 06:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          Oneplus Tech Limited   

Are you researching for information on Oneplus Tech Limited from China who sells OnePlus one sandstone black 64 GB? If so, refer below to read one buyer’s experience with this company. Buyer’s Nationality: Slovakia Seller: Oneplus Tech Limited Seller Website: https://oneplus.net Seller Address: China Initial contact with the supplier: Direct Buy Website Type of product(s) […]

The post Oneplus Tech Limited appeared first on SUPPLIER BLACKLIST.


          BWW Review: LETTERS FROM A NUT Spotlights the Humorous Book Series by Ted L. Nancy   

Have you noticed how on most packaging, there is a short statement asking you to please write or call with any questions or concerns about the product you have purchased? That fact came to the attention of author Ted L. Nancy (aka Barry Marder) when he was eating a bag of Fritos while watching television in the middle of the night. Figuring it might be fun to write to the company to see if he would get a response began his career writing absurd correspondence as a customer in need of customer service.

Nancy's first book in the Letters from a Nut series was published in 1997 with an introduction by Jerry Seinfeld, who produces the current Spotlight Entertainment Series event at the Geffen Playhouse through July 30. The series books are published all over the world and are suitable for all ages, especially those with an appreciation of challenging the customer service departments of corporations. Nancy brings his madcap collection of correspondence to the Geffen stage for a one-of-a-kind show that is both outlandish and uproarious.

LETTERS FROM A NUT features Ted L. Nancy as a customer in need of service with Beth Kennedy featured at a desk across the stage as The Many different people to whom he sends the most ridiculous written requests. For instance, writes to the city of Huntington Beach requesting a permit for operating his Electronic Nose Blowing Machine, invites Czechoslovakian President Václav Havel to become Treasurer of Ted's Vacuum Club, and asks Nordstrom about buying a mannequin that looks like his deceased neighbor to present to the grieving widow - plus many more! Time after time by changing her wig, costume and attitude, Beth Kennedy morphs into well-meaning representatives who offer earnest replies to his letters. Daniel Mahler is to be commended for coordinating her costumes for quick changes, which Kennedy does on her own while seated at her onstage desk. Her incredibly funny characterizations are the hit of the show, each one more over-the-top than the last.

Popping in from time to time is Sam Kwasman as Pagliacci, a white-faced clown who never utters a word but often brings in stage props, such as fake snow, to accentuate the letters being read or scenes being set, most of which are enhanced by full-screen projections behind the actors. Director Pierre Balloón keeps the action moving along at an appropriate pace, with the actors often occasionally calling each other out when lines are fluffed, adding to the humor in the piece without distracting from it.

Asked to comment on the show, Nancy said, "I like my fork! I eat the following foods with my fork: gumbo, melon chunks, cake, hamburger, imitation crab, yam, teriyaki."

With that, I leave it up to you to guess at just how funny his letters truly are, especially when he writes asking totally inappropriate questions to service reps who often just toss his second or third letter in the trash can. When that happens, we are treated to a show of fireworks with "No Further Reply" flashing across the screen. Then a frog croaks - and the audience laughs each time!

The show runs just 70 minutes which seem to fly by in half that time, thanks to Ted L. Nancy's outlandish ways of confronting hardworking people who are just attempting to conduct their business in a dignifiEd Manner. You will thank your lucky stars he never wrote to you!

LETTERS FROM A NUT BY TED L. NANCY continues through July 30, 2017 at the Audrey Skirball Kenis Theater at the Geffen Playhouse, 10886 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024, on Tuesday - Friday 8:00pm, Saturday 3:00 and 8:00pm, Sunday 2:00 and 7:00pm. Tickets start at $65 and are available in person at the Geffen Playhouse box office, by phone at 310.208.5454 or online at www.geffenplayhouse.org. Rush tickets for each day's performance are made available to the general public 30 minutes before showtime at the box office. $35 General / $10 Student

Production photos by Chris Whitaker


          ESPECTACULAR OFICINA INVIERTA PRECIO DE OPORTUNIDAD $109.000 CHECOSLOVAKIA   
109000 precio antes: 117000
EXCELENTE INVERSIÓN CHECOSLOVAKIA _ Ubicación quinto piso_ área de la oficina 60m2_ más 1 estacionamiento_ valor del condominio $81_ 8 años de construída_ Servicios comunales: guardianía las 24 horas, planta electrica al 100%, camaras de...
1 baño 72 m² 1.513 $/m²
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 21:31:45 +0200
          Comment on Croatian restaurant opening on Lark Street by Steve P   
Also not to be confused with Slovakia which is a country further North. J/K, can't wait to try it!
          Pilgrimage – Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam (2011)   
Genre: Black Metal Format: wma | VBR192kbps Country: Slovakia Size: 70 Mb Tracklist: 01. Z Prachu Zeme 02. Cierny Mor 03. Hniloba 04. Nareky 05. Metallum Atrum Exaltatum Et Pium 06. Dilectio Per Desertum Ascendit 07. Svatba Na Samote 08. Strazca Divociny 09. Tron Slavy Povstane 10. Do Hlbin Lesa Download: if you like the […]
          Strike in Volkswagen Slovakia   

Regular stringer report from Roman Risa in Bratislava



(Pravidelný telefonát týždňa nášho kolegu Romana Rišu z Bratislavy)
          For sale - Express Women's S Gray Metallic Striped Rayon Blend... - Auction   

Lol Gray 6311, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - cottage craft sheepskin ,half pad,turqoise/grey,cob... - Auction   
Grey 6521, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - griffin pure wool half pad hi wither size L - Auction   
Griffin 4503, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - clarks girls purple shoes infant size 5 half E - Auction   
Coalville 3825, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - albion full size dressage saddle Cloth, Half Wool,... - Auction   

Albion 3020, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand ...
ebay.com.au

          0B901 Nagyméretű jelzett ólomkristály váza - Jelenlegi ára: 28 000 Ft   
Hibátlan állapotú, extra nagyméretű jelzett, vastagfalú ólomkristály váza, díszváza csiszolatokkal gazdagon díszítve.
Jelzés:
CRYSTAL K. A. M.
MADE IN SLOVAKIA
HAND CUT LEAD CRYSTAL OVER 24% PbO
Szélesség: 20 cmMagasság: 30 cmSúly: 3. 915 kg
Termékeim között több üveg váza található, kérem tekintse meg őket ide kattintva! Termékeim között több kristály üveg található, kérem tekintse meg őket ide kattintva!
A termékről további nagy felbontású képek!
ÁRUIM ZÖME ANTIK ÉS RÉGI TÁRGYAKBÓL ÁLL.
SZEMÉLYES ÁTVÉTELI LEHETŐSÉG BUDAPESTEN (IX. ) ILLETVE SZEGEDEN!
 
Szállítás
Termékeinket az MPL futárszolgálattal küldjük! Terjedelmes tárgyaink szállításában külön díjazás mellett tudunk segíteni! Szállítási módok az alábbiak szerint alakulnak
 
Személyes átvétel Budapest IX.
 
 
Személyes átvétel Szeged
 
 
MPL csomag előre utalással
 
 
MPL csomag utánvét
 
 
Fizetés
A vételár és szállítási költség kiegyenlítésére az alábbi lehetőségeket biztosítjuk
 
Személyes átvételkor készpénzben
 
 
Banki átutalás
 
 
Utánvét
 
 
Paypal (MasterCard, Visa)
 
 
Szállítási, átvételi idő
A termék vásárlását követően a szállítási, kézhez vételi idő az alábbiak szerint alakul belföldön
 
Személyes átvétel
1-5 munkanap
 
 
MPL csomag előre utalással
2-3 munkanap
 
 
MPL csomag utánvét
1-3 munkanap
 
( üvegváza díszváza dísz váza váza kristály váza üveg váza kristályváza kam )
0B901 Nagyméretű jelzett ólomkristály váza
Jelenlegi ára: 28 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-01 04:25
          Fairy Tailors dělají sítě Bohemia i Slovakia Chips   
Agentura Fairy Tailors, která se specializuje na branding a komunikaci značek na sociálních sítích, spravuje od května v partnerství s agenturou AdHackers profily značek Bohemia Chips a Slovakia Chips z portfolia Intersnacku na Facebooku a Instagramu, pro český i slovenský […]
          : Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, 06 30 - 06:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          HASZNÁLJA KI ELMÉJÉT 100%-IG! -CSODÁKRA LESZ KÉPES - Jelenlegi ára: 2 500 Ft   
A könyv bolti ára: 6990. - Ft volt- vatera ár - 65%: 2500. - Ft
Használja ki elméjét 100%-ig!
Fordítók: Balázs István
Kiadó: Reader's Digest
Kiadás éve: 2007
Kiadás helye: Budapest
Nyomda: Printed in Slovakia
ISBN: 9789639707214
Kötés típusa:: kemény papírkötés
Terjedelem: 320 oldal
Nyelv: magyar
Méret: Szélesség: 20. 00cm, Magasság: 26. 00cm
Súly: 0. 90kg
Ajándékozható, új állapot
Néprajzi könyveinket ide kattintva megtekintheti.
Kedvező postázási díjakkal szállítunk az ország egész területére.
Miért érdemes tőlünk vásárolni?  Itt megtudhatja.  Személyes átvétel Makón.
Tízezer Ft feletti megrendelésnél nem számítunk fel postaköltséget.
Kérem tekintse meg böngészhető választékunkat ide kattintva.
1 népr.
HASZNÁLJA KI ELMÉJÉT 100%-IG! -CSODÁKRA LESZ KÉPES
Jelenlegi ára: 2 500 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-01 17:48
          New OB Van Relies On MediorNet For Routing Backbone   
Broadcast Solutions has installed a Riedel MediorNet media network in a new all-HD OB van for Slovakian TV network Televizia Markiza, the company announced today. The new 14-camera-capable Alphaline A12 OB vehicle also will rely on a Riedel Artist 128 digital matrix intercom that will work together with the MediorNet network communications and signal routing […]
          Na Perone to Present New York Premiere of FASBUK This July   

Theatre is a powerful vehicle and it's even more powerful when it transcends languages and cultures. LightSwitch Entertainment (Melissa Edelblum and Gregory Davis) and Slovakian theatre company, Na Peróne, proudly present the New York premiere of FASBUK.

FASBUK is an original devised piece from Slovakia. "Ode to Teatre" was created as a collective creative process as a result of attempting to dramatize a text awarded in competition. "My Life in Projects," that's how today's paraphrase of Stanislavki's "My Life in Art" would be today according to the authors of FASBUK. This electrifying and truthful piece is an original mosaic of mini-stories with intense climaxes that tell a generation's statement, almost a confession about ourselves.

FASBUK has been produced in several European countries and is being supported by the FPU - Slovak Arts Council. The show will run at the Steve & Marie Sgouros Theatre (upstairs) at The Players Theatre (115 MacDougal Street) on July 14-16 and July 21-22. All performances begin at 7:30PM. To buy tickets for this exciting theatrical experience, visit web.ovationtix.com/trs/pr/976045

For more information on Na Peróne, go to www.naperone.sk/en/show/theatre.

Actors, Creative and Production Team:

Author: L'ubo Burgr a Na Peróne

Featuring: Peter Kocis, Zuzana Psotkova, Jana Wernerova

Dramaturg: L'ubo Burgr a Na Peróne

Music: L'ubo Burgr a vyber

Lighting: Ondrej Balog

Sound: Palko Matia

Translations: Barbora Tothova

Director: L'ubo Burgr

 


          Resumen europeo: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, 30 jun - 06:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          Vaša reklama na všetko | Re: nový dodávateľ. skúsenosti   
Abrosh píše:Zdravím. So spoločnosťou Slovakia E. som v pohode. Dodávateľa sme zmenili už po niekoľkýkrát, pretože si dom nechávame vykurovať plynom a máme za 2podlaží celkom veľkú spotrebu, preto sme sa o úspory vždy zaujímali. Až po prechode k nim sme zistili že je možné ušetriť aj viac.

Dobrý deň Abrosh, S rodinou žijem v dvojgeneračnom dome. Spotrebu máme tým pádom tiež vysokú. Rád by som sa Vás opýtal na vaše skúsenosti, koľko ste s nimi boli schopní už za tú dobu ušetriť. Lebo som od nich dostal zaujímavú ponuku na odber plynu a celkom ma to prekvapilo, že tá úspora je tak rozdielna. Vopred ďakujem za odpoveď.

Štatistiky : Odoslané od Brut • Št 29.Jún. 2017 16:33 • Odpovede 18 • Zobrazenia 706

          Five things you can find at Pohoda besides music   
Take advantage of everything Slovakia’s biggest music festival has to offer.
          Spectacular Slovakia: Žilina synagogue on film   
Learn about both the past and present of Žilina synagogue in a video.
          No shopping in Slovakia on July 5   
For the first time, new legislation will close shops in Slovakia on the day marking Ss Cyril and Methodius.
          Foreigners: Events around Slovakia   
Tips for performances and other events in the Slovak regions between June 30 and July 9, including historical festivals, traditional crafts, night tours of a castle, Obstacle Course Racing, celebrations of the Saints Cryil and Methodius, a vintage cars meeting, a folk festival and a lot of music, gastronomy, etc.
          Fight for money from Airb’n’b has started in Slovakia, too   
Economy Ministry wants to see the shared economy taxed, while the city of Bratislava asks Airb’n’b to include accommodation tax in its prices.
          PAS: Slovakia's business environment ranking declines   
Slovakia slipped three places in the latest global Superindex PAS ranking of countries that evaluates the conditions in which businesses operate.
          OPERATIONS MANAGER SLOVAKIA - Ekwa Consult - Zakopane, małopolskie   
Ekwa Consult is a result-driven HR-consulting firm. One of our main activities is to recruit and select middle and higher management profiles. In all our
Od Indeed - Wed, 28 Jun 2017 08:57:58 GMT - Pokaż wszystkie Zakopane, małopolskie oferty pracy
          Europe forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 00:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          BIAFRA-NIGERIA WAR: 'How can I authorize an invasion of my own people'? - US Secret Documents reveal how GOWON initially refused to be pushed into WAR by Northern Emirs   
Sponsored Links

Secret American diplomatic dispatches, spread over 21,000 pages, provide previously unknown information about the Nigerian Civil War
Early in the morning of 1 July 1967, Nigeria’s young head of state, Colonel Yakubu Gowon, was feeling uneasy in his office at the Supreme Headquarters, Dodan Barracks in Lagos. The unease was a result of his being ceaselessly pressured to authorize a military invasion of the breakaway Republic of Biafra.
Thirty officers had been recalled from courses abroad. Trains and truck convoys, bearing fuel, supplies and men, were still leaving Kano and Kaduna for the south of River Benue.
Colonel Mohammed Shuwa of the First Area Command had moved his command headquarters southwards and set it up in Makurdi. The 2nd Battalion was already headquartered in Adikpo. Schools and private homes had been commandeered for the use of Major Sule Apollo and his 4th Battalion in Oturkpo. They were itching for action. The same day, Major B.M. Usman “a member of the intimate northern group around Gowon” told the American defense attaché: “I do not know what in hell he is waiting for; the boys are all ready to go. They are only waiting on his word.”
Members of the Supreme Military Council, who had been meeting twice daily, were waiting for his word. The whole nation was waiting. Biafra, which was on high alert, was also waiting.
On 27 June 1967, Cyprian Ekwensi, famous writer and Biafra’s Director of Information Service, through the Voice of Biafra (formerly Enugu Radio), urged Biafrans to be prepared for an invasion on June 29 since “Northerners have often struck on 29th day of the month.” He was alluding to the day northern officers, led by Major T.Y. Danjuma, seized Gowon’s predecessor, Major- General Aguiyi-Ironsi, and killed him in a forest outside Ibadan.
Gowon, then 31, had been running the affairs of 57million Nigerians for 10 months. It had not been easy. Chief Obafemi Awolowo, his 58-year old trusted deputy and adviser, was with Okoi Arikpo and Philip Asiodu, permanent secretaries of the ministries of External Affairs and Trade and Industries respectively.
They were preparing to put the noose on the neck of the Anglo-Dutch oil giant, Shell-BP, which had frozen royalty payments due to the Federation Account on 1 June 1967 and had offered to pay the Biafran government £250,000.
Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu, Biafran leader, had ordered all oil companies to start paying all royalties to Enugu because they were operating in a new country or risk heavy penalties.
Specifically, he demanded a minimum of £2million from Shell-BP. The Federal Government had imposed an economic blockade on Biafra. It entailed barring all merchant vessels and sea tankers from sailing to and from Koko, Warri, Sapele, Escravos, Bonny, Port Harcourt, Calabar ports, which Ojukwu had declared part and parcel of Biafra.
Biafra controlled the land on which the oil installations sat; the Nigerian government controlled the coastal entrance and exit to those lands. Shell-BP was confused as to whose order should be obeyed. Sir David Hunt, the British High Commissioner to Nigeria, told his American counterpart after the meeting with the Nigerian delegation: “Awolowo is very firmly in control of Ministry of Finance and he is giving Stanley Gray, Shell’s General Manager and other experts from London a very difficult time for the past three days.” They persuaded Awolowo to accept a deal that would favour the Nigerian government and, at the same time, would predispose oil workers and the £150million investment to danger in the hands of Biafran military forces. Awolowo refused, arguing that anything short of the status quo was recognition of Biafra and concession to the rebels. As for security of investments and personnel, he argued that once royalties were paid, the Nigerian government would have the capacity to fund whatever action it would take on the rebels and Shell-BP’s investments would be safe.
Gowon paced to the large outdated map of the country by the door to his office. When he asked Awolowo to come and join his government, Awolowo said he would accept only if Gowon did something about the dominance of North over the rest of the nation. A month before, Gowon had broken up the North into six states, but the map by the door still showed the old Nigeria, with an imposing North at the top. He ran his finger around the boundaries of Biafra and asked himself: “How can I authorize an invasion of my own people?” He knew what it meant to be resented. He was not the most senior officer in the army. He was not a Muslim Hausa or Fulani from Kano, Kaduna or Sokoto. He was a Christian from one of the small minorities that dot the North and yet, events had promoted him to the position of the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief–to the chagrin of many northern officers, politicians, and emirs.
He knew the Igbo were resented in the North for succeeding where indigenes had failed. His Igbo lover, Edith Ike, told him her life was threatened twice in Lagos since she returned from the North in March.
According to the secret US document of 1 July 1967, Edith’s parents, having lived in the North for 30 years, where she too was born, had fled back to the East in October 1966 because of that year’s massacre of the Igbo. Not 30,000 but around 7,000 were killed, according to the American documents. Donald Patterson of the Political Section and Tom Smith of the Economic Section travelled from the US Embassy in Lagos to the North after the pogrom. “The Sabon-Garis were ghost towns, deserted, with the detritus of people, who had fled rapidly, left behind. Most Northerners we talked to had no apologies for what had happened to the Ibos, for the pogrom that had killed so many. There were exceptions, but in general, there was no remorse and the feeling was one of good riddance.
“One day, our Hausa gardener attacked and tried to beat up our Ibo cook. We fired the gardener, but not long afterwards, the cook left for the East,” said Patterson.
Earlier that week, Gowon called the West German Ambassador in Lagos. The Germans were eager to be in the good graces of the Gowon administration. A war loomed. And in wars, buildings, roads, bridges, and other infrastructure are destroyed. These would need rebuilding. The contract for the 2nd Mainland Bridge (later called Eko Bridge) was signed two years earlier by the Ambassador, CEO of Julius Berger Tiefbau AG and Shehu Shagari, Federal Commissioner for Works and Survey. That was Julius Berger’s first contract in Nigeria. It was due for completion in less than two years and they wanted more bilateral cooperation. The ambassador assured Gowon over the phone that he had taken care of all the details and guaranteed the safety of Edith, the nation’s “First Girlfriend”.
On the evening of 30 June, just before her departure on a commercial airline, Edith told the American Defense Attaché Standish Brooks, and his wife, Gail, that she actually wanted to go to the UK or USA, but Jack, as she affectionately called Gowon, insisted that she could be exposed to danger in either of the two countries. Germany, he reasoned, would be safer.
To Major B.M. Usman and other northern officers around Gowon, who had attributed his slow response to the secession to the fact that his girlfriend was Igbo and that her parents were resettled in the East, it was such a huge relief that at the Supreme Military Council meeting of 3 July 1967, Gowon authorized the long awaited military campaign.
Edith had safely landed in West Germany. Gowon told the gathering: “Gentlemen, we are going to crush the rebellion, but note that we are going after the rebels, not the Ibos.” The military action, which was to become the Nigerian Civil War or the Biafran War or Operation Unicord, as it was coded in military circles, officially started on 6 July 1967 at 5 a.m.
The North was minded to use the war as a tool to reassert its dominance of national affairs. Mallam Kagu, Damboa, Regional Editor of the Morning Post, told the American consul in Kaduna: “No one should kid himself that this is a fight between the East and the rest of Nigeria. It is a fight between the North and the Ibo.” He added that the rebels would be flushed out of Enugu within six weeks. Lt. Colonel Hassan Katsina went further to say with the level of enthusiasm among the soldiers; it would be a matter of “only hours before Ojukwu and his men were rounded up”.
The northern section of the Nigerian military was the best equipped in the country. To ensure the region’s continued dominance, the British assigned most of the army and air force resources to the North. It was only the Navy’s they could not transfer. All the elite military schools were there. The headquarters of the infantry and artillery corps were there. Kaduna alone was home to the headquarters of the 1st Division of the Nigerian Army, Defense Industries Corporation of Nigeria (Army Depot), Air Force Training School and, Nigerian Defence Academy.
Maitama Sule, Minister of Mines and Power in 1966, once told the story of how Muhammadu Ribadu, his counterpart in Defence Ministry, went to the Nigerian Military School, Zaria, and the British Commandant of the school told him many of the students could not continue because they failed woefully. When Ribadu thumbed through the list, Sule said, it was a Mohammed, an Ibrahim, a Yusuf or an Abdullahi. “You don’t know what you are doing and because of this you cannot continue to head the school,” an irate Ribadu was said to have told the commandant.
Shehu Musa Yar’Adua was one of the students for whom the commandant was sacked. “You can see what Yar’Adua later became in life. He became the vice president. This is the power of forward planning,” Sule declared.
Unknown to the forward planners, according to the US documents, Ojukwu had been meticulously preparing for war as early as October 1966, after the second round of massacre in the North. He had stopped the Eastern share of revenues that were supposed to accrue to the Federation Account. By 30 April 1967, he had recalled all Igbos serving in Nigeria embassies and foreign missions and those that heeded his call were placed on the payroll of the government of Eastern Region. The 77,000 square kilometres of the Republic of Biafra–a mere 8 per cent of the size of Nigeria–was already divided into 20 provinces, with leaders selected for each. They had their own judiciary, legislative councils, ministries and ambassadors. Alouette helicopters and a B26 bomber were procured from the French Air Force through a Luxemburg trading company. Hank Warton, the German-American arms dealer, had been flying in Czech and Israeli arms via Spain and Portugal since October 1966. The military hardware, they could not get, they seized. A DC3 and a Fokker F27 were seized from the Nigerian Air Force in April. NNS Ibadan, a Nigerian Navy Seaward Defence Boat (SDB) that docked in Calabar Port, was quickly made Biafran.
Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu, who was supposed to be in Enugu in prison for his role in 1966 coup, joined in training recruits in Abakaliki. Foreign mercenaries were training indoctrinated old people, young men and teenagers recruited as NCOs [Non-commissioned Officers] in jungle warfare, bomb making, mortar and other artillery firing. Ojukwu, through speeches, town hall meetings, market square performances and radio broadcasts, succeeded in convincing his people that their destiny was death or a separate state. All his performances in Ghana that culminated in the Aburi Accord of January 1967, or discussions with the Awolowo-led National Conciliation Committee five months later, turned out to be ruse.
The underground war preparations, the secret arms stockpiles openly manifested themselves as Ojukwu’s stubborn refusal to accept offers or concessions during these peace meetings.
But the Biafrans knew that their vulnerable line was along Ogoja, Ikom, Calabar, Port Harcourt, and Yenogoa. Support from the six million people making up the Eastern minorities was very much unsure. The minorities viewed their leaders in Biafra high command as traitors. And without the minorities, Biafra would be landlocked and most likely, unviable as a state. More so, their vast oil and gas resources were the reason they contemplated secession in the first place. The Biafra high command believed that if there was going to be any troop incursion from there, they are going to be transported through ship. They already had a B26 bomber to deal fire to Nigeria’s only transport ship, NNS Lokoja, anytime it approached the Biafran coastline.
The Biafrans also knew that Gowon wanted to respect the neutrality of Midwest and not invade through Niger Bridge, which would have driven the people of the Midwest into waiting Biafran hands. But if Gowon changed his mind and there was a general mobilization of the two battalions of the federal troops there, they had trustworthy men there that would alert Enugu. And if that failed, according to the US documents, the Niger Bridge had been mined using “explosives with metal covering across the roadbed at second pier out from the eastern side”.
The Biafrans also knew that the Yoruba, who were sworn enemies of the Northern hegemony, would never join the North militarily or politically against the Biafrans. When Gowon vouched to “crush the rebellion,” progressive Yoruba intellectuals deplored the language. Professor Hezekiah Oluwasanmi, Vice Chancellor of University of Ife, described the use of the word as unfortunate. Justice Kayode Eso of the Western Court of Appeal said: “Crushing the East was not the way to make Nigeria one.”
Mr. Strong, the American consul in Ibadan, whom they had been speaking to, confidentially wrote: “As intellectuals and modernizers, they see the conflict in terms of continuing determination of conservative North to dominate the more advanced South and they expressed fear that once North subdues East, it will seek to assert outright dominance over the West. The centre of trouble might then swing back to the West, where it all started.”
The Biafrans understood, therefore, that their strongest defence perimeter would be along Nsukka, Obudu, Gakem and Nyonya in Ogoja province, where they share border with the North. That was where they concentrated. On 8 July after three days of fighting, only four Biafran troops were dead and nine wounded in Obudu, while up to 100 Nigerian troops were dead, according to the Irish Embassy official, Eamon O’tuathail, who visited the Catholic Mission Hospital in Obudu. He said: “Forty five (45) of the dead had already been buried and the villagers were seen carrying the heads of the remaining around town.” In June before fighting started, Ojukwu charged on Biafra Radio: “Each Biafran soldier should bring back ten or twenty Hausa heads.”
At Nyanya, Nigerian troops attempted to seize the bridge linking Obudu and Ogoja, but were beaten back by the Biafran troops on 7 July at 1400hrs. According to the New York Times’ Lloyd Garrison’s dispatch of 8 July: “The Biafran Air Force–a lone B-26 fighter bomber–flew sorties from Enugu today, bombing and strafing enemy columns. Asked what damage it had inflicted, its European pilot replied: “Frankly, I don’t know. But we made a lot of smoke. Hundreds of Enugu pedestrians waved and cheered each time the plane returned from a mission and swooped low over the city buzzing Ogui Avenue.”
Tunde Akingbade of the Daily Times, who was returning from the frontlines, said the first Nigerian battalion in Ogoja area was “almost completely wiped out by a combination of mines and electrical devices (Ogbunigwe)”.
In the first few weeks of the war, the Biafrans were clearly on top. “Enugu is very calm,” the confidential cable of 13 July 1967 noted. “Ojukwu is dining with Field Commanders in State House tonight.”
On the federal side, confusion reigned. They had grossly underestimated Biafran capabilities. “Gowon and his immediate military advisers believe they can carry out a successful operation putting their trust in the superiority of the Hausa soldier,” the British High Commissioner, Sir David Hunt, told his American counterpart on 31 May 1967. He said further: “A northern incursion would be hastily mounted, ill-conceived and more in the nature of a foray.”
Even the Nigerian infantry, which advanced as far as Obolo on Oturkpo-Nsukka Road, was easily repelled. It ran out of ammunition. At the Supreme Headquarters in Lagos, they were accusing Shuwa, the commander, of not sending enough information about what was going on. Shuwa counter-accused that he was not getting enough and timely orders. Requests for ammunition and hardware procurement were chaotically coming to the Federal Armament Board from different units, not collectively from the central command.
Major S.A. Alao, acting commander of Nigerian Air Force (after George Kurubo defected to Biafran High Command) together with the German adviser, Lieutenant Colonel Karl Shipp, had travelled to many European cities to buy jets. They were unsuccessful. Gowon had written to the American president for arms. The State Department declined military assistance to either side. Gowon replied that he was not requesting for assistance, but a right to buy arms from the American market. That too was rejected.
The CIA had predicted a victory for Ojukwu, but American diplomatic and consular corps in Nigeria predicted victory for the Federal side and concluded that a united Nigeria served American interests better than the one without the Eastern Region. Two conflicting conclusions from an important department and a useful agency. The American government chose to be neutral. Dean Rusk, America’s Secretary of State said: “America is not in a position to take action as Nigeria is an area under British influence.”
The British on the other hand were foot-dragging. At the insistence of Awolowo, “the acting prime minister” as he was called in diplomatic circles, Gowon approached the Soviet Union.
According to a secret cable (dated 24/08/67) sent by Dr. Martin Hillenbrand, American Ambassador in East Germany, to his counterpart in Lagos, MCK Ajuluchukwu, Ojukwu’s special envoy, met Soviet Ambassador to Nigeria, Alexandr Romanov, in Moscow in June 1967. Romanov said that for USSR to recognize Biafra and supply it arms, the latter had to nationalize the oil industry. Ojukwu refused, saying that he had no money to reimburse the oil companies and that Biafrans did not have the expertise to run the oil installations.
A month later, Anthony Enahoro, the Federal Commissioner for Information and Labour, went to Moscow, signed a cultural agreement with Moscow and promised to nationalize the oil industry, including its allied industries once they got arms to recapture them from the Biafrans. Within days, 15 MiGs arrived in sections in Ikeja and Kano airports, awaiting assemblage. There was no nationalization.

Meanwhile, buoyed by the confidence from early success, the Biafrans went on the offensive. Their B26 (one of the six originally intended for use against the Nigerian Navy) was fitted with multiple canon and 50mm calibre machine gun mounts. It conducted bombing raids on Makurdi airfield, Kano and Kaduna. Luckily for Nigeria, the two transport DC3s had gone to Lagos to get more reserve mortar and 106-artillery ammo. In Kano, there were no fatalities, only a slight damage to the wing of a commercial plane.
Kaduna, however, was not that lucky. On 10 August 1967, the B26 dropped bombs on Kaduna airbase, damaging many buildings and the main hangar. The German consulate in Kaduna confirmed that a German citizen, a Dornier technician tasked with maintaining Nigerian military planes, was killed and two others injured.
A week later, the senior traffic control officer, A.O. Amaku, was arrested for sabotage. He was accused of failing to shut off the airport’s homing device, thus giving the Biafran plane navigational assistance. His British assistant, Mr. Palfrey, was similarly suspected. He resigned and immediately returned to the UK. However, Major Obada, the airbase commanding officer and an Urhobo from the Midwest, strongly defended the accused.
The daring bomb raid provoked many more Northern civilians to run to the nearest army base and enlist to fight.
According to a report by US Ambassador Elbert Matthews, cabled to Washington on 3 July 1967, unidentified men tried to bomb the police headquarters in Lagos on the night of 2 July. They attempted to drive an automobile into the compound, but the guards did not open the gate. They packed the car across the street near a small house opposite a petrol station. Leaving the car, the men fled and within seconds, an explosion took place. The house was demolished and all its occupants killed, but the petrol station was unaffected. Eleven people, including some of the guards at the police headquarters, were injured.
Two hours later, a second explosion, from explosives in a car parked by a petrol station, rocked Yaba. This time, the station caught fire. The ambassador remarked: “It is possible this is a start of campaign of terrorism…public reactions could further jeopardize safety of Ibos in Lagos.” And sure it did.
A Lagos resident, who visited the police headquarters after the attack, told the Australian ambassador “Ibos must be killed.”
There was panic all over Lagos. Anti-Igbo riots broke out. Northern soldiers at the 2nd Battalion Barracks in Ikeja used the opportunity to launch a mini-version of the previous year’s torture and massacre of the Igbo in the North. On 7 July 1967, Lagos State governor, Lieutenant Colonel Mobolaji Johnson, condemned the bombing in a radio broadcast. “A good number of Igbos in Lagos is innocent and loyal to the federal government. It is only fair that they be allowed to go about their business unmolested so long as they abide by the law and are not agents and evildoers,” Johnson said.
He called for Lagosians to join civil defence units and for Easterners to come and register with the police.
Meanwhile, the corpses of troops and soldiers wounded in Yahe, Wakande, Obudu and Gakem that arrived Kaduna by train on 11 July 1967 sparked enormous interest in enlistment and volunteering. Recruitment centres were established in Ibadan, Enugu, Lagos and Kano. But it was at the Kano centre, headquarters of the 4th Battalion of the Nigerian Regiment that generated the biggest number of recruits. According to the US confidential cable of 17 July 1967, 20,000 of these were veterans, who had been recruited to fight on the British side in Burma. The Burma veterans marched angrily to the recruitment offices to replace those that had been killed or injured. Around 7,000 were accepted. Of these, 5,000 were immediately sent to the frontline. They said they needed no training; only guns.
As they advanced, towards the outskirts of Ikem, 4km southeast of Nsukka, when mortal fires from the Biafran artillery landed close by, inexperienced recruits ducked for cover behind their transport columns out of fear and incompetence in bush warfare. Not these Burma veterans. Damboa, the Regional Editor of the Morning Post, was embedded with some of these veterans under the command of Major Shande, formerly of the 5th Battalion, Kano, which Ojukwu commanded in 1963.
One day, at about 2a.m, Biafran forces began firing from the jungle in the hope of drawing a return fire if the enemy was ahead. “But the veterans were too smart and began to creep towards the source of firing. After some time, the Biafran troops began to advance thinking that there were no federal troops ahead since there was no return of fire. They walked straight into the pointing guns of these veterans, their fingers squeezed the triggers,” said Damboa to a US Consulate officer named Arp.
These veterans were shooting at innocent Igbo civilians, too. Damboa further told Arp, when he came back from the frontlines on 17 September 1967, that “federal troops were shooting most Ibo civilians on sight, including women and children except for women with babies in their arms. Initially they observed the rules laid down by Gowon on the treatment of civilians. Then, after the takeover of the Midwest, they heard stories that Ibo soldiers had killed all the northerners they found residing in the Midwest. Since that time, Federal troops have been shooting Ibo civilians on sight,” added Damboa.
The Midwest Invasion
Something was happening to Biafran soldiers, which the Federal troops observed but could not explain. Indeed, the fortunes of the Federal troops were improving. Colonel Benjamin Adekunle’s 3rd Marine Commando had landed on 25 July 1967 at Bonny Island, establishing a heavy presence of federal forces in the creeks. Two L29 Delfins fighter jets from Czechoslovakia (NAF 401 and NAF 402) were at the Ikeja Airport and battle ready.
Five more, on board Polish vessel Krakow, were a week away from the Apapa Ports. Major Lal, an ammunition ordnance officer seconded from the Indian Army to Nigeria, had arrived from Eastern Europe, where he had gone to acquire information necessary to utilize Czech aerial ordnance. Sections of 15 Soviet MiG bombers hidden in NAF hangars were being assembled by 40 Russian technicians lodging in Central Hotel, Kano. Bruce Brent of Mobil Oil was flying jet oil to Kano to fuel these bombers. Captain N.O. Sandburg of Nigerian Airlines had flown in seven pilots, who had previously done mercenary work in South Africa and Congo, to fly the MiGs. Names, birthdates and passport numbers of 26 Russians, who were to serve as military advisors had been passed to Edwin Ogbu, Permanent Secretary, External Affairs Ministry. They were in Western Europe awaiting a direct flight to Lagos.
But George Kurubo, the Federal Air Force Chief of Staff, who had earlier joined the Biafran high command, had defected back to the fold and had been sent to Moscow as ambassador to facilitate the flow of more arms from the Soviets.
Lt. Colonel Oluwole Rotimi, Quartermaster-General of the Nigerian Army, went to western Europe with a fat chequebook.
What followed was the arrival of Norwegian ship, Hoegh Bell, bearing 2,000 cases of ammunition; and British ship, Perang, which discharged its own 2000 cases of ammunition. A German ship Suderholm also arrived. Those in charge of it claimed she was in Apapa to offload gypsum. But the US defense attaché reported that it was carrying “300 tonnes of 60mm and 90mm ammo.” The Ghanaian vessel, Sakumo Lagoon, was already in Lome, heading to Apapa to discharge its own ammo. A cache of 1,000 automatic fabriquenationale rifles had arrived Lagos by air on 8 August 1967 from the UK.
Speaking secretly to UK Defence Attaché, Lt. Colonel Ikwue said he too had gone to the German Defence Firm, Merex, to buy ammunition: 106mm US recoilless rifles at $86 per round; 84mm ammo for the Carl Gustav recoilless rifles at $72 per round; 105mm HEAT- High Explosive Anti-Tank warheads at $47 per round. Ikwue also bought three English Electra Canberra, eight Mark II Bombers at $105,000 each, 15 Sabre MK VI-T33 Jets at $100,000 each.
With all of these, Awolowo, rejected Hassan Katsina’s request for funding of 55, 000 more rifles for new recruits. However, he agreed once Gowon intervened and assured him it was not a request inspired by fraudulent intentions.
Federal troops had captured Nsukka, 56km from Enugu. Over 200 non-Igbo Biafran policemen had fled across the Mamfe border into Cameroun. In Ogoja, the Ishibori, Mbube and other non-Igbo Biafrans welcomed the federal troops after driving out the Biafran troops in a fierce battle.
The Biafrans blew up the bridge over the Ayim River at Mfume as they retreated.
The momentum was with the Federal side, but they knew their victories were not only because of their military superiority. At critical stages of battle, even when the Biafrans were clearly winning, they suddenly withdrew. An instance was on 15 July 1967, to the west of Nsukka on the route to Obolo. According to a conversation Colonel J.R. Akahan, Nigeria’s Chief of Army Staff, had with British Defence Advisor, the Nigerian infantry companies of the 4th Battalion, totally unaware of the presence of the 8th Battalion of the Biafran army, were buried under a hail of bullets and mortar.
Yet, the Biafran forces began to retreat. This enabled the remnants of the federal infantry company to regroup and successfully counter-attack. Even more senior Biafran commanders that should have been aware that the area had come under federal control were driving into the arms of the federal side. Nzeogwu and Tome Bigger (Ojukwu’s half-brother) were victims of the mysterious happening. Ojukwu initially put this down to breakdown of communication in the chain of command. During a special announcement over Biafran radio on 15 July 1967, Ojukwu said: “Yesterday, a special attack, which would have completely sealed the doom of enemy troops in the Nsukka sector of the northern front, was ruthlessly sabotaged by a mysterious order from the army high command…Our valiant troops were treacherously exposed to enemy flanks.”
At 9.30p.m on 8 August 1967, Biafran forces invaded the Midwest. In the recollection of Major (Dr.) Albert Nwazu Okonkwo, military administrator of Midwest, made available in confidence through an American teacher living in Asaba to Clinton Olson, Deputy Chief of Mission in Lagos on 1 November 1967, it was known by 4 August 1967 in Asaba that the Midwest, West and Lagos would soon be invaded.
On 5 August, Ojukwu had warned the Midwest government, headed by Colonel David Ejoor, that if northern troops were allowed to stay in the Midwest, the region would become a battleground. Many Midwestern officers knew of the plans; some of them had gone to Biafra earlier to help in the preparations. Lt Col. Nwawo, Commander of the Fourth Area Command at Benin, was probably aware. Lt Col. Okwechime, according to the document, certainly knew of it. Lt Col. Nwajei did not know and was never trusted by the anti-Lagos elements in the Midwest. “After the Biafran takeover, Nwajei was sent back to his village of Ibusa, where he was said to be engaged in repainting his home until just the arrival of Nigerian troops in the area,” disclosed the document.
Major Albert Okonkwo, later appointed military administrator, did not know in advance. Lieutenant (later Major) Joseph Isichei and Lieutenant Colonel Chukwurah were not informed in advance. “Major Samuel Ogbemudia participated in the invasion, properly by prior agreement,” the document stated.
That night of 8 August, Biafran army units blazed across the Onitsha Bridge and disarmed the Asaba garrison that was then stationed at St Peter’s Teachers’ Training College. Then they went on to the Catering Rest House, where Midwest officers were living, and disarmed the officers. The only exception was Major Asama, the local commander, who escaped and drove to Agbor at about 22.30hrs.
There were no casualties except for one officer with a gunshot wound in the leg. The invading force drove to Agbor, where it split into three columns. One column drove northwards towards Auchi and Aghenebode. A second column went to Warri and Sapele.
“The main force led by Victor Banjo was supposed to drive on to Benin and capture Ijebu-Ode, reach Ibadan on 9 August, reach Ikeja near Lagos by 10 August, setting up a blockade there to seal off the capital city,” the document quoted Okonkwo as saying.
However, this main column stopped in Agbor for six hours, reaching Benin at dawn. There was no real resistance in Benin, where no civilian was killed. The main column left Benin for Ijebu-Ode early in the afternoon. It stopped at Ore, just at the Western Region’s border.
According to US Defense Attaché report, three weeks before, Ejoor informed the Supreme Headquarters that he had information that Ojukwu was planning to send soldiers in mufti to conquer the Midwest. So, the 3rd Battalion, which was heading towards the Okene – Idah route to join the 1st Division on the Nsukka frontline, was ordered to stop at Owo. The first Recce Squadron from Ibadan, which had already reached Okene, was reassigned to take care of any surprise in the Midwest. By the time Lagos heard of the invasion, this squadron was quickly upgraded from company strength to a battalion, with troops of Shuwa’s 1st Division across the river, and another battalion was stationed at Idah to hold a defensive alignment against any Biafran surprise from Auchi.
Upon receiving the telephone call from Major Asama about the Biafran invasion at Asaba, Ejoor hurriedly left his wife and children at the State House, went to his friend, Dr Albert Okonkwo at Benin Hospital to borrow his car. He then sought asylum in the home of Catholic Bishop of Benin, Patrick Kelly.
In his first radio address to the people of Midwest on 9 August 1967, Banjo said Ejoor was safe and “efforts were being made to enlist his continued service in Midwest and in Nigeria.” Ejoor stayed in the seminary next door to the bishop’s house for almost two weeks, receiving visitors including Banjo, Colonels Nwawo and Nwajei, Major (Dr.) Okonkwo, who were trying to persuade him to make a speech supporting the new administration.
Ejoor refused. He was told that he was free to go wherever he wished without molestation. Not trusting what they might do, he went back to Isoko his native area, where he remained till federal forces captured it on 22 September 1967.
Before Banjo knew the full score, he met with Mr. Bell, UK Deputy High Commissioner, the evening of Benin invasion. Bell summarized his and Banjo’s words as:
a. There were no fatal casualties though some were wounded.
b. Ejoor and two senior officers were not in Benin when Eastern troops arrived. Bell had firm impression that they had been warned about the day’s event.
c. All the Midwest is now under the control of combined East/Midwest forces.
d. East was asked to cooperate by certain Midwest officers because an invasion of the Midwest by the North was imminent.
e. That he does not agree with Ojukwu on the separate existence of Biafra. He is convinced that a united Nigeria is essential.
f. Bell said he saw only three officers at the army headquarters: one was a Midwestern medical officer (Major Okoko). All others were Easterners.
 Vic Rosenthal's Weekly Column


Israelis are good at Viewing With Alarm. And today’s newspaper is full of things to be alarmed about, all the way from the 130,000 missiles aimed at us and controlled by a regime that announces every day that we will soon be destroyed (and has set up a countdown clock to emphasize that), through the millions of Euros spent each day by supposedly civilized European governments to empower barbarians who want to kill us (and who try every day), including the Iranian buildup close to our border in the Syrian Golan heights, and finishing up with the newly paved road built by PA Arabs to bypass the (still unfinished) security fence for the purpose of smuggling weapons, drugs and terrorists across the Green Line. 

