Empleos - Jefe De Planificación Y Administración De Ventas   
Capital Federal C, Argentina
...a su cargo.La función reportará al Gerente Comercial y desarrollará, entre otras, las siguientes funciones:•Relevamiento y análisis de planificación de ventas por canal, planificación de demanda, ingreso en ...
buscojobs.com.ar

          Empleos - Analista Impositivo Semi Senior   
Capital Federal C, Argentina
...solicita un Contador/a o Estudiante en el ultimo año de la carrera. Sus principales funciones serán: el Análisis de Cuentas Contables, Liquidación de Impuestos Nacionales, Provinciales y Municipales, Manejo de aplicativos (afip y Rentas) Se requiere en forma excluyente una experiencia no menor a 2 años en posición similar y conocimientos de sap, jd Edwards y/o Tango. Jornada ...
thejobsolutions.com

          Austin Slow to Warm to Mobile Pay Apps like Isis, Square   
The idea is great: Walk into your local coffee shop, order your usual, and pay with the tap of a finger. No credit cards, no cash, no wallet. That’s the concept behind mobile payment apps like Isis and Square . Customers download an app to their phones, program their credit card, and pay by giving the cashier their name. Their card is charged instantly.
          Chris Christie Announces New Jersey Government Shutdown, Orders State Of Emergency   

Illinois, Maine, Connecticut: the end of the old fiscal year and the failure of numerous states to enter the new one with a budget, means that some of America's most populous states have seen their local governments grind to a halt overnight until some spending agreement is reached. Now we can also add New Jersey to this list.

On Saturday morning, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie declared a state of emergency in the state, and announced a partial state government shutdown as New Jersey become the latest state to enter the new fiscal year without an approved budget after the Republican governor and the Democrat-led Legislature failed to reach an agreement by the deadline at midnight Friday, CBS New York reports.

In a news conference Saturday morning, Christie blamed Democratic State Assembly Speaker Vincent Prieto for causing the shutdown. And, just like Illinois and Connecticut, Christie and the Democrat-led Legislature are returning to work in hopes of resolving the state's first government shutdown since 2006 and the first under Christie, before NJ is downgraded further by the rating agencies.

"If there's not a resolution to this today, everyone will be back tomorrow," Christie said, calling the shutdown "embarrassing and pointless." He also repeatedly referred to the government closure as "the speaker's shutdown."  Christie later announced that he would address the full legislature later at the statehouse on Saturday.

Prieto remained steadfast in his opposition, reiterating that he won't consider the plan as part of the budget process but would consider it once a budget is signed.  Referring to the shutdown as "Gov. Christie's Hostage Crisis Day One," Prieto said he has made compromises that led to the budget now before the Legislature.

 

"I am also ready to consider reasonable alternatives that protect ratepayers, but others must come to the table ready to be equally reasonable," Prieto said. "Gov. Christie and the legislators who won't vote 'yes' on the budget are responsible for this unacceptable shutdown. I compromised. I put up a budget bill for a vote. Others now must now do their part and fulfill their responsibilities."

Politics aside, the diplomaitc failure has immediate consequences for Jersey residents: Christie ordered nonessential services to close beginning Saturday. New Jerseyans were feeling the impact as the shutdown took effect, shuttering state parks and disrupting ferry service to Liberty and Ellis islands. Among those affected were a group of Cub Scouts forced to leave a state park campsite and people trying to obtain or renew documents from the state motor vehicle commission, among the agencies closed by the shutdown.

As funds run out elsewhere, it will only get worse.  Police were turning away vehicles and bicyclists at Island Beach state park in Ocean County.

A sign posted at the park entrance featured a photo of Prieto and the phone number of his district office in Secaucus, along with the caption: "This facility is CLOSED because of this man."

When asked about the sign, Christie spokesman Jeremy Rosen said the governor wanted to make sure people knew why the site was shuttered.  "Speaker Prieto singlehandedly closed state government," Rosen said, adding that the governor wanted to make sure families "knew that the facilities were closed and who is responsible."

Not all things will be affected: remaining open under the shutdown will be New Jersey Transit, state prisons, the state police, state hospitals and treatment centers as well as casinos, race tracks and the lottery. 

A major point of disagreement is the ongoing stalemate between Christie and lawmakers over whether to include legislation affecting the state's largest health insurer into the state budget.

Christie and Senate President Steve Sweeney agree on legislation to make over Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield, including allowing the state insurance commissioner to determine a range for the company's surplus that if exceeded must be put to use benefiting the public and policyholders.  But Prieto opposes the plan, saying that the legislation could lead to rate hikes on the insurer's 3.8 million subscribers and that the legislation is separate from the budget.  Prieto has said he will leave open a vote on the $34.7 billion budget that remains deadlocked 26-25, with 24 abstentions, until those 24 abstentions change their mind.

Democratic Assemblyman Vince Mazzeo, of Northfield, was among those abstaining. He reasoned that if the governor did not get the Horizon bill, then nearly $150 million in school funding -- $9.6 million of which would go to his district -- would be line-item vetoed out of the budget.   And indeed, Christie said Friday during a news conference that he would slash the Democratic spending priorities if he did not get the Horizon bill as part of a package deal on the budget.  "You want me to wave a magic wand to get a budget?" Christie said. "I can't get a budget to my desk. Only the Senate and Assembly can get the budget to my desk."

But where things may get nasty quick, is that Christie said public workers should not expect any back pay. "Yeah, don't count on it." Christie said of furlough pay. "That was Jon 'I'll Fight For a Good Contract For You' Corzine. I ain't him."

Meanwhile, the fingerpointing has begun, including Democrats pointing at other Democrats.

"It seems like he's just being stubborn," Mazzeo said of Prieto. "With all due respect to the speaker, then there should be some type of negotiations." But Prieto said it's lawmakers - fellow Democrats - like Mazzeo who are to blame for the shutdown. He said he is willing to discuss the Horizon legislation but after the budget is resolved.

Christie has balked at the proposal because he says lawmakers plan to leave town to campaign for re-election and he will be a lame duck.  According to CBS, all 120 lawmakers face voters this year.

Finally, putting the sheer chaos of it all in context, Christie who is term-limited and is expected to be out of office by January, has his family staying for the holiday weekend in a state-owned house at Island Beach State Park. The park is closed because of the shutdown.


          OIAC xác nhận vụ tấn công bằng khí sarin tại Syria   
Một ảnh video tố cáo Syria dùng vũ khí hóa học nhắm vào thường dân tháng 8/2016.

Hãng tin Reuters ngày 30/06/2017 cho biết Tổ chức Cấm Vũ khí Hóa học (OIAC, tiếng Anh là OPCW) xác nhận khí độc sarin đã được sử dụng trong vụ tấn công vào ngôi làng Khan Cheikhoune ở miền bắc Syria hồi tháng 04/2017.
Báo cáo của các chuyên gia OIAC nhấn mạnh, sau khi thẩm vấn các nhân chứng và xét nghiệm các bệnh phẩm, « một lượng lớn các nạn nhân trong đó có một số đã tử vong, đã bị ảnh hưởng bởi khí sarin hoặc một chất tương tự như loại khí độc này ».

Bộ Ngoại giao Nga tố cáo bản báo cáo dựa trên những « yếu tố đáng ngờ ». Ngoại trưởng Anh Boris Johnson tuyên bố « hoàn toàn không nghi ngờ » rằng chính chế độ Bachar Al Assad là thủ phạm, cho biết sẽ ban hành  trừng phạt. Tại Liên Hiệp Quốc, đại sứ Mỹ Nikki Haley đòi thành lập một ủy ban điều tra về vụ tấn công bằng vũ khí hóa học này.

Khoảng mấy chục người đã thiệt mạng trong vụ không kích làng Khan Cheikhoune thuộc tỉnh Idlib hôm 04/04, trong đó có nhiều trẻ em. Vụ tấn công được cho là của quân chính phủ Damas đã gây phẫn nộ trên thế giới, khiến Mỹ sau đó đã cho bắn 59 hỏa tiễn Tomahawk vào căn cứ không quân nơi xuất phát chiếc máy bay thả khí độc.

http://vi.rfi.fr/quoc-te/20170701-oiac-xac-nhan-vu-tan-cong-bang-khi-sarin-tai-syria-hoi-thang-tu

          Tsuki ga capitulo 136   
Poner las ventajas y desventajas como prioridad a la hora de pensar es algo desagradable.

A decir verdad, no queda conmigo.

Los tiempos cuando estaba en el baldío sin saber nada eran en realidad más tranquilos.

En este momento, incluso si trato de volver a esos tiempos, no voy a poder hacerlo.

Si yo fuera lo suficientemente hábil como para actuar dentro de las cosas que sé y que no, no estaría en esta situación en la que estoy en un problema.

–¡Raidou-dono, he estado buscándole! Es bueno ver que estás a salvo. –

[Ustedes dos también. No es como que algo haya ocurrido aquí aún, por lo que no es tan extraño]

–… Eso es claramente un estado anormal. Parece estar todavía en medio de una transformación. Usted está verdaderamente calmado. Parece que también hay algo ocurriendo en la ciudad. Todos escucharon la situación afuera, vieron esa cosa y entraron en pánico. –(Rembrandt)

[No, si esto es un escenario de combate, ya estoy acostumbrado a ello, eso es todo. Bueno, tengo un montón de preocupaciones sobre tantas cosas que carece mi tienda, así que no estoy tan tranquilo como usted piensa]

–Todavía no entendemos la situación, ¿pero sabe algo? Desde el momento en que mis hijas se fueron, no se han mostrado de nuevo. Esto hace que sea difícil movernos. Y es por eso que estoy aquí, pero… –(Rembrandt)

Parece Rembrandt-san entiende más o menos la razón de este pánico.

Él y su esposa no parecen estar tan nerviosos.

¿Tal vez se sientan seguros porque Tomoe y Mio están aquí?

¿O es que los comerciantes habilidosos son capaces de entender este tipo de situaciones y racionalmente pueden ponerlo en orden?

Sea lo que sea, su calma es diferente de la mía que es una simple compostura derivada de mi método de defensa llamado violencia.

[La mayoría de la información que tenemos es que, en la ciudad, hay monstruos como ese que apareció arrasando. Sif-ojosan y Yuno-ojosan parecen haberse agrupado con sus compañeros y están planeando hacer algo sobre ese ex Ilumgand. Shiki oyó hablar de eso con la transmisión de pensamiento]

–En el lugar de trabajo de Raidou-dono, todos los empleados saben cómo utilizar la transmisión de pensamiento ¿correcto? Poder tener una comunicación en estos momentos de crisis, que envidiable. Ya veo, ¡¡¡¿así que mis hijas están planeando hacer algo al respecto con eso?!!! R-Raidou-dono, ¡¿qué quiere decir con “algo”?! –(Rembrandt)

Asintiendo varias veces, Rembrandt-san digiere lentamente el contenido de mi comunicación escrita, pero en medio de ello, se sorprendió y claramente estaba empezando a agitarse.

Me sorprendió que estuviera tan tranquilo cuando supo que sus hijas estarían peleando, pero parece que ese no es el caso.

[Ellas ya están en esa edad, después de todo. Probablemente quieran poner a prueba sus habilidades]

–E-Eso no es bueno… Raidou-dono, eso no es bueno. Lo siento, ¿pero pueden ustedes por favor hacer algo al respecto. Como que… ¿usted puede habilidosamente hacer frente a esta situación? En primer lugar, no es necesario que prueben sus habilidades en esta clase de situación. Cierto, he oído que hay una fuerza como una tropa que está formada por la Academia por el bien del orden público. Es cierto. Desde el principio, es extraño que los estudiantes peleen. –(Rembrandt)

É-Él de repente empezó a ponerse nervioso.

Mientras estaba totalmente nervioso, murmuraba una y otra vez.

… Su esposa también tiene una mirada como si estuviera pensando en algo, pero parece como que no está tan agitada.

En esta clase de momentos, los padres normalmente se ponen muy protectores, pero se ve bastante tranquila.

–… Raidou-sama, usted es su sensei y no está aterrado al respecto, así que mi marido y yo no estamos tan preocupados por nuestras hijas. –

Tal vez se dio cuenta de algo de mi mirada, me habló.

No espera, su marido está completamente preocupado.

Incluso ahora no está mostrando signos de calmarse.

–Además, el grupo de Raidou-sama está aquí después de todo.Estoy seguro de que no se producirá el peor de los casos.Esas chicas también, algún día aprenderán que no importa la cantidad de poder que adquieran por sí mismas, hay una realidad contra la que no pueden hacer nada.Si ese día pasa a ser hoy, no se puede evitar.En realidad, estoy feliz de que usted esté de pie a su lado en ese momento.Incluso si este hombre se ve nervioso, él no lo está realmente. –

… Aterrador.

O más bien, no es como si ella creyera ciegamente en las posibilidades de sus hijas.

“Ellas algún día comprenderán sus límites, por lo que es mejor hacer que sientan esa frustración” ¿es lo que está tratando de decir?

Esta mujer, está diciendo algo realmente espartano.

A primera vista, su cuerpo parece estar tranquilo, pero cuando se lo ve de cerca, sus manos que se agarraban estaban temblando, por lo que probablemente se está forzando a sí misma.

En el caso de esta pareja, el padre es el especialista en consentir.

Las dos son chicas, así que, como padre, ser estrictos con ellas es difícil, ¿o algo por el estilo?

Al ver a su mujer poniendo su mano izquierda sobre su derecha y con fuerza en ellas, pensé de esta manera.

[Me alegra que tengan fe en nosotros. No es como si siempre pueda estar a su lado, así que esta vez, voy a asumir la responsabilidad y protegerlas adecuadamente. Y la pareja casada, ¿qué van a hacer a partir de ahora? Este lugar no es muy peligroso, así que si no tienen ningún asunto en particular, les sugiero que se queden aquí]

–… Ya veo. Cariño ¡Cariño! –

–No, si llega lo peor, podemos reunir mercenarios del gremio de comerciantes y… – (Rembrandt)

–¡¡Ca-ri-ño!! –

–¡¡Uo!! ¿Q-Qué pasa, Lisa? En este momento estoy pensando en cómo resolver esta situación como verás. –(Rembrandt)

–Raidou-sama estará cuidando de este lugar, así que es seguro. Y entonces, este lugar es seguro, pero nos preguntó lo que vamos a hacer ahora. –(Lisa)

–¿Q-Qué? Ya veo. Raidou-dono va a. Fuuuh. –(Rembrandt)

¿Qué hay con ese “fuuuh…”?

Incluso trajo las palabras “gremio de comerciantes” que no quiero escuchar en este momento.

Además, mercenarios.

De hecho he oído que se pueden contratar mercenarios baratos en el gremio.

Es más barato que ir por ahí pidiéndole a cada aventurero que ayuden en el transporte de mercancías, así que he oído de muchos comerciantes utilizan este método.

Aunque es algo que no me concierne, por lo que no conozco los detalles.

Después de que la esposa de Rembrandt-san le habló, parece que se calmó.

–¿Qué debemos hacer? Está también la cuestión de las chicas, por lo que creo que es una buena idea quedarse aquí, ¿qué te parece? –(Lisa)

–… No, vamos a tratar de ir al gremio una vez. –(Rembrandt)

–¿Al gremio? ¿No fuimos hace unos días? Además, incluso si vamos ahora con esta situación, no creo que podamos esperar una recepción decente. –(Lisa)

Es exactamente como dice ella.

Además, teniendo en cuenta que estaré en el panorama y que no me importa que algunas chispas  vuelen hacia ese lugar, que él vaya al gremio de comerciantes no es algo que me gustaría mucho.

–No creo que el gremio de comerciantes de aquí esté acostumbrado a este tipo de situaciones. Además, he experimentado varias batallas en Tsige y he tomado el mando en ellas. Así que debería poder ayudar en reducir la cantidad de daño. –(Rembrandt)

¿Q-Qué ha dicho?

Sólo hace unos momentos su mente estaba completamente llena con sus hijas, y sin embargo dice eso de repente.

Mientras estaba pensando en eso, Rembrandt-san se dirigió desde su esposa hacia mí.

–Si este lugar estará protegido por Raidou-dono, no tengo que preocuparme sobre mis hijas para nada. Además, no es como que no conozca al representante del gremio de aquí. –(Rembrandt)

–El representante de este lugar… ah, Zara-san. Cariño, fuiste a reunirte con él antes ¿verdad? –(Lisa)

Zara.

Ese representante, si no recuerdo mal, tenía ese nombre.

No sólo Rembrandt-san, su esposa también es una conocida de él eh.

Jah… Todavía suspiro con sólo recordar su rostro.

–U-Umu. De todas formas, si mi familia está a salvo, tengo que hacer lo que pueda. No hay pérdida en ayudar al gremio de comerciantes, y esta es la ciudad donde mis hijas están. Por lo tanto, Raidou-dono, me dirigiré al gremio de comerciantes para ayudar a resolver este pánico. –(Rembrandt)

–… No se puede evitar. En ese caso, voy a acompañarte. –(Lisa)

–L-Lisa, no me importa si te quedas- –(Rembrandt)

–Voy a ir. Estoy más acostumbrada a situaciones duras que las personas del gremio de aquí. Además, me gustaría dar mis saludos a Zara-san. Ha sido un largo tiempo. –(Lisa)

Por alguna razón, Rembrandt-san quiere ir solo.

¿Hay algún tipo de inconveniente si su mujer va allí?

Esta es la ciudad donde sus hijas asisten, así que en el caso de esta persona, él no tendría ningún asunto ni nada de eso.

En primer lugar, él está loco por su mujer.

Pero, ¿los dos intentan dejar el recinto del torneo?

¿Qué debería hacer? La elección en la que tengo méritos…

….

Ah, ¡carajo!

¡Al carajo con poner las ventajas y desventajas como prioridad!

¡Ya estoy en mi límite!

Tengo una deuda de gratitud con ellos.

Quiero protegerlos.

Quiero que estén a salvo.

Entonces, eso es suficiente para mí.

Compruebo mi entorno.

Parece que todavía hay personas en los asientos de los invitados.

Además, aún hay unas pocas personas que quedan.

En ese caso, sería malo hacerlo “aquí”.

–Raidou-dono, lo siento pero, le dejaré mis hijas a su cuidado. Si se las dejo a usted, no tengo por qué dudar. Voy a tratar de hacer lo que pueda. Es lo que estoy diciendo, pero sólo voy a estar creando un favor, jajaja. –(Rembrandt)

–Entonces, hasta luego. Nos vamos. –(Lisa)

[Esperen. Voy con ustedes medio camino]

No hay ninguna garantía de que nada les vaya a pasar si los dejo ir solos.

Pongámosle una escolta.

No quiero que las pocas personas en quienes puedo confiar se enfrenten al peligro.

… Si fuera a entrar al lado de los demonios, voy a tener que ayudar a Rembrandt-san desde detrás, o puede que también se enfrenten al peligro.

Bueno, eso se lo dejare para cuando realmente tenga que pensar en ello.

Parecían estar un poco desconcertados por un momento, pero la pareja casada aceptó que los acompañara.

Le ordene a Tomoe que teletransporte a Eva-san y a Ruria a la tienda por transmisión de pensamiento.

Después de confirmar que Tomoe asintió, dejo a todos y sigo a Rembrandt-san.

Dejando los asientos del público, continuamos por un pasillo oscuro.

[¿Ustedes dos están en buenos términos con que el representante-dono?]

–Buenos términos… Es una relación complicada. Lo que puedo decir con certeza es que tenemos una relación inseparable. –(Rembrandt)

–Hubo un momento en que ambos cuidaban sus respectivas tiendas. Eran vecinos. –(Lisa)

–¡Lisa! –(Rembrandt)

–¿No está bien? No es algo que ocultar. Además, ustedes dos son como una masa de éxito, y eran similares. –(Lisa)

Rembrandt-san era eh.

No puedo imaginarlo.

Y parece que la conexión del representante y Rembrandt-san es más profunda de lo que pensaba.

En un lado, aliados y compañeros que pueden confiar entre sí.

Por otro lado, son contundentes y se desprecian entre sí.

Qué cosa misteriosa.

[Ya veo. Ese tipo es implacable dependiendo de la persona, a un nivel extraordinario. Daba la imagen de una persona bien comerciante, por lo que es un poco sorprendente oír que es similar a Rembrandt-san]

–… Fue ayer eh. El día que se reunió con él. Usted dijo que estaba con problemas con el negocio. Parece que le dijo algo. –(Rembrandt)

[Yo no era consciente de mi falta de conocimiento y la fricción en mi entorno]

–Hablé con él un poco sobre usted y sus seguidores de antemano. Parece que no le llegó adecuadamente. Lo siento. –(Rembrandt)

[No se preocupe. No es algo por lo que tengas que disculparte. Fue la prueba que me faltaba, después de todo]

–Se trata de ti cariño, ¿así que no le habrás dicho cosas vagas a Zara-san? –(Lisa)

–Se trata de información personal de Raidou-dono después de todo. No puedo fácilmente decir los detalles, Lisa. Fumu, si no le llegó, debe haber actuado de manera muy ruda. –(Rembrandt)

[Por desgracia, parece que ni siquiera me trató como un comerciante. Fue realmente una vergüenza]

–Aun cuando es así, él también tiene una parte amable, pero él es del tipo que sólo le falta vocabulario. Hay momentos en los que es malentendido. –(Rembrandt)

¿Malentendido?

No estaba en ese nivel. El abusó completamente.

Bueno, no hay duda de que no esperaba nada de mí, así que definitivamente no es un malentendido.

Rembrandt-san parece conocerlo muy bien.

–Él estaba haciendo un negocio más agradable que Cariño. Tú eras más del tipo que viene en silencio desde atrás y ataca. Aunque es cierto que su boca era una gran desventaja para él. –(Lisa)

–Lisa, ¿siento malicia allí? ¿No me acabo de ocupar hábilmente del asunto? –(Rembrandt)

Hábilmente.

Como era de esperar, el mundo de los comerciantes no es simple.

Yo fui demasiado indulgente.

[Son viejos conocidos eh]

–Sí. Desde hace mucho tiempo. Morris también conoce bien a Zara, y también han competido entre ellos. Me he dado cuenta al final que mi familia es lo más importante, por lo que ya he dibujado una línea, pero él todavía no está casado y sólo ha estado viviendo en el mundo de los negocios. Tal vez debido a que su sentido del olfato se ha vuelto más opaco, o podría ser debido a que no le gusta mi sombra, parece que mostró una mala actitud hacia Raidou-dono. –(Rembrandt)

[Así que eso es lo que era. Me dijo que era demasiado rápido como para que trabaje aquí, así que vuelve a Tsige y retírate como comerciante]

–Fuh… Él no va a decirlo amablemente ¿verdad? “Regresa y haz que tu colega te cuide” sería más bien lo que hubiera querido decir. Bueno, si es así como usted lo tomó sería grandioso para él. –(Rembrandt)

Conoce realmente bien a ese tipo.

Sinceramente, le dije a Rembrandt-san que lo dijo de esa manera, pero en realidad, lo que saque de las palabras de ese tipo fue en su mayoría “desaparece de aquí granuja”.

–Esa es la manera de decir de Zara. Ara, ya estamos fuera. Raidou-sama, hasta aquí está bien, el resto podemos ir nosotros mismos. Por favor, cuida de nuestras hijas. –(Lisa)

–Umu. Incluso si tengo este aspecto, sé autodefensa. No se preocupe. También voy a hablar correctamente con el representante Zara. –(Rembrandt)

No, no era como si me quejara ni nada.

Pero bien, debe haber sonado como una queja hacia ellos.

Jah… Verdaderamente estoy siendo cuidado por Rembrandt-san.

Tengo que reflexionar en ello.

Pues bien, vamos a la tarea principal. Invocar una escolta.

[Por favor esperen. Pensé que iba a llamar la atención en donde estábamos antes, por lo que los acompañé hasta aquí. Pero ya que estamos aquí, me gustaría traer una escolta para ustedes dos]

–¿Escolta? –

–¿Se refiere a uno de sus seguidores? Pero todos están en donde estábamos antes. –

Sin responder a la pareja casada, creo una puerta de niebla.

A simple vista, sólo se vio como una nubosidad del tamaño de un cuerpo, pero apareció a mi lado.

De allí, apareció una sombra, y una forma lentamente se hace más clara.

Cuando dos hombres lagartos con hermosas escamas aparecieron de la niebla, la pareja tragaron aliento.

Sorprendidos de que dos mamonos aparecieron de repente.

Parece que estaban abrumados por su presencia y su comportamiento del que uno puede sentir inteligencia de ellos.

[Como pueden ver, estos son mamonos que he invocados. Poseen una poder fiable, así que por favor vayan con ellos. Si por casualidad son atacados, estos dos resultarán ser extraordinariamente útiles. En público, sólo digan que uno de ustedes utilizó alguna herramienta mágica para invocarlos]

–A-Ahora que lo mencionas, Raidou-dono era capaz de utilizar invocación mágica. No esperaba que aparecieran al instante, así que quedé realmente sorprendido. –(Rembrandt)

[Pueden comprender el lenguaje común, por lo que si quieren darles órdenes, con sólo decirlo normalmente funcionará. Por cierto, el que sostiene una lanza es Azu- quiero decir, Fia; y el que tiene un arco es Hyun]

Coordinando con mi presentación, ambos lagartos de neblina se arrodillaron frente a la pareja.

Parece que desde que es mi orden, la siguen.

Estoy agradecido.

Parece que la pareja también se calmó después de ver la forma en que actuaron.

–Ellos pueden entender palabras eh. Eso es fiable. Raidou-sama, muchas gracias. –(Lisa)

–Sí. Permíteme expresar mi agradecimiento. Gracias. –(Rembrandt)

[Por favor, manténganse a salvo. Vamos a encontrarnos más adelante]

Hice que los Lagartos de neblina 4 y 5 actúen como guardaespaldas de la pareja.

Planeo hacer que el número 3 trabaje junto con los estudiantes, así que tal vez debería ponerle un nombre como hace un momento.

Los dos nombres que les di recién fueron improvisados, pero fue más bien como unos nombres en código por lo que no debería haber ningún problema.

Viendo a la pareja irse, regreso al recinto del torneo, donde los estudiantes probablemente ya están combatiendo.

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          Ditemukan, Ikan Berbentuk Aneh di Antartika   

Warnanya kecoklatan. Bentuknya mirip kecebong alias anak kodok.


Ikan Hopbeard PlunderfishLautan memang menyimpan segudang misteri dan belum semua isi lautan dalam dieksplorasi oleh manusia. Sebelumnya, ditemukan cumi-cumi dan ubur-ubur raksasa yang tampak seperti UFO.

Misteri di lautan dalam kembali terkuak dengan ditemukannya spesies ikan baru berbentuk aneh, dilansir Live Science, Sabtu 11 Mei 2013.


Pada tahun 2009 sampai 2010, pelaut asal Ukraina memancing di perairan beku Samudera Antartika dan berhasil mendapat tiga ikan yang bentuknya masih tampak sangat asing, belum pernah terlihat sebelumnya.

Menurut hasil analisis para peneliti, ikan tersebut adalah spesies yang baru pertama kali ditemukan. Pada hasil penelitian yang diterbitkan di Jurnal ZooKeys itu, ikan tersebut dijuluki Hopbeard Plunderfish, dan memiliki nama ilmiahPogonophryne neyelovi.

Ikan spesies terbaru ini terlihat sangat aneh, warna tubuhnya kecoklatan, memiliki bentuk seperti kecebong (anak kodok). Di sepanjang punggungnya, tumbuh sirip tajam yang membentang hingga ke belakang. Dan, di bawah mulut tumbuh sungut.

Dari tiga ikan yang berhasil ditangkap, ukuran yang paling besar memiliki panjang 14 inci, atau setara 35,5 sentimeter.

Meski tidak benar-benar aneh, ikan yang diperkirakan hidup di kedalaman 1.390 meter, atau setara 4.560 kaki ini, memiliki bentuk yang unik. Hopbeard Plunderfish memiliki hati yang sangat besar, hampir 35 persen perutnya diisi oleh hati.

Belum ada yang mengetahui perilaku spesies ikan ini ketika berada di lautan dalam. 

Namun, hasil penelitian ini sudah bisa dilihat di Jurnal ZooKeys yang diterbitkan pada 30 April 2013, dengan judul "Pogonophryne neyelovi, a new species of Antarctic short-barbeled plunderfish from the deep Ross Sea"

sumber : viva.co.id

          kembali bangkitnya pabrik pesawat RI   

Sebuah pesawat CN 235 Maritime Patrol (MPA) pesanan TNI Angkatan Laut terparkir di hanggar PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI). Berkelir hijau, pesawat itu baru saja lulus uji coba terbang selama satu jam di langit Jawa Barat awal April 2013 lalu.

Para teknisi PTDI berkerubung di pesawat seharga US21,5 juta per buahnya itu. Burung besi produksi PTDI bekerjasama Airbus Military itu hendak diperkuat dengan radar pengintai lautan, dan kamera beresolusi tinggi.
“Radar itu dapat melihat hingga 200 meter di bawah permukaan laut,” kata mantan Kepala Humas PTDI, Rakhendi Priatna yang menemani VIVAnews berkeliling di pabrik pembuatan pesawat PTDI, di lahan seluas 80 hektar, awal April 2013 lalu.
Di belakang CN 235 MPA, tampak antri dua pesawat lainnya.  Semua menunggu kelihaian tangan para teknisi. PTDI memang saat ini tengah kebanjiran berbagai pesanan pesawat, khususnya CN 235. Pada 2012, PTDI berhasil membuat empat unit CN 235, dua unit NC 212, dua unit Super Puma, satu unit CN 195 dan 12 unit Bell 412.
Setelah terpuruk dihajar badai krisis moneter 1997,  perusahaan itu kini mencoba bangkit. Hanggar yang dulu sempat sepi, kini ramai dengan beragam pekerjaan.  Order mengalir, dan rezeki pun tumpah. Setelah merugi sembilan tahun, baru pada 2012 perusahaan menangguk laba.
Terakhir, rapor keuangannya biru pada 2002, dengan laba bersih Rp11,26 miliar. Setelah itu, kantong PTDI pun kempis.   Hutangnya seawan, dan nyaris kolaps. Sekitar 16 ribu karyawan dipecat, dan hanya  tersisa 4.000.  Para insinyur terbaik pun hengkang ke berbagai pabrik pesawat dunia.
Lebih tragis lagi, perusahaan perakit pesawat itu sampai terpaksa membuat panci agar bisa bertahan hidup. “Sepanjang 2003 hingga 2007 PTDI ini tak pernah tutup buku. Sehingga kami harus mulai tutup buku 2003-2007,” kenang Direktur Utama PTDI, Budi Santoso.
Budi bukanlah orang baru di PTDI. Ia bergabung sejak 1987, saat masih bernama IPTN. Pada 1998 lalu, ia pindah menjadi Direktur Utama PT Pindad, dan berhasil. Pada 2007 lalu, doktor ilmu robotika dari Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgia, ini diminta pemerintah membenahi PTDI.
Saat ia baru memimpin, Budi dicegat oleh banyak persoalan. Ribuan bekas karyawan berdemonstrasi menuntut pesangon. Dan soal itu terus menguras energinya. Ditambah beban hutang, khususnya hutang kepada pemerintah yang mencapai Rp3,8 triliun. Kas  keuangan PTDI kandas saat itu.
Dia lalu membereskannya tahap demi tahap. Pada 2009, semua urusan masa lalu itu kelar. Setelah diaudit BPK, instansi pajak, dan berbagai lembaga, utang ke pemerintah itu pun beres. “Kami minta utang kepada pemerintah dikonversi menjadi modal. Duitnya sih tidak ada, hanya di atas kertas. Tapi ia tidak menjadi beban keuangan PTDI,” katanya.
Tangan dingin Budi Santoso perlahan menuai hasil. Pada 2012 lalu,  perusahaan membukukan laba bersih sekitar Rp40 miliar, dengan pendapatan Rp2,68 triliun. Pendapatan terbesar disumbang oleh pembuatan pesawat sebesar Rp2,3 triliun, manufaktur komponen Rp236 miliar, jasa teknisi dan alutsista Rp65 miliar, dan dari perawatan pesawat Rp104 miliar.
Tiga  langkah
Beresnya utang masa lalu itu, kata Budi Santoso, menjadi titik balik PTDI. Pada akhir 2011, mendapatkan kucuran dana Penyertaan Modal Negara (PMN) sebesar Rp2,06 triliun. Direksi tidak menyia-nyiakan dana itu, dan langsung memakainya untuk modernisasi mesin, hanggar dan sumber daya manusia.
Direktur Niaga dan Restrukturisasi, Budiman Saleh menjelaskan PTDI telah mengalokasikan Rp270 miliar membeli berbagai mesin produksi serta membenahi dan membangun hanggar baru senilai Rp140 miliar. Nantinya, PTDI akan mempunyai dua hanggar perakitan pesawat.
Satu hanggar baru tersebut baru akan beroperasi pada Semester I 2014, dan mampu merakit pesawat besar seperti CN 295. (Lihat Bagian 3: Agar di Langit Kita Jaya)
Tiga langkah restrukturisasi pun  dilakukan. Pertama, pada fase darurat, selama 2011-2012, dibenahi kondisi internal. Kedua, adalah tahap stabilisasi pada 2012-2013. Pada fase ini perusahaan melakukan berbagai investasi dan revitalisasi. Terakhir, diharapkan pada 2015 ke atas, PTDI diharapkan lepas dari ketergantungan pada pemerintah.
“Saat ini kami sedang dalam tahap fase kedua. Kita lakukan pencarian pendanaan untuk permodalan, pemetaan pasar dan persiapan produk baru seperti N 219,” kata Budiman.
Saat ini, untuk bergerak perusahaan memang tergantung pada rezeki dari pemerintah. Misalnya, PTDI meraup kontrak hingga Rp7 triliun hingga tiga tahun mendatang, sebagian besar dari Kementerian Pertahanan. Tapi setelah itu, PTDI diminta untuk mandiri.
“Kami perlu hidup. Bisnis pesawat terbang bukan sesuatu yang instan,” kata Budi Santoso.
Bantuan itu, kata Budi, penting. Ia seperti efek bola salju. Konsumen melihat perusahaan mulai bangkit, dan tanpa diundang, mereka datang ke pabrik dan melakukan kerjasama. “Lima tahun lalu, saat saya pertama kali menjadi Direktur Utama, hal ini tidak pernah saya bayangkan,” katanya.
Menggandeng Airbus
Salah satu kunci keberhasilan PTDI adalah belajar dari kesalahan masa lalu. Sewaktu masih bernama IPTN, perusahaan ini “jor-joran” mengembangkan berbagai macam pernik pesawat walaupun tidak ekonomis.  Insinyur mereka waktu itu sangat menguasai teknologi, tapi tidak mengerti ilmu marketing.
“Ternyata, mengerti teknologi saja tidak cukup. Bagian lain adalah menguasai pasar, kami tidak pernah pelajari hal tersebut,” kata Budi.
Jalan lain mendongkrak kembali perusahaan yang  “pingsan” sejak krisis 1997 lalu adalah usaha  menggandeng industri penerbangan lain yang telah berkibar, yaitu Airbus dan Boeing. “Dua-duanya kami jajaki,” ujar Budi.
Namun, yang terdekat adalah EADS, perusahaan yang termasuk grupnya Airbus. Secara sejarah, PTDI lebih dekat, meskipun dulu mereka pernah punya hubungan dengan Boeing.
Cara ini, kata Budi, lebih efektif. Soalnya, membuat pasar baru membutuhkan waktu hingga puluhan tahun. PTDI tidak mungkin menanti selama itu, bisa keburu mati. Cara PTDI mirip seperti yang dilakukan Lenovo dan IBM. “Lenovo dahulu menggunakan merek IBM hingga orang-orang sadar IBM itu Lenovo. Sekarang Lenovo tidak memakai nama IBM namun tetap laku,” katanya.
Cara ini mulai membuahkan hasil. PTDI kini menerapkan standar administrasi hingga membuat pesawat, yang sesuai standar Airbus, baik EADS Airbus dan Airbus Military, membantu dari teknik hingga non teknik. Per tahun, PTDI mendapatkan kontrak Rp180-200 miliar. Dengan bekal inilah, PTDI bertekad membuat pesawat asli Indonesia.
Selain dengan EADS, PTDI juga menjalin kerjasama dengan Eurocopter Family yang juga dibawah EADS untuk membuat body helikopter MK II, yaitu tailboom dan fuselage senilai Rp5 miliar. Selain itu PTDI juga menjadi subkontrak CTRM dan Korean Air senilai Rp10 miliar.
Berbagai pesanan inilah yang membuat para karyawan PTDI bergairah. Saat ini, pabrik PTDI berjalan dua shift. Pada shift malam mereka akan mengejar produksi jika terjadi masalah di dua shift sebelumnya. Saking penuhnya order, PTDI tidak berani mengambil pekerjaan lagi. Kapasitas produksi perusahan itu sudah penuh.
“Maka, kalau ada yang bilang kami menganggur, itu salah. Dengan modernisasi saat ini, PTDI 2-3 kali lebih produktif dari yang lama,” katanya.
Jet tempur
Mesin-mesin buatan Jerman, Italia dan Taiwan terbaru sejak 2012 lalu telah hadir di pabrik PTDI. Mesin CNC (Computerized Numerical Control), di antaranya Quaser MV 18C, Haas VF6-50, Haas VR 11 B Deckel Maho DMU 100 mB, dan mesin Gantry Jobs LINX30 serta Gantry Matec 30 P membuat semangat baru bagi para teknisi. Urusan produksi menjadi lebih cepat.
Meski begitu, kapasitasnya belum setara dengan pabrik besar seperti Airbus. Untuk membuat sebuah pesawat dari nol hingga bisa terbang PTDI membutuhkan waktu 8-12 bulan. Sementara Airbus dan Boeing, rata-rata hanya butuh dua pekan. Dengan mesin baru, waktu produksi diharapkan bisa diringkas menjadi dua bulan.
Bermodal mesin itu pula, perusahaan yakin dapat meraup laba lebih besar. Pada 2013 ini PTDI menargetkan pendapatan sebesar Rp3 triliun,  dengan target laba bersih Rp60 miliar. Pada 2012 laba tercatat Rp40 miliar. Perusahaan kini mulai percaya diri, misalnya meminjam dana ke Bank sebagai modal kerja.
Secara potensial, PTDI masih bisa mengembangkan CN-235 menjadi CN-234 Next Generation.  CN-235 adalah proyek bersama antara PTDI dengan CASA. PTDI diberikan kebebasan oleh CASA untuk memberikan berbagai inovasi pada CN-235. Salah satunya menambahkan wing tips untuk menambah kestabilan pesawat.
Selain itu, C-212 versi improvement, harganya lebih murah, dan kapasitasnya juga bertambah. “Kami juga menargetkan pusat perawatan PTDI dapat merawat Airbus A320 di Indonesia,” ujar Budi.
Agar makin tokcer di masa depan, perusahaan itu akan merekrut generasi muda. Penerimaan besar-besaran insinyur PTDI terjadi pada 1982-1986. Setelah itu, tidak ada lagi. Kini sekitar 45 persen sumber daya ahli di perusahaan itu, khususnya para engineer, telah memasuki masa pensiun.
Kini, pegawai baru direkrut secara bertahap. “Yang pensiun, akan kami pertahankan 1-2 orang sebagai pelatih engineer baru. Cara ini kami gunakan mengatasi lost generation di PTDI,” kata Budiman.
Sebagai bahan latihan bagi para insinyur muda, PTDI menyiapkan N 219. Pesawat berkapasitas 19 orang ini akan dijadikan model agar para insiyur muda mengetahui satu siklus pembuatan pesawat.
Dari produk N 219 inilah, tenaga ahli muda itu dapat mengembangkan beragam jenis pesawat. Bukan tak mungkin suatu saat mereka menciptakan pesawat jet komersial seperti N2130 yang mati suri. Atau pesawat tempur IF-X/K-FX, kolaborasi PTDI dengan Korea Selatan.
Proyek terakhir itu kini memang tidak jelas nasibnya. Sebab, Korea Selatan memotong anggaran riset, serta pemerintah Turki mengundurkan diri dari program itu. 

sumber : viva.co.id

          Pikta žmona..   
Policininkas Vileniškis sustabdo greitį viršijusią, ant pėsčiųjų perėjos vos nesutraiškiusią žmogaus, mašiną. O ten – sėdi tokia gražutė miela blondinė. Policininkas mandagiai prisistato: – Inspektorius Vileniškis, duokite savo teises. Blondinė ima piktintis: – Kas per nesąmonės! Žinote, jūs ten savo … Continued
          Avery Table Tents 5305   
Mohamed Hassan: "the causes of the revolution far beyond Tunisia Ben Ali and his party. "

Tunisians brought down the dictator Ben Ali. Today, they continue to fight against his men to head the transitional government. In this new chapter of our series "Understanding the Muslim world," Mohamed Hassan * ((photo-cons) explains the implications of the revolution of Tunisia and its root causes: how nationalism Liberal advocated by Tunisia under Bourguiba interests Western, plunging people into poverty, how a repressive state has put in place to maintain this system, why dictatorships in the Arab world are caused to fall, and how Islam became the condom imperialism




http://w41k.info//48669

(Gregory Lalieu Michel Collon)


In December 2010, riots broke out in Tunisia. A month later, President Ben Ali fled the country after twenty-three year reign. What are the causes of this revolution? And why is it popular movement succeeded in bringing down the dictator where other attempts have failed?

For there to be a revolution, it is necessary that people refuse to live as before and that the ruling class is no longer able to govern as before. On December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a young seller of fruits and vegetables, has sacrificed out of desperation after police had confiscated his goods himself, and that local authorities have to stop working. The conditions were ripe for a revolution broke out in Tunisia Bouazizi and suicide was the trigger.

Indeed, the Tunisians did not want to live as before: they were not accepting corruption, police repression, lack of freedom, unemployment, etc.. Moreover, the ruling class could no longer govern as before. Corruption under Ben Ali had taken a phenomenal amount while the majority of the population had to face insecurity. To maintain this status, police repression would be higher but it had reached its limits. The ruling elite was completely disconnected from the people for whom there was no interlocutor. Therefore, when popular revolts broke out, the ruling class had no choice but to quell the violence. But with the determination of the people, the repression reached its limit. This is one of the keys to the success of the popular revolution of Tunisia: it managed to reach all segments of society, including members of the army and police who sympathized with the demonstrators. The repressive apparatus could no longer function as before either. If a revolt occurs but is not able to combine different segments society, it can not lead a revolution.

Even after the departure of Ben Ali, the protests continue. The situation that Tunisians refuse is not the result of one man? For

signs "Ben Ali emerges" signs were followed by "CDR releases. Tunisians are attacking the president's political party because they fear that one of his men to take power. But in reality, the root causes that led to revolt Tunisians far outweigh Ben Ali and the RCD. It is not enough to turn the president for the people earns his freedom and improves living conditions.

corruption, unemployment, social inequality ... What are the effects of imperialist domination of the West over Tunisia. For Tunisia, after independence, became a project of the United States.

What do you mean by imperialism?


Imperialism is the process by which capitalist powers politically and economically dominated by foreign countries. Western multinationals plunder the resources of Africa, Latin America and Asia. They find opportunities for capital they will accumulate and exploit cheap labor market. I say that multinationals are not buying as they plunder the resources at their fair value and the local people not benefiting from these riches. And this looting would not be possible if these countries operated, there were no leaders to defend the interests of multinationals. These leaders are getting richer in the process. They constitute the so-called comprador bourgeoisie. They have no political vision for their own country does not produce wealth and do not develop a real economy. But personally enriched by trading resources their countries with multinationals. Obviously, the people are the biggest victim in all this!

When you're a nationalist anti-imperialist cons, you are looking to develop for yourself. You nationalize key sectors of your economy, rather than leaving the management to foreign companies. This will create a national economy in the country and you allow it to grow on the basis of independence. That's what I call a national democratic revolution: national independent because of the imperialist powers, democratic as against feudalism and the elements reactionaries in the country.

However, Bourguiba, Tunisia's first president, was considered a socialist. And during his reign, the state played a very important role in the economy.


Bourguiba's political party was socialist in name only. If the state played an important role, it was only for the benefit of an elite only. This is called state capitalism. In addition, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated all the progressive elements and anti-imperialist in his party. So that this party became the party of one man, completely subject to U.S. imperialism.

Habib Bourguiba , great actor in the struggle for independence, was president of Tunisia from 1957 to 1987


What Was Tunisia important for the United States?

To understand the importance of that country to the U.S. strategy, we must analyze the political context of the Arab world in years 50 and 60. In 1952, officers overthrew the monarchy of King Farouk of Egypt and proclaim a republic. With Nasser at the helm Egypt becomes the basis of Arab nationalism inspired with revolutionary ideas of socialism. As evidenced by the nationalization of the Suez Canal, Nasser's arrival in power is a blow to the West because the Egyptian president's policy is totally at odds with the hegemonic Western powers in the Near and Middle East. Worse still: the anti-imperialist ideas of Nasser are emulated in the region. In Yemen for example, where in 1962 a revolution divided the country, the South becoming a bastion of Arab revolutionary movement. The same year, the independence of Algeria sends a strong signal to Africa and the Third World, the imperialist powers put on alert. Libya also note the Qaddafi coup in 1969. The colonel took power and nationalized major sectors of the economy, to the chagrin of the West. The same year, the Islamic revolution in Iran toppled the Shah, one of the most important pillars of U.S. strategy in the Middle East.

short, at that time, an anti-imperialist movement defies strong strategic interests of the United States in the Arab world. Fortunately for Washington, all countries in the region do not follow the path of Nasser. It the case of Tunisia. In 1957, a year after the independence of Tunisia, Bourguiba was one of the first Arab leaders to send U.S. in the prestigious journal, Foreign Affairs. The title of the article? Nationalism best antidote to communism. For the United States who want to counter the influence of Nasser is a godsend! Bourguiba wrote in his article: "With the regard, Tunisia has chosen to make unequivocal its way into the free world from the West." We are in the Cold War. The Soviets argued that Nasser's influence grows in the region. And the U.S. needs pro-imperialist agents Bourguiba as not to lose strategic control of the Arab world.

Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956

Can we be both nationalist and pro-imperialist?

Bourguiba was a liberal nationalist with anti-communist ideas which led him to join the imperialist camp in the West. In fact, I feel like George Padmore Bourguiba Arabic. Padmore was a leading Pan-Caribbean origin. In 1956 he wrote a book called Pan-Africanism or Communism: The battle ahead in Africa. Like Bourguiba, he fed anti-communist ideas and even if he declared himself a nationalist, his political vision was largely subservient to the interests of imperialist powers. Nationalism served as a cover, their policy is far from being independent. Padmore had a great influence on the first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, one of the instigators of the African Union. Its pro-imperialist ideas were able to spread across the continent with the result that we see today is celebrated around the golden jubilee of independence in Africa, but many Africans know they have never become independent. President Nkrumah himself later regretted having taken the advice of Padmore.

In Tunisia too, the submission to imperialist interests has quickly been felt and it turned out that nationalism advocated by Bourguiba was a facade. In the 70s, for example, the President has passed a series of measures intended to attract foreign investors: tax exemption on company profits for ten years, exemption from all duties and taxes for twenty years, exemption from Tax Income property values, etc.. Tunisia has become a vast workshop of Western multinationals in recent repatriation of profits.

Tunisia did she not still been some good progress under Bourguiba?

Yes, there have been positive developments: education, status of women, etc.. First, because Tunisia were the progressives in his elite players, but they were quickly dismissed. Then, because Tunisia was to be dressed in his finest dress. Indeed, this country played a major role in the strategy of the United States to counter the influence of communism in the Arab world. But what had you on the other side? Progressive revolutionary movements that had toppled backward and monarchies who enjoyed popular support. You could not counteract this movement by advocating a feudal system. Saudi Arabia has done so because it could use its oil money for that. But Tunisia, unable to rely on such resources, should provide some progressive image. In the fight against communism, it was supposed to represent a successful Third World countries have chosen the path of liberal nationalism.

But behind the scenes was less flattering. As I said, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated the progressive elements that do not follow his steps. The anti-imperialists who wanted an independent Tunisia both economically and politically, those who wanted to assert their own position in the Third World and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, all were opposed. Tunisia has in fact been used as a laboratory of the imperialist powers. And what was supposed to represent the success of liberal nationalism has become a dictatorship.

When Ben Ali Bourguiba succeeded in 1987, he continues on the same track?


Absolutely. One can even say that the submission to Western interests has grown. Ben Ali was a pure agent of U.S. imperialism. In 1980, as ambassador to Poland, he even served as a liaison between the CIA and Lech Walesa, the union leader who fought against the Soviet Union.

In 1987, when Ben Ali assumed the presidency of Tunisia, the country was deeply in debt by the capitalist crisis of 1973. Moreover, at that time, the ideas of Milton Friedman and his Chicago Boys were very popular. These ultra-liberal economists believed that the market is an entity capable of regulating themselves and that the state should certainly not interfere in the economy. The technical elite Tunisian largely from U.S. schools were highly influenced by theories of Friedman. Ben Ali then left the state capitalism in effect at the beginning of the era Bourguiba. Under the supervision of the IMF and World Bank, he began a privatization program much more massive than what his predecessor had already begun in the 70s.

What were the effects of this new economic policy?


First, privatization of the Tunisian economy has allowed Ben Ali and his wife's family, Trabelsi, personal enrichment. Corruption has reached a very high level, Tunisia has become a country totally subservient to imperialism, headed by a comprador bourgeoisie. Obviously, Ben Ali and his clan did not have many raw materials to selling out to Western multinationals. But they took advantage of the education system established under Bourguiba to develop a service economy. Indeed, the Tunisian workforce is highly educated and inexpensive at a time. It therefore attracts foreign investors.

Tourism has also developed strong as to become the mainstay of the Tunisian economy. Here we see the lack of political vision of the elite. Indeed, no country can develop its economy based on tourism if not first developed a national economic base. The tourism industry consumes a lot but reported very little to the Tunisian people. Imagine: while Western tourists consume hectoliters of water to bask in pools, Jacuzzis or golf course, the poor peasants in the south face of the drying soil.

But it's not just the farmers who have suffered from this policy. Overall, the social conditions of the Tunisian people deteriorated while the president's entourage has amassed a huge fortune. Everyone knew the regime was corrupt. So to maintain this system, the system should prevent any disputes. The repression became even more brutal penny Ben Ali simple criticism or even the desire for modernity and openness were not allowed. Such a situation could lead to popular revolt. Moreover, trying to monopolize his clan the wealth of the country, Ben Ali has also drew the ire of some of the traditional bourgeois Tunisia.


You say that political repression was very strong. Is there anyway today, opposition forces can guide the people's revolution now that Ben Ali has fallen?

Genuine opposition parties were banned under Ben Ali. However, some continued to exist underground. For example, the first Tunisian Communist Party could not live openly and organize like any political party in a democracy. But he continued to operate secretly through associations of civil society (teachers, farmers, doctors, prisoners ...). The PGWPP was able to form a social base and fired a solid experience of this period. It is exceptional in the Arab world.

I think two major challenges now await the opposition parties. First, they must come forward and make themselves known to the general public in Tunisia. Then they must organize a united front of resistance to imperialism. In fact, the imperialist powers seek to maintain the system without Ben Ali Ben Ali. We see now with the Union government National rejected the Tunisians, which is very positive. But the imperialist powers will not stop there. They will certainly seek to impose an International Electoral Commission to support candidates who defend to their best interests. It is therefore necessary to resist interference by creating a united front to build a true democracy.


Opposition parties are they able to overcome their differences to create such a front?

I know that some political parties were reluctant to associate Islamo-nationalist movement Ennahda. This movement emerged in the 80s. He advocated an anti-imperialist line and in fact, has suffered political repression. Why not combine Ennahda in front of resistance to the interference of foreign powers? Tunisia is a Muslim country. It is normal that a political force emerges with an Islamo-nationalist trend. You can not prevent that.

But each of these movements must be studied separately, with its own specificities. This was done by the communist PGWPP. They studied scientifically objective conditions that apply Tunisia. Their conclusion is that the Communists and Islamo-nationalists have been victims of political repression and that even though their programs differ, they share common ground: they want an end to dictatorship and the independence of Tunisia. The Communists have proposed an alliance with the Islamo-nationalists long ago. Of course, the PGWPP does not make Tunisia a Islamic state. Its political agenda is different from that of al-Nahda. But it is the Tunisian people who will judge these differences democratically. Elections should be a contest open to everyone. That is true democracy.

Precisely opposition parties gathered in front of 14 January to fight against the interim government of Mohamed Ghannouchi, a henchman of former President Ben Ali. A hopeful sign?

Absolutely, Tunisia is on the right track: all opposition parties banned so far have created a united front to prevent the system is maintained without Ben Ali Ben Ali. Also underline the role played by the base of the union UGTT. The head of the union authorized under Ben Ali was corrupt and working with the state police. But since the basis of the union put pressure on its leaders and members who UGTT were part of the transitional government have resigned. Although much remains to be done, democracy wins Tunisian institutions under pressure from the people.