We’ve been viewing some of these with alarm for years, but have done little about them. Why do we allow these things – and so many others – to fester until they become crises?

Why did we allow Hezbollah forces to rearm and creep almost up to the border in violation of UNSC resolution 1701?

Why is the security barrier in Judea/Samaria unfinished?

Why don’t we stop the flow of money from the EU to illegal Palestinian building and subversive Israeli NGOs?

Why does Hezbollah now have so many rockets when they had only a few thousand left after the 2006 war?

Why was Hamas allowed to rebuild its attack tunnels after the 2014 war?

These and other similar questions all have similar answers: because it’s hard, expensive or complicated, or because powerful interests here or abroad oppose it. 

But these chickens will come home to roost, many of them on the same day, the day that Iran decides that it and its proxies are no longer too busy in Syria and Iraq to fulfill its national commitment to wipe us off the map, and we find ourselves in a multi-front war. And what were small problems that could have been dealt with one by one become components of an existentially dangerous complex. Nevertheless, we can prevail if we take control of the situation instead of simply reacting to events.

If you think that there is a good probability that war with Iran/Lebanon/Syria can be avoided, I would like to hear the scenario. Today – and a great deal of thanks is due to Barak Obama for this – the Iranian project to control the region and its resources is progressing rapidly and with little opposition. Iranian forces and proxies will soon link up at the Iraq-Syria border, creating a corridor for supplying game-changing weapons to Hezbollah in Lebanon and for threatening Jordan and even Jerusalem. In a very short time, Iran will have a nuclear umbrella under which to shelter its aggression. If nobody is willing to challenge the regime now, will they be more likely to do so then?

Analogies abound. Like Hezbollah, Germany after WWI rearmed itself in violation of international law. Could Hitler have been stopped more easily in 1936, when he remilitarized the Rhineland, than in 1939? Almost certainly. But nobody stopped him, and they didn’t stop him from taking Czechoslovakia in 1938 either.

There often appear to be good reasons for not doing anything about a threat. North Korea developed nuclear weapons over a period of decades, and manipulated the US into paying it to not do what it did anyway. The risk from Pyongyang’s conventional artillery aimed at the South was often cited as the reason for not taking stronger action. But it’s hard to believe that a power like the US could not find a creative way to neutralize that threat. And now the danger is nuclear.

War is a horrible thing for everyone involved, and starting a war of aggression is a crime. But wars of self-defense are a necessary evil, and it is the obligation of every regime to defend its population. There is no more primordial function of a government than that. 

When you are certain that you will be attacked, you can wait for the attack and defend yourself, or you can preemptively attack your enemy (Sanhedrin 72a). Both options have advantages: it requires more firepower to attack an entrenched force than for one to defend itself. But a preemptive attack can benefit from the element of surprise, especially if the enemy is unprepared. A preemptive attack takes place at the time and under the conditions preferred by the attacker. And – this is very important for a country with little strategic depth like Israel – a preemptive attack puts the war on the enemy’s territory, not among your own population.

It’s likely that the Jewish state will never be the popular favorite in international circles. The longer a war continues, the easier it is for the international community to force Israel to stop fighting before its objectives are realized. So the best way for Israel to fight is to launch a sudden, massive preemptive attack that will destroy the enemy’s military capability before international opposition can mobilize itself to force an end to the war.

Although a preemptive attack would result in more civilian casualties on the enemy side, waiting to be attacked would shift the burden to our own people. The choice here is clear.

For some years, however, Israel has avoided preemptively attacking its enemies. One reason is that she has been at the mercy of the US for supplies. If Israel is perceived as the aggressor, she could be cut off from receiving resupply of materials it buys and otherwise punished. Thus Henry Kissinger told Moshe Dayan that Israel would “not have received as much as a nail from the United States” if it had launched preemptive attacks in 1973.

The presence of Russian forces in the region which could intervene quickly is another factor that has to be taken into account.

But winning the coming war with Iran and its proxies may depend on preemption, due to the large number of missiles possessed by Hezbollah, Hezbollah’s improved training and quality of weapons, and the number of fronts that might become active. Analysts have pointed to the ability of Hezbollah to make incursions into Israeli territory, something that could be devastating to our small country. So Israeli planners should think about how to manage a preemptive war even without assistance from the US – what should be stockpiled, and how to strike massive enough blows to end the war as quickly as possible.

In the very near future, Israel will face one of the greatest military challenges in her history. It will take determined action to survive. It will especially take planning, the same kind of meticulous planning that gave us one of the most successful preemptive air attacks in history, Operation Focus, which destroyed the Arab air forces on the ground in 1967. But if we don’t do it now, when will we do it?

The chances of curing cancer improve when it is caught early. And if you are going to perform surgery, you need to cut out the main tumor, not just its metastases. As the previous king of Saudi Arabia said, when you are attacked by a snake, you need to cut off its head, not its tail.




We have lots of ideas, but we need more resources to be even more effective. Please donate today to help get the message out and to help defend Israel.
          For sale - spro dd Crankbaits Vintage - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage ll Bean Fly Fishing Vest usa 20 Pocket With... - Auction   

Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage Red Man Tournament Trail 10th Anniversary... - Auction   

Bass 3991, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - vintage penn senator 4/0 big game conventional... - Auction   

Saltwater 2430, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Old School bmx gt Seat Clamp fits Pro Performer... - $25   
York 6302, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - haro bmx handlebar stem 45 mm, savage gyro... - $31   
Exeter 5019, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Hong Kong, Norway, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Silver Haro fusion Ground Round 14mm Front And Rear... - $83   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Norway, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Black Haro fusion Ground Round 10mmfront And 14mm... - $83   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Norway, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/48 8,95 €   

          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/72 8,95 €   

          RETRO PŘÁTELSKÉ DEKORAČNÍ HRNÍČKY - 2ks - 160   
Vystavované, bez poškození - fialovo - růžový motiv se zlatým okrajem. Český výrobek - Made in Czechoslovakia - viz foto. Výška 7cm, průměr podšálku 13cm. Platba na účet, poštovné 85,-kč doporučeně. Odpovědi pouze přes kontaktní formulář. ...
          A 25th-Anniversary Retelling of a Peaceful Revolution   
“The Velvet Oratorio,” written by Edward Einhorn and composed and directed by Henry Akona, commemorates the 25th anniversary of the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia.
          Kommt Funkkontakt zwischen Fahrern und Teams?   
Beim WM-Lauf auf dem Slovakia Ring wurden in einer Besprechung mit den Teams vom Promotor der FIM Endurance-Weltmeisterschaft Eurosport Events Verbesserungsvorschläge für die kommende Saison vorgelegt.
          For sale - Yamaha ecu 68V-40 F8T ... Fits 2000-06 & up 115hp... - $400   

Sydney 2000, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - yamaha lower mount rubber housing #61A- ... - $118   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - yamaha lower side mount dampers #66K- ... - $118   
Page 2614, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - yamaha ext manifold #69J- ... - $74   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          European Youth Sprint: medals to eight nations   
The first race in the European Youth Championships, the Sprint, resulted in medals for 8 different nations including a Gold for Jakub Dekret from the host nation, Slovakia in class M18.
          Does the Fan Violence at Euro 2016 Augur a Return to Soccer’s Bad Old Days?   

For the few of us Americans who were paying attention to soccer in the 1980s, the game was often synonymous with violence. My memories of the very first live professional soccer game I attended are not of sparkling offense (this was late 1980s Arsenal) or dogged defense, but of fear. I can’t tell you who won that day, but I can tell you about the terraces crumbling around the railings of the stands, the loutish fans that groped a female friend of mine, the frightfully narrow turnstiles that would become meat grinders if there was a rush to the exits, and the helmeted mounted policemen patrolling the streets before and after the match. This was all part of the thrilling and repulsive atmosphere of English football, and it was fascinating in the Latin sense of the word: It cast an evil spell.

This evil was the subject of the first book I ever read about soccer, Bill Buford’s Among the Thugs, which I picked up in the early 1990s just as English football was cleaning up its act in the wake of the tragedies at Hillsborough and Heysel. Changes in stadium design, rules about drinking at games, better security measures, and efforts to recruit fans into the fight against hooliganism mean that, with a few grisly exceptions, attending a football match in Europe doesn’t usually mean taking your life into your hands. With the creation of the Premier League in 1992, the game began its rehabilitation in the land of its birth, becoming the multibillion-dollar, family-friendly, largely-inaccessible-in-person-to-the-working-class stadium spectacle that we have today. While nostalgia for the days when schoolboys could attend games for less than a pound still runs high in some quarters, very few pine for the days when a Saturday afternoon spent in the stands could very well mean a Saturday night spent in the hospital.

These days Americans who consider themselves soccer fans are likely to support a Premier League club and may have no memories of the bad old days. The beatings and, to a lesser extent, the racism seem to belong to another time, or perhaps another place. But racist chants continue to be heard frequently in Spain, fans in Italy are knifed, and overall soccer violence in continental Europe seems to be on the rise. This year’s Euros have so far been as notable for fan violence as for the quality of play. After brawls between Russian and English fans both inside and outside the stadium in Marseille last week, UEFA considered banning both sides from the tournament straightaway and on Tuesday handed down a suspended disqualification to Russia, which means any more in-stadium violence will result in the Russians being kicked out of the tournament. (Though Wednesday’s game against Slovakia was quieter in that regard, one fan did manage to smuggle a flare into the stadium.)

France had been preparing for violence at this year’s tournament, but not the sort of hooliganism that until recently seemed to be on the wane. After last November’s terrorist attacks in Paris, French authorities were on guard for something much worse than drunken punch-ups and vandalism. If we are fortunate, nothing that horrible will mar the Euros, but so far it’s the crowds themselves that are more violent than any in recent memory. To make matters worse, this violence was being met with an initial shrug—followed by encouragement, with a dash of homophobia thrown in—by the very Russian officials who will be hosting the next World Cup. They have since begun to walk back this laissez-faire attitude, but how hooligans will respond to their government’s pleas and what all this means for when the world gathers in Russia in 2018 is anyone’s guess.

In the midst of all this, we are forced to consider that large gatherings of people can easily become targets for larger attack. One of the targets of the Paris terrorists was a France-Germany match at the Stade de France, the stadium where this year’s Euros kicked off. Those terrorists may have chosen soccer because it is a symbol of capitalism, even if a number of French players are Muslims. Soccer used to have important class dimensions and in some places different clubs are associated with different political positions, or with different religions. But most of the violence in stadiums is generally perpetrated by one group that has a manufactured hatred of another based on an allegiance to a club or country, rather than to football itself.

For close to 20 years, Europeans were largely successful in making soccer safe, but that seems to be changing. Perhaps the new economic uncertainty—a kind similar to that which plagued Britain in the Thatcher years and which may have contributed to the anger that fueled that era’s hooliganism—is behind the comeback in endogenous football violence. Of course, any danger from hooligans is eclipsed by the exogenous violence of terrorists. In the case of both hooliganism and terrorism, though, our public gathering places get wrested from us. The changes in England after Hillsborough and Heysel show that it is possible to make football stadiums safer. The terrorist attack at the Stade de France showed that it will never be possible to make them completely safe.

Read more Slate coverage of Euro 2016 and Copa America.


          When Will England, Wales, and Northern Ireland Make a Brexit from Euro 2016?   

I’m sure it’s no coinkydink—and I can’t be the first to have noticed—that the group rounds for Euro 2016 end the day before the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, aka, Brexit. With Britain on the verge of self-exile from the wider European family, here’s one man’s assessment of the chances for a British soccer Brexit before the knockout stages. (Spoiler alert: duh.)

England

vs. Russia: Given its plethora of attacking options, England employ not so much a Christmas-tree formation as a Menorah, leaving only Chris Smalling and Joe Hart back on defense. Attacking in waves of nine, they score first on a lucky rebound off of Dele Alli’s knee from 30 yards, but ultimately lose a squeaker, 9-1. Rooney’s days as an out-and-out disaster in major tournaments seem, sadly, to be not at all numbered.

vs. Wales: “Needing a win to have any real hope of advancing”™ (trademark the English Football Association), England revert to a more traditional formation in which it doesn’t matter what their formation is, they just give the ball away a lot. Gareth Bale has a field day with both fullbacks, Walker and Rose, and both at the same time, and this double-teaming of Bale has no actual effect as the be-bunned Welshman scores a hat-trick in the first 20 minutes. England storm back with three late goals from nine-year old Marcus Rashford, who replaces Wayne Rooney after an hour, and in the dreams of all Manchester United fans. “Will a point be enough?”™

vs. Slovakia: Four days before the Brexit vote, England “face a do-or-die third group game”™ against mighty Slovakia. “Liverpool’s Martin Skrtel”™ opens the scoring for Slovakia, towering above 5-foot-6 Raheem Sterling at the far post (England planned that match-up in a pre-game meeting subsequently leaked by English coach Ray Lewington). At halftime, England manager Roy Hodgson mistakenly invokes the spirit of 1996 rather than 1966 and assures his team that if it gets to penalties they’ll surely go through. As there are no penalties in the group rounds, England’s last-minute equalizer by Joe Hart (who, tired of the nine attackers missing so many chances-, has come up for a corner) leaves England with but two points, and an almost certain Brexit.

Wales

vs. Slovakia: aka “the game that made Joe Allen”™. Joe Allen comes on for the last five minutes of Wales’ 3-0 defeat and with some deft defensive tackles ensures it doesn’t end 4-0. Gareth Bale is marked out of the game by “Liverpool’s Martin Skrtel”™. Welsh people remember en masse that rugby is their real sport.

vs. England: See above. From a Welsh perspective, not great. In an interview after the game, one Welsh fan, Dai Jones, intones, “Bale was magical, a dragon amongst beefeaters, as beautiful as a field of bloody daffodils! The rest of them? The Thatcher-decimated coal industry is more productive than that shower!”

vs. Russia: Wales heads home after a humbling at the hands of a non-member of the EU. One point from a possible nine is not what a team including Gareth Bale, Aaron Ramsey, and Joe Allen should be acquiring. Jazz Richards, defender, has a poor tournament, too, probably because he’s passing in five/four time, whereas his teammates are, according to Dai Jones, “waltzing about doing nothing!”

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland—facing games against Poland, Ukraine, and world champs Germany—also attended Euro 2016.

Read more Slate coverage of Euro 2016.


          France’s Euro 2016 Kit Looks Like a Pair of Blue Pajamas, and Other Jersey Thoughts   

If you live in a major metropolitan area and you walk, take public transportation, or enjoy day-drinking, there’s a good chance that you will see someone, probably a young-ish man, possibly with a beard, wearing a soccer jersey in the next few weeks. For some, wearing a soccer jersey in public has a symbolic significance; it tells the world that you support a certain team, and depending on the vintage of the kit, it can signal how long you have been a fan. Most national and club teams change their shirts yearly, which makes perfect sense in this most capitalistic of world sports. This year is no exception, with sportswear giants like Nike, Adidas, and Puma, as well as upstarts like New Balance and old stalwarts like Umbro, issuing new uniforms for the 24 European and 16 American teams playing in the Euros and Copa America. And as more U.S. citizens identify as soccer fans, expect to see more and more shiny polyester on the streets.

I have the good fortune of living in a neighborhood that’s home to a store that will likely supply a large number of these jerseys. Upper 90 opened six years ago on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, and in that time has been so successful that it doubled in size, taking over the space of a car-service dispatcher that was doomed once Uber came to town. During the rest of the year, this is the place to go if you are looking for soccer shoes for your Sunday league game, or more likely for your kids, and the floors are stocked with shorts, sweatshirts, hats, and jerseys of popular European club teams such as Barcelona, Chelsea, Bayern Munich, and in particular, Arsenal. If you were to walk in to Upper 90 tomorrow, you could still find the latest Arsenal, and for some reason Borussia Dortmund kits, but most of the rest have been replaced by the national strips of teams playing in this year’s tournaments.

I asked some of the many young salespeople working at Upper 90 if business is any different in cup season. The consensus answer was: not yet, but they expect it to pick up. After the Copa began last week, more customers have come in looking for national team shirts. The U.S. is popular, despite its forgettable shirt—especially forgettable, that is, when compared with this—but Mexico and Colombia shirts are also selling briskly. European team gear is not as popular yet, but the store expects to see more sales after that tournament starts on Friday. Based on the calls they have received so far, France, who is hosting the Euros this year, is poised to sell a lot of shirts to Americans. As one salesman commented, “The French, they always have style.” In the past that may have been true, but this year’s France kit, made by Nike, looks like a pair of blue pajamas, or even worse, a little too much like Italy’s.

That a store like Upper 90 can thrive in the age of internet shopping is a surprise, especially when it isn’t even allowed to sell gear from all the teams playing in the tournaments. For some teams, like Romania, this is because the store doesn’t have a distribution deal with the kit manufacturer, in this case Joma. Upper 90 did manage to score some Albania jerseys manufactured by the Italian company Macron. Apparently this is because the store’s owner knows a guy who has a connection, and it’s a good thing, because they are fielding at least three calls a day from fans looking for the red jersey with the black double-headed eagle. (Eagles, with one head or two, are a popular motif this year, appearing on the crests of Russia and Austria as well.) Upper 90 stocks some of the more obscure jerseys from teams like Bosnia and Slovakia, but a number of popular shirts are unavailable.

According to one staffer, Nike is not shipping certain teams’ kits to retail outlets, reserving them for sale online. One of the most popular jerseys that seems to be available exclusively online is Poland’s, an irritating fact to the folks at Upper 90 who have to turn away customers, and to denizens of Greenpoint. Even more disappointing, at least for soccer fans with more adventurous fashion sense, is the absence of shirts from Turkey and always distinctive Croatia. This is a new policy, since the red-and-white checked strip featured prominently in the store window during the last World Cup, although it’s not often seen in the wild, or on the Upper West Side. The salespeople I talked to were somewhat sanguine about Nike’s decision, though they were as surprised as I was that Nike would miss a chance to sell its products as widely as possible since every uniformed fan is a walking advertisement for the company.

Over the next month, don’t be surprised by the brightly colored technical fabrics adorning the backs of fans and poseurs alike. If you feel up to it, ask about the shirt; soccer fans love to talk about their obsessions. But be suspicious of the bearded, bespectacled hipster rocking a bright yellow Brazil shirt. And if you see anyone sporting this, run the other way. 

Read more Slate coverage of Euro 2016.


          Re: Anton Valachovic, Kuty, Czechoslovakia   
I just found your response. I don't know if there is a connection, but it's worth finding out. please use my email address which is bvalco[at]comcast.net.
          Re: Anton Valachovic, Kuty, Czechoslovakia   
Hello,
I just started my family tree and noticed Anton in some online records. My Grand Father, whom has pasted in 1999, always talked about coming from Czech.
He is the only Czech I found at this point.
My grand father was John Richard Valachovic. Living grand mother Irene. If you find a link please share any info. I will do the same.
Thank you.
          Desc of Joseph Valachovic (born abt 1840-Kuty) Wedding pics   
I am assembling a collection of family wedding pictures. If you are a descendant of Joseph Valachovic (born abt 1840 in Kuty, Slovakia/Czechoslovakia) and have any wedding pictures of any descendants, please consider sharing them. You can see the current collection at www.valcovic.com (click on Family Wedding Album). I will be glad to share any that I have/get. I have pictures of the immediate family, but would REALLY like to expand the collection! You may email me at bvalco@comcast.net.
          Anton Valachovic, Kuty, Czechoslovakia   
I am researching the family of Anton Valachovic born in Kuty, Slovakia probably about 1815-1820, married to Driska (which I think is her surname). He had 5 children: Joseph (b. abt 1840, married Elizabeth Pollak), Anthony (married Helen Sefcovic), Susan (married Stephen Kovar), Eva, & Matej (Matthew, married Anna Pollak). Any information on ancestors will be greatly appreciated. I will be happy to share any information I have.
          For sale - Bisou Bisou Women's Size L Silky Tank 100%... - Auction   

Price 5570, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Chrome Good Cook Kitchen Scale 5 Lbs/2.2kg With... - $16   

Cook 5710, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - moda white faux leather summer shoulder bag/clutch... - Auction   

Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - breville professional fryer with removable bowl in... - $47   
Green Hill 4865, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Saudi ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - crock-pot 210W 3.5L slow cooker with removable bowl... - $1   
Green Hill 4865, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - crock-pot 210W 3.5L slow cooker with removable pot... - $1   
Green Hill 4865, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Set of 3 Grape Vine Design, Metal Candlestick... - $15   
Holder 2611, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 2 Wine Bottle Wall Hanging Wine Rack Metal Grape... - Auction   

Exeter 2579, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - lot of 10 Plastic Decorative Pretend Faux Fruit... - $6   

Orange 2800, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 2014 Nike Air Jordan True Flight Bright Grape/Pink/A... - $35   
Bright 3741, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Livie and Luca Livie & Luca Purple Grape Patent... - $40   
Texas 4385, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Decorative Copper & Agate Purple Stone Grape... - $39   

Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          5 Pesepak Bola Muda Ini Kariernya Rusak karena Cedera   

Cedera menjadi momok menakutkan bagi para pesepak bola. Karier mereka di lapangan hijau terancam berakhir bila cedera parah yang diderita.

Tidak sedikit pemain yang harus gantung sepatu, karena cederanya kerap kambuh. Akibatnya, mereka banyak berurusan dengan pemulihan cedera dan tidak berkembang dengan maksimal.



Para pemain yang diprediksi bisa bersinar di masa depan, malah tenggelam sebelum sempat berkembang. Pada masa lalu, Marco van Basten pernah mengalaminya. Dia harus mengakhiri karier sepakbola profesionalnya pada usia 28 tahun. Van Basten mundur karena cedera engkel kambuhan.

Pria kelahiran Utrecht itu sering disebut sebagai striker terbaik yang pernah dimiliki oleh Belanda. Salah satu momen yang akan terus dikenang dari penyerang yang identik dengan naluri gol dan teknik tinggi ini adalah gol cantik ke gawang Uni Soviet di tahun 1988.

Di era sepak bola modern, ada yang bernasib seperti Van Basten tapi terdapat nya nasibnya lebih baik karena masih bisa merumput. Berikut daftarnya seperti dilansir Sportskeeda:

Saksikan video menarik di bawah ini:

4. Jese Rodriguez, tidak masuk dalam rencana Zinedine Zidane untuk musim depan membuatnya harus segera mencari klub baru. Diberitakan Sky Sports, PSG siap mengakuisisi penyerang berkebangsaan Spanyol itu. (AFP/Pierre-Philippe Marcou)

5. Jese

Ketika Jese memulai debutnya secara kompetitif di Real Madrid pada tahun 2012 banyak yang memperkirakannya bakal jadi superstar. Kala itu dia berusia 19 tahun dan punya permainan mirip Raul.

Jese mulai memberi kesan saat jadi starter dengan mencetak delapan gol dalam 31 pertandingan di musim 2013-14 di bawah Carlo Ancelotti. Bencana melanda dalam pertandingan Liga Champions melawan Schalke, karena ia menderita cedera ligamen lutut serius yang belum pulih sepenuhnya.

Meskipun berpendapat hal itu membuat dia menjadi pemain yang lebih matang, nyatanya itu bikin kariernya belakangan meredup. Sejak itu, dia tidak pernah mendapatkan kembali posisinya di Madrid dan gagal memaksakan juga di Paris Saint-Germain. Jese kemudian dipinjamkan ke Las Palmas pada Januari lalu.

Jack Wilshere (telegraph)

4. Jack Wilshere

Karier profesional Jack Wilshere dimulai saat ia berusia 16 tahun bersama Arsenal. Sejak membuat debut Premier League di tahun 2008 melawan Blackburn, pemain berposisi gelandang serang tersebut hanya bermain 105 kali di tim asuhan Arsene Wenger.

Sejak menderita cedera pergelangan kaki pada bulan Juli 2011, dia telah bertahan dalam delapan kesempatan berbeda selama lebih dari 50 hari berturut-turut. Dia kemudian kembali cedera, kali ini mengalami retak tulang betis yang membuatnya kehilangan sebagian besar musim 2015-16 dan kemudian dipinjamkan ke Bournemouth.

Hanya yang paling optimis, bagaimanapun, berharap bisa melihatnya menjadi jenderal lini tengah berkelas yang pernah dijanjikan.

Abou Diaby Saat Masih Membela Arsenal (footballive)

3. Abou Diaby

Ketika fit, Abou Diaby dianggap sebagai pengganti Patrick Vieira di Arsenalya. Tak salah, dia pernah dianggap sebagai gelandang serbabisa di lini tengah.

Akan tetapi, Diaby rentan cedera. Selama karier profesional selama 13 tahun, dia hanya mengumpulkan 139 penampilan liga, termasuk hanya 28 kali sejak awal 2011. Pada akhir bulan lalu, dia akan dilepas oleh Marseille lantaran hanya tampil selama 165 menit dalam dua tahun.

Ini adalah fase buruk bagi si pemain, yang pada musim 2009-10 tampil mengerikan bagi The Gunners dan kemudian juga berpengaruh pada timnas Prancis saat diberi kesempatan dalam kampanye Piala Dunia 2010. Nahas memang, sekarang dia justru mencari klub yang bersedia memberinya kesempatan lagi.

Kerlon Moura Souza (Sportskeeda)

2. Kerlon

Kembali saat Youtube memberi dampak bagi para pesepak bola berbakat, nama Kerlon pernah jadi buah bibir. Dia bisa menggiring bola hanya dengan menggunakan kepalanya atau bagian atas tubuhnya, sehingga tidak mungkin mengeluarkannya tanpa melakukan pelanggaran.

Inter tidak ragu untuk mendatangkan pemain yang tidak biasa ini. Namun, pemain pemain Brasil U-20 itu mengalami nasib tragis setelah mengalami cedera lutut serius yang mencegahnya mendekati kebugaran penuh.

Dia akhirnya tenggelam dan teranyar bakal jadi pemain bebas transfer setelah dilepas klub Slovakia, Spartak Trnava. Nasib yang tragis buat Kerlon.

1. Yoann Gourcuff

Untuk melihat kualitas yang dimiliki Yoann Gourcuff, lihatlah gol yang diciptakannya untuk Bordeaux saat melawan Paris Saint-Germain pada bulan Januari 2009. Selama musim tersebut, ia menghasilkan momen-momen yang istimewa setiap minggunya.

Setahun kemudian, dia menjadi kunci saat Bordeaux mencapai perempat final Liga Champions. Dia jadi sosok yang membawa klub Prancis itu mengalahkan Juventus.

Gourcuff kemudian dibeli oleh Lyon pada musim panas tahun 2010 dan sepertinya akan terus cemerlang. Namun dia terkena serangkaian masalah yang membuatnya sangat tidak efektif untuk raksasa Rhone tersebut.

Sejak saat itu, dia tidak pernah bisa mendekati tingkat terbaiknya, dan beberapa di antaranya bahkan menunjukkan bahwa masalahnya lebih kepada mental daripada fisik. Sekarang, dia hanya membantu sang ayah, Christian, yang menjadi pelatih Rennes. (I. Eka Setiawan)


          Special Projects Group hosts Slovakian Specialists   
@argonne; @iaeaorg Fellowships - For more information read related news release...
          Historic Hotels of Europe zum ersten Mal zu Gast in Trencín   
Die Mitglieder des europäischen Dachverbands der Hotels in historischen Mauern "Historic Hotels of Europe" trifft sich zweimal jährlich. Ende Oktober findet zum ersten Mal ein Treffen in der Slowakei, im Hotel Elizabeth in Trencín statt. Hotel Elizabeth ist sowohl Mitglied von der slowakischen Vereinigung "Historic Hotels of Slovakia" als auch von "Schlosshotels & Herrenhäuser" mit Sitz in Salzburg und zahlreichen Hotels in acht Ländern.
          For sale - 1968 C 10 Chevrolet Truck Original Right Front... - Auction   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 85 wagoneer fender emblems - Auction   
Price 5570, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - wagoneer / J10 / J20 / cherokee 4 wheel drive... - Auction   
Cherokee 3434, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          Murray v Nadal, Federer v Djokovic in potential Wimbledon semis   
LONDON - Defending champion Andy Murray was drawn to potentially face fellow two-time winner Rafael Nadal in the Wimbledon semi-finals on Friday while Roger Federer, chasing a record eighth crown, was lined up to face three-time titlist Novak Djokovic. Top seed Murray will start his campaign on Monday against a qualifier while second seed Djokovic tackles Slovakia's Martin Klizan before a tricky ...
          Women World Leaders Share Their Life Lessons at Glamour Magazine's 2010 Women of the Year Awards   
Women world leaders, including Slovakian Prime Minister Iveta Radicova, Trinidad and Tobago's Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, ... tags: EllenglamourJohnsonofSeries:SirleaftheWomen World Leaders Share Their Life Lessons at Glamour Magazine's 2010 Women of the Year Awards
glamour
          : Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, 07 01 - 06:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          Europavorhersage: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, 01 Jul - 06:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          New Coaches Join Nordic Teams   

PARK CITY, Utah (June 29, 2017) – U.S. Ski & Snowboard partner organizations USA Nordic Sports and Women’s Ski Jumping USA have both announced new head coaches for the 2017-18 season. Martin Bayer will serve as the new head nordic combined coach and Igor Cuznar will be the World Cup coach for the women.

Cuznar has been involved with ski jumping since 1985. He competed as an athlete before becoming a coach in Slovenia in 2000. Cuznar joined the women's team in 2015, assisting then head coach Bine Norcic at both the Continental and World Cup levels. In his new role, Cuznar will focus on creating athletic success on the World Cup and supporting the top athletes in women’s ski jumping, including Sarah Hendrickson, Nita Englund and others, from his home in Slovenia.

“As our sport continues to grow, we’ve evolved our staff to help manage and foster that growth across all our programs,” said Alan Alborn, program director for Women's Ski Jumping USA. “Igor’s home base of Slovenia will provide a consistent environment for the team that works well with their heavy travel and competition demands. We are really looking forward to the lead up to this Olympic season and beyond.”

USA Nordic recently promoted Bayer from development/Continental Cup coach to head coach. The promotion is the culmination of over 17 years as a coach in the U.S. at the club and national team level. He also competed at both the 1992 and 1994 Olympics for Czechoslovakia and the Slovak Republic respectively. Bayer’s close work with the national teams over the past few years made him a natural fit for the role left vacant by retired head coach Dave Jarrett.

“Martin’s years spent rising through the club ranks allow him to relate to everyone, from the parents to the athletes, involved with our sport,” said USA Nordic Sports Executive Director Bill Demong. “He will implement the best plan for the team using the resources we have to ensure we see athletic success this season and beyond.”

Both Bayer and Cuznar will be on board to support the ski jumping and nordic combined teams throughout their training this summer.

Ski jumping and nordic combined athletes will compete next month at the 19th annual Springer Tournee at the Utah Olympic Park July 27-30. The event will also serve at the U.S. Ski Jumping Championships for the large hill.


          Hotel Carpatia Slovakia Bratislava, 3*   
none
          TrailO is an outdoor sport   
Ez a mai nap mottója. A tegnap esti Team Officials Meetingen ezt is megkaptuk szóban / írásban, és miután jártunk már néhány ilyen összejövetelen, sejtettük, hogy ennek a közlésnek oka van. Egyéb jelek is arra mutattak, hogy nem lesz az 1. napi PreO futam sétagalopp – kezdetleges hidak, keskeny ösvény, aminek állapota erősen függ az éjszakai eső mennyiségétől és a tömegtől, hogy ki lehet menni az út szélére, ahol már stabilabb a terep… Igyekeztünk a srácokat nem nagyon megijeszteni, de azért reggel az első dolgunk volt megnézni, nem halasztották-e el a rajtot.
Éjszaka végig esett és reggel is még sokáig, bár egyre kisebb intenzitással. Viktor indult elsőként, Miksának és nekem már tetemes csúszás gyűlt össze a rajtoltatásban. A szó szoros értelmében is csúsztunk, már a pálya előtti időmérő megközelítése sem volt egyszerű. Gondolkodnom kell, hogy indultam-e valaha ilyen körülmények között versenyen; mert esőben már sokszor, de ez a mai pálya egy olyan ösvényen haladt, amin megállt a víz, így képezve folyamatos, hosszantartó dagonyát. Pedig pár hete le is gyalulták valami géppel, hogy jobban megfeleljen a kerekesszékeseknek. Hát, nem hiszem, hogy bármelyikük élvezte volna…
Még a mi dolgunkat is erőst hátráltatta, csúszkáltunk, figyelni és kerülgetni kellett; de a különböző típusú járművekkel mozgó sporttársaknak szörnyű volt. Beragadtak, irányíthatatlanná váltak a székek, a használóik pedig nyakig sárosak. Pedig a kirendelt segítők és rendezők nem kímélték magukat, időnként kisebb válságstáb állt össze, hogy egy-egy megfeneklett széket kimozdítson kétségbeejtő helyzetéből. Nagyon nehéz így koncentrálni, és a jó megoldásokhoz vezető egyik fontos „technikát”, a több irányból megfigyelést emiatt nemigen tudták alkalmazni. Örültek, ha előrehaladtak a következő nézőpontig, a többségnek esze ágában sem volt visszamenni valamit megnézni.
Nagy kár, hogy az időjárás gonoszul belerondított a játékunkba, mert egyébként a két szakaszra bontott, összesen 26 feladatból és két időmérő állomásból álló pálya jó (kifejezetten erre készült) térképen, izgalmas helyeken, kellő térképolvasási kihívással várta a rekordszámú indulót (utóbbi infót a megnyitó ünnepségen tudtam meg).
Az a gond, hogy az openben engedélyezett 140 perc még átlátható, beosztható, de a paralympiai kategóriában két menetben kiosztott összesen 60 perc extra időt (szumma 200 perc) nem lehet kihasználni. Ennyi ideig nem lehet koncentrálni folyamatosan, mozgássérült emberektől ezt pláne nem lehet elvárni, úgy, hogy közben vizet kapnak felülről, sarat alulról.
Egyébként nekem feküdt a terep, élvezetes is lett volna, a feladatokat is épp megfelelő nehézségűnek találtam. Az időmérőkön igyekeztem megfontolt lenni, így sikerült azokat hiba nélkül megúszni. 5 egész másodpercet hagytam a pályában; az időmérés egyébként SI rendszerrel történt. Az egészen ejtett három hibámmal elégedett vagyok. A többiek eredményét még számolási eltérések miatt kifogásolnunk kell. (Minden csúszott a verseny után is, nem volt még este hivatalos eredmény, későn kaptuk csak vissza a kartonunkat, térképeket, korrekciót kérni is csak holnap tudunk.)
Beérve a célban találtam a már fürdés utáni Viktort, és hamarosan érkeztek a többiek is, így közös erővel vetettük alá Miksát és kocsiját a bringásoktól importált módszernek, a slagozásnak.

1.Michele Cera Italy 44 25
2.Antti Rusanen Finland 34.5 24
3.Dušan Furucz Slovakia 35 24
4.Guntars Mankus Latvia 43 24
5.Martin Fredholm Sweden 44 24
6.Jānis Rukšāns Latvia 59 24
14.Fruzsina Biró Hungary 65 23
17 / 25.Zoltán Miháczi Hungary 206 22 /23
49 / 52.Ferenc Fehér Hungary 68.5 17 / 18

1 Soren Saxthorp Denmark 71 23
2 Ivica Bertol Croatia 68 22
3 Pavel Shmatov Russia 145 22
30 Miksa Laáber Hungary 144 13
39 Viktor Beke Hungary 393 10

Holnap TempO selejtezőn leszünk Karlovacban, ezért – egy gyenge, de igaz párhuzammal – most egy Karlovacko-val hangolódunk rá.

          2018 World Cup qualifiers: England grab last-gasp win over 10-man Slovakia   
IMAGE: England's Adam Lallana (left) celebrates scoring the winning goal with teammate Gary Cahill in their 2018 World Cup Qualifying European Zone, ...
          Massive Attack – Heligoland - Jelenlegi ára: 2 000 Ft   
Massive Attack –  Heligoland - Virgin – 5099960946720 - CD - 08 Feb 2010 - EU
Tracklist
1
Pray For Rain
6: 42
2
Babel
5: 16
3
Splitting The Atom
5: 14
4
Girl I Love You
5: 26
5
Psyche
3: 21
6
Flat Of The Blade
5: 27
7
Paradise Circus
4: 58
8
Rush Minute
4: 48
9
Saturday Come Slow
3: 42
10
Atlas Air
7: 46
Notes
East-European version for Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania 
1 Page Booklet Only

Massive Attack – Heligoland
Jelenlegi ára: 2 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-01 08:32
          NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance: The Global Hawk Block 40   
The first of NATO’s five unmanned air vehicles rolled off the factory line in San Diego on Thursday, 4 June 2015.  The Global Hawk Block 40 is part of the Alliance Ground Surveillance Program (AGS).  The NATO-owned and -operated AGS core capability will enable the Alliance to perform persistent surveillance over wide areas from high-altitude long-endurance  aircraft  in any weather or light condition . The system will give commanders a comprehensive picture of the situation on the ground. The AGS system is being acquired by 15 Allies (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and the United States). AGS is scheduled to reach initial operational capability by the end of 2017. The air vehicles will be controlled from the main operating centre in Sigonella, Italy.
          NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance: The Global Hawk   
The first of NATO’s five unmanned air vehicles rolled off the factory line in San Diego on Thursday, 4 June 2015.  The Global Hawk Block 40 is part of the Alliance Ground Surveillance Program (AGS).  The NATO-owned and -operated AGS core capability will enable the Alliance to perform persistent surveillance over wide areas from high-altitude long-endurance  aircraft  in any weather or light condition . The system will give commanders a comprehensive picture of the situation on the ground. The AGS system is being acquired by 15 Allies (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and the United States). AGS is scheduled to reach initial operational capability by the end of 2017. The air vehicles will be controlled from the main operating centre in Sigonella, Italy.
          Europe forecast: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, Jul 01 - 06:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          обзор для Европы: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, июль 01 - 07:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          For sale - 05-15 Nissan Xterra Rear Drive Shaft Assembly 2wd... - $125   
Price 5570, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 14 15 16 Mitsubishi Outlander oem Climate Heater ac... - $125   

York 6302, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance: The Global Hawk   
The first of NATO’s five unmanned air vehicles rolled off the factory line in San Diego on Thursday, 4 June 2015.  The Global Hawk Block 40 is part of the Alliance Ground Surveillance Program (AGS).  The NATO-owned and -operated AGS core capability will enable the Alliance to perform persistent surveillance over wide areas from high-altitude long-endurance  aircraft  in any weather or light condition . The system will give commanders a comprehensive picture of the situation on the ground. The AGS system is being acquired by 15 Allies (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and the United States). AGS is scheduled to reach initial operational capability by the end of 2017. The air vehicles will be controlled from the main operating centre in Sigonella, Italy.
          Weer in Europa: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, 01 jul - 06:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          For sale - Charles Owen Ayr8 7 1/8 - Auction   

Owen 5460, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Tootsie Toy Fire Truck Red 3-1/8" Original... - Auction   

Montville 4560, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          Czechs mark Battle of Zborov centenary   
Czechs are marking the centenary of the Battle of Zborov, where Czechoslovak legionaries joined the Kerensky Offensive, the last Russian offensive in WW I. From a global point of view this battle was a minor episode in the Great War and one in which the Russian forces were beaten. However it was a crucial moment for the future of the Czechoslovak legionaries, the Czechoslovak resistance and the establishment of independent Czechoslovakia in 1918.
          A classic of childhood in 1970s Czechoslovakia now out in English   
One of the most popular Czech writers of the last two decades has been Irena Dousková. Her short novel Hrdý Budžes has become a classic, with its touching and humorous portrayal of childhood in 1970s communist Czechoslovakia. Now the book is available in English translation, thanks to Melvyn Clarke, who talks to David Vaughan about the book and his work translating and promoting Czech writing today.
          Interpol   
Mathieu Deflem
www.mathieudeflem.net

This is a copy of an essay published in The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, edited by Wesley G. Jennings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016.

Please cite as: Deflem, Mathieu. 2016. "Interpol." In The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, edited by Wesley G. Jennings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.



Abstract

The international police organization Interpol brings together police from 190 nations in a joint network for cooperation in matters of international crime. Dating back to 1923, Interpol has steadily expanded its membership and extended its mandate in the area of international police objectives. The events of September 11 and the resulting increased awareness of the problem of international crime and the urgency of its response brought about substantial changes in Interpol’s structure and activities and expanded its field of operation.


Interpol is an international organization that coordinates communications and other forms of cooperation among police agencies from nations across the world. At present, Interpol’s membership extends to police institutions from 190 countries, making it the second largest international organization in the world in terms of membership. Interpol is not a supranational police agency with independent investigative powers, an authority that remains solely with police institutions within nations and other confined localities. Interpol’s mandate is also exclusively oriented at criminal offenses at the exclusion of political crimes. The organization dates back to the early 20th century and has been successful in steadily expanding its membership even if its role in the totality of international policing activities is limited. The organization’s mandate includes a wide variety of international crimes, including money laundering, the international rendition of fugitives, and international terrorism.

History

Interpol was originally formed as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) at a conference of police in Vienna, Austria in 1923 (Deflem, 2002). The initiative came after earlier such efforts, specifically the First Congress of International Criminal Police in Monaco in 1914 and the International Police Conference in New York in 1922, had failed. The Monaco Congress of 1914 was dominated by politicians and legal experts, especially from France, who could no longer dictate police on how to execute its functions. The New York Conference of 1922 was not successful because international crime was at that time not a sufficiently realistic concern on the North-American continent.

The ICPC was successfully formed in 1923 because the organization could rely on sufficiently autonomous police organizations that shared a common commitment to the fight against international crime, which had seen an upsurge across the European continent after the end of the World War I, especially in the wake of advances in new technologies of transportation and communication with border-crossing capacities. The Commission set up its headquarters in Vienna, at the offices of the Viennese Criminal Police, where various specialized subdivisions on international crime were established and through which international police communications could be routed from and to the various member agencies. The creation of direct police-to-police communications, outside and against the legal system of formal extradition requests, was --and remains-- a central concern of international policing because of the efficiency it was thought to entail in effectively addressing problems of international crime.

In the years leading up to World War II, the ICPC expanded its membership, with the Federal Bureau of Investigation formally joining as representatives of the United States in 1938, shortly after the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany. The international organization became effectively inactive in the move towards and during the war, when the headquarters were eventually moved to Berlin to be brought under the authority of the Nazi regime. There is no reliable evidence to suggest that the Commission was still active in any meaningful sense during the World War II or that its databases were used for purposes related to the international political conditions of the time.

Following the end of the Second World War, the organization was revived at an international police meeting in Brussels in 1946 as the International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) with headquarters in Paris, France (Anderson, 1989; Deflem, 2002). The designation Interpol was chosen for the organization’s telegraphic address and was formally added to its name in 1956. The mission of the organization was affirmed to be exclusively oriented at criminal violations, staying clear of offenses of a political or religious nature. In the 1950s, however, a politically impactful event occurred when a request by the then communist country of Czechoslovakia to Interpol’s headquarters, involving the rendition of fugitives who had been granted asylum in West Germany, was unfavorably looked upon by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the organization’s US representative. Under the leadership of Director J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI decided to resign from the organization, after which the Treasury Department took over membership on behalf of the United States, a responsibility that is presently jointly administered with the Justice Department. Despite occasional concerns over Interpol’s political implications and its relative lack of effectiveness, the organization managed to expand its membership on a gradually more global scale and continue to frame its crime-fighting objectives irrespective of political and other divisive conditions among the nations of the world.

Structure

The collaborative structure of Interpol, bringing together police of different nations rather than setting up a new global investigative force with arrest powers, has been a lasting characteristic of the organization since its founding. The principle of a nationally defined sovereignty of police institutions prevents the formation of such a supranational police force. Any presentation of Interpol, such as it occasionally exists in popular culture, as having its own agents is therefore entirely erroneous. Instead, Interpol membership only serves to establish cooperation among police across the world through a central headquarters.

The leadership of the organization consists of a General Assembly, with representatives of each member agency, which meets once a year (Interpol website). The organization also has a President, but the day-to-day operations of the organization are handled by the Secretary General as the head of the organization’s General Secretariat. The current Secretary General is Ronald K. Noble, who formerly worked in the U.S. Treasury Department and is the first American to serve as Interpol’s chief executive officer.

Since 1989, the Interpol headquarters have been located in Lyon, a town in the south of France. Until the terrorist attacks of September 11, international communications routed through the Interpol headquarters could be relatively slow as they relied on regular postal mail. But since that fateful day in 2001, several changes have been implemented to bring international police cooperation technologically up to date. Specifically, the Interpol headquarters are now operational 24 hours a day in a Command and Coordination Center. Communications among police are transmitted through an encrypted internet-based Global Communications System I-24/7.

The member agencies participating in Interpol are specialized international police offices called National Central Bureaus. In addition to the Lyon headquarters, Interpol also oversees seven regional offices that are dispersed geographically across the globe, besides Europe and North America, in South America, Asia, and Africa. Although Interpol is an independent police organization and is therefore a non-governmental organization, the organization does collaborate with certain international political and legal bodies. Specifically, Interpol has signed formal agreements of cooperation with the United Nations, the European Union, and the International Criminal Court.

In recent years, Interpol also has organized several specialized teams that offer operational support, including Criminal Analysis Units, Crisis Support Groups, Disaster Victim Identification Teams, and Incident Response Teams. These specialized units can assist in investigations and data collection in various places around the world as a need arises. The operations of these teams, however, are dependent on requests from local authorities within nations and thus cannot interfere with the principle of national sovereignty and jurisdictional authority.

The main method for requesting and distributing information through the Interpol headquarters is a system of variously colored notices (Andriani, 2005). Six different colors of notices represent different kinds of international police requests. The most common types are the red notice to request the arrest of a criminal suspect and the blue notice to request information about a person in connection with a criminal investigation. Most recently, an Interpol-United Nations Special Notice was instituted to communicate police messages in connection with the United Nations sanctions against the Taliban and al-Qaeda.

Activities

Historically, international policing activities have evolved from efforts to track down the political opponents of autocratic regimes to the fight against criminal offenses across borders (Deflem, 2002). The political origins of international policing specifically lay in the initiatives that were taken in the middle of the 19th century to police feared rebellions by democrats, socialists, and other revolutionaries against the autocratic political regimes of European nations. Gradually, however, police agencies began to take it upon themselves, on the basis of evolving notions of professionalism and expertise, to move away from political offenses towards violations of a distinctly criminal nature. In the late 19th century, such efforts included international police actions against the trafficking in prostitutes, the so-called white slave trade, and related efforts to organize the international rendition of fugitives from justice.

During the earlier half of the 20th century, the focus on international crimes was additionally propelled by various technological developments and an increasing trend towards modernization which was thought to also influence an internationalization of crime, specifically by providing new tools of communication and transportation to facilitate crimes across nations. The International Criminal Police Commission was the first multilateral police organization to resolutely focus on these new international crimes, and the contemporary organization Interpol has carried this mandate on into the current age.

In its present form, Interpol’s objectives are limited to police cooperation within the context of the mandates of national legal systems on crime and in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Within this mandate, Interpol focuses on a large number of international crimes, such as drug trafficking, computer and related high-tech crimes, human trafficking, weapons smuggling, intellectual property crimes, money laundering and other financial crimes, environmental crimes, and international terrorism. The expanding operational activities of Interpol reflect the reality that in recent decades the trend towards the globalization of social life has steadily increased, with all due consequences from crime and the resulting need for its policing.

Arguably no matter has been more impactful in recent years to bolster Interpol’s activities than the problem of international terrorism (Deflem 2010). Interpol’s counterterrorism attention dates back to the 1970s when various resolutions were passed to address criminal matters associated with terrorism, such as hostage taking and plane high-jackings. The turn towards the international policing of terrorism was most resolutely exemplified by Interpol in 1998 when a Declaration Against Terrorism was enacted. After the events of September 11, Interpol accordingly initiated various relevant actions, including cooperation efforts to track down the perpetrators of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

As the internationalization of crime can only be expected to continue to increase in the years to come, Interpol will likewise continue to be able to expand its mission. The organization’s wide multilateral representation is an important asset, but it also places the organization in confrontation with the more limited but typically preferred efforts that exist at the bilateral level and those that are initiated unilaterally. However, for many smaller national criminal police agencies and those that lack a technologically advanced infrastructure, in particular, the organization may continue to prove its usefulness.


References and Further Readings

Anderson, M. (1989). Policing the world: Interpol and the politics of international police cooperation. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.

Andriani, R. (2005). The INTERPOL notice system. Crime & Justice International, 21, 18-21.

Barnett, M. & Coleman, L. (2005). Designing police: Interpol and the study of change in international organizations. International Studies Quarterly, 49, 593-619.

Bresler, F.S. (1992). Interpol. Toronto and New York: Viking.

Deflem, M. (2002). Policing world society: Historical foundations of international police cooperation. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Deflem, M. (2006). Global rule of law or global rule of law enforcement? International police cooperation and counter-terrorism. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 603, 240-251.

Deflem, M. (2010). The policing of terrorism: Organizational and global perspectives. New York: Routledge.

Deflem, M. & Hauptman, S. (2010). Policing international terrorism. In F. Pakes, (Ed.), Globalisation and the challenge to criminology (pp. 64-78). London: Routledge.

Deflem, M. & McDonough, S. (2010). International law enforcement organizations. In S. Kethineni, (Ed.), Comparative and international policing, justice, and transnational crime (pp. 127-148). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Interpol website. http://www.interpol.int/

Wui Ling, C. (2010). Policing Interpol: The commission for the control of Interpol's files and the right to a remedy. International Organizations Law Review, 7, 375-404.


Keywords: Globalization; International Crime; International Police Cooperation; Police; Terrorism


See related writings on international policing.
          Comment on Frankfort Becomes First German City with Non-Native Majority by arcu ballist   
The Germans do the "Poor German Victim" Act with big, showy crocodile tears, in a Jewy way. Exactly like Jews do. Exactly. The acts of genocide and Ethnic cleansing practiced on the Slavs by the German master race, taught by their teachers, the Jew master race, was bound to be repaid. It was just a matter of time and opportunity. Revenge was inevitable. KARMA! Revenge for what? Blaming anyone else for German evil is just stupid, self serving idiocy. Similar to this, = 'Germans sub-contracted Slavs to do the killing'. Well, citations are needed here @ this. I can't find any right now. Or is this even more make believe, garbage from story tellers? From Germans about how nice the Germans were and always victimized? Don't forget, Adolph was a saint. Right? This is @ Czechoslovakia. There was forced labor. In the Ukraine the Ukrainians joined the Germans to get rid of the Jew Bolsheviks, until the Germans turned on these Slavs. Inevitable. - The more I research WWII and German perfect Drang nach Osten and German Blut Und Boden Ostseidlung, the more I realize the Germans got away with far too much. Actually the German High Command was Jewish; A H and his cousin, Goebbels , were Js. Soviets were 85% Jew controlled. https://rafzen.wordpress.com/2013/02/16/jewish-senior-officers-in-hitlers-army
          Europe: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, 01 jui - 06:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          The importance of the VW Strike in Slovakia   
Auto workers at the Volkswagen plant in Bratislava, Slovakia resumed work at the beginning of this week. Eight thousand of the 12,300 workers at the plant had struck for six days and paralyzed production.
          Want To House The Homeless Behind Billboards?   
Billboard Home for the HomelessThe problem of people being homeless is ubiquitous around the world. A small design firm in Slovakia has come up with an idea to house these people in a small, but humane and dignified way. Design Develop, the design firm, has created what they are calling "Project Gregory." The idea behind the project is to use adjacent billboards to create simple, small homes for the homeless.
          Swedish “No-Go” Zones On The Rise, Police Chief Crying for Help By Andrew West   
As the European Union continues its absurd push for the hasty relocation of Syrian migrants, one member nation is facing unprecedented perils.http://constitution.com/swedish-no-go-zones-rise-police-chief-crying-help/ In Sweden, the Syrian refugee crisis has been an absolute nightmare. Lawlessness and violence are the new norms in areas that are heavily populated with these middle eastern migrants, and the Swedish police are having difficulties maintaining law and order in the otherwise tranquil nation. These areas, colloquially known as “no-go” zones have turned increasingly chaotic in recent weeks, and now even the police assigned to these areas are asking for assistance. “Swedish National Police Commissioner Dan Eliasson has begged the government for help as the number of no-go zones has risen from 55 to 61 in only one year. “’Help us, help us,’ Eliasson said at a press conference on the subject of the rising levels of crime and criminal networks in Sweden. Eliasson said there were at least 5,000 criminals divided into around 200 networks in Sweden operating in the now 61 no-go zones, many of which are heavily migrant-populated, Göteborgs-Posten reports. “Police have said that they are monitoring 61 ‘no-go zones’ but say that 23 of them are particularly vulnerable. Tynnered, a suburb in Gothenburg, is a new addition to the list after cases of car burnings and shootings, the most recent of which occurred earlier this month. “Eliasson warned if the trend persists and crime continues to increase then the social contract could break down in Sweden – though he does not believe Sweden was beyond repair. ‘Should we want the social contract to hold, people will have to want to pay taxes and participate in society. It must not go any further, we must reverse the trend.’ “Though the Swedish interior ministry has promised to hire more police officers, many Swedish police departments are facing an exodus of officers, especially in no-go areas.” As though these 61 areas of complete anarchy and lawlessness weren’t enough, a staggering 80% of Swedish police tasked with patrolling these areas have threatened to quit due to the endemic chaos. These areas have sprung up as a direct result of the EU’s ridiculous and dangerous migrant quotas, in which the globalist-style organization has mandated that member nations receive these potentially dangerous refugees despite the continued admission of terror groups such as ISIS that they are indeed exploiting the programs to move their jihadists around the globe. In Europe, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia have all refused the EU’s demands, citing a concern for national security. The United States has finally enacted their own anti-refugee actions with a partial and temporary ban on travel into the U.S. from countries with high rates of terror. This necessary security measure had been previously held up by meddling leftist judges who were opposing President Donald Trump on purely partisan reasoning.
          For sale - vintage hard Plastic & Vinyl Baby Doll Lot - Auction   
Spring Hill QLD, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Warhammer 40k Jungle Trees Terrain Scenery Foliage... - $8   

Concord 2137, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Warhammer 40k Dark Eldar Warriors x4 (plastic on... - $80   
Sydney 2000, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          SOTA Lilienstein   
First activation this year. Agn active on 30m. Harald, DG3UH was activating Sächsische Bergwertung on VHF (incl. 23cm). Thanks for all QSOs.


Activated SOTA Summits Height Points QSO
1 DM/SX-057 Lilienstein 415m 2 42
Σ 2 42


Countries worked QSO
1

1
2 DL Deutschland 13
3 F France 2
4 G England 8
5 HA Hungary 2
6 HB9 Switzerland 3
7 I Italy 1
8 LY Lithuania 1
9 OE Austria 3
10 OK Czech Rep. 2
11 OM Slovakia 3
12 PA Netherlands 2
13 S5 Slovenia 1
Σ 13 42


Band QSO
10.0MHZ 11
7.0MHZ 31
Σ 42


Mode QSO
CW 42
Σ 42
DH5FS (DM3F)
DG3UH


          Czech Republic: "Last Address" project commemorates victims who were executed by Communist regime   
"Last Address" commemorative plaque
"Last Address" commemorative plaque
The country's Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes on Tuesday launched a new project to commemorate victims of former Czechoslovakia's communist regime. Called "Last Address", the idea was inspired by similar initiatives in Russia. Within the project, plaques will be installed at victims' final addresses - recalling their lives and what they stood for, for which they died.

Tuesday is the 67th anniversary of the execution of Milada Horakova a member of parliament and democrat found guilty in a notorious show trial in 1950 staged by Czechoslovakia's Communist regime. The death penalty was carried out in spite of last minute pleas for clemency from the likes of Albert Einstein and the Pope. The day has seen a number of commemorative events honouring her memory but also that of others who suffered and perished as enemies of the regime. "Last Address" focusses on those who never came back.

Michaela Stoilova, the main organizer of the project at the Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes, told Czech Radio more:

"The project marks the last address of people who were arrested for political reasons and never returned. That means either people who were sentenced to death or whose deaths were hastened by the regime ... It was inspired by an organization called gulag.cz ... After a pilot program, we decided to focus primarily on victims of the Czechoslovak regime, as opposed to victims of Soviet repression in general."

One of four plaques to go up on Tuesday is at the Swedish Embassy in Prague, honouring the memory of Veleslav Wahl, a zoologist executed in 1950. A total of 4 plaques around Prague have already been approved while a 5th is pending. Michaela Stoilova again:

"We were interested in the fate of Veleslav Wahl; as it happens Josef Ruzicka, the father of his wife who was also a political prisoner, also lived at the address. But that is a coincidence. We highlighted the fact in the materials but the primary focus here is on the on lives destroyed for political reasons. How the information is used, or used comparatively, is up to others to assess."

If you'd like to see the exact addresses of the plaques which went up on Tuesday, please visit http://www.posledniadresa.cz

Source: radio.cz, June 28, 2017

⚑ | Report an error, an omission, a typo; suggest a story or a new angle to an existing story; submit a piece, a comment; recommend a resource; contact the webmaster, contact us: deathpenaltynews@gmail.com.


Opposed to Capital Punishment? Help us keep this blog up and running! DONATE!

          Employment and wage behaviour of industrial enterprises in transition economies: The cases of Poland and Czechoslovakia   
In this paper we use two very large panel datasets from Poland, 1988-90 and Czechoslovakia, 1990-1992 to explore the dynamics of employment and wage determination at the enterprise level in the early years of transition. The study is intended to assist in building a coherent picture of microeconomic adjustment in transition, a field which was not sufficiently explored in the early years of reform. We find that Polish firms were already to some extent responsive to market conditions pre-reform, notably to demand in determining employment. Czechoslovak firms, however, were largely unresponsive to such pressures in 1989-90. The elasticities rose significantly in both countries in the early years of reform, especially in Czechoslovakia which quickly attained initial Polish patterns of adjustment. Firms became much more responsive to sales and cost pressures in adjusting employment and to their own productivity in setting pay. Ownership effects in these early years were, however, much more modest, with state-owned firms adjusting employment more than their private counterparts, perhaps because over-manning was more serious in that sector.
          Using vouchers to privatize an economy: the Czech and Slovak case   
The 1992 Czechoslovak privatization of state property has been widely heralded as one of the most impressive accomplishments in the economic transformation of the formerly communist economies. Before separating into two countries on January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia undertook rapid large-scale privatization of state enterprises. A key element of the process was voucher privatization - the almost free distribution of vouchers to citizens who in turn used the vouchers to bid for shares in state enterprises. The design and implementation of the Czechoslovak voucher scheme has sparked a lively debate among academics and policy-makers in many countries. A small percentage of Russian enterprises has already been privatized through a different voucher scheme and other systems may be introduced in other transforming economies as well. While voucher privatization has an obvious popular appeal, many transitional economies have so far avoided it because of the perceived uncertainty about the process and its outcome. The iterative scheme used in Czechoslovakia is a relatively cumbersome procedure which has never been tried on a large scale before. The non-existence of supporting institutions and the inexperience of the participating citizens and officials also make it hard to assess its feasibility. The results of the 1992 Czechoslovak experiment are the first ones to reveal the behaviour of individual citizens, the investment privatization funds (IPFs) and the government authorities in the process of voucher privatization. As such, they are of significant academic as well as of policy interest.' In this paper we use data on the 1,491 enterprises which participated in the first wave of Czechoslovak voucher privatization to undertake an empirical analysis of (a) the demand of individual voucher holders and the IPFs for enterprise shares in the five rounds of bidding and (b) the price-setting behaviour of the authorities in these rounds. Since the data set contains all the firm-specific as well as more aggregate variables that were publicly available to the bidding individuals and IPFs, we can assess the importance of the various indicators for the bidding behaviour. Similarly, using the data that were available to the authorities, we are able to trace their complex price-setting behaviour and show that it can be very closely approximated by a relatively simple functional form.
          Hyperloop Technology Market Worth 6.34 Billion USD by 2026   

Hyperloop Technology Market by Components (Capsule, Tube, and Propulsion system), Transportation Type (Passenger and Freight), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Middle East & Russia) - Global Forecast to 2026

Seattle, WA -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/30/2017 -- The report "Hyperloop Technology Market by Components (Capsule, Tube, and Propulsion system), Transportation Type (Passenger and Freight), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Middle East & Russia) - Global Forecast to 2026", The hyperloop technology market is expected to be valued at USD 1.35 Billion in 2022 and is expected to reach USD 6.34 Billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 47.20% between 2022 and 2026.

Browse 9 market data tables and 5 figures spread through 79 pages and in-depth TOC on "Hyperloop Technology Market - Global Forecast to 2026"

Download PDF Brochure @ http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/pdfdownload.asp?id=87164486

Early buyers will receive 10% customization on reports.

The increasing global demand for fastest and cheapest mode of transportation, less expensive and easier-to-build infrastructure, transportation type with less land area requirement, and technology that is not vulnerable to earthquakes and other natural calamities are some of the significant drivers for the growth of the hyperloop technology market.

Passenger Transportation is expected to lead the hyperloop technology market

Passenger transportation is expected to hold the largest share of the hyperloop technology market between 2022 and 2026. The transportation types include cargo/freight transportation and passenger transportation. Passenger transportation has the largest share of the overall hyperloop technology market owing to its extensive benefits in transportation industry. Hyperloop offers a fastest mode of passenger transport compared to current available transportation options such as train, airplane, etc. The cost of hyperloop travel is expected to be low compared to airplanes or bullet train that will attract more population. For instance, hyperloop travel from Los Angeles to San Francisco will take 30 minutes compared to 6 hours of road journey, with the ticket cost much less than the cost of an airplane ticket.

Hyperloop technology is first expected to be commercialized in Dubai by 2022

The first operational hyperloop route is expected to be built between Dubai and Abu Dhabi. The reason is the ongoing development in the construction of hyperloop routes in the country. Support from local government, capital investors, and others play a major role in commercialization of hyperloop in the region.

Hyperloop technology is expected to commercialize in US by 2023

Hyperloop technology in the US is expected to commercialize by 2023. The first operational hyperloop can be built between Los Angeles and California. Hyperloop One Global Challenge (HOGC) shortlisted 11 teams from the US to present hyperloop route plans that might be developed after the feasibility check in the respective regions. Government approval, hyperloop technology development companies in the region, and capital investments play a major role in hyperloop development in the US.

Report Details @ http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/hyperloop-technology-market-87164486.html

Hyperloop technology is expected to commercialize in Slovakia and Czech Republic by 2024

Slovakia and Czech Republic are expected to see the operational hyperloop by 2024. The hyperloop route is expected to be built between Brno (Czech Republic), Vienna (Austria), and Bratislava (Slovakia). HTT have received government approvals from both the countries to check the hyperloop route feasibility, which is boosting the hyperloop route development in the region. After the feasibility study in these countries, actual construction will be initiated, which is expected to be completed by 2024.

Some of the major players in the hyperloop technology market are Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (US), Hyperloop One (US), TransPod Inc. (Canada), and SpaceX (US) among others.

About MarketsandMarkets™
MarketsandMarkets™ provides quantified B2B research on 30,000 high growth niche opportunities/threats which will impact 70% to 80% of worldwide companies' revenues. Currently servicing 5000 customers worldwide including 80% of global Fortune 1000 companies as clients. Almost 75,000 top officers across eight industries worldwide approach MarketsandMarkets™ for their painpoints around revenues decisions.

Our 850 fulltime analyst and SMEs at MarketsandMarkets™ are tracking global high growth markets following the "Growth Engagement Model – GEM". The GEM aims at proactive collaboration with the clients to identify new opportunities, identify most important customers, write "Attack, avoid and defend" strategies, identify sources of incremental revenues for both the company and its competitors. MarketsandMarkets™ now coming up with 1,500 MicroQuadrants (Positioning top players across leaders, emerging companies, innovators, strategic players) annually in high growth emerging segments. MarketsandMarkets™ is determined to benefit more than 10,000 companies this year for their revenue planning and help them take their innovations/disruptions early to the market by providing them research ahead of the curve.

MarketsandMarkets's flagship competitive intelligence and market research platform, "RT" connects over 200,000 markets and entire value chains for deeper understanding of the unmet insights along with market sizing and forecasts of niche markets.

Contact:
Mr. Rohan
MarketsandMarkets™
701 Pike Street
Suite 2175, Seattle,
WA 98101, United States
USA : 1-888-600-6441
Email : sales@marketsandmarkets.com

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/hyperloop-technology-market-worth-634-billion-usd-by-2026-823609.htm

Media Relations Contact

Mr. Rohan
MarketsandMarkets
Telephone: 888-600-6441
Email: Click to Email Mr. Rohan
Web: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com


          The Summer of Their Discontent   
Given that Europeans are ever so much more sophisticated than Americans they are, this summer, suffering an invasion of immigrant refugees. This time, it’s Italy and Spain that are taking the brunt of the invasion. For the record, the flow of immigrants to the United States over the past six months has dropped precipitously.

Lucianne brings us up to speed (via Maggie’s Farm):

Italy’s migrant welcome centers are in a state of “collapse” as huge waves of African migrants take advantage of the temperate climate to make the crossing from Libya to the Italian peninsula. On Tuesday, 8,500 African migrants are reaching Italian shores aboard 14 different ships, adding to the 5,000 who arrived on Monday. The massive arrivals have led local media as well as politicians to speak of an authentic immigrant “invasion” exceeding the country’s capacity of assimilation. Officials reported on June 15 that more than 65,000 migrants had arrived since the beginning of the year, but that was prior to the latest.

As for the South of Spain, aka Andalusia, the same scene is playing out. The Daily Mail has the story:

Last week, 1,025 migrants arrived illegally on the Andalusia coast, where millions of Britons holiday each year in the famous Costa resorts. Every day, more come on what is now the fastest-growing migrant sea route from Africa to Europe.

Italian authorities are now threatening to refuse entry to any refugee boats coming from Libya:


Italy has threatened to close its ports to aid groups rescuing migrants off Libya's coast as it struggles to cope with the highest rate of rescues this year, officials said.

The country's representative to the EU, Maurizio Massari, said the situation 'has become unsustainable' as it emerged 10,000 refugees have tried to cross the Mediterranean in the last four days.

Italy's former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi said citizens were 'exasperated' and a fresh strategy was needed.

The Italians want other European nations to share the pain. We shall see what Chancellor Merkel and President Macron say about that. For now, a group of lesser Central European nations has decided to close their borders to all further refugees.

Legal Insurrection (via Maggie’s Farm) reprints the story from ABC:

Defense officials of six Central European countries and the Balkans have pledged close cooperation in tackling migration with all possible means including use of armed forces.

The countries — Austria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia — have created a grouping called the Central European Defense Cooperation and want to be a role model for the entire European Union.

Among the group’s goals is that all migrants who want to apply for asylum in EU countries have to do it in centers outside the bloc.

Austrian Defense Minister Hans Peter Doskozil said after a meeting in Prague on Monday that his country has been preparing a detailed action plan of cooperation for the six whose military forces will train in a joint drill in next few months.

Naturally, EU authorities are trying to punish nations who are refusing to accept their fair share of refugees. National Review reports on this side of the story:

The European Union announced this week that it would begin proceedings to punish Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic for their refusal to accept refugees and migrants under a 2015 scheme the E.U. commission created. The mission’s aim was to relieve Greece and Italy of the burden from migrant waves arriving from the Middle East and Africa, largely facilitated by European rescues of migrants in the Mediterranean.

The conflict between the EU and these three nations of the Visegrád Group is not just about the authority the EU can arrogate to itself when facing an emergency (one largely of its own making), but about the character of European government and society in the future.

According to the Telegraph, it’s just beginning:

Europe could face a new wave of migrant arrivals this summer, a leaked German government report has warned. Up to 6.6m people are waiting in countries around the Mediterranean to cross into Europe, according to details of the classified report leaked to Bild newspaper.

They include more than 2.5m in North Africa waiting to attempt the perilous crossing by boat. Angela Merkel’s government has not commented on the report, which the newspaper says was marked for internal use only.

There are fears of a dramatic rise in arrivals as the summer weather turns favourable for sea crossings. Growing numbers of migrants are known to be attempting to reach Europe by boat in the wake of the closure of the Balkan land route last year.

Back in the realm of the crude Americans, the six Muslim nation travel ban will take effect today.

          Vintage Button - Collector Golfer, 1930's, lithograph with domed glass front, (oct 12b) by pillowtalkswf   

12.95 USD

This lot consists of 1 button - approximately 7/8 inch. This is on wonderful vintage condition, highly collectible. stamped Czechoslovakia.
The photos really don't capture the detail, due to the glare of the glass.
I love these and I think you will too! From the estate of a button collector
Order more than one set and the rest ship free and get an additional set of my choice free! !
Regarding the age this is my best educated estimate.


          6月29日(木)のつぶやき   

梅雨の晴れ間 - さんぽっぽ - Yahoo!ブログ blogs.yahoo.co.jp/k76kaka/577674… #ブログ #写真 #見沼散策

— 川べえ (@h43ka) 2017年6月29日 - 06:34

お早うございます! 今日も高曇りです。気温は11℃。夜には雨になりそうです。 pic.twitter.com/NlCJGscBGR

— 上高地西糸屋山荘 (@nishi2206) 2017年6月29日 - 05:56

♥訪れてみたい『🇪🇸スペインの最も美しい村々✨』特集!
euro-tour.co.jp/beaux_villages…
「ラ・アルベルカのホテル」 カスティーリャ・イ・レオン州サラマンカ県南部の国立自然公園の中の山村。石と木を組み合わせた山小屋… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— ヨーロッパ旅行✈情報部 (@euro_tour) 2017年6月29日 - 05:45

🇨🇿黄金のプラハと呼ばれた美しき街を一望!オススメビュースポット4選✨(F&T) ①旧市庁舎からの眺め、②カレル橋からの眺め、③プラハ城からの眺め、④ペトシーンの丘
fishand.tips/column/c_czech…
➡チェコのホテル… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— ヨーロッパ旅行✈情報部 (@euro_tour) 2017年6月28日 - 22:20

神社の古井戸にいたタヌキを保護しました。
数日間、体力が回復するまで様子を見ていたのですが、気がついたら逃げていました。
薄情です。 pic.twitter.com/F4QZPNADRb

— 下鴨神社 (@kamomioyajinja) 2017年6月24日 - 14:48

今日は梅雨とは思えないほど晴れて、気持ちが良いです。ですが、天気が急変する可能性もあるため、雨具はお持ちになって上高地にお越しくださいね。ちよ pic.twitter.com/XhRWW3nEXd

— 上高地ナショナルパークガイド (@npg_kamikouchi) 2017年6月29日 - 10:01

明るくなって谷川岳も見えてきました
26日から谷川岳ウィーク開催中です
特に週末はたくさんのイベントが企画されています
詳細はこちらから
enjoy-minakami.jp/event.php?item…
なお2日はロープウェイを5時から営業いたしま… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— 谷川岳天神平 (@tenjindaira) 2017年6月29日 - 10:29

- taizoin.com/gallery/3722/ pic.twitter.com/a2X80WiOZ5

— 妙心寺 退蔵院 (@taizoin) 2017年6月29日 - 10:41
          Europe forecast: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, Jul 01 - 05:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          For sale - Lowepro Digital Camera Handycam Bag Black Nylon... - Auction   
Park Grove 7320, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Boys Clothes Size 24 Months - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Republic of, Malaysia, Antigua and ...
ebay.com.au

          TA3 Slovakia   
Streaming online TA3 Slovakia, channel General Live Streaming
          Sammendrag: Norge - Slovakia 2-3   
none
          For sale - Melissa & Doug Butterfly Wooden Bead Set Age 4+... - Auction   
Southampton 6253, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          1/48 WWII Soviet Fighter Lavochkin La-7   
1/48 WWII Soviet Fighter Lavochkin La-7This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

Contents:
- 65 plastic parts
- 6 interesting markings
- colour photo-etched details
- Express mask

Marking Options:
- White 10, Vasiliy A. Zaitsev, deputy CO, 1st GSAK, 1944
- White "17", Maj. Vladimir D. Lavrinyenkov, CO, 9th GIAP, April, 1945
- White 63, 813th IAP, 215th IAD, 8th VA, winter, 1944/45
- White 12, Lt. Col. Filipp M. Kosolapov, CO, 937th IAP / 322nd IAD, Prague - Kbely airfield, Czechoslovakia, May 1945
- White 06, c/n 45210806, 2nd Czechoslovak Fighter Regiment, Prague, May - July, 1945
- White 06, c/n 45210806, 2nd Czechoslovak Fighter Regiment, Piestany Airfield, 1946

Buy Now
          1/72 Nieuport Ni-23 (Dual Combo)   
1/72 Nieuport Ni-23 (Dual Combo)This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

Marking and Paiting:
* Adjutant Edmonde Thieffry,5.Escadrille 'Comete', Belgium,summer 1917
* Russian Imperial Air Force,flown by Kibanov,October,1917
* N.3598,Lt.Boris 'Bob 'Guber,19),Russian Imperial Air Force,Halic,fall,1917
* N.3598,Czechoslovakia,fall,1919

Buy Now
          For sale - Madison Stretch Jersey Recliner Slipcover, Large,... - $54   

Greenwood WA, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          1/35 German Assault Tank IV - Brummbar Late Production   
1/35 German Assault Tank IV - Brummbar Late ProductionThis is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

The Brummbar is a 15cm howitzer-toting assault tank (Sturmpanzer). It was built on the reliable and versatile Pz.Kpfw. IV chassis. It was ordered by Hitler himself, and produced in various incarnations from April 1943 to March 1945. The most numerous was the late production variant depicted by this model. It used the Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf.J chassis and had a simplified boxy fighting compartment with an extrusion on the top-left to house a machine gun. In a losing battle, its dedicated Assault Tank Battalions fought in Hungary and the former Czechoslovakia.