Western powers opposed to that. They want to impose democracy in Tunisia where only low-intensity "good" candidates would be allowed to stand for election. If you look at the type of democracy that the United States enjoy, you come across Ethiopia. The U.S. government has provided $ 983 million to countries in the Horn of Africa for the year 2010. That same year, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in office since 16 years, was reelected with 99.5 percent of the vote! It's even better than Ben Ali! The reality is this: behind their rhetoric in support of the Tunisian people, the Western powers continue to actively support many other Ben Ali in the world.

The United States could not they support other candidates pro-imperialist, but in the eyes of Tunisians, were not associated with the Ben Ali era?

It would be difficult. There is a part of the comprador bourgeoisie which was lésinée by the corrupt system of Ben Ali. But this elite is not strong enough control the popular movement and not enough grounding in the Establishment to win.

The United States had also thought of another strategy: a few months ago, while Ben Ali was still in power, the U.S. ambassador has visited a Communist leader in prison. Officially, a simple observation visit in the framework of respect for human rights. Unofficially, the U.S. anticipated the departure of Ben Ali and wanted to test the waters. Their goal was to get the Communists against the Islamo-nationalists, divide the resistance to imperialism to weaken more. But the Communists Tunisia does not fall into the trap. They are very familiar with the strategy developed by Henry Kissinger in the 80s in the Middle East. They published a very good study on the subject and know they should not take orders from outside or adhere to ideologies manufactured by foreign powers.

Why the U.S. have they abandoned Ben Ali? Had he gone too far in personal enrichment? According to a cable Wikileaks, the U.S. ambassador was very critical of the system of quasi-mafioso Tunisian president, organized corruption are obstacles to investments by foreign companies.

This is not the problem. The United States does not care about corruption. Instead, it is a key element of the system of domination on the U.S. South. In fact, Washington was aware of the internal situation in Tunisia and knew that Ben Ali would not be able to govern. The West must now ensure that the replacement of Ben Ali will continue to defend their interests. The stakes are high. The capitalist crisis is causing serious problems in the West. Besides this, China is getting stronger and now provides more loans than the World Bank and other imperialist powers combined. She even wants to buy a significant portion of the debt of the euro area partly because it has economic interests with European countries, on the other imperialist powers to divide, the EU is historically associated with states USA.

In such a context, the Tunisian people's movement, under the auspices of a revolutionary leadership, could establish an independent government and take advantage of this situation of a multipolar world. The imperialist powers fear that countries that were traditionally under his rule become economically independent, turning also to China. Tunisia could build relationships with the Asian giant to develop its commercial ports. And it would seriously question the concept of the Mediterranean Dialogue, this expansion of NATO to the countries of the Mediterranean that is not a dialogue but a mere instrument of Western domination.

Another country that seems to fear democracy in Tunisia and in the region, Israel. Deputy Prime Minister Silvan Shalom said shortly after the fall of Ben Ali that the development of democracy in Arab countries threaten Israel's security. This country often called only democracy in the Middle East, would he be afraid of competition?

Under a democratic facade, Israel is a fascist, apartheid state. In the region, it can not ally with repressive dictatorial states, led by comprador bourgeoisie that weaken the body of the Arab nation. Currently, these Arab states are rich countries inhabited by poor people. But if a democratic government in the full sense of the term emerges, it will increase economically the Arab nation as a whole. And this economic development will lead to an alliance of Arab countries against the state racist oppressing the Palestinians. Israel fears this course.

Moreover, there is a very big gap between the official positions of Arab dictatorships and the popular sentiment about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since Egyptian President Sadat visited Israel in 1977, Egypt's position is "we want peace." But it is a position imposed by force to the population. And the current Egyptian government is not content to maintain peaceful relations with Tel Aviv. It participates actively in the strangulation of Gaza, while the majority of Egyptians in solidarity with Palestinians.

It's the same alignment of Arab dictatorships on Washington politics. Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are allies of the United States while the populations of these countries are anti-imperialists. I was in Egypt when Muntadhar al-Zaidi, a journalist in Iraq, threw his shoes on George W. Bush. The Egyptian population was celebrated as a hero. I heard of fathers wanting to marry their daughter with the reporter. Still, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is one of the most faithful allies of Washington.

Do you think the revolution Tunisia a domino effect could cause the downfall of other dictatorships in the Arab world?

70% of the population in Arab countries is less than thirty years and knows that unemployment, police repression and corruption. But all these young people want to live. And to live, they need change. This is the reality of each country. It is therefore not even need a domino effect, the objective conditions are ripe for further revolutions erupt.

People no longer want to live as before. But for their part, the ruling classes are they unable to govern as before?

course. And we see in Egypt today. There are police everywhere in this country. But it is impossible to control everything. A state police has its limitations and the Arab world have reached.

Furthermore, information plays a very important role today. Tunisians, Egyptians and peoples of the Third World are better informed through Al-Jazeera as part of an Internet and social networks on the other. The evolution of information technology has increased the level of education and consciousness of people. The people no longer a mass of illiterate peasants. You have a lot of very smart young people, with a certain practical sense, able to circumvent censorship and of mobilizing the Internet.

there in these countries the opposition forces can guide the popular revolutions?

Why Punishment is so important if these dictators were not in danger? Why the comprador bourgeoisie, so greedy, she would spend so much money in the repressive apparatus if she was not afraid to be reversed? If there was no opposition, all this would not be necessary.

the side of Western observers, many fear that the collapse of these regimes Arab favors the rise of Islamism. As summarized so finely Christophe Barbier, editor of L'Express, "Ben Ali is better than the bearded." These fears proved on of Islamism are they based?

Islamism became the condom of imperialism. Western powers justify their strategy of domination in the Arab-Muslim world under the guise of fighting against Islam. There are Islamists everywhere today. Soon, we shall find even traces of Al-Qaeda on Mars if it is useful to the imperialists!

In reality, the West has always needed to invent an enemy to justify its hegemonic designs and incredible military spending (financed by taxpayers). After the fall of the Soviet Union and the demise of the communist enemy is Islam and Al Qaeda who have played the roles of villains villains.

But the West has no problem with Islamism. It adapts very well to this trend in countries like Saudi Arabia. Moreover, he himself fostered the rise of Islamist movements to counter the Arab nationalism at a time. The real problem for the West is anti-imperialism. That's why he tries to discredit any popular movement in the Arab world who is opposed to its interests by affixing the label "Islamist."

Finally, it should not be very smart to think that the Arab dictatorships are bulwarks against the rise of religious fanaticism. Instead, these repressive regimes have led some of the population to be radicalized. Who could afford to say that such and such people have no right to democracy? In a truly democratic country, different political forces may emerge. But the bourgeoisie comprador ruling in the Arab dictatorships can not convince people. She can not even face to face. To defend the imperialist interests, you must prevent other political forces to emerge because they are likely to convince the people against a corrupt elite. The West has always sought to maintain dictatorships that served its interests by waving the specter of Islamism. But the Arab peoples need democracy. They claim it today and nobody can not go against these claims.

Source: www.michelcollon.info
          Prestige Pressure Cooker Relief Valve Repair   
Cree Egypt

A Cairene said the regime crisis

27/01/2011 The
Source: http://crisdegypte.blogs.liberation.fr/cairote/

Cairo, January 26, 2011. Second day of protests in Egypt after call webcast , and relayed by a few printed newspapers like Al Masry Al Youm and Al Shorouk. Until 25, no one knew what would happen and we joked about the revolution announced by dint of a joke. And what are you doing tomorrow? Ah, tomorrow, I revolution. But the joke was not one. We went down the street and have taken. It was so simple. Why wait so long.

The police intimidation and fear of dying tortured lead to paralysis. That is also simple to understand and that is why we cry. We live for thirty years in fear and falsehood. The Egyptians are friendly, hospitable, peaceful and a joker. Pardon me, reader. It was a lie. We live in fear. Fear of displeasing. Fear of dying of hunger. Afraid to say something wrong and being raped, beaten, humiliated in a police station or in the street before our families and our neighbors. No, reader, Egypt is not alone in moderate Middle East is one of the most sophisticated didacture, the finest, most skillful and most vicious. His talent as despicable? Control information and control what you, outside, think of it. The real talent of Egypt is that of a Master senseless filtering information, disinformation, image creation, isolation of any event likely to snowball. Courage is viral, it is said, when the dictatorship was provided with an effective antidote, the total control of society. Official sources, security forces and Egyptian intelligence count 1,500,000 people. By themselves, they represent nearly 2% of the population.

Scoop. The demonstration on January 25, 2011 is not the first. Events, there are almost daily and for years. 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011. Everywhere the people shouted his anger in the black absolute misinformation. In May 2008, Mahalla, a provincial town famous for its textile industry, thousands of workers without pay had taken possession of their factories, the street, pushed the anti-riot trucks and debunked a giant portrait of President Hosni Mubarak . In Egypt, people have seen these images do not meet the Gaumont Opera. During the events, and to control information leaks, police spotters were posted on trains and checked one by one the passengers bound for Mahalla to arrest journalists and bloggers. Challiss McDonough, VOA, was one of them.

the benefit of his own safety, the Mubarak regime leaves nothing to chance. The state allocates 15 billion Egyptian pounds (2 billion euros) to the Interior cons 4.5 billion (64 million) for education and $ 5 billion for health (71 million). Control information, therefore, at any price. Stop. Beat. Kill. Entertain.

Since January 25, the national television channels broadcast videos, soap operas and shows how essential O on rare tropical. At twenty hours, they air-finally! - Images of riots ... Lebanon, as of course. To date, access to Internet by fixed line is almost stable, but the mobile Internet is much less. Access to Twitter has been blocked on January 25 and then regained 26 to 23:00. January 26, facebook was blocked in the day then restored. Order of the Ministry of Interior, the telephone relay Mobinil and Vodafone are immediately blocked in sensitive areas, that is to say where it manifests .

But that manifests and has called for demonstrations? The Muslim Brotherhood? Fundamentalists? Triple nonsense and balderdash! Shake the specter of Islamism was the sinister strategy of the regime to justify its dictatorship in the eyes of thirty world. That we stop, out of pity and respect for those who pay for their daily bread and their lives, to support this lie worn to the bone. Those who appear, they are Egyptians free, exasperated, united, handled by individual, small, large, Muslims, Christians, atheists, rich and poor. This unit, the slogans that I translate in another post demonstrated forcefully, gaiety, humor and poetry.

But it is difficult, therefore, to communicate, coordinate, inform each other, to know where we are, what we are. You who are outdoors, sometimes in more than we know. These cries of Egypt, I will tell you what I see and read your comments to inform my countrymen on what prevents us from seeing. It is 11:10 p.m.

hours Local. An hour ago Talaat Harb Square (city center), was plunged into darkness. When the police cut the power, it is about to pull the crowd. The following

soon.

          Centro Bonó propone espacio de diálogo que termine veda con Haití   

SANTO DOMINGO. El Centro Bonó presentó este sábado su análisis de coyuntura acerca de las relaciones comerciales entre Haití y República Dominicana en el que recomienda la apertura de un espacio de diálogo que termine con la veda que ha prohibido la entrada de productos locales hacia el vecino país.

La organización planteó además la necesidad de que sean incorporados dentro de las conversaciones los agentes comerciales y del transporte que operan en la frontera en la búsqueda de soluciones al conflicto que se ha mantenido desde que en 2015 las autoridades haitianas decidieran levantar una veda sobre 33 productos agrícolas y avicolas de origen dominicano.

Durante un panel desarrollado por Sócrates Martínez, coordinador de los comerciantes de la provincia Independencia, y Juan del Rosario se abordaron problemáticas como además las que afectan a las familias de la zona fronteriza que carecen de protección por parte del Gobierno por lo que dependen esencialmente del comercio con Haití.

“El comercio con Haití y en especial los mercados fronterizos representan un importante destino para los productores dominicanos y los habitantes de la frontera”, sostiene el análisis del Centro Bonó.


          Sin estrategia ni plan de gobierno, imposible pensar en una alianza para 2018: Hugo Eric Flores   
Ciudad de México a 01 de julio de 2017.  Ni PAN, ni PRD pueden ofrecer gobiernos eficientes, enfrentan total desorganización. Necesario establecer mecanismos de trabajo en beneficio de los mexicanos, alertó. El Frente Amplio Democrático no representa una salida a la actual crisis que vive el país. México carece de una estrategia política y de ...
          Ex-bosses stand trial over 2011 Fukushima crisis in Japan   
by Kyoko HASEGAWA Three former executives from the operator of Japan's tsunami-stricken Fukushima nuclear plant went on trial Friday over the worst atomic accident in a generation, the only people ever to face a criminal court in connection with the 2011 meltdowns that rendered swathes of countryside uninhabitable.
          Xhamisë ku u themelua kalifati islam, i mbesin vetëm shtyllat   

Minarja e përkulur e Xhamisë së Madhe al-Nuri të Mosulit u mbijetoi pushtimeve mongole dhe osmane, neglizhimit nën Sadam Husein dhe sulmeve ajrore gjatë pushtimit të SHBA-ve. Por pas tre viteve të sundimit të ISIS, tani është pak më shumë se një grumbull gurësh në qendër të qytetit të shkatërruar Ndërsa avancimi i forcave irakiane […]

The post Xhamisë ku u themelua kalifati islam, i mbesin vetëm shtyllat appeared first on GazetaNewBorn.net.


          MÉXICO - CLM Regional Manager - Linio - Xico, Méx.   
Una en cada país en donde tenemos operación y dos más:. Realizar diagnósticos y análisis de desempeño de métricas para definir iniciativas que impulsen el...
De Linio - Fri, 16 Jun 2017 22:12:49 GMT - Ver todos los empleos en Xico, Méx.
          AGPAHI YAENDESHA KAMPENI YA UPIMAJI VVU KWA WATOTO NA VIJANA HALMASHAURI YA MSALALA NA MANISPAA YA SHINYANGA   

Shirika la Ariel Glaser Pediatric Aids Healthcare Initiative (AGPAHI) linalojihusisha na mapambano dhidi ya Virusi vya Ukimwi (VVU) na Ukimwi nchini Tanzania limeendesha Kampeni ya Upimaji wa Maambukizi ya Virusi Vya Ukimwi kwa watoto na vijana katika halmashauri ya Msalala na Manispaa ya Shinyanga katika mkoa wa Shinyanga.

Zoezi la kupima watoto na vijana limefanyika Juni 30,2017 na Julai 1,2017 katika zanahati ya Buluma iliyopo katika kijiji cha Buluma kata ya Jana katika halmashauri ya Msalala na zanahati ya kijiji cha Galamba katika kata ya Kolandoto katika manispaa ya Shinyanga.

Zaidi ya watoto na vijana 760 walipata fursa ya kupima afya zao.

Akizungumza wakati wa zoezi hilo la upimaji,Afisa Mradi, Huduma Unganishi kwa Jamii AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga, Charles Simon, alisema kampeni ya Upimaji VVU kwa vijana na watoto yenye kauli mbiu ya “Ijue Afya ya Mwanao” inalenga kuwafikia vijana na watoto wengi zaidi ili kujua afya zao.

“Hili ni zoezi endelevu,AGPAHI kwa kushirikiana na serikali tumekuwa tukipima afya za watoto na vijana na pale inapobainika wamepata maambukizi ya VVU huwa tunawaanzishia huduma ya tiba na matunzo”,alieleza Simon.

“Kupitia kampeni hii tunashirikiana na viongozi wa serikali za mitaa, vijiji na tumekuwa tukiwahamasisha wazazi kuwaleta watoto na vijana ili wapimwe na zoezi hili limekuwa na manufaa makubwa kwani watoto wengi wameletwa na wazazi wao kupima afya zao”,aliongeza.

Naye Mratibu wa Masuala ya Watoto AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga,Dk. Jane Kashumba alisema wameamua kuanzisha kampeni hiyo ili kuwarahisishia wananchi kupata huduma ya kupima VVU kwa hiari katika maeneo ya karibu yao ili waweze kujua afya zao.

“Tunaushukuru mfuko wa kusaidia Watoto wenye VVU Kwa hisani ya watu wa Uingereza (CIFF) kwa kuwezesha kampeni hii",alieleza Dk. Kashumba.

"Tumeanza zoezi hili katika halmashauri hizi mbili na tutaendelea na kampeni katika maeneo mengine kwani lengo la AGPAHI ni kuwafikia watoto na vijana zaidi”,aliongeza Dk. Kashumba.

Kwa Upande wake Mratibu wa Wahudumu wa afya ngazi ya Jamii na Upimaji VVU wilaya ya Kahama, Peter Shimba alisema serikali itaendelea kushirikiana na shirika la AGPAHI katika mapambano dhidi ya VVU na Ukimwi.

Shirika la AGPAHI linatekeleza shughuli zake katika mikoa ya Shinyanga,Simiyu,Mwanza,Tanga,Geita na Mara kwa ufadhili wa Watu wa Marekani kupitia shirika la Centres for Disease Control and Preventation (CDC),mfuko wa kusaidia Watoto wenye VVU Kwa hisani ya watu wa Uingereza (CIFF) na Shirika la Development Aid From People to People (ADPP - Mozambique).

ANGALIA PICHA ZA MATUKIO WAKATI WA ZOEZI LA UPIMAJI WATOTO NA VIJANA KATIKA KIJIJI CHA BULUMA NA GALAMBA 
Ijumaa Juni 30,2017: Hapa ni katika Zahanati ya Buluma iliyopo katika kijiji cha Buluma kata ya Jana halmashauri ya wilaya ya Msalala mkoa wa Shinyanga .
Afisa Mradi, Huduma Unganishi kwa Jamii AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga, Charles Simon akiwaeleza wazazi na walezi walioleta watoto na vijana katika zahanati ya Buluma kuhusu lengo la Kampeni ya Upimaji wa Maambukizi ya Virusi Vya Ukimwi kwa Watoto na Vijana.
Wazazi,vijana na watoto wakimsikiliza Afisa Mradi, Huduma Unganishi kwa Jamii AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga, Charles Simonwakati akitolea ufafanuzi juu ya kampeni ya Upimaji VVU.
Mwenyekiti wa kijiji cha Buluma, Budila Teremka akisisitiza jambo kabla ya zoezi la kupima watoto na vijana halijaanza.
Mratibu wa Wahudumu wa afya ngazi ya Jamii na Upimaji VVU wilaya ya Kahama, Peter Shimba akizungumza kabla ya zoezi la upimaji VVU halijaanza ambapo alilishukuru shirika la AGPAHI katika harakati zake za mapambano dhidi ya VVU na Ukimwi na kwamba serikali itaendelea kushirikiana nalo katika mapambano hayo.
Mtoa huduma za afya akimtoa damu mtoto ili kumpima kama ana maambukizi ya VVU au la!
Kulia ni mzazi aliyeambatana na watoto wake katika zahanati ya Buluma kwa ajili ya kupima VVU.
Kushoto ni mama aliyekuwa ameambatana na watoto akishuhudia zoezi la upimaji VVU kwa watoto.
Zoezi la upimaji VVU likiendelea.
Mbali na kupima VVU, kulifanyika michezo ya watoto na vijana kama vile kukimbia na yai.Pichani kulia ni Charles Simon akitoa maelekezo kwa washiriki wa shindano la kukimbia na mayai.
Vijana wakikimbia na mayai yaliyowekwa kwenye vijiko.
Mchezo wa kukimbia na mayai ukiendelea.
Mratibu wa Wahudumu wa afya ngazi ya Jamii na Upimaji VVU wilaya ya Kahama,Peter Shimba akiipongeza moja ya familia iliyojitokeza kupima VVU na kubainika kuwa hawana maambukizi ya VVU. Katika zahanati ya Buluma kati ya watoto na vijana 525 waliopimwa VVU,watano pekee walibainika kuwa na maambukizi ya VVU.
Jumamosi Julai 1,2017: Hapa ni katika Zahanati ya Kijiji cha Galamba iliyopo katika kata ya Kolandoto manispaa ya Shinyanga ambapo pia Kampeni ya Upimaji wa Maambukizi ya Virusi Vya Ukimwi kwa watoto na vijana imefanyika.
Mratibu wa Masuala ya Watoto AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga,Dk. Jane Kashumba akizungumza wakati wa zoezi la kupima VVU kwa vijana na watoto katika kijiji cha Galamba.
Dk. Kashumba akizungumza na wazazi,vijana na watoto katika zahanati ya Galamba.
Mtoa huduma za afya akimchukua damu mmoja wa vijana kutoka kijiji cha Galamba waliofika kupima VVU.
Vijana na watoto wakisubiri kupima VVU.
Afisa Mradi, Huduma Unganishi kwa Jamii AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga, Rehema Kivuyo akizungumza katika zahanati ya Galamba ambapo vijana na watoto 238 VVU na hakuna aliyepatikana kuwa na maambukizi ya VVU.
Michezo nayo ilikuwepo: Pichani ni Mratibu wa Masuala ya Watoto AGPAHI mkoa wa Shinyanga,Dk. Jane Kashumba akiongoza vijana katika mchezo wa kukaa kwenye viti.
Mchezo wa kukimbia na mayai ukiendelea.
Rehema Kivuyo akiwapa zawadi ya mayai vijana walioshinda mchezo wa kukimbia na mayai.
Vijana na watoto wakicheza mchezo wa kukimbiza kuku.

Picha zote na Kadama Malunde-Malunde1 blog

          Kennedy Urges Americans To Speak Out Against Trumpcare   
WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. Rep. Joe Kennedy is making an impassioned plea for a health care system that families can rely on in times of crisis, pointing to a health scare in his own family. The Massachusetts Democrat made the pitch for his party's health care goals during the weekly House Democratic address... Continue reading…
          Empowerment Radio with Dr. Friedemann Schaub: Midlife Mojo- How to Get through the Midlife Crisis and Emerge as Your True Self with Frankie Picasso   
EpisodeFor many, Midlife is a time of great questioning. It is a time when many seek their purpose and look for a more esoteric existence, searching for their spirituality, their soul and more meaning to their life. It is also a time when many feel TRAPPED within the confines of responsibilities, family and fears. Listen to Dr. Schaub’s interview with author and coach Frankie Picasso and learn how we can overcome these obstacles and emerge as our true self.
          Does Auckland have the infrastructure capacity to host the America's cup? Alex Tarrant reviews two of the Mexican stand-offs involving central government, the Auckland Council, the Airport and Watercare   

By Alex Tarrant

Emirates Team New Zealand’s America’s Cup win has certainly fired up the Auckland infrastructure debate (as if it needed more fuel). Every interested party is now reviewing their wish list trying to figure out whether their pet project could be completed in four years. Rail, roads, houses and water pipes.

The 2021 event (Auckland will also hold the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit that year) might be a Godsend for getting even more Auckland infrastructure work on the move (if we can find the labourers needed – don’t mention foreigners!).

But the multiple Mexican stand-offs between the Government, Auckland Council and other parties like Auckland Airport and Watercare need to be resolved. The key in each dispute is who pays for what, when, why and how.

This (rather long) column focuses on two of those stand-offs. Rail to Auckland Airport from the CBD, and cheaper, faster provision of water services for new housing in Auckland – including boosting incentives for cheaper densification. On Rail, there is a simple answer to get things moving if the project would indeed lead to benefits. On water, revised legislation debated in Parliament last week provides some hope.

Rail to the airport

Politicians were quick to jump on the success of ETNZ earlier this week and the expected economic benefits to Auckland from holding the Cup in 2021. The Green Party used the occasion to question the Transport Minister on whether Auckland would have capacity to host the event.

“Will the government start building rail to the airport sooner, if Auckland hosts the next America’s Cup regatta, or will Aucklanders still have to wait 30 years?” Julie Anne Genter asked Simon Bridges.

Bridges’ answers focussed on the current plan of protecting a sole purpose route that will originally be marked out for a busway to the Airport. This showed the government was prioritising the project, he claimed, being careful to add it was difficult to explain what the timeframe could be for progressing to rail. This would be driven by demand and usage numbers, Bridges said.

So why not just kick-start the project of rail to the airport? If central government were to lead on funding, couldn’t others like the Council be given time to come up with their share? The reason this National-led government isn’t making any firm commitments like this is down to the principle of, whoever benefits should pay.

Steven Joyce, Simon Bridges and other Ministers have in recent months been talking more about the use of value uplift taxes to help fund new projects – rates will be higher in areas that profit from increased transportation links, for example. These could be residential rates paid by homeowners in areas with improved access to the CBD from a new road, which would have boosted the value of their property. They could also be imposed on commercial businesses that benefit from more foot-traffic due to being closer to, say, a new train station.

The government openly admits that a value uplift tax would have been a perfect fit for Auckland’s inner-city rail loop. But, because the loop was announced before Ministers could start spraying the idea around, they feel it would be a bit rude (think a vote-loser) to suddenly turn around and clamp such a tax on business owners close to where the new stations would be, regardless of the economics.

They have to find a project that hasn’t yet started, and which would clearly benefit the areas linked by the project. Penlink has been talked about. I also give you the Airport-City rail link.

However, Bridges and Joyce are engaged in a stand-off with Auckland Airport. ‘If you come to the table, then we will too.’

Auckland Airport would clearly benefit from any rail link with the city. So, Bridges et al are waiting for them to come to the party. If we’re talking light rail – trams – then Dominion Road businesses and residential properties should also benefit in value uplift.

It’s a stand-off though. If the airport argues against paying more because the benefits won’t be that great, then the government can turn around and say, ‘ok well that’s a good argument for not needing to build the new connection’. If the government just starts funding the link itself, then it runs the risk of no-one else coming to the party. They also don't want to be seen starting the project with inclusion of value-uplift taxes that no-one agrees on - that's not the way this government wants to work.

In effect, the sticking point is a matter of principle. It’s a principled Mexican stand-off. Or a prisoners’ dilemma in a low-security prison.

Water pipe dream

The next stand-off is a key component in Auckland’s housing debate. Water pipes. A couple of weeks ago I wrote about how the National Cabinet would love to take a swipe at the monopolistic, not-for-profit Watercare in Auckland. They’re getting nearer to it.

The Local Government Amendment Act 2002 Amendment Bill (No 2) was introduced last year by former Local Government Minister Peseta Sam Lotu-Iiga. And boy was it popular. The Local Government Select Committee heard nearly 200 submissions on the Bill. They’ve now reported back with amendments. The Bill received a second reading last week.

The stand-off between local and central government on water pipes can best be summed up by a conversation between media and Local Government New Zealand a few weeks back. A lot of New Zealand’s water pipe infrastructure was put in in the 1960s, we were told. Those pipes had an expected lifetime of 60 years, so we’re heading towards an exponential renewals curve over the next 15 years for assets worth over $100 billion.

A couple of the journalists (including this correspondent) were a tad miffed by this. Did local councils know there was only a 60-year life span? “Yeah, they did,” was the reply. ““The renewals curve is not a surprise. But it’s here, now.”

So why haven’t councils planned over those 60 years to put replacement funds aside? The problem, we were told, was that in the 1960s a lot of the pipes were paid for by central government. Now, technically only local government is on the hook. “Under our current funding model, it’s rates and debt [to pay for it]. The issue becomes, is that a sustainable position? Our view is it is not.”

That’s why local government is calling on central government to agree to a co-funding model for the replacement of water pipes nationwide that are coming to the end of their working life (even though this was all known about for 60 years).

I asked Local Government New Zealand chairman Lawrence Yule whether they’d had any indications from central government that this could be done. He said central government had always indicated a willingness to look at it “but only once you’ve made sure what you’re doing currently is being done as efficiently as it can be.”

It’s a stand-off. Local government is refusing to consider how to fund replacement pipes until central government agrees to a co-funding model. Central government won’t agree to a co-funding model until local government gets its own house in order and ensures water services operations are as efficient as possible.

The issue got to a point where central government decided to try and take the initiative. This is where the Local Government Local Government Act Amendment Bill (No 2) comes in. Central government clearly believes things aren’t being done as efficiently as possible.

The Bill will allow various councils to band together to create Transport and Water Council Controlled Organisations (CCOs) to provide services across several local authorities. Scale. It will also give greater scope for re-organisation of CCOs. As now-Local Government Minister Anne Tolley put it in Thursday’s second reading, it provides “an opportunity for the sector to show their local strategic leadership, which may require hard decisions about difficult options in order to secure a positive future for their communities.”

Let’s take Watercare. In its submission on the Bill (co-submitted with Auckland Council), it argued that since its first fully operational year in 2011/12, it has reduced the cost of water delivery to Aucklanders compared the rag-tag pricing run previously by individual councils pre-Super City.

That’s true. The $1.30 per thousand litres was below the range of $1.31-$3.50 encompassing Rodney, North Shore, Waitakere, Auckland, Manukau and Franklin. Job well done. Scale worked. But since then, that cost has risen each year to $1.44 per thousand litres in 2016/17. That’s not what central government (or Auckland residents) wanted to see.

A 2015 Cabinet paper introducing the Amendment Bill reveals what some Cabinet Ministers really wanted to do. The Local Government Minister at the time highlighted the potential benefits of requiring Watercare to have to pay a dividend (“distribute surpluses”) to the Council. This could encourage more efficient pricing of water services and allow it better access to finance.

However, due to the prospect of the move not being supported by “the community,” the idea was not included. Indeed, when the Local Government Select Committee reported the Bill back to the House in June, Section 70 was there prohibiting the distribution of surpluses by water services CCOs.

A pity. There is some exciting stuff in there, though. Central government is aiming to be imposing a number of requirements that I’m told are aimed at drastically changing the way Watercare operates.

The Productivity Commission’s 2016 report, Using Land for Housing, helped. Looking at Watercare from a housing supply lens, the Commission raised a number of concerns and recommendations which will partly be tackled by the Bill.

Firstly, Watercare’s Infrastructure Growth Charges (IGCs) do not recover the full costs of growth (new pipes for new housing), the Commission pointed out. Although initially this could produce benefits for new home buyers not paying the full cost for water infrastructure, deficits will need to be recovered from somewhere. Recovery from existing residents will reduce community acceptance of growth, limiting the supply of infrastructure-enabled land, therefore contributing to higher house prices.

Watercare needed to change how it calculates charges to better reflect the underlying economic costs of supply in different locations and for different types of dwelling, the Commission said. This linked in with criticisms of Watercare’s model of charging flat fees.

“To the extent that certain types of development result in lower infrastructure costs than others, a flat charge will result in a cross-subsidy between different types of dwelling. This might result in a situation in which smaller and more affordable dwellings are cross-subsidising larger standalone dwellings.”

The Bill requires Watercare to shift away from the IGC model to a development contribution model. It has until 30 June 2018 at the latest to figure out how to best make the switch.

Meanwhile, the Commission urged Watercare to consider development agreements, which would enable private developers to take responsibility for building trunk infrastructure. It referenced research that developers may be able to provide infrastructure solutions at lower costs than Watercare, particularly due to ‘over specification’ required by Watercare.

“Watercare notes that development agreements have a range of advantages (eg, they provide a mechanism for bringing in private capital into the provision of public infrastructure) and disadvantages (eg, the time required to prepare and finalise the agreements, especially if more than one developer/landowner is involved). The obligation to consider requests from a developer to enter into development agreements and provide the developer with a written response would not compel Watercare and other CCOs to enter agreements where there are good reasons not to. But a requirement to set out in writing why a development agreement may not proceed would provide clarity and transparency about the reasons for the decision.”

The Bill doesn’t appear to go as far as the Commission would have hoped, but it does provide legislation for Watercare to be able to enter into development agreements.

Finally, the Commission appeared horrified that for both Auckland Transport and Watercare, “supply of infrastructure to support growth is not reflected in either organisation’s performance measures.”

“While the primary accountability documents for Watercare and Auckland Transport (the Statements of Intents) are broadly aligned with the Auckland Plan vision, they do not give effect to the specific objective in the Auckland Plan to increase the city’s supply of new dwellings,” it said.

“Auckland Transport and Watercare’s SOIs should be amended to include performance measures relating to the efficient roll-out of new infrastructure to support an increased supply of new dwellings.

“The regulatory and institutional framework around the water sector can be improved. Discipline and transparency around the pricing of water services, and better performance monitoring, would improve the ability of the water sector to support urban growth,” the Commission said.

The Bill includes provision for Council input on CCO statements of intent and for performance monitoring. Each CCO – ie Watercare – must provide its shareholders the opportunity to influence the direction of the organisation, and must provide a basis for the accountability of the directors to their shareholders for the performance of the organisation.

And that performance monitoring? A local authority must undertake regular performance monitoring to evaluate a CCO’s contribution to the achievement of the authority’s objectives for the organisation, the desired results set out in its SOI and the overall aims and outcomes of the local authority.

What’s yet to be seen, however, is whether the changes would have such an effect as to fix the pending funding crisis for water pipe replacement and extension. I would think not. But with this Bill, central and local government will both be able to tap the argument that councils and their organisations have reached, or will soon reach efficiency limits.

And that’s the trigger for central government coming to the funding party.


          ¿Dónde lo dejo?   

Llegó diciembre, llegó el verano y muchos ya tienen un viaje planeado. Ya tienen las maletas casi preparadas, la reserva hecha en un hotel,  y su mascota, ¿dónde? ¿Cuántas veces quisiste salir de viaje y no tuviste con quién dejar a tu mascota?


Basic-Dog-Kennel.jpg


          Comment on No, The Trinity is Not Like a Fidget Spinner by Jacqui   
What I do like about the figit spinner is that it represents the dynamism that exists in the trinity. Unlike the shamrock which is 3 static parts leading to tritheism or 1/3 Gods, the figit spinner circles are always moving to give way to the other - perichorisis. I don't think the partialism as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are each fully Divine because they are the Triune God.
          Near 100,000 Migrants Cross Mediterranean To Europe in First Six Months of 2017   
Mediterranean
Despite efforts by individual nations and the European Union to get to grips with the migrant crisis, nearly 100,000 people crossed the Mediterranean in the first half of 2017.
          On the front lines against ISIS, Simone Veil and when does a dialect become a language?   
According to reports, ISIS has lost more than 50 percent of the territory it once held. We'll look at where things stand in the battle against ISIS, three years on. Also, a couple engaged to be married have been caught up in Donald Trump's immigration and travel ban. But a last minute change in policy may have given them some hope amid the confusion. Plus, the hard-to-define difference between a language and dialect.
          Michigan's legal bills for Flint water crisis top $14M   
LANSING, Mich. (AP) -- Michigan's legal bills for the man-made water crisis in Flint are piling up....
          Siguiendo las huellas del cambio   

Son muchas las áreas en las que se tambalean las bases que nos han traído hasta aquí. La lectura puede ser optimista, para quien lo lee como parte necesaria de la evolución, o derrotista para los que se agarran a presupuestos que, y a la vista está para quien quiera mirar, quedan obsoletos. Los cambios no son fáciles ni todos estamos preparados para avanzar al mismo ritmo, pero la buena noticia es que cada vez son más quienes se suman al carro. Y, con emoción, al menos por mi parte, la imagen de cabezas cortadas y gritos al vacío va siendo relegada por las iniciativas a las que cada vez se suman más personas y empresas. No hablamos de un simple cambio de camisa, hablamos de cambios de paradigma que se están dando en nuestros días, como por ejemplo en el mundo de la psiquiatría, de la enseñanza, y en el que nos ocupa hoy en concreto en este reportaje, el de la ecología o medio ambiente. Todos ellos tienen en común la evidencia empírica de que hay bastante que modificar y actualizar, es un cambio bárbaro el que hace falta, pero como podemos ver, ya hemos echado a andar.

En las tres áreas señaladas son graves las consecuencias que estamos pagando, pacientes diagnosticados con patologías y medicados, hasta el punto de llegar a ser enfermos crónicos, cuando muchas veces son estados naturales y humanos, cierto que complejos, de los que se están beneficiando sólo las farmacéuticas, puesto que ya se sabe que podrían tratarse desde otra perspectiva. Más y más alumnos que amplían los índices de fracaso escolar por no entrar en los estrechos márgenes que impone el sistema o la irresponsabilidad social que supone, tanto a nivel particular como corporativo, las conductas comerciales y empresariales a las que nos hemos acostumbrado, dañinas y agresivas, tanto para el medio ambiente como para nosotros.

A este panorama, no demasiado alentador, llegan como agua fresca noticias como las que hemos registrado en este mes y otras que están por llegar. En mayo se celebraba la Feria de Ecología y Sostenibilidad en el espacio del Cabildo La Granja, en el municipio de Arucas. Por allí pasaron miles de personas que conocieron, participaron, compraron o al menos vieron y disfrutaron los más de noventa puestos destinados a promocionar sus productos. La variedad de manufacturas naturales, biológicas o ecológicas allí presentes abarcó desde la alimentación, el vestido, los cosméticos, las terapias alternativas e incluso se expusieron coches eléctricos y distintos proyectos que no asumen el fomento de la economía separado de la responsabilidad social y el bienestar de las personas. Todos ellos con un fin común, contribuir a una mejor calidad de vida y proporcionar bien estar. Tratan de abrirse paso en el mercado y compiten con productos a los que ya estamos acostumbrados pero que, más veces de las que nos gustaría, esconden una parte que muchos de nosotros preferiríamos casi ni saber.

Buscando la manera de sumar

El presidente del Cabildo de Gran Canaria, Antonio Morales, visitó la feria y declaró que cada vez hay más personas, cooperativas, grupos de consumo y vías de comercialización. Llamaron la atención los talleres de terapias alternativas y, además de los stands, las personas que asistieron buscando contactos y colaboración o información. Macu Aguilera gestiona la marca de productos ecológicos Poppy Olé, centrada hasta el momento en la producción de moringa, una planta poco conocida y tan útil en alimentación, agricultura y medicina que la han denominado como la planta de la vida. “Este año no me dio tiempo a preparar el stand y apuntarme, pero el año que viene aquí estaremos”.

Paula Díaz es una de las responsables de la empresa Eco Touristing, organizadores de Verode (Ver- Oir-Debatir), nombre del I Foro de Turismo Sostenible de Canarias. Un evento que tendrá lugar durante los días diez y once de octubre en el municipio de Agüimes. “Pretende ser un espacio de debate y reflexión sobre el modelo turístico de Canarias, ofrecer visibilidad a casos de éxito en las islas y fomentar la transferencia de buenas prácticas en el sector. Todo desde una perspectiva integral de la sostenibilidad, atendiendo a criterios medioambientales, socioculturales y económicos.” Así nos lo presenta Paula que, como Macu, también asiste a la feria con la intención de generar vínculos.

Hablamos con Alicia Mir, responsable del Trade Project en cuyo stand nos explica cómo surgió y en qué consiste su empresa. “Yo me dedico al marketing y lo que hice fue pensar en cómo, desde mi lado creativo, podía ayudar a los sectores más vulnerables. Decidí crear un proyecto de responsabilidad social empresarial y organizo actividades de voluntariados con las multinacionales. Un día al mes, llevamos a un grupo de trabajadores de estas grandes empresas a trabajar en huertos sociales y ecológicos, parcelas que dan los ayuntamientos a organizaciones o grupos en riesgo de exclusión social, además las empresas donan material necesario. Es evidente que hay personas que quieren ayudar y no saben cómo, entonces yo les pongo en contacto, les invito a que lo hagan. No sólo están ayudando a personas sino que están cuidando el medio ambiente”. Alicia lleva dos años de andadura con este proyecto y está encantada, pero reconoce que aún no se explica cómo, pese a que hay financiación, manos para ayudar por un lado y gente que necesita ayuda por otro, por temas administrativos y burocráticos muchas veces no se puede dar ese intercambio.

Entre los productos de la feria todos de comercio justo o ecológicos, también presenciamos productos de importación, sobre lo que nos explica Alicia: “Ahora mismo no hay un nivel de negocio que permita generar empresas que se dediquen a la fabricación y distribución de productos 100% ecológicos, salvando el sector agrario que ya está en marcha, por eso seguimos encontrando productos importados y seguimos en la evolución de lograr acercarnos cada vez más al concepto kilómetro 0 en el resto de productos. Pero si es cierto que nos permite ampliar la variedad y concienciar y educar para que haya más interés en general”.

Alicia se alegra de que empiecen a generarse este tipo de actividades y espera que el pulmón que están significando en la sociedad nos llene de aires nuevos y vitalice la circulación de este tipo de comercio más consciente y saludable. “El público canario está cada vez más abierto a lo ecológico y lo natural, en Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia y Sevilla se hacen ferias como esta y los que estamos interesados en cambiar hábitos de vida y hemos asistido, estamos muy contentos de que por fin se hagan aquí”.

Entre los asistentes se comenta que los precios de los productos que se ofertan no son precisamente baratos. Alicia explica que, al ser aún minoría y el trato diferente que requieren este tipo de productos comparados con los de gran producción hace difícil bajar los precios, pero asegura que ahorramos en enfermedades, gastos derivados y preocupaciones.

La psicóloga Inmaculada Jáuregui, que asistió a la Feria, nos ofrece un breve análisis. “A pesar de haber miles de personas, encuentro que en una ciudad como la de Las Palmas, a estas alturas podrían ser muchos más los interesados. Falta difusión mediática. Variedad si hay, aunque no son todos los que están, ni están todos los que son, considero que es positivo mostrar el auge de este tipo de productos pertenecientes a un mercado que pretende crear conciencia. Los talleres, las conferencias pretenden hacer ver al ciudadano la importancia de lo ecológico y de mirar el panorama de forma cíclica, de ahí la presencia de los productos de temporada. También hemos visto en los stands, que sí hay productos que cumplen con la teoría y otros que son importados, por lo que tienen que seguir vías de comercialización no alternativas. Esto ocurre también con productos que son manufacturados aquí pero los elementos con los que se hacen vienen de fuera. Hemos visto desde placas solares a ropa reciclada o hecha con textiles naturales, en general una comercialización de productos orientada a la salud, al autocuidado. Los talleres de bioenergética y los masajes estaban a tope, paradójicamente ha faltado quorum en las conferencias. Es un muestrario de un tipo de vida que se querría, orientado a lo lento, a la tranquilidad que ha surgido en respuesta al sistema fagotizador y destructivo que conocemos. La edad de los que estamos aquí es entre los cuarenta y sesenta años más o menos, y algunos pequeños que van con sus padres. El factor generacional está claro”.

Ahora falta saber si las administraciones están por la labor de apoyar estas iniciativas y facilitar, visibilizar y apoyar un sector en auge, que, por lo menos apunta a fomentar otro tipo de valores. Como decíamos antes, iniciativas no faltan, como la Semana Internacional de la Energía, cuya cita en Las Palmas de Gran Caria también ha sido este mes de junio. Organizado por el periódico digital energyHub.es y la asociación Fodes por la Semana han pasado más de cien ponentes abordando temas energéticos, posibilidades de autoconsumo, la energía fotovoltaica, maremotriz y demás aplicables en Canarias, la aplicación de energía sostenible en proyectos arquitectónicos, etc. Por primera vez, estas jornadas se han celebrado en cinco escenarios diferentes con conferencias y encuentros entorno a la energía sostenible. Además de en las dos islas capitalinas, Gran Canaria y Tenerife, también en La Palma, Fuerteventura y Lanzarote. Y ya en el mes de octubre, como citaba antes, el I Foro de Turismo Sostenible Verode en el auditorio de Agüímes. Por allí nos vemos, si comparten la idea de desarrollo sostenible; aquél que se logra sin perjudicar al medio ambiente y sin poner en riesgo las posibilidades de desarrollo de las generaciones futuras.


          #3 El Rey concede a La 1 una entrevista con Jesús Hermida   

#2 Los dos saben de los problemas de imsomnio de los españoles con el tema de la crisis y se han puesto manos a la obra para hacer todo lo posible porque durmamos.

» autor: Ratoncolorao


          Soalan Kepada Bersatu Dari Ahli Dap   

Umno pada hari ini adalah Umno versi Kleptokrasi Datuk Seri Najib Razak telah merampas Umno Baru yang dicipta oleh Tun Mahathir ketika krisis kepimpinan Umno 88 89 dahulu Maka itu saya melihat Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia ini seakan akan ...
          Ini Alasan Teroris Jadikan Polisi Target Serangan   

Dalam satu pekan terakhir aparat kepolisian menjadi sasaran penyerangan oleh pihak yang diduga bagian dari kelompok ISIS Serangan pertama terjadi di Mapolda Sumatera Utara pada 25 Juni dan serangan kedua di Masjid Falatehan Jakarta Selatan ...
          Obama Kritik Trump Soal Keluar Dari Perjanjian Perubahan Iklim Paris   

Obama kritik Trump soal keluar dari Perjanjian Perubahan Iklim Paris Awalnya Obama menceritakan bagaimana AS mengalami krisis yang juga terjadi di negara lain Dia mengaku berhasil menyelamatkan Negeri Paman Sam dari krisis itu
          Facebook Aims To Personalize How We Connect In Times Of Crisis   
An invite tool to 'Safety Check' feature will rely on people power rather than just algorithms
          6月27日(火)のつぶやき その2   

スーパーミニプラが、元のアニメイメージ残しつつ〜な造形で攻めてると思うのだが、この枠でアニメ版ガンダムってのアリかもしれないなあ、などとおっさんユーザ的には思う。

— デスウンコさん (@funbolt) 2017年6月27日 - 17:14

本日発売!「動物戦隊ジュウオウジャー公式完全読本」!TV、劇場版、最新Vシネマに至るまで、極限まで敢行したキャスト、スーツアクター、声優、スタッフへの取材から、ジュウオウジャー王者の道を振り返ります☆

#ジュウオウジャー… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— 羅摩 ソノ子@宇宙船 (@sonoko_uchusen) 2017年6月24日 - 01:17

情報を大切にしろ!情報解禁日を大切にしない奴は死ぬべきなんだ!!

— 前澤まさる@レインボー造型 (@MAEZAH) 2017年6月24日 - 09:07

@tanimeso そうそう

— デスウンコさん (@funbolt) 2017年6月27日 - 17:45

@funbolt 個人的には関節の白いガンダムがほしいです

— nzıɐp (@daizu) 2017年6月27日 - 18:07

@daizu そうなんですよね、それだけでもイメージ変わるはずなんですが。。。

関節はメカ色って呪いは強いですね。

— デスウンコさん (@funbolt) 2017年6月27日 - 18:11

パワースポットも別にいいんだけど、そこら神社や寺の中のでかい木に抱きついてるオバサンすげーいて結構気持ち悪いですね

— 夏を許さない (@yu1096) 2017年6月27日 - 14:56

pic.twitter.com/Jw6zmmXYFp

— nzıɐp (@daizu) 2017年6月24日 - 23:40

この緊縛プレイ感たまらんな。
twitter.com/daizu/status/8…

— デスウンコさん (@funbolt) 2017年6月27日 - 18:14

鉄血MSは80年代HJの雰囲気があるよな

— ジョニー尻山 (@JohnnySiriyama) 2017年6月27日 - 18:15

MSというかオリメカか

— ジョニー尻山 (@JohnnySiriyama) 2017年6月27日 - 18:16

すまん、さすがに突っ込まずにいられない。全部子供のもんやん(笑 pic.twitter.com/RMsLHFAwBE

— あべとおる (@patimono) 2017年6月27日 - 00:55

戦隊に携わり現在も支えている多くのスタッフ、役者さんに対する侮辱する宣伝記事!

「ああ、戦隊モノか……」と思ったヤツ、ちょっと来い!「パシリム」「アベンジャーズ」好きなら絶対見ろ! #パワーレンジャー eiga.com/official/power…

— 妖奇七郎・肥卍党 (@ikkyujapan) 2017年6月27日 - 00:10

この記事を書いた奴!
貴様が「本当にすまない」と謝罪するのは戦隊に携わったスタッフ、役者そして多くのファンだ!
恥をしれ!!!
#パワーレンジャー pic.twitter.com/LHOag2Yzqo

— 妖奇七郎・肥卍党 (@ikkyujapan) 2017年6月27日 - 00:24

酷い宣伝コンセプト。ココで言う「単なる戦隊モノ」は本気で撮られてないとでも言うのだろうか。 > パワーレンジャー 特集:「ああ、戦隊モノか……」と思ったヤツ、ちょっと来い!声を大にして言わせてもらう──“実は”とんでもなく面白い!… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— ふりーく北波 (@nami_happy) 2017年6月27日 - 09:08

加えてジャンプ漫画とハリウッド大作が至高という視点で、結果的に「単なる」と戦隊モノを甚だしく貶める手法の稚拙さよ。それならまず戦隊モノの魅力を再発見しようよ。 > 「パシリム」「アベンジャーズ」好きなら絶対見ろ! #パワーレンジャー eiga.com/official/power…

— ふりーく北波 (@nami_happy) 2017年6月27日 - 09:12

つまり、映画.comさんでは普段、戦隊モノに限らず映像作品に対しては、子供向け…劣るモノ・本気でないモノ、大人向けなら正当に評価するモノという区切りを持ち、既に予断を付けた上で評価を下しているんですね。 twitter.com/eigacom/status…

— ふりーく北波 (@nami_happy) 2017年6月27日 - 09:30

ああ。わかった。この広告の狙い「戦隊モノなめてた!すまん!すげえわ!」を最大限発揮しつつ何かをdisってアゲたいのなら、ココで褒めてるパシリムやアベンジャーズ、ジャンプ漫画をサゲればイイんすよ。「そこに並ぶ」でなく、「それらを超え… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— ふりーく北波 (@nami_happy) 2017年6月27日 - 10:29

なるほど

— デスウンコさん (@funbolt) 2017年6月27日 - 20:44

本当にユニークなボディーをしているバイクですねぇ(´ `*

恐らくヴィンテージバイクがお好きな方はご存知かも知れません
フランスで1929~34年程の期間で製造されていた
マジェスティック【Majestic】350型と言うバイク… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— 榛の字(しんのじ-Shin no Ji) (@ShimbaHome) 2017年6月22日 - 02:12

やさしさだとは思うけど、夢をブチこわさないで…… pic.twitter.com/FAEtY1Nhkd

— 土屋アソビ (@wtbw) 2017年6月26日 - 12:32

一瞬AKIRAの金田に見えるベーコンの写真です pic.twitter.com/AGnpuoBrpD

— ウドチェ (@wdche) 2016年10月13日 - 11:53

「グーティサファイアオーナメンタル」という最近のガンダムみたいな長い名前のタランチュラが居ると思ったら、配色がバーザムだった。
dangerous-insects.blog.jp/archives/72833… pic.twitter.com/6HBmOcD1QL

— 中北晃二 (@bing_chang) 2017年6月6日 - 16:49

This machine prints out brick roads. pic.twitter.com/yHLxAlpRyW

— INSIDER (@thisisinsider) 2017年6月26日 - 11:30

【テングモウミウシ】

光合成をおこなう事ができるウミウシ。
体長は5ミリ程で、日本やインドネシア、フィリピンなどの浅い海に生息しています。
未だに解明されていないことの多い生き物でもあります。 pic.twitter.com/cf6PWvBYSL

— 二度見するほど美しい生き物 (@nidomi_bea) 2017年6月23日 - 12:00

【出展のお知らせ】◯山猫屋の山猫展その弍 5/26〜6/7 (6/1はお休み) yamanekosy.exblog.jp/26682801/ 山猫は山猫屋さんの看板猫を抱いているイメージで作りました。台の本は『注文の多い料理店』と『どんぐりと… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— 松本浩子○百々猫堂 (@momonekodou) 2017年5月25日 - 22:44

『山猫屋の山猫展 その弐』 出展作品紹介
小澤康麿さん『山ねこと山猫』 pic.twitter.com/AVvNPiHSR8

— 山猫屋 猫ものの店と小さなギャラリー (@yamanekosy) 2017年5月31日 - 18:25

発掘で色々出てきたので、供養シリーズ第10弾「#ガンダム0080 #ポケットの中の戦争」それまでにあまりやられてなかった爆発の描き方や、メカの巨大感など色々試行錯誤した作品。今見るとキャラは鬼太郎のクセが残っててヘンテコな絵になっ… twitter.com/i/web/status/8…

— 磯光雄IsoMitsuo (@IsoMitsuo) 2017年6月26日 - 10:08

なおこの「#ガンダム0080 #ポケットの中の戦争」は8月末にBlu-rayBOXが発売されます!新録コメンタリ、特製ブックレットなど豪華特典。名誉なことに私もちょっとだけ設定とインタビューが載ります。現在絶賛予約受け付け中!
gundam0080.net

— 磯光雄IsoMitsuo (@IsoMitsuo) 2017年6月26日 - 10:09

改めて映画ドットコムの記事見たら、ジャンプ以外の価値基準のないヤバイ人感があるな。もっと色々な映画なり見た方がいいかも。

— デスウンコさん (@funbolt) 2017年6月27日 - 22:17
          Responsable ventas On Line - SANTOS IMPORT, S.L. - Tomiño, Pontevedra   
Gestión redes sociales. Gestión de las redes sociales y análisis de datos. Empresa especializada en venta de juguetes con presencia en España y Portugal busca...
De Indeed - Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:55:07 GMT - Ver todo: empleo en Tomiño, Pontevedra
          01/07/2017: FRONT PAGE: Sinn Fein urges PM and Taoiseach to join crisis talks   
THE Democratic Unionists have ridiculed a Sinn Fein call for the Prime Minister and Taoiseach to intervene in Stormont’s crisis talks, insisting the Republicans “don’t need anyone to hold their hands”. DUP negotiator Edwin Poots was responding to the...
          Matan a mando de la PGJ-Michoacán   
Rogelio Arredondo, director de Investigación y Análisis en Morelia de la Procuraduría estatal, fue ejecutado anoche cerca de su domicilio.
          Democrats Need To Recognize That Obama Screwed Over The Working Class   
Liberals see Obama as an economic savior who stopped a financial crisis, created scores of (crappy or part time) jobs, and did his best to fight for the little guy. That’s what the Left says. Stoller added that the evidence presents a different picture and one that offers a reason why Trump beat Hillary Clinton last November. For starters, Obama allowed the banks for foreclose on nearly 10 million homes, favored creditors over borrowers when both probably should have been shouldering the burden of the housing crisis together, and didn’t prosecute anyone who was involved in almost setting the world...
          In The News Ross County   
We would like to take this opportunity to invite the community to call in and discuss local topics. Who's hiring? Opioid crisis. Restaurant reviews. Local weather. Local upcoming events. 7/01/17 @ 630 pm
          Crisis Action: NO CA NO FPS APK   
Crisis Action: NO CA NO FPS

-- Delivered by Feed43 service


          DEA Seeks Prosecutors To Fight Opioid Crisis; Critics Fear Return To War On Drugs   
The Drug Enforcement Administration has proposed hiring its own prosecutor corps to bring cases related to drug trafficking, money laundering and asset forfeiture — a move that advocacy groups warn could exceed the DEA's legal authority and reinvigorate the 1980s-era war on drugs. Citing the epidemic in opioid-related overdoses, the DEA said it wants to hire as many as 20 prosecutors to enhance its resources and target the biggest offenders. The DEA said the new force of lawyers "would be permitted to represent the United States in criminal and civil proceedings before the courts and apply for various legal orders." The agency would use money it gets from companies that manufacture and dispense certain kinds of prescription drugs under the federal Controlled Substances Act. The agency's proposal, published in the federal register in March , received little if any public attention. But it would represent the first time the DEA had its own, dedicated prosecutors to go after drug-related
          Comment on Porn Is Not A Public Health Crisis by Anonymous   
true
          The Next Pandemic Is Nearly Upon Us and Bill Gates Is Positioned to Enormously Profit   
The Next Pandemic Is Nearly Upon Us and Bill Gates Is Positioned to Enormously Profit
SOURCE

"...because Fatima is a very apocalyptic message. It says that no matter what happens there are going to be terrible wars, there are going to be diseases, whole nations are going to be wiped out, there are going to be 3 days darkness, there are going to be epidemics that will wipe out whole nations overnight (great culling), parts of the earth will be washed away at sea and violent tornadoes and storms. It's not a nice message at all." ~Fr Malachi Martin on portions of the real 3rd secret of Fatima
My oh my, we may be getting glimpse into how the Deep State will ultimately respond to the extreme scrutiny that they are undergoing. The Deep State is losing control of the narrative and they desperately need a game-changer. And the following may very well represent what is coming.