Buy Now
          ORIGINÁL HAGYMAMINTÁS PORCELÁN BOHEIMIA MÉLY TÁNYÉR DUBI EICHWALD - Jelenlegi ára: 1 999 Ft   
 RETRÓ ORIGINÁL HAGYMAMINTÁS BOHEMIA MÉLY TÁNYÉR
HIBÁTLAN
JELZETT *D* CZECHOSLOVAKIA ORIGINAL BOHEMIA ZWIEBELMUSTER" DUBI EICHWALD
24cm átmérőjű, és 4, 5cm magas 500g

ORIGINÁL HAGYMAMINTÁS PORCELÁN BOHEIMIA MÉLY TÁNYÉR DUBI EICHWALD
Jelenlegi ára: 1 999 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-22 13:49
          ORIGINÁL HAGYMAMINTÁS PORCELÁN BOHEIMIA MÉLY TÁNYÉR DUBI EICHWALD - Jelenlegi ára: 1 999 Ft   
 RETRÓ ORIGINÁL HAGYMAMINTÁS BOHEMIA MÉLY TÁNYÉR
HIBÁTLAN
JELZETT *D* CZECHOSLOVAKIA ORIGINAL BOHEMIA ZWIEBELMUSTER" DUBI EICHWALD
24cm átmérőjű, és 4, 5cm magas 500g

ORIGINÁL HAGYMAMINTÁS PORCELÁN BOHEIMIA MÉLY TÁNYÉR DUBI EICHWALD
Jelenlegi ára: 1 999 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-22 13:48
          Suomelle EM-kultaa suunnistusnuorten sprintissä!   
Anu Tuomisto suunnisti nuorten EM-kisojen sprintissä 18-vuotiaiden mestariksi ja Ida Haapala 16-vuotiaiden pronssille. Nuorten 16- ja 18-vuotiaiden EM-kilpailut avattiin perjantaina Slovakiassa sprinttimatkoilla. Suomalaistytöt ja -naiset aloittivat kisat upeasti, kun molemmissa sarjoissa juhlittiin suomalaismitalia. 16-vuotiaiden sarjassa Ida Haapala otti pronssia vajaan minuutin kisan voittajalle Unkarin Gardonyi Csillalle hävinneenä. Myös Elisa Mattila oli erinomaisessa vauhdissa ollen kisan […]
          Hungary U20 v Slovakia U20   
European Basketball - Youth International Friendly - 2017-07-01 16:00
          Investigation of divisibility in a spreadsheet environment   

This classroom note is focused on the application of inquiry approaches to teaching divisibility in the set of whole numbers. The main attention is devoted to the composition of a sequence of questions implemented within the spreadsheet environment, the solution of which should encourage students to actively learn and discover the divisibility rule for number eleven. This is an extra-curricular topic in Slovakia aimed to be taught in extended Mathematics classes as many of their students encounter it in competitions. An important part of the development of the questions on workbook sheets is the implementation of feedback which provides evaluation of students' solutions and auxiliary instructions for the guidance of learning.


             

WOMEN SPOOKS OF THE WORLD

( By courtesy of one of my readers who has sent these excerpts. This may please be read in continuation of my article titled “The Jinx Against Women Spies in R&AW” at http://www.rediff.com/news/report/the-jinx-against-women-spies-in-r-aw/20120822.htm  --B.Raman

 

Excerpts of Remarks Delivered by Central Intelligence Agency Director John O. Brennan and Dr. Madeleine Albright at the CIA Women’s History Month Celebration

 (March 19, 2013)

 

March 22, 2013

 

 D/CIA Brennan: Good morning CIA! I can’t tell you how wonderful it feels to say that.  [Laughter] Thank you.

 

It is wonderful being back here at CIA, and to participate in this event. I also would like to welcome back to the Agency my wife Kathy. She is here with us today and is looking forward to once again participating in Agency activities, as she and I did for 25 years.

 

 I’m especially happy to be part of a celebration that honors women in the federal service. During my three decades in government—including 25 years here at CIA—I’ve seen firsthand the knowledge, leadership, courage, and dedication that women bring to the table in meeting the most difficult missions, including the intelligence mission.

 

 Years from now, when enough time has passed so that authoritative histories of the post-9/11 counterterrorism campaign can be written, they will tell the story of how quite a few extraordinary women, here at CIA and elsewhere in the government, made truly decisive contributions to the war effort against al-Qa‘ida and its affiliates.

 

 And just this year, we said farewell to a CIA legend, Jeanne Vertefeuille. An acknowledged expert on counterintelligence and an East Bloc specialist, Jeanne led the unit that identified Aldrich Ames as a mole.

 

She joined CIA in 1954 as a GS-4 typist and blazed a trail for women in the Directorate of Operations—the forerunner of the National Clandestine Service—at a time when it was overwhelmingly a male enterprise. She worked her way up to leadership positions and retired as a member of the Senior Intelligence Service in 1992.

 

 In 1976 … our History Staff says that of the Agency’s 98 key officials at that time, only one was a woman. Some might regard that as ancient history, but it was only four years before I joined CIA. [Laughter]

 

The situation is considerably different now, of course—you’re laughing because I joined CIA that long ago? Yes, I am part of ancient history! [Laughter]

 

This situation is considerably different now, of course, thanks in part to leaders … [who] paved the way for the likes of Sue Bromley, Fran Moore, Sue Gordon, Jeanne Tisinger, … and so many other women who are part of the Agency’s leadership team today.

 

 But, as an organization, we can and must do better, leveraging the talents of women in our workforce.

 

Nearly a year ago, David Petraeus asked our keynote speaker, the Honorable Madeleine K. Albright, to head up the Director’s Advisory Group on Women in Leadership, also known as the DAG. Her mandate was to examine why more women GS-13 and above were not achieving promotions and positions of greater responsibility at the Agency.

 

 The DAG published its findings last month.  … I was not here for the launch or completion of the study, but I have spoken to Secretary Albright about the report several times and I fully support and endorse the DAG’s findings and recommendations.

 

 And I would like to thank Secretary Albright and all the members of her team [names removed] for all their hard work and dedication to this project. And now I’d like to ask all of the DAG members to stand up so that we can give them a richly deserved round of applause. [Applause]

 

 What Secretary Albright and the other senior advisors, such as Michèle Flournoy, Justin Jackson, John McLaughlin, Mike Mullen, Fran Townsend, and the DAG members came up with isn’t a generic re-telling of where the Agency is, or just another study to put on the shelf. It goes beyond numbers and statistics to address some very important aspects of our Agency’s culture.

 

 The DAG drew on the opinions of a great many officers … through a survey, focus groups, interviews, meetings with Senior Advisors, and the DAG’s blog. They put a tremendous amount of work into this effort, and the final report reflects it.

 

 And perhaps the most important point I want to make here is that the recommendations will benefit not just women of our workforce, but the entire workforce. These recommendations are about developing and managing all of our people in a way that optimizes talent.

 

 And I want all our Agency’s leaders to embrace the standards outlined in the DAG’s report—like providing actionable and timely feedback; being candid with officers about the impact of the choices they make on their career; and seeking creative, flexible workplace strategies that allow us to meet our mission.

 

 Two of the DAG’s ten recommendations—establishing clear promotion criteria from GS-15 to SIS and expanding the pool of nominees for promotion to SIS—are already in effect. But I must tell you that full implementation of all ten recommendations will take years to accomplish.

 

 Some of these—like promoting sponsorship—are long-term initiatives intended to change certain aspects of our culture. They’ll require sustained attention—and sustained attention we will give them.

 

Accordingly, I have directed that the report’s ten recommendations and as much of the report as possible be issued in unclassified form. While most aspects of our intelligence mission need to remain classified, we should be open, honest, and proud of our efforts to ensure that all employees have the opportunity to reach their full professional potential.

 

 [A senior officer] has been named to lead the implementation of the DAG’s recommendations, and she has my full and sustained support. I look forward to working with her in applying these initiatives across the Agency. If we can get the implementation right, we'll meet our mission even better.

 

 And, of course, on behalf of all of us at CIA, I want to express my deep gratitude to Secretary Albright for her tremendous leadership and for providing such a great service to our Agency. Her experience and knowledge were invaluable to this project, and we could never have achieved as much as we did without her.

 

 Secretary Albright was, of course, America’s first woman to serve as Secretary of State, and, at the time, the highest ranking woman in the history of the United States Government. She remains a widely admired and highly respected authority on international affairs, national security policy, and diplomacy, as well as a committed advocate for democracy and human rights worldwide.

 

 … So please, everyone, join me in giving a warm Agency welcome to one of the Nation’s greatest public servants and a true friend of CIA: The Honorable Madeleine K. Albright. [Applause]

 

Dr. Albright: Thank you. Thank you very, very much. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. I am delighted to be here and to welcome the new Director—really a very, very kind introduction.

 

And I take to heart very much what you have said in terms of the report and your support for it, because leadership comes from the top and you are providing it in so many ways. So thank you—thank you so much.

 

I am certain that the President made the right choice for our country in nominating you; whether you made the right choice for your mental health in accepting it [Laughter] only time will tell! But you did survive the Senate, which shows your grit and your capability of succeeding. So I wish you the very, very best.

 

 And this morning, I am delighted to join with you here in observing Women’s History Month.

 

I say that not because I recognize any distinction between world history and women’s history or, for that matter, men’s. In my view, these are really not separate categories but should be considered part of a complete whole. I feel this very strongly and may even write about it in my next book, so stay tuned.

 

 Meanwhile, I want to thank each of you for what you and the Agency accomplish on behalf of our country. I know that, in the popular media, the CIA is often portrayed as either evil or angelic, with a large dose of drama and glamour part of every day. But what is almost never emphasized is how much time and labor goes into the routine but vital job of collecting and analyzing information.

 

 In my earlier life, as UN Ambassador and then Secretary of State, I was known as a consumer of intelligence—and I always had a voracious appetite. Each morning, I read your briefings and special reports, and consulted with CIA experts on everything from the Middle East and Central Asia to what sounds like the world’s worst law firm: Mobutu, Mugabe, Milosevic, Kim Jong-il—and sons.  [Laughter]

 

 I always wondered why the briefers stayed and watched me read—to see if I was moving my lips.  [Laughter] But I know—was there in order to answer my questions. Along the way, I did ask many questions and I received many helpful—although carefully hedged—answers.

 

 I left office believing that the CIA is imperfect—as any human organization is—but that, collectively, you still know more about everything than most of us know about anything, and that you make enormous contributions each day to the safety and security of our people.

 

 In the years since, nothing has happened to change my opinion. So I was intrigued when, last spring, former Director Petraeus invited me to participate in the Director’s Advisory Group on Women in Leadership. And I want to thank everybody that worked so hard on the DAG …. Really, you worked so hard, and we have now become good friends, and thank you for all your work.

 

 We were joined by several outstanding outside advisers, and—some of whom are here today—and finally, I would also want to thank the … senior Agency leadership, and have been—who have been so supportive in all the work. I think it really was remarkable.

 

 Our mandate was to examine and recommend changes in the Agency’s personnel practices as they relate to the careers of women. And, to that end, we consulted widely, and I really am so grateful to many of you that participated. The final report does include these recommendations, and I think that they need—there is need for significant reforms in how people are managed.

 

 Employees deserve to be judged fairly, rewarded equitably, and informed how and on what basis decisions affecting their careers are made. Overall, there is a requirement for better accountability, more transparency, and a greater willingness to adapt to new circumstances.

 

 I hope that the report will be received in the same spirit with which it is offered, and that its implementation will benefit both the Agency and its vital mission. And so, I really am so encouraged by your remarks, Mr. Director, and—I guess you’ve ordered everybody to call you John? [Laughter] So, [thank you] for everything that you have done and will do.

 

 So this morning I was also invited here to share with you a bit of my personal history and to offer my insights, any of which might be of interest to you. Time is limited, so I’ll begin with the Twitter version of my biography. [Laughter]

 

 Like many Americans, I did not begin my life in this country. Instead, I was born in Czechoslovakia only a few months before Hitler’s troops marched into the capital city of Prague.

 

My father was a diplomat at the time and unwilling to cooperate with the Nazis. And so my parents and I fled to England, which is where we spent World War Two.

 

I was just eight years old when that conflict ended and we returned to Prague. And because the fighting was over, my parents and I expected to be able to settle in. But within a couple of years, the government of Czechoslovakia was taken over by the Communists. And once again, my family was forced into exile, this time sailing across the Atlantic to a new and welcoming home.

 

 We soon moved to Colorado, where my father helped to establish a school of international affairs at the University of Denver. And my own highest ambition was to fit in with my classmates and become a bona fide American teenager.

 

 My parents weren’t a lot of help in the “blending in” department. [Laughter] Mainly because my mother was this delightful nut who actually read palms at dinner parties [Laughter] and would say to men while sitting next to their wives that they were going to meet mysterious women. [Laughter] She also predicted that I would have three sons and I have three daughters. [Laughter]

 

 Meanwhile, my father also wanted to fit in but he was very, very serious. In Colorado, fitting in meant you went fishing. It’s just that he wore a coat and tie when he fished. [Laughter]

 

In high school, when I went out on a date, he’d follow along behind in the family car, later inviting the poor boy in for milk and cookies. So I didn’t have a lot of second dates until I went away to college. [Laughter]

 

 When I did go away it was to Wellesley, a women’s college in Massachusetts. And I had a wonderful time and I received a fine education. But young women of that era were being groomed more for marriage than for anything else.

 

 We were part of what we called the Silent Generation, but there were also a time and process of transition, and my own feelings were certainly mixed. I hoped to pursue a career that reflected my interest in journalism and world affairs. But I was also in love and planned to get married right after graduation. I waited actually three days. [Laughter]

 

 Unfortunately, my new husband happened to work for a newspaper in Chicago where I also wanted to work. And I had done the right thing by working on a small paper in Missouri while he was in the Army.

 

And then we went to have dinner with his managing editor in Chicago, and he said, “So what are you going to do, Honey?”

 

And I said I’m going to work on a newspaper. And he said, “I don’t think so. You can’t work on the same paper as your husband because of guild regulations.”

 

And even though there were three other newspapers in Chicago at the time, he said, “Well, you wouldn’t want to compete with your husband.”

 

So, instead of saying what I might say now—or you might say [Laughter]—I basically saluted and went home. But I really didn’t—was not able to forget about it. But what’s interesting is I recently came across a letter that I had written when I was 24 and out of college for two years, sitting at home with my twin daughters.

 

 I concluded that I had been naïve to think that I could compete in the job market with men. And any competent interviewer would want to know what I would do if an emergency arose with the babies, or if my husband switched jobs and I had to leave town. I described myself as “a housewife who is dissatisfied with housekeeping and who doesn’t know how to get out of the rut.”

 

 Over the next decade or two, as my husband and I raised our family, we did move whenever he changed jobs. And I kept busy doing volunteer work, arranging car pools, navigating a double-wide stroller through the streets of Georgetown.

 

 There were many satisfactions in being a mother, but I eventually decided to return to school and started my PhD work. And I used to get up every morning at 4:30 to write my dissertation. I finally finished—I started when my children were two, I finished when they were in junior high—when my daughter said, “Mom, if you can’t finish your paper, we’re never going to finish ours.” [Laughter]

 

 When I was—when my children were older, I took a job in Washington with then United States Senator Ed Muskie, and then I later served in the Carter Administration on the National Security Council. And in all that time, I never imagined that I would one day become Secretary of State. And it wasn’t that I lacked ambition. It’s just that I had never seen a Secretary of State in a skirt.

 

 I’ll never forget what it was like the first day after I was sworn into my job and walked down that mahogany hallway at the State Department where all the portraits of my predecessors were hung. And the only difference among them was those who were clean-shaven and those who had beards.

 

 And I imagined that my—that when my portrait went up, that the walls would shake a bit. Actually they did. [Laughter]

 

Obviously, this was a pivotal moment that altered perceptions and changed history. And in fact, given what has happened more recently with secretaries Rice and Clinton, we can now say that John Kerry is a source of inspiration for little boys everywhere. [Laughter, applause]

 

 And by the way, my youngest granddaughter—when she turned seven, which is about three years ago—she said, “So what’s the big deal about Grandma Maddy being Secretary of State? Only girls are Secretary of State.” [Laughter]

 

 But looking back on my career, you might detect a lot of juggling, which all people who work—and especially women—have to do.

 

And as my career progressed, I had my share of setbacks and inner doubts, but I was also stubborn. When criticized by the media, I explained that the reason that I looked fatter was that I had grown a thicker skin. [Laughter]

 

 I was also determined to succeed and felt after a while that I had truly found my voice and that some people, at least, were listening to it. And that’s why I remain truly grateful to President Clinton, not only for nominating me to two cabinet-level positions, but for backing me on many of the key decisions during our years in office. I was proud to be in his administration and absolutely loved my job.

 

 To me, a career in public service, especially as a representative of the American people, is all anyone can ever ask for. And in that spirit, I offer my respects to all of you, for what—that you would not be here if you had not earned the trust of our government.

 

 The challenge, always, is to make the most of the opportunity. And that requires both that you do your job to the best of your ability, and that you stand up for your rights.

 

And this in turn demands leadership, which has been the subject of countless self-help books—none of which I have read. [Laughter]

 

Unlike some public speakers—Donald Rumsfeld for one—I never developed a catchy list of leadership rules. I don’t have any favorite motivational slogans or quotations from Napoleon. And I find a lot of standard advice to be self-evident, useless, or worse.



 

 For example, I have found that telling a person who is chronically indecisive to be confident does little good, and that advising a person to trust her instincts can actually cause harm when addressed to someone who has extremely strong opinions that are usually wrong. [Laughter]

 

 I do, however, have a few suggestions, which you can take for what they’re worth.

 

Years ago, I noticed that, in the classes I teach at Georgetown, female students were generally more polite than boys. And then I also remembered myself sitting in meetings and thinking that I might want to say something, and then thinking, no, I won’t say it because people will think it’s stupid.

 

 And then, two people later, some man says it and everybody thinks it’s brilliant.  And you sit there and you’re so mad at yourself for not having spoken up. And everybody thinks that whatever Bill said had been so smart.

 

 Now in my classes, the girls tended to sit quietly and raise their hands. And this often meant that the boys were able to dominate the discussion. Ever since then, I have told my female students not to be afraid to interrupt. They don’t raise their hands—my classes are a bit of a zoo. [Laughter]

 

 But the bottom line is that they learn to speak up. In our era, it’s better to risk being thought rude than to give the impression that you have nothing to say.

 

A second lesson I learned when serving as America’s ambassador to the United Nations. And that—I have to say here I had given all this advice about not sitting in a meeting and not speaking and telling my students to raise their hands, but I walk into my first meeting at the Security Council—not in that big fancy room, but in that—the room where we have our informal discussions—and I sit there, and there are 14 men looking—sitting there and looking at me—and I’m thinking, well, I think I’ll just wait, and see if they like me [Laughter] and what the mood of the room is.

 

 And then I looked at the sign in front of me, and it said, “United States.” And I thought if I didn’t speak on that day, then, in fact, the voice of the United States would not be heard. And—I really—it was kind of an out-of-body experience.

 

 I couldn’t sit around and play it safe. I had to plunge ahead. After a while I got used to it and, before long, nobody could shut me up! [Laughter]

 

My point is that, in any group, someone has to lead and it might as well be you—when if you—and you have to be prepared to do so.

 

A third lesson I learned is not to be obsessed by the clock. I was 39 years old before I had my first professional job. I was 55 when I became UN ambassador and four years older than that when I became Secretary of State.

 

 My friend, Senator Barbara Mikulski, says she worked for a quarter of a century to become an overnight success. [Laughter]

 

There is no question that we live in a youth-oriented culture. But when it comes to generating results, experience and character count far more than a wrinkle-free face.

 

My fourth point is not to let anyone else tell you what you can do and where you belong. You may have ambitions that go beyond what others expect. These desires may surprise your friends and inconvenience some who are close to you. But you have to make the choice.

 

 You have to decide whether to allow others to define the boundaries of your life—or to chart your own course even if you’re not entirely sure where you’re going. No one can make that choice for you—and no path is inherently right or wrong.

 

 My only advice is to act out of hope, not fear, and to take responsibility for whatever you decide.

 

Finally, I have one message that I always insist on sharing with professional women, and that is to look around the room at the faces of your colleagues and remember that there is a special place in Hell reserved for women who refuse to help one another. [Laughter, applause]

 

 None of us—none of us get to where we are on our own. And none of us will get to where we want to go unless we move forward together.

 

And if you remember nothing else from what I’ve said this morning—remember that.

 

So thank you very, very much, and thank you all for giving me the opportunity to be a part of your family. I hope I get to stay. Thank you very much. [Applause, standing ovation]

 

           Challenges to Slovakia and Poland health policy decisions: use of investment treaties to claim compensation for reversal of privatisation/liberalisation policies    
Hall, David (2010) Challenges to Slovakia and Poland health policy decisions: use of investment treaties to claim compensation for reversal of privatisation/liberalisation policies. Discussion Paper. PSIRU, Greenwich, London, UK.
          Europe forecast: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, Jul 01 - 16:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          15 Food Snapshots From Around the World We Loved This June   

From Slovakia to Cuba, our readers show how they #eattheworld

Our favorite food and travel Instagram photos from 15 countries all over the world.

          Čezeta   
Have you heard the great news? The legendary scooter from Prague - Čezeta is planning a comeback! The original 501 model, also known as 'the pig' (due to its shape) first appeared in Czechoslovakia in 1956 and was designed by J. F. Koch. Today a new company, registered as Čezeta motors s.r.o. is testing and developing the production of a 506 model - five electric scooter prototypes inspired by the 50s design. There is a website entirely in English dedicated to Čezeta, where you can read more about the history of the scooter, as well as browse through the original models for sale... Wouldn't this be a great souvenir from Prague?

Below are a few pictures and videos that will take you down memory lane...careful, you will fall in love!








The new 506 model will look like this:

Photos courtesy of Čezeta

          VW GOLF IV 1.4 Slovakia, Benzín, 55 kw r.v.2002 - 2 300   
Predám VW Golf 1.4 Slovakia, Benzín, 55kw, r.v.2002, 5dv.(5-miestne),192850km, farba biela, Alarm, Centrálne uzamykanie, Airbag 2x, El.predné a zadné okná, Manuálna klimatizácia, ABS, Isofix, Deaktivácia airbagov, Dialkové ovládanie, Defend Lock, Ele ...
          Europe Forecast: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, Jul 01 - 10:13   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          [UPDATE] AS Roma | Daftar Pemain | Transfer | Musim 2017/18   



A.S. ROMA | SQUAD LIST


GOALKEEPER
#18 | Bogdan LOBONT | Jan 18, 1978 | Romania
#19 | ALISSON Becker | Oct 2, 1992 | Brazil
- | Lukasz SKORUPSKI | May 5, 1991 | Poland


DEFENDER
#2 | Antonio RUDIGER | Mar 3, 1993 | Germany
#26 | Rick KARSDORP | Feb 11, 1995 | Netherlands
#33 | EMERSON Palmieri dos Santos | Aug 3, 1994 | Brazil
#44 | Konstantinos MANOLAS | Jun 14, 1991 | Greece
#99 | Abdullahi NURA | Aug 17, 1997 | Nigeria
- | JUAN Jesus | Jun 10, 1991 | Brazil
- | Federico FAZIO | Mar 17, 1987 | Argentina
- | Mário RUI | May 27, 1991 | Portugal
- | Héctor MORENO | Jan 17, 1988 | Mexico
- | Leandro CASTAN | Nov 5, 1986 | Brazil
- | Ervin ZUKANOVIC | Feb 11, 1987 | Bosnia-Herzegovina
- | Norbert GYOMBER | Jul 3, 1992 | Slovakia
- | Arturo CALABRESI | Mar 17, 1996 | Italy
- | Elio CAPRADOSSI | Mar 11, 1996 | Italy
- | Tiago CASASOLA | Aug 11, 1995 | Argentina
- | Bruno PERES | Mar 1, 1990 | Brazil
- | Moustapha SECK | Feb 23, 1996 | Senegal


MIDFIELDER
#4 | Radja NAINGGOLAN | May 4, 1988 | Belgium
#5 | Leandro PAREDES | Jun 29, 1994 | Argentina
#6 | Kevin STROOTMAN | Feb 13, 1990 | Netherlands
#7 | Lorenzo PELLEGRINI | Jun 19, 1996 | Italy
#16 | Daniele DE ROSSI | Jul 24, 1983 | Italy
#24 | Alessandro FLORENZI | Mar 11, 1991 | Italy
#30 | GERSON | May 20, 1997 | Brazil
- | William VAINQUEUR | Nov 19, 1988 | France
- | Matteo RICCI | May 27, 1994 | Italy
- | Ismail H'MAIDAT | Jun 16, 1995 | Morocco


STRIKER
#8 | Diego PEROTTI | Jul 26, 1988 | Argentina
#9 | Edin DZEKO | Mar 17, 1986 | Bosnia-Herzegovina
#92 | Stephan EL SHAARAWY | Oct 27, 1992 | Italy
- | Juan ITURBE | Jun 4, 1993 | Paraguay
- | Daniele VERDE | Jun 20, 1996 | Italy
- | Ezequiel PONCE | Mar 29, 1997 | Argentina
- | UMAR Sadiq | Feb 2, 1997 | Nigeria
- | Kevin MENDEZ | Jan 10, 1996 | Uruguay


MANAGER/COACH
Eusebio DI FRANCESCO | Sep 8, 1969 | Italy


A.S. ROMA | TRANSFERS

TRANSFER MUSIM PANAS 2017/18 (JULI-AGUSTUS 2017)

PLAYERS IN / ARRIVALS

- Rick Karsdorp | Feyenoord Rotterdam | €14,00M
- Bruno Peres | Torino FC | €12,50M
- Lorenzo Pellegrini | US Sassuolo | €10,0M
- Juan Jesus | Inter Milan | €8,00M
- Mário Rui | FC Empoli | €6,00M
- Héctor Moreno | PSV Eindhoven | €5,70M
- Maxime Gonalons | Olympique Lyon | €5,00M
- Federico Fazio | Tottenham Hotspur | €3,20M
- Elio Capradossi | FC Bari 1908 | End of loan
- Arturo Calabresi | Brescia Calcio | End of loan
- Massimo Sammartino | US Pistoiese 1921 | End of loan
- Tomas Svedkauskas | US Catanzaro | End of loan
- Seydou Doumbia | FC Basel 1893 | End of loan
- Federico Ricci | US Sassuolo | End of loan
- Jacopo Ferri | ACR Messina | End of loan
- Giammario Piscitella | AC Prato | End of loan
- Ervin Zukanovic | Atalanta BC | End of loan
- Ismail H'Maidat | SC Olhanense | End of loan
- Ezequiel Ponce | Granada CF | End of loan
- Franck Cedric | US Catanzaro | End of loan
- Petar Golubović | AC Pisa 1909 | End of loan
- Marco Frediani | US Ancona | End of loan
- Lorenzo Di Livio | Ternana Calcio | End of loan
- Paolo Frascatore | FC Lausanne-Sport | End of loan
- Umar Sadiq | Bologna FC 1909 | End of loan
- Leandro Castán | UC Sampdoria | End of loan
- Juan Iturbe | Torino FC | End of loan
- Ionut Pop | Fidelis Andria | End of loan
- Pepín | FC Lugano | End of loan
- Simone Battaglia | AS Melfi | End of loan
- Christian D'Urso | Carpi FC 1909 | End of loan
- Lukasz Skorupski | FC Empoli | End of loan
- Norbert Gyömber | Terek Grozny | End of loan
- Kevin Méndez | FC Lausanne-Sport | End of loan
- Matteo Ricci | AC Perugia Calcio | End of loan
- William Vainqueur | Olympique Marseille | End of loan
- Daniele Verde | US Avellino 1912 | End of loan
- Lorenzo Vasco | Fidelis Andria | End of loan
- Andrea Paolelli | A.D.C. Viterbese Castrense | End of loan
- Moustapha Seck | Carpi FC 1909 | End of loan
- Tiago Casasola | Trapani Calcio | End of loan
- Nemanja Radonjic | FK Cukaricki | End of loan
- Nicola Falasco | AC Cesena | End of loan
- Mattia Rosato | Lupa Roma FC | End of loan


PLAYERS OUT / DEPARTURES

- Mohamed Salah | Liverpool FC | €42,00M
- Federico Ricci | US Sassuolo | €4,50M
- Seydou Doumbia | Sporting CP | Loan
- Pepín | Brescia Calcio | Loan
- Nicola Falasco | US Avellino 1912 | Loan
- Marco Frediani | Parma Calcio 1913 | Free
- Franck Cedric | Free agent
- Tomas Svedkauskas | Free agent
- Federico Fazio | Tottenham Hotspur | End of loan
- Bruno Peres | Torino FC | End of loan
- Juan Jesus | Inter Milan | End of loan
- Thomas Vermaelen | FC Barcelona | End of loan
- Mário Rui | FC Empoli | End of loan
- Wojciech Szczesny | Arsenal FC | End of loan
- Clément Grenier | Olympique Lyon | End of loan
- Francesco Totti | Retire (?)

Diperbaharui: 1 Juli 2017


          Po štrajku dovolenka. Volkswagen Slovakia zastaví výrobu   
Od pondelka 3. júla sa zamestnancom Volkswagen Slovakia začína celozávodná dovolenka, produkcia sa obnoví 19. júla.
          Ukraine points finger at Russian security services in recent cyber attack   
KIEV  - Ukraine said on Saturday that Russian security services were involved in a recent cyber attack on the country, with the aim of destroying important data and spreading panic.

The SBU, Ukraine's state security service, said the attack, which started in Ukraine and spread around the world on Tuesday, was by the same hackers who attacked the Ukrainian power grid in December 2016. Ukrainian politicians were quick to blame Russia for Tuesday's attack, but a Kremlin spokesman dismissed "unfounded blanket accusations".

Cyber security firms are trying to piece together who was behind the computer worm, dubbed NotPetya by some experts, which conked out computers, hit banks, disrupted shipping and shut down a chocolate factory in Australia.

The attack also hit major Russian firms, leading some cyber security researchers to suggest that Moscow was not behind it.

The malicious code in the virus encrypted data on computers, and demanded victims pay a $300 ransom, similar to the extortion tactic used in a global WannaCry ransomware attack in May. But Ukrainian officials and some security experts say the ransomware feature was likely a smokescreen.

Relations between Ukraine and Russia went into freefall after Moscow's annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the subsequent outbreak of a Kremlin-backed separatist insurgency in eastern Ukraine that has killed more than 10,000 people.

Hacking Ukrainian state institutions is part of what Ukraine says is a "hybrid war" by Russia on Kiev. Russia denies sending troops or military equipment to eastern Ukraine.

"The available data, including those obtained in cooperation with international antivirus companies, give us reason to believe that the same hacking groups are involved in the attacks, which in December 2016 attacked the financial system, transport and energy facilities of Ukraine using TeleBots and BlackEnergy," the SBU said.

"This testifies to the involvement of the special services of Russian Federation in this attack."

The SBU in an earlier statement on Friday said it had seized equipment it said belonged to Russian agents in May and June to launch cyber attacks against Ukraine and other countries.

Referencing the $300 ransomware demand, the SBU said "the virus is cover for a large-scale attack on Ukraine. This is evidenced by a lack of a real mechanism for taking possession of the funds ... enrichment was not the aim of the attack."

"The main purpose of the virus was the destruction of important data, disrupting the work of public and private institutions in Ukraine and spreading panic among the people."

A cyber attack in December on a Ukrainian state energy computer caused a power cut in the northern part of the capital Kiev.

The Russian foreign ministry and Federal Security Service did not immediately respond to requests for comment on the latest allegations.

Russian oil major Rosneft was one of the first companies to reveal it had been compromised by the virus and sources told Reuters on Thursday computers at state gas giant Gazprom had also been infected.

The SBU's accusations chime with some of the findings of the cyber security firm ESET in Slovakia, which said in research published online on Friday that the Telebots group -- which has links to BlackEnergy -- was behind the attack.

"Collecting ransom money was never the top priority for the TeleBots group," it said, suggesting Ukraine was the target but the virus spread globally as "affected companies in other countries had VPN connections to their branches, or to business partners, in Ukraine."

"The TeleBots group continues to evolve in order to conduct disruptive attacks against Ukraine," it said.

"Prior to the outbreak, the Telebots group targeted mainly the financial sector. The latest outbreak was directed against businesses in Ukraine, but they apparently underestimated the malware' spreading capabilities. That's why the malware went out of control."


          Weekly Featured Profile – Lee Rhiannon, Australia   
KeyWiki.org Lee Rhiannon is an Australian Greens Senator. Senator Rhiannon is the leading light of the Left of the Australian Greens and a contender for the leadership of the party. She is the daughter of Freda Brown and Bill Brow, who were both Communist Party of Australia leaders, The August 1968 Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia […]
          Sir Bill Taylor: Of course we can!   
I was speaking with a young Slovakian woman, Misha, if I caught her name right. Middle twenties?
          Casino Extreme Exclusive July $175 Freeroll Tournament   

Casino Extreme - Exclusive $175 Freeroll Tourney this July only for LCBers

US OK!

Prizepool: $175

Available on Download version only!

Must have an account in USD- YES

Tournament name: EXTREMELCB

Top 5 places win the prize ($35 per player)

How to participate: Players need to sign up through our LINK and enter the password.

Password: CRYSTALCB

Game: CRYSTAL WATERS

Entry fee: Free!

Start date: 1st July 2017

End date: 31st July 2017

Add-on: free (35 times)

Re-buy: free (5 time)

Max cashout: 2 x value of the prize (1 x wagering of the prize value)

Available on mobile? No

Please note: For new members of the Casino Extreme deposit is required prior to withdrawal (to confirm account). Only one non-entry free tournament / free promotion is allowed between deposits. Tournament prizes claimed by players that have not yet deposited at Casino Extreme will be considered as if part of a no-deposit promotion and will be subject to our Terms and Conditions.

Restricted countries: Bulgaria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Croatia, Indonesia, Lithuania, Latvia, Montenegro, Malaysia, Philippines, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, Turkey, Taiwan, Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia.

Good luck! money


          What next for Eastern Europe?   
While President Trump tweets, the United States and Russia drift towards war over Syria, and the new Thirty Years War between Shi'ite and Sunni continues on many fronts, another critical drama is playing out in the Eastern half of the European continent.  I find it particularly interesting because it is a replay of the drama I described about 40 years ago in my first book, Economic Diplomacy and the Origins of the Second World War, which is linked at left and available as an e-book.

For the first few centuries of the modern era the peoples of Eastern Europe lived under large empires.  The Ottoman Empire had reached Europe in the 15th century and eventually included what is now Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Rumania, some of the nations of the former Yugoslavia, and Hungary.  The Tsar of Russia ruled what are now the Baltic States and, by the 19th century, Poland.  The Holy Roman Empire--which in 1806 became the Austrian Empire, and in 1867 the Austro-Hungarian Empire--included parts of Poland and the present-day Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia and Slovenia.  All these peoples, to varying degrees, developed nationalist movements during the 19th century.

The enormous strain of the First World War proved too much not only for the Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires, but also for the German Empire.  The Allies--France, Britain, Italy and eventually the US as well--sponsored the claims of some of the national movements in their territory.  In January 1918, in his Fourteen Points, Woodrow Wilson endorsed an independent Poland and autonomy (not independence) for the peoples of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires.  When those nations collapsed ten months later, various national movements proclaimed new states.

As the brilliant but eccentric English historian A. J. P. Taylor noted in 1961, the post-1919 settlement in Eastern Europe reflected the astonishing fact that both Germany and Russia had been defeated. Only that allowed for the re-creation of an independent Poland, the new states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia,a larger Rumania, independent Poland and Finland, and the three Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.  It seemed in 1918-9 that things might go even further and that Ukraine might become independent as well, but the Bolsheviks managed to secure control over it in the Russian civil war.  These states were economically and politically weak.  Nearly all of them initially formed some kind of democratic government, encouraged down that path by the western powers.

In the short run, several of the new states--Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania--were threatened by Hungary, which had lost huge territories at the peace conference, while in the long run Czechoslovakia and Poland had to worry about a resurgent Germany. France, eager to cement its status as the leading power in Europe, offered all those states some kind of alliance.  Clearly the French would have trouble defending them once the Germans or Russians regained their military strength, but the French were counting on keeping the Germans weak.  The alliances faced no serious threats until after the rise of Hitler.

By then all these countries had undergone profound political changes.  While all of them had begun as democracies, only Czechoslovakia, Finland and the Baltic States were still electing their governments by the early 1930s--the rest had come under some form of authoritarian rule.  The agricultural states among them, as I showed in my book, came under German influence after 1935 because the Germans, desperate for food, offered them a market for their produce.  In 1938 Hitler managed to destroy Czechoslovakia when the French abandoned their alliance.  In 1939-40, Hitler and Stalin concluded the Nazi-Soviet Pact. They partitioned Poland and the Soviets incorporated the Baltic States.  Hungary and Rumania became allies of Hitler while Yugoslavia was occupied by the Italians and the Nazis.  In 1945,  the whole region (except Finland) came under Soviet occupation and the USSR installed Communist governments.

The collapse of the USSR in 1991--77 years after the start of the First World War--started this process over again.  Once again, as in 1919, the entire region was liberated from foreign rule.  This time the proliferation of new states has gone much further, with Czechoslovakia and former Yugoslavia giving way to no less than 8 new states, and not only the Baltic States, but also Ukraine and Belarus, becoming independent.  Once again the new states established various forms of democracy.  And once again, powerful nations from outside the region offered them alliances. NATO, led by the US, offered membership to virtually every new state in the region, including the Baltic states--after initially promising the new Russian government not to do so.  The EU also offered many of them membership, choosing to ignore the enormous economic and cultural differences that still divide Europe somewhere around the frontiers of Germany and Poland.

Germany is no longer an imperialist nation, although it leads the EU and played a key role in its enlargement.  Russia once again went through a chaotic period but by 2000 it was recovering its strength under Vladimir Putin.  He is clearly determined to reassert Russian influence--if not more--over many of the states of the former USSR.  Belarus lost any real independence very quickly, and Putin is actively contesting the West in a bid for influence in Ukraine, and using the Russian military at the border to do so. He also very obviously has designs on the Baltic states, which are extremely vulnerable militarily.  And while Putin cannot offer these states markets the way the Germans did 80 years ago, he can provide them with energy.

And once again, democracy has proven fragile in Eastern Europe.  Rightist parties now lead the governments of Hungary, Poland, and some of the other states of the region. The governments of the Czech Republic and Slovakia are weak and subject to corruption and outside influence.  These nations face a choice between  western-style democracy--which is having enormous problems in the west--and Russian-style authoritarianism.  It is not at all clear which path they shall take.

Only a gigantic war settled the question of Eastern Europe's future 80 years ago.  Such a war does not seem in prospect now, but limited wars, such as a lightning Russian occupation of one or more Baltic states, cannot be ruled out.  Russian and NATO aircraft are constantly confronting one another in the region.  The Russians also seem to be using cyberwar against Ukraine, and they may use it elsewhere. To reach a new equilibrium diplomatically would require a level of statesmanship which is not apparent on the world scene.  Nearly thirty years ago, when the Soviet empire collapsed, I commented frequently that this time, Eastern Europe had taken a new shape without a new world war.  Now it seems that the process may involve a larger conflict--albeit of a possibly different kind.
          Europe forecast: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, Jul 01 - 00:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          Naomi Nevena is from Europe, where all the girls are ready to bend   
Naomi Nevena is a Porn Star from Slovakia. She was born on September 20, 1992.
          Charming Blonde s Wet Dream   
Miriama Kunkelova is a Porn Star from Slovakia. She was born in Lamac on May 12, 1987. Measurements: 32B-23-34
          Sommario Europeo: Unsettled north-central Europe - Heat continues south-east, 01 Lug - 06:43   

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Isolated thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. Dry and hot for southern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Cooler with some rain and blustery winds around the Baltic.

Sunday Heat builds across Iberia, as high pressure centred between the Azores and Biscay generates a north-easterly flow, meaning areas in the south-west of Spain and Portugal may climb into the upper 30s Celsius. Staying hot across southern Europe as a whole, with searing heat again around the Black Sea with strong sunshine. However, severe thunderstorms are expected to break out across the Balkans, Bulgaria and Romania. Pressure builds for France, bringing a brighter day, although a weak front to the north may give cloudy skies. Patchy rain affects much of central Europe, although amounts generally small and some sunshine is likely. Temperatures 20 to 23C for Germany and Poland. A fall in pressure across Scandinavia brings wind and rain to Norway, heaviest in the west. Blustery winds too for southern Sweden and Denmark, although here it should be dry. Mainly dry around the Baltic, and across Finland.


          Discussing Petr Mrazek (Redux)   
This is a rehash of a post from last year where I spoke of Detroit Red Wings prospect Petr Mrazek. In light of him being named Detroit's starting goaltender in tonight's contest with the St. Louis Blues, here is a look back at some things I said about Mrazek, with a little bit added in about his 2012-13 season in Grand Rapids. Czech it out! (Sorry, it was a lame joke used in the first article and I felt the need to ring that bell a second time.)


Petr Mrázek

Petr Mrázek is a 20 year old goaltender who previously belonged to the OHL's Ottawa 67s. During his tenure in Ottawa, Mrázek put up strong numbers, including two consecutive 30 win seasons that also included save percentages above .917. That's pretty good for a league filled with crazy talented kids putting up point per game or better seasons. As the highlight reel suggests, Mrázek THRIVES on competition, emotion, and excitement. If you want an excellent glimpse into Mrázek's personality, The Goalie Guild is all over this one. The Guild gives a pretty outstanding endorsement and please do not hesitate to click on their link and check out the interviews. One thing I found interesting about Justin Goldman's article is the lack of references to a previously dominant Czech goalie who was both explosive and unorthodox in his style.What was his name? Dominik Hašek?

Far be it for me to suggest Mrázek is the next 389 win, six time Vezina and two time Hart winning double Stanley Cup and Olympic gold champion. Reality is that there will never be another Hašek . The comparison is not your average over-the-top-Wings-fandom cheerleading so much as an outlandish attempt at comparing the styles of the goalies. One could argue that the art of tending goal is so varied that it's like comparing Picasso's Guernica to Peter Bruegel's The Triumph of Death. There is a grain of truth in the comparisons, but ultimately it if futile to say one shares much in common with the other. In the case of the paintings, both are pieces of art. Both deal with the tragedy of death in some manner. Both are European painters. I'm sure there's a more postmodern comparison to be dug up but I digress. Mrázek and Hašek can be compared much in the same manner. They're both goalies. They both come from Europe and the same country. They both play a unique style that bucks the trend of their generation.


Most of all, it's that intangible, explosive personality that makes them both entertaining that draws my interest. During Hašek 's years in Detroit, he was still playing at an elite level (for the most part), but his best years were behind him. Despite Father Time beginning his slow but steady shin-whacking of the Dominator,   Hašek  was ever the peppy netminder who bamboozled the NHL's best even on off nights.



For those without sound, that's a 40 goal machine, the Slovakian Marián Gáborík getting dumped on his face. Not much else to say there.


Mrázek's big welcome to the spotlight came at the 2012 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships, where he won the honour of Best Goaltender of the tournament despite the Czechs finishing 5th and getting dumped in the quarter finals by Russia. When all was said and done, the kid nearly finished off the best team in the tournament in the first round of knockouts by himself. The whole world started asking "who is this guy and why is he dominating" and "how do you say his name" all over the internet. Red Wings fans, atop their ivory towers, snickered at the thought of getting another Hašek from the eleventy-billionth round of a thin draft. Okay, that's the over-the-top-Wing cheerleader in me. I'll dial it back. He's not exactly a reserved kind of guy like Chris Osgood. He might even be the anti-Osgood. Cue the Ryan Lambert material here, if you please. No, Mrázek is not subtle:



Now that I would pay to see every night for 15 years. Eccentric goalies are often very up-and-down in terms of quality (see Bryzgalov, Ilya) and can often put forth some stinky performances (Dominator anyone?) but Mrázek sports something we haven't seen in Detroit in a few seasons. Mrázek plays with a passion for the game on his sleeve and lets that passion erupt in the form of crazy celebrations on the ice. I'm not only cool with that, I cannot wait to see this kid play (and win) in Detroit.


On the eve of Mrazek's NHL debut, it seems appropriate to bring everyone up to speed on his efforts down in Grand Rapids. So far with the Griffins, Mrazek has been AHL All-Star caliber. He boasts a 16-7-3-1 record with a 2.26 GAA and a sparkling .916 save percentage.  He's outperformed fellow Griffin Tom McCollum and given the injuries to Gustavsson and Joey MacDonald, he is the logical choice for backup to Jimmy Howard...for now. As we approach his NHL debut there's still a lot of questions as to how the kid will perform under the big spotlight...





Cannot wait to see him in action tonight.


          For sale - Smaller pair of vintage alloy reel seating rings... - Auction   
Cane 6710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - An excellent pair of vintage alloy reel seating... - Auction   
Cane 6710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - A great pair of vintage alloy reel seating rings... - Auction   
Cane 6710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - A quality pair of vintage alloy reel seating rings... - Auction   
Cane 6710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          ONTD Reading Challenge (July) - "I Don't Know Her"   
Happy July! A new month, a new ONTD Reading Challenge task! This month the theme is "I Don't Know Her," and the task is to read a book by a woman author who you've never read anything by. If you've yet to decide on a book (or books), milfordacademy and hjalmartazar are here with a selection from across the globe!



Stay With Me, Ayobami Adebayo (Nigeria)
"Yejide and Akin have been married since they met and fell in love at university. Though many expected Akin to take several wives, he and Yejide have always agreed: polygamy is not for them. But four years into their marriage--after consulting fertility doctors and healers, trying strange teas and unlikely cures--Yejide is still not pregnant. She assumes she still has time--until her family arrives on her doorstep with a young woman they introduce as Akin's second wife. Furious, shocked, and livid with jealousy, Yejide knows the only way to save her marriage is to get pregnant. Which, finally, she does--but at a cost far greater than she could have dared to imagine."

The Queue, Basma Abdel Aziz (Egypt)
"Citizens from all walks of life mix and wait in the sun: a revolutionary journalist, a sheikh, a poor woman concerned for her daughter’s health, and even the brother of a security officer killed in clashes with protestors. Among them is Yehia, a man who was shot during the Events and is waiting for permission from the Gate to remove a bullet that remains lodged in his pelvis. Yehia’s health steadily declines, yet at every turn, officials refuse to assist him, actively denying the very existence of the bullet. Ultimately it is Tarek, the principled doctor tending to Yehia’s case, who must decide whether to follow protocol as he has always done, or to disobey the law and risk his career to operate on Yehia and save his life."

We Need New Names, NoViolet Bulawayo (Zimbabwe)
"Darling is only ten years old, and yet she must navigate a fragile and violent world. In Zimbabwe, Darling and her friends steal guavas, try to get the baby out of young Chipo's belly, and grasp at memories of Before. Before their homes were destroyed by paramilitary policemen, before the school closed, before the fathers left for dangerous jobs abroad.

But Darling has a chance to escape: she has an aunt in America. She travels to this new land in search of America's famous abundance only to find that her options as an immigrant are perilously few."

Aya, Marguerite Abouet (Côte d'Ivoire)
"In the sun-warmed streets of working-class Yopougon, aka Yop City, holidays are around the corner, the open-air bars and discos are starting to fill up, and trouble of a different kind is about to raise eyebrows. At night, an empty table in the market square under the stars is all the privacy young lovers can hope for, and what happens there is soon everybody's business. Aya tells the story of its nineteen-year-old heroine, the studious and clear-sighted Aya, her easygoing friends Adjoua and Bintou, and their meddling relatives and neighbors. It's a breezy and wryly funny account of the desire for joy and freedom, and of the simple pleasures and private troubles of everyday life in Yop City."

Tropical Fish: Tales from Entebbe, Doreen Baingana (Uganda)
"Set mostly in pastoral Entebbe with stops in the cities Kampala and Los Angeles, Tropical Fish depicts the reality of life for Christine Mugisha and her family after Idi Amin's dictatorship. Three of the eight chapters are told from the point of view of Christine's two older sisters, Patti, a born-again Christian who finds herself starving at her boarding school, and Rosa, a free spirit who tries to magically seduce one of her teachers. But the star of Tropical Fish is Christine, whom we accompany from her first wobbly steps in high heels, to her encounters with the first-world conveniences and alienation of America, to her return home to Uganda."




The Invisible Life of Eurídice Gusmão, Martha Batalha (Brazil)
"Euridice is young, beautiful and ambitious, but when her rebellious sister Guida elopes, she sets her own aspirations aside and vows to settle down as a model wife and daughter. And yet as her husband's professional success grows, so does Euridice's feeling of restlessness. She embarks on a series of secret projects - from creating recipe books to becoming the most sought-after seamstress in town - but each is doomed to failure. Her tradition-loving husband is not interested in an independent wife. And then one day Guida appears at the door with her young son and a terrible story of hardship and abandonment. The Invisible Life of Euridice Gusmao is a wildly inventive, wickedly funny and keenly observed tale of two sisters who, surrounded by a cast of unforgettable characters, assert their independence and courageously carve a path of their own in 1940s Rio de Janeiro."

Here Comes the Sun, Nicole Y. Dennis-Benn (Jamaica)
"At an opulent resort in Montego Bay, Margot hustles to send her younger sister, Thandi, to school. Taught as a girl to trade her sexuality for survival, Margot is ruthlessly determined to shield Thandi from the same fate. When plans for a new hotel threaten their village, Margot sees not only an opportunity for her own financial independence but also perhaps a chance to admit a shocking secret: her forbidden love for another woman. As they face the impending destruction of their community, each woman fighting to balance the burdens she shoulders with the freedom she craves must confront long-hidden scars. "

Do Not Say We Have Nothing, Madeleine Thien (Canada)
"Master storyteller Madeleine Thien takes us inside an extended family in China, showing us the lives of two successive generations—those who lived through Mao’s Cultural Revolution and their children, who became the students protesting in Tiananmen Square. At the center of this epic story are two young women, Marie and Ai-Ming. Through their relationship Marie strives to piece together the tale of her fractured family in present-day Vancouver, seeking answers in the fragile layers of their collective story. Her quest will unveil how Kai, her enigmatic father, a talented pianist, and Ai-Ming’s father, the shy and brilliant composer, Sparrow, along with the violin prodigy Zhuli were forced to reimagine their artistic and private selves during China’s political campaigns and how their fates reverberate through the years with lasting consequences."

The Body Where I Was Born, Guadalupe Nettel (Mexico)
"From a psychoanalyst's couch, the narrator looks back on her bizarre childhood—in which she was born with a birth defect into a family intent on fixing it—having somehow survived the emotional havoc she went through. And survive she did, but not unscathed. This intimate narrative echoes the voice of the narrator's younger self, a sharp, sensitive girl keen to life's hardships."

Lakota Woman, Mary Crow Dog, (US)
"Mary Brave Bird grew up fatherless in a one-room cabin, without running water or electricity, on the Rosebud Indian Reservation in South Dakota. Rebelling against the aimless drinking, punishing missionary school, narrow strictures for women, and violence and hopeless of reservation life, she joined the new movement of tribal pride sweeping Native American communities in the sixties and seventies. It is a unique document, unparalleled in American Indian literature, a story of death, of determination against all odds, of the cruelties perpetuated against American Indians, and of the Native American struggle for rights."

Things We Lost in the Fire, Mariana Enríquez (Argentina)
"A woman returns to the rundown suburb of Buenos Aires her family once called home. From the safety of her window, she watches as a teenage prostitute raises her five-year-old son on the street. They sleep outside, surrounded by pimps and addicts, psychopaths and dealers, worshippers of the occult and corrupt police.

One day, the mother and the dirty kid are gone, and the dismembered body of a child is found in the neighbourhood. Is the murder part of a satanic ritual, or a gangland killing? Could it be the dirty kid, and if so, is his mother a victim too; or an accomplice; or his killer?"




Waking Lions, Ayelet Gundar-Goshen (Israel)
"Dr Eitan Green is a good man. He saves lives. Then, speeding along a deserted moonlit road in his SUV, he hits someone. Seeing that the man, an African migrant, is beyond help, he flees the scene. It is a decision that changes everything. Because the dead man’s wife knows what happened. When she knocks at Eitan’s door the next day, tall and beautiful, he discovers that her price is not money. It is something else entirely, something that will shatter Eitan’s safe existence and take him into a world of secrets and lies."

Penance, Kanae Minato (Japan)
"When they were children, Sae, Maki, Akiko and Yuko were tricked into separating from their friend Emily by a mysterious stranger. Then the unthinkable occurs: Emily is found murdered hours later. Sae, Maki, Akiko and Yuko weren't able to accurately describe the stranger's appearance to the police after the Emily's body was discovered. Asako, Emily's mother, curses the surviving girls, vowing that they will pay for her daughter's murder."

Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China, Jung Chang (China)
"Through the story of three generations of women -- grandmother, mother and daughter -- Wild Swans tells nothing less than the whole tumultuous history of China's tragic twentieth century, from sword-bearing warlords to Chairman Mao, from the Manchu Empire to the Cultural Revolution. At times terrifying, at times astonishing, always deeply moving, Wild Swans is a book in a million, a true story with all the passion and grandeur of a great novel."

Foreigner: A Novel, Nahid Rachlin (Iran)
"Feri, an Iranian woman in her thirties, left Iran to study and work in the United States, where she married an American and settled down. Now, after fourteen years, she has returned to Iran to visit her family. Unexpectedly, she finds herself strangely pulled by the old culture, where she will confront as never before the question of where she belongs and how she wants to live."

Pachinko, Min Jin Lee (South Korea)
"Pachinko follows one Korean family through the generations, beginning in early 1900s Korea with Sunja, the prized daughter of a poor yet proud family, whose unplanned pregnancy threatens to shame them all. Deserted by her lover, Sunja is saved when a young tubercular minister offers to marry and bring her to Japan."




Based on a True Story, Delphine de Vigan (France)
"Overwhelmed by the huge success of her latest novel, exhausted and unable to begin writing her next book, Delphine meets L. L. is the kind of impeccable, sophisticated woman who fascinates Delphine; a woman with smooth hair and perfectly filed nails, and a gift for saying the right thing. Delphine finds herself irresistibly drawn to her, their friendship growing as their meetings, notes and texts increase. But as L. begins to dress like Delphine, and, in the face of Delphine's crippling inability to write, L. even offers to answer her emails, and their relationship rapidly intensifies. L. becomes more and more involved in Delphine's life until she patiently takes control and turns it upside down: slowly, surely, insidiously."

House of Day, House of Night, Olga Tokarczuk (Poland)
Nowa Ruda is a small town in Silesia, an area that has been a part of Poland, Germany, and the former Czechoslovakia in the past. When the narrator moves into the area, she discovers everyone--and everything--has a story. With the help of Marta, her enigmatic neighbor, the narrator accumulates these stories, tracing the history of Nowa Ruda from the its founding to the lives of its saints, from the caller who wins the radio quiz every day to the man who causes international tension when he dies straddling the border between Poland and Czechoslovakia."

Café Europa, Slavenka Drakulic (Croatia)
"Drakulic notes that Eastern Europeans are so anxious to become like their Western counterparts that every city and town has a Cafe Europa that is a pale imitation of similar establishments in Paris and Rome. She presents here a collection of essays that explore life in various Eastern European countries since the fall of communism. As a citizen of Croatia (formerly a part of Yugoslavia) living now in Vienna with her Swedish husband, she writes knowingly as a survivor of a communist regime, as one who realizes that pitfalls still lie ahead for nations emerging from the Soviet yoke."

The Door, Magda Szabó (Hungary)
"A stylishly told tale which recounts a strange relationship built up over 20 years between a writer and her housekeeper. After an unpromising and caustic start benign feelings develop and ultimately the writer benefits from what becomes an inseparable relationship. Simultaneously we learn Emerence's tragic past which is revealed in snapshots throughout the book."

Quicksand, Malin Persson Giolito (Sweden)
"A mass shooting has taken place at a prep school in Stockholm’s wealthiest suburb. Eighteen-year-old Maja Norberg is charged for her involvement in the massacre that left her boyfriend and her best friend dead. She has spent nine months in jail awaiting trial. Now the time has come for her to enter the courtroom. How did Maja—popular, privileged, and a top student—become a cold-blooded killer in the eyes of the public? What did Maja do? Or is it what she failed to do that brought her here?"




The Hate Race, Maxine Beneba Clarke (Australia)
"'Against anything I had ever been told was possible, I was turning white. On the surface of my skin, a miracle was quietly brewing . . .'

Suburban Australia. Sweltering heat. Three bedroom blonde-brick. Family of five. Beat-up Ford Falcon. Vegemite on toast. Maxine Beneba Clarke's life is just like all the other Aussie kids on her street.

Except for this one, glaring, inescapably obvious thing."

Breadfruit , Célestine Vaite (French Polynesia)
"When a drunken Pito proposes to Materena, she initially thinks it's just the booze talking. As she nevertheless starts planning, she juggles everyday life only to have Pito act as though he's forgotten his proposal."

Carpentaria, Alexis Wright (Australia)
"In the sparsely populated northern Queensland town of Desperance, loyalties run deep and battle lines have been drawn between the powerful Phantom family, leaders of the Westend Pricklebush people, and Joseph Midnight’s renegade Eastend mob, and their disputes with the white officials of neighboring towns. Steeped in myth and magical realism, Wright’s hypnotic storytelling exposes the heartbreaking realities of Aboriginal life."

Picnic at Hanging Rock, Joan Lindsay (Australia)
"Everyone at Appleyard College for Young Ladies agreed it was just right for a picnic at Hanging Rock. After lunch, a group of three of the girls climbed into the blaze of the afternoon sun, pressing on through the scrub into the shadows of Hanging Rock. Further, higher, till at last they disappeared.

They never returned."

The Luminaries, Eleanor Catton (New Zealand)
"It is 1866, and young Walter Moody has come to make his fortune upon the New Zealand goldfields. On the stormy night of his arrival, he stumbles across a tense gathering of twelve local men who have met in secret to discuss a series of unexplained events: A wealthy man has vanished, a prostitute has tried to end her life, and an enormous fortune has been discovered in the home of a luckless drunk. Moody is soon drawn into the mystery: a network of fates and fortunes that is as complex and exquisitely ornate as the night sky."



5 LATIN AMERICAN WOMEN AUTHORS TO READ RIGHT NOW
50 Books by African Women That Everyone Should Read
50 books by African Women That Everyone Should Read (pt. 2)
25 New Books by African Writers You Should Read Note: Some of these writers are not women
Writing Against the Grain: Contemporary Korean Women to Watch
10 Classic Japanese Novels by Women Authors
South Asian Women Authors We Love
10 Must Read Women Writers From the Middle East
Thanks to milfordacademy for these links!


SOURCES: AFRICA: 1 2 3 4 5 AMERICAS: 1 2 3 4 5 6 ASIA: 1 2 3 4 5 EUROPE: 1 2 3 4 5 OCEANIA: 1 2 3 4 5



What will you read for the challenge, ONTD? If you're on Goodreads, join our challenge group! This month's thread is here.
          Casino Extreme Exclusive July $175 Freeroll Tournament   

Casino Extreme - Exclusive $175 Freeroll Tourney this July only for LCBers

US OK!

Prizepool: $175

Available on Download version only!

Must have an account in USD- YES

Tournament name: EXTREMELCB

Top 5 places win the prize ($35 per player)

How to participate: Players need to sign up through our LINK and enter the password.

Password: CRYSTALCB

Game: CRYSTAL WATERS

Entry fee: Free!

Start date: 1st July 2017

End date: 31st July 2017

Add-on: free (35 times)

Re-buy: free (5 time)

Max cashout: 2 x value of the prize (1 x wagering of the prize value)

Available on mobile? No

Please note: For new members of the Casino Extreme deposit is required prior to withdrawal (to confirm account). Only one non-entry free tournament / free promotion is allowed between deposits. Tournament prizes claimed by players that have not yet deposited at Casino Extreme will be considered as if part of a no-deposit promotion and will be subject to our Terms and Conditions.

Restricted countries: Bulgaria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Croatia, Indonesia, Lithuania, Latvia, Montenegro, Malaysia, Philippines, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, Turkey, Taiwan, Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia.

Good luck! money


          For sale - grape lidded candle holder W/ unsceented candle... - $65   
Holder 2611, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - wine and grape tuscan light switch cover plate - $4   
Kogan 4406, Australia
Posting to: United States, Mexico, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Grape themed valences - Auction   

Warren 5233, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Set of 3 Grape Vine Design, Metal Candlestick... - $15   
Holder 2611, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 2 Wine Bottle Wall Hanging Wine Rack Metal Grape... - Auction   

Exeter 2579, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - lot of 10 Plastic Decorative Pretend Faux Fruit... - $6   

Orange 2800, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Charles Owen Ayr8 7 1/8 - Auction   

Owen 5460, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Tootsie Toy Fire Truck Red 3-1/8" Original... - Auction   

Montville 4560, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Genuine Lizard Skin Ladies Hand Bag - Auction   

Lizard 4871, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand ...
ebay.com.au

              
🐞🐞🐾 #polishgirl#polishboy#wasraw#vienna#slovakia#austria#australia#russia#bulgaria#like4like#likeforlikes#likeforfollow#followbackinstatly#followplease#friends#followmeigollowback#follow4fo#trocolikes#ootd#0711#energy#girls#instacool#selfie#snapcat#stuttgart#spamforspam
              
#polishgirl #polishboy #wasraw #vienna #slovakia #austria #australia #russia #bulgaria #like4like #likeforlikes #like4follow #followbackinstatly #followplease #friends #followmeigollowback #follow4fo #trocolikes #ootd #0711 #energy #girls #instacool #selfie #snapchat #stuttgart
          Vintage 1950s Lapis Blue Sequin Strand from Czechoslovakia / 6mm sequin / 8 inch strand by ifoundgallery   

7.95 USD

This listing is for 1 strand of beautiful vintage 1950s lapis blue Czechoslovakian sequins! Original old stock by Jablonex, which is a company that has been in operation since the 1700's. About 100 sequins.

Measure: 6 mm in diameter for each sequin; 8 inch strand


          Sport Samedi: Le Tour de France   




Today the Tour de France begins  in Dusseldorf, Germany, starting off three weeks of grueling daily stage races.  The Tour starts two days in Germany, and tomorrow afternoon passes into  Belgium, and then after a brief foray into Luxembourg, enters France definitively in a couple of days.  
Mark Cavendish, this space's most famous Manxman, has made a return to this year's tour with the boast that he is the greatest sprinter of all time.  Now that Tom Boonen has retired, he could maybe be considered as the greatest sprinter of this time, but time, as always, will tell.  Alberto Contador, perrenial powerhouse, returns to this year's Tour, along with last year's champion Chris Froome.  Peter Sagan, of Slovakia, will certainly do well, along with his team, German Squad Bora Hansgrohe.  

Three American Teams are featured in this year's  Tour, Trek-Sangfredo, Cannondale-Drapac, and BMC Racing.  Only one of them features any American riders, and all three Americans in the peloton this year ride for Cannondale-Drapac.  Canada features no Canadian riders this year.  Italy, which has many riders in the peloton, this year, unbelievably,  has no Italian teams in the pro peloton, nor does Russia.  39 French riders begin this year's Tour. 


The 2017 Tour de France starts today, July 1st, and continues in 21 stages through over 3500 kilometers, wrapping up in Paris on July 23rd.  Today's stage is an individual time trial, as well as the next to the last stage, in Marseilles on July 22nd.  The Tour likes to keep up suspense until the very end.

          For sale - cp Cases Pro Bag Rigid video camera bag like Arri... - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Porta Brace hip-3lens Hip-Pack Lens Case. Fits... - Auction   
Brandon 4808, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Mary Porta Kite Dress Size 6 House Of Frazer New ... - Auction   

Fraser Range 6443, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland ...
ebay.com.au

          By: Anonymous   
I recently came across this article concerning the PM's book written in 1993 ---Benjamin Netanyahu, A Place Among the Nations, Bantam Books, New York, 1993, pp. 154-159. The article compares what is happening in Israel right now concerning the "land for peace" agreement with the Palestinians and comparing it to what happened in Czechoslovakia in Sudeteland with Hitler. This is directly taken from Benjamin Netanyahu's book. Let's just hope international pressure on Israel doesn't cause this to happen to Israel. <a href="http://www.khouse.org/articles/1997/11/" rel="nofollow">http://www.khouse.org/articles/1997/11/</a>
          BlackBerry KEYone now available in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania!   
As the BlackBerry KEYone rollout continues, those looking to pick one up in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary or Romania can now do so. Multiple retailers across those areas have now made the BlackBerry KEYone available online and in-store. As the BlackBerry KEYone rollout continues, those looking to pick one up in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary or Romania can now do so. Multiple retailers across those areas have now made the BlackBerry KEYone available online and in-store where applicable. Read More »...
          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/48 8,95 €   

          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/72 8,95 €   

          Bohemian "Claudia" Fluted Champagne Glasses-Lot of 6/Comes in Original Box by rosiestreasuretrove   

65.00 USD

Offered are (6), Claudia, Czech Bohemia, crystal champagne flutes, all in very excellent condition, free of any damage. Made in Czechoslovakia.
Fine lead crystal. Bright & white, too! Comes in the origina box, but the box has some wear and tearing due to age.
Below are the approximate measurements:
6.75"h x 1.75"d
Holds approximately 6oz

Would make a great addition to anyone's Fine Lead Crystal Collection. Great for a Wedding or Wedding Gift-Celebration!!

Please see other unique items in my store at Rosies Treasure Trove. Thanks for looking!!!


          Budapest and Slovakia   
none
          Sygic Adds A Head-Up Display To Their GPS App   

  It’s become horribly obvious that the more a driver fiddles with their phone, the better chance they have of becoming involved in a car accident. But even taking one’s eyes off the road can be problematic — so Slovakian-based Sygic has added a head-up display mode to their iOS turn-by-turn navigation apps that tries […]

(via Cult of Mac - Tech and culture through an Apple lens)


          Sammendrag: Norge - Slovakia 0-3   
none
          For sale - ... ford focus st oem headlight fog light switch... - $45   

Redfern 2016, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - ... infiniti G37 Q40 sedan front left driver lower... - $125   

Sedan 5353, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - ... nissan 370Z oem air intake manifold ... - $125   

Redfern 2016, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - ... ford focus st front left & right step sill... - $50   

Redfern 2016, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - ... ford focus st hatchback oem spare tire jack... - $75   

Redfern 2016, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vauxhall Astra J Mk ... abs Pump/Module gm ... amx... - $84   

Eveleigh 2015, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Fits 03-15 Volvo vhd vnl vnm vah vn 9700 12.8L... - $1,071   

Price 5570, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia ...
ebay.com.au

           Partial Envelope Analysis with Nonnegative Matrix Factorization    
Timoney, Joseph and Lysaght, Thomas and Lazzarini, Victor and MacManus, Lorcan (2005) Partial Envelope Analysis with Nonnegative Matrix Factorization. In: 5th Electronic Circuits and Systems Conference , September 8-9 2005, Bratislava, Slovakia.
           A Reinvestigation of the Extended Kalman Filter applied to Formant Tracking    
Timoney, Joseph and Lysaght, Thomas and Lazzarini, Victor and Gao, Ruiyao (2005) A Reinvestigation of the Extended Kalman Filter applied to Formant Tracking. In: 5th Electronic Circuits and Systems Conference 2005, September 8-9 2005, Bratislava, Slovakia.
          Murals - Frescoes on Old Town Hall / Fresky na historickej radnici - Levoca (North-East Slovakia)   

Depicted beautiful Renaissance facade figural paintings representing five civil virtues decorate southern facade of famous historic Levoca Old Town Hall (historická radnica).

Renaissance building of historic Town Hall, nowadays Museum of Spiš Region, belongs together with adjacent Gothic Basilica of St. James among the key landmarks and historical monuments of town Levoca. Historic centre of Levoca is a part of UNESCO World heritage site "Levoca, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments". The Gothic core of the Town Hall of Levoca dates back to the 15th century. Damaged by devastating fires in 1550 and in 1599, it was subsequently reconstructed several times. But the principal Renaissance rebuilding and extension were done after 1615, when the the southern part and also arcades of the first and second floor of western wing were added. The southern facade is decorated by Renaissance frescoes representing symbols of civil virtues: moderation, carefulness, bravery, patience and justice. The building of the Town Hall is attached to a Renaissance belfry which was built between 1656-1661. The last visible changes in building's appearance has been made during Town Hall complete reconstruction in 1894. Currently former Town Hall houses expositions of the Spiš Museum (in the first floor), which are devoted to history and architecture of Levoca. The Session Hall is used for town's representative purposes.



          2048 (WoT) APK 1.5.2   

Join the tanks and get to the victory!

The game was created to please the fans. Good luck on the battlefield!

Nine Nations: USSR, USA, Germany, China, Japan, Great Britain, Czechoslovakia, France, Sweden.
Four types: Heavy Tanks, Medium tanks, SPGs, Tank Destroyers

-HOW TO PLAY-
Swipe to move the tanks. When two tanks with the same touch, they merge into one.

This game is based on http://gabrielecirulli.github.io/2048/

This application is NOT a development of Wargaming.net. Application is made in accordance with Wargaming Developer Partner
Program rules: http://eu.wargaming.net/developers/documentation/rules/rules/

Legal notice. The images contained within are copyrighted by Wargaming.Net LLP and tank stats are intellectual property of Wargaming.Net : Copyright © Wargaming.net ®, All rights reserved. World of Tanks, WoT are trademarks or registered trademarks of Wargaming.net.
          Volkswagen recalls 385,000 cars in Germany for brake system update   

Volkswagen recalls 385,000 cars in Germany for brake system updateFRANKFURT (Reuters) - Volkswagen is recalling 385,000 cars in Germany for a software update to their anti-lock brake systems, news agency DPA reported, citing a spokesman for the automaker. Volkswagen's VW, Audi and Skoda brands were affected, it said. According to DPA, the braking control system may not function properly in certain driving conditions, such as when the driver over-steers, under-steers or slams on the brakes. Volkswagen had no immediate comment. (Reporting by Andreas Cremer; writing by Maria Sheahan; editing by Jason Neely)



          Global Spirit Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via MarketResearchReports.com   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Spirit Market to 2021” research report to their website www.MarketResearchReports.com

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for spirits. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:

Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for spirits?
What is the spirit market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for spirits as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Gin
Liqueurs
Rum
Vodka
Whiskies
Other spirits

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global spirit market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

Please visit this link for more details: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-spirit-market-2021

For related reports please visit: Spirit Market Research Reports

Find all Alcoholic Beverages Reports at: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/alcoholic-beverages

About Market Research Reports, Inc.
Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

Contact us for your market research requirements: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/contact

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-spirit-market-to-2021-market-report-launched-via-marketresearchreportscom-826650.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sudeep Chakravarty
Director - Operations
Market Research Reports, Inc.
Telephone: 1-302-703-9904
Email: Click to Email Sudeep Chakravarty
Web: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-spirit-market-2021


          Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via MarketResearchReports.com   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021” research report to their website www.MarketResearchReports.com

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for sanitary and household paper. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yemen

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for sanitary and household paper?
What is the sanitary and household paper market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for sanitary and household paper as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Tampons, diapers and other sanitary paper
Paper tissues and handkerchiefs
Paper tablecloths and serviettes
Toilet paper
Other sanitary and household paper

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global sanitary and household paper market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

Please visit this link for more details: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-2021

Find all Consumer and Retail Reports at: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/consumer-retail

Related Report;

Global Wallpaper Market to 2021 - Visit at - http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-wallpaper-market-2021

About Market Research Reports, Inc.
Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

Contact us for your market research requirements: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/contact

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-to-2021-market-report-launched-via-marketresearchreportscom-826645.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sudeep Chakravarty
Director - Operations
Market Research Reports, Inc.
Telephone: 1-302-703-9904
Email: Click to Email Sudeep Chakravarty
Web: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-2021


          Almost Famous Jeans Shorts   

Restlessdress - YouTube
Jeans from JcPenney (Almost Famous) Sweater and Jacket from Forever 21. Heels from Kensie Girl Awkward White Guys In Shorts. ... View Video

Justina Gil - YouTube
Almost Famous (1/9) Movie CLIP - Drugs & Promiscuous Sex (2000) HD This is the absolute easiest way to make distressed jean shorts/jeans, all you need is a pair of jeans and some scissorsI hope you f ... View Video


Work of this artist accepted by the people of the time, what were this artist’s most famous When attending any opening reception for an art show, the artist is almost always in attendance. Dress appropriately – no jeans or shorts! You may wear khakis, pants, skirts, dresses, etc. ... Read More

Images of Almost Famous Jeans Shorts

Dear Sir Or Madam,
Bermuda shorts. Among the men's trouser types which have been favorites with Her famous coat, with long thin sleeves, a pleat in back, almost always at the bottom of their list of preferences. ... Read Content

AllRovi - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
AllRovi is a commercial database launched by the Rovi Corporation in 2011. It combines information and reviews about music and movies from the former services AllMovie and AllMusic. ... Read Article

Mountain Man Outpost
The famous Wilderness Road serves as the main street of Newbern, which is across the New River Do not wear camouflage or jeans. Shorts are discouraged give you a test (don’t wait until free time is almost over or you won’t be able to complete ... Read Full Source

Case Studies: Disruptive Student Behavior
Slipped …. they haven’t just slipped below his shorts (if he had been wearing shorts), but his low-rider jeans have slipped so far that is (almost) open access. The student body is diverse in both age, race The Entitled (Students of the rich and famous) February 2012, ... Read More

BRAZIL - ACCA | The Association Of Chartered Certified ...
Grown by an average of almost 4% since Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva took in jeans or even shorts. Ask beforehand about the dress code. Shorts and flip-flops Most famous citizen: Ronaldo Luís Nazário ... Fetch Doc

The Launch Pad
Top or a bright colored, wild-patterned tank top almost anywhere that will fit almost any of the skinny jeans that rocked in the winter, who doesn’t love jean shorts? ut don’t let the jeans take all the Upside: you just can’t go wrong with the world famous Old Navy flip-flops!!! ... Content Retrieval

Brema Backstage - YouTube
It' almost impossible for a biker don't have a Brema jacket inside the wardrobe, they are famous for the perfect fit and the high quality fabrics. 2:50 Watch Later Error Diesel Jeans and Shorts by Brandsdistribution 686 views ... View Video

Almost Famous Jeans Shorts Photos

The 9th Annual Summer Music Festival At Walnut Hill
We will attend concerts including one at the world famous Tanglewood Music Center, featuring Ladies: Dresses, dress pants (loosely fitted, no shorts, no jeans), skirts, blouses, and dress shoes (no Travelers' checks and credit cards are accepted almost everywhere. ... Document Viewer

What's Your Non Scale Victory ( Brag Away ) - Page 44
Where we go out in the backyard when it's covered in snow and start runningbarefoot in our shorts Haha I guess I'm kind of like that old Icelandic dude, Wim Hof(funny name XD) who's famous for doing my 'too tight' jeans down to my taller, slimmer, gorgeous sister, and getting her 'fat jeans', she ... Read Article

Pictures of Almost Famous Jeans Shorts

Virginija Rupainienė, Beata Baskakovienė, Sandra Shaw,
B Two pairs of jeans, shorts and clean underwear She came from an obscure village in Eastern France and started being famous when she was little At the Plaza cinema there are almost twice as many seats as in the Celebrities. ...