Bill Gates and the Discovery Channel are Promoting a New Show on Pandemics As a Threat to Humanity

The Discovery Channel is airing a show on July 6th which details how easy it would be for a pandemic to wipe out a significant amount of humanity. The content of the show is not newsworthy unto itself. However, when they bring the richest man in the world, who has made a large portion of his wealth from vaccines, come in and promote the show’s trailer, namely Bill Gates, that is worth noting.
Bill Gates is certainly no stranger to the subject of pandemics and it is interesting that he is featured in such a prominent manner.



If I wanted to obtain credibility on a widespread basis, I would not be selecting Bill Gates to promote anything that has to do with health, particularly in the arena of health administration. The old saying, “with friends like this, who needs enemies”, certainly applies. Please consider what Bill Gates previously did on a mass scale to young women in India. The following is from Natural News:
“In 2009, the tribal children of the Khammam district in Andhra Pradesh were gathered together and told they would be receiving healthcare shots. Even though the Gates foundation has the wealth to give these tribes access to clean water, sanitation services, nutrition and low stress living conditions, they instead push for HPV vaccines and call them “well-being” shots. The shot these young girls received was an HPV vaccine manufactured by Merck and administered by the state’s health department. The young girls, aged 9–15, were instructed to line up for three doses of the vaccine. As the months rolled on, the health of the 16,000 girls rapidly deteriorated. Five of the girls died shortly thereafter.
In Vadodara, Gujarat, another 14,000 or more tribal children were put to the test. This time the Gates Foundation carried out their humanitarian healthcare mission by providing the HPV vaccine called Cervarix, made by Glaxo SmithKline.
Giving no informed consent, the Gates Foundation coerced the tribal people on the belief that the shots were beneficial and necessary. However, when virus material, heavy metals and other preservatives foreign to the body are injected into young, developing women, drastic changes are bound to occur in their bodies. Having no idea that they were being signed up for vaccine trials, thousands of young girls were injected with these experimental vaccines purported to prevent cervical cancer.
Instead of seeing their health improve, the tribes reported numerous, bizarre adverse events in the days, weeks and months following vaccination. Young girls in India lost weight, appetite and stamina. 16-year-old Aman Dhawan had no idea he was even signed up for the vaccine trial. Soon thereafter he began to lose weight and energy, as the life was sucked right out of him. The same problem broke out among girls in Colombia, where the same vaccine had been doled out to the young girls there”.
Again, with friends like this, who needs enemies?

A New Pandemic Is the Fulfillment of Gates Self-Appointed Destiny

On February 28, 2013, Bill Gates appeared on the Charlie Rose Show and he was as candid as a globalist could be. On the show, Gates indicated that he has contributed large sums of money to numerous causes such as the Global Polio Eradication Initiative originally launched in 1988 by the World Health Organization (WHO), the CDC, and UNICEF.
Gates expressed his love affair with vaccines and his clear intention to reduce the world’s population when he stated the following:
 “The world today has 6.8 billion people… that’s headed up to about 9 billion. Now if we do a really great job on new vaccines, health care, reproductive health services, we could lower that by perhaps 10 or 15 percent.”

Quite clearly, Gates is a devoted subscriber to Eugenics and depopulation. On his television show, Charlie Rose asked Gates the following question:

“You mentioned the five or a six year plan the new initiative has learning from old lessons and therefore, coming up with new approaches. What are the new approaches?”
To that question, Bill Gates answered:
“Well, we’re able to use new technology like satellite photos to see are there people moving around, nomadic roots. You know we see if when we go out to get all the children, if there’s some settlement areas that we’ve actually missed. We also put a – – a phone in the vaccine box they carry around that looks where they’re located every three minutes and so it has that GPS data. At the end of the day you plug that in and compare it to where they were asked to go, and you can see if you’re – you’re really covering all the kids.”
Gates is clearly advocating for an extreme Orwellian society that will be monitored and targeted for vaccinations that do more harm than good. The ultimate goal is depopulation, not saving lives. Unfortunately for the fate of humanity, Gates seems to know something ominous is coming our way when we consider what Gates recently wrote in the New York Times.

Bill Gates Writes for the New York Times

On March 18, 2015, the King of vaccinations  wrote an editorial piece in the New York Times in which he stated that the “Ebola epidemic in West Africa has killed more than 10,000 people. If anything good can come from this continuing tragedy, it is that Ebola can awaken the world to a sobering fact: We are simply not prepared to deal with a global epidemic“.
Gates also stated the following:
“As menacing as Ebola was this past year, other pandemics are a greater threat to the human race.
The Ebola epidemic in West Africa has killed more than 10,000 people. If anything good can come from this continuing tragedy, it is that Ebola can awaken the world to a sobering fact: We are simply not prepared to deal with a global epidemic.
Of all the things that could kill more than 10 million people around the world…there are many things worse than Ebola”
Gates spoke about the deadly Spanish Flu and other epidemics which could (probably will) serve to threaten humanity. Frighteningly and prophetically, Gates is advocating for the United Nations should “fund a global institution” to coordinate the efforts to conduct mass vaccinations. Would anyone like to place a bet that the new round of vaccinations will be mandatory? The United Nations and the World Health Organization would be in charge according to Gates. After all, according to Gates, Ebola was terrible, but next time, “it could be much worse“.

Gates Has Already Put His Money Where His Mouth Is

Can we only imagine the enormous profits that can be realized by vaccinating every child in the third world? If we apply Gates’ penchant for investing in causes which produce a hefty “return on investment” (ROI) then one could reasonably suspect that Gates is positioning himself to profit on the $50 million he has invested in the Ebola cause which conveniently includes the CDC, the holder of the patent for Ebola and this is just one small example of how Gates has positioned himself to enormously profit from a pandemic:

“When an unsuspecting public is finally told of the existence of an Ebola vaccine, coupled with the fact that the Global Fund will be in charge of the distribution of the vaccine. Interestingly, Bill Gates has donated a total of $560 million dollars to the Global Fund. The Global Fund has also positioned themselves to be in charge of the distribution of the “newly developed”, and not yet announced vaccines for TB and HIV.  Since the goal is the vaccination of every man, woman and child on the planet with multiple vaccines, Gates’ $560 million contribution to the Global Fund is chump change compared to the expected ROI…”

If one really wants to get conspiratorial, consider that back in 2014 I previously published an article entitled:

The CDC, NIH & Bill Gates Own the Patents On Existing Ebola & Related Vaccines: Mandatory Vaccinations Are Near

Predictive Programming Supports Gates’ Prepositioning to Profit from an Engineered Pandemic

TNT is currently home to a very popular show known as The Last Ship. From a technical standpoint, the show is very well constructed particularly with regard to the military protocols embedded within the story line. The show is based on an engineered pandemic which sweeps the planet and destroys 80% of humanity. Interestingly, the show contains a sub-theme in which a group of people who are immune to the pandemic, ban together to try and form a “master race”  and also kill off the vulnerable at the same time as they try and enhance the spreading of the pandemic.
In the show’s plot a “vaccine” is developed as a cure. Bill Gates must be jumping up and down for joy at the storyline since this man virtually controls all vaccines on the planet.  Here is a further description of the show which takes on new meaning now that the discussion of a potential pandemic is taking place in combination with the Discovery Channel’s exploration, guided by Gates, into this topic. Here is a brief discussion of the show, The Last Ship.


In the first three seasons of the Last Ship, it has always debuted in June. I find it more than interesting that the season premiere has been delayed until after the Discovery Channel’s show with Bill Gates on pandemics.
TNT has chosen Sunday, August 20th,  for the fourth season premiere of its epic drama series The Last Ship. Also, I find it interesting that the show was renewed for two years which guarantees a 5th year. When have you ever seen a show be renewed for two years at a time?

Conclusion

If I were to don my conspiracy hat, which is easy to do when Bill Gates is in the neighborhood, it appears that humanity being prepared for the inevitable pandemic which will wipe out any real resistance to the Deep State.
What does this mean for the United States and for your family. Fortunately, the Obama administration left behind several documents which tells us what we are all facing and this will the future topic of these particular revelations. In the meantime, monitor your news for preliminary snippets of a coming pandemic.

RELATED:
http://tradcatknight.blogspot.com/2016/05/3rd-secret-of-fatima-epidemics.html 


Dr. Tenpenny "Global Forced Vaccines; Conspiracy Or Reality?  



          Antipope Francis: VIRI PROBATI, MARRIED PRIESTS    
Antipope Francis: VIRI PROBATI, MARRIED PRIESTS 
SOURCE
 The discussion about viri probati [men of proven faith and virtue] is surfacing again, this time in England. As we know, there have been many progressivists advocating the admission of married laymen of an advanced age into the priesthood. The alleged reason is that they would help to assuage the dramatic insufficiency of priests caused by the gap of vocations to the priesthood. So, in an attempt to resolve this and other problems caused by Vatican II – closing of churches, merging of parishes – the solution would be to open the door of the priesthood to married old men.



fr married priest 
Precedent set with Anglican married priests who become Catholic, above, Fr. Harris with his family; below, Fr. Bart Stevens, wife and children
married Catholic priest
Would, then, the celibacy law be abolished for priests? This straightforward question is what the promoters of the idea of viri probati want to avoid. They try to circumvent this embarrassing question by saying: “These men, some of them already deacons, would make a commitment not to live with their wives…”

So, we would have married men who de facto would not live the matrimonial life, a sort of provisory chastity or continence inside marriage. This norm of chastity, however, would not be obligatory, but voluntary. Thus, the problem returns: It would be a breach in the rule of celibacy, but preferably those new priests would not have a matrimonial life.

Another “exception” to the rule of priestly celibacy came from the acceptance by Benedict XVI of converted Anglican “priests,” who were re-ordained and became Catholic priests. They were/are married and brought wives and children to their new rectories.

These ex-Anglican priests created a paradoxical situation for the Church. They are married priests in good standing with Rome. However, in the last 50 years a Catholic priest who wanted to marry has been required to leave the priesthood.

Since the number of ex-priests who have married after Vatican II is considerable – about 90,000 of the 413,418 priests in 2015, according to a credible source – the argument is now being advanced that, since the Church received ex-Anglican priests with their wives, she should also open her door also to this large group so that they can return to their ministry and help resolve the priest shortage.

In brief, the “solutions” to resolve the crisis of vocations and the insufficiency of priests are:

  • To accept married viri probati;
  • To reintroduce into priesthood ex-priests who left it to marry.
  • For the adoption of both “solutions” the precedent of accepting married ex-Anglicans as Catholic priests is of importance.
With this overview as background, the reader is in proper conditions to evaluate the recent interview Bishop Chrispian Hollis – retired Bishop of Portsmouth, England – gave to National Catholic Reporter. (June 16, 2017, pp. 1, 6, 7)


fr hollis 
Bishop Hollis: ‘I want to ordain married men’
Bishop Hollis speaks unambiguously about what he desires: “I want us to be able to ordain suitable married men.” He believes a commission should be established among the Bishops of the England and Wales to discuss the issue: This commission could look for the best way that this could be achieved. “We cannot go into this question blindly,” he says. “There needs to be a responsible discussion within the Church as broadly based as possible.”

Although a proponent of opening discussions on ordaining married priests, Hollis concurs that ultimately the decision to do so falls to Pope Francis. According to the English Bishop, Francis shows an openness to ordaining married men; he believes the Pope is just “waiting for a compelling case to be put before him.” (NCR, ibid.)

Hollis knows that Pope Francis is standing behind a similar solution (here and here).

Indeed, when the Encyclical Laudato Si’ was being prepared, Francis received at the Vatican Bishop Erwin Kräutler of Xingu in the Brazilian rainforest.

After the meeting on 5 April, 2014, Bishop Kräutler gave an interview to the daily Salzburger Nachrichten in which he declared the Pope was open-minded about finding solutions for the shortage of priests in areas like his Diocese. I reproduce his words:

“I told him [the Pope] that as Bishop of Brazil’s largest diocese with 800 church communities and 700,000 faithful I only had 27 priests, which means that our communities can only celebrate the Eucharist twice or three times a year at the most. The Pope explained that he could not take everything in hand personally from Rome. We local Bishops, who are best acquainted with the needs of our faithful, should be courageous and make concrete suggestions,” he said.

A Bishop should not act alone, the Pope told Kräutler. Francis indicated that “regional and national Bishops’ Conferences should seek and find consensus on reform, and then we should bring up our suggestions for reform in Rome,” Kräutler said.

Asked whether he had raised the question of ordaining married men at the audience, Bishop Kräutler replied: “The ordination of viri probati, that is, of proven married men who could be ordained to the priesthood, came up when we were discussing the plight of our communities. The Pope himself told me about a Diocese in Mexico in which each community had a deacon, but many had no priest. There were 300 deacons there who naturally could not celebrate the Eucharist. The question was how things could continue in such a situation.

krautler francis
Bishop Kräutler with Francis at the Vatican
“It was up to the Bishops to make suggestions, the Pope said again.”

Bishop Kräutler was asked whether it now depended on Bishops’ Conferences as to whether Church reforms proceeded or not. “Yes,” he replied. “After my personal discussion with the Pope I am absolutely convinced of this.” (The Tablet, April 10, 2014)

Also Card. Pietro Parolin, today Vatican’s Secretary of State and then Apostolic Nuncio to Venezuela, told El Universal newspaper in September 2013 that priestly celibacy “is not part of Church dogma and the issue is open to discussion because it is an ecclesiastical tradition.” “Modifications can be made, but these must always favor unity and God’s will,” he said. “God speaks to us in many different ways. We need to pay attention to this voice that points us towards causes and solutions, for example the clergy shortage.” (The Tablet, ibid.)

It is not difficult to see that the wall of priestly celibacy is on the brink of collapsing. The right Pope and Secretary of State are in right place to do it; the precedents – ex-Anglican married priests – were duly arranged by Benedict XVI; the viri probati are ready and waiting to enter the scene using the pretext of the priest shortage of Amazonia in Brazil. What follows next will be a blitz of married priests being re-introduced into their abandoned ministries.

It will be another multi-century wall in the Catholic Church – priestly celibacy – that will be destroyed by Progressivism as it proceeds on the path toward the complete demolition of the Mystical Body of Christ.

God’s intervention is near. 




Fr. Kramer "Apostate Antipope Francis & One World Religion" 

          CERN Breaking Records With Unprecedented Number of Particles In Record Time    
CERN Breaking Records With Unprecedented Number of Particles In Record Time 
CERN is the evil program which will literally open the "gates of hell".   Our Lady said to wear her scapular and pray her rosary but how FEW take this message seriously.  I guess that is why 3/4 of the world will die in the 3 days of darkness...
Apocalypse 9: 1-5 with St. Jerome's commentary: "And the fifth angel sounded the trumpet, and I saw a star fall from heaven upon the earth, and there was given to him the key of the bottomless pit. [2] And he opened the bottomless pit: and the smoke of the pit arose, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened with the smoke of the pit. [3] And from the smoke of the pit there came out locusts upon the earth. And power was given to them, as the scorpions of the earth have power: [4] And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree: but only the men who have not the sign of God on their foreheads. [5] And it was given unto them that they should not kill them; but that they should torment them five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion when he striketh a man. 

[1] "A star fall": This may mean the fall and apostasy of great and learned men from the true faith. Or a whole nation falling into error and separating from the church, not having the sign of God in their foreheads.
[1] "The key of the bottomless pit": That is, to the angel, not to the fallen star. To this angel was given the power, which is here signified by a key, of opening hell.
[3] "There came out locusts": These may be devils in Antichrist's time, having the appearance of locusts, but large and monstrous, as here described. 




An unprecedented number of particles has been reached in record time. Just five weeks after physics resumed, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is already running at full throttle. On Wednesday 28 June 2017 the LHC established yet another record-breaking high, with 2556 proton bunches circulating in each direction of the accelerator. The beams in the LHC are made up of bunches of protons, spaced seven metres (25 nanoseconds) apart, with each one containing more than 100 billion protons. 2556 is the maximum possible number of bunches that can be reached with the beam preparation method currently used.
The particle bunches that are delivered to the LHC are prepared and accelerated by a chain of four accelerators. Since last year, a new method to group and split the bunches enables the particles to be squeezed even closer together. With an equal number of protons, the beam diameter was reduced by 40 per cent. Denser bunches means a higher probability of collisions at the centre of the experiments.
This success has led to a new luminosityrecord for the LHC of 1.58x1034 cm-2s-1. This figure may not mean much to most of us, but it's crucial for the accelerator's experts. It measures the number of potential collisions per second and per unit of area . This new peak luminosity surpasses initial expectations defined by the original designs for the LHC, which hoped it could reach a maximum of 1x1034cm-2s-1.
A higher luminosity means more collisions for the experiments collecting data: in just a few weeks ATLAS and CMS stored more than 6 inverse femtobarns, over an eighth of the total anticipated for the whole year.
Nevertheless, the operators cannot sit on their hands. Many parameters can be tuned to further improve the luminosity.
Next week, the LHC and its experiments will take a short break for the first of the two technical stops planned for the year. This will be an opportunity to carry out maintenance.

RELATED:
 http://tradcatknight.blogspot.com/2015/03/cern-gateway-to-hell.html
 http://tradcatknight.blogspot.com/2015/07/nephilim-to-return-cern-talmud-3-days.html



THE THREE DAYS OF DARKNESS

 Marie-Julie announced the three days of darkness during which the infernal powers will be loosed and will execute all the enemies of God. "The crisis will explode suddenly; the punishments will be shared by all and will succeed one another without interruption ..." [January 4, 1884] "The three days of darkness will be on a THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY. Days of the Most Holy Sacrament, of the Cross and Our Lady ... three days less one night."

"The earth will be covered in darkness", says Our Lady on 20th of September 1882, "AND HELL WILL BE LOOSED ON EARTH. Thunder and lightning will cause those who have no faith or trust in My Power, to die of fear."

"During these three days of terrifying darkness, no windows must be opened, because no one will be able to see the earth and the terrible colour it will have in those days of punishment without dying at once ..."

"The sky will be on fire, the earth will split ... During these three days of darkness let the blessed candle be lighted everywhere, no other light will shine ..."

"NO ONE OUTSIDE A SHELTER.. will survive. The earth will shake as at the judgment and fear will be great. Yes, We will listen to the prayers of your friends; NOT ONE WILL PERISH. We will need them to publish the glory of the Cross ..." [December 8, 1882]

"THE CANDLES OF BLESSED WAX ALONE WILL GIVE LIGHT during this horrible darkness. ONE CANDLE alone will be enough for the duration of this night of hell ... In the homes of the wicked and blasphemers these candles will give NO LIGHT."

"And Our Lady states: "Everything will shake except the piece of furniture on which the blessed candle is burning. This will not shake. You will all gather around with the crucifix and my blessed picture. This is what will keep away this terror."

"During this darkness the devils and the wicked will take on THE MOST HIDEOUS SHAPES ... red clouds like blood will move across the sky. The crash of the thunder will shake the earth and sinister lightning will streak the heavens out of season. The earth will be shaken to its foundations. The sea will rise, its roaring waves will spread over the continent. .."

 "THE EARTH WILL BECOME LIKE A VAST CEMETERY. The bodies of the wicked and the just will cover the ground."

"Three-quarters of the population of the globe will disappear. Half the population of France will be destroyed."


"And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church (Catholic), and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it."
[Matthew 16:18]

 

Anthony Patch "CERN: Opening The GateWay To Hell"




          EXODUS II: Escaping the New World Order (Part TWO)   


EXODUS II:  Escaping the New World Order (Part TWO)
By:  Eric Gajewski

There are still so many people who are ignorant of the New World Order.  What do I mean when I say a New World Order and what is the Old World Order?  The Old World Order was Christendom.  We will only have true peace in this world once hearts come back to Christ and the Catholic Faith through the Blessed Virgin Mary.  There is NO other path.  A good portion of the world was once unified in Faith in the Catholic religion but over centuries due to heresy Christendom has been broken down.  The Gospel of our Lord has been replaced by Vatican II and a “feel good humanitarianism” which is only paving the way for the False Prophet and Antichrist.  It is void of the true Gospel and Faith.  How do we escape all that which surrounds us today? Whether it be false doctrine or the immoral filth being shoved down our throats.  Let me now continue on in this analysis between the crisis of Moses time and our own.  


Connection between Exodus 4:12 and Luke 21:15. God’s own then were being persecuted as so are we now.  We now have a hierarchy so theologically clueless that they are willing to give real Catholics new labels such as fundamentalist or Pharisaical.  Fortunately, Gods own then had good leadership and we have a hope of the great Pope to come to lead us through this tribulation as Moses once did.  Moses led His people through the Red sea and so will Peter II.  We shall arrive in the Promised Land safely passing through the two pillars of victory The Immaculate Heart of Mary and the Eucharist.  Nevertheless, see how in Exodus 4:12 God is telling Moses not to worry about what to say to the Pharao and persecutor’s.  God is telling His own the same now.  We have not seen anything yet in terms of the great persecution this is still to come leading up to the arrival of Antichrist and during the Great Tribulation.  The Holy Ghost will talk we must simply remain in patience to win our souls.  Faithfulness.

   All pledging their allegiance to the NWO and Antichrist Maitreya


 
The Abomination of Desolation: Maitreya's Image 

Notable traditional catholic apologist Kathleen Keating says Maitreya is Antichrist as well
Exodus 5:1 Let my people go that they might sacrifice.  We now have an attack coming from the highest authorities of the Church on the true Mass.  The contrived New Mass is not Catholic and pertains to the Conciliar Church.  A Conciliar Church which so adamantly stands behind “its cult of man” (FreeMasonry) principles and would even claim those not willing to submit to be heretical.  “The Church will be punished because the majority of Her members, high and low, will become so perverted. The Church will sink deeper and deeper until She will at last seem to be extinguished, and the succession of Peter and the other Apostles to have expired. But, after this, She will be victoriously exalted in the sight of all doubters.”   St. Nicholas von Flue (15th century)  We have a supposed Pope who doesn’t even believe in a Catholic God now attacking “traditionalist’s” left and right!  When shall we escape?  Perhaps when Catholics turn from the world and begin to see things through the eyes of God.  Those mixing themselves up with the world will find themselves in hell one day and sadly we so many on this path.  Modern “Catholics” seek a happiness which is not from God.  They do not want to embrace their cross like the Saints and thus they follow along in false obedience blindly to Vatican II and its feel good humanitarian gospel.  The Church is going underground but we shall still Sacrifice.  And the churches too will wail with a mighty lamentation, because neither oblation nor incense is attended to, nor a service acceptable to God; but the sanctuaries of the churches will become like a garden-watcher's hut, and the Holy Body and Blood of Christ will not be shown in those days. The public service of God shall be extinguished.”  St. Hippolytus (3rd century)

Mark of the Beast: New Age Luciferian Initiation 

Exodus 5:2  Who is the Lord that I should listen.  The Jews/Synagogue of Satan want nothing to do with the true God.  They put Him to death and now seek their New World Order who will be headed religiously by the False Prophet, who, thus, takes orders form the Antichrist.  Why should we listen to the Lord they are saying.  For this is not their “god”.  They are building a new world order largely on economics which the post Vatican II popes have supported.  Our supposed very own are in on the game objectively speaking.  This is why so many Catholics refuse to believe we are in an apostasy.  They say God would never allow something like this!  Oh yes He would and its found in Scripture, Tradition and approved Marian revelations!  They too don’t want to listen nor see the truth largely and thus we find ourselves in the endgame.  When Planet X passes and the sign of the son of man is seen up above the Jews and the whole world will see that I AM is coming and that He is in control.  Largely, we are in this mess because Christians take too much pleasure in this world and could truly care less about the work necessary to save their own soul.  It is a poor exchange the temporal now for the everlasting later.



AGE OF DECEIT* (FULL) Fallen Angels and the New World Order 


Exodus 6:4 God’s Covenant.  It continues on with His Catholic Church.  We know He is with us and His Church until the very end.  Matthew 16: 18 confirms this.  CERN, the Antichrist, and all the enemies of the Church cannot defeat that which is Divine.  Fatima records this continuation of the Covenant with His people.  “In the end My Immaculate Heart will triumph”.  Through, the Blessed Virgin Mary the Church continues on in Faith.  What is interesting to note is that the Church Fathers teach the Jews will convert to Catholicism in the end.  Specially over the preaching/finding of the Ark.  Is this not our Lady?  We must pray for the faithless to become of the Faith through Our model of Faith the Blessed Virgin Mary.  It is through her intercession that they shall see clearly in the final analysis.   

Fr. Kramer: Fatima, Church History & Present Crisis  

Exodus 6:6 God delivers.  I touched upon this briefly last installment.  It is not going to be “traditionalists” who save the day for the Church.  No, this crisis is FAR worse than the Arian crisis.  They have their false doctrines in place and a decent number of prelates are truly working for the enemy objectively speaking.  The others just follow in ignorance or in false obedience.  It is going to be God with His mighty Arm which is going to shake this world and deliver us from the enemy.  Make no mistake we still have to do our part in union with the immaculate and Sacred Heart but ultimately Redemption will come once again through the Christ via the Immaculate Heart.  Her mantle covers and His Heart shews forth Fire.  Those who spend little time in prayer are going to have a rude awakening soon as the whole world literally collapses around us.  I prove this daily in my work with all the signs of the end.  To make it through the days ahead you are going to need Faith more greater than the size of a mustard seed.  You are going to need a full tree, therefore, look for those opportunities in your life that God is giving you the opportunity to grow.

The Antichrist Is Here And Soon To Appear 

TradCatKnight: Triumph of Immaculate & Sacred Hearts  

          Brandon Smith: “Next Phase of Collapse Will Include the End of the Dollar as We Know It”   
Brandon Smith: “Next Phase of Collapse Will Include the End of the Dollar as We Know It”
SOURCE

The Federal Reserve Is A Saboteur – And The “Experts” Are Oblivious
I have written on the subject of the Federal Reserve’s deliberate sabotage of the U.S. economy many times in the past. In fact, I even once referred to the Fed as an “economic suicide bomber.” I still believe the label fits perfectly, and the Fed’s recent actions I think directly confirm my accusations.
Back in 2015, when I predicted that the central bankers would shift gears dramatically into a program of consistent interest rate hikes and that they would begin cutting off stimulus to the U.S. financial sector and more specifically stock markets, almost no one wanted to hear it. The crowd-think at that time was that the Fed would inevitably move to negative interest rates, and that raising rates was simply “impossible.”


Many analysts, even in the liberty movement, quickly adopted this theory without question. Why? Because of a core assumption that is simply false; the assumption that the Federal Reserve’s goal is to maintain the U.S. economy at all costs or at least maintain the illusion that the economy is stable. They assume that the U.S. economy is indispensable to the globalists and that the U.S. dollar is an unassailable tool in their arsenal. Therefore, the Fed would never deliberately undermine the American fiscal structure because without it “they lose their golden goose.”
This is, of course, foolish nonsense.
Since its initial inception from 1913-1916, the Federal Reserve has been responsible for the loss of 98% of the dollar’s buying power. Idiot analysts in the mainstream argue that this statistic is not as bad as it seems because “people have been collecting interest” on their cash while the dollar’s value has been dropping, and this somehow negates or outweighs any losses in purchasing power. These guys are so dumb they don’t even realize the underlying black hole in their own argument.
IF someone put their savings into an account or into treasury bonds and earned interest from the moment the Fed began quickly undermining dollar value way back in 1959, then yes, they MIGHT have offset the loss by collecting interest. However, this argument, insanely, forgets to take into account the many millions of people who were born long after the Fed began its devaluation program. What about the “savers” born in 1980, or 1990? They didn’t have the opportunity to collect interest to offset the losses already created by the Fed. They were born into an economy where saving is inherently more difficult because a person must work much harder to save the same amount of capital that their parents saved, not to mention purchase the same items their parents enjoyed, such as a home or a car.
Over the decades, the Fed has made it nearly impossible for households with one wage earner to support a family. Today, men and women who should be in the prime of their careers and starting families are for the first time in 130 years more likely to be living at home with their parents than any other living arrangement.
People are more likely to be living with their parents now than back during time periods in which young people actually wanted to stay close to their parents to take care of them. That is to say, most young people are stuck at home because they can’t afford to do anything else, not because they necessarily want to be there.
This is almost entirely a symptom of central bank devaluation of the currency and its purchasing potential. The degradation of the American wage earner since the Fed fiat machine began killing the greenback is clear as day.
The Fed is also responsible for almost every single major economic downturn since it was established. As I have noted in the past, Ben Bernanke openly admitted that the Fed was the root cause of the prolonged economic carnage during the Great Depression on Nov. 8, 2002, in a speech given at “A Conference to Honor Milton Friedman … On the Occasion of His 90th Birthday:”
“In short, according to Friedman and Schwartz, because of institutional changes and misguided doctrines, the banking panics of the Great Contraction were much more severe and widespread than would have normally occurred during a downturn.
Let me end my talk by abusing slightly my status as an official representative of the Federal Reserve. I would like to say to Milton and Anna: Regarding the Great Depression. You’re right, we did it. We’re very sorry. But thanks to you, we won’t do it again.”
Bernanke is referring in part to the Fed’s program of raising interest rates into an economic downturn, exacerbating the situation in the early 1930’s and making the system highly unstable. He lies and says the Fed “won’t do it again;” they are doing it RIGHT NOW.
The Fed was the core instigator behind the credit and derivatives bubble that led to the crash in 2008, a crash that has caused depression-like conditions in America that we are still to this day dealing with. Through artificially low interest rates and in partnership with sectors of government, poor lending standards were highly incentivised and a massive debt trap was created. Former Fed chairman Alan Greenspan publicly admitted in an interview that the central bank KNEW an irrational bubble had formed, but claims they assumed the negative factors would “wash out.”
Yet again, a Fed chairman admits that they either knew about or caused a major financial crisis. So we are left two possible conclusions — they were too stupid to speak up and intervene, or, they wanted these disasters to occur.
Today, we are faced with two more brewing bubble catastrophes engineered by the Fed: The stock market bubble and the dollar/treasury bond bubble.
The stock market bubble is rather obvious and openly admitted at this point. As the former head of the Federal Reserve Dallas branch, Richard Fisher, admitted in an interview with CNBC, the U.S. central bank in particular has made its business the manipulation of the stock market to the upside since 2009:
“What the Fed did — and I was part of that group — is we front-loaded a tremendous market rally, starting in 2009.
It’s sort of what I call the “reverse Whimpy factor” — give me two hamburgers today for one tomorrow.”
Fisher went on to hint at his very reserved view of the impending danger:
“I was warning my colleagues, Don’t go wobbly if we have a 10 to 20 percent correction at some point… Everybody you talk to… has been warning that these markets are heavily priced.” [In reference to interest rate hikes]
The Fed “front-loaded” the incredible bull market rally through various methods, but one of the key tools was the use of near-zero interest rate overnight loans from the central bank, which corporations around the world have been exploiting since the 2008 crash to fund stock buybacks and pump up the value of stock markets. As noted by Edward Swanson, author of a study from Texas A&M on stock buybacks used to offset poor fundamentals:
“We can’t say for sure what would have happened without the repurchase, but it really looks like the stock would have kept going down because of the decline in fundamentals… these repurchases seem to hold up the stock price.”
In the initial TARP audit, an audit that was limited and never again duplicated, it was revealed that corporations had absorbed trillions in overnight loans from the Fed. It was at this time that stock buybacks became the go-to method to artificially prop up equities values.
The problem is, just like they did at the start of the Great Depression, the central bank is once again raising interest rates into a declining economy. This means that all those no-cost loans used by corporations to buy back their own stocks are now going to have a price tag attached. An interest rate of 1% might not seem like much to someone who borrows $1000, but what about for someone who borrows $1 Trillion? Yes, borrowing at ANY interest rate becomes impossible when you need that much capital to prop up your stock. The loans have to be free, otherwise, there will be no loans.
Thus, we have to ask ourselves another question; is the Fed really ignorant enough to NOT know that raising rates will kill stock markets? They openly admit that they knew what they were doing when they inflated stock markets, so it seems to me that they would know how to deflate stock markets. Therefore, if they deliberately engineered the market rally with low interest rates, it follows that they are deliberately engineering a crash in markets using higher interest rates.
Mainstream economists and investment “experts” appear rather bewildered by the Federal Reserve’s exuberance on rate hikes. Many assumed that Janet Yellen would hint at a pullback from the hike schedule due to the considerable level of negative data on our fiscal structure released over the past six months. Yellen has done the opposite. In fact, Fed officials are now stating that equities and other assets appear to be “overvalued” and that markets have become complacent. This is a major reversal from the central bank’s attitude just two years ago. The fundamental data has always been negative ever since the credit crisis began. So what has really changed?
Well, Donald Trump, the sacrificial scapegoat, is now in the White House, and, central bank stimulus has a shelf life.  They can’t prop up equities for much longer even if they wanted to. The fundamentals will always catch up with the fiat illusion. No nation in history has ever been able to print its way to prosperity or even recovery. The time is now for the Fed to pull the plug and lay blame in the lap of their mortal enemy – conservatives and sovereignty champions. They will ignore all financial reality and continue to hike. This is a guarantee.
In the Liberty Movement the major misconception is that the Fed is attempting to “catch up” to the next crash by raising interest rates so that they will be ready to stimulate again. There is no catching up to this situation. The Fed has no interest in saving stock markets or the economy. Again, the fed has raised rates before into fiscal decline (during the Great Depression), and the result was a prolonged crisis. They know exactly what they are doing.
What does the Fed gain from this sabotage? Total centralization. For example, before the Great Depression there used to be thousands of smaller private and localized banks in America. After the Great Depression most of those banks were either destroyed or absorbed by elite banking conglomerates. Banking in the U.S. immediately became a fully centralized monopoly by the majors. In a decade, they were able to remove all local competition and redundancy, making communities utterly beholden to their credit system.
The 2008 crash allowed the banking elites to introduce vast stimulus measures requiring unaccountable fiat money creation. Rather than saving America from crisis, they have expanded the crisis to the point that it will soon threaten the world reserve status of our currency. The Fed in particular has set the U.S. up not just for a financial depression, but for a full spectrum calamity which will include a considerable devaluation (yet again) of our currency’s value and resulting in extreme price inflation in necessities.
The next phase of this collapse will include the end of the dollar as we know it, making way for a new global currency system that uses the IMF’s SDR basket as a foundation. This plan is openly admitted in the elitist run magazine ‘The Economist’ in an article entitled “Get Ready For A Global Currency By 2018.
It is important to understand what the Fed actually is — the Fed is a weapon. It is a weapon used by globalists to destroy the American system at a given point in time in order to clear the way for a new single world economy controlled by a single managerial entity (most likely the IMF or BIS). This is the Fed’s purpose. The central bank is not here to save the U.S. from harm, it is here to make sure the U.S. falls in a particular manner — a controlled demolition of our fiscal structure.


The US Is Becoming A 3rd World Nation As The Economy Breaks Down: Paul Craig Roberts

 



          United Nations and World Health Organization Call for Drug Decriminalization   
American activists aren't the only ones seeking drug policy reform.

In a joint statement, the United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO) expressed their support for countries in the review and repeal of laws that criminalize drug use and possession of drugs for personal use. This joint statement, which addresses discrimination in health care settings, comes in light of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aim to “ensure that no one is left behind”.

The WHO has previously called for drug decriminalization as a necessary measure for public health but this joint statement with the UN represents another significant step in the global movement for drug decriminalization.

There is growing support for drug decriminalization – the elimination of criminal penalties for drug use and possession – in the U.S. and around the world. Leading medical, public health and human rights groups have endorsed drug decriminalization, including the International Red Cross, the American Public Health Association, American Civil Liberties Union, the NAACP and Latino Justice.

Public opinion on decriminalization has also been steadily increasing as the harms of criminalizing drugs become more apparent. Polls of presidential primary voters in MaineNew Hampshire and even South Carolina found that substantial majorities in each state support ending arrests for drug use and possession. In 2016, the first state-level decriminalization bill was introduced in Maryland and a similar version was reintroduced in 2017. 

Internationally, several countries already have some form of drug decriminalization. Portugal, most notably, decriminalized drugs back in 2001 as a response to the country’s HIV crisis and has demonstrated the vast benefits of decriminalization – substantial reductions in overdose, HIV/AIDS and addiction, all without any increase in drug use or crime.

Not only does drug decriminalization drastically reduce the number of people mired in the quicksand of the criminal justice system – it also, as the UN/WHO statement highlights, vastly improve public health. It decreases the stigma against people who use drugs and addresses the discrimination they historically face.

The harms of discrimination are only exacerbated in health settings, where it is literally a matter of life and death. Decriminalization can be the difference between a loved one getting the health services they need and a loved one being stigmatized, denied treatment and in danger of losing their life.

Drug decriminalization is a rational and fiscally sound policy rooted in health and human rights. Governments throughout the U.S. and around the world have an indisputable moral and scientific imperative to pursue it.

 

 

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          After Sy Hersh's Bombshell Investigation, Why Won't Media Tell the Real Story of Trump's Military Strike in Syria?   
Western media are continuing to do their part in the propaganda war on Syria.

If you wish to understand the degree to which the supposedly free western media are constructing a world of half-truths and deceptions to manipulate their audiences, keeping us uninformed and pliant, there could hardly be a better case study than their treatment of Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative journalist Seymour Hersh.

All of these highly competitive, for-profit, scoop-seeking media outlets separately took identical decisions: first to reject Hersh’s latest investigative report, and then to studiously ignore it once it was published in Germany last Sunday. They have continued to maintain an absolute radio silence on his revelations, even as over the past few days they have given a great deal of attention to two stories on the very issue Hersh’s investigation addresses.

These two stories, given such prominence in the western media, are clearly intended to serve as “spoilers” to his revelations, even though none of these publications has actually informed their readers of his original investigation. We are firmly in looking-glass territory.

So what did Hersh’s investigation reveal? His sources in the U.S. intelligence establishment told him the official narrative that Syria’s Bashar Assad had dropped deadly sarin gas on the town of Khan Sheikhoun on April 4 was incorrect. Instead, they said, a Syrian plane dropped a bomb on a meeting of jihadi fighters that triggered secondary explosions in a storage depot, releasing a toxic cloud of chemicals that killed civilians nearby.

One might assume that an alternative narrative of the events would be of great interest to the media, given that Donald Trump approved a military strike on Syria based on the official narrative. Hersh’s version suggests that Trump acted against the intelligence advice he received from his own officials, in a highly dangerous move that not only grossly violated international law but might have dragged Assad’s main ally, Russia, into the fray. The Syrian arena has the potential to trigger a serious confrontation between the world’s two major nuclear powers.

But in fact, the western media were supremely uninterested in the story. Hersh, once considered the journalist’s journalist, went hawking his investigation around the U.S. and UK media to no avail. In the end, he could find a home for his revelations only in Germany, in the publication Welt am Sonntag.

There are a couple of possible, though unlikely, reasons all English-language publications ignored Hersh’s story. Maybe they had evidence his inside intelligence was wrong. If so, they have yet to provide it. A rebuttal would require acknowledging Hersh’s story, and none seems willing to do that.

Or maybe the media thought it was old news and would no longer interest their readers. It would be difficult to sustain such an interpretation, but at least it has an air of plausibility—except for everything that has happened since Hersh published last Sunday. His story has spawned two clear “spoiler” responses from those desperate to uphold the official narrative. Hersh’s revelations may have been entirely uninteresting to the western media, but strangely they have sent Washington into crisis mode.

Of course, no U.S. official has addressed Hersh’s investigation directly, which might have drawn attention to it and forced western media to reference it. Instead, Washington has sought to deflect attention from Hersh’s alternative narrative and shore up the official one through misdirection. That alone should raise the alarm that we are being manipulated, not informed.

The first spoiler, made in the immediate wake of Hersh’s story, was statements from the Pentagon and White House warning that the U.S. had evidence Assad was planning yet another chemical attack on his people and that Washington would respond harshly if he did so.

Here is how the Guardian reported the U.S. threats:

The U.S. said on Tuesday that it had observed preparations for a possible chemical weapons attack at a Syrian air base allegedly involved in a sarin attack in April following a warning from the White House that the Syrian regime would ‘pay a heavy price’ for further use of the weapons.

On Friday, the second spoiler emerged. Two unnamed diplomats “confirmed” that a report by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) had found that some of the victims from Khan Sheikhoun showed signs of poisoning by sarin or sarin-like substances.

There are obvious reasons to be mighty suspicious of these stories. The findings of OPCW were already known and had been discussed for some time. There was absolutely nothing newsworthy about them.

There are also well-known problems with the findings. There was no “chain of custody”—neutral oversight—of the bodies that were presented to the organization in Turkey, as Scott Ritter, a former weapons inspector in Iraq, has noted. Any number of interested parties could have contaminated the bodies before they reached OPCW. For that reason, OPCW has not concluded that the Assad regime was responsible for the traces of sarin. In the world of real news, only such a finding—that Assad was responsible—should have made the OPCW report interesting again to the media.

Similarly, by going public with their threats against Assad, the Pentagon and White House did not increase the deterrence on Assad, making it less likely he would use gas in the future. That could have been achieved much more effectively with private warnings to the Russians, who have massive leverage over Assad. These new warnings were meant not for Assad but for western publics, to bolster the official narrative that Hersh’s investigation had thrown into doubt.

In fact, the U.S. threats increase, rather than reduce, the chances of a new chemical weapons attack. Other anti-Assad actors now have a strong incentive to use chemical weapons in false-flag operation to implicate Assad, knowing that the U.S. has committed itself to intervention. On any reading, the U.S. statements were reckless—or malicious—in the extreme and likely to bring about the exact opposite of what they were supposed to achieve.

But beyond this, there was something even more troubling about these two stories. That these official claims were published so unthinkingly in major outlets is bad enough. But what is unconscionable is the media’s continuing blackout of Hersh’s investigation when it speaks directly to the two latest news reports.

No serious journalist could write up either story, according to any accepted norms of journalistic practice, and not make reference to Hersh’s claims. They are absolutely relevant to these stories. In fact, more than that, the intelligence sources he cites are not only relevant but are the reason these two stories have been suddenly propelled to the top of the news agenda.

Any publication that has covered either the White House-Pentagon threats or the rehashing of the OPCW report and has not mentioned Hersh’s revelations is writing nothing less than propaganda in service of a western foreign policy agenda trying to bring about the illegal overthrow of the Syrian government. And so far that appears to include every single U.S. and UK mainstream newspaper and TV station.

 

 

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          By 2100, Refugees Would Be the Most Populous Country on Earth   
Poverty and deadly wars are the major drivers of displacement.

The UN Refugee Agency has announced the new figures for the world’s displaced: 65.9 million. That means that 65.9 million human beings live as refugees, asylum seekers or as internally displaced people. If the refugees formed a country, it would be the 21st largest state in the world, just after Thailand (68.2 million) and just ahead of the United Kingdom (65.5 million). But unlike these other states, refugees have few political rights and no real representation in the institutions of the world.

The head of the UN Refugee Agency, Filippo Grandi, recently said that most of the displacement comes as a result of war. "The world seems to have become unable to make peace," Grandi said. "So you see old conflicts that continue to linger, and new conflicts erupting, and both produce displacement. Forced displacement is a symbol of wars that never end."

Few continents are immune from the harsh reality of war. But the epicenter of war and displacement is along the axis of the Western-driven global war on terror and resource wars. The line of displacement runs from Afghanistan to South Sudan with Syria in between. Eyes are on Syria, where the war remains hot and the tensions over escalation intensify daily. But there is as deadly a civil war in South Sudan, driven in large part by a ferocious desire to control the country’s oil. Last year, 340,000 people fled South Sudan for refugee camps in neighboring Uganda. This is a larger displacement than from Syria.

Poverty is a major driver of displacement. It is what moves hundreds of thousands of people to try and cross the Sahara Desert and then the Mediterranean Sea for European pastures. But most who try this journey meet a deadly fate. Both the Sahara and the Mediterranean are dangerous. This week, the UN’s International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in Niger rescued 600 migrants from the Sahara, although 52 did not survive.

A 22-year-old woman from Nigeria was among those rescued. She was on a pick-up truck with 50 people. They left Agadez for Libya. ‘We were in the desert for ten days,’ she says. "After five days, the driver abandoned us. He left us with all of our belongings, saying he was going to pick us up in a couple of hours. But he never did." Forty-four of the migrants died. The six who remained struggled to safety. ‘We had to drink our own pee to survive,’ she said.

Getting to Libya is hard enough. But being in Libya is perilous. Violence against vulnerable migrants inside Libya continues to occur. The IOM reports the presence in Libya of ‘slave markets.’ Migrants who make it across the Sahara into Libya have told investigators that they find themselves in these slave markets where they are bought to be taken to private prisons and put to work or else sold back to their families if they can raise the high ransom payments. UNICEF reports incidents of rape and violence against women and children in these private prisons. One 15-year-old boy said of his time in a private prison, "Here they treat us like chickens. They beat us, they do not give us good water and good food. They harass us. So many people are dying here, dying from disease, freezing to death."

Danger lurks on the sea as well. This year already IOM reports least 2,108 deaths in the sea between Libya and Italy. This is the fourth year in a row that IOM has counted over 2,000 deaths by mid-year. Over the past five years, this averages out to about 10 deaths a day. Libya, broken by NATO’s war in 2011, remains a gateway for the vulnerable from various parts of Africa, countries damaged by IMF policies and by warfare. There is no expectation that the numbers of those on the march will decrease.

In a recent paper in The Lancet (June 2017), Paul Spiegel, formerly of the UN Refugee Agency suggests that the "humanitarian system was not designed to address the types of conflicts that are happening at present." With over 65 million people displaced, the various institutions of the UN and of the NGO world are simply not capable of managing the crisis.

"It is not simply overstretched," Spiegel wrote of the humanitarian system, "it is no longer fit for purpose."

These are shattering words. One problem Spiegel identifies is the assumption that refugee flows are temporary, since wars will end at some point. What happens when wars and occupations are permanent? People either have to live for generations in refugee camps or they will seek, through dangerous passages, flight to the West. He gives the example of Iran, which absorbed over a million Afghan refugees without using the camp strategy. They simply allowed the Afghans into Iranian society and absorbed them by putting money into their various social schemes (such as education and health). Spiegel also points out that refugees must be part of the designing the process for humanitarian aid. These are good suggestions, but they are not going to be possible with the limited funds available for refugees and with the crisis level of activity that detains the humanitarian agencies.

Spiegel does not deal with one of the great problems for humanitarianism: the persistence of war and the theory that more war—or the current euphemism, security—is the answer to humanitarian crises. This January, over 1,000 people tried to scale the large barrier that divides Morocco from the Spanish enclave of Ceuta. Looking at that barrier, one is reminded of the idea that walls will somehow prevent migration, a view driven by President Donald Trump. Violence met the migrants, a mirror of the violence that was visited among migrants along the spinal cord of Eastern Europe last year. Walls, police forces and military interventions are all seductive to an imagination that forgets why people migrate and that they are human beings on the run with few other options. There is a view that security barriers and security forces will raise the price of migrant and deter future migrants. This is a silly illusion. Migration is dangerous already. That has not stopped anyone. More humane thinking is necessary.

It is important therefore that the UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed told a meeting on the Sahel on June 28 that the world leaders need to "avoid a disproportionate emphasis on security" when dealing with the multiple crises in the Sahara region and north of it. "No purely military solution" can work against transnational organized crime, violent extremism and terrorism, nor against poverty and hopelessness. Underlying causes are not being addressed, and indeed the surface reactions—to bomb more—only create more problems, not less.

In the July issue of Land Use Policy, professors Charles Geisler and Ben Currens estimate that by 2100 there will be 2 billion refugees as a result of climate change. These numbers are staggering. They are an inevitable future. By then, refugees will be the largest country on earth—nomads, seeking shelter from destruction of climate and capitalism, from rising seas and wars of greed.

 

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          Google agus Gaeilge   

Google has kicked off an Endangered Languages Project. This is a site to help preserve languages that are under threat in the modern age. Half of all the world’s languages are described as being “on the verge of extinction.” 

The site details four levels of language-crisis: “at risk,” “endangered,” “severely endangered,” and “vitality unknown” (uh oh…)

Here’s how they describe and rank Irish: 

http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/3437

Anyone been on the site?

 


          Lack of energy an enemy to antibiotic-resistant microbes   
Rice University researchers "cured" a strain of bacteria of its ability to resist an antibiotic in an experiment that has implications for a long-standing public health crisis. (2013-02-12)
          ¿Mala práctica o error de conceptos?   

¿Mala práctica o error de conceptos?

Respuesta a ¿Mala práctica o error de conceptos?

De nada... yo tengo desde el 94 trabajando profesionalmente en el desarrollo, y eh pasado x muchas cosas.. y siempre el exito esta basado en hacer un excelente analisis y el diseño de la base de datos... e identificar que es lo que mas te conviene en la aplicacion y como dices por falta de tiempo a veces un recurre a algunas mañas para sacar el trabajo, en este ultimo desarrollo me hubiera gustado usar Stored Procedures pero el tiempo era muy corto, y como te digo la herramienta que estoy usando...

Publicado el 29 de Junio del 2017 por Leonardo Daniel A.