Inexpensive Must Have: Almost Famous Jean Shorts










Access This Document

The Best Mary Janes - Shoes For Girls - Kids' Fashion
Girls can wear them with anything, dresses, skirts, jeans, slacks; almost any outfit looks complete with a Lelli Kelly shoes are famous for their feminine, frilly, floral patterns. They look fresh and modern, especially when paired with capris or short shorts. ... Read Article

Photos of Almost Famous Jeans Shorts


shorts, men’s sandals, jeans, or sneakers allowed. Board 6:30 pm, Cruise 7:30 to 10:30 pm HELICOPTER TOURS THE BIG APPLE - $181/ person See the United States’ most famous landmark, The Statue of Liberty, so close you can almost reach out ... Fetch Document

Images of Almost Famous Jeans Shorts

CC Reative Outure
Its sales almost exclusively through the Web. “If the famous. It has hit mainstream America hard in the past few years with its in today’s jeans-and-shorts world and conveys ... Read Full Source


We stock almost anything you could possibly need for that special Famous brand sports and casual wear, caps, clothing, shin pads, socks, sweats, shorts and tonnes extensive range of styles and sizes in both ladies and men’s jeans. ... Access Full Source

Cinema.usc.edu
Helped to make an almost-lost part of gay male now the middle-aged king of the except for a "Calvin Klein Jeans" on the front and "coming out" entry (" 'New Gay Shorts' . . . The playmates may titillate us with their smooth, famous photographer tells all "4) and yet re- ... Visit Document

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
Jackets, jeans, jogging suits, jump suits, neck ties, shorts, boxer shorts, gym shorts, slacks, sport coats, sport prove that the DAVIDOFF mark is famous or is used in many ... Retrieve Doc

Almost Famous Jeans Shorts Pictures

Jongb11.weebly.com
10/17/2012. 0 0. 0 0. 1999 6.56. 2008 8.7100000000000009. 2008 6.55. 2008 4.37. 1957 4.3600000000000003. 1995 8.5299999999999994. 2009 14.5. 2010 8.2200000000000006. 2010 4.37 ... Retrieve Here

Pictures of Almost Famous Jeans Shorts

Atlanta’s Merchandise Marketplace
6, 6 1/2 AND 7 FAMOUS BRANDS, EXCELLENT CONDI-TION, VARIOUS COLORS WALKER, ALMOST NEW, USED VERY LIT-TLE, $40 404-761-7607 HAPEVILLE, GA Dress pants, jeans, shorts, dress shirts, long sleeve tops, short sleeve tops, ... Access Doc

Almost Famous Jeans Shorts Images

North And South - Welcome To CrossFit: Forging Elite Fitness
By almost all accounts, Bagent was a hit at the Northeast famous June gloom, as the teams hit the rowers and Ronnie Teasdale and the parade of jeans shorts—the ... Fetch Content

Destination Information Guide Ethiopia - Luxury Tours And ...
Sometimes to almost freezing at night. The eastern tops, jeans, khakis, and shorts are satisfactory. unlike those of famous explorers of an earlier period such ... Read Here

2009 New York Life International Global Summit
NO jeans or shorts NO jeans or shorts. Business: Suit, dress or pantsuit Sport jacket and slacks or suit; tie The coach then travels to Spier Wine Estate, one of the most famous wine estates in the Cape. Almost all hotels, shops and restaurants, and even national parks and game reserves accept credit ... Fetch Here


Very famous feast Halloween is celebrated on 31st October. peak of Slovakia, also located in this national park, is Mt. Kriváň 2495 m. high. Almost two For sports we put on sports wear, such as jeans, shorts, T-shirts. ... Fetch Document

Teen Fashion Sitemap - Page 4 2012-10-19 - Spiderbites Of ...
Her jeans and button-down look totally fresh and modern, thanks to her funky choice of Erin Conroy of Famous Footwear gave me the scoop on the must-have versions of these The weather is finally starting to warm up, so it's almost time to break out the summer shorts! ... Read Article


          Preview: Your guide to the 2017 Tour de France   
Preview: Your guide to the 2017 Tour de France

The warm-up races are done, new national champions have been crowned, and all is now in readiness. The 2017 Tour de France is just days away. Ahead of the 104th edition of the world’s biggest race we take a look at the route, the key stages, the riders to watch, and how you can follow the race.

The race starts in Germany, and passes through Belgium and Luxembourg on its way to France.

Learn all about the Tour de France, including how the race is won, the points are earned and what the jerseys mean in our Guide to the Tour de France

The 2017 Tour de France starts with a 14km individual time trial in the German city of Dusseldorf. Stage 2 sees the race head into Belgium, with a stage finish in Liege, while stage 3 starts in Verviers, Belgium, passes through Luxembourg and finishes in France. Stage 4 starts in Luxembourg before heading back into France where it remains for the rest of its 21 stages.

Rather than taking in a clockwise or anti-clockwise loop of France, this year’s route is a little different. After a brief visit to the Alps, the Tour heads west then south towards the Pyrenees, before skirting east to hit the Alps again in the final week.

The penultimate stage is an individual time trial in Marseille, on France’s south-east coast, before a long overnight transfer to Paris for the traditional Champs-Elysees finish.

ly4btjmvgtdm84yi7xwiukzve-jpg

It’s the first edition of the Tour de France since 1992 that will feature all five of France’s mountain ranges. In all the riders will cover 3,540km over the Tour’s 21 stages.

There are perhaps six key stages for the GC

When it comes to the battle for overall honors at this year’s Tour, there are a handful of stages that should prove decisive. Stage 5 could well be the first test, thanks to the 5.9km stage-ending ascent to La Planche des Belles Filles, which averages 8.5% but is much steeper at the end. Stage 9 is likely to be an important stage, thanks to plenty of climbing and the Mont du Chat climb in particular.

Used in the Criterium du Dauphine just a couple weeks back, this super-steep climb (8.7km at 10.3%) tore the race apart. The same is likely to happen at the Tour. The descent, too, could have an impact, with its many twists and turns on a very narrow road. The finish is in Chambery, a little further from the bottom of the descent than it was in the Dauphine. A stage to watch for sure.

ehfxewdjke-8aperv6sfyfpsg-jpg

Stage 12 is a very challenging ride through the Pyrenees with six categorized climbs and an uphill finish to Peyragudes. Stage 17 has four climbs including the Col de la Croix de Fer, Col du Telegraphe and the Col du Galibier (the highest point of race). From the top of that final climb it’s 28km downhill to the finish in Serre-Chevalier.

Stage 18 features three climbs, two of them quite lengthy, including the stage-ending Col d’Izoard which is 14.1km at 7.3%. Finally, the stage 20 time trial, while largely flat, could create some time gaps which, depending on how the leaderboard looks, could decide the race overall.

riwtjzks-9vygi0h7cou7a-eq-jpg

Of course, time gaps are possible on just about every stage, such is the unpredictability of bike racing. But if you’ve only got time to watch a few stages of this year’s race, we’d recommend the six mentioned above.

There are arguably three five-star favorites for the race overall

You could argue that, on paper, Richie Porte (BMC) is the man to beat at this year’s Tour de France. He’s had a stellar lead-up, winning the Tour Down Under (including two uphill finishes), the Tour de Romandie, a mountain-top finish at Paris-Nice, and he finished second at the Criterium du Dauphine.

Porte was leading into the final stage of the Dauphine and while he was ultimately beaten by Jakob Fuglsang (Astana), Porte’s tenacious performance throughout the race, especially on the final stage, puts him in good stead. The Tasmanian was isolated at the Dauphine, but believes he’ll have more support at the Tour.

He climbs very well, his time-trialing is excellent (he won the Dauphine ITT). Perhaps Porte’s two biggest weaknesses are his descending (Froome has taken time on him in several big races) and the way he seems to attract bad luck. He had an ill-timed puncture on stage 2 of last year’s Tour which cost him minutes. It’s likely he would have finished on the overall podium were it not for that incident.

“I think I need to avoid the bad luck I had last year”, Porte said when asked by CyclingTips what the key will be for him at this year’s race. Hopefully he can do so and we can see what Porte is truly capable of over three weeks.

4e1_4vfmetdwmm59zoqoelypo-jpg

Chris Froome (Sky) hasn’t had the best season so far. In fact, it’s the first time since 2012 that he’ll start the Tour de France without a win for the season. Froome finished third at the Dauphine, a race he won before all three of his Tour de France victories so far.

But while Froome hasn’t been at his best in 2017, he certainly shouldn’t be written off. His season is built around the Tour, he knows how to win the race, and you can bet he’ll be doing everything to try and secure win #4. And as Froome showed last year with some terrific descending and an unlikely late breakaway on a flat stage, he’s not afraid to think outside the box when it comes to taking time on his rivals.

Discount Chris Froome at your peril.

5nrgedowgtdotbdfbfe4qtw34-jpg

Nairo Quintana (Movistar) made it clear earlier this year that he was targeting the Giro d’Italia-Tour de France double, with the goal of winning both. He fell short of the first, finishing second to Tom Dumoulin, but the Colombian is a big chance at the Tour.

Quintana has had a good year, with overall wins at the Volta a la Valenciana and Tirreno-Adriatico, including a summit finish win at the latter. In addition to his second overall at the Giro he also won a stage in the mountains. Expect Quintana to feature heavily when the road tilts upwards.

Of particular note is Quintana’s Spanish teammate Alejandro Valverde. More than capable of racing for the overall himself – he was sixth last year — Valverde has said he’s all-in to support Quintana. Few of the GC contenders have such a strong lieutenant as Quintana and you can expect Valverde to finish inside the top 10 again assuming nothing goes hugely wrong.

sfmrbmgtqixhlpoz63on05m9g-jpg

There’s an impressive list of contenders for the top 5 and the top 10

His best might be a few years behind him, but Alberto Contador (Trek-Segafredo) needs to be respected in any Grand Tour he starts. The Spaniard has won the Tour twice before and with a total of of seven Grand Tours to his name, he knows how to race over three weeks.

Contador was second at no fewer than four stage races this year, including Paris-Nice where he put in a phenomenal last-stage performance, attacking from a long way out to try and take the overall win. It’s this fight that makes Contador such a dangerous prospect. Sure, he was off the pace at the Dauphine, but few of the other GC contenders will be willing to give Contador any latitude at the Tour.

It’s worth remembering that Contador has Bauke Mollema for support too. The Dutchman was sitting second overall for six stages of last year’s Tour, before he fell out of contention on stage 19. Mollema is more than capable of a good overall finish himself — he’s been inside the top 10 three times — and will be an important helper for Contador.

xkre6_npvtj_nuzwhpksuaqhq-jpg

Jakob Fuglsang was the big winner at the recent Criterium du Dauphine, claiming two stages and the overall. On the last stage, the Dane was in third, 1:15 behind Porte, but took the opportunity presented to him, rode away from Porte and then the rest of the field to take a memorable win. Worth noting: Fugslang didn’t lose any time to Porte on the race’s final climb with the latter in hot pursuit.

It’s hard to see Fugslang winning the Tour overall. His best GC performance was seventh in 2013 and while he’s on another level now, the riders ahead of him will likely prove too strong over three weeks. Note though that Fugslang is just one of two very strong options for Astana at this year’s Tour …

Fabio Aru has had an interrupted 2017 season with a knee injury forcing him out of the Giro. But the Sardinian has shown impressive form since returning to racing. He was good at the Dauphine, often climbing with the best, and won the Italian road nationals last week with a late solo move. Between he and Fugslang, Astana have some very good cards to play.

tatygmj1bfu1jmm8uozrbwfmu-jpg

French hopes rest on the shoulders of two strong prospects at this year’s race: Thibaut Pinot (FDJ) and Romain Bardet (Ag2r-La Mondiale). Pinot has had an impressive season, courtesy of a stage win at the Ruta del Sol, a stage at the Tour of the Alps and second overall, third overall at Tirreno-Adriatico, and a stage win and fourth overall at the Giro d’Italia. Pinot’s best finish at the Tour was his third overall in the 2014 Tour and while he’ll be hard pressed to replicate or improve on that this year, he should feature in the battle for the top five.

Romain Bardet, too, will find it difficult to match his best Tour performance — second overall last year. He’s had a winless start to the year and his best stage-race finish was sixth at the recent Dauphine. It’s worth noting that Bardet also didn’t take a win before last year’s Tour, but he was second at the Dauphine that time.

Bardet should feature high up on the general classification and is a good prospect of another stage win. He hit the winners’ list in 2015 and 2016 and will be looking to the hard hilly stages to add to those victories.

apks_9aa0hs0eq0bx4akd-abw-jpg

Orica-Scott has turned itself into a GC team in recent years, thanks to Esteban Chaves and the Yates twins. At the 2017 Tour it will be Chaves and Simon Yates that lead the charge.

Chaves is a real unknown — he didn’t race between the Jayco Herald Sun Tour in February and the Dauphine due to a knee injury, and was well off the pace at the latter event. Simon Yates has had a better season with a stage win at Paris-Nice, victory at GP Miguel Indurain, a stage of Romandie and second overall before finishing 13th at the Dauphine. Yates will be aiming for the white jersey and top 10 overall, both of which seem very achievable.

There are at least eight stages for the sprinters

No race attracts as many good sprinters as the Tour de France and this year’s race provides plenty of opportunities for the fastmen. It’s hard to pick an outright favorite for the sprints, but on paper it’s probably Marcel Kittel (QuickStep Floors).

Kittel has nine wins for the year, the most of any sprinter, and has hit the line first in a stage of five of the six stage races he’s done. He’s a nine-time stage winner at the Tour de France and will be disappointed not to win at least one in 2017. He’ll have a hard time replicating the feat of his younger teammate Fernando Gaviria at the Giro, though, with Gaviria snagging four stages.

qsi43yp9tc0pj2sjpwqlexalg-jpg

Andre Greipel (Lotto Soudal) has won a stage of the Tour every year since 2011 and certainly won’t want to see that streak end. He’s taken wins at Paris-Nice and the Giro this year, but has arguably been a little off his explosive best. Still, Greipel should win a stage again in 2017.

World champion Peter Sagan (Bora-Hansgrohe) will be one of the must-watch riders at this year’s Tour, as he is in every race he starts. Not only will the Slovakian be a factor in the flat sprints, he’s also a big chance in the hard uphill sprints, and the unbackable favorite for the points classification.

Sagan has won the green jersey for the past five years and were he to win it this year, he would equal the record held by Erik Zabel, who won green every year from 1996 to 2001.

Sagan has had a good start to 2017 with two stage wins at Tirreno-Adriatico, one at the Amgen Tour of California, and, most recently, two at the Tour de Suisse. He won three stages at last year’s Tour and is more than capable of doing the same again in 2017.

ocv7yxduzuh-uxanyf_3vfih8-jpg

It’s hard to see anyone beating Sagan for the green jersey in 2017.

Despite being discounted by many, Mark Cavendish (Dimension Data) dominated the sprints at last year’s Tour, winning a very impressive four stages. This year he’ll be ecstatic if he wins just one — he’s had Epstein-Barr Virus this season and missed three months of racing. He managed to surprise himself by taking a second place at his return race, the Tour of Slovenia, and while the Tour is several levels harder than that, don’t be surprised if the wily Manxman finds a way to take a stage win.

Arnaud Demare (FDJ) won his second French road title last weekend and brings strong form into the Tour. He’s yet to win a stage of his home Grand Tour, but with eight wins for the year, including a stage win at the Dauphine, this might be his best chance yet.

Nacer Bouhanni (Cofidis) is another Frenchman still searching for his first Tour de France stage victory. After missing last year’s race due to injuries sustained in a fight, Bouhanni will be desperate to make the most of his opportunity in 2017 and add to the four wins he has so far this year.

Alexander Kristoff has publicly acknowledged that he’s not particularly happy at Katusha-Alpecin at the moment, and his performance seems to have suffered a little. He’s had a solid six wins for the year, but hasn’t looked at his world-beating best. Still: one to watch in the sprints for sure.

ppfhkeuxxch8cim_amobd0a-a-jpg

Kristoff last won a stage of the Tour in 2014.

Michael Matthews (Sunweb) broke his Tour de France drought last year and will be hoping to add to that victory in 2017. Matthews has just two wins in 2017 — one at Vuelta al Pais Vasco and one at the Tour de Suisse — but the recency of the latter will give him confidence coming into the Tour.

The stage-hunters will have plenty of opportunities

In between the sprint stages and the days suited to the GC men, there are a bunch of stages that will suit those who can get into and win from the breakaway.

Steve Cummings (Dimension Data) broke several bones in a crash at the Vuelta al Pais Vasco earlier this year but had the perfect return to racing last weekend with wins in both the time trial and road race at the British national championships. Cummings is a master of the late escape and has won a stage at each of the last two Tours. It would be no surprise to see him take another this year.

Rafal Majka (Bora-Hansgrohe) is a three-time Tour de France stage winner and two-time winner of the climbers’ classification. If Majka is a little off the pace overall he’s more than likely to get up the road in the mountains in search of more stage wins. He was strong at the Tour of California and the Tour of Slovenia, which he won, so he brings good form into the race.

m8filimsdvu6bqv0c2rnu_cze-jpg

Philippe Gilbert (QuickStep Floors) is having his best season since 2011, highlighted by his Tour of Flanders win, and will likely be on the lookout for stage wins at the Tour too. He won a stage of the Tour de Suisse in a sprint, and might be tempted by the tough uphill sprints on stage 3 and stage 14. Expect to see him in the break deep into the second and third weeks too.

Much like Gilbert, Greg Van Avermaet (BMC) has had a stellar year, and much like Gilbert GVA is more the capable of winning stages at the Tour. The Belgian has won a stage at the last two editions and will have his eye on the tough uphill sprints, like Gilbert and sparring partner Peter Sagan.

Pierre Rolland (Cannondale-Drapac) will be in stage-hunting mode throughout the Tour, like he was at the Giro. At that particular race he took a strong win from the breakaway and will be hoping to replicate that feat in the mountains of the second and third week.

phsbfykivcq0o5hydcvtdwss8-jpg

Rolland was ecstatic to win a stage of the Giro earlier this year. A Tour de France stage win would mean even more.

There are many other exciting riders to watch in the race.

Tony Martin (QuickStep Floors): The four-time ITT world champion will be beyond keen to win the stage 1 ITT and take the yellow jersey on home soil.

Emanuel Buchmann (Bora-Hansgrohe): Best young rider at the Dauphine and a good chance of repeating that performance at the Tour.

Primoz Roglic (LottoNL-Jumbo): A genuine chance to win one or both of the race’s ITTs.

Louis Meintjes (UAE Team Emirates): Very impressive at the Dauphine, eighth overall last year. Could do the same or better in 2017, plus will be targeting the white jersey.

Edvald Boasson Hagen (Dimension Data): Showed good form recently at the Tour of Norway and Tour des Fjords. Good on tough uphill finishes.

Each stage of the race will be broadcast live, from the very start.

For the first time ever, fans of the Tour will have the opportunity to see every single kilometer of La Grand Boucle. Fans in Australia will be able to watch the race via SBS TV, streaming live on the Cycling Central website, and via the Tour Tracker app (Android, iphone and ipad). Broadcast details and times vary from stage to stage, so be sure to check out the Cycling Central website for more information.

Eurosport (Foxtel Channel 511) will also have live coverage of every stage of the Tour. Head to the Eurosport website for more info.

In the U.S. coverage will be found at NBC, NBCSN, and the NBC Sports Gold and NBC Sports apps. ITV will have live coverage in the UK.

As ever, be sure to check your local guides for up-to-date broadcast information. And if you’re following the race on Twitter, the hashtag you’ll need is #TDF2017.

Who do you think will win the 2017 Tour de France? And what are you most looking forward to?


This article was originally published on CyclingTips.


Follow BikeExchange: Email | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | YouTube | STRAVA


          Lần đầu tác phẩm opera tiếng Việt vào liên hoan âm nhạc ở Séc   
Lần đầu tác phẩm opera tiếng Việt vào liên hoan âm nhạc ở Séc

Cuối tháng 6/2017, một sự kiện có ý nghĩa đối với nền âm nhạc Việt Nam khi lần đầu tiên các tác phẩm opera tiếng Việt của soạn giả gốc Việt được trình bày tại liên hoan âm nhạc quốc tế lớn ở Cộng hòa Séc.

Theo phóng viên TTXVN tại Praha, Festival Forfest lần Cộng hòa Séc 2017 là một liên hoan âm nhạc đương đại quốc tế danh tiếng được tổ chức từ ngày 12/5 đến 3/9 tại bốn thành phố: Kromeriz và Olomous (Séc), Bratislava (Slovakia), San Marino (Cộng hòa San Marino).

Nghệ sỹ Hoàng Thị Kiều Anh tại Festival Forfest CH Séc 2017

Tham dự Festival Forfest Cộng hòa Séc 2017 là các ban nhạc, soạn giả, nhạc sỹ biểu diễn, ca sỹ opera nổi tiếng của Séc, Đức, Slovakia, Mỹ, Nhật Bản...

Đáng chú ý, lần đầu tiên một soạn giả gốc Việt được mời tham gia sự kiện này, đó là nhạc sỹ Hoàng Kiều Anh. Hơn thế nữa, đây cũng là lần đầu tiên các tác phẩm opera soạn bằng tiếng Việt được biểu diễn tại Festival Forfest với sự thể hiện của một nữ ca sỹ solist nổi tiếng Séc gốc Nhật Bản Nao Higano.

Tại buổi trình diễn, soạn giả, nhạc sỹ Hoàng Thị Kiều Anh đã tự tay đệm đàn piano cho nghệ sỹ Nao Higano hát bằng tiếng Việt 12 nhạc phẩm tiêu biểu. Nổi bật trong số đó là tác phẩm Lá nắng lấy cảm hứng từ truyện ngắn Chiếc lá cuối cùng của nhà văn Mỹ O.Henry.

  Perang Dingin adalah sebutan bagi sebuah periode di mana terjadi konflik, ketegangan, dan kompetisi antara Amerika Serikat (beserta sekutunya disebut Blok Barat) dan Uni Soviet (beserta sekutunya disebut Blok Timur) yang terjadi antara tahun 1947—1991. Persaingan keduanya terjadi di berbagai bidang: koalisi militer; ideologi, psikologi, dan tilik sandi; militer, industri, dan pengembangan teknologi; pertahanan; perlombaan nuklir dan persenjataan; dan banyak lagi. Ditakutkan bahwa perang ini akan berakhir dengan perang nuklir, yang akhirnya tidak terjadi. Istilah "Perang Dingin" sendiri diperkenalkan pada tahun 1947 oleh Bernard Baruch dan Walter Lippman dari Amerika Serikat untuk menggambarkan hubungan yang terjadi di antara kedua negara adikuasa tersebut.
Setelah AS dan Uni Soviet bersekutu dan berhasil menghancurkan Jerman Nazi, kedua belah pihak berbeda pendapat tentang bagaimana cara yang tepat untuk membangun Eropa pascaperang. Selama beberapa dekade selanjutnya, persaingan di antara keduanya menyebar ke luar Eropa dan merambah ke seluruh dunia ketika AS membangun "pertahanan" terhadap komunisme dengan membentuk sejumlah aliansi dengan berbagai negara, terutama dengan negara di Eropa Barat, Timur Tengah, dan Asia Tenggara.
    Meskipun kedua negara adikuasa itu tak pernah bertempur secara langsung, namun konflik di antara keduanya secara tak langsung telah menyebabkan berbagai perang lokal seperti Perang Korea, invasi Soviet terhadap Hungaria dan Cekoslovakia dan Perang Vietnam. Hasil dari Perang Dingin termasuk (dari beberapa sudut pandang) kediktatoran di Yunani dan Amerika Selatan. Krisis Rudal Kuba juga adalah akibat dari Perang Dingin dan Krisis Timur Tengah juga telah menjadi lebih kompleks akibat Perang Dingin. Dampak lainnya adalah terbaginya Jerman menjadi dua bagian yaitu Jerman Barat dan Jerman Timur yang dipisahkan oleh Tembok Berlin. Namun ada pula masa-masa di mana ketegangan dan persaingan di antara keduanya berkurang. Perang Dingin mulai berakhir di tahun 1980-an ketika Pemimpin Uni Soviet Mikhail Gorbachev meluncurkan program reformasi, perestroika dan glasnost. Secara konstan, Uni Soviet kehilangan kekuatan dan kekuasaannya terhadap Eropa Timur dan akhirnya dibubarkan pada tahun 1991.

          Lahirnya Negara-negara Fasis   
Situasi Eropa menjelang PD II tidak jauh berbeda dengan situasi menjelang PD I. Suasana diliputi ketegangan dan keinginan balas dendam, terutama negara-negara yang kalah perang. Mereka dirugikan oleh perjanjian-perjanjian yang dibuat oleh blok Sekutu. Pada umumnya negara-negara yang terlibat perang mengalami kehancuran ekonomi. Untuk itu mereka berusaha bangkit dengan cara yang diktator dan mengembangkan paham ultranasionalisme. Dari paham ultranasionalisme tersebut lahir negara-negara fasis. Negara-negara fasis yang muncul yaitu Jerman, Italia, dan Jepang.


a. Fasisme di Jerman
Dalam PD I Jerman mengalami kekalahan dan penderitaan yang hebat. Namun, di bawah kepemimpinan Adolf Hittler Jerman mulai bangkit. Melalui Partai Nazi, Adolf Hittler membangun Jerman kembali. Jerman menganut paham Chauvinisme yaitu paham yang menganggap dirinya lebih unggul dari ras lainnya. Selain itu juga menganut totaliterisme yaitu paham yang melaksanakan prinsip bahwa
semua diutus oleh negara. Rakyat tidak memiliki kebebasan.

Berikut ini beberapa tindakan yang dilakukan Hittler untuk mewujudkan kejayaan Jerman.
1) Menolak isi Perjanjian Versailes.
2) Membangun angkatan perang yang kuat.
3) Mengobarkan semangat anti-Yahudi dengan membunuh dan mengusir orang-orang Yahudi.
4) Membangun hubungan kerja sama politik dan militer dengan Jepang dan Italia (Poros Roberto).
5) Membentuk polisi rahasia yang disebut Gestapo.

Seiring dengan perkembangan yang dialaminya, Jerman mulai berani melakukan politik ekspansi kembali. Jerman melaksanakan politik Lebensraum (ruang untuk hidup) yaitu gagasan perluasan wilayah melalui perang. Misalnya dengan menduduki Austria dan Cekoslovakia.


b . Fasisme di Italia
Kalian tentu masih ingat bukan mengapa Italia pindah ke blok Sekutu? Italia adalah salah satu negara pemenang dalam Perang Dunia I. Meskipun menang, Italian merasa kecewa sebab tuntutannya dalam Perjanjian Versailes tidak terpenuhi. Karena kekecewaannya tersebut, Italia mulai bangkit di bawah pimpinan Benito Mussolini . Italia berkembang menjadi negara fasis.
Berikut ini usaha-usaha Benito Mussolini untuk mengembangkan fasisme di Italia.
1) Mengobarkan semangat Italia Irredenta untuk mempersatukan seluruh bangsa Italia.
2) Memperkuat angkatan perang.
3) Menguasai seluruh Laut Tengah sebagai Mare Nostrum atau Laut Kita.
4) Menduduki Ethiopia dan Albania.


c . Fasisme di Jepang

Munculnya fasisme Jepang tidak dapat dipisahkan dari Restorasi Meiji. Berkat Restorasi Meiji, Jepang berkembang menjadi negara industri yang kuat. Majunya industri tersebut membawa Jepang menjadi negara imperialis. Jepang menjadi negara fasis dan menganut Hakko I Chiu. Fasisme di Jepang dipelopori oleh Perdana Menteri Tanaka, masa pemerintahan Kaisar Hirohito dan dikembangkan oleh Perdana Menteri Hideki Tojo. Untuk memperkuat kedudukannya sebagai negara fasis, Kaisar Hirohito melakukan beberapa hal berikut.
1) Mengagungkan semangat bushido.
2) Menyingkirkan tokoh-tokoh politik yang anti militer.
3) Melakukan perluasan wilayah ke negara-negara terdekat seperti Korea, Manchuria, dan Cina.
4) Memodernisasi angkatan perang.
5) Mengenalkan ajaran shinto Hakko I Chiu yaitu dunia sebagai satu keluarga yang dipimpin oleh
Jepang.

Berkembangnya negara-negara fasis seperti Italia, Jerman, dan Jepang membuat situasi politik di kawasan Eropa semakin menghangat, dan diwarnai dengan ketegangan yang mendorong terjadinya Perang Dunia II.

          Novesta Footwear Novesta X Universal Works Star Master Wool Grey Ebony Ecru Shoe 729337   
Novesta Footwear  Novesta X Universal Works Star Master Wool Grey Ebony Ecru Shoe 729337

Novesta Footwear Novesta X Universal Works Star Master Wool Grey Ebony Ecru Shoe 729337

Handmade since the 1930’s in central Slovakia, Novesta are a European classic Their iconic Star Master silhouette is made with humble machinery that presses the natural rubber soles Lace up Metal eyelets Wool construction Classic Novesta chunky sole unit Material; Wool upper Rubber sole


          Novesta Footwear Novesta X Universal Works Star Master Wool Grey Navy Shoe 729337   
Novesta Footwear  Novesta X Universal Works Star Master Wool Grey Navy Shoe 729337

Novesta Footwear Novesta X Universal Works Star Master Wool Grey Navy Shoe 729337

Handmade since the 1930’s in central Slovakia, Novesta are a European classic Their iconic Star Master silhouette is made with humble machinery that presses the natural rubber soles Lace up Metal eyelets Wool construction Classic Novesta chunky sole unit Material; Wool upper Rubber sole


          Szoke   
Hi Kim,
I don't think I'll be of much help. One of my gr-grandmothers was a Szoke but never came to U.S. as far as I know. My grandfather was born in Hungary in 1889. I have just sent back to Slovakia (formerly Hungary) for research on this part of the family, but anything I find from that will go back in time and not forward to someone you might have known recently. So far I have encountered no other Szokes on the internet.
Margaret
          Szokes from the old Hungary   
My great-grandmother was Julia Molnar (nee Szoke.) She was from Backsa, Zemplen County in the old Hungary, now part of Slovakia. She remained in Hungary as far as I know. Where were your Szokes from originally?
          I-1 WORLD MUAYTHAI GRAND PRIX 2017   

WMC I-1 WORLD MUAYTHAI GRAND Prix(18 April 2017) The World Class Fighers ,USA, Turkey, Japan, France, Italy, Brazil, Slovakia, New Zealand,Thailand and Hong Kong China !  I-1 is the ONLY Muaythai brand name in Hong Kong you can trust!!! For more: http://www.hkticketing.com.hk/events/KBI1WOR0817 Event Details Event Date:  Aug 8 2017 – 7:00pm – 10:30pm Pricing Info:  Premium…

link: I-1 WORLD MUAYTHAI GRAND PRIX 2017


          For sale - Old School bmx gt Seat Clamp fits Pro Performer... - $25   
York 6302, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          Lucifuk   
Man, Levice, Slovakia
          Ozdobná karafa Bohemia Glass Czechoslovakia 24 cm - 380   
Růžové sklo. V krásném stavu. Bez vad, výška 24 cm. V nabídce i další věci. Os.odběr Praha 3-Žižkov, po domluvě na trase Praha - Český Brod nebo plus pošta. ...
          For sale - 2001 Mercury 150hp 2.5L efi front half Section... - $150   

Sydney 2001, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Half Saddle Pad - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand ...
ebay.com.au

          Comment on Academic Warfare? by jane   
Nice article. However, to correct one common MEMRI-induced misconception, Iranian president Ahmadinejad did not actually threaten to "wipe Israel off the map." He said Israel would vanish from the page of history, but he made no claim that he expected his country to make that happen. Czechoslovakia has recently vanished from the page of history, to give one of thousands of possible examples of countries that no longer exist as such, without any outside power wiping them anywhere. Countries with gigantic internal contradictions (e.g., those that won't specify their borders, those that wish to be democratic while being permanently run by and for the benefit of one portion of the potential electorate) are at particularly high risk of collapsing under their own weight if their regional rivals just sit back and watch. As to your broader point, it seems like every time I go to a conference in the U.S. there is an Iranian participant missing because he or she couldn't get a visa. This trick of giving people visas and excluding them anyway is new, though. I do not know why any international conference should be held in the U.S. under these circumstances.
              
...The shining sun of the sunset... #venezia #Italia #japan #selfie #polska #berlin #paris #españa #budapest #venice #portrait #kiev #moscow #hamburg #newyork #london #china #belarus #losangeles #kazan #roma #novosibirsk #saintpetersburg #slovakia #vilnius #bulgaria #love #germany #brasil #russia
              
Times Square unfiltered Manhattan NYC #nyc #nyny #ny #manhattan #timessquare #loudefranzo #wanderlust #instatravel #instagood #god #christ #germany #ireland #france #uk #poland #czech #slovakia #austria #hungary #romania #bulgaria #god #christ #netherlands #denmark #russia #ukraine #belarus #sweden #finland #italia
              
Freedom Tower unfiltered Manhattan NYC #nyc #nyny #ny #manhattan #freedomtower #loudefranzo #wanderlust #instatravel #instagood #god #christ #germany #ireland #france #uk #poland #czech #slovakia #austria #hungary #romania #bulgaria #netherlands #russia #ukraine #belarus #italia #espana #vdk #belgium
          RPT-FACTBOX-Tennis-List of Wimbledon women’s singles champions   
List of Wimbledon women's singleschampions: 2016 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Angelique Kerber (Germany)7-5 6-3 2015 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Garbine Muguruza (Spain)6-4 6-4 2014 Petra Kvitova (Czech Republic) beat Eugenie Bouchard(Canada) 6-3 6-0 2013 Marion Bartoli (France) beat Sabine Lisicki (Germany)6-1 6-4 2012 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Agnieszka Radwanska(Poland) 6-1 5-7 6-2 2011 Kvitova (Czech Republic) beat Maria Sharapova (Russia)6-3 6-4 2010 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Vera Zvonareva (Russia) 6-36-2 2009 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Venus Williams (U.S.)7-6(3) 6-2 2008 Venus Williams (U.S.) beat Serena Williams (U.S.) 7-56-4 2007 Venus Williams (U.S.) beat Bartoli (France) 6-4 6-1 2006 Amelie Mauresmo (France) beat Justine Henin (Belgium)2-6 6-3 6-4 2005 Venus Williams (U.S.) beat Lindsay Davenport (U.S.) 4-67-6(4)9-7 2004 Sharapova (Russia) beat Serena Williams (U.S.) 6-1 6-4 2003 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Venus Williams (U.S.) 4-66-4 6-2 2002 Serena Williams (U.S.) beat Venus Williams (U.S.)7-6(4) 6-3 2001 Venus Williams (U.S.) beat Henin (Belgium) 6-1 3-6 6-0 2000 Venus Williams (U.S.) beat Davenport (U.S.) 6-3 7-6(3) 1999 Davenport (U.S.) beat Steffi Graf (Germany) 6-4 7-5 1998 Jana Novotna (Czech Republic) beat Nathalie Tauziat(France) 6-4 7-6(2) 1997 Martina Hingis (Switzerland) beat Novotna (CzechRepublic) 2-6 6-3 6-3 1996 Graf (Germany) beat Arantxa Sanchez Vicario (Spain) 6-37-5 1995 Graf (Germany) beat Sanchez Vicario (Spain) 4-6 6-1 7-5 1994 Conchita Martinez (Spain) beat Martina Navratilova(U.S.) 6-4 3-6 6-3 1993 Graf (Germany) beat Novotna (Czech Republic) 7-6(6) 1-66-4 1992 Graf (Germany) beat Monica Seles (Yugoslavia) 6-2 6-1 1991 Graf (Germany) beat Gabriela Sabatini (Argentina) 6-43-6 8-6 1990 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Zina Garrison (U.S.) 6-4 6-1 1989 Graf (Germany) beat Navratilova (U.S.) 6-2 6-7(1) 6-1 1988 Graf (Germany) beat Navratilova (U.S.) 5-7 6-2 6-1 1987 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Graf (Germany) 7-5 6-3 1986 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Hana Mandlikova(Czechoslovakia) 7-6(1) 6-3 1985 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Chris Evert Lloyd (U.S.) 4-66-3 6-2 1984 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Evert Lloyd (U.S.) 7-6(5) 6-2 1983 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Andrea Jaeger (U.S.) 6-0 6-3 1982 Navratilova (U.S.) beat Evert Lloyd (U.S.) 6-1 3-6 6-2 1981 Evert Lloyd (U.S.) beat Mandlikova (Czechoslovakia) 6-26-2 1980 Evonne Cawley (Goolagong) (Australia) beat Evert Lloyd(U.S.) 6-1 7-6(4) 1979 Navratilova (Czechoslovakia) beat Evert Lloyd (U.S.)6-4 6-4 1978 Navratilova (Czechoslovakia) beat Evert (U.S.) 2-6 6-47-5 1977 Virginia Wade (Britain) beat Betty Stove (Netherlands)4-6 6-3 6-1 1976 Evert (U.S.) beat Cawley (Australia) 6-3 4-6 8-6 1975 Billie Jean King (Moffitt) (U.S.) beat Cawley(Australia) 6-0 6-1 1974 Evert (U.S.) beat Olga Morozova (Soviet Union) 6-0 6-4 1973 King (U.S.) beat Evert (U.S.) 6-0 7-5 1972 King (U.S.) beat Goolagong (Australia) 6-3 6-3 1971 Goolagong (Australia) beat Margaret Court (Smith)(Australia) 6-4 6-1 1970 Court (Australia) beat King (U.S.) 14-12 11-9 1969 Ann Jones (Britain) beat King (U.S.) 3-6 6-3 6-2 1968 King (U.S.) beat Judy Tegart (Australia) 9-7 7-5 Pre-Open era: 1967 King (U.S.) beat Jones (Britain) 6-3 6-4 1966 King (U.S.) beat Maria Bueno (Brazil) 6-3 3-6 6-1 1965 Smith (Court) (Australia) beat Bueno (Brazil) 6-4 7-5 1964 Bueno (Brazil) beat Smith (Australia) 6-4 7-9 6-3 1963 Smith (Australia) beat Moffitt (King) (U.S.) 6-3 6-4 1962 Karen Susman (U.S.) beat Vera Sukova(Czechoslovakia)6-4 6-4 1961 Angela Mortimer (Britain) beat Christine Truman(Britain) 4-6 6-4 7-5 1960 Bueno (Brazil) beat Sandra Reynolds (South Africa) 8-66-0 1959 Bueno (Brazil) beat Darlene Hard (U.S.) 6-4 6-3 1958 Althea Gibson (U.S.) beat Mortimer (Britain) 8-6 6-2 1957 Gibson (U.S.) beat Hard (U.S.) 6-3 6-2 1956 Shirley Fry (U.S.) beat Angela Buxton (Britain) 6-3 6-1 1955 Louise Brough (U.S.) beat Beverly Fleitz (U.S.) 7-5 8-6 1954 Maureen Connolly (U.S.) beat Brough (U.S.) 6-2 7-5 1953 Connolly (U.S.) beat Doris Hart (U.S.) 8-6 7-5 1952 Connolly (U.S.) beat Brough (U.S.) 7-5 6-3 1951 Hart (U.S.) beat Fry (U.S.) 6-1 6-0 1950 Brough (U.S.) beat Margaret du Pont (Osborne) (U.S.)6-1 3-6 6-1 1949 Brough (U.S.) beat Du Pont (U.S.) 10-8 1-6 10-8 1948 Brough (U.S.) beat Hart (U.S.) 6-3 8-6 1947 Osborne (U.S.) beat Hart (U.S.) 6-2 6-4 1946 Pauline Betz (U.S.) beat Brough (U.S.) 6-2 6-4 1940-45 No competition 1939 Alice Marble (U.S.) beat Kay Stammers (Britain) 6-2 6-0 1938 Helen Moody (Wills) (U.S.) beat Helen Jacobs (U.S.) 6-46-0 1937 Dorothy Round (Britain) beat Jadwiga Jedrzejowska(Poland) 6-2 2-6 7-5 1936 Jacobs (U.S.) beat Hilde Sperling (Germany) 6-2 4-6 7-5 1935 Moody (U.S.) beat Jacobs (U.S.) 6-3 3-6 7-5 1934 Round (Britain) beat Jacobs (U.S.) 6-2 5-7 6-3 1933 Moody (U.S.) beat Round (Britain) 6-4 6-8 6-3 1932 Moody (U.S.) beat Jacobs (U.S.) 6-3 6-1 1931 Cilly Aussem (Germany) beat Hilde Krahwinkel(Germany)6-2 7-5 1930 Moody (U.S.) beat Elizabeth Ryan (U.S.) 6-2 6-2 1929 Wills (Moody) (U.S.) beat Jacobs (U.S.) 6-1 6-2 1928 Wills (U.S.) beat Lili de Alvarez (Spain) 6-2 6-3 1927 Wills (U.S.) beat de Alvarez (Spain) 6-2 6-4 1926 Kathleen Godfree (Britain) beat de Alvarez (Spain) 6-24-6 6-3 1925 Suzanne Lenglen (France) beat Joan Fry (Britain) 6-26-0 1924 Kathleen McKane (Britain) beat Wills (U.S.) 4-6 6-4 6-4 1923 Lenglen (France) beat McKane (Britain) 6-2 6-2 1922 Lenglen (France) beat Molla Mallory (U.S.) 6-2 6-0 Before 1922 the women's singles was decided on achallenge-round system with the previous year's winnerautomatically qualifying for the final (British unless stated): 1921 Lenglen (France) beat Elizabeth Ryan (U.S) 6-2 6-0 1920 Lenglen (France) beat Dorothea Chambers 6-3 6-0 1919 Lenglen (France) beat Chambers 10-8 4-6 9-7 1915-18 No competition 1914 Chambers beat Ethel Larcombe 7-5 6-4 1913* Chambers beat Winifred McNair 6-0 6-4 1912* Larcombe beat Charlotte Sterry 6-3 6-1 1911 Chambers beat Dora Boothby 6-0 6-0 1910 Chambers beat Boothby 6-2 6-2 1909* Boothby beat Agnes Morton 6-4 4-6 8-6 1908* Sterry beat Morton 6-4 6-4 1907 May Sutton (U.S.) beat Chambers 6-1 6-4 1906 Dorothea Douglass beat Sutton 6-3 9-7 1905 Sutton beat Douglass 6-3 6-4 1904 Douglass beat Sterry 6-0 6-3 1903* Douglass beat Thomson (Larcombe) 4-6 6-4 6-2 1902 Muriel Robb beat Sterry 7-5 6-1 1901 Sterry beat Blanche Hillyard 6-2 6-2 1900 Hillyard beat Charlotte Cooper 4-6 6-4 6-4 1899 Hillyard beat Cooper 6-2 6-3 1898* Cooper beat Louisa Martin 6-4 6-4 1897 Hillyard beat Cooper 5-7 7-5 6-2 1896 Cooper beat Alice Pickering 6-2 6-3 1895* Cooper beat Helen Jackson 7-5 8-6 1894* Hillyard beat Edith Austin 6-1 6-1 1893 Lottie Dod beat Hillyard 6-8 6-1 6-4 1892 Dod beat Hillyard 6-1 6-1 1891* Dod beat Hillyard 6-2 6-1 1890* Lena Rice beat May Jacks 6-4 6-1 1889* Hillyard beat Rice 4-6 8-6 6-4 1888 Dod beat Hillyard 6-3 6-3 1887 Dod beat Hillyard (Bingley) 6-2 6-0 1886 Bingley beat Maud Watson 6-3 6-3 1885 Watson beat Bingley 6-1 7-5 1884 Watson beat Lillian Watson 6-8 6-3 6-3 * denotes no challenge round. Winner of all-comers' finaldeclared champion. (Compiled by Aditi Prakash in Bengaluru; Editing by PrithaSarkar)
          For sale - Wicker Wove Wooden Double Heart Wall Sculpture... - $14   

York 6302, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Old Wooden Stool - $16   
Gateshead 2290, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Wooden Airplane pbc International 10" - Auction   
Young 2594, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Golfing Picture Frame And Painted Wooden Plaque Dad... - $9   
Virginia 5120, Australia
Posting to: United States, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage Novelty Hand Made and paintged miniature... - Auction   

Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage brio Wooden Train Track & Trains/Houses/Tree... - Auction   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Assortment of toy wooden blocks - Auction   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage / Small Wooden Wall Shelf / Sconce, storage - Auction   
Gateshead 2290, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Wooden Book Rest Vintage Antique Style Bible Cook... - Auction   

Cook 5710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Preschool wooden farm jigsaw complete. Easy grip... - Auction   
Denmark 6333, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Wooden Train Carrying Case "opens up to paly set"... - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          alexandra daddario fake chase in the 2010 film Percy Jackson & the Olympians   
Alexandra Daddario born March 16, 1986 is an American actress, known to film audiences as Annabeth Chase in the 2010 film Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief. Daddario was also in The Squid and the Whale, All My Children, The Babysitters, The Attic, The Hottest State, White Collar, and Bereavement.
Contents
* 1 Life and career
* 2 Filmography
* 3 References
* 4 External links
Life and career
Daddario was born in New York, New York and was raised on the Upper East Side; her parents are lawyers.
She is of Italian and Czechoslovakian descent.
She wanted to be an actress when she was a child but her first television role did not come about until she was 16 years old, when she booked the role of victimized teen Laurie Lewis on All My Children. At the same time, she was a sophomore attending a traditional girls school in New York. "I was finishing my sophomore year of high school at the Brearley School in New York," Daddario said. "I would not have been able to continue my education there."
Daddario co-starred with Logan Lerman and Brandon T. Jackson in Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief, the fantasy-adventure movie directed by Chris Columbus, which was released on February 12, 2010. Columbus and Craig Titley adapted the screenplay from The Lightning Thief, the first book of Rick Riordan's best-selling teens' series, Percy Jackson & the Olympians. Daddario plays Annabeth Chase. In 2011, she co-starred in the Farrelly Bros' latest comedy, Hall Pass.
Filmography
Film Year↓ Title↓ Role↓ Notes
2005 Squid and the Whale, TheThe Squid and the Whale[5] Pretty Girl
2006 Pitch[5] Alex
2006 Hottest State, TheThe Hottest State[5] Kim
2007 Babysitters, TheThe Babysitters[5] Barbara Yates
2008 Attic, TheThe Attic[5] Ava Strauss
2009 Jonas Brothers: The 3D Concert Experience[5] Girlfriend (Central Park Couple)
2010 Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief[5] Annabeth Chase Lead role
2010 Bereavement Allison Lead role
2011 Hall Pass Paige
2012 The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 3D [6] Heather Miller Lead Role
Television Year↓ Title↓ Role↓ Notes↓
2002–2003 All My Children[5] Laurie Lewis 43 episodes
2004 Law & Order[5] Felicia Episode "Enemy"
2005 Law & Order: Criminal Intent[5] Susie Armstrong Episode "In the Wee Small Hours (Part 1)"
2006 Law & Order Samantha Beresford Episode "Release"
2006 Conviction[5] Vanessa Episode "Pilot"
2006 Sopranos, TheThe Sopranos[5] Another Woman Episode "Johnny Cakes"
2009 Damages[5] Lily Arsenault Episode "I Lied, Too"
2009 Life on Mars[5] Emily 'Rocket Girl' Wyatt Episode "Let All the Children Boogie"
2009 Nurse Jackie Young Woman Episode "Pilot"
2009 Law & Order: Criminal Intent[5] Lisa Wellesley Episode "Salome in Manhattan"
2009–2010 Odd Jobs Cassie Stetner Web-series
2009–2011 White Collar[5] Kate Moreau Recurring role (11 episodes)
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake
alexandra daddario fake

alexandra daddario fake
          7/2/2017: News: Mum’s the word: How Duchess helped Martina   

THE Duchess of Kent has revealed how she helped reunite Wimbledon legend Martina Navratilova and her mother four years after the player left communist Czechoslovakia for the US. Miss Navratilova, now 60, left her family behind the Iron Curtain when...
          For sale - Nascar Racing 4 pc Video Computer Game Rated E... - Auction   
Sydney 2001, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Giordana Eddy Merckx Pullover 1/2 Zip Up (xl)... - $60   
Retro 4723, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - grape lidded candle holder W/ unsceented candle... - $65   
Holder 2611, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - wine and grape tuscan light switch cover plate - $4   
Kogan 4406, Australia
Posting to: United States, Mexico, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Grape themed valences - Auction   

Warren 5233, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Set of 3 Grape Vine Design, Metal Candlestick... - $15   
Holder 2611, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          Comment on The killings in the gas chambers of Majdanek by Herbert Stolpmann   
Tim To obtain a cyanide capsule at the end of the war was your own choice, either through your Army Doctor or even a first aid man.. I requested mine prior to entering Czechoslovakia April 1945, had it removed from its brass container and sewn into the collar of my tunic. The general fear was to be captured by partisans and usually tortured . [Their women were the worst] Although with hands bound in my back I was able to bite into my capsule and suck the poison - it never came to that!
          For sale - ... lexus rx 350 driver side left lh fender oem used - $190   

Driver 0830, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - 1979~1983 cadillac eldorado front fender emblem... - Auction   

Eldorado 3746, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          Comment on Nigeria is God’s creation, says cleric by iwaro kaka   
Mr. man of God you are a liar, God does not dwell in a confused place where the leaders are very corrupt, deaf and dumb. Stop using God name for you Igbo people retreat from you defeated arrogancy which the Arewa youth had meted to the Igbo people. Nigeria will break up whether you like it or not. USSR broke up and heaven did not fall, Chez and Slovakia broke up heaven did not fall, Eritrea broke up from Ethiopia and heaven did not fall. Nigeria will equally break up and heaven will not fall, so stop your nonsense talk that God brought Nigeria together. The British brought us together for the trade benefits now everybody is wise the house will definitely pack up Nigeria will break up in Jesus Name. Amen
          Comment on Tuten Provides Training at Slovakian Conference by Tuten Awarded ’17 Textbook Excellence Award • COB Brief   
[…] served as marketing faculty for the NGO Leadership Conference, which took place in early December in Bratislava, […]
          For sale - Tonner Queen of Hearts - Alice in Wonderland... - Auction   

Alice 2460, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Ever After High Raven Queen doll - Auction   

Broke 6398, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - vintage lipper & mann imported 2-tier handled... - $9   

Red Lion 17356, PA, United States
...an importer of fine glass and ceramic items from Czechoslovakia and other European countries. In 1949 they began importing porcelain and earthenware items from Japan. Up for auction is a vintage, dainty, two-tier, handled serving dish (tid-bit server) marked “Bristol Garden © L&M”. The plates are decorated with tiny pink flowers and a beribboned floral basket. The edges ...
ebay.com

          For sale - Final Fantasy vii 7 Piano Collections Soundtrack cd - Auction   

Germantown 4871, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Rock Star Mickey Guitar, Little Tikes Baby Tap A... - Auction   
Fisher 5354, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Cyprus, Slovenia, Sweden, Belgium, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Germany, Austria, New Zealand, Switzerland, Norway, Ukraine, Croatia, Republic of Excludes: Africa, Asia, Central America and Caribbean, Middle East, Southeast Asia, South America, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Mexico
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Jazz Piano Legends Geoff Eales cd Album- 2007- Jazz... - $6   

Ultimo 2007, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Norway, Malaysia, Mexico, Switzerland
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Baby Einstein Piano - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          Rullaleijonat jäi Yhdysvaltojen jalkoihin MM-loppuottelussa   
Suomi jäi kahdessa ensimmäisessä erässä Yhdysvaltojen jalkoihin eikä orastavasta kiristä huolimatta onnistunut nousemaan voittotaisteluun rullakiekon miesten MM-kilpailujen loppuottelussa Slovakian Bratislavassa.Suomi hävisi lauantai-iltana pelatussa loppuottelussa Yhdysvalloille maalein 2–4 (0–1, 1–3,...
          Nord Stream 2 means gains for Germany but pain for Europe   

http://bruegel.org/2017/06/nord-stream-2-means-gains-for-germany-but-pain-for-europe/



The proposed Nord Stream 2 pipeline could destabilise European energy cooperation and offer Gazprom excessive influence in Central and Eastern Europe. These disadvantages do not justify the commercial benefits for German companies.

BY: GEORG ZACHMANNDATE: JUNE 23, 2017TOPIC: ENERGY & CLIMATE   

This opinion piece was also published in German in EnerGate

The construction of a new pipeline under the Baltic Sea between Russia and Germany throws up a series of economic, legal and political questions. German politicians face a particular dilemma. The project seems likely to be profitable for Germany itself, but it would worsen the gas supply for Germany’s eastern neighbours. The strategic opportunities that Nord Stream gives Gazprom are particularly worrying. It would make it possible for Gazprom to improve its market position in north-west Europe, offering lower prices to compete against liquid natural gas (LNG) and western European production, while pushing through higher prices to the East.

At the moment Russian natural gas has to flow through eastern Europe to reach western Europe. But with Nord Stream 2 Gazprom would be able to bring large quantities to market in north-west Europe directly through Germany. German traders would, of course, try to buy this gas at low prices and sell it at a higher price further East. But the relevant pipeline capacity in a West-East direction is limited.

With Gazprom directly supplying large quantities of gas to the west European markets, avoiding eastern Europe, the existing West-East capacity would quickly be exhausted. This would make it impossible to deliver any more gas from north-western countries to the South-East of Europe. This way Gazprom would have an essentially captive market in south-eastern countries, with a significant demand for natural gas. This would not only mean higher prices in Central and Eastern Europe. It would also allow Gazprom to turn off the gas tap for these countries, without breaking its commitments to western European countries.

So, Nord Stream 2 looks like a project where Gazprom and the German gas industry do well at the expense of other central and eastern Europeans. This undertaking might be profitable for the participating companies, but the effects for the EU as a whole could be negative. What is more, there could also be political consequences if Gazprom achieves unfettered power on the markets in parts of eastern Europe. Especially for Ukraine, the need to negotiate gas provision directly with Moscow again could have consequences that go far beyond commercial disadvantages. Nord Stream 2 could seriously endanger the energy security and geopolitical situation of Ukraine.

Nord Stream 2 will also not make it any easier to convince countries like Poland or Slovakia of the advantages of a common European energy policy. But Germany needs this cooperation.  If central and eastern European countries walk away from the fight against climate change, this could slow down the entire European energy transition. The cost of energy in Germany would also increase if it were not possible to sell excess energy to neighbours and use their electricity networks.  Nord Stream 2 will lead to reduced revenues and high gas acquisition costs in Germany’s partner countries to the East. And this would make cooperation on energy issues within the EU more difficult. That is not in the German interest. Thus, in balance, the long-term disadvantages of building Nord Stream 2 outweigh the short-term commercial advantages


          We look better from Behind :)   
After a long summer of racing with my hometown-super supportive - amazing team Trek Red Truck Racing, I am now in Belgium racing with the Canadian National team.  I've been here all of two days and so far so fun :)  First off - all the girls are insanely nice and incredibly funny.  Vero Fortin is especially good at turning every comment into a sexual innuendo - hence the title of this blog.  It is in reference to the new Team Canada kit and our response to pushy Dutch/Belgian girls...there is also a maple leaf where one would also find a tramp stamp...if you know what I mean.  Secondly - the staff are extremely professional and easy going.  Not only do we have a manager, but a soigneur and a mechanic!!  Normally those three positions embody just one person.  Michel - the soigneur, is French, so I get to practice all my French immersion on him. 

Annie and I mowing down on a tiny Twix Bar courtesy of Aneeka


We are staying in the Canada house, which is rented out each year for months at a time by the National Cycling team.  For me, it's claim to fame is that I am staying in the same room that THE Chris Froome stayed in while training in Belgium.  Pretty neat huh! 


this is tom boonens favorite pasta :)





So far it's been pretty uneventful as racing hasn't started, but our days seem to be filled with going to the grocery store on falling apart Czechoslovakian farm bikes, and doing Team Time Trial Training for our upcoming race.   My strength has not been in Time Trials this year - so I am relying on my Team Pursuit practice from a few years ago - piece of cake hahaha.

On a backwards note - before coming here TRT had their yearly farewell BBQ in Whistler.  The ride was pretty tough for me, but the eating of delicious BBQ-ness was pretty easy - so it all worked itself out :)  My highlight on that mini adventure was meeting Rob Feenie - Iron Chef winner...I may be an addict of the Food Network. One of the perks of being on TRT is meeting cool people, most with a great sense of humour.
went downhilling with Helena before Europe!

The HUGE bike festival - Crankworks - was going on in Whistler while we were there.  SO we spent the rest of the day slope-side watching the competition and witnessing the final rider break both femurs. Bike jumping looked tempting to try before we saw that...
Crankworks!

Any who - must get over this jet lag and work on my beauty ... sleep!

Fun in Whistler Village :)


          Slovakia, Croatia dissatisfied with trade volume   

Even though in the last five years the volume of trade between Slovakia and Croatia has more than doubled, trade between the two countries, amounting to EUR 525 million in 2015, is not satisfactory, it was said at a Croatian-Slovak economic forum in Zagreb on Tuesday.


          Croatian trade delegation visiting Slovakia   

The delegation of about twenty Croatian companies will be led by HGK president Luka Burilovic as part of an official visit to that country by President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic,


          Vchodové dvere pre bezpečný domov!   
Radi by sme Vám predstavili bezpečnostné kovanie, ktoré firma BRUVO Slovakia s.r.o. montuje do plastových vchodových dverí, ktoré vyrába.
          Coffee+Dumpling+Komiks: A New Hampshire Comic Artist in Slovakia   
Comic artist Marek Bennett of Henniker has always had a connection to the country of Slovakia through his ancestry. His great grandmother came to the US from Slovakia a century ago, and he has relatives living there today. When he traveled to Slovakia last year, he found a different connection to the country: his art. Bennett returned to Slovakia this past fall, to study the way Slovakian artists told stories through stained glass, murals, even signposts. Hes back in New Hampshire, and hes compiling the comics he drew on the trip into a graphic novel . He joins talk about his trip with All Things Considered host Brady Carlson. Additional audio: listen to additional audio tracks to hear Marek Bennett talk about being in Slovakia at a time when the country wound up in the middle of the international debate over European debt and what radio sounds like in Slovakia.
          Re: Looking for relatives of George Ruscinski   
Maggie
You know from "where" in former Czechoslovakia? Your query is on Jihocesky board so are we to assume that is correct?
What US records do you have on your Andrew and Mary?
Is RUSCINSKI the spelling that they came to America as or is this slightly Americanized?
<>
11:49 a.m.
Do you know Mary's maiden name?
Ending SKY in Czech Republic and Slovak Republic [former Czechoslovakia].
SKI ending is used in Poland
<>
5:50 p.m.
What US state did your ancestor settled?
          Re: Town of Novadeem (sp?) with surnames Hvezda, Tecl, Zeman, Cheveka, Ryba, Fischer   
Hi Stephanie,

I have never heard the surname Riba or Ryba in the Roma Community, and have been working with Roma Refugees from the former Czechoslovakia for many years as an interpreter. That does not mean though that a non-Roma named Ryba could not have married a Roma woman. The only way to know for sure would be to find the birth, marriage and death records for your ancestors. Sometimes you will see a notation (Cikan, Cigan, Rom) that they were Romanies.
          Re: Lubinas in CZ and SK    
Barbara,

Rubaninsky and Uher families are from Lubina in Slovakia. Many of them came to St Louis in the early 1900s through some form of group or chain migration (still trying to piece it together). I recognize those names from having gone through the Evangelical Lutheran church (Lubina) baptism and marriage books from the 1800s. SO easy to find people! Email me and let's talk! Laura@myrocket.com
          RETRO PŘÁTELSKÉ DEKORAČNÍ HRNÍČKY - 2ks - 160   
Vystavované, bez poškození - fialovo - růžový motiv se zlatým okrajem. Český výrobek - Made in Czechoslovakia - viz foto. Výška 7cm, průměr podšálku 13cm. Platba na účet, poštovné 85,-kč doporučeně. Odpovědi pouze přes kontaktní formulář. ...
          For sale - Vtg 15" 1966 Buick Electra Lesabre 40 Slot Type... - $10   

Electra 4670, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - ... Flywheel ... hp Yamaha cdi Magneto Outboard 693 - $99   

Kogan 4406, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Yamaha Outboard 250 hp hpdi Trim Relay 60V- ... - $397   
Kogan 4406, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Yamaha 250 hp hpdi Injector Driver 60V-8591A-00-00 - $1,100   
Driver 0830, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Yamaha 9.9hp Four Stroke Outboard Motor Starting... - $4   

Price 5570, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates ...
ebay.com.au

          TRUMP, PUTIN, AND THE NEW COLD WAR   

http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/03/06/trump-putin-and-the-new-cold-war

MARCH 6, 2017 ISSUE

What lay behind Russia’s interference in the 2016 election—and what lies ahead?

By Evan Osnos, David Remnick, and Joshua Yaffa

 

  

The D.N.C. hacks, many analysts believe, were just a skirmish in a larger war against Western institutions and alliances.ILLUSTRATION BY CHRISTOPH NIEMANN

1. SOFT TARGETS

On April 12, 1982, Yuri Andropov, the chairman of the K.G.B., ordered foreign-intelligence operatives to carry out “active measures”—aktivniye meropriyatiya—against the reëlection campaign of President Ronald Reagan. Unlike classic espionage, which involves the collection of foreign secrets, active measures aim at influencing events—at undermining a rival power with forgeries, front groups, and countless other techniques honed during the Cold War. The Soviet leadership considered Reagan an implacable militarist. According to extensive notes made by Vasili Mitrokhin, a high-ranking K.G.B. officer and archivist who later defected to Great Britain, Soviet intelligence tried to infiltrate the headquarters of the Republican and Democratic National Committees, popularize the slogan “Reagan Means War!,” and discredit the President as a corrupt servant of the military-industrial complex. The effort had no evident effect. Reagan won forty-nine of fifty states.

Active measures were used by both sides throughout the Cold War. In the nineteen-sixties, Soviet intelligence officers spread a rumor that the U.S. government was involved in the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. In the eighties, they spread the rumor that American intelligence had “created” the aids virus, at Fort Detrick, Maryland. They regularly lent support to leftist parties and insurgencies. The C.I.A., for its part, worked to overthrow regimes in Iran, Cuba, Haiti, Brazil, Chile, and Panama. It used cash payments, propaganda, and sometimes violent measures to sway elections away from leftist parties in Italy, Guatemala, Indonesia, South Vietnam, and Nicaragua. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, in the early nineties, the C.I.A. asked Russia to abandon active measures to spread disinformation that could harm the U.S. Russia promised to do so. But when Sergey Tretyakov, the station chief for Russian intelligence in New York, defected, in 2000, he revealed that Moscow’s active measures had never subsided. “Nothing has changed,” he wrote, in 2008. “Russia is doing everything it can today to embarrass the U.S.”

Vladimir Putin, who is quick to accuse the West of hypocrisy, frequently points to this history. He sees a straight line from the West’s support of the anti-Moscow “color revolutions,” in Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, and Ukraine, which deposed corrupt, Soviet-era leaders, to its endorsement of the uprisings of the Arab Spring. Five years ago, he blamed Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for the anti-Kremlin protests in Moscow’s Bolotnaya Square. “She set the tone for some of our actors in the country and gave the signal,” Putin said. “They heard this and, with the support of the U.S. State Department, began active work.” (No evidence was provided for the accusation.) He considers nongovernmental agencies and civil-society groups like the National Endowment for Democracy, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and the election-monitoring group Golos to be barely disguised instruments of regime change.

ADVERTISEMENT

The U.S. officials who administer the system that Putin sees as such an existential danger to his own reject his rhetoric as “whataboutism,” a strategy of false moral equivalences. Benjamin Rhodes, a deputy national-security adviser under President Obama, is among those who reject Putin’s logic, but he said, “Putin is not entirely wrong,” adding that, in the past, “we engaged in regime change around the world. There is just enough rope for him to hang us.”*

The 2016 Presidential campaign in the United States was of keen interest to Putin. He loathed Obama, who had applied economic sanctions against Putin’s cronies after the annexation of Crimea and the invasion of eastern Ukraine. (Russian state television derided Obama as “weak,” “uncivilized,” and a “eunuch.”) Clinton, in Putin’s view, was worse—the embodiment of the liberal interventionist strain of U.S. foreign policy, more hawkish than Obama, and an obstacle to ending sanctions and reëstablishing Russian geopolitical influence. At the same time, Putin deftly flattered Trump, who was uncommonly positive in his statements about Putin’s strength and effectiveness as a leader. As early as 2007, Trump declared that Putin was “doing a great job in rebuilding the image of Russia and also rebuilding Russia period.” In 2013, before visiting Moscow for the Miss Universe pageant, Trump wondered, in a tweet, if he would meet Putin, and, “if so, will he become my new best friend?” During the Presidential campaign, Trump delighted in saying that Putin was a superior leader who had turned the Obama Administration into a “laughingstock.”

For those interested in active measures, the digital age presented opportunities far more alluring than anything available in the era of Andropov. The Democratic and Republican National Committees offered what cybersecurity experts call a large “attack surface.” Tied into politics at the highest level, they were nonetheless unprotected by the defenses afforded to sensitive government institutions. John Podesta, the chairman of Hillary Clinton’s campaign and a former chief of staff of Bill Clinton’s, had every reason to be aware of the fragile nature of modern communications. As a senior counsellor in the Obama White House, he was involved in digital policy. Yet even he had not bothered to use the most elementary sort of defense, two-step verification, for his e-mail account.

“The honest answer is that my team and I were over-reliant on the fact that we were pretty careful about what we click on,” Podesta said. In this instance, he received a phishing e-mail, ostensibly from “the Gmail team,” that urged him to “change your password immediately.” An I.T. person who was asked to verify it mistakenly replied that it was “a legitimate e-mail.”

The American political landscape also offered a particularly soft target for dezinformatsiya, false information intended to discredit the official version of events, or the very notion of reliable truth. Americans were more divided along ideological lines than at any point in two decades, according to the Pew Research Center. American trust in the mainstream media had fallen to a historic low. The fractured media environment seemed to spawn conspiracy theories about everything from Barack Obama’s place of birth (supposedly Kenya) to the origins of climate change (a Chinese hoax). Trump, in building his political identity, promoted such theories.

“Free societies are often split because people have their own views, and that’s what former Soviet and current Russian intelligence tries to take advantage of,” Oleg Kalugin, a former K.G.B. general, who has lived in the United States since 1995, said. “The goal is to deepen the splits.” Such a strategy is especially valuable when a country like Russia, which is considerably weaker than it was at the height of the Soviet era, is waging a geopolitical struggle with a stronger entity.

In early January, two weeks before the Inauguration, James Clapper, the director of national intelligence, released a declassified report concluding that Putin had ordered an influence campaign to harm Clinton’s election prospects, fortify Donald Trump’s, and “undermine public faith in the U.S. democratic process.” The declassified report provides more assertion than evidence. Intelligence officers say that this was necessary to protect their information-gathering methods.

Critics of the report have repeatedly noted that intelligence agencies, in the months before the Iraq War, endorsed faulty assessments concerning weapons of mass destruction. But the intelligence community was deeply divided over the actual extent of Iraq’s weapons development; the question of Russia’s responsibility for cyberattacks in the 2016 election has produced no such tumult. Seventeen federal intelligence agencies have agreed that Russia was responsible for the hacking.

In testimony before the Senate, Clapper described an unprecedented Russian effort to interfere in the U.S. electoral process. The operation involved hacking Democrats’ e-mails, publicizing the stolen contents through WikiLeaks, and manipulating social media to spread “fake news” and pro-Trump messages.

At first, Trump derided the scrutiny of the hacking as a “witch hunt,” and said that the attacks could have been from anyone—the Russians, the Chinese, or “somebody sitting on their bed that weighs four hundred pounds.” In the end, he grudgingly accepted the finding, but insisted that Russian interference had had “absolutely no effect on the outcome of the election.” Yevgenia Albats, the author of “The State Within a State,” a book about the K.G.B., said that Putin probably didn’t believe he could alter the results of the election, but, because of his antipathy toward Obama and Clinton, he did what he could to boost Trump’s cause and undermine America’s confidence in its political system. Putin was not interested in keeping the operation covert, Albats said. “He wanted to make it as public as possible. He wanted his presence to be known,” and to “show that, no matter what, we can enter your house and do what we want.”

ILLUSTRATIONS BY CRISTIANA COUCEIRO

2. COLD WAR 2.0

Remarkably, the Obama Administration learned of the hacking operation only in early summer—nine months after the F.B.I. first contacted the D.N.C. about the intrusion—and then was reluctant to act too strongly, for fear of being seen as partisan. Leaders of the Pentagon, the State Department, and the intelligence agencies met during the summer, but their focus was on how to safeguard state election commissions and electoral systems against a hack on Election Day.

That caution has embittered Clinton’s inner circle. “We understand the bind they were in,” one of Clinton’s senior advisers said. “But what if Barack Obama had gone to the Oval Office, or the East Room of the White House, and said, ‘I’m speaking to you tonight to inform you that the United States is under attack. The Russian government at the highest levels is trying to influence our most precious asset, our democracy, and I’m not going to let it happen.’ A large majority of Americans would have sat up and taken notice. My attitude is that we don’t have the right to lay blame for the results of this election at anybody’s feet, but, to me, it is bewildering—it is baffling—it is hard to make sense of why this was not a five-alarm fire in the White House.”

The Obama circle, which criticizes Clinton’s team for failing to lock down seemingly solid states like Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania, insists that the White House acted appropriately. “What could we have done?” Benjamin Rhodes said. “We said they were doing it, so everybody had the basis to know that all the WikiLeaks material and the fake news were tied to Russia. There was no action we could have taken to stop the e-mails or the fake news from being propagated. . . . All we could do was expose it.”

Last September, at a G-20 summit, in China, Obama confronted Putin about the hacking, telling him to “cut it out,” and, above all, to keep away from the balloting in November, or there would be “serious consequences.” Putin neither denied nor confirmed the hacking efforts, but replied that the United States has long funded media outlets and civil-society groups that meddle in Russian affairs.

ShareTweet

Buy a cartoon

In October, as evidence of Russian meddling mounted, senior national-security officials met to consider a plan of response; proposals included releasing damaging information about Russian officials, including their bank accounts, or a cyber operation directed at Moscow. Secretary of State John Kerry was concerned that such plans might undercut diplomatic efforts to get Russia to coöperate with the West in Syria—efforts that eventually failed. In the end, security officials unanimously agreed to take a measured approach: the Administration issued a statement, on October 7th, declaring it was confident that the Russians had hacked the D.N.C. The Administration did not want to overreact in a way that could seem political and amplify Trump’s message that the vote was rigged.

The White House watched for signs that Russian intelligence was crossing what a senior national-security official called “the line between covert influence and adversely affecting the vote count”—and found no evidence that it had done so. At the time, Clinton was leading in the race, which, the official said, reinforced Obama’s decision not to respond more aggressively. “If we have a very forceful response, it actually helps delegitimize the election.”

That sense of caution continued during the transition, when Obama was intent on an orderly transfer of power. Secretary of State Kerry proposed the creation of an independent bipartisan group to investigate Russian interference in the election. It would have been modelled on the 9/11 Commission, a body consisting of five Republicans and five Democrats who interviewed more than twelve hundred people. According to two senior officials, Obama reviewed Kerry’s proposal but ultimately rejected it, in part because he was convinced that Republicans in Congress would regard it as a partisan exercise. One aide who favored the idea says, “It would have gotten the ball rolling, making it difficult for Trump to shut it down. Now it’s a lot harder to make it happen.”

During the transition, officials in the Obama Administration were hearing that Trump was somehow compromised or beholden to Russian interests. “The Russians make investments in people not knowing the exact outcome,” one senior Administration official said. “They obtain leverage on those people, too.” No conclusive evidence has yet emerged for such suspicions about Trump. Another Administration official said that, during the transfer of power, classified intelligence had shown multiple contacts between Trump associates and Russian representatives, but nothing that rose to the level of aiding or coördinating the interference with the election. “We had no clear information—that I was aware of—of collusion,” the official said. That question, however, persists, and will likely be a central focus for congressional investigators.

By Inauguration Day, January 20th, the evidence of a wide-scale Russian operation had prompted the formation of a joint task force, including the C.I.A., the F.B.I., the N.S.A., and the financial-crimes unit of the Treasury Department. Three Senate committees, including the Intelligence Committee, have launched inquiries; some Democrats worry that the Trump Administration will try to stifle these investigations. Although senators on the Intelligence Committee cannot reveal classified information, they have ways of signalling concern. Three weeks after the election, Ron Wyden, an Oregon Democrat, and six other members of the committee sent a public letter to Obama, declaring, “We believe there is additional information concerning the Russian Government and the U.S. election that should be declassified and released to the public.” At a hearing in January, Wyden pushed further. While questioning James Comey, the director of the F.B.I., Wyden cited media reports that some Trump associates had links to Russians who are close to Putin. Wyden asked if Comey would declassify information on that subject and “release it to the American people.” Comey said, “I can’t talk about it.” Wyden’s questioning had served its purpose.

Later, in an interview, Wyden said, “My increasing concern is that classification now is being used much more for political security than for national security. We wanted to get that out before a new Administration took place. I can’t remember seven senators joining a declassification request.” Asked if he suspects that there has been improper contact between the Trump campaign and Russian interests, Wyden said, “I can’t get into that”—without revealing classified information. “But what I can tell you is, I continue to believe, as I have for many months, that there is more that could be declassified.” He added, “When a foreign power interferes with American institutions, you don’t just say, ‘Oh, that’s business as usual,’ and leave it at that. There’s a historical imperative here, too.” After viewing the classified materials, Mark Warner, of Virginia, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Intelligence Committee, said of the Russia investigation, “This may very well be the most important thing I do in my public life.”

Two weeks before the Inauguration, intelligence officers briefed both Obama and Trump about a dossier of unverified allegations compiled by Christopher Steele, a former British intelligence officer. The thirty-five-page dossier, which included claims about Trump’s behavior during a 2013 trip to Moscow, had been shopped around to various media outlets by researchers opposed to Trump’s candidacy. The dossier concluded that Russia had personal and financial material on Trump that could be used as blackmail. It said that the Russians had been “cultivating, supporting, and assisting” Trump for years. According to current and former government officials, prurient details in the dossier generated skepticism among some members of the intelligence community, who, as one put it, regarded it as a “nutty” product to present to a President. But, in the weeks that followed, they confirmed some of its less explosive claims, relating to conversations with foreign nationals. “They are continuing to chase down stuff from the dossier, and, at its core, a lot of it is bearing out,” an intelligence official said. Some officials believe that one reason the Russians compiled information on Trump during his 2013 trip was that he was meeting with Russian oligarchs who might be stashing money abroad—a sign of disloyalty, in Putin’s eyes.

Trump denounced the dossier as a fake. Putin’s spokesman called it “pulp fiction.” But, before the dossier became public, Senator John McCain passed it along to the F.B.I.; later, some of his colleagues said that it should be part of an investigation of Trump. Richard Burr, a Republican from North Carolina and the chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, vowed to investigate “everywhere the intelligence tells us to go.”

For many national-security officials, the e-mail hacks were part of a larger, and deeply troubling, picture: Putin’s desire to damage American confidence and to undermine the Western alliances—diplomatic, financial, and military—that have shaped the postwar world.

Not long before leaving the White House, Benjamin Rhodes said that the Obama Administration was convinced that Putin had gone into an “offensive mode beyond what he sees as his sphere of influence,” setting out to encourage the “breakup” of the European Union, destabilize nato, and unnerve the object of his keenest resentment—the United States. Rhodes said, “The new phase we’re in is that the Russians have moved into an offensive posture that threatens the very international order.” Samantha Power offered a similar warning, shortly before leaving her post as United Nations Ambassador. Russia, she said, was “taking steps that are weakening the rules-based order that we have benefitted from for seven decades.”

For nearly two decades, U.S.-Russian relations have ranged between strained and miserable. Although the two countries have come to agreements on various issues, including trade and arms control, the general picture is grim. Many Russian and American policy experts no longer hesitate to use phrases like “the second Cold War.”

The level of tension has alarmed experienced hands on both sides. “What we have is a situation in which the strong leader of a relatively weak state is acting in opposition to weak leaders of relatively strong states,” General Sir Richard Shirreff, the former Deputy Supreme Allied Commander of nato, said. “And that strong leader is Putin. He is calling the shots at the moment.” Shirreff observes that nato’s withdrawal of military forces from Europe has been answered with incidents of Russian aggression, and with a sizable buildup of forces in the vicinity of the Baltic states, including an aircraft-carrier group dispatched to the North Sea, an expanded deployment of nuclear-capable Iskander-M ballistic missiles, and anti-ship missiles. The Kremlin, for its part, views the expansion of nato to Russia’s borders as itself a provocation, and points to such U.S. measures as the placement of a new ground-based missile-defense system in Deveselu, Romania.

Robert Gates, who was Secretary of Defense under both George W. Bush and Barack Obama, describes relations between Obama and Putin as having been “poisonous” and casts at least some of the blame on Obama; referring to Russia as a “regional power,” as Obama did, was “the equivalent of referring to isis as a J.V. team,” in his view. “I think the new Administration has a big challenge in front of it in terms of stopping the downward spiral in the U.S.-Russia relationship while pushing back against Putin’s aggression and general thuggery,” Gates said. “Every time nato makes a move or Russia makes a move near its border, there is a response. Where does that all stop? So there is a need to stop that downward spiral. The dilemma is how do you do that without handing Putin a victory of huge proportions?”

Some in Moscow are alarmed, too. Dmitry Trenin, a well-connected political and military analyst for the Carnegie Moscow Center, said that in early fall, before Trump’s victory, “we were on a course for a ‘kinetic’ collision in Syria.” He said that the Kremlin expected that, if Clinton won, she would take military action in Syria, perhaps establishing no-fly zones, provoking the rebels to shoot down Russian aircraft, “and getting the Russians to feel it was Afghanistan revisited.” He added, “Then my imagination just left me.”

Not in a generation has the enmity run this deep, according to Sergey Rogov, the academic director of the Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies, in Moscow. “I spent many years in the trenches of the first Cold War, and I don’t want to die in the trenches of the second,” Rogov said. “We are back to 1983, and I don’t enjoy being thirty-four years younger in this way. It’s frightening.”

3. PUTIN’S WORLD

Putin’s resentment of the West, and his corresponding ambition to establish an anti-Western conservatism, is rooted in his experience of decline and fall—not of Communist ideology, which was never a central concern of his generation, but, rather, of Russian power and pride. Putin, who was born in 1952, grew up in Leningrad, where, during the Second World War, Nazi troops imposed a nine-hundred-day siege that starved the city. His father was badly wounded in the war. Putin joined the K.G.B. in 1975, when he was twenty-three, and was eventually sent to East Germany.

Posted in one of the grayest of the Soviet satellites, Putin entirely missed the sense of awakening and opportunity that accompanied perestroika, and experienced only the state’s growing fecklessness. At the very moment the Berlin Wall was breached, in November, 1989, he was in the basement of a Soviet diplomatic compound in Dresden feeding top-secret documents into a furnace. As crowds of Germans threatened to break into the building, officers called Moscow for assistance, but, in Putin’s words, “Moscow was silent.”

Putin returned to Russia, where the sense of post-imperial decline persisted. The West no longer feared Soviet power; Eastern and Central Europe were beyond Moscow’s control; and the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union were all going their own way. An empire shaped by Catherine the Great and Joseph Stalin was dissolving.