          Wealth Coach William R. Patterson - Creating Seven-Figure Profits in a Recession   
Wealth coach and best-selling author William R. Patterson appears on WTBQ 99.1 FM and AM 1110 to discuss the best wealth-building strategies for building your fortune in the midst of a historic global financial crisis. For more information, visit http://www.baronseries.com/coaching.htm This week's show topics: (1) Creating six- and seven-figure profits in a recession (2) Avoiding cost-cutting mistakes most small business owners make (3) Generating more predictable income streams in uncertain times (4) Tips for building your business cash reserve (5) Strategies for quickly increasing profitability and growing your business
          Empleo - Arquitecto/a de tecnologías de la información   
Madrid 28022, España
Modelos lógicos de gestión y desarrollo Interfaz gráfica de usuario (desarrollo de sistemas) Programación web Desarrollo de sistemas Gestión de pruebas (sistemas de datos) Integración de sistemas Gestión de proyectos Modelado de datos Bases de datos relacionales (programación) Diseño de sistemas Programa crm (gestión de relaciones con los clientes) Almacén de datos Responsabilidad presupuestaria Análisis empresarial (informática) Capacidades y ...
trabajojusto.com

          Analista Contable - Fotorama de mexico - Lomas de Chapultepec, D. F.   
* Registro, análisis y depuración de las cuentas del balance general * Registro de gastos y pasivos * Registro y cálculo de provisiones * Registro de las
De Indeed - Mon, 19 Jun 2017 16:53:20 GMT - Ver todos los empleos en Lomas de Chapultepec, D. F.
          Venezuela es la principal fuerza detrás del auge inmobiliario de Miami pese a su aguda crisis   
Venezuela sucumbe bajo una profunda crisis económica, marcada por la hiperinflación y una severa escasez de alimentos y medicinas, pero el país sudamericano sigue siendo el rey dentro del mercado … Click to Continue »
           IT expert became male escort after global financial crisis    
A former IT worker who became a male escort after 'work dried up' during the global financial crisis has opened up about his new life. Sydney-based escort, John Oh, started sex work 'for the money'
           Shocking new reality of the Calais migrant crisis    
As the holiday season approaches, hundreds of desperate refugees and determined migrants are hiding in forests around Calais in the hope of outwitting police and reaching Britain.
           ISIS blow up mosque where Baghdadi proclaimed 'caliphate'    
The Grand al-Nuri Mosque in Mosul, where ISIS leader al-Baghdad proclaimed the new Islamic caliphate in 2014, now lies in ruins (pictured), after being blown up by the jihadists.
           The Latest: Pope sacks German cardinal handling abuse cases    
VATICAN CITY (AP) - The Latest on the Catholic Church's sex abuse crisis (all times local):9 p.m.Pope Francis sacked the head of the Vatican office that...
          'Looming access crisis' threatens risky outdoor activities, climbers warn   
Risky outdoor activities that are part of the Kiwi way of life may be closed down by new health and safety laws, climbers are warning. The NZ Alpine Club has raised the alarm as local councils review access to cliffs used by rock...
          Roger Waters - IS THIS THE LIFE WE REALLY WANT?   

1. When We Were Young (1:39)
2. Déjà Vu (4:27)
3. The Last Refugee (4:12)
4. Picture That (6:47)
5. Broken Bones (4:57)
6. Is This the Life We Really Want? (5:55)
7. Bird in a Gale (5:31)
8. The Most Beautiful Girl (3:09)
9. Smell the Roses (5:15)
10. Wait for Her (4:56)
11. Oceans Apart (1:07)
12. Part of Me Died (3:14)

Tengo la mala costumbre, lo sé, de empezar ofreciendo excusas cada vez que analizo un álbum que no se ajusta exactamente al tono estilístico del blog, esto es, cada vez que el disco no tienda a lo instrumental, lo sinfónico o lo electrónico. Conociendo la mayor parte -que no la totalidad- de la obra en solitario de Roger Waters, no pensé que su nuevo álbum fuera a ir más allá de la mera noticia en lo que a su paso por este blog se refiere. Craso error, y los motivos entroncan directamente con lo que me gustaría comentar sobre el disco. Iremos por partes y no me perderé en la retórica.

Roger Waters (de Floydian Slip)

El caso es que Is This the Life We Really Want? ("¿Es esta la vida que realmente queremos?", 2017) es un álbum que surge de tres necesidades que parece tener su autor. La primera es la muy probable necesidad de tener material nuevo que presentar en directo, continuando con una larga racha en la que Waters se ha hecho de oro presentando versiones espectaculares de sus trabajos dentro de Pink Floyd, especialmente The Wall. La segunda necesidad viene del conocido compromiso del músico con numerosas causas pacifistas y anticapitalistas, cuando no directamente antisistema. El nuevo álbum es un desparrame de bilis contra el actual estado de las cosas en el mundo, nuestras vidas en exceso organizadas, nuestras convenciones burguesas y conservadoras. En mas de un momento, Waters no duda en usar lenguaje malsonante (Picture That) para expresar lo mucho que le gustaría echarse a la calle para tirar piedras a la autoridad, cuando no habla directamente (Déjà Vu) de lo mucho que le fastidia no tener ya edad para hacerlo.

Déjà Vu

Mencioné una tercera necesidad del músico para que exista este nuevo álbum, y a muchos no les gustará lo que van a leer. Creo que Roger Waters quería volver a sonar como Pink Floyd. Quería sonar como aquella banda, una de las más aclamadas de la historia, en aquellos tiempos en los que iban todos a una, antes de que todo saltara por los aires, en gran medida, a causa de las ansias de protagonismo de uno de sus miembros: el propio Waters. Las asperezas se han limado, y su excompañero y archienemigo David Gilmour ha llegado a cantar con él de nuevo por puro placer. Pelillos a la mar. Pero puede hacerse una lectura un tanto patética en los esfuerzos que hace este álbum por recrear u "homenajear" los ambientes de mitos como Meddle, The Dark Side of the Moon o el propio The Wall (todo está cuajado de grabaciones de radio y TV y efectos sonoros). No vale decir que todo es cosa del productor Nigel Godrich (habitual de Radiohead y gurú del post-rock) y su gusto por aquellos años dorados hoy tan vintage, porque una figura de la talla de Waters siempre va a tener la última palabra en cada portada que firme.

Smell the Roses

Especialmente dolorosos son los momentos en los que los solos de guitarra eléctrica quieren y no no pueden sonar como los de Gilmour, y sobre todo los fragmentos en los que los arreglos de teclado quieren y no pueden sonar como los del añorado Rick Wright. Recordemos que el mítico teclista fue literalmente expulsado de la banda y sustituido por una orquesta en The Final Cut porque, según Waters, no era lo bastante bueno para hacer lo que él quería. Is This the Life We Really Want? es el intento desesperado y no muy afortunado de Roger Waters por volver a un pasado ya irrecuperable, un Pink Floyd sin Pink y sin Floyd.

Diseño de la edición en vinilo.

Esto no significa que no recomiende el álbum, porque los aficionados al progresivo y a los Pink Floyd clásicos con menos remilgos disfrutarán como enanos. Por este motivo he querido comentar el álbum en el blog. A esto me refería al principio. Hay un gran trabajo de producción detrás de cada tema (Bird in a Gale es todo un despliegue cósmico), y Waters se ha currado tanto las letras (me ha impresionado en especial el tema homónimo al álbum) como la interpretación, con esa peculiar voz suya de cantautor cazallero. El disco se escucha con mucho agrado pese a sus referencias fallidas, y siempre podrá esgrimirse en su defensa -como ya han hecho algunos críticos- aquello de que Waters ha querido demostrar que se siente cómodo con su pasado. Ya sea entendido como homenaje, autoafirmación o revival por razones comerciales, Is This the Life We Really Want? merece como poco un par de escuchas, aunque sea por el gusto de criticarlo.

          All of these award-winning photos were taken with an iPhone   
Every year, a bunch of photographers challenge the idea that you need expensive gear to take good photos by entering the iPhone Photography Awards. The competition is exactly what it says on the label: a way to showcase the best photos taken with the best smartphone to come out of Cupertino. Thanks to the improvements that've been made in smartphone photography, this year's results are better than ever. As well as the overall awards, there are 19 categories including Animals, Landscape, Portrait and Abstract. The winners don't just get bragging rights: the overall Photographer of the Year Award winner receives an iPad Pro, the first, second and third place Photographer of the Year Award winners will each receive an Apple Watch Sport, and the first place winner in each category will be awarded a Gold Bar and the Second and Third place winners will each get a Palladium or Platinum Bar from the most recognizable private gold mint in the world. The overall winner this year was Sebastiano Tomada for "Children of Qayyarah." It's described as “Children roam the streets in Qayyarah near the fire and smoke billowing from oil wells, set ablaze by ISIS militants.” It was taken with an iPhone 6s. 1st place for Photographer of the Year went to Brendan O Se and his iPhone 6s for "Dock Worker." He said "I shot this photo on an early morning photo walk around the docks in Jakarta in April 2016. These were the hands of a dock worker who was taking a break. I was struck by the texture created by the accumulated dirt on his hands." The full list of winners and their distressingly good iPhone photos are available on the award organization's website. You should look through them, and remember the quality next time you're whining about how you really need a DSLR to get this picture just right.
          Ohio councilman: Maybe we should stop responding to repeat overdose calls   
Give Middletown Councilman Dan Picard full marks for administrative ingenuity, if nothing else. Facing rising costs from a erupting opioid crisis plaguing a US, & angry at repeat offenders, Picard offered an “outside a box” solution. Why not just let am die after three responses? All due respect to Remy & Reason, but this case […]
          ¿MALDAD O DEMENCIA ?   
¿Maldad o Demencia? “Todas las intenciones lícitas y ecuánimes son de por sí equilibradas y mesuradas; de lo contrario, se tornan sediciosas e ilícitas”. Michel de Montaigne Cuando el sábado Cristina Elizabet Fernández decidió postularse como candidata a senadora por la Provincia de Buenos Aires (al negarle la interna a Florencio Randazzo consiguió quitarse el “pre”) me pregunté qué la había movido a hacerlo. En el mundo de la política todo, absolutamente todo, es posible pero el grado de probabilidad de su ocurrencia depende de la mirada de quien lo evalúe o de hechos reales y concretos; los tiempos están llenos de “cisnes negros”. Es probable que la viuda de Kirchner salga tercera y, de tal modo, no acceda a la banca que pretende; si fuera así, si no lograra entrar, habría confirmado que se trata de un cadáver político. Y esa probabilidad crecerá geométricamente si se cuela en el imaginario de los intendentes que aún se proclaman leales a su liderazgo; como siempre, estarán dispuestos a acompañarla hasta la puerta del cementerio, pero no a enterrarse con ella. Entonces, otra vez, ¿por qué lo hizo? ¿Por los fueros parlamentarios, tan mal entendidos entre nosotros? Tampoco, ya que los hubiera obtenido más fácilmente postulándose como diputada, cargo para el cual sus probabilidades de ingresar al Congreso llegarían, sin duda, al cien por ciento. Por lo demás, esa autoprotección e impunidad que se han concedido nuestros legisladores, en contra del sentido de su origen, que sólo buscaba garantizar la libertad de expresión en el ejercicio del mandato parlamentario, cede cuando los jueces lo requieren y la Cámara a que integra el imputado lo conceden, con una mayoría especial. Pero, en tren de imaginar probabilidades, también es razonable pensar que esa cantidad de senadores, hartos de Cristina, de su corrupción desaforada y de sus modos autoritarios, y hasta en defensa propia, podría lograrse más fácilmente a partir del 10 de diciembre, claro, si al menos saliera segunda en la elección provincial. ¿Lo hizo, tal vez, para asustar a los jueces que la tienen contra las cuerdas con el fantasma de la restauración de su régimen? Puede haber sido, pero sería una jugada muy corta, ya que en octubre estará totalmente definida. El país, finalmente, ha conseguido empezar a salir de la depresión en que ingresara, precisamente, por el populismo que impulsó y justificó la aplicación de la política económica del kirchnerismo, una crisis que el Gobierno se abstuvo de denunciar al asumir. Pero el comienzo del fin del horrendo sacrificio que esas locas medidas impusieron a los argentinos y que implicaron una herencia de 30% de pobreza y 40% de inflación anual, amén de haber dejado exangüe al Banco Central, no resulta óbice para que la ahora candidata quiera destruirlo todo otra vez. ¿Por qué lo hace? ¿Todavía no está satisfecha con lo que robó a tantos, mientras los condenaba a la miseria y a la desnutrición? Con cualquiera de los “negocios” que saltan a la luz todos los días, se podría haber dado agua y cloacas a muchos de los enclaves más terribles del Conurbano, amén de construir allí escuelas y hospitales. Me refiero, precisamente, a esos en los cuales campea el tráfico de drogas y la violencia que lo circunda, producto de la sociedad que armó su régimen con los grandes carteles mexicanos, peruanos y bolivianos. Esta semana, Cristina nuevamente ha desatado la confrontación en la calle y, de continuar con el método de los encapuchados y de los palos, es más que probable que haya muertos, desangrados en el altar que cuida tan celosamente esta diosa malvada y, con seguridad, imputados al accionar represivo de un Gobierno que ha dado muestras de una absurda tolerancia, que tanto rechazo ha producido entre sus mismos adherentes. Pero que no se equivoque, porque ni Mauricio Macri, ni María Eugenia Vidal ni Horacio Rodríguez Larreta son comparables a Eduardo Duhalde frente a la muerte de Kosteki y Santillán. ¿Pretende, entonces, llevar al país a una guerra civil o, al menos, a un estado de conmoción interna? Si lo intentara demostraría que está totalmente loca, porque a los violentos que pudieran hoy intentar un disparate semejante las fuerzas de seguridad los sacarían de la calle a sopapos. ¿Y para qué lo haría?, ¿qué obtendría con ello? Desde ya, no la recuperación del poder porque al menos el 70% de nuestros connacionales tiene una pésima opinión de ella, y tampoco dispone de elementos que pudieran asegurarle el férreo y desalmado control de la realidad, como sucede en Venezuela. El mundo ha cambiado mucho desde el ábside del poder kirchnerista, cuando Cristina obtuvo el 54% de los votos en 2011. Sus principales compañeros de ruta, como Hugo Chávez Frías y Fidel Castro Ruz, han muerto; otros, como Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, Dilma Rousseff, Rafael Correa y Mahmoud Ahmadineyad han dejado ya el poder; mientras Daniel Ortega, Raúl Castro Ruz y Evo Morales se encaminan a una segura decadencia final. También se ha modificado muy gravemente en su contra el mundo financiero, que se ha hartado de la corrupción de empresas y funcionarios, y ahora lucha arduamente contra el lavado de dinero. Su viaje a Angola, a cambiar los billetes de € 500, que su miserable marido muerto gustaba coleccionar para tocar y entrar en éxtasis, por diamantes de sangre, tampoco parece ya tan fácil de replicar. Hace unos años, se hubiera podido exiliar en alguno de los países que, según declamaba, le hubiera gustado hacernos imitar; debo reconocer que nunca creí en esta opción, porque no es lo mismo pasearse con carteras Louis Vuitton por Nueva York o Paris que hacerlo en Caracas, Managua o Teherán. Hoy, ni siquiera esos destinos le resultarían asequibles, ya que en todos ellos impera la violencia más desenfrenada y el aroma a calas marchitas impregna el ambiente. ¿Qué caminos quedan, entonces, a nuestra destronada emperatriz patagónica? Difícil decirlo, a pesar de estar convencido de que todos sus bienes inmuebles en la Argentina son una mera muestra de su verdadero capital en el exterior. Mientras lo decide, seguirá haciendo de las suyas aquí, tratando de reconstruir un pasado imposible que ya se le ha ido de las manos; por lo demás, tampoco está dispuesta a empeñar su fortuna mal habida en arriesgadas jugadas políticas ni, mucho menos aún, en recomprar la voluntad de los votantes que la han abandonado. Bs.As., 1 Jul 17 Enrique Guillermo Avogadro Abogado Tel. (+5411) ò (011) 4807 4401/02 Cel. en Argentina (+54911) o (15) 4473 4003
          Comment on So, Italy by Seven Sleepers   
"At some level I can’t believe we’re having this discussion, that people are seriously defending a situation like that." We aren't having the same conversation. You are arguing with someone else. I said it aint great. Neither is 10% youth unemployment in US, with every indicator saying the kids in the us are overweight, overmedicated, isolated and alone, comparatively. Why don't you surf over to the suicide rates of kids between 15-19 Ms Potato? Guess who is at the bottom; Portugal, Italy, Greece. Guess who is not? ANd pleeease dont even look at the rates of antidepressants per capita, as the US is beyond all competition. So, just take a breath. No one is railing against your motherly instincts and wanted your kids to have jobs. If that is what you heard, you heard your own voice. What I (and all the data says) and the book known as the bible, is that if you put money first, you lose in life. That is all. Sometimes, not having a lot of opportunity is not a disaster, I know it is hard to fathom. I myself do very well, and I know many many people who also "had a good year". I can count maybe 5 who are happy. Your mileage may vary. In case it was missed, 40% youth unemployment is not a good thing, and my relatives are upset about it. My point: money is not everything. I have it. I know. Footnote: Italy and the rest of the Eurozone's unemployment has never recovered from the financial crisis we (US) caused. Why wont those darn countries recover already! Jeesh! lol
          Comment on Make No Mistake, We Are Already at War in Syria by Hexexis   
"The single best thing the United States government could do to advance American interests and national security is to shutter the CIA. Have the military (DIA) do all intelligence gathering and covert operations." Trouble is, CIA was created as alternative to mil. intell., which wasn't all that great during WWII. These days, the CIA's an annex to the DoD, & together they & the NSC run forn. policy, which they've pretty much done since the Iran hostage crisis 1979 & which is why bellicosity precedes diplomacy.
          Ejecutan a mando de la PGJ-Michoacán en zona residencial Altozano   

MORELIA, Mich. (proceso.com.mx).- Rogelio Arredondo Guillén, director de Investigación y Análisis de la Procuraduría General de Justicia de Michoacán (PGJ) fue ejecutado anoche en la zona residencial de Altozano. Arredondo Guillén murió cuando recibía atención médica en el Hospital Ángeles, tras ser atacado a balazos cuando llegaba a su domicilio, en las Torres Panorama, en [...]

La entrada Ejecutan a mando de la PGJ-Michoacán en zona residencial Altozano aparece primero en Proceso.


          10 ways you're wasting money at the supermarket   

grocery shopping

The INSIDER Summary:

  • You may not realize it, but there's a strategy to grocery shopping that will save you lots of cash.
  • Shopping on Wednesday nights is best.
  • Never shop hungry. In fact, chewing on mint gum is a good idea while shopping.


If you're anything like the average American, your grocery shopping strategy probably consists of opening the fridge, noticing it's empty, and then stocking up with whatever you need, even if none of the items on your list are on sale. As you probably guessed, this shopping method will not be kind to your bank account.

While you may have heard of extreme couponing, there are less exhausting ways to save money at the supermarket.  

Here are the mistakes you're making when you shop for groceries, and how to fix them:

Coming in without a list

Meal prep is key here. If you plan your meals for the week ahead of time, you'll walk in with a plan and be less likely to stray from your list by compulsively grabbing pricey snacks or random ingredients that will sit in the back of your pantry unused. 

Going to the store hungry

This is probably a no-brainer, but always eat a meal before going to the supermarket. Nothing good comes out of a shopping trip when you're starving. Another tip from Lifehacker suggests chewing mint gum while you shop so you're less likely to fall victim to the store's scent marketing tactics (yes, that actually exists).

Being too lazy to use coupons

coupons

We're not suggesting you make coupon-clipping a competitive sport like those extreme couponers, but there are several insider tips you can learn from them. The Krazy Coupon lady advises buying your groceries at multiple stores to find the best discount, and to remember that certain chains take competitor coupons. She also suggests downloading money-saving apps like Ibotta and Checkout51. 

Shopping on the weekend or in the morning

Believe it or not, there are better days and times to shop. Most people do their grocery shopping on a weekend so they can prep ahead of time, but mid-week is when products with short shelf lives like meat and dairy go on sale. Plus, there are more discounts as the day wears on and stores need to get rid of perishables. Your best bet is to shop on a Wednesday night, says Lifehacker. 

Ignoring sale cycles

Sales at supermarkets aren't random; they run in 12-week cycles. Stop being shocked at the price of meat when you walk in the door by learning the ebb and flow of sale cycles. You can see an example of a month-to-month sale calendar from Krazy Coupon Lady here. Another tip is always buy produce that's in season: it's cheaper and usually fresher. 

Not buying in bulk

There's a reason why Costco is so popular. Buying in bulk is (generally) cheaper. The best items to buy in bulk are non-perishables like paper goods (toilet paper, napkins, paper plates, etc.), and cases of water, according to Spoon University. 

Buying everything in bulk

costco

Just because you can buy almost anything in bulk, doesn't mean you should. After all, you'll probably waste a lot of food and your house will start to look like an episode of "Hoarders." If you always check unit prices, you'll find that certain foods like cereal or frozen foods are cheaper in smaller rather than larger quantities, Quick and Dirty Tips advises.

Buying all brand names

Certain products can't be replaced by the generic store brand like Oreos, Coca-Cola and name brand ice cream. But who cares if you're buying Kleenex or "Generic Tissue?" Household cleaning products are perfectly fine to buy off-brand as well. 

Not knowing how much your food should be worth off-hand

Quick! What's a fair price for a gallon of milk in your neck of the woods? If you don't know off the top of your head, you may be paying more than you should. Lifehacker suggests keeping a price book so you don't fall for fake sales where overpriced products are going for what looks like a great deal, when they're actually discounted to a normal price. 

Looking at shelves that are eye-level or above

Here's a little-known tip: cheaper items are usually stocked on the bottom shelves, whereas your expensive items will be stocked at eye-level. Why? Unless you're in the know, the average consumer will unknowingly spend more just by shopping by line-of-sight. 

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: A hacker reveals the most secure thing you can do to your passwords


          Apple tree disease identification help   

 Two of our 4 year apple trees have developed worrying signs of disease.

Kidds orange - this tree had a branch which looked cankerous last year, and this was removed. The tree split this summer with the weight of apples and now an area of  the bark just above the split seems blistered and discoloured.

The other tree is Epicure, and has developed a series of vertical splits in the bark near the ground. 

 

Both trees look otherwise healthy and bore a lot of apples this year.

Any help appreciated

Ian

new advance..   

The Syrian Arab Army (SAA) resumed their offensive in the southeastern countryside of the Homs Governorate, Saturday, targeting the ISIS positions near the provincial border of Deir Ezzor. Backed by Hezbollah and Liwaa Fatemiyoun, the SAA's 5th Corps launched a powerful assault in the Humaymah area of Homs this morning, inflicting heavy damage on the Islamic State's positions. Within hours of launching this assault, the Syrian Arab Army and their allies managed to capture most of the hilltops in the area, while also killing and wounding several Islamic State terrorists along the road to the Deir Ezzor Governorate.This latest advance by the SAA and their allies comes just days after they seized more territory along the Iraqi border with the Homs Governorate.
          "California Ordering Inspections At Aging Dams After Crisis"   

"California is ordering immediate spillway inspections at about 70 aging dams that it believes might not be sound enough to protect downstream communities in a flood, a state dam regulator said Wednesday."

Source: ,

           Economic crisis tops the ANC's policy agenda, says Mantashe    
Some issues have to be dealt with immediately after the meeting, such as the economy, says Gwede Mantashe
          MARIA VIOLENZA et PALE HORSE en MINITOURNEE FRANCO BELGE   
Heye!

Mais notre amie Maria Violenza vient exprès de Rome en avion pour jouer à Strasbourg ce jeudi18 Septembre!
Puis à Tournai au Water Moulin vendredi 19 et à Bruxelles au 123 samedi 20.
Son one girl band synth arab wave est touchant et dansant.
Jugez en par vous même en vous rendant à l'une ou l'autre de ces soirées riches en blagues, costumes et cigarettes interdites dans la cave où tout le monde finira par fumer.
Pour honorer la venue de notre représentante de l'antenne romaine de la triple alliance, Armelle, Nic et moi même vous proposerons une 1ère partie osée puisque nous jouerons de la country
Oui, de la country.
Notre groupe c'est Pale Horse



STRASBOURG ____________________LIEU SECRET ADRESSE SUR DEMANDE
TOURNAI  ________________________WATER MOULIN 207, boulevard Eisenhower
BRUXELLES _____________________ BOKAL, 123 rue Royale



http://mariaviolenza.blogspot.fr/

live novembre 2013:
http://thisistheendofradio.blogspot.fr/2013/11/use-maria-violenza-badaboum-monsieur.html


bisous
Julie
          British soldier drowns ISIS thug in puddle as SBS troops fight like ‘crazed warriors’ killing extremists with their bare hands after being ambushed in Iraq   
A BRAVE British soldier drowned an evil ISIS fighter in a puddle after the terror group surrounded a group of SBS troopers in Iraq. After the fearless special forces fighters ran out of bullets, they decided to “go out fighting” and used their knives and bare hands to kill as many brainwashed extremists as possible. […]
          Morrisons security guard turned ISIS fighter in Syria moans how ‘high life’ in terror capital Raqqa is over and rants about fleeing jihadis   
FORMER Morrisons security guard turned jihadi terrorist Omar Hussain is moaning how the ISIS “high-life” in its besieged capital in Syria is over The British fighter, using the name Abu Sa’eed Al-Britani, complained about terrorists running away from the city of Raqqa while ranting about the heat in Syria. Using the encrypted channel Telegram, Hussain moaned: […]
          μουσικοί και ξένοι, ξένη μουσική, ... ποια ξένη μουσική;   

La musique des migrants dans les camps

Migrantinnen-musik in den migrantenlagern

Faire de l’art en situation d’urgence
Musik machen in ausnahmesituationen
*  *  *
Publié le mardi 20 juin 2017 par Céline Guilleux
RÉSUMÉ
Cette université d’été a deux objectifs. le premier est d'explorer un secteur mal étudié de l’ethnologie comme la musique dans les camps de transit. S’il existe une abondante littérature historienne et musicologique sur la musique dans les camps de concentration et dans les camps d’extermination, rares sont les études qui portent sur les pratiques musiciennes. Le second objectif est de construire une démarche comparative afin de mesurer la singularité d’une observation ponctuelle sur ce que l’on appelle la crise des migrants en Europe : Paris, Baigorri, Calais, Dunkerque (France), Friedland (Göttingen, Allemagne), M’Bera (Mauritanie), Mentao (Burkina Faso), Zaatari (Jordanie).  
ANNONCE

But 

Cette université d’été a pour titre « La musique des migrants dans les camps. Faire de l’art en situation d’urgence ». Elle a deux objectifs : 
  • explorer un secteur mal étudié de l’ethnologie : la musique dans les camps de transit. S’il existe une abondante littérature historienne et musicologique sur la musique dans les camps de concentration et dans les camps d’extermination (Dick Walda, Charles Van West, Shmuel Gogol, Emilio Jani, Gabriele Knapp, Annette Wieviorka, Philip Bohlman, Pierre-Emmanuel Dauzat & Hélios Azoulay) rares sont les études qui portent sur les pratiques musiciennes ;  
  • construire une démarche comparative afin de mesurer la singularité d’une observation ponctuelle sur ce que l’on appelle la crise des migrants en Europe : Paris, Baigorri, Calais, Dunkerque (France), Friedland (Göttingen, Allemagne), M’Bera (Mauritanie), Mentao (Burkina Faso), Zaatari (Jordanie). 

Argument

 Au mois de mai 2013, Awet Andemicael, étudiante en théologie de l’université de Yale publie sur le site de l’UNHCR un article marquant : The arts in refugee camps: ten good reasons. De la prise en charge de soi aux techniques d’apprentissage et à l’agency, ces raisons visent à légitimer l’action des ONG pour la musique. Pourtant, ces raisons sont insatisfaisantes. Car le raisonnement est élaboré à partir des catégories de l’action humanitaire et non à partir du vécu des populations.  
  1. Cette université d’été renverse la perspective. Et plutôt que de partir des catégories instituées pour examiner de quelle façon elles s’incarnent dans la réalité, nous partons de l’engagement ethnographique pour examiner les processus d’institution des catégories, ce qui permet d’organiser ensuite, mais ensuite seulement, une montée en généralité à partir de la collection des cas.  
  2. Par ailleurs, nous prenons nos distances avec les clichés sur les bienfaits prêtés à la musique et à l’art thérapie. Nous examinons, au prix d’observations ethnographiques, situées et contextualisées, la façon dont la musique modifie la vie de chacun et celle des collectifs impliqués.  
  3. Enfin, nous questionnons l’ontologie de la musique. Des travaux antérieurs nous ont permis d’entériner le fait que la musique est subjective du point de vue ontologique et objective du point de vue épistémique. Cette fois, nous soumettons la question « qu’est-ce que la musque pour qui la pratique et l’écoute ? » à l’enquête ethnographique.  

Ancrages situationnels  

Bien des chercheurs qui ont mené ces analyses sur les pratiques artistiques dans des camps se sont d’abord confrontés à ces situations au prix d’un engagement citoyen. Dans ces situations d’anomie, ils ont rencontré « la musique », et ceux qui la faisaient être. Dès lors, ces migrants qu’un élan compassionnel faisait prendre pour « de pauvres malheureux » devenaient dans le regard de l’ethnographe attentif, par la force de la performance musicienne, par les habiletés incorporées et les références culturelles actualisées, des artistes virtuoses.   
Dans des contextes qui rendent toute communication verbale difficile en raison de l’étanchéité des langues, la musique et la danse rendent possible le partage, restaurent une forme de symétrie de l’échange. La profession de foi de Natacha Bouchart, maire de Calais, résonne : « Accueillir des migrants, ça peut être une richesse culturelle exceptionnelle » (Libération, 20 octobre 2015). Pourquoi donc la musique, alors que chacun se trouve « maintenu là, dans l’inachèvement d’un parcours de mobilité, ni immigré ni émigré mais suspendu en migration » (M. Agier, 2014) ?  
Cette rencontre de jeunes chercheurs propose de travailler à partir d’études de cas.

Études de cas 

Paris, Foyer de Travailleurs Migrants du 19e arrondissement  

Un foyer de travailleurs migrants (FTM) est une structure d’hébergement qui accueille aujourd’hui des « hommes célibataires » de Mauritanie, du Mali et du Sénégal. On peut y cuisiner, se laver, dormir (et repartir travailler). Or, malgré les conditions de promiscuité, on y fait aussi de la musique. Car l’invité invite. « Invitation » est le terme par lequel les habitants de foyer désignent le fait d’accueillir dans leur chambre un griot qui vienne chanter leur nom avec son luth ngoni. « L’invitation » est une occasion musicale de rencontre. Ce n’est pas la seule. Car à une autre échelle, des moments de retrouvailles et de partage culturel sont organisés dans des salles des fêtes louées par des associations proches des habitants de foyers. Ces espaces se convertissent en lieux d’échanges, d’assemblées générales, de projets et en studio d’enregistrement. Il en est ainsi de centres sociaux et culturels où sont organisés ces journées culturelles, ces repas et ces occasions de musique. 

M’Bera, Mauritanie  

Février 2012. Les habitants du Nord Mali fuient le conflit armé. L’UNHCR installe 400.000 réfugiés Touaregs et Arabes dans des camps aux frontières de la Mauritanie, de l’Algérie, du Burkina Faso et du Niger. M’Berra est le plus important : 80.000 personnes. Ici, le quotidien s’organise. Au- delà des questions sanitaires et nutritionnelles, il y a le désir partagé de célébrer des événements en commun. Il n’y a pas de tabaski sans musique, ni de fin de ramadan. Le tinde et l’imzad sont fabriqués sur place. Il y a aussi des « soirées guitare ». Tout le monde danse et frappe des mains. Mohamed Issa ag Oumar est là. C’est LE guitariste du groupe Tartit, fer de lance avec Tinariwen de la musique touareg sur la scène de la World Music. Il a apporté sa guitare. On branche des amplis sur les batteries des voitures. Ici s’émancipe une économie de la World Music à visée interne, au sein du camp.  

Mentao, Burkina Faso  

Nous sommes à 20 kilomètres de Ouagadougou. En octobre 2014, Marta Amico visite le camp en compagnie d’une musicienne du groupe Tartit, qui dirige l’organisation des femmes du camp. Un musicien armé de sa guitare entonne un chant de bienvenue. Des femmes se joignent à lui. M. Amico interroge : Pourquoi la musique ? Parce que c’est la vie. Ici, « la musique » n’est pas quelque chose « à part », une activité en soi : c’est l’instrument de la vie sociale, c’est le fait de pouvoir continuer à se réunir autour des célébrations d’avant qui fait toute l’importance des moments de jeu. Et c’est la raison pour laquelle on retrouve ici tellement de musiciens : ils ont fui les groupes islamistes qui interdisent la musique dans le Nord Mali. Ici, ils organisent des dj set improvisés. Et ils se connectent au monde. Dans ces moments où tout cède, la musique fabrique du lien social.  

Zaatari, Jordanie  

Construit en juillet 2012, le camp de Zaatari est situé à la frontière syrienne. 80.000 réfugiés syriens y vivent dans des conditions précaires, près du pays qu’ils ont fui. Zaatari dépend entièrement de l’aide humanitaire. Plusieurs ONG travaillent autour d’activités musicales, c’est le cas d’OXFAM International. Comment la musique est-elle appréhendée dans le règlement du camp ? Comment est- elle mobilisée par les musiciens euxmêmes ? Quel rapport chacun entretient-il à l’écoute ? Et quels sont les répertoires qui entrent dans l’espace public ? Engagée par OXFAM International, Gaétane Lefebvre a travaillé au plus près des interactions musiciennes. Elle a établi des liens avec Nicolas Puig, anthropologue spécialiste des camps de réfugiés au Liban et Richard Wolf, réalisateur de A requiem for Syrian refugees” (2014). L’université d’été permettra de visionner ce film, en présence de N. Puig et du réalisateur. 

Baigorri, France (64)  

Le 20 novembre 2015, à l’initiative de l’Office français de l’immigration et de l’intégration (OFII), une cinquantaine de migrants s’installent à Baigorri, dans les montagnes basques. Ils ont quitté le Soudan, l’Erythrée, le Tadjikistan, l’Afghanistan et tous les Kurdistan. Ils ne savent pas où ils sont, ne parlent ni français, ni anglais, ni basque, mais ils ont dit oui, et l’OFII les a conduits ici. La mairie réquisitionne le VVF, la préfecture finance, les bénévoles aident les migrants dans leurs démarches administratives. Des ateliers sont en place. Une osmose s’opère. Des ateliers de danse basque sont créés, des ateliers de musique aussi. L’un d’eux réclame un violon. Un violon est trouvé. Il joue sans vibrato, sur des échelles improbables : nous offre un makâm syrien. Pourquoi donc la musique ici ? 
Ces études de cas seront complétées par d’autres cas présentés par les étudiants qui participeront à l’Université d’été, et par les exposés de Philip Bohlman (University of Chicago) sur la musique dans les camps et de Raimund Vogels (Hildesheim) sur l’institutionnalisation des expériences menées en Niedersachsen pour valoriser le talent d’artistes réfugiés et leur procurer une formation diplomantes qui leur ouvre les portes du marché du travail artistique en Allemagne.

Production scientifique

(en partenariat avec Les Cahiers d’Ethnomusicologie)  

Les candidats sont invités à présenter, à partir de leurs travaux personnels, un projet de texte (2 pages) abordant l’une des thématiques de cette Ecole d’été. Huit projets (Groupe A) seront choisis et seront développés par leurs auteurs pour donner lieu à des textes d’une dizaine de pages qui seront mis en ligne dans l’espace collaboratif. Lors de l’université d’été, les textes seront présentés et commentés par 8 autres participants (Groupe B). Nous constituerons ainsi des binômes auteur / exégète. 
L’originalité de ce travail en commun permet à plusieurs étudiants de travailler en groupes et d’écrire ensemble un article co-signé qui sera soumis pour publication aux Cahiers d’Ethnomusicologie (Laurent Aubert, Genève). Langues de l’article : français, allemand ou anglais.

Candidature

Le dossier de candidature doit comprendre : 
  • un CV ; 
  • une présentation du projet de doctorat, de master ou de post-doc ;  - une proposition d’intervention (2 pages) en lien avec l’Université d’été. 
Le dossier de candidature doit parvenir à l’adresse : dlaborde@msh-paris.fr La sélection sera faite en fonction de l’adéquation thématique entre les propositions d’intervention et l’Université d’été. 

Date limite de renvoi des dossier: 29 juin 2017

Séléction des candidatures

  • Prof. Dr. Denis Laborde (CNRS – EHESS, Centre Georg Simmel, Paris - Bayonne)
  • Prof. Dr. Raimund Vogels (Center for World Music, Hildesheim)
Sélection des candidats : 30 juin 2017  

Informations pratiques

Rendez-vous : L’université d’été se déroule du 10 au 16 septembre 2017. Arrivée des participants le dimanche 10 septembre. Départ le samedi 16 septembre. Vous pouvez rester au-delà à vos frais. 
Participants : L’Université d’été compte 16 étudiants et jeunes chercheurs (master, doctorat ou post-doctorat) de toute nationalité. Toutes les disciplines sont concernées. 
Langues de travail : français, allemand ou anglais. La langue basque sera valorisée. Chacun doit parler couramment une de ces langues et en comprendre une autre. 
Lieu : Cité des Arts, 3 avenue Jean Darrigrand, F-64100 Bayonne, Pays Basque, France
Inscription : par courrier électronique adressé à dlaborde@msh-paris.fr
Réservation des billets de train / avion : dans la semaine du 1er juillet 2017 
Frais : Les frais de transport (train 2e classe ou avion) et de séjour (nuitées et repas) sont couverts par l’Université d’été. Les billets de transport seront pris par le Centre Georg Simmel.  
Gare SNCF : Bayonne / Aéroport : Biarritz 
Contact/informations : dlaborde@msh-paris.fr & raimund.vogels@hmt-hannover.
LIEUX
  • Cité des Arts - 3 avenue Jean Darrigrand
    Bayonne, France (64)
DATES
  • jeudi 29 juin 2017
MOTS-CLÉS
  • musique, camp, migrant, accueil, musicien, crise, Afrique, Europe
CONTACTS
  • Denis Laborde
    courriel : dlaborde [at] msh-paris [dot] fr
  • Vogels Raimund
    courriel : raimund [dot] vogels [at] hmt-hannover [dot] de
SOURCE DE L'INFORMATION
  • Luigia Parlati
    courriel : luigia [dot] parlati [at] ehess [dot] fr
POUR CITER CETTE ANNONCE
« La musique des migrants dans les camps », École d'étéCalenda, Publié le mardi 20 juin 2017, http://calenda.org/409672

          May Ziyadé, μια συμπαθέστατη γυναικεία προσωπικότητα της Αραβικής Αφύπνισης   

L’ÉCRITURE FÉMININE COMME AFFIRMATION DE L’ÉGALITÉ ET VÉHICULE DE RÉFORME : MAYY ZIYADAH AU CŒUR DE LA RENAISSANCE INTELLECTUELLE ARABE
ARTICLE PUBLIÉ LE 29/06/2017

Par Mathilde Rouxel
http://www.lesclesdumoyenorient.com/L-ecriture-feminine-comme-affirmation-de-l-egalite-et-vehicule-de-reforme-Mayy.html


Dernières actualités

Mayy Ziyadah (connue aussi sous la transcription « May Ziadé ») est une écrivaine et une intellectuelle d’origine libanaise. Elle est considérée comme la première figure féministe libanaise, questionnant dans ses œuvres le problème de la condition des femmes arabes et analysant l’articulation de l’écriture et de la féminité. Dans une œuvre riche où s’affirment subjectivité et considérations politiques, Mayy Ziyadah a su imposer une série de réflexions sur l’un des débats réformistes importants de la Nahda, la place des femmes dans la société. Elle est aussi l’une des premières à avoir proposé une théorisation essentialiste de l’écriture féminine, qui résonne avec les attentes qu’elle exposait sur le plan social, à savoir l’instruction des filles. Évoluant au cœur de la vie mondaine cairote de l’avant et après-Première Guerre mondiale, elle est une figure incontournable de la vie intellectuelle arabe du premier tiers du XXe siècle.

Une actrice du renouveau intellectuel arabe

Mayy Ziyadah - de son vrai nom Marie Elias Ziyadah - est née à Nazareth en 1886 d’un père maronite libanais et d’une mère orthodoxe palestinienne (1). Elle passe une partie de son enfance en Palestine, à Nazareth, où elle suit ses premiers enseignements. Elle arrive ensuite au Liban avec son père, parti travailler au Kesrouan, dans la région du Mont-Liban. À 14 ans, elle intègre le collège des Visitandines d’Antoura, où elle suit un enseignement en français. Les cours de littérature française, notamment les romantiques, influencent profondément sa littérature par la suite (2).
En 1904, elle rejoint ses parents en Palestine. Elle lit et se cultive beaucoup par elle-même (3). Leur départ au Caire en 1908 marque ses premières publications : son père dirige alors la revue arabe Al-Mahroussa à laquelle elle collabore. Elle suit parallèlement des études de langues à l’Université égyptienne, dont elle sort diplômée en 1917 (4), armée de notions d’anglais, d’italien, d’allemand, d’espagnol, de grec moderne ainsi que de latin (5).
La gloire de Mayy Ziyadah est intimement liée à la vie culturelle du Caire, bouillonnante à cette période de la Nahda. En 1912, elle fonde un salon littéraire qui se réunit de façon hebdomadaire, et qui devient rapidement le lieu de rendez-vous des grands intellectuels de son temps, accueillant Taha Hussein, Khalil Moutrane, Loutdi as-Sayed, Antoun Gemayel, Walieddine Yakan, Abbas Akkad ou Yacoub Sarrouf (6). Bâti sur le modèle des salons littéraires fondés en Europe aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles, il connait un succès exceptionnel pendant plus de vingt ans (7).
Elle publie ses premières études après la Première Guerre mondiale et voyage beaucoup en Europe. Le début des années 1920 marque également le début de son engagement féministe : rapidement, elle multiplie les conférences, les articles et les actions publiques pour discuter la question de la place des femmes dans la société, qui occupe de façon croissante les débats intellectuels depuis le début du XXe siècle. Elle commence d’ailleurs par publier des biographies de grandes militantes féministes d’Égypte, et collabore avec Hoda Shaarawi, alors présidente de l’Union des femmes arabes.
Célibataire et sans enfant, la mort de ses proches au début des années 1930 plonge l’intellectuelle dans un profond chagrin. À la mort de son père en 1929 succède la mort de son amant platonique Khalil Gibran en 1931, puis celle de sa mère en 1932 ; l’isolement moral et intellectuel dans lequel elle est subitement plongée provoque des troubles neurasthéniques. Elle est internée quelques années plus tard pour une période de neuf mois dans un asile d’aliéné à Beyrouth, qu’elle quitte en 1939 et passe ses derniers temps au Caire, à écrire. Elle y meurt, le 19 octobre 1941, laissant derrière elle plus de quinze ouvrages de poésie, de littérature et de livres traduits (notamment d’Arthur Conan Doyle ou de Friedrich Max Müller).

Une œuvre littéraire personnelle et engagée

Mayy Ziyadah est très influencée par le mouvement de la Renaissance arabe, la Nahda, qui s’est développée principalement en Égypte au début du siècle. De confession chrétienne, elle participe au grand mouvement réformiste de la pensée qui s’affirme à l’époque : elle défend le brassage des cultures, ayant elle-même grandit au sein d’une civilisation marquée par la confrontation de l’Orient et de l’Occident, et qui voit se mélanger les trois religions du livre. Pour diffuser le plus largement possible ses idées dans la société dans laquelle elle évolue, elle écrit la plupart de ses ouvrages et de ses articles en arabe. Elle utilise d’ailleurs souvent des pseudonymes masculins pour exprimer des idées qu’il n’aurait pas été permis pour une femme d’exprimer ; on trouve dons des textes signés de sa plume sous le nom de Kaled Ra’afat ou de Sindbad - même s’il lui arrive aussi d’user de pseudonymes féminins, particulièrement lorsqu’il s’agit de création poétique, comme Isis Copia ou Aida (8).
Elle publie d’ailleurs son premier recueil de poésie en 1910 sous le pseudonyme Isis Copia. Fleurs de Rêve est un recueil de poèmes lyriques écrits en français qui dépeignent la nature libanaise et ses lieux privilégiés, dans l’héritage de Lamartine, qui chantait lui aussi la beauté de la vallée de Hamana. Ce recueil attise la curiosité des critiques littéraires en Égypte et au Liban (9). Elle continue d’écrire des articles dans la revue de son père, puis élargit petit à petit son horizon de publications, publiant dans les plus grandes revues arabes de l’époque (imprimées au Caire, mais souvent dirigées par des Libanais) : elle écrit ainsi pour Al-HilalAl-Mouktatraf ou encore Al-Ahram (10).
Entre 1920 et 1925, elle réunit les articles et les essais écrits pour différentes revues et les publie en quatre volumes. Alors qu’elle écrit régulièrement de courtes nouvelles et compose des pièces de théâtre, elle s’engage socialement pour discuter de l’inégalité dans la société, et particulièrement de la place des femmes dans les hiérarchies. En 1921, elle donne une conférence présentée sous le titre « Le But de la vie » (11). C’est dans cette conférence qu’elle appelle pour la première fois les femmes à une prise de conscience de leur situation au sein de la société. Elle y prône une plus grande aspiration à la liberté, et préconise une ouverture sur l’Occident tout en restant très proche des traditions orientales. Cette conférence fait suite à la publication en 1920 de son second ouvrage, Bahethat Al-Badiya (Les Chercheurs du désert), dans lequel elle met en scène le personnage de la féministe Malak Nasef, qui avait pris pour surnom « Bahethat al-Badiya » et qui militait dans son ouvrage Al Nesa’eyat pour l’émancipation des femmes dans ces sociétés dirigées par la solidarité masculine. Elle réalise également une étude biographique d’une autre dirigeante importante du mouvement féministe en Égypte, Aïcha Teymour. L’objectif de Mayy Ziyadah dans ces deux ouvrages est de présenter l’oppression pesant sur les femmes dans la société arabe depuis même l’étape prénatale, la naissance d’une fille étant rarement célébrée avec autant d’enthousiasme que la naissance d’un garçon. Protestant contre l’enfermement des femmes, elle appelle avant tout dans cet ouvrage à l’instruction des femmes, seul rempart établi contre la superstition. « Elle formule avec énergie son opposition à la conception de l’homme/dieu au sein du couple et refuse de voir en l’homme un maître absolu », commente Carmen Boustani (12) ; elle s’oppose à la polygamie et à la répudiation, et appelle à l’abolition du voile. Elle poursuit ses réflexions dans un article audacieux publié en 1926 dans le journal El-Mouktatef, intitulé « Comment je voudrais que l’homme soit », dans lequel elle cherche à donner aux femmes les outils nécessaires pour qu’elles saisissent leur individualité propre. Il est toutefois intéressant de noter qu’étant née de confession chrétienne et vivant dans une société principalement guidée par les principes de la religion musulmane, Mayy Ziyadah ne se sent pas libre de parler au nom des féministes musulmanes, et discute avant tout des mesures sociales.
Malgré son usage de certains pseudonymes masculin, Mayy Ziyadah chante régulièrement l’intérêt d’une écriture féminine. Outre ses essais critiques sur trois auteures pionnières du monde arabe édités dans Flux et reflux, elle écrit dans un ouvrage à caractère autobiographique intitulé Souvenirs de prime jeunesse (1928) : « Nous commençons d’écrire non seulement pour remplir les pages, mais pour revivre des sentiments avant même de les avoir écrits. Ce courage, nous ne le tenons pas de celles qui nous ont précédées, mais de nous-mêmes, cherchant à révéler l’âme de la femme dans ce qu’elle écrit d’elle-même, non dans ce que les hommes ont écrit d’elle » (13).

Les Lettres à Gibran Khalil Gibran : style et expression littéraire d’une femme libre

Mayy Ziyadah est aussi connue pour la relation qu’elle a entretenue avec l’écrivain et penseur libanais Gibran Khalil Gibran, avec lequel elle a entretenu une importante correspondance. Alors qu’elle est à l’époque à New York, leur relation épistolaire - idylle romantique et intellectuelle - a duré jusqu’à la mort de l’auteur du Prophète, en 1931. Ils ne se sont jamais rencontrés, mais elle jura de sa fidélité et ne se maria jamais. Cette relation a eu une influence considérable sur Mayy Ziyadah, dont les lettres témoignent d’une pensée riche, rigoureuse mais également profondément romantique : c’est sans doute à ces lectures que le célèbre critique littéraire et écrivain Jamil Jabre écrit à son sujet : « En lisant May, on ne sait pas tout à fait si son écrit relève du genre romanesque, du souvenir d’enfance, du conte fantastique, du rêve romantique, de l’évocation historique ou de la confession. C’est un mélange si spontané, dans un style si pittoresque qu’il nous tient en haleine, malgré certaines bavures ou banalités. À travers son œuvre, elle tient à nous communiquer tantôt l’intensité d’un bonheur éphémère, tantôt la magie d’un rêve qui nous transporte au-delà de notre existence monotone, en cette luminosité illusoire qui exerce sur nous un effet de transcendance » (14).
Le destin de Mayy Ziyadah est, à l’image de ses influences, tragiquement romantique. Il est aussi pérenne ; son activité et son engagement pour l’amélioration des conditions de la vie des femmes est maintes fois repris par la suite. Actrice incontournable d’un monde intellectuel en ébullition, Alexandre Najjar raconte qu’à son enterrement, Hoda Shaarawi saluait la mémoire de celle qui fut « le meilleur exemple de la femme orientale cultivée » (15).
A lire également sur Les clés du Moyen-Orient :
Ziyadah (Mayy)
Bibliographie (non exhaustive)
 Fleurs de rêves (1910)
 Bahithat al-Badia (1920)
 Aïcha Meymour (1920)
 Sawâneh fatât (Plat de miettes)
 Zulumât wa Ichâ’at (Humiliation et rumeurs)
 Sourires et larmes (traduction vers l’arabe de l’ouvrage de Max Sheller)
 Kalimât wa Ichârât (Mots et signes)
 Al Saha’ef (Les journaux)
 Propos de jeune fille
 Mélange (choix de conférences)
 Ténèbres et rayons (poèmes lyriques en prose)
 Al-Musaâwât (L’Égalité, étude sociologique)
 Ghayat al-Hayat (Le sens de la vie)
 Bayna al-Jazri wa al-Madd (Flux et reflux, critique littéraire)
 Souvenirs de jeunesse
L’intégralité de ses œuvres (principalement écrites en arabe) a été publiée aux éditions libanaises Naufal en 1982, dans un ouvrage d’Œuvres complètes.

Notes :
(1) « Remembering May Ziadeh : Ahead of (her) Time », Middle East Revised, 10/30/2014, disponible en ligne, consulté le 21 juin 2017.
URL : https://middleeastrevised.com/2014/10/30/remembering-may-ziadeh-ahead-of-her-time/
(2) Ghaleb Ghanem, La Poésie Libanaise d’Expression Française, éditions de l’Université Libanaise, Beyrouth, 1981, p.186.
(3) « May Ziadé, témoin de son époque », La Revue du Liban, n°3709, 1999, disponible en ligne, consulté le 21 juin 2017.
URL : http://www.rdl.com.lb/1999/3709/art2.html
(4) Lubna Khader, « In Memory of May Zeyadeh.
A Torch in the Darkest of Ages », Star Weekly, 21/10/1999, disponible en ligne, consulté le 21 juin 2017. URL : https://web.archive.org/web/20070418080529/http://www.lebwa.org/life/ziadeh.php
(5) Ghaleb Ghanem, La Poésie Libanaise d’Expression Française, op. cit.
(6) « May Ziadé, témoin de son époque », La Revue du Liban, op. cit.
(7) Rose Ghurayyib, « Mayy Ziadeh (1886-1941) », Al Raida journal, Institute for Women’s Studies in the Arab World, Beirut University College, 1989, p.2.
(8) Carmen Boustani, « May Ziadé : Vie et écriture », Les Cahiers du GRIF, vol.43, n°1, 1990, disponible en ligne, consulté le 21 juin 2017. URL : http://www.persee.fr/doc/grif_0770-6081_1990_num_43_1_1836
(9) Rose Ghurayyib, « Mayy Ziadeh (1886-1941) », Al Raida journal, op. cit., p.2.
(10) « May Ziadé, témoin de son époque », La Revue du Liban, op. cit.
(11) Carmen Boustani, « May Ziadé : Vie et écriture », op. cit.
(12) Ibid.
(13) Traduit et cité par Carmen Boustani, op. cit.
(14) Jamil Jabre cité par Alexandre Najjar, Dictionnaire amoureux du Liban, Paris, Plon, 2014, p.325.
(15) Alexandre Najjar, Dictionnaire amoureux du Liban, op. cit., p.325.

          $15 Million Going To Flint For Water Crisis Health Response   
Lead exposure can cause miscarriage, developmental delays and other problems.
          El mal nunca descansa.   
¿Por qué hemos de ceder todos los españoles para contentar a los secesionistas catalanes? ¿Por qué hemos de aceptar que deben existir españoles de primera clase y de segunda clase con derechos diferentes por razones de falsas reivindicaciones y deudas históricas? Solo porque unos sediciosos anti sistema, ultra comunistas apátridas y nacionalistas oportunistas hayan conseguido una mayoría parlamentaria en escaños, que no en votos de los ciudadanos, no les legitima para poner a toda una nación, España, en la tesitura de tener que reaccionar ante un desafío inaceptable como es el de robar a todos los españoles nada menos que su soberanía nacional. Porque el solo anuncio de la realización de un referéndum sobre la independencia de un territorio de España y de millones de españoles, en este caso de la comunidad autónoma de Cataluña, con carácter vinculante y que, en caso de resultar favorable a la secesión, se proclame de forma unilateral la independencia, es algo que no se puede consentir. Y el Gobierno de España esquíen tiene el poder y la responsabilidad para evitarlo. Muchos miserables demagogos y populistas hablan de diálogo, de ofertas al “pueblo de Cataluña” y demás sandeces por el estilo, en un intento de hacer creer que se trata de problema de sentimientos, cuando precisamente lo que se ha estado inculcando en la sociedad catalana en sus nuevas generaciones desde la transición, ha sido el odio a lo español, a todo lo que sea la cultura española excluyéndola y despreciándola, empezando por la persecución de nuestra lengua común, el español. Muchos demagogos apátridas como Pablo Iglesias, se alinean con las posturas secesionistas propalando las mentiras de la realidad de un inexistente “pueblo catalán” y el “derecho a decidir su futuro” de los pueblos. Otros nuevos demagogos y populistas como Pedro Sánchez, se apuntan a la teoría de la “cuadratura del círculo”, con su oferta de un Estado Federal asimétrico, al afirmar que España es una “nación de naciones” y que deben ser satisfechas las reivindicaciones de lo que llaman “naciones culturales” y cambiar la Constitución de España en ese sentido. Y aquí no se trata ni de sentimientos, ni de atrevidas ocurrencias de un modelo de Estado imposible, sino simple y llanamente de apostar por una nación que lleva más de 500 años de Historia y que en 1978 se dio una oportunidad para apostar por incorporarse al carro del progreso tras décadas de dictadura y aislamiento. Porque los que ayudaron a la transición y a la redacción de la Constitución, lo hicieron aparcando sus diferencias y aspiraciones, incluso cediendo en el reconocimiento de las llamadas “singularidades culturales” como nacionalidades, y permitiendo una asimetría anti democrática con la aceptación de prebendas como son el Concierto económico Vasco y los Fueros de Navarra. Unas singularidades que hoy por hoy no son admisibles en una sociedad democrática con igualdad de derechos y de deberes de todos los españoles con independencia de su origen de nacimiento o residencia. Los secesionistas pueden seguir “mareando la perdiz” y amenazar, como hacen los Alcaldes y concejales de ayuntamientos de Cataluña, con ceder ilegalmente dependencias municipales para la realización del referéndum ilegal. Podrá el Gobierno de la Generalidad y el Parlamento de Cataluña, dominado por las fuerzas secesionistas, desobedecer la Ley, declararse en franca rebeldía institucional, convocar a todos los catalanes e incluso malversar fondos públicos de todos los españoles para intentar llevar a cabo su amenaza y colocar las urnas para justificar posteriormente su delictiva declaración unilateral. Podrán intentarlo, pero deben ser conscientes de que el Gobierno de España tiene el deber de impedirlo con todos los medios que le otorga la ley, comenzando por la ley de leyes, la Constitución de España. La misma que los apátridas y antisistema desprecian. Desde luego que cabe aun la duda de si el Gobierno de España liderado por un nada fiable Mariano Rajoy, cumplirá esta vez con su deber y no rehuirá su responsabilidad como ya hizo en la vergonzosa jornada del 9 de noviembre del 2014, donde su inacción ante el desafío secesionista, permitiendo la realización de una farsa de consulta ilegal, se llevase a término sin tomar medidas para impedirlo. En esa ocasión votaron casi dos millones de ciudadanos de la comunidad autónoma y aún hoy en día, los responsables de esa iniquidad siguen libres gracias a unas condenas igualmente vergonzosas en el mínimo legal previsto para los delitos cometidos, donde se excluyó el delito de malversación de fondos públicos para evitar penas de prisión. Cabe una duda razonable de que el Gobierno de España, se deje vencer por el “qué dirán” y su anuncio de “proporcionalidad” en las medidas, no se traduzca en otro ridículo mayúsculo que ponga en cuestión su capacidad de gobierno y su determinación para sofocar lo que no es sino una rebelión y una sedición. Espero equivocarme y que esta vez, Mariano Rajoy tenga la valentía para no dejarse influenciar por quienes pretenden destruir España, bien por acción directa como los nacionalistas, antisistema y ultra izquierdistas radicales, como por una izquierda demagoga y populista liderada por un sector radical con ideas peregrinas y lesivas para la Unidad de España. ¡Que pasen un buen día! Y que disfruten de unas merecidas vacaciones, desconectando si pueden de los graves problemas que afectan a España y a todos los españoles. Otros como los secesionistas y demás enemigos de España no descansan ni se toman vacaciones.
          La ciencia española no necesita tijeras   
Hace un par de días vi esta campaña para protestar por el recorte que se va a llevar a cabo por parte del Estado en la inversión para Ciencia y Tecnología y no me he podido resistir a unirme. En un momento en el que queremos salir de la crisis de los especuladores mundiales y […]
          Jersey County sues drug companies, alleging misleading opioid sales tactics   
JERSEYVILLE — The Jersey County State’s Attorney’s Office has filed a major lawsuit against several national pharmaceutical corporations, alleging that they have fueled the opioid crisis by encouraging health care providers to over-prescribe painkillers. According to the lawsuit, which lists 15 companies — some of them subsidiaries of others — a host of fraudulent tactics […]
          China launches WAR on ISIS after they claim to have executed Chinese hostage | World | News | Daily Express   
China launches WAR on ISIS  PRESIDENT Xi Jinping has announced he will wage war against Islamic State after the extremists executed one of its citizens.
          Room for skepticism on Trump team’s wider Syria policy   

There is room for skepticism about the Trump administration’s wider Syria policy beyond aiding in the destruction of ISIS headquarters in Raqqa. Without a clear plan for what comes after the fall of Raqqa, the United States could get drawn deeper into the Syrian civil war.
          Episode 59.0: "It's An Implied Moustache"   
0:00 We say hello 3:20 This is how you get a hold of us, and there are many ways, indeed. 5:08 Emails! Trade deadline scouting, Ranking philosophies, a sub-.500 Yankees team 40:35 Do teams over-value their prospects come trade deadline? 54:30 Pirates: Go for it or stick to the plan? 59:52 Predictions: Who goes where 1:12:47 Trade Deadline Special Guest: Buster Olney of ESPN 1:34:56 Debt Crisis Special: Official news correspondent Lincoln Mitchell with a primer 1:52:58 Listener Of The Week: Astrophysicist Dr. Million with a call to action 2:23:34 Musical Guest: Martha's Vinyard Ferries 2:25:02 What Are You Drinking? (We're fixing this!) 2:27:04 Newberg Night Wrap-Up 2:36:29 The Week Ahead
          Analista Contable - Fotorama de mexico - Lomas de Chapultepec, D. F.   
* Registro, análisis y depuración de las cuentas del balance general * Registro de gastos y pasivos * Registro y cálculo de provisiones * Registro de las
De Indeed - Mon, 19 Jun 2017 16:53:20 GMT - Ver todos los empleos en Lomas de Chapultepec, D. F.
          Hip hop in Central African Republic brings hope in crisis   
BANGUI, Central African Republic (AP) — Lionel Fotot once watched a crowd kill a 6-year-old Muslim boy with a machete. He can't shake the memories of the brutalities he witnessed as Central African Republic collapsed into sectarian violence.
          Ep. 212 – Connecticut Faces Day Of Reckoning, Yellen Says Financial Crisis Probably Won’t Happen, The World Is $217 Trillion In Debt   
In this episode of The Realist News podcast: It's not just Illinois, Connecticut faces Friday day of reckoning. Joke of the day, Yellen says a financial crisis probably won’t happen in our lifetimes. The world is now $217 trillion in debt and the global elite like it that way.
          Teatro: INVENCIBLE   
ULTIMOS DIAS
INVENCIBLE
HECTOR DIAZ – VALERIA LOIS
CARLOS PORTALUPPI – GUILLERMINA VALDES
INVENCIBLE
EN EL MULTITEATRO



Producida por Sebastián Blutrach, el próximo 2 de Julio de 2017 se ralizará la última función en el Multiteatro de la obra INVENCIBLE, del inglés Torben Betts.
Clasificada como una de las sátiras sociales más interesantes del teatro reciente, su autor ha sido considerado como el nuevo Alan Ayckbourn de la escena británica. Todas las críticas han coincidido en elogiar esta obra que, contada desde la comedia, ha mostrado la crudeza de las relaciones entre personas de diferente estatus social y cultural, así como el daño que se pueden hacer entre ellas.
Una pareja con un estatus social y cultural elevado se ve obligada, por la crisis económica, a trasladarse a un barrio más humilde de la periferia. Deciden entonces relacionarse con sus vecinos para adaptarse a su nuevo entorno. Lo que en un principio parece una declaración de buenas intenciones acaba convirtiéndose en una pesadilla para las dos partes, causando un daño irreparable en la pareja más débil.

El diseño de escenografía es de Alberto Negrín, las luces corresponden a Eli Sirlin y el Vestuario es de Valeria Cook.


Funciones: miércoles, jueves, viernes y domingo 20:30 hs / Sábado 20.30hs y 22.30 hs
Teatro: Multiteatro – Avda. Corrientes 1283
Localidades $ 500.-

          Strike Force Is Created To Combat Chicago Gun Violence    
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit SCOTT SIMON, HOST: More than 1,700 people have been shot in Chicago or harmed in acts of violence there this year. More than 300 people have died. The city's homicide crisis continues. And President Trump tweeted that, quote, "killings in Chicago have reached such epidemic proportions that I am sending in federal help." The attorney general announced a Chicago gun strike force of more than 20 Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives agents will be sent to the city, where they'll prosecute gun crimes and work with local police and prosecutors. We're joined now by Carol Marin, political editor at NBC5 in Chicago. She's also on WTTW. Carol, thanks so much for being with us. CAROL MARIN: My pleasure, Scott. SIMON: Are Chicago officials eager to see this strike force? MARIN: They're willing to see the strike force. Nobody objects to having more manpower. But I hasten to say 20 ATF agents does not an army make. And therein is part of the problem. SIMON
          Carta a los areneros: Aprendan de Angela Merkel   
Estimados amigos:
Yo sé que los temas controversiales les causan dolor de estómago y los meten en dilemas. La mayoría de sus votantes duros están en contra del matrimonio para todos, incluyendo homosexuales; y de manera más decidida contra una flexibilización de la prohibición del aborto. Pero por otra parte, la mayoría de los votantes blandos están a favor de ambas reformas. Estoy hablando de los ciudadanos, que por una parte están hartos del FMLN, pero por otra parte no comulgan con las posiciones conservadores que predominan en ARENA. No hay encuestas que lo comprueban, pero yo les reto hacerlas – y apuesto a que este centro político se les dirá que el mayor obstáculo para votar por ARENA es su conservadurismo, para no decir sus posiciones reaccionarias, en cuanto a matrimonio y aborto.

Entonces, ¿qué hacer?

Aprendan de Angela Merkel, la gobernante de Alemania. Ella sí tiene encuestas que son muy claras: 61.4% de los alemanes están a favor de legalizar el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo; sólo 26.5% están en contra. Pero estos 26.5% casi todos son voto duro del partido de Merkel. Por otra parte: Todos los demás partidos le pusieron de condición para una futura coalición que se pase la ley del “matrimonio para todos”. Entonces, la canciller alemana se hizo la misma pregunta: ¿Qué hacer? ¿Cómo salir de este dilema?

La solución fue muy típica para Frau Merkel: 1) Luego de años de bloquear una votación sobre el asunto espinoso, dijo en una entrevista que estaba en favor que la propuesta llegara al pleno; 2) como presidente del partido declaró que este era un “asunto de conciencia” y que cada diputado estaba libre de votar como su conciencia le dictara; 3) a la hora de la plenaria, ella razonó y votó en contra.

Claro, una mujer que a pesar de graves crisis logró mantenerse en el poder por 12 años (y va por más), sabe leer la tendencia de la historia. Ella sabía que hay una nueva mayoría, porque muchos diputados de su partido iban a votar a favor de la ley. Y cabal, la ley pasó con 393 contra 226 votos, porque 75 diputados (=25%) de su partido la apoyaron.

Problema resuelto. La ley pasó, Merkel al final del año podrá entrar en negociaciones para formar su gobierno de coalición. Su partido, aunque mayoritariamente en contra del “matrimonio para todos”, fue suficiente democrático para no bloquearlo. Ella mostró lealtad a la mayoría conservadora de su partido, pero al mismo tiempo apertura a la mayoría de ciudadanos…

Así se hace política. Aprendan de esto, areneros. Y no es un truco barato: Declarar una ley de este tipo asunto de conciencia es lo más decente que un partido puede hacer.

Si ustedes tuvieran el valor de hacer lo mismo en el caso de la flexibilización del aborto, un grupo de diputados de ARENA votaría sí, pero sin que el partido entre en crisis.

Los ciudadanos no exigimos de ustedes que abandonen sus convicciones. Sólo esperamos que sean demócratas y permitan que cada diputado vote según su conciencia. Preservarían la unidad del partido y al mismo tiempo credibilidad ante los sectores que queremos votar contra el FMLN – pero no a favor de un brazo electoral de Opus Dei.

Piénsenlo. La apertura y la tolerancia no duelen.
Saludos,


(MAS!/El Diario de Hoy)

 

          PRESENTING: The most important charts in the world from the brightest minds on Wall Street   

markets 4x3

Here they are: the most important charts in the world. 

Once again, we asked dozens of top strategists, economists, and writers for one chart that is top of mind right now. The slideshow includes their verbatim analysis of the trend they picked. 

All of these charts were submitted by June 16, so some of the data may have evolved since then.

With assistance from Rachael Levy, Elena Holodny, and Jonathan Garber.

 

David Rosenberg

"This is where the power and influence still reside, and nothing is going to stop the inevitability that nearly two million of this critical demographic group will be turning 70 annually for the next 15 years. And they are very likely to make it to 85 or even older with medical advancement.

This has crucial implications for the financial markets because it is when you turn 70 that you undertake the most profound asset mix shift since you were in your 30s and loaded up on equities — when you turn 70, preservation of capital and cash flows becomes much more important, and yet in a world where 'safe yield' has become extremely scarce, the investment challenges for the aging but not yet aged boomers are going to be daunting, to say the least."  



Rick Rieder

"This crisis has under-appreciated negative side effects for the US economy as a whole. Most significantly, student loans are making it harder for first-time home buyers to afford their own home, with more than 70% of would-be first-time buyers saying student loan debt is delaying their home purchase, according to the National Association of Realtors. As a result, the homeownership rate in the US has fallen each of the last six years despite a solid economic recovery, according to the US Census Bureau, with the biggest impact coming from the 25-34 year old cohort as seen in the chart above. 

The student loan burden is not just curtailing young adults’ home buying; it is weakening their consumption in general, posing a major headwind to US economic growth. In addition to the direct economic impact, the student loan crisis could also worsen the class divide. Home ownership levels at age 30 are much lower among those with college debt than those without, and when faced with today’s high college costs coupled with the prospect of taking on significant debt, more students from lower-income households may choose not to attend college, worsening their outlook for employment and wage income over the course of their career. The bottomline: This crisis is likely to be a major drag on the US economy for years to come if it remains unaddressed, and an elegant fiscal-policy solution is needed, the sooner the better."



Torsten Slok



See the rest of the story at Business Insider

          They Are Back: 16 injured in mass brawl between African migrants in #Calais (VIDEO, PHOTO) – #MigrantCrisis   
– 16 injured in mass brawl between African migrants in Calais (VIDEO, PHOTO) * * * PayPal: Donate in USD PayPal: Donate in EUR PayPal: Donate in GBP
          CuboCasa.it - appartamento vendita Assisi   
Nel centro storico di Assisi in prossimità della Piazza del Comune, appartamento di 70 mq completamente ristrutturato con criteri antisismici.......
Maggiori informazioni
          CuboCasa.it - casa vendita Assisi   
Porzione di quadrifamiliare con struttura antisismica e dotata di cappotto termico, dispone di pannelli solari termici e fotovoltaici da cui......
Maggiori informazioni
          The Laura Longley Show: Where authentic change takes flight Healing Ourselves, Healing the World with Angela Levesque   
GuestHumans are powerful beyond belief, but we need to believe in our power. In a world that is constantly vying for our attention, how do we connect to the essence of ourselves to unleash our healing potential? How is our global health crisis related to our own spiritual growth? Join us for an in depth discussion on the global and individual roots of our health crisis and learn tools and techniques that not only heal the body, but heal the world. Join Laura and Angela Levesque, author of Healing ...
          The Laura Longley Show: What is Midlife Crisis and how can we be our true selves? Guest Frankie Picasso   
GuestFor many, Midlife is a time of great questioning. It is a time when many seek their purpose and look for a more esoteric existence, searching for their spirituality, their soul and more meaning to their life. It is also a time when many feel TRAPPED within the confines of responsibilities, family and fears. How can we make overcome these obstacles and emerge as our "True Self?" What is the Midlife Crisis? During today's show Laura will be talking with Frankie Picasso about Frankie's book "Mi ...
          La nit màgica de Sant Joan   


Em trobo entre mans amb La nit màgica de Sant Joan, un conte protagonitzat pel Patufet on explica a la canalla les tradicions catalanes.


Potser, la majoria dels nens d’ara prefereixen videojocs i d’altres entreteniments que no pas els contes però personalment i com a mestra crec que Cossetània ha dut a terme una grandíssima idea, entretinguda alhora que una eina didàctica en temps de crisis de la paraula.

La paraula i les tradicions estan en crisi, cotitzen a la baixa, els adults no tenim massa temps ni per preocupar-nos per nosaltres i no en n’adonem que els hàbits dels infants estan canviant i possiblement cap a malament.

En aquest conte escrit en rodolins per Roger Roig i il·lustrat amb molt detall per Hugo Prades ens expliquen com en Patufet s'acomiada de la mestra el darrer dia d’escola i es llença a l’aventura de la preparació de la revetlla de Sant Joan: les fogueres es preparen amb molta cura i amb l’ajuda dels amics, la coca s’ha de menjar amb família compartint una xerrada i fent temps pels petards que s’han de contemplar amb joia, tot i que també està permès espantar-se pel soroll que fan, i no ens podem engandulir perquè ens espera el ball de festa major.

M’ha encantat que en temps en que sembla que algunes tradicions estiguin en vies d’extinció, un personatge tan català i icònic com és el Patufet sigui el transmissor de dades, tradicions i festes del costumari català tant extens i ric.

Crec que s’ha de ser molt valent per escriure per un públic infantil ja que són molt crítics i selectius, però amb aquest volum no patiu que l’èxit està assegurat.

Molt recomanable per compartir-lo durant aquests dies i que els menuts de casa sàpiguen que celebren la nit del 23 i no només tirar petards per fer xerinola.

Això si, és una edició molt àgil, fàcil i intuïtiva pel fet que els dibuixos aporten moltes dades que no cal llegir i la lletra lligada permet que nens de 5 anys ja el comencin a llegir… però, posats a recuperar tradicions que maco seria reservar deu minutets del dia per poder llegir-lo amb un adult i anar incorporant records de revetlles passades i de les que vindran.

També podeu aprofitar i si us ha agradat cercar a l’editorial altres tradicions que també repassen i rescaten de les mans de l’oblit o la distorsió temporal.

Un darrer consell, aquest any en que hi ha tants i tants problemes econòmics i socials, feu com en Patufet, vestiu-vos amb el vostre millor somriure i feu que la nit sigui màgica, no calen quilos de coca ni milers de petards per ajuntar-se una nit amb els essers estimats i donar la benvinguda a l’estiu.

Bona revetlla de Sant Joan!


          Mustahil PRU14 dalam 3 bulan terakhir tahun ini, kata penganalis    


Mustahil pilihan raya umum ke-14 (PRU14) akan diadakan pada bulan Oktober, November atau Disember kerana bajet 2018 yang dibentang pada bulan Oktober hanya akan diluluskan selepas mendapat persetujuan ahli parlimen.
Dewan Rakyat akan bersidang pada 23 Oktober hingga 30 November manakala persidangan Dewan Neagra hanya akan bermula pada 4 November hingga 19 Disember.
Dr Awang Azman Awang PawiHal ini sekali gus menolak spekulasi bahawa parlimen dibubarkan selepas pembentangan bajet dengan andaian kerajaan akan mengumumkan bonus kepada penjawat awam yang menjadi penyokong kuat BN dan akan menggembirakan mereka.
Pelbagai projek pembangunan akan diumumkan bagi tahun 2018 dijangka mampu dapat memancing lebih banyak lagi pengundi.
"Bulan November dan Disember pula ialah cuti sekolah. Ramai rakyat Malaysia bercuti di luar kawasan mereka sama ada dalam mahupun luar negara.
"Pada bulan November dan Disember juga dikaitkan dengan musim tengkujuh dan banjir. Sudah tentu pihak kerajaan mengelak untuk mengadakan PRU pada bulan November dan Disember," kata penganalisis politik Profesor Madya Dr Awang Azman Awang Pawi seperti disiarkan Sarawak Voice.
Beliau juga berkata, pada bulan Oktober terdapat dua peristiwa penting bagi negara iaitu lawatan bersejarah Presiden China Xi Jinping dan perasmian Xiamen University Malaysia yang melambangkan kerjasama ampuh Malaysia-China diyakini mampu meningkatkan imej positif kerajaan Barisan Nasional.
"Pada ketika itu semua jemaah kabinet akan hadir maka tidak mungkin parlimen dibubarkan pada bulan Oktober ini. Sekiranya dibubarkan, kemungkinan lawatan bersejarah Presiden China ditangguhkan," katanya.
Namun beliau berkata, perdana menteri Datuk Seri Najib Razak mungkin melanggar arus jika mengadakan PRU14 pada tahun ini.
Menurut beliau, hal ini pernah dilakukan oleh bekas perdana menteri Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad yang membubarkan parlimen pada bulan November sedangkan pada ketika itu bajet belum diluluskan lagi oleh parlimen.
"Peristiwa tersebut berlaku pada tahun 1999, apabila bajet tahun 2000 dibentangkan pada Oktober 1999. Kesan daripada tindakan Tun Mahathir tersebut, telah menyebabkan Daim selaku Menteri Kewangan melakukan pembentangan semula bajet pada bulan Februari tahun 2000.
"Sebenarnya, agak jarang dalam sejarah BN, PRU diadakan pada bulan November. Ia hanya dilakukan apabila BN berasa agak besar cabaran, terdesak dan besar hambatan yang perlu dipikul untuk memenangi PRU," katanya.
Faktor Sukan SEA
Awang Azman juga berkata, sudah tentu PRU tidak akan diadakan pada bulan Ogos kerana pada bulan tersebut kerajaan sibuk membuat persediaan menjadi tuan rumah sukan Asia Tenggara yang berprestij itu.
Read More / Baca Lagi >>
          SOALAN KEPADA BERSATU DARI AHLI DAP   
Umno pada hari ini adalah Umno versi Kleptokrasi. Datuk Seri Najib Razak telah merampas Umno Baru yang dicipta oleh Tun Mahathir ketika krisis kepimpinan Umno 88/89 dahulu.
Maka itu saya melihat Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (BERSATU) ini seakan-akan jelmaan kembali Umno 89, bukan Umno 46 yang bersifat nasionalis.
Umno 89 mempunyai kelebihan pada masa itu apabila mereka ada semua tokoh-tokoh penting. Begitu juga dengan PPBM ini, memiliki ketokohan dalam barisan kepempinan kanannya.
Pemimpin kanan BERSATU yang kebanyakkannya berpengalaman luas dalam pentadbiran kerajaan terdahulu telah mencadangkan kepimpinannya dalam Pakatan Harapan (HARAPAN).
Saya ambil cadangan ini sebagai suatu hal yang positif. Namun, saya bermasalah sedikit dengan cadangan ini kerana ia hanya datang dengan tiket untuk menumbangkan Najib, tiada pakej lain.
AMANAH, PKR dan DAP masing-masing telah jelaskan pakejnya. Selain mahu menjadikan Umno BN pembangkang, parti-parti ini sudah siap dengan agenda-agenda membangunkan kembali negara ini, baik dalam aspek keadilan, ekonomi, sosial, pendidikan, kebajikan malah kebudayaan.
Idea dari naskhah Buku Jingga sekurang-kurangnya telah menjadi model asas pakej-pakej tersebut. Apapun, ia pastinya perlu disusun kembali sesuai dengan keperluan dan kehendak zaman ini.
Pakej tawaran BERSATU
Tetapi bagaimana dengan pakej tawaran dari rakan baru HARAPAN, iaitu BERSATU?
Tawaran untuk menumbangkan Umno Najib dengan mengetuai jentera HARAPAN, bagi saya tidak memadai. Saya merasakan tidak ada yang baru dengan tawaran ini.
Maksud saya, saya belum dapat melihat tawaran BERSATU yang lebih mengiurkan buat rakyat, khususnya orang Melayu yang menjadi tunjang dan sasaran BERSATU.
Ya, barangkali benar BERSATU mampu tembus ke kawasan yang gagal ditembusi oleh HARAPAN (dulunya Pakatan Rakyat). BERSATU juga mampu menarik sejumlah besar pendengar untuk datang mendengar ceramahnya.
Tetapi tawarannya apa?
Berkempen dengan hujah untuk menumbangkan Najib tidak akan sama dengan kempen dan hujah untuk membina kembali negara yang telah rosak ini.
Hujah untuk menumbangkan Najib akan tertumpu mencari kelemahan Najib dan memperlekeh Najib. Mengkritik Najib ini saya kira satu kerja yang sangat mudah ketika ini, bagi PKR, DAP atau AMANAH, mengkritik Najib ini hal kacang, skrip dah ada.
Model pentadbiran BERSATU
Apatah lagi hari ini skandal Najib terkenal seantero dunia, hinggakan anak muda yang tidak kenal Umno pun tahu nak ‘troll’ Najib.
Adakah hujah untuk menumbangkan Najib akan menjadi kekuatan penting kepada BERSATU atau HARAPAN?
Tokoh-tokoh kanan pimpinan BERSATU mempunyai pengalaman yang cukup luas dalam kerajaan, saya akui. Saya yakin jika mereka bersama-sama dengan tokoh-tokoh dalam HARAPAN, pasti boleh menyusun kembali pentadbiran negara ini.
Tetapi apakah model pentadbiran yang akan diajukan oleh BERSATU? Hingga kini, saya belum dapat lihat model itu. Adakah BERSATU akan mencadangkan model yang sama dengan kerajaan Umno 89?
Berpolitik bukan sahaja soal nak menang, tetapi membina imaginasi untuk mencapai kemenangan.
Jika ia filem, mana naskhah skripnya? Jika ia kereta, mana lukisan teknikalnya? Jika ia perniagaan, mana model perniagaannya?
Disamping itu, saya juga tertanya-tanya dimanakah Deklarasi Rakyat yang dirumus dan dibacakan dahulu? Adakah ia sudah tidak relevan?
Deklarasi Rakyat
Adakah Deklarasi Rakyat itu boleh dicanai oleh BERSATU dalam bentuk-bentuk polisi ekonomi, sosial, kebajikan dan kebudayaan dalam konteks sebuah naskhah untuk membina kembali negara ini?
Tun Mahathir Mohamad mengatakan, siapa calon perdana menteri tak penting, yang penting menang dahulu. Saya faham dan bersetuju, tetapi bagaimana mahu menang jika agenda nak membangunkan negara itu pun belum BERSATU kemukakan.
Bagi saya, selain hujah untuk menumbangkan Najib, tawaran untuk membina kembali negara yang telah rosak ini, lebih penting. Ia akan menjadi faktor penarik kepada rakyat untuk yakin dan memangkah HARAPAN.
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          Don’t Drink and Drive, Impaired Driving Simulation at Need 2 Speed   
SPONSORED POST Raising awareness about the dangers of driving while under the influence of alcohol Need 2 Speed Indoor Kart Racing partners with the Reno Police Department and Zero Teen Fatalities for an impaired driving [...] The post Don’t Drink and Drive, Impaired Driving Simulation at Need 2 Speed appeared first on This is Reno.

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          Free Searches Available In Genealogy Lab At TMCC Library   
Those interested in delving into their family history can get assistance free of charge at Truckee Meadows Community College’s genealogy lab, which opened recently and is available for public use. Free and low-cost searches with [...] The post Free Searches Available In Genealogy Lab At TMCC Library appeared first on This is Reno.

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          Be Fit Foods Moves to Downtown’s Liberty Food & Wine Exchange   
SPONSORED POST Reno’s healthy meal hub, Be Fit Foods, more commonly known as BFF Café, is shifting gears to make its healthful food creations more accessible to the health-conscious and on-the-go customer. Beginning Saturday, July [...] The post Be Fit Foods Moves to Downtown’s Liberty Food & Wine Exchange appeared first on This is Reno.

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          INTERVIEW: Reno’s Wacky Yet Danceable Serenity Awaits   
Local Band Alert: ThisisReno takes a closer look at local bands in this series of 5-minute interviews.  This week we interview Serenity Awaits featuring: Ben Boren (Lead Vocals/Rhythm Guitar) Charlie Gomes (Lead Guitar/Backup vocals) Jonathan [...] The post INTERVIEW: Reno’s Wacky Yet Danceable Serenity Awaits appeared first on This is Reno.

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          PHOTOS: Advocates Gather to Discuss Community Health Care in Nevada   
Local faith leaders, community activists, and members of Community Health Alliance (CHA) gathered together on June 27 to discuss issues regarding the health care system in Nevada with Sister Simone Campbell of NETWORK, a national [...] The post PHOTOS: Advocates Gather to Discuss Community Health Care in Nevada appeared first on This is Reno.

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          PHOTOS: Nugent Rockin’ America Again at Sparks Nugget   
Ted Nugent’s “Rockin’ America Again Tour” sold out the Nugget Ballroom inside the Nugget Casino in Sparks Saturday, June 24. Security was very tight at the venue, with everyone passing through a frisk and wand [...] The post PHOTOS: Nugent Rockin’ America Again at Sparks Nugget appeared first on This is Reno.

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          Area Governments Launch River Safety Campaign   
Area governments are asking the public to stay away from the Truckee River unless you are experienced in dealing with fast-moving water, or you are accompanied by somebody who is, such as a professional rafting [...] The post Area Governments Launch River Safety Campaign appeared first on This is Reno.

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          Burgum, State Agencies Introduce Efforts to Provide Timely Information on Disaster and Emergency Response Activities   
By ND Joint Information Group
Gov. Doug Burgum and state officials today unveiled a new website and related social media sites designed to provide information during issues of significant public impact and involving a multi-agency response. NDResponse.gov supports response and recovery coordination with state and local agencies in each county and tribal nation within North Dakota.
 
“It is vitally important for the citizens of North Dakota to have resources for timely and accurate information on events such as the Dakota Access Pipeline and potential spring flooding,” Gov. Burgum said. “Our coordinated effort will ensure that a consistent, factual message reaches the citizens of North Dakota, reducing confusion, combatting rumors and myths, and providing the public with the information they need to be best prepared for whatever situation arises.”
 
In the event of major events impacting North Dakota citizens, the state will use NDResponse.gov as a single source for accurate and timely information. Currently, the website will provide information on the response to the Dakota Access Pipeline protest events and potential spring 2017 flooding.
 
“North Dakota has a great tradition of agencies coming together in times of crisis and natural disaster. We want to reinforce all of the great efforts by our agencies and highlight the dedicated work done by our first responders,” Gov. Burgum said. “These efforts in coordination with our Joint Information Center – a collection of communications staff from various state agencies – will continue to ensure a consistent and accurate message moving forward to better inform our citizens and battle misinformation.”
 
NDResponse.gov will also include a media resources section with photos, videos and a press contact request form.
 
The social media sites for NDResponse are located at https://www.facebook.com/NDResponse/ and https://twitter.com/ndresponse.
 
The North Dakota Joint Information Center provides 24/7 emergency communications and resource coordination with more than 50 lead and support agencies, private enterprise, and voluntary organizations to assist local jurisdictions in disaster and emergency response activities.  

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          Michigan's legal bills for Flint water crisis top $14M   
LANSING, Mich. (AP) -- Michigan's legal bills for the man-made water crisis in Flint are piling up....
          Comentário sobre Unique Blog Style! por TRX_admin   
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          Area Communities Search for Answers to Solve Daycare Shortage   
By Grand Forks Herald
When Jennifer Krom returns to work later this month from maternity leave at GHY International, a Pembina customs brokerage, she'll be commuting 50 miles one-way from Grafton, N.D., at least for a while. 

She'd rather live closer to her job. But she cannot find a licensed child care service for her infant daughter.

"I can find housing in Pembina. I cannot find day care," she said. "So, the next closest community would be Drayton (N.D). I can find day care there, but there's little or no housing available."

Pembina, a town of 567 located just south of the Canadian border and across the Red River from Minnesota, is trying to change that.

The Pembina Growth Committee is leading an effort to raise $94,000 to establish a licensed community child care center that would serve 25 to 30 children, according to Corie Koropatnicki, committee member. The goal is to open by October.

Pembina is just one of many rural cities throughout North Dakota and Minnesota where the child care crunch is putting the squeeze on parents, businesses and leaders who hope to maintain community vitality.

Each community, regardless of which side of the Red River it lies, faces similar challenges in available day care openings and adequate workers.

In North Dakota, nearly every county fails to meet the ideal threshold for available day care. To fill the gap, exacerbated by several closings, communities are exploring creative solutions through partnerships. Parents in Minnesota also struggle to find openings, particularly those aligning with family schedules, and the state's strict requirements for day care teachers make it difficult for providers to hire additional staff to fill the void.

Working parents
A look at parents' working trends and needs indicate a deficiency in available day care, especially in rural areas. Throughout North Dakota, the crisis represents an issue facing many communities.

"North Dakota is the second leading state for two-parent working families—and particularly with the need for workforce, quality day care services are essential to building strong communities and strong businesses," said Dawn Keeley, executive director of the Red River Regional Council, based in Grafton.

The regional council serves Grand Forks, Nelson, Pembina and Walsh counties.

"The child care crisis is just that—it's absolutely a crisis for small communities," said Allison Johnson, director of the Mayville State University Child Development Programs, based in Mayville, N.D.

Only two of North Dakota's 53 counties—Cass and Ramsey—currently meet or exceed the 50 percent "healthy child care capacity" threshold used by the North Dakota Department of Human Services Child and Family Services Division, said Jennifer Barry, early childhood services administrator.

"Statewide, we're in the 30 percent range," she said. "Even in those two counties, we see some parents who are struggling to find services."

Officials use 50 percent as the benchmark, based on data that show the remaining 50 percent of children of working parents have access to child care services from relatives or through small home-based child care facilities.

In Pembina County overall, licensed care capacity meets just 30.6 percent of the need, according the latest snapshot, in March 2015, by Child Care Aware North Dakota.

The agency estimates Pembina County would need another 165 child care slots to meet the 50 percent level.

It isn't just licensed child care services that are lacking. Many communities have seen the number home-based businesses dwindle in recent years.

In Lakota, N.D., for instance, a new community-operated child care center opened last month after three private home-based day cares closed within the previous year.

"One trend I've noticed is that our providers tend to leave the field and find new jobs quicker than before," Barry said. "We have fewer of our career providers. It's quite frequently because they have small children, and when the children get to school age, the providers find other jobs."

Filling gaps
In Minnesota's northwestern counties, parents also are searching for day care providers.

Parents seeking infant and toddler care or full-time care are the two highest groups of referrals seen by child care resource and referral agencies, according to a 2014 report from Child Care Aware.

The trend is apparent in northwest Minnesota, where Maureen Hams, community services director for Tri-Valley Opportunity Council, often receives calls from parents looking for infant and toddler care.

That type of care and early morning, evening and part-time care are the four gaps Hams sees as affecting the region.

To keep up with demand, Hams said establishing new day cares is one possible solution, and her office has talked at length about how to recruit individuals to the child care sector.

"I think there's people that might be interested but aren't sure what to do, so probably offering the technical assistance to someone who's interested is probably the most helpful thing we can do," Hams said.

The preferred route for child care providers in the region is establishing a home-based service, also known as family child care.

Family child care providers can be licensed to take up to 14 children under state law. The state sets staff-to-child ratios and caps the number of children allowed based on ages.

That means a provider licensed for the care of 10 children cannot have 10 infants, but rather a mix of ages.

Across Kittson, Marshall, Pennington, Polk, Red Lake and Roseau counties, there are 274 active licensed family child care providers and 14 child care centers as of July 2015, according to a Herald analysis of Department of Human Services license data.

The data also reflect closures, with another 18 providers noted as such before their licenses expired in 2015 or 2016. Ten of the closures happened in Polk County with remaining ones spread among Kittson, Marshall and Roseau counties.

State assistance
In North Dakota, Pembina officials are awaiting word this month whether it will receive a $68,000 Child Care grant from the state's Department of Commerce. The North Dakota Legislature earlier this year appropriated $2.25 million to the agency to help meet the demand for child care services throughout the state.

The Pembina County Job Development Authority recently approved a $12,875 matching contribution for the project. The city also has approved a commitment of $12,160, according to Keeley, who also serves on the Pembina and Nelson county job development authorities. The state grant requires a 25-percent local match.

According to the plan, the city would purchase a 28-by-56-foot modular home in an underdeveloped park in southwest Pembina. Then, it would lease the property to a child care provider, who would run it as a private business.

The Growth Committee, which is searching for a licensed operator, is confident it will be in operation by October. If the venture is successful, the group will look to expand in the next few years.

"A community as small as Pembina, it's amazing how quickly we come together when there's someone or something in need, from fundraisers for someone who has been sick and hasn't been able to work to any number of things," Koropatnicki said.

Pembina priority
The Pembina project was launched after a public meeting last fall indicated the community's top priority was a licensed child care center. Affordable housing finished second.

The Growth Committee then conducted a survey to understand the needs and the urgency, according to Koropatnicki.

The two-week survey this spring showed the Pembina community had 40 children ages infant to 5 years old and 12 from ages 6 through 12. Of the 50 respondents, 35 indicated they would consider using a local day care center if one were available.

Several people answering the Pembina community survey said they knew people working in Pembina who would move to the city if they could find day care services, according to Koropatnicki.

Krom, the new mother who commutes from Grafton, is among them. But it appears she won't be moving to Pembina any time soon.

She recently found a residence in Drayton, which will be available in September. She had been on a waiting list since February.

"I would have loved to move to Pembina, and be close to work," she said, "but at least Drayton is closer."

"There's so many different things you go through when you're pregnant, so many other things on your mind," Krom said. "Day care is one of the last things you want to worry about. You just want to make sure that's taken care of, so that when the baby's here, you just want to focus on the baby, instead of, 'Oh, I wonder if I'm going to get to go back to work?' "

Average cost of child care

Numbers from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014

Minnesota
$13,762 - Infant in child care center
$10, 642 - 4-year-old in child care center
$7,547 - Infant in family child care program
$6,865 - 4 year old in family child care program

North Dakota
$6,822 - Infant (0-17 months old) in home-based programs
$6,653 - Ages 18 to 35 months old in home-based programs
$6,534 - Ages 3 to 5 years old in home-based programs
$8,211 - Infant (0-17 months old) in child care center and group facilities
$7,915 - Ages 18 to 35 months old in child care center
$7,507 - Ages 3-5 years old in child care center

Potential demand for children under age 6 (2014)

Minnesota - 304,951
North Dakota - 38,701

Providers

Minnesota
Child care centers statewide - 1,036

Family care programs statewide - 10,276

Total spaces/slots - 352,792

27 percent in centers
73 percent in family care centers (home)

North Dakota
Child care centers statewide - 1,348

Family care programs statewide - 361

Total spaces/slots - 28,873

55 percent in centers
45 percent in family or family group centers (home)

Referrals received by resource agencies

Minnesota
For infant/toddler care (ages 0-23 months) - 41 percent
For preschool-age care (ages 2-5) - 36 percent
For school-age care - 23 percent

North Dakota
For infant/toddler care (ages 0-23 mos) - 49 percent
For preschool-age care (ages 2-5) - 39 percent.
For school-age care - 12 percent

Workforce

Minnesota
Child care workers (in centers) - 9,560

Average annual income of child care workers - $21,710

North Dakota
Child care workers (in centers) - 3,316

Average annual income of child care workers (2012 survey) - $19,448

Area Communities Search for Answers to Solve Daycare Shortage - Grand Forks Herald

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          Land Board Awards $11.5 Million in Latest Round of Energy Impact Grant Funding    
By ND Governor's Office
The Board of University and School Lands (Land Board) today awarded $11.5 million in energy impact grants to local law enforcement agencies, non-profit service organizations and emergency medical services in North Dakota’s oil and gas region.  The Land Board awarded nearly $8 million to support the region’s law enforcement agencies and service organizations, and another $3.7 million for the region’s emergency medical services.
 
“These state funds will further support the region’s local law enforcement agencies, emergency medical responders as well as organizations that provide family support services,” said Gov. Jack Dalrymple, chairman of the five-member state Land Board. “The Energy Impact Grant Program has been very helpful in addressing a wide range of needs associated with the region’s dynamic growth.”
 
Other Land Board members are Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem, Secretary of State Al Jaeger, Superintendent of Public Instruction Kirsten Baesler and State Treasurer Kelly Schmidt.
 
"The goal of these law enforcement grants is to put local law enforcement officers out on the streets and highways, properly trained, adequately equipped and affordably housed,” Stenehjem said.  “In addition, this year’s grants focus on prosecution by providing additional assistance to county state’s attorneys.”
 
Since 2011, the state has appropriated more than a half-billion dollars in Energy Impact Grant funds alone, a small portion of the state’s overall commitment to helping the oil and gas region’s counties, cities, schools and other political subdivisions address the challenges of rapid growth.
 
The nearly $8 million in state grants awarded today to the region’s law enforcement agencies and service organizations include:
  • $904,500 to the McKenzie County Sheriff’s Office for new police vehicles, law enforcement training, body cameras and other equipment and housing allowances for deputies, dispatch employees and corrections staff.
  • $596,935 to the Williston Police Department for six police vehicles, other equipment and salary support for three new officers.
  • $77,162 for the Williston Family Crisis Shelter to hire a services advocate and to purchase office equipment.
  • $443,057 to the Watford City Police Department for six new patrol vehicles, duty gear and other equipment, law enforcement training and housing allowances for 20 officers and two support staff.
  • $22,500 to Dickinson’s Domestic Violence and Rape Crises Center toward staff salary and operating costs.
  • $273,000 for the Killdeer Police Department to hire two additional patrol officers; to purchase two vehicles; to purchase new bulletproof vests and other equipment; and to provide officers with housing allowances.
  • $257,000 for the Tioga Police Department to purchase equipment, support officer salaries and housing allowances for three officers and one member of the department’s support staff.
  • $210,514 for the Ward County State’s Attorney Office to support the hiring of an assistance state’s attorney, victim-witness coordinator two additional support staff.
 
The Land Board today awarded 32 grants totaling about $3.7 million in support of the region’s emergency medical services. The grants approved include:
  • $485,000 to the New Town Ambulance Service for the purchase of a new ambulance and staff pay assistance.
  • $369,324 to the city of Williston for a quick-response vehicle, training, emergency equipment and staffing assistance.
  • $272,000 to the city of Tioga for a new EMS building and emergency medical equipment.
  • $332,000 to the Killdeer Area Ambulance District for the purchase of a new building and staffing assistance.
  • $200,000 to the Stanley Rural Ambulance Service District for a building renovation and expansion.
  • $100,000 to the United Rural Ambulance Service in Ward County for the construction of a new EMS building.
  • $92,750 for the Westhope Ambulance Service to complete the construction of a new building and to support staff pay.
  • $50,000 for the Ray Ambulance Service to purchase emergency medical equipment and supplies.
  • $142,200 for the Renville County Rural Ambulance Service to support staffing of ambulance services in the Mohall and Glenburn areas.
  • $60,000 for a new ambulance and emergency medical staffing assistance in Ward County.
 
For a complete list of grants approved by the Land Board today go to www.nd.gov/energyimpact.

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          Shale Boom Helps North Dakota Bank Earn Returns Goldman Would Envy   
By Wall Street Journal
Displaying WSJ Harmeyer.jpgIt is more profitable than Goldman Sachs Group Inc., has a better credit rating than J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. and hasn’t seen profit growth drop since 2003.

Meet Bank of North Dakota, the U.S.’s lone state-owned bank, which has one branch, no automated teller machines and not a single investment banker.

The reason for its success? As the sole repository of the state of North Dakota’s revenue, the bank has been one of the biggest beneficiaries of the boom in Bakken shale-oil production from hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. In fact, the bank played a crucial part in kick-starting the oil frenzy in the state in 2008 amid the financial crisis.

When other banks around the U.S. were curtailing lending and increasing reserves, Bank of North Dakota helped smaller banks in the state ride out the crisis by providing them with letters of credit, loan sales and bank stock. Since then, its total assets have more than doubled, to $6.9 billion last year from $2.8 billion in 2007. By contrast, assets of the much bigger Bank of America Corp. have grown much more slowly, to $2.1 trillion from $1.7 trillion in that period.

Much of that growth has been fueled by surging deposits of mineral-rights royalty payments and taxes stemming from North Dakota’s leap from the country’s sixth-largest oil producer to its second largest over the past five years. The bank taps those coffers to extend loans for new businesses, infrastructure such as hospitals and purchases of new homes, all of which have seen increased demand as oil workers flock to the state.

Set up in 1919 under a socialist-oriented government that represented farmers frustrated with out-of-state commodity and railroad owners, the bank treads a fine line between the private and public sectors in what today is a solidly Republican state. It traditionally extends credit, or invests directly, in areas other lenders shun, such as rural housing loans.

The bank’s mission is promoting economic development, not competing with private banks. “We’re a state agency and profit maximization isn’t what drives us,” President Eric Hardmeyer said. At the same time, he said “it’s important to me that we show a respectable bottom line” to taxpayers, noting that the bank historically has returned profits to the state’s coffers.

Its profit, which hit $94 million last year, has grown by double-digit percentages annually since 2010. Return on equity, a measure of profitability, is 18.56%, about 70% higher than those at Goldman Sachs and J.P. Morgan. To be sure, Goldman Sachs and J.P. Morgan are much larger institutions with more complex balance sheets.

North Dakotans can open a personal account at the bank’s only branch in downtown Bismarck, the state capital. But the bank offers few of the perks offered by traditional lenders and says retail banking accounts for just 2%-3% of its business. The bank’s focus is providing loans to students and extending credit to companies in North Dakota, often in partnership with smaller community banks.

Bank of North Dakota also acts as a clearinghouse for interbank transactions in the state by settling checks and distributing coins and currency. “We get compared to a little, mini Federal Reserve” on the prairie, said Mr. Hardmeyer, who has led the bank for nearly 14 years.

For years, Bank of North Dakota paid exactly $30 million annually back into the state’s general budgetary fund. But with North Dakota’s coffers flush with oil revenue, the legislature hasn’t requested the payments from the bank since 2010. Its loan book has expanded, but not fast enough to keep up with deposits and retained earnings.

It recently started offering mortgages to individuals in the most underserved corners of the state. But Mr. Hardmeyer dismisses any notion the bank could run into trouble with deadbeat borrowers. “We know our customers,” he said. “You’ve got to understand the conservative nature of this state. Nobody here is really interested in making subprime loans.”

Five years ago, Bank of North Dakota lent about 90% of its deposits, but that ratio shrank to around 60% in 2013.

Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services last month reaffirmed its double-A-minus rating of the bank, whose deposits are guaranteed by the state of North Dakota. That is above the rating for both Goldman Sachs and J.P. Morgan and among U.S. financial institutions, second only to the Federal Home Loan Banks, rated double-A-plus.

Lawmakers in a few other states such as Colorado and Maryland have advanced proposals to emulate Bank of North Dakota and set up state-owned lenders in recent years, so far without success. “Last year was a peak in terms of introducing these bills,” said Mathew Street, deputy general counsel at the American Bankers Association. “However many bills have been introduced, none have passed since 1919,” he said.

North Dakota officials hesitate to tout the bank as a model. “We think it’s worked well for us, but only because we’re very careful about how we use it,” said North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple.

Not all of Bank of North Dakota’s initiatives have succeeded. One misfire in the early 2000s involved financing “Wooly Boys,” a film starring Peter Fonda and Kris Kristofferson. The movie, about a sheep rancher’s family, was a box-office flop. The bank, which had hoped to spark a tourism boom similar to that in South Dakota after the release of the Kevin Costner hit “Dances with Wolves,” wrote off the loss.

Shale Boom Helps North Dakota Bank Earn Returns Goldman Would Envy - The Wall Street Journal

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          Land Board Awards $5 Million in Latest Grant Round to Law Enforcement Agencies   
By ND Governor
The Board of University and School Lands (Land Board) today awarded about $5 million in state grants to support sheriff offices and other local law enforcement agencies in North Dakota’s oil-production region.  The Land Board also awarded about $100,000 in grant funds to law enforcement agencies that are serving growing populations throughout the state.

Since July, the Land Board has awarded about $15.3 million to support local law enforcement agencies in western North Dakota. The funding is part of a $240-million state grant program created during the last Legislative session to help address the impacts of rapid growth in western North Dakota.

“These law enforcement funds concentrate on meeting immediate safety needs by putting peace officers on the road, appropriately trained, properly equipped and affordably housed,” Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem said. “I am confident we will be able to show legislators that these critical funds have been wisely invested and are already showing results in investigating criminal activity and prosecuting criminals.”

Gov. Jack Dalrymple is chairman of the five-member Land Board. Other board members are Stenehjem, Secretary of State Al Jaeger, Superintendent of Public Instruction Kirsten Baesler and State Treasurer Kelly Schmidt. The Land Board voted unanimously in favor of awarding the law enforcement grants.

“These grants are part of a larger strategy to help our local officials and community leaders address the challenges that come with growth,” Dalrymple said. “With the Energy Impact Fund, we can tackle a wide range of challenges. We continue to make significant progress, but we recognize that the impacts from rapid growth are very dynamic and we must always be prepared to adapt our response to meet the region’s needs.”

The law enforcement grants approved by the Land Board today will support sheriff offices, police departments, states attorney offices and regional law enforcement task forces. The state funding will also support domestic violence assistance programs, family crisis assistance and child advocacy. The grants will help pay for patrol vehicles; mobile fingerprint scans that provide immediate identification; portable scales for weight enforcement; funding for housing allowances; funding to hire additional officers, victim advocates and other public safety personnel as well as training, police safety gear and other equipment. For a complete list of law enforcement grants approved today by the Land Board go to www.nd.gov/energyimpact

State funding appropriated to support the region’s law enforcement agencies and other emergency responders during the 2013-2015 biennium includes:
• $9.6 million for Attorney General grants to law enforcement agencies.
• $7 million in Energy Impact Grant funds for sheriffs’ departments.
• $7 million for emergency medical service providers.
• $3.5 million for fire protection districts.
• $9.6 million for critical access hospitals.

In all, the state will invest about $2.6 billion to support the state’s oil and gas region during the 2013-2015 biennium.  The state’s 2013-2015 commitment – more than twice the amount of the previous, two-year funding package of about $1.2 billion – is being used to address a wide range of needs in western North Dakota, including:  highway, county and township road improvements; water supply and water treatment projects; the development of low-to-moderate income housing and assistance for growing school districts. Other state commitments include stationing more Highway Patrol troopers in western North Dakota; enhancements to the region’s court system and funding for dust suppression projects.

 

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          6月30日(金)のつぶやき   

【スペワ迫る閉園 見えぬ後継像】スペースワールドが年末で閉園。跡地活用の優先交渉権を得たイオンモールは調整を本格化させたが後継施設の具体像はまだ見えず。 yahoo.jp/Pqr3O6

— Yahoo!ニュース (@YahooNewsTopics) 2017年6月30日 - 11:04

足が速いフレンズなんだね!

「けもフレ」と東京競馬場が運命のコラボ 新キャラ・アスリートサーバルや、ましたおにいさんのサラブレッド解説動画を公開 - ねとらぼ nlab.itmedia.co.jp/nl/articles/17… @itm_nlabから pic.twitter.com/eNxlZpulTi

— ねとらぼ (@itm_nlab) 2017年6月30日 - 11:01

【#ISIS 】武装勢力が占拠するフィリピンのマラウィで、住民5人の首無し遺体発見
――住民への民家略奪や性の奴隷の強要も……
newsweekjapan.jp/stories/world/…
#フィリピン #イスラム過激派 #ドゥテルテ pic.twitter.com/4h3HjvGWv0

— ニューズウィーク日本版 (@Newsweek_JAPAN) 2017年6月30日 - 08:20

バニラ・エアの件、今回、ツイッター上で様々な意見を目にした。過去の現場に居合わせた人、CAと思われる人、車椅子の人、障害者を身近にもつ健常者の人、航空会社にいたことのある人、どれもこれも問題を考える上で有益かつ参考になった。この多様性こそがテレビにはないツイッターの良さだと思った

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          R-Star and the Yellen rules   

R-Star and the Yellen rules

Henrike Michaelis, Volker Wieland 03 February 2017

With the new Republican majority in both Houses of the US Congress, the Fed Oversight Reform and Modernization (FORM) Act that was passed by the House of Representatives in November 2015 is receiving renewed attention. Section 2 requires that the Fed:

  1. “describe the strategy or rule of the Federal Open Market Committee for the systematic quantitative adjustment” of its policy instruments; and
  2. compare its strategy or rule with a reference rule.1

Janet Yellen, Chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, is to be complimented for using such comparisons with reference rules in her communication about Fed policy. Just recently, in a speech at Stanford on 19 January, she discussed how current Fed policy compares to several simple policy rules.2

For example, Yellen uses the well-known Taylor rule as a reference point. Additionally, she considers two other rules, which she calls the ‘balanced-approach rule’ and the ‘change rule’. Looking forward, she contrasts the implications of the rules with the FOMC members’ projections for the federal funds rate. She states that such benchmark rules “can be helpful in providing broad guidance about how the federal funds rate should be adjusted over time in response to movements in real activity and inflation.” Yet, as Yellen notes, “the Taylor rule prescribes a much higher path for the federal funds rate than the median of (FOMC) participants’ assessments of appropriate policy”.

Yellen goes on to make the important argument that “if the neutral rate were to remain quite low over the medium term, .., then the appropriate setting for R-Star in the Taylor rule would arguably be zero, yielding a yet lower path for the federal funds rate.” To support her argument, she refers to estimates of this R-Star by Holston et al. (2017).

However, as we show below, if one uses an estimate of potential real activity that is consistent with this R-Star estimate, the argument is turned on its head. Since the consistent estimate of potential real activity is lower than the one considered by Yellen, it implies federal funds rate prescriptions that have been above Fed policy for quite some time. Thus, a consistent use of these estimates indicates that Fed policy has been rather loose relative to such a reference rule.

This is shown in Figure 1. The blue line is the actual federal funds rate. The orange line indicates the prescriptions from the (standard) Taylor rule. The dark green line (labelled the “Yellen Taylor Rule”) uses the lower neutral rate/R-Star estimate suggested by Yellen (2016). Its prescriptions for the funds rate are quite a bit lower. However, once the consistent estimate of potential real activity is used along with the R-Star estimate, the interest rate prescriptions move back up as shown by the light-green line in Figure 1 (labelled the “consistent Yellen Taylor rule”).

Figure 1 Federal funds rate and Taylor rules

R-Star and other ingredients in the reference rules

Let’s take a closer look why this is so. The Taylor rule prescribes a value for the federal funds rate that deviates from its long-run equilibrium whenever inflation deviates from a target of 2% and output deviates from potential (Taylor 1993). Here’s the formula:

Fed Funds Rate = R-Star + Target + 1.5 (Inflation – Target) + 0.5 (Output Gap)

The equilibrium funds rate is simply the sum of the long-term equilibrium real rate, the ‘infamous’ R-Star, and the target rate for inflation. Taylor (1993) puts both at 2%. For inflation, the 2% value actually coincides with the Fed’s longer-run goal made public in 2012 and measured with the PCE (Personal Consumption Expenditures) Index. For R-Star, Taylor (1993) used trend GDP growth, which stood at 2.2% between 1984 and 1992. Incidentally, the same estimate of R-Star stands even a bit higher between 1984 and 2016.

The standard Taylor rule shown in Figure 1 uses a 2% R-Star, core PCE inflation (green line in Figure 2), and the output gap proposed by Yellen (2016). This output gap (blue line in Figure 2) is based on the unemployment rate using Okun’s law with an estimate of the long-run NAIRU. This output gap measure declines following the outbreak of the financial crisis reaching a trough of -8% in 2010, and it has just been closed in 2016.

Figure 2 Output gap estimates and PCE-inflation (core)

Medium-run equilibrium rates

The Yellen Taylor rule instead uses estimates of the equilibrium real rate based on a methodology as appears in Laubach and Williams (2003) and Holston et al. (2017). (For the calculation, see Beyer and Wieland 2014 and GCEE 2015, 2016.) This is best characterised as a medium-run equilibrium rate. It is estimated within a three-equation model consisting of an aggregate demand curve, an inflation Phillips curve, and a definition linking potential growth and the equilibrium interest rate/R-Star. This setup contains a number of temporary and permament shocks. The estimate of the medium-run equilibrium rate can change substantially within short periods of time. As shown by the orange line in Figure 3, it declined sharply with the recession in 2008/2009 and has hovered near zero since then.

Figure 3 Medium run equilibrium interest rates

Using the estimate of the medium-run equilibrium rate in place of the long-run equilibrium R-Star, the Yellen Taylor rule (green line in Figure 1) results in much lower federal funds rate prescriptions than the standard Taylor rule.

However, the estimates of potential real activity and the output gap obtained with the methodology as in Laubach and Williams (2003) are quite different from those in the Yellen Taylor rule, which are derived from a long-run NAIRU. The medium-run output gap (orange line in Figure 2) declines much less in the 2008/09 recession. The trough occurs at about -2%. The output gap estimate is back in positive territory by 2011. A deeper trough and longer-lasting negative output gap would have implied substantial deflation according to the estimated Phillips curve. Absent deflation, potential is revised down and the output gap is revised upwards. Along with the lower potential and trend growth, the equilibrium rate estimate declines. Consequently, using the consistent medium run estimates of R-Star and the output gap, the federal funds rate prescriptions from the consistent Yellen Taylor rule turns out to be quite a bit higher than when the long-run NAIRU-based output gap is used.

The balanced-approach rule, also considered by Yellen, doubles the coefficient on the output gap to unity. Thus, the interest rate prescriptions from the balanced-approach rule would be even higher. Finally, the change rule uses first-differences, thereby removing R-Star considerations from the formula.

R-Star, reference rules, and Fed independence

In conclusion, with the use of simple reference rules one can illustrate quite clearly the impact of changes in R-Star and potential real activity on the path for monetary policy. In this sense, the comparative approach that would be required under Section 2 of the FORM Act proves quite useful. It also helps pointing out that insisting on consistency in the gap and equilibrium measures has important implications for how to interpret current policy. Specifically, the decline in R-Star estimates does not justify the current policy stance. Rather, consistent application suggests that policy should be tightened. Whether these medium-run estimates, following Laubach and Williams (2003), should really be given so much attention is another question. For one thing, they are extremely imprecise as indicated by the wide confidence bands in Figure 3. They are very sensitive to technical assumptions (Beyer and Wieland 2015, GCEE 2015), as Laubach and Williams (2003) have stressed. Others have pointed to a number of reasons why these estimates may suffer from omitted variable bias (Taylor and Wieland 2016, Cukierman 2016). Thus, it would be better not to use them as key determinant of the policy stance.

Importantly, however, these comparisons of Fed policy to simple reference rules show how such legislation would serve to bolster the Federal Reserve’s independence. Just imagine, if ever a president would try to exert pressure on the Fed to keep interest rates too low for too long in order to boost activity during his or her term and improve chances of reelection. This has a name – it’s a political business cycle. Clearly, by referring to such legislation and appropriate reference rules, the Fed would be able to better stand up to such pressure and more effectively communicate its reasons to the public.

References

Beyer, R C M and V Wieland (2015) “Schätzung des mittelfristigen Gleichgewichtszinses in den Vereinigten Staaten, Deutschland und dem Euro-Raum mit der Laubach-Williams-Methode”, GCEE Working Paper 03/2015, Wiesbaden, November.

Cukierman, A (2016) “Reflections on the natural rate of interest, its measurement, monetary policy and the zero bound”, CEPR Discussion paper 11467.

GCEE (2016) “Time for reforms”. Annual economic report, German Council of Economic Experts, 2 November.

GCEE (2015), “Focus on future viability”, Annual economic report, German Council of Economic Experts, 11 November.

Laubach, T and J C Williams (2003) “Measuring the natural rate of interest”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(4): 1063-1070.

Holston, K, T Laubach and J C Williams (2017) “Measuring the natural rate of interest: International trends and determinants”, Journal of International Economics, in press.

Taylor, J B and V Wieland (2016) “Finding the equilibrium real interest rate in a fog of policy deviations”, Business Economics, 51(3): 147-154.

Yellen, J (2016) “The economic outlook and the conduct of monetary policy”, Remarks at Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, Stanford University, 19 January.

Yellen, J (2015) “Normalizing monetary policy: Prospects and perspectives”, Remarks at the conference on New Normal Monetary Policy, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.

Endnotes

[1] For more information on the legislation and why the Requirements for Policy Rules of the Federal Open Market Committee are supported by leading scholars of monetary economics see here.

[2] This can be found in the third section of the speech under the heading “Evaluating the appropriate stance of monetary policy” (Yellen 2016).

Topics:  Macroeconomic policy Monetary policy

Tags:  Fed, US Federal Reserve System, Janet Yellen, R-Star, Federal Open Market Committee, Taylor rule


          How bank networks amplify financial crises: Evidence from the Great Depression   

How bank networks amplify financial crises: Evidence from the Great Depression

Kris Mitchener, Gary Richardson 28 May 2016

How financial networks propagate shocks and magnify recessions is of interest to both scholars and policymakers. The financial crisis of 2007-8 convinced many observers that financial networks were fragile, and while reforms are underway, much remains to be learned about how and why connections between financial firms matter for the macroeconomy. Indeed, the complexity and sheer number of linkages has made it particularly challenging to formulate empirical estimates of their role in amplifying downturns.

Economic theory suggests many channels through which networks may transmit shocks (Allen and Gale 2000, Cabellero and Simesek 2013) and empirical research has provided some evidence of contagious failures flowing through interbank markets, particularly for the recent financial crisis in the US and Europe (Puhr et al. 2012, Fricke and Lux 2012). History should have a lot to say about the role of networks in contributing to the severity of financial crises, but it is a surprisingly lightly studied aspect of earlier periods of financial turmoil – even for well-researched episodes such as the Great Depression. This lacuna exists despite the fact that financial networks of the past may be simpler in structure, thus making it somewhat easier to identify empirically how aggregate variables, such as lending, were affected when linkages were disrupted.

In a recent paper, we document how the interbank network transmitted liquidity shocks through the US banking system and how the transmission of these shocks amplified the contraction in real economic activity during the Great Depression (Mitchener and Richardson 2016). The paper contributes to the growing literature on financial networks and the real economy, illuminating both a mechanism for transmission (interbank deposits) as well as a source of amplification (balance-sheet effects). It also introduces an additional channel through which banking distress deepened the Great Depression and complements existing research on how bank distress during the Great Depression influenced the real economy.

We describe how a pyramid-like structure of interbank deposits developed in the 19th century, how the founding of the Fed altered the holdings of these deposits, and how this structure then influenced real economic activity during periods of severe distress, such as banking panics (Mitchener and Richardson 2016). The interbank network that existed on the eve of the Great Depression linked large money centre banks in New York and Chicago to tens of thousands of smaller rural banks throughout the US. The money centre banks served as correspondents holding deposits from institutions in the countryside. Interbank balances exposed correspondent banks to shocks afflicting banks in the hinterland. Interbank deposits were a liquid source of funds that could be deployed to meet sudden demands by depositors to convert claims to cash, and the removal of these deposits from correspondent banks peaked during periods that contemporary commentators described as – and that our detailed statistical analysis of bank suspensions confirms were – banking panics. Although the pyramided system of interbank deposits could handle idiosyncratic bank runs, when runs clustered in time and space (i.e. when panics occurred) the system became overwhelmed in the sense that banks higher up the pyramid were forced to adjust to these changes in liabilities by changing their assets (i.e. lending).

We use the timing and location of these panics to statistically identify the causal relationship between panics, deposit withdrawals, and the decline in lending that occurred in banks in reserve and central reserve cities throughout the US. During periods identified as panics, withdrawals of interbank deposits forced correspondent banks to reduce lending to businesses. These interbank outflows led to a substantial decline in aggregate lending, equal to approximately 15% of the total decline in commercial bank lending in the US, from the peak in 1929 to the trough in 1933.

Ironically, the Federal Reserve System had been created with the purpose of preventing crises such as those that had regularly plagued the banking system in the 19th century. We help to explain why the Fed failed to fulfil this basic responsibility. Because the Fed failed to convince roughly half of all commercial banks to join the system, a pyramided-structure of reserves persisted into the third decade of the 20th century and created a channel through which the interbank deposit could influence real economic activity. In theory, pyramided reserves could have been deployed to help troubled banks, but during the banking panics of the 1930s, just as in the panics of the late 19th century, the total size of these withdrawals overwhelmed correspondent banks, leaving those banks with the choice of either saving themselves, contracting on the asset side of their balance sheets, or borrowing from the Fed. With the Fed unable or unwilling to provide sufficient liquidity to support distressed correspondent banks, they were forced to react to interbank outflows by reducing lending, thus amplifying the decline in investment spending. Although the mechanism is new, our results corroborate other studies on the Depression, which emphasise how banking distress reduced loan supply (Bernanke 1983, Calomiris and Mason 2003b).

What might have alleviated this problem? One solution would have been for the Federal Reserve to extend sufficient liquidity to the entire financial system. The Fed could have done this by lending funds to banks in reserve centres. In turn, those banks could have loaned funds to their interbank clients. To do this, banks in reserve centres would have had to accept as collateral loans originated by non-member banks. Banks in reserve centres would, in turn, need to use those assets as collateral at the Federal Reserve’s discount window. However, leaders of the Federal Reserve disagreed about the efficacy and legality of such action.

Another potential solution would have been to compel all commercial banks to join the Federal Reserve System and require all commercial banks to hold their reserves at a Federal Reserve Bank. Due to powerful political lobbies representing state and local bankers, however, Congress was unwilling to contemplate legislation that would have effected such changes. Had they done so, the pyramid structure of required reserves would have ceased to exist, and the interbank amplifier, as defined here, would have been dramatically diminished. That said, given the inaction of some Federal Reserve Banks during the 1930s, had such changes taken place, they may have magnified banking distress as more banks would have depended on obtaining funds through Federal Reserve Banks that adhered to the real bills doctrine. As we show, the costs of the pyramid in terms of a contraction in lending were substantial, but banks still met some of their short-term needs through this structure during the turbulent periods of banking distress.

References

Allen, F and D Gale (2000) “Financial contagion,” Journal of Political Economy 108:1-33.

Bernanke, B S (1983) “Nonmonetary effects of the financial crisis in the propagation of the Great Depression”, American Economic Review, 73(3): 257-276.

Caballero, R J and A Simsek (2013) "Fire sales in a model of complexity", The Journal of Finance, 68(6): 2549-2587.

Calomiris, C W and J R Mason (2003b) “Consequences of bank distress during the Great Depression”, American Economic Review, 93: 937-47.

Fricke, D and T Lux (2012) “Core-periphery structure in the overnight money market: Evidence from the e-MID trading platform”, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Working Paper No 1759.

Mitchener, K and G Richardson (2016) “Networked contagion and interbank amplification during the Great Depression”, CEPR Discussion Paper 11164.

Puhr, C, R Seliger and M Sigmund (2012) “Contagiousness and vulnerability in the Austrian interbank market”, OeNB Financial Stability Report, No 24, Oesterreichische Nationalbank.

Topics:  Economic history Financial regulation and banking Global crisis

Tags:  US, Great Depression, networks, financial network, banks, banking system, Fed, banking network, liquidity shocks, reserves


          The nature and effectiveness of central-bank communication   

The nature and effectiveness of central-bank communication

Stephen Hansen, Michael McMahon 03 February 2016

Over the past two decades, central bank communication has become an increasingly important policy instrument. Figure 1 plots the use of the phrase “central bank communication” in English books over the recent past. Usage rapidly expands after essentially no coverage before 2000. One illustrative example is the recent decision of the US Federal Reserve’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) to raise policy rates by 25 basis points on 16 December 2015. While markets widely anticipated this decision, there was a great deal of speculation beforehand about the statement the Federal Reserve would release with its decision that would outline its views on economic conditions and forward guidance on future policy decisions.

Figure 1. Frequency of phrase “central bank communication” in Google Books corpus over time

Note: y-axis scale is *10e-10 percentage points.
Source: Google Ngram Viewer.

The importance of communication to monetary policy has risen alongside a recognition that controlling market expectations is as important – if not more so – than setting the actual overnight policy rate. Communication is one of the main channels through which central bankers can affect market beliefs about its future actions. Evidence of this comes from the event-study analysis of Gürkaynak et al. (2005), who show that on Fed decision days the statement moves markets beyond the effect of the change in contemporary policy rate. More generally, once one accepts the importance of communication in shaping expectations, an important issue is to design the optimal communication policy (Reis 2013).

While the literature has established that communication can drive expectations, it has not pinned down the mechanism by which it does. In other words, given that central bankers can speak about a variety of issues, which ones are most important for driving market outcomes? Our recent paper builds on the computational linguistics techniques developed by Blei et al (2003) and introduced to the economics literature by Hansen et al (2014) to address this question (see Hansen and McMahon 2016).

Measuring central bank communication

For our analysis, we consider Fed statements from 1998 up to 2014. These statements – released when the policy interest rate is announced after each FOMC meeting – provide short summaries of the FOMC’s thinking behind interest rate decisions. There are eight such meetings each year. Central bank communication can give information along (at least) two distinct dimensions. First, the Fed has in place a large infrastructure for determining economic conditions, not all of which is available to market participants. By disclosing its views on conditions, the Fed can provide additional information to outsiders. Second, the FOMC can indicate how it expects to set future policy, so-called ‘forward guidance’.

To measure communication about economic conditions, we first estimate a topic model called Latent Dirichlet allocation (Blei et al 2003) on the set of paragraphs of all Fed statements in our sample. This both estimates topics or coherent themes within the data, and then decomposes each paragraph into the percentage of time it spends covering each topic. Importantly, there are no pre-defined labels on topics; instead, the algorithm groups together words in a completely data-driven way. After estimating topics, we identify several that pertain to economic conditions – prices and inflation; the demand side of the economy; labour market conditions; and growth prospects. Figure 2 illustrates the topic pertaining to labour market conditions as a word cloud in which the size of the word is proportional to the probability it appears in the topic.

Figure 2. Example topic about economic conditions

For the next step, we identify which paragraphs are predominantly about economic conditions and then, within these paragraphs, count the number of ‘expansionary’ words – such as “increasing”, “accelerating”, etc. – and subtract the number of ‘contractionary’ words such as “weak”, “slow”, etc. (The specific lists are taken from Apel and Blix Grimaldi 2012). This allows us to construct an index for each meeting’s statement of how positive the Fed is about economic conditions.

To measure forward guidance, we manually identify relevant paragraphs.1 We take a broader conception of forward guidance than some of the recent literature. We consider paragraphs to contain forward guidance if they reflect conditional statements about the extent of monetary support going forward, if they contain the date-based guidance of the FOMC in recent years, or if the FOMC statement is clear about the balance of risks as seen by the FOMC. To form our measure of a particular meeting’s forward guidance, we multiply the share of a statement’s total words made up of paragraphs about forward guidance and multiply it by the overall direction of the guidance (an increase in future rates = 1; a neutral stance = 0; and a decrease in future rates = -1). To arrive at the final index, we rescale this measure by the number of words in the forward guidance paragraphs that reflect uncertainty (the specific list is taken from Loughran and McDonald 2011) – the more ‘uncertain’ words the paragraphs contain, the lower the index. The idea is that more precise forward guidance should be more informative than ambiguous statements.

Figure 3 plots the time series of both our economic conditions and forward guidance indices. The former roughly tracks the business cycle (though it is noisy), while the latter grows in prominence over time, in particular in the recent period in which the Fed engaged in unconventional monetary policy.

Figure 3. Indices of Fed communication about economic conditions and forward guidance

Effects of public communication

Our ultimate question of interest is which dimension of monetary policy communication —economic conditions or forward guidance — is more important for explaining the market responses to Fed statements. We also need to control for the policy rate decision that accompanies Fed statements. For this, we use the shadow rates constructed in Wu and Xia (2014) that correct for the fact that the main policy rate of the Fed reached its effective lower bound in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008-2009.

To study the impact of multi-dimensional monetary policy (communication in addition to the monetary stance), we employ a factor-augmented vector autoregression (FAVAR) statistical model. This allows us to model interdependencies among all variables while capturing the effects of the macroeconomy using factors from a large array of macroeconomic time-series data.

We first study the reaction of financial asset prices to monetary policy. In terms of bonds, we find that the short end of the yield curve reacts very little to communication, but is fairly sensitive to the policy rate. But as one goes out further in the yield curve, forward guidance plays an increasingly important role in explaining variation in bond prices. On the other hand, communication about economic conditions explains very little of the observed bond price movements in our data at all time-horizons. The overall pattern is similar for equity prices – forward guidance explains three to four times as much movement in market indices as economic conditions communication.

We also study the relationship between monetary policy and the real economy. Here again, we find an important role for forward guidance relative to economic conditions. In fact, forward guidance explains as much variation in short-term unemployment rates as the monetary stance itself. Again though, there is little role for economic conditions in explaining movement in unemployment, prices, and other measures of economic activity.

Overall, then, the message of our work is that markets appear to put much more weight on what central banks say about their future policy decisions than what they say about economic conditions. This is consistent with a view in which market participants and the Fed have a similar understanding of the state of the economy at any given point in time, but substantial uncertainty exists regarding the future behaviour of the central bank. In this environment, communication shapes expectations through providing markets with additional information on how the central bank will behave in the future.

References

Apel, M and M Blix Grimaldi (2012) “The information content of central bank minutes”, Working Paper Series 261, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).

Blei, D M, A Y Ng and M I Jordan (2003) “Latent Dirichlet allocation", Journal of Machine Learning Research, 3: 993-1022.

Blinder, A S (1998) Central banking in theory and practice, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Gürkaynak, R S, B Sack and E Swanson (2005) “Do actions speak louder than words? The response of asset prices to monetary policy actions and statements”, International Journal of Central Banking 1(1).

Hansen, S and M McMahon (2016) “Shocking language: Understanding the macroeconomic effects of central bank communication”, CEPR, Discussion Paper 11018.

Hansen, S, M McMahon and A Prat (2014) “Transparency and deliberation within the FOMC: a computational linguistics approach”, CEPR, Discussion Paper 9994.

Loughran, T and B McDonald (2011) “When is a liability not a liability? Textual analysis, dictionaries, and 10-Ks”, Journal of Finance, 66: 35-65.

Reis, R (2013) “Central bank design”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 27(4): 17-44.

Wu, J C and F D Xia (2014) “Measuring the macroeconomic impact of monetary policy at the zero lower bound”, NBER, Working Papers 20117.

Footnotes

1 For larger sets of documents, one can apply classification algorithms to automate labeling.

Topics:  Financial regulation and banking Frontiers of economic research Macroeconomic policy

Tags:  Information, Communication, Central Banks, central banking, Fed, central bank communication, expectations, markets, interest rates, forward guidance, economic conditions, policy


          China’s capital flight and US monetary policy   

China’s capital flight and US monetary policy

Yin-Wong Cheung, Sven Steinkamp, Frank Westermann 27 January 2016

In a largely closed capital market like China, illicit capital flows are inherently difficult to measure as no official data is recorded and the true volume is unobservable. However, standard proxies in the literature suggest that it is economically sizable, amounting to up to 2% of GDP in recent years. Figure 1 displays three common measures of capital flight. Although these proxies appear to follow different dynamics, they have in common that they are large and on the same order of magnitude when compared to official flows.

Figure 1. Capital flight and official flows

Data sources: National Bureau of Statistics of China, China State Administration of Foreign Exchange, Directions of Trade Statistics (IMF), International Financial Statistics (IMF), own calculations.

Measures of capital flight

The World Bank residual measure of capital flight is based on the balance of payments statistics. It compares the sources to the uses of funds – that is, it takes net foreign investment and the change in foreign debt and deducts from it the current account balance as well as the change in reserves. The remainder is a series that has widely been used as a proxy of capital flight in the literature, an unexplained component in the balance of payments.

The trade mis-invoicing measure is based on the fact that different statistical agencies record the same export/import activities, but often report different numbers. For instance, an export out of China worth $1,000 may enter the US statistics with a value of $1,000, but enter the Chinese statistics with a value of only $500. When abstracting from transportation costs this ‘under-invoicing’ of exports may be a sign of capital flight, as the remaining $500 is placed in a US bank account rather than being sent to China.

A new pattern

An interesting new pattern is the decline of total illicit flows in recent years. In particular, capital flight as measured by trade mis-invoicing has declined since the beginning of the Crisis in 2007/8. In a new paper, we explain this new finding and interpret the results in the context of China’s trend towards a gradual liberalisation of its capital account (Cheung et al. 2016).

Earlier empirical studies have shown that illicit flows, just like official flows, respond to interest differentials between countries. As capital controls exist, covered interest differentials can occur and attract portfolio rebalancing by investors on both sides. The covered interest differential has been documented to be a relevant empirical factor explaining China’s capital flight. In our extensive empirical analysis, we show that this empirical link has remarkably diminished in recent years. Using an interaction dummy variable, we show that the post-2007 response to the covered interest differential has been significantly smaller – and is hardly different from zero.

The impact of US monetary policy and other factors

A new factor that started to play a role in the post-2007 period is the relative money supply between China and the US. While China’s money supply has been rapidly increasing for many years, the US has been following an expansionary monetary policy only since the onset of the Global Crisis. Empirically, we find that this change in the relative monetary stance of the two countries has had an impact on investors’ decisions to reallocate their portfolio between the two countries. The US expansion has significantly reduced capital flight out of China, in both the trade mis-invoicing as well as a combined measure of capital flight.

This empirical result helps to explain the reduced impact of covered interest differentials. The fit of the regression, measured for instance by the adjusted R2, improves when relative money supply and a dummy variable for the post-2007 period are added to the regression. This finding is also robust when controlling for other factors in a multivariate regression setup, including relative growth rates, exchange rate regimes dummy variables, and so on.

Another new factor that becomes increasingly important is China’s gradual process of capital account liberalisation. Using the new index of capital controls by Chen and Qian (2015), we control for this process. We find that it also starts being significant in the post-2007 period. Investors appear to appreciate China’s new policies by investing their financial resources domestically. Nevertheless, we also find that the ex post realised exchange rate volatility is a negative factor for capital flight (i.e. an increase in intra-day volatility of the renminbi has a significant positive impact on capital flight out of China).

A caveat: Transportation cost and insurance

In the absence of official data, all measures of capital flight are proxies and must be interpreted with caution in general. This is particularly the case for the trade mis-invoicing measure, as exports are commonly reported without transportation cost and insurance while data on imports include these items. The IMF and other researchers typically assume a constant 10% of the net trade value for transportation and insurance when computing trade mis-invoicing proxies.

But certainly trade costs can vary both across countries and over time. The statistical significance of tariff revenues in our regressions suggests that this is indeed a potential shortcoming of the analysis. To address this issue, we construct a modified version of the trade mis-invoicing measure that uses country-specific and time-varying trade cost estimates that were computed by the CEPII institute from a standard trade-gravity equation. The main results in the empirical analysis are unaffected by this change.

Economic and policy implications

Our empirical results highlight the challenges of managing China’s capital flight. First, different measures of capital flight seem to have different empirical determinants. Second, these determinants have been changing over time. From the Chinese perspective, it is thus important to take a disaggregated analysis into account when designing further steps of financial opening.

Our regression analysis extends only to the end of 2014 and does not include the events of the past year. Our findings imply, however, that the increased volatility in the summer of 2015 and in particular the recent raise in US interest rates, which were associated with expectations of a more general reversal of US monetary policy, may be the cause of a resurgence in capital flight. This reversal has already been visible in the World Bank residual measure, as well as the combined measure, in the first three quarters of 2015.

References

Cheung, Y-W, S Steinkamp and F Westermann (2016) “China's capital flight: Pre- and post-crisis experiences”, Journal of International Money and Finance, doi:10.1016/j.jimonfin.2015.12.009.

Chen, J and X Qian (2015) “Measuring the ongoing changes in China’s capital flow management: A de jure and a hybrid index data set”, HKIMR Working Paper No.11/2015.

Topics:  Global economy International trade Monetary policy

Tags:  capital flight, monetary policy, globalisation, international trade, Fed, expansion, capital account liberalisation, money supply, illicit capital flows, trade


          The ECB and the Fed: A comparative narrative   

The ECB and the Fed: A comparative narrative

Dae Woong Kang, Nick Ligthart, Ashoka Mody 19 January 2016

Although the Great Recession was viewed – especially in Europe – as mainly a US problem, the Eurozone has been implicated from the start and felt virtually the same impact in the early stages (Figure 1). The US economy, however recovered much faster. US stock prices and GDP regained their pre-crisis levels by late-2011; the Eurozone barely reached that stage in 2015.

Figure 1. Stock and GDP price movements

The US policy response was much more proactive (de Grauwe 2010). Fiscal stimulus was greater than in the Eurozone in 2008-9; the US also returned to fiscal austerity later, in 2011 rather than in 2010 as the Eurozone did (Mody 2015). More important was the US authorities’ active resolution of banking stress; Eurozone banking problems were allowed to fester. And throughout, US monetary policy was much more aggressive. In a recent paper, we used a narrative approach to identify the role of monetary policy during the Great Recession (Kang et al. 2015).

The US Federal Reserve lowered its policy interest rate (the Fed Funds rate) from 5.25% in September 2007 to 0-0.25% in December 2008 (Figure 2).1 At that point, the Fed also initiated quantitative easing and began ‘forward guidance’, making public its intention to keep interest rates low ‘for some time’. The ECB’s first reaction to the Great Recession was in July 2008, and it was to raise the policy rate (the main refinancing rate).2 After the Lehman bankruptcy in September 2008, the ECB joined an internationally coordinated rate reduction on 8 October. But then the ECB’s slow pace of rate cuts was interrupted by two more hikes—in April and July 2011. The policy rate was brought to near-zero only in November 2013; modest quantitative easing began in September 2014 and was expanded in January 2015.

Figure 2. Policy rates: The US Federal Reserve and the ECB

Our narrative tracks the stated policy intent, the stock market response following the announcement, and the immediate market commentary. To examine the stock market’s response to the announcement of interest rate cuts, we used an event-study methodology similar to that of Ait-Sahalia et al. (2012). First, the ‘abnormal difference’ was computed for each day following the announcement. This is measured as the change in the stock price minus the average daily change over the 20 days before the announcement (the presumption is that absent the announcement, stock prices would have continued to change at the same pace over the next five days). Adding up the daily abnormal differences, the cumulative abnormal difference shows the post-announcement divergence in the stock price movement from the trend in the preceding 20 days. The results are summarised in Figure 3.

Figure 3. Stock market reactions to the reduction of interest rates

Note: In computing the average ‘abnormal’ reaction between 2007 and 2009, we do not include the market reaction on 8 October 2008 because of high volatility in the days following. The results remain unchanged.

The stock market responded positively to the Fed’s rate cuts. In contrast, the market’s reaction to the slower-moving ECB was, on average, negative between 2007 and 2009 and also between 2011 and 2014. Consistent with our findings around the announcements, US stock indices moved ahead of those in the Eurozone, as seen in Figure 1. Moreover, as Figure 1 also shows, stock prices tracked relative differences in GDP performance, in line with Akerlof and Shiller’s (2009) view that improved investor sentiment helps stem the fall and begin the recovery.

Active stimulus

The anticipation of the announcements was not the primary influence on stock prices. In the US, the one unexpected announcement did trigger a strong response; but even the anticipated rate cuts were viewed favourably, especially if they were 50 basis points (0.5%) or larger. Researchers at the Chicago Fed find that anticipated policy actions have positive stimulative effects if they signal deviation from historical policy (D’Amico and King 2015, pp. 2-3). Thus, while formal ‘forward guidance’ came only on 16 December 2008, the actions up until then established a presumption that the Fed was pursuing a risk management approach and creating a safety net.3 Specifically, the larger rate cuts and accompanying statements signalled that the Fed was trying to ‘forestall’ financial turmoil from spiralling out of control.

In contrast, even the ECB’s larger rate cuts were seen as ‘too little, too late’. The ECB was reacting to news—building its shelter amidst a raging storm. ECB statements also mused endlessly about rising inflation and hence almost never promised more forthcoming action. The Bank of England was also late, but made up with quicker and much larger rate cuts, followed by quantitative easing.

It is true that the Fed has a clear dual mandate to support employment and maintain price stability. However, the central banks’ differing mandates were not the reason why they acted differently in the Great Recession. The ECB—despite its primary focus on price stability—had previously responded as if it had a dual mandate. Indeed, as Lars Svensson has pointed out, the ECB’s goal of medium-term price stability (over a two-year horizon) implied that it would not seek to bring inflation down instantly since attempting to do so would cause an unreasonable drop in output (Svensson 1999, pp. 83, 96, and 107). The result, Svensson argues, is that the ECB’s stated objective is indistinguishable from that of central banks with dual mandates, as studies have confirmed (Taylor 2010 and Nechio 2011).

Rather, as Alan Blinder pithily states, the Fed operated during the Great Recession on the ‘dark’ view that a huge loss of wealth could tip the economy into a free fall (Blinder 2013, p. 94). The priority was to prevent or manage that risk. Between 2007 and 2009, the Fed made the judgement that inflation risk was low and the main task was to prevent a downward output spiral. Later, the Fed used the same risk management approach to fend off the risk of price deflation.

By contrast, the ECB concluded that a temporary scare had caused banks to hoard cash and restrict lending to other banks (Blinder 2013, p. 94, Stark 2008). Thus, the ECB provided ample liquidity to banks, although no more so than the Fed. As the Fed understood, such passive provision of funds to banks was insufficient to induce banks to lend more and stimulate economic growth (Hetzel 2012). The loss of confidence and severe demand contraction required active monetary stimulus. The ECB insisted that foreign demand would ‘support ongoing growth’ in the Eurozone (e.g. Trichet and Papademos 2008).

The essential difference between the Fed and the ECB, therefore, boiled down to how each institution viewed the evolution of the economy. Even though inflation rates in the US and the Eurozone were nearly identical (Figure 4), the ECB overemphasised the risk of a commodity price-wage spiral and underestimated the financial and economic risks (Hetzel 2014). Market commentary repeatedly sent this message, as we document in our paper.

Figure 4. Headline inflation and core inflation for the US and Eurozone

Note: 12-month moving average of year-on-year inflation.

Forestalling deflation

The Fed transitioned to worrying about deflation risk as early as June 2010, even though inflation was rising in tandem with the European inflation rate (Figure 4) (Federal Reserve System 2010). The Fed’s main tools now were quantitative easing and forward guidance. As is well known, in this inglorious interlude, the ECB twice raised interest rates. But even past that point, the ECB continued to reject a risk-management approach and followed rather than anticipated the deceleration in inflation. Because it had delayed stimulus during 2007-9, the ECB needed more aggressive action rather than a continued wait-and-see approach. At a November 2013 press conference, a journalist described the ECB as a “pea-shooter dealing with an approaching deflationary tank”. ECB President Mario Draghi responded that the ECB was waiting for more data, and would do more “if needed” (Draghi 2013). Thus, the ECB acted asymmetrically: rising commodity prices were expected to feed persistent inflation, but falling commodity prices were expected to reverse course. Once again, markets and analysts reacted impatiently. Interest rate cuts were not enough. The question was why more aggressive ‘non-standard’ actions were not being taken.

Policy credibility

We conclude also that the Fed gained credibility even though it appeared to temporarily suspend its commitment to price stability. Bordo and Kydland (1995) have argued that setting aside a policy rule to deal with extraordinary contingency is consistent with a commitment to long-term goals. The Fed made clear its objective of preventing a meltdown and, as Blinder (2012) has emphasised, credibility principally requires that words be matched with deeds.

In the Eurozone, words were often a substitute for deeds. Markets and investors reacted to the tight monetary policy, which added to the economic drag and deflationary tendencies due to fiscal austerity and lingering banking problems. By mid-2009, Eurozone output had fallen behind that of the US, and it never caught up. Delays in stimulating economic recovery have permanent consequences, as recent analysis reaffirms (Fatas and Summers 2015). For all its rear-guard action, the ECB misread the Crisis and will be associated with the legacy of a weak recovery and more entrenched deflationary tendencies. If, as is entirely possible, the Eurozone’s core inflation rate remains below 1% a year, the ECB’s credibility will be twice hurt. Not only would it have failed to provide stimulus when needed, but it would have allowed the EZ to slip into a low inflation trap, well below its stated target of 2% a year.

References

Aït-Sahalia, Y, J Andritzky, A Jobst, S Nowak, and N Tamirisa (2012), “Market Response to Policy Initiatives during the Global Financial Crisis,” Journal of International Economics 87(1): 162-177.

Akerlof, G and R Shiller (2009), Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Blinder, A (2012), “Central Bank Independence and Credibility During and After a Crisis,” Griswold Center for Economic Policy Studies Working Paper No. 229, September.

Blinder, A (2013), After the Music Stopped: the Financial Crisis, the Response, and the Work Ahead, New York: Penguin Press.

Bordo, M and F Kydland (1995), “The Gold Standard as a Rule: an Essay in Exploration,” 32: 423-64.

D’Amico, S and T King (2015), “What Does Anticipated Monetary Policy Do?” Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Working Paper 2015-10, November.

De Grauwe, P (2010), “Fighting the wrong enemy,” VoxEU.org, 19 May.

Draghi, M (2013), “Introductory statement with Q&A,” European Central Bank, November 7.

Fatas, A and L Summers (2015), “The Permanent Effects of Fiscal Consolidations,” CEPR No. 10902, October 2015.

Federal Reserve System (2010), “Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee,” June 22-23.

Hetzel, R (2012), The Great Recession: Market Failure or Policy Failure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hetzel, R (2014), “Contractionary Monetary Policy Caused the Great Recession in the Eurozone: A New Keynesian Perspective” The Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Working Paper Series, August 22.

Kang, D W, N Ligthart, and A Mody (2015), “The European Central Bank: Building a Shelter in a Storm,” Griswold Center for Economic Policy Studies Working Paper No. 248, Princeton University, December.

Mody, A (2015), “Living dangerously without a Fiscal Union,” Bruegel Working Paper 2015/03.  

Nechio, F (2011), “Monetary Policy When One Size Does Not Fit All,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Economic Letter, June 13.

Svensson, L (1999), “Monetary Policy Issues for the Eurosystem,” Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 51: 79-136.

Taylor, J (2010), “Globalization and Monetary Policy: Mission Impossible,” In International Dimensions of Monetary Policy, University of Chicago Press: 609-624.

Trichet, J-C and L Papademos (2008), “Introductory statement with Q&A,” European Central Bank, February 7.

Woodford, M (2012), “Methods of Policy Accommodation at the Interest-Rate Lower Bound,” September 16.

Footnotes

1 The US Federal Funds rate determines the rate at which banks lend to each other.

2 The Eurozone’s main refinancing rate is the interest rate banks pay to borrow from the ECB. Normally, this rate also determines the euro overnight index average (EONIA), the rate at which banks lend to each other in the ‘unsecured’ market. But banks relied principally on the ECB for their funding through much of the Crisis; the limited lending in the banks’ unsecured market was a substitute to depositing money at the ECB (ECB 2010 and 2015b).

3 See Woodford (2012) on the distinction between policy response to news and a change in the policy.

Topics:  Global crisis

Tags:  Great Recession, Fed, eurozone, Eurozone crisis, EZ reforms


          Evidence that low real rates will persist   

Will interest rates be permanently lower?

John Williams 26 November 2015

Following the Global Crisis, central banks around the world brought their policy rates close to zero, as shown in Figures 1 and 2. And now a few – including the ECB, the Swedish Riksbank, and the Swiss National Bank – have crossed the zero-rate threshold and instituted negative interest rates. A period of nearly seven years of extremely low interest rates has spurred a debate over whether interest rates will return to more normal levels. Will they rebound once the effects of the global financial crisis are finally behind us? Or are low rates a permanent feature of the economic landscape? The resolution to this debate has important implications for the economy and monetary policy (Summers 2014).

Figure 1. Near-zero interest rates following the Global Financial Crisis

Source: OECD, Federal Reserve Board.

Figure 2. Negative short-term interest rates become more common

Source: OECD.

Economists have a laundry list of developments that, in theory, could cause the trend in real (inflation-adjusted) interest rates to change over time. These include persistent shifts in the rate of productivity growth, demographics, risk aversion, fiscal policy, and international factors (Congressional Budget Office 2015, IMF 2014, Council of Economic Advisers 2015, Hamilton et al 2015). However, it has proven more challenging to gauge their quantitative impact on trend interest rates.

Unfortunately, standard statistical techniques are poorly suited to distinguish whether a permanent shift in interest rates will emerge from the current situation – an extended period of low rates instituted in response to an unusually deep recession and sluggish recovery. As discussed in Laubach and Williams (2015), the fact that rates have been very low for close to seven years implies that standard statistical methods indicate that the fall in real rates is entirely due to a downward shift in trend. In particular, these methods indicate that the current trend short-term rate in the US is about –1.5. A similar conclusion is drawn for global interest rates (Hamilton et al 2015).

One way around this problem is to use a macroeconomic model that explicitly takes into account the combined behaviours of inflation, output, and interest rates in estimating the trend in real interest rates. In the Laubach-Williams (LW) model, the trend, or ‘natural,’ real interest rate is implicitly defined as that which occurs when the economy is operating at its full potential and there are no inflationary pressures in either direction. This model assumes that the trend real interest rate depends on the estimated trend growth rate of real GDP and other unspecified influences.

The model is estimated using the Kalman filter. The Kalman filter operates on the principle that one should partially adjust one’s estimate of the unobserved variables –the trend natural rate of interest, the level of potential output, and its trend growth rate – based on the discrepancies between the model’s predictions for real GDP and inflation, and the actual data.  In particular, if real GDP is lower than the model predicts, the estimate of the natural rate of interest is reduced by a small fraction of the forecast error. The output gap estimate, in turn, is based on a Phillips curve relationship between inflation, the output gap, and other variables. If, for example, inflation turns out lower than predicted, the level of potential output is revised up (that is, for a given level of real GDP, the output gap is revised down) by a small fraction, as is the estimate of the trend growth rate of potential output.

The LW estimates of the natural rate of interest display a moderate secular decline over the two decades preceding the Great Recession and a second, more substantial decline during the Great Recession (Williams 2015). Figure 3 shows the estimates of the natural rate of interest from 1980 to 2015.  The estimate of the natural rate was about 3.5% for 1990, gradually declining to about 2% in 2007, on the cusp of the Great Recession. In the recession years of 2008 and 2009, the estimated natural rate plummets to about zero, where it has remained ever since. This is an unprecedented decline and historical low for the natural rate.

Figure 3. Laubach-Williams estimates of trend short-term real interest

Note: Grey bands denote NBER recessions.

What accounts for the decline in natural rates? According to the LW model, a falling trend rate of potential output growth accounts for about half of the decline.  The final two rows of Table 1 show the contributions from changes in trend growth and the catch-all ‘other factors’ to the decline in the estimated natural rate for the periods 1990–2007 and 2007–2015.  Figure 4 shows the LW model estimates of the trend growth rate of potential output over 1980–2015. Estimated trend potential output growth was about 3.5% in 1990, declining to 3% in 2007, then falling sharply to about 2%. Note that the model does not attribute these movements in trend potential output growth to specific sources; rather they are treated as exogenous shifts.

Table 1. Alternative measures of trend real short-term interest rates

Figure 4. Laubach-Williams estimates of the trend growth rate of GDP

Note: Grey bands denote NBER recessions.

There is robust evidence of a persistent decline in the trend real interest rates using alternative approaches to estimate trend real interest rates. Laubach and Williams (2015) explore alternative versions of the LW model and in each case the current estimate of trend real rates is very low. In addition, a number of other studies have examined whether trend real interest rates are permanently lower. Although individual estimates differ, it is striking that a wide variety of approaches point to historically low levels of future real interest rates (Hamilton et al 2015, Johannsen and Mertens 2015, Kiley 2015, Lubik and Matthes 2015).

Economic forecasters and financial market participants appear to have embraced this perspective, as seen in economists’ surveys and yields on Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS). The first row of Table 1 reports natural rate estimates implied by the long-run forecasts from the Blue Chip survey of forecasters. The second row reports real interest rates five to ten years in the future based on TIPS yields (note that TIPS did not exist in 1990). The third row reports the LW estimates. The pattern of declining trend interest rates is consistent across the three measures, although the movements in the LW estimates are noticeably larger than the other two.

What are the implications of the sizeable decline in the trend real rate of interest? First, if sustained, it implies that longer-term interest rates will also be correspondingly lower on average. Second, a lower average real interest rate implies that episodes of monetary policy being constrained at the zero lower bound are likely to be more frequent and longer (Reifschneider and Williams 2000). Third, it is a powerful reminder that one should not treat the natural rate of interest as fixed, as is often done in discussions of monetary policy rules such as the Taylor rule. Finally, estimates of trend or natural rates are subject to a great deal of uncertainty (Orphanides and Williams 2002, Laubach and Williams 2003). The various measures of trend interest rates differ by as much as 1.5 percentage points, an unusually large deviation in estimates compared to the period before the Great Recession.

So, will interest rates be permanently lower? While an unequivocal answer is not possible with the information at hand, the evidence suggests a significant decline in the trend in real interest rates. And there is little, if any, sign of a return to a more normal trend.  Taken together, this evidence suggests that it is likely that the trend in real short-term interest rates is lower than it was in previous decades, with the possibility that it may even have fallen below 1%.

Author’s note: The views presented in this article are the author’s alone, and do not necessarily reflect those of other members of the Federal Reserve System.

References

Congressional Budget Office (2015) The 2015 Long-Term Budget Outlook, June 16.

Council of Economic Advisers (2015) “Long-term interest rates: A survey”, July.

Hamilton, J D, E S Harris, J Hatzius and K D West (2015) “The equilibrium real funds rate: Past, present, and future”, Hutchins Center on Fiscal & Monetary Policy at Brookings, Working Paper 16, October 30.

International Monetary Fund (2014) World Economic Outlook: April 2014.

Johannsen, B K and E Mertens (2015) “The shadow rate of interest, macroeconomic trends, and time-varying uncertainty”, Unpublished manuscript.

Kiley, M T (2015) “What can the data tell us about the equilibrium real interest rate?” Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-077, Washington: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, August.

Laubach, T and J C Williams (2003) “Measuring the natural rate of interest”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(4): 1,063–1,070. Updated estimates here.

Laubach, T and J C Williams (2015) “Measuring the natural rate of interest redux”, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Working Paper 2015-16, October.

Lubik, T A and C Matthes (2015) “Calculating the natural rate of interest: A comparison of two alternative approaches”, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Economic Brief 15-10, October.

Orphanides, A and J C Williams (2002) “Robust monetary policy rules with unknown natural rates”, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2002(2): 63–145.

Reifschneider, D and J C Williams (2000) “Three lessons for monetary policy in a low-inflation era”, Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 32(4/ 2): 936–966.

Summers, L H (2014) “US economic prospects: Secular stagnation, hysteresis, and the zero lower bound”, Business Economics, 49(2): 65–73.

Williams, J C (2003) “The natural rate of interest”, FRBSF Economic Letter, 2003-32, October 31.

Williams, J C (2015) “The decline in the natural rate of interest”, Business Economics, 50(2): 57–60.

Topics:  Global crisis Macroeconomic policy

Tags:  Fed, interest rates, zero lower bound, central bank, Central Banks, global crisis


          Short-sighted monetary policy and fear of liftoff   

Short-sighted monetary policy and fear of liftoff

Athanasios Orphanides 11 November 2015

Monetary policy operates in an uncertain environment with long and variable lags. Different macroeconomists and policy advisers can reasonably have different views about what would be the most appropriate monetary policy strategy at any moment in time and differ on their views on the appropriate policy setting. This is often cited to justify different views about the stance of monetary policy. There is little disagreement, however, that monetary policy works best when it is systematic and avoids short-sighted, seat-of-the-pants discretionary decision making that places undue importance on perceived short-term gains and ignores larger long-term costs.

The Federal Reserve, like other central banks, has been granted operational independence to protect against political pressures that constitute one source of unsystematic short-sighted policy. The risks are well understood. However, Federal Reserve policymakers retain immense discretionary power and, as the history of the Federal Reserve suggests, Federal Reserve policymakers have often used that power inappropriately, adopting policies that placed excessive emphasis on perceived short-term gains.

The Great Inflation serves as an important example. For over a decade, the Federal Reserve pursued inappropriately-expansionary monetary policy focusing on short-term gains on employment and growth. The excessive focus on employment gains resulted in greater economic instability, higher inflation and lower growth. For a generation following the Great Inflation, under the leadership of Paul Volcker and Alan Greenspan, the Federal Reserve followed a more systematic policy approach based on the premise that the best way the Federal Reserve could contribute to long-term sustainable employment and growth was by protecting price stability over the long- term. The Great Moderation, a period of low inflation and greater economic stability reflected in large part the systematic nature of monetary policy.

Post Crisis

Following the crisis, the Federal Reserve has followed a different approach. In the past few years, the Federal Reserve has once again started placing undue emphasis on short-term employment. The sustained reduction in the rate of unemployment appears to have become the guiding principle of monetary policy. Long after the end of the recession, reducing unemployment served as the justification for QE3, a policy that expanded the Fed’s balance sheet by 1.5 trillion dollars over a period of two years. And this year, six years after the end of the recession, and despite larger declines in the unemployment rate than projected by the policymakers themselves, the Fed has been unable to even begin the process of policy normalisation.

A short-termist mentality is the antithesis of systematic monetary policy. The fear of liftoff exhibited in Fed decisions suggests a return to the unsystematic, short-term oriented policy approach pursued before the Great moderation. This should be a cause of great concern.

Current policy

So what’s wrong with current policy? Let’s first reflect on inflation, the one and only thing that the Fed can control in the long run. Since the start of the crisis in 2008, core measures of inflation have been moving roughly sideways. Core inflation has not fallen as much as many feared at the beginning of the crisis and is only slightly below the Fed’s target. This can justify the maintenance of somewhat accommodative monetary conditions. The issue is whether this can be used to justify the continuation of the unprecedented accommodation the Fed has engineered not only during the recession, but since then. The short-term real interest rate has remained significantly negative for many years, much longer than in any recession in the past several decades. In addition, the expansion of the balance sheet has added to this accommodation what may be the equivalent of a few hundred basis points of additional easing.

What about the real economy? The Fed was correct in responding aggressively to the downturn in 2008. In my view, the Fed deserves credit for that policy easing. The problem at present is that the Fed has been unable, unwilling or reluctant to begin the process of normalisation.

The economy recovered from the Great Recession long ago and labour markets are not far from normal. For those who measure slack in terms of deviations of the unemployment rate from measures of the natural rate of unemployment, the economy is very close and perhaps beyond full employment, depending on the estimates. The unemployment rate is at 5.1, within the central tendency of FOMC members, according to the latest Survey of Economic Projections. (The latest survey reports the central tendency as 4.9-5.2 – see Federal Reserve Board 2015.)

There is disappointment that real GDP growth has been subdued, that productivity is lower than what was hoped. However, given the rapid improvement in employment markets, this appears to reflect lower trend productivity and lower potential output growth. We may all wish for better trend productivity and should lobby for better fiscal and structural policies to encourage higher long-term productivity and growth but higher trend productivity is not something the Fed can deliver. The best way the Fed can contribute to long-term growth is by following a systematic policy that defends price stability over the medium and long term.

With the economy close to full employment, the currently massive degree of policy accommodation cannot be justified. The process of policy normalisation should have started long ago. Liftoff is not the end of accommodative conditions. Liftoff was needed to prevent an overheating in labour markets that would threaten longer term stability.

Why would systematic policy need to begin the process of normalisation before inflation concerns become immediate? Is tighter policy justified, given that core inflation measures are somewhat below the Fed’s target?

The Fed should retain a somewhat accommodative stance given that inflation is somewhat below its target.  However, this cannot be used as an excuse to retain the massive accommodation that was engineered to fight the recession years ago.

Monetary policy operates with long and variable lags. According to some Fed models, the maximum effect is around two years after a policy action. The Fed has been adding accommodation with quantitative easing up until less than a year ago, which will continue to stimulate the economy and push inflation upward well into 2016.  Policy needs to be pre-emptive. The degree of policy accommodation should be reduced to avoid an overheated economy which would surely destabilise inflation and make a recession more likely (for a more detailed exposition, see Orphanides 2015).

Concluding remarks

The costs of further delay in normalising policy will not be felt in the next year or two. The success of the Fed under Paul Volcker and Alan Greenspan in anchoring inflation expectations serves as a shield. Given the long lags in the monetary policy process, even major mistakes at present are unlikely to have large destabilising effects on price stability in the next year or two. Short-sighted policies always shift costs into the future.

The need for a somewhat accommodative policy cannot be used to defend the current non-systematic policy and excessive emphasis on short-term employment gains. First and foremost, the Fed should take a long view and return to a systematic policy approach that preserves and defends price stability. As Paul Volcker and Alan Greenspan kept reminding us over a generation while cleaning up the mess that short-sighted policies created before their chairmanships, this is best way monetary policy can contribute to enhancing growth and employment in the long run.

References

Federal Reserve Board (2015) Economic Projections of Federal Reserve Board Members and Federal Reserve Bank Presidents, September 2015.

Orphanides, A (2015) “Fear of liftoff: Uncertainty, rules, and discretion in monetary policy normalization”, Federal Reserve of St Louis Review, 97(3): 173-96. 

Topics:  Macroeconomic policy Monetary policy

Tags:  Federal Reserve, Fed, central bank, central banking, unemployment, liftoff, monetary policy, macroeconomics, Great Recession, inflation, policy normalisation


          Search for yield   

Search for yield

David Martinez-Miera, Rafael Repullo 12 October 2015

The 2015 Annual Report of the Bank for International Settlements opened with the following sentence: “Globally, interest rates have been extraordinarily low for an exceptionally long time, in nominal and inflation-adjusted terms, against any benchmark”, adding that “[s]uch low rates are the most remarkable symptom of a broader malaise in the global economy… which has proved exceedingly difficult to understand”. In particular, the report argues that the malaise “reflects to a considerable extent the failure to come to grips with financial booms and busts that leave deep and enduring economic scars”.

Our recent paper (Martinez-Miera and Repullo 2015) tries to face up to the challenge of providing a theoretical model of the connection between real interest rates, credit spreads, and the structure and the risk of the banking system. Specifically, we show how an increase in aggregate savings leads to a reduction in interest rates and spreads, inducing financial intermediaries to search for yield, which ultimately leads to financial instability.

We characterise the endogenous structure of a competitive financial system in which both shadow and traditional banks emerge in equilibrium. We also provide a framework for understanding the emergence of endogenous boom and bust cycles, as well as the procyclical nature of the shadow banking system, the existence of countercyclical risk premia, and the low levels of interest rates and spreads leading to the build-up of risks during booms. Our findings provide a consistent explanation for a number of stylised facts of the period preceding the 2007-2009 financial crisis (see Brunnermeier 2009 for a recollection of some of these facts).

Interest rate spreads and financial sector structure

To analyse the links between aggregate savings, interest rates and financial instability, we focus on the role of banks as intermediaries between entrepreneurs, who need funds for their investment projects, and (uninsured) investors. Banks can monitor entrepreneurs’ projects, which reduces their probability of default but entails a cost for the banks. We assume that monitoring is not contractible, so there is a moral hazard problem, which is the key informational friction driving our results. We show that there are circumstances in which banks choose not to monitor entrepreneurs and others in which they do choose to monitor them. We associate the first case to (shadow) banks that originate-to-distribute, and the second case to (traditional) banks that originate-to-hold.

Our (partial equilibrium) results show that which case obtains depends on the spread between the lending rate and the expected return required by the investors, which under risk-neutrality equals the safe rate. In particular, a reduction in this spread reduces monitoring, and makes it more likely that banks will find it optimal to originate-to-distribute.

To endogenise interest rates and interest rate spreads, we embed our model of bank finance into a general equilibrium setup in which a large set of heterogeneous entrepreneurs that differ in their observable risk type seek finance for their investment projects from a competitive banking sector. We assume that the higher the total investment in projects of a particular risk type, the lower the return, and characterise the equilibrium for a fixed aggregate supply of savings. We show that safer entrepreneurs will borrow from shadow banks while riskier entrepreneurs will borrow from traditional banks.

Aggregate savings and financial instability

To assess whether a global savings glut may have an impact on financial stability, we investigate the effects of an exogenous increase in the aggregate supply of savings. We show that a global savings glut (to use the terminology of Bernanke 2005) leads to a reduction in interest rates and interest rate spreads, an increase in investment and in the size of banks’ lending to all types of entrepreneurs, an expansion of the relative size of the shadow banking system, and a reduction in the monitoring intensity and hence an increase in the probability of failure of the traditional banks. Hence, we have a model that links aggregate savings with the structure and the risk of the banking system.

Although we focus on the effects of an exogenous increase in the supply of savings, the same effects obtain when there is an exogenous decrease in the demand for investment, due for example to a negative productivity shock. Thus, the model provides an explanation of the way in which changes leading to a reduction in the equilibrium real rate of interest, as those noted by Summers (2014), can be linked to an increase in financial instability.

A first extension of our results shows that the effect of a savings glut on financial stability critically depends on the increase in the size of the traditional banks. When banks that originate-to-hold cannot increase their balance sheets, there will be a greater increase in the size of the shadow banking system, a greater reduction in the safe rate, and wider spreads for the traditional banks, so they will become safer. But as soon as these banks are able to relax the constraint, they will become riskier. This result allows us to distinguish between the short- and the long-run effects of a savings glut, and provides a rationale for the idea that the build-up of risks happens when (real) interest rates are ‘too low for too long’.

A second extension deals with the case where investors are risk averse. We show that a reduction in risk aversion has similar effects as a savings glut except for the level of the safe rate, which goes up instead of down, due to the shift in investment toward riskier entrepreneurs that reduces the funds available for safer ones. This provides a simple way to empirically distinguish a savings glut from a reduction in investors’ risk appetite.

Endogenous booms and busts

Finally, we extend our model to a dynamic setting in which the aggregate supply of savings is endogenous. Specifically, the supply of savings at any date is the outcome of agents’ decisions at the previous date together with the realisation of a systematic risk factor that affects the return of entrepreneurs’ projects. For good realisations of the risk factor, aggregate savings will accumulate (the boom state) leading to lower interest rates and spreads, which translate into higher risk-taking. In this situation the economy is especially vulnerable to a bad realisation of the risk factor, which can lead to a crisis (the bust state). The associated reduction in aggregate savings leads to higher interest rates and spreads, which translate into lower risk-taking and a safer financial system. Then savings will grow, restarting the process that leads to another boom and a fragile financial system. In this manner, we can generate endogenous boom and bust cycles.

The dynamic model yields other interesting testable results. First, interest rates and interest rate spreads are countercyclical. Second, during booms the safe rate may be below investors’ subjective discount rate, and it may even be negative. Third, the shadow banking system is highly procyclical. Fourth, even when investors are risk neutral, they behave as if they were risk averse, so risky assets have positive risk premia. Fifth, even when investors’ preferences do not change over time, such risk premia are countercyclical.

Conclusion

Summing up, our research addresses a challenging issue, namely to provide an explanation for the connection between interest rates and financial stability. Specifically, our results rationalise the links between a global savings glut, the low level of real interest rates, and the incentives to search for yield by financial intermediaries. Moreover, the results provide a rationale for a number of empirical facts in the run-up of the 2007-2009 financial crisis.

It should be noted that we abstract from any kind of nominal frictions, which is why monetary policy is absent from our model of search for yield. Introducing nominal frictions would allow studying the connection between monetary policy and financial stability, a topic that merits further research.

References

Bank for International Settlements (2015), 85th Annual Report, Basel.

Bernanke, B (2005), “The Global Saving Glut and the U.S. Current Account Deficit”, Sandridge Lecture, Virginia Association of Economists, Richmond, Virginia.

Brunnermeier, M (2009), “Deciphering the Liquidity and Credit Crunch 2007-2009”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 23: 77-100.

Martinez-Miera, D, and R Repullo (2015), “Search for Yield”, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 10830.

Rajan, R (2005), “Has Financial Development Made the World Riskier?”, Proceedings of the Jackson Hole Conference organized by the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.

Summers, L (2014), “US Economic Prospects: Secular Stagnation, Hysteresis, and the Zero Lower Bound”, Business Economics 49: 65-73.

Topics:  Macroeconomic policy

Tags:  yield, interest rates, Fed, Bank of England


          More Venezuelan Children Dying From Preventable Diseases Amid Crisis   
Twelve-year-old Samuel Becerra went to Venezuela's main pediatric hospital for routine dialysis in March.
Reuters Health Information
          El estado del mundo 2011   

Me encantó!!!
El estado del mundo 2011 constituye un conjunto único de reflexiones y análisis que permiten comprender, más allá de la actualidad inmediata, los profundos cambios en marcha.

El estado del mundo 2011 de Varios Autores:

En un momento en que los medios transmiten un flujo cada vez mayor de información, en un mundo donde las noticias fugaces e inciertas marcan el ritmo del planeta, El estado del mundo 2011 ofrece  un informe fiable y riguroso de toda la actualidad internacional, tratada de un modo crítico y razonado por los mejores especialistas de todas las disciplinas ligadas a ella: política, economía, sociedad, medio ambiente... "En la presente edición, a los habituales artículos, balances de países y de producción, a las fichas técnicas y a los mapas se suman todos los datos estadísticos que aparecerán recogidos en nuestra página web
www.akal.com." En ella, además de los datos relativos al periodo 2008-2010, el lector podrá retrotraerse diez años atrás en su consulta y obtener gráficas que muestran la evolución de los países según distintos indicadores. Como gran complemento, unos cuadros estadísticos de los 25 países más destacados del panorama mundial ofrecen balances sobre la población, la educación, la economía... desde 1984. Igualmente, en la web encontrará una relación de direcciones en internet y bibliografía con la que ampliar toda esta información.

Fuente: http://www.lecturalia.com/libro/55988/el-estado-del-mundo-2011
          Derechos de autor en un mundo digital   

16.12.2010

Los derechos de autor de los periodistas como creadores en el proceso de la información deben ser reconocidos moral y económicamente para mantener la calidad del periodismo. Esta fue la principal conclusión del encuentro "Derechos de autor en un mundo digital: por un acuerdo justo para los periodistas",celebrado en Grecia por la Federación Europea de Periodistas.

Cincuenta profesionales representantes de otras tantas asociaciones europeas apoyaron la iniciativa de llevar a cabo una campaña en defensa de los derechos de autor de los periodistas, en contra de la opinión general de editores y propietarios de medios que los consideran patrimonio empresarial. La campaña se enmarca en la actual iniciativa de la Federación Internacional de Periodistas, que tiene por lema “Periodismo como bien público”.

En representación de la Federación de Asociaciones de Periodistas de España , Luis Menéndez, defendió el contenido del artículo 32 de la Ley española de Propiedad Intelectual, que reconoce derechos de autor a los creadores de la noticia. La disyuntiva consiste en definir al creador de la noticia. La FAPE entiende que la ley se refiere aquí a los periodistas, mientras que los editores españoles se apoyan en el artículo 8 de la misma norma que define que los medios, en especial los periódicos, son “obras colectivas”.

La FAPE sostiene, por el contrario, que los periódicos son “obras complejas”, por lo que defiende unamodificación de la ley en ese sentido. Esta Federación considera, asimismo, que los periodistas deben percibir una compensación económica cada vez que se utiliza su creación, incluso en los casos en que se destina a varios medios o soportes de un mismo grupo. El reconocimiento de los derechos de autor de los periodistas debe aplicarse a todos los medios, incluidas las noticias que se producen solo para los digitales.

Los participantes en el encuentro mostraron su preocupación por los embates de la crisis económica sobre la profesión, con un aumento dramático del desempleo y el incremento de los profesionales freelances, para los que se propuso un contrato tipo mejorado al estar considerado uno de los colectivos más vapuleado por los recortes.

La cita sobre derechos de autor de los periodistas sirvió para poner sobre la mesa modelos europeos como las agencias de copyright en el caso anglosajón, o sociedades de gestión colectiva, en el resto de países. Mención aparte merece la sociedad belga de derechos de autor de los periodistas que gestiona y distribuye los beneficios tanto por publicación o emisión original como, por copia.

http://www.infoperiodistas.info
          La tele, un sistema cerrado de espejos y reflejos de sí misma   
El programa de Tinelli, que fue lo más visto del año, es cada vez más un vulgar circo mediático basado en los escándalos reales y/o armados. El ciclo de Canal 7, por otra parte, marcó el paso del supuesto “periodismo objetivo” al periodismo con posición.

Por Emanuel Respighi- Página 12



Fueron las dos caras –antagónicas, por cierto– de una misma pantalla. Los dos polos de atracción que signaron la televisión argentina de 2010, en una temporada que se caracterizó por los contrastes de estas dos propuestas que acapararon horas enteras del aire, a través de “programas sucursales” que funcionaron como propagadores infatigables de sus contenidos. Los que se convirtieron en tema de debate obligado en el tiempo muerto del trabajo, en la sobremesa familiar o en cualquier otro ámbito en el que dos o más personas dispusieran de tiempo para charlar. Por un lado, un ShowMatch cada vez más convertido en un vulgar circo mediático al que sólo le quedan los escándalos –reales y/o armados– para mantenerse como el programa más visto de la TV argentina (tanto en audiencia como en horas que otros programas le dedican al ciclo de Marcelo Tinelli). En el otro extremo, 6, 7, 8 revolucionó el periodismo televisivo desmantelando discursos y posiciones mediático-políticas, convirtiéndose en la llave de un derrotero que pasó del supuesto “periodismo objetivo” al periodismo con posición. Claramente, fueron los dos programas que marcaron a fuego la TV de 2010, transformada ya definitivamente en un sistema cerrado de espejos y reflejos de ella misma.

La temporada que culmina no será recordada como una de las más prósperas en términos de calidad e innovación para la pantalla chica. El interés artístico, la búsqueda de nuevos lenguajes y la pretensión de originalidad fueron cediendo lugar ante el avance de los programas de archivo y la idea cada vez más extendida entre los programadores y productores de que los escándalos y los chimentos del mundo del “espectáculo” son los dos ejes temáticos que los televidentes quieren ver. En ese contexto, la TV volvió a priorizar la fórmula fácil y se resignó a correr detrás de ShowMatch como nunca antes lo había hecho. Como consecuencia, la ficción se llevó la peor parte: hubo pocas propuestas del género, a las cuales no sólo el público no acompañó sino que, en muchos casos, tampoco lo hicieron los programadores, que decidieron levantarlas abruptamente (Caín & Abel, Secretos de amor) o modificaron el horario de sus emisiones (Alguien que me quiera).

La tinellización de la TV
Debe tratarse de un hecho iné-dito para la historia de la televisión mundial, porque no debe existir otra industria televisiva que base su programación alrededor de un único programa. La pantalla chica de 2010 vivió a la sombra de ShowMatch, convertido ya en un programa obsceno que antepone a cualquier atisbo de criterio artístico, ético y moral su irrefrenable saciedad de rating. Con la cobertura del “gran show”, la creación de Marcelo Tinelli ya ni siquiera trata de ocultar su única pretensión de generar disputas y conflictos entre los participantes de un supuesto concurso de baile, para exponer durante varias horas diarias toda clase de miserias humanas (basta saber que cuando Baila Argentina no funcionó en audiencia, el reality federal fue abandonado a su suerte). Todo con el aval de un maquiavélico Tinelli, que detrás de su cara de sorprendido y desconcertado por lo que ocurre en el programa esconde la mente de quien digita cada cosa que pasa y no pone límite alguno con tal de hipnotizar televidentes.

Este año, el contenido de ShowMatch alimentó casi 24 horas diarias de TV entre sus derivados (Este es el show, Sábado show, Intrusos, Viviana Canosa, Infama, AM, Mañaneras, Demoliendo teles, RSM, etcétera), siendo tema de seguimiento obligado por ciclos periodísticos, de entretenimientos y de chimentos de los diferentes canales de aire privados. Los 30 puntos de rating diarios de ShowMatch hicieron que nadie pudiese –o no quisiese– evitar referirse al programa más visto de la TV desde hace dos décadas. Esa exposición continua de culos y tetas, chistes de mal gusto y discusiones vulgares entre los participantes hicieron que en este 2010 que se va Tinelli cumpliera el sueño de tener un canal propio. Sólo que no tuvo una única frecuencia sino que su “programación” se coló a toda hora en cualquiera de los cuatro canales de aire privados, donde hasta El Trece (Este es el show) y Telefe (Zapping diario) se resignaron e incluyeron en sus grillas diarias programas que se hacen eco de los conflictos televisivos, en una fina separación con los programas de chimentos.

El bombardeo mediático de ShowMatch, entonces, digitó buena parte del consumo televisivo de 2010. Las discusiones de poca monta y mal gusto entre Ricardo Fort, Graciela Alfano, Aníbal Pachano y las hermanas Escudero fueron la comidilla de una industria que se rindió a los pies de un ciclo para el que el baile sirve de excusa para mostrar lo peor de la condición humana. ¡Si hasta hubo dos galas en las que de tanta discusión sin sentido pero cargadas de insultos los participantes no llegaron a bailar! Así, el estudio caliente de ShowMatch se erigió como una suerte de ágora pública para que su fauna disertara sobre el HIV o la violencia de género con la misma liviandad con la que discuten la calificación de un baile, sin considerar que todos ellos –lamentablemente– se convirtieron en modelos sociales a partir de su sobreexposición mediática.

Basta cotejar la escasa audiencia que ficciones como Alguien que me quiera, Botineras, Contra las cuerdas y la recientemente levantada Caín & Abel cosecharon diariamente en el prime time durante este año para tomar conciencia de que la tinellización de la televisión consolidó un registro que determina las preferencias de la audiencia. En este momento de la TV, la disposición de los televidentes a seguir en el tiempo historias que requieren de cierta complejidad, y con un tratamiento alejado a la industria del efecto en continuado, parece no ser la de hace algunos años, cuando las ficciones competían entre sí para ser el programa más visto. El abrupto final por bajo rating de Caín & Abel, una telenovela de historia densa, con actuaciones brillantes, visual y musicalmente atractiva, es una señal de alerta sobre el estado de la televisión. Tinelli y una industria que funcionó bajo su sombra lo hicieron.

En este panorama, es coherente que la ficción más vista del año haya sido Malparida. Luego de que Alguien que me quiera no funcionara como se esperaba y dejara el horario de las 21.30 para pasar a emitirse a las 19, el “Plan B” diseñado por Adrián Suar para reemplazar al éxito de Valientes tuvo la sensibilidad de captar las preferencias de un público adormecido y programar un culebrón hecho y derecho. Con una historia de entretenimiento básico, que no le genera al televidente reflexión ni identificación alguna, y con el protagónico de una Juana Viale que deshonra con su actuación a grandes intérpretes del género, Malparida promedió los 22 puntos diarios y satisfizo las necesidades de El Trece, que está a punto de ganar el año en el rating.

Planillas aparte, lo mejor de la ficción estuvo dado por los unitarios. El Bicentenario del comienzo del proceso independentista del país sirvió como plataforma para que la pantalla chica recuperara uno de los géneros que había dejado en el olvido: el de la ficción histórica. A través del ciclo Lo que el Tiempo nos Dejó, la producción de Underground para Telefe contó momentos y hechos de la historia argentina del siglo XX en seis telefilms irreprochables desde los rubros técnicos (la ambientación de época, el vestuario y la fotografía estuvieron a la altura de las circunstancias), amén de algunos maniqueísmos en el guión, tal vez propios de la dificultad que representa plasmar historias complejas en 40 minutos. La otra propuesta interesante del año fue Para vestir santos, el unitario que Pol-ka realiza para El Trece (culmina el miércoles, a las 22.45), que no sólo volvió a poner en pantalla las credenciales de la productora en el género, sino que además se animó a jugar con el musical dentro de su estructura dramática, sin perder encanto.

Aunque se haya estrenado en 2009, la finalización de Ciega a citas a finales de mayo requiere de un comentario especial. La comedia de Rosstoc con la que Canal 7 volvió a incluir en su programación la ficción nacional demostró que una historia bien contada y actuada, en la que cada engranaje se pone al servicio del producto, puede atraer a un público no habituado a sintonizar la emisora estatal. Nominada al Emmy Internacional, la telenovela surgida de un blog supo armonizar el mundo de Internet y el de la TV en su propuesta, con una coherencia en su armado que culminó con un especial acorde con su origen, en el que el público votó al mejor de los tres finales posibles para la historia protagonizada por Muriel Santa Ana y Rafael Ferro. Es justo señalar que, en contrapartida, la segunda temporada de Todos contra Juan no le dio tantas alegrías a la productora de Gastón Pauls, que a mediados de año cerró sus puertas por una supuesta estafa del socio Alejandro Suaya.

Periodismo sin maquillaje
Envuelto en la contienda político-mediática que asomó su potencialidad en el debate sobre la Resolución 125, y que terminó de hacer eclosión a partir de la decisión del Gobierno de enviar al Congreso la Ley de Servicios de Comunicación Audiovisual, actualmente en vigencia, el periodismo televisivo atravesó en 2010 una etapa en la que las máscaras de las que se valían muchos periodistas y medios se fueron cayendo en la misma proporción que lo hacía su credibilidad. Si hasta no hace mucho para que algo fuera verdad debía salir en la TV, en la actualidad los televidentes han aprendido que el periodismo objetivo, independiente, no existe como entidad pura, impermeable a pensamientos e intereses políticos, sociales, económicos y/o culturales. Este fue el año en el que, por convicciones propias o por intereses empresariales, al periodismo televisivo no le quedó otra que proceder a cara descubierta.

El programa que metió el dedo en la llaga y revolucionó el medio fue 6, 7, 8, que aunque está al aire desde 2009 fue en este año cuando consolidó desde la pantalla estatal su lugar de “tema de conversación en la opinión pública”, multiplicando su mensaje a través del regreso de Duro de domar y de TVR, ciclos también producidos por PPT. Con una línea editorial abierta y orgullosamente oficialista, 6, 7, 8 puso negro sobre blanco sobre quién es quién en el periodismo actual, analizando el discurso mediático que se propaga ante cada tema de interés. El programa conducido por Luciano Galende asume hoy un protagonismo vital y activo dentro de la política, que incluso trasciende los límites televisivos (sus fieles seguidores han llegado a organizar manifestaciones públicas por diferentes causas). Valiéndose de material de archivo e invitados afines a su línea editorial, 6, 7, 8 abrió la posibilidad de que haya un debate periodístico-político en la TV argentina que no se da puertas adentro, sino intracanales o intraprogramas. Por eso es un programa que marcó un antes y un después dentro del género televisivo.

Acorde con la TV del efecto continuo que se consolidó en estos últimos años, abundan en el medio programas como Calles salvajes, GPS o Policías en acción, ciclos “periodísticos” que –al igual que Tinelli– se nutren de las miserias de la vida cotidiana de los más necesitados sin espacio para el análisis, con la sola finalidad de mostrar imágenes de alto impacto. Que en este escenario, en el que desde los noticieros o algunos periodísticos se elige retratar lo peor, haya un espacio como 6, 7, 8 para reflexionar sobre diversas temáticas de interés social –más allá de la posición política a la que se adhiera– no es poco. El arribo a Canal 9 de Bajada de línea, con la credibilidad, coherencia y trayectoria de Víctor Hugo Morales sumó al periodismo televisivo a un interlocutor válido desde el punto de vista de la honestidad intelectual desde la que dice lo que piensa.

En la era del periodismo subjetivo explícito, los programas de archivo que otrora buscaban furcios e inocuos errores hoy son el espacio elegido por las emisoras para reafimar su posición sobre algún tema o desacreditar al otro. Cada uno con su estilo, con mayor o menor grado de exposición de su línea editorial, TVR, Zapping y Demoliendo teles funcionan como brazos mediáticos armados de una idea política o de una idea empresarial. Si anteriormente el valor de un programa del género descansaba en el nivel de hallazgos televisivos que retransmitía, mostrando aquello que se escapaba a los ojos de los televidentes, ahora su sentido de ser pasa exclusivamente por ser difusores acríticos de programas de la casa, o de propagadores críticos de ciclos ajenos.

Entre la TV basura a toda hora y el fin del supuesto periodismo objetivo, entre la persecución de rating como único parámetro válido para decidir la suerte de un ciclo y la autorreferencialidad como caja de resonancia siempre a mano, la TV de 2010 termina con la esperanza de que el próximo año la pantalla chica apueste a propuestas diversas y originales. Por un 2011 en el que vuelva a primar en la TV el criterio artístico... ¡Salud!
          Los bienes terrenales...   

La obra:

En el Prefacio, el autor explica el propósito del libro: «es una tentativa para explicar la historia con la teoría económica y la teoría económica con la historia» (p. 9). Es un intento de relacionar una y otra, mostrando la íntima unidad que se da entre las dos y la mutua dependencia que muestran en todo momento. El libro no es «una historia de la economía ni es una historia del pensamiento económico, sino una parte de ambas. Aspira a explicar, en términos del desarrollo de las instituciones económicas, por qué ciertas doctrinas surgieron en un momento determinado, cómo tuvieron su origen en la misma contextura de la vida social y cómo se desarrollaron, fueron modificadas y finalmente desechadas cuando el diseño de esta contextura fue cambiado» (ibid.).

CAPÍTULO I.— Clérigos, guerreros y trabajadores
Se hace aquí un análisis del sistema de posesión de la tierra en la época feudal, sustentando la tesis de que «la sociedad feudal consistía de estas tres clases, clérigos, guerreros y trabajadores, con estos últimos al servicio de las dos primeras, la eclesiástica y la militar. Así lo entendió por lo menos una persona que vivió en aquella época y que lo comentó en esta forma: ‘Para el caballero y el clérigo, ha de vivir quien hace el trabajo’» (pp. 13-14).
Durante todo el capítulo se insiste en la injusta situación a que se ve sometido el siervo: menos maltratado, es verdad, que el esclavo de otros siglos, pero, de todos modos, desposeído de todo derecho personal.

CAPÍTULO II.— Aparece el comerciante
Se narra, de una manera somera y sencilla, el cambio operado en la vida feudal con el incremento del comercio. Si, en un principio, el feudo era autosuficiente, poco a poco —con el crecimiento de la población— va haciéndose necesario buscar productos que no se tienen en él. Nace así el intercambio de cosas por cosas: el dinero aún se emplea poco. Va surgiendo entonces la actividad comercial, en lo cual influye mucho un hecho importante: las Cruzadas, que con sus grandes movimientos de personas de toda índole, van creando el interés por los objetos de otras regiones.

Nace así un género especial de personas, los comerciantes, que se encargan de poner las mercancías cerca de los lugares de consumo. Un núcleo importante en el Mediterráneo lo constituye Venecia, que fue —dice el autor del libro— una de las ciudades más beneficiadas por las Cruzadas. Al crecer el comercio se hace necesario efectuar las transacciones con mayor agilidad: el dinero adquiere un papel importante y nace entonces el cambista o «cambiador» de dinero.

CAPÍTULO III.— Vamos a la ciudad
Con el auge del comercio crece la población flotante, especialmente en puntos neurálgicos de confluencia de caminos y desembocaduras de ríos. Esta población se va agrupando alrededor de la catedral o de los sectores fortificados llamados burgos. Nace entonces el fauburg o «fuera del burgo», donde se instalaban los comerciantes y viajeros a la sombra del burgo. Poco a poco se organiza la vida del fauburg, se fortifica también y se constituye en algo organizado y con vida propia. Van naciendo las ciudades; la movilidad del dinero aumenta, el comercio y las relaciones se hacen más ágiles y la posesión de la tierra deja de tener el interés tan grande que tuvo antes.

Pronto los comerciantes quieren tener leyes propias y se van organizando más y más. Se puede hablar entonces de una sucesiva independencia, de una libertad conquistada paulatinamente de la rigidez esclavizante de los feudos...

CAPÍTULO IV — Nuevas ideas por viejas ideas
CAPÍTULO V.— El campesino se libera
CAPÍTULO VI.— Y ningún extraño trabajará...
CAPÍTULO VII.— Ahí viene el rey
CAPÍTULO VIII.— El hombre rico
CAPÍTULO IX.— Pobre, mendigo, ladrón
CAPÍTULO X.— Se necesita ayuda hasta de niños de dos años
CAPÍTULO XI.— Oro, grandeza y gloria
CAPÍTULO XII.— ¡Dejadnos hacer!
CAPÍTULO XIII.— El viejo orden cambia...

SEGUNDA PARTE
¿ DEL CAPITALISMO A...?
          Michigan's legal bills for Flint water crisis top $14M   
LANSING, Mich. (AP) -- Michigan's legal bills for the man-made water crisis in Flint are piling up....
          Pope removes German cardinal as sex abuse crisis catches up   
Pope Francis sacked the head of the Vatican office that handles sex abuse cases Saturday, just days after he released another top Vatican cardinal to return home to stand trial for alleged sexual assault. ...
          Michigan's legal bills for Flint water crisis top $14M   
Michigan's legal bills for the man-made water crisis in Flint are piling up. At least $14 million has been spent hiring lawyers from at least 33 law firms, according to an Associated Press analysis of state records. Costs are expected to balloon as ...
          UK rejects demand to replace officials after deadly fire   
British Prime Minister Theresa May's government on Saturday rejected demands that she appoint commissioners to run the local council blamed for mishandling the response to the London high-rise fire, as the crisis deepened over who should be ...
          Sindicato de petroleros bolivianos amenaza con paralizar plantas de gas    

La Paz. La Federación Sindical de Trabajadores Petroleros de Bolivia (FSTPB) amenazó hoy con paralizar las plantas de gas por la inestabilidad laboral, debido a las medidas de austeridad anunciadas por la estatal YPFB ante la caída en los precios del crudo.

     El secretario ejecutivo del FSTPB, José Domingo Vásquez, dijo que en las próximas horas se convocará a un ampliado nacional para tomar medidas como la paralización de labores, ante la decisión de no recontratar a la gente, en una señal de atropello a la estabilidad laboral.

     Aclaró que como trabajadores no se oponen a un plan de austeridad y de minimizar costos, sin embargo apeló a una revisión a los contratos de grandes inversiones que tiene YPFB.

     "Vamos a rechazar cualquier intento de afectar la estabilidad de los trabajadores, y no vamos a permitir ninguna masacre blanca", declaró el dirigente.

     El FSTPB planteó además reuniones con el gobierno, con el fin de exponer su demanda en la defensa de los derechos laborales.

     Una paralización de actividades del sector petrolero puede afectar a la exportación de gas a Brasil y Argentina, además de la provisión del energético al mercado interno.

     El Ministerio de Hidrocarburos comenzó la semana pasada la "reingeniería" en el sector y definió una política de austeridad, ante la baja del precio del petróleo.

     Esta política de austeridad se desarrolla producto de la instructiva que realizó el presidente boliviano, Evo Morales, quien pidió el pasado 15 de junio aplicar restricciones en gastos y profundizar la exploración del sector.

     La nacionalización petrolera hecha en 2006 por el gobierno boliviano permitió al Estado obtener durante una década 31.500 millones de dólares, mientras que en los 20 años previos al gobierno de Morales sumó un ingreso de US$5.400 millones, según datos oficiales.

     Morales dijo que la baja del precio de petróleo, al cual está indexado el costo del gas natural que exporta Bolivia, supone un problema económico, aunque descarta que cause una crisis porque, a su juicio, su gestión supo encarar programas anticrisis. 

Bajada: 
El secretario ejecutivo del FSTPB, José Domingo Vásquez, dijo que se convocará a un ampliado nacional para tomar medidas como la paralización de labores, ante la decisión de no recontratar a la gente.
Industria: 
Países: 
Tipo de nota: 
Texto imagen: 
Una paralización de actividades del sector petrolero puede afectar a la exportación de gas a Brasil y Argentina, además de la provisión del energético al mercado interno.
Autor: 
Dow Jones: 
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Newsletter Industria: 

          III Expo-Congreso Hispano Ciencia y Espiritualidad   

  “Las crisis que estamos viviendo en nuestros países, nos indican y abren la oportunidad de unirnos a la espiritualidad”. La Fundación Social Ciencia y Espiritualidad, fue creada con los siguientes propósitos: 1ro. Ofrecer ayuda a niños y familias necesitadas. 2do. Ofrecer ideas creativas a oyentes de nuestro programa de SPR Radio: “Ciencia y Espiritualidad” […]

The post III Expo-Congreso Hispano Ciencia y Espiritualidad appeared first on Colombia Exterior - Información y Servicios para el Latinoamericano en los EE.UU.


          Senior Front End Developer - UniversalGiving - Jersey City, NJ   
Our goal is to have a site that can handle partnerships with major media organizations, such as CBS during times of crisis/natural disaster....
From Indeed - Wed, 21 Jun 2017 22:25:34 GMT - View all Jersey City, NJ jobs
          F***THEWORLD commented on Young Buck's blog post Young Buck - 10 Toes Down (Album Stream) (TI50)   
F***THEWORLD commented on Young Buck's blog post Young Buck - 10 Toes Down (Album Stream) (TI50)

          Post #9   
QUOTE(limfgn @ Nov 29 2012, 12:55 PM)
Landed have a higher rental demand?? How true is this?
[right][snapback]56442511[/snapback][/right]

no maintenance fee to JMB, no car parks issue, more versatile.

[addedon]November 29, 2012, 1:33 pm[/addedon]
QUOTE(noblebaby @ Nov 29 2012, 01:29 PM)
if crisis hit, landed is safer. Condo in JB/Iskandar almost oversupply. Buy now and high chance won't be able to sell higher or rent out after VP.
[right][snapback]56443260[/snapback][/right]

Everywhere is the same now. Oversupply and left vacant.
          Post #8   
if crisis hit, landed is safer. Condo in JB/Iskandar almost oversupply. Buy now and high chance won't be able to sell higher or rent out after VP.
          Art Book   
thisislifenow / 1 page
This book is dedicated to only art
          Cerrajeros económicos en tiempos de crisis   
Empresa familiar de cerrajería ofrece sus servicios las 24 horas del día precios muy económicos se realizan todo tipo de apertura de puertas instalación de nuevas cerraduras y cerrojos cambio de bombines etc no desplazamos de manera inmediata a su domicilio contamos con un equipo de profesionales cualificados le hacemos factura y le damos garantía del trabajo realizado también precios económicos para clientes abonados
          Válka s terorem po česku: Policie chystá speciální jednotku, kolik to bude stát?   

          Jarkko Tontti: Viisastuminen sallittu   
Jarkko Tontti: Viisastuminen sallittu
Kosmos 2016
Sivuja: 213

Kotimaisia esseekokoelmia ei ole tullut vastaan liiaksi asti, pikemminkin olen säästellyt niitä luettavaksi, kun en halua hotkia kaikkia kerralla. Parhaimmillaan ne ovat vertaansa vailla, mutta vastaavasti jos esseen aihe ei ole tuttu, ne ovat aivan turhaa luettavaa. Jälkimmäisissä tapauksissa olisi tietysti paikallaan sivistää itseään ja tutustua aiheeseen, niin tekstikin voisi päästä oikeuksiinsa.

Tontin viimeisimmässä kokoelmassa on yhdeksän esseetä, joista eniten julkisuutta lienee saanut se, jossa hän kertoo näkemyksiään Vihreiden puolueesta entisen sisäpiiriläisen näkökulmasta. Kieltämättä sellaiset ovat aina kiinnostavaa luettavaa, mutta toisaalta tilanne on vähän epäreilu, kun ryöpytyksen kohde ei pääse lausumaan sanaakaan väliin puolustautuakseen. Tuollaisessa tapauksessa mukana voi olla vääriäkin väitöksiä tai syytöksiä, jotka menevät läpi muiden mukana. En sano, että niin olisi tässä tapauksessa, mutta se vain tulee aina mieleen näissä tilanteissa.

Eniten tunteita omalla kohdallani nostatti essee Piraattiaatteen nousu ja uho. En epäile hetkeäkään, etteikö Tontti tuntisi asiaa juuri niin jyvin kuin antaa tekstissään ymmärtää. Ongelmaksi kuitenkin nousee se, että hän on puolensa valinnut ja kaivautunut poteroonsa toivottoman syvälle. Kaiken meuhkaamisensa keskellä hän sortuu jopa nimittelemään vastapuoltaan - seikka, joka auttamatta vie ison osan uskottavuudesta. On tärkeää huomata, että juuri tämän samaisen kokoelman edellisessä esseessään hän painotti, ettei saa provosoitua, vaikka kuinka provosoitaisiin ja täytyy pysyä asiallisena vastineissaan. Minun mielestäni tämä essee kaipaisi uudelleenkirjoittamista juuri noita ohjeita noudattaen. Tontti itsekin toteaa, että "Miten on aina tärkeämpi kysymys kuin mitä." Tahallista ironiaako? Tuskinpa.

Tekijänoikeuskysymykset nousevat esiin toisessakin esseessä, jonka aihepiiriin ne eivät edes kuulu. Kirjoittaja ei ilmeisesti ole vain kyennyt hillitsemään itseään. Minä ajattelen niin, että essee on teksti, jossa kirjoittaja sanoo yhdestä aiheesta sen mitä hänellä on siitä sanottavaa. Silloin ei ole tarvetta rönsyilyyn, vaan voi todella keskittyä yhteen aiheeseen kerrallaan, ja säästää muut aiheet omiksi teksteikseen. Tämä on tietysti vain minun insinöörimäinen mielipiteeni.

Kirjallisuudesta Tontti kirjoittaa paljon. Nähdäkseni hän kirjoittaa siitä myöskin hyvin, mutta harmikseni joudun toteamaan, että suurimmaksi osaksi se menee minulta yli ja vieläpä niin korkealta, etten ole missään määrin valmis sivistämään itseäni niin paljon, että pääsin niihin kaikkiin esseihin sisään.

Esseekokoelmien myyntimäärät eivät liene kovin korkeita. Toivon siitä huolimatta, että Tonttikin jaksaisi jatkaa niiden kirjoittamista, sillä lahjoja häneltä siihen kyllä löytyy.




          ‘Endangering Public Health:’ Michigan Sues Flint In Ongoing Water Crisis   
In the ongoing battle for clean water in Flint, Michigan, state officials on Wednesday filed a lawsuit against the city on charges of "endangering public health."
          FRED ARMISEN TAKES HIS HOMETOWN HEROES TO HOMETOWNS IN THE NORTHWEST   

What do the greatest musical innovators of the 20th century, such as The Bjelland Brothers, The Blue Jean Committee, and Crisis of Conformity all have in common? Fred Armisen! A true renaissance man, Fred Armisen’s deep supply of locally-pressed records has presented undersung heroes from the history of music in his series Hometown Heroes. Without Fred, who else could bring you songs from the smooth and sensual yacht rock leaning The Blue Jean Committee or a band of young punks who Henry Rollins remarked in passing as “the weakest "band" of posers to play with Black Flag on the '83 tour” !?

Fred is taking these tunes on the road next week with stops in Montana, Idaho and Washington state! A mix of stand up and musical performances, these live shows are the place to be this summer!

CATCH FRED AT THE DATES BELOW!

July 5th at The Pub Station in Billings, MT
July 6th at Knitting Factory in Boise, ID
July 7th at Bing Crosby Theater in Spokane, WA
July 8th at Neptune's in Seattle, WA


          Erasmus per Giovani Imprenditori   

tratto da: www.sviluppoitalia.it


Parte il nuovo programma di mobilità internazionale tra imprenditori europei.


Giovani ed aspiranti imprenditori europei potranno vivere un’esperienza lavorativa, della durata massima di 6 mesi, al fianco di un imprenditore già affermato in un altro paese dell’Unione Europea ed imparare come gestire e sviluppare il proprio business. Questo è il concetto del Progetto “Erasmus per Giovani Imprenditori”, un nuovo programma di mobilità internazionale finanziato dalla Comunità Europea che viene lanciato oggi in contemporanea nei 27 stati membri. Sviluppo Italia Liguria è uno dei partner italiani del programma e gestirà il progetto sul territorio regionale.      

Il programma mira a stimolare l’impresa, la competitività, l’internazionalizzazione e la crescita di nuove aziende in fase di start up e delle PMI, grazie al trasferimento di know-how tra imprenditori già affermati e nuovi imprenditori. 
Visto il successo del Programma Erasmus tra gli studenti, Erasmus per Giovani Imprenditori mira a potenziare la comunicazione tra i cittadini dei differenti stati dell’Unione Europea. Inoltre punta ad accrescere lo spirito imprenditoriale e a fortificare le piccole e medie imprese europee – aspetto cruciale contro la crisi economica vigente” dice Maive Rute, Direttore Promozione e Competitività PMI della Commissione Europea. 

A chi si rivolge il programma? 
Erasmus per Giovani Imprenditori è rivolto a nuovi imprenditori e a imprenditori esistenti. Sono nuovi imprenditori sia coloro che stanno pianificando l’avvio di una nuova impresa, sia coloro che hanno avviato un’attività da non più di 3 anni. Gli imprenditori esistenti sono titolari o manager di piccole e medie imprese localizzate nella Comunità Europea. L’attività del nuovo imprenditore e dell’imprenditore esistente può riguardare qualunque campo o settore. 
Il nuovo imprenditore acquisisce know-how dall’esperienza dell’imprenditore affermato, ma nello stesso tempo contribuisce ad incrementare il business di quest’ultimo, con il suo lavoro, le sue idee ed un punto di vista innovativo. 
Come funziona il programma? 
L’incontro tra i 2 imprenditori è reso possibile grazie all’aiuto di più di 100 organizzazioni intermediarie diffuse in tutti gli stati membri della Comunità Europea, competenti per quanto riguarda il supporto all’impresa (es. Camere di Commercio, incubatori d’impresa, ecc). Tale attività di intermediazione è coordinata da Eurochambres, l’Associazione Europea delle Camere di Commercio e Industria, che opera come ufficio di supporto al programma. Per quanto riguarda la nostra regione, l’organizzazione intermediaria attiva sul territorio è Sviluppo Italia Liguria, a cui ci si può rivolgere per partecipare al programma di mobilità internazionale. 
Sia i nuovi imprenditori che quelli esistenti potranno iscriversi al programma e stabilite contatti con le organizzazioni intermediarie che sceglieranno, tramite il sito www.erasmus-entrepeneurs.eu , saranno queste ultime a farsi carico di organizzare l’incontro e la collaborazione dei nuovi imprenditori con gli imprenditori esistenti che li ospiteranno. Entrambi i soggetti coinvolti stipuleranno una convenzione riguardante i dettagli della visita (es.: working plan, funzioni, responsabilità, ecc.).                 

I nuovi imprenditori riceveranno un contributo finanziario dalla Comunità Europea a copertura dei costi di viaggio, vitto e alloggio. Si conta di organizzare 870 scambi tra il 2009 e il 2010. 
La creazione d’impresa in Europa 
L’Europa non ha ancora mostrato tutto il suo potenziale imprenditoriale e è necessario incoraggiare più persone a fare impresa. Il 51% del giovani europei sarebbe interessato a dar vita ad una sua attività, ma spesso perde la sua ambizione quando si trova di fronte alle difficoltà di mettere in pratica le proprie idee. 
La maggior parte di coloro che intraprendono un’attività, tende ad operare solamente nel mercato nazionale, piuttosto che cogliere opportunità commerciali negli altri stati d’Europa e altrove. Solo 8% delle PMI si affaccia oltre i confini del proprio paese.            

“ 
Sviluppo Italia Liguria, come azienda che da sempre si occupa di creazione e sviluppo d’impresa sul territorio ligure, ha voluto prendere parte a questo programma. Riteniamo che la nostra regione possa essere protagonista in questo progetto di internazionalizzazione, essendo per vocazione storica e geografica una “porta” verso il mondo esterno. Erasmus per Giovani Imprenditori, in questo periodo di crisi economica in cui si rischia di chiudersi nei protezionismi, vuole rappresentare un’innovativa risposta alla doppia sfida di creazione di nuova impresa e sviluppo della cooperazione in Europa. I nuovi imprenditori acquisiscono competenze e prospettive, che non avrebbero potuto apprendere da soli nella fase di start up, e nello stesso tempo allacciano rapporti internazionali che aumentano le loro possibilità di successo” dice Cristina Battaglia, Presidente di Sviluppo Italia Liguria. 



          Hello again   
Yesterday I spent a few hours with a family member that is dealing with an identity crisis. I am glad that they came to me for emotional support. We and their spouse discussed the issues at hand. The spouse is also very supportive.

This also gave us a chance to discuss some things that had made us distant from each other throughout our lives. It was probably the most important conversation that I have ever had with someone. I believe that we will both be able to heal with th...
          Los CDR son pieza de museo   
Los CDR son pieza de museo
30 de junio de 2017 - 20:06 - Por EDITORIAL DIARIO LAS AMÉRICAS

Con los años, la célula que funciona a nivel de cuadra y en la cual se
deben inscribir todos los residentes mayores de 14 años, devino en el
núcleo que permite llevar un control estricto de los movimientos
individuales de cada persona en Cuba

Como parte de los últimos estertores de un sistema que fijó sus bases en
la implantación del terror y el espionaje, los Comités de Defensa de la
Revolución (CDR) en Cuba están por desaparecer.

La reciente visita de un periodista que lo observó de cerca e
intercambió opiniones con los actores de esa realidad permite corroborarlo.

El 28 de septiembre de 1960, en una de sus alocuciones a la población,
el fallecido gobernante Fidel Castro llamó a instaurar un "sistema de
vigilancia revolucionaria" para lo cual tomó como pretexto combatir la
injerencia en el entonces naciente proceso.

Con los años, la célula que funciona a nivel de cuadra y en la cual se
deben inscribir todos los residentes mayores de 14 años, devino en el
núcleo que permite llevar un control estricto de los movimientos
individuales de cada persona.

Observar quiénes son asiduos a una casa; saber de dónde provienen los
ingresos económicos de una familia; otorgar el aval o desaprobarlo para
que alguien pueda obtener un empleo y tener el compromiso de informar
todo cuanto pueda parecer irregular en la casa de un vecino, son algunas
de las funciones esenciales de los CDR que con el tiempo se han ido
desvirtuando.

En su momento de mayor preponderancia y cuando en el país la crisis
imperante provocó estallidos como los éxodos de Camarioca y Mariel, los
CDR sirvieron para alentar y ejecutar la represión contra quienes
decidían abandonar el país y se convertían en blanco de las más crueles
vejaciones y agresiones físicas y verbales.

Los CDR contaron por mucho tiempo con suficiente potestad para salvar o
enjuiciar a cualquier ciudadano, amén de que quienes pertenecen casi de
forma obligatoria, tienen que cumplir con el pago de una cuota mensual
que sustenta al aparato burocrático de la organización hasta la
instancia nacional.

Pero a estas alturas del deterioro social, económico y estructural que
padece Cuba la vigencia de los CDR se convierte en un absurdo.

Resulta prácticamente imposible que en un país desabastecido, donde la
moneda con que se pueden adquirir los artículos de primera necesidad no
es la misma en que se perciben los salarios, que alguna persona intente
sobrevivir alejada de la ilegalidad.

Perdieron entonces los CDR su razón de existir porque sus principales
defensores forman parte del ejército de los que sobreviven en la doble
moral y la invención aunque a cambio haya que delinquir.


Las opiniones emitidas en esta sección no tienen que reflejar la postura
editorial de este diario y son de exclusiva responsabilidad de los autores.

Source: Los CDR son pieza de museo | Cuba -
http://www.diariolasamericas.com/opinion/los-cdr-son-pieza-museo-n4125709
          Cuba vive el fracaso de los CDR, esos "vigilantes" comités de barrio   
Cuba vive el fracaso de los CDR, esos "vigilantes" comités de barrio
30 de junio de 2017 - 18:06

Los Comités de Defensa de la Revolución, CDR, convertidos en los
"minicuarteles" del régimen, hoy tienen operatividad casi nula en medio
de una crisis que obliga al cubano a buscar, en primer lugar, cómo
sobrevivir
JULIO GONZÁLEZ
Especial

LA HABANA.- Los Comités de Defensa de la Revolución (CDR), que desde el
28 de septiembre de 1960 han sido los ojos vigilantes y tentáculos del
castrismo para controlar a la población cubana, podrían tener sus días
contados a raíz de un "creciente desinterés ciudadano" por el desgaste
político del régimen cubano y la prioridad por la supervivencia de la
población en la mayor de las Antillas.

Los CDR, que son los "minicuarteles" que Fidel Castro creó en cuadras y
edificios multifamiliares para espiar "la vida de todos" y que
presionaba a los vecinos para ser miembros activos, han dejado
prácticamente de funcionar en vastos sectores de La Habana, a pesar de
que todavía siguen cobrando una cuota de membresía para su sostenimiento.

La operatividad de estos organismos sectoriales hoy es casi nula por
factores como la pobre economía y el desabastecimiento en una isla
dirigida por un monopolio familiar, hechos que han ocasionado que la
gente dedique mayor tiempo a conseguir los recursos para sobrevivir en
medio de una profunda escasez, similar a la que se vivió en la época del
Periodo Especial, en los años 90.

Así lo cree Mario, un hombre sesentón que en otros tiempos se desempeñó
como militar y encargado de uno de los talleres de las Fuerzas Armadas
Revolucionarias (FAR) en la capital cubana. Según su criterio, "nadie
quiere pertenecer a los CDR porque, primero, no quieren ser vistos como
chivatones (espías) y, segundo, porque hay que emplear el tiempo para
buscar unos pesos para poder vivir".

La explicación del militar retirado es más realista y profunda: "Es que
si en casa no hay para comer bien, y solo encuentras arroz y frijoles,
llega el momento en que tienes que hacer algún 'invento' en la calle,
donde sea, y como sea, para poder tener al menos un pedacito de carne
una vez al mes".

A ello atribuye el habanero la realidad que se cierne en torno a los
CDR, que se encuentran desmantelados o en algunos casos funcionando a
medias por la falta de vecinos que estarían dispuestos a formar parte
del cuerpo vigilante porque –asegura– "con hambre y necesidades nadie
puede estar pensando en perder el tiempo en esas cosas".

Otro factor

A la realidad económica de la nación insular, que es el más serio
agravante para la existencia de las 136.000 agrupaciones CDR que
reportan las autoridades cubanas, también se agrega otro factor en el
que coinciden varias personas, y es el resurgimiento de un "incipiente"
sector privado.

En el pasado reciente, el Estado era el único empleador y si el CDR no
daba "buenas referencias", una persona no podía lograr una posición
laboral o, por el contrario, era muy posible que perdiera el trabajo por
"una mala opinión".

Juliana, una emprendedora mujer, que tiene un pequeño puesto de ventas
en una deteriorada edificación de la céntrica calle Neptuno, en Centro
Habana, afirma que no se siente obligada a pertenecer al CDR de su
cuadra, en la municipalidad de La Lisa, porque "sencillamente no me da
la gana".

Aunque la expresión parezca peyorativa, la dinámica de la vida en la
isla le muestra que "nada ni nadie" puede obligarla a hacer lo que no
desea. "Yo me gano mi dinerito sin robarle un kilo a nadie, y también le
pago una tarifa al Gobierno para que no tener problemas".

Como ella, muchas otras personas opinan que una "mejor función" cumplen
actualmente las denominadas "juntas de vecinos" que realizan labores de
limpieza, poda de árboles o corte de maleza ante la incapacidad de las
autoridades locales para realizar esas tareas con mayor frecuencia.

Tiempos de opresión

Pero Javier, un hombre entrado en los cincuenta años, que siempre ha
vivido en el Reparto Almendares, estima que los CDR cumplieron un "papel
criminal" al servicio del G2 o policía política para señalar a todos
aquellos hombres y mujeres que manifestaran el más mínimo desacuerdo con
los designios del Gobierno castrista.

Este hombre, que se gana la vida vendiendo arroz frito y pizzas que
sirve en trozos de un rústico "papel cartucho", recuerda que uno de sus
mejores amigos no fue admitido en la universidad para estudiar por ser
calificado por el presidente del CDR como "poco combativo" y, además, un
"frikie", un joven "desafecto" a la ideología oficialista, porque le
gustaba la música rock.

No contento con cercenarle sus deseos académicos, más tarde lo hizo ir a
parar a la cárcel tras acusarlo de "peligrosidad predelictiva" por el
corte de cabello y su forma de vestir poco convencional.

Al abrir lo que él mismo considera una "caja de pandora", Javier también
trajo a colación las historias de miles de cubanos que deseaban
marcharse de la isla "en la época de los rusos cuando la cosa todavía no
estaba tan mala como ahora".

"Eso pasaba aquí en mi barrio y en todas partes en La Habana. Si alguien
quería marcharse para la 'yuma' (Estados Unidos) tenía que hacerlo en
completo secreto, sin que los CDR lo supieran", dice Javier, al hacer
alusión a una de las funciones de ese organismo: "Detectar la
planificación de grupos de cubanos que quieran emigrar sin autorización"
y vigilar a quienes recibían el ansiado permiso "para que no sacaran de
casa sus pertenencias", muebles, ropas e incluso la vajilla que
quisieran regalar, luego que los enseres de la vivienda eran
inventariados por un agente oficial y la propiedad expropiada.

Además, a los CDR se les ha comparado con grupos de choque que intimidan
y en otros casos agreden físicamente a las personas "enemigas de la
revolución", como quienes optaron por salir del país durante el éxodo de
Mariel, en 1980, o más recientemente a opositores, como es el caso de
las Damas de Blanco, mujeres que en forma pacífica exigen el
restablecimiento de los derechos democráticos en la isla.

Javier nunca olvida que contra la vivienda del mejor amigo de su padre,
"un negro santiaguero de seis pies de altura", los "cederistas" lanzaban
huevos, al tiempo que le gritaban "consignas revolucionarias" obligando
al hombre a vivir con las puertas y ventanas cerradas, y a realizar una
precaria vida social.

Historia y "funciones"

Los CDR se fundaron con el argumento castrista de "desempeñar tareas de
vigilancia colectiva frente a la injerencia externa y los actos de
desestabilización del sistema político cubano", pero realmente –como lo
escribiera el escritor y periodista Carlos Alberto Montaner– "con el
propósito de husmearlo todo en Cuba".

Entre las actividades más importantes de los CDR, está la de ejercer una
vigilancia desde lo más básico de la sociedad civil como un aporte
valioso para la policía política cubana y el Departamento Técnico de
Investigaciones, a quienes les ofrece información detallada de los
objetivos de vigilancia.

Cada CDR tiene un presidente, y en la puerta de su casa se puede leer un
cartel que así lo indica. Es la persona que suministra información sobre
cada ciudadano que reside en su cuadra.

Otras acciones de los CDR contemplan el mantenimiento de edificios, la
limpieza de calles, la separación de los residuos para su reciclaje, la
activación de mecanismos para el ahorro energético y el patrullaje
nocturno de vigilancia, entre algunas tareas que hoy poco o nunca realizan.

"Nada humano les es ajeno: con quién se acuesta la señora del quinto
[piso], cuándo se baña el calvo del primero, por qué Zutano no fue a
cortar caña", dijo también Montaner al referirse a los CDR en los
"mejores" momentos de una historia que puede estar llegando a un triste
final.

Source: Cuba vive el fracaso de los CDR, esos vigilantes comités de
barrio | Cuba -
http://www.diariolasamericas.com/america-latina/cuba-vive-el-fracaso-los-cdr-esos-vigilantes-comites-barrio-n4125712
          Venezuela y Cuba, un matrimonio con dolores de cabeza   
Venezuela y Cuba, un matrimonio con dolores de cabeza
El chavismo ha perdido totalmente el rumbo. La Habana tiene la llave
para frenar la descomposición del régimen. Pero pesan viejas internas y
necesidades políticas.
Marcelo Cantelmi

Revolución Cubana
"Las cosas revelan su verdadera índole al final de sus días" Walter Benjamin

El mayor problema en torno a la crisis de Venezuela es Cuba. No lo es
así en el sentido que se cita con frecuencia respecto a un alineamiento
automático y nítido entre esos dos países que configuran una alianza que
ha tenido más dificultades de lo que supone o se sabe. O la noción más
arriesgada de que es La Habana la que dirige la pesadilla chavista. La
idea del problema cubano en la realidad venezolana se establece en una
dimensión por encima de esas miradas donde conviven tensiones y
movimientos anárquicos fuera de cualquier dirección. Para la isla
antillana, que reconoce su propio destino en problemas, implica la
confrontación con un asociado que se va desmarcando hasta límites de
incomodidad tanto por el dato realista de que no es imitable hoy el
régimen que hizo posible la revolución cubana -ni siquiera para los
cubanos-; como también por la deriva, mucho menos ideológica que
puramente corsaria, que rige al modelo venezolano.

Con la historia es posible hacer muchas cosas menos negar su dinámica.
La isla comunista esta pujando por coexistir con una apertura
capitalista tutelada, al estilo de Vietnam o China, arrastrada por una
crisis que si no se la identifica con claridad será la lapida del
proyecto y sus tripulantes. La gerontocracia cubana en ese sentido ha
probado que no es estática y entiende de precipicios. No sucede lo mismo
con su socio caribeño.

El vínculo de La Habana con Caracas está mediado por esa crisis. La
Venezuela de Hugo Chávez proporcionó con su herramienta de Petrocaribe
una ayuda económica espectacular a la isla que relevó y emuló en
proporción a la que le brindó la Unión Soviética. Lo hizo con el envío
diario de 100 mil barriles de petróleo que el régimen comunista
utilizaba en parte y vendía el remanente.

El doble desastre venezolano de la caída en picado del precio del crudo
y la ineficiencia espectacular de la gestión administrativa que desplomó
a la petrolera estatal pese a las extraordinarias reservas del país,
obligó a reducir sensiblemente esa ayuda. Hoy se cifra en menos de la
mitad de lo que era en el auge chavista. Esta es una de las razones,
junto con la convicción de que no existe salida posible para Venezuela,
lo que llevó a Cuba a buscar una negociación histórica con EE.UU. que
rompiera décadas de aislamiento para obtener inversiones urgentes y
cruciales.

Es interesante notar aquí que la ayuda venezolana tenía un propósito más
complejo que el proclamado auxilio al aliado. Esa potente presencia
configuraba un muro desde la perspectiva chavista a los enamoramientos
de los aperturistas cubanos, Raúl Castro particularmente, con la noción
de que las rigideces del modelo de la revolución debían admitir formas
más pragmáticas. El líder bolivariano se ocupó claramente de sostener el
status quo recortando la autonomía de estos aperturistas mano a mano con
los conservadores por medio de esos fondos.

No es extraño que en la historia de la alianza entre ambos países
aparecieran en Caracas con frecuencia personajes peculiares del poder
cubano como Ramiro Valdéz, un dirigente histórico, resistente a los
cambios y distante de cualquier acercamiento con EE.UU., o cambio de
modelo incluso en el molde de los "primos" comunistas asiáticos. Este
hombre que llego a detentar cargos públicos en la Venezuela de Chávez,
sostenía una muy compleja relación con Raúl Castro, a quien le torpedeó
a lo largo de la historia parte de sus protegidos, algunos de ellos de
marcada prosapia revolucionaria.

La crisis económica en ambos países y la mundial, desarmó a puro
realismo todo ese tinglado de internas. Es así que aun con las decisión
de Donald Trump de atacar el deshielo con la isla, un paso que
fortaleció a los halcones, Venezuela continua siendo y en proceso
agravado, una piedra en el camino futuro de Cuba que ya no puede volver
atrás.

A su vez, el plano inclinado de la descomposición del régimen chavista
se acelera por el dato sencillo de las necesidades no cubiertas de la
población. No es solo la garra de la inflación que este año alcanzaría
1.600%. La violencia se ha enseñoreado en el "paraíso" venezolano con
una tasa nacional de asesinatos de 91,8 sobre 100 mil habitantes que en
Caracas se eleva a 130/100.000. Como referencia, solo observar que en
México, con su historia de guerra entre bandas narcos, el nivel es 17
sobre 100 mil. La gente que gana un básico mensual de US$24 esta
expuesta a enfermedades como tuberculosis, malaria o difteria que
regresan por la ausencia de medicinas y asistencia púbica.

Quienes protestan en la calle lo hacen impulsados por este drama
cotidiano. Esa batalla alimenta una conciencia colectiva libertaria
cargada de la misma épica que marcaron las luchas contra las dictaduras
militares en los' 70 o contra el tirano Fulgencio Batista en Cuba o
Tacho y Tachito Somoza en Nicaragua. Todo el escenario es ya un fangal
ideológico para los patrocinadores del chavismo atenazados por la
amenaza de la repetición del reivindicado caracazo de 1989 contra los
ajustes del FMI. Para complicar aún más su imagen y aguar el discurso
revolucionario, entre brumas y silencios el régimen acaba de acordar con
Goldman Sachs la venta de US$ 2.800 millones en bonos garantizados por
la petrolera PDVSA a un precio de US$895 millones: irrisorios 31
centavos por dólar.

Sin salida, el gobierno de Nicolás Maduro se ha endurecido y esta semana
generó un zarpazo adicional sobre los focos cuestionadores del régimen,
en particular la fiscal general Luisa Ortega Diaz. A esta chavista
cerril que avaló la condena contra el preso político Leopoldo López,
ahora enardecida con el régimen, le prohibieron salir del país y le
decretaron una competencia de sus funciones con el defensor del pueblo,
de verticalidad total con la nomenclatura . Son pasos previos a la toma
total del poder con el atajo de la reforma constitucional que tendrá
efecto a partir de la votación de los constituyentes del 31 de julio.

Desde ese día todos los organismos del Estado, incluyendo al Parlamento
de mayoría opositora, quedarán en un limbo y Venezuela devendrá en una
autocracia sin dobleces. Es una expresión de fuerza pero no de
autoridad, una contradicción que Max Weber observó con agudeza al
definir que la dominación legítima rige cuando la autoridad es
reconocida y aceptada. Sin esa dominación el poder se mantiene por la
vía de la coerción sobre los individuos para persuadirlos de que carecen
de poder propio y por lo tanto necesitan de quien haga las cosas por ellos.

Cuando ese vínculo siniestro, típico de las autocracias, se deteriora
cae la colaboración de los que obedecen y las resistencias se
multiplican. Vacío de autoridad el poder apela entones a un mayor
hostigamiento para aferrarse al mando. Es lo que ocurre hoy en Venezuela
con la rebelión popular y la masacre represiva, un fenómeno que el
régimen intensificó con el relevo reciente de los jefes militares por
figuras muchos más inclementes.

La realidad prueba que no hay salida para estas crisis, más allá de lo
que puedan extenderse. Cuba puede operar para modificar el escenario
antes de que sus consecuencias se tornen inmanejables, pero está
atrapada por sus propias tensiones internas en las que la cuestión
venezolana define también los rumbos futuros de la isla. El régimen
castrista renueva el año que viene sus autoridades políticas y hasta
entonces la puja ente las dos veredas se acelerará hasta determinarse la
profundidad de ese cambio que, se verá hasta qué punto, correrá del
poder al hermano menor de Fidel. En esa línea, el abismo venezolano es
una baza para los enemigos del deshielo. El mismo resultado que alienta
a los anticastristas de Florida que impulsaron a Trump a entrecerrar esa
puerta histórica.

Source: Venezuela y Cuba, un matrimonio con dolores de cabeza -
https://www.clarin.com/mundo/venezuela-cuba-matrimonio-dolores-cabeza_0_rye_TLEVW.html
          Fight against ISIS 'far from over' despite terrorist group's loss of Mosul   
Terrorist group remains a formidable threat capable of planning and inspiring attacks.
     
 
 

          Boxeo: La Josefa recibe esta noche una nueva velada boxística   
Promocionada como "Duelo de Generaciones", se medirán boxeadores locales en ascenso con otros ya consagrados ...
          Katar Dışişleri Bakanı: Uygun şartlar altında diyaloğa girmeye hazırız   
Katar Dışişleri Bakanı Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman al-Thani, Katar krizinin çözümüne ilişkin diyalog yoluna girmeye hazır olduklarını bildirdi.
          Commentaires sur Protégé : Order – décembre 18, 2016 @ 09:35 par WooCommerce   
Commentaires protégés : saisissez votre mot de passe pour accéder aux commentaires.
          150 Things to Know on Canada’s 150th Birthday   
On the occasion of Canada’s 150th birthday here are 150 things to know...

1. Today, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is one of the world’s most popular political leaders.
2. Justin Trudeau emerged out of the shadows and into the political spotlight when delivering the eulogy at his father’s funeral, the late Pierre Elliot Trudeau in September 2000.
3. The four pallbearers at the funeral were Justin Trudeau, the Aga Khan, former President Jimmy Carter and…the late Cuban autocrat Fidel Castro.
4. Justin Trudeau’s brother, Alexandre Trudeau, is a fearless filmmaker, who was Embedded in Baghdad before, during and after the U.S. invasion in 2003.
5. While Justin is a social media star, his father was the true showman, who once famously pirouetted behind Queen Elizabeth’s back.
6. In fact, this was just one of many colorful moments. To this day in Canada to give the ‘Pierre Trudeau salute’ means something, very interesting…
7. And who can forget the moment featuring the Rolling Stones, the paparazzi and the Prime Minister.
8. However, the elder Trudeau also did some amazing things for Canada. For starters, until 1982 when he brought it back to Canada, the constitution was effectively governed by the Queen of England.
9. That same year he pushed through the Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms.
10. This protection of Canadian rights and diversity did not emerge overnight. Back in 1971, the elder Trudeau declared the new Canadian multiculturalism policy.
11. Four years earlier, in 1967, Pierre Trudeau uttered these famous words: “There's no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation,” when he decriminalized homosexuality in sweeping changes to the criminal code.
12. It took Canada until 2005 to legalize same-sex marriage, being the first nation outside of Europe and fourth in the world to do so.
13. However, while things were eventful under Pierre Trudeau they were also turbulent. He suspended civil liberties during the ‘October Crisis’ in 1970, when he invoked the ‘War Measures Act’ after a provincial cabinet minister was kidnapped by separatist militants.
14. He also enacted the National Energy Program in the 1980s which effectively federalized revenues from energy resources in Alberta, creating long-term hostility towards the federal Liberal Party in the years to come in Western Canada.
15. Trudeau was also an antagonist to separatist ambitions in Quebec, delivering two fiery speeches, one in 1980, and another in 1995 to thwart referendums for independence.
16. All in all, the elder Trudeau served for 15 years but he wasn’t the longest serving Prime Minister. That would be William Lyon Mackenzie King, who served for 21 years.
17. In second place was the founding Prime Minister, John A. Macdonald, who served for 18 years – and who also had a bit of a drinking problem.
18. When Canada was founded in 1867, there were only four provinces: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
19. In fact it was not until 1949 that the last province, Newfoundland joined Canada, and that was only after a barely won referendum.
20. Canada also has three Territories: the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavat, the latter being formed in 1999.
21. The country is extremely ‘big’, the second largest in the world with over 2 million lakes, among other things.
22. But, 75% of Canadians actually live within 100 miles of the U.S.-Canada border.
23. This may be one of the reasons why the U.S.-Canada economic relationship is the largest in the world, estimated to total US$630 billion in 2016 alone.
24. Close to 30,000 trucks cross the border every single day between the two countries.
25. While things are rosy today, it wasn’t always so. During the War of 1812, the Canadas, as the British colonies were known then, went to battle with the U.S., ultimately burning down the White House on August 24, 1814.
26. War was quite frequent back then due to competing French, British, and American ambitions. After fierce fighting, the 1763 Treaty of Paris essentially gave the British control over much of French Canadian land.
27. In addition, one cannot forget that much of Canadian land belonged to the First Nations, who have been marginalized, ostracizied, occupied and colonized throughout much of Canadian history.
28. During Canada’s first years, a group of people called the Metis who were ethnically mixed between First nations and European descent, rose up in rebellion, ultimately establishing a short-lived provisional government in 1870.
29. The leader of that rebellion Louis Riel was ultimately ranked as the 11th Greatest Canadian.
30. That battle was only one of many for the acknowledgement of the rights of First Nations. One of the worst stains on Canadian history was the residential school system that at one point put a third of all First Nations children under the care of the state.
31. Thousands of students died, and many more were subject to emotional, physical, and sexual abuse.
32. While today, people acknowledge some of these aspects of history, the fight is not over. One of the scandals that was a campaign issue for Justin Trudeau, was the plight of up to 4,000 missing or murdered aboriginal women.
33. Canada’s history has not always been one of inclusivity. The Chinese Exclusion or Immigration Act of 1923 effectively banned immigrants of Chinese origin.
34. This was a culmination of violence and protests against immigrants from East and South Asia, including riots in 1907 in Vancouver, British Columbia.
35. Today, whites are expected to become a minority in Vancouver by 2031 (although I suspect this has already happened).
36. 20.6% of Canadians are foreign-born today and 19.1% identify themselves as visible minorities. 3% of the population identifies as Muslim.
37. There are more Sikhs in the Canadian Cabinet than there are in India’s government (4 versus 2).
38. It was not until the 1940s, however, that Sikhs truly received voting rights.
39. Canadian women achieved the right to vote around the same time as women in the U.S. in the late 1910s.
40. Canada also became home to a number of Black Canadians due to the Underground Railroad, although racism has reared its ugly head in Canada as well.
41. While ethnic and racial struggles have been real, so have class struggles. A lot of this culminated in gained labor rights and ultimately universal healthcare.
42. The ‘grandfather’ of universal healthcare was actually New Democratic Party leader Tommy Douglas, who was named the Greatest Canadian in that (in-)famous poll.
43. Tommy Douglas is also the grandfather of prominent Canadian actor Kiefer Sutherland.
44. Kiefer Sutherland’s father is Donald Sutherland, who married Tommy Douglas daughter, prominent public figure, Shirley Douglas.
45. While living in the U.S. Donald Sutherland retained only Canadian citizenship but lost the right to vote due to the Conservative Party’s new laws in 2015.
46. This also led to a rallying cry by then candidate Justin Trudeau, that “A Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian.”
47. There are almost 3 million Canadians living abroad but many retain a vibrant Canadian identity.
48. For example, the Terry Fox Run, a hallmark of Canada, has been held in over 60 countries by countless millions over the years.
49. Through these runs over $650 million has been raised for cancer research.
50. And it is all inspired by Terry Fox, who ran the Marathon of Hope in 1980 after losing one leg to cancer.
51. He ended his run after reaching 5,373 kilometres over 143 days.
52. Inspired by Terry’s courage, a fellow West Coaster, Rick Hansen embarked on a Man in Motion World Tour for two years in 1985.
53. He criss-crossed 34 countries raising $26 million along the way.
54. It also inspired the song St. Elmo’s Fire, which reached #1 on the Billboard Charts.
55. The best-selling Canadian artist of all time remains Celine Dion, who has sold over 200 million albums worldwide.
56. It appears though that fellow Canadian Justin Bieber may soon beat her on the charts.
57. There are a lot of Canadian singers, that are quite prominent, but they often live abroad, like Bryan Adams.
58. In fact, Bryan Adams and Beverley Hills 90210 star Jason Priestly went to the same high school, Argyle Secondary School in Vancouver.
59. And while Bryan Adams is known for his singing, he once mixed up the lyrics of the Canadian national anthem.
60. The Canadian national anthem, ‘O Canada’, was itself composed in 1880.
61. However, the lyrics of the anthem were originally French and were then translated into English.
62. The final English version emerged two decades later, which remains with us today.

          Sismo de 3.5 grados se registró este sábado en San Antonio del Táchira   

Este sábado, se registró un sismo de 3.5 grados en la escala de Richter al sureste de San Antonio del Táchira con una profundidad de 9.6 kilómetros. El movimiento ocurrió a las 2:55 de la tarde, de acuerdo con información publicada en el portal web de la Fundación Venezolana de Investigaciones Sismológicas (Funvisis). Tras el […]

La entrada Sismo de 3.5 grados se registró este sábado en San Antonio del Táchira se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠Omar Muñoz: “La Fiscal está jugando al establecimiento de un gobierno de Venezuela en el exterior”   

El pasado sábado 24 de Junio, en el programa radial “Maracaibo Solidaria”, bajo la conducción de Omar Muñoz y producción de Rafael Muñoz, se realizó un análisis sobre la dinámica política actual, transmitido por Alborada 100.9FM. El profesor Universitario afirmó “Están jugando a mi juicio a confirmar un falso gobierno en el exterior, se encuentran […]

La entrada ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠Omar Muñoz: “La Fiscal está jugando al establecimiento de un gobierno de Venezuela en el exterior” se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Santos exhorta a Maduro a “negociar con la oposición” una salida pacífica   

El presidente colombiano, Juan Manuel Santos, exhortó este sábado a su par venezolano, Nicolás Maduro, a entablar diálogos con la oposición para alcanzar una salida pacífica y democrática a la situación para lo cual “Colombia, la comunidad internacional” está lista a ayudar. “Yo lo que sí quisiera es exhortar al presidente Maduro a que se […]

La entrada Santos exhorta a Maduro a “negociar con la oposición” una salida pacífica se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Commercial Mortgage Loan Assistance   

Commercial Mortgage Loan Assistance By: Michael Powers Over the past seven years, the residential mortgage crisis in America has been widely publicized. Conversely, the commercial mortgage loan industry has been given little attention across the board. Far fewer law firms Continue reading →

The post Commercial Mortgage Loan Assistance appeared first on Mortgage Relief Project.


          Asesinan a mando de la PGJ de Michoacán   

La Procuraduría General de Justicia de Michoacán informó que Rogelio Arredondo Guillén murió cuando recibía atención médica en hospital, luego de ser atacado a balazos cuando llegaba a su domicilio.Regeneración, 1 de julio de 2017.- El director de Investigación y Análisis de la Procuraduría General de Justicia de Michoacán (PGJ), Rogelio Arredondo Guillén, director fue […]

El post Asesinan a mando de la PGJ de Michoacán apareció primero en Regeneración.


          Independence for Kosovo by Agim Ceku - The Wall Street Journal   
Pristina -- Just as it seemed that the Balkans were finally turning the corner, we are instead entering another period of stagnation, delay and uncertainty. A United Nations decision on Kosovo's status, originally expected before the end of this year, has been postponed. The expectations in Kosovo are high. Kosovo is hungry for independence, Kosovo is ready for independence, and now is not the time to stop the clock.

We need to keep the process of statehood on track. Kosovo needs clarity to complete reforms and to attract vital international investments, but also so that our people -- and especially our Serb minority -- can escape the debilitating worries and uncertainty and start to build a future. Their home and future are in Kosovo.

There are two things we must do in Kosovo to succeed as a progressive and a modern independent state. First, we should further improve our institutions to achieve more transparency and a functioning legal system. Second, we need a broad political commitment to development and modernization.

Independence is only the first step and, in itself, is insufficient to provide for Kosovo's future. Kosovo needs a clear perspective for European Union membership. We can only succeed within this framework. This above all means prioritizing economic revitalization in the post-independence period. Nothing short of an economic boom will get us up to speed; the EU train will not wait for Kosovo, or the rest of the region for that matter. The biggest problem in the Western Balkans is economic malaise.

It is the Kosovars, not Belgrade, who have a real interest and stake in seeing Kosovo succeed. Moderate Serbs have long lost interest in Kosovo. Only those desperate for cheap, nationalist rhetorical points claim to care about it. Belgrade offers no vision, no economic or European agenda to the people of Kosovo. Increasing numbers of Serbs, especially those living in Kosovo, are beginning to see beyond this bankrupt world view.

I have no doubt that seeing Kosovo become independent will be a difficult new reality for Serbia. But it is the only way. Belgrade is not interested in investing in the development of Kosovo, and Kosovo is not interested in a political union with Serbia. But we are interested in developing a productive bilateral partnership with Serbia, just as we're doing with our other neighbors.

Social and economic progress in the region will be the big losers if we don't make the bold step forward to independence. The entire Western Balkan region needs a kick start in order to catch the EU train and catch up with the awesome economic growth of our EU-bound neighbors Romania and Bulgaria. This is the only way forward and the only way into the EU. Globalization is a reality which won't pause so we can get ready. The pace is being set in Asia, but transition will have to happen here in the Western Balkans if we wish to compete.

Most of us in the Balkans share a common vision about our future -- we want to get into the EU as fast as possible. The way to do it is through reforms. This wasn't an easy process for the Baltic countries. It wasn't easy for Eastern and Central Europe. And it won't be easy for the Balkan states either. The region needs to find its comparative advantage in Europe and in the global market. It will do so as soon as we settle the final status of Kosovo.

Can Kosovo survive? Sure. If we reform, we'll do very well. My government has adopted a proactive "3E" plan for Kosovo based on energy, economy and education. With large deposits of coal, Kosovo can in a few years become a net electricity exporter. With the right technology we can even do this with an environmental face.

The economy is picking up. There is no currency risk in Kosovo now that we've adopted the euro. We have privatized around 90% of the asset value of all state-owned enterprises. The financial sector has already been privatized, and we are now attracting new investments into the telecom and energy sectors. Much remains to be done, including cleaning up corruption in the courts, but we're on the right track.

We have a young population and a positive birth rate. Given the shortages in the EU labor market due to negative demographic trends, Kosovo can help fill the void. To do so, we need to retrain our work force. Hence we're now investing in education.

The EU is facing a crisis, and it needs time to consolidate and reset its internal political balances. However, this is no reason to lose sight of its strategic goal: a Europe whole and free. Right now this is still not the reality, at least not in the Western Balkans.

---

Mr. Ceku is the prime minister of Kosovo.
          Comment on Is Bitcoin mining illegal? by Samantha   
Sadly, all those mining activities are currently causing a global video card shortage and because of those doing this, the video cards have more than doubled prices in the past month, leading to a video card crisis. In other words, as long as this continue, you can forget getting a new video card for your gaming needs... Facing that situation, a lot of countries will or are actually in the process of declaring coin mining illegal, such as countries from the Commonwealth and most Europeans countries. http://www.pcworld.com/article/3199257/components-graphics/why-amds-radeon-graphics-cards-are-almost-impossible-to-buy-right-now.html
          Decision on Kosovan independence to be postponed: Delay prompted by fears over Serbian nationalism Proposal to be announced after Belgrade elections   
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The international powers have put off deciding to impose independence on Kosovo in an attempt to forestall extreme nationalists coming to power in Serbia.Serbia yesterday announced early elections for January 21, with the extreme nationalist Radical party tipped to emerge as the strongest party. Simultaneously in Vienna, the UN envoy for Kosovo, Martti Ahtisaari of Finland, and diplomats from the US, Europe and Russia went back on earlier pledges to resolve Kosovo's status this year. They said they would wait until after the Serbian ballot before making public their recommendations.Kosovo, which has an Albanian majority, is formally part of Serbia but won an independence war in 1999 when the Serbian authorities were driven out by Nato. Since then it has been under UN control.Mr Ahtisaari has been negotiating with the Serbs and Albanians since February in a vain attempt to find a settlement. Since there is no prospect of agreement, he is to propose to the UN security council that the international community impose his recommendations. "I have decided to present my proposal for the settlement of Kosovo's status to the parties without delay after parliamentary elections in Serbia," Mr Ahtisaari said in Vienna.Serbian officials have been trying to delay a decision on Kosovo and are waging a ferocious campaign warning of the risks to international stability of an independent Kosovo. Last month the prime minister, Vojislav Kostunica, rushed through a new constitution proclaiming Kosovo forever part of Serbia. The Kosovo issue will dominate the election campaign.In a study of the new constitution this week, the International Crisis Group thinktank said that Serbia was turning its back on mainstream liberal democracy in Europe and reverting to a role as a nationalist, authoritarian seat of instability in the Balkans.Mr Ahtisaari, strongly backed by the US and Britain, is certain to recommend that Serbia lose Kosovo, although the province's independence will be hedged with conditions that fall short of full sovereignty for some time to come. Tensions are rising as the deadline for a decision nears. Any longer postponement risks an explosion of frustration among Kosovo's two million Albanians.Ethnic Albanians in Pristina, Kosovo's capital. Kosovo has an Albanian majority
          Florida Supreme Court Strikes Down Medical Malpractice Damages Cap   
According to a recent news article from the Orlando Sentinel, the Florida Supreme Court has just ruled that the existing damages cap on medical malpractice lawsuits is unconstitutional.  The bill in question was signed into law by then-Governor Jeb Bush in 2003.  It was very controversial at the time and is no longer the law in our state. The judges held, through their majority opinion, that caps on noneconomic damages are arbitrary, serve only to reduce a plaintiff’s recovery in the case of serious injuries, and are only for the benefit of the insurance companies.  The state officials and Bush originally justified the law on the basis that we were facing what they called an insurance crisis. The theory, which as has been disproven time and time again, and has now been rejected by the Florida supreme court, is that if the plaintiffs can collect large amounts of money in medical malpractice case, the insurance companies will not be able to afford to pay the…
          Válka s terorem po česku: Policie chystá speciální jednotku, kolik to bude stát?   

          Low Cost Payday cash advances Do Not Create Credit   
During which payday loans pertaining to bad credit is a a financial crisis and therefore he also needs to save capital for them . bad credit loans Even though these services cost a reasonable degree of fee your car will, overall flexibility more information, with it cash has been took out without credited care !
          Ohio Councilman Sparks Fury After Asking If EMS Can Stop Responding to Overdoses   
http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/americas-heroin-epidemic/ohio-councilman-sparks-fury-after-asking-if-ems-can-stop-n778711 ---Quote--- Frustrated by the fact that the city had already spent 10 times the $10,000 it had budgeted for the overdose medication Narcan and saying they need to “think outside the box,” Picard asked at a council meeting last week “whether there was a legal and ethical path that would allow us to legally choose to respond or not to dispatch.” ---End Quote--- And this is where we are headed in the heroin crisis.
          CRISIS Festival   
Het CRISIS festival vindt plaats op 15 juli 2017 in de Kasteelstraat in Erps-Kwerps.  Het is een GRATIS festival en onze deuren openen om 13:00 voor een geweldige 8ste editie. Dit jaar komen volgende artiesten: * Spaak & Nipples * Jan De Smet * Alexandra Gadzina * Jacle Bow * The Lighthouse * Los Callejeros * High Hi * Skyve + MC Miyagi * Shizzle le Sauvage * Donnie Meer info vind je op onze website : www.crisisfestival.be of via onze facebookpagina : https://www.facebook.com/crisisfestival  of onze eventpagina : https://www.facebook.com/events/179312889230529/
          UK regulator reviews business models at retail banks   
The financial regulator has begun a study of how Britain's high street banks make money and said the initial findings due next year would help determine if their approach had to be changed. The study would apply lessons from the 2007-2009 financial crisis when Northern Rock collapsed because of an unsustainable business model, Andrew Bailey, chief executive of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), told a conference on Thursday. It coincides with government efforts to increase competition in a sector dominated by HSBC, Lloyds, Royal Bank of Scotland and Barclays. Bailey said 16 new banks had been approved over the last five years and 38 were considering seeking authorisation. "My hope is that we can lay out a body of evidence from which conclusions can start to be drawn," Bailey told the British Bankers' Association (BBA) conference, adding that evidence would be gathered into the first half of next year. The study will initially focus on different products and services and
          About That Tax Cut for the Rich   

On Tuesday, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell came to terms with reality and announced that he would delay the health care vote he had been planning to hold this week. Since then, Republican members of Congress have been negotiating terms, trying to strike a health care agreement before flying back to their home states on Friday to screw around for 10 days. Though they were making progress by Thursday morning in narrowing the options, senators still had to get through that little part where they make impossible decisions on the issues that have bitterly divided them.

Some of the more obvious tweaks have been made. Senate holdouts representing states hollowed out by the opioid crisis—West Virginia Sen. Shelley Moore Capito, Ohio Sen. Rob Portman, and others—are likely to get the full $45 billion in grant funding that they’ve been seeking all along, Politico reported Wednesday night. The bill will also likely be adjusted to allow people to use their health savings accounts to pay for premiums, something conservatives fought for in this bill.

But these changes still fall within the realm of tinkering. Capito, for instance, has said that the opioid money would not be enough—she wants the stingy long-term growth rate for the bill’s Medicaid caps raised, too. That’s something conservatives would be loath to do.

A lot of senators, including many in the rank-and-file, still want to see the bill’s refundable tax credits for individuals boosted. And the most conservative wing of the party, including Utah Sen. Mike Lee and Texas Sen. Ted Cruz, want more market deregulation. The “grand bargain,” then, still amounts to conservatives giving way on Medicaid cuts and other spending, while moderates give way on market regulation.

Here’s what that might look like, per the current discussions.

The Congressional Budget Office analysis, you’ll recall, left McConnell about $188 billion in additional funds to spread around to buy votes. The opioid crisis funds and HSA changes could exhaust about half of that. If senators wanted to substantially increase the tax credits to those with lower and middle incomes—or even dependents on employer plans—that could exhaust the savings, and a new stream of revenue would be needed.

That’s why some senators are now talking more seriously about keeping the Affordable Care Act’s 3.8 percent net investment tax, as Bloomberg first wrote Wednesday afternoon. This is not a new conversation: Since December, there’s been a debate over whether to keep any of the ACA’s taxes to help fund elements of replacement legislation. Opinions have varied. But the House-passed American Health Care Act chose to repeal nearly all of the taxes and finance the bill through Medicaid cuts. And the Senate kept that framework. The very correct depiction of Trumpcare as “cutting Medicaid to finance tax cuts for the wealthy” has caused a lot of political headaches for the party, and now some senators are having second thoughts.

South Dakota Sen. Mike Rounds said Wednesday that he wanted the party to reconsider ditching the investment tax, which only affects individuals making more than $200,000 and families making more than $250,000, and using that money to bump up the individual tax credits.

“If we did that, that would be another $172 billion that could then be utilized to perhaps offset some of the areas in which people have expressed concern,” Rounds said, “or as a way to allow for individuals who have never been helped by Obamacare, in the group market.”

Rounds has always been receptive to keeping the investment tax. He now has more support—and more importantly, it appears that this wouldn’t be a deal-breaker for conservatives. Wisconsin Sen. Ron Johnson, a conservative holdout, said on Thursday that he could live with keeping the Obamacare tax. Cruz said that he doesn’t want to keep it but didn’t answer when asked whether it would be a deal-breaker. Rep. Mark Meadows, the chairman of the conservative House Freedom Caucus, told reporters on Thursday that keeping the tax wouldn’t be a deal-breaker in his chamber either.

The conservative holdouts would demand a price, though: Give us deregulation, and we’ll stomach the losses.

Cruz has been selling one particular deregulatory proposal hard over the last week, which leaders are now taking seriously as something they’ll have to engage with to get conservative votes. As my colleague Jordan Weissmann wrote Thursday, the amendment would allow insurers within a state to sell cheaper plans that don’t comply with the ACA’s regulations so long as they also sell one plan that does.

One might call this “the MacArthur amendment by other means.” The MacArthur amendment, which sealed conservatives’ support for the House bill, allowed states to waive the ACA regulation, called community rating, that barred insurers from charging sicker people more. Eliminating that regulation would bring down premiums for healthier people while sequestering those with pre-existing conditions in high-risk pools. The Cruz amendment, essentially, would embed the high-risk pool within the traditional market: All the healthy, younger people would sign up for the cheaper, noncompliant plan, causing an increase in prices for the regulated plans as only sicker people enroll in them. In other words, it could undermine protections for people with pre-existing conditions, much as experts fear would happen under the MacArthur amendment. Cruz believes that the federal subsidies and stabilization money would be enough to ensure that premiums remain within reach for those most in need of care. But his more moderate colleagues, after witnessing the shellacking the House bill got with the MacArthur amendment, are leery of such a move. And yet South Dakota Sen. John Thune, a member of the Senate leadership, said leaders could consider it if there was a way to ensure it didn’t unravel markets. (There’s also, as with all regulatory changes considered under the reconciliation process, concerns about whether the Senate parliamentarian would allow it.)

Again, senators have about 24 hours to reach an agreement under McConnell’s latest artificially imposed deadline. That means that senators who have been fighting for the last two months will have 24 hours to miraculously come together around an agreement where conservatives abandon some of their deeply held priors on tax cuts and spending while moderates assent to market reforms that could undermine protections for those with pre-existing conditions.

Maybe they’ll need the weekend.


          Irak Klaim Tinggal Hitungan Hari Tendang ISIS Keluar   
Suriah juga menggempur basis ISIS di Raqqa.
          Terkuak, Alasan ISIS Serang Anggota Polri dengan Pisau   
Pelaku merasa terdesak karena tak punya uang dan senjata canggih.
          Setelah Polri, ISIS Bakal Serang TNI dan Pusat Perbelanjaan?   
“Mereka harus memberangus sel terorisme sampai ke sel tidur," katanya.
          Mantan Anggota NII Yakin ISIS di Balik Serangan Teror Polri   
ISIS juga telah menyiapkan lebih dari 1.500 pasukan bunuh diri.
          Comment on Three Books on Marxist Political Economy (Pt 6) by Noa   
Prior to their distribution the Central Bank may have a stockpile of its own notes or always keep some ready in case of special demand, but I don't even see it mentioned on its balance sheet. One might just as well say that the CB keeps a hoard of electronic money ready. Boffy wrote: "Not if it simply sits as a reserve in the bank it doesn’t." Banks in the UK don't need to hold even overnight reserves at their electronic account at the CB. Banks will do anything to avoid idle reserves. In case of the excess reserves due to the programs in the wake of the crisis, I believe they are used for inter-bank payments (the US Fedwire system daily handles some $3 trillion).
          Comment on Three Books on Marxist Political Economy (Pt 6) by Noa   
Boffy wrote: "The only reason he talks in that vein at that point is that the discussion of credit money and currency is not properly developed until Volume III." No, in the preceding section Marx already spoke about state paper money and in the following section he says "credit-money springs directly out of the function of money as a means of payment". With regard to hoarding's function (of guarding against overflowing circulation etc.) Marx is following Fullarton (who too spoke here only of metal money) against the quantity theory. "He could just as easily have said that the amount of notes and coins held as hoards is always greater than the amount of notes and coins in circulation as currency." But that would conflate the laws governing the circulation of notes (state paper and banknote – these 2 are different of course) with those of metal money. I agree that my objection about long term stockpiling of notes is irrelevant to my real point. And you're right that it might be significant, Boeschoten (p. 168, 1992) estimates it at 39% in the US. But I addressed why it is not hoarding in Marx's sense: we have to focus not on the particular notes, but their underlying assets. Marx in volume 3 says: "So far as the bank itself is concerned, all the notes outside of its wall, whether they circulate or rest in private treasures, are in circulation, that is, not held in its own possession." With regard to your point that "when the currency circulation requires more notes and coins, the Bank reduces its hoard, and when it requires less it takes notes back in. There would be little point actually destroying notes taken out of circulation" – let's realistically focus on the electronic accounts at the CB. Those account holders sell/collateralise an asset to the CB and are credited by the CB with currency, which they just need to make payments. With the repurchase of the collateral the CB gets its electronic money back, and that is now destroyed, except for the additional amount of the initial discount (which is profit for the CB and handed over to the Treasury who puts it in circulation). Lapavitsas's argument (eg at the "Marxist Monetary Theory" conference 18 January 2017) is that since the crisis we have a couple of trillion excess reserves. But my point remains valid, that the assets backing those reserves are continually maturing. Furthermore those excess reserves are used for payments.
          VENEZUELA CRISIS - La protesta opositora culmina en Caracas sin enfrentamientos con las autoridades   
none
          VENEZUELA CRISIS - La Fiscalía venezolana confirma otras tres muertes en las protestas y la cifra sube a 85   
none
          As France, Korea Sway Crisis of Government Starts To Look Global   
The world is afflicted by an international crisis of ineffectual government, even in most of the principal democracies. The three principal Western continental European countries are close to election day, and none of them can be called today a stable democratic government. Only Germany could, with a straight face, claim to have enjoyed good government in the last ten years.France and Italy are in serious economic doldrums, and most of the principal candidates to lead their governments are not...
          Σόιμπλε: Ευθύνη Τσίπρα η ζημιά που προκλήθηκε στην Ελλάδα το πρώτο 6μηνο του 2015 - Πρώτο ΘΕΜΑ   

Πρώτο ΘΕΜΑ

Σόιμπλε: Ευθύνη Τσίπρα η ζημιά που προκλήθηκε στην Ελλάδα το πρώτο 6μηνο του 2015
Πρώτο ΘΕΜΑ
O Γερμανός υπουργός Οικονομικών υποστηρίζει «δεν είμαι εγώ υπεύθυνος για την περικοπή των συντάξεων», πετώντας το μπαλάκι στις κυβερνήσεις της Ελλάδας οι οποίες, όπως αναφέρει, αποφασίζουν για το μείγμα της πολιτικής προσαρμογής που θα ...
Τζανακόπουλος: Ας μας απαντήσει ο κ. Σόιμπλε, ποιος ευθύνεται για την αποτυχία των δύο πρώτων προγραμμάτωνiefimerida
Bόλφγκανγκ Σόϊμπλε: Ο Τσίπρας δεν με ξέρει τόσο καλάThe TOC
Ο Σόιμπλε «κάρφωσε» τον Τσίπρα: Αυτός αποφάσισε να προστατεύσει τους εφοπλιστέςNewsBomb
Capital.gr -SKAI -902.gr -multi-news.gr
Και τα 20 άρθρα ειδήσεων »

          Comment on Is Isis a Moon Goddess or a Sun Goddess? by Bruce Cornet   
Isis and Nepthys are shown kneeling before KaRa, which is the top or head of a djed or spine of Osiris. KaRa is depicted as the Sun disc above upheld arms and the Ankh. The upheld arms were changed to either bulls horns or to the crescent Moon, the symbol you show in the painting on the forehead of the lunar Isis. KaRa means Spirit of God. Why do you use Re (m) instead of Ra (f), and Re-et instead of Ra? KaRa is a feminine word in both Hebrew and Arabic, meaning to call out loud or recite Scripture and to teach Scripture. Kara'a is the root word for Koran. So is Isis KaRa, if Isis can be the Sun disc also?
          Ken Ham’s Ticket Tax Crisis   
A few months ago we wrote City Wants To Tax Ken Ham’s Ticket Sales. The city of Williamstown wanted to impose a “safety assessment” tax of 50 cents for every admission ticket sold by Hambo’s Ark Encounter, and Hambo was … Continue reading
          Iraq, dentro alla moschea di Al Nuri, strappata all’Isis   

Iraq, dentro alla moschea di Al Nuri, strappata all’Isis

L’esercito iracheno è entrato in quel che resta della moschea Al-Nuri al-Kabir di Mosul, a una settimana esatta dalla sua distruzione da parte dell’Isis e a tre anni dalla proclamazione del califfato


          Зажали   
Оригинал взят у kerzak_1 в Зажали судя по темпу — еще несколько дней и котелок перестанет варитьТигры развернутся на восток и попрут к Сухне и ДэЗуТем временем САА и наши продолжают продвигаться от Арака к Сухне. 🇸🇾🇷🇺Russian & Syrian soldiers are fighting side by side against Daesh (ISIS) terrorists as they advance towards Al Sukhnah,…
          Ja spēlēšu agresīvi un man veiksies, viss var notikt, nenoliedz Ostapenko   
Ja Latvijas tenisa zvaigzne Jeļena Ostapenko Vimbldonas atklātajā čempionātā spēlēs agresīvi un viņai veiksies, tad nav izslēgts, ka viņa parūpēsies par vēl kādu pārsteigumu, uzskata tenisiste.
          Distonía muscular. Síntomas y tratamientos   

ES UN SÍNDROME NEUROLÓGICO CARACTERIZADO POR CONTRACCIONES MUSCULARES INVOLUNTARIAS QUE CAUSAN MOVIMIENTOS ESPASMÓDICOS

Enmarcada en los llamados "trastornos del movimiento", la distonía es un síndrome neurológico caracterizado por contracciones musculares involuntarias, sostenidas y repetidas que causan movimientos espasmódicos o posturas anormales. Estos movimientos involuntarios, a veces dolorosos, pueden afectar a un solo músculo, a un grupo de músculos -de brazos, piernas o cuello- o al cuerpo entero.

Puede estar asociada con temblor, a veces parecido al observado en ciertos ancianos, pues actúa frecuentemente acompañada de una rigidez media y torpeza parecida a la de los enfermos de Parkinson; también se produce un temblor con irregulares y fuertes contracciones.

Aunque es muy variable, la distonía puede afectar a cualquier área corporal, y de acuerdo a esta circunstancia, se clasifican en generalizadas, que suelen ser hereditarias y aparecen durante la infancia, y distonías focales y segmentarias, que son las formas más frecuentes, especialmente durante la edad adulta.

Síntomas

De acuerdo con el Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neurológicas y Apoplejía de Estados Unidos, los síntomas iniciales pueden incluir un deterioro de la escritura después de escribir varias líneas ("calambre del escritor"), calambres en el pie y una tendencia a levantar o arrastrar un pie después de correr o de caminar una cierta distancia. El cuello puede girar o moverse involuntariamente, sobre todo cuando se está cansado.

Otros síntomas posibles son los temblores y dificultades en la voz o en el habla. Es posible que los síntomas iniciales sean muy leves y se perciban solamente después de un esfuerzo prolongado, tensión o fatiga. Con el tiempo, los síntomas pueden llegar a ser más notorios y extensos e incluso continuos. Sin embargo, hay casos en los que existe poca o ninguna progresión.

Secundarias y focales

Por su mayor frecuencia vamos a detenernos especialmente en las distonías secundarias y en las focales. Las primeras deben su nombre a que precisamente son "secundarias" a daños en pequeñas áreas del cerebro. Según la Asociación de Lucha contra la Distonía en España (ALDE), pueden estar causadas por falta de oxígeno, antes, durante o inmediatamente después del nacimiento (parálisis cerebral), por lesiones en el cerebro, particularmente en la infancia, o por pequeños golpes. Puede también ser secundaria a pequeñas áreas dañadas relacionadas con afecciones como la esclerosis múltiple, encefalitis, o secundarias a un gran número de enfermedades que afectan al sistema nervioso, incluyendo la enfermedad de Wilson.

Las distonías focales son las más frecuentes y se manifiestan en forma de blefaroespasmo, "calambre del escritor", tortícolis espasmódica, distonía orofacial-bucal y distonía laríngea. En el caso del "calambre del escritor", se produce una contracción de los músculos de la mano y brazo únicamente durante el acto de la escritura. La mano puede contraerse tan fuertemente que no puede moverse, pero en cuanto se deja de escribir se relaja. Bajo esta denominación se incluyen las distonías sufridas por músicos que tocan determinados instrumentos (piano, por ejemplo).

Con el blefarospasmo los ojos se cierran fuertemente durante minutos o incluso horas. Puede ocurrir por exposición a la luz solar o por un estado de ansiedad. En la tortícolis espasmódica (distonía cervical) los músculos del cuello se contraen, haciendo girar la cabeza hacia un lado o inclinarla hacia abajo o hacia atrás.

En cuanto a la distonía orofacial-bucal, llamada síndrome de Meige, a veces los músculos de la mandíbula actúan sobre la boca abriéndola o cerrándola. La distonía laríngea o disfonía es, por su parte, una distonía focal que afecta los músculos laríngeos o caja de la voz; actúa sobre las cuerdas tensándolas y manteniéndolas unidas, particularmente al intentar hablar. La voz resulta forzada, ronca y entrecortada. A veces existe dificultad en la respiración. Cuando las cuerdas vocales están forzadamente separadas, la voz tiene un sonido de aliento, y a veces no es posible la fonación.

Tratamiento

La predicción del progreso de la distonía es incierta. Se puede decir que si afecta a otros miembros de la familia y si comienza en la infancia, tenderá a empeorar al cabo de los años. Sin embargo, se conocen casos de no empeoramiento e incluso de recuperaciones parciales y hasta de completa recuperación.

Por fortuna, existen tratamientos médicos efectivos para la mayoría de las distonías, aunque todavía no se ha encontrado un tratamiento universal eficaz. En su lugar, los médicos utilizan una variedad de terapias individualizadas orientadas a reducir o eliminar los espasmos y dolores musculares. Así, se han descubierto medicamentos que pueden ayudar a corregir desequilibrios en los neurotransmisores, si bien con el paso del tiempo la respuesta a los fármacos varía entre los diversos pacientes e incluso en la misma persona.

En la distonía focal, el tratamiento de elección es la infiltración local de toxina botulínica, habitualmente con excelentes resultados según los especialistas. Utilizada inicialmente para tratar los blefaroespasmos, se constató posteriormente que la toxina inyectada en el músculo o músculos distónicos es capaz de detener los espasmos musculares. El efecto dura varios meses antes de que sea necesario repetir las inyecciones.

Por desgracia en ocasiones, aunque pocas, la terapia puede resultar ineficaz o, aunque la primera aplicación se haya hecho con éxito, puede ir perdiendo efectividad en los sucesivos tratamientos. En cualquier caso, la toxina botulínica alivia los síntomas de la distonía, reduce el dolor y mejora el movimiento de forma significativa.

Respecto al tratamiento de la distonía generalizada, el tratamiento es fundamentalmente de tipo farmacológico (anticolinérgicos, benzodiacepinas, neurolépticos) y tiene igualmente una gran eficacia.

Por último, existe la opción del tratamiento quirúrgico, a través del cual se realiza una estimulación cerebral profunda. La cirugía se recomienda a algunos pacientes cuando los medicamentos no son eficaces o sus efectos secundarios son demasiado severos. Se encuentra en fase experimental, pero los resultados preliminares publicados son muy esperanzadores.

 

ACTITUD POSITIVA Y AYUDA
El doctor David Mariden, experto en distonías, ofrece los siguientes consejos:

» Tu actitud ante esta enfermedad será uno de los más importantes factores que deciden cómo te afecta. La distonía no te matará, pero si permites que te derrumbe, puede estropear tu vida. Es completamente natural, cuando comprendes la naturaleza de tu enfermedad, que pases por estados de ansiedad, desesperación y depresión, y después de aceptación. Esta evolución lleva tiempo, pero tú debes trabajar positivamente para llegar al estado final de aceptación, Habla con tu familia y con tu médico acerca de estos problemas.

» Debes encontrar ayuda aprendiendo de otros con tu problema. Encontrarás a través de las asociaciones (Asociación de Lucha contra la Distonía en España, teléfono 91 437 92 20) otras personas que han recorrido tus mismas experiencias y están dispuesas a ayudarte.

Más información: www.distonia.org/qdisto.htm ; www. elperiodicodelafarmacia.es


          Calambres. Tratamientos y Remedios de Medicina Natural   

Definición de calambre
Calambre: Contracción espasmódica, involuntaria, dolorosa, y transitoria, de un músculo o músculos, especialmente de la pantorrilla o de la túnica muscular del estómago.

Causas de los calambres

Las causas que provocan los calambres son, entre otras:

  • El frío
  • El esfuerzo físco excesivo
  • La deshidratación excesiva del músculo (como en el cólera)

También existen los llamados calambres "profesionales" que están relacionados con los esfuerzos continuos y prolongados que se realizan en el caso de ciertas profesiones: guitarristas, futbolistas, pianistas, ciclistas, bailarinas, etc.

Generalmente un buen masaje o una aplicación de calor ponen fin en poco tiempo al calambre, provocando la relajación del músculo contracturado. Además señalamos otros tratamientos que se utilizan en Medicina Natural para combatir la tendencia a los calambres.

Medicina Natural para calambres con Plantas Medicinales

Ortiga Verde, Fresno, Castaño de Indias, Ajenjo, Cebolla, Eufrasia, Vara de oro, Abedul, Cola de caballo, Espino albar, Ruda, Tilo, Valeriana

Medicina Natural para calambres con Complementos

Calcio. Magnesio (todos los días). Punta de un cuchillo de cascara de huevo triturado (2 o 3 veces día).
Aesculaforce y Sal del Himalaya

Remedios con Esencias para calambres

Albahaca, Mejorana, Lemongrás

Medicina Natural para calambres con Hidroterapia

Si son de pantorrillas, baño de pies de temperatura ascendente. Dos veces por semana un baño completo caliente.

Medicina Natural para calambres con Homotoxicología

Veratrum-Homaccord (g) y Spascupreel (c. sup.) como tratamiento de choque en caso de calambres.

Remedios con Homeopatía para calambres. Cuprum metalicum 7 o 9 CH

Para más información vea: Tratamiento de las enfermedades con medicina natural

Temas relacionados:


          Hero TD- Ancient Continent(AD) APK 0.20.8   

"What an intelligent game! It's easy to use but challenging to play really well." -- Beta tester
"The game designers are either foolish or genius." -- Alpha tester
"It's difficult to describe... but I would classify it has a hard-core game." -- Submitted review


Can the Guard Heroes help the princess resolve the crisis in the kingdom of the Ancient Continent?
What story will evolve between battle-hardened Gree and the beautiful yet powerful Ida?
Will the evil bosses stop our heroes or will they march on to victory?
Only YOU can decide the fate of the characters, their friends, and the whole kingdom!

*27 levels with three varying difficulty modes to challenge even the most dedicated adventurer.
*Choose from over 18 different Guard Heroes with different skills to fit your unique playing style.
*Hundreds of different items and gems to discover, use, and upgrade for strategic victory.
*Varying game modes offer fresh and unique opportunities for loot, honor, and glory!
*Chest mode - defeat waves of enemies for an increased reward: a different surprise each time.
*Guard and plunder modes - compete against others to gain and defend your honor!
*Special competition Arena for each elite player gaining achievement!
*You can get a lot of princess honor from the competitive Guild War and City Battle!
*Strong guild world bosses will make all player guarding heroes together to protected the princess!

-Developers tested an Alpha and Beta release for three months to ensure a quality gaming experience; however, errors and glitches do occur. Please, contact us through in-game support by tapping the ?Help? icon.
-Other problems or suggestions? Tap the Help icon in-game or check our Facebook and Google+.
-Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/AncientContinent
-Google+ page: http://yuchs.com/AncientContinent
-Twitter dev: http://twitter.com/yuchgame
          Tsuki ga capitulo 140   
–Amelia, voy a ir hasta allí para proporcionar trata