ShareTweet

Buy a cartoon

In Moscow, Western reporters could arrange visits to crumbling nuclear-weapons sites, once secret underground bunkers, and half-empty prison camps. The most forbidding commissars of the Soviet Union—leaders of the K.G.B., the Army, and the Communist Party—failed in an attempt to pull off a counter-revolutionary coup d’état, in August, 1991, and were locked away in a notorious prison called the Sailor’s Rest. Other high-ranking loyalists, refusing the judgment of the new order, administered justice for themselves. The head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, knowing that he was about to be arrested, wrote a note (“I lived honestly all my life”), shot his wife, shoved the barrel of a revolver into his mouth, and pulled the trigger.

For Westerners caught up in post-Cold War triumphalism, it was easier to take note of the new liberties than of the new anxieties, which were profound for millions of Russians. The fall of the imperial state meant the loss of two million square miles of territory, a parcel larger than India. Tens of millions of ethnic Russians now found themselves “abroad.” Amid newfound freedoms of expression, travel, religion, and association, there was also a palpable sense of disorientation, humiliation, and drift.

In speeches and interviews, Putin rarely mentions any sense of liberation after the fall of Communism and the Soviet Union; he recalls the nineteen-nineties as a period of unremitting chaos, in which Western partners tried to force their advantages, demanding that Russia swallow everything from the eastward expansion of nato to the invasion of its Slavic allies in the former Yugoslavia. This is a common narrative, but it ignores some stubborn facts. The West welcomed Russia into the G-8 economic alliance. The violence in the Balkans was the worst in Europe since the end of the Second World War and without intervention would likely have dragged on. And Russian security concerns were hardly the only issue at stake with respect to the expansion of nato; Poland, Czechoslovakia, and other countries in the region were now sovereign and wanted protection.

“It just felt to me grotesquely unfair, if that word can be used in geopolitics, that yet again the Central Europeans were going to be screwed,” Strobe Talbott, Bill Clinton’s leading adviser on Russia and the region, said. “To tell them they had to live in a security limbo because the Russians would have hurt feelings and be frightened just didn’t hold water.” Nevertheless, American politicians did worry about how reordering the economic and security arrangements of Europe would affect a fallen power and would-be partner. Clinton and his advisers were aware that reactionary political forces in Russia—the so-called “red-brown coalition” of diehard Communists and resurgent nationalists—viewed the United States as exploitative and triumphalist and hoped to gain control of the state.

In 1996, during a summit meeting in Moscow, Clinton went for an early-morning run with Talbott in the Sparrow Hills, near Moscow State University. Clinton had known Talbott since they were students at Oxford, and confided his anxiety. He did not regret the expansion of nato or the decision, at last, to battle Serbian forces in Bosnia. But he knew that he was making Yeltsin’s political life excruciatingly difficult.

“We keep telling ol’ Boris, ‘O.K., now, here’s what you’ve got to do next—here’s some more shit for your face,’ ” Clinton told Talbott as they ran. “And that makes it real hard for him, given what he’s up against and who he’s dealing with.”

Earlier that year, Yeltsin had summoned Talbott. “I don’t like it when the U.S. flaunts its superiority,” he told him. “Russia’s difficulties are only temporary, and not only because we have nuclear weapons but also because of our economy, our culture, our spiritual strength. All that amounts to a legitimate, undeniable basis for equal treatment. Russia will rise again! I repeat: Russia will rise again.”

When the 1996 election season began, Yeltsin was polling in the single digits. Much of the country held him responsible for economic measures that seemed to help only those close to Kremlin power. For millions, reform—including the “shock therapy” pushed by Western advisers and politicians—meant a collapse in basic services, hyperinflation, corruption, kleptocratic privatization, and an economic downturn as severe as the Great Depression. Most Russians blamed not the corrosion of the old system but, rather, the corruptions of the new. Demokratiya (democracy) was popularly referred to as dermokratiya (shit-ocracy). Yeltsin, benefitting from the support of both the oligarchs and the International Monetary Fund, managed to eke out a victory against his Communist opponent, but he continued to drink heavily, despite a history of heart attacks, and, in his final years in power, was often a sorry, inebriated spectacle.

On New Year’s Eve, 1999, Yeltsin appeared on national television sitting in front of a Christmas tree. Looking blocky and moribund, he said that he was resigning. “I am sorry that many of our dreams failed to come true,” he said. “I am sorry that I did not live up to the hopes of people who believed that we could, with a single effort, a single strong push, jump out of the gray, stagnant, totalitarian past and into a bright, wealthy, civilized future. I used to believe that myself.”

A man who had resisted a coup eight years earlier no longer had the endurance for office or the political imagination to advance the cause. “I have done all I could,” he said. “A new generation is coming.” With that, he appointed as his successor Vladimir Putin, a relatively obscure intelligence agent who had been accelerated through the ranks because he had proved himself disciplined, shrewd, and, above all, loyal to his bosses.

One of Putin’s first decrees was to protect Yeltsin from future prosecution. Then he set out to stabilize the country and put it on a course of traditional Russian autocracy. “As Yeltsin started to withdraw, the old system reconsolidated, and Putin finalized this regression,” Andrei Kozyrev, the foreign minister between 1990 and 1996, said. “The fundamental problem was an inability to complete the economic and political reforms, and so we slipped back into confrontation with the West and nato.”

Putin revealed his distrust for an open system almost immediately. He saw a state that had become barely functional, and he set about restoring its authority the only way he knew how: manually, and from the top. He replaced the freewheeling anarchy of Yeltsin’s rule with something more systematized, casting aside or coöpting the oligarchs of the nineteen-nineties and elevating a cast of corrupt satraps loyal to him—an arrangement that became known as Kremlin, Inc. Every aspect of the country’s political life, including the media, was brought under the “vertical of power” that he constructed. When Yeltsin held office, privately owned television stations, such as NTV, reported on the horrific war in Chechnya and even satirized Yeltsin and other Kremlin leaders on a puppet show called “Kukly.” NTV, which was owned by an oligarch named Vladimir Gusinsky, seemed to test Putin in the beginning, airing discussions about corruption and human-rights abuses; “Kukly” added a puppet depicting the new President. Putin was not amused. Within five months of taking power, he dispatched armed Interior Ministry troops to raid Gusinsky’s headquarters; by 2001, Gusinsky had been forced to give up NTV to more obedient owners and had fled the country. Ever since, television has been under strict federal control.

Putin, in his first few years in office, was relatively solicitous of the West. He was the first foreign leader to call George W. Bush after the destruction of the World Trade Center towers. When he spoke at the Bundestag, later that month, he addressed its members in German, the language that he had spoken as a K.G.B. agent in Dresden. He even entertained the notion of Russian membership in nato.

America’s invasion of Iraq, which Putin opposed, marked a change in his thinking. Bush had made some progress with him on bilateral issues such as nuclear-arms proliferation, but by 2007 Putin had grown deeply disenchanted and came to feel that the West was treating Russia as a “vassal.” Robert Gates recalls a security conference, in Munich, in 2007, at which Putin angrily charged that the United States had “overstepped its national borders in every area” and that the expansion of nato was directed against Russian interests. “People were inclined to pass it off as a one-off,” Gates said. “But it was a harbinger.”

For Putin, it was a story of misplaced hopes and rejection: he became convinced that, no matter how accommodating he might try to be, Western powers—the United States, above all—had an innate disinclination to treat Russia as a full partner and a respected member of the international order. At home, Putin was increasingly drawn to an authoritarian, nationalist conception of the Russian state. He knew that the fall of Communism and Soviet power had left a vacuum—the lack of a “national idea” to replace Marxism-Leninism. When Putin returned to the Presidency for a third term, in 2012, he felt the need to develop a Russian ideology of his own, and called on currents that run deep in Russian political culture: nationalism, xenophobia, and social conservatism. When, four years ago, Putin endorsed anti-gay legislation, for instance, he was playing to entrenched conservative prejudices that predate Soviet Communism—perhaps not for Western-oriented intellectuals and the urban middle class but for many millions of others.

Putin was hardly surprised by the liberal umbrage voiced by the Obama Administration and other Western governments. That confrontation was the point, a means of cementing his authority at home by playing up the notion of an encircled, perpetually menaced Russian state. Although Putin grew up under Soviet atheism, he nonetheless decried secular Americans and Europeans for “rejecting their roots, including the Christian values that constitute the basis of Western civilization.” His conservatism, he insisted, “prevents movement backward and downward, into chaotic darkness and a return to a primitive state.”

He was alarmed by the Obama Administration’s embrace of the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt. And he was infuriated by the U.S.-led assault on Muammar Qaddafi’s regime. In early 2011, as Libyans challenged Qaddafi, Putin was ostensibly offstage, serving as Prime Minister; his protégé Dmitry Medvedev was President, and made a crucial decision not to veto an American-backed U.N. Security Council resolution in favor of military action in Libya. In a rare public split, Putin condemned the decision, comparing the resolution to a “medieval call to the crusades.” In October, 2011, a crowd of Libyans found Qaddafi hiding in a culvert with a gold-plated 9-mm. pistol, dragged him out, and killed him—a gruesome event that was broadcast worldwide. From Putin’s perspective, this was a case study in Western intervention: stir up protests, give them rhetorical support and diplomatic cover, and, if that doesn’t work, send in the fighter jets. The epilogue comes in the form of uncontrollable violence and an inglorious end for the country’s leader. According to Mikhail Zygar, the former editor-in-chief of the independent Internet station TV Rain and the author of “All the Kremlin’s Men,” Putin absorbed the death of Qaddafi as an object lesson: weakness and compromise were impermissible. “When he was a pariah, no one touched him,” Zygar wrote. “But as soon as he opened up he was not only overthrown but killed in the street like a mangy old cur.”

ShareTweet

Buy a cartoon

Putin also regarded the anti-Kremlin, pro-democracy demonstrations in Moscow, which started in 2011, as a rehearsal for an uprising that had to be thwarted. Together with the upheavals abroad, they compounded his grievances against the West. Obama’s national-security adviser at the time, Tom Donilon, observed that Putin’s concerns were then focussed on domestic political stability and perceived foreign threats to it. He was convinced that “there were efforts under way to undermine his regime,” Donilon said. “From the outset of his second run as President, in my judgment, he was bringing Russia to a posture of pretty active hostility toward the United States and the West.” In September, 2013, after Putin declined requests to turn over Edward Snowden, Obama cancelled a planned summit in Moscow. “The communication really broke after that,” Donilon said. He saw Putin steadily remove non-intelligence personnel from his orbit. “In sharp contrast to the Chinese situation, there’s not a Russian national-security ‘system,’ ” he said. “He works with a very small group of individuals, namely, former K.G.B. and F.S.B. people.”

Dissent has now been effectively marginalized. Opposition candidates are frequently kept off the ballot on legal technicalities, and, when they do make it on, they are denied media coverage, let alone the “administrative resources” enjoyed by pro-Kremlin politicians. Some thirty journalists have been murdered in Russia in the past decade and a half; human-rights groups that receive funding from abroad are registered in Moscow as “foreign agents.” And contemporary Russian television is not only compliant but celebratory. “Imagine you have two dozen TV channels and it is all Fox News,” Vladimir Milov, a former deputy energy minister under Putin and now a critic, said.

Yet those channels bear little resemblance to the dreary Soviet broadcasts with their stilted language and shabby production values. Just as Putin no longer fills prison camps with countless “enemies of the people,” as Stalin did, but, rather, makes a chilling example of a famous few, like the businessman Mikhail Khodorkovsky or the group Pussy Riot, his propagandists have taken their cue from foreign forms: magazine shows, shout-fests, game shows, and reality shows. There are many figures in public life who are not permitted to appear on any talk show or news program. Russians can still find independent information on Facebook and various Web sites; critical books and magazines are available in stores and online; Echo of Moscow, a liberal radio station, hangs on. But, even in the Internet era, more than eighty per cent of Russians get their news from television. Manipulation of TV coverage is a crucial factor in Putin’s extraordinarily high popularity ratings, typically in excess of eighty per cent—ratings that Donald Trump both admires and envies.

In October, 2012, on the occasion of Putin’s sixtieth birthday, Dmitry Kiselyov, the host of “News of the Week,” a favorite TV show of Putin’s, delivered a long encomium to the President: “In terms of the scope of his activities, Putin can be compared to only one of his predecessors in the twentieth century—Stalin.” NTV aired a documentary, “Visiting Putin,” that sent a broadcaster to his office and his house on the outskirts of Moscow. Although well-informed critics have said that Putin is worth tens of billions of dollars and has twenty residences at his disposal, the program portrayed him as a near-ascetic, who wakes at eight-thirty, lifts weights, swims long distances, eats a modest breakfast (beet juice, porridge, raw quail eggs), and works deep into the night.

“All these TV genres emphasize the stature of Putin, as being above everybody and everything—not just the ultimate boss but the embodiment of Russian statehood,” Masha Lipman, the editor of the journal Counterpoint, said. The most important political space is not the grounds of the Kremlin. It is the space within the President’s skull.

“A well-known person once said, ‘You can get much farther with a kind word and a Smith & Wesson than you can with just a kind word,’ ” Putin says in “President,” a long documentary that aired on state television in 2015. “Unfortunately, he was right.” Later in the documentary, the host asks Putin if he thinks that the West fears Russia, because a “once failing state” is now “suddenly a powerful political player.” He calls Putin “the leader, if I may say, of the conservative part of both European and American society.”

Putin accepts both premises. “The so-called establishment, the political and economic élites of these countries, they like us only when we are poor and standing there with a beggar’s bowl,” he says. “As soon as we start talking about our interests and they start feeling some element of geopolitical competition, well, they don’t like that.”

In February, 2014, hours after President Victor Yanukovych of Ukraine, weakened by months of protests, fled Kiev, Putin made the decision to invade Crimea. He feared that Ukraine would turn its back on Russia and gravitate toward Europe. It was a way for Putin to signal, loudly and rudely, that he was finished going along with the Western-led order. It was personal as well. Michael Morell, a former deputy director of the C.I.A., said that the fall of Yanukovych led Putin to worry about his own power and well-being. “It happened in the heart of the Slavic world, and he could not allow it to become a precedent for a similar movement in Russia against him,” Morell said. “He had to crush it.”

Putin and members of his circle also saw the Syrian civil war as an opportunity to halt a trend that had started with the invasion of Iraq and continued through the downfall of dictators in Egypt and Libya. A former senior U.S. official who has interacted with Russians said, “There was this period of time when the United States, in Putin’s view, was able to use international institutions to take on regimes that we found offensive, right through Libya, and Putin was determined to put a stake in the ground in Syria, to have Russia be at the table, and be able to resist the international community’s efforts to continue this pattern of conduct.” As Russia’s Defense Minister, Sergey Shoigu, remarked last month, Russia’s intervention in Syria “helped solve the geopolitical task of breaking the chain of ‘color revolutions.’ ” Russian television, of course, covered the siege of Aleppo as an enlightened act of liberation, free of any brutality or abuses.

In the United States, the issue of what to do about Russia was a growing point of contention between the Pentagon and the White House. Ukraine’s government wanted advanced weaponry to help battle Russian-backed rebels. Evelyn Farkas, the Pentagon’s most senior policy officer for Russia, strongly supported the request; Obama and others on his national-security team turned it down. Instead, the U.S. provided “nonlethal” aid, including vehicles, radar, and body armor. In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in 2014, Farkas argued for greater American force, calling Russia’s actions “an affront to the international order that we and our allies have worked to build since the end of the Cold War.”

The Administration believed, with considerable justification, that escalating the conflict would provoke retaliation from Russia, push Putin into a corner, and—since Putin would never let the rebels suffer a battlefield defeat—prove costly for Ukraine. But Farkas disagreed: “We just ignore everything the Russians do in Ukraine because, well, that’s Ukraine and the stakes are so high for Russia there. They wouldn’t risk it in the U.S.” Finally, she gave up trying to convince Obama. “I was so done,” she said. “I was so tired of fighting.” She resigned in October, 2015, and eventually became a foreign-policy adviser to Hillary Clinton, who had sometimes favored the use of military force when Obama did not. “The crazy thing was, when I joined the Clinton campaign, I was, like, Great, I’m not going to have to fight anymore, because she got it on Russia,” Farkas said. “Then it just got worse.”

General Valery Gerasimov was an exponent of Moscow’s “hybrid war” strategy.

4. HYBRID WAR

Putin rarely uses a computer, but he has moved his country into the digital age. Russia was once a technological laggard: the Soviets did not connect to the global Internet until 1990, and the state security services were so befuddled by the technology that, according to “The Red Web,” by Andrei Soldatov and Irina Borogan, agents demanded that Relcom, Russia’s first commercial Internet Service Provider, print out every communication that crossed its network. (Engineers rebelled, and the order was abandoned.) By 1996, however, a new generation of hackers in Russia had achieved the first state-directed penetration of America’s military network, pilfering tens of thousands of files, including military-hardware designs, maps of military installations, and troop configurations. In 2008, according to “Dark Territory,” a history of cyberwar by Fred Kaplan, Russian hackers accomplished a feat that Pentagon officials considered almost impossible: breaching a classified network that wasn’t even connected to the public Internet. Apparently, Russian spies had supplied cheap thumb drives, stocked with viruses, to retail kiosks near natoheadquarters in Kabul, betting, correctly, that a U.S. serviceman or woman would buy one and insert it into a secure computer. In the past decade, cyber tactics have become an essential component of Russia’s efforts to exert influence over its neighbors.

Late one evening in the spring of 2007, President Toomas Hendrik Ilves of Estonia was at home using his laptop computer. He had trouble getting online. The news sites were down. The banks were down. Government sites were down. The President figured that it must be some kind of technical glitch. “The first reaction is not ‘We’re under attack,’ ” he said recently. But, after a few calls, he realized that someone was attacking one of Estonia’s core assets.

The birthplace of Skype and the home of other tech firms, Estonia is known in technology circles as “eStonia”; it is one of the most wired countries in the world. But Estonia was involved in a conflict with Russia over plans to move a Second World War-era statue of a Soviet soldier out of the center of Tallinn, the capital. Estonians regarded it as a symbol of occupation. The Russian government had warned publicly that moving it would be a grave offense to history and “disastrous for Estonians.”

On April 27th, the statue was moved. Almost immediately, commentators in Russian-language chat rooms posted instructions on how to become a “script kiddie,” an amateur hacker. The attackers did not need to “hack” Estonia’s sites, exactly; they simply swamped them with a “distributed denial of service”—DDoS—assault, which continued for two weeks. Investigators never pinpointed the source of the attack, but Ilves, who left the Presidency in October, 2016, believes that it was an alliance between members of the Russian government and organized crime. “I call it a public-private partnership,” he said wryly. “It was a state actor that paid mafiosos.”

Although the incident barely registered in international headlines, it was a landmark event: a state-backed cyberattack for political purposes. “What Estonia showed was that Russia was going to react in a new but aggressive way to perceived political slights,” Michael Sulmeyer, a senior Pentagon official in charge of cyber policy under Obama, said. “What was the offending act? The Estonians moved a statue.”

Russia was acquiring a reputation, in defense circles, for ambition, technical acumen, and speed. Barely a year after the Estonia attack, during a conflict with Georgia over the territory of South Ossetia, Russian tanks and planes crossed into the disputed territory at the same moment that hackers broke into fifty-four Web sites serving the government, media, and banks. They stole military information and immobilized the nation’s Internet. Georgian officers struggled to send orders to troops, and bewildered citizens had no way to find out what was happening.

The Georgia campaign was “one of the first times you’ve seen conventional ground operations married with cyber activity,” Sulmeyer said. “It showed not just an understanding that these techniques could be useful in combined ops but that the Russians were willing to do them. These guys implemented.”

“Thanks, but I’m fine.”

ShareTweet

Buy a cartoon

And yet Russian military planners and officials in the Kremlin regarded Georgia as a failure in the realm of international propaganda. Although Russia prevailed militarily, its narrative was overshadowed by the Georgian one from the first minutes of the campaign. For Russia, the five-day conflict represented a “total defeat in the information space,” said Pavel Zolotarev, a retired major general in the Russian Army, who is now a professor at the Academy of Military Sciences. “Our television showed how the shelling started, the incursion of Georgian forces, and so on,” Zolotarev, who helped draft Russia’s national-security doctrine in the nineteen-nineties, said. “These pictures were shown in the West two days later—but as if Russia were doing the shelling, attacking Georgia.” Russian generals took this lesson to heart, and began to study how to use the media and other instruments to wage “information war,” later putting what they learned into practice in Ukraine and then Syria.

The United States, meanwhile, had its own notable cyberwar success. In 2008, in tandem with Israeli intelligence, the U.S. launched the first digital attack on another country’s critical infrastructure, deploying a “worm,” known as Stuxnet, that was designed to cause centrifuges in Iran to spin out of control and thereby delay its nuclear development.

Yet diplomatic concerns inhibited some of the United States’ active measures. The Obama Administration had a “reset” policy with Russia, forging agreements and coöperating on select issues, despite an over-all increase in tension. “Cyber was an area where we were trying to work with Russia,” Evelyn Farkas, the Pentagon official, said. “That’s the irony. We were meeting with their big spies, trying to develop some kind of arms control for cyber.”

When Robert Knake arrived as the director of cybersecurity policy at the National Security Council, in 2011, the White House had a formal initiative to combat Chinese hacking, known as the Counter-China strategy. Knake recalled, “The question was: ‘O.K., now, what’s the counter-Russia plan? And the counter-Iran plan?’ ” The difficulty was that, in the aftermath of Stuxnet, the U.S. needed Iran’s coöperation on diplomatic priorities. From 2011 to 2013, Iranian-backed hackers waged a sustained DDoS attack on dozens of American banks and financial-services companies, but the U.S. didn’t respond in kind, partly because the Administration was negotiating with Iran to curb its nuclear program. “If we had unleashed the fury in response to that DDoS attack, I don’t know if we would have gotten an Iran deal,” Knake said. In other cases, the Administration declined to respond forcefully so that it could retain the option of deploying similar means on other countries. “As long as we think we’re getting more value from this set of rules than we’re losing, then this is the set of rules we want to promote,” Knake said.

A new doctrine was taking shape, under which Russia sought to study the nefarious tools of the West, as it understood them, so as to counteract them at home and put them into practice abroad. One indication of what that might look like came in February, 2013, when, in the pages of the Military-Industrial Courier—a journal with a tiny yet influential readership of Russian military strategists—Valery Gerasimov, the Russian chief of general staff, published an article with the anodyne title “The Value of Science in Prediction.” The article identified and urged the adoption of a Western strategy that involved military, technological, media, political, and intelligence tactics that would destabilize an enemy at minimal cost. The strategy, which came to be known as “hybrid war,” was an amalgam that states have used for generations, but the text took on the status of a legend, and is now known in international military circles as the Gerasimov doctrine.

Gerasimov is sixty-one years old, and is always photographed in a stiff, forest-green military uniform and with a perpetually sagging frown. He trained as a tank commander, and then climbed the military hierarchy; he led the Fifty-eighth Army during the Second Chechen War. In the article for Military-Industrial Courier, Gerasimov suggested that, in the future, wars will be fought with a four-to-one ratio of nonmilitary to military measures. The former, he wrote, should include efforts to shape the political and social landscape of the adversary through subversion, espionage, propaganda, and cyberattacks. His essay, written in the shadow of the Arab Spring, cited the anarchy and violence that erupted in Libya and Syria as proof that, when faced with the combination of pressure and interference, a “perfectly thriving state can, in a matter of months, and even days, be transformed into an arena of fierce armed conflict, become a victim of foreign intervention, and sink into a web of chaos, humanitarian catastrophe, and civil war.”

Such events were “typical of warfare in the twenty-first century,” he wrote. “The role of nonmilitary means of achieving political and strategic goals has grown, and, in many cases, they have exceeded the power of force of weapons in their effectiveness.”

Pavel Zolotarev, the retired Russian general, explained that, when Gerasimov’s essay was published, “we had come to the conclusion, having analyzed the actions of Western countries in the post-Soviet space—first of all the United States—that manipulation in the information sphere is a very effective tool.” Previously, one had to use “grandfather-style methods: scatter leaflets, throw around some printed materials, manipulate the radio or television,” Zolotarev said. “But, all of a sudden, new means have appeared.”

Gerasimov’s prescriptions began to look prophetic a year later, when Russia annexed Crimea in a quick operation that caught U.S. officials by surprise and contravened international law. Russian-made propaganda whipped up pro-Moscow sentiment in a population that was already wary of Ukrainian political leaders in Kiev and had deep, historical ties with Russia. Unidentified soldiers (the so-called “little green men”) surrounded Ukrainian bases in Crimea, and within days Russia had pulled off a hastily organized, stage-managed referendum.

Even with the rise of new technologies, the underlying truth about such operations hasn’t changed. They are less a way to conjure up something out of nothing than to stir a pot that is already bubbling. In the U.S., a strategy like the alleged hacking of the Democrats was merely an effort to deepen an existing state of disarray and distrust. “For something to happen, many factors have to come together at once,” said Alexander Sharavin, the head of a military research institute and a member of the Academy of Military Sciences, in Moscow, where Gerasimov often speaks. “If you go to Great Britain, for example, and tell them the Queen is bad, nothing will happen, there will be no revolution, because the necessary conditions are absent—there is no existing background for this operation.” But, Sharavin said, “in America those preconditions existed.”

As tensions with Russia rose over the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria, in early 2014, the U.S. was stung by a tactic common in Moscow politics: the weaponized leak. While the U.S. and the European Union discussed the details of a potential transitional government in Ukraine, an aide to the Russian deputy prime minister tweeted a reference to part of a wiretapped conversation, posted soon afterward to YouTube, between Victoria Nuland, a U.S. Assistant Secretary of State, and her colleague Geoffrey Pyatt, the U.S. Ambassador in Ukraine. Nuland is heard saying “Fuck the E.U.”—a line that the Russians knew would cause difficulties between the Americans and their E.U. counterparts. The State Department called the leak “a new low in Russian tradecraft.” Asked what form of penalty was extracted from Russia, Michael McFaul, the Ambassador to Moscow during the Obama Administration, said, “To the best of my knowledge, there was none. I think that was a mistake.”

Obama’s adviser Benjamin Rhodes said that Russia’s aggressiveness had accelerated since the first demonstrations on Maidan Square, in Kiev. “When the history books are written, it will be said that a couple of weeks on the Maidan is where this went from being a Cold War-style competition to a much bigger deal,” he said. “Putin’s unwillingness to abide by any norms began at that point. It went from provocative to disrespectful of any international boundary.”

In the fall of 2014, a hacking group known as the Dukes entered an unclassified computer system at the U.S. State Department and gained enough control so that, as one official put it, they “owned” the system. In security circles, the Dukes—also referred to as Cozy Bear—were believed to be directed by the Russian government. Very little is known about the size and composition of Russia’s team of state cyberwarriors. In 2013, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that it was forming “scientific” and “information operations” battalions. A defense official later explained their purpose as “disrupting the information networks of the probable enemy.” Oleg Demidov, an expert on information security and cybercrime, and a consultant at the PIR-Center, a research institute in Moscow, said, “At the time, this idea was met with laughter. But this was something real, these units were indeed formed, and staffed by graduates of the country’s leading technical universities.” The next year, the Russian military expanded its public recruitment of young programmers; social-media ads for the “Research Squadron of the Russian Federation” depicted a soldier putting down a rifle and turning to a keyboard, accompanied by a heavy-metal soundtrack.

A retired K.G.B. colonel recently told the magazine Ogonyok that Russia had about a thousand people working in military and security operations online. According to a detailed report that appeared last November in the well-regarded online publication Meduza, several hundred technical specialists have left commercial firms to work for state-run cyber teams. A Defense Ministry spokesperson refused to confirm any details, telling a Meduza correspondent that the topic is secret, “so no one can see how we might apply these methods,” and warning against publication: “Don’t risk doing anything further—don’t put yourself in the crosshairs.”

After penetrating the State Department, the Dukes moved on to the unclassified computer network that serves the executive office of the President. (The network manages, for instance, details of his movements.) By February, 2015, the increasing intensity of Russian intrusions into sensitive political targets had raised alarms in Washington, and Clapper, the director of national intelligence, told a Senate hearing that the “Russian cyberthreat is more severe than we have previously assessed.”

European officials voice similar concerns. The Directorate-General for External Security, the French spy agency, is reportedly worried that Russian spies, hackers, and others are working to help Marine Le Pen, the Presidential candidate of the far-right National Front Party. Russian state media have suggested that one of her opponents, Emmanuel Macron, is a tool of American banks and has a secret gay

          For sale - Brighton Purse Bucket Black Leather Mock Lizard... - Auction   

Brighton 3186, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - fisher price jungle jumperoo lizard spinning toy... - Auction   
Fisher 5354, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          For sale - cp Cases Pro Bag Rigid video camera bag like Arri... - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Porta Brace hip-3lens Hip-Pack Lens Case. Fits... - Auction   
Brandon 4808, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Mary Porta Kite Dress Size 6 House Of Frazer New ... - Auction   

Fraser Range 6443, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage Samsonite Travel Suit Carrying And Hanging... - Auction   

Grey 6521, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Ricardo Beverly Hills Big Sur Travel Weeknder Red Bag - Auction   
Beverly Hills 2209, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Ork 3rd Ed Metal Nob w/ Choppa, Slugga Part Paint... - $4   
Henderson 6166, Australia
Excludes: Russian Federation, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Czech Republic, Italy, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine
ebay.com.au

          Zlato pre „Mufka“ zo Slovakia Boxing Cup-u   
Boxing Academy Trnava sa pod vedením trénera Romana Polgára zúčastnil v dňoch 15. – 18. júna medzinárodného turnaja v boxe s názvom 3. Slovakia Boxing ...
          BetClic & Expekt Exit Bosnian and Slovakian Markets   
6/30/2017 10:01:46 AM -

Online sportsbooks BetClic and Expekt have informed Sportsbook Review that they have pulled out of the Bosnian and Slovakian markets.

Players located in these markets are advised to log-in to their sports betting accounts and request the withdrawal of their balances. Players with feedback on the payout process can write to mail@sportsbookreview.com.

The notice from BetClic stated the following:

"As you may be aware, the current regulatory regimes in Bosnia Herzegovina and Slovakia and their continuing challenges have led us to take the decision to cease all services being currently offered there,"

The online sportsbooks maintain a rating of B- in the sportsbook rating guide.


          Casino Extreme Exclusive July $175 Freeroll Tournament   

Casino Extreme - Exclusive $175 Freeroll Tourney this July only for LCBers

US OK!

Prizepool: $175

Available on Download version only!

Must have an account in USD- YES

Tournament name: EXTREMELCB

Top 5 places win the prize ($35 per player)

How to participate: Players need to sign up through our LINK and enter the password.

Password: CRYSTALCB

Game: CRYSTAL WATERS

Entry fee: Free!

Start date: 1st July 2017

End date: 31st July 2017

Add-on: free (35 times)

Re-buy: free (5 time)

Max cashout: 2 x value of the prize (1 x wagering of the prize value)

Available on mobile? No

Please note: For new members of the Casino Extreme deposit is required prior to withdrawal (to confirm account). Only one non-entry free tournament / free promotion is allowed between deposits. Tournament prizes claimed by players that have not yet deposited at Casino Extreme will be considered as if part of a no-deposit promotion and will be subject to our Terms and Conditions.

Restricted countries: Bulgaria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Croatia, Indonesia, Lithuania, Latvia, Montenegro, Malaysia, Philippines, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, Turkey, Taiwan, Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia.

Good luck! money


          Take The Quad Out!   

While the most exciting portions of figure skating routine (for some) are the jumps, these high-flying athletic moves are the ultimate feats of a skater’s ability. Jumps, in figure skating, come in two varieties, rotational and positional. Positional jumps are short jumps that display an artistic position in the air. The primary objective of rotational jumps is to rotate while airborne. In these jumps, the skater appears to spin in the air. Skaters’ routines are measured partly on rotational jumps. For a quad, skaters have to achieve maximum rotation. While skaters need to develop as much rotational energy as possible, it is important that they obtain the best possible rotational position during the airborne portion of a performance as well.

Dick Button landed the first triple in 1952. Kurt Browning of Canada landed the first quad in 1982. Today, the quad jumps have become required elements in the men’s program. Quad toe loops seem to be the most frequently attempted quad jumps. While many skaters credit Jozef Sabovchik of Slovakia with landing the first quad jump, in 1984, at the Winter Olympics. The first official quad was performed by Kurt Browning at the 1988 world championships. Suddenly the quad is the rage. How far will we go with those risky jumps? Do we want five six rotations in the air? Are we looking for as many revolutions until we run out of numerical prefixes? What is the limit of jumping possibilities? Is a quintuple toe loop or a quadruple Axel in our future?

The jump is called a quadruple toe loop, and it is performed by gliding backward on the right skate, planting the left toe pick, lifting off with an outside edge of the right skate, spinning four times and landing on the same outside edge of the right skate. Art, science, agility and strength have all been used in describing skaters. However, it takes a high degree of difficulty to achieve the quad. The key is to get the optimal combination of height and rotation. There are four key events for the quad. Toe-pick: the instant the toe pick is planted onto the ice; Take off: the last contact with the ice; Height: the top of the flight phase; Landing: the immediate contact with the ice. Obviously, the quad alone will not win a title; it's the total package, the artistry, the spins and the footwork. Obviously the focused should be on elements other than just the jumps.

A mistake in the quad costs dear while skaters can gain points on easier jumps. Doing a quad comes down to risk vs. reward in a judging system that puts emphasis on energy-sapping footwork and stiffly penalizes faulty jumps. The quadruple toe loop, is worth 9.8 points. The quad can come at a price. If you do it, you're a star. But if there is anything wrong with it -for instance, a fall, or it's under rotated, or too weak to do a combination after it, it's downgraded. There are very few skaters who can make a mistake on the quad and still land it. A negative grade of execution can cost up to three points. A triple Axel is worth 8.2 points. When it is done well, it can earn up to three bonus points. So why risk falling on a quad when you're more likely to land a clean triple Axel anyhow?

Rotational energy is the fuel that skaters work with, and they have to have energy to work with. The quad is an important jump. It's fun. It's interesting. It's beautiful when it's done right. While the quad is big news, I wonder if it will be some time before figure skaters are doing quintuple jumps. If you can do a quad well, by all means do it. But skating should never be about the jumps. It should be poetry on ice! No quad. While I agree that quad jumpers should be given more points, because of the tremendous risks involved, but I would rather be very pleased with the attention given to creativity and to the art we are so used to when it comes to skating.

The quad jump is a spectacular move. It is a neat and exciting. With the techniques and equipment currently used now, I think the athletes are pushing the envelope. I don't see a quint any time soon or a quad Axel. I do see the other more difficult quads --Lutz's and flips however-- being done soon as well as more consistent and higher quality jumps. To add a revolution may take a while (or maybe not) and potentially some new technique, training or equipment modifications to the sport. I imagine that with different technologies in boots, blades, along with different training techniques, strength-training, and perhaps costumes, it might be possible for skaters to land bigger jumps.

There are limits to what the human body can do and I wonder how close we are to them in the sport of figure skating. I long for the good ole 6.0 system. Weir has complained of the new system, saying such things as, “It gives you points for being able to chew on your shoes,“ Concerns for artistic expression has become secondary with the preoccupation of racking up points. Technical ability does not only pertain to jumps, but it includes spins, footwork, and a general flexibility. I just love to watch figure skating, and to witness the numerous feats of athleticism, skill, courage, endurance and passion.

My Zimbio
Top Stories
          For sale - Barbie I Love Lucy lucy does A tv commercial... - Auction   
Collector 2581, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          Live interview with Dj Stretch Taylor (Blues & Soul Magazine)   
"When anyone talks about D.J. Stretch Taylor, the one superlative thing mentioned by the promoters & punters is Stretch rocks the clubs! He is the peoples DJ". Stretch mixed the official mix C.D. for superstar Missy Elliott for her multi-platinum album 'Miss E So Addictive' . Support DJ at live concerts/PA's featuring: Fabolous, Mario Winans, Kindred The Family Soul, Metropolis, Fatman Scoop, Mica Paris, Terri Walker, Ty, Tashas World, Roll Deep, Omar, Iceberg Slimm, Hinda Hicks & Sista Factory (Sandra St. Victor, Kellie Sae, Laurnea, Karen Bernod. Over the years he's played at clubs throughout the UK & Europe including: Ministry Of Sound, Twice As Nice, Global Room at Erick Morillo's Subliminal Sessions @ Pacha Ibiza, Privilege Ibiza (Guinness Book Of Records Biggest Club), Smoove, Jazz Cafe, 10Rooms, Cookies & Cream, Fresh Cream/Exposure, Kabaret Prophecy, Mash, Embassy, Café De Paris, Kiss100 Smooth Grooves @ Trap, NYT, Click, Rainforest Café, Cargo, Greece, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, annual events including Notting Hill Carnival, TMF Music Festival, SoulVille Weekender, Soul Village Weekender & award-winning club nights like Get Down @ Bar Rumba, Club8090 @ Corks & Rubber Soul @ Junction, Cambridge. He also hosts club nights for Blues &Soul Magazine and has been co-promoting his own successful soul music event 'The Boating Club' for a decade
          Coelho caps off ETS title winning weekend with record equalling 4th win   
Bruno Coelho has capped off his Euro Touring Series title weekend in Slovakia with a record equaling fourth win of the season.  The Xray driver joined Marc Rheinard as the only driver to win four races in a single season when he again cruised to A2 victory at the Hudy Arena to wrap up Round […]
          Coelho cruises to A1 win as Matsukura snatches 2nd   
Having wrapped up his second consecutive Euro Touring Series title by taking the TQ in Slovakia this morning, Bruno Coelho made light work of his opposition to cruise to the win in A1.  Almost immediately the Xray driver would establish a lead while the rest of the field backed up behind team-mate Alexander Hagberg. Spinning […]
          For sale - Wooden Red London Bus With Removeable Top Deck and... - Auction   

Driver 0830, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
ebay.com.au

          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/48 8,95 €   

          Night Fighters Pt.1 - Czechoslovakian pilot in RAF 1/72 8,95 €   

          Looking for Old Photographs of Immigrants to Michigan   
I’m a student at Northern Michigan University and I’m helping with a project on immigrants who moved from the Austro-Hungarian Empire to Michigan.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire included parts of what is now Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Croatia, Poland, Romania, Italy, Ukraine, Moldova, Serbia, and Montenegro.

I’m trying to track down images, preferably taken before 1918, of immigrants and their churches/homes/businesses/etc. If you have any old photographs that you would be willing to share (or contacts with historical societies that might have photographs), please contact me here or at annipete@nmu.edu.

Thanks!
          Nuorille 16-vuotiaiden tyttöjen EM-viestikultaa   
Maria Määttänen, Melina Lahdenperä ja Elisa Mattila suunnistivat Slovakiassa nuorten 16-vuotiaiden tyttöjen EM-viestikultaa. 18-vuotiaissa naisissa ja miehissä suomalaisille nelossijat